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  • ID:4-4876848 [精]Unit2 On the weekend 知识点总结+巩固练习

    小学英语/人教版(新起点)/四年级上册/Unit 2 On the Weekend/本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit 2 On the Weekend知识点总结 1. visit ①拜访 ②参观 2. hill 小山 mountain 大山 3. Let’s 让我们 + 动词原形 start 开始 4. go to the cinema= see a film 看电影 5. on the weekend 在周末 6. this 这个 that 那个 these 这些 those那些 7. today 今天 tomorrow 明天 yesterday 昨天 8. on Saturday morning 在周六早上 on Saturday afternoon 在周六下午 on Saturday evening 在周六晚上 9. step on my shoe 踩到了我的鞋 10. get paint on my shoe 把颜料溅到了我的鞋上 11. step in some dirty water 踩进了脏水里 12. near their house 在他们家附近 13. poor ① 贫穷的 ② 可怜的 14. hope 希望 hop 跳跃 15. er /?/ water 水 ruler 尺子 tiger 老虎 sister 姐妹 worker 工人 dancer 舞者 16. ski 滑雪 go skiing 去滑雪 go rock climbing 去攀岩 feel scary 感到害怕 safe 安全(形容词) safety 安全(名词) go for a walk 去散步 play Frisbee 玩飞盘 swimming in the sea 在海里游泳 go to the National Railway Museum 去国家铁路博物馆 look at 看…… even 甚至 drive a train 开火车 17. still 仍然 try 尝试 ———单三 tries talk with 和…聊天 have fun = have a good time 玩的愉快 have单三 has need 需 要 don’t need 不需要 do 单三 does don’t 单三 doesn’t 17. 在周末你经常去钓鱼吗? Do you often go fishing on the weekend? 是的,我经常。 不,我不经常。 Yes, I do. No, I don’t. 让我们开始吧。 Let’s start. 在周末你干什么?What do you do on the weekend? 我经常去绘画俱乐部。I often go to a drawing club. 它是有趣的。It’s fun. 它经常是有趣的。It’s always fun. 今天却不是。Not today. 我希望明天别那么糟糕了。I hope tomorrow is not so bad. 练习题: ( ) 1. Alice often ________ fun with her family on the weekend. A. have B. has C. do ( ) 2. Binbin likes_____ basketball. He is good at it. A. play B. plays C. playing ( ) 3. You can drive a train______ the National Railway Museum. A. at B. in C. on ( ) 4. My sister likes singing. She wants to be a _____. A. dancer B. singer C.teacher ( ) 5. Going rock climbing often feels ______, but it is very safe. A. happy B. cold C. scary ( ) 6. Bill ______ need his computer to have fun. A. don’t B. doesn’t C. can’t ( ) 7. I often go swimming _____ in summer. A. in the sea B. in the cinema C. in the library ( ) 8. Sam often plays Frisbee _____ his dog in the park. A. on B. about C. with 答案: 1-5 BCABC 6-8 BAC 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4876827 [精]Unit1 Sports and Games 知识点总结+巩固练习

    小学英语/人教版(新起点)/四年级上册/Unit 1 Sports and Games/本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit1 Sports and Games 知识点总结 1. 合成名词 foot(脚)+ball(球)=football (足球) basket(篮子)+ball(球)=basketball(篮球) school(学校)+bag(包)=schoolbag(书包) 2. What about you? = How about you? 那你呢? 3. interesting=fun 有趣的 4. 动名词/ 现在分词 (动词ing形)变化规律: (1) 一般情况下,直接在动词后加-ing? (2) 动词以不发音的-e结尾,要去-e加-ing? take?-----?taking? make?-----?making skate --- skating (3) 重读闭音节(辅元辅)的动词,要双写词尾字母,再加-ing? swim?-----?swimming? run -----?running travel ----- traveling (4) 以-ie结尾的动词,把变成y再加-ing? lie?-----?lying? tie?-----?tying? die?-----?dying 5. 动词短语 : go running go swimming go roller skating go单三goes ※6. 看到什么就要用动名词? (1)like (2) be动词 (3)be good at 7. 球类运动: play basketball 打篮球 play ping-pong 打乒乓球 play baseball 打棒球 play cricket 打板球 play ice hockey 打冰球 8. 频率副词:(高-----低) always →usually → often → sometimes → never 6. 全部,都 both 两者,都 all 三者或者三者以上 7. 7. from… to … 从…到… from home to school 从家到学校 from 1 o’clock to 2 o’clock 从1点到2点 8. 为什么 why 因为 because 9. get up 起床 go to bed 睡觉 10. or [?:] 叉子 fork 玉米 corn 马 horse 港口 port 城堡 fort 贵族 lord 猪肉 pork 11. American children --- baseball --- throw and hit the ball very fast--- to be strong English children --- cricket --- slow game --- need five days Korean children --- do tae kwon do --- kick very high --- to be strong and fast Russian children --- ice hockey --- skate very fast --- a cold place 12. just 仅仅,只 need 需要 a place 一个地方 places (复数) goal 球门 No problem! 没问题! more 更多的(+名词复数) player 运动员 I’ll = I will 我将 ask 询问 those 那些 child (单数)孩子 children (复数)孩子们 play with 和…玩 team 队 an excuse 一个借口 Hmm. 恩。 12. 我经常打篮球。I often play basketball. 你经常打篮球吗? Do you often play basketball? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. 我擅长打篮球。 I am good at playing basketball. 你擅长打篮球吗? Are you good at playing basketball? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. 你喜欢什么运动? What sports do you like? 我喜欢…和… I like ….and ….. 练习题: ( ) 1. You need a _____ place to play ice hockey. A. hot B. warm C. cold ( ) 2. Playing cricket is a very _____ game. A. slow B. fast C. strong ( ) 3. _______children like tae kwon do. A.Russian B. Korean C. English ( ) 4. The children need ______ excuse for the broken(破碎的)window. A.a B. the C.an ( ) 5. The chicken is good. I want to have some ______. A. many B. much C. more ( ) 6. I want to play basketball. Let’s go the ______. A. park B.hospital C. bookshop ( ) 7. Sam often goes ______ with his father in the summer vacation. A.swim B.swiming C.swimming ( ) 8. Bill is tall. He likes playing _____. He wants to be like Yao Ming. A. football B.ping-pong C. basketball ( ) 9. Lucy is jumping rpoe. She is good ____it. A. with B.at C. about ( ) 10.Sisi often _____ roller skating. She _____ it very much. A. goes; like B.go; likes C.goes; likes 答案: 1-5 C A B CC 6-10 A C C B C 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4874849 [精]高考一轮复习学案 第13讲 并列复合句(解析版+原卷版)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    第 13 讲 并列复合句(原卷版) 2018年高考英语考试大纲对语言知识的考查中明确规定:要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),其中附录2语法项目表第18个条目就是并列复合句。通过对近几年全国课标卷的研究发现,语篇型填空和短文改错中体现了对并列连词和并列句的考查。其中在语篇型填空中对其考查形式都为无提示词型填空。这就要求教师在学生备考阶段做出科学有效的指导,抓住考点、难点、易错点,有的放矢,针对性精讲精练。 Not only had Niu Lang lost his parents, but (also) [1]he was often bullied by his elder brother. What he only had was an old and weak cattle, but[2] he took good care of it. Other men at his age had children already, while[3] Niu Lang didn’t get married yet. One day, the cattle said unexpectedly, “I’d like to help you, for[4]you have attended me so carefully. Follow me, and[5]you will get a wife!” So Niu Lang went to the bank while several beautiful fairies were bathing in the river. Then he did as the animal told him, hiding the youngest fairy’s clothes away and[6] telling her, “I am afraid that you will either lose your clothes or[7]marry me.” As a result, the youngest fairy Zhinv became his wife. Both Niu Lang and[8]Zhinv lived happily. However, the Goddess of Heaven was angry with her granddaughter marrying a human, so[9]she said to Zhinv, “Go back to heaven, otherwise[10]I will punish you!” Hearing this, Zhinv was not delighted but[11]worried. Niu Lang was about to run after them anxiously when[12]the Goddess of Heaven was making the Milky Way with her hair adornment (发簪) to stop him. Neither Zhinv nor[13]Niu Lang was happy, as they missed each other so much. Seeing this, the Goddess of Heaven let them cross the Milky Way to meet once a year with the help of magpies. 【深思熟虑】 1. not only…but also表示“不但……而且……”,用于连接两个性质相同的词、短语或句子。为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装。 2. but表示转折关系的并列连词,此处连接两个句子。 3. while表示对比,意为“而”。 4. for用作并列连词,表示“因为”。 5. and在“祈使句,and+主谓结构”中,祈使句表示一个条件,and后的句子表示结果。意为“那么”(暗示一种条件)。 6. and用于连接两个并列的现在分词短语。 7. either…or…连接两个相同成分的词、短语或句子,选择关系,表示“不是……就是……”“或者……或者……”。在本句中连接两个并列的谓语动词。 8. both…and…在句中连接两个并列的主语,表“两者都”。 9. so表示因果,连接两个并列分句,so意为“因此”,其后的分句表示结果。 10. or/otherwise 在“祈使句,or/otherwise+主谓”结构中,祈使句表条件,or/otherwise后的句子表相反的结果。 11. not…but…意思为“不是……而是……”。 12. when表示一件事情正在发生或就要发生,突然发生了另一件事,只能用when。固定搭配was/were about to do或was /were doing…when…(刚要做/正在做某事突然就……)。 13. neither…nor…连接两个并列成分,表“既不……也不……”。 从篇章来看,英语句子之间常用并列连词进行连接和过渡;从现象看,似乎千变万化,难以捉摸,但从实质看(注意蓝色字体),可以探究出其共同规律。 一、并列连词和并列句定义 并列连词连接并列关系的词、短语或分句。当并列连词连接两个或两个以上的并列分句,就构成了并列句。 二、并列连词 1.并列连词的分类 表示转折和对比关系 but,yet,however,while 表示因果关系 for,?so,?therefore 表示承接、选择、递进等关系 ?and,?or,?either…or,?neither…nor,?both…?and,?as?well?as, ? not?only…but also… 2.并列连词的用法 注意并列连词连接词、短语或分句。 如 His?parents?will?travel?today?or?tomorrow. 连接词 His?parents?will?travel?either?this?week?or?next?week. 连接短语 His?mother?will?travel?and?his?father?will?also?travel.连接分句 三、并列句 基本结构为:分句+并列连词+分句。 在并列句中,除了使用并列连词外,还可使用并列连词词组或连接副词来连接分句,有时甚至不用并列连词,只用逗号、分号、冒号等把分句隔开。 根据在句中所起的作用可以分为: 1. 表示联合关系 常用连词:and,neither…nor,not only…but also等. There?was?a?big?storm?after?midnight?and?the?rain?poured?down. (外研M3) Pip?is?not only?a?character,?he?also?tells?the?story?of?Great?Expectations. (译林U1) 2.表示选择关系 常用连词:or,?either…or等。例如: We?cook?dinner?together,?or?we?go?for?a?long?walk. (译林U2) …either one of his daughters replaces him?as?a?prisoner?in?the?castle,?or?he?will?die…… (北师大U18) 3.表示转折和对比关系 常用连词或连接副词:but, yet, however, while等 (1) while,but表示完全的转折,语气较强, while主要表示对比。 如: He is a good composer,but he has taught me nothing。(外研②M3) Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. (译林①D3) (2)however however在使用时必须与句子的其他成分用逗号分隔开。 如: We cannot feel air , however, it does exist. I'd like to help you to carry the heavy bag; my hands, however, are full of my baggage. Your composition is good; some words could be replaced, however. (3)yet既可以用作并列连词,也可以用作连接副词。 如: John plays basketball well,yet his favorite is badminton. (2009北京)(并列连词) It is surprising, and yet it has happened. (连接副词) 4.表示因果关系 常用连词或连接副词so,for, therefore等。 如: I didn' t get enough sleep so I didn' t feel very well this morning. (译林①U2) It has been separated from other continents for millions of years,so it has many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. (2017·东城期中) He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2008山东) 5.表示条件或结果 常用and,or等连词。在这类并列句中,and意为“(只要)…就”,or意为“否则”。 如: Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. (外研M2) Stand over there,and you'll be able to see the oil painting better。(2008全国改) You have to move out of the way,or the truck cannot get past you。(2012全国改) 6.表示递进关系 常用连接副词 besides, furthermore, moreover等。 如: Television is entertaining; besides/ furthermore/moreover; it is instructive. 一、并列连词的常用句式 1.祈使句+and/or/otherwise句式 ①Work hard and you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 努力学习,你就会成功。 ②Hurry up or we will be late. =If you don’t hurry up, we will be late. 快点儿,否则我们就迟到了。 ③A few more efforts and you will succeed. =If you make a few more efforts, you will succeed. 再努力些,你会成功的。 ①祈使句+and+陈述句=If ...,+主句。 ②祈使句+or+陈述句=If ... not ...,+主句。 如: Choose to be happy, and we can have a lot of good and happy days continually. (2017·新余市模拟) 2. when“就在这时,突然”,常用以下句式 ?sb.be about to do/ be going to do /be on the point of doing sth.when...某人正要做某事,突然…… ?sb.be doing sth.when....某人正在做某事,突然…… ?sb.had(just)done sth.when...某人刚做完某事,突然…… 如: The air hostess was about to serve lunch when a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man. (2017·遵义市模拟) I was wandering down the sidewalk when there went a loud crash. (2017·成都市模拟) 二、并列句和复合句的区别 1.并列句和定语从句的区别 并列句与定语从句的主要区别在于:并列句是由and, but等并列连词连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。 ①They live in a small house, in front of ________ stands an orange tree. ②They live in a small house, and in front of ________ stands an orange tree. 分析:两句的区别是连词and,句①逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示物,故填which;句②and连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句中的small house,故填it。 ③The old man has three sons, none of ________ is a doctor. ④The old man has three sons, but none of ________ is a doctor. 分析:两句的区别是连词but,句③逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示人,故填whom;句④but连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句的three sons,故填them。 2.并列句和状语从句的区别 并列句是连词连接两个“互不依存的主谓结构”,两者之间是并列关系;而在状语从句中前后两个句子一个是主句,一个是从句,从句是用来修饰主句的。 ①______ you take the medicine, you will be all right. ②Take this medicine, ________ you will be all right. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句①空格处引导条件状语从句表示“如果”,故填If;句②中两个并列分句是顺承关系,故填and。 ③________ money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness. ④Money is necessary for a happy life, ________ it can’t buy happiness. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句③空格所在句子是让步关系,故填Although/Though;句④前后是转折关系,故填but。 知识点一 承接还是转折的考查 例1.【2018· 全国1卷改错】At the end of the trip,I told my father that I planned to return every twp years,but he agreed. 【答案】but改为and 【解析】句意为:旅行结束时,“我”告诉我爸爸“我”计划每两年回去一次,他同意了。根据句意可知,该句最后一个逗号前后两句之间是顺承关系,应用并列连词and。故将but改为and 变式训练 1: They are warm, generous but ready to offer help. 【2017·潍坊实验中学模拟】 知识点二 转折还是对比的考查 例2.【2018·保定市质检】In hospitals,some patients need to be operated but some only need to give some medicine and have enough rest. 【答案】but 改为while 【解析】考查句子之间的关系。句意:在医院里,有些病人需要动手术而有一些只需要给与药物治疗和做好充分休息。两个句子为对比关系,故用while。 变式训练 2:【2017·西安市模拟语法填空】The winter in Beijing is very cold that of Kunming is warm. 知识点三 并列连词还是从属连词的考查 例4.【2017·河南六市联考改编改错】Sun Yao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school before the lift suddenly came to a stop. 【答案】before改为when 【解析】句意:周二晚上放学后,孙瑶正在回家上楼的路上,电梯突然停了下来。分析结构可知,此处为when引导的并列句“be doing+when+一般过去时”,故before改为when。     变式训练 3: (改错)There is no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery as another man,also intelligent,fails. 知识点四 习惯句式的考查 例3.【2018·广东化州月考改错】One Sunday morning,she was about to do her lessons while her father came up and advised her to take a break. 【答案】while改为when 【解析】句意:一个星期天的早晨,她正要去上课,她父亲过来劝她休息一下。此句为“be abou to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when.。 变式训练 4: 【2017·福建师大附中模拟】One day, some children were playing hide?and?seek while they heard a boy names Tate shouting: “Help!”。 变式训练 5 Help others whenever you can you will make the world a nice place to live in. 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. (2018全国卷3)  2. Her goal was delayed, _ she didn’t give it up completely. (2018郑州高三摸底) 3. ?First?of?all,??as?studentswe?should?manage?our?own?behaviors?but?help?people?around?you?form?good?habits. (2018广东中山二次统考改错) 4. As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-class activities. (2018莆田一中统考改错) 5. Besides,it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. (2018广东中山二统改错) 二、单句语法填空 1.(2017·长春市调研测试)We learn words not by ourselves, in sentences. 2.(2017·淮北市模拟)Avoid eating drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea or energy drinks. 3.(2017·曲师大模拟)Give them a Chinese lunar calendar and they will know what the wea 4.(2017·潍坊中学模拟) Then I was about to leave all of a sudden, I thought of something. 5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Well, I wish I could agree with you. I do think Samantha was the best. 1 第 13 讲 并列复合句(解析版) 2018年高考英语考试大纲对语言知识的考查中明确规定:要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),其中附录2语法项目表第18个条目就是并列复合句。通过对近几年全国课标卷的研究发现,语篇型填空和短文改错中体现了对并列连词和并列句的考查。其中在语篇型填空中对其考查形式都为无提示词型填空。这就要求教师在学生备考阶段做出科学有效的指导,抓住考点、难点、易错点,有的放矢,针对性精讲精练。 Not only had Niu Lang lost his parents, but (also) [1]he was often bullied by his elder brother. What he only had was an old and weak cattle, but[2] he took good care of it. Other men at his age had children already, while[3] Niu Lang didn’t get married yet. One day, the cattle said unexpectedly, “I’d like to help you, for[4]you have attended me so carefully. Follow me, and[5]you will get a wife!” So Niu Lang went to the bank while several beautiful fairies were bathing in the river. Then he did as the animal told him, hiding the youngest fairy’s clothes away and[6] telling her, “I am afraid that you will either lose your clothes or[7]marry me.” As a result, the youngest fairy Zhinv became his wife. Both Niu Lang and[8]Zhinv lived happily. However, the Goddess of Heaven was angry with her granddaughter marrying a human, so[9]she said to Zhinv, “Go back to heaven, otherwise[10]I will punish you!” Hearing this, Zhinv was not delighted but[11]worried. Niu Lang was about to run after them anxiously when[12]the Goddess of Heaven was making the Milky Way with her hair adornment (发簪) to stop him. Neither Zhinv nor[13]Niu Lang was happy, as they missed each other so much. Seeing this, the Goddess of Heaven let them cross the Milky Way to meet once a year with the help of magpies. 【深思熟虑】 1. not only…but also表示“不但……而且……”,用于连接两个性质相同的词、短语或句子。为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装。 2. but表示转折关系的并列连词,此处连接两个句子。 3. while表示对比,意为“而”。 4. for用作并列连词,表示“因为”。 5. and在“祈使句,and+主谓结构”中,祈使句表示一个条件,and后的句子表示结果。意为“那么”(暗示一种条件)。 6. and用于连接两个并列的现在分词短语。 7. either…or…连接两个相同成分的词、短语或句子,选择关系,表示“不是……就是……”“或者……或者……”。在本句中连接两个并列的谓语动词。 8. both…and…在句中连接两个并列的主语,表“两者都”。 9. so表示因果,连接两个并列分句,so意为“因此”,其后的分句表示结果。 10. or/otherwise 在“祈使句,or/otherwise+主谓”结构中,祈使句表条件,or/otherwise后的句子表相反的结果。 11. not…but…意思为“不是……而是……”。 12. when表示一件事情正在发生或就要发生,突然发生了另一件事,只能用when。固定搭配was/were about to do或was /were doing…when…(刚要做/正在做某事突然就……)。 13. neither…nor…连接两个并列成分,表“既不……也不……”。 从篇章来看,英语句子之间常用并列连词进行连接和过渡;从现象看,似乎千变万化,难以捉摸,但从实质看(注意蓝色字体),可以探究出其共同规律。 一、并列连词和并列句定义 并列连词连接并列关系的词、短语或分句。当并列连词连接两个或两个以上的并列分句,就构成了并列句。 二、并列连词 1.并列连词的分类 表示转折和对比关系 but,yet,however,while 表示因果关系 for,?so,?therefore 表示承接、选择、递进等关系 ?and,?or,?either…or,?neither…nor,?both…?and,?as?well?as, ? not?only…but also… 2.并列连词的用法 注意并列连词连接词、短语或分句。 如 His?parents?will?travel?today?or?tomorrow. 连接词 His?parents?will?travel?either?this?week?or?next?week. 连接短语 His?mother?will?travel?and?his?father?will?also?travel.连接分句 三、并列句 基本结构为:分句+并列连词+分句。 在并列句中,除了使用并列连词外,还可使用并列连词词组或连接副词来连接分句,有时甚至不用并列连词,只用逗号、分号、冒号等把分句隔开。 根据在句中所起的作用可以分为: 1. 表示联合关系 常用连词:and,neither…nor,not only…but also等. There?was?a?big?storm?after?midnight?and?the?rain?poured?down. (外研M3) Pip?is?not only?a?character,?he?also?tells?the?story?of?Great?Expectations. (译林U1) 2.表示选择关系 常用连词:or,?either…or等。例如: We?cook?dinner?together,?or?we?go?for?a?long?walk. (译林U2) …either one of his daughters replaces him?as?a?prisoner?in?the?castle,?or?he?will?die…… (北师大U18) 3.表示转折和对比关系 常用连词或连接副词:but, yet, however, while等 (1) while,but表示完全的转折,语气较强, while主要表示对比。 如: He is a good composer,but he has taught me nothing。(外研②M3) Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. (译林①D3) (2)however however在使用时必须与句子的其他成分用逗号分隔开。 如: We cannot feel air , however, it does exist. I'd like to help you to carry the heavy bag; my hands, however, are full of my baggage. Your composition is good; some words could be replaced, however. (3)yet既可以用作并列连词,也可以用作连接副词。 如: John plays basketball well,yet his favorite is badminton. (2009北京)(并列连词) It is surprising, and yet it has happened. (连接副词) 4.表示因果关系 常用连词或连接副词so,for, therefore等。 如: I didn' t get enough sleep so I didn' t feel very well this morning. (译林①U2) It has been separated from other continents for millions of years,so it has many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. (2017·东城期中) He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2008山东) 5.表示条件或结果 常用and,or等连词。在这类并列句中,and意为“(只要)…就”,or意为“否则”。 如: Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. (外研M2) Stand over there,and you'll be able to see the oil painting better。(2008全国改) You have to move out of the way,or the truck cannot get past you。(2012全国改) 6.表示递进关系 常用连接副词 besides, furthermore, moreover等。 如: Television is entertaining; besides/ furthermore/moreover; it is instructive. 一、并列连词的常用句式 1.祈使句+and/or/otherwise句式 ①Work hard and you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 努力学习,你就会成功。 ②Hurry up or we will be late. =If you don’t hurry up, we will be late. 快点儿,否则我们就迟到了。 ③A few more efforts and you will succeed. =If you make a few more efforts, you will succeed. 再努力些,你会成功的。 ①祈使句+and+陈述句=If ...,+主句。 ②祈使句+or+陈述句=If ... not ...,+主句。 如: Choose to be happy, and we can have a lot of good and happy days continually. (2017·新余市模拟) 2. when“就在这时,突然”,常用以下句式 ?sb.be about to do/ be going to do /be on the point of doing sth.when...某人正要做某事,突然…… ?sb.be doing sth.when....某人正在做某事,突然…… ?sb.had(just)done sth.when...某人刚做完某事,突然…… 如: The air hostess was about to serve lunch when a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man. (2017·遵义市模拟) I was wandering down the sidewalk when there went a loud crash. (2017·成都市模拟) 二、并列句和复合句的区别 1.并列句和定语从句的区别 并列句与定语从句的主要区别在于:并列句是由and, but等并列连词连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。 ①They live in a small house, in front of ________ stands an orange tree. ②They live in a small house, and in front of ________ stands an orange tree. 分析:两句的区别是连词and,句①逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示物,故填which;句②and连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句中的small house,故填it。 ③The old man has three sons, none of ________ is a doctor. ④The old man has three sons, but none of ________ is a doctor. 分析:两句的区别是连词but,句③逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示人,故填whom;句④but连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句的three sons,故填them。 2.并列句和状语从句的区别 并列句是连词连接两个“互不依存的主谓结构”,两者之间是并列关系;而在状语从句中前后两个句子一个是主句,一个是从句,从句是用来修饰主句的。 ①______ you take the medicine, you will be all right. ②Take this medicine, ________ you will be all right. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句①空格处引导条件状语从句表示“如果”,故填If;句②中两个并列分句是顺承关系,故填and。 ③________ money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness. ④Money is necessary for a happy life, ________ it can’t buy happiness. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句③空格所在句子是让步关系,故填Although/Though;句④前后是转折关系,故填but。 知识点一 承接还是转折的考查 例1.【2018· 全国1卷改错】At the end of the trip,I told my father that I planned to return every twp years,but he agreed. 【答案】but改为and 【解析】句意为:旅行结束时,“我”告诉我爸爸“我”计划每两年回去一次,他同意了。根据句意可知,该句最后一个逗号前后两句之间是顺承关系,应用并列连词and。故将but改为and 变式训练 1: They are warm, generous but ready to offer help. 【2017·潍坊实验中学模拟】 【答案】but→and 【解析】分析句子结构可知,warm, generous , ready为并列关系,此处应为and。 知识点二 转折还是对比的考查 例2.【2018·保定市质检】In hospitals,some patients need to be operated but some only need to give some medicine and have enough rest. 【答案】but 改为while 【解析】考查句子之间的关系。句意:在医院里,有些病人需要动手术而有一些只需要给与药物治疗和做好充分休息。两个句子为对比关系,故用while。 变式训练 2:【2017·西安市模拟语法填空】The winter in Beijing is very cold that of Kunming is warm. 【答案】while  【解析】句意:北京的冬天很冷而昆明的冬天很温暖。两个句子为对比关系,故用while. 知识点三 并列连词还是从属连词的考查 例4.【2017·河南六市联考改编改错】Sun Yao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school before the lift suddenly came to a stop. 【答案】before改为when 【解析】句意:周二晚上放学后,孙瑶正在回家上楼的路上,电梯突然停了下来。分析结构可知,此处为when引导的并列句“be doing+when+一般过去时”,故before改为when。     变式训练 3: (改错)There is no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery as another man,also intelligent,fails. 【答案】as改为while  【解析】句意:没有办法知道为什么一个人做出了重要的发现,而另一个同样聪明的人却失败了。根据句意为对比含义,故用while。 知识点四 习惯句式的考查 例3.【2018·广东化州月考改错】One Sunday morning,she was about to do her lessons while her father came up and advised her to take a break. 【答案】while改为when 【解析】句意:一个星期天的早晨,她正要去上课,她父亲过来劝她休息一下。此句为“be abou to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when.。 变式训练 4: 【2017·福建师大附中模拟】One day, some children were playing hide?and?seek while they heard a boy names Tate shouting: “Help!”。 【答案】while改为when 【解析】分析句子结构可知,为“be doing+when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when。 变式训练 5 Help others whenever you can you will make the world a nice place to live in. 【答案】and  【解析】该句为“祈使句+and/or一般将来时”结构,根据前半句时态可知用后面为顺其自然的结果,故用and。 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. (2018全国卷3)  【答案】 and 改成or 【解析】句意为:每个人都沉默着,等着看是谁将被点名去大声读他/她的文章。此处表示选择关系,应用or。故将and改为or第四处:第三句,take前加to。考查固定短语 2. Her goal was delayed, _ she didn’t give it up completely. (2018郑州高三摸底) 【答案】but 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:她的目标被耽搁了,但她没有完全放弃。转折关系,所以为but。 3. ?First?of?all,??as?studentswe?should?manage?our?own?behaviors?but?help?people?around?you?form?good?habits. (2018广东中山二次统考改错) 【答案】but改为and. 【解析】考查并列连词。句意:首先,作为学生,我们应该管理自己的行为,并且帮助周围的人形成良好的习惯。应为承接关系,故用and。 4. As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-class activities. (2018莆田一中统考改错) 【答案】 or改为and. 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:因此,我建议我们少做作业,并且多做课外活动。 应为并列关系,故用and。 5. Besides,it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. (2018广东中山二统改错) 【答案】 when改为while. 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:此外,常见的是年轻或中年坐在公共汽车当老人不得不站。句子为对比关系,所以用while。 二、单句语法填空 1.(2017·长春市调研测试)We learn words not by ourselves, in sentences. 【答案】but 【解析】句意:我们学语言不是靠自己而是靠句子。“not…but…不是….而是…”故用but。 2.(2017·淮北市模拟)Avoid eating drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea or energy drinks. 【答案】or/and 【解析】根据句意:避免吃或者喝巧克力、咖啡、茶或能量饮料。eating 与drinking并列或选择关系。 3.(2017·曲师大模拟)Give them a Chinese lunar calendar and they will know what the weather will be like days or even months later. 【答案】 or改为and. 【解析】根据句意:给他们一个中国农历,他们就会知道几天甚至几个月后天气会怎样。很明显此处为“祈使句+and/or一般将来时”句式考查,又为顺其自然的结果,故为and。 4.(2017·潍坊中学模拟) Then I was about to leave all of a sudden, I thought of something. 【答案】when. 【解析】分析句子结构可知,为“be about to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when。 5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Well, I wish I could agree with you. I do think Samantha was the best. 【答案】But 【解析】句意:我希望我能同意你的观点。但是我的确认为萨曼莎是最棒的。两个句子为转折关系,用but合适。 4

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  • ID:4-4870899 [精]Unit 4 Where's my schoolbag?重点归纳与解难探究((含答案)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/七年级上/Unit 4 Where’s my schoolbag?/本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit 4 Where's my schoolbag? Section A 重点归纳 单词新认知 1. 在哪里;到哪里 ______________ 2. 桌子______________ 3. 床______________ 4. 书架;书柜______________ 5. 沙发____________ 6. 椅子 _____________ 7. 书桌______________ 8. 房间_______________ 9. come _______________ 10. on _______________ 11. think _______________ 12. under _______________ 13. their _______________ 14. hat _______________ 15. head _______________ 16. know_______________ 短语零距离 1. come on_______________ 2. I don’t know. _______________ 3. in your grandparents’ room_______________ 4. 在你的头上_______________ 5. 在他书包里面_______________ 6. 在桌子底下_______________ 7. 在沙发上_______________ 句型面对面 1. 我的字典在我的书架上。 My dictionary _____ _____ _____ _____ . 2. 我的数学书在我的书桌上面。 My math book _____ _____ _____ ______ . 3. –你的书在哪里? --在椅子上。 --Where _____your books. --They ______ ______ ______ ______. 4. –他的钥匙在哪里? --在沙发上。 --Where are his ________? --______ ______ on the sofa. 5. –她的棒球在哪里? --在床下面。 --Where ______her _______? ---It ______ ______the ________. 6. 我不知道。 I ________ ________. 解难探究 1. Where's my pencil box?我的铅笔盒在哪儿? 本句是由where引导的特殊疑问句。where adv.“(疑问副词)在哪里”,用来引导特殊疑问句,对某人或某物所在的位置(地点)进行提问。回答时,要根据具体情况作答。 拓展提升 (1)当不知道某东西在什么地方的时候, 常用“Where is/are…?”来提问, 句中动词用is 还是用are,要根据名词的单复数或是否是不可数名词来确定:名词是单数或不可数名词用is,复数用are。【应用】Where ______your bike ? 你的自行车在哪里? (2)特殊疑问句是针对某一具体的方面提出疑问,所以要根据具体内容来确定疑问词。回答这种特殊疑问词也要根据具体内容来回答,而不能用Yes或No做简单的回答。【应用】--______ is your father?—你爸爸在哪里? -He is_____ ______. --他在家里。 (3)当知道某物在哪里时, 回答用It is…或They are…。如果不知道某物在什么地方, 回答用I don’t know. 我不知道。【应用】______ ______ on the desk.它们在桌子上。 2. They're on the sofa.它们在沙发上。 (1)本句是含有主系表结构的简单句。they 是主语,are是系动词,介词短语on the sofa作表语。 (2) on 是介词,意为“在……上面”。英语中表示某人或某物在某个地方,常用介词短语来表示。 【应用】 The key is _____ the table.钥匙在桌子上。 拓展提升 辨析: on, under与 in 用法 【应用】 on 在……上面; 常指一个在另一个上面,两者间有接触。 The pen is ____ the desk.钢笔在桌子上。 in 在……里面,在(某个空间)内部 My mother is_____ the room. 我妈妈在房间里。 under 在……下方 The car is______ the tree. 小汽车在树下面。 拓展提升 above, over 与on 这三个词都可表示“在……上”。above强调物体的位置关系,可以是正上方,也可以是斜上方;over强调垂直的上方。例如: There is a bridge _____ the river.河上有座桥。 3.It's in your schoolbag.它在你的书包里。 in prep. “在……里”,常用于: (1)表示方位,“在……里(上)”。此时注意in the tree与on the tree的区别,前者“在树上”表示外来的事物,而不是树上长出来的。表示树自身结的果实“在树上”用on。 【应用】 The bird is _____the tree.鸟儿在树上。 There are some apples ______ the tree.树上长着一些苹果。 (2)表示时间,用在表示年、月、世纪、年代、早上、下午、晚上等的名词前。 【应用】 We are _____ 2013 now.我们现在在2013年。 (3)表示地点,用在表示地点(如城市、乡村、国家)的名词前。 【应用】 She is in Shanghai.她在上海。 (4)表示用某种语言。 【应用】 What's this _____ English?这用英语怎么说? (5)表示穿着、带着。 【应用】 Who's the boy ____ blue?穿蓝色衣服的男孩是谁? (6)in the picture/newspaper“在图片/报纸上”,表示是图片或报纸的内容。 【应用】 The girl_____ the picture is beautiful. 图片上的那个女孩很漂亮。 4. Come on. Jack! 快点,杰克! (1)短语come on用来催促别人快走(做),意为“快点儿、加油、加把劲”。 【应用】 _____ _____, it’s getting dark. 快点儿,天要黑了。 拓展提升 come on的其他含义 意义 【应用】 “来吧,行啦”;表示请求,鼓励,劝说 _____ _____, Kate. Don’t be shy. 来吧,凯特。别害羞。 “加油”;体育比赛场合鼓励队员 _____ _____! Come on!加油!加油! “来,过来”;招呼别人 _____ ____! This way, please.来,请走这边。 (2)这是一个祈使句。表示请求、给予命令或指示的 句子叫祈使句。祈使句通常省略主语you,动词一律用动 词原形。 ◆祈使句的肯定结构: 【应用】 _____ the door, please.请开门。 _____careful.小心 ◆祈使句的否定结构:否定结构常在句前加Don't。 【应用】 _____ open the window. 不要开窗户。 5. I think it’s in your grandparents’ room. 我认为它在你祖父母的房间里。 (1)think意思是“想;认为”,后面是一个宾语从句,本句话变否定时只能否定think,不能把not放在从句中。这句话的否定句是:I don’t think it’s in your grandparents’ room. (2)grandparents’ room这是一个复数名词的所有格形式。名词所有格构成情况如下: 5. 单数名词及不以s结尾的复数名词的所有格形式在词尾加“’s”。 children’s books儿童书籍 名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加“’”。 parents’ room 父母的房间 凡不能加“’s”的名词,都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系。 the name of my dog我的狗的名字 两个名词并列,并且分别有’s,则表示“分别有”;如只有后一个有’s,则表示“共有”。 John's and Mary's room(两人各自的房间) Kate and Mary's room(两人同住一个房间) 【巧学妙记】 英语名词所有格,表示某物是“谁的”。 所以格构成有方法,单数名词“s”加。 复数名词尾有“s”,只加逗号莫加“s”。 名词若是无生命,所以格构成用“of” 6. I don’t know.我不知道。 (1)don’t =do not,do为助动词,无实际意义,可帮助动词构成否定句或疑问句。【应用】 I _____ ______ her name.我不知道她的名字。 (2)在回答别人的问题时,如果你不知道,可以用I don’t know.回答。使用时习惯上在前面加上sorry或I’m sorry, 这样显得礼貌,客气;其同义句为I have no idea.。 【应用】 --Where is Li Ping?-李平在哪里? --Sorry, I _______ _______.对不起,我不知道。 (3)know是实义动词,意为“知道,了解”,还有“认识某人”的意思。 【应用】Do you_____ John?你认识约翰吗? 参考答案 重点归纳 单词新认知1. where 2.table 3. bed 4. bookcase 5. sofa 6. chair 7. desk 8. room 9. 来;来到10. 在……上 11. 认为;想;思考 12. 在……下13. 他(她;它)们 14. 帽子15. 头16. 知道;了解短语零距离1. 快点 2. 我不知道 3. 在你祖父母的房间里4. on your head 5. in his schoolbag 6. under the table 7. on the sofa句型面对面1. is in my bookcase 2. is on my desk 3. are, are on the chair 4. keys; They are 5. is, baseball; is under; bed 6. don’t know解难探究1. (1) is (2) Where ;at home (3) They are 2.(2)on; on; in; under; over 3. (1)in; on (2) in (3) in (4)in (5)in (6) in4.(1) Come on; Come on; Come on; Come on (2) Open, Be; Don't 6. (1)don’t know; (2) don’t know (3) know Section B 重点归纳 单词新认知 1. 收音机;无线电广播____________ 2. 时钟________________ 3. 磁带;录音带;录像带_____________ 4. 播放机_____________ 5. 模型_____________ 6. 飞机_____________ 7. tidy _____________ 8. but _____________ 9. our _____________ 10. everywhere ___________ 11. always _____________ 短语零距离 1. the teacher’s desk_____________ 2. under the radio_____________ 3. in the bookcase _____________ 4. 录音机_____________ 5. 飞机模型_____________ 6. 一本英语书_____________ 句型面对面 1.那些英语书在收音机下面。 The English books ______ ______the radio. 2.凯特讲究整洁吗? Is Kate _______? 3. 吉娜的书到处都是。 Gina’s ______are ______. 4. 录音机在讲桌上。 The tape _______is ______the ______desk. 5. 我的书和磁带在我的房间的书架上。 My books and tapes _______ ______the bookcase ______my room. 解难探究 1. I'm tidy,but Gina is not.我(爱)整洁,但吉娜却不。 (1)本句是由but连接的并列句。 (2)tidy adj. 整洁的;井井有条的 【应用】 Please keep the room ______.请保持房间整洁。 拓展提升 tidy v. 整理;使整洁【应用】Please______ your bedroom. 请整理一下你的卧室。 (3)but conj. “但是”,是一个表示转折意义的并列连词。 【应用】 I play volleyball,_____he plays soccer.我打排球,但是他踢足球。 拓展提升 but adv.只;仅仅;相当于only。【应用】She is _____ child.她不过是个孩子。 2. I have a clock.我有一个时钟。 have作动词, 意为“有,拥有”, 其第三人称单数形式为has。通常表示“某人有某物”,而There be 句型表示“某地有某物”。【应用】 I ______a pet cat.我有一只宠物猫。 _____ ______ a cat under the table.桌子下面有一只猫。 拓展提升 have的其他用法 (1)“have+表示一日三餐的名词或表示食品、饮料等名词”。时作“吃,喝”讲。 【应用】I want_____ ______a cup of milk.我想喝杯牛奶。 (2) have意为“买”。 【应用】Could I_____ a this book?我可以买这本书吗? 3. Gina’s books are everywhere – on her bed, on the sofa and under the chair.吉娜的书到处都是——在床上、沙发上还有椅子下面。 (1)everywhere通常用作副词,意思是“处处,到处”。不要在其前使用 in, at, to之类的介词。【应用】 He takes his dog with him_______. 他无论到哪儿都带着他的狗。 (2) everywhere有时可用作表语,表示某种情况很普遍。 【应用】 Small pieces of erasers are _______ at school. 小块橡皮在学校到处都是。 4. Gina always asks.吉娜总是问(东西在哪儿)。 always adv. 总是 (1)它常和一般现在时连用,表示现在经常或反复发生的动作。有时候也可表示过去经常性、习惯性发生的动作。一般放在系动词be、助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前。 【应用】 Bill ______ asks me “why”.比尔总是问我“为什么”。 (2)还可以与现在进行时连用,带有一定的感情色彩。 【应用】 Kate is _______ helping others. 凯特总是帮助他人。 参考答案 重点归纳 单词新认知1. radio 2. clock 3. tape 4. player 5. model 6. plane 7. 整洁的;井井有条的8. 但是9. 我们的10. 处处;到处;各个地方11. 总是短语零距离1. 讲桌 2. 在收音机下面 3. 在书橱里面4. tape player 5. model plane 6. an English book 句型面对面1. are under 2.tidy 3. books, everywhere 4.player; on; teacher’s 5. are in; in解难探究【应用】1.(2)tidy; tidy (3) but; but 2. have; There is (1) to have (2) have 3. (1) everywhere (2) everywhere 4. (1) always; always 专题突破 语法透析 Where引导的特殊疑问句 Hi! 我叫where,是疑问副词,汉语名字是“哪里,哪儿”,我总是喜欢问“某人在哪里”或“某物在哪里”。 下面看看我的特点吧: (1)我常提问表示地点的副词或介词短语,where 所在的句中不能再有表示地点的副词或in, at, on, under等构成的介词短语。 【应用】 -Where is my ruler?--我的尺子在哪里? -It’s ____ the pencil box./_____ the pencil box. –它在铅笔盒里。/在铅笔盒里。 (2)我喜欢问“哪里”,如果句子中出现表示来源或方向的介词,此时where具有代词的性质,介词就不能省略。 【应用】 _____ are you______?你来自哪里? (3)当询问的物品数量为单数时,be动词用is即“Where is+单数名词?,而且因为该物品在问句中提到过,回答时用代词it代替该物品。 【应用】 --_____ _____ my book?--我的书在哪里? --______ on the desk.—在书桌上。 当询问的物品数量为复数时,be动词用are即“Where are +复数名词?;而且因为该物品在问句中提到过,回答时用代词they代替该物品。 【应用】 --______ _______ the keys?—钥匙在哪里/ --_______ on the sofa.—在沙发上。 【注意】where is 可缩写为where’s,where are 不能缩写。 单元写作 写作素材 1. come on快点 2. I don’t know. 我不知道 3. in your grandparents’ room在你祖父母的房间里 4. on your head在你的头上 5. in his schoolbag在他书包里面 6. under the table在桌子底下 7. on the sofa在沙发上 8. the teacher’s desk讲桌 9. under the radio在收音机下面 10. in the bookcase在书橱里面 11. an English book 一本英语书 12.Where's my pencil box?我的铅笔盒在哪里? 13.Come on,Jack!杰克,快点! 14.I'm tidy,but Gina is not.我(爱)干净,但是吉娜不。 15.They're on the sofa.它们在沙发上。 16.It's in your schoolbag.它在你的书包里。 【写作技巧】 本单元的写作任务是描述自己的房间。写这种文章时,要注意: (1)对房间内的物品名称要熟知其英文名。 (2)要运用方位介词in,on,under 等来描述物品的位置。 (3)要以方位为线索,逐一介绍。 (4)最后表明你对房间的态度,例如漂亮、喜欢等。 典型例题 你想拥有一间自己的理想卧室吗?以“My Ideal Bedroom”为题写一篇短文,描述自己理想的卧室的布置。比如:一些书本在书橱上,笔记本在双肩背包里,铅笔盒在课桌上,白色的被子在床上,一些花和两把椅子在地板上,一个棒球在椅子下面。 范文: My Ideal Bedroom This is my bedroom. Many things are in it. Some books are on the bookcase. The notebook is in the schoolbag,and the pencil box is on the desk. My white quilt is on the bed. Some flowers are on the floor. And two chairs are on the floor,too. A baseball is under the chair. My room is very nice. I like it very much. 点评: 文章开篇一句话直入正题,点出了主题是介绍作者的卧室。之后按照提示内容,描写了各物品的位置。文章恰当地运用了方位介词on,in和under,并正确地运用了be动词,如:“Some books are...”和“The notebook is...”等。其中“And two chairs are on the floor,too.”这一句不仅准确地运用了连词and和too,而且变换了表达方式,使得语言风格不拘一格。短文最后写出卧室的美以及我对它的喜欢,与“我的理想卧室”相呼应。整篇文章脉络清晰,值得借鉴。 练习 Tom有一个属于自己的房间。房间里面有一张床、一个书架、一张书桌和一把椅子。书桌上有一些书,椅子上面有他的书包,下面有一个棒球。 假如你是Tom,请根据以上描述,运用所学的内容写一篇大约40词的英语短文。 语法透析(1)Where; in/In; (2)Where, from; (3) Where is; It’s; Where are; They’re单元写作One possible version: Hi, I’m Tom. This is my room. It’s nice and tidy. You can see a bed, a bookcase, a desk and a chair in it. Some books are o the desk. My schoolbag is on the chair. What’s that under the chair? Well, it’s a baseball. HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4870876 [精]Unit 4 What's the best movie theater重点归纳与解难探究(含答案)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/八年级上/Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater?/本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit 4 What's the best movie theater? Section A 重点归纳 单词新认知 1. 戏院;剧场____________ 2. 座位;坐处_______________ 3. 银幕;屏幕____________ 4. 票;入场券_______________ 5. 歌;歌曲_______________ 6. 音乐节目主持人_______________ 7. 记者___________ 8. 菜单_______________ 9.接待;服务______________ 10 .扮演;表演者_______________ 11. 接近____________ 12. comfortable _______________ 13. worst ____________ 14. cheaply _______________ 15. choose _______________ 16. carefully _______________ 17. fresh ___________ 18. comfortably _______________ 19. worse ______________ 20 . pretty _______________ 21. meal ________________ 短语零距离 1. 离……近____________ 2. 到目前为止…. _______________ 3. 没问题__________________ 4这儿附近________________ 5. movie theater _______________ 6. clothes store_______________ 7. in town _________________ 8. 10 minutes by bus _____________ 句型面对面 1. 我可以问你一些问题吗? ______ _____ask you _____questions? 2. 镇上最好的服装店是哪家? What’s ______ _____clothes store in town? 3. 到目前为止你认为她怎么样? How do you like it ______ ______? 4. 谢谢你告诉我。 ______ ______ telling me. 5. 我认为调幅970兆赫相当差。 I think 970 AM is _______ _______. 6. 菜单上只有10样菜,而且服务一点儿也不好! The menu had only 10 dishes and the service was not good______ ______! 解难探究 1. It's the closest to home.它离家最近。 (1)本句是一个简单句。使用了形容词的最高级形式。在三者或三者以上进行比较时,用最高级。 【应用】 He's ______ ______ ______ boy in his class. 他是班中最外向的男孩。 (2)close adj.近的;接近的 The animals were quite_____ ______ each other. 动物们互相离得很近。 拓展提升 ◆close adj.亲密的【应用】 Li Lei and I are______ friends. 我和李雷是亲密的朋友。◆close to 靠近;接近【应用】 His house is _____ _____ the school.他家离学校近。◆close v.关闭【应用】 Could you please______ the window? 请关上窗户好吗? 辨析:close和near 二者都有“近的”意思,但close比near表达的距离更近,相当于very near,可以近至几乎相接触,而near意为“附近的;邻近的”。 【应用】 He sat _____ _____ us.他挨着我们坐。 My home is _____ _____ our school. I walk to school every day. 我家离学校很近。我每天步行去上学。 2. The DJs choose songs the most carefully.节目主持人最认真地挑选歌曲。 (1)本句是简单句。最高级the most carefully修饰动词choose。 (2)choose v.选择;挑选,过去式为:chose。choose sb.to do sth.挑选某人去做某事 【应用】 Which book should I ______? 我该选哪本书呢? The teacher______ five students _____ _____water. 老师选了5名学生去提水。 拓展提升 choice n. 选择 【应用】 What's your______,staying at home or going to the party? 你的选择是什么,待在家中还是去参加宴会? 3. How do you like it so far?到目前为止你认为它怎样? (1)本句是特殊疑问句。相当于What do you think of it so far? (2)so far 到目前为止;迄今为止。 相当于up to now,until now,包含现在在内,常与现在完成时连用。可放在句首、句末或句中。 ____ _____China has become stronger and stronger. 到目前为止中国已变得越来越强大了。 4. No problem.没什么(不客气)。 本句是一句客套语。意为“没什么,不客气,不用谢”。用于对别人的感谢应答。 【应用】 —Thank you very much.非常感谢。 —______ ______.不客气。 拓展提升 no problem还有“没问题”的意思,表示对对方的要求能做到。 【应用】 —Greg,look after my school things this afternoon. 格雷格,今天下午照看一下我的学习用品。 —______ ______.没问题。 5. It has the worst service.它的服务最差。 service n. 接待;服务 【应用】 The ______in this restaurant was terrible. 这家餐馆里的服务很糟糕。 拓展提升 (1)serve v.(为……)服务;招待;(端上)饭菜,可用serve sb. sth.或serve sth. to sb.【应用】 His mother _____tea and cakes_____ us.=His mother ______ _____tea and cakes.他妈妈为我们端上茶和蛋糕。(2)servant n.仆人【应用】 The ______ works very hard.这位仆人工作很努力。 重点归纳与解难探究参考答案 重点归纳 单词新认知1. theater 2.seat 3.screen 4.ticket 5.song 6.DJ 7.reporter 8.menu 9.service 10.act 11.close 12. 使人舒服的;舒适的13. 最差的;最坏的;最糟的14.便宜的;低廉的15. 选择;挑选16. 细致的;小心地;谨慎地17. 新鲜的;清新的18. 舒服地;舒适地19.更差(的);更坏(的);更糟(的)20. 相当;十分21. 早(或午、晚)餐;你餐所吃的食物短语零距离1.close to…. 2.so far 3. No problem 4.around here 5. 电影院 6.服装店 7. 在镇上 8.坐公交车十分钟的路程句型面对面1. Can I;some 2.the best 3.so far 4.Thanks for 5.pretty bad 6. at all解难探究1.(1)the most outgoing (2) close to; close, close to, close;close to; near to 2. choose; chose, to carry; choice 3. So far 4. No problem; No problem 5. service; served, to; served us; servant Section B 重点归纳 单词新认知 1. 表演者;演员____________ 2. 天资;天赋_______________ 3. 魔术师____________ 4. 左右、作用;职能;角色_______________ 5. 获胜者_______________ 6. 奖;奖品;奖金______________ 7. 实例;范例__________ 8. creative _____________ 9. beautifully _____________ 10. everybody ______________ 11. poor ______________ 12 seriously ______________ 13. give _____________ 14. crowded _______________ 短语零距离 1. 实现;达到_____________ 2. 给某人某物_______________ 3. 认真对待_____________ 4. 例如_______________ 5. 编造故事__________ 6. 并不是每个人_______________ 7. 才艺表演________________ 8. more and more… ______________ 9. around the world _______________ 10. in common _____________ 11. and so on _______________ 12. all kinds of….._____________ 13. be up to_____________ 14. play a role in …_____________ 句型面对面 1. 观看别人展示他们的才艺总是有趣的。 It’s always interesting _____ ______other people show their talents. 2. 才艺展示越来越受欢迎。 Talent shows are getting ______ ______ _______ ________. 3. 现在,世界各地都有类似的表演,像《中国达人秀》。 Now, there are similar shows around the world, _____ _____China’s Got Talent. 4. 所有的这些表演都有一个相同的特点…… All these shows have one thing______ _______… 5. 各种各样的人都参加这些表演。 ______ _______ ______people join these shows. 6. 那由你决定。 That’s _____ ______you to decide. 7. 当人们观看表演时,他们通常发挥决定冠军的作。 When people watch the show, they usually _____ _____ _____ _____ deciding the winner. 8. 有些人认为表演者的生活是编造的。 Some think that the lives of the performers are ______ ______. 解难探究 1. That's up to you to decide.那由你来决定。 (1)be up to 是……的职责;由……决定; be up to sb.由某人决定;随某人 【应用】Noodles or dumplings?It's ______ _____ _____. 吃面条还是水饺?由你决定。 (2)be up to sb. to do sth.应由某人做某事,常用it作形式主语。 【应用】 It's______ _______ ______ the clothes.应由我来选择衣服。 2. When people watch the show,they usually play a role in deciding the winner.当人们在观看节目时,他们通常在决定获胜者方面起到一定作用。 (1)本句是含有时间状语从句的复合句。 (2)play a role 发挥作用;有影响 【应用】 If you go there,you will ______ _______ ______. 如果你去那儿,你会起作用的。 (3)play a role in 在……中起作用;扮演角色,in是介词,后接名词、代词或动词?ing形式。 【应用】 We can invite Li Ming to______ _______ ______ _____the play. 我们可以邀请李明在剧中扮演角色。 Our teacher ______ _______ ______ ______ _______the monitor. 我们的老师在挑选班长中起了作用。 3. For example,people who say they are poor farmers are in fact just actors.例如,说自己是贫穷农民的人实际上正是演员。 (1)本句含有一个定语从句。who say they are poor farmers作了people的定语。 (2)for example 例如,作插入语,可放在句首、句中和句末,相当于for instance。 【应用】 A lot of people,______ _______ ,Tom,want to watch football games.许多人,比如汤姆,想看足球比赛。 拓展提升 辨析for example和 such as 二者都有“例如”的意思,但使用时有不同:◆for example用来举例说明某一论点或情况,一般只举同类人或物中的“一个”为例,作插入语,用逗号隔开,可位于句首、句中或句末。【应用】Ball games,______ _______,have spread around the world. 例如,球类运动已经在世界各地传播开了。◆such as用来列举事物时,一般列举同类人或事物中的几个例子。插在被列举的事物与前面的名词之间,as后面不可有逗号。【应用】Some of the rubbish, ______ _______food,paper and iron,rots away over a long period of time. 有些废物,如剩饭、废纸和废铁,时间一久就烂掉了。 4. But if you don't take these shows too seriously,they are fun to watch.但是如果你不对这些节目太认真的话,它们还是观看起来很有趣的。 (1)本句是含有if引导的条件状语从句的复合句。 (2)take...seriously 认真对待…… take sth. seriously 认真对待某事 take sb. seriously 认真接待某人;重视某人 【应用】 Few people______ the saying______. 几乎没人认真对待这句谚语。 They ______ ______ ________ at the party yesterday. 他们昨天在宴会上热情接待了我。 5. And one great thing about them is that they give people a way to make their dreams come true.关于它们的一件重要的事是:它们给人们提供了一个实现梦想的途径。 (1)本句中含有一个表语从句的复合句。句中“that they give people a way to make their dreams come true”是表语从句,作了is的表语。to make their dreams come true是不定式作a way的定语。 (2)give v. 提供;给。是及物动词,其后常跟双宾语,即:give+sb.+sth.,也可用give+sth.+to+sb.结构。 【应用】 She._____ ______ _____ ______=She_____ _____ _____ _____ ______. 她把她的尺子给了吉姆。 【特别提醒 当“某物” 是代词时,只能用“give+代词+to+某人”结构。 This is Tom's pen. Please_____ _____ _____ _____. 这是汤姆的钢笔。请给他。 重点归纳与解难探究参考答案 重点归纳 单词新认知1. 1.performer 2.talent 3.magician 4.role 5.winner 6.prize 7.example 8.有创造力的;创造性的 9.美好的;漂亮的10.每人;人人;所有人 11. 贫穷的;清贫的12. 严重的;严肃的;认真的13.提供;给14.人多的;拥挤的;挤满的短语零距离1.corme true 2.give sb. sth 3.take ..seriously….. 4.for example 5.make up 6.not everybody 7.talent show 8.越来越……9. 世界各地;全世界10.共同;共有11. 等等12.各种各样的13.是…的职责;由….决定14.在……方面发挥作用句型面对面1.to watch 2.more and more popular 3.such as4.in commom5.All kinds of 6.up to 7.play a role in 8.made up解难探究1. up to you ; up to me to choose2. play a role; play a role in ;played a role in choosing 3. for example;for example;such as 4. take; seriously; took me seriously 5. gives Jim her ruler;gives her ruler to Jim;give it to him 专题突破 语法透析(分级精练篇语法专项过关练习见P) 形容词和副词的最高级 一、最高级的比较范围 大家知道形容词和副词有三级:原级、比较级和最高级。 形容词、副词的最高级用于三者或三者以上之间的比较,且形容词最高级前要加定冠词the。 【温馨提示】 形容词最高级前有物主代词、指示代词、名词所有格或专有名词修饰时,不用定冠词the。副词最高级前的the可以省略。 最高级通常有一个比较范围,一般用介词of,in表示一定的范围。of 表示比较的对象属于同一范畴;in则表示不属于同一范畴。 【应用】 He is the cleverest student______ ______. 他是所有学生中最聪明的。(他属于学生) He is the cleverest student ______ ______ _______. 他是他班中最聪明的学生。(他在班级范围内) This is ______ ______ _______book. 这是他最有趣的一本书。 二、形容词和副词最高级的变化 观察下列形容词和副词的词形变化,总结最高级变化: 1.great—greatest;long—longest 2.large—largest;nice—nicest 3.fat—fattest;thin—thinnest 4.happy—happiest;easy—easiest 5.comfortable—most comfortable; interesting—most interesting 6.good—best;badly—worst (一)规则变化的: 单音节词和少数双音节词 1.一般在词后加est,longest 2.不发音e结尾的,直接加st,nicest 3.以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i,再加est,funniest 4.重读闭音节且只有一个辅音字母结尾的,先双写辅音字母,再加est,biggest 5.多音节词和少数双音节词在词前加most,most important (二)不规则变化的: good/well→ best,bad/ill/badly→ worst,many/much→ most,little→ least,far→ farthest/furthest,old→ oldest/eldest 三、形容词和副词最高级的用法 以下几个句子代表了最高级的几点用法,你能总结吗? 【应用】 He is _____ ______ the tallest students in our school. 他是我们学校最高的学生之一。 The Yellow River is ______ ______ ______ river in China. 黄河是中国的第二长河。 Who is _____ ______,Tom,Tim or Jim? 汤姆、蒂姆和吉姆,谁最高? 四、形容词和副词最高级、比较级和原级的互换 有时候,形容词和副词的三个等级之间可以表达相同的含义。 【应用】 This is ____ _____ _____ I have ever seen.=I have never seen ____ _____ _____ before.=I have never seen ____ _____ _____ ______.这是我看过的最好的一部电影。 Miss Li is ____ _____ _____ ______ in our school.=Miss Li is ____ _____ _____ ______ _____ _____in our school. 李老师是我们学校中最受欢迎的老师。 单元写作 写作素材 本单元是写对事物或人物进行比较的文章。通过比较,突出事物的特点,更好地表现文章的主题。在写这样的文章时,要抓住事物或人物的特征,即抓住这个事物或人物区别于其他事物或人物的不同特点,从共性中发现个性,从一般中找到特殊。事物或人物的特征往往在同别的事物或人物的相比较中显示出来。写作时要正确运用本单元的比较等级。 常用短语、句型: 1.so far 到目前为止,迄今为止 2.no problem 没什么,别客气 3.have….in common 有相同特征(想法、兴趣等方面)相同 4.be up to 是……的职责 5.all kinds of ……各种各样的…… 6.play a role 发挥作用,有影响 7.make up 编造(故事、谎言等) 8.for example 例如 9.take …..seriously 认真对待 10.close to 离……近 11.more and more 越来越…… 12.How do you like……. 你认为……怎么样 13.much + 形容词或副词比较级 …….得多 14.watch sb do sth 观看某人做某事 15.play a role in doing sth. 发挥做某事的作用 16.one of +可数名词复数 …..之一…… 17. How do you like it so far? 到目前为止,你认为它怎么样? 18. That's up to you to decide.那由你来决定。 典型例题 学校举办艺术节,请写一篇有关才艺展示的文章。 要求:描写三种或三种以上的节目并对节目进行评价。词数:60~80。 范文: The Talent Show The Famous People Talent Show was fantastic. The funniest performer was Jim Carrey. He sang a cute song as he danced to quiet music. His dance was cheerful and funny. Tom Smith was the quietest performer. He played dumb show which was very interesting. Susan won the prize for the best performer. She played a wonderful violin piece. 点评: 提取出所给提示中的信息,先对所有节目进行总体介绍,然后对节目进行了比较,主要运用了最高级,使节目特色更加突出。 练习 上周,我们进行了一次“我市的一些好场所”的问卷调查,请你根据下面表格所提供的信息写一份调查报告。 注意:1.条理清楚,语句通顺,书写规范; 2.表格内容全部体现在文章中; 3.词数:80词左右。 Place Name Reason high school No.10 High School good teachers,beautiful hospital People's Hospital comfortable beds,friendly service movie theater Modern Cinema big screens clothing store Dongfang Clothing Store good quality,popular radio station Taian 99 FM much news,interesting music _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 语法透析【应用】一、of all; in his class; his most interesting 三、one of;the second longest; the shortest四、the best movie; a better movie ;such a good movie; the most popular teacher; more popular than any other teacher单元写作One possible version Last week we did a survey of the readers about good places in our city. And this is what we learned. Most of the high schools are good,and the No.10 High School is the best in our city. It has the best teachers and it's the most beautiful school. People's Hospital is the best of all the hospitals. It has the most comfortable beds and the friendliest service. Modern Cinema is the best of all the movie theaters. It has the biggest screens. The best clothing store in our city is Dongfang Clothing Store. It has the best quality and it's the most popular store. As for radio station,most young people think Taian 99 FM is the best. It has much news and the most interesting music.

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  • ID:4-4870860 [精]Unit 3 Is this your pencil 重点归纳与解难探究((含答案)

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/七年级上/Unit 3 Is this your pencil?/本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit 3 Is this your pencil? Section A 重点归纳 单词新认知 1. 铅笔 2. 书 3. 橡皮 4. 箱;盒 5.帮助;援助 6. 书包 7. 词典;字典 8. 老师;教师 9. about 10. welcome 11. hers 12. mine 13. excuse 14. me 15. yours 16. thank 17. for 短语零距离 1. pencil box 2. excuse me 3.……怎么样 4.为……而感谢你 5.别客气。 句型面对面 1.—这是你的铅笔吗?--是的,是我的。 --_____this _____ pencil? --Yes, _____ _____. It’s _______. 2.—那是你的书包吗?--不,不是我的。那是他的。 --_____ ______ your schoolbag? --No, it _______. ____his. 3. 打扰了,吉娜。 _____ _______, Gina. 4.这块橡皮是她的。这本字典呢? This eraser is _______. ______ ______this dictionary? 5.谢谢你的帮助。 Thank you ____your _______. 6. --这些是你的书吗? --_______ ______your books? --是的,是我的。 --Yes, ______ ______. 7.-那些是你的钥匙吗? --_____ those _____keys? --不,不是我的。那是她的。 --No,_____._____.They are ______. 解难探究 1. --Is that your schoolbag?那是你的书包吗? --No, it isn’t. It’s his.不,不是。 它是他的。 (1) 这是一个be动词开头的一般疑问句。在英语中一般疑问句是对一件事情或某种情况是否真实而提出疑问的句子。 含有be动词(am,is,are)的陈述句变一般疑问句的方法是把be动词提前到句首, 结构为“Be+主语+其他”?;回答时用Yes或No开头作简略回答。 【应用】 --_____ that your pen? --那是你的钢笔吗? --____ this your schoolbag?—这是你的书包吗? 以上两句都是一般疑问句。Is this …? 用来指代距说话人距离较近的人或物;而Is that…?与this 相对应,用来指代替距说话时较远的人或物。回答时都是用it来代替this或that。 肯定回答为“Yes, it is.”;此时it is 不能缩写为it’s。 (2) his 是名词性物主代词 your意为“你的”,是形容词性物主代词,放在名词前;his意为“他的”,是名词词性物主代词,相当于 “his+名词”。 【应用】 Is this _____ book?这是你的书吗? That is not Tom’s dictionary. _____ is in the bag.那不是汤姆的字典。 他的在书包里。 拓展提升 ◆ 名词性物主代词常用来代替前面提及的名词,相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”。【应用】My bike is red.____ is black. 我的自行车是红色的。你的是黑色的。◆名词性物主代词也可用在of后面作定语,相当于“of+ 名词所有格”,不是带有部分概念或有一定的感情色彩。【应用】She is a friend of_____. 她是我的一个朋友。◆形容词性物主代词在句中作定语修饰名词,一般不独立使用。【应用】Is this_____ sister?这是你的姐姐吗? 2. --Are these your pencils?--这些是你的铅笔吗? --No, they aren’t. They are hers. –不,他们是。他们是我的。 (1) Are these…?句型为一般疑问句,用来询问较近的一些人或物的情况, 肯定回答为Yes, they are.否定回答为No, they aren’t. 【应用】 --Are these books yours?—这些书是你的吗? --Yes, they are.--是的,他们是。 (2)no是感叹词,意为“不, 不是”, 对应于yes用来做否定回答。Not副词,意为“不是”;通常位于be单词(am ,is, are)、助动词(do, odes, did)、情态动词(can, must, should, must)后构成否定句。【应用】 -Is this your ruler?—这是你的尺子? --No, it isn’t. It’s hers.—不,不是。它是她的。 拓展提升 辨析 no 与not no 与not 都有“不,不是”的意思, 但它们在用法上有所不同。 讲解 应用 no no用作感叹词,可单独使用,主要用于一般疑问句简略回答的开头,其反义词是yes。 --Is this your schoolbag?—_____, it isn’t. --这是的书包吗? --不,它不是。 no作限定词修饰名词,既可修饰可数名词,又可修饰不可数名词;当修饰可数名词单数时,no=not a/an;修饰复数名词时,no=not any。 There are _____ books in the bag.=There are ____ _____ books in the bag. 包里没有书。 not not 作副词,不能单独使用, 需放在be动词,情态动词、助动词之后构成否定。 This ______ my ruler. 这不是我的尺子。 3. Excuse me, Grace. 劳驾,格蕾丝。 Excuse me 意为“打扰了,请原谅,对不起,劳驾您”。位于句子开头,多用于像对方提出请求,询问情况,大脚别人时,向对方表示歉意。具体有以下几种情况: (1)向不认识的人问路。 【应用】 _______ _______, is there a bank near here? 劳驾,请问这附近有银行吗? (2) 向别人询问情况。 【应用】 _______ _______ are you Mr. Li? 请问那是李先生吗? (3) 客气地请别人帮助自己做某事。 【应用】 _______ _______, can you help me with my work? 劳驾,你能帮我完成我的工作吗? (4) 做出不适当的行为请求对方谅解。 【应用】 _______ _______, may I go out? 抱歉, 我可以出去吗? (5) 想要引起别人的注意。 【应用】 _______ _______, please listen to me.各位,请听我说。 拓展提升 excuse me 主要用于打扰别人或有事请求别人帮忙的开头语,用于事前。【应用】_______ _______ is this your pencil? 打扰了,这是你的铅笔吗? Sorry/I’m sorry 意为“对不起”,表歉意、道歉。用于事后。【应用】_____ _____. I'm late again .对不起,我又迟到了。 4. What about this dictionary?这本字典呢? What about…? 意为“如何,好吗,怎么样”, 同义句为How about…?, 常用于征求对方意见,其后可接名词、代词或动名词。【应用】 ________ ______ a cup of tea?喝杯茶好吗? 拓展提升 What /How about…的意思和用法基本相同,常用在以下场合: (1)向对方提出建议或请求。 【应用】 ________ ______ a glass of milk? 喝杯牛奶怎么样? (2)征询对方的看法或意见。 【应用】 ________ ______ the new schoolbag? 你认为那个新书包怎么样? (3)寒暄时用来承接上下文。 【应用】 I am from Shanghai. ________ ______ you? 我来自上海, 你呢? 5. Thank you for your help,Anna.安娜,多谢你的帮助。 (1)thank v.“感谢”,及物动词,其后可直接接宾语,即感谢的对象,语气较强。 【应用】 ______ ______ very much.非常感谢你。 ______ ______for helping me.谢谢你帮助了我。 =______ ______for your help. =______for your help. (2)help v.﹠n. 帮助;援助 拓展提升 ◆help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事【应用】I help them ______ the books to the teacher. 我帮他们带书本给老师。◆help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事【应用】Mary _____ her mother _____ housework at weekends. 玛丽周末帮她妈妈做家务。◆help oneself 随便吃点(食物)【应用】Help ______ ______ some fish.随便吃点鱼吧。◆help n. 帮助【应用】Many thanks for your_____.多谢你的帮助。 参考答案 重点归纳 单词新认知1. pencil 2. book 3. eraser 4. box 5. help 6. schoolbag 7. dictionary 8. teacher 9. on 10. 受欢迎的 11. 她的12. 我的13. 原谅;宽恕14. (I 的宾格) 我15. 你的(名词性物主代词)16. 感谢17. 为了;给;对 短语零距离1. 文具盒 2. 请原谅3. What about...? 4. thank you for.../thanks for... 5. You're welcome.句型面对面1. Is this; it is; mine 2. Is that; isn’t; It’s 3. Excuse me 4. hers; What about 5. for help 6. Are those, They are 7. Are your ;they aren’t, hers 解难探究【应用】1.(1) Is, Is (2) your, His ; Yours; mine; your 2. No; no; not any ; isn’t 3. Excuse me; Excuse me; Excuse me; Excuse me ; Excuse me . Excuse me I’m sorry 4. What /How about; What /How about; What /How about; What /How about 5. (1)Thank you; Thank you; Thank you; Thanks (2) (to) take; helps, with; yourself to; help Section B 重点归纳 单词新认知 1. 棒球___________ 2. 表;手表___________ 3. 游戏;运动;比赛___________ 4. 卡片___________ 5. 笔记本___________ 6. 戒指___________ 7.包;袋___________ 8. 在......里___________ 9. 图书馆___________ 10. ask___________ 11. some ___________ 12. find ___________ 13. lost ___________ 14. classroom ___________ 15. e-mail___________ 16. at ___________ 17. call __________ 18. must___________ 19. set___________ 短语零距离 1. ask... for... 2. cal1…at... 3. computer game 4. 身份证 5.一串钥匙 6. 在学校图书馆 7. 给我发电子邮件 句型面对面 1. 你如何拼写它? ______ ______ you _____it? 2.一张电子游戏在学校图书管理。。 A computer game ________ ________ the ________ ________. 3.我丢了学生证。 I ______my _______ _________. 4.我必须找到它。 I _______ _______it. 5.给我打电话号码是685-6034. ________ _______ _______685-6034。 6. 向老师要你的电脑。 _______ the teacher ________your computer. 解难探究 1. You’re welcome.不用谢/不客气。 (1)You are welcome.用于礼貌的回答别人的感谢,意为“别客气,不用谢”。 【应用】 --Thank you, Miss Li!—______ _______ ________. --谢谢你,李老师。--不用谢。 拓展提升 当别人说Thank you./Thanks./Thank you very much./Thanks a lot.等时,可以用You’re welcome.这类礼貌用语来回答。常用来致谢的答语还有: That’s all right./That’s OK. Not at all./It’s my pleasure. (2)welcome 形容词,意为“受欢迎的”。 【应用】 You are a welcome girls.你是一个受欢迎的女孩。 拓展提升 welcome 除了作形容词外,还可以作感叹词、动词和名词。◆感叹词,“欢迎(光临)”。【应用】_______ _______ China.欢迎来到中国。◆动词,“欢迎,迎接”。【应用】He came to the door to ______ _______.他到门口来迎接我。◆名词,“欢迎,迎接,款待”。【应用】She gave us_____ ______ _____. 他给了我们一个热烈的欢迎。 2. It’s a watch.它是一块手表。 (1)watch可数名词,意为“手表”,其复数形式是在词尾加-es, 即watches。 【应用】 This is my _______.这是我的手表。 拓展提升 辨析 watch与clock ◆watch(表)指戴在手腕上的手表、挂在胸前的怀表或用来计时的秒表◆clock(钟表)指我们生活中的钟表、挂钟、闹钟等,常用来掌握时间,多带有闹钟的功能,以提醒人们注意时间◆clock与 o’clock 在形式上只有很小的差别,但意义不同:clock的意思是“钟表”。而o’clock的意思是“点钟”,表示整点。例如:five o’clock 5点钟。 (2)watch可作及物动词,意为“观看,注视”, 后接电视、比赛、节目等作宾语。 3. How do you spell it? 你怎样拼写它? (1)这是一个以how引导的特殊疑问句,用于询问别人如何拼写某个单词。spell 是实义动词,意为“拼写”。此句的回答方式和“Spell it, please.”的回答方式一样。拼写某个单词, 用其大写字母,字母之间用连字符。 【应用】 -______ do you ______“pencil”? 你怎么拼写它? - P-E-N-C-I-L. - P-E-N-C-I-L。 (2)how是疑问副词, 意为“怎么样”, 常用来询问某人的身体状况。如:How is your uncle?你叔叔好吗?还能构成一些特殊疑问词组how old询问年龄;how much 询问价格;how many/much询问数量。 (3 句中的do 是助动词,用来帮助实义动词构成疑问句。在一般现在时态中,当句中的主语是第三人称单数时,用does。do 和does 都无具体的意义,只起结构上的作用,他们还可以帮助实义动词构成否定句。 【应用】 _____you like apples? 你喜欢苹果吗? I _____ know your uncle.我不认识你叔叔。 拓展提升 do还可作普通的实义动词,意为“做”。do one’s homework 做作业。 4. I must find it. 我必须找到它。 (1)must是情态动词,意思是“必须,得”,没有人称、数和时态的变化,后接动词原形,表示义务、命令或必须,语气生硬。。 【应用】 You _______get home by six. 你必须在六点以前回家。 (2) find意为“找到、发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况,强调的是找的结果。 【应用】 I can’t ______ my keys. 我找不到我的钥匙。 I hope t______ _____ my lost ring soon . 我希望尽快找到丢失的戒指。 参考答案 重点归纳 单词新认知1. baseball 2. watch 3. game 4. card 5.notebook 6. ring 7. bag 8..in 9. library 10. 询问;问 11. 一些;某些12. 找到;发现13. 遗失;丢失14. 教室. 15. 电子邮件16. 提供电话号码时使用 在(某处;某时间;某时刻)17. 给(……)打电话 18. 必须19. 一套;一副;一组短语零距离1. 向……要…… 2. 拨打电话……联系…… 3. 电脑游戏 4. ID card 5. a set of keys 6. in the school library 7. e-mail me句型面对面1. How do spell 2. is in school library 3. lost school ID card. 4. must find 5.Call me at 6. Ask for 解难探究【应用】1. (1) You are welcome (2) Welcome to; welcome me ; a warm welcome 2. watch 3. (1)How ,spell (2) Do,don’t; 4. (1)must (2) find,to find 专题突破 语法透析 系动词be构成的一般疑问句 一般疑问句是疑问句家庭中最活跃的成员,下面我们从三个方面学习系动词be构成的一般疑问句。 (一)构成 一般疑问句用来询问某事物或情况是否属实,需要对方做出肯定或否定的回答。其结构为:be动词(is, am, are)或助动词(do, does)或情态动词(can, may)等+主语+其他成分? 【应用】 _____ this a map? 这是一张地图吗? _____ you spell your name? 你会拼写你的名字吗? (二)如何回答 一般疑问句常用”Yes,主语 + be(do, can)“表示肯定的回答;常用”No,主语 + be(do, can) + not”表示否定的回答。 【应用】 --Is that a plane? --那是一架飞机吗? --_____,_____ _____.--是,是的。 --Is this your watch? --这是你的手表吗? --_____,_____ _____. It’s his. --不,不是,是他的。 对于一般疑问句的回答也不可千篇一律用yes或no。以后,我们会学到用certainly表示肯定,用sorry表示否定的灵活答语。 【应用】 --Excuse me. Can you help me, please? 劳驾,你能帮助我吗? --_______. 当然。 (三)语音语调 在朗读一般疑问句时,用升调读。对其简略答语用降调。 【应用】 --Are you in Grade ↗ Seven?-你是七年级的吗? --Yes, I ↘ am. --是的,我是。 --Is it a ↗ ruler? -它是尺子吗? --Yes, it ↘ is.-- 是的,它是。 单元写作 写作素材 1. excuse me请原谅,打扰了 2. What about...?……怎么样? 3. thank you for.../thanks for...为……感谢 4. You're welcome.不客气 5. a set of keys一串钥匙 6. in the school library在学校图书馆 7. e-mail me给我发电子邮件 8. in the lost and found box在失物招领处 9. How do you spell it?你怎么拼写它? 10. A computer game is in the school library.学校图书馆里有个游戏机。 11.Is this your pencil?这是你的铅笔吗? 12. I lost my school ID card.我丢失了学生证。 【写作技巧】 本单元要求写关于失物招领或寻物启事的短文。失物招领或寻物启事属于应用文,在写这样的文章时,要注意写清需要寻找或拾到的物品的名称、失主或捡到物品的人的姓名及联系方式等。同时还要注意: 1.仔细阅读作文要求或提示,明确是写失物招领还是寻物启事。想清楚其格式。 2.准备好写作素材,确定所要用的句型。 3.注意所用语言:无论是失物招领还是寻物启事都要力求言简意赅,让人一看就懂。 典型例题 假如你是英国一所中学的学生辛迪(Lucy)。你在校园里捡到一个黄色书包,内有红色钥匙一把。你的联系电话是876?2258。 范文: Found: A yellow schoolbag. A red key is in it. My name is Lucy. Please call me at876?2258. 点评: 点评:本文开篇点题,点明了是失物招领,让人一看,清楚、明白。紧接着指出了捡到的物品名称(背包),及其特征(红色),让认领者知道。最后提醒失主与谁联系以及联系电话。整篇文章清楚明白,言简意赅。 练习 辛迪在失物招领箱里发现了莉莉丢失的红色钢笔。辛迪想让莉莉拨打321?5656 联系布莱克先生拿回她的钢笔。假如你是辛迪,请给莉莉写一则留言。 语法透析(一)Is ;Can (二)Yes, it is; No, it isn’t.; Certainly单元写作单元写作One possible version Helen, Helen,Your red pen is in the lost and found box. You can call Mr. Black .His telephone number is 321?5656.Cindy

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  • ID:4-4869469 [精]Unit3 I'm more outgoing than my sister. 同步语法讲解+同步语法练习卷

    初中英语/新目标(Go for it)版/八年级上/Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister./本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit3 I’m more out-going than my sister Grammar Focus(语法同步讲) 语法一、形容词比较级的用法 形容词 比较:形容词比较级的用法(less/more...than) (1)形容词比较级的变化: 单音节形容词和部分双音节形容词的比较级一般是在词尾加-er构成,但是少部分双音节形容词和所有的多音节形容词的比较级一般是在其前加more构成。形容词比较级不规则变化的有:good / well—better;bad / ill—worse;many / much—more;little—less;far—farther / further等。 例:Nothing is more enjoyable than playing tennis. 没有什么比打网球更令人愉快的了。 例:She is feeling worse today. 她今天感觉更糟。 (2)形容词比较级的用法(难点more/less.......than) Pencil A is shorter than pencil B. 基本结构: A+be+形容词比较级+than+B more+形容词原级 interesting→more interesting important→more important This book is more interesting than that one.(同义句转换) →That book is less interesting than this one. 那本书比这本没那么有趣. 积极比较级(interesting→more interesting); 消极比较级(形容词→less +形容词) Exercises: 1.If you lose weight ,you will have a happier and _________(healthy) life . 2.Nothing is ________ (important) in my life than singing .(同义句转换) → Everything in my life is___________than singing . 语法二:形容词、副词的同级比较 Flash speaks not as fast as Nick. Judy speaks as fast as Nick. 同级比较: 肯定形式:as+adj./adv.原级+as 否定形式:not as/so......as (1)同级比较肯定式: You look as young as he (looks). John fought as bravely as his father (fought). English is as important a subject as math. (2)同级比较否定式→比较级肯定式 The question is not so /as difficult as that one . →The question is less difficult than that one . Susan sings less wonderfully than Linda. →Susan does not sing as/so wonderfully as Linda. Exercises: 1.John is much shorter than his sister but he jumps ___________she . so high as B.so higher as C.as high as D.as higher as 2.Don’t just believe the advertisement .That kind of camera is ________it says . as good as B.not as good as C.as well as D.not as well as 语法三:可以修饰形容词比较级的词 The toy dog is much /far /a lot more expensive than the toy bear . The toy bear is a little /a bit /a little bit cheaper than the toy rabbit . “......得多” much,far,a lot , even , still “...一点” a little , a bit , a little bit Exercises: 1.今天比昨天热得多了。 Today is__________ than yesterday. 2.与其他学生相比,这个男孩成长得有一点点慢。 The boy is growing ___________than other boys. Exercises答案: 语法一、形容词比较级的用法 1.healthier 2.more important less important 语法二:形容词、副词的同级比较 1.C 2.D 语法三:可以修饰形容词比较级的词 1.much/far/a lot hotter 2. a little/a bit/ a little bit more slowly 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister Grammar Focus(语法同步练) 一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级 1.outgoing________ 2.loudly_________ 3.friendly ________ 4.serious ________ 5.little __________ 6.many/much ________ 7.far _________ 8.short _________ 9.early _________ 10.important ________ 11.good/well _______ 12.bad/ill __________ 二、单项选择及填空 1.Today's tennis match is ______ than last week's match. A. exciting ?B. excitinger ?C. more excitingD. most exciting 2.-What a clear sky it is today! -Yes. I have never seen ______ sky. A.?a more beautiful B. a most beautiful?? C. the more beautiful D. the most beautiful 3.Of the two skirts,she chose _______one. A less expensive B the least expensive C the less expensive D the most expensive 4.深圳将来会像香港一样繁忙。 Shenzhen will become ______ ______ ______ Hong Kong in the future.? 5.我姐姐没有我高。 My sister is ______ ______ ______ ______ me.? 6.我怎样才能和他画得一样好? How can I draw ______ ______ ______ him? 7.John is much shorter than his sister,?but he jumps ______ she does. A. so high as??? ???????????B. so higher as??? ???????????????C. as high as??? ??????????D. as higher as 8.This dictionary is ______ thicker than mine. A. more ????B. many ?????C. little ?????D. a little? 9.飞机比火车快多了。 The plane goes ______ faster than the train. 10.Every student needs to use ______ more time to study. A. much ??????B. many ??????C. more ??????D. most 三、短文填空 阅读短文,用所给词的适当形式填空。 Martin and Jill are having their lunch in a restaurant .Martin’s car and Jill’s car are outside the restaurant .Jill is looking through the window at the cars and scooters(低座小摩托车). “I think scooters are (1)______(good )than cars ,”Jill says .“They only need a little petrol (汽油),so they are (2)______(cheap ).And I think they are easier to drive .” “Oh ,cars are (3)____________(expensive ),that's true ,”Martin says .“And they're (4)__________(difficult )to drive .But cars are (5)_____(big) than scooters ,so they can take (6)_______(many)people .They are much (7)______(quiet ).And they can make people feel (8)_______(warm )than scooters on cold days .” 四、中考实战演练 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.(淮安)I can't understand your suggestion .Would you mind explaining it __________(clear)? 2.(淮安)They are looking forward to ______(win) the first prize in the coming competition . 3.(安顺)--How are you today ? --I’m feeling much _______(bad)than yesterday . 4.(广州)Be_______(quiet)!The students are having a physics test in the next room . 5.(荆州)--Joe ,would you please drive a little _______(fast )than before ? 参考答案: 一、 1.more outgoing 2.more loudly 3.friendlier 4.more serious 5.less 6.more 7.farther/further 8.shorter 9.earlier 7.more important 11.better 12.worse 二、 1.根据than可知用比较级,排除A和D。exciting是多音节形容词,比较级是在其前加more,因此该题选C。 2.根据句意“--今天的天空真晴朗啊!?--是的,我从未见过比这更美丽的天空了”可知用比较级,排除B和D。a more beautiful sky意为“一个更美丽的天空”,与以前作比较。the more beautiful sky意为“那个更美丽的天空”,特指两者之中“比较美丽的天空”,不合题意。因此,该题选A。 3.考察消极比较级,less+形容词,表示”没那么...”,故选A. 4.as… as…和……一样……,两个as中间需用形容词或副词的原级。busy意为“繁忙的”。 as;busy;as 5.这里用的是as…as的否定形式,not as/so…as句型,表示“……不如……怎么样”。 not;as|so;tall;as 6..as;well;as 7.用as/so…as作比较时,应使用形容词或副词的原级,可排除B、D;so...as结构一般用于否定句中而不用于肯定句中,故答案为C。 8.考查形容词或副词比较级的修饰词,这里只有a little可以,因此该题选D。 9.much/far/even修饰副词的比较级,表示程度。much|far|even 10.修饰比较级应该用much,因此应该选A。 三、 1.better 2.cheaper 3.more expensive 4.more difficult 5.bigger 6.more 7.quieter 8.warmer 四、 1.more clearly 2.winning 3.worse 4.quiet 5.faster 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4868533 [精]高考一轮复习学案 第12讲 主谓一致(解析版+原卷版)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    第 11 讲 主谓一致(原卷版) 主谓一致是历年高考试题中的考查内容之一,单纯考查主谓一致的情况较少,更多时候与动词的时态、语态结合考查,它主要以语法填空和短文改错的形式来呈现,包括语法一致、意义一致和就近一致等。考生在掌握主谓一致的基本原则的同时,要特别注意意义一致原则,具体为:分数、百分数、不定式、动名词、从句等用作主语时的主谓一致和定语从句中的主谓一致情况。 一、定义 在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主谓一致。 二、三个原则 主谓一致坚持三个原则:语法一致、逻辑意义一致和就近一致原则。 三、分类讲解 (一)语法一致原则: 语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。 1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。 如: Most Londoners are not happy with the idea. (外研M2) Giving up using the Net is the best decision I' ve ever made. (北师大U4) What attracts people to California is its pleasant climate and relaxed lifestyle. (人教U1) Bushwalking,fishing,horse riding, tennis, golf and sailing are all popular. (北师大U12) 2、主语为单数名词或代词,尽管后面跟有with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including,in addition to;such as等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数,谓语用复数形式。 如: The students, together with their teacher, are going to have a picnic this weekend. Prounctation, as well as grammar and vocabu lary, changes very quickly from one area to another. (外研M4) 3、不定代词作主语 主语为 one, another, the other, either, each, somebody, anybody, everybody, nobody, someone,anyone,everyone, no one, something, anything, everything, nothing等不定代词时,谓语用单数形式。 如: London knows exactly how many species of plants and animals there are on Earth. (北师大U22) Everyone was calm. (北师大⑧U23) One is from the USA and the other two are from the UK.(译林⑥U3) Another is to ensure all children complete primary education.(译林⑥U4) 4、定语从句中关系代词作主语 在定语从句关系代词that, who, which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 如:We saw abadoned?farms?which?were?built?more?than?a?hundred?years?ago. (外研社M3) I turned?around?and?glared?at?the?person?who?was?humming.(北师大U13) 5、以s结尾的名词作主语 1 trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, 等词作主语时,谓语用复数,但如果这些名词前有a (the) pair of等量词修饰时,谓语动词用单数。 如:My glasses are broken. The pair of shoes under the bed is his. 2 一些学科名词是以 –ics 结尾,如:mathematics, politics, physics 以及news, works等,都属于形式上是复数的名词,实际意义为单数名词,它们作主语时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:The paper works was built in 1990. I think physics isn’t easy to study. 6、在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。 如:There comes the bus. On the wall are many pictures. Such is the result. Such are the facts. (二)逻辑意义一致原则: 逻辑意义一致就是谓语动词的数必须和主语的意义一致;因为有时主语形式为单数,但意义为复数;有时主语形式为复数,但意义为单数。 1、what, who, which, any, more, all等代词可以是单数,也可是复数,主要靠意思来决定。如:Which is your bag? Which are your bags? All is going well. All have gone to Beijing. 2、表示“时间、重量、长度、价值”等的名词的复数作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式, 这是由于作主语的名词在概念上是一个整体, 如:Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 3、集体名词作主语 1 如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其谓语动词就用复数形式。这些词有family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。 如:Class Four is on the third floor. Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. 2 people, police, cattle等名词一般都用作复数。 如:The police are looking for the lost child. 4、分数百分数作主语 由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词”构成的短语以及由“分数或百分数+名词”构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。 如:There are a lot of people in the classroom . The rest of the lecture is wonderful. 50% of the students in our class are girls. 5、“定冠词the + 形容词或分词”,表示某一类人时,动词用复数。 (三)就近一致原则: 在英语句子中,有时谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。 1、当两个主语由either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also连接时,谓语动词和邻近的主语一致。 如:Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. / Is neither he nor they wholly right? 2、there be句型be动词单复数取决于其后的主语。如果其后是由and连接的两个主语,则应与靠近的那个主语保持一致。 如:There are two chairs and a desk in the room.. 注意:Here引导的句子用法同上。 1、 语法一致中的易错点 1.由what引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或what从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 如:What I bought were three English books. What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 2、由连接词and或both … and连接起来的合成主语后面,要用复数形式的谓语动词。 如:Lucy and Lily are twins. She and I are classmates. The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 注意: 1 若and所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。 如:The writer and artist has come. 2 由and连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:Every student and every teacher was in the room.. No boy and no girl likes it. 3.either, neither, each, every 或no +单数名词和由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。 如:Each of us has a new book. Everything around us is matter. 注意:① 在口语中当either或neither后跟有“of+复数名词(或代词)”作主语时,其谓语动词也可用复数。如:Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. ② 若none of后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可以。如:None of us has (have) been to America. 二、意义一致中的易错点 1、算式中表示数目(字)的主语通常作单数看待,其谓语动词采用单数形式。 如:Twelve plus eight is twenty. / Fifty-six divided by eight is seven. 2、若英语是书名、片名、格言、剧名、报名、国名等的复数形式,其谓语动词通常用单数形式。 如: “The Arabian Nights”is an interesting story-book. 3、表数量的短语“one and a half”后接复数名词作主语时,其谓语动词可用单数形式(也可用复数。 如:One and a half apples is (are) left on the table. 4、两组形近词组区别 1 a number of 与the number of 作主语 a number of“许多”,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数; the number of“…的数量”,主语是number,谓语用单数。 2 “a quantity of+名词”与“ quantities of+名词”作主语 “a quantity of+不可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 “ a quantity of+可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 “ quantities of+不可数名词/可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 如: A large quantiry of milk was reported not to reach the standard. A large quantity of drugs were found in his room. Quantities of nuts are on the table. 三、就近一致中的易错点 1." more than one+单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语 “more than one +单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语时,在意义上都是复数。但谓语动词要用单数,这是由与其邻近的单数名词所决定的。例如: More than one worker has been employed. Many a player has succeeded in the competition. 知识点一 主谓一致与定语从句结合的考查 例1.【2017· 江苏】24.The publication of Great Expectations, which _______ both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist. A. is B. are C. was D. were 【答案】C 【解析】考查主谓一致。先行词是Great Expectations,“Great Expectations”是书名,看做单数,所以定语从句的谓语也要使用单数形式;根据“strengthened”可知,说的是过去,故选C。句意:《远大前程》的出版获得了广泛的认可和高度的赞扬,这坐实了狄更斯作为前沿小说家的地位。 变式训练 1: Their chidren could become (addict) to video games during the July-August holiday. (2018年9月河北质量检测语法填空)  知识点二 主谓一致与动词时态语态结合的考查 例2.【2017·天津卷】 Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, _______ as one of the best all-round forms of exercise. A. regard B. is regarded C. are regarded D. regards 【答案】B 【解析】根据动词短语regard…as…把….看作…和句意确定应该用被动语态,排除A和D,再根据主语部分是由介词短语along with连接的三个动名词作主语,该谓语动词应该就前一致,要用单数,排除C,故选B。 变式训练 2:【2017·南京市、盐城市高三模拟】 If people outside China learned a bit about jasmine tea culture,they would realize there ________ a lot of enjoyment in it. 知识点三 主谓一致和倒装句结合的考查 例3.【2018·东北三省三校模拟】Airports have doors. So do a helicopter. 【答案】do改为does 【解析】分析句子结构可知,句子为“倒装句”结构,a helicopter为主语,又根据前一句时态,故用does形式。 变式训练 3: 【2018.石家庄9月检测】Between the two buildings ________(stand)our library which is my favorite place on campus. 知识点四 主谓一致和主语从句结合的考查 例4.【2017·江西余江二模】How close teachers and friends are to the kids________(have)a strong influence on the development of their characters. 【答案】has 【解析】句意:老师和朋友对孩子的亲密程度对孩子性格的形成有很强烈的影响。分析结构可知,此处为主语从句How close teachers and friends are to the kids作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数,故has正确。     知识点五 主谓一致和特殊句式结合的考查 例5.【2017·浙江高考】—The movie starts at 8:30,and we can have a quick bite before we go. —__________(sound)great.See you at 8:10. 【答案】Sounds 【解析】句意:——电影在八点半开始,我们走之前可以迅速吃点东西。——听起来很棒。此处为省略句, That sounds great.为其完整形式。 变式训练 5 【2017·浙江高考】The more embarrassing or shameful the secret is,the juicier the gossip it________ (make). 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Tea,a popular drink in China and many other countries, (be)carefully prepared according to local customs.(2018陕西质量检测65) 2. With the freedom (come)strong privacy protection. (2018吉林实验中学第六次考试63)  3. The atmosphere there were very lively and pleasant. (2018唐山市高三检测短文改错) 4. Second,seeing a flim,listening to music or hanging out with our friends are exicting. (2018湖北八校联考改错改编) 5. Now the city wants larger lorries that cause more pollution to use biofuel, which are produced from waste. (2018安徽六校高三二联改错) 二、阅读下面材料,在空白处填入括号内单词的适当形式填空 Many people in the cities of Los Angeles, Miami, and New York (enjoy)several kinds of popular music. Many a music lover, whether young or old, (like) jazz and blues. Many Americans, as well as people from around the world , (dance) to the loud music known as salsa. The syncopated rhythms of calypso music (be) popular among people who like the steel drum. Very popular in some communities (be) Mexican folk songs called rancheras. From the recording studios (come) one new popular hit afteranother. Usually thousands of dollars (be) the sum needed to record a new song. In many American cities, neither the Motown tunes of the 1960s nor rock-and-roll (have) gone out of style. Ask whether your family or friends enjoy a special kind of music. 1 第 11 讲 主谓一致(解析版) 主谓一致是历年高考试题中的考查内容之一,单纯考查主谓一致的情况较少,更多时候与动词的时态、语态结合考查,它主要以语法填空和短文改错的形式来呈现,包括语法一致、意义一致和就近一致等。考生在掌握主谓一致的基本原则的同时,要特别注意意义一致原则,具体为:分数、百分数、不定式、动名词、从句等用作主语时的主谓一致和定语从句中的主谓一致情况。 一、定义 在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主谓一致。 二、三个原则 主谓一致坚持三个原则:语法一致、逻辑意义一致和就近一致原则。 三、分类讲解 (一)语法一致原则: 语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。 1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。 如: Most Londoners are not happy with the idea. (外研M2) Giving up using the Net is the best decision I' ve ever made. (北师大U4) What attracts people to California is its pleasant climate and relaxed lifestyle. (人教U1) Bushwalking,fishing,horse riding, tennis, golf and sailing are all popular. (北师大U12) 2、主语为单数名词或代词,尽管后面跟有with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including,in addition to;such as等引起的短语,谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数,谓语用复数形式。 如: The students, together with their teacher, are going to have a picnic this weekend. Prounctation, as well as grammar and vocabu lary, changes very quickly from one area to another. (外研M4) 3、不定代词作主语 主语为 one, another, the other, either, each, somebody, anybody, everybody, nobody, someone,anyone,everyone, no one, something, anything, everything, nothing等不定代词时,谓语用单数形式。 如: London knows exactly how many species of plants and animals there are on Earth. (北师大U22) Everyone was calm. (北师大⑧U23) One is from the USA and the other two are from the UK.(译林⑥U3) Another is to ensure all children complete primary education.(译林⑥U4) 4、定语从句中关系代词作主语 在定语从句关系代词that, who, which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 如:We saw abadoned?farms?which?were?built?more?than?a?hundred?years?ago. (外研社M3) I turned?around?and?glared?at?the?person?who?was?humming.(北师大U13) 5、以s结尾的名词作主语 1 trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, 等词作主语时,谓语用复数,但如果这些名词前有a (the) pair of等量词修饰时,谓语动词用单数。 如:My glasses are broken. The pair of shoes under the bed is his. 2 一些学科名词是以 –ics 结尾,如:mathematics, politics, physics 以及news, works等,都属于形式上是复数的名词,实际意义为单数名词,它们作主语时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:The paper works was built in 1990. I think physics isn’t easy to study. 6、在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。 如:There comes the bus. On the wall are many pictures. Such is the result. Such are the facts. (二)逻辑意义一致原则: 逻辑意义一致就是谓语动词的数必须和主语的意义一致;因为有时主语形式为单数,但意义为复数;有时主语形式为复数,但意义为单数。 1、what, who, which, any, more, all等代词可以是单数,也可是复数,主要靠意思来决定。如:Which is your bag? Which are your bags? All is going well. All have gone to Beijing. 2、表示“时间、重量、长度、价值”等的名词的复数作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式, 这是由于作主语的名词在概念上是一个整体, 如:Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 3、集体名词作主语 1 如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其谓语动词就用复数形式。这些词有family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。 如:Class Four is on the third floor. Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. 2 people, police, cattle等名词一般都用作复数。 如:The police are looking for the lost child. 4、分数百分数作主语 由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词”构成的短语以及由“分数或百分数+名词”构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。 如:There are a lot of people in the classroom . The rest of the lecture is wonderful. 50% of the students in our class are girls. 5、“定冠词the + 形容词或分词”,表示某一类人时,动词用复数。 (三)就近一致原则: 在英语句子中,有时谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。 1、当两个主语由either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also连接时,谓语动词和邻近的主语一致。 如:Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. / Is neither he nor they wholly right? 2、there be句型be动词单复数取决于其后的主语。如果其后是由and连接的两个主语,则应与靠近的那个主语保持一致。 如:There are two chairs and a desk in the room.. 注意:Here引导的句子用法同上。 1、 语法一致中的易错点 1.由what引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或what从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 如:What I bought were three English books. What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 2、由连接词and或both … and连接起来的合成主语后面,要用复数形式的谓语动词。 如:Lucy and Lily are twins. She and I are classmates. The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 注意: 1 若and所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。 如:The writer and artist has come. 2 由and连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an)修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:Every student and every teacher was in the room.. No boy and no girl likes it. 3.either, neither, each, every 或no +单数名词和由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。 如:Each of us has a new book. Everything around us is matter. 注意:① 在口语中当either或neither后跟有“of+复数名词(或代词)”作主语时,其谓语动词也可用复数。如:Neither of the texts is (are) interesting. ② 若none of后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可以。如:None of us has (have) been to America. 二、意义一致中的易错点 1、算式中表示数目(字)的主语通常作单数看待,其谓语动词采用单数形式。 如:Twelve plus eight is twenty. / Fifty-six divided by eight is seven. 2、若英语是书名、片名、格言、剧名、报名、国名等的复数形式,其谓语动词通常用单数形式。 如: “The Arabian Nights”is an interesting story-book. 3、表数量的短语“one and a half”后接复数名词作主语时,其谓语动词可用单数形式(也可用复数。 如:One and a half apples is (are) left on the table. 4、两组形近词组区别 1 a number of 与the number of 作主语 a number of“许多”,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数; the number of“…的数量”,主语是number,谓语用单数。 2 “a quantity of+名词”与“ quantities of+名词”作主语 “a quantity of+不可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 “ a quantity of+可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 “ quantities of+不可数名词/可数名词复数”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 如: A large quantiry of milk was reported not to reach the standard. A large quantity of drugs were found in his room. Quantities of nuts are on the table. 三、就近一致中的易错点 1." more than one+单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语 “more than one +单数名词”与“ many a+单数名词”作主语时,在意义上都是复数。但谓语动词要用单数,这是由与其邻近的单数名词所决定的。例如: More than one worker has been employed. Many a player has succeeded in the competition. 知识点一 主谓一致与定语从句结合的考查 例1.【2017· 江苏】24.The publication of Great Expectations, which _______ both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist. A. is B. are C. was D. were 【答案】C 【解析】考查主谓一致。先行词是Great Expectations,“Great Expectations”是书名,看做单数,所以定语从句的谓语也要使用单数形式;根据“strengthened”可知,说的是过去,故选C。句意:《远大前程》的出版获得了广泛的认可和高度的赞扬,这坐实了狄更斯作为前沿小说家的地位。 变式训练 1: Their chidren could become (addict) to video games during the July-August holiday. (2018年9月河北质量检测语法填空)  【答案】addicted   【解析】分析句子结构可知,become为系动词,此处应是填形容词形式作表语addicted。 知识点二 主谓一致与动词时态语态结合的考查 例2.【2017·天津卷】 Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, _______ as one of the best all-round forms of exercise. A. regard B. is regarded C. are regarded D. regards 【答案】B 【解析】根据动词短语regard…as…把….看作…和句意确定应该用被动语态,排除A和D,再根据主语部分是由介词短语along with连接的三个动名词作主语,该谓语动词应该就前一致,要用单数,排除C,故选B。 变式训练 2:【2017·南京市、盐城市高三模拟】 If people outside China learned a bit about jasmine tea culture,they would realize there ________ a lot of enjoyment in it. 【答案】is  【解析】句意:如果国外的人们学一点关于茉莉花茶的文化,他们将会意识到它里面有许多乐趣。主句和从句都是与现在事实相反的虚拟语气,但realize的宾语从句说的是客观事实,应用一般现在时。 知识点三 主谓一致和倒装句结合的考查 例3.【2018·东北三省三校模拟】Airports have doors. So do a helicopter. 【答案】do改为does 【解析】分析句子结构可知,句子为“倒装句”结构,a helicopter为主语,又根据前一句时态,故用does形式。 变式训练 3: 【2018.石家庄9月检测】Between the two buildings ________(stand)our library which is my favorite place on campus. 【答案】stands  【解析】句意:在这两栋建筑之间,矗立着我们的图书馆,这是校园里我最喜欢的地方。表示地点的介词短语位于句首时,句子使用完全倒装语序,再根据主谓一致的原则可知要用stands。 知识点四 主谓一致和主语从句结合的考查 例4.【2017·江西余江二模】How close teachers and friends are to the kids________(have)a strong influence on the development of their characters. 【答案】has 【解析】句意:老师和朋友对孩子的亲密程度对孩子性格的形成有很强烈的影响。分析结构可知,此处为主语从句How close teachers and friends are to the kids作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数,故has正确。     变式训练 4: What we need ________some land where we can plant various kinds of fruit trees throughout the growing seasons of the year. 【答案】is  【解析】句意:我们需要的所有是一些土地,在那上面我们可以在这一年的种植季节里种植各种果树。根据表语some land可知谓语用单数,而根据从句的时态可知所填词用一般现在时。 知识点五 主谓一致和特殊句式结合的考查 例5.【2017·浙江高考】—The movie starts at 8:30,and we can have a quick bite before we go. —__________(sound)great.See you at 8:10. 【答案】Sounds 【解析】句意:——电影在八点半开始,我们走之前可以迅速吃点东西。——听起来很棒。此处为省略句, That sounds great.为其完整形式。 变式训练 5 【2017·浙江高考】The more embarrassing or shameful the secret is,the juicier the gossip it________ (make). 【答案】makes  【解析】该句为“The 比较级+主语,the 比较级+主语”结构,根据前半句时态可知用makes。 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Tea,a popular drink in China and many other countries, (be)carefully prepared according to local customs.(2018陕西质量检测65) 【答案】 is 【解析】该句主语为tea, a popular drink in China and many other countries为同位语,故谓语动词用单数;又陈述一般现象故用一般现在时。 2. With the freedom (come)strong privacy protection. (2018吉林实验中学第六次考试63)  【答案】 comes 【解析】考查时态及主谓一致。本句是倒装句,主语是strong privacy?protection,故谓语动词用单数形式;该句陈述的是一般事实,故用一般现在时,填comes。 3. The atmosphere there were very lively and pleasant. (2018唐山市高三检测短文改错) 【答案】 were改为was. 【解析】The atmosphere为不可数名词,作主语谓语动词用单数。 4. Second,seeing a flim,listening to music or hanging out with our friends are exicting. (2018湖北八校联考改错改编) 【答案】 are改为is. 【解析】seeing a flim,listening to music or hanging out with our friends作主语,谓语动词采用就近原则,hanging out with our friends属于动名词形式做主语,故用is。 5. Now the city wants larger lorries that cause more pollution to use biofuel, which are produced from waste. (2018安徽六校高三二联改错) 【答案】 are改为is . 【解析】which 为关系代词,指代前面的biofuel(不可数名词),根据主谓一致,谓动用单三is。 二、阅读下面材料,在空白处填入括号内单词的适当形式填空 Many people in the cities of Los Angeles, Miami, and New York (enjoy)several kinds of popular music. Many a music lover, whether young or old, (like) jazz and blues. Many Americans, as well as people from around the world , (dance) to the loud music known as salsa. The syncopated rhythms of calypso music (be) popular among people who like the steel drum. Very popular in some communities (be) Mexican folk songs called rancheras. From the recording studios (come) one new popular hit after another. Usually thousands of dollars (be) the sum needed to record a new song. In many American cities, neither the Motown tunes of the 1960s nor rock-and-roll (have) gone out of style. Ask whether your family or friends enjoy a special kind of music. 【答案】1.enjoy 2.likes 3.dance 4. are 5. are 6. comes 7. is 8.has 【解析】 1.enjoy 主语为Many people in the cities of Los Angeles, Miami, and New York,中心词为Many people,客观事实用一般现在时。 2.likes 主语为Many a+n,谓语动词用单数。 3.dance A as well as B作主语,谓语动词由A决定。 4. are 主语中心词为rhythms,谓语动词用复数。 5. are 此句为倒装句,主语为Mexican folk songs。 6. comes此句为倒装句,主语为one new popular hit after another,谓语动词为单数。 7. is thousands of dollars是表示金钱的短语做主语,谓语动词用单数。 8. has neither…nor…作主语,谓语动词采用就近原则,与rock-and-roll一致用单数。 9

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  • ID:4-4860594 [精]Unit3 Animals 知识点总结

    小学英语/人教版(新起点)/五年级上册/Unit 3 Animals/本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit 3 Animals 知识点总结 1. a picture of my favourite animal 我最喜欢动物的图片 1. let me see 让我看看 1. live in the forest 生活在森林里 1. an elephant 一头大象 1. leaf—leaves 叶子 1. live on the grassland 生活在草坪上 1. tooth-teeth 1. tusk 象牙 1. trunk 象鼻 1. banboo 竹子 1. penguin 企鹅 1. live on the ice 生活在冰上 1. tiger in the forest ---animals--black, orange and white elephant on the grassland or in the forest--leaves and grass--big and strong panda in a bamboo forest--eat bamboo--black and white penguin on the ice--small fish--black and white 1. ou out 外面 cloudy 多云的 ground 地 mouse 老鼠 house 房子 ow cow 奶牛 down 向下 brown 棕色的 owl 猫头鹰 bow 鞠躬 1. tibetan antelope 藏羚羊 live in very high places—Qinghai brown and white fur run very fast snow leopard 雪豹 live up in the mountains goats and rabbits brown,black and white fur 1. run very fast 跑的非常快 live up in the mountains 住在山上be in danger 处于危险之中 hunters 猎人 kill 杀死 wild animals 野生动物 take care of=look after 照顾,照看 1. wait for 等待 1. triangle 三角形 1. bone 骨头 1. catch mice 捉老鼠 1. make a new friend 交一个新朋友 too slow to play football 太慢不能 踢球 think about 考虑 1. Where are you going? 你打算去哪? I’m going to the farm. 我要去农场。 What animals do you want to see? 你想看什么动物? I want to see ducks. 我想看鸭子。 What’s your favourite animal? 你最喜欢的动物是什么? My favourite animal is the elephant. 我最喜欢的动物是大象。 A tiger lives in the forest. 老虎住在森林里。 练习题: ( )1. We’re ____ to the park. A. go B.goes C. going D.got ( )2. We like monkeys. _______clever. A. It B. It’s C. They D. They’re ( )3. We want _______the birds. A. see B.sees C.seeing D. to see ( )4. _____favourite animal is the cat. A. I B. My C.Me D. I’s ( )5. What _____your favourite animal? A. is B.are C. do D.does ( )6. -- _____a dog swim?—Yes, it can. A. Is B.Are C.Can D. Do ( )7. A penguin is a bird______ it can’t fly. A.and B.but C.or D.for ( )8. I ______ a new friend . Her name is Lucy. A. do B.make C. play D. sing ( )9.What animal _____you want to see? A. are B. is C. do D.does ( )10. ---Can a horse fly? ---No,_____. A.it can B.it can’t C.it is D. it isn’t 答案:CDDBA CBBCB 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4860426 [精]Unit1 Classmates 知识点总结

    小学英语/人教版(新起点)/五年级上册/Unit 1 Classmates /本单元综合与测试

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 Unit 1 Classmates知识点总结 1. who 对人提问,Bill’s 比尔的 2. talk about sth 讨论某件事情 3. less 单词后缀表否定 careless 粗心的 homeless 无家可归的 useless 没用的 4. take to 带某人去某处 5. so many +可数名词复数 so much +不可数名词 6. make model planes 制作飞机模型 7. listen 听,look 看,后接现在进行时 be doing 8. It’s (= is 是) Tom’s ( …的) pet dog. 9. forget to do sth 忘记做某事 10. feed the dog 喂狗 11. stay with 和..待在一起 12. every day 每天 13. answer questions 回答问题 14. in English class 在英语课上 15. play football 踢足球 play the piano 弹钢琴 16. think 思考 17. say to 跟某人说某事 18. help sb do(to do)sth 帮助某事做某事 19. clean the car 清洗小轿车 20. walk his dog 溜他的狗 21. play with 和…玩 22. bl black黑色 blue蓝色 plane飞机 plate盘子 class班级 clever聪明 gloves手套 glasses 眼镜 fly飞 flag旗 slim苗条的 sleep睡觉 23. Charlie Chaplin 查理﹒卓别林 still仍然 be famous for 因..出名 the Tramp流浪汉 with a little hat带着一顶小帽子 play tricks on 捉弄 was invited 被邀请 at first 起初 is—was walk—walked like—liked help—helped invite---invited don’t—didn’t say—said are—were eat—ate 24.at camp在露营 short矮—tall高 short短—long长 in a boat在一只船上 teach me how to fish 教我如何钓鱼 play a trick捉弄 laugh 大笑 It’s time for sth 到做某事的时间 pick up捡起 rubbish垃圾 it’s time to do sth 该到做某事的时间 go to bed去睡觉 can’t find his glasses 找不到他的眼镜 lose 丢失 child(单)-children(复数)孩子 25. What’s Tom like? 汤姆是什么样的? He’s clever and helpful. 他聪明乐于助人。 He’s very popular. too. 他也很受欢迎。 But sometimes he’s careless. 但是他有时他很粗心。 He walked like a duck. 他走路像只鸭子。 Good night. 晚安。 Thanks for a great day. 感谢美好的一天。 练习题: ( )1. The children are talking ____ the new book. A. about B.in C. with D.at ( )2. Miss Wu is our teacher. She is _______. A. help B. helpful C. helps D. helping ( )3. Lily has _______. A. pet dog B. dog pet C. a pet dog D. a dog pet ( )4. Bill is my new friend._____ cute. A. He B. He’s C.His D. His’s ( )5. Peter has small _____. A.ear B. eyes C. hand D.mouth ( )6. Tom goes to school _____ his friend every day. A. about B.in C. with D. at ( )7. I like English. And I like______ football, too. A.play B.plays C.playing D.to playing ( )8. My mother often ______ “ Thank you” to me. A. say B.says C. saies D. is says ( )9. My brother is good _____ drawing. A. about B. in C. with D.at ( )10. ---____ Alice like? ---She is tall and clever. A. What B.What’s C.Who D. Who’s 答案:ABCBB CCBDB 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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