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  • ID:4-6439572 Unit 5 Theme parks 教学设计

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 5 Theme parks

    Unit 5 Theme parks 教学设计 Warming up and reading Teaching Aims To help students develop their reading ability. To help students learn about Theme parks. Teaching Procedures I. Warming up Warming up by discussing Good morning, class. Today we are going to visit theme parks. But first what do you think a theme park is? With a classmate discuss what you might do in a theme park. (For reference: A large Christmas party is being prepared at our Theme park. Visitors will find a dancing carnival, a European wedding, military band performances, classical Christmas plays and Christmas parades in the theme park. The 108-meter-tall Eiffel Tower will be lit up during the holidays with four types of lights.) Warming up by watching and listening Hi, every one. Today we are going to visit Theme parks. Look at the screen and listen to me telling you about them. This is the Universal's Islands of Adventure which was opened in 1999, making Universal Orlando the nation's second multi-gate theme park resort (after Walt Disney World). IOA was Universal's first non-studio theme park, and was intended to pay tribute to characters from books, comics, cartoons and legend, rather than movies. HYPERLINK "http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.greatestcities.com/6148pic/964/CP14964.jpg/ThemeParkRide.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.greatestcities.com/users/sassy417/North_America/USA/Florida/Orlando/&h=234&w=270&sz=18&tbnid=IXkUxIJd3qcJ:&tbnh= INCLUDEPICTURE "http://images.google.com/images?q=tbn:IXkUxIJd3qcJ:www.greatestcities.com/6148pic/964/CP14964.jpg/ThemeParkRide.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Of course, that hasn't stopped Universal and other studios from making films about almost every character represented in IOA over the past few years, rendering the park thematically indistinguishable from its sister, Universal Studios Florida. Warming up telling experiences Nice to see you again, boys and girls. As you have all travelled somewhere before I shall ask two of you at random to tell the class about their travel experiences. (For reference: Visiting Disney World was a childhood dream of mine, and I was able to realise it last year. I plan to keep going back, even given the overt commercialism. It is not a place I could live in, but it definitely has magic. One of the best parts was that I was able to interact with most of the Disney characters, even though their appearance and mannerisms varied from the Disney comic books I read. A few select pictures are included here, but my recommendation if you're taking a kid is to make sure they get some time with the characters. I can't think of anything cooler. ) II. Pre-reading Looking and saying Work in pairs. Look at the photos and theme parks and predict the contents of the text. When you are ready, join another pair and compare your predictions and the clues that helped you to make the predictions. (For reference: From the photos and title I guess that the text tells about Theme parks where you can joy yourselves and have fun with various activities… 2. Talking and sharing Work in groups of four. Tell your group mates what you know about theme parks. Then the group leader is to stand up and share your group idea with the class. Boating Lake Pedaloe boats on our boating lake with views of Megafobia.? Suitable for up to five people. (For reference: As you wander down Mainstreet USA in the Magic Kingdom Park of Walt Disney World, you might stop and take a peek in the Mainstreet Theatre. Here, Steamboat Willie shows how it all began depicting the first appearance of Mickey Mouse. At this point people usually stop for a bit, perhaps to rest from the hot Florida summer, laugh at Mickey's antics as he uses various animals as musical instruments (long before Beavis and Butthead were throwing cats in drying machines), and walk away amused and entertained. That was Walt Disney's primary goal. Today, people might consider the first cartoon featuring Mickey as art, along with a host of other creative works produced by people who work at Disney. Notable among them are Carl Barks and Don Rosa, whose works sell in the thousands. However, Walt Disney himself never thought that what he, and his employees, did was art: "I don't pretend to know anything about art. I make pictures for entertainment, and then the professors tell me what they mean." ) III. Reading Reading aloud to the recording Now please listen and read aloud to the recording of the text THEME PARKS ——FUN AND MORE THAN FUN. Pay attention to the pronunciation of each word and the pauses within each sentence. I will play the tape twice and you shall read aloud twice, too. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from THEME PARKS ——FUN AND MORE THAN FUN provide sb. with sth., amuse oneself, escape one’s busy life for a while, share a purpose, find ways to do sth., meet one’s need, sit chatting, play games, listen to birds’ singing, relax a bit, have picnics, have fun, it costs some money to do sth., in recent decades, provide entertainment, use shuttles to get around, have a variety of things to see and do, charge money for doing sth., make a profit, sell souvenirs, advertise sth. on television, have a certain idea, base sth. on sth., a sports theme park, involve sb. unphysical exercise, buy a brand of sports equipment, come to life, go for rides on animals, cook cultural foods, have pictures taken, chare admission, name sb. after sb./sth., a place of fantasy, get close to sth. /sb., take an active park in experiments, go on trips to space, use computer techniques to do sth. Reading to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph Skim the text and identify the topic sentence of each paragraph. You may find it either at the beginning, the middle or the end of the paragraph. HYPERLINK "http://www.oakwood-leisure.com/rides/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.oakwood-leisure.com/images/graphics/waterfall.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Waterfall A steep shoot sends you skipping across a shallow pool of water on a single sledge.? Beware, you might get wet on this ride. Reading and transferring information Read the text again to complete the table. Park Name Theme Example of Activities Disneyland Fairy tale stories Travel through space, visit a pirate ship, meet fairy tale characters, ride a swinging ship, go on a free-fall drop. Dollywood Culture of the southeastern USA Listen to American country music, see traditional craftsmen and their work, try some traditional candy, ride on an old steam engine, see bald eagles, ride on Thunderhead and other rides. Camelot Ancient English history and stories Watch magic shows, see fighting with swords or on horseback, visit farm section , learn about farms in ancient England. Reading and understanding difficult sentences As you have read the text times, you can surely tell which sentences are difficult to understand. Now put your questions concerning the difficult points to me the teacher. IV. Closing down Closing down by doing exercises To end the lesson you are to do the comprehending exercises 3 and 4 on page 35. Suggested answers to Exercise 4: 1. The purpose of Dollywood is to show and celebrate America’s traditional southeastern culture. Probably a lot of Americans will visit this park. 2-4 Students will give their own answers. Closing down by having a discussion Do you lake a theme park? Why or why not? (For reference: All over the world people seek stimulating experiences to take their mind away from everyday troubles, and the United States is definitely no exception to this rule. Most of its residents have the money and time to entertain themselves as it pleases them -- and visiting amusement parks certainly does please them. ) Closing down by defining a theme park What is a theme park? Define it in your own words. (For reference: How do theme parks differ from ordinary amusement parks? National Amusement Park History Association defines a theme park as "an amusement park in which the rides, attractions, shows and buildings revolve around a central theme or group of themes. Examples include the Disney parks, the Six Flags Parks and the Paramount parks." An amusement park, according to NAPHA, is "an entertainment facility featuring rides, games, food and sometimes shows." The World of Coasters’ glossary defines a theme park as "an amusement park which has one or more "themed" areas, with rides and attractions keyed to the theme of their location within the park. Disneyland, Knotts Berry Farm, and Busch Gardens Williamsburg are examples of theme parks." ) Learning about Language (Word Formation) Teaching Aims To help students learn about word formation. To help students discover and learn to use some useful words and expressions. To help students discover and learn to use some useful structures. Teaching Procedures I. Warming up Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions Turn to page 36 and do exercises 1, 2 and 3 first. Check your answers against your classmates’. Find the compound nouns in the reading passage and write them down: Roller coaster, whichever, whatever, free-fall, wherever, southeastern, indoor, outdoor, craftsmen, old-fashioned, steam-engine, world-famous, horseback II. Learning about Word formation The basic part of any word is the root; to it, you can add a prefix at the beginning and/or a suffix at the end to change the meaning. For example, in the word "unflattering," the root is simply "flatter," while the prefix "un-" makes the word negative, and the suffix "-ing" changes it from a verb into an adjective (specifically, a participle). English itself does not use prefixes as heavily as it once did, but many English words come from Latin, which uses prefixes and suffixes (you can use the word affix to refer either to a prefix or a suffix) quite extensively. For example, the words "prefix," "suffix," and "affix" themselves are all formed from "fix" by the used of prefixes: "ad" (to) + "fix" (attached) = "affix" "pre" (before) + "fix" = "prefix" "sub" (under) + "fix" = "suffix" Note that both the "-d" of "ad" and the "-b" of "sub" change the last letter. Here are some of the most common Latin prefixes (for the meanings of the Latin roots, look up the words in a good dictionary): ab (away) abrupt, absent, absolve ad (to) adverb, advertisement, afflict in (not) incapable, indecisive, intolerable inter (between, among) intercept, interdependent, interprovincial intra (within) intramural, intrapersonal, interprovincial pre (before) prefabricate, preface prefer post (after) postpone, postscript, postwar sub (under) submarine, subscription, suspect trans (across) transfer, transit, translate Finish exercises2-3 on page 37 III. Ready used materials for Word formation 了解了英语构词法是迅速扩大词汇量的有效途径之一。英语中有转化法、合成法、缀合法、派生法等构词方式,这里我们将向您陆续讲解比较常用的几种,希望对您的英语学习有所帮助。 首先,来介绍一下构词法中的几个基本概念: 词根(base,boot):指同根词共有的可以辨认的部分。 例如:philanthropist(慈善家)、anthropoid(类人的)、misanthropist(厌世者)、anthropology(人类学)这几个词中的词根anthropo-(人)就很容易辨认出来。 词干(stem):是未经词形变化的原词。 前缀(prefix)和后缀(suffix):原是独立的词或词根,由于经常缀在别的词或词根的前后,辅助中心意义,渐渐就失去了独立的意义和形式,而成为附加的构词部分。 例如:co-(with)就是一个常见的前缀。通常把带有前后缀的新词叫做合成词,也有人把带有后缀的词叫做派生词。把一个词从一种词类转成另一种词类,可以用缀合法,如red adj. (红的)—to redden v.(变红);可以用改变词根的元音或辅音的办法,即元级派生法,如food n.(食物)—to feed v.(喂饭);也可以原封不动,转成其他词类,如pale adj.(苍白的)——to pale v.(脸变白),即转化法。 这里,我们先来看看“转化法”中名词转成动词的一些例子。 He filmed the story. / He reproduced the story on a film.他把这篇小说拍成电影。 人身器官名称,用作动词,表示使用这种器官的动作。 例如:He shouldered his way through the crowd. (他用肩膀从人群中挤过去) 此外,如to cheek (厚着脸说)、to finger (摸索)、to hand a person(用手领着)等。 盛具或衣物的名称,用作动词,表示“盛”或者“装入”。 例如:He pocketed his book and pen. (他把钢笔、本子装进衣袋子)以及to bottle(装瓶)、to can (装罐)、to sack (装在袋里)。 表示地点的名词用作动词也有类似用法:to corner( 逼在角落)、to island(隔离)、to nursery(放在温室里)等等。 除此之外,还有动词、副词、助动词等转化成名词的用法,我们来看一些例子:On another run they failed to see the boat.他们第二次去的时候没有找到那只船。 ?ins and outs (来龙去脉) back and forth(问答) a must ( 必不可少的事) many ifs(许多条件) 动词加副词转化为名词的例子也很多:Break-down(垮)、get-together(聚会)、set-back(挫折)、wash-out(废物)等。 另外,形容词有时候也可以转成名词,如:the greens(青菜)、great sillies(大蠢人) ?下面,我们来学习一下“合成法(composition)”。 凡是由两个或两个以上的构词成分,合成一个词,而其中每个成分又可以独立为词的,叫做合成词(compounds),而这种构词法,叫做合成法。比如:coal-mine(煤矿)、man-made(人造的)。 合成词的特有含义,不受词中各个成分连结方式的影响,它的写法由习惯而定,可以写在一起,如blackbird(画眉);可以用连词符号连接,如turn-coat(叛徒);也可以分开写,如black list(黑名单)。注意,分开写的合成词,不仅仅在意义上,即使在形式上,也和词组有区别。比如black sea 里的black,不是独立的形容词,不能说very black sea。合成词各个成分之间关系千变万化,分类也有很多种,这里就合成词的词性,分类举例说明: ?1.合成名词 名词+名词:前面的名词说明后面的名词,中心意义由后面的名词表达,比如,同是book,可以有account book,hand-book,note-book等等。前面的名词可以表示人、物、性别、器具、地点、时间、比喻对象等等。如:eye-shot(视力范围)、buck-rabbit(公兔)、night-school(夜校)、baby-husband(小女婿)等等。 形容词+名词:这类词意义关系一目了然,有时候是实指,有时候是指物而拟人。如Blueprints(蓝图),big hat(大人物),double-face(两面派)等等。 动名词+名词:动名词表示行为或状态的改变,名词往往表示所用的器物,地名等等,如consulting-room(诊室),writing-desk(写字台)。 动词+名词:往往由短语动词变成,或者是转化与合成的结合,如pickpocket(扒手),turn-coat(叛徒)等等。 名词+动名词:很普遍,有时甚至可以随意构造,如book-learning(书本知识),word-making(构词)等等。 前置词+名词:意义关系和“形容词+名词”类型相似:after-effects(后果),by-product(副产品)等等。 ?另外,国名的组合,有时候用“拉丁语+英语”的方式,如Afro-Asian People's Conference( 亚非会议)、Sino-Japanese War(中日战争) HYPERLINK "http://www.oakwood-leisure.com/rides/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.oakwood-leisure.com/images/graphics/snake.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Snake River FallsSnake River Falls is a white water rapid boat ride comprising two open and two covered chutes.? Suitable for one or two riders.? You may get wet on this ride. 2. 合成形容词 形容词+名词:形容词和名词连用,原是短语,用做定语。固定下来,成为形容词,有的还只是nonce-words,也有合成名词作定语或转成形容词的情形:如full-time worker(全职工)、long-range gun(远程炮)等。 形容词+形容词:这类词不算多,前面的形容词大都进一步说明后面的形容词,如:light-blue(浅蓝)、dead-alive(半死不活)。 名词+过去分词:有被动意味,名词相当于前置词宾语,表示工具,行为者等,如:man-made(人造的),moth-eaten(虫蛀的)。 名词+现在分词:有主动意味,名词大都相当于行为的宾语,如:English-speaking people(说英语的人),peace-loving(热爱和平的) 形容词+现在分词:有主动意味,形容词相当于表语或者定语,如eager-seeming(样子急切),easy-going(随和的) 副词+分词:如half-baked(幼稚的),far-seeing(有远见的) 副词+形容词:over-anxious(过急),all-round athlete(全能选手) 名词+形容词:名词大都作比喻的对象,如cock-sure(自恃),paper-thin(薄如纸) ?3.合成动词 合成动词大都是由“副词+动词”组成的,这里“副词”多半表示动作的方向、程度等等。如:out表示超过 to outnumber(超过数目)to out-talk(压过别人的声音);under表示不足、在下 to underdevelop(发育不全)to underestimate(估计不足)to underline(行下划线)等等。 4. 叠声合成词 由同一个词重复,或稍加声音变化重叠而成。这类词往往是加重语气因而常带有感情色彩,比方,嘲讽。例:goody-goody(假殷勤)so so(不怎么样)wish wash(乏味的饮料)等等。 ??5.句式合成词 整个句子当作一个词用,有的已经固定下来,例如pick-me-up(兴奋剂),what's-his-name(某某人)。整个句子用作形容词的现象比较普遍,把复杂的概念揉成单纯的限制语使行文紧凑。A let-bygones-be-bygones manner(一种“过去的就算了吧”的态度) an if-you-would-only-be-guided-by-me expression(一种“要是你肯听了我的话够多好”的神气) 我们接着来学习构词法中的第三类——“缀合法”,分前缀和后缀两部分来讲解。 ?前缀 ?有些词根或单词,由于经常放在别的词根或单词前面使用,经过长期的发展,失去了独立的作用,变成前缀。前缀具有一定含义,但不见得很明确。前缀缀在词上,可以改变、限制、或加强这个词的含义,而不改变其词类。一个词根或词,可以层层缀上好几个前缀,如in-com-pre-hen-si-ble-ness(不可理解)的词根是hen, pre-,com-都加强了其含义,而in-又把整个词义转为否定。凡由缀加前缀或后缀而成的词叫做派生词。 前缀的缀合,有时是连写,如extraordinary,有时用连词符号如extra-territorial,有时被词根吸收如ancestor(antecessor)。前缀既然有一定的意义,为了便于识别,下面就按照一样相近的前缀,分类说明。(前缀的来源一律以缩写字母注:[OE]古英语;[OF]古法语;[L]拉丁;[GK]希腊;[IT]意大利等) 表示否定的前缀,这类前缀可以分为四种:(1)纯粹表示否定的,如a-,dis-,in-;(2)表示“错误”的,有mis-?;(3)表示“反动作”,如de-,un-?;?(4)表示“反对”的,有anti-,contra- (1)纯粹表示否定的。?a-,an-[GK]能构成少数新词。加在名词、形容词上,表示没有“某种性质“。如:amoral[=unmoral]不道德的,asexual无性别的.a-在元音前变成an-如anonymous[onoma=name]匿名的 ????????dis-[L]加在名词、形容词、动词上,表示否定。Disadvantage(劣势)、disagreement(不和),disbelieve(不相信) ????????in-,il-(在字母l前),im-(在字母m,b,p前),ir(在字母r前) [L]常和音节较多的learned words(雅语),尤其是拉丁,法语外来词结合,加在形容词或其派生词、副词上,表示否定。Inaccurate, illegible, impolite, irregular, inability, infinite, impious。 ????????un-[OE]是最通用的前缀之一,可以用于大多数形容词及其派生副词、名词、表示否定,如unfailing,unfinished,undoubtedly,unheard-of等。 ????????(2)表示“错误”的mis- 多作重读,表示“wrongly,badly”。可以适当构造新词: ????????大多用于动词:to misbehave(行为不当)misunderstand(误解)。 ????????用于作形容词的分词:misbelieving(信仰不当),misleading(靠不住)。 ????????用于动名词:misdealing(不正当手段)。 ????????偶而,mis-也表示纯粹的否定词义:to mistrust。 ????????(3)表示“反动作”。?de- 表示“反动作”(to undo the action)。能构造新词,多作重读。decontrol(取消控制), decolour(漂白) ????????dis- 主要用于动词,表示“反动作”。disappear(不见) disarm(解除武装) disconnect(分离)un- 表示“反动作”unmask(揭露) unsay(收回意见) ????????(4)表示“反对”。??anti- 表示“反对,反面” anti-social(反社会的) antiseptic(防腐剂) anti-militarist(反军国主义者) ????????contra- 表示“反对,相反” contradiction(矛盾) contrast(对比) contrary(相反的)counter- 表示“against” counteract(还手) counterattack(反攻) ????????前缀大都表示空间,时间,逻辑上的关系,意思上有引申。 ????????ab- apo- se- 这几个前缀或多或少都有“away ,off”的含义。 ????????ab- a- abs- 在p, m, v之前作a-,在c, t之前作abs-,不能构造新词,表示“away ,apart, absence”,例如absent, avoid ????????se- 表示“separation”(分离),例如segregate(隔离),sedition(反叛) ????????ante-,fore- pre- post- pro- 这几个前缀都有“before”的意思。 ????????ante- 表示在...前,例ante-humous(死前),ante-room(前厅) ????????fore- 表示时间,空间上的“在前面”,例forehead(前额),foregraound(前景),foretell(预言) ????????pre- 表示事先,在前,例prehistory(史前),prepayment(预支) ????????post- 表示时间空间上的在后。例posterity(后代),post-war(战后) ????????pro- 表示“代替,利于,亲于”,例pro-chancellor(代大学校长),pro-consul(代理领事) ????????circum- peri- 这两个前缀跟圆周有关。 ????????circum- 表示圆周,如circumference, circumlocution, circumpolar ????????peri- 表示“round”,如perimeter(周长),perisphere(势力范围) IV. Closing down by summarizing To end the period let us summarize the making of compound words. There are three forms of compound words: 1. the closed form, in which the words are melded together, such as firefly, secondhand, softball, childlike, cross-town, redhead, keyboard, makeup, notebook; the hyphenated form, such as daughter-in-law, master-at-arms, over-the-counter, six-pack, six-year-old, mass-produced; and the open form, such as post office, real estate, middle class, full moon, half sister, attorney general. V. Homework: Finish exercises 1,2,3 on Page 71 in workbook Using Language Teaching Aims To help students read the passage FUTUROSCOPE—EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING To help students to use the language by reading, listening, speaking and writing. Teaching Procedures I. Warming up Read aloud to warm up: Let’s warm up by reading aloud to the recording of the text FUTUROSCOPE—EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING HYPERLINK "http://www.oakwood-leisure.com/rides/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.oakwood-leisure.com/images/graphics/plane_crazy.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Plane CrazyOur newest family ride.? A circular ride with suspended plane-like pods with rudders for a degree of rider control. II. Guided reading 1.Reading and translating Read the text UTUROSCOPE—EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING and translate it into Chinese paragraph by paragraph. 2. Reading and underlining Next you are to read the text and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in it. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from FUTUROSCOPE—EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING Take a journey deep into space, pull…into …, survive an airplane crash, go to the bottom of the ocean, see the sunlight, for a break, take part in car racing, end one’s travel, meet with dinosaur, in one day, use the advanced technology, have experiences, a technology-based theme park, provide up-to-date information, provide hands-on learning, go to the edges of the solar system, fly through the jungle, do things without danger, try science experiments, prepare for a flight into the space, live on the planet, in the solar system, a combination of fun and learning 3. Doing exercises Now you are going to do exercises 1, 2, 3 on page 39 following the article. Suggested Answers to Exercise 1: Three times: past, present and future Three places: earth, bottom of the sea and space Suggested Answers to Exercise 2: Paragraph 1: what I did at Futuroscope. Paragraph 2: a general description of the park Paragraph 3: general information about how to visit the park. Guided Writing You are a guide in a theme park. Write an introduction to the park. Welcome to GatorlandWelcome to Gatorland, Orlando's Best Half Day Attraction located in sunny Central Florida! Known internationally as the Alligator Capital of the World, Gatorland is a 110-acre alligator theme park and wildlife preserve, located just minutes away from Sea World, Walt Disney World, Universal Studios, and the Orlando International Airport on US 441 near the Orlando - Kissimmee border. Providing affordable family entertainment since 1949, Gatorland has been a vacation destination for millions of visitors from all over the world with its incredible display of huge alligators and crocodiles, train ride, aviary, breeding marsh and bird sanctuary, petting zoo, nature walk, gift shop, and one-of-a-kind shows such as the world famous Gator Jumparoo. So come inside... your adventure awaits! IV. Acting Next we are going to put the text THEME PARKS —FUN AND MORE THAN FUN A text play of THEME PARKS —FUN AND MORE THAN FUN (Time: A Sunday morning; Place: A theme park in Beijing; People: a tourist guide, Zhao Yannan and I )Guide: This morning we are going to visit a theme park in Beijing. Its name is Big World. I: Where is it? Is it close to Beijing?Guide: Yes, it is north of Beijing, 30 li away from where we are staying.Zhao Yannan: Wonderful! I like to amuse myself and escape my busy school life for a while.I: What can we do there? Can we sit chatting, play games and listen to birds’ singing?Guide: Yow can do much more than that. You may relax a bit, have picnics and have fun there.Zhao Yannan: How much does it cost to do visit the park?Guide: 100 yuan each. It is not expensive at this time of the year.I: I have never been to a theme park. But I think a theme park provides entertainment. In it visitors may use shuttles to get around, and have a variety of things to see and do.Zhao Yannan: Does it charge any money for providing food and drink there?Guide: Yes, of course. It makes a profit by selling souvenirs, too.I: I have seen it advertised on television. The boss of the park does have some nice ideas. He learned that he built a sports theme park there. Visitors may be involved in physical exercise. They may also buy a brand of sports equipment, go for rides on animals, cook cultural foods, have pictures taken in the sports theme park there.Zhao Yannan: I hope we shall not be chared for admission into the sports theme park.Guide: No, you won’t. Everything is covered by the 100 yuan.I: I guess it is a place of fantasy. Let’s take an active park in everything we do there.Zhao Yannan: I agree with you. And I hope some day we shall go on trips to space, using computer techniques to guide us in our flying to the other planets. V. Further applying Finding information Go to the library to read or get online to search in order to find more information about theme park in the world. Take notes of your finding and report to your group mates next Saturday morning. Writing letters Write a letter to your parents, telling them about your last visit to a park. VI. Closing down by filling a form Make use of the text and others to fill in the form. UTUROSCOPE—EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING Where is it: How to get there: What to do there: Closing down by planning a theme park To end this period, I am going to ask you to plan a theme park of your own. Write down your planning and share it with your partner. - 1 -

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  • ID:4-6439568 unit 4 Body language 教学设计

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 4 Body language

    Unit 4 Body Language 教 学 设 计 Warming up and Reading Teaching Aims To help students develop their reading ability. To help students learn about body language. Teaching Procedures I. Warming up Warming up by acting Look at the list of interpretation on the right side of the chart. Perform the action or the nonverbal behaviour on the left side. Examples of body language NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR INTERPRETATION Brisk, erect walk Confidence Standing with hands on hips Readiness, aggression Sitting with legs crossed, foot kicking slightly Boredom Sitting, legs apart Open, relaxed Arms crossed on chest Defensiveness Walking with hands in pockets, shoulders hunched Dejection Hand to cheek Evaluation, thinking Touching, slightly rubbing nose Rejection, doubt, lying Rubbing the eye Doubt, disbelief Hands clasped behind back Anger, frustration, apprehension Locked ankles Apprehension Head resting in hand, eyes downcast Boredom Rubbing hands Anticipation Sitting with hands clasped behind head, legs crossed Confidence, superiority Open palm Sincerity, openness, innocence Pinching bridge of nose, eyes closed Negative evaluation Tapping or drumming fingers Impatience Steepling fingers Authoritative Patting/fondling hair Lack of self-confidence; insecurity Tilted head Interest Stroking chin Trying to make a decision Looking down, face turned away Disbelief Biting nails Insecurity, nervousness Pulling or tugging at ear Indecision Warming up by defining — What is body language? The gestures, poses, movements, and expressions that a person uses to communicate. ●The outward signs of a person which indicates their inner thoughts or attitude. For example, a bowed head indicates submission, a hand over the mouth indicates the person doesn't want to talk or feels their words aren't worth listening to. Scratching indicates nervousness. A person passing another on the street might bow their head as a subconscious sign of submission. Conscious or unconscious bodily movements and gestures that communicate to others a person's attitudes and feelings. This may also include dress, facial features, skin colour or other personal means of communication without words. communication via the movements or attitudes of the body Body language is a broad term for several forms of communication using body movements or gestures, instead of, or as a complement to, sounds, verbal language, or other forms of communication. In turn, it is one category of paralanguage, which describes all forms of human communication that are not language. II. Pre-reading Looking and saying Look at the man in the picture below. What does he say to you by his body language? Basically, how the ...... do I know? Or, I don’t know nothing! The shoulders are hunched and the hands are open signifying a big question mark. Talking and sharing Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! According to experts, our non-verbal language communicates about 50% of what we really mean (voice tonality contributes 38%) while words themselves contribute a mere 7%. Our bodies send out messages constantly and often we don't recognize that we're communicating a lot more than we realize. Our understanding and use of non-verbal cues in facial expression are familiar to us nearly from birth III. Reading Reading aloud to the recording Now please listen and read aloud to the recording of the text COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?. Pay attention to the pronunciation of each word and the pauses within each sentence. I will play the tape twice and you shall read aloud twice, too. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM? send… to do sth., meet … at the airport, meet with…, at a hotel, represent the Chinese government, look around, in a curious way, be followed by…, introduce…to…, kiss… on the cheek, step back, appear surprised, take a few steps away from…, coming in, at the same time, reach one’s hand out to …, touch sb’s hand, greet each other, communicate with spoken language, express one’s feelings, use unspoken language, keep physical distance, stand close to…, approach… closely, shake hands, move close to…, move back a bit, nod at …, stand close to…, behave the same way, avoid difficulty Read to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph Next you are to skim the text to identify the topic sentence of each paragraph. Reading and transferring information Read the text again to complete the table. Where is he/ she from? What does he/ she do when he/ she meet someone at the airport for the first time? Name Description Body language To whom Tony Garcia Man from Colombia Kiss on the cheek everyone Julia Smith Woman from Britain No touching Everyone Akira Nagata Man from Japan Bowing everyone George Cook Man from Canada Shaking hands everyone Ahmed Aziz Man from Jordan Shaking hands nodding To men and women Darlene Coulon Woman from France Shake hands and kiss twice on each cheek People she knows Reading and understanding difficult sentences As you have read the text times, you can surely tell which sentences are difficult to understand. Now put your questions concerning the difficult points to me the teacher. Reading and translating Now it’s time to translate the text into Chinese, sentence by sentence. Who will be the first to do it? IV. Closing down Closing down by doing exercises To end the lesson you are to do the comprehending exercises on page 27. Closing down by checking Check some of the following basic non-verbal cues and you'll recognize that you already speak and translate much of the language. HYPERLINK "http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.995.ca/images/surprised.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1331022/posts&h=178&w=152&sz=5&tbnid=NiJisSqYFFEJ:&tbnh=95&tbnw=81&start=1&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsurprised%26hl%3Dzh-C INCLUDEPICTURE "http://images.google.com/images?q=tbn:NiJisSqYFFEJ:www.995.ca/images/surprised.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET “I’m surprised!” HYPERLINK "http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.finsveen.org/images/Shocked%2520NC.JPG&imgrefurl=http://www.finsveen.org/&h=270&w=215&sz=8&tbnid=_SLkkPDuZt8J:&tbnh=108&tbnw=86&start=2&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dshocked%26hl%3Dzh-CN%26lr%3D%26newwindo INCLUDEPICTURE "http://images.google.com/images?q=tbn:_SLkkPDuZt8J:www.finsveen.org/images/Shocked%2520NC.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET “I’m shocked!” HYPERLINK "http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.aire-rescue.com/sat/images/sad.jpg&imgrefurl=http://sarahkennedy.blogspot.com/2004_10_01_sarahkennedy_archive.html&h=470&w=350&sz=20&tbnid=jLcLUow8jpQJ:&tbnh=125&tbnw=93&start=14&prev=/images%3F INCLUDEPICTURE "http://images.google.com/images?q=tbn:jLcLUow8jpQJ:www.aire-rescue.com/sat/images/sad.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET “I’m sad!” Learning about Language (The ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial) Teaching Aims To help students learn about the ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial. To help students discover and learn to use some useful words and expressions. To help students discover and learn to use some useful structures. Teaching Procedures I. Warming up Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions Turn to page 28 and do exercises No. 1, 2 and 3 first. Check your answers against your classmates’. II. Learning about grammar Reading and thinking Turn to page 26 and read with me the text of COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM? As you read along, pay attention to the uses of the ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial. (They are visitors coming from several countries. 作定语 Four people enter looking around in a curious way. 作状语 This is an exciting experience for you. 作定语 You stand watching and listening. 作状语;……) Doing exercises No. 1 and 2 on page 29 III. Ready used materials for the ~ing form as the Attribute & Adverbial ... When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:. Anthony is fishing. I have a boring teacher. In this lesson, we will look at the use of verbs in the ~ing form ... The ~ing form 作定语 现在分词可以单独作定语,也可以构成合成词作定语,但在更多的情况下是分词短语作定语,包括限定性和非限定性(用逗号与其他部分分开),在意义上相当于一个定语从句。现在分词作定语通常带有主动意义和未完成意义。例如: The man following was obviously in a hurry。(现在分词单独作定语) They acted just like a conquering army。(现在分词单独作定语) Do you know the man standing over there by the motor car?(分词短语作限定性定语。) Last night, we caught a thief stealing John's bike.(分词短语作限定性定语) ?The name Nebraske comes from the Indian word “ebrathka”. meaning flat water.(分词短语作非限定性定语) The ~ing form 作状语 现在分词作状语表示主语在进行一动作的同时所进行的另一动作,它对谓语动词起修饰或陪衬的作用。这时要注意现在分词与其逻辑主语在时态和意义上的统一。例如: ????Rushing out of the room, he has knocked down by a car.(作时间状语) =When he rushed out of the room, he was knocked down by a car. ????Working harder, you will pass the entrance exam.(作条件状语) ????=If you work harder, you will pass the entrance exam. ????She sat at a window and read a book.(作伴随状语) ????=She sat at a window and read a book. ????Having won the championship, he was awarded a million dollars.(作原因状语) ????=Because he had won the championship, he was awarded a million dollars. ????Even if taking a taxi, I will still be late for the meeting.(作让步状语) ????=Even if I take a taxi, I will still be late for the meeting. ????The road is under construction, thus causing the delay.(作结果状语) ????=The road is under construction, and thus caused the delay. ????注意,当现在分词作让步状语时,一般放在句首,常常由although, though, even if ,unless等连词引入;作结果状语时,一般放在句末,前面可so, thus, hence。 IV. Closing down by doing a quiz To end the period you are going to take a quiz on ~ing words. ~ING WORDS Highlight all the words ending in '-ing'. Make lists of all the different categories of '-ing' words; that is, their different functions in the sentence. Examples of some of the different categories He's swimming. He's wearing a swimming suit. He likes swimming. Swimming is pleasant. Rewrite each sentence without using the '-ing' form. Is there a change in meaning? What is it? Find sentences in the text which can be rewritten using an -ing form. Is there any change in meaning? What is it? IV. Homework Finish exercises in workbook on page 64. Using Language Teaching Aims To help students read the passage SHOWING OUR FEELINGS. To help students to use the language by reading, listening, speaking and writing. Teaching Procedures I. Warming up Read aloud to warm up: Let’s warm up by reading aloud to the recording of the text SHOWING OUR FEELINGS. II. Guided reading Reading and translating Read the text SHOWING OUR FEELINGS and translate it into Chinese paragraph by paragraph. He Jing. You are to do paragraph 1, please. …. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from SHOWING OUR FEELINGS Show all kinds of feeling, turn one’s back to…, show anger, close one’s hand, shake… at…, a universal facial expression, put…at ease, hide feelings, lose face, nod the head up and down, look away from…, hold one’s arms across one’s chest, protest…from …, turn toward…, roll one’s eyes, show respect for…, use gestures, give a hug to sb., stand close to…, with…open, look directly at…, look sb. in the eye, tell the truth, be wrong about… Doing exercises Now you are going to do exercises 1 and 2 on pages 30-31 following the article. The importance of body language People can not live without each other, we are social beings. As soon as we are in contact with others we are communicating. For this we can make use of spoken and written language. In these ways we make the content of a message clear to each other. However we can also communicate without words. This kind of communication tells us something about the relationship between people. Often this is more important than getting the content of the message across. The communication about this non spoken communication, which tells us something about the relationship between people, is called Meta-Communication. Communicating about communication! Writing Turn to page 31. Make a list of three positive body language expressions and three negative body language expressions. Non-verbal communication, or body language Refers to messaging without words In a personal spoken message According to Albert Mehrabian, in Psychology Today (1968), of the total message 7% is conveyed by the words 38% by the vocal tones, and 55% by facial and body expression Reading body language is an important skill Listening, writing Turn to page 31 and do the listening and writing exercises No. 1 and 2. Positive gesture clusters - 1●Acceptance Hand to chest Open arms and hands Touching gestures Moving closer, one to another Preening Sitting on one leg (for female) Positive gesture clusters - 2●Confidence Steepling (fingers touching like a church steeple) Hands behind back, authority position Back stiffened Hands in coat pockets with thumbs out Hands on lapels of coat ●Expectancy Rubbing palms Jingling money openly Crossed fingers Moving closer Positive gesture clusters - 3●Cooperation, readiness, openness Open hands Hands on hips Hands on mid-thigh while seated Sitting on edge of chair Arms spread, gripping edge of table or desk Moving closer Sprinter's position Hand-to-face gestures Positive gesture clusters - 4●Evaluation Hand-to-face gestures Head tilted Stroking chin Peering over glasses Taking glasses off, and cleaning Putting eye glass ear piece in mouth Pipe smoker gestures Getting up from table and walking around Putting hand to bridge of nose Positive gesture clusters - 5●Reassurance Touching Pinching flesh Chewing pen or pencil Rubbing over thumb Touching back of chair on entering room Biting finger nails Hands in pockets Positive gesture clusters - 6●Self-control Holding arm behind back Gripping wrist Locked ankles Clenched hands Speaking and writing Discuss Lin Pei’s behaviour with your partner. Then write some advice for Lin Pei. - 13 -

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  • ID:4-6439566 Unit 3 A Taste of English Humor 教学设计

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 3 A taste of English humour

    Unit 3 A Taste of English Humor 教 学 设 计 单元教学目标 Talk about different types of humor;a taste of English humor Learn how to express one’s emotions Learn the –ing form as the Predicative, Attributive and Object Complement Learn to write humorous stories 目标语言 话题 Different types of humor; a taste of English humor 词汇 四会词汇: slide, skin, cruel, content, astonish, particular, entertain, entertaining, throughout, homeless, worn-out, failure, overcome, difficulty, boil, fortunate, snowstorm, chew, bottom, mouthful, direct, star, outstanding, Switzerland, fortune, swing, pancake, mountainous, whisper, vast, sense 词组: be content with, badly off, pick out, cut off, star in, knock into 功能 情感 ( Emotion ) I enjoy this very much because… It surprises me that… I laugh at that kind of thing because… I felt happy because… This is fun because… I’m pleased we were both amused at… How wonderful / surprising It’s amusing that… 语法 动词的-ing 形式作表语,定语和宾语补足语的用法 Their job is “panning for gold”. That was the problem facing Charlie Chaplin. Do you find it funny to see someone sliding on a banana skin? 课时分配 1st Period Warming up and speaking 2nd Period Reading 3rd Period learning about language 4th Period Listening 5th Period Writing 6th Period Summary 分课时教案 Warming up and speaking Teaching aims: Enable students to talk about some types of English humor and Chinese humor. Key points: Help students learn how to understand and enjoy English humors. Difficult points: Help students know the differences between English and Chinese in humor. Teaching aids: pictures Teaching procedure: Step 1: Lead-in Show some pictures to students, let them talk about the pictures and then ask them what they think of the pictures, whether they are funny or not. Questions: 1) Do you know who these comedians are? What makes them funny? 2) Do you know other comedians who are funny in the same way? 3) Have you seen any of these comedians or programmers? What do you think of them? Step 2: Warming up Task 1. Brain-storming Ask students to name some types of humors they know. Write those they are not familiar with on the blackboard, then show some pictures and summarize. Types of humor Example of English humor Chinese humor Nonverbal Charlie Chaplin Pantomimes(哑剧)刘全和,刘全利 Mime and farce Mr. Bean Funny plays 陈佩斯,赵本山 Verbal jokes Play on words, usually Cross talk 马季, 姜昆 Funny stories Two lines Jokes Funny poems Edward Lear Doggerel(打油诗) Task 2. Talking Ask students to talk about some funny stories, any English or Chinese humors they know. Task 3. Reading on P 17 The purpose of the reading is to introduce the kind of verbal jokes. They use a “play on words” to be funny. Let students read the three jokes and then match the joke with the explanation. Then check the answer. After that, teacher can show some other jokes on the screen. Joke 1: Patient: Doctor, I’ve lost my memory. Doctor: When did this happen? Patient: When did what happen? Joke 2: Garcia: Thank you doctor. My fever is gone. Doctor: Don’t thank me. Thank God. Garcia: Then I will pay the fees to God. Step 3 Homework Ask each student to give a joke and present it in class next period. Reading Teaching aims: Enable students to learn what humor means and what is nonverbal humor. Key points: Help students divide the text into several parts according to the meaning. Difficult points: Divide the paragraphs and give the main ideas. Teaching aids: A recorder and a projector Teaching procedure: Step 1. Revision Check homework: ask students to present their jokes in class. Step 2. Pre-reading Questions: (1) What do you like to laugh at? (2 ) What does humor mean? Is humor always kind? Give students some time to discuss. The purpose is to help students know that different people have different taste about humor. It is difficult to say which one is better or which one is worse. Step 3. Reading The purpose of this reading is to introduce nonverbal humor. This reading material takes Charlie Chaplin for example. It tells us what nonverbal humor means; what is Charlie Chaplin’s style of acting; how he made a sad situation entertaining and so on. Task 1. Divide the text into several parts according to the meaning. Part One: the first and the second paragraph Part Two: the third and the fourth paragraph Part Three: the last paragraph Task 2. Give the main idea of each part The main idea of part one: It tells us that there are two kinds of humor. One is bad, while the other can inspire people. The main idea of part two: It tells us something about Charlie Chaplin’s acting style and how Charlie Chaplin made a sad situation entertaining. The main idea of part three: it gives us a short biography about Charlie Chaplin. Task 3. Discussion Let students have a discussion about the text, then answer some questions. Questions: (1) What is behind fun? (2 ) Why did people like Little Tramp? (3 ) Do you think Charlie Chaplin’s eating boiled shoes funny? Why? Step 4 Language points 1. content (adj.): satisfied, happy, not wanting any more phrases: content with sth; content to do sth e.g. (1) She is quite content to stay at home looking after her children. (2 ) Are you content with your present salary? Content (n.): that which is contained in sth e.g. I like the style of her writing but I don’t like the content. 2. inspire sb. ( with sth.) \ inspire sth. (in sb.): To fill sb. with thoughts, feelings or aims. e.g. His speech inspired us with hope. 3. badly off: in a poor position, esp. financially The opposite is “ well off” e.g. (1) They are too badly off to have a holiday. (2 ) In fact most people are better off than they were five years ago. Step 5 Practice Finish the exercises on page 18, 19, it is a good time to consolidate the whole content of the text and the useful words and expressions from the text. It is easy for most students to finish. So leave students several minutes to finish and check the answers by showing them on the screen. Step 6 Homework Preview grammar by finishing Exercises 3, 4 on page 21. Learning about language Teaching aims: Enable students to learn how to use the –ing form as the attribute, the object complement and the predicative. Key points: Let students know the structures of the sentences with the –ing form Difficult points: Help students to tell the –ing form as the predicative and the use of the present continuous tense. Teaching aids: A computer Teaching procedure: Step 1. Revision Check homework: the exercises on page 20. Step 2. Word formation Suffix Example -able valuable lovable comfortable -ing amusing misleading neighboring -ful hopeful cheerful useful -less endless homeless harmless -ed excited interested moved -ish Irish childish selfish -ive active attractive expensive -ate fortunate affectionate passionate -ant important pleasant ignorant -ly friendly orderly costly There are ten suffixes in the chart. And there are some new words in it. But the purpose of showing this chart is to let students learn more about the adjective suffix. Step 3. Discovering useful structures Task 1. Revision Have a revision about the –ing form used as the subject and object. Give students some sentences to translate: (1) Talking to him is useless. (2) Smoking does harm to your health. (3) Walking is my sole exercise. (4) Collecting stamps is my hobby. (5) I suggested bringing the meeting to an end. (6) He admitted taking the money. (7) I couldn’t help laughing. (8) Your coat needs washing. Task 2. New usage of the –ing form Ask students to look at the Exercises 4 on page 20. And then wake in pairs to finish the exercises. Teacher checks the answers and give the explanations. (1) A cooking pot: A pot that is used for cooking. (2) A drinking horse: A horse that is drinking water. (3) The man sitting on the sofa is a friend of my brother’s. Here the –ing form are used as attribute. (4) I saw the man sliding on a banner skin yesterday. (5) Did you notice the man picking up that broken bottle and putting it in his bag? Hear the –ing form are used as object complement The structure of the sentence with an object complement is: Subject + Predicate + Object + Object complement (6) Her job is looking after babies. (7) What he likes is playing chess after supper. Here the –ing form are used as predictive. Pay attention to the differences between –ing form used as predicative and present continuous tense. (1) Her hobby is painting. (2) Her favorite sport is skiing. (3) This was very disappointing. (4) The test results are very discouraging. (5) She was very pleasing in her appearance. (6) His concern for his mother is very touching. (7) The photograph is missing. (8) The article was misleading, and the newspaper has apologized. In the first two sentences, the –ing form is used to show the character of the subject. In the next four sentences the words of the –ing form are all about the feelings. In the last two sentences, the words of the –ing form show some states and qualities. (9) It is snowing hard. (10) She is teaching in a night school. In these two sentences, the –ing form are used as the predicate in the present continuous tense. Step 4. Using Structures Turn to page 57. Look at the Using Structure. There are two exercises in this part. Exercise 1 is to let students correct some errors in the sentences. This is not an easy job for most students, because it needs other knowledge, besides what the students learned today. So better leave them more time to do this exercise. For exercise 2, let students finish it in a short time. With the help of the pictures, students can easily understand the meaning and correctly use the –ing form to finish the blanks. Teacher can check the answers in class. Step 4. Homework Finish all exercises on page 56 and 57. Listening Teaching aims: Enable students to understand the humor in the listening material. Key points: Train the students to get the key wards by reading the questions before listening. Difficult points: Get the main idea from the listening materials while listening. Teaching aids: A recorder Teaching procedure: Step 1. Revision Check homework: (1) Ask a couple of students to tell their jokes in class. (2 ) Ask some students to come to the blackboard to write their translation. After they have finished, teacher correct some errors with the whole class. Step 2. Listening ( page 23 ) This is a funny story. Mary made some plum jam and left some in the pan. Five days later, her husband came home and poured the jam into the chicken. Later Mary came home and found all of her chickens were behaving strangely. What had happened? Give students two chances to listen to the story. First, go through Exercise1 and 2 to know what are the things they will do while listening. After that teacher plays the tape for them to finish Exercise 1. The second listening is to check the answers. For Exercise 2, teacher should leave some time for students to discuss the question. Questions: (1) Did you find this story funny? Give the reason. (2 ) What do you think of John’s behavior? Step 2. Listening ( page 55 ) This is a story about a thief and a man. The situation is very interesting. Before listening, ask students what they would do if they find a thief in their home one day; whether they will be afraid of the thief and so on. There are three steps for this listening. At first let students read the questions to make sure that they know what they should do in this listening. Next, play the tape for the first time to let students finish Exercise 1. Then play the tape again and let the students finish the questions in Exercise 2. After that, let the students check their answers with each other. At last, listen to the tape again, teacher can make a pause where there is an question to the question, in this way students can check all the answers. Step 3. Listening task ( page 58 ) There are four exercises in this listening. The first one requests students to get the general idea of the material. The second one is to ask the students to know some details of the material. The third one is a question that asks the students to speculate the teacher’s feeling. And the last one is a good exercise, it gives the students another chance to practice their oral English. Step 4. Homework Collect as many funny stories as possible, do some preparations for the writing in the next period. Writing Teaching aims: Help the students learn how to write funny stories using the target language and according to the writing steps. Key points: Teach students to write according to the writing of the writing steps. Difficult points: Help students make up a dialogue, using the target language. Teaching aid: A projector Teaching procedure: Step 1. Revision Check homework: Ask several students to read their funny stories in class. Step 2. Writing ( page 23 ) Give students some instructions on writing a funny story. 1) Writing down your story in a logical order. 2) For each of your story try to find the most interesting words you can to describe how you felt or what was happing. 3) Then write out your story using these interesting words. 4) Read through your story. 5) Then show it to your partner. Let him/ her suggest some new and exciting words. 6) Write out the story and put it into a class collection of stories. Give students enough time to finish the task and give them enough help in the writing. Tell them to give the outline first, then finish the story. Step 3. Talking Task 1. Show students some pictures. Ask them to describe the pictures and explain what is happening, whether it is funny or not. Task 2. Imagine you want to play a trick on someone, maybe an April Fool’s trick. Work with partners, think up a funny thing and share it with the class. Step 4. Speaking and writing task This is a chance for students to learn limericks. It has only five lines. Three of them are longer than the other two. The longer lines all rhyme with each other and the shorter ones rhyme with each other. When introducing the poems, teacher read them first, and let the students enjoy the beauty of the rhyme. And at the same time point out that there must be two sets of rhyming words in the same poem, so the students can grasp the main feature of the poem. After reading, ask students to tell the rhyme of the first and the second poem. Let students read the poems several times and feel it. Find more limericks for students to enjoy. Give students some instructions on how to write a poem, let them think of rhyming words before writing. They need two sets of rhyming words. Step 5. Homework 1) Finish Exercise 5 on Page 21. 2) Make a summary about what has been learnt in this unit. Summary Teaching aims: 1) Learn to express the sentences that are connected with the positive and negative view of the same thing. 2) Make a summary about what has been learnt in this unit. Key points: Sum up what we have learnt in this unit. Difficult points: Sum up what we have learnt in this unit. Teaching aids: A projector Teaching procedure: Step 1. Revision Check homework: Ask students to present their dialogue in class. Step 2. Reading This reading task gives us another joke. The title is “An April fool’s joke: The Noodle Harvest”. Ask students to read the sentence : “A fool sees not the same tree that a wise man sees.” After reading, explain the meaning of the sentence. (The meaning is that the thing is the same, but the way to treat it is different between a fool and a wise man.) Give students some time to read the passage, then answer some questions and retell the whole story. Questions: 1) What do children usually do on April Fool’s Day? 2) Why did people believe the programme Panorama? 3) Do you think the advice that the BBC gave people who asked how to grow noodle trees was serious? Give a reason.. 4) What would you do to find out whether a story like this was true? Step 3. Project Ask students to make their own collection of jokes, funny poems or short stories. They can be the ones that they enjoy in the books that they have read. Make sure they add either a joke, a funny poem or a funny short story of their own. Copy them into a book and display it in the class so that all your classmates can enjoy them. Step 4. Summing up This is a summary about what they have learned in the unit. Leave students some time to finish the frame. Then teacher give students a dictation about the useful words and expressions. 功能句式: 1. I enjoy this very much because…. 2. I laugh at that kind of thing because… 3. This is fun because…. 4. How wonderful / surprising! 5. It surprises me that… 6. I’m pleased we were both amused at… 7. I felt happy because… 8. It’s amusing that… 语法: 1. Word formation 2. The –ing form of the verb used as predicative, attribute and object complement. 重点句子: 1. Do you find it funny to see someone sliding on a banana skin, bumping into someone else round a Conner, or filling down a hole in the end. 2. Perhaps it makes us feel more content with our life… 3. He became famous for using a particular form of acting, including mime and farce. 4. But he was lived by all who watched the film for his determination in overcoming difficulties and being kind even when people were unkind to him. 5. Imagine you are hungry and all there is to eat is boiled shoe. 6. He solved it by using nonverbal humor. 7. Their job is “panning for gold”. 8. This was the problem facing Charlie Chaplin in one of his most famous films. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and pay attention to the use of the –ing form. 1. The two comedians performing on the stage are from Liaoning Province. 2. Who is the girl walking by the river. 3. The children playing the violin will give a performance next week. 4. The man with sunglass standing near the car is a cross talk artist. 5. The old lady talking to the children is a famous musician. 6. I saw a group of policemen coming out of a green jeep and running to the building. 7. I saw a dog carrying a piece of meat entering your garden. 8. I heard her singing a beautiful song at the party last night. 9. I got frightened when I saw a man playing with a snake in the park. 10. There were some boys shouting and crying under my window, so I could not fall asleep. Step 5. Check yourself 1. Do you find it difficult to understand English humor? Why? 2. What role do you thing humor plays in your life? 3. What language points have you learned in this unit? 4. How well have you done in the exercises on the –ing form? 5. Did you have any problems in understanding this unit? How did you solve them? Step 6. Homework Do some preparations for Unit 4. PAGE 14

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  • ID:4-6439562 Unit 3 A taste of English humourWarming up and Reading 课件(45张PPT+3个音频视频)

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 3 A taste of English humour

    (共45张PPT) Sayings about Laugh What is humour? Humour is a word means making others laugh. If someone often makes others laugh, we say he is humorous and we call him a humorist. The question of whether or not something is humorous is a matter of personal taste. humor Forms of humour mime and farce comedy Farce is a comedy which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely, extravagant, and improbable situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication. Mime is a performance using gestures and body movements without words. Sketch is a short humorous scene on stage, television, etc. Cross talk, Chinese comic dialogue, is an art form, exchanging clever remarks between two people, or performed by one or several persons. Clowns are comical performers, usually characterized by their fantastic appearance: colored wigs, stylistic makeup, outlandish costumes, unusually large footwear, red-nose, etc., who entertain spectators by acting in a hilarious fashion. Can you name out some of the comedic actors you like? Mr. Bean Mr. Bean is a British comedy television series of 14 half-hour episodes. The first episode was broadcast on ITV on 1 January 1990, with the final episode, Hair by Mr. Bean of London, on 15 November 1995. The title character Mr. Bean is described as “a child in a grown man’s body”. Rowan Sebastian Atkinson (born 1955) is an English comedian, actor and writer, most famous for his work in the sitcoms Mr. Bean and his voiceover work in Walt Disney’s The Lion King. He has been listed in The Observer as one of the 50 funniest acts in British comedy. What do you like laughing at? Are you good at making people laugh? In what way? Give an example. Do you know who he is? Charlie Chaplin He is one of the most famous humorists that can make others laugh all the time. What do you know about his films? The Kid special Oscar It is about the life and work of Charlie Chaplin and the kind of humour we can all laugh at – nonverbal humour. Fast reading What is the main idea of the passage? He died in _____ in __________. Charlie Chaplin He was born in _____. His job is ________. He was given__________ __________________________in 1972. His type of acting is _____________. His charming character is _____________. 1889 an actor mime and farce the little tramp 1977 Switzerland Oscar for his outstanding work a special Careful reading Para. 1 The world situation Para. 2 Charlie’s childhood Para. 3 His famous film character Para. 4 An example of his work Para. 5 His achievements Read the passage again and write down the main idea of each paragraph. 1. How did Charlie Chaplin become famous? He became famous for using a particular form of acting, including mime and farce. 2. Give a description of the little tramp, Chaplin’s famous character. Answer the questions. He wore large trousers, worn-out shoes and a small round black hat, carrying a walking stick. Because he had the determination to overcome difficulties. 3. Why was the little tramp loved by many people around the world? 4. Which film of Chaplin is mentioned in Para.3-4? The Gold Rush. Choose the best answers. 1. Charlie Chaplin made people laugh when they felt depressed, so they felt ______. less satisfied with their lives more content with their lives more worried about their lives they had a miserable life B 2. Explain “Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face”. A. Laughter is the power to drive winter away and welcome warm spring. B. Laughter can keep one’s face warm, especially during freezing winter. C. Laughter can make people forget their problems and make them feel happy. C 3. In The Gold Rush, Chaplin and his friend eat a pair of shoes because ___. A. they are interested in it B. the shoes are delicious C. they want to make the people laugh D. they are very hungry D 4. Chaplin was given a special Oscar for _______. A. the characters he played in his films B. the films he directed C. the joy he gave us in his films D. the contributions he made in films D 5. What’s the author’s attitude to Charlie Chaplin? A. positive B. negative C. serious D. appreciative D Time : Place : Job in the film : in the middle of the 19th century California, USA panning for gold What troubles did they meet in California? They ____________ on the edge of a mountain in a ___________ in a small wooden house. were caught snowstorm The Gold Rush 1. Cut off the leather top of the shoe. 2. Pick out the laces and eat them 3.Try cutting and eating the bottom of the shoe. 4.Treat it as if it were the finest meat. 5. Sit down at the table with plate and drinking up. Put the sentences in the correct order. Tell true or false. 1. Chaplin learnt acting after his mother. 2. People love the character “the little champ”, mainly for he was poor and homeless. 3. In the middle of 19th century people went to California to look for gold. 4. Chaplin performed how to eat a boiled shoe by action and explaining. F T F F Retell the passage according to the questions. Why did people need cheering up? 2. What was Charlie’s childhood like? 3. What was his most famous character like? Give a sad example of a sad situation that he made funny. 4. What were his achievements? In Britain and America people were feeling miserable because of the bad economic situation. Charlie understood their problems. His character “the little tramp” was poor and homeless, but everybody loved him for his kind heart and the way he dealt with his difficult situation. Charlie Chaplin made people laugh at some of these terrible situations like being without food or money. He wrote and directed his own films and received an Oscar for his outstanding work. Explain the sentence in your own words. Charlie brightened the lives of American and British through two world wars. 2. Find a sentence in the passage similar in meaning to the following one. Charlie’s real life was not so comfortable as it was showed in his films. 3. Translate the sentence into Chinese. You may find it astonishing that Charlie was taught to sing as soon as he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk. Finish the following tasks. A scene from The Gold Rush Humour is everywhere in our daily life. We can be optimistic no matter what difficulties you meet, just as Charlie Chaplin was. Take turns to be Charlie and a reporter to interview him, using the information from the reading. 1. Do you think Chaplin’s poor childhood helped him in his work? Why? 2. Do you like his acting style? Why? 3. Why do you think he was so successful? 4. What should we learn from Charlie Chaplin? Act out a situation by using nonverbal humour. in a hurry slide on a banana skin bump into someone else round a corner carry a heavy box 2.Which is faster, hot or cold? Hot---You can catch a cold. 3. Why is the library the tallest building? Because it has the most stories. 4.Which is the terrible month for soldiers? March. 5.What two words have the most letters? Post office. 1.Which of your parents is your nearest relative? Mother. 6. What kind of ships do students study in school? Scholarships. 7. What part of a clock is always old? 8. Why is the river very rich? Because it has two banks. 9. What can you see with your eyes shut? A dream. 10. I have cities but no houses; forests but no trees; rivers without water. What am I? A map. The second hand. Homework Surf the Internet to find more information about Chaplin and you are expected to present it to your classmates in the next class.

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  • ID:4-6439536 Unit 3 A taste of English humour Warming up and reading参考课件(20张PPT)

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 3 A taste of English humour

    (共20张PPT) Unit 3 Warming up and reading A taste of English humour How many kinds of humor do you know? sketch / funny plays a two-man comic show comedy crosstalk pantomime 哑剧 farce 滑稽剧 clown (funny stories) Mark Twain was the popular and humourous American author. A man with two red ears went to see his doctor. Doctor: What happened to your ears? Man: I was ironing a shirt and the phone rang but instead of picking up the phone, I accidentally picked up the iron and stuck it to my ear. Doctor: Oh, dear! But what happened to your other ear? Man: The scoundrel(恶棍)called back! Funny story There was an old man from Peru, who dreamed he was eating his shoe. He awoke in the night with a terrible fright, and found out that it was quite true. limerick Can you can a can as a canner can can a can? Roberta ran rings around the Roman ruins. Six sick hicks nick six slick bricks with picks and sticks. tongue twisters verbal nonverbal cross talk; tongue twisters; funny poems; funny stories; jokes; limerick; sketch mime farce clown ways to make people laugh Laughing is better than medicine. ---- Jewish saying Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face. ----Victor Hugo Do you know him? Para. 1 Para. 2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Para. 5 Find out the main idea of each paragraph. His achievements An example of a sad situation that he made funny What Charlie’s most famous character was like Why people needed cheering What Charlie’s childhood was like Decide the sentences true or false. 1. Charlie Chaplin was poor when he was a small boy. 2. People who don’t know English cannot enjoy Chaplin’s films. 3.The Gold Rush is set in California in the late of the nineteenth century. 4. In The Gold Rush Chaplin and his friend are fortunate to find some gold. 5. In the film the meal he eats is hard to chew. 6. Chaplin not only acted in films but wrote and directed films as well. T F F F T T Born:__________________________________ Job: __________________________________ Famous character: ______________________ Costume: _______________________________ Type of acting: ________________________ Died: _________________________________ in 1889 actor Little Tramp mime in 1977 in Switzerland Some notes about Charlie Chaplin large trousers, worn-out shoes, small round black hat and a walking stick Summarize the qualities of Charlie Chaplin. determined brave optimistic devoted hard-working kind He is … Try to act out the scene in The Gold Rush, eating leather shoes just with your body language.

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  • ID:4-6439524 Unit 3 A taste of English humour Using language 2 课件(22张PPT+5个音频)

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 3 A taste of English humour

    (共22张PPT) What is jam? Do you like eating jam? Jam is a thick sweet substance made by boiling fruit with sugar, often sold in jars and spread on bread. Read Exercise 3-5 and try to predict the story. Tell your partner what you think will happen. (Page 23) Listen to Part 1 and write down the main idea. Mary made some jam but left some on the kitchen table for a few days as she had to go to look after her sick mother. Some days later, John, knowing nothing about jam, came home and threw it into the kitchen yard. Listen to Part 1 again and answer the following questions. What was Mary going to do with the cooked plums in the pan? She was going to put them in the fridge later when they had cooled down. 2. What did John think Mary should have done with the mess in the pan? He thought she should have thrown it out for the chickens to eat. Guess the end of the story. 1. John will apologize. 2. He will tell her she shouldn’t have left the jam on the kitchen table. 1. John will get angry too and say she should have told him she was making jam. 2. He will say it isn’t important. 3. He will apologize. John will say she should have told him she was making jam. Mary’s reaction John’s reaction to her 1. Mary will laugh. 2. Mary will get angry and tell John he should have put the jam in the dustbin. 3. Mary will say the problem with the chickens are John’s responsibility. Listen to Part 2 to put the sentences in order. Mary got angry with John. Mary saw the chickens behaving strangely. John was sorry. Marry looked at the red mess on the ground. The chickens enjoyed the jam. John said the chickens were drunk. Mary came home. 4 2 5 7 3 6 8 1 John said he thought the jam was porridge. “You ___________ my jam,” she shouted. “Oh, _______ what it was,” he said. “I’m ________ but I thought it was ________ which had gone bad in the hot weather. The chickens have _______ the jam, but it’s made them _________.” Listen to Part 2 again and fill in the blanks. threw away that’s sorry porridge enjoyed drunk Do you think the story is funny? Give your reasons. A: What fun! I enjoyed that story. I always laugh at that kind of thing. B: Me, too. I’m pleased we both like the same kind of funny stories. A: The punchline was good. You were wondering what would happen. So I’m happy that it all turned out well in the end. B: It surprised me that John didn’t see the plum stone if Mary did. A Sample A: That’s because Mary did the cooking, but John didn’t look at the jam carefully. He just thought it was a mess and threw it away. B: I think it’s very amusing and always try to read stories like that. They make me smile. A: OK. Let me tell you this funny story then. It’s about a hedge cutter which was made in China but sold in England … (Workbook, Page 55) The story is about a thief who tries to steal some potatoes and Peter who successfully prevents them from being stolen. What is the main idea of the story? Listen and answer the questions. Where did Peter get the potatoes? Why did he ask his wife to be quiet when she heard the thief? Why couldn’t the thief take away the potatoes? Peter was given the potatoes by a friend. He thought the thief might have a knife and he did not want to make him angry. Because Peter removed the shirt that the thief had planned to put the potatoes in. 4. Why was the thief angry? 5. How many characters are there in the story? 6. Where does the story happen? Three. At Peter’s home. Because he could not find his shirt and steal the potatoes. What will happen next in the story? Act out this story. (Workbook, Page 58) Look at the pictures below and predict what they are about. Write down your prediction in a sentence. Listen and choose the picture that best describes what happened. C Listen again and answer the question. I think the teacher felt embarrassed when he was offered the dog, because he did not want it and had not expected to be offered it. And he felt very unhappy to be considered a liar. How do you think the teacher felt when he was offered the dog? How would you solve the problem and help the teacher? Discuss with your partner. A: Poor teacher! I think he must have been astonished at the way the boys behaved. B: Yes. I suppose he felt it was his duty to talk like that! Those boys had not chosen a good method of finding a home for the dog. A: Why do you say that? B: Well, they think the teacher is the biggest liar and give him the dog --- but the teacher does not want the dog! So he won’t provide it with a good home. Sample dialogue A: True! So what’s the teacher going to do now? B: He can offer the dog to any of the students he thinks will look after it. A: How can he choose the best owner? B: He can ask them to tell him how much they know about looking after dogs. A: Yes, or he could find out whose parents would like a dog. B: Good idea! Homework Review the whole unit. Get more about English humour.

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  • ID:4-6439520 Unit 3 A taste of English humour Using language 1 课件(26张PPT+3个音频)

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修3、4/必修4/Unit 3 A taste of English humour

    (共26张PPT) Word play or wordplay is a literary technique and a form of wit in which the words that are used become the main subject of the work, primarily for the purpose of intended effect or amusement. Word play is quite common in oral cultures as a method of reinforcing meaning. Word play tongue twister (绕口令) jokes pun (双关语) riddles 谜语 … Tongue twister: an expression that is difficult to articulate clearly Can?you?can?a?can?as?a?canner?can?can?a?can? Six?sick?hicks?nick?six?slick?bricks?with?picks?and?sticks. 3. I?scream,?you?scream,?we?all?scream?for?ice-cream! 4. There?was?a?fisherman?named?Fisher who?fished?for?some?fish?in?a?fissure. Till?a?fish?with?a?grin, pulled?the?fisherman?in. Now?they’re?fishing?the?fissure?for?Fisher 5. How many cans can a canner can if a canner can can cans? A canner can can as many cans as a canner can if a canner can can cans. 6. I thought a thought. But the thought I thought wasn’t the thought I thought I thought. 7. She sells seashells by the seashore. The shells she sells are surely seashells. So if she sells shells on the seashore, I’m sure she sells seashore shells. Pun is an amusing use of a word or phrase that has two meanings, or of words with the same sound but different meanings. Policeman: You can’t park here. Driver: Why not? Policeman: Read the sign. Driver: I did. It says “Fine for parking!” So I parked. 1. “And how many hours a day did you do lessons?” said Alice, in a hurry to change the subject. “Ten hours the first day,” said the Mock Turtle, “nine the next, and so on.” “What a curious plan!” exclaimed Alice. “That’s the reason they’re called lessons,” the Gryphon remarked, “because they lessen from day to day.” 2. 1. No sooner spoken than broken. What is it? 2. The man who invented it doesn’t want it. The man who bought it doesn’t need it. The man who needs it doesn’t know it. What is it? Riddle: a difficult and often amusing question to which one must guess the answer (Silence) (A coffin) a funny poem --- limerick There was an old man with a beard Who said it is just as I feared. Four insects and then, Two birds and a hen Have all made their homes in my beard. Do you think they’re funny? Is there an equivalent in Chinese humour? Make up similar ones. Listen to three jokes. Which one do you think is the funniest? Can you make a similar one? Listen to a short story, underline the dialogue and answer the questions. 1. How did Watson answer Holmes’ question? 2. What happened actually? 2. What happened actually? Someone has stolen their tent. 1. How did Watson answer Holmes’ question? --I think of how short life is and how long the universe lasted. --I think of how small I am and how vast the sky is. --I think of how cold the universe is and how warm people can be in their beds. After reading the funny story, what kinds of persons do you think they are? Sherlock Holmes: Doctor Watson: Carelessness may cause many funny stories in our daily life. Can you give an example? careful careless Mary was so disgusted at her husband’s cigarette smoking that she complained to him one day. “I hope that all the cigarette factories will catch fire someday.” “Don’t worry, dear. All the cigarettes will be on fire sooner or later,” he said with a smile. An English Joke Make a dialogue between Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson. Suggested dialogue Narrator: Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson went camping in a mountainous area. They were lying in the open air under the stars. Sherlock Holmes looks up at the stars. Sherlock Holmes (whispering): Watson, when you look at that beautiful sky, what do you think of? Watson: I think how short life is and how long the universe has lasted. Sherlock Holmes: No, no, Watson. What do you really think of? Watson: I think of how small I am and how vast the sky is. Sherlock Holmes: Try again. Watson: I think of how cold the universe is and how warm people can be in their beds. Sherlock Holmes: Watson, you fool! You should be thinking that someone has stolen our tent! April Fools’ Day is a day to play jokes on others. No one knows how this holiday began but people think it first started in France. What do people usually do on April Fool’s Day? Did you play any funny tricks on your friends last time? Tell your story. Read the text and answer the questions. Who made the April Fool’s joke, the noodle harvest? 2. Why did many people believe the report? The Panorama TV programme, BBC. Because the Panorama TV programme is serious, the programme itself was presented in a very serious way and there were many details given in the story to make it believable. More ideas put forward on TV or in newspapers during April Fool’s Day. 1. Pigeons follow roads and road signs when they want to find their way home. 2. The earliest football has been found in a grave dated back to 1,000 years ago. 3. Earliest human paintings on cave walls are all modern fakes. 4. Advanced computers can “talk” to each other without the aid of humans. What is a logical order? Logical order First … Then… Next… Finally / At last… Write down your story in a logic order. For each part of your story try to find the most interesting words you can to describe how you felt or what was happening. Then write out your story using these interesting words. Read through your story. Then show it to your partner. Let him / her suggest some new and exciting words. Write out the story and put it into a class collection of stories. Write a story according to the picture. What did you do on last April Fool’s Day? Describe it. 2. Review the reading materials in this unit. Homework

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  • ID:9-6433584 (必修2)政治生活 6.1中国共产党执政:历史和人民的选择 课件(22张PPT+18张PPT+2个视频)

    高中思想政治/人教版(新课程标准)/(必修2)政治生活/第三单元 发展社会主义民主政治/第六课 我国的政党制度/1 中国共产党执政:历史和人民的选择

    (共22张PPT) 素材风暴:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/ PPT模板:http://ppt.sucaifengbao.com/ AE视频:http://ae.sucaifengbao.com/ PSD素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/psd/ 矢量素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/vector/ Flash素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/flash/ 图片素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/photo/ PS插件:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/pschajian/ 素材风暴:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/ PPT模板:http://ppt.sucaifengbao.com/ AE视频:http://ae.sucaifengbao.com/ PSD素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/psd/ 矢量素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/vector/ Flash素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/flash/ 图片素材:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/photo/ PS插件:http://www.sucaifengbao.com/html/pschajian/ 6.1 中国共产党执政 ——历史和人民的选择 洪秀全 探究活动一:回顾历史 1. 近代的中国日渐衰落,中国人在探索救亡图存之路时,发生了哪些大事件?结果如何? 2.抗日战争胜利后,中国出现了哪三种建国方案?人民的态度是怎样的? 超链接 学生展示 中国共产党的领导和执政地位不是自封的,而是中国社会历史发展的必然结果,是中国人民的正确选择。 根本原因:是由党的性质和宗旨决定的。 性质:中国共产党是中国工人阶级的先锋队,同时是中国人民和中华民族的先锋队。 宗旨: 全心全意为人民服务 中国共产党成立90多年来,领导全国各族 人民完成和推进了哪三件大事? 探究活动二:感悟辉煌成就 观看视频,回答问题 视频链接 超链接 学生展示 中国共产党是领导中国人民前进,不断夺取新胜利的核心力量。 有人说:搞革命要由中国共产党领导,现在,搞现代化建设不一定由中国共产党领导。 这种说法对吗?为什么? 探究活动三:质疑质证 超链接 学生展示 中国共产党领导和执政地位不是与生俱来的,也不是一劳永逸的,是历史形成的,是法律赋予的。 如何治国理政? 邓小平同志在回答外国记者如何避免类似“文革”那样的错误时说:“我们这个国家有几千年封建社会的历史,缺乏社会主义的民主和社会主义的法制。 现在我们要认真建立社会主义的民主和社会主义的法制。只有这样,才能解决问题。” 探究活动四:查找资料 分享交流 根据导学案的指引,查找资料,介绍党领导依法治国的重要会议和重要论述。 超链接 学生展示 中国共产党是领导核心 “党大还是法大???” 法治:宪法法律之上 习近平指出“党大还是法大”是一个政治陷阱,是一个伪命题。 在我国,法是党的主张和人民意愿的统一体现,党领导人民制定宪法法律,党领导人民实施宪法法律,党自身必须在宪法法律范围内活动。 社会主义法治必须坚持党的领导,党的领导必须依靠社会主义法治。 党的领导和社会主义法治是统一的。 依法治国 依法执政 中国共产党治国的基本方略 依法治国 中国共产党执政的基本方式 依法执政 首先是依宪治国 关键是依宪执政 中国共产党依法执政 带头守法 保证 执法 领导立法 支持司法 中国共产党第十九届中央委员会第二次全体会议,于2018年1月18日至19日在北京举行。全会审议通过了《中共中央关于修改宪法部分内容的建议》。 全国人大常委会起草《中华人民共和国宪法修正案》 并广泛征求意见 党中央集中人民意志提出“修宪”的建议 十三届全国人大一次会议审议通过《中华人民共和国宪法修正案》,并对宪法进行正式修改。 支持人民代表大会依法履行职能,使党的主张通过法定程序上升为国家意志,是党依法执政的重要体现。 科学立法 严格执法 公正司法 全民守法 依法治国 “十六字方针” 误区 1:中国共产党是中国特色社会主义事业的领导核心和最高国家权力机关,具有决定权。 误区 2:中国共产党履行组织社会主义经济建设的职能。 误区 3:中国共产党要依法行政,全心全意为人民服务。 注意:中国共产党要依法执政,依法行政的主体是政府。 注意:全国人大才是最高国家权力机关,具有决定权。 误区 4:中国共产党坚持依法执政首先要制定和完善法律。 注意:共产党要领导立法(立法建议),不直接制定法律,全国人大才是最高国家权力机关,具有立法权。 注意:组织社会主义经济建设属于政府的职能,党和其他社会团体不能履行政府职能。 为什么? 中国共产党执政的原因 怎样做? 中国共产党执政的方式 执政的基本方式: 依法执政 治国的基本方略: 依法治国 是什么? 中国共产党是执政党、领导核心、核心力量 课堂小结 历史和人民的选择 性质和宗旨决定 重要性 自我完善 分层作业 二、拓展题 结合本节课所学的知识,自拟题目,向身边的党员写一封信。 一、完成本节课知识要点梳理 谢谢! (共3张PPT) 中国共产党执政: 历史和人民的选择 有人说:搞革命要由中国共产党领导,现在,搞现代化建设不一定由中国共产党领导。 这种说法对吗?为什么? 探究活动三:质疑质证 【我有理证】 中国特色社会主义事业必须坚持以中国共产党为领导核心 第一:只有坚持中国共产党的领导,才能坚持和发展中国特色社会 主义。(坚持方向) 第二:才能维护国家的统一、民族的 团结,并为社会主义现代化建设创造 稳定、和谐的社会环境。(维护统一) 第三:才能最广泛、最充分地调动一 切积极因素,实现全面建成小康社会 的宏伟目标。(实现目标) 全面建成小康 ≠三 新起点 新华社发徐骏作 勇往直前 新华社发蒋跃新忄 (共4张PPT) 中国共产党成立90多年来,领导全国各族 人民完成和推进了哪三件大事? 探究活动二:感悟辉煌成就 观看视频,回答问题 完成新民主主义革命,建立人民当家作主的新中国 完成社会主义革命,确立社会主义制度 开创、坚持、发展了中国特色社会主义,推动社会主义现代化建设取得伟大成就 辉煌成就依靠党 经济总量居世界第二;总体上达到小康水平;许多中国企业跻身世界500强;对全球经济增长的贡献率超过30%。 经济 政治 文化 社会 生态 在载人航天、卫星、民用飞机、深海探测器、超级计算机等诸多领域都取得了举世瞩目的成就。 全面推进脱贫攻坚,提高低保、优抚、退休人员基本养老金等标准。 铁腕反腐,依法治国。行政体制改革。一带一路,G20杭州峰会。国际地位显著提高。 “十二五”期间,我国节能环保产业以15%至20%的速度增长,可再生资源领域投资已达677亿美元,居全球之首。 【我有例证】 完成新民主主义革命,建立人民当家作主的新中国 完成社会主义革命,确立社会主义制度 开创、坚持、发展了中国特色社会主义,推动社会主义现代化建设取得伟大成就 中国共产党成立90多年来,领导全国各族人民完成和推进的这三件大事,从根本上改变了中华民族和中国人民的前途命运。 辉煌成就依靠党 (共3张PPT) 探究活动四:查找资料 分享交流 根据导学案的指引,查找资料,介绍党领导依法治国的重要会议和重要论述。 十五大:建设社会主义法治国家 十八届四中全会:通过《中共中央关于全面推进依法治国若干重大问题的决定》 全面依法治国 总目标:建设中国特色社会主义法治体系、建设社会主义法治国家。 十五大:建设社会主义法治国家 十八届四中全会:通过《中共中央关于全面推进依法治国若干重大问题的决定》 十九大:全面依法治国纳入“四个全面”战略布局 习近平说,成立中央全面依法治国领导小组,加强对法治中国建设的统一领导。 中国共产党第十五次全国代表大会 线索 中国共产党第十八届中央委员会第四次全体会议 中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会 (共8张PPT) 2.抗日战争胜利后,中国出现了哪三种建国方案?人民的态度是怎样的? 抗日战争胜利后,中国出现了三种建国方案: 走半殖民地 半封建道路 建立资产阶 级共和国 工人阶级领导的、以工农联盟为基 础的人民共和国 解放战争初期国共力量对比 国民党 共产党 军队 430万 127万 武器 飞机、大炮、坦克 小米加步枪 国土占有 3/4强 1/4弱 人口拥有 3亿 1.3亿 最后一碗米送去做军粮, 最后一尺布送去做军装, 最后老棉袄盖在担架上, 最后一个娃送他上战场。 老百姓用实际行动选择了共产党,这改变了共产党与国民党的力量对比。 淮海战役的胜利是人民群众用小车推出来的 渡江战役 群众积极帮助我军赶修渡船 中国共产党的领导和执政地位不是自封的,而是中国社会历史发展的必然结果,是中国人民的正确选择。 展示结束 谢谢大家! http:/wwww.3gmusem 1947年5月20日,南京、上海、杭州等地学 生在南京联合示威游行,反饥饿、反内战、反 迫害,遺到军警殴打,受伤500余人;同日, 天津军警殴打并迷捕学生,造成“五二0”血 案。图为军警殴打学生。 北平学生“反饥饿,反内战大游行”队伍通过 天安门广场 国民党统治区“反饥饿、反内战”游行 人民选择了中国共产党 身

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  • ID:4-6433559 Module 10 Australia Unit 1 I have some photos that I took in Australia last year.课件37张

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 10 Australia/Unit 1 I have some photos that I took in Australia last year.

    (共37张PPT) Module10 Australia Unit 1 I have some photos that I took in Australia last year. 1.Where is Australia? southern northern eastern western It’s in the part of the world. √ Do you know? 2. Which is the capital of Australia? Sydney. Canberra. (堪培拉) 3. What language do the Australians speak? French. English. √ They speak √ 4. Where were the Olympic Games held in 2000? The 2000 Olympic Games was held in The capital of Australia is Sydney. Canberra. √ Enjoy the views of Australia and watch the video Sydney Opera House Ayers Rock (艾尔斯岩) Great Barrier Reef 大堡礁 Ayers Rock in central Australia off the northeast coast of Australia over 2,600 kilometres long like a huge boat with water on three sides Act3 Read and find out Facts about Australia Name Sydney Opera House Great Barrier Reef Location Sydney Details a special huge rock Useful sentences 1 据当地人说,这是一个奇特而具有魔力的地方。 According to the local people, it’s a special and magical place. 2 它(悉尼歌剧院)像一艘巨大的帆船,三面环水。 It’s like a huge sailing boat with water on three sides. 3 他们戴着特制的帽子。这种帽子能赶走苍蝇。 They wear special hats that keep the flies away. 4 他们手中拿着的剪刀是用来剪羊毛的。 The scissors that they’re holding are used to cut the wool off the sheep. 5 你在那儿的时候写日记了吗? Did you keep a diary while you were there? 6 我不得不把它们从我衣服上扫掉,特别是裤子上。 I had to brush them off my clothes, especially my trousers! 在澳大利亚中心 我们这就看看。 根据 它有多高 像一艘巨大的帆船 三面环水 位于…的东北海岸外 赶走苍蝇 被用于 把羊毛从绵羊上剪掉 写日记 把他们从衣服上刷掉 in central Australia Here we go. according to What’s the height? be like a huge sailing boat with water on three sides lie off the northeast coast of keep the flies away be used to do cut the wool off the sheep keep a diary brush them off my clothes Useful expressions according to, ant, brush, central, diary, hat, hate, height, scissors Tony is going to write a letter about Australia. His dad helps him. He shows Tony some photos. Tony sees a photo of Ayers Rock in (1)________ Australia. Ayers Rock has a(n) (2) ________of 348 metres, and (3) ______________ the local people, it is a magical place. Tony also sees some photos of some sheep farmers with special central height according to Act 5 read and complete the passage (4) _________ to keep away flies. The farmers use (5) ___________ to cut the wool off sheep. Tony’s dad says Tony can read his (6)______. He also says he (7) _______the (8) ______that he had to (9) _________ off his clothes! hats scissors diary hated ants brush Quiz 1 ?根据天气报导,明天会下雨。 ______________ the weather report, we shall have rain tomorrow. 2请将那只狗赶远些, 好吗? Would you?_______?that dog?_______, please? 3 他们拿着的剪刀是用来剪纸的。 The scissors that they’re holding______________ cut the paper. 4艾米在10岁时开始记日记。 Amy began to___________ when she was 10. 5他一进门掸去大衣上的雪。 He _______the snow_______ his coat as soon as he came in. According to keep away are used to keep a diary brushed off Draw a tour map of Australia 1 mark(标记)Ayers Rock, Sydney Opera House, The Great Barrier Reef and other interesting things of Australia on the map. 2 introduce one of the sights(景点) to classmates. Homework 1 copy the useful sentences and translate. 2 find more information about Australia and mark on the map. Thank you! Period 2 在澳大利亚中心 说英语的国家 在南部 我们这就看看 根据 它有多高 像一艘巨大的帆船 三面环水 位于…的东北海岸外 赶走苍蝇 被用于 把羊毛从绵羊上剪掉 那就是为什么 写日记 把他们从衣服上刷掉 那时 in the centre of Australia English- speaking country in the southern part Here we go. according to 6. What’s the height? 7. like a huge sailing boat 8. with water on three sides 9. lie off the northeast coast of 10. keep the flies away 11. be used to 12. cut the wool off the sheep 13. That’s why…(+结果) 14. keep a diary 15. brush them off my clothes 16. at the time according to 根据,按照 According to +(sth/sb/人名/人称代词宾格) (1)__________ ______ the weather report, we will have cold weather next week. 根据天气预报,下周天气要变冷。 (2) ________ _____ her, grandfather called at noon. 据她说,祖父中午打电话来。 (3) You will be paid ________ ______ the amount of work you do. 你将会按照工作量的多少获得报酬。 According to According to according to 2. height (n.) ______ (adj.) ______ _____ Have a height of :多…高 width (n.) ______ (adj.) _______ _________ length (n.) _____ (adj.) ________ _________ depth (n.) ______ (adj.)_______ __________ (1)What’ s the _______ of the building? = ______ ______ is the building?这座大楼多高? (2)The building is 200 meters _______. = The building ____ ____ ____ ___ 200 metres. 这座大楼200米高。 高度 high 高的 宽度 wide 宽的 长度 long 长的 深度 deep 深的 height How high high has a height of 3. keep (v.) keep sb/ sth away _____________ keep doing sth ___________ keep sb doing sth _____________ keep sb from doing sth _____________ keep +形容词____________ keep – kept - kept 避开,不靠近 使某人一直做某事 一直/保持做某事 阻止某人做某事 保持…(的状态) (1) You'd better ____ the child ____ from the fire. 你最好让孩子离火远一点。 (2) I’ m sorry to have ______ you ______ so long. 对不起,让你久等了。 (3) I kept __________(think) about the match in the afternoon. 我总是想起下午的那场比赛。 (4) The heavy snow ______us _____ going out. 大雪使我们不能出去。 keep away kept waiting thinking kept from 4.sheep (n.) 绵羊,其单复数同形。 There is a sheep on the hill. 小山上有一只绵羊。 There are many sheep on the farm. 农场有许多绵羊。 【扩展】单复数形式相同的名词还有: Chinese中国人;deer鹿;Japanese日本人 The students of Grade 7 visited Mike’s farm and saw many ________there. A. bird B. duck C. sheep D. rabbit 5. be used to do sth被用来做某事。 【扩展】 (1) be used to doing sth=get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事 (2) be used to do sth=be used for doing sth被用于做 (3) used to do sth 过去常常做某事,过去曾经做某事 (现在不做了) He will be/get used to living in the country. 他将习惯生活在乡下。 He used to be a teacher, but now he is a manager. 他曾经是个老师,但是现在是一名经理。 1. My teacher asked us to choose a country (that) we want to visit. 2. I have some photos that I took in Australia. 3. They wear special hats that keep the files away. 4. The scissors that they’re holding are used to cut the wool off the sheep. 5. I hated the ants that were all over the place. Find these sentences in the reading passage 澳大利亚是一个在世界南部的国家。 Australia is a country that is in the southern part of the world. 澳大利亚是一个美丽的国家。 Australia is a beautiful country. Australia is a country (that is in the southern part of the world.) the Attributive Clause(定语从句) 先行词 引导词 澳大利亚是一个在世界南部的国家。 1、定义:修饰前面的名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 定语从句可以跟在主语或宾语后面。 The boy that wears a T-shirt is my brother. 主语 (先行词) 引导词 定语从句 本模块主要掌握 that 引导的定语从句 2、that 既可代表人也可代表事物。 I’m looking for the photos that you took in Australia. The most beautiful place that I have ever seen is Australia. 3、that在从句中可担任: 1. 主语 2.宾语 1. He is the man that I met yesterday. that在从句中作宾语。 2. I like music that I can dance to. that在从句中作宾语。 3. I prefer a sandwich that is really delicious. that 在从句中作主语。 注意:that 在定语从句中做主语时不能 省略,做宾语时可以省略。 ( ) ( ) Please join the sentences together. I prefer movies. Movies are interesting. 1.that I prefer movies that are interesting. 2.that This is the doctor. He saved the boy’s life. This is the doctor that saved the boy’s life. 3.that 4.that 5.that I don’t like the people. They smoke a lot. I don’t like the people that smoke a lot. The lady is Mrs.Green. We saw her yesterday. The lady that we saw yesterday is Mrs.Green. This is a tree. The boy fell down from the tree. This is a tree that the boy fell down from. 7.that 8.that The eggs were not fresh. I bought the eggs yesterday. The eggs that I bought yesterday were not fresh. I don’t like movies. I can’t understand them. I don’t like movies that I can’t understand . I don’t like movies. I can’t understand them. I don’t like movies that I can’t understand. 2. Susan doesn’t like the girl. The girl is always late. Susan doesn’t like the girl that is always late. 3. Singers like bands. They don’t play too loud. Singers like bands that don’t play too loud. 4. It’s difficult to pronounce words. The words are very long. It’s difficult to pronounce words that are very long. 5. It’s the kind of food. It makes you thirsty. It’s the kind of food that makes you thirsty. 4、定语从句中谓语动词的单复数应与先行词保持一致。 I prefer movies that are scary. I like a sandwich that is really delicious. I love the singer that is beautiful. I have a friend that plays sports. 1. Lin Hui likes books that _____ short. 2. I have a friend that _____ the piano well. 3. I like people who _____ interesting. 4. My parents prefer music that ___ quiet. 5. Rose loves foods that_____unusual. 6. We like musicians who _____ loud music. are are is are play plays Fill in each blank. Use the proper verbs Complete the sentences: 1. 正站在门口的人是我们的老师。 The man _______________________ is our teacher. 2. 他是我最喜欢的歌手。 He is the singer _______________. 3. 我们去年种的树在一年中长了很多。 Trees _________________________ have grown a lot in a year. that is standing at the gate that I like most that we planted last year 4.昨天我收到我父母寄来的信。 5.这是那个男孩从上面摔下来的树。 6.你可以参加你感兴趣的任何体育活动。 I received the letter yesterday. The letter was from my parents. I received the letter that was from my parents yesterday. This is the tree. This is the tree that the boy fell off. You can take part in any sports. You are interested in the sports. You can take part in any sports that you are interested in. The boy fell off it. Jim found the key. 1.吉姆找到了我昨天丢了的那把钥匙。 2.这就是那位救了那个男孩命的大夫。 This is the doctor. Jim found the key that I lost yesterday. This is the doctor that saved the boy’s life. 3.怀特夫人照看的那个小孩病了。 The child is ill. The child that Mrs White takes care of is ill. I lost the key yesterday. He saved the boy’s life. Mrs White takes care of the child. 1. ---Do you know the lady _____ is interviewing the manager of that company? ---Yes, she is a journalist from CCTV. A.which B. whom C. that D./ 2. A fridge is a machine ____is used for keeping food fresh. A.that B. who C. what D./ 3. 正在看书的那个女孩 是我的同学。 The girl __________________ is my classmate. 4. 他就是我想拜访的人。 He is the person ____________________. √ √ Exercises that is reading a book that I want to visit

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  • ID:4-6433558 Module 11 Photos Unit 2 The photo which we liked best was taken by ZhaoMin.课件59张

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 11 Photos/Unit 2 The photo which we liked best was taken by Zhao Min.

    (共59张PPT)
    Unit 2
    The photo which we liked best was taken by Zhao Min.
    Module 11 Photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    Enjoy some photos
    photo competition
    Who was the winner last year?
    What are the subjects of this year’s competition?
    Do you know what these subjects are mainly about?
    Nature
    Let’s say out the subjects of the following photos.
    Warming up
    City and People
    Music
    Home and Away
    P90
    Look at the subjects of the photo competition. Which subject does this photo belong to?
    Nature
    * City and People
    * Music
    * Home and Away
    * Nature
    Read the passage and answer:

    What does this passage mainly talk about?

    A. How to be a famous photographer
    B. Results of student photo competition
    C. Beautiful scenes in Beijing
    D. Our favorite photos
    Skimming Skill
    This is a reading skill used to get the main idea of a text by reading only the key words or key sentences.
    Skimming Skill
    subtitle
    Read and answer:

    What does this passage mainly talk about?
    A. How to be a famous photographer
    B. Results of student photo competition
    C. Beautiful scenes in Beijing
    D. Our favorite photos
    Skimming Skill
    Task 1
    Task 2
    Q1: How many parts is it divided into?
    Three
    Part 1
    Part 2
    Part 3
    Congratulations to persons who won the prizes
    The four photos which won the prizes
    Opening speech
    Q2: Match the main ideas with the parts.
    P1
    P2-P5
    P6
    Skimming Skill
    This is a reading skill used to look for details of a passage.
    Scanning Skill
    True or False.
    The photo competition was more popular in the past than it was this year.
    PART 1
    Scanning Skill
    Scanning Skill
    Part 2
    Team 1 . 4
    Team 2. 5
    Team 7
    Team 3. 6
    Winner Subject What the photo shows
    Li Wei
    Zhao Min
    He Zhong
    Tony

    the trees in Xiangshan Park, the different colours on the hill
    Scanning Skill
    Part 2
    The subject of Li Wei's photo is nature, it shows... I like it best.
    Winner Subject What the photo shows
    Li Wei Nature
    City and People
    a girl rushing across the street,
    a girl who is wearing,
    she is protecting her books against the showers

    Scanning Skill
    Part 2
    Winner Subject What the photo shows
    Zhao Min

    the singers and the band playing at a concert,
    had a good time
    Music

    Scanning Skill
    Part 2
    Winner Subject What the photo shows

    He Zhong
    Home and Away
    some of experiences to our country, some memories of his home.

    Scanning Skill
    Part 2
    Winner Subject What the photo shows

    Tony Smith

    the trees in Xiangshan Park, the different colours on the hill
    For example:
    The subject of Li Wei's photo is nature, it shows... I like it best.
    Scanning Skill
    Part 2
    Winner Subject What the photo shows
    Li Wei Nature
    Tony
    Zhao Min
    Li Wei
    He Zhong
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    Play a game
    Part 3
    Scanning Skill
    What do we often say to the winners?
    Congratulations to our winners and thanks to everyone who entered the competition.
    Part 3
    Scanning Skill
    What will you say if you were the winners?
    Thank my parents for giving a live.
    Thank my school for offering education.
    Thank my teacher for giving help.
    Thank my friends for giving support.
    My family
    My son
    My friends
    My job
    My hobbies
    myself
    Writing Practice



    Write a passage to talk about a photo that you like.
    (what subject, who, where, what..show, why)
    6 students a group , 4-6sentences
    Try to use the attributive clauses (that, which) if necessary.
    Group work
    Photo competition
    in Class 4
    Congratulations to our winners and thanks to everyone who entered the competition. Now let’s welcome our guests to present the prizes to the winners.
    I think a photo which you have ever taken sometime can make you feel the
    touch of something bright and friendly .
    I guess a photo which
    you find accidental can
    touch the gentlest
    place in your heart.
    I hope you can take a photo of beauty around you.
    1.Read the passage again and
    underline the attributive clauses.
    2.Finish Page 91 Part 4
    What does the photo on Home and Away show?
    It shows experiences to our country and the memories of Tony’s home.
    Where was the photo on Music taken?
    At a concert.
    Where is the girl on City and People?
    On the street
    Why do you like the photo on Nature?

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  • ID:4-6433555 Module 7 Great books Unit 1 we’re still influenced by Confucius’s ideas.课件24张

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 7 Great books/Unit 1 We’re still influenced by Confucius’s ideas.

    (共24张PPT) Module 7 Great books Unit 1 We’re still influenced by Confucius’s ideas. Learning aims 学习目标: 1.To be able to understand the conversation about great books. 2. To be able to talk about your favourite books, plays, poems and writers. 3. Understand the present passive voice.(am/is /are+过去分词) discuss 讨论 thinker 思想家 wise 明智的 review 评论 influence 影响 sense 道理,意义 make sense 易理解;合情理 by the way 顺便提一下 suppose 猜想;推测 well-known 总所周知的;著名的 word list iscuss ise eview nfluenced hinker Finish the sentences with new words. I want to join an Internet group to d _______ great books by great writer. 2. He is a very w______ man. 3. Can you write a r________ for his work. 4. What he said has i___________ me in my life. 5. Who is your favourite t_______? The Four Classic Novels of Chinese Literature The Journey to the West by Wu Cheng’en The Journey to the West by Wu Cheng’en The Four Classic Novels of Chinese Literature The Water Margin by Shi Nai’an (边缘) The Water Margin by Shi Nai’an (边缘) The Four Classic Novels of Chinese Literature The Romance(传奇) of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong The Four Classic Novels of Chinese Literature A Dream in Red Mansions by Cao Xueqin (宅第) Who? Confucius 孔子[k?n'fju:??s] He is a great thinker. His thoughts are wise. We’re still influenced by his thoughts. Why? He is a great writer. He wrote poems(诗歌) and plays(戏剧). William Shakespeare 莎士比亚 Who? Why? Mark Twain 马克吐温 He is a famous American writer. He wrote many stories. Why? Who? Name Details Confucius He was a great teacher and thinker in ancient China. He lived over 2,000 years ago and he is well-know in (1) ________________ William Shakespeare He was English and wrote (2)___________________ . Mark Twain He was an American writer. His stories are set (3) _____________ of the US over 100 years ago, and readers still enjoy them very much. plays and poems many countries in the south Activity 1 Fill in blanks while listening Activity 3 Read and match the people with the descriptions. Confucius Shakespeare Mark Twain He was a very wise man. He is not as well-known as the other two people but he his works are still popular. His plays are read by millions of people. He was more a teacher and thinker than a writer. People are still influenced by his ideas. Activity 4 Complete the passage with the correct form of the words in the box. accept discuss influence review sense thinker wise Mr Jackson and Betty are (1)___________ great writers. Betty explains that in her Internet group, each person reads a favourite book and then writes a(n) (2)_______of it. Mr Jackson (3) ________ that Confucius and Shakespeare are great because their works are still read by people today, but he thinks Confucius was more a teacher and (4)________ than a writer. He says that Confucius was a very (5) ______ man. Mr Jackson thinks that we are still (6) ____________ by Confucius’s ideas and that Shakepeare’s plays still make (7) _______ to people today. discussing review accepts thinker wise influenced sense Read the dialogue in pairs Crazy English! 1. 我接受…… 2.把……描述为…… 3. 对我们有很大的意义 4. 顺便问一下 5. 认为 6. 和…….一样出名 I accept that … describe …as… make a lot of sense to us by the way think of as well-known as Underline the important phrases in the dialogue. Underline the important sentences in the dialogue. 1.他们的著作现在还被很多人阅读。 2.我们仍然受到孔子思想的影响。 Their works are still read by many people today. We’re still influenced by Confucius’s ideas. 1. Their works are still read by many people today. 2. We’re still influenced by Confucius’s ideas. 结构: be + V-ed Pay attention to these two sentences 主语+ + by sb. 被动语态 We speak English every day. English is spoken by us every day. 主动语态: 表示主语是动作的执行者. 被动语态: 表示主语是动作的承受者. 一般现在时态的被动语态 主语+am/are/is +动词的过去分词+by sb. 句型转换,改为被动语态。 1.We clean the classroom every day. The classroom ____ __ by us every day. 2. Many people speak Chinese in the world. Chinese ____ ________ by many people in the world. 3. I wash dishes every day. Dishes ______ _______ by me every day. 4. Teenagers read Han Han’s books. Han Han’s books ______ _______ ___ teenagers. is cleaned is spoken are washed are read by Summary What have we learned today? 主语 + am/are/is + 动词的过去分词+by sb I accept that … describe …as… make a lot of sense to us by the way think of as well-known as 1. Grammar : 一般现在时被动语态 2. Some important phrases: 1. Finish the tasks in the workbook. 2. Translate Confucius’s sayings. Homework Thank you for your listening !

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  • ID:4-6433549 Module 8 Sports life Unit 1 Damig wasn’t chosen for the team last time.课件36张

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 8 Sports life/Unit 1 Daming wasn’t chosen for the team last time.

    (共36张PPT) 1.Do you often take exercise? 3.Are you a member of your school sports team? 4.Do you often win? 2.Which sport do you like best ? Lead-in Free talk A game: Look at the picture and say sports. Unit 1 Daming wasn’t chosen for the team last time. Module 8 Sports life Learning aims: 【知识目标】 词汇:掌握 stand for, memory ,point, decision , excuse, noon, no way ,fair, mad 语法:一般过去时的被动语态。 【能力目标】 通过听的输入,能够达到谈论自己喜欢的体育明星和运动对的输出。 【情感目标】 学习运动员顽强拼搏的精神。 New words The Great Wall stands for China. 代表 Presentation I always forget something, I have a poor memory. My grandpa has a good memory. He can remember many things. 记忆力 S: I can’t do my homework well, it is very difficult. T: That is no excuse! 借口 point 分数 I hope I get one hundred points in the final exam. decide v. 决定 decision n. 决定 decide to do something 决定做某事 make a decision 做决定 noon 中午 正午 at noon 在正午 I have lunch at school at noon. What are these? They are seats. seat 座位 Tony: Can I watch TV before I do my homework? Mum: No way! 不行,不可能 I need to do all the housework instead of my brother, but I can’t agree. That’s not fair! 公平 kick 踢 Do you like playing basketball? Look at the picture and describe it. Pair work 1 Practice Read and write down the questions Betty and Lingling ask Tony. 1. Who are you playing against? 2. What does HAS stand for? 3. Didn’t they beat you last time? 4. What was the score? 5. When is the match? 6. How many matches have you played against HAS this year? HAS Haidian All Stars Yes, they did. HAS 98 points to BIG 52. It’s next Saturday at noon. About three. 1. Tony looks tired because _____________________________________. 2. Betty has seen HAS play this season, and she thinks _____________________________________. 3. Tony hopes BIG will ___________________. 4. Betty and Lingling say that HAS will win because they want Tony to __________________________. try harder to win Complete the sentences. he is training for the big match next week it’ll be a difficult match win 4 1. What does BIG stand for? stand for 是……的缩写;代表 What do the letters UN?stand for??? 字母UN代表什么? 2. Who are you playing against? 你们和哪个队比赛? play against 与……比赛,与……对抗 3. Daming wasn’t chosen for the team last time. 上次大明没有被选入球队。 本句用了一般过去时的被动语态,结构: was / were + v. 过去分词,如: The windows were cleaned yesterday . 昨天窗户被擦了。 4. That was a bad decision. I think that I made a wrong decision. 我想我是做了错误的决定。 decide v. 决定 decide?to do sth. = make a?decision?to do sth. decision n. 决定;决心 5. He’s so mad at us that he’ll work harder to win, … so… that… 意思是“如此……以至于……”, This teacher is so kind that we all like him. 这个老师非常和蔼,我们都喜欢他。 mad adj. 生气的; 恼火的 The noise outside the building nearly drove me?mad. ?? 楼外的噪音几乎使我恼火。 be mad at 对……很生气;很恼火 Complete the passage with the words in the box. If Betty’s (1)_______ is correct, HAS won the last match. BIG did not play very well because Daming was left out of the team, and it was a bad (2)_______. The coming match will start at (3)_______ next Saturday, so if Betty and Lingling want to watch the match and have good (4)_______, they had better get there by 11:30. Lingling tells Tony he should not (5)_______ the ball, but throw it. Tony is so (6)_______ at Betty and Lingling that he will try harder to win. decision kick mad memory noon seats decision memory noon seats kick mad 5 Read and work out the meaning from the context. Everyday English ● That’s no excuse! ● No way! ● Face the truth. ● You’ve got no chance! ● Nice work! 这不是借口! 绝对不可能! 面对现实吧。 你们没有机会了。 干得好! A: I am sorry I was late for class today. B: Is there something wrong? A: There’s a lot of traffic in the mornings. B:____________________ You can get up earlier. A: Yes, Ms. Wang. I won’t be late again. That’s no excuse. B: ________! That’s the ugliest picture I’ve ever seen! A: Do you think you’ll buy that one? No way . A: I want to see the end of the match on TV. B: ______________.We’re going to be late. The traffic is terrible. A: Oh no! But I really want to see it! Face the true. B: A: I want to beat Deng Yaping at table tennis. You’ve got no chance! A: I just got a 100 in maths exam. B:__________________ Nice work! = Well done! / Great! / Good! / Nice job. Nice work! Who are they? What sport do they do? Why do you like them? Pair work Talk about your favourite sports teams or sports stars. 6 Production He is Yao Ming. He plays basketball . Because he never gives up. / he plays basketball very well. Li Na Deng Yaping tennis Table tennis Chinese Man’s Table Tennis Team Chinese National Badminton Team — My favourite sports team is... They always try hard to... — Yes. I agree with you. And I think... Homework 1. Read the conversation. 2. Write about your favourite sports stars. Thank you!

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  • ID:4-6433534 Module 11 Photos Unit 2 The photo which we liked best was taken by ZhaoMin. 课件26张

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 11 Photos/Unit 2 The photo which we liked best was taken by Zhao Min.

    (共26张PPT) Module 11 Photos Unit 2 The photo which we liked best was taken by Zhao Min. The hobby that/ which I like best is Pre-reading nature City and People Music Home and Away Nature City and people music Home and Away . Enjoy some photos. How do you feel about these photos? What are good photos like? beautiful exciting romantic amazing moving meaningful Brain-storm …… Predict What will this passage talk about? Someone will read out the results of the photo competition. What do you think the host will say? 1 2 3 4 5 6 A. B. 2 3 1 5 6 4 Tip: Pay attention to the first sentence of each paragraph. C. 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 Read for structure A Winners and their photos Introduction Congratulations What probably does the writer do? A host How does the host feel? More than happy , pleased Read for information about Para .1 winners Li wei He Zhong Zhao Min Tony Smith Home and away City and people music nature Read for information about Para .2-5 Read for information about Para .2 Which is the subject? Nature Who is the winner? Li Wei Where was it taken? In Xiangshan Park. What does it show? It shows the different colors on the hill. Tip: When we describe a photo, we can use the wh-questions and attributive clause. Winner Where What does the photo show City and People ? a person rushing across the street on a windy evening ? a girl wearing a blouse and skirt is protecting her books against the showers Music Home and Away ? the singer Becky Wang and the band playing ? how the group moves and sounds the good time their fans are having ? some of the experiences of a young visitor to China ? some memories of his home In the street In Beijing and Cambridge At a concert Tony Smith Zhao Min Read for information about Para .3-5 . Who He Zhong Subject Which Read for thinking.(para.2) Why do you think Xiangshan Park look beautiful? different colors vivid Read for thinking.(para.3) 1.What do you think of Zhao Min? 2.How does the girl in the photo treat her book? 3.What do you think of the girl in the photo? Read for thinking(para.4) Why do you think He Zhong's photo can win the competition? singer playing fans moves and sounds manage culture places of interests friends Read for thinking (para.5) What are Tony's experiences in Beijing and what are his memories in his hometown? East or west ,home is the best. ways of life Read for information about Para .6 A history book B. A story book C. A notice board D. A magazine about photos Where is the passage probably from? Who will present the prize to the winners ? The headmaster. D Photo competition where Winners and prizes Congratulations who Introduction which what Summary Expressions:the attributive clause with who ,which. Writing The headmaster will make a speech after presenting the prizes, would you please write the speech draft( 演讲稿) for him? 1. To the winners 2.To those who haven’t got prizes 3.Wish for the next photo competition. The following may help: . Today I'm more than happy to present the photo competition ________ ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1.To the winners 2.To those who haven't won the prizes. 3.Wish for the next year photo competition. Writing There is information about winners. 5分 There is information about those who haven’t got prizes. 5分 There is information about wishes for the next photo competition. 5分 There are some attributive clauses with who or which. 3分 There is no spelling mistake(拼写错误) or grammatical mistake(语法错误). 2分 The handwriting (书写) is good. 2分 The passage is logical.(有逻辑) 3分 How to grade writing (满分25分) Homework Read the passage after the tape. Write a passage about one of your favourite photos. . Make a photo display. Must do: Optional: Thank you

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  • ID:4-6433472 Module 9 Great inventions Unit 2 Will books be replaced by the Internet课件33张PPT

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 9 Great inventions/Unit 2 Will books be replaced by the Internet?

    (共33张PPT) 初中英语外研版九年级上 Module9 Unit1 Will books be replaced by the Internet? look through printing at a time by hand development trade 快速阅读;浏览 n. 印刷 每次;一次 用手;靠手做 n. 发展;进步 n. 买卖;交易 result spread in a way compare…to… introduction v.(因……而)产 生;发生 v. 扩展;蔓延;传播 从某一角度;从某 一点上看;从某种 程度上 把……比作 n. 引进;才用;推行 amount store varied form connection n. 量;数量 v. 存储;储藏 adj. 各种各样的; 各不相同的 n. 种类;类型;形 态;存在形式 n. 电话连接;计算 机网络连接 single direction replace wait and see adj. 仅一个的;单 个的 n. 方向 v. 替换;取代 等等看;等着瞧 Do you use computers? How often do you use computers? How do you get information? Reading books? Or surfing the Internet? Do you think books will be replaced by the Internet? Now let’s enjoy a video about it. Warm-up 1. To learn about some inventions and how these inventions have changed people’s lives 2. To learn some key words and useful expressions about invention 3. To be able to write sentences using the passive voice Objectives: Words: printing development trade result spread introduction amount store form single direction replace Phrases: look through by hand at a time in a way Patterns: Books were only produced one at a time by hand. Computers and the Internet are used in classrooms now. Will books be replaced by the Internet? Work in pairs. Read the title of the passage in Activity 2. 1 P74 Will books be replaced by the Internet? Discuss and make a list of the advantages of books and the Internet. Presentation Books are inexpensive. Books can go with you anywhere and be read everywhere. Books can help you keep your brains sharp. … You can get information quickly. You can get a great amount of information at a time. The machine is smaller and lighter. … Advantages of books Advantages of the Internet Read the passage and match the main ideas with the paragraphs. 2 P74 Task 1 a) The world before printed books b) The world after the invention of printing c) Life with paper and printing d) Technology and books e) The future of books para. 1 para. 2 para. 3 para. 4 para. 5 Look through the passage again and complete the table. 3 P75 Task 2 printing invented the Internet growing fast, computers and the Internet used in classrooms, newspapers and magazines read online When What About 2,000 years ago paper created During the Sui and Tang Dynasties Today Books were expensive after paper was invented because they were made by hand, but (1) __________ in printing made it cheaper and faster to make books. A(n) (2) _________ in books resulted, and knowledge (3) _________ more quickly than ever before. The (4) __________ of the Internet has changed the world in a similar way, and the Internet is much more (5) _________. With more and more people using the Internet, the (6) _________ that traditional printing will take in the future is uncertain, and computers may (7) _________ books one day. developments trade spread introduction powerful direction replace Complete the passage with the words in the box. 4 P75 developments direction introduction powerful replace spread trade Every evening, my mother looks through magazines at home. 每天晚上,我妈妈都在家翻阅杂志。 look through意思是“快速阅读;浏览”。例如: Would you quickly look through the composition for me and see if there are any mistakes? 你能帮我迅速浏览一下这篇作文,看看有没有错误吗? Language points 2. In those days, books were only produced one at a time by hand. 在那个年代,书是靠手工制作的,一次只能制作一本。 by hand表示“用手(做)”。 All these toys are made by hand. 所有这些玩具都是手工制作的。 All the beds in my home are made by hand. 我们家所有的床都是手工做的。 3. As a result, there were not many books, and they were expensive. 这样一来,书籍数量不多,价格又贵。 as a result意思是“作为结果;因此”,表示某种情况或行为所带来的后果,通常单独使用。例如: He?works?hard?at?his?lessons.?As?a?result,?he?can?pass?all?the?exams.? 他努力学习功课。因此,他可以通过所有的考试。 as a result of 与as a result仅一词之差,意为“作为……的结果;由于”,后接名词或名词性短语,表示原因。例如: She was late as a result of the snow. 由于下雪,她迟到了。 As?a?result?of?warning,?nobody?was?hurt. 由于得到了警告,因此没有人受伤。? 4. Will books be replaced by the Internet? 书将会被网络所代替吗? be replaced by的意思是“被…所取代”。如: The broken chair was replaced by a new one. 那把坏椅子被一把新椅子取代了。 replace…with…意思是“用…代替”。如: They replaced the old windows with new ones. 他们用新窗户代替了旧窗户。 Tips for teacher Let the word fly 板块是帮助学生学 习一些一词多义、熟词生义的词汇。 通过此环节,学生可以对一些常见词 的用法、意思有一个透彻的了解。 1. at a time 一次 The machine can produce ten dozen cookies at a time. 那台机器一次能生产十打曲奇。 2. at lunch 午饭 Pam’s at lunch just now. 帕姆现在在吃午饭。 3. at the beginning of 在……开始 At the beginning of the speech the chairman cracked a joke. 在演讲开头主席开了一个玩笑。 4. at work 工作 My husband is often at work late. 我丈夫经常工作到很晚。 5. at your age 在你这样的年龄 You should have more sense at your age. 你这个年龄不应该这样不懂事。 5 P75 Read the sentences and notice how we give reasons and results. 1. Books were only produced one at a tie by hand. As a result, there were not many books. 2. Because there were not many books, few people learnt to read. 3. These machines are smaller and lighter than books, so they are easy to carry. ( give result ) ( give reason ) ( give result ) Now work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions. Write full sentences with as a result, because or so. 1. Why is it hard to imagine a world without printing? 2. What was the result of few books being produced? It’s hard to imagine a world without printing because we have so many printed things now. Few books were produced and, as a result, few people could read . Now work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions. Write full sentences with as a result, because or so. 3. What happened after the printing technology developed? 4. What will happen to books in the future? Why? After printing technology developed, books were cheaper, so more people learnt how to read. Books might not be needed in the future because the Internet is growing quickly. 6 P75 Write full sentences with the notes in Activity 3. About 2,000 years ago, paper was first created. Printing was invented during the Sui and Tang Danasties. Today, the Internet is growing very fast. Computers and the Internet are used in classrooms now, and newspapers and magazines are read online. 7 P75 Write a passage about traditional printing and its future. Use the sentences you have written in Activity 5 and 6 to help you. It’s hard to imagine a world without printing because we have so many printed things now, for example, menus, comics and schoolbooks. Paper was first created about 2,000 years ago, but books weren’t printed at that time. They were written by hand, so few books were produced, and, as a result, few people could read. Printing was invented during the Sui and Tang Dynasties. After printing developed, books became cheaper, so more people learnt how to read. Today, the Internet is growing very fast. A much larger amount of information can be stored in more varied forms on the Internet than in books. As a result, in the future, the Internet will probably be more important than printing. 1. look through 2. at a time 3. by hand 4. in a way 5. Books were only produced one at a time by hand. 6. Will books be replaced by the Internet? 本课时主要短语和句型 Now 2 mins to test your spelling. 1. English-Chinese printing development trade spread introduction store form 2. Chinese-English (因……而)产生; 发生 把…比作… 替换;取代 每次;一次 浏览 When finished, exchange your papers to see who does the best. I. 用方框中所给词的正确形式填空。 1. With the __________ of the Internet, great changes have taken place. 2. My handwriting can not be __________ with my father’s. 3. The news __________ through the school very quickly. 4. The early books were produced _______. introduction compared spread by hand spread introduce by hand compare Exercise Ⅱ. 根据汉语及提示完成句子。 1. 昨晚这个时候他正在翻阅几份文件。(look through) __________________________________ ________________________ 2. 我们努力学习,结果考试获得了好成绩。(as a result) __________________________________ ____________________________ 3. 他的新毛衣是手工织的。(by hand) __________________________________ He was looking through some papers at this time last night. We worked hard. As a result, we got high grades in the exams. His new sweater is made by hand. 1. Preview the use of future simple passive. 2. Finish the exercises in Learning English. Homework:

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  • ID:4-6433444 Module 12 Save our world Unit 3 Language in use环境专题保护写作课件21张PPT

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 12 Save our world/Unit 3 Language in use

    (共21张PPT) 九年级上册 Module12 -Unit 3 环保 专题 写作 Describe the pictures with the words that you can find 1. 生存环境: water... 2. 污染问题:water pollution 3. 环境保护:protect.. 4. 其他相关:...... 素材积累 一、素材积累 (一).话题词汇(discuss and say them out with your deskmate): 1. 生存环境: earth, water, air ,sea, land, planet,environment... 2. 污染问题: pollution, dirty, dust, green-house effect, sound pollution, air pollution, white pollution... 3. 环境保护: protect, save, keep, recycle, reuse, reduce, walk, turn off... 4. 其他相关: our duty, take action... What can we do for our earth? 二、语言积累: fill in the blanks (一)Environmental problems and reasons(环境问题和原因): 根据括号内所给的中文提示正确拼写。 1. The __________(污染) is getting worse and worse in the world. 2. The river used to be clean, but now the bottom of the river is _______(充满着) of _________(垃圾) 3. People often drive their ______ to work. 4. _____ _______, they also pollute the earth. 5. People use a large number of _______(塑料) bags everyday. People are _______(扔掉)those bags everywhere. 6. The factory is _______(引起) a lot of pollution. 7. It's not good to use p______ cups. pollution full rubbish cars What's worse plastic throwing causing aper (二)solutions(解决方法): 根据句意及首字母或中文提示填写单词 To cut down air pollution 1. I think we shouldn't smoke in p_______. 2. We'd better take the bus or subway ______(代替) of driving. To cut down water pollution 3. Everyone should play a part in c_______ up the river. 4. Let's stop factories from pouring w______ water into the river. To cut down waste pollution 5. We could _______(重复使用)the old things, such as old glasses bottles, old clothes and so on. 6. We ______(应该) take a bag to go shopping. It can help a lot. 7. It's helpful to ________(回收利用) books and paper. ublic instead leaning aste reuse should recycle (二)solutions(解决方法): How to be green: 8. We can w____ to school or go to school by bus/bike 9. It's better to use c_____ cups or bowls 10. Do not o______more food than you can finish. 11. Before you buy something new, think whether it is n________. 12. Use things for as long as p__________. 13.Look after your things well so that they will l______. 14. D_____ your rubbish into plastic, glass, paper and rubber. 15. Develop a recycling ________(政策) for the whole community. alk hina rder ecessary ossible ast ivide policy 三、话题句式: translation 开头句(翻译): 1. 节约用水是我们的义务 2. 水对我们很重要。 3. 为了使我们的国家更漂亮,我们应该做些事情来保护环境 It's our duty to save water. Water is very important to us. In order to make our country more beautiful,we should do something to protect the environment. 三、话题句式 中间句(翻译): 1. 必须采取措施阻止污染 2. 刷牙时,我们最好关掉水龙头 3. 我们应该尽我们最大的努力去保护环境。 Something must be done to stop the pollution. When we brush our teeth, we'd better turn off the taps. We should try our best to protect our environment. 三、话题句式 结尾句(翻译): 1. 保护环境是我们的义务。 2. 保护环境对我们多么重要啊! 3. 如果我们现在开始做一些力所能及的事,我们的世界将会变得更加美好。 It's our duty to protect our environment. How important for us to protect the environment. If we start to do something now, our world will be more beautiful. 四、以读促写 根据短文内容及首字母提示填写单词,使短文完整、通顺。 We all live on the earth. The earth is our h_____. We have only one earth. So we must take c_____ of it. It gives us the best e_______. If we harm it, it will be angry. And then we will have a terrible end. There are three mainly p______ in our earth. They are pollution, disaster and i____. It's our d_____ to protect our environment. So we must plant more trees, protect the flowers and the trees, and r_____ the pollution. Protecting nature is very i______. We must kepp our environment c_________ and tidy. If everyone makes a contribution to p_______ the environment, the earth will become much more beautiful. 五、找亮句 Dear everyone, As we al know, we all need a healthy environment, so it's our duty to protect the environment. First, let's try to go to school on foot or by bike. If we go to school by bus or car, it's harmful to the environment. Second, in order to save trees, let's use the used textbooks instead of the new ones. Third, we should try our best to stop people from using plastic bags. Finally, we should trun off the lights or taps when we are not suing them. Of course, that's not all. We should try our best to protect the earth. If everyone starts to act now, the world will be more beautiful. 五、找亮句 Dear friends, In order to make the environment more beautiful, we should do what we can to protect it. First, we should plant more trees and flowers to make our city more beautiful. Also, always remember not throw rubbish or pour waste water everywhere. As we all know, fresh water is becoming less and less. So it's quite necessary to save water. For example, turn the tap off after washing. Last but not least, we'd better ride a bikor walk when going out instead of driving a car. In my opinion, if everone tries his best to protect the environmen, our city will become nicer and cleaner! Thank you! Wang Dong 六、典例印证 习主席在十九大报告中提出要建设美丽中国,推进绿色发展,解决环境问题,足见习主席对环保的重视!作为新时代的中学生,如何响应习主席的号召,从“我”做起保护环境?请用英语写一篇短文,表达你的想法。 要求:1.词数:80词 2. 字迹工整,语言流畅,表达准确,逻辑清晰 3. 要有复合句的表达 1. 体裁:本文是介绍如何保护环境,因此体裁应该是_________ 2. 时态:本文是介绍环境保护的相关信息,因此使用______________. 3. 人称:______________ 说明文 一般现在时 第一人称 开篇点题: 1. __________(为了)make our country more beautiful, we should do something to protect the environment. 要点描述 2. I think we should __________(关闭) the lights to save electricity when we leave the room. 3. we can w_______ to school. 4. Also, we should advise our parents to take the bus to work __________ driving. 所感所想 5. ______________(多么重要) for us to protect the environment. In order to turn off alk instead of How important 4. 写作模板 The environmental problems are very serious these days. In order to make our country more beautiful, we should do something to protect the environment. I think we should turn off the lights to save electricity when we leave the room. And when we brush our teeth, we'd better turn off the taps. Also, we should advise our parents to take the bus to work instead of driving and use reusable bags when shopping. Only if we know what to do in our daily life can we make a differentce. How important for us to protect the environment! If we start to something now, our world will be more beautiful. Remember: 1. Protecting the environment, everyone's duty. 保护环境,人人有责 2. The short life of the flowers awy, leaving behind the beauty is forever. 带走的花儿生命短暂,留下的美丽才是永远。 3. Have green trees, have the pulse of the earth. 树木拥有绿色,地球才有脉搏。 Homework 作为一名中学生,在日常生活中应该怎样做才能保护我们的环境呢?请根据下面的提示以“How to Protect Our Environment” 为题写一篇80词左右的短文。 提示:1. 禁止乱扔垃圾 2. 尽量步行或骑自行车代替开车 3. 节约用水、电,节省文具用品,杜绝浪费 4. 尽量使用可重复使用的餐具,这样就可以减少垃圾的产生 5. 爱护花草树木,并且积极参加绿化植树活动 1. 体裁:本文是介绍如何保护环境,因此体裁应该是_________ 2. 时态:本文是介绍环境保护的相关信息,因此使用______________. 3. 人称:______________ 4. 写作模板 开篇点题: 1. 要点描述 2. 3. 4. 所感所想 5. 写作思路 Thank you

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  • ID:4-6433438 外研版九上Module 9 Great inventions Unit 3 Language in use 语法被动语态课件24张

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 9 Great inventions/Unit 3 Language in use

    (共24张PPT) 被动语态 The Passive Voice (被动语态) 主动语态:主语是动作的发出者 Tom swept the floor. 被动语态:主语是动作的承受者 The floor was swept by Tom. 被动语态的构成 被动语态由“助动词be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。 助动词Be的变化是通过人称、数和时态的变化表现出来的。 am/is/are done was/were done am/is/are being done was/were being done shall/will/be going to be done would be done have/has been done had been done 时态 被动语态结构 一般现在时 一般过去时 现在进行时 过去进行时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在完成时 过去完成时 肯定句:主语+be + 过去分词+(by ~) 否定句:主语+be not +过去分词+(by ~) 一般疑问句:Be +主语+过去分词+(by ~)? 特殊疑问句: 疑问词+be+主语+过去分词+ (by ~) 被动语态的句型 主动语态变成被动语态的方法 His brother washes bowls every day 主 谓 宾(承受者) Bowls are washed by his brother every day. 二、主动语态变为被动语态 by the teacher. 3.The teacher often asks him questions. He is asked questions 1.把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语 2.把主动语态的谓语变为被动语态的谓语 3.把主动语态的主语变为被动语态的by 短语。(① by短语可以省。② by短语 后跟代词的宾格。) 主动语态变被动语态口诀(一) 宾语提前主语变, 主变宾by后见, 时态人称be关键。 主动语态变被动语态的几种特殊情况 (中考重点) 1.动词+介词 2.动词带有双宾语的句子 3.谓语动词是感官动词和使役动词 4.宾语是反身代词和相互代词 不及物动词没有宾语,因此没有被动语态。但有的不及物动词后面加上介词及其他一些词类构成短语动词之后,其作用相当于及物动词,可以接宾语,因而也可以变为被动语态。在变成被动语态时,不能去掉构成短语动词的介词或副词. They take good care of my child. My child is taken good care of . I turned off the radio. The radio was turned off (by me) 1.含有短语的主动语态变被动语态 1.Policemen ran after the thief.(变成被动语态) 2.The girl is playing with a pet . (变成被动语态) 注意以下动词短语的被动语态结构 take care of -be taken care of cut down -be cut down laugh at -be laughed at look after-be looked after 2.带双宾的谓语动词有两种改法。 1.把间接宾语改成主语: He gave his son a toy . 间接宾语 直接宾语 His son was given a toy. A toy was given to him. Tom bought his mother a flower. 间接宾语 直接宾语 His mother was bought a flower. A flower was bought for his mother. 2.把直接宾语改成主语时,谓语动词后必当须加适当的介词: to, for. pass, show, send… 此类动词有: buy be bought for 如:give be given to 此类动词还有: draw,make, cook, mend,order Mother made me a cake . (变成被动语态) Lucy passed Tom an apple.(变成被动态) 1.I saw him play basketball last Sunday. He was seen to play basketball last Sunday. 2.We heard them sing in the classroom. They was heard to sing in the classroom. (口诀二:主动句中to 离开,被动句中to 回来) 3.感官动词和使役动词的被动语态 feel,hear,listen,have,make,let,look,watch, see,notice 这些词在主动句中,其后动词不定式不加to,但变被动句时必须加to. 4.当主动结构中的宾语是反身代词和相互代词时,不能改为被动语态。 We often help each other. 我们常常互相帮助。 (把下列句子变成被动态) The boss made him work 14 hours a day . We often hear him speak English . 不用被动语态的几种情况 1. 不及物动词 如:die, happen, take place, appear, disappear, … A traffic accident _happened__(happen) just now. 2. 连系动词 如:be, look, seem, get, turn, become… The trees _____ (turn) green. turn 3.感官动词 ( taste ; feel ; smell ; sound ; look ) 用主动形式表示被动。 How sweet the music sounds ! Good medicine tastes bitter to the mouth . 4.当以下动词表示事物的自然属性的时候: write、read、sell、keep、prove、weigh、number、drink、wear、pay、wash、open常用主动形式表被动意义。尤其是有副词 well, easily时。 The book sells well . ( 这本书销路很好。 ) The door will not open . ( 这扇门就是打不开。 ) This dress washes better . ( 这衣服较好洗。 ) The sign reads as follows . ( 这牌子告示如下。 ) 特殊情况 (考试重点 ) 5.need, demand, want(需要), require, be worth等后用动名词表被动。 The desk needs repairing. The novel is worth seeing. 注意:need后可接动名词表被动,又可接动词不定式的被动形式。 比较 :The desk needs repairing. The desk needs to be repaired. 6.have sth done 主动语态表达被动意义 I had my hair cut last night. 汉语中含有“据说”、“据悉”、“有人说”、“大家说”等时。 It is said that one day he climbed to the top of a house and据说… It was reported that her mother died of SARS. 据报道…… 记忆下列句型: 众所周知… … It is well known that … 据推测说… … It is supposed that … 大家相信…… It’s believed that … 大家希望…… It’s hoped that … 大家认为…… It’s thought that … 据建议…… It’s suggested that … 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.A traffic accident ________(happen) just now. 2.Peking Opera ________ (sound) beautiful. 3.The pen __________(write) very fast. 4.It’s _______(think) that Chinese is very hard. 5.Your hair needs ______(wash). 6.I will have my hair _____(wash) this evening. 难点: They will have a meeting . A meeting will be held by them 被动语态总结口诀: 需强调,不知道,没必要 自己相互来去来,来去来 不系感自需要做,据说大家都知道 The Passive Voice I.Structrue 1.when to use (jingle1) 2.how to use 3.8 tenses/can be done II.Active----Passive 1.oneself、each other 自己相互 2.jingle2 来去 3.vi+prep/adv 来 4.with two objects to/for 来 5.make….see…. To 去来 III.Don’t use 1.vi. die,happen,take place 不 2.get,turn,become.. 系 3.taste,smell, sound…. 感 4.sell,read, write…. 自 5.need doing ,be worth doing 需要 6.have sth done 做 IV.It’s done that… It’s said that…. 据说… It’s well known that….. 大家都知道…

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  • ID:4-6433435 Module 8 Sports life Unit 2 He was invited to competitions around the world.课件(25PPT无素材)

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 8 Sports life/Unit 2 He was invited to competitions around the world.

    (共25张PPT) Module8 Sports life Unit2 He was invited to competitions around the world. She was noticed because of her humorous words and cute expressions. She is loved by many young people. Fu Yuanhui He was chosen for the national table tennis team. He was named the most popular sportsman. Zhang Jike He was encouraged to play basketball by his father. He was chosen to play for the NBA all stars. Yao Ming The record in 110m hurdles race was broken by him in 2004. He is called Asian flying man. Liu Xiang What do you know about Liu Xiang? Liu Xiang 1.Was he born successful? 2.How did he become successful? Choose the main idea. a) Liu Xiang was helped by his sports school to win a gold medal. b) Liu Xiang will be a star and not a sports hero. c) Liu Xiang has trained for many years and won many gold medals. Beginning Body Ending introduction Experience/achievements the reason why you like him/comments 1983 1993 2001 2004 2008 2012 1998 Circle all the years. What happened in...? He was born in Shanghai. He started training at a sports school. He won his frist international 110m hurdles race. His hurdling ability was noticed. He won Olympic gold medals. He suffered from foot problem. He returned to first place. 1983 1993 2001 2004 2008 2012 1998 2004 1998 2008 Find out the important years for him. He was born in Shanghai. He started training at a sports school. His hurdling ability was noticed. He won Olympic gold medals. He won his frist international 110m hurdles race. He suffered from foot problem. He returned to first place. 1983 1993 2001 2004 2008 2012 1998 1998 the first turning point the second turning point 2004 2008 the third turning point 1.He was trained for____ _______ instead of_________ at first. 2. How did his coach train him? the high jump hurdling A special programme was set up and his races were recorded to compare with the world's best sports stars. Things which are _______ are the best. suitable 1983 1993 2001 2004 2008 2012 1998 2004 1998 2008 the second turning point It was also the first time an Olympic gold medal for hurdling was hung around the neck of a sportsperson from an Asian country. A. B. What does the words in yellow mean? 1983 1993 2001 2004 2008 2012 1998 2004 1998 2008 Did he complete the 2008 Olympic Games?Why? Because he suffered a lot from his foot problem. be badly influenced by a disease, pain... 1983 1993 2001 2004 1998 What happened to him in 2012? He returned to first place in the world 110m hurdles race. achievements spirit 2012 2012 Life is full of ups and downs. be respected 2008 2008 1983 1993 2001 2004 1998 How did the writer feel at that time? achievements spirit 2012 2012 be respected 2008 2008 1998 proud regretful happy common lucky What does the writer think of LiuXiang? interest proper training teamwork persistence courage hard training What do you think of Liu Xiang? What can we learn from Liu Xiang? 1983 1993 2001 2004 2008 2012 1998 start training be noticed be broken be born win…/be invited be hurt/suffer from return to interest proper training teamwork persistence courage beginning: body: ending: experiences/achievements comments time order Liu Xiang-a sports hero introduction Retell the passage. In the writer's opinion, Liu Xiang is a sports hero, who is your sports hero in your mind? Work in groups . Draw a timeline and then share his/her experiences/achievements and spirit with us. (use passive voice) Group work in 1980 at the age of 9 4 years later in 1998 in 2002 from 2003 to 2008 Yao Ming-a sports hero was born entered the first competition/worked for attended training school was chosen join was selected What I learn from him is that... A) write Yao Ming's sports life B) choose one person which I given to you to write C) choose anyone you like to write Homework Read the passage fluently. Write a complete passage to introduce your sports hero. The first gold medal in swimming was won by him at the London Olympic Games. The former record was broken and a new record was made. Sun Yang Read for the structure. a b c d d c b a a b c e A B C e e f f d f Beginning Body Ending introduction Experience/achievements the reason you like him/comments

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  • ID:4-6433417 Module 8 Sports life Unit 2 He was invited to competitions around the world.课件(24PPT无素材)

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/九年级上/Module 8 Sports life/Unit 2 He was invited to competitions around the world.

    (共24张PPT) The sports meeting ________ (hold) in the end of September. The sports meeting ________ (hold) in the end of September. was held The photos__________ (take) by Ms. He. were taken The great sportspersons________________ (encourage) by their classmates. were encouraged The prizes __________ (win) by everyone of you. were won Unit 2 He was invited to competitions around the world. Who is he? Your Learning aims To be able to understand a passage about the sports life of Liu Xiang. To be able to describe a person and use the past simple passive voice(was/were done); To be able to introduce a person in time order; To be able to know some about the sports spirit(精神). Free talk:How much do you know about him? Liu Xiang Birth place& time: Height& weight: Be good at: Be called: Achievements: Shanghai/ 1983.7.13 1.89m/ 87kg Hurdling/ 110m hurdles race Asian Flier He won many medals in competitions. He won a gold medal at the Athens Olympic Games in 2004. Retirement(退役): 2015.4 Liu Xiang was helped by his sports school to win a gold medal. b) Liu Xiang will be a star and not a sports hero. c) Liu Xiang has trained for many years and won many gold medals. Read the passage quickly and choose the main idea. Liu Xiang - trained to be the best in the world! Tip1: When we want the main idea of a passage, sometimes we can pay attention to the title. An attractive(有吸引力的)beginning In 1998 ? In 2001 ? was noticed by A special program was set up to were recorded was compared with used …to change training methods for… 2. Who and what helped Liu Xiang? 1. Was Liu Xiang trained for the hurdling at first? No, he wasn't. He was encouraged to train for the high jump. Sun Haiping and a special programme. How? His sports life before2004 His sports life in 2004 What happened to him in 2004? was invited was chosen for won broke the record A pride for China? For Asian countries? He ___ an Olympic gold medal and at the same time _______________. It is an amazing victory! He is the first Chinese to get the gold medal in the Olympic track and field competition (田径比赛). 1.What did he suffer from? He is still a symbol of courage and success,and people continue to take great pride in him. From 2008 on,he suffered a lot from his foot problem. Did he give up? No,he still returned to ...in 2012. 3.What can you learn from him? 2.What do people think of him? His sports life after 2004 4 What can you learn from Liu Xiang? Sports spirit 体育精神 Your dream high school a) won his first international 110m hurdles race in Japan b) hurdling ability was noticed c) was born in Shanghai d) won Olympic gold medal e) went to a sports school f) returned to first place g) suffered from foot problem f g a b e c d returned to... suffered from ... won Olympic gold medal &was hung round… …was set up…were recorded…was compared with…won international ... hurdling ability was noticed by… went to ...& was encouraged… was born ... Writing order? Time order Tip2: If you want to introduce a person, you can write it in time order. The sports life of Liu Xiang Liu Xiang is a great sports hero of hurdling... He was born in Shanghai in 1983. In Grade 4,... Liu Xiang is a symbol of courage and success, and we continue to take great pride in him... Part 1: Introduction Part 2: Body (Time order) Part 3: Comments (评价) Tips: 1. In time order 2. In 3 parts(Introduction/Body/Comments) 3. Try to use was/were done Deng Yaping LeBron [?lebr?n] James Pingpong Queen In 1973: be born, Zhengzhou At 5: began to play table tennis In 1988: be chosen to the National team In 1989: won the first medal When he was 24: stopped playing In 1984: be born in America In 2003: be chosen to be a member of Clevaland Cavaliers(克莱瓦兰骑士队) In 2012: won a gold medal in London Olympic Games. In 2013: was thought to be MVP. In 2018: joined the team of Lakers(湖人队). Summary 1. The past simple passive voice: was/were+done 2. The sports life of Liu Xiang 3. The introduction of a person in time order 3. The sports spirit 1. Read the passage after class. 2. Polish your writing. 3. Finish Activity4 (P67). Homework

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  • ID:4-6433333 Module 11 Way of life Unit 1 In China,we open a gift later.课件(21PPT无素材)

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/八年级上/Module 11 Way of life/Unit 1 In China ,we open a gift later.

    (共21张PPT) Unit 1 In China, we open a gift later. There is a birthday person in our class. Her or his birthday is coming. Challenge Who is the birthday person? baseball cap chocolate dictionary toy video game chess set chopsticks Challenge 1 present /s?'prai z/ . Challenge 2 accept (接受)a gift In China, we should accept a gift with both hands. Do you accept a present with one hand or both hands? When do you open a present? Immediately(立即) or later? No questions for you and get a present. You must only use red paper for hongbao because red means luck. What color paper we use to make hongbao? You mustn’t do any cleaning on the first day of the Spring Festival. Can you do any cleaning on the first day of the Spring Festival? Don’t break anything You mustn’t break anything during the Spring Festival. Can you break anything during the Spring Festival? You had better not have your hair cut during the Spring Festival month. had better do sth 最好做某事 had better not do sth 最好不要做某事 Can you have your hair cut during the Spring Festival? should should mustn’t can needn’t must had better not Different traditions wait In the West In China Minutes Seconds Minutes Seconds Minutes Seconds accept a gift open the gifts on the first day of the Spring Festival Americans think that Chinese are so serious. 4. 2. 1. 3. should should mustn’t can needn’t must had better not during the Spring Festival month wait In the West In China with both hands later do any cleaning break anything have the hair cut only use red paper for hongbao pay attention to immediately Challenge Make your gift. Who is the birthday person? Homework: Review the words and phrases Read the passage three times.

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  • ID:4-6433314 Module 10 Spring Festival Unit 2 My mother's cleaning our house and sweeping away bad luck.课件26张缺少音频

    初中英语/外研(新标准)版/七年级上/Module 10 Spring Festival/Unit 2 My mother’s cleaning our houses and sweeping away bad luck.

    (共26张PPT) Module 10 Spring Festival 学习本单元的新单词和词组。 巩固现在进行时的使用。 3. 能读懂有关春节庆祝活动的信息。 4. 能谈论有关春节的庆祝活动。 学习目标 They are getting ready for Spring Festival. What are they doing? making lanterns learning a dragon dance cleaning the house/ sweeping the floor putting things away cooking the meal Review Let’s enjoy the video. What are they doing for Spring Festival? Lead-in Spring Festival is very important in China. Like Christmas [?kr?sm?s] , it happens every year, but not on the same day. It usually comes in February [?febr??r?]? , but sometimes it comes in January['d??nj?(?)r?]? . n. 圣诞节 n. 二月 n. 一月 在同一天 Task 1. Pre-reading(阅读前) Word-learning(单词学习) What are they doing? They are cleaning the house and sweeping away bad luck [l?k] . n.坏运气 扫除 They are celebrating [?sel?bre?t] Spring Festival with a traditional?[tr?'d??(?)n(?)l]? family dinner on the evening before [b?'f??]? Spring Festival . Have a look at this picture.There’s so much delicious food on the table ['te?b(?)l] . 以……(方式)庆祝…… 一顿传统的年夜饭 在除夕夜 看一看 n.桌子 太多 jiaozi— a kind of dumpling?['d?mpl??] n. 饺子 一种…… n. 饺子; 团子 After dinner, we usually watch a special programme ['pr??gr?m]? on TV. 一个特别的电视节目 We are wearing new sweaters ['swet?] and coats [k??t] . n. 厚运动衫;毛线衣 n. 外套 Children always get a hongbao. It means [mi?n] lucky ['l?k?] money. 压岁钱 v.意思是;意味着 1.Work in pairs. Look at the pictures and talk about what’s happening. — What’s Li Shan’s mother doing? — She’s cleaning the house. — What are they doing? — They are having a traditional family dinner. — What are Li Shan and her parents doing? — They are visiting her uncles and aunts. 2.Listen to Activity 2 and match the paragraphs with the pictures in Activity 1. A B C 2.18-19上外研七年级上册课件 \Module 10\课本录音 \Unit 2-activity 2.mp3 Task 2 While-reading(阅读中) Fast-reading(快速阅读) Read Paragraph 1 and complete the tasks. ____________is very important in China. A. Spring Festival B. Christmas C. Easter 2. Spring Festival happens on the same day every year. T( ) F( ) 3. Spring Festival usually comes in ________ , but sometimes it comes in _________. A February January Task 3 While-reading(阅读中) Careful-reading(仔细阅读) √ What do they always buy before the festival? They always buy a lot of food before the festival. 2. What is Li Shan’s mother doing? She is cleaning the house and sweeping away bad luck. Read Paragraph 2 and answer. We are celebrating with a traditional _______ ______ on the evening _______ Spring Festival. I am eating __________. _____ dinner, we usually watch __ _______ ______________on TV. family dinner before jiaozi After Read Paragraph 3 and complete the passage. a special programme In this photo, Li Shan’s parents and she are visiting her grandparents. T F Hongbao means lucky money. T F uncles and aunts. Read Paragraph 4 and circle. Task 4 Post-reading(阅读后) Find the sentences that contains the Present continuous tense. 3.Complete the passage with the correct words and expression from the box. celebrate dumpling few luck mean programme sweep away traditional We (1) ________ Spring Festival in January or February. A (2) ___ days before Spring Festival we clean our homes and (3) ___________ all the bad (4) ____. celebrate few sweep away luck celebrate dumpling few luck mean programme sweep away traditional On the evening before Spring Festival we have a big family dinner. We eat lots of (5) _________ food, such as jiaozi – a kind of (6) _________. We usually watch a special (7) __________ on television, and parents usually give their children a hongbao. It (8) ______ lucky money. traditional dumpling programme means Look at the pictures and talk about other activities in our city. setting off fireworks learning a lion dance making sweet dumplings buying new clothes What are they doing? They are …. I. 选择恰当的单词填空。 1. Don't always sit ________ the computer. It's bad for your health. 2. There is a long way to go. Good ________. 3. We celebrate Spring Festival in _________ or _________. 4. I've got two ________. I don't want another one. 5. There are a lot of ___________ foods in the city. January, coat, before, traditional, luck, February before luck January coats traditional February Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子。 1. They are ________________ (扫去)the leaves on the ground. 2. Parents give their children ____________ (压岁钱)during the Spring Festival. 3. She’s _________ her birthday_______(以……庆祝….)a birthday cake. 4. Elephants are ____________(一种)animal. 5. ________________(看一看) these vegetables. They are from the farm. sweeping away lucky money celebrating a kind of Have a look at with 扫去 ______________________ 在同一天 ______________________ 坏运气 ______________________ 以……(方式)庆祝…… ______________________ 一种…… ______________________ 观看电视节目 ______________________ 压岁钱 ______________________ 看一看…… ______________________ 意味着 ______________________ 在除夕夜 ______________________ 一顿传统的年夜饭 ______________________ sweep away lucky money on the same day bad luck celebrate…with… a kind of watch a programme on TV a traditional family dinner on the evening before Spring Festival It means… have a look at We learn: New phrases : 1.我妈妈正在打扫房间,她是在扫除坏运气。 My mother’s cleaning our house and sweeping away bad luck. 2.除夕夜,我们全家正在吃传统的年夜饭,庆祝春节的到来。 We are celebrating Spring Festival with a traditional family dinner on the evening before Spring Festival. 3. 我正在吃饺子,一种带馅的食品。 I am eating jiaozi—a kind of dumpling. 4. 我跟父母在给伯父伯母拜年。 My parents and I are visiting my uncles and aunts. 5. 我们都穿着新衣服。 We are wearing new sweaters and coats. We learn: New sentences: 1.和同学谈论英语国家中重要节假日及主要庆祝方式。 2.预习Activity4-6。 3.写一篇关于春节的作文。

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