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  • ID:6-7718060 内蒙古赤峰市2020年中考物理试题(pdf版,无答案)

    初中物理/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:11-7718059 内蒙古赤峰市2020年中考生物试题 (pdf版,无答案)

    初中生物/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:8-7718057 内蒙古包头市2020年中考历史试题(PDF扫描版,含答案)

    初中历史/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:11-7718056 内蒙古包头市2020年八年级结业考试生物试题(图片版,含答案)

    初中生物/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:11-7718055 2020年内蒙古通辽市八年级学业考试生物试卷(PDF图片版,有答案)

    初中生物/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:11-7718054 2020年内蒙古呼和浩特市中考试卷生物(PDF扫描版,含答案)

    初中生物/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:11-7718053 新疆自治区、生产建设兵团2020年初中毕业学业考试生物卷(word版,含答案)

    初中生物/中考专区/中考真题

    新疆生物-2020年初中毕业学业考试卷(word版含答案) 一、单项选择题(每题有四个选项,其中只有一个是正确的,请将正确的字母填入下表中相应的空格内。共30小题,每小题2分,共60分) 1.下列关于生物圈的叙述错误的是 A.生物圈是最大的生态系统 B.生物圈是地球上所有生物的共同家园 C.生物圈包括大气圈、水圈和岩石圈 D.生物圈包括地球上的所有生物及其生活环境 2.生长在新疆荒漠地区的植物,大多根系发达,地上部分矮小,导致这一现象的主要原因是 A.缺少水分 B.阳光不足 C.温度过高 D.空气污染 3.下列动物的体色与其生活环境相适应的是 A.芦花鸡的红鸡冠 B.孔雀漂亮的羽毛 C.北极熊白色的体色 D.大熊猫黑白相间的体色 4.若食物链草→虫→鸟→鹰所在的环境被重金属污染,则在下列动物中,体内重金属最多的是 A.草 B.虫 C.鸟 D.鹰 5.一个完整的生态系统组成是 A.食物链和食物网 B.物质循环,能量流动 C.生产者、消费者、分解者 D.生产者、消费者分解者和无机环境 6.某植物已有根、茎、叶的分化,但不结种子,它应属于 A.苔藓植物 B.蕨类植物 C.被子植物 D.裸子植物 7.在玉米种子的纵切面上滴加碘液,能变成蓝色的结构是 A.胚根 B.胚乳 C.种皮 D.胚芽 8.我们喝的豆浆,其营养主要是从大豆种子哪一结构中获取的 A.胚根 B.胚芽 C.子叶 D.胚乳 9.早春播种,用地膜覆盖的主要目的是 A.提高湿度 B.提高地温 C.防止风沙 D.防治害虫 10.在豌豆荚中有很多个豌豆粒,它们是由下列哪个结构发育形成的 A.许多朵花 B.多枚雄蕊 C.多枚胚珠 D.多个受精卵 11.肥料的作用主要是给植物的生长提供 A.有机物 B.蛋白质 C.无机盐 D.水 12.鸟类起源于爬行动物的化石证据是 A.恐龙 B.三叶虫 C.始祖马 D.始祖鸟 13.研究马、蝙蝠的前肢和鹰的翅膀骨骼(如下图) ,发现它们有许多共同之处,推测有共同的祖先。这种科学研究的方法是 A.比较法 B.实验法 C.抽样法 D.模拟法 14.下列叙述中,不利于生物多样性保护的是 A.退耕还林、还草还湖 B.植树造林和改善植被 C.建立自然保护区 D.开垦草原,多种粮食 15.探究“光对鼠妇生活的影响”实验,下列说法正确的是 A.光照条件是实验的变量 B.实验结论是光不会影响鼠妇的生活 C.可以用一只鼠妇完成实验 D.在一个盒子里进行,不用设置对照实验 16.十月怀胎, 一朝分娩。胎儿在母体内发育的场所是 A.腹腔 B.子宫 C.卵巢 D.输卵管 17.下列叙述与小肠吸收功能无关的是 A.小肠是消化道中最长的- ~段,长5~6米 B.小肠黏膜表面有许多环形皱襞,且有绒毛 C.绒毛壁、毛细血管壁均由一层上皮细胞构成 D.小肠黏膜上皮凹陷形成肠腺,分泌肠液 18.下列有关肺泡的叙述不正确的是 A.肺泡壁外缠绕着毛细血管 B.肺泡小、数目多,总面积大 C.肺泡壁仅由一层上皮细胞构成 D.体育锻炼能增加肺泡的数目 19.动脉血管是指 A.运送含二氧化碳等废物多的血管 B.输送含氧和营养物质多的血管 C.将血液从心脏运送到全身各处的血管 D.将血液从全身各处运输回心脏的血管 20.尿液形成及排出的顺序是 A.肾脏→输尿管→膀胱→尿道 B.肾脏→输尿管→尿道→膀胱 C.输尿管→肾脏→膀胱→尿道 D.膀胱→尿道→输尿管→肾脏 21.右图所示的神经结构叫做 A.神经元 B.神经纤维 C.反射弧 D.神经系统 22.观察小鱼尾鳍内血液的流动时,应使用 A.放大镜 B.低倍镜 C.高倍镜 D.电子显微镜 23.右图是关节结构模式图,下列有关叙述不正确的是 A.结构③内的滑液,使关节运动更加灵活 B.结构②包裹着关节周围,使关节具有牢固性 C.结构⑤是关节头,可以使关节灵活运动 D.运动系统主要是由骨、关节和肌肉组成的 24.牧羊人放牧,只需要管好头羊,单群中的其他羊都会跟着头羊走,这是依据羊具有 D.繁殖行为 A.取食行为 B.社会行为 C.贮食行为 25.下列诗句中.与生殖现象无关的描述是 A.离离原上草,一岁一枯荣 B.春种一粒粟,秋收万颗子 C.春江水暖鸭先知 D.梁上有双燕,翩翩雄与雌 26.利用分根、扦插嫁接等方法繁殖花卉或果树的主要优点是 A.使后代保持亲本性状 B.增强植物的生活力 C.缩短植物的成熟时间 D.有利于大量繁殖新个体 27.青蛙个体发育的起点是 A.雌蛙体内成熟的卵细胞 B.受精卵 C.刚孵出的小蝌蚪 D.刚由蝌蚪发育成的小青蛙 28.以下关于染色体的叙述正确的是 A.染色体就是生物的遗传物质 B.每种生物的细胞内都有一定数量的结构相同的染色体 C.染色体在任何细胞中都是成对存在的 D.染色体主要是由DNA分子和蛋白质分子构成 29.日常生活中,似乎总有一些“条条框框"约束着同学们的行为,如不要随地吐痰,吃饭时不要大声说笑、不吸烟、不吸毒等等。如果没有这些约束,有些行为就可能会危害自己和他人的健康,下列有关分析错误的是 A.随地吐痰是一种不文明的行为,痰液中含有多种病菌 B.吸烟时烟草燃烧产生的有害物质会诱发多种疾病 C.吃饭时大声说笑可能会使食物误入气管 D.吸毒能排解精神空虚,青少年不妨尝试 30.在拨打120急救电话时,你必须讲清楚的三点是 A.你的地址 电话 病人症状 B.你的单位 地址 病人症状 C. 天气情况 地址 病人症状 D.身份证号 发病原因 发病症状 二、非选择题(本题共6小题,每空1分,共40分) 31. (8分)右图为显微镜的结构示意图,请填出相应部分的序号和名称。(在[ ]内填序号,横线上填名称) (1)将显微镜从镜箱中取出时,一只手握住[⑿] ,另一只手托住[⑩] 。 (2)在对光过程中,转动[⑨] ,使光线通过通光孔反射到镜简内,通过[①] 可以看到白亮的圆形视野。 (3)接近玻片标本的镜头是[④] . (4)转动[ ] 时,镜筒的升降范围较大,转动[ ]____ 时,镜简的升降范围较小。 (5)转动[③] 可使[④]正对通光孔。 32. (6分)下式表示光合作用的过程: (1)其中,A为_ ,B为 ,C为_____ 。植物的光合作用有助于维持生物 圈中的 平衡。 (2)在“绿叶在光下制造有机物”的实验中,把叶片放人酒精内隔水加热的目的是( ) A.溶解淀粉 B.煮沸淀粉 C.除去二氧化碳 D.使叶绿素溶于酒精 (3)植物能够进行光合作用的部位是( ) A.所有绿色部分 B.整个植物体 C.只有茎和叶 D.只有绿叶 33. (8分)关于米酒、酸奶的家庭制作,请回答下列问题。 a.制作米酒的主要步骤:①蒸熟米饭并冷却→②加酒曲→③保温发酵。 (1)该酒曲中含有的主要微生物是______ ,其所属生物类群是_ 。 (2)步骤③中保温的目的是为菌种的生活提供 。 b.制作酸奶的主要步骤:①鲜奶煮沸→②冷却→③加入某原味酸奶→④发酵→⑥保存食用。 (3)步骤③的目的是_ 。 (4)制作酸奶用到的微生物与米酒酒曲所含主要微生物相比,其细胞结构的主要特点是没有成形的_ 。 (5)新鲜酸奶常用 方法保存。 (6)酸奶的发酵过程其实是某种微生物的繁殖过程,这种微生物的名称是_ , 它是以_ 方式进行繁殖的。 34. (6分)人们把眼睛比喻成心灵的窗户,右图是眼球的结构示意图,据图回答下列问题。 (1)外界物体反射来的光线,依次经过【⑥】_______瞳孔、[ ]晶状体和玻璃体,并经过晶状体等的折射,最终落在【 】______ 上 ,形成一个物像。物像信息通过视神经传给大脑的视觉中枢,人就产生了视觉。 (2)沉迷于上网玩游戏不但会影响学业,而且会因长时间近距离注视屏幕导致晶状体的曲度 且不能恢复原状,形成的物像就会落在视网膜的 _ 方,造成近 视眼。近视眼可以通过配戴凹透镜加以矫正。预防近视要做到“四不要” ,请写出其中两条 . 35. (6分)若A代表有耳垂基因,a代表无耳垂基因。现在有一对夫妇,他们的基因组成分别是Aa、aa,请回答下列问题。 (1)父亲的生殖细胞,有的含有①_ 基因,有的含有a基因。 (2)以上遗传图中,②的基因组成为_ _,③的基因组成为_ ;②的性状表现为 . (3)由此可知,他们所生子女的基因组成可能有___ 种;他们所生子女性状表现为无耳垂的机率是 %。 36. (6分)2020年一场突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情,改变着人们的生活。看图并回答下列问题。 (1)这次引起新冠肺炎的病原体是新型冠状______,它没有细胞结构,主要通过呼吸道侵人人体。鼻腔内黏膜上纤毛的清扫作用属于保卫人体的_ 防线。 (2)对某种传染病缺乏 而容易感染该病的人群叫 。 (3)按照疫情防护要求,学校每天要对教室进行消毒、开窗通风,这是预防新型冠状肺炎传染病三个措施中的 。 (4)预防此类传染病的措施除开窗通风、空气消毒外,还要____ ( 答出两条即可)。 答案 1—5. CACDD. 6—10.BBCBC. 11—15.CDADA. 16—20.BDDCA. 21—25.CBCBC. 26—30.DBDDA. 31.(1)镜臂 镜座 (2)反光镜 目镜 (3)物镜 (4)⒁粗准焦螺旋 ⒀细准焦螺旋 (5)转换器 32.(1)二氧化碳 叶绿体 氧气 碳—氧 (2)D (3)A 33.(1)酵母菌 真菌 (2)温暖环境 (3)接种 (4)细胞核 (5)低温 (6)乳酸菌 分裂生殖 34.(1)角膜 ④ ⑨ 视网膜 (2)过凸 前 光暗、光强、躺卧、身体摇晃时不要看书 35.(1)A (2)Aa aa 无耳垂 2 50 36.(1)病毒 第一道 (2)抵抗能力 易感人群 (3)切断传播途径 (4)戴口罩,不聚集等

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  • ID:6-7718046 四川省广安市2020年中考物理试题(扫描版,无答案)

    初中物理/中考专区/中考真题

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  • ID:6-7718041 四川省广安市2020年中考物理试题(word版,无答案)

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  • ID:4-7718038 山东省东营市2020年中考英语试题(Word版,无答案,无听力材料和音频)

    初中英语/中考专区/中考真题

    1196340011290300开考前秘密 试卷类型 A 二〇二〇年东营市初中学业水平考试 英语试题 (总分 120分 考试时间 120分钟) 注意事项: 1. 本试题分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分。第Ⅰ卷为选择题,65 分;第Ⅱ卷为非选择题,55 分;共 120 分。 2. 答题前请务必将姓名、准考证号和座号填写在试卷和答题卡相应位置上, 考试结束后,试卷和答题卡一并收回。 3. 答题前请务必认真阅读答题卡上的注意事项,试题答案必须填涂或填写在答题卡上相应位置。 4. 听力填表题为第Ⅱ卷的第四大题。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共65分) 一、听力选择 (共15小题,计15分;每小题约有8秒钟的答题时间) (一)录音中有五个句子,每个句子听两遍,然后从每小题A、B、C中选出能对每个句子做出适当反应的答语。 1. A. Don’t mention it. B. Glad to hear that. C. I’ve just got a new iPad. 2. A. Let’s go shopping this weekend. B. I’m sorry. I don’t really agree with you. C. I agree. Old people don’t like shopping online. 3. A. Sorry, I am new here. B. Good luck! C. That’s very kind of you. 4. A. That sounds great. B. Thanks. I’ll take your advice. C. You’ll have a good time, I hope. 5. A. Yes, I’d love to. B. That’s a good idea. C. Sorry. He will not be free until July 16. (二) 录音中有五组对话,听对话两遍后,从每小题 A、B、C 中选出能回答所给问题的正确答案。 6. Where is Thailand? A. In South Asia. B. In East Asia. C. In Southeast Asia. 7. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Patient and doctor. C. Customer and manager. 8. What can we learn from the dialogue? A. People can’t live on the moon. B. The boy will go to the moon. C. Mom doesn’t like living on the moon. 9. Why did the girl choose Mr. Jackson’s course? A. His lesson is interesting. B. There are many students in his class. C. His course is much easier for her. 10. Why does the woman call the man? A. Ask for help. B. Ask for some information. C. Introduce her daughter to the man. (三) 录音中有一段对话,听对话两遍后,从每小题A、B、C中选出能回答所给问题的正确答案。(录音播放前你有30秒钟的读题时间) 11. Where are they going on vacation? A. Europe. B. Africa. C. The countryside nearby. 12. Why doesn’t the woman choose the places that the man suggests? A. Because they don’t have enough money. B. Because she wants to enjoy the fresh air. C. Because she expects to eat the delicious local special food. 13. When are they going on vacation? A. Tomorrow. B. Next Monday. C. The day after tomorrow. 14. How are they going on vacation? A. By car. B. By bus. C. By train. 15. What is the man going to do tomorrow morning? A. Check the car. B. Buy the tickets. C. Check the weather. (注意:请同学们翻到第Ⅱ卷第四大题,继续做听力填表题。) 二、单项选择 (共20小题,计20分) 从每小题A、B、C、D中选出一个能填入句中空白处的最佳答案。 ( )16. Washing hands properly is ______ good way to prevent us from COVID -19. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )17. Everyone in our neighborhood loves my grandma because she is ______ kind to others. A. never B. always C. seldom D. sometimes ( )18. Most parents think that it is the happiest thing to spend time with ______ children. A. his B. our C. your D. their ( )19. When Anna opened her wallet, she was surprised to find ______. It was empty. A. nothing B. anything C. something D. everything ( )20. An electronic is a smart guide. It can lead us to the place we want to go to. A. eye B. map C. book D. dictionary ( )21. — Mummy, why do you have grey hair? — Because you always make me ______. — Oh, I know why my grandma’s hair is white. A. bored B. worried C. relaxed D. surprised ( )22. Han Hong is a talented singer. She can not only sing ______ but also write her own songs. A. quietly B. clearly C. loudly D. beautifully ( )23. Wingsuit Flying (翼装飞行) is one of the most ______ sports in the world. Nearly 30% people who take part in it may lose their lives. A. famous B. exciting C. dangerous D. interesting ( )24. — Take care while walking along the wet hill path (小径). You may fall and hurt ______. — OK. Thanks for reminding me. A. it B. you C. yourself D. yourselves ( )25. — My pet dog is lost, Mary. — I’m sorry to hear that. Why not put an ad (广告) in the newspaper? — Don’t be silly. He can’t ______. A. hear B. read C. speak D. write ( )26. ______ he is dead, Kobe Bryant’s spirit will continue to influence us. A. If B. Until C. Because D. Although ( )27. Many jobs require people who are good at English. If your English is good, you will have one more ______ when searching for jobs. A. method B. interest C. advantage D. examination ( )28. — We will have a 2. 5-day weekend soon. — _____ exciting news! We can hang out on Friday afternoons. A. How B. What C. How an D. What an ( )29. —Many mothers smiled from ear to ear when they got the news that children could go back to school. —That’s true. It is the ______ that they had been looking forward to. A. day B. period C. vacation D. festival ( )30. 5G, as a new global network (全球网络) after 3G and 4G, will certainly ______ our life in many ways. A. copy B. break C. change D. control ( )31. Many students hated to have classes on DingTalk, ______ they gave it one-star reviews(评价). A. so B. or C. but D. while ( )32. We asked 200 students in our school about whether they wanted a younger brother or sister. Here are the results. It shows that ______ percent of them don’t want to have one. This is a big problem. A. 10 B. 40 C. 50 D. 80 ( )33. We should ______ to buy products that come from wild animals. A large number of them are in danger. A. stop B. decide C. refuse D. continue ( )34. By the end of 2025, garbage-sorting systems (垃圾分类系统) will be ______ in Dongying. A. set up B. given up C. shut off D. brought out ( )35. — I wonder_____________________. — Well, I think Qingfeng Lake Park is a good choice. A. what I shall sell at my street stall(货摊) B. whom I could open a street stall with C. if I can open a street stall after work D. which is the best place for a street stall 三、阅读理解(共20小题,计30分) 阅读下列短文,然后从每小题 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。 A It is a hot summer day. Clara is drinking juice in the yard. Her mom is cutting grass with a lawnmower (割草机). The lawnmower is loud, and Clara wishes her mom would play with her instead. But mom says the grass is very long and has to be cut. Suddenly, the lawnmower stops. Clara’s mom looks upset. Clara wonders what is wrong. Her mom picks something up out of the grass, and walks to Clara. Clara’s mom has a little turtle in her hand! As Clara looks closer, she sees that one leg is in bad shape. “I think I broke its leg,” Clara’s mom says. “I’m really sorry. Will you help me nurse it back to health?” Clara feels bad for the little turtle. Turtles move slowly, so it probably could not run away when it saw the lawnmower coming. And Clara’s mom could not see it in the long grass! It was a mistake, but Clara and her mom will make it right. Clara names the turtle Phillip. They take Phillip to the vet. The vet takes an X-ray of Phillip’s leg, and makes sure that it is broken. The turtle gets a little splint (夹板) and bandage. The vet tells Clara that the turtle needs plants to eat, water to drink and a place to live in. Clara and her mom buy a small tank (水箱) for Phillip on the way home. At home, Clara takes good care of Phillip. She puts water and rocks in the tank. She brings him fruit and leaves to eat, and keeps his tank clean. After eight weeks, Clara and her mom take Phillip back to the vet, who says that his leg is healthy again. Clara is both happy and sad. Happy because Phillip is better, but sad because she has to let him go. When Clara gets home, she feeds Phillip some fruit, kisses his back and says goodbye, then lets him go in the yard. Clara will always remember Phillip. ( )36. Clara’s mom looks upset because ________. A. she can’t play with Clara B. the grass is too long to cut C. the lawnmower doesn’t work D. she hurts the turtle by mistake ( )37. What does the underlined word “vet” mean? A. 兽医 B. 药剂师 C. 饲养员 D. 驯兽师 ( )38. Clara provides ______ for Phillip. A. some fruit, water and grass B. a tank, some leaves and water C. a splint, a tank and some rocks D. a bandage, some water and leaves ( )39. What does Clara do after Phillip becomes healthy? A. She takes him to get an X-ray. B. She feeds him some leaves. C. She lets him go. D. She keeps him as a pet in the yard. ( )40. What do you think of Clara? She is ______. A. kind B. polite C. careless D. creative B Mom was cooking in the kitchen. She could hear the girls arguing in the living room. It was the third time this week that the sisters had been arguing over nothing. A few minutes later, Maria rushed into her bedroom angrily and closed the door heavily. “Come to the kitchen, young lady,” Mom firmly (坚定地) said to Maria in her best mother tone (语气) of voice. Maria walked into the kitchen and shouted, “I can’t stand living with Felicia another minute. I don’t ever want to talk to her again!” Mom called out, “Felicia, come to the kitchen right now.” While Felicia was on her way, Mom put two chairs opposite each other but very close together. “Maria, you sit here and Felicia you sit there.” The girls sat face to face, with their knees almost touching. “Now you look each other in the eye for five minutes,” Mom ordered. At first the girls moved their bodies from side to side. Mom said firmly, “You must stay staring at each other for five minutes. Each minute you don’t make eye contact (眼神交流) means another minute sitting in the chairs. ” They both wanted out, so they had to sit there and look at each other. Felicia looked at Maria’s pouting (噘嘴的) face while Maria looked at Felicia’s angry face. They each thought the other one looked ridiculous (可笑的). In fact, they were being ridiculous to fight and be mad at each other over nothing. Soon Maria couldn’t stand it any longer and began giggling (咯咯地笑) and so did Felicia. They giggled and laughed. Mom wisely didn’t say anything except, “Okay girls, you can go now.” ( )41. Maria and Felicia argued a lot this week. What was the reason? A. They argued over nothing. B. They didn’t want to live together. C. They didn’t want to talk to each other. D. They each thought the other one was ridiculous. ( )42. Which is the right picture to show the way the girls sat? A. B. C. D. ( )43. The right order of the following statements is ________. ① Maria and Felicia stared at each other. ② Maria argued with Felicia. ③ Maria and Felicia giggled and laughed. ④ Mom asked Maria and Felicia to sit opposite each other. A. ②④③① B. ④②①③ C. ②④①③ D. ②①④③ ( )44. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Maria had quite a good relationship with Felicia recently. B. The kitchen is a good place to stop an argument. C. Mom solved the girls’ problem wisely. D. The girls were under pressure from Mom to make it up (和好). ( )45. After reading the passage, we can know ____________. A. parents can do nothing about the argument between children B. it’s difficult to deal with the argument between children C. there is no need to deal with the argument between children D. 5-minute eye contact is helpful to deal with the argument between children C Once upon a time there lived a great storyteller whose stories gave both children and adults a lot of pleasure and enjoyment. He told a story about an emperor who loved new clothes and about a tiny girl who was no taller than a person’s thumb (拇指). That storyteller's name was Hans Christian Andersen. He was born in Denmark. He wrote more than 150 stories, which are told in many countries. He became the first author to write and publish his own fairy tales. Andersen grew up poor. His father was a shoemaker, and his mother could hardly read. Andersen once said, “Most of what I have written is a reflection of myself.” His fairy tale, The Ugly Duckling, about a duckling that is laughed by other animals until it grows up to be a swan (天鹅), was written according to his own experience as a child. His other famous fairy tales include The Little Match Girl, The Daughter of the Sea and The Snow Queen. Andersen’s fans celebrated the anniversary (周年纪念日) of his 200th birthday in 2005. People are told his fairy tales in many countries. They organized different kinds of celebrations to remind people ofAndersen and Andersen’s fairy tales. In Denmark, 15-foot-tall puppets ( 木 偶 ) danced in mid-air every night from May until September. In Singapore, the post office published a series (系列) of Andersen stamps. And in Egypt, the library in Alexandria showed Andersen's books, which were translated into 150 languages! In New York City’s Central Park, storyteller Ellen Shapiro told The Real Princess to a crowd of children. “Andersen's stories have everything,” Shapiro told the reporter. “They are funny and sad and enjoyable. I never get tired of them. ” Storytellers such as Shapiro love continuing Andersen’s tradition. Shapiro doesn’t memorize her favorite stories, however. Instead, she learns what happens at the beginning, middle, and end. She changes the words of a story to fit the listeners. So no two tellings of a story are exactly alike. ( )46. What can we know about Andersen according to the passage? A. He was born in Denmark in 1820. B. He was from a rich family. C. He was the first author to write and publish his own fairy tales. D. He was laughed by other children because he was a poor storyteller. ( )47. Which statement about Andersen’s 200th birthday anniversary celebrations is TRUE? A. In Denmark, puppets danced every night for half a year. B. In Singapore, the post office published a series of Andersen stamps. C. In Egypt, Andersen's fans translated his books into 150 languages. D. In the US, Ellen Shapiro told “The Ugly Duckling” to a crowd of children. ( )48. How many Andersen’s fairy tales are mentioned in this passage? A. 5 B. 7 C. 15 D. 150 ( )49. What can we know about Shapiro from the passage? A. She doesn’t like following Andersen’s tradition. B. She organized Andersen’s 200th birthday anniversary celebrations. C. She never tells the same story in exactly the same way. D. She is used to reading Anderson’s stories to her listeners. ( )50. According to the passage, we can know that_______. A. All of Andersen’s fairy tales reflect his own life. B. Andersen’s fairy tales can bring people a lot of pain and pleasure. C. Andersen’s fairy tales are only loved by children in 150 countries. D. Andersen’s fairy tales are funny and sad and enjoyable. D A tornado (龙卷风) is a kind of strong storm with air which moves in a circle quickly. They can move over 200 miles per hour and cause a lot of damage (损坏). As they move across the land, they can easily pick up cars, trucks, and even houses, and then throw them very far. It is important to find a safe place if a tornado gets close. A safe place could be a basement (地下室) or the lowest floor. If you are in a home without a basement, try to find a first-floor bathroom or a small room without windows in the middle of your house. You should curl up (蜷缩) into a ball and cover your head and neck with your hands. But there are some people who actually want to get close to tornadoes. They are scientists who want to learn more about tornadoes. One of the best ways to do this is to get as close as possible to the tornado. They use special tools to measure (测量) what is happening in and around a tornado. One special tool is called a tornado probe (探测仪). Inside the tornado probe, there are sensors (传感器) to measure wind speed, temperature, pressure, and direction. Some probes even have cameras, so the scientists can see and understand what it’s like to be in a tornado. To be able to get these measurements, the scientists have to get a tornado probe near or into a tornado. Scientists will try to guess where a tornado will go next. Then they drive to that location and put down the probe. If they do not guess correctly, they pick up their probe and try another place. If they are right, the tornado will go near or even right over the probe. Then they take all of the measurements from the probe and use them to predict where future tornadoes may form (形成) and travel. And they can give people some warning to keep away from a dangerous tornado. ( )51. If a tornado gets close, what should people do to keep safe? A. Go to a basement. B. Find a small room. C. Stay in a bathroom. D. Curl the legs up. ( )52. What can the sensor in a probe NOT do? A. Measure wind speed and temperature. B. Take photos and videos. C. Measure wind temperature and pressure. D. Measure wind speed and direction. ( )53. Which statement about the scientists is TRUE? A. They risk their lives studying tornadoes. B. They can easily put the probe in the right place. C. They get close to a tornado to admire it. D. With the help of the measurements, they can prevent the tornado forming. ( )54. The passage mainly tells us _______. A. what a tornado is B. how dangerous a tornado is C. where a tornado may form and travel D. how scientists do research work on tornadoes ( )55. You may find this passage in ______. A. a novel B. a storybook C. a guidebook D. a science magazine 第Ⅱ卷,(非选择题,共55分) 四、听力填表(共5小题,计5分) 下面是 VOA “英语词汇掌故( Words and Their Stories) ”节目的录音,本期节目主要介绍美式英语缩略词。听录音两遍后,根据所听到的内容完成下面的表格(每空不多于三个词)。(录音播放前你有30秒钟的读题时间) Note:wedding [?wed??] n. 婚礼; 结婚庆典 Name of the program VOALearning English program Words and Their Stories The broadcaster(广播员) Anna Matteo Topic Initialism(首字母缩略词) in American English Why to use initialism Try to say things as quickly as possible. How to use initialism Use the first letters of the words instead of saying (56)__________________ . Something about “BYOB” 1. BYOB is a (57)______________---- of saying, “Bring Your Own Bottle. ” 2. The letters BYOB are often found at the bottom of a written(58)__________________. 3. The bottle each person brings is what the person wants to (59)__________________or wants to share at the party. 4. An invitation to a wedding would (60)_________________ say BYOB. 五、动词填空(共10空,计10分) 阅读下面短文,用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空(必要时可加情态动词或助动词)。 George Reeder, 63, has been given a bravery certificate (证书) because of saving the life of a baby. It was a cold and windy morning. The local harbor ( 海 港 ) master, George Reeder, (61)______ (do) his daily work when he heard a noise. On the other side of the harbor, some people were shouting, so he went there quickly by bicycle. “What’s the matter? Why (62) ______ they ______ (shout)?” George Reeder wondered while he was riding there. “Help! Help my baby!” A woman was screaming (高声喊), “My baby (63)______ (be) in the buggy (婴儿车) in the sea. ” Mr. Reeder looked at the sea, and saw a baby’s buggy in the deep freezing cold water. The strong wind had blown the buggy into the sea. Mr. Reeder quickly decided to do something. “I went over and saw that the buggy was upside down . . . and I (64) ______ (jump) in,” said Mr. Reeder. He pulled the buggy over to the sea wall. Then some other people came to help. They tied a rope to the buggy and managed to pull it out of the water and to safety. Tanya Allen, a nurse who was passing by, gave the baby CPR (心肺复苏术) and was able to get him to breathe again. Then an air ambulance helicopter (急救直升机) arrived and the baby (65) ______(take) to hospital. After he’d finished (66) ______ (help) the baby and the helicopter had gone, Mr. Reeder went home. A little later, the baby’s grandfather went to his house and said, “Thanks a lot for what you (67) ______ (do). The boy is out of danger. He (68) ______ (leave) the hospital in two days. ” Mr. Reeder was very happy to hear that. Mr. Reeder said that he hadn’t really been brave. “It was everyone — from Tanya doing the CPR to the helicopter pilot,” he said. “I’m just glad I (69) ______ (help). ” But when Mr. Reeder got the certificate, a reporter said, “This was a very brave act, as he put his own life at risk.” (70) ______ (warn) the people not to walk along the seafront in very windy weather, Mr. Reeder has advised the government to put up some signs. “Hope this will help,” said Mr. Reeder. 六、综合填空(共10空,计10分 ) 阅读下面对话,根据对话内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。 Paul and Bill are from different colleges. Paul applies (申请) for an online school, while Bill attends classes at school. They each believe that their school system (制度) is better than the other. Paul: Hey, Bill. Are you (71) f______ to see a movie tonight? Bill: Sorry, no. I’ll have a class and a lot of homework to do. Paul: Oh, that’s too bad. I’m so glad I take classes online. I can decide (72) w______, where and how to complete my lessons. Bill: Sounds good, but I really enjoy going to class (73) b_______ it’s a great way to get to know other people. It also helps me learn how to work well with others. If I don’t understand something, I’m always able to ask about it in person. Paul: In online classes, I have to (74) t_______ completely before asking questions. That teaches me how to solve problems on my own. Bill: Do you ever (75) m______ technical (技术上的) problems in your online classes? If you can’t open a file (文件), how can you continue your learning? Paul: It’s not a big problem. I can email the teacher or call up another student for help. Bill: But that takes too much time. You may fall behind on your studies. Paul: You may (76) a______ fall behind. What will happen if you get sick? It isn’t a (77)p_______ for online classes. Bill: Yes, but my teacher and classmates can help me. Paul: In an online class, I don’t have to (78) w______ about missing classes for any reason. I can always review the previous (先前的) lessons online. Bill: Don’t you feel lonely sometimes? I would feel lonely if I had to learn by myself. Paul: I enjoy learning alone. Besides, an online class gives me more free time to take part in other activities. Bill: I still prefer having classmates to discuss and share (79) i______ with. I believe that improves my learning all the time. Paul: I’m pretty self-disciplined (自律的),and I work (80) b______ on my own than with others. Bill: I guess everybody learns differently. 七、阅读表达(共5小题,计10分) 阅读下面短文,根据要求完成下面各小题。 For years, it has been said that newspapers are at death’s door. Every year brings more news of closing. But why is the situation so terrible for newspapers? Newspapers have a long history. The first newspaper was printed in the 1600s. Their most successful period is in the early 20th century. With the appearance of radio and TV, however, newspaper circulation (发行量) began to fall. 83 By the mid-20th century, radio and TV had become so popular that people no longer had to depend on newspapers for news. That was especially true for breaking (突发的) news. Afternoon newspapers were the first to suffer (受损害). After work, more and more people turned on TV instead of opening a newspaper. That was because TV could provide news happening a short time ago. It’s true that newspapers couldn’t compete with TV on speed, but they could provide in-depth (深入详尽的) reports that TV news could not. But newspapers suffered another, heavier blow (打击) in the 1990s. With the appearance of the Internet, tons of information became free. Many newspaper readers realized that they could read news on the Internet. There seemed to be little reason to pay for a newspaper subscription (订阅). So what does the future hold? Will newspapers die? Maybe not. Many newspapers are now making changes. Some are going digital (数字的). Some are going farther and taking the industry to places it has never been to. After all, people still want the news. And many agree that newspapers are still an important source (来源) of in-depth news, analysis (分析) and opinions. 84 If newspapers disappear completely, there will be nothing to take their place. A. 根据短文内容简要回答问题。 81. What made the newspaper circulation fall? _______________________________________________________ 82. Will newspapers disappear? Why or why not? (选择一种情况作答) _______________________________________________________ B. 将短文中划线的句子译成汉语。 83. ________________________________________________________ 84. ________________________________________________________ C.请给短文拟一个适当的英文标题。 85. ________________________________________________________ 八、书面表达(共1题,计20分) 在你的成长历程中, 收到过很多建议吧?有的建议帮你解决了生活中的烦恼,有的帮你解决了学习上的困难。好的建议能帮助我们解决难题,受益终生。 某英语杂志以“The best advice I ever got”为题举办征文活动,请写一篇短文参加此次活动。 内容包括: 1. 你遇到了什么问题? 2. 你收到的最好的解决这个问题的建议是什么? 3. 这个建议对你有什么帮助? 要求: 1. 100 词左右; 2. 文中不得出现真实姓名及校名。 The best advice I ever got

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