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  • ID:4-8550918 牛津译林版2020—2021学年第一学期苏州市测六年级英语试卷(含听力音频,答题纸,无听力材料和答案)

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/六年级上册/本册综合

    111

    • 2021-01-19
    • 下载0次
    • 3642.32KB
  • ID:4-8515228 3A Unit7 Would you like a pie Story time课件(43张PPT)(自带音频)

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/三年级上册/Unit 7 Would you like a pie?

    Unit 7 Would you like a pie Magic eyes Rules If you see the words, phrases or pictures, say them out aloud. 如果看到单词、词组或图片,大声读出。 If you see the bombs, say ''Bomb!“ 如果看见炸弹,说“Bomb!” Magic eyes a red skirt a white T-shirt an orange orange Revision Yang Ling shows us a magic show. 杨玲表演了一场魔术秀 Today 今天 Miss Wei will 魏老师将要 play a magic 表演魔术 Do you want to watch? 你想看吗? or Magic show What's in the box? 盒子里有什么呢? a cake [ ei ] a a hot dog [? ] [? ] sausage +bread + 德国人将香肠改良成用手就可以吃的方式,就是把香肠夹入面包中,这样既卫生又方便,所以很受欢迎。当时有一位漫画家,觉得面包中露出的香肠很像小狗的舌头。于是HOT DOG由此得名。 热狗的由来 a pie [ ai ] a pie Would you like …? 你想要……吗? Yes, please. No, thank you. a sweet [ i: ] ee Would you like a sweet? Yes, please./ No, thank you. Pair work A: Would you like a....? B: Yes, please./No, thank you. Riddles It's the baby of a chick. I like to eat it in the morning. It has a hard shell(硬的壳). an egg [ e ] red e Would you like an egg? Yes, please./ No, thank you. Riddles It’s sweet. I like to eat. We can eat it in summer (夏天). It’s very cool(凉爽). [ai ] [ i:] an ice cream an egg an apple an orange 元音音素前面要用an。 Chant A pie? A pie? No, no, thank you. A cake? A cake? Yes, yes, please. Make a new chant _____ _____? _____ _____? No, no, _____ _____. _____ _____? _____ _____? Yes, yes, ______. Let’s read and match a sweet a pie an egg a hot dog a cake an ice cream Do you want to eat them? 你想吃吗? Let's have a picnic! 让我们去野餐吧! Who is the new friend? (谁是新朋友?) 看卡通,回答问题 1. Helen This is my sister, Helen. She is Mike’s ________ . sister Mike如何介绍Helen? Nice to meet you, Helen. 我们怎么和Helen打招呼呢? Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you too. Watch and choose(看动画,选择) 1. What food do they offer Helen? (她们请Helen吃了什么?) 2. What would Helen like? (Helen想要什么?) Watch and choose(看动画,选择) 1. What food do they offer Helen? (她们请Helen吃了什么?) 2. What would Helen like? (Helen想要什么?) Read and find(读故事,找出答案) (她们是怎样请Helen吃馅饼和蛋糕的?) 1. How do they offer Helen and ? 2. What is Helen’s response? (Helen是怎样回答的?) (她们是怎样请Helen吃馅饼和蛋糕的?) 1. How do they offer Helen and ? Read and find(读故事,找出答案) Would you like a pie? What about a cake? Read and find(读故事,找出答案) 2. What is Helen’s response? (Helen是怎样回答的?) Would you like a pie? What about a cake? No, thank you. Yes, please. Read after the cartoon(跟读) 注意模仿故事中人物的语音语调哦! This is my sister Helen. Hi. Nice to meet you ,Helen. Would you like a pie? No, thank you. What about a cake ? Yes, please. Third Second First Read together 组内齐读 Read after one student。 跟一个学生读 Happy reading选择一种方式,朗读课文 Read in roles 分角色读 Dora and Boots have a picnic today. 朵拉和布茨今天去野餐。 A dog is coming. 来了一只狗。 The dog says, “I’m Wang Wang. I’m cold and hungry.” 小狗说:“我叫旺旺。我又冷又饿!” “ Dora says,“ I will share some food and clothes with you.” 朵拉说:“我会和你一同分享食物和 衣物。” : Nice to meet you, Wang Wang. 1.两人一组,创编一个新对话 2.向小狗旺旺提供食物或衣物吧! : Nice to meet you, too. : Would you like…? : Yes, please./ No, thank you. : What about…? : Yes, please./ No, thank you. share our food 分享食物 share our clothes 捐献衣物 share our love 分享爱 Exercise 1: (用a 或 an 填空) 1.This is _____ ice cream. 2.I can see _____ banana. 3.What about ______ orange sweet? 4.That is ______ big apple. 5.Would you like ______ egg? an an an a a Homework 1. Copy the new words. 2. Read Story time and make a new dialouge about ordering foods at a snack bar. Thank You!

    • 2021-01-13
    • 下载0次
    • 13332KB
  • ID:4-8512101 牛津译林版2019—2020学年第一学期新吴区小学六上期末调研试卷(含参考答案和音频,无听力材料)

    小学英语/期末专区/六年级上册

    111

    • 2021-01-13
    • 下载16次
    • 15642.37KB
  • ID:2-8502423 统编版小学文言文练习及答案

    小学语文/小升初专区/小升初专题复习/阅读鉴赏/文言文阅读

    小学文言文练习 郑人有欲买履者,先自度其足,而置之其坐。至之市,而忘操之。已得履,乃曰:“吾忘持度。”反归取之。及反,市罢,遂不得履。人曰:“何不试之以足?”曰:“宁信度,无自信也。” 1、解释“度”字 (1) 先自度其足 (2)吾忘持度 (2) 宁信度 2、翻译下列句子。 (1) 及反,市罢,遂不得履。 何不试之以足? 3、探究:文中“之”字共出现五次,它们的意思一样吗?说说句中的“之”是什么意思,或有什么作用。 而置之其坐( ) 至之市( )而忘操之( )反归取之( ) 何不试之以足( ) 《郑人买履》告诉我们什么道理? 一.1.(1)dúo量(长短)(2)dù尺寸\尺码(3)dù尺寸\尺码 2.等到他返回后,集市已经散了,(他)最终也没有买到鞋。 为什么不用脚去试试呢? 3.而置之其坐(脚的尺寸 ) 至之市( 到、往 )而忘操之(脚的尺寸)反归取之(脚的尺寸) 何不试之以足(鞋子) 4.这则寓言讽刺了那些办事过于死板,只信教条,讲形式,不相信实际的人,告诉人们做事不能过分拘泥形式,要注重实际。 二、蜀之鄙有二僧,其一贫,其一富。贫者语于富者曰:“吾欲之南海,何如?”富者曰:“子何恃而往?”曰: “吾一瓶一钵足矣。”富者曰:“吾数年来欲买舟而下,犹未能也。子何恃而往?”越明年,贫者自南海还,以告富者。富者有惭色。 西蜀之去南海,不知几千里也,僧富者不能至而贫者至焉。人之立志,顾不如蜀鄙之僧哉? 1、解释字义。 ①蜀之鄙有二僧_________ ②吾欲之南海__________ ③顾不如蜀鄙之僧哉________ ④子何恃而往__________ 2、翻译划横线的语句。(2分) _ 3、作者分别举“贫者”“富者”的例子,采用的是一种________方法,这样写,是为了说明人之为学,关键在____________ 。 二.1.①边境。②到。③难道。④凭借 2.人们确立志向,难道还比不上四川边境上的和尚吗? 3.对比,立志。 三.与善人居,如入芝兰之室,久而不闻其香,即与之化矣。与不善人居,如入鲍鱼之肆,久而不闻其臭,亦与之化矣。丹之所藏者赤,漆之所藏者黑,是以君子必慎其所处者焉。 1.解释字义。 (1) 与善人居,如入芝兰之室 居: (2) 如入鲍鱼之肆 肆: 2.文中的“鲍鱼之肆”比喻怎样的环境? 3.根据文意,君子要“慎处”的原因,可用一个成语来概括,那就是: 近朱者赤, 4.对这个成语所包含的观点你有什么看法?请简要回答。 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 三.1.居:一起 店铺 2.比喻污浊的环境,也比喻恶人聚集的地方。 3.近墨者黑 4.(言之成理即可) 四.由俭入奢易,由奢入俭难。饮食衣服,若思得之艰难,不敢轻易费用。酒肉一餐,可办粗饭几日;纱绢一匹,可办粗衣几件。不馋不寒足矣,何必图好吃好着?常将有日思无日,莫待无时思有时,则子子孙孙常享温饱矣。 1.翻译下列句子。 由俭入奢易,由奢入俭难。 2.这则短文对你有什么启发?请谈谈你的感受。 四. 1.由节俭进入奢侈(是)容易(的),由奢侈进入节俭(却)困难(了)。2(略) 五.师旷论学 晋平公问于师旷曰:“吾年七十,欲学,恐已暮矣。”师旷曰:“何不炳烛乎?” 平公曰:“安有为人臣而戏其君乎?” 师旷曰:“盲臣安敢戏其君?臣闻之:少而好学,如日出之阳;壮而好学,如日中之光;老而好学,如炳烛之明,孰与昧行乎?” 平公曰:“善哉!” 1.解释字义。 ①晋平公问于师旷曰 ②臣安敢戏其君 ③孰与昧行乎 ④何不炳烛乎 2.翻译下列句子。 (1)安有为人臣而戏其君乎? (2)老而好学,如炳烛之明,孰与昧行乎? 3.文中师旷用了三个比喻,意在说明一个什么道理? 答: 五.1.①向②戏弄③昏暗④点燃 2.(1)哪有做臣子的和君主开玩笑的呢? (2)晚年的时候喜欢学习,就象点蜡烛一样明亮,点上蜡烛和暗中走路哪个好呢? 3.一个人要有活到才老学到老的精神。 六.匡衡勤学而无烛,邻居有烛而不逮,衡乃穿壁引其光,以书映光而读之。邑人大姓文不识,家富多书,衡乃与其佣作而不求偿。主人怪问衡,衡曰:“愿得主人书遍读之。”主人感叹,资给以书,遂成大学。 1.解释字义。 ①邻居有烛而不逮 ②衡乃与其佣作而不求偿 ③资给以书 ④遂成大学 2. 翻译下面的句子。 ①衡乃穿壁引其光,以书映光而读之 译文: ②衡乃与其佣作而不求偿 译文: 3.出自这个故事的一个成语是 ,从字面上看,这个成语的意思是 ,现在用这个成语形容 4.你认为,应该在哪些方面向匡衡学习? 六.1.①到,此指照射过来②报酬③把④就 2.①匡衡就在墙壁上凿了一个洞,让邻居家的光亮照过来,拿着书映着灯光来读书。②匡衡就到他家去做雇工,又不要报酬。 3.凿壁借光,凿开墙壁,借邻居的灯光来读书,现在这个成语形容勤学苦练。 4.①学习要主动——匡衡凿壁借光,主动创造条件来学习,其好学的精神值得学习。 ②学习要刻苦——虽然家庭贫穷,可是,他不畏艰苦的环境,并且能以“与其佣作而不求偿”的方式“得主人书遍读之”,也是值得我们学习的。 七. 弈秋,通国之善弈也。使弈秋诲二人弈,其一人专心致志,惟弈秋之为听;一人虽听之,一心以为有鸿鹄将至,思援弓缴而射之。虽与之俱学,弗若之矣。为是其智弗若与?吾曰:非然也。 1.解释字义。 ①使弈秋诲二人弈 ②非然也 ③思援弓缴而射之 ④虽与之俱学,弗若之矣。 2.下列各句与“弈秋,通国之善弈者也”句式不同的一项是( ) A.夫战,勇气也 B.此则岳阳楼之大观也 C.甚矣,汝之不惠 D.莲,花之君子者也 3.翻译:①惟弈秋之为听 译文: ②为是其智弗若与? 译文: 4.本文通过学弈这件小事,作者意在说明一个什么道理? 答: 七.1.①教诲,教导②这样③引,拉④一起 2.C 3.①只听弈秋的教导。②能说(难道)是他的聪明才智不如前一个人吗?4..阐明了学习必须专心致志,才能有所收获的道理。 八.齐宣王使人吹竽,必三百人。南郭处士请为王吹竽,宣王说之,廪食以数百人。宣王死,湣王立,好一一听之,处士逃。 1.解释字义。 (1)南郭处士请为王吹竽 为: (2)宣王说之,廪食以数百人 说: (3)好一一听之,处士逃 好: 2.请你用一个成语概括这个故事的大意: 3.南郭处士本不会吹竿,可他却为齐宣王吹竽多年,为什么会出现这种现象? 4.南郭处士逃走后,你认为他会去做什么? 八.1.(1)替 \ 给 (2)通“悦”,愉快 \ 高兴(3) 喜欢\喜爱 2.滥竽充数 3.管理混乱,职责不明;领导昏庸,优劣不辨。4.(略) 九.虎求百兽而食之,得狐,狐曰:“子无敢食我也。天帝使我长百兽;今子食我,是逆①天帝命也。子以我为不信②,吾为子先行;子随我后,观百兽之见我而敢不走乎?”虎以为然,故遂与之行。兽见之皆走。虎不知兽畏己而走也,以为畏狐也。 [注:①逆:违抗 ②不信:不诚实,不可靠。 1.解释字义。 (1)天帝使我长百兽 (2)子以我为不信,吾为子先行 (3)虎以为然,故遂与之行 (4)兽见之皆走 2、翻译句子。 ①今子食我,是逆天帝命也。 ②子随我后,观百兽之见我而敢不走乎! ③虎不知兽畏己而走也,以为畏狐也。 3.解释下列句子中加点词“之”的不同含义。 〈1〉观百兽之见我而敢不走乎 ( ) 〈2〉故遂与之行 ( ) 〈3〉其不善者而改之 ( ) 〈4〉曾子之妻之市 ( ) 〈5〉学而时习之 ( ) 〈6〉见藐小之物必细察其纹理 ( ) 4.从这则寓言可概括出的成语是 ,与这个故事意思相同或相近的成语或四字词语: ,它们都是用来比喻 一类人。 5.你是如何评价文中的这只狐狸的?请谈谈你的看法。 九.1.①做首领②认为③对的④逃跑 2.①现在你吃掉我,是违背天帝的命令。②你跟随在我后面,观看各种野兽看见我有敢不逃跑的吗?③老虎不知道野兽是害怕自己而逃跑的,认为(它们)是害怕狐狸。 3.①助词,无义 ②它,代狐狸 ③它,代缺点或错误 ④到 ⑤它,代学过的知识 ⑥的4.狐假虎威 狗仗人势 倚仗别人威势来欺压人 5.(从正反两面评价都可以) 老虎寻找各种野兽吃掉他们,抓到(一只)狐狸。狐狸说:“您不敢吃我!天帝派遣我来做各种野兽的首领,现在你吃掉我,是违背天帝的命令。你认为我的(话)不诚实,我在你前面行走,你跟随在我后面,观看各种野兽看见我有敢不逃跑的吗?”老虎认为(狐狸的话)是有道理的,所以就和它(一起)走。野兽看见它们都逃跑了。老虎不知道野兽是害怕自己而逃跑的,还认为(它们)是害怕狐狸。 十、楚人有鬻盾与矛者,誉之曰:“吾盾之坚,物莫能陷之。”又誉其矛曰:“吾矛之利,于物无不陷也。”或曰:“以子之矛陷子之盾,何如?”其人勿能应也。夫不可陷之盾与无不陷之矛不可同世而立。 1.解释字意。 (1)楚人有鬻盾与矛者 (2)吾盾之坚,物莫能陷之。 (3)夫不可陷之盾与无不陷之矛不可同世而立。 2.翻译句子。 (1)吾矛之利,于物无不陷也。 (2)以子之矛陷子之盾,何如? 3.上文的内容可用成语 来概括。 4.“其人勿能应也”。当时,这位楚人的神态会是怎样的呢?请你用一个成语或者俗语来回答。 5.我们生活中自相矛盾的事例耶很多。请你举出两个来。 (1) (2) (1) (2) 十.1.(1)卖 (2)助词,无义 (3)同时存在2.(1)我的矛很锋利,锋利得没有一样东西不能被刺穿的呀。(2)用您的矛来刺您的盾,会怎么样?3.自相矛盾 4.瞠目结舌 目瞪口呆5.(略) 十一.宋人有耕者。田中有株,兔走触株,折颈而死。因释其耒而守株,冀复得兔。兔不可复得,而身为宋国笑。 1.解释字义。 (1)兔走触株,折颈而死 (2)因释其耒而守株 (3)冀复得兔 (4)兔不可复得,而身为宋国笑 2.翻译句子。 兔不可复得,而身为宋国笑。 译文: 3.用一个成语概括这则寓言的大意: 4.这个故事讽刺了哪一类人?它告诉了人们一个什么道理? 十一1.(1)逃跑,奔跑 (2)放下 (3)希望 (4)被 2.兔子是不可能再得到了,可是自身却被宋国人耻笑。3.守株待兔4.既讽刺了懒汉思想,也批判了经验主义。这告诉我们,切不可把偶然的侥幸作为做事的根据,如果抱着侥幸的心理,片面地凭着老经验去办事,一般是不会成功的。 十二.宋人有悯其苗之不长而揠之者,芒芒然归,谓其人曰:“今日病矣!予助苗长矣。”其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣。天下之不助苗长者寡矣。以为无益而舍之者,不耘苗者也;助之长者,揠苗者也。非徒无益,而又害之。 注释:长――生长、发育的意思。揠――拔的意思。芒――疲乏。芒芒然,很疲倦的样子。 谓――告诉。予――文言人称代词,我的意思。非徒――不仅只是。 1.解释字义。 (1)宋人有悯其苗之不长而揠之者 (2)今日病矣!予助苗长矣。 (3)其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣 (4)以为无益而舍之者,不耘苗者也 十二1.担忧 劳累 赶去 放弃 2.(1)天下不想帮助秧苗生长的人是很少的。(2)(这样做)不只是毫无益处的,还会害了秧苗啊。3.拔苗助长 寓言从反面生动地说明了这样一个道理:遇事如果不从客观实际出发,只能是好心办坏事。4.(略) 十三.楚有祠者,赐其舍人卮酒。舍人相谓曰:“数人饮之不足,一人饮之有余。请画地为蛇,先成者饮酒。”一人蛇先成,引酒且饮之,乃左手持卮,右手画蛇曰:“我能为之足!”未成,一人之蛇成夺取卮曰:“蛇固无足,子安能为之足?”遂饮其酒。为蛇足者,终亡其酒。   注释:祠——音词,祠堂,封建社会中祭祀祖宗或先贤、烈士的地方。这里是祭祀的意思。舍人——部属,在自己手下办事的人。卮——音之,古代饮酒用的器皿。固——固然,本来的意思。安——文言疑问词,怎么、怎样的意思。亡——不存在,这里是失去、得不到的意思。 1.解释字义。 (1)一人蛇先成,引酒且饮之 (2)我能为之足 (3)蛇固无足 (4)为蛇足者,终亡其酒 2.翻译文言句子。 (1)数人饮之不足,一人饮之有余。 (2)蛇固无足,子安能为之足? 3.请你用一个成语来概括上文的大意: 4.这个故事给你什么启发? 十三1.(1)将要(2)替、给(3)本来(4)失去、得不到 2.(1)几个人喝这杯酒不够,一个人喝这杯酒又有多。(2)蛇本来就没有脚,你怎么能给它画上脚呢? 3.画蛇添足 4.为人处世,不能总是觉得自己比别人高明,十分了不起,于是不顾客观实际,主观武断,否则,对人对事,总是有害的。多此一举,往往会让你失去很多,造成不必要的损失。 十四、楚人有涉江者,其剑自舟中坠于水。遽契其舟,曰:“是吾剑之所从坠。”舟止,从其所契者入水求之。舟已行矣,而剑不行。求剑若此,不亦惑乎! 注释:涉——跋涉,就是渡过江河的意思。遽——音句,急遽,立刻,表示时间很紧迫。契——音气,动词,用刀子雕刻。惑——音或,迷惑,这里是对事物感到糊涂不理解的意思。吕氏春秋——这是一部古书的名称,是秦国的宰相吕不韦的宾客们合编的。全书的内容较杂,包括儒家、道家等各家学说,共分八览、六论、十二纪。 ⒈解释字义。 (1)其剑自舟中坠于水 (2)从其所契者入水求之 (3)舟已行矣,而剑不行 2.翻译句子。 (1)是吾剑之所从坠。 (2)求剑若此,不亦惑乎! 3.这个故事告诉我们一个什么道理? 4.现实生活中,也不乏类似于刻舟求剑这样的故事,请你举出两个事例来。 十四1.到 它,代剑 可是,但是2.(1)这是我们的剑坠下去的地方。(2)像这样去找剑,不是很糊涂的吗? 3.世界上的事物,总是在不断地发展变化,人们想问题、办事情,都应当考虑到这种变化,适合于这种变化的需要。4、(略) 十五、园中有榆,其上有蝉。蝉方奋翼悲鸣,欲饮清露,不知螳螂之在后,曲其颈,欲攫而食之也。螳螂方欲食蝉,而不知黄雀在后,举其颈,欲啄而食之也。黄雀方欲食螳螂,不知童子挟弹丸在榆下,迎而欲弹之。童子方欲弹黄雀,不知前有深坑,后有掘株也。 1.解释字义。 (1)蝉方奋翼悲鸣,欲饮清露 (2)曲其颈,欲攫而食之也 (3)举其颈,欲啄而食之也 (4)童子方欲弹黄雀 2.翻译下列句子。 (1)螳螂方欲食蝉,而不知黄雀在后,举其颈,欲啄而食之也。 (2)童子方欲弹黄雀,不知前有深坑,后有掘株也。 3.请你用一个成语概括上文的大意: 4.你从这个故事中获得了哪些启示? 十五1.展开 夺取(这里有“捕捉”的意思) 抬(起) 正 2.(1)螳螂正想吃蝉,却不知道黄雀在它的后面,伸长脖子,正想啄食它呢。 (2)小孩子正想(拉开弹弓)去弹黄雀,却不知道前有深坑后有截断的树桩。 3.螳螂捕蝉,黄雀在后 4.①为人处世,应该有长远的打算,不能鼠目寸光,只顾眼前的利益;②绞尽脑汁,挖空心思去侵害别人的人,也往往被他人算计。 十六、杞人有忧天地崩坠,身亡所寄,废寝食者。又有忧彼之所忧者,因往晓之,曰:天,积气耳,亡处亡气。若屈伸呼吸,终日在天中行止,奈何忧崩坠乎?其人曰:天果积气,日月星宿,不当坠邪?晓之者曰:日月星宿,亦积气中之有光耀者,只使坠,亦不能有所中伤。 其人曰:奈地坏何? 晓者曰:地积块耳,充塞四虚,亡处亡块。若躇步跳蹈,终日在地上行止,奈何忧其坏?其人舍然大喜。晓之者亦舍然大喜。 (《列子》杞人忧天) 1.解释字义。 (1)忧天地崩坠,身亡所寄 (2)因往晓之 (3)其人舍然大喜 2.翻译句子。 (1)奈何忧崩坠乎? (2)地积块耳,充塞四虚,亡处亡块。 3.杞人忧天的故事,讽刺了生活中的哪一类人?这个成语的含义与哪一句俗语大致相同? 4.从探究的角度上看,你是如何评价这位 “忧天”的杞人的? 十六1.(1)通“无”,没有(2)告诉,使人明白 (3)放心的样子 2.(1)为什么要担忧天会迸裂、地会塌陷呢? (2)大地是由土块和石块组成的,它们充满着四方,没有一处地方是没有土块和石块的。3.讽刺的是生活中那种为一些不切实际的事情没根据更没必要忧愁的人。它与俗语“天下本无事,庸人自扰之”的含义大致相同。 4.(略)

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  • ID:4-8500974 牛津译林版2021口语考试朗读短文

    初中英语/中考专区/中考其它

    2021 年江苏省初中英语听力口语自动化考试纲要 第一部分 朗读短文 1 My name is Lucy. I am in Year 9 at Woodland School near London. It is a mixed school. Boys and girls have lessons together. My favourite subject is French. Learning foreign languages is fun. Our school has a Reading Week every year. During the week, we can borrow more books from the school library. We can also bring in books and magazines from home. I often read more books than my classmates. Near the end of the week, we discuss the books with our classmates in class. Time seems to go faster when we are reading interesting books. 2 Our good friend Jason is leaving Beijing tomorrow. Jason is an exchange student who studied at our school for six months. Jason is smart. He is good at Maths, and he often helped us with our homework. He likes our school because we have more after-school activities and more clubs. Everyone likes Jason because he is always kind and generous. He is willing to share things with others. Jason also has a great sense of humour. We will never forget his jokes. Now Jason has to go back to his family and friends in New York. We will all miss him very much. We wish him good luck. 3 My dream home is at the foot of a hill. It has three floors. There is a football field behind my house and a swimming pool beside it. There is a kitchen and a home cinema on the ground floor. The kitchen is very clean. There is always more than enough food there. The cinema has a large TV. I would like to invite my friends to watch films with me at the weekend. On the first floor, there are six bedrooms. Each room has a new computer and all the beds are comfortable. There are two large rooms on the second floor. My friends and I have parties there. It is great fun! 4 "East or west, Guilin landscape is best." Guilin is really a beautiful city in southern China. It lies on the two sides of the Lijiang River. All around the city, mountains stand in different shapes. Many visitors come and visit Guilin because of its fantastic landscape. In the north-west of the city is the Reed Flute Cave. In this underground cave, it is amazing that there are so many rocks in unusual shapes. The cave is praised as the "Art Palace of Nature". Tourists like to take a boat trip along the Lijiang River. It is great fun. 5 Halloween is on October 31. People celebrate it in many ways. Children wear special costumes and masks at Halloween. Many children play a game called "trick or treat". They knock on their neighbours' doors and shout "trick or treat". Their neighbours usually give them some candy as a "treat". If the children do not get any candy, they can play a trick on their neighbours. Some people also make lanterns out of big orange pumpkins. They cut out the eyes, the nose and the sharp teeth. They put candles in them so the light shines through the eyes, the nose and the teeth. 6 Dear Millie, Thank you very much for your letter. I hope I can offer you some useful advice. You said you often stay up late to finish all your homework. Plan your day carefully. Make a list of all the homework you have. Then work out how much time you need to finish it all. This will give you an idea of how much spare time you have. You also said that you do not have enough time for your hobbies. What about choosing your hobby according to the time you have? I hope you think my advice is worth taking. Best wishes, Helen 7 Tan Dun is one of the greatest artists in the world today. When he was very young, Tan showed an interest in music. To him, the best music comes from nature. As he likes the sounds of nature, Tan uses them a lot in his music. For example, in one of his works, Water, he doesn't use any musical instruments. He makes over 50 sounds from water by controlling the speed of water flow. That's really amazing! Tan has successfully brought Chinese and Western music together. He has helped build a bridge between the East and the West. In his words, "My music is to dream without boundaries." 8 We are going to hold a talk on good table manners this afternoon. The purpose is to teach students rules for eating. There will be a lot of advice on table manners. Above all, when you are sitting at the table, you should not start eating until everyone is ready, and it is impolite to make too much noise while you are eating or drinking. You should not eat with your mouth open or talk with food in your mouth. Before you leave the table, wait for everyone to finish. These rules are important because we should make sure that both guests and hosts are comfortable at the table. 9 Many young people are now giving up their spare time to become volunteers. It is a very meaningful activity because volunteering helps and gives support to different groups in society. Young people can choose to volunteer in many different charities and projects. For example, I do voluntary work for two charities: the first one gives help and support to homeless people, and the second one takes care of the disabled people. Another choice is to take part in special projects or events to raise money for charity. Some people take part in charity walks, or they donate money to charities. You can even organize one of these events yourself. 10 Dear Linda, I have been in Beijing for two weeks. I am having great fun here. I went to the Great Wall last Saturday. I walked on the wall for a long time and I enjoyed the view around the wall. I couldn't stop taking photos. You can see some on my blog. I took a tour around the Palace Museum yesterday. I was surprised that there were so many beautiful arts and crafts there. I really liked them. I am going to visit the World Park next weekend. I will spend a whole day there. Let me tell you the details later. Best wishes, Lily 11 Yao Ming was born in Shanghai in 1980. He got his first basketball when he was only four years old, but he did not become serious about basketball until he was 12. Yao joined the Houston Rockets in 2002 and became the best Chinese player to ever play in the NBA. When Yao Ming lived in the USA, he returned to China whenever he was needed. He took part in the Olympics in 2004 and in 2008 as one of the Chinese athletes. Since he ended his basketball career, Yao has done a lot of charity work, especially for poor Chinese teenagers. 12 Hi, everyone. Here we're in front of the South Gate. Go straight on, and you'll find the Panda House. Pandas like to eat bamboo and lie down all day long. Walk along the road. To the north of the Panda House, you'll find the lion. Lions are the kings of the animal world. Turn left, and you'll find the World of Birds. Birds make beautiful sounds. To the north of the World of Birds is the Monkeys' Forest. Monkeys are clever and funny. Then turn right, and cross the bridge, you'll see the elephants. Their large ears are like open fans. Here you can see all kinds of animals. Have a nice trip! 13 This year's Beijing Music Awards will be covered live this Saturday. All the big pop stars will attend. Before the awards start, we will interview some of the most famous stars. Two thousand fans have voted online for their favourite songs, singers and music videos. The results will be announced during the programme and the host will ask questions for the viewers to answer. As you are watching the awards, write down your answers and send text messages to 1396. If you are lucky enough, you could win two free concert tickets. 14 Hello, everyone! I've got some great news for you today. Our school basketball team is in the final round of the basketball competition! The match will be on Sunday, the 7th of November, at South Hill School. Now, listen carefully to the plan for the day. At 9 a.m., we'll meet at the school gate. We'll arrive at South Hill School at 10 a.m. The match will start at 10:30 a.m. After the match finishes, there will be the presentation of the cup and medals. The bus will leave at 12 noon from South Hill School and bring you back to school. Please come and support our team. 15 UNICEF was set up in 1946 to help children after the war in Europe. Now, UNICEF helps children all over the world. It works in 158 countries. It helps governments and families make the world a better place for children. UNICEF gets its money from donations. It raises money by selling Christmas cards and organizing other fund-raising activities. People can help UNICEF by doing voluntary work. UNICEF believes that all children should have clean water and food so that they can be healthy. It also believes that they should go to school instead of working to support their families. 16 Today Daniel and I took an online tour on the website "Around the World in Eight Hours". Sydney is on the south-east coast of Australia. It is the largest city in Australia. On the website, we saw lots of pictures of Sydney. Sydney is near the sea. There are many beautiful beaches there. We also saw a wonderful building called the Sydney Opera House. It is a theatre and looks like a ship with many sails. Near the Sydney Opera House is the famous Harbour Bridge. People can climb it. It takes about three hours. It is really cool! Australian seasons are the opposite of ours. For example, in April, it is autumn in Australia! 17 Dear Mum, I am going on a business trip to Shenzhen tomorrow. I have asked my robot to look after you while I am away. You have a serious heart problem and have to take medicine every day. However, you have a poor memory and often forget when you should take your pills. My robot will remind you to take them at the right time. If you want to go out, my robot will help you find your coat. You often feel lonely because you do not know who you can talk to, and my robot will try to do something to make you happy. Take care and I will see you soon! Yours, John 18 Dear Sir, I would like to recommend Daniel for this year's Young Star Award. Daniel is a clever boy. He learns things quickly. He always thinks carefully when he works. He plans everything well. Daniel is really kind. Last week, a five-year-old boy lost his way and was crying in the street. Daniel saw him and took him to the police station. He stayed with the boy and played with him for two hours before the boy's parents came. All the members at the Helping Hands Club think that Daniel should get the award. We look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours, Sandy 19 My father has worked in a local factory for years. You will not find anything unusual about him until you learn more. My father has always been kind and helpful. He has donated blood many times since 1990. The blood he has donated is enough to save over 70 lives. He has also donated blood cells to people with blood cancer. To my surprise, he has decided to donate his body for medical research after his death. When I was a little girl, I could not understand why my father always seemed to be kinder to others than to his own family. Now I realize that he has a heart full of love. 20 My ideal school starts at 8 a.m. and finishes at 3 p.m. I love sports and computers, so we have PE and computer lessons every day. The classes are quite small. There are about 20 students in each class. There is a big dining hall. There we can eat and chat with our friends. There is a park on one side of our school and a shopping mall on the other. We have a big library. We also have a tennis court and a swimming pool. There are lots of clubs and after-school activities. Every month, we go on a school trip to a museum or a theatre. 21 Recently we did a survey in our class in order to learn about students' ideal jobs. Here's a report about my group members' ideas. Mary wants to be a teacher when she grows up. She is very patient and enjoys working with children. Now, she is interested in all the subjects and works very hard. Mike would like to be a writer. He is willing to share his wonderful stories with others. Now he keeps reading and writing every day. I want to be a dancer because I like dancing very much. I practise dancing every day. Hopefully, everyone can realize their dreams in the future. 22 Zhalong Nature Reserve is in North-east China. It is one of the world's most important wetlands. The area provides food and cover for a lot of wildlife. It is a perfect place for some rare birds. Some people want to make the wetlands smaller in order to have more space for farms and buildings. This will lead to less and less space for wildlife. Now the Chinese government has made laws to protect Zhalong. Wetlands are important because they provide food and shelter for wildlife including some endangered birds, and they also help prevent floods. We must protect the home of plants, fish and birds in Zhalong. 23 Pollution is one of the biggest problems in the world today. In many places, rubbish is thrown into lakes and rivers, so many of them are polluted. In some cities, the air is filled with pollution. Switzerland is still beautiful with high mountains and clean blue lakes. In Switzerland, things like glass, plastic and paper are separated into different groups and then recycled. Even old clothes and shoes can be recycled. The government has many laws to protect the environment. For example, people are not allowed to cut down trees. Otherwise, they will be punished. Remember that everyone can do something to make a difference. 24 Dinosaurs lived on the Earth a long time ago. We now know that the first dinosaurs appeared about 230 million years ago. There were hundreds of different kinds of dinosaurs, but they didn't live at the same time. Some dinosaurs were really small. One of the smallest dinosaurs was about one metre long and weighed about three kilograms. Others were really big. Some very large ones weighed over 100,000 kilograms and some were about 40 metres long. Some dinosaurs ate plants and others ate meat. All dinosaurs had four legs and lived on land. 25 We need to do something for giant pandas. They are now in danger. For example, giant pandas do not have many babies during their lives, and it's easy for baby pandas to get sick and die when they are very young. Also, giant pandas mainly live on a special kind of bamboo, so the bamboo forests are very important to them. However, the bamboo forests are becoming smaller and smaller. As a result, giant pandas may not have a place to live or food to eat. There are now only about 1,600 pandas in the wild. We should take action to protect them right away. 26 I have to choose a new colour for my bedroom. It's a very important decision, because colour can change a person's mood. I like orange, because it's a happy, warm colour. It can make people feel comfortable. My best friend Jack doesn't agree though. He thinks green is better. Jack says that green represents nature and that it can make you feel energetic. I remind Jack that green is also the colour of envy. My mother recommends blue. She thinks blue is a calm and peaceful colour, so it will make me less stressed and help me relax after school. Perhaps she is right. 27 I went to Hainan with my parents in February. Hainan lies in the south of China. Haikou is the capital city of Hainan Province. There are many famous attractions in it. We went to the Holiday Beach, a fantastic place. It was a sunny day, so we took a walk along the beach. We also went to People's Park. We hired a bicycle and rode around the park. It was much fun! Then we went to Sanya. We went to see some underground caves. I took many photos of them. There is so much to see in Hainan. I want to visit it again in the future. 28 All around the world, people drink tea, but tea does not mean the same thing to everyone. In different countries people have very different ideas about drinking tea. In China people like to have tea together with their friends. They drink tea at any time of the day. They put only tea leaves in their cups. They prefer tea with nothing in it. Tea is also popular in Japan. People have tea every day, but the way they drink it is different from that in China. In the USA people drink tea at breakfast or after meals. They usually use tea bags to make their tea. 29 Our environment is changing for the worse, so it is time for us to go green. Here are some simple steps to take at home. We can save water by taking shorter showers and turning off the tap when we brush our teeth. In order to save power, we should turn off the lights when we leave a room. Some other good habits can help reduce pollution too. We should not use plastic bags when shopping. Recycling is also a good way to help reduce pollution. We should separate waste into different groups so that it can be recycled. Follow these small steps, and you can make a big difference to the Earth! 30 Winter is my favourite season. It is very cold and everyone has to wear thick warm clothes, but I always enjoy the winter here in Harbin. The temperature is usually below zero and it is often snowy. Everything is covered in deep white snow, and the lakes and rivers are frozen. During this season, you cannot see beautiful flowers or green trees, but the land is quiet and beautiful. My friends and I love playing outside in winter. It is exciting to have big snowball fights. We also make snowmen and use carrots for their noses. They look funny. Winter is great!

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  • ID:5-8476799 教科版(2017秋)2020新版五年级上册科学 知识总结归纳

    小学科学/教科版(2017秋)/五年级上册/本册综合

    第一单元 光 1、通常我们把那些自身能发光的的物体称为光源。太阳、电灯、萤火虫等都是光源,月亮不是光源。 2、像这样,从不同侧面照射得到的物体的影子叫投影。 3、影子的形成必须有光源、遮挡物和屏幕。 4、影子的长短、方向与光源的位置、方向有关。 5、影子的大小与遮挡物和光源之间的距离有关。 6、影子的形状和光源所照射的物体侧面的形状有关。 7、古代的人利用日影观测仪(日晷)计时。 8、阳光下物体影子的长短随太阳在天空中的位置变化而变化,太阳位置最高时影子最短。影子的方向总是和太阳的方向相反。 9、光以直线的形式传播,速度约每秒30万千米。挡光的物体会有影子,是因为光是直线传播造成的。 10、光碰到镜面改变了传播方向,被反射回去,这种现象叫做光的反射,反射也是以直线形式传播的。与镜面反射相同,任何物体都能反射光,只不过是光在物体表面的反射情况有所不同。我们能够看到物体就是因为它们反射的光进入了我们的眼睛。 11、运用光的反射的有额镜、反光镜 、潜望镜。 12、光由空气斜射入水中时,光的路线发生的变化,叫作光的折射现象。当白光进入三棱镜时,由于不同颜色的光发生折射的程度不一样,就出现了红、橙、黄、绿、蓝、靛、紫等各种颜色的光。 13、人眼睛中的瞳孔可以控制入射光线。光弱时瞳孔放大,光强时瞳孔缩小。 14、许多光源在发光时也在发热。光强温度就高,光弱温度就低。 15、汇聚太阳光的方法有用凹面镜、凸透镜。 16、人们对太阳能的利用有:太阳灶、点燃奥运圣火、太阳能热水器、太阳能电池板。 17、太阳表面温度达6千多摄氏度,内部温度高达2千万多摄氏度。 18、吸热本领最强的是黑色的粗糙物体。深色物体比浅色物体吸热快。表面粗糙的比光滑的吸热快。 19、物体和太阳光垂直时升温快。 第二单元 地球表面的变化 1、地形及地形的特点: 地形 特点 山地 地势较高,蜿蜒起伏,层峦叠嶂 丘陵 高低起伏,坡度较缓,由连绵不断的低矮山丘组成 高原 面积广大,地形开阔,周边以明显的陡坡为界 平原 地貌宽广平坦,起伏很小 盆地 四周地势较高,中间低平 2、地球上海洋面积比陆地面积大;我国西部多高山,东部多平原。 3、影响地形变化的因素有哪些? 内力作用和外力作用 ①内力作用主要是地壳运动,以构造运动为主,还会有地震、火山等比较剧烈的运动.会让地形变得高低不平. ②外力作用主要是太阳、水、风等的风化、侵蚀、搬运、沉积作用,使得地形削高填低趋向平坦.” 4、我们现在看到的地球表面与地球的构造有关。地球的内部结构:地球从表面到地心可以分为地壳、地幔、地核三个圈层。组成地壳的岩石可以分为岩浆岩、沉积岩和变质岩三大类。 岩浆岩 玄武岩、浮石、花岗岩 沉积岩 砾岩、砂岩、页岩 变质岩 大理岩、板岩 5、地壳在不断地运动,地球内部的岩浆在不停地涌动,有时会通过地震和火山喷发让我们感受到。地壳的运动常常会使岩层发生弯曲变形。 6、地震和火山是地球内部运动引起的,绝大部分的地震发生在地壳内。 7、地震震级较大时会使地表形态重塑,由于地震成因不同,形成的新的地形也不同。地震有很多类型,有的使地壳断裂,就形成了断崖,还有的使地壳隆起,形成了新的山丘,还有就是地壳断裂,形成峡谷,如著名的东非大裂谷,还有可能地壳下陷,使山丘变成平原。 8、地球内部的运动使地表形态发生不断的变化,这种变化有时表现出来是很猛烈的,像地震和火山;有时是极其缓慢的变化,像喜马拉雅山年复一年的隆起;地球表面的很多变化都是在流水、风、冰川、海浪、气温、重力、动植物等自然力的作用下很缓慢的进行的,我们在短时间内难以察觉。 9、火山活动与地幔和地壳的运动有关。叙尔特塞火山岛、长白山天池是由火山喷发形成的。 10、火山喷发对环境的影响:火山喷发会给人类带来严重的灾难,比如烧毁森林、房屋,掩埋农田和城市,污染空气,导致滑坡、山崩、泥石流、地震等。但落在火山周围的火山灰能提高土壤肥力,使森林和庄稼生长得更好;火山地热是一种清洁能源,加热后的水能作为热源被人们利用;火山灰和火山岩还是筑路的好材料。 11、岩石变化的原因有冷和热的作用、流水的作用、植物的作用、动物的活动等。 12、由于受水、大气、气温或动植物的作用,岩石破碎,这种现象叫风化。 13、大风或洪水的力量可以把大块岩石破碎后形成的细小的沙、土搬运到远方,只留下大大小小砾石,这便形成了戈壁滩。备带走的沙子在风或流水速度减小时沉积下来,日积月累,就形成了沙漠。 14、风对地球表面的影响,如敦煌地区的雅丹地貌是由于风的作用形成的。 15、水的作用,降雨和河流会对地表产生影响,如黄土高原的沟壑是由于水(降雨)的作用形成的,黄河入海口的沙洲、长江三角洲是由于水的作用(河水流速度减慢,泥沙沉积)形成的。 16、土壤是沙、小石子、黏土、腐殖质、矿物质、水和空气等物质的混合物。 17、土壤是地球上最有价值的资源。在每立方米的土壤中,生活着几十亿个生物体。土壤为他们提供了食物和生存空间,也为人类提供了衣食住行的材料来源。而所有生活在土壤中的生物的残体和排泄物都能使土壤的腐殖质更丰富。动物和植物的根能松动土壤,为空气和水营造空间。 18、地面的岩石、沙土在水、风、重力等作用下,被破坏和搬走的现象叫作侵蚀。 19、影响土地被侵蚀程度的因素有土地坡度的大小、有无植物覆盖、降雨量的大小等。 20、在坡度大的地方,河流流速快,土地会被侵蚀;在坡度小的地方,河流流速慢,会发生沉积。所以一般大江大河的下游和入海口往往是平原。 21、自然界中每时每刻都由侵蚀和沉积的现象发生。侵蚀使得一些地面突起的地方土壤流失,而沉积却填平了一些低洼的地方,侵蚀和沉积形成了地球上不同的地形地貌。 22、流水、风、冰川、海浪和重力等都会侵蚀土地。 23、房屋应该建在坡度比较平缓的地方,在坡度较大的地方应该植树和种草,来减少雨水对土地的侵蚀。 24、保护森林、退耕还林可以减少土地的侵蚀。 第三单元 计量时间 第四单元 健康生活 1、人的身体一般可以分为头、颈、躯干、四肢四部分。 2、健康包括:身体健康、心理健康、社会适应良好与道德健康四方面内容。 3、从出生到死亡,人体都在不断地发生变化。青少年时期是生长发育最旺盛地时期,对我们的一生有着重要的影响,因此,养成良好的生活方式和习惯非常重要。 4、影响生长发育的影响因素:遗传、饮食习惯、营养、生长环境、运动锻炼等。 5、青少年时期,快速的生长和发育过程会促使肌肉、骨骼发生变化。这时,我们要注意保持脊柱和身体部位均衡负重,还要注意保持正确的身体姿势。 6、骨、关节和肌肉组成了人体的运动系统,它们相互配合,使身体进行各种运动。人体内共有200多块骨头,它们相互连接构成了人体的支架—骨骼。分为颅骨、躯干骨和四肢骨3个大部分。骨骼可以使我们身体进行各种各样的运动,同时还具有支撑身体,保护内脏器官的作用。骨骼不能独立运动。 7、骨与骨之间可以活动的连接叫关节。不同地方的关节,活动方式不同。如肘关节和肩关节。 8、人体共有600多块肌肉。肌肉附着在骨骼上,肌肉收缩带动骨骼运动。 9、青少年时期,人体的骨骼和肌肉是发育得最快的,发育和运动又紧密关联着。经常参加活动,身体可以变得更加强壮,柔韧性更好,并且免疫力也会增强。经常参加体育锻炼能使我们的骨骼粗壮,肌肉发达,关节更加灵活。 10、食物中的营养和我们吸入的氧气,进入我们的血液后都将通过心脏、血管等运输到身体的各个部分,维持身体的生命活动。 11、在身体休息状态下,特别是睡眠的时候,氧气的需要量减少,每分钟心跳的次数也会 减少,心脏会得到较多的休息。所以合理的休息与良好的睡眠,会让心脏更好地工作,有利于我们的健康。 12、英国科学家威廉·哈维研究发现,人的心脏可容纳约0.5升的血液。虽然心脏收缩时挤出来的血液不是所有的血,但也有一定的量。假设挤出的量是0.2升,按心脏每分钟跳动75次计算,钟从心脏送出的血量就约有15升,乘60,就可以知道一小时输出的血量约有 900升。 13、心脏是血液循环的动力器官,它昼夜不停地收缩和舒张,推动着血液在心血管内循环流动。 14、脑位于颅腔内,包括大脑、小脑和脑干等部分。脑与脊髓相连。脑和脊髓联系着的神经分布到身体的各个部分。脑是身体的“总指挥”,是人体的控制中心,包括左右两个大脑半球,脑的不同区域控制着我们身体的各个部分。 15、我们的脑是柔软而又脆弱的,它需要颅骨来保护,我们平时在生活中,也要注意不要让脑受到剧烈撞击。 16、脑需要适当的休息。保证充足的睡眠是大脑保持活力的前提,此外,学习一门功课时间过长,也会让大脑感到疲倦,这时适当地活动身体或是听听音乐,都可以让脑得到休息。 17、脑是人体的控制中心,它总是在不断地发送和接收信息。这些信息的传递和处理需要通过身体的联络员——神经系统来完成。 18、神经系统由脑、脊髓以及与其相连并遍布全身的周围神经系统所组成。全身各系统、器官和细胞都是在神经系统的控制下,相互配合,完成各自的功能。 19、人体能够感知各种环境刺激的器官,包括眼、耳、鼻、舌、皮肤等。当人体受到刺激时,都会由传入神经将信号传到神经中枢,神经中枢做出相应的指令并通过传出神经使身体做出反应。 20、长期的精神压力和不良情绪会损害身心健康。 21、人的情绪、意志、 行为是可以控制的。 22、勇于面对自己日常生活中的不良情绪表现,并愿意管理和控制好自己的情绪· 23、能通过与他人交流与分享,获得合理控制,管理自我的方法。

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  • ID:4-8474332 江苏省常州市教育学会2019-2020学年第一学期期末试卷 八年级英语(含答案)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级上册

    2019-2020学年江苏省常州市教育学会八年级(上)期末英语试卷 一、单项选择 1.The sentence structure of"He painted the wall white." is_________.(  ) A.S+V B.S+V+O C.S+V+IO+DO D.S+V+DO+OC 2.If you want to join the Singing Club, you should fill in the_________form. Everyone is welcome!(  ) A.application B.instruction C.competition D.action 3.The bus_________on the half way and I had to wait for ten minutes.(  ) A.put down B.broke down C.looked down D.fell down 4.﹣How many cranes did you see on the lake last Sunday? ﹣______. They all flew south for the winter.(  ) A.Nothing B.Nobody C.No one D.None 5.﹣The trees in the garden are really short. ﹣Don't worry. ______time goes by, they are sure to grow taller.(  ) A.Before B.Because C.While D.As 6.﹣Is Lucy in the classroom now? ﹣I'm not sure. She_______not be there. I saw her in the library ten minutes ago.(  ) A.may B.must C.shall D.would 7.I thought Linda was an honest girl, but______, she often tells lies.(  ) A.as a result B.in fact C.for example D.as usual 8.Tom reads_______books and plays______computer games than he did last year. So he is becoming better and better in his study.(  ) A.fewer; more B.fewer; less C.more; fewer D.more; less 9.The room was untidy, so Lucy______a space on the sofa for her father to sit down.(  ) A.cleared B.took C.raised D.kept 10.﹣I'm afraid I can't take part in your activity because I am too busy. ﹣______.We won't have great fun without you.(  ) A.No way B.No problem C.It's a pity D.Never mind 完形填空阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、 D四个选项中,出可以填入空白处的最佳选项. 11.When I was nine years old,I loved to go fishing with my dad. My father could catch many fish while I caught (1)   . I usually got very sad and(2)   asking him why. He always answered,"Son, if you want to catch a fish, you have to(3)    like a fish." "But I am not a fish,"I said, "and I don't know what fish like." As I got a little older, I began to understand what my father really(4)   . So I read some books on fish and I even joined a local(5)    Club and started attending the monthly meeting to know more about it. I learned that fish are cold﹣blooded(冷血的) animals and water(6)   is very important to them. That's why fish like shallow(浅的) water better than(7)   water because shallow water is warmer. (8)   , water is usually warmer in direct sunlight than in the shade. Also, fish don't have any eyelids(眼皮) and the sun hurts their eyes …The more I understand fish,the better I am at finding and(9)   them. When I grow up, I go into the business world. It is not an easy job to sell things to others, but I do it well because I have the secret﹣that is to think more like(10)   . I have learned this lesson from fishing. (1)A. everything B. anything C. nothing D. something (2)A. kept B. stopped C. forgot D. enjoyed (3)A. swim B. act C. live D. think (4)A. needed B. meant C. planned D. failed (5)A. Reading B. Fishing C. Swimming D. Singing (6)A. colour B. quality C. temperature D. body (7)A. deep B. clear C. dirty D. fresh (8)A. Moreover B. However C. Instead D. Otherwise (9)A. saving B. catching C. feeding D. cooking (10)A. workers B. makers C. sellers D. buyers 阅读理解阅读下面短文,从各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 12.The sun came out and so did we. It was me and my two little sisters. We played around, seeing a bee. Three sisters now have blisters(汗珠). Tomorrow is another day. We'll make some lemonade. When the sun comes out, we will, too. And we'll drink it in the shade. The grass is green. The flowers bloom(开花). The sky is filled with blue. It's summertime and that is when we all go to the zoo. We see a bear and monkey there, and then a dancing goat. But the thing I will remember﹣ the goat in a small boat. (1)From the poem , we can learn that the writer is   . A. sad B. angry C. ill D. happy (2)The writer may be   . A. a young boy B. an old man C. a young girl D. an old woman (3)The word "lemonade" rhymes with   . A. blue B. zoo C. shade D. goat 13.Last week, Class 1 went on a trip to London Zoo. They had a wild day out! Almost all the students found their favourite animals. The trip also gave Class 1 something else to talk about. They argued(争论) about whether(是否) zoos are cruel(残酷的). The zoo animals are from all around the world. How can they all be comfortable? Lucy, one of our reporters, was with Class 1 students and she interviewed Tom. Lucy: What 's your favorite animal, Tom? Tom: Giraffes. Lucy: Why? Tom: They look so strange! They have such long, long necks! And they have really long legs, too. Lucy: They do look strange. How tall do they grow? Tom: About 18 feet tall. They can run fast too, because their legs are so long. They can run up to 35 miles an hour. Lucy: That 's pretty fast! They must eat a lot to be able to run that fast. Do they eat a lot of meat? Tom: No, they don't eat any meat. They eat leaves. That's the only thing they eat. Lucy: Do giraffes live all over the world, too? Tom: No, they don't. They live only in Africa. Lucy: But Africa is a lot hotter than Europe! Don't you think it's cruel to bring giraffes over from Africa to Europe? Don't you think it's cruel to keep them in the zoo? Tom: Well, I enjoyed seeing them today. But in Africa they would have miles and miles of grassland to live on and here they only have the giraffe houses. I'm sure the zoo looks after them very well. But I don't think they should be in zoos. (1)What does the underlined word "interviewed" in Line 5 mean?    A. 面试 B. 会见 C. 采访 D. 回答 (2)What can we learn about giraffes according to(根据) the passage(文章)?    A. Giraffes look strange as they have long necks and short legs. B. Giraffes can run fast because they eat different kinds of food. C. Giraffes live in the wild all over the world and enjoy grassland. D. Giraffes in London Zoo can only live in the giraffe houses. (3)Which of the following opinions(观点) may Tom agree with?    A. It's good to keep animals in the zoo because children enjoy seeing them there. B. It's good to keep animals in the zoo because the zoo looks after them well. C. It's cruel to keep animals in the zoo because animals need to live in the wild freely. D. It's cruel to keep animals in the zoo because they don't have enough to eat there. 14.The Southern California (加利福尼亚州)wildfire started on Tuesday morning. By the end of the day, it covered 47 square miles. The fire changed the life in the area, causing hour﹣long traffic jams, and making the people leave their homes. The fire travelled really fast. So the governor(州长)Jerry Brown acted quickly and sent a state of emergency(紧急情况) soon after the fire started. Usually the state of emergency comes much later, after a fire has caused serious problems over several days. The government ordered the evacuation(疏散) of 34,000 homes and 87,000 people. When one family failed to move away, firefighters went to protect their home. Six of the firefighters were once trapped by the fire."We just sat there and waited for the fire to blow over,"firefighter Cody Anderson says. The Southern California fire wasn't the only one burning in the state. The Clayton fire in Northern California, burned more than 175 buildings by the end of last week. Now, the firefighters have put out 40% of the fire and some evacuated people are able to return to their homes. But firefighters will have to go on fighting the fire, because many buildings are sill in danger. Good news is that on Tuesday afternoon the police said they caught the man who set the fire. He was Dam in Anthony Pashilk, a 40﹣year﹣old worker. The police believe he set fire in the state many times, including the Clayton fire. Wednesday's weather will make fighting the Southern California fire difficult. Hot, dry conditions(条件) and strong wind may make the work even harder. (1)What can we learn about the Southern California wildfire from the passage?    A. The governor sent the state of emergency later than usual. B. The fire travelled fast and caused a lot of serious problems. C. Most families didn't move and got trapped in the fire D. Six firefighters lost their lives when putting out the fire. (2)The Southern California wildfire happened because of   . A. an emergency B. a worker C. the hot weather D. the dry conditions (3)What's the best title for the passage?    A. Wildfires and Hot Weather B. Wildfires and Firefighters C. Wildfires Burn Everything D. Wildfires Go across California (4)The article is most probably(可能地) from   . A. a firefighter's diary B. a story book C. a newspaper D. a fashion magazine 阅读表达阅读下面短文,在表格内的空白处填入合适的答案.每空限填一词.答案写在答题纸上. 15.What can you do to help people or animals in need? The answer is﹣to be a volunteer. Helping yourself by helping others Volunteering not only helps others but also helps yourself. If you're sad about something that happens,like an earthquake or a flood, doing something to help others can be a great way to make you feel better. It feels good to be able to help. Because of your help, some kids have warm hats, gloves and boots. Doing voluntary work means one very important thing﹣you make a difference to the world. Getting started School is a good place to start. You can ask a teacher what you should do to be a volunteer. Some places want volunteers who are twelve or even older. Often, kids start volunteering by working with their parents. You might be too young to get food ready at a kitchen. But when your parents give you a helping hand, you might be able to go along. Things to do with parents or family members Volunteering is a great way to have fun with your family. Here are some ideas for things you can do as a family: Clean up a park, a school or other public places. Offer food to people without homes. Coming up with your own ways You can try to find your own ways to raise money. For example, you can make and sell things and donate the money to charity. Volunteering can also help kids learn something about themselves. They will learn about what kinds of things they can do and what they are interested in. So what are you waiting for? Make a plan to start volunteering today. Being a volunteer Helping yourself by helping others ●When disasters (1)   helping others can help you have a better feeling. ●Doing voluntary work makes a difference to the world. Getting started ●At school, you may ask your (2)   for some tips on how you can be a volunteer. ●With your parents' (3)   you may start your work. Working with your family ●You can do something as a family. For example, you can clean up public places or (4)   food for homeless people. Coming up with your own ways ●You can find your own ways when helping others. ●Volunteering also helps kids learn about their(5)    and interests. 第二卷词汇运用(A)根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空,每空一词. 16.You are nearly the same   (high) as your mother! How fast you are growing! 17.The boys all think it   (excite) to have a basketball match. 18.Simon felt   (sleep) after he heard the soft music on the warm afternoon. 19.People living in this hotel are   (main) from foreign countries. 20.Hainan is full of   (tour) in winter because of the warm weather. 根据句意及所给汉语提示完成单词拼写,每空一词. 21.You'd better open the door since there is an   (糟糕的) smell of paint. 22.Li Lei pointed to the   (方向) of the smoke and shouted "Fire! Fire!" 23.Watch out! There is a   (突然的) turn on the road. 用所给动词的适当形式填空 24.    (record) what the teachers say, we'd better take notes carefully in class. 25.﹣When   farmers   (harvest) the crops? ﹣Next October. I think we can come to help them. 26.The temperature   (drop) a lot yesterday, so we felt terribly cold. 27.My mother   (mop) the floor when I arrived home yesterday. 28.You should spend at least 5 minutes   (tidy) up your bedroom every day. 29.The woman decided    (not prevent) her son playing music. 根据所给中文完成句子翻译 30.如果你被困住,你最好尽快找到出路.           if you are trapped. 31.这场洪水冲走了成千上万的房子. The flood                     . 32.起初,我一点儿不怜悯这些动物. I                     in the beginning. 33.当房子坍塌时,孩子们正在外面堆雪人. The children           outside when the house           . 34.过多的家庭作业导致学生越来越少的睡眠. Too much homework            for students. 35.当公交车到站时,我们迫不及待地下了车. We            when the bus arrived at the stop. 书面表达 36.假设你即将参加英语演讲比赛,请以Protecting Nature为题,根据提示,写篇英语演讲呼吁大家为保护自然一起努力. 当前问题 1、砍伐树木,引发更多自然灾害; 2、占用湿地,导致生物失去家园; 3、…… 你的呼吁 ……(至少两点举措) 要求: 1. 内容涵盖所有要点,并适当发挥; 2.表达清楚,语句通顺,意思连贯,书写规范; 3.词数不少于80,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数. 参考词汇: cut down砍伐 Protecting Nature Good afternoon, boys and girls ! Today I will give a speech titled Protecting Nature.____________________________________. If everyone does something to protect nature, we will live a happier life. 2019-2020学年江苏省常州市教育学会八年级(上)期末英语试卷 参考答案 一、单项选择 1.D; 2.A; 3.B; 4.D; 5.D; 6.A; 7.B; 8.C; 9.A; 10.C; 完形填空阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、 D四个选项中,出可以填入空白处的最佳选项. 11.C;A;D;B;B;C;A;A;B;D; 阅读理解阅读下面短文,从各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项. 12.D;C;C; 13.C;D;C; 14.B;B;D;C; 阅读表达阅读下面短文,在表格内的空白处填入合适的答案.每空限填一词.答案写在答题纸上. 15.happen;teacher(s);help/support;provide;abilities; 第二卷词汇运用(A)根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空,每空一词. 16.height; 17.exciting; 18.sleepy; 19.mainly; 20.tourists; 根据句意及所给汉语提示完成单词拼写,每空一词. 21.awful; 22.direction; 23.sudden; 用所给动词的适当形式填空 24.To record; 25.will;harvest; 26.dropped; 27.was mopping; 28.tidying; 29.not to prevent; 根据所给中文完成句子翻译 30.You'd better find your way out as soon as possible; 31.washed away thousands of houses; 32.didn't have pity on these animals at all; 33.were making a snowman;fell down; 34.leads to less and less sleep; 35.couldn't wait to get off it; 书面表达 第1页(共1页)

    • 2021-01-07
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  • ID:4-8473281 牛津译林版九年级上期末复习专项特训书面表达含答案

    初中英语/牛津译林版/九年级上/本册综合

    〖期末复习〗专项特训----书面表达 A 根据提示内容,请以“The Person Who Has Influenced Me Most” 为题写一篇100字左右的作文。 1.很多人在他们的内心里面都住着一个偶像。我也有一个这样的人。与其说她是我的偶像,还不如说她是影响我最多的那个人。她就是我的妈妈。 2.在我还很小的时候,她总是告诉我要好好努力学习,这样才能获得更多接受教育的机会。就是因为她我才能够去上学。 3.喜欢看书,有时候她会给一些书我看。现在,阅读是我的爱好之一。她也很尊重我奶奶,而且有一次她生病的时候,妈妈也很细心的照料她。从她身上,我知道了尊老这一美德(virtue)。我的妈妈影响了我的一生。我爱她。 The Person Who Has Influenced Me Most Many people have a hero in their hearts. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________The Person Who Has Influenced Me Most Many people have a hero in their hearts. There is one in my mind. Maybe I cannot say that she is my hero, but she is truly the person who has influenced me most. She is my mother. When I was very small, she always telling me that I need to study hard to get more chances to be educated, It was her that I got the chance to go to school. She liked reading, and sometimes she gave some books for me to read. Now, reading is one of my hobbies. She always respected my grandma, and took care of her carefully once she was sick. From her, I know the virtue of respecting the old. My mother influences my whole life. I love her. B 根据下面图示,充分发挥想象,请你代表九(1)班全体学生向张老师推荐Jack为学生会主席。因为Jack具有以下品质: 要求: 1、短文必须包括提示内容,并组适当增加细节(根据形容词,必须用相应的行为 动作进行描述)。 2、尽可能用本单元所学的语法和句型。 3、字数90左右,短文开头已经给出,但不计入总词数。 Dear Mr. Zhang, We are writing to recommend Jack as our new chairperson of the Student Union. We think he has __________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dear Mr. Zhang, We are writing to recommend Jack as our new chairperson of the Students’ Union. We think he has many qualities for this position. Jack is confident and is not afraid of making speeches in front of many people. He is clever. Has has won several physics competitions, but he is modest and never shows off. Jack is very organized. He plans his study and work very well. He is creative. He always comes up with good ideas for our school activities. (He is always ready to help others, so he is welcome in our class.) We think Jack is the most suitable person to be the chairperson of the Students’ Union. I hope you agree with us. Yours sincerely, Class One Grade Nine C 请以Colours and Moods为题,选两种颜色,分别代表energetic colour和strong colour,适当介绍它们对情绪的影响,并谈谈你最喜欢的颜色。 要点如下: 1.绿色是活力之色,它能给你能量,因为它是自然之色,代表新生。所以当你疲惫或虚弱时,你应该穿绿色的衣服。 2.红色是强烈的颜色,它会使你看起来更加强大、有力。在中国红色还代表幸运,在过去许多女性都喜欢在结婚之日穿红色。 3.我最喜欢的颜色是白色,因为……(请用1-2、点理由阐述) 注意:80词左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数)。 Colours and Moods Do you know anything about the relationship between colours and moods? Colours and Moods Do you know anything about the relationship between colours and moods? Green is an energetic colour. It can give you energy, as it is the colour of nature and represents new life. So when you are tired or weak, you should wear green clothes. Red is a strong colour. It can make you look more powerful. It also represents luck in China and many women preferred to wear red on their wedding day in the past. My favourite colour is white because it is the colour of purity and it can help me calm down when I feel nervous. All the colours make our world colourful and wonderful. D 针对目前中学生压力大的心理状态,你们班就“中学生的烦恼”进行了一次调查。请根据下面的调查结果用英语写一篇调查报告,以便在班会上进行学习交流。 要求:1. 报告中须涉及到表格中所有的提示内容,可适当发挥; 2. 80—100 词,报告的开头已经给出,但不计入要求词数。 We did a survey about the problems we students face in our class. The results show the pressure we are under. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ We did a survey about the problems we students face in our class. The results show the pressure we are under. Half of the students in our class think there’s too much homework. They don’t have much time for fun. Most of them worry about their exam results. A few students think their biggest problem is that they can’t get their parents’ understanding. As for the ways to deal with these problems, most of them choose to talk to their friends. Some would rather listen to music. A few of them think talking to parents, reading books and playing sports are all good ways to help them forget about their problems. E 人生如旅,在你的成长过程中,很多人感动着你、影响着你。最近学校正举行以“The person who has influenced me most”为题的中学生英语征文活动,请根据下面思维导图中的内容要点完成征文。 要求:1. 表达清楚,语法正确,上下文连贯; 2. 必须包括所有的相关信息,并做适当发挥; 3. 文章不能出现真实姓名。 4. 词数:110左右。 The person who has influenced me most ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ The person who has influenced me most The person who has influenced me most is my uncle. You will not find anything unusual until you learn more. My uncle is 30 years old and he is tall. As a doctor, he's both kind and patient with patients. Besides, he's so careful that he has never made any mistakes. He says, “As a doctor, we can't be too careful.” What's more, he cares about the old who have lost their children. To my surprise, my uncle has decided to donate not only all his money, but also his body after his death. How brave and kind-hearted he is! All in all, I have been impressed by my uncle. I realize that he has a heart full of love. F 每年十月份,越来越多的游客来天平山赏枫叶.请你根据以下提示,说说如何给游客可留下"景美人更美"的好印象,从自身做起,做文明苏州人! 提示词:beautiful views美丽的景色 要求: 1.语意连贯,层次清晰,书写规范. 2.文中不得出现真实姓名与校名. 3. 短文开头已给出,不计入总词数. How to be a polite citizen Tianping Mount is a good place to watch maple leaves (枫叶) in October._________. Tianping Mount is a good place to watch maple leaves (枫叶) in October.Let's leave the visitors a good impression not only for the beautiful views ,but also as a Suzhou citizen.How to be a polite citizen? First,We must be friendly.Use"please,OK,welcome" with smile when you talk with visitors. Besides, we should be ready to help others.Try to be a helpful person. If visitors need us,we should help them.What's more, we should follow the rules. For example,we mustn't step on the grass or pick flowers.We mustn't drop litter carelessly.At last ,we also need to behave well in public.We stand for our city Suzhou in public.So it needs our good manners. H 假如音乐家李云迪是你的偶像,请根据提示,以My hero为题写一篇短文,90词左右,开头不计入总词数。 出生年份及地点 1982年,中国中部 才能 有音乐天赋,喜爱自然之音 学习历程 4岁开始练习拉手风琴(accordion),7岁开始对钢琴感兴趣,每天苦练2001年去德国深造 成就 在全世界举办过许多音乐会,他被邀请去许多国际艺术节弹钢琴 赢得艺术界的高度赞扬 你的启发 ……(至少两点) My hero I’m a music fan. Piano music is my favourite. Of all the Chinese pianists, Li Yundi is my hero. He was born in central (in the center of ) China in 1982. He has a gift for music. He loves the sounds of nature. He began to learn to play the accordion at the age of 4. He showed an interest in playing the piano. Since then, he has practised it hard every day. He went on to study in Germany in 2001. He has held lots of concerts around the world. He was invited to play the piano at many international art festivals. My dream is to talk with him about music. I hope it can come true some day. 1

    • 2021-01-06
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  • ID:2-8473268 统编版六年级语文上册文学常识大全(含答案)

    小学语文/统编版(部编版)/六年级上册/本册综合

    小学生必备文学常识试题大全 首先我们来梳理一下中国的朝代,帮助大家以后的学习   唐尧虞舜夏商周,春秋战国乱悠悠。   秦汉三国晋统一,南朝北朝是对头。 隋唐五代又十国,宋元明清帝王休。 1.我国第一部诗歌总集是《诗经 》。第一部语录体儒家经典是《论语》 2.我国的第一位伟大的爱国主义诗人是(屈原),他的代表作《离骚》为我国第一首长篇抒情诗。 3.春秋战国时期百家争鸣,其中孔子是(儒家)学派的代表人物,名(丘),字(仲尼),他不仅是一位思想家,还是一位(教育)家。 4.我国第一部纪传体史书是西汉著名史学家(司马迁)撰写的《史记》,被(鲁迅)誉为"史家之绝唱,无韵之《离骚》",与司马光的《资治通鉴 》并称"史学双壁" 5.乐府双壁指的是《 孔雀东南飞 》、《木兰辞》加上《秦妇吟》为乐府三绝。 6.初唐四杰指(王勃)、(卢照邻)、(杨炯)、(骆宾王) 7."李杜文章在,光芒万丈长",这里的"李杜"指的是(李白)和(杜甫)。他们分别被尊称为(诗仙)和(诗圣)。 8.唐宋八大家是唐代古文运动的倡导者(韩愈)和(柳宗元)以及宋代的欧阳修、(苏洵)、(苏轼)、(苏辙)、王安石、(曾巩)。 9.中国文学史上的"大李杜"是指李白和杜甫,你知道"小李杜"指哪两位么?李商隐和杜牧 10.宋词主要分为(豪放)派和(婉约)派。前者的代表人物主要有(苏轼),后者的代表人物主要有(李清照)。 11 .唐代边塞诗派的代表人物有(王昌龄)、(王之涣)等;山水田园派的代表人物有(王维)、(孟浩然)等。 12.我国第一部长篇讽刺小说是(吴敬梓)的《儒林外史》 13. 我国古典小说四大名著是《三国演义》、《红楼梦》、《西游记》、《水浒传》。 14.我国第一部浪漫主义神话小说是《西游记》。 15.关于"四"  文房四宝:(笔)、(墨)、(纸)、(砚)  国画四君子:梅兰竹菊   16.古代年龄称谓 垂髫-- (童年) 束发--(15) 弱冠--(20) 而立--(30) 不惑--(40)知命--(50) 花甲--(60) 古稀--(70) 耄耋(mào dié)--(八九十岁)期颐--(百岁) 17.《少年闰土》、《藤野先生》、《从百草园到三味书屋》的作者都是(鲁迅),他原名(周树人),被人民称作"民族魂"。 18. "他时常穿一件朴素的中式长衫,头发像刷子一样直竖着,浓密的胡须形成了一个隶书的"一"字。"这是一段关于作家(鲁迅)的外貌描写。 拓展关于鲁迅的顺口溜 :    鲁迅原名周树人,擅长小说兼散文; 《呐喊》《彷徨》小说集。《朝花夕拾》属散文 19.第一位开拓"童话园地"的作家是(叶圣陶)。 20.被称为"世纪老人"、"文学祖母"的儿童文学作家是(冰心),请写出一部她的代表作(小桔灯)(注:如此处是括号,答案一定要加书名号) 21.冰心的诗集《繁星》和《春水》 被茅盾称为"繁星格"、"春水体"。 22、《养花》、《草原》的作者是(老舍) ,原名(舒庆春),被誉为" ",而著名作家鲁迅却被称作"人民艺术家"。 23、他的作品具有浓郁的地方色彩,生动活泼的北京口语的运用,通俗而不乏幽默。他就是"京味小说"的开创者(老舍)   老舍原名舒庆春,小说话剧集一身;  《骆驼祥子》传佳话,《四世同堂》美名扬。   两部长篇心中记,话剧《茶馆》负盛名。 24.中国现代史上最早写童话的作家是(叶圣陶) 25.《狂人日记》是现当代第一部白话文小说。 26.《鲁滨逊漂流记》的作者是英国著名小说家(笛福) 27.大文豪(托尔斯泰) 的《战争与和平》被称为空前最伟大的小说。 28.(雨果)被称为"法兰西的莎士比亚",有代表作《巴黎圣母院》等。 29.《骑鹅旅行记》瑞典 萨尔玛·拉格洛芙 30《汤姆·索耶历险记》美国 马克·吐温(美国文学史上的林肯) 31《爱丽丝漫游奇境》英国 刘易斯·卡罗尔

    • 2021-01-06
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  • ID:2-8465859 统编版小学语文 五年级上册古诗文

    小学语文/统编版(部编版)/五年级上册/本册综合

    五年级古诗文 上学期: 1.墨竹图题诗 清 郑燮 衙斋卧听萧萧竹,疑是民间疾苦声。 些小吾_????·?_县吏,_?????????????????????_。 注释: ⑴衙斋:衙门里供职官燕居之处。 ⑵萧萧:竹枝叶摇动声。 ⑶吾:我们。 ⑷曹:古代分科办事的官署。 ⑸一枝一叶:一举一动,也指画上的枝枝叶叶。 ⑹关情:牵动感情。 译文: 在书斋躺着休息,听见风吹竹叶发出萧萧之声,立即联想是百姓啼饥号寒的怨声。我们虽然只是些小小的州县官吏,但是老百姓的一举一动都牵动着我们(州县官吏)的感情。 2.赠萧瑀 唐 李世民 疾风知劲草,板荡识诚臣。 勇夫安识义,智者必怀仁。 注释: ⑴萧瑀:字时文,隋朝将领,被李世民俘后归唐,封宋国公。 ⑵疾风:大而急的风。劲草:强劲有力的草。 ⑶板荡:动乱之世。 ⑷勇夫:有胆量的人。 ⑸智者:有见识的人。 译文: 在猛烈狂疾的大风中才能看得出是不是强健挺拔的草,在激烈动荡的年代里才能识别出是不是忠贞不二的臣。一勇之夫怎么懂得为公为国为民为社稷的正义的道理,而智勇兼具的人内心里必然怀有忠君为民的仁爱之情。 3.十一月四日风雨大作 宋 陆游 僵卧孤村不自哀,尚思为国戍轮台。 夜阑卧听风吹雨,铁马冰河入梦来。 注释: (1)僵卧:躺卧不起。这里形容自己穷居孤村,无所作为。僵,僵硬。 (2)孤村:孤寂荒凉的村庄。 (3)不自哀:不为自己哀伤。 (4)思:想着,想到。 (5)戍轮台:在新疆一带防守,这里指戍守边疆。戍,守卫。轮台:在今新疆境内,是古代边防重地。此代指边关。 译文: 我直挺挺躺在孤寂荒凉的乡村里,没有为自己的处境而感到悲哀,心中还想着替国家防卫边疆。夜将尽了,我躺在床上听到那风雨的声音,迷迷糊糊地梦见,自己骑着披着铁甲的战马跨过冰封的河流出征北方疆场。 4.题都城南庄 唐 崔护 去年今日此门中,人面桃花相映红。 人面不知何处去,桃花依旧笑春风。 注释: (1)人面:指姑娘的脸。第三句中“人面”指代姑娘。 (2)不知:一作“秖(zhǐ)今”。 (3)去:一作“在”。 (4)笑:形容桃花盛开的样子。 译文: 去年春天,就在这扇门里,姑娘脸庞,相映鲜艳桃花。今日再来此地,姑娘不知去向何处,只有桃花依旧,含笑怒放春风之中。 5.夜雨寄北 唐 李商隐 君问归期未有期,巴山夜雨涨秋池。 何当共剪西窗烛,却话巴山夜雨时。 注释: (1)君:对对方的尊称,等于现代汉语中的“您”。 (2)归期:指回家的日期。 (3)巴山:指大巴山,在陕西南部和四川东北交界处。这里泛指巴蜀一带。 (4)秋池:秋天的池塘。 (5)何当:什么时候。 (5)共:可译为“一起”。 (6)剪西窗烛:剪烛,剪去燃焦的烛芯,使灯光明亮。这里形容深夜秉烛长谈。 (7)却话:回头说,追述。 译文: 您问归期,归期实难说准,巴山连夜暴雨,涨满秋池。何时归去,共剪西窗烛花,当面诉说,巴山夜雨况味。 6.浪淘沙(其八) 唐 刘禹锡 莫道谗言如浪深,莫言迁客似沙沉。 千淘万漉虽辛苦,吹尽狂沙始到金。 注释: (1)谗言:毁谤的话。 (2)迁客:被贬职调往边远地方的官。 (3)漉:水慢慢地渗下。 译文: 不要说谗言如同凶恶的浪涛一样令人恐惧,也不要说被贬之人好像泥沙一样在水底埋沉。要经过千遍万遍的过滤,历尽千辛万苦,最终才能淘尽泥沙得到闪闪发光的黄金。 7.别董大(其二) 唐 高适 六翮飘飖私自怜,一离京洛十余年。 丈夫贫贱应未足,今日相逢无酒钱。 注释: (1)翮(hé):鸟的羽翼。 (2)飘飖(yáo):飘动。六翮飘飖,比喻四处奔波而无结果。 (3)京洛:长安和洛阳。 译文: 就像鸟儿六翮飘摇自伤自怜,离开京洛已经十多年。大丈夫贫贱谁又心甘情愿,今天相逢可掏不出酒钱。 8.寒食 唐 韩翃 春城无处不飞花,寒食东风御柳斜。 日暮汉宫传蜡烛,轻烟散入五侯家。 注释: (1)春城:暮春时的长安城。 (2)寒食:古代在清明节前两天的节日,焚火三天,只吃冷食,所以称寒食。 (3)御柳:御苑之柳,皇城中的柳树。 (4)汉宫:这里指唐朝皇官。 (5)传蜡烛:寒食节普天下禁火,但权贵宠臣可得到皇帝恩赐而得到燃烛。 (6)五侯:汉成帝时封王皇后的五个兄弟王谭、王商、王立、王根、王逢时皆为候,受到特别的恩宠。这里泛指天子近幸之臣。 译文: 暮春时节,长安城处处柳絮飞舞、落红无数,寒食节东风吹拂着皇家花园的柳枝。夜色降临,宫里忙着传蜡烛,袅袅炊烟散入王侯贵戚的家里。 9.题乌江亭 唐 杜牧 胜败兵家事不期,包羞忍耻是男儿。 江东子弟多才俊,卷土重来未可知。 注释: (1)兵家:一作“由来”。 (2)事不期:一作“不可期”。不期,难以预料。 (3)包羞忍耻:意谓大丈夫能屈能伸,应有忍受屈耻的胸襟气度。 (4)江东:自汉至隋唐称自安徽芜湖以下的长江南岸地区为江东。 (5)才俊:才能出众的人。才,一作“豪”。 (6)卷土重来:指失败以后,整顿以求再起。 译文: 胜败乃是兵家常事,难以事前预料。能够忍辱负重,才是真正男儿。西楚霸王啊,江东子弟人才济济,若能重整旗鼓卷土杀回,楚汉相争,谁输谁赢还很难说。 10.秋夕 唐 杜牧 银烛秋光冷画屏,轻罗小扇扑流萤。 天阶夜色凉如水,坐看牵牛织女星。 注释: (1)银烛:银色而精美的蜡烛。银,一作“红”。 (2)画屏:画有图案的屏风。 (3)轻罗小扇:轻巧的丝质团扇。 (4)流萤:飞动的萤火虫。 (5)天阶:露天的石阶。天,一作“瑶”。 (6)坐看:坐着朝天看。坐:一作“卧”。 (7)牵牛织女星:两个星座的名字,指牵牛星、织女星。亦指古代神话中的人物牵牛和织女。 译文: 在秋夜里烛光映照着画屏,手拿着小罗扇扑打萤火虫。夜色里的石阶清凉如冷水,静坐寝宫凝视牛郎织女星。 11.泊秦淮 唐 杜牧 烟笼寒水月笼沙,夜泊秦淮近酒家。 商女不知亡国恨,隔江犹唱后庭花。 注释: ⑴秦淮:即秦淮河,发源于江苏句容大茅山与溧水东庐山两山间,经南京流入长江。相传为秦始皇南巡会稽时开凿的,用来疏通淮水,故称秦淮河。历代均为繁华的游赏之地。 ⑵烟:烟雾。 ⑶泊:停泊。 ⑷商女:以卖唱为生的歌女。 ⑸后庭花:歌曲《玉树后庭花》的简称。 译文: 迷离月色和轻烟笼罩寒水和白沙,夜晚船泊在秦淮靠近岸上的酒家。卖唱的歌女不懂什么叫亡国之恨,隔着江水还高唱着《玉树后庭花》。 12.秋海棠 清 秋瑾 栽植恩深雨露同,一丛浅淡一丛浓。 平生不借春光力,几度开来斗晚风? 注释: ⑴这首诗就是描写秋海棠的,用秋海棠再借喻了秋瑾自己。抒发了作者不借人力,独自奋斗的气概。 13.梦中作 宋 欧阳修 夜凉吹笛千山月,路暗迷人百种花。 棋罢不知人换世,酒阑无奈客思家。 注释: ⑴千山:极言山多。唐_?????????_《_?±?é??_》诗:“千山鸟飞绝,万径人踪灭。” ⑵“棋罢”:暗用_???è?¨_的故事。 译文: 夜凉如水,月笼千山,凄清的笛声飘散到远方;路旁浓密的百花,色彩灿烂迷人。下了一局棋,竟发现世上已经换了人间,也不知过去多少年了;借酒浇愁酒已尽,更无法排遣浓浓的思乡情。 14.题李凝幽居 唐 _è?????_ 闲居少邻并,草径入荒园。 鸟宿池边树,僧敲月下门。 过桥分野色,移石动云根。 暂去还来此,幽期不负言。 注释: (1)少(shǎo):不多。 (2)池边:一作“池中”。 (3)分野色:山野景色被桥分开。 (4)云根:古人认为“云触石而生”,故称石为云根。这里指石根云气。 (5)幽期:时间非常漫长。 (6)负言:指食言,不履行诺言,失信的意思。 译文: 悠闲地住在这里很少有邻居来,杂草丛生的小路通向荒芜小园。鸟儿自由地栖息在池边的树上,皎洁的月光下僧人正敲着山门。走过桥去看见原野迷人的景色,云脚在飘动山石也好像在移动。我暂时离开这里但是还会回来,按约定的日期与朋友一起隐居。 15.题破山寺后禅院 唐 常建 清晨入古寺,初日照高林。 曲径通幽处,禅房花木深。 山光悦鸟性,潭影空人心。 万籁此俱寂,但余钟磬音。 注释: (1)清晨:早晨。 (2)入:进入。古寺:指破山寺。 (3)初日:早上的太阳。 (4)照:照耀。 (5)高林:高树之林。 (6)竹径:一作“曲径”,又作“一径”。 (7)通:一作“遇”。 (8)幽:幽静。 (9)禅房:僧人居住修行的地方。 (10)悦:此处为使动用法,使……高兴。 (11)潭影:清澈潭水中的倒影。 (12)空:此处为使动用法,使……空。此句意思是,潭水空明清澈,临潭照影,令人俗念全消。 (13)万籁(lài):各种声音。籁,从孔穴里发出的声音,泛指声音。 (14)此:在此,即在后禅院。 (15)都:一作“俱”。 (16)但余:只留下。一作“惟余”,又作“唯闻”。 (17)钟磬(qìng):佛寺中召集众僧的打击乐器。磬,古代用玉或金属制成的曲尺形的打击乐器。 译文: 大清早我走进这古老寺院,旭日初升映照着山上树林。竹林掩映小路通向幽深处,禅房前后花木繁茂又缤纷。山光明媚使飞鸟更加欢悦,潭水清澈也令人爽神净心。此时此刻万物都沉默静寂,只留下了敲钟击磬的声音。 16.月夜忆舍弟 唐 杜甫 戍鼓断人行,边秋一雁声。 露从今夜白,月是故乡明。 有弟皆分散,无家问死生。 寄书长不达,况乃未休兵。 注释: (1)戍鼓:戍楼上的更鼓。戍,驻防。 (2)断人行:指鼓声响起后,就开始宵禁。 (3)边秋:一作“秋边”,秋天的边地,边塞的秋天。 (4)露从今夜白:指在气节“白露”的一个夜晚。 (5)有弟皆分散,无家问死生:弟兄分散,家园无存,互相间都无从得知死生的消息。 (6)长:一直,老是。 (7)达:到。 (8)况乃:何况是。 (9)未休兵:战争还没有结束。 译文: 戍楼上的更鼓声隔断了人们的来往,边塞的秋天里,一只孤雁正在鸣叫。从今夜就进入了白露节气,月亮还是故乡的最明亮。有兄弟却都分散了,没有家无法探问生死。寄往洛阳城的家书常常不能送到,何况战乱频繁没有停止。 17. 浣溪沙 宋 晏殊 一曲新词酒一杯,去年天气旧亭台。 夕阳西下几时回? 无可奈何花落去,似曾相识燕归来。 小园香径独徘徊。 注释: (1)一曲,一首。因为词是配合音乐唱的,故称“曲”。 (2)新词,刚填好的词,意指新歌。 (3)酒一杯,一杯酒。 (4)去年天气旧亭台:是说天气、亭台都和去年一样。此句化用五代郑谷《和知己秋日伤怀》诗:“流水歌声共不回,去年天气旧池台。”晏词“亭台”一本作“池台”。去年天气,跟去年此日相同的天气。旧亭台,曾经到过的或熟悉的亭台楼阁。旧,旧时。 (5)夕阳:落日。 (6)西下:向西方地平线落下。 (7)几时回:什么时候回来。 (8)无可奈何:不得已,没有办法。 (9)似曾相识:好像曾经认识。形容见过的事物再度出现。后用作成语,即出自晏殊此句。 (10)燕归来:燕子从南方飞回来。燕归来,春中常景,在有意无意之间。 (11)小园香径:花草芳香的小径,或指落花散香的小径。因落花满径,幽香四溢,故云香径。香径,带着幽香的园中小径。 (12)独:副词,用于谓语前,表示“独自”的意思。 (13)徘徊:来回走。 译文: 听一支新曲喝一杯美酒,还是去年的天气旧日的亭台,西落的夕阳何时再回来?那花儿落去我也无可奈何,那归来的燕子似曾相识,在小园的花径上独自徘徊。 18.揠苗助长 宋人有闵其苗之不长而揠之者,茫茫然归,谓其人曰:“今日病矣!予助苗长矣!”其子趋而往视之,苗则槁矣。 注释: ⑴闵(mǐn):同“悯”,担心,忧虑。 ⑵长(zhǎng):生长,成长。 ⑶揠(yà):拔。 ⑷茫茫然:疲惫不堪的样子。 ⑸谓:告诉。 ⑹其人:他家里的人。 ⑺病:疲劳,困苦,精疲力尽。 ⑻予(余):我,第一人称代词。 ⑼趋:快步走。 ⑽往:去,到……去。 ⑾槁(gǎo):草木干枯,枯萎。 译文: 有个担忧他的禾苗长不高而把禾苗往上拔的春秋宋国人,一天下来十分疲劳地回到家,对他的家人说:“今天累坏了,我帮助禾苗长高了!”他儿子小步奔去看那禾苗的情况,禾苗却都枯萎了。 19.自相矛盾 楚人有卖盾与矛者,誉之曰:“ 吾盾之坚 , 物莫能陷也。”又誉其矛曰:“ 吾矛之利, 於物无不陷也。”或曰:“ 以子之矛,陷子之盾,何如?”其人弗能应也。夫不可陷之盾与无不陷之矛,不可同世而立。 注释: ⑴誉:称扬,赞美。 ⑵弗:不。 译文: 在战国时期,楚国有个卖矛和盾的人,他先夸耀自己的盾很坚硬,说:“无论用什么东西都无法破坏它!”然后,他又夸耀自己的矛很锐利,说:“无论什么东西都能将其破坏!”,市场上的人质问他:“如果用你的矛去刺你的盾,它们将怎么样?”,那个人无法回答。众人嘲笑他。无法被刺穿的盾牌和没有刺不破盾的长矛,是不可能共同存在的。 20.滥竽充数 齐宣王使人吹竽,必三百人,南郭处士请为王吹竽,宣王说之,廪食以数百人。宣王死。缗王立,好一一听之,处士逃。 注释: ⑴处士:有才德而隐居不住的人。 ⑵廪食(lǐn sì):国家供给的粮食。 ⑶湣(mǐn)王:齐国国君,宣王的儿子,在宣王死后继位。姓田,名地。 ⑷好:喜欢。 译文: 齐宣王派人吹竽,一定要三百人一起吹。南郭处士请求给齐宣王吹竽,齐宣王很高兴。官府给他的待遇和那几百人一样。齐宣王死后,他的儿子齐湣王(田地)继承了王位。齐湣王喜欢听一个一个地独奏,南郭处士就逃跑了。 下学期: 1.赠孟浩然 唐 李白 吾爱孟夫子,风流天下闻。 红颜弃轩冕,白首卧松云。 醉月频中圣,迷花不事君。 高山安可仰,徒此揖清芬。 注释: (1)孟夫子:指孟浩然。夫子,一般的尊称。 (2)风流:古人以风流赞美文人,主要是指有文采,善词章,风度潇洒,不钻营苟且等。 (3)红颜句:意谓从青年时代起就对轩冕荣华(仕宦)不感兴趣。 (4)白首:白头,指老年。 (5)醉月句:月下醉饮。 (6)中圣:“中圣人”的简称,即醉酒。曹魏时徐邈喜欢喝酒,称酒清者为圣人,酒浊者为贤人。 (7)中:读去声,动词,“中暑”、“中毒”之“中”,此为饮清酒而醉,故曰中圣。 (8)迷花:迷恋花草,此指陶醉于自然美景。 (9)事君:侍奉皇帝。 译文: 我敬重孟先生的庄重潇洒,他为人高尚风流倜傥闻名天下。少年时鄙视功名不爱官冕车马,高龄白首又归隐山林摒弃尘杂。明月夜常常饮酒醉得非凡高雅,他不事君王迷恋花草胸怀豁达。高山似的品格怎么能仰望着他?只在此揖敬他芬芳的道德光华! 2.赠花卿 唐 杜甫 锦城丝管日纷纷, 半入江风半入云。 此曲只应天上有, 人间能得几回闻。 注释: (1)锦城:即锦官城,此指成都。 丝管:弦乐器和管乐器,这里泛指音乐。 (2)纷纷:形容乐曲的轻柔悠扬。 (3)天上:双关语,虚指天宫,实指皇宫。 (4)几回闻:本意是听到几回。文中的意思是说人间很少听到。 译文: 锦官城里的音乐声轻柔悠扬,一半随着江风飘去,一半飘入了云端。这样的乐曲只应该天上有,人间里哪能听见几回? 3.李延年歌 汉 李延年 北方有佳人,绝世而独立。 一顾倾人城,再顾倾人国。 宁不知倾城与倾国?佳人难再得。 注释: (1)倾城、倾国:原指因女色而亡国,后多形容妇女容貌极美。陶渊明《闲情赋》:“表倾城之艳色,期有德于传闻。” (2)宁不知:怎么不知道。 译文: 北方有位美丽姑娘,独立世俗之外,她对守城的将士瞧一眼,将士弃械,墙垣失守;她对君临天下的皇帝瞧一眼,皇帝倾心,国家败亡!美丽的姑娘呀,常常带来“倾城、倾国”的灾难。纵然如此,也不能失去获得佳人的好机会。美好姑娘世所难遇、不可再得! 4.终南山 唐 王维 太乙近天都,连山到海隅。 白云回望合,青霭入看无。 分野中峰变,阴晴众壑殊。 欲投人处宿,隔水问樵夫。 注释: (1)终南山:又名中南山或南山,即秦岭, 西起甘肃省天水,东至河南省陕县,绵亘 千余里。 (2)太乙:终南山的主峰,亦为终南山别名。 (3)分野:我国古代天文学家把天上的星宿和地上的区域联系起来,地上的某一区域都划定在星空的某一范围之内,称为分野。 (4)中峰:指主峰太乙。这句指以太乙为标志,东西两边就分属不同星宿的分野了。 译文: 终南山接近京城长安,崇山峻岭相连一直到海边。四边观望,白云缭绕,聚合不散;远处青青的烟云,接近后又看不见了。地域的分野在主峰成为分界,向阳背阴的山峰山谷阴晴各不相同。想到有人居住的地方投宿,隔着流水询问砍柴的樵夫。 5.登幽州台歌 唐 陈子昂 前不见古人, 后不见来者。 念天地之悠悠, 独怆然而涕下。 注释: (1)前:过去。 (2)古人:古代那些能够礼贤下士的圣君。(3)后:未来。 (4)来者:后世那些重视人才的贤明君主。(5)念:想到。 (6)悠悠:形容时间的久远和空间的广大。 (7)怆(chuàng)然:悲伤凄恻的样子。 (8)涕:古时指眼泪。 译文: 往前不见古代招贤的圣君,向后不见后世求才的明君。只有那苍茫天地悠悠无限,止不住满怀悲伤热泪纷纷。 6.卜算子·咏梅 宋 陆游 驿外断桥边,寂寞开无主。 已是黄昏独自愁,更著风和雨。 无意苦争春,一任群芳妒。 零落成泥碾作尘,只有香如故。 注释: (1)驿(yì)外:指荒僻、冷清之地。驿:驿站,供驿马或官吏中途休息的专用建筑。 (2)断桥:残破的桥。一说“断”通“簖”,簖桥乃是古时在为拦河捕鱼蟹而设簖之处所建之桥。 (3)寂寞:孤单冷清。 (4)无主:自生自灭,无人照管和玩赏。 (5)更:副词,又,再。 (6)著(zhuó):同“着”,遭受,承受。 (7)更著:又遭到。 (8)无意:不想,没有心思。自己不想费尽心思去争芳斗艳。 (9)苦:尽力,竭力。 (10)争春:与百花争奇斗艳。此指争权。 (11)一任:全任,完全听凭;一:副词,全,完全,没有例外。任:动词,任凭。 (12)群芳:群花、百花。百花,这里借指诗人政敌──苟且偷安的主和派。 (13)妒(dù):嫉妒。 (14)零落:凋谢,陨落。 (15)碾(niǎn):轧烂,压碎。 (16)作尘:化作灰土。 译文: 驿站之外的断桥边,梅花孤单寂寞地绽开了花,无人过问。暮色降临,梅花无依无靠,已经够愁苦了,却又遭到了风雨的摧残。梅花并不想费尽心思去争艳斗宠,对百花的妒忌与排斥毫不在乎。即使 凋零了,被碾作泥土,又化作尘土了, 梅花依然和往常一样散发出缕缕清香。? 7.生查子·元夕 宋 欧阳修 去年元夜时,花市灯如昼。 月上柳梢头,人约黄昏后。 今年元夜时,月与灯依旧。 不见去年人,泪湿春衫袖。 注释: (1)元夜:元宵之夜。农历正月十五为元宵节。自唐朝起有观灯闹夜的民间风俗。 (2)花市:民俗每年春时举行的卖花、赏花的集市。 (3)灯如昼:灯火像白天一样。 月上:一作“月到”。 (4)见:看见。 (5)泪湿:一作“泪满”。 (6)春衫:年少时穿的衣服,也指代年轻时的自己。 译文: 去年正月十五元宵节,花市灯光像白天一样明亮。月儿升起在柳树梢头,他约我黄昏以后同叙衷肠。今年正月十五元宵节,月光与灯光仍同去年一样。再也看不到去年的故人,泪珠儿不觉湿透了衣裳。 8.暮秋独游曲江 唐 李商隐 荷叶生时春恨生,荷叶枯时秋恨成。 深知身在情长在,怅望江头江水声。 注释: (1)春恨:犹春愁,春怨。唐杨炯《梅花落》诗:“行人断消息,春恨几徘徊。” (2)生:一作“起”。 (3)深知:十分了解。 (4)怅望:惆怅地看望或想望。 译文: 荷叶初生时,春恨已生。荷叶枯时,秋恨又成。深深知道,只要身在人世,情意地久天长永存。多少惆怅,只有那流不尽的江水声。 9.步出夏门行·龟虽寿 汉 曹操 神龟虽寿,犹有竟时。 螣蛇乘雾,终为土灰。 老骥伏枥,志在千里。 烈士暮年,壮心不已。 盈缩之期,不但在天; 养怡之福,可得永年。 幸甚至哉,歌以咏志。 注释: (1)神龟:传说的通灵之龟,能活几千岁。 (2)寿,长寿。 (3)竟:终结,这里指死亡。 (4)腾蛇:传说龙的一种,能乘云雾升天。 (5)骥:良马,千里马。 (6)伏:趴,卧。 (7)枥:马槽。 (8)烈士:操有远大抱负的男子。 (9)暮年:晚年。 (10)已:停止。 (11)盈缩:原指岁星的长短变化,这里指人的寿命长短。盈,增长。缩,亏,引申为短。 (12)但:仅,只。 (13)养怡:指调养身心,保持身心健康。怡,愉快、和乐。 (14)永年:长寿,活得长。 (15)幸甚至哉:庆幸得很,好极了。幸,庆幸。至,极点。 译文: 神龟虽然十分长寿,但生命终究会有结束的一天。腾蛇尽管能腾云乘雾飞行,但终究也会死亡化为土灰。年老的千里马虽然伏在马槽旁,雄心壮志仍是驰骋千里。壮志凌云的人士即便到了晚年,奋发思进的心也永不止息。人寿命长短,不只是由上天决定。调养好身心,就定可以益 寿延年。真是幸运极了,用歌唱来表达自 己的思想感情吧。 10.望月怀远 唐 张九龄 海上生明月,天涯共此时。 情人怨遥夜,竟夕起相思。 灭烛怜光满,披衣觉露滋。 不堪盈手赠,还寝梦佳期。 注释: (1)情人:多情的人,指作者自己;一说指亲人。 (2)遥夜:长夜。 (3)怨遥夜:因离别而幽怨失眠,以至抱怨夜长。 (4)竟夕:终宵,即一整夜。 (5)怜:爱。 (6)滋:湿润。 (7)怜光满:爱惜满屋的月光。 (8)盈手:双手捧满之意。盈:满(指那种满荡荡的充盈的状态)。 译文: 茫茫的海上升起一轮明月,此时你我都在天涯共相望。有情之人都怨恨月夜漫长,整夜里不眠而把亲人怀想。熄灭蜡烛怜爱这满屋月光,我披衣徘徊深感夜露寒凉。不能把美好的月色捧给你,只望能够与你相见在梦乡。 11.杂诗(其二) 唐 王维 君自故乡来,应知故乡事。 来日绮窗前,寒梅著花未? 注释: (1)来日:来的时候。 (2)绮(qǐ)窗:雕画花纹的窗户。 (3)著花未:开花没有?著花,开花。 未,用于句末,相当于“否”,表疑问。 译文: 您是刚从我们家乡来的,一定了解家乡的人情世态。请问您来的时候我家雕画花纹的窗户前,那一株腊梅花开了没有? 12.浪淘沙(其二) 唐 刘禹锡 洛水桥边春日斜,碧流轻浅见琼砂。 无端陌上狂风疾,惊起鸳鸯出浪花。 注释: (1)洛水:黄河支流,在今河南省西部。 (2)琼砂:美玉般的砂砾。 (3)无端:无缘无故,突然间。 译文: 洛水桥边春天的太阳西斜,碧流又清又浅看得见水底的琼砂。路上无端刮起急剧的狂风,惊得鸳鸯逃出了水中浪花。 13.钱塘湖春行 唐 白居易 孤山寺北贾亭西,水面初平云脚低。 几处早莺争暖树,谁家新燕啄春泥。 乱花渐欲迷人眼,浅草才能没马蹄。 最爱湖东行不足,绿杨阴里白沙堤。 注释: (1)孤山寺:南朝陈文帝(560~566)初年建,名承福,宋时改名广化。孤山:在西湖的里、外湖之间,因与其他山不相接连,所以称孤山。上有孤山亭,可俯瞰西湖全景。 (2)贾亭:又叫贾公亭。西湖名胜之一,唐朝贾全所筑。   (3)水面初平:春天湖水初涨,水面刚刚平了湖岸。初:副词,刚刚。 (4)云脚低:指云层低垂,看上去同湖面连成一片。点明春游起点和途径之处,着力描绘湖面景色。云脚:接近地面的云气,多见于降雨或雨初停时。 (5)早莺:初春时早来的黄鹂。莺:黄鹂,鸣声婉转动听。 (6)争暖树:争着飞到向阳的树枝上去。 (7)新燕:刚从南方飞回来的燕子。 (8)啄:衔取。燕子衔泥筑巢。 (9)暖树:向阳的树。 (10)乱花:纷繁的花。 (11)渐:副词,渐渐的。 (12)欲:副词,将要,就要。 (13)迷人眼:使人眼花缭乱。 (14)浅草:刚刚长出地面,还不太高的春草。 (15)才能:刚够上。 (16)没:遮没,盖没。 (17)行不足:百游不厌。 (18)阴:同“荫”,指树阴。 (19)白沙堤:即今白堤,又称沙堤、断桥堤,在西湖东畔,唐朝以前已有。 (20)云脚:接近地面的云气,多见于将雨或雨初停时。 (21)没(mò):隐没。 (22)湖东:以孤山为参照物。 (23)不足:不够。 译文: 走在西湖边。从孤山寺的北面到贾公亭的西面,湖水涨潮时刚好与堤齐平,白云重重叠叠,同湖面上的波澜连成一片.。几只早出的黄莺争着飞上向阳的树,不知谁家新来的燕子正衔着春泥在筑巢。一些多彩缤纷的春花(野花)渐渐要迷住人的眼睛,浅浅的春草刚刚能够遮没马蹄。我最爱漫步在西湖东边欣赏美景,欣赏得不够,就再去看那绿色杨柳下迷人的断桥白沙堤。 14.寿阳曲 烟寺晚钟 元 马致远 寒烟细,古寺清,近黄昏礼佛人静。 顺西风晚钟三四声,怎生教老僧禅定? 译文: 细细的炊烟袅袅上升,古寺里冷冷清清。时近黄昏,拜佛的人已经离去,四周好寂静。却顺着西风传过来三、四下傍晚的钟声,这怎么能叫我老和尚坐禅入定? 15.如梦令 宋 李清照 常记溪亭日暮,沉醉不知归路。 兴尽晚回舟,误入藕花深处。 争渡,争渡,惊起一滩鸥鹭。 注释: (1)常记:时常记起。“难忘”的意思。 (2)溪亭:临水的亭台。 (3)日暮:黄昏时候。 (4)沉醉:比喻沉浸在某事物或某境界中。 (5)兴尽:尽了兴致。 (6)晚:比合适的时间靠后,这里意思是天黑路暗了。 (7)回舟:乘船而回。 (8)误入:不小心进入。 (9)藕花:荷花。 (10)争渡:怎渡,怎么才能划出去。 (11)起:飞起来。 (12)一滩:一群。 (13)鸥鹭:这里泛指水鸟。 译文: 曾记得一次溪亭饮酒到日暮,喝得大醉回家找不着了道路。兴尽之后很晚才往回划船,却不小心进入了荷花深处。怎么渡,怎么渡?(最终)惊起水边满滩鸥鹭。? 16.水仙子 夜雨 元 徐再思 一声梧叶一声秋, 一点芭蕉一点愁, 三更归梦三更后。 落灯花,棋未收, 叹新丰孤馆人留。 枕 上十年事,江南二老忧,都到心头。 注释: (1)三更:指夜半时分。 (2)归梦:回家的梦。 (3)灯花:灯心余烬结成的花形。 (4)_??°??°_:地名,在今陕西省临潼东北。 (5)逆旅:客舍。 (6)淹留:滞留。 (7)江南:指作者自己的家乡,即浙江嘉兴一带。 (8)二老:父母双亲。? 译文: 梧桐叶上的每一滴雨,都让人感到浓浓的秋。芭蕉叶上的每一滴雨,都让人感到深深的愁。夜里做着的归家好梦,一直延续到三更之后。灯花敲落棋子还未收,叹新丰孤馆文士羁留。十年宦海奋斗的情景,江南家乡父母的担忧,一时间都涌上了心头。 17.郑人买履 郑人有欲买履者,先自度其足,而置之其坐。至之市,而忘操之。已得履, 谓曰:“吾忘持度”。反归取之,及反,市罢,遂不得履。人日:“何不试之以足?”曰:“宁信度,无自信也。” 注释: ⑴郑:春秋时代一个小国的名称,在现今河南省的新郑县。  ⑵欲:将要,想要。 ⑶者:……的人。 ⑷先:首先。 ⑸度(duó):测量。 ⑹而:连词,表示承接。 ⑺置:放置,搁在。 ⑻坐:通假字,同“座”,座位。 ⑼至:等到,直到。 ⑽之:到……去,往。 ⑾操:携带。 ⑿乃:于是,这才。 ⒀度(dù):量好的尺码。 ⒁反:通假字,同“返”,返回。 ⒂遂:于是。 ⒃宁(nìng):宁可 译文: 有一个想要买鞋的郑国人,他先量好自己脚的尺码,然后把量好的尺码放在他的座位上。等到了集市,他忘了带量好的尺码。他已经挑好了鞋子,才说:“我忘记带量好的尺码了。”于是返回家去取尺码。等到他返回集市的时候,集市已经散了,他最终没有买到鞋。有人问:“为什么不用你的脚去试试鞋的大小呢?” 他说:“我宁可相信量好的尺码,也不相信自己的脚。” 18.买椟还珠 楚人有卖其珠于郑者,为木兰之柜,熏以桂椒,缀以珠玉,饰以玫瑰,辑以翡翠。郑人买其椟而还其珠。此可谓善卖椟矣,未可谓善鬻珠也。 注释: ⑴椟:匣子。 ⑵桂椒:肉桂及山椒,这里指高级香料。 ⑶辑:通“缉”,连缀。 ⑷鬻(yù ):卖。 译文: 楚国有个商人,在郑国卖珠宝。他用名贵的木兰雕了一只装珠的匣子,将盒子用桂椒调制的香料熏制,用珠宝和宝玉点缀,用美玉装饰,用翡翠连缀。有个郑国人把匣子买了去,却把匣子里面的珠子还给了他,这可以说,这个珠宝商人很善于卖盒子,而不善于卖珠宝。 19.南辕北辙 今者臣来,见人于大行,方北面而持其驾,告臣曰:“我欲之楚.”臣曰:“君之楚, 将奚为北面?” 曰:“吾马良。”臣曰:“马虽良,此非楚之路也.”曰:“吾用多。”臣曰:“用虽多,此非楚之路也。”曰:“吾御者善。”此数者愈善,而离楚愈远耳。 注释: ⑴大行(háng):大,通“太”,大行:太行山。一作大,宽大。行,道路。大行:宽阔的道路。 ⑵方:正在。 ⑶北:面向北方。 ⑷持其驾:驾着他的车。 ⑸之:动词,到……去。 ⑹楚:楚国,在魏国的南面。 ⑺将:又。 ⑻奚:为何。 ⑼用:费用,钱财。 ⑽御:驾驭车马。 ⑾者:……的人。 ⑿御者善:车夫驾车的技术高超。 ⒀此数者:这几个条件。 译文: 我今天来上朝的时候,在太行山一带遇见了一个人,正在面朝北面驾着他的车,他告诉我说:“我想到楚国去。”我说:“您到楚国去,为什么往北走呢?”他说:“我的马很好。”我说:“你的马虽然很好,但这不是去楚国的路。”他说:“我的路费很多。”我说:“你的路费虽然多,但这不是去楚国的路。”他说:“我的马夫善于驾车。”这几个条件越好,离楚国就越远。 20.叶公好龙 叶公子高好龙,钩以写龙,凿以写龙,屋室雕文以写龙。于是天龙闻而下之,窥头于牖,施尾于堂。叶公见之,弃而还走,失其魂魄,五色无主。是叶公非好龙也,好夫似龙而非龙者也。 注释: ⑴叶公:春秋时楚国叶县县令沈诸梁,名子高,封于叶(古邑名,今河南叶县)。 ⑵钩:衣服上的带钩。 ⑶写:画。 ⑷凿:通"爵",古代饮酒的器具。 ⑸屋室雕文:房屋上雕刻的图案、花纹。“文”通“纹”。 ⑹以:在。 ⑺闻:听说。 ⑻下之:到叶公住所处。 ⑼窥(kuī):这里是探望、偷看的意思。 ⑽牖(yǒu):窗户。 ⑾施(yì):延伸,同“拖”。 ⑿堂:厅堂。 ⒀还(xuán)走:转身就跑。还(通假字),通“旋”。 ⒁走:逃跑。 ⒂五色无主:脸色一忽儿白,一忽儿黄。五色,这里指脸色。 ⒃是:由此看来。 ⒄好:喜欢。 ⒅夫:这,那。 译文: 叶公喜欢龙,衣带钩、酒器上都刻着龙,居室里雕镂装饰的也是龙。他这样爱龙,被天上的真龙知道后,便从天上下降到叶公家里,龙头搭在窗台上探望,龙尾伸到了厅堂里。叶公一看是真龙,转身就跑,吓得他像失了魂似的,惊恐万状,不能控制自己。由此看来,叶公并不是真的喜欢龙,他喜欢的只不过是那些像龙的东西而不是龙。 13

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  • ID:4-8462455 Unit 8 Happy New Year (Story time) 优质课课件(45张PPT)

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/三年级上册/Unit 8 Happy New year!

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  • ID:4-8459757 3A Unit5 Look at me Story time课件(21张PPT)+课时教案

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/三年级上册/Unit 5 Look at me!

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  • ID:4-8459738 牛津译林版扬州市2020-2021学年第一学期三年级英语期末质量检测(含听力音频,无参考答案和听力材料)

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/三年级上册/本册综合

    扬州市2020-2021学年第一学期三年级英语期末质量检测

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  • ID:4-8459733 扬州市牛津译林版六年级上册英语期末练习(含答案及听力音频,材料)

    小学英语/期末专区/六年级上册

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  • ID:4-8459425 Unit2 Schoool life Grammar 课件(40张PPT)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 2 School life

    1. To learn to use ‘more … than’, ‘fewer … than’ and ‘less … than’ to compare the amount of things 2. To learn to use ‘the most’, ‘the fewest’ and ‘the least’ 3. To learn to use comparative and superlative adverbs 4. To learn the new words: least, further/farther, furthest/farthest Objectives Comparative and superlative adjectives +er -y+ier more+ comparatives + than the + superlatives double the consonant + er/est 原级 比较级 最高级 Situations Pay attention to the circled words. 原级 比较级 最高级 原级 比较级 最高级 原级 比较级 最高级 1. One Monday, there were fewer people in the shop than usual when the woman came in, so it was easier for the detective to watch her. 2. I often read more books than my classmates. 3. It’s like watching TV, but there are fewer advertisements. 4. In the club, older students help new students learn more about the school. 5. Millie has less rice than Daniel. 6. During this year’s Reading Week, I read the most books in my class. 7. He’s the best teacher, even though he has the least experience. 8. Which of you has made the fewest mistakes? 9. He gave the least money of all. 1. One Monday, there were _____ people in the shop ____ usual when the woman came in, so it was easier for the detective to watch her. 2. I often read _____ books _____ my classmates. 3. It’s like watching TV, but there are ______ advertisements. fewer than more than fewer go Ready? 4. In the club, older students help new students learn _____ about the school. 5. Millie has ____ rice _____ Daniel. 6. During this year’s Reading Week, I read ___ _____ books in my class. 7. He’s the best teacher, even though he has ____ ______ experience. 8. Which of you has made ____ ______ mistakes? 9. He gave ___ ______ money of all. more less than the most the least the fewest the least Comparing two things 我们常用 “more … than”, “fewer … than”和“less … than”比较两者之间数量的多少。 few 用来修饰可数名词,less 用来修饰不可数名词,more 既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。 Millie Amy Millie has _____ flowers _____ Amy. more than Amy has _____ flowers _____ Millie. fewer than Complete the sentences with “more … than”, “fewer … than” or “less … than”. Kitty Daniel has _____ CDs ______ Kitty. fewer than Kitty has _____ CDs ______ Daniel. more than Daniel Simon Sandy Simon has ____ orange juice _____ Sandy. less than Sandy has _______ orange juice ______ Simon. more than Comparing more than two things 我们常用“the most”,“the fewest”和 “the least”来比较两个以上的事物。 “the most”表示数量最多,“the fewest”/“the least”表示数量最少。 the fewest 用来修饰可数名词,the least 用来修饰不可数名词,the most 既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。 ?10 ? 5 ? 10 ? 10 Daniel Millie Kitty Daniel has ________ money. Kitty has ________ money. the most the least Complete the sentences with “the most”, “the fewest” or “the least”. Millie Amy Kitty Kitty has ________ flowers. Amy has _________ flowers. the most the fewest Kitty Daniel Simon Simon has ________ CDs. Daniel has __________ CDs. the most the fewest more fewer most more fewer fewest less more least most Check your answer. What is your school life like? Complete the last column in Part A1 with your own information. Make sentences to compare your school life with Nancy’s, John’s and Daniel’s. (p25) Roll up our sleeves to?work?harder.? Work hard and?play?hard. 努力工作痛快玩! 副词用以修饰动词、形容词、其他副词或全句。 adv. comparative: +er Look at the following sentences. 1. Which of the subjects do you like best, Eddie? (七年级上册U3) 2. I have my own bedroom and bathroom, and I like the balcony best. (七年级下册U1) 3. Bill works harder than Joe and grows more flowers and vegetables. (新概念第二册 L8) Sentences from this unit: 4. They have to work harder. 5. Among all my subjects, I like French best. 6. Time seems to go faster when we are reading interesting books. 7. On Friday afternoon, our school ends earlier than usual. 1. Which of the subjects do you like ____, Eddie? 2. I have my own bedroom and bathroom, and I like the balcony ____. 3. Bill works ______ ____ Joe and grows ______ flowers and vegetables, but Joe's garden is more interesting. best best harder than go Ready? more 4. They have to work _______. 5. Among all my subjects, I like French ____. 6. Time seems to go ______ when we are reading interesting books. 7. On Friday afternoon, our school ends ______ _____ usual. faster earlier than harder best 与大多数形容词一样,副词也有比较级和最高级,可用来修饰动词。 一、 构成 规则 例词 单音节和个别双音节副词加后缀–er和-est构成比较级和最高级。 hard → harder → hardest high → higher → highest 规则 例词 大部分双音节副词和 所有多音节副词前面 加more和most构成 比较级和最高级。 quickly → more quickly → most quickly carefully → more carefully → most carefully 温馨提示:有些不规则变化我们应牢记, 如:well → better → best; badly → worse → worst; far → further/farther → furthest/farthest 二、 句型 句型 例子 比较级 A +实义动词+比较级+ than + B Tom works faster than David. I speak English more fluently now than last year. 最高级 A+实义动词+最高级(+of/in…),副词最高级前的the可省略 I jumped (the) highest in my class. Our team played (the) worst of all. well better the best high higher the highest fast faster the fastest quickly more quickly the most quickly Check your answer. 1. more … than… 比……多 fewer/less … than 比……少 2. the most 最多 the fewest/least 最少 3. 副词比较级和最高级的构成及用法 请点击 1. I have ________ (many) books than my brother. 2. There is ________ (little) bread in the box than in the fridge. 3. In the English exam, I got ________ (many) points among the students, but Beibei got __________ (few) points. I. Fill in the blanks. more less? the most the fewest 4. Simon and Andy have _________ (much) time than Daniel, Daniel has ________ (little) time of the three. 5. Yao Ming is the best player in the game. He scored _________ (many) points. 6. Daniel made ______ (many) mistakes than Kitty in the maths homework, but he made ______ (few) mistakes than Simon. Kitty made _________ (few) mistakes of the three. more the least the most? more fewer the fewest II. 改写下列句子,使与原句意思保持不变。 1. Jack joins the fewest clubs of the three boys. Jack joins _____ ____ ____ the other two boys. 2. She doesn’t have as much free time as her sister. She has _____ free time _____ her sister. 3. My cousin can’t swim as well as I. I swim _____ ______ my cousin. 4. Nobody else can sing so beautifully as Mary in our class. Mary sings _____ ___________ in our class. fewer clubs than less than better than most beautifully III. Translation. 1. 如果开车的人少一点,污染就会少一点。 If there are _____ ______ driving, there will be ____ _________. 2. 我们必须要做比他们多得多的家庭作业。 We have to do _____ ______homework ____ they do. 3. 你应该少花点时间上网聊天。 You should _____ ____ ____ ________                  on the Internet. 4. 下次进来时,请你走路再轻声点好吗? Would you please walk _____ ______             next time you enter the room? much more fewer people less pollution than spend less time chatting more quietly Peter is good at jumping. He jumped ______________   (far) of all in the long jump in this year’s sports meeting. He is also good at running. He always runs ______ (fast) than any other player on the field. He practises football much _______ (hard) than his teammates. He will feel very bad if he does ______  (bad) in a match. Doing sports doesn’t make Peter fall behind others in his lessons. He does ______ (well) in his lessons than most of his classmates. He always works out maths problems ____________ (quickly) than other students. He always listens to the teachers very __________ (careful) in class. Peter is good at both sports and his lessons. I think he should be this year’s Mr Sport. IV. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the words in brackets. farthest/furthest faster harder badly better more quickly carefully Review the grammar we have learned today. 2. Finish the exercises in Learning English. 3. Preview Integrated skills on pages 25-26.

    • 2021-01-04
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  • ID:4-8459364 牛津译林版 6A 期末重难知识点 配套练习(含答案)

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/六年级上册/本册综合

    6A 期末复习重难点 知识点1:时间介词 in/on/at at - 具体时间点 如 at five o’clock on- 与day(日子)相关,如日期 Monday;July 1st; birthday, Children’s day in - 范围大一点的时间段 in a week, in July,in spring, in 2020 *固定搭配*: in the morning/afternoon/evening at night/noon at the Dragon Boat Festival (以Festival结尾的中国传统节日) at Christmas on/at the weekend 在周末 on Monday morning 在周一的早上(早中晚之前有词修饰) 一、根据句意,用正确的介词填空。 1. My mother usually cooks ______ 5 o'clock.? 2. I get up _____ half past six every morning.? 3. My birthday is _____ November 11th.? 4. It rained heavily ______ a cold night. 5. We watched a football game ______ National Day. 6. What does he usually do _______ weekends?? 7. I go to school ______ Monday ______ Friday. ____ Saturday and Sunday, I stay at home. 8. I’m going to have a big dinner with my friends _______ next week. 知识点2: 名词单复数 1. 名词单复数变化巧记顺口溜: 规律口诀:名词复数有规律,一般词尾加s; 如:rooms 辅音字母+y, y变身i + es; 如:families 元音字母+y,直接就把s加; 如:boys s,x,ch,sh;要把es往后加; 如:boxes 遇到f,fe;字母v来把它替,es在后别忘记;如:knives 字母o来真神奇:有生命来es,没有生命+s 如:photos(无生命);mangoes(有生命) 单复数同形:中日人们来欢聚,相约一起吃羊鱼 Chinese/Japanese/people/sheep/fish 练习: 写出以下名词的单复数。 mouse __________ dish _____________ toy __________ fish ____________ fox __________ tomato __________ knife __________ radio __________ watch ________ monkey __________ tooth __________ party _____________ country ________ policeman ________ sheep __________ child _____________ woman doctor - hero- 知识点3: 名词单复数 1. 一般情况+’s, 意为“…的”, 表示所属关系; 表示“共有”时,最后一个人的名字+’s;表示“各自” 拥有,需要在各个名字后面+’s Lucy’s dress 2. of 结构: 名词. + of + 所有者 a photo of my family 一张我家庭的照片 练习:一、 选择题 ( ) - _____ jacket is it? - Maybe it is _____. A. Who’s; Tom’s B. Whose; Tom C. Whose; Tom’s ( ) It’s ________ bedroom. A. Amy and Anna’s B. Amy and Anna C. Amy’s and Anna’s ( ) Lily is a friend of ______. A. me B. my C. mine ( ) Mrs. Green is _______ mother. A. the twin’s B. the twin C. the twins’ ( ) There are 30 _______ in our school. A. women teacher B. woman teachers C. women teachers 知识点4:天气类形容词 变化规则:① 直接+y 如:wind-windy ② 双写尾字母+y 如:sun-sunny 用法:be + adj. 放在be动词后面。 It’s cloudy. adj. + 名词 如:It’s a rainy day. 难点辨析:rain、rainy、raining、rained rain 既可以用作名词,“雨,雨水”; 是不可数名词。 rain又作动词使用,“下雨”,有时态区分:rains一般现在时; raining现在进行时; rained一般过去时 rainy adj. 有雨的 练习: 一、用所给词的正确形式填空。 Look! It’s __________(rain). We must stay at home. It was ________(cloud) in the morning and the ______ (windy) was strong, too. He is a ________(sun) boy. It’s a fine day today. (改为同义句) It’s a ________ day. It usually _________(rain) all day in June every year. I really don’t like ________(rain) days because there’s much __________(rain) everywhere. It’s windy and cloudy today . 划线部分提问:_________________________ ? 知识点5:祈使句 - 表示命令,建议,禁止等语气的句子,通常没有主语。 Do 型- 动词原形 如:Turn right! 右转 名词或名词短语 如:Danger!危险! Let 型- 如:Let’s go. No型- No+名词复数 如:No pets! 禁止宠物 ;No+ doing 如:No shouting! 祈使句否定: Don’t +肯定祈使句 如:Don’t drink food here. Don’t be afraid. 练习: 一、选择: ( )1. _____ me go. It’s very urgent for me. A. Do let?? B. letting C. Doing let??? ( )2. ______ come late again. A. Don’t????????B. Don’t be C. Doesn’t????? ( )3. _____ up early please. A. Getting??????B. Get C. To get??????? ( )4. _____ with fire . It’s dangerous . A. Not play??? B. Not to play C. Don’t play?? ( )5. ______ tell a lie. A. Never B. Not C. No ( ) 6. _______ late again, Bob! A. Don't B. Don't be C. Not be ( ) 7. Kate, _______ your umbrella with you . A. take B. takes C. to take 二、按要求写句子: 8. No drinking or smoking. (改成同义句) ________________________ 9. Be quick. (改否定句) ____________________ 10. Don’t take photos. (改同义句)____________________ 知识点6: 一般过去时 含义: 一般过去时表示某人_做了_某事, 行为(实义)动词用__过去__ 式。 公式: sb. __did__ sth. 标志词: 时间状语:_yesterday__, __last…__, __…ago___ 等 (列举3个) 动词变化规则: 规则变化: 1. 动词+ed look-looked 2. 哑e结尾+d: live- lived 3. 元音+y ,直+ed , play- played ; 辅音+y 变y为i +ed :study- studied 4. 双写词尾辅音+ed: stop - stopped; chat- chatted 不规则变化:如 do -did ; tell - told 例句: We watched an interesting film last night. 练习: 一、写出动词过去式。 plant move slip put cut make take get fall bring keep throw sweep buy catch see read become 二、按要求写句子。 There were some parrots in the park. (改成否定句) __________________________________________ 2. She did shopping on the Internet yesterday afternoon. (划线提问) __________________________________________ 知识点7:一般将来时态 be going to do sth 和will do sth 表示: __将要/打算__做某事 公式: sb. ___be going to do__ sth. = sb. ____will do___ sth. 标志词: 举3个 :tomorrow; next week;after three days 动词形式:V. 原 缩写: 人称+will(举3个): I’ll; We’ll;He'll will +not: won't 例句: We are going to play football tomorrow. = We’ll play football tomorrow. 一、 选择题。 ( )1. Mrs. Smith ____________ housework tomorrow afternoon. A. will do B. are going to do C. do D. does ( )2. It _____________ tomorrow , because there’re black clouds in the sky. A. rains B. will rain C. rainy D. raining ( )3. What _________ your parents going to do tomorrow? A. is B. am C. are D. will ( )4. He ________ in three days. A. coming back B. is going to come back C. comes back D. will back ( )5. Charles __________ here next month. A. isn’t working B. isn’t going to working C. doesn’t work D. won’t work ( )6. Will Tom ________ a nice present at Christmas? A. get B. gets C. getting D. got ( )7. _______ Tom and Jane going _________ see a film? A. Is;/ B. Are;/ C. Are; to D. Is; to ( )8. There _________ a sports meeting tomorrow afternoon. A. will go to B.will C. will be D. is going to 二、划线提问。 John’s going to watch a fashion show . Su Hai is going to Summer Palace tomorrow. Our family are going to watch fireworks next Sunday. 专项练习- 句型转换 改成复数句: 1.There is a knife in the box. ?????????????? There _____ _____ ______ in the box. 2.She's a woman doctor.?????????????????? They're ______ ______. 3.Please give me a cup of tea.????????? ? Please give me some ______ of ______. 否成定句: 1.My mother does shopping every day.??? My mother ?_____ ______ shopping every day. 2. People used horses to carry things in the past. People _______ ____ horses to _____ things in the past. 3.Tell him the news.?????????????????? _______ _______ him the news. 改成一般疑问句: 1.There were some dead fish in the river.?? ____ ?_____ ?____ dead fish in the river ? 2.He is going to stay on the farm .???????????? ______ he ______ ______ ______ on the farm? 3. I bought some fruit and drinks yesterday .???? ?______ you ______ ______ fruit _____ drinks yesterday? 对划线部分提问: 1.My mother went to the cinema last night.??????? _____ ______ your mother ______ to the cinema? 2.These signs mean “No littering”.????????????? _______ ______ these signs _______? 3.They are talking about plans for winter holiday.????______ are they _________ _________???? ?????? 4.We are going to have a dinner party. ______ are ______ ______ ________ ________? 改成同义句: 1.What an exciting film it is!???? _____ ______ the film ______! 2. I’m going to watch a football game tomorrow.?????I _______ ______ a football game tomorrow. 3. I went to the park?by bike yesterday. I ______ ______?_______ to the park yesterday .?????? 4. It’s time for lunch. It’s time ______ ______ ______ . 6A 期末复习重难点答案 知识点1: 答案:1. at 2. at 3. on 4. on 5. on 6. at或on 7. from;to;On 8. 不填 知识点2: 答案:第一行 mice- dishes-toys-fish 第二行 foxes- tomatoes - knives- radios 第三行 watches- monkeys- teeth- parties 第四行 countries- policemen- sheep- children 第五行:women doctors - heroes 知识点3: 选择题:CACCC 知识点4: 答案:1. raining 2. cloudy; wind 3. sunny 4. sunny 5. rains ; rainy ; rain 6. What’s the weather like today? 知识点5: 答案: 一、选择题:1. A 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. B 7. A 二、1. Don’t drink or smoke. 2. Don’t be quick. 3. No photos. 知识点6: 答案:第一行 planted- moved- slipped- put- cut- made 第二行 took- got- fell- brought-kept- threw 第三行 swept- bought- caught- saw- read- became 写句子:1. There weren’t any parrots in the park. 2. What did she do yesterday afternoon? 知识点7: 选择题:1. A 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. A 7.C 8.C 写句子:1. What is John is going to watch? 2. Where is SuHai going tomorrow?(现在进行时表示将来) 3. When are your family going to watch fireworks? 专项练习- 句型转换: 改复数句:1. are some knives 2. women doctors 3. cups;tea 4. doesn’t do 改否定句:1. doesn’t do 2. didn’t use; carry 3. Don’t tell 改一般疑问句:1. Were there any 2. Is; going to stay 3. Did;buy any;or 划线提问: 1. When did; go 2. What do; mean 3.What ;talking about 4. What;you going to do 同义句: 1. How exciting; is 2. will watch 3. rode a bike 4. to have lunch

    • 2021-01-04
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  • ID:18-8421210 小学消防安全教育 课件(22ppt)

    小学专题教育/班会/通用版/安全教育

    中小学生消防安全教育日 提到“消防”你会想到什么? 福银高速两车追尾起火 房县小区居民楼起火 女童与家人走失 戒指卡住手指 《消防法》规定,任何人发现火灾都应立即报警,任何单位、个人都应当无偿为报警提供便利,不得阻拦报警。严禁谎报火警。 如何正确拨打119报警 ▲起火地点 ▲起火原因 ▲起火物质 ▲火势大小 ▲有无人员被困 ▲报警人的姓名和电话 ▲派人到路口迎候消防车 沉 着 镇 静 我们身边有哪些火灾风险 防范疫情勤消毒,酒精则是易燃物;使用存放要注意,热源火源要远离 。 酒精消毒远离火源 厨房用火不离人, 用完火后关阀门; 油锅起火心不急, 盖严锅盖火自熄 。 出门不忘三件事, 熄火断电关燃气 。 厨房用火不离人 燃气泄漏莫惊慌 快关阀门速开窗 燃气泄漏开窗通风 安全用电不超负荷 不要在同一个插座上同时连接几个大功率电器 电器远离可燃物,离开断电要记住 疏散通道禁止堆放杂物 楼梯通道不占用 安全出口要畅通 正确的火场逃生 室外起火不可盲目逃生 楼道起火应呆在室内紧闭房门,用湿毛巾等堵住门缝防止烟气进入。立即拨打119火警电话报警,在有新鲜空气的外窗位置呼救,用湿毛巾捂住口鼻等待消防人员救援。 室内起火赶紧逃 如火势不大,可浸湿棉被、毯子等披在身上从火中冲出去。此时,要当机立断,以免火势越烧越大,错过逃生时机。穿过烟雾环境时,必须用湿毛巾等捂住口鼻,尽可能地弯腰贴地跑出,这样才能减少烟气的吸入量,以免吸入有毒气体倒下。 大火封堵出口另寻生机 可以通过房屋的窗户、阳台,用绳索或将床单撕成条状连接起来,一端拴在固定物件上,再顺着绳索或布条滑下,或利用下水管道或其他接地牢固的物件逃生。切不可盲目跳楼逃生,禁止乘坐电梯逃生。 大火封堵出口另寻生机 卫生间如果没有外窗,千万不能进入卫生间躲避,否则浓烟会很快夺去你的生命。 √ × 公共场所火场逃生 进入商场、影院、宾馆等场所时,应了解疏散通道、安全出口和灭火器材的位置,以便突遇火灾及时逃生或扑救。 你认识这些消防器材吗? 灭火器 室外消火栓 室内消火栓 如果您位于居民楼5层,6层着火你应该怎么做? 火灾中,烟气主要是向上方蔓延的。一般来说,如果您处于着火层的下方,轻易不会受到烟气的威胁,可以向下安全逃离火场。如果您处于着火层或着火层的上方,千万不要贸然逃生,退守待援才是最佳选择。 身上起火怎么办? 就地打滚压灭身上火苗 消防队救火收不收费? 不收费 敬请关注“十堰消防”

    • 2020-12-28
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  • ID:4-8421201 江苏省扬州市江都区大桥镇八校联考2020-2021学年上学期期中考试八年级英语试题20201222(PDF版+word版含答案,有听力音频和原文)

    初中英语/月考专区/八年级上册

    1111

    • 2020-12-28
    • 下载1次
    • 3992.13KB
  • ID:2-8399704 部编版2020年六年级上学期语文期末检测(无答案)

    小学语文/期末专区/六年级上册

    -----------------------------密----------------------------------------封----------------------------------------线------------------------ 学校_________________班级____________________姓名_________________准考证号________________________ --------------------------------------密--------------------------------------封-----------------------------------线--------------------- 部编版六年级第一学期语文期末检测试题 (120分钟) 第一部分 积累·运用 28% 一、看拼音写词语。(6%) lǐ mào dān bó xuán yá mí méng zhǎn dīng jié ti? pān dēng kǎo chá pí juàn tuí fèi bié chū xīn cái 二、选择题 (14%) 1.下面带点字的注音不正确的一个是( ) A 蒙(m?ng)古包 B 提供(gòng) C 卡住(qiǎ) D 暴露(lù) 2.下面各项中,书写完全正确的一项是( ) A坚苦卓绝 可见一斑 神秘 B 暴露无遗 维妙维肖 沮丧 C一碧千里 惊恐万壮 干燥 D 威风凛凛 全神贯注 抵御 3. 下面加点字或词语解释错误的一项是( ) A苍穹(天空) B擎着红旗(拿着、举着) C旧时茅店社林边(茅草盖的旅舍) D明月别枝惊鹋(别的树上的树枝) 4.下列句子没有语病的一项是( ) A.老师用和蔼的语气和慈样的目光注视着我们。 B.抗日战争期间,有多少英雄为了保卫家园而流血牺牲呀! C.听了这个故事,我不约而同地笑了。 D.故事读完后,大家热闹地鼓掌。 5.下列句子中标点使用完全正确的一组是( ) A 我的手指还能活动;我的大脑还能思维;我有终生追求的理想;有我爱和爱我的亲人和朋友;对了,我还有一颗感恩的心…… B静寂的草原热闹起来:欢呼声、车声、马蹄声,响成一片。 C“够了”,船长说:“让每个人都到小艇上去。” D 花开了,就像睡醒了似的。鸟飞了,就像在天上逛似的。虫子叫了,就像在说话似的。 6.下列课文中发生的故事先后顺序排列正确的一项是( ) ①红军长征②开国大典③郝副营长牺牲④狼牙山五壮士牺牲 A.①④②③B.②④③①,C.④①②③D.①④③② 7.回忆课文内容,下列表述有误的一项是( ) A.《七律长征》的颔联运用夸张的手法,把巍峨雄伟、绵延不绝的大山写得微不足道,这样写更加突出红军大无畏的英雄气概。 B.《草原》课文生动地描写了草原的美丽景色,以及草原人民的热情好客、能歌善舞,主要表现了蒙族人民的快乐。 C.《灯光》一课,“灯光”是一条线索,由天安门广场上的灯光写起,结尾又回到天安门前的灯光。这灯光里寄托了作者的哀思和愿望,无论过去多久,我们都不能忘记那些浴血奋战的革命先烈。 D.《狼牙山五壮士》和《开国大典》这两篇课文都采用点面结合的方法来描写场面的。 三、名句默写(8%) 1.芭蕉不展丁香结, 。 2. ,江清月近人。 3. 卷地风来忽吹散, 。 4.稻花香里说丰年, 。 5. 更喜岷山千里雪,___________________ __。 6. ,死而后已。 7. 捐躯赴国难, 。 8.等闲识得东风面, 。 第二部分阅读与欣赏(38%) 必读书目选择题(6%) 1.《童年》的作者是( ) A.狄更斯 B.屠格涅夫 C.柴可夫斯基 D.高尔基 2. 《童年》讲述的是阿廖沙三岁到十岁这一时期的童年生活,生动地再现了19世纪七八十年代( )下层人民的生活状况。 A.德国 B.英国 C.俄国 D.法国 3.《童年》中的“好事情”是( ) A.正直的老工人 B.献身科学的知识分子 C.认真负责的老师 D.勤劳的农民 (二)课外阅读 坐在最后一排(20%) ①上小学时,我一直是个自卑的女孩,因为丑,因为笨,因为脾气倔强、性格孤僻……每次调座位,老师都把我安排到最后两排,因为班上有好学生才有资格坐前排这个不成文的规定。到后来,( )我个子很矮且是全班视力最差的一个,( )我索性赌气似的主动要求老师把我固定到最后一排去。 ②后来,班主任调走了,年轻漂亮的白老师接任。她说对每个同学的情况都能知道得明明白白。我不屑地瞧着她:她真有那么神通?她知道我近视吗?知道我是赌气坐最后一排吗? ③没想到过了几天,她竟真的注意到了我。 ④那天语文自习课上,我摊开练习本做题,其实我只做造句和一些想象性的题。白老师走过来抽走了我的练习本:“小脑瓜想什么呢?”从未享受过如此“待遇”的我禁(jīn jìn)不住心头一暖,胆怯地听着她翻阅的声音。 ⑤过了世界上最漫长也是最短暂的几分钟,我畏惧地等待着习惯性的雷霆暴怒,却惊奇地听见她(轻松 轻柔)的笑声:“非常好,很有想象力。‘花骨(gǔ gū)朵们在树枝上聚精会神地倾听春天’,多有灵性啊!可为什么不说‘倾听春天脚步’呢?” ⑥ “有时候春天是没有脚步的,是披着绿纱乘着风来的。”第一次受到了如此嘉奖,我顿时大胆起来。 ⑦她轻轻拍拍我的头,走上讲台用我的练习本讲起了造句。A 那半个小时使我第一次感到快乐、幸福、晕眩和陶醉。 ⑧以后的日子里,白老师特别注意查阅我的作业,关切地询问我其他学科的情况,还抽空给我讲一些(浅显 明显)的文学知识。每当她带着清香的气息在我身后停下时,每当她弯下腰接近我低低地说话时,每当她带着微笑慢慢离去时,B 我都感到从未有过的紧张、激动、惭愧和快乐。我这才发现,我以往的愤愤不平和自暴自弃是多么无知而愚蠢,我的虚荣和脆弱让我受到伤害是罪有应得,因为我从来就没有积累起受人尊重和宠爱的财富! ⑨在我笨拙勤恳的努力下,我的各科成绩很快进步起来。可是由于近视看不清板书,仍给我的学习造成了一些不大不小的障碍。 ⑩一天,白老师在我旁边听数学课,偶然看到我把黑板上的“8”写成“3”才知道我的近视。 ?过了一段时间,白老师宣布进行语文测试并声明:“前五名有奖。”一向对考试毫不在意的我也禁不住跃跃欲试地忙碌起来…… ?“第一名,乔小叶!”白老师大声念道。 ?天哪!我是第一名! ?“这次考试,同学们普遍不错。特别是乔小叶,坐在最后一排,眼睛还近视,可她不怕困难,努力进取,终于取得好成绩。我( )要给她应获的获品,( )要给她一份特别奖励——坐在第一排中间座位上!世界上有最后一排的座位,但不会有永远坐在最后一排的人。” 1.划去短文括号里不恰当的读音或词语。(2%) 2.在文中括号里填上合适的关联词语。(2%) 3.联系上下文理解词语。(2%) 不屑—— 自暴自弃—— 4.短文围绕着白老师和“我”主要写了两件事,请你简要概括出来。(4%) ___________________________________________________________________ 5.第⑤自然段中说“我”“过了世界上最漫长也是最短暂的几分钟”,你如何理解其中的“最漫长”和“最短暂”?(2%) _________________________________________________________________ __ 6.仔细读读短文第⑦⑧自然段中划线的A、B两个句子,结合上下文谈谈你分别体会到了“我”当时怎样的复杂心情。(4%) A ________________________________ B ________________________________ 7.短文中的“我”为什么能从“最后一排”坐到“第一排中间座位上”?(2%) ___________________________________________________________________ _ 8.“世界上有最后一排的座位,但不会有永远坐在最后一排的人。”请联系短文内容谈谈你对这句话的理解。(2%) (二) (12%) ①我有一双塑胶的拖鞋,是在出国前两年买的,出国后又穿了五年。它的形状很普通,就像你在台北街头随处可见的最平常的样式:平底,浅蓝色,前端镂空成六个圆带子,中间用一个结把它们连起来。买的时候是喜欢它的颜色,穿了五六年后,已经由浅蓝色变成浅灰,鞋底也磨得一边高一边低了…… ②你知道我为什么舍不得丢掉它吗? ③这是个让生命在刹那间变得非常温柔的回忆。大学快毕业时,家住在北投山上,没有课的早上,我常常会带着两只小狗满山乱跑。 有太阳的日子,大屯山腰上的美丽简直无法形容,最让我快乐的是在行走中猛然回过头,然后再仔细辨认,山坡下面,哪一幢是我的家。走着走着,我的新拖鞋就不像样了。不过,我没时间管它。直到有一天,傍晚,放学回家,隔着矮矮的石墙,看见我的拖鞋被整整齐齐地摆在花园里的水泥小路上。带着刚和同学分手后的那一点嚣张,我就在矮墙外大声地叫起来: ④“何方人士,敢动本人的拖鞋?”花园那边没有动静。再往客厅的方向看过去,外婆正坐在纱门后面,一面摇扇子,一面看着我笑呢。 ⑤“今天下午,我用你们浇花的水管给你把拖鞋洗了,刚放在太阳地里晒晒就干了。多方便!多大的姑娘啦!穿这么脏的鞋给人笑话。” ⑥以后,外婆每次上山时,总会替我把拖鞋洗干净,晒好,有时甚至给我放到床前。然后在傍晚时分,她就会安详地坐在客厅里,一面摇扇子,一面等着我回来。我常常会在穿上拖鞋时,觉得有一股暖和与舒适的感觉,不知道是院里下午的大阳呢, 还是外婆手上的余温? ⑦就是因为舍不得这一点余温,外婆去世的消息传来以后,所有能够让我纪念她老人家的东西:比如出国前夕给我的戒指,给我买料子赶做的小棉袄,都在泪眼盈盈中好好地收起来了。这双拖鞋,也就一直留在身边,舍不得丢。每次接触到它灰旧的表面时,便仿佛也接触到曾洗过它的外婆的温暖而多皱的手,便会想起在夕阳下的园中小径和外婆在客厅纱门后面的笑容,那么遥远,那么温柔,而又那么肯定地一去不返。 1.联系上下文写出词语的意思。(2%) 安详—— 泪眼盈盈—— 2. 用简洁的语言概括3-6自然段的内容。(2%) 3.文中有两处描写外婆神态的细节,请用横线画出。再选择一处说说你从这个细节描写中体会到了什么。(4%) 4.用波浪线在文中画出描写这双鞋的句子,“我”为什么舍不得丢弃这双鞋?联系全文写下你的理解。(2%) 5.给短文起个恰当的题目: ,本文表达了作者 的情感。(2%) 第三部分 表达与交流(4%) 一、口语交际(4%) 六(2)班要举行班干部竞选。小霞责任心强,在艺术方面也有特长,不但歌唱得好听,而且有一手剪纸的好手艺。她想竞选宣传委员,请你帮她分条陈述自己的优势,作为竞选演讲稿的提纲。 二、作文。(30%) 亲爱的同学们,读了上面的两篇短文,你一定深有感触。其实,我们整天沐浴在亲人、朋友、老师……平常而又真诚的关爱之中,却往往因熟视而无睹。请回忆你的生活,以“身边的爱”为话题,自拟题目,写一篇400字左右的作文。要求:内容具体、真实,感情真挚,书写工整、规范。

    • 2020-12-24
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