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  • ID:8-6940326 2020年中考历史复习:中国古代史 第6单元 明清时期 课件(56张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共56张PPT) 第一章中国古代史 第六单元明清时期 时空坐标 葡萄牙 明朝郑和下攫取澳戚继光后金皇太极明朝册封设置设置驻土尔扈特 建立+西洋叫门居住权抗倭建立改国号为清灭亡达赖台湾府藏大臣部回归 13681405 14331553 1561161616361644165316621684168917271771(年) 郑成功《尼布1713 收复楚条册封 台湾约》班禅 思维导图 废行省和丞相 设三司、六部分权 君主明设厂卫特务机构 专制 八股取士 设台湾府 强化 建立内阁 后设台湾台门台湾 濤设军机处 册封达赖、班禅 兴文字狱 民族 设驻藏大臣 西藏 关系 引进玉米、甘薯、 设伊犁将军口新疆 明□马铃薯、花生、 土尔扈特部回归 向日葵等 农业 恢复发展农业生 《本草纲目》 《天工开物》 科技 成就 《农政全书》 明长城|建筑 北京城|成就 统一多民族国家的巩固与发展 清□产,扩大耕地面 积,兴修水利 经济 发展 手了么0棉纺织业基地 青花瓷 传统手工业 工场手工业 商的,商品经济活跃 商帮(晋商、徽商) 《三国志通俗演义》 《红楼梦》《西游记》 清商业城镇的繁荣 大型商帮兴起 书法名家董其昌明 绘画名家徐渭 文学 艺术 郑和下西洋 汤显祖《牡丹亭》 《红楼梦》 的戚继光抗倭 葡萄牙攫取在 昆曲、京剧 对外 澳门的居住权 关系 郑成功收复台湾 清日雅克萨之战 闭关锁国 考点解读 能力提升 素养落实 八年真题

    • 2020-02-26
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  • ID:8-6940322 2020年中考历史复习:中国古代史 第4单元 隋唐时期 课件(37张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共37张PPT) 第一章中国古代史 第四单元隋唐时期 时空坐标 隋隋炀帝隋朝灭亡文成公 隋统一设立进士科唐朝主入藏建立殿试 鉴真东渡 建立全国开通大运河建立唐太宗时期武则天时期唐玄宗时期 安史之乱,唐朝灭亡 581589605 618玄奘西行 李白杜甫755763907(年) 思维导图 科举制 政治 三省六部制 农业曲辕犁、筒车 手工业蜀绣、青瓷、白瓷、唐三彩 经济 商业长安 繁荣与开放的时代 大运河 民族关系文成公主入藏 遣唐使 对外关系日玄奘西行 鉴真东渡 唐诗□李白、杜甫、白居易 书法{颜真卿、柳公权、欧阳询 文学艺术 绘画阎立本、吴道子 音乐、舞蹈 考点解读 能力提升 素养落实 八年真题

    • 2020-02-26
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  • ID:8-6940320 2020年中考历史复习:中国古代史 第5单元 宋元时期 课件(44张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共44张PPT) 第一章中国古代史 第五单元宋元时期 时空坐标 蒙古 忽必烈 契丹族建北宋澶渊金建北米灭亡 政权西夏蒙古建立元灭元统 立政权 建立之盟立南宋建立 建立灭亡灭金元朝南宋全国 10世纪 960100511151127岳飞120612271234127112761279(年) 初 抗金 思维导图 宋太祖强化中央集权 瓦子、勾栏 北宋 杂剧都市 重文轻武的政策 生活 政治 行省制度 节日 元日宣政院 苏轼、李清照、辛弃疾d宋 窦娥冤》口元曲H文化 《资治通鉴》口史学 指南针、印刷术、火药科技 民族关系发展和社会变化 澎湖巡检司 农业粮食作物、经济作物 手工业纺织业、制瓷业、造船业重 宋代 经济 都市商贸 商业日海外商贸 马可·波罗来华(元世祖) 经济重心南移完成 纸币出现 丝绸之路H对外 往 海上丝绸之路 民族政权并立,民族交融 关系元□形成回族 考点解读 能力提升 素养落实 八年真题

    • 2020-02-26
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    • 17373.5KB
  • ID:8-6940315 2020年中考历史复习:中国古代史 第3单元 三国两晋南北朝时期 课件(33张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共33张PPT) 第一章中国古代史 第三单元三国两晋南北朝时期 时空坐标 官渡赤壁魏 吴国西晋西晋统西晋东晋 淝水东晋 隋统 之战之战建立建立建立一全国灭亡建立 之战灭亡南北朝时期全国 200208220221229 266280316317 383420439 494 589(年) 蜀汉 北魏 北魏 建立 统 孝文帝 北方 改革 思维导图 政权分立 国两晋南北朝 原因 农业 江南地区的开发 表现日手工业 商业 三国两晋南北朝时期: 北魏孝文帝改革 政权分立与民族交融 民族交融 北方民族交融 《齐民要术》 科学技术 园周率 书法王羲之《兰亭集序》 文化H绘画顾恺之 雕塑闩龙门石窟、云冈石窟 考点解读 能力提升 素养落实 八年真题

    • 2020-02-26
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    • 23751KB
  • ID:8-6940083 2020年中考历史复习:中国古代史 第2单元 秦汉时期(42张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共42张PPT) 答案:B 第一章中国古代史 第二单元秦汉时期 时空坐标 西汉张骞再次设立 西汉东汉蔡伦 道教张仲东汉 建立出使西域西域都护灭亡 秦统 秦 西汉 新朝建立改进造纸术 生景 灭亡 东汉 (公元)前前202前119 前 60 25 华佗 220 (年) 221 思维导图 秦始皇创立大一统的中央集权制度 中央集权制度 汉武帝巩固大一统王朝 丝绸之路 沟通中外文明的丝绸之路 海上丝绸之路 秦汉时期:统一多民族 造纸术 国家的建立和巩固 科学技术 张仲景 医学 华佗 文化《史记》 思想文化 佛教 宗教 道教 考点解读 能力提升 素养落实 八年真题

    • 2020-02-26
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    • 15995KB
  • ID:8-6939972 2020年中考历史复习:中国古代史 第1单元 夏商周时期(51张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共51张PPT) 第一章 中国古代史 A 答案:B A 政治匾场帝科举制 隋h大运河 唐h唐三彩、曲辕犁、筒车 民族关系唐h文成公主入藏 遣唐使 分封制西周 对外交往些玄英西行 商鞅变法 政治 唐 秦国 时 鉴真东渡 确立县制 期 隋h大运河 铁制农具和牛耕的出现春秋 都江堰 雄国经济 科技 唐}雕成印刷术 发明火药 中原的“诸华”“诸夏”在同 唐诗h李白、杜甫、白居易 周边的戎、狄、蛮、夷等民族 长期交往和斗争中,出现了大春秋时期民族关系 周 思想文化口唐出书法h颜真卿、柳公权、欧阳询 规模的民族交融 绘画h阎立本、吴道子 泥范铸造法 青铜器 科技 北宋h重文轻武 甲骨文商 元h行省制度 老子 春秋出思想文化 早市、夜市、草市 于 济 交子、市舶司 百家争鸣战国 南宋L经济重心南移完成 确立大一统中央集权制度「秦始皇敌治 宋h民族政权之间的战与和 [族 巩固大一统王朝汉武帝 元h回族形成 统一货币、度量衡秦 经济 对外交宋海外贸易发达、设市舶司 五铢钱、盐铁官营、专卖 元h海上丝绸之路进入鼎盛时期 辽 北击匈奴、修筑长城d秦始皇 字印刷术h北宋毕昇发 夏 派卫青、霍去病出击匈奴 汉武帝 金 宋H火药h宋代火药武器广泛用于战争 设西域都护 元 指南针h宋代制成并广泛运用于航海 时H科技 绸之路的开辟 汉对外交往 期 转轮排字法h王祯《农书》 海上丝绸之路的开辟 长城 宋词h苏轼、李清照、辛弃 麻纸d西汉 汉 蔡伦改进造纸术门东7造纸术 科技时 中国古代史 春节、中秋节、 宋出节日h端午节、元宵节 思想文化 开始受到重视 医圣 伤寒杂病论》张仲景 史学h司马光《资治通鉴 关汉卿《窦娥冤 麻沸散华佗 }元助 元曲四大家 马俑 卫机构 焚书坑儒 清h军机处 “罢黜百家,独尊儒术 思想文化 从美洲引进新物种 兴办太学H西汉 出现晋商、微商 司马迁《史记》 汉 湾7形成农村集市、城镇市场 白马寺(佛教 区域性市 国性市场的商业 创立道数(关 册封达赖、册封班禅、设驻藏大臣 民族关系清H设伊犁将军、加强对浙疆管理 政权分立d政治 土尔扈特部回归 江南地区的开发经济 份郑和下西洋 方民族大交融民族 戚继光抗倭 对外交往 《齐民要术》贾思 北朝 郑成功收复台湾 把圆周率精确到小数点 雅克萨之战 以后的第七位数字 祖冲 南北朝科技, 明长城 法H曹魏 期 故宫 王羲之《兰亭集序》 科技、建筑明H李时珍《本草纲目》 天下第一行书 时 东晋 宋应星《天工开物》 顾恺之《女史箴图》 愚想文化十L期 徐光启《农政全书 《洛神赋图》 三国志通俗演义 碑刻书体「书法 龙门石窟、云冈石窟腰塑南北朝 《水浒传》《西游记》 戏剧h汤显祖《牡丹亭》 书 董其昌 想文化 曹雪芹《红楼梦 昆曲 洪昇《长生殿 孔尚任《桃花》 京剧h国

    • 2020-02-26
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    • 29306KB
  • ID:8-6939256 2020年中考历史复习:中国近代史 六、中华民族抗日战争(46张ppt)

    初中历史/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共46张PPT) 新民主主义革命历史分期 (1919年-1949年) 1919 1921 1924 1927 1931 1937 1945 1946 1949 建党时期 国民革命时期 抗日战争时期 十年内战时期 解放战争时期 中华民族的抗日战争 1931-1945 第 六 单 元 部编版八年级上册 目录 第18课 从九一八事变 到西安事变 第19课 七七事变与 全民族抗战 第20课 正面战场的抗战 第21课 敌后战场的抗战 第22课 抗日战争的胜利 考情聚焦 本主题近5年3考,考查分值2分,考查题型以选择题、材料题等为主。2019年以简答题的形式考查抗日战争;2018年以选择题的形式考查挺进大别山;2016年以选择题的形式考查正面抗战与敌后抗战。 主题概况 历 史 时 序 阶 段 特 征 十四年抗战开始 1931年 9月18日 九一八事变 1936年 12月 1937年 7月7日 七七事变 1937年 8月~11月 1937年 9月 1937年 12月 1938年 3月 1938年 6月~10月 1940年 下半年 1941年 12月 1945年 4月~6月 1945年9月2 日日本正式 签署投降书 西安事变和平解决,抗日民族统一战线初步形成 全民族抗战开始 中国军队取得的第一个胜利 正面战场的最大胜仗 抗战进入相持阶段 抗日战争结束 十四年抗战进程 日本侵略史实 敌后战场 正面战场 平型关大捷 百团大战 中共七大 淞沪会战 台儿庄战役 武汉会战 第三次长沙会战 世界 1929年~1933年 经济大危机 1939年9月 德国闪击波兰,英法对德宣战 1942年1月《联合国家宣言》 1945年 雅尔塔会 议召开 1945年9月 第二次世界大战结束 第二次世界大战 南京大屠杀 周年 80 75 75 中华民族的抗日战争 美国罗斯福新政 德国法西斯专政建立 1936年日本法西斯专政建立 苏联斯大林模式形成 1937年苏联完成两个五年计划 中国 (1)政治:中国人民进行了十四年艰苦卓绝的抗日战争。日本由局部侵华到全面侵华,国共两党关系由对峙到合作抗日,中华民族取得了抗日战争的完全胜利。 (2)经济:日本对沦陷区的经济掠夺和国民政府实行战时体制,使民族工业遭受沉重打击。 (3)思想:毛泽东思想逐步走向成熟,并最终被确立为党的指导思想。 世界 资本主义经济大危机下,美国罗斯福新政,德、日、意法西斯轴心国形成,挑起第二次世界大战。同时期苏联的斯大林模式取得重大成就,中国战场是世界反法西斯战争的东方主战场;1942年1月,美、英、苏、中等26国结成世界反法西斯联盟,最终取得了第二次世界大战的胜利。 历 史 时 序 阶 段 特 征 考点知识回顾 考点一:从九一八事变到西安事变(八上P86-90) 【课标要求掌握的标准】 1、知道九一八事变,了解中国局部抗战的开始。 2、知道西安事变,理解和平解决西安事变的意义。 一 、 九一八事变 三要素 1931年9月18日、沈阳、日本关东军 背景 日本方面:日本对中国的侵略蓄谋已久,1929年爆发的资本主义世界经济危机波及日本,日本为转嫁国内危机,加速了侵略中国的步伐 中国方面:国民党正在全力“围剿”红军,给日本以可乘之机 国际方面:资本主义经济危机爆发,帝国主义无暇东顾,推行绥靖政策 经过 日本侵略军有预谋地制造了柳条湖事件,反诬中国军队破坏铁路,并以此为借口,突然袭击中国东北军驻地北大营,炮轰沈阳城,次日,日本占领沈阳,这就是震惊中外的“九一八事变” 【识记关键点】反映了九一八事变日军占领沈阳城的情景 九一八事变 国民党政策 不抵抗政策 结果 短短4个多月,东北三省100多万平方千米的土地全部沦于敌手。 1932年,日本扶植溥仪在中国东北建立了伪满洲国傀儡政权,开始实施对东北人民长达14年的奴役和殖民统治。 影响 认识 9月18日被中国人民视为“国耻日” 局部抗战的表现 (1)东北抗日义勇军:东北各族民众与未撤走的东北军爱国官兵组织抗日义勇军,抵抗日军的侵略; (2)中共抗日:中国共产党派________等人在东北组织游击队,开展抗日游击战争。1936年初,东北各抗日部队开始改编为由中国共产党领导的___________ _。(2018.16①) 杨靖宇 东北抗日联军 标志着日本局部侵华的开始,中日矛盾上升为中国社会的主要矛盾;成为中国人民抗日战争的起点,揭开了世界反法西斯战争的序幕,中国人民开始了长达14年的艰苦卓绝的抗战;打破了帝国主义列强在远东太平洋地区的“均势”,华盛顿体系开始瓦解 二 、西安事变 背景 ①民族危机的加剧(1935年,日本策动 )中日民族矛盾上升为主要矛盾。(根本原因) ②爱国运动的高涨(1935年12月的 促进了全国抗日救亡运动新高潮的到来);③共产党政策的影响(张学良、杨虎城深受中国共产党抗日民族统一战线政策的感召,要求蒋介石联共抗日,劝蒋无效。) 目的 概况 1936年12月12日, 、杨虎城在西安联合行动,扣押蒋介石,实行“ ”,并通电全国,要求停止内战,联共抗日,史称“西安事变”。 结果 中国共产党从 出发,主张和平解决,派周恩来到西安参与谈判,经过协商,蒋介石被迫接受了停止内战、联共抗日的主张,西安事变和平解决。 意义 所谓“华北自治运动” “一二·九”运动, 逼蒋抗日 全民族的利益 兵谏 张学良 揭开了国共两党由内战到联合抗日的序幕,成为扭转时局的关键,标志着十年内战的基本停止,抗日民族统一战线初步形成。 西安事变中张学良、杨虎城“兵谏”的目的不是杀将,不是争权夺利,而是逼蒋抗日,因此西安事变是一次爱国性质的“兵谏”。 抗日民族统一战线初步形成于西安事变的和平解决,正式形成是在七七事变后,国民党中央通讯社公开发表中共中央提交的国共合作宣言。 考点知识回顾 考点二:七七事变与全民族抗战(八上P91-95) 【课标要求掌握的标准】 1、简述七七事变的史实,认识国共第二次合作的实现和全民族抗战的意义。 2、以侵华日军在南京大屠杀等罪行为例,认识日本军国主义凶恶残暴的侵略本质。 主题 内容 七七事变 时间 1937年7月7日 地点 北平的宛平城、卢沟桥 背景 日本侵占东北三省后,继续向南进逼,企图占领华北。 经过 结果 影响 日军以军事演习中一名士兵失踪为借口,要求进宛平城搜查,遭到中国守军拒绝。早有准备的日军悍然炮轰宛平城。中国守军奋起抵抗,这就是“七七事变”,又称“卢沟桥事变”。 卢沟桥失守,佟麟阁、赵登禹将军以身殉国;北平、天津相继失陷 七七事变标志着全民族抗战的开始,同时也标志着日本全面侵华的开始;一定程度上促使国共两党第二次合作的正式形成。 主题 内容 国共第二次 合作 背景 日本发动全面侵华战争,民族危机空前严重,国共分别发表声明,表明抗战立场,加快了建立抗日民族统一战线的步伐 改编军队 中国工农红军主力改编为国民革命军第八路军(八路军),南方八省的游击队改编为国民革命军新编第四军(新四军) 形成标志 1937年9月,国民党公开发表中共中央送交的国共合作宣言, 意义 以国共合作为主体的__________________正式建立,国共团结御侮、全民族抗战的局面开始形成。 目的 团结一切爱国力量,建立抗日民族统一战线,争取抗战的胜利 抗日民族统一战线 2、全民族抗战的意义: (1)使中国成为世界上第一个进行反法西斯战争的国家,中国的全民族抗战成为世界反法西斯战争的重要组成部分,从而具有拯救人类文明、保卫世界和平的历史意义; (2)在战略上有力支援了欧洲和太平洋及亚洲其他地区的反法西斯战争,粉碎了德、意、日法西斯轴心国瓜分全球、称霸世界的图谋。 线1·纵横学史 1、抗日民族统一战线建立过程(《全能提分》P70、4) (1)1935年底,中共中央召开瓦窑堡会议,确立了建立抗日民族统一战线的方针。 (2)1936年12月,西安事变的和平解决,标志着国共两党十年内战基本结束,抗日民族统一战线初步形成 (3)1937年7月,七七事変标志着全民族抗战开始;日本发动全面侵华战争后,国共两党分别发表声明,抗议日本侵略,并加快了建立抗日民族统一战线的步伐 (4)1937年9月,国民党公开发表中共中央提交的国共合作宣言,蒋介石也发表谈话,实际上承认了中共在全国的合法地位。抗日民族统一战线正式建立。 国共两党关系的演变 总结:国共两党合则两利,分则两伤,国共合作有利于民族复兴。 线2·纵横学史 1.第二次鸦片战争期间:1860年,英法联军侵占北京,火烧圆明园。 2.八国联军侵华战争期间:1900年,八国联军侵占北京,烧杀抢掠,无所不作。 3.日本全面侵华战争期间:1937年,日军侵占南京,进行南京大屠杀。 南京大屠杀 时间 从1937年12月13日开始,长达6周, 地点 南京 背景 1937年12月13日,日军攻陷南京,国民政府迁往重庆 概况 日本占领南京后,对南京人民进行了血腥屠杀,犯下了滔天罪行,屠杀中国民众30万人以上。 特点 规模大、时间长、手段残忍、危害严重、遇害人数多 认识 铭记历史,知耻而后勇,努力学习,为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗 反对战争,争取和平;时刻警惕日本军国势力的抬头 揭露了日本军国主义凶恶残暴的侵略本质 公祭日 2014年,全国人大常委会决定将每年12月13日设立为“南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日” 考点知识回顾 考点三:正面战场和敌后战场的抗战 (八上P96-99)(八上P100-103)(2年1考) 【课标要求掌握的标准】 列举正面战场和敌后战场的抗日史实,体会中国军民在抗日战争中英勇顾强不怕辆性的精神。 一、正面战场的抗战 概况:七七事变后,中国军队在正面战场先后组织了淞沪会战、太原会战、徐州会战、武汉会战等一系列战役。 考点知识回顾 主要战役 概况 意义 淞沪会战 1937年 8月13日,淞沪会战爆发。11月,上海失陷,淞沪会战结束 打破了日本3个月灭亡中国的迷梦,激发了全国人民的斗志。 台儿庄 战役 1938年3月,日军向台儿庄发起攻击,________指挥中国军队与日军激战,共歼敌1万余人 是抗战以来中国正面战场取得的最大的一场胜仗,振奋了中国军民的精神,坚定了抗战意志和信念 武汉会战 武汉保卫战 1938年6月,日军进攻武汉。中国军队奋起反抗,取得万家岭战役胜利 使日本企图迅速灭亡中国的既定战略彻底破灭,抗日战争进入相持阶段 第三次长 沙会战 1941年12月,日本对长沙发动第三次进攻。中国军队获得会战胜利 第三次长沙会战时,英美盟军在太平洋战场上接连败退。这次会战的胜利,在国内外产生了积极影响。 中国远征军 入缅作战 1942年—1945年 沉重打击了日军,有利地支援了同盟军队,为世界反法西斯战争做出了重要贡献 豫湘桂战役 抗日战争后期,国民消极抗日,积极反共 1944年初,国民党一溃千里,丧失大片国土 李宗仁 (《全能提分》P70、5) 考点知识回顾 二、敌后战场的抗战 1. 平型关大捷 (1)概况:1937年9月,八路军第一一五师在师长________率领下,在平型关一带设伏,将日军 1 000多人全部歼灭; (2)意义:平型关大捷是全民族抗战以来中国军队取得的第一个胜利,粉碎了日军“不可战胜”的神话。 2. 抗日根据地的建立和发展 (1)建立:全民族抗战爆发后,八路军、新四军建立晋察冀、晋绥、晋冀豫、山东、苏南等抗日根据地;陕甘宁边区首府、中共中央所在地________成为敌后战场的战略总后方和指挥中枢; 林彪 延安 考点知识回顾 (2)发展:根据地军民主力部队和地方基干民兵为骨干,以广大群众为基础,组织各方力量,展开群众性的人民游击战争;建立抗日民主政权,实行减租减息的土地政策,发展生产;根据地成为敌后游击战得以长期坚持并取得最后胜利的基地。(2018.16③) 3. 百团大战 (1)概况:1940年下半年,八路军总部在________指挥下,组织100多个团,在华北对日军发动了一场大规模进攻,史称“百团大战”; (2)目的:粉碎日军对敌后抗日根据地的“扫荡”和封锁,振奋抗战军民的士气 (3)主要目标: (4)意义:有力打击了日军的侵略气焰,提高了共产党和八路军的威望,振奋了全国军民争取抗战胜利的信心。 彭德怀 破坏敌人的交通线,摧毁日、伪军的据点 彭德怀在前线 联系:敌后战场与正面战场相互配合,构成了中国抗日战争的整体 中国共产党领导的敌后战场是抗日战争中的中流砥柱 全民族抗战时期正面战场和敌后战场的区别与联系? 考点知识回顾 考点四:抗日战争的胜利(八上P104-108) 【课标要求掌握的标准】 知道中共七大的主要内容,了解日本投降的史实;探讨抗战胜利的原因及历史意义。 一、全民坚持抗战 相持阶段 日本对华 政策改变 对国民党:政治诱降,辅之以军事打击; 对中共:加紧进攻敌后抗日根据地; 对占领区:加强的军事统治和经济掠夺。 1、原因: 2、表现: 广州、武汉沦陷后,日军因战线过长、兵力不足和国内资源紧张,遂改变策略。 国民党亲日派:汪精卫在南京建立伪国民政府。 顽固派:制造反共摩擦,如“皖南事变”。 共产党;坚持抗战,在各敌后抗日根据地掀起 大生产运动。 面对日本的侵略对策,中国各方是如何应对? 在抗日民族统一战线的旗帜下,中国各民族、各政党、各政治派别求同存异,共同抗敌。你能举出具体事例来说明吗?影响? 考点知识回顾 中国共产党第七次全国代表大会 时间、地点:________年4月~6月、延安。 主要内容 (1)大会总结了中国共产党领导中国民主革命曲折发展的历史经验,特别是总结了抗日战争的丰富经验,制定了党的政治路线:放手发动群众,壮大人民力量,在中国共产党的领导下,打败日本侵略者,解放全国人民,建立一个新民主主义的中国; 1945 毛泽东 意义: (2)大会选举产生了中央领导机关,________在七届一中全会上当选为中共中央主席; (3)大会 为中国共产党的指导思想并写入党章。 确立毛泽东思想 为争取抗日战争的最后胜利准备了条件,并为中国共产党和中国人民 指明了战后的奋斗方向。 考点知识回顾 考点知识回顾 主题 内容 战略反攻 和 日本投降 促使日本投降的因素 (1)国际:德国在欧洲战场处于劣势,败局已定;日本在太平洋战场陷入困境;美国向日本广岛、________投掷原子弹;苏联政府对日宣战,并出兵中国东北; (2)国内:中国抗日战争进入大反攻阶段。 胜利的标志 1945年8月15日,日本天皇被迫宣布__________ ;9月2日,日本政府正式签署投降书。台湾回到祖国怀抱。 (2014年2月 十二届全国人大常委会决定将每年的9月3日确定为中国人民抗日战争胜利纪念日) 长崎 无条件投降 抗日战争胜利的原因 原因 (1)根本保证:国共两党团结合作,建立了抗日民族统一战线,实行全民族抗战; (2)决定因素:中国人民巨大的民族觉醒、空前的民族团结和______________; (3)中流砥柱:中国共产党在全民族团结抗战中发挥了____________的作用; (4)前提条件:中国的抗日战争是一场正义的、反侵略的民族解放战争; (5)外部因素:世界上一切爱好和平与正义的国家和人民的支持。 英勇的民族抗争 中流砥柱 历史意义 (1)国内:是中国近代以来反抗外敌入侵第一次取得完全胜利的____________战争。促进了中华民族的觉醒,为中国共产党带领中国人民实现彻底的民族独立和人民解放奠定了重要基础; (2)国际:中国战场是世界反法西斯战争的东方主战场,对世界反法西斯战争的胜利、维护世界和平作出了巨大贡献;中国的国际地位得到提高。 考点知识回顾 民族解放 结合所学知识,举例说明中国战场是世界反法西斯战争的东方主战场。 举例:中国在正面战场组织了淞沪会战、太原会战、徐州会战、武汉会战、长沙会战,枣宜会战等;敌后战场有敌后游击战、百团大战等。说明:正面战场与敌后战场相互配合,牵制和消灭了日军的大量兵力,为世界反法西斯战争的胜利作出了巨大的贡献。 中国共产党在全民族抗战中的中流砥柱作用的体现。(《全能提分》P71) (1)最早抗战:中国共产党最早高举全民族抗战旗帜,最早组织东北抗日游击战争,以局部抗战揭开世界反法西斯战争的序幕。(2)组织抗战:中国共产党积极倡导、诚心维护抗日民族统一战线,凝聚了中华民族的抗日力量。(3)领导抗战:中国共产党提出全面抗战路线、持久战战略总方针、游击战争战略战术,为全民族抗战指引了胜利方向。(4)艰苦抗战:中国共产党领导抗日军民在敌后战场与日本侵略者浴血奋战,为取得最终胜利作出巨大贡献。(5)胜利抗战:中国共产党领导抗日军民对抗日战争胜利发挥了决定性的作用,写下了壮丽的历史篇章。 启示:近代中华民族的历史既是一部屈辱史,也是一部抗争史;落后就要挨打;中国共产党始终代表整个中华民族的利益,只有在中国共产党的领导下才能实现国家和民族的复兴。 国共两党十年内战基本 结束,国共两党联合抗日局面初步形成 合则两利,分则两伤;中国共产党以民族利益为重。 《联合国家宣言》 诺曼底登陆 中国全民族抗战开始 (或全国性抗日战争开始) 都为世界人民反 法西斯战争的胜利 做出了贡献(是 国际反法西斯联盟 之间的联合协作) D 抗日战争胜利的原因及历史意义(史料实证) 4. (2019·朔州模拟)2014年2月27日,十二届全国人大常委会第七次会议表决通过,设立了如下两个纪念日。对“设立纪念日”的理解正确的是(  ) 9月3日 中国人民抗日战争胜利纪念日 12月13日 南京大屠杀死难者国家公祭日 ①铭记历史和光荣,勿忘牺牲和耻辱。以史为鉴,自立自强  ②要通过国家立法的形式,把抗战的正义性、对死难英烈的纪念和缅怀永久性地固定下来 ③告诉世界:必须维护和平、正义、良知,促进共同发展和时代进步  ④国家足够强大后,走民族复仇之路 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.①②③④ D.①③④ A 设问:依据材料漫画,分析二战期间中国战场的特点。结合所学知识,指出图1战场和图2战场的不同。 答案:特点:有敌后和正面两个战场;有国际社会的援助和支持。 不同:敌后战场由共产党领导,正面战场由国民党领导;敌后战场贯彻人民战争路线,正面战场依赖国民政府和军队;敌后战场多表现为游击战和运动战,正面战场以阵地战为主。 “晚上十点半,板垣征四郎下令按动了爆炸柳条湖铁轨的按钮,中日延续了十四年的第二次战争从此爆发。”材料所叙述的史实是( ) A.鸦片战争 B.甲午中日战争 C.九一八事变 D.七七事变 C 材料一 我的家在东北松花江上,那里有森林煤矿,还有那满山遍野的大豆高粱。我的家在东北松花江上,那里有我的同胞......从那个悲惨的时候,脱离了我的家乡,抛弃那无尽的宝藏,流浪!流浪!。 ——《松花江上》 材料歌词描述的是哪一历史事件后东北的状况?简述这一事件的影响。(4分) 答案:九一八事变(2分) 九一八事变成为中国人民抗日战争的起点,揭开了世界反法西斯战争的序幕。从此,中国人民开始了艰苦卓绝的抗战。(2分) 材料:起来!不愿做奴隶的人们!把我们的血肉筑成我们新的长城!中国民族到了最危险的时候......我们万众一心,冒着敌人的炮火,前进!冒着敌人的炮火,前进! ——《义勇军进行曲》 材料中的歌词表现出了中国人民怎样的民族精神?(2分) 答案:表现出中华民族的伟大、独立、坚强,体现了中国人民的勇敢、顽强和百折不挠的拼搏精神和抗日救国的坚强意志。 材料:“他坚持了抗战八年多,他改善了人民的生活,他建设了敌后根据地,他实行了民主好处多,没有共产党就没有新中国......” ——《没有共产党就没有新中国》 根据材料划线部分歌词,用史实说明,中国共产党是如何建立、巩固和发展抗日根据地的。(6分) 答案: (1)建立:全民族抗战爆发后,八路军、新四军挺进敌后,建立抗日根据地,将敌人的后方变成抗日的前线。晋察冀、晋绥、晋冀豫、山东等抗日根据地先后建立起来。(2分) (2)巩固和发展:在中国共产党领导下,以主力部队和地方基干民兵为骨干,以广大人民群众为基础,组织各方力量,展开群众性的人民游击战争。根据各地不同的地形特点,采取地道战、地雷战、夜袭战、麻雀战等战法,使日军不得安宁;(2分)中国共产党还制定各项政策和措施,根据地建设抗日民主政权,实行减租减息的土地政策,发展生产,使根据地成为敌后游击战得以长期坚持并取得最后胜利的基地。(2分) 感谢观看

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  • ID:4-6939199 2020年中考英语一轮基础知识复习练习:九年级全册(7份打包 含答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/九年级全册

    九年级 Units 11~12 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.迫使          2.踢;蹦     ? 3.勇敢;勇气    ? 4.拉;拖    ? 5.活着;有生气的    ? 6.消失;不见    ? 7.comfort(n.)舒服;舒适→    (adj.)使人舒服的;舒适的→    (adj.)使人不舒服的;令人不舒适的→    (adv.)舒服地;舒适地? 8.office(n.)办公室→    (n.)军官;官员? 9.west(n.&adv.&adj.)西方→    (adj.)向西的;西部的? 10.nod(v.)点头→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 11.agree(v.)同意→    (n.)(意见或看法)一致;同意→    (反义词)不同意;持不同意见;有分歧? 12.disappoint(v.)失望→    (n.)失望;沮丧;扫兴→    (adj.)失望的;沮丧的;失意的→    (adj.)令人失望的,令人沮丧的? 13.expect(v.)期望→    (adj.)期待的;预期的;期望中的→    (adj.)出乎意料的;始料不及的? 14.sleep(v.)睡觉→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (adj.)困倦的;瞌睡的→    (adj.)睡着的→    (v.)睡过头;睡得太久? 15.work(v.)工作→    (n.)工作者;工人? 16.burn(v.)着火;燃烧→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (adj.)着火的;燃烧的? 17.believe(v.)相信→    (adj.)可相信的;可信任的→    (adj.)不可相信的? 18.friend(n.)朋友→    (adj.)友好的→    (n.)友谊;友情? 19.king(n.)国王→    (对应词)王后;女王? 20.power(n.)力量;精力→    (adj.)有权势的;有影响力的? 21.bank(n.)银行→    (n.)银行家? 22.exam(n.)考试→    (v.)(仔细地)检查;检验? 23.wealth(n.)财富→    (adj.)富有的? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.书读得越多,我们得到的就越多。          we read,         we can get.? 2.我相信如果我努力学习,就不会让我的父母和老师失望。 I believe that if I study hard,I won????t     my parents and teachers     .? 3.首先,我要感谢我的父母和朋友们,他们给了我许多帮助。              ,I want to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot.? 4.那是真的,他很著名,很多人喜欢他的歌。              he is famous and everyone loves her songs.? 5.你如果想买这套新房,你应该忽略价格。 If you want to buy the new house,you should         the price.? 6.我们应该相互学习相互帮助。 We should         and help each other.? 7.和妈妈比她更依赖于爸爸。 She depends on her father         her mother.? 8.我们到那儿的时候,所有的票都已经卖光了。 When we got there,all the tickets                 .? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019广西百色)My father and Uncle Wang have been good friends for many years,and their     (友谊) is very strong.? 2.(2019江苏常州)I couldn????t fall asleep because the bed was so     (不舒服的).? 3.(2019湖北孝感)Come to the front with     (勇气)and show your talent,Peter.? 4.(2019甘肃天水)After discussing the project several times,they reached an     (协议)finally.? 5.My brother is a     (工人).He works in a factory.? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019四川成都)Creativity is great w    for us because of its value in our work and life.? 2.(2019浙江杭州)His team had lost the game because of him.He felt like there was a heavy w    on his shoulders as he walked home alone.? 3.If we continue to pull t   ,I believe we can solve the problem soon.? 4.(2019四川成都)The manager will be so busy next month that he has to c    a few unimportant meetings.? 5.I would r    go out for a walk than stay at home.? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 make believe drink disappear announce 1.The teacher     Mike clean the classroom yesterday.? 2.He preferred to drink tea rather than     water.? 3.The fish soon     after the boy put it into the lake.? 4.After receiving the     ,the soldiers took action immediately.? 5.I think what he said is the most     ,after all he is an honest man.? Ⅳ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1.谢谢你用小汽车搭载我一程。 Thank you for                 in your car.? 2.当我到家时,我意识到我把我的钥匙落在背包里了。 When I         ,I realized I         my keys in the backpack.? 3.你和我都不是篮球运动员。      I     you are a basketball player.? 4.不要对你的小妹妹太苛刻。 Don????t             your little sister.? 5.王老师生病了。刘老师来替他。 Mr. Wang is ill. And Mr. Liu             .? Ⅴ.短文填空 根据短文内容,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,用方框中词进行填空。每词用一次。 hate,still,movies,accident,mad,stays,with,refused,something,or Nobody can be happy all the time.You may become unhappy sometime,for example,when you fail an exam,1.     you may become sad when you lose one of your friends.It????s normal to have these feelings.If you don????t know what to do with these problems,you may learn 2.     from Jeff.? Jeff almost went 3.     when his brother was killed in a car accident.He 4.     to go out or talk to anybody,even his parents.He was quite angry 5.     the driver because his car hit his brother,even though it was a(n) 6.    .After several months,Jeff began to understand it was useless to be angry.Now he 7.     misses his brother,but he doesn????t 8.     the driver any longer.He is beginning to talk to his parents and that makes them happy again.He no longer 9.     in his room by himself.Instead,he goes to the 10. or plays sports with his friends.He is feeling better now.? 九年级 Units 11~12 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.drive 2.kick 3.courage 4.pull 5.alive 6.disappear 7.comfortable;uncomfortable;comfortably 8.officer 9.western 10.nodded;nodding 11.agreement;disagree 12.disappointment;disappointed;disappointing 13.expected;unexpected 14.slept;sleepy;asleep;oversleep 15.worker 16.burned/burnt;burning;burning 17.believable;unbelievable 18.friendly;friendship 19.queen 20.powerful 21.banker 22.examine 23.wealthy Ⅱ.1.The more;the more 2.let;down 3.To begin with 4.It’s true that 5.leave out 6.learn from 7.rather than 8.had been sold out 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.friendship 2.uncomfortable 3.courage 4.agreement 5.worker Ⅱ.1.wealth 2.weight 3.together 4.cancel 5.rather Ⅲ.1.made 2.drink 3.disappeared 4.announcement 5.believable Ⅳ.1.giving me a lift 2.got home;had left 3.Neither;nor 4.be hard on 5.takes his position Ⅴ.1.or 2.something 3.mad 4.refused 5.with 6.accident 7.still 8.hate 9.stays 10.movies 九年级 Units 13~14 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.底部;最下部        2.塑料的     ? 3.承担得起;买得起    ? 4.回收利用;再利用    ? 5.指示;命令    ? 6.学位;度数;程度    ? 7.thirst(n.)口渴→    (adj.)渴望的;口渴的? 8.cost(v.&n.)花费→    (过去式/过去分词)? 9.instruct(v.)指示;命令→    (n.)指示;命令? 10.overcome(v.)克服;战胜→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 11.care(v.&n.)关心;照顾→    (adj.)体贴人的;关心他人的? 12.congratulate(v.)祝贺→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (n.)祝贺;恭祝;贺词? 13.science(n.)科学→    (n.)科学家→    (adj.)科学(上)的;关于科学的? 14.gentle(adj.)文静的;平和的→    (n.)先生;绅士→    (pl.)先生;绅士? 15.we(pron.)我们→    (宾格)我们→    (形容词性物主代词)我们的→    (名词性物主代词)我们的→    (反身代词)我们自己? 16.fish(n.)鱼;鱼肉→    (n.)渔民;钓鱼的人? 17.advantage(n.)优点;有利条件→    (反义词)缺点;不利因素? 18.wood(n.)木头→    (adj.)木制的;木头的? 19.harm(n.&v.)伤害;损害→    (adj.)有害的? Ⅱ.话题词汇——环境保护 1.干净的;打扫   ? 2.清楚易懂的;晴朗的   ? 3.脏的   ? 4.整洁的;井井有条的   ? 5.污染        6.吸烟;冒烟    ? 7.垃圾;废弃物   ? 8.乱扔;垃圾   ? 9.杂乱;不整齐   ? 10.噪音;声音   ? 11.保护;防护   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.这些塑料瓶不应该被扔掉,因为它们可以被循环利用。 These plastic bottles should not be         ,because they can be recycled.? 2.(2019湖北黄冈)如果你在考试中保持冷静,就会考出好成绩。 If you             in the exam,you will get good grades.? 3.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)每个人都渴望幸福美好的生活。 Everyone             a happy and beautiful life.? 4.(2019四川宜宾)我将亲手制作卡片,感谢母亲为我所做的一切。 I????ll make a card myself to be         my mother for what she has done for me.? 5.(2019山东枣庄)我们在新的旅行启程之际,不应该忘了我们来自何处。 As we         on our new journey,we shouldn????t forget where we came from.? 6.(2019湖北宜昌)无论我走到哪里,没有什么能把我和我的祖国分离。 Wherever I go,nothing can make me         my motherland.? 7.健康的食物改善了她的健康状况。 Healthy food has                 her health.? 8.我们上周玩纸牌了而不是看电视。 We played card         watching TV last week.? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019四川南充)So far,no     (科学的)studies have shown that shark fins are good for health.? 2.(2019浙江宁波)In Ningbo,everyone knows that things in blue rubbish bins can be     (回收利用).? 3.Online shopping has many     (优势).? 4.The stamp I bought yesterday     (花费)me 20 yuan.? 5.Many governments all over the world have developed some     (法律)to stop the serious pollution.? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.We are doing a s    about how to study for a test.? 2.If you put in more effort,your exam scores will d   .? 3.Helen got two goals in a r    during the basketball match.? 4.Take the medicine three times a day according to the i   .? 5.The students do homework carefully to meet the s    of the teachers.? Ⅲ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019江苏盐城)Greenhouse gases are     (harm) to the environment.? 2.Lucy worked as a manager after     (graduate) from university.? 3.(2019云南曲靖)Hi,everyone,let????s work hard! The future is     (we).? 4.This     (wood) bridge was built more than 20 years ago.? 5.The air is     (bad) polluted because there are too many cars.? Ⅳ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1.所有这些旧房子将在三个月后拆除。 All these old house will be         in three months.? 2.你不应该把房间弄得一团糟。 You shouldn????t             in your room.? 3.不要紧张,你应该保证冷静。 Don????t be nervous and you should             .? 4.我时常想起过去三年的时光。 I often             these past three years.? 5.方法在学习中起到了重要的作用。 Method                     the study.? Ⅴ.(2019浙江温州)短文填空 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,用单词的正确形式完成以下短文。 Lydia runs,and picks up rubbish along the way.What she does is called “plogging”,an activity combining collecting rubbish with running.Last 1.    (六月)she first learned the idea of plogging on the Internet and decided to plog.? Lydia runs four or 2.    (五)times a week and takes a daily walk with her two dogs.She often wears her gloves and takes several 3.    (袋子)when she goes out.Sometimes she spends 4.(一半;半数)an hour collecting rubbish.She says she 5.    (浪费)the last few years of her running life.Now she feels 6.    (更好的)to do plogging than just running by the river.? “It just takes a moment to stop and pick something up off the ground.7.    (然而),it makes big difference to my community.Now my husband also 8.    (加入)me,” Lydia says 9.    (自豪地).“It doesn????t matter how much rubbish I pick up.It????s a good way to protect our 10.    (星球).? 九年级 Units 13~14 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.bottom 2.plastic 3.afford 4.recycle 5.instruction 6.degree  7.thirsty 8.cost 9.instruction 10.overcame;overcome;overcoming 11.caring 12.congratulated;congratulating;congratulation 13.scientist;scientific 14.gentleman;gentlemen 15.us;our;ours;ourselves 16.fisherman 17.disadvantage 18.wooden 19.harmful Ⅱ.1.clean 2.clear 3.dirty 4.tidy 5.pollute/pollution 6.smoke 7.rubbish 8.litter 9.mess 10.noise 11.protect Ⅲ.1.thrown away 2.keep your cool 3.is thirsty for 4.thankful to 5.set out/set off/start out 6.separate from 7.made a difference to 8.instead of 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.scientific 2.recycled 3.advantages 4.cost 5.laws Ⅱ.1.survey 2.double 3.row 4.instructions 5.standards Ⅲ.1.harmful 2.graduation 3.ours 4.wooden 5.badly Ⅳ.1.pulled down 2.make a mess 3.keep your cool 4.look back at 5.plays an important part in Ⅴ.1.June 2.five 3.bags 4.half 5.wasted/has wasted 6.better 7.However 8.joins 9.proudly 10.planet 九年级 Units 1~2 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.有耐心的        2.重复;重做     ? 3.增加;增长    ? 4.知识    ? 5.欣赏;仰慕    ? 6.死的;失去生命的    ? 7.create(v.)创造;创建→    (adj.)有创造力的;创造性的→    (n.)创造力;独创性? 8.connect(v.)(使)连接;与……有联系→    (n.)(两种事实、观念等的)联系;关联? 9.steal(v.)偷;窃取→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 10.lay(v.)放置;安放;产(卵);下(蛋)→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 11.discover(v.)发现;发觉→    (n.)发现;发觉? 12.spread(v.&n.)传播;展开;蔓延;传播→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 13.loud(adj.)大声的;高声的→    (adv.)喧闹地;大声地;响亮地→    (adv.)大声地;高声地? 14.able(adj.)能;有能力的;能干的→    (n.)能力;才能→    (反义词)丧失能力的;有残疾的? 15.active(adj.)活跃的;积极的→    (n.)活动? 16.wise(adj.)明智的;聪明的→    (adv.)明智地;聪明地? 17.strange(adj.)奇怪的;陌生的→    (n.)陌生人? 18.warm(adj.)温暖的;热情的→    (n.)温暖;暖和? 19.physic(n.)物理;物理学→    (adj.)身体的? 20.relation(n.)关系;叙述;故事;亲属关系→    (n.)亲属;亲戚? 21.pronounce(v.)发音→    (n.)发音;读音? 22.express(v.)表示;表达→    (n.)表情;表示;表达方式? Ⅱ.话题词汇——学习 1.学习;学会      2.知识;学问    ? 3.家庭作业   ? 4.文章;论文   ? 5.文本;课文   ? 6.语言   ? 7.单词;词   ? 8.用字母拼;拼写   ? 9.句子   ? 10.语法   ? 11.错误;失误   ? 12.表示;表达   ? 13.进步;进展   ? 14.方法;措施   ? 15.抄袭;复制   ? 16.回顾;复习   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019辽宁盘锦)戴安娜总是在旅行前关注天气。 Diana always             the weather before travelling.? 2.阅读时,碰到生词,不必都要查阅。 It is unnecessary to         every word you don????t know while reading.? 3.这个箱子太沉,我抬不起来。 The box is     heavy for me     lift.? 4.她怕吵醒孩子。 She             waking her child.? 5.太阳不仅给我们光,也给我们热。 Not only     the sun     us light but also it gives us heat.? 6.她把礼物送给需要的人们。 She gave gifts to people         .? 7.他们认为鸡蛋是新生活的象征。 They think an egg is             new life.? 8.约翰自从九月以来体重已经增加了7公斤。 John has         seven kilos since September.? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019广西柳州)Very few people can     (发音)my name correctly.? 2.(2019山东青岛)People who learn     (明智地)and well will achieve their dreams more easily.? 3.(2019湖北荆门)The thieves     (偷)many things from the supermarket and were put into prison.? 4.(2019山东日照)Mary found great fun working in the small     (花园).? 5.(2019江苏南京)Helen treats her students in a     (耐心的)and understanding way.? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019广西桂林)He c    the screen to the computer last night.? 2.The old man takes good care of his dog and t    it as a friend.? 3.(2019山东泰安)We all agree that the driver who drives after drinking wine(酒)should be p    .? 4.It????s a s   .No one knows it.? 5.Do you know how to train our a    to listen,speak,read and write?? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 creat novel warm action strange 1.Uncle Tom????s Cabin is one of my favorite     .? 2.To keep safe,we shouldn????t tell the     our personal information.? 3.Sally is an     girl and she often answers questions in class.? 4.Everyone should have dreams.With dreams and hard work,anything amazing can be     .? 5.After class,children went out of their classroom to enjoy the     of the sun.? Ⅳ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.校长终于结束了演说。 The headmaster finally         his speech.? 2.在公交车上不得与司机打架,否则你将会受到惩罚。 Don????t fight with the driver in the bus, or you????ll         .? 3.你可以把这些单词和他们的意思联系起来吗? Can you     the words     their meanings?? 4.请注意你的拼写错误。 Please             your spelling mistakes.? 5.这些旧照片让我想起童年的时光。 The old photos     me     the old day in the childhood.? Ⅴ.短文填空 请用适当的词完成下面的这封信,每个空只能填写一个形式正确、意义相符的单词。 Dear Anne, How are you? I had great fun last Wednesday,1.     12th 2013.It was a traditional Chinese festival called Dragon Boat Festival that day.? This festival is in memory of Qu Yuan,one of the greatest Chinese poets.He killed 2.     by calendar(阴历),278BC.People there moved the boat to 3.     him.But it was too late.They were very sad and then threw rice into the 4.     to feed the fishes so that they would stay away from his body.? 5.     then on,every year on this day,people enjoy 6.     zongzi which is made of rice with meat,eggs and so on.In the past we ate it only 7.     a year,but now we regard it as our daily food.We have it any time we like.? Have you ever 8.     the dragon boat race on TV? It is another important part of this festival.Several teams row their dragon-shaped boats as 9. as they can.The first team to reach the finish line wins.? If you have a plan to visit China next year,would 10.     like to spend this festival with us?? Best wishes Xiao Qiang 九年级 Units 1~2 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.patient 2.repeat 3.increase 4.knowledge 5.admire 6.dead 7.creative;creativity 8.connection 9.stole;stolen 10.laid;laid 11.discovery 12.spread;spread 13.aloud;loudly 14.ability;disabled 15.activity 16.wisely 17.stranger 18.warmth 19.physical 20.relative 21.pronunciation 22.expression Ⅱ.1.learn 2.knowledge 3.homework 4.article 5.text 6.language 7.word 8.spell 9.sentence 10.grammar 11.mistake 12.express/expression 13.progress 14.method 15.copy 16.review Ⅲ.1.pays attention to 2.look up 3.too;to 4.is afraid of 5.does;give 6.in need 7.a symbol of 8.put on 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.pronounce 2.wisely 3.stole 4.garden 5.patient Ⅱ.1.connected 2.treats 3.punished 4.secret 5.abilities Ⅲ.1.novels 2.strangers 3.active 4.created 5.warmth Ⅳ.1.ended up 2.be punished 3.connect;with 4.pay attention to 5.remind;of Ⅴ.1.on 2.himself 3.save 4.river 5.From 6.eating 7.once 8.watched 9.fast 10.you 九年级 Units 3~4 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.要求;请求       2.采访;面试     ? 3.私人的;私密的    ? 4.公开的;公众的    ? 5.不常;很少    ? 6.影响    ? 7.pride(n.)自豪;骄傲→    (adj.)自豪的;骄傲的? 8.suggest(v.)建议;提议→    (n.)建议? 9.speak(v.)说(某种语言);说话→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (n.)讲(某种语言)的人;发言者? 10.help(v.)帮助;促进→    (adj.)有用的;有帮助的→    (adj.)无用的? 11.Africa(n.)非洲→    (adj.)非洲的;非洲人的? 12.deal(v.)对付;对待→    (过去式/过去分词)? 13.Britain(n.)英国→    (adj.)英国(人)的? 14.fail(v.)不及格;失败;未能做到→    (n.)失败? 15.examine(v.)检查;检验→    (n.)考试;审查? 16.introduce(v.)介绍;引进;提出→    (n.)介绍? 17.east(adj.&adv.)东方的,东部的;向东,朝东→    (adj.)东方的;东部的? 18.polite(adj.)有礼貌的;客气的→    (adv.)礼貌地;客气地→    (反义词)不礼貌的;粗鲁的? 19.convenient(adj.)便利的;方便的→    (n.)方便;便利;适宜;省事→    (反义词)不便利的,不方便的? 20.direct(adj.)直接的;直率的→    (adv.)径直地;直接地;坦率地;直爽地→    (adj.)间接的→    (n.)方向;方位? 21.correct(adj.)正确的;恰当的→    (adv.)正确地? 22.silent(adj.)不说话的;沉默的→    (n.)沉默;缄默;无声→    (adv.)不说话地;沉默地? 23.absent(adj.)缺席;不在→    (n.)缺席;离开;不在原处? 24.exact(adj.)准确的;精密的;精确的→    (adv.)确切地;精确地? 25.general(adj.)总的;普遍的→    (adv.)普遍地;广泛地? 26.center(n.)中心;中央→    (adj.)中心的;中央的? 27.humor(n.)幽默,诙谐;心情→    (adj.)有幽默感的;滑稽有趣的? 28.Europe(n.)欧洲→    (adj.)欧洲(人)的? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019辽宁辽阳)经理亲自为顾客解决了这个问题。 The manager solved the problem for the customer         .? 2.(2019辽宁本溪)政府鼓励我们科学地处理垃圾。 The government encourages us             rubbish in a scientific way.? 3.玛丽当众讲话时总是很自信。 Mary is always confident when she speaks         .? 4.尽管你已经通过了考试,你也应该努力学习。 You should keep working hard         you have passed the exam.? 5.我非常喜欢我的校服,因为我以我的学校而感到自豪。 I like my school uniform very much because I             my school.? 6.你知道这附近是否有饭店吗? Do you know             a restaurant around here?? 7.我昨天晚上直到十一点才休息。 I     go to bed     11:00 last night.? 8.你应当对你的老师有礼貌。 You should             your teachers.? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019山东青岛)There is a big park     (在旁边)the supermarket.I prefer to take a walk there.? 2.(2019江苏连云港)Does the radio say the expressway is closed in both     (方向)because of the heavy fog?? 3.(2019四川凉山)Could you get me an     (介绍)to your friend?? 4.(2019浙江宁波)We     (很少地)hang out at weekends recently.? 5.(2019江苏南通)According to a survey,those born in the 2000s have a strong sense of national    (骄傲).? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.Could you tell me the way to the post office? I want to buy some s   .? 2.I didn????t understand what you said just now.P    me,please.Tell me again,please.? 3.Charlie Chaplin is a h    actor.We like him very much.? 4.You should be keep s    at the meeting.? 5.There will be more and more p    cars in the future.They belong to people????s property(财产).? Ⅲ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019江苏淮安)The teachers welcome their students     (polite) at the school gate every morning.? 2.It????s     (help) for our health to exercise every day.? 3.My cousin is shy.And he is afraid of giving a     (speak) in public.? 4.Finally,his parents made a     (decide) to send him to hospital.? 5.The boy was often     (absence) from the class,he failed the math test.? Ⅳ.(2019山东德州)短文填空 阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容,从方框内所给11个动词中选择10个意义相符的词,必要时进行词形变化(可添加助动词或者情态动词),填入空白处。 attend,return,set,wake,know,educate,eat,sleep,not do,study,ask Parents are the first teachers of their children.Many people in Beijing return to school only because they have become parents. Ding Rong,a teacher from the Fourth Middle School of Beijing,said,“Many parents either love their children too much or behave badly to them.They 1.     little about home education and thus make mistakes.” Because of this situation,parents???? schools are badly needed.? “I 2.     to school next month.and it will help me treat my children in a better way,” said Xiao Chengjun,a 40-year-old woman worker.“I decided to do it when I 3.     the question ‘Do you really know your child?’”? One pupil complained in a composition that his father always left so much smoke in the living room that he 4.     his homework there.Another wrote that his father often played mahjong(打麻将)at night while he 5.    .The noise always 6. him up.? “It????s the father????s fault not to educate his son himself,” is an old saying.“But it????s also the father????s fault if he 7.     his son a bad example.” said Zhen Yan.? A parent said,“I 8.     in the parents???? school for one year.After 9.     the school,I know more about my child and she also understands me more.”? Do you think your parents know how 10.     you properly? Do you want them to enter parents???? schools?? 九年级 Units 3~4 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.request 2.interview 3.private 4.public 5.seldom 6.influence 7.proud 8.suggestion 9.spoke;spoken;speaker 10.helpful;helpless 11.African 12.dealt 13.British 14.failure 15.examination 16.introduction 17.eastern 18.politely;impolite 19.convenience;inconvenient 20.directly;indirect;direction 21.correctly 22.silence;silently 23.absence 24.exactly 25.generally 26.central 27.humorous 28.European Ⅱ.1.in person 2.to deal with 3.in public 4.even though 5.take pride in/am proud of 6.if/whether there is 7.didn’t;until 8.be polite to 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.beside 2.directions 3.introduction 4.seldom 5.pride Ⅱ.1.stamps 2.Pardon 3.humorous 4.silent 5.private Ⅲ.1.politely 2.helpful 3.speech 4.decision 5.absent Ⅳ.1.know 2.will return 3.was asked 4.couldn’t do 5.was sleeping 6.woke 7.sets 8.have studied/have been studying 9.attending 10.to educate 九年级 Units 5~6 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.当地的;本地的      2.避免;回避     ? 3.提到;说到    ? 4.怀疑    ? 5.分开;分散    ? 6.顾客;客户    ? 7.nation(n.)国家;民族→    (adj.)国家的;民族的→    (adj.)国际的? 8.music(n.)音乐→    (n.)音乐家→    (adj.)音乐的;有音乐天赋的? 9.Canada(n.)加拿大→    (adj.&n.)加拿大的;加拿大人的;加拿大人? 10.hero(n.)英雄;男主角→    (pl.)? 11.produce(v.)生产;制造;出产→    (n.)产品;制品? 12.live(v.)居住;生存;生活→    (adj.)活着的;有生气的→    (adj.)生气勃勃的;(色彩)鲜艳的? 13.complete(v.)完成→    (adv.)彻底地;完全地? 14.please(v.)使喜欢;使高兴;讨人喜欢→    (adj.)高兴的;满意的→    (n.)高兴;愉快? 15.rule(v.)统治;管理;支配→    (n.)统治者;支配者? 16.smell(v.&n.)发出……气味;闻到→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 17.translate(v.)翻译→    (n.)翻译;译文→    (n.)(尤指专职)翻译,译员,翻译家? 18.ring(v.)(使)发出钟声或 铃声;打电话→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 19.wide(adj.)广泛的;宽的→    (adv.)广泛地;普遍地? 20.sudden(adj.)突然的;意外的;→    (adv.)突然;忽然? 21.it(pron.)它→    (人称代词宾格)它→    (形容词性物主代词)它的→    (名词性物主代词)它的→    (反身代词)它自己? 22.near(prep.&adj.)在……附近,靠近;近的,靠近的→    (adv.)几乎;差不多? 23.glass(n.)玻璃→    (pl.)眼镜? 24.leaf(n.)叶;叶子→    (pl.)? 25.France(n.)法国→    (n.)法语? 26.German(n.&adj.)德语;德国人;德国的;德语的;德国人的→    (n.)德国? 27.day(n.)一天;时期→    (adj.)每日的;日常的? Ⅱ.话题词汇——科技 1.科技;工艺     2.发明;创造    ? 3.因特网   ? 4.现代的;当代的   ? 5.水平   ? 6.计算机;电脑   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019四川宜宾)近四十年来,中国发生了巨大的变化。 Great changes have         in China in the past forty years.? 2.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)毫无疑问,你越努力,就越幸运。          ,the harder you work,the luckier you will be.? 3.去年夏天爸爸在上海偶遇了他的老师。 Last summer,my father met his teacher in Shanghai         .? 4.皮革是动物的皮做的。 Leather             the skin of animals.? 5.人们非常敬仰这位年轻的英雄。 People             the young hero very much.? 6.我们应该帮助处于困境中的人们。 We should help the people         .? 7.同时,我们可以看电视。                  ,we can watch TⅤ.? 8.他们按年龄分成三组。 They     themselves     three groups according to age.? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏扬州)Let life be beautiful like summer flowers and death like autumn     (树叶)? 2.(2019山东济宁)Many classic Chinese poems are     (广泛地)spread in the world.? 3.(2018山东烟台)To my surprise,he has     (完全) forgotten the pleasant trip.? 4.(2019江苏南通)The secretary isn????t able to     (翻译)this business letter into French.? 5.(2019江苏常州)The restaurant offers good service to all its     (顾客).? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019四川凉山)The Russian soup s   very nice.I can????t wait to drink it.? 2.To be safe,students should a    going out alone at night.? 3.The Chinese company Huawei is always trying to p    the best smart phones all by itself.? 4.The cook put lots of salt on them and they were really s   .? 5.The price of the clothes is very l   .I can buy them.? Ⅲ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019黑龙江龙东)The firemen who put out the forest fires bravely are the modern     (hero).? 2.I have a cat.    (it) name is Kitty.? 3.It is     (say) that Shen Nong discovered the tea.? 4.It took me two hours     (complete) my homework yesterday.? 5.Mark was the only student that was     (choose) to attend the meeting.? Ⅳ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.昨天晚上直到午夜我才去睡觉。 I                     midnight last night.? 2.突然,交通事故发生了。 The traffic happened                 .? 3.我们可以用剪刀来剪东西。 We can                 cut the things.? 4.很多年轻人仰慕著名的歌手。 Many young people             the famous singers.? 5.北京以许多名胜古迹而著称。 Beijing             many places of interest.? Ⅴ.短文填空 阅读下面短文,根据中文、首字母、音标或语境的提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的单词,要求所填的单词意义准确,拼写正确。 The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route(路线)between China and the Mediterranean(地中海).It began 1.    (在……期间)the Western Han Dynasty and has been a 2.     between East and West for over 2,000 years.? The ancient road started from Chang????an(now Xi????an)and ended in Eastern 3.    [?ju?r?p],near today????s Turkey and the Mediterranean Sea.It was about 6,500 kilometers long and went across one-fourth of the planet.? The Silk Road got its name 4.     Chinese silk used to be carried along this road.Silk,jade,ceramics and iron 5.     west to Rome.And from the west came glass,gems and food like carrots and sesame.? The Silk Road was very important to both China and the rest of the world.It was 6.     than an ancient international trade route.Besides trade,7.[?n?lId?] about arts,science and literature,as well as crafts(工艺)and technologies was 8.(分享)across the Silk Road.In this way,languages and cultures 9.    (发展)and influenced each other.? Today,along the Silk Road there????re many places of 10.    ,such as the Terracotta Warriors in Xi????an and Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang.Now a new train line runs from Beijing across the Silk Road.? 九年级 Units 5~6 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.local 2.avoid 3.mention 4.doubt 5.divide 6.customer 7.national;international 8.musician;musical 9.Canadian 10.heroes 11.product 12.alive;lively 13.completely 14.pleased;pleasure 15.ruler 16.smelled/smelt;smelled/smelt 17.translation;translator 18.rang;rung 19.widely 20.suddenly 21.it;its;its;itself 22.nearly 23.glasses 24.leaves 25.French 26.Germany 27.daily Ⅱ.1.technology 2.invent/invention 3.Internet 4.modern 5.level 6.computer Ⅲ.1.taken place 2.Without doubt 3.by accident/chance 4.is made of 5.look up to 6.in trouble 7.At the same time 8.divided;into 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.leaves 2.widely 3.completely 4.translate 5.customers Ⅱ.1.smells 2.avoid 3.produce 4.salty 5.low Ⅲ.1.heroes 2.Its 3.said 4.to complete 5.chosen Ⅳ.1. didn’t go to bed until 2.all of a sudden 3.use the scissors to 4.look up to 5.is famous/known for Ⅴ.1.during 2.bridge 3.Europe 4.because 5.went 6.more 7.knowledge 8.shared 9.developed 10.interest 九年级 Units 7~8 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.哭;喊叫        2.支持     ? 3.着陆;降落    ? 4.阻止;阻挠   ? 5.力量;精力    ? 6.wolf狼(n.)→    (pl.)? 7.medicine药;医药(n.)→    (adj.)医疗的;医学的? 8.hug拥抱;搂抱 (n.&v.)→    (过去式/过去分词)? 9.regret(v.&n.)后悔;失望→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (adj.)后悔的;失望的? 10.educate(v.)教育;教导→    (n.)教育→    (adj.)教育的;有教育意义的? 11.manage(n.)完成(困难的事);应付(困难局面)→    (n.)经理;经营者? 12.enter(v.)进来;进去→    (n.)大门(口)入口(处);通道? 13.choose(v.)选择;挑选→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 14.express(v.)表示;表达→    (n.)表达(方式);表示? 15.lead(v.)带路;领路→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (n.)领导;领袖? 16.safe(adj.)安全的→    (n.)安全;安全性? 17.bad(adj.)坏的→    (adv.)严重地;差地? 18.society(n.)社会→    (adj.)社会的? 19.police(n.)警察→    (pl.)→    (n.)男警察→    (n.)女警察? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019辽宁盘锦)你愿意参加世界读书日的活动吗? Would you like         the activities of World Book Day?? 2.他们昨天高兴地打篮球。 They             basketball yesterday.? 3.有时,小汽车制造很多噪音。 Sometimes the car             .? 4.纽约是世界上最大的城市之一。 New York is                     in the world.? 5.游客应该被阻止在公园踩踏草地。 The visitors             walking on the grass in the park.? 6.这些石头被以某种方式放在一起。 The big stones were put together                 .? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019四川德阳)Please remind the passengers not to     (吸烟)in the bus.? 2.(2019湖北荆门)Nowadays,the education of     (安全)has caught the attention of the whole society.? 3.The six-year-old American girl has learned hundreds of Chinese     (诗).? 4.It????s nice of you to provide us with the     (有价值的)information.? 5.In 1969,Armstrong     (着陆)the spacecraft Apollo 11 on the moon.? Ⅱ.根据句意和汉语提示填写词组,使句意通顺 1.It????s not polite to     (顶嘴)to your parents when they give you advice.? 2.I think I????m old enough to     (自己做决定).My parents should give me chances.? 3.Don????t     (追逐)the running car. It????s very dangerous.? 4.I think your hobbies may     (妨碍)your schoolwork if you don????t deal with them well.? 5.My uncle doesn????t     (关心)the price, so long as the car is in good condition.? Ⅲ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019四川凉山) Do you know w    baseball this is? Does it belong to Jim?? 2.I don????t think teenagers should be allowed to have their ears p   .? 3.If you don????t have a driver????s l   ,you can????t drive the car.? 4.Don????t make a n    because my grandfather is sleeping.? 5.Our geography teacher told us the moon c    the earth every 28 days.? Ⅳ.用所给单词的适当形式填空 1.    (safe) is the most important to everyone, I think.? 2.-    (who)book is this, do you know?? -Oh, it????s Lucy????s. 3.Mike did his homework    (bad).His teacher was angry with him.? 4.There used to be many    (wolf),but now there are few.? 5.Mr.Green is our     (lead). We all respect him.? Ⅴ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 pierce medicine chance attend receive 1.Many very important people will     the meeting the day after tomorrow.? 2.Luckily,the hospital promised to provide the poor child with free     treatment.? 3.Kate     a present from her grandmother for her birthday every year.? 4.Students at school shouldn????t get their ears     .? 5.The people who are more confident have more     to make themselves successful.? Ⅵ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.青少年应该被允许选择自己的爱好。      should be     to choose their own hobbies.? 2.父母不应该对青少年太严格。 Parents should not            teenagers.? 3.别为我担心,我会没事的。 Don????t          me. I????ll be all right.? 4.在你做重要决定之前,一定要仔细考虑。 Think it over before     an important    .? 5.这顶帽子一定属于杰克,因为他的名字在上面。 The hat         Jack because his name is on it.? Ⅶ.短文填空 阅读下面短文,根据短文内容用方框内所给词汇或短语的适当形式填空,使短文语义完整。 one put up so also way from can be walk what One day,when Bill was 1.     home from school,he heard a noise coming from the bushes(灌木).He went over to see 2.     it was.Behind a bush,he found a black dog.Bill went back home as soon as he 3.     with the dog and showed her to his parents.Bill????s dad found that the dog had a broken leg,4.     they brought the dog to a doctor for animals by car.On the 5.    ,Bill????s parents decided that Bill could keep the dog if they couldn????t find the owner.? When they arrived,the doctor checked the dog.He told Bill that she 6.     going to have babies! The next day,Bill 7.     signs(牌子)like “FOUND DOG BLACK” around his neighborhood.He 8.     wrote his family????s phone number on the signs.? Two days later.Bill got a call 9.     the owner of the dog.The owner thanked Bill.? When he came to pick up his dog,he said Bill could have 10.     of the babies.Bill was very happy! Finally Bill got a baby dog from the owner.He named him Rosco and liked him very much.? 九年级 Units 7~8 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.cry 2.support 3.land 4.prevent 5.energy 6.wolves 7.medical 8.hugged 9.regretted;regretful 10.education;educational 11.manager 12.entrance 13.chose;chosen 14.expression 15.led;leading;leader 16.safety 17.badly 18.social 19.police;policeman;policewoman Ⅱ.1.to take part in/to attend 2.had fun playing 3.makes much noise 4.one of the biggest cities 5.should be prevented 6.in a certain way 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.smoke 2.safety 3.poems 4.valuable 5.landed Ⅱ.1.talk back 2.make my own decisions 3.run after 4.get in the way of 5.care for Ⅲ.1.whose 2.pierced 3.license 4.noise 5.circles Ⅳ.1.Safety 2.Whose 3.badly 4.wolves 5.leader Ⅴ.1.attend 2.medical 3.receives 4.pierced 5.chances Ⅵ.1.Teenagers; allowed 2.be too strict with 3.worry about 4.making; decision 5.must belong to Ⅶ.1.walking 2.what 3.could 4.so 5.way 6.was 7.put up 8.also 9.from 10.one 九年级 Units 9~10 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.感觉到;意识到      2.抽出;留出     ? 3.反映;映出    ? 4.掌握    ? 5.季;季节    ? 6.空的;空洞的    ? 7.prefer(v.)更喜欢→    (过去式/过去分词)? 8.direct(v.)指导;命令→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (n.)导演;部门负责人? 9.stick(v.)粘贴;将……刺入→    (过去式/过去分词)? 10.shut(v.)关闭;关上→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 11.perform(v.)表演;执行→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (n.)表演;演出? 12.relax(v.)放松→    (adj.)轻松的;令人放松的→    (adj.)放松的;自在的? 13.value(v.&n.)珍视;价值→    (adj.)贵重的;很有用的;宝贵的? 14.behave(v.)表现;举止→    (n.)行为;举止? 15.suggest(v.)建议→    (n.)建议? 16.sad(adj.)悲伤的→    (n.)悲伤;悲痛? 17.east(adj.&adv.&n.)东方;东方的→    (adj.)东方的;东部的? 18.Australia(n.)澳大利亚→    (n.&adj.)澳大利亚人;澳大利亚(人)的? 19.electricity(n.)电;电能→    (adj.)电子的;电子设备的? 20.pain(n.)疼;疼痛→    (adj.)令人痛苦的;令人疼痛的? 21.total(n.&adj.)总数;合计;全体的→    (adv.)完全地;全部地;整个地? 22.north(n.)北方→    (adj.)北方的;北部的? 23.base(n.)根基;根据→    (adj.)基本的;基础的? Ⅱ.话题词汇——地区与国家 1.亚洲       2.中国    ? 3.日本   ? 4.印度   ? 5.美国;美洲   ? 6.英格兰   ? 7.澳大利亚   ? 8.法国   ? 9.俄罗斯   ? 10.欧洲   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019辽宁抚顺)既然那样,我们得取消这次学校郊游。              ,we have to cancel this school trip.? 2.(2019四川自贡)为了保持健康,我们应该坚持健康的饮食习惯。 We should     to healthy     habits to keep fit.? 3.(2019辽宁抚顺)离开房间之前,请将你的电脑关闭。 Please         your computer before leaving the room.? 4.(2019浙江嘉兴)不要失去信心,毕竟你刚开始工作。 Don????t lose heart.You are new to the work         .? 5.上周日我在回家途中顺便去了我叔叔的农场。 I         my uncle????s farm on my way home last Sunday.? 6.偶尔地,我和朋友一起看恐怖电影。                  ,I watch a movie that is scary with friends.? 7.她说他们学校图书馆有很多书。 She said there were         books in their school library.? 8.我弟弟上周受到两次表扬。 My little brother         twice last week.? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏泰州)To break silence,I told a joke and soon the conversation went on     (顺利地).? 2.(2019浙江宁波)Could you please show me your     (护照),young men?? 3.(2019江苏盐城)Tan Dun????s music Water,which is full of the sounds of nature,is     (值得)listening to.? 4.(2019广西北部湾)The cinema was half     (空的)because the movie was so boring.? 5.(2019海南)Drums are     (基础的)to African music.People there play them often.? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019浙江杭州)A d    is a conversation between two people in a book,film or play.? 2.(2019山东泰安)The peaceful music will make you feel r   .? 3.(2019广西百色)When you visit someone,it????s polite to k    at the door before entering.? 4.I p    milk to cola because milk is much healthier,I think.? 5.It????s said that the terrible weather in this s     caused the ship accident.? Ⅲ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.Mike is an     (Australia) boy.He comes from Sydney.? 2.(2019江苏无锡)The mother said goodbye with a smile,but her eyes couldn????t hide her     (sad).? 3.(2019山东临沂)Have you ever cut your finger on the edge(边缘)of a book page? The small cut on your finger is so     (pain).? 4.The     (direct) of that movie is really famous.? 5.In the     (north) part of China,it is very cold in winter.? Ⅳ.(2019山东淄博)短文填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Ernest Hemingway,the son of a doctor and a music teacher,was born in 1899 in Oak Park,Illinois.Hemingway????s father 1.    (teach) him early on how to hunt and fish,two activities Hemingway loved throughout his life.? Instead of 2.    (go)to college,Hemingway became a reporter for the kansas City Star.Later,in Europe,he worked as a driver 3.     the Italian army until he was wounded and shipped home,where he again wrote for newspapers.Two years 4.    ,he moved to Paris,where he hoped to improve his writing.There he became friends with other 5.    (America)writers,including Gertrude Stein and F.Scott Fitzgerald.? Hemingway developed 6.     style of writing that was simple and direct.He chose words sparingly(俭省地),avoided using adjectives,and trusted the reader to understand the 7.    (mean)of his writing.As he put it,“I always try 8.    (write)on the principle(原则)of the iceberg(冰山).There is seven eighths of it under water for every part that shows.” This style continues to influence writers today.In his career(生涯),which lasted some 40 years,Hemingway earned the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize.He was one of the finest writers of the 9.    (twenty) century.? For a while Ernest Hemingway lived in Key West,Florida,where he had nearly 50 cats.One of them was a cat with six toes(脚趾),which a ship????s captain had given him.Today his Key West home is a museum,and many cats still live there.Some of them are 10.    (child)of Hemingway????s six-toed cat.Hemingway was married four times and had three sons.He died in 1961.? 九年级 Units 9~10 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.sense 2.spare 3.reflect 4.master 5.season 6.empty 7.preferred 8.directed;directing;director 9.stuck 10.shut;shutting 11.performed;performing;performance 12.relaxing;relaxed 13.valuable 14.behavior 15.suggestion 16.sadness 17.eastern 18.Australian 19.electronic 20.painful 21.totally 22.northern 23.basic Ⅱ.1.Asia 2.China 3.Japan 4.India 5.America 6.England 7.Australia 8.France 9.Russia 10.Europe Ⅲ.1.In that case 2.stick;eating 3.turn off/shut off 4.after all 5.dropped by 6.Once in a while 7.lots of/plenty of 8.was praised 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.smoothly 2.passports 3.worth 4.empty 5.basic Ⅱ.1.dialogue/dialog 2.relaxed 3.knock 4.prefer 5.season Ⅲ.1.Australian 2.sadness 3.painful 4.director 5.northern Ⅳ.1.taught 2.going 3.for 4.later 5.American 6.a 7.meaning 8.to write 9.twentieth 10.children

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  • ID:4-6939184 2020年中考英语一轮基础知识复习练习:八年级下册(5份打包 含答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/八年级下册

    八年级下册 Units 7~8 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.深的;纵深的      2.条件;状况     ? 3.政府;内阁    ? 4.珠宝;财富    ? 5.在国外;到国外     6.录制;录音     ? 7.protect(v.) 保护;防护→    (n.)保护;保卫 ? 8.achieve(v.) 达到;取得;获得;实现→    (n.)成就;成绩 ? 9.include(v.) 包括;包含→    (prep.)包括(某人、某物)在内 ? 10.succeed(v.)成功→    (adj.)获得成功的;有成就的 →    (adv.)成功地 →    (n.)成功 ? 11.weigh(v.)重量是……;称……的重量→    (n.)重量;分量 ? 12.Asia(n.)亚洲→    (adj.& n.)亚洲的;亚洲人的;亚洲人 ? 13.keep(v.) 保持;保留→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (n.)饲养员;保管人 ? 14.wake(v.) 醒;醒来;唤醒→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (adj.)醒着的 ? 15.laugh(v.& n.)笑→    (n.)笑;笑声 ? 16.introduce(v.)介绍;引见→    (n.)介绍 ? 17.deep(adj.) 深的;纵深的→    (比较级)较深的 →    (最高级)最深的 →    (adv.)深深地 ? 18.wide(adj.)宽的;宽阔的→    (adv.)广泛地;普遍地 ? 19.tour(n.& v.)旅行;旅游→    (n.)旅行者;观光者 ? 20.nature(n.)自然界;大自然→    (adj.)自然的 ? 21.France(n.)法国→    (n.)法语 ? 22.south(n.)南方→    (adj.)南方的 ? Ⅱ.话题词汇——自然 1.自然界;大自然   ? 2.有神奇力量的     3.野生的    ? 4.尾巴   ? 5.翅膀;翼   ? 6.巨大的;极多的   ? 7.可爱的;机灵的   ? 8.懒惰的;懒散的   ? 9.喂养;饲养   ? 10.种植;生长   ? 11.江;河   ? 12.湖;湖泊   ? 13.地域;地区   ? 14.海;海洋   ? 15.春天;春季   ? 16.夏天;夏季   ? 17.秋天;秋季   ? 18.冬天;冬季   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.她没注意到那扇玻璃门,结果走着撞了上去。 She didn????t notice the glass door and         it.? 2.小女孩摔倒了,伤到了腿。 The little girl         and hurt her leg.? 3.那部电影持续了大约两个小时。 The movie lasted for two hours         .? 4.小熊猫经常会死于疾病。 The baby pandas often         illness.? 5.这件漂亮的裙子属于我妹妹,我妈妈买给她有两年了。 This beautiful skirt         my sister,my mother bought it for her 2 years ago.? 6.她小的时候,常常反抗她的家人。 When she was young,she                 everything with her family.? 7.既然我们生活在同一个国家,我们就不应该相互争斗。 Since we live in the same country,we should not fight         .? 8.自从来到中国后,我学习了很多中国文化。          I came to China,I????ve learned a lot about Chinese culture.?                  Ⅰ.单项选择 1.Mike     a tree and fell over.? A.got into B.turned into C.looked into D.walked into 2.She was trying to pass her driving test and she finally     .? A.succeeded B.fell C.understood D.hurt 3.What a poor man! Look! He is wearing a jacket     holes.? A.full of B.close to C.made of D.similar to 4.Lake Qinghai is larger than     salt lake in China with an area of 4,583 km2.? A.another B.any other C.the other D.other 5.The mountain is so high that it????s difficult for us to     air on the top of it.? A.take up B.take down C.take in D.take away 6.I can still remember this thing,     it was so long ago.? A.as long as B.even though C.as soon as D.so that Ⅱ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019山东济宁)Many classic Chinese poems are     (广泛地) spread in the world.? 2.(2019江苏扬州)I believe I will     (成功)in passing the English exam.? 3.(2019黑龙江绥化)This is a     (40页的) magazine.? 4.We should try our best to     (保护) ancient buildings.? 5.You must take plenty of water if you want to travel through the     (沙漠).? Ⅲ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019浙江杭州)Growing vegetables looks easy,but a    it takes a lot of learning.? 2.(2019新疆)Mr.Wang asked me to i    myself when I first came to the class.? 3.I won????t forget your kindness f   .? 4.They enjoyed the b    of nature and the country.? 5.Guangdong is in the s    part of China.? Ⅳ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 Asia succeed include island tour 1.More and more     come to China to visit the Great Wall.? 2.Many wild animals     pandas,tigers and elephants are in danger now.? 3.China and Japan are     countries.? 4.Don????t give up.I believe you can achieve     .? 5.It is one of the biggest     of China.? Ⅴ.(2019广西北部湾)短文填空 根据短文内容,从方框中选择恰当的单词填空,每个单词只能用一次,每空一词。 try back killed government best much danger millions from cause As you may know,coral (珊瑚) is not a plant,but an animal.However,coral reefs (珊瑚礁) around the world are in 1.    .Here is a piece of bad news.Thailand will close one of its beaches to protect its coral 2.     business activities for tourists.The beach is so famous that 3.     of tourists put it on their wish lists.More than 5,000 visitors visit it a day.They arrive by boat.This does 4.     harm to the coral reefs.Most of the coral has died.The beach will be closed between June and September to let the coral come 5.     to life.? Experts (专家) say that 80% of Thailand????s coral reefs have been 6.    .Too many tourists 7.     a lot of pollution to these beaches.An expert said the biggest problems were hotels by the beaches,boats,and plastic waste in the sea.He believed the 8.     choice was to close the beaches forever.He said,“I hope the 9.     can take steps to protect the coral reefs.At the same time,I also hope all of us should 10.     our best to protect the environment around us.”? 八年级下册 Units 7~8 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.deep 2.condition 3.government 4.treasure 5.aboard 6.record 7.protection 8.achievement 9.including 10.successful;successfully;success 11.weight 12.Asian 13.kept;keeper 14.woke;woken;awake 15.laughter 16.introduction 17.deeper;deepest;deeply 18.widely 19.tourist 20.natural 21.French 22.southern Ⅱ.1.nature 2.magic 3.wild 4.tail 5.wing 6.huge 7.lovely/cute 8.lazy 9.feed 10.grow 11.river 12.lake 13.area 14.sea 15.spring 16.summer 17.autumn/fall 18.winter Ⅲ.1.walked into 2.fell over 3.or so 4.die from 5.belonged to 6.used to fight over 7.one another 8.Ever since 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1-5 DAABC 6.B Ⅱ.1.widely 2.succeed 3.40-page/forty-page 4.protect 5.desert Ⅲ.1.actually 2.introduce 3.forever 4.beauty 5.southern Ⅳ.1.tourists 2.including 3.Asian 4.success 5.islands Ⅴ.1.danger 2.from 3.millions 4.much 5.back 6.killed 7.cause 8.best 9.government 10.try 八年级下册 Units 9~10 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.进步;进展        2.鼓励     ? 3.检查;审查    ? 4.将……认为;把……视为;看待    ? 5.数数    ? 6.注视;仔细考虑   ? 7.believe(v.) 相信→     (adj.)可信的→     (反义词)难以置信的;不真实的 ? 8.truth(n.)实情;事实→    (adj.)诚实的;真实的 ? 9.collect(v.) 收集→    (n.)收集物;收藏品 ? 10.make(v.) 使成为;制造→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (n.)生产者;制定者 ? 11.own(v.)拥有;有→    (n.)物主;主人 ? 12.hold(v.) 拥有;抓住→    (过去式/过去分词) ? 13.rapid(adj.) 迅速的;快速的→    (adv.)迅速地;快速地 ? 14.usual(adj.) 通常的→    (反义词)特别的;不寻常的 ? 15.German(adj.& n.) 德国的;德语的;德国人的;德语;德国人→    (pl.)德国人→     (n.)德国? 16.safe(adj.)安全的→    (n.)安全;安全性 ? 17.simple(adj.) 简单的;迅速的;快速的→    (adv.)仅仅;只;不过 ? 18.most(adj.) 大部分→    (adv.)主要地;通常 ? 19.soft(adj.) 软的;柔软的→    (adv.)轻轻地;柔和地 ? 20.certain(adj.)当然的;肯定的;无疑的→    (adv.)无疑;肯定;当然;行 ? 21.honest(adj.) 诚实的;老实的→    (adj.)不老实的;不诚实的 →    (n.)诚实 ? 22.especial(adj.) 尤其的,特别的→    (adv.)尤其;特别;格外 ? 23.it (pron.)它→    (形容词性物主代词)它的 →    (名词性物主代词) →    (反身代词)它自己 ? 24.society(n.)社会→    (adj.)社会的 ? 25.peace(n.) 和平→    (adj.)和平的;安宁的 ? 26.India(n.)印度→    (adj.& n.)印度的;印度人 ? 27.Japan(n.)日本→    (adj.& n.)日本(人)的,日语的;日本人,日语 ? 28.scarf(n.) 围巾;披巾;头巾→    (pl.)围巾;披巾;头巾 ? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019广东广州)他正在考虑是否能参加足球俱乐部。 He is thinking about             join the football club.? 2.(2019山东枣庄)但是,说实在的,现在他已经有一段时间没玩了。 ...but,     be     he has not played for a while now.? 3.(2019山东烟台)坚持你的梦想,将来有一天,它可能会实现。      on to your dream;one day it may come     .? 4.几百万中国人离开乡下去城里找工作。 Millions of Chinese leave the countryside to         work in cities.? 5.真惭愧,我已经三年没见父母了。 It????s         that I haven????t seen my parents for 3 years.? 6.依据她的看法,一些事情从不会改变。          her,some things will never change.? 7.我的家乡已在我的心中留下了许多温馨的回忆。 My hometown has left many     and         in my heart.? 8.迈克的父母几乎五年没有回过家。 Mike????s parents haven????t been back home in         five years.?                  Ⅰ.单项选择 1.Kate????s dad is getting old.She will go back home to see him     it is convenient.? A.because B.although C.whenever D.unless 2.—Be careful when you are driving,     in a rainstorm like this.? —Thanks.I will. A.seriously B.exactly C.especially D.probably 3.Everyone wants to win.But     me,the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.? A.as for B.thanks to C.instead of D.such as 4.People in all countries want a     environment for living rather than one filled with wars.? A.beautiful B.helpful C.hopeful D.peaceful 5.Can you help me     those exercise books? I got a different number each time.? A.carry B.move C.write D.count Ⅱ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019湖北荆门)It is     (难以置信的) that AI has progressed in such a rapid way in the past few years.? 2.(2019广西北部湾)Every time I want to give up,my parents always     (鼓励) me to keep trying.? 3.(2019 江苏镇江)Recently,there are about 12     (千) pet hospitals in China,and many people choose small animal treatment as a career.? 4.(2019山东济宁)Wang Feng showed his super     (记忆力) in the program Super Brain.? 5.(2019广西百色)John,your     (卧室) is so dirty,remember to tidy it up.? Ⅲ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019广西贵港)We will try our best w    we are successful or not.? 2.The policemen are working hard to make the town a s    place.? 3.(2019山东济宁)A    all the school subjects,English is my favorite.? 4.It????s c    that Helen will win the English contest.She????s really good at English.? 5.Mr.Smith is no l    a teacher.He works in a factory now.? Ⅳ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019湖北孝感)Mobike is considered to be a new     (invent) in China.? 2.(2019江苏宿迁)Literature helps us think and encourages us     (open) our minds.? 3.(2019 江苏盐城)We can????t     (simple) judge a book by its cover or its title.? 4.My brother is very happy.He seems     (pass) the drive test.? 5.You and I must be     (truth) with each other.? Ⅴ.(2019四川宜宾)短文填空 阅读下面短文,根据音标、单词、首字母和语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的单词,要求意义准确、拼写正确。   Auckland is the largest city in New Zealand.It lies on North Island 1.     a population of a million people.This seaside city is considered as 2.     important center for business and industry.It 3.     (be) also the most exciting city in New Zealand.It also has people of many different cultures 4.     (live) there.?   Its history goes back over 650 years.5.     (Europe) settlement (定居) began in 1840 after the British????s arrival.Auckland once became the 6.     /`k?pitl/ of New Zealand for some time.7.S    1945,Auckland has grown and it now has large modern suburbs.? Famous sights include Mt.Eden 8.     Auckland Harbor Bridge.In the city,you can enjoy an 9.     (amaze) view from the Sky Tower,which is the city????s tallest tower.You can also see many traditional 10.     (dance) at the Auckland Museum.? 八年级下册 Units 9~10 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.progress 2.encourage 3.check 4.regard 5.count 6.consider 7.believable;unbelievable 8.truthful 9.collection 10.made;maker 11.owner 12.held 13.rapidly 14.unusual 15.Germans;Germany 16.safety 17.simply 18.mostly 19.softly 20.certainly 21.dishonest;honesty 22.especially 23.its;its;itself 24.social 25.peaceful 26.Indian 27.Japanese 28.scarves Ⅱ.1.if/whether he can 2.to;honest 3.Hold;true 4.search for 5.a shame 6.According to 7.soft;sweet memories 8.close to 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1-5 CCADD Ⅱ.1.unbelievable 2.encourage 3.thousand 4.memory 5.bedroom Ⅲ.1.whether 2.safe 3.Among 4.certain 5.longer Ⅳ.1.invention 2.to open 3.simply 4.to pass 5.truthful Ⅴ.1.with 2.an 3.is 4.living 5.European 6.capital 7.Since 8.and 9.amazing 10.dances 八年级下册 Units 1~2 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.躺        2.冒险     ? 3.控制    ? 4.欢呼;喝彩   ? 5.强烈的    ? 6.筹集;征集    ? 7.foot(n.) 脚;足 →    (pl.)? 8.knife(n.) 刀 →    (pl.)? 9.hurt(v.) (使)疼痛;受伤 →    (过去式/过去分词) →    (现在分词)? 10.hit(n.& v.) (用手或器具)击;打 →    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 11.climb(v.) 攀登→    (n.)登山者;攀登者 ? 12.mean(v.) 意思是;打算;意欲→    (过去式/过去分词) →    (n.)意义;意思 →    (adj.)重要的,重大的 →    (adj.)毫无意义的;意思不明确的 ? 13.decide(v.)决定→    (n.)决定;抉择 ? 14.feel(v.) 感受;觉得 →    (过去式/过去分词)→    (n.)感觉;感触 ? 15.satisfy(v.)使满意;使满足→    (n.)满足;满意 ? 16.break(v.) (使)破;裂;碎;损坏→    (过去式) →    (过去分词) →    (adj.)破损的;残缺的 ? 17.imagine(v.)想象;设想→    (n.)想象力;想象 ? 18.carry(v.) 拿;提;扛→    (过去式/过去分词)? 19.excite(v.) 使激动;使兴奋→    (adj.)激动的;兴奋的 →    (adj.)使人兴奋的;令人激动的 ? 20.train(v.) 训练;培训→    (n.)训练;培训 ? 21.understand(v.) 理解;领会→    (过去式/过去分词) →    (现在分词)理解;领会 ? 22.important(adj.) 重要的→    (n.)重要性;重要 ? 23.own(adj.& pron.) 自己的→    (n.)物主;主人 ? 24.able(adj.)能够→    (n.)能力;才能 →    (adj.)丧失能力的;有残疾的 ? 25.difficult(adj.)困难的→    (n.)困难;难题 ? 26.kind(adj.)善良的;仁慈的→    (n.)仁慈;善良 ? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019重庆A卷)公园不远,我们可以步行去。 The park is not far,and we can go there         .? 2.(2019辽宁盘锦) 令我们惊讶的是,吉姆在比赛结束前最后两分钟进了一个球。              ,Jim scored a goal in the last two minutes before the game was over.? 3.(2019内蒙古通辽) 作为一名探险者,林涛习惯于冒险。 As an explorer,Lin Tao is used to         .? 4.(2019山东烟台)应当允许青少年做出自己的决定。 Teenagers should be allowed to     their own     .? 5.(2019江苏宿迁)当我们处于困境时,我们不应该放弃。 We shouldn????t         when we are in trouble.? 6.(2019新疆)作为青少年,我们应该关爱照顾老人。 As teenagers,we should         the old.? 7.(2019辽宁铁岭)尽管使她振奋起来很困难,但是我们必须帮助她。 It????s difficult for us                 ,but we must help her.? 8.(2019四川宜宾) 令人惊讶的是,一些科学发现是偶然发现的。 Surprisingly,some scientific discoveries were made         .? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019山东青岛)Don????t worry! We are old enough to look after     (我们自己).? 2.(2019新疆)This activity showed us the         (重要性) of protecting our environment.? 3.(2019甘肃天水)Have you made a     (决定)to go on a vacation?? 4.(2019江苏宿迁)The machine is hard to         (控制).There must be something wrong with it.? 5.(2019湖北鄂州)The    (死亡) of my dog made me sad.? 6.(2019贵州铜仁)The old man lives    (独自地),but he doesn????t feel lonely.? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏宿迁)Leo is an honest boy.He never tells a l   .? 2.(2019广东广州)When she first went to university,she felt very l    because she knew no one there.? 3.(2019四川凉山)If we work hard together,our actions can make a d    to the world and lead to a better future.? 4.—I hear your grandpa has got an eye problem.Is it serious? —Yes.He can????t see anything now.He has gone b   .? 5.I talked too much yesterday and didn????t drink water.I have a very sore t    now.? 6.If you have a fever,you should take your t   .? Ⅲ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019江苏无锡)We????ve all got both light and dark inside us.What     (matter) is the part we choose to act on.That????s who we really are.? 2.(2019江苏淮安)Andrew often does DIY with different     (knife) in his free time.? 3.(2019江苏宿迁)Uncle Chen     (repair) more than five bicycles since last Friday.? 4.(2019贵州贵阳)The     (able) won????t feel that lonely if everyone can do something to help them.? 5.Miss Green left the room without     (say) a word.? Ⅳ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1.令我吃惊的是,她拒绝了我的邀请。              ,she turned down my invitation.? 2.你应该放弃玩电脑游戏。 You should         playing computer games.? 3.由于大雨的原因,我们不得不推迟了会议。 Because of the heavy rain, we had to         the meeting.? 4.王先生管着一家小公司。 Mr. Wang is             a small company.? 5.吉姆很聪明,他总能想到好主意。 Jim is very clever, and he always             good ideas.? Ⅴ.(2019贵州遵义)根据短文填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 I have two friends in our class,Rick and Scott.Rick has a good lifestyle.He sleeps eight or nine 1.     (hour) a day.So he can get up early in the morning.He exercises every day before having breakfast.He runs three times every week and plays soccer 2.     (one) a week.He also has good eating habits.He 3.     (try) to eat all kinds of fruits.He thinks apples are the 4.     (delicious) of all fruits.He believes,“Having 5.     apple every day keeps the 6.     (ill) away.” He drinks milk every day and often eats vegetables.He likes hamburgers 7.     he doesn????t eat too much.He looks after his health well.Good eating habits and doing exercises everyday are good for him.? Scott is different 8.     Rick.He is kind of 9.     (health).He doesn????t like doing exercise and sleeps too late.He likes eating junk food,too.He is fat now,and he 10.     (ask) to lose weight by his doctor.? 八年级下册 Units 1~2 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.lie 2.risk 3.control 4.cheer 5.strong 6.raise 7.feet 8.knives 9.hurt;hurting 10.hit;hitting 11.climber 12.meant;meaning;meaningful;meaningless 13.decision 14.felt;feeling 15.satisfaction 16.broke;broken;broken 17.imagination 18.carried 19.excited;exciting 20.training 21.understood;understanding 22.importance 23.owner 24.ability;disabled 25.difficulty 26.kindness Ⅱ.1.on foot 2.To our surprise 3.taking risks 4.make;decisions 5.give up 6.care for 7.to cheer her up 8.by accident 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.ourselves 2.importance 3.decision 4.control 5.death 6.alone Ⅱ.1.lie 2.lonely 3.difference 4.blind 5.throat 6.temperature Ⅲ.1.matters 2.knives 3.has repaired 4.disabled 5.saying Ⅳ.1.To my surprise 2.give up 3.put off 4.in control of 5.comes up with Ⅴ.1.hours 2.once 3.tries 4.most delicious 5.an 6.illness 7.but 8.from 9.unhealthy 10.is asked 八年级下册 Units 3~4 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.借;借用        2.浪费;滥用     ? 3.提供;供应    ? 4.允许;准许    ? 5.焦虑的;担忧的    ? 6.归还;回来;返回    ? 7.drop(v.) 落下;掉下 →    (过去式/过去分词)? 8.communicate(v.) 交流;沟通 →    (n.)交流;沟通? 9.develop(v.)发展;壮大→    (n.)发展;发育;成长 →    (adj.)发展中的 →    (adj.)发达的 ? 10.explain(v.) 解释;说明→    (n.)解释;说明? 11.fair(adj.)合理的;公正的→    (n.)公正性;合理性 →    (反义词)不合理的;不公正的? 12.ill(adj.)有病,不舒服→    (n.)疾病;病 ? 13.depend(v.)发展;壮大→    (adj.)依靠的;依赖的 →    (adj.)独立的;自主的→    (n.)依赖;依靠;信任 ? 14.clear(adj.& v.)清楚易懂的;晴朗的;清理;清楚→    (adv.)清楚地;清晰地;明白地 ? 15.typical(adj.)典型的→    (adv.)典型地 ? 16.quick(adj.)快的;快速的;时间短暂的→    (adv.)很快地 ? 17.usual(adj.)通常的;寻常的→    (反义词)不寻常的;与众不同的 →    (adv.)通常地;一般地 ? 18.two(num.)二→    (序数词)第二 →    (adv.)第二;其次 ? 19.relation(n.)关系;联系;交往→    (n.)关系;联系 ? 20.sweep(v.)扫;打扫→    (过去式/过去分词)? 21.throw(v.) 扔;掷 →     (过去式)→     (过去分词)? 22.lend(v.) 借给;借出 →    (过去式/过去分词)? Ⅱ.话题词汇——人际交往 1.沟通;交流       2.邀请;招待    ? 3.错过;思念   ? 4.缺席的;不在的   ? 5.晚会;聚会   ? 6.介绍   ? 7.分享;共同   ? 8.谈话   ? 9.赞扬   ? 10.感谢;致谢   ? 11.打架;战斗   ? 12.对不起;抱歉   ? 13.借口;原谅;宽恕   ? 14.介意   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019山东烟台)在扔掉废物前进行分类是必要的。 It????s necessary to divide the waste into different kinds before we     it     .? 2.(2019广东广州)在图书馆内,我们既不应该吃东西也不应该交谈。 We should     eat     talk in the library.? 3.(2019广东广州)迈克一放学回家就开始做饭。 Mike started cooking             he got home from school.? 4.(2019内蒙古赤峰)上周,Jack 从图书馆借了5本书。 Jack                 the library last week.? 5.(2019四川达州)正如专家所说:“学习效能好坏取决于你的学习习惯。” As the experts said,“Whether or not you can study well         your learning habits.”? 6.(2019甘肃兰州)青少年应该学习如何照顾自己。 Teenagers should learn how to         of themselves.? 7.(2019辽宁抚顺)你能告诉我如何删除手机里的无用信息吗? Can you tell me                 the useless messages in the mobile phone?? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019广西北部湾)Bob and Jim have been good friends     (自从) they joined the same tennis team.? 2.(2019四川遂宁)As far as we know,safety comes first     (无论什么) you do.? 3.(2019山东日照)Please     (归还) my dictionary as soon as possible.? 4.(2019四川南充)Doctors say too much pressure is not good for a child????s     (发展).? 5.Mom will be mad if she sees this     (杂乱).? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏宿迁)—How can we go to the theatre,Bruce? —It????s a long way to go.We????d better take the underground i     of walking there.? 2.(2019山东日照)The dancer felt a bit n     in her first performance.? 3.Don????t worry about your boy too much.His temperature will d     back to normal if he takes this medicine.? 4.Driving after drinking wine isn????t a     in China.? 5.Many children d     on their parents completely.? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 offer communicate proper fair waste 1.You should plan your time    and do things carefully.? 2.In order to reduce the amount of     resources,we should get the habit of turning off the lights when we go out.? 3.The company    the young man a job,but he didn????t take it.? 4.It????s     for us to finish the work in such a short time.? 5.Computer,as well as the telephone,is playing an important part in daily    .? Ⅳ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1.在我看来,健康是最重要的。              , health is the most important.? 2.他们给我们提供食物和水。 They     us     food and water.? 3.请快速浏览一下这篇文章。 Please         this article quickly.? 4.你在学校应该和同学们和睦相处。 You should                 your classmates at school.? 5.我们不应该总是依靠父母。 We shouldn????t always         our parents.? Ⅴ.选词填空 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺完整。其中两个为多余选项。 chore,watch,waste,difficult,put,help,child, give,good,whole,prize,rubbish Here are a few ways to motivate (激发) your children to do chores. Children always 1.     their parents and learn how to act from them,so the parents must set a good example and take the chores seriously.This motivates children to do the 2.    ,too.? For younger children,give them easy work,like 3.     away their toys.As the children get older,make them do more 4.     chores.? Discuss the importance of doing chores and how they help the 5.     family.Knowing the importance of chores 6.     to motivate children to do them.? When children finish chores on the list,parents can reward (奖励) them by giving them a 7.    .A chore list also gives the 8.     a sense of pride when they finish all of the chores.? 9.     money for more chores can also work.But it is not the 10.     way.You should make your children feel that doing chores is the work that they should do.? 八年级下册 Units 3~4 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.borrow 2.waste 3.provide 4.allow 5.nervous 6.return 7.dropped 8.communication 9.development;developing;developed 10.explanation 11.fairness;unfair 12.illness 13.dependent;independent;dependence 14.clearly 15.typically 16.quickly 17.unusual;usually 18.second;secondly 19.relationship 20.swept 21.threw;thrown 22.lent Ⅱ.1.communicate 2.invite 3.miss 4.absent 5.party 6.introduce 7.share 8.conversation 9.praise 10.thank 11.fight 12.sorry 13.excuse 14.mind Ⅲ.1.throw;away 2.neither;nor 3.as soon as 4.borrowed five books from 5.depends on 6.take care 7.how to cut out  【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.since 2.whatever 3.return 4.development 5.mess Ⅱ.1.instead 2.nervous 3.drop 4.allowed 5.depend Ⅲ.1.properly 2.wasting 3.offered 4.unfair 5.communication Ⅳ.1.In my opinion 2.provided;with 3.look through 4.get on well with 5.depend on Ⅴ.1.watch 2.chores 3.putting  4.difficult 5.whole 6.helps 7.prize 8.children 9.Giving 10.best 八年级下册 Units 5~6 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.报道;公布       2.提醒;使想起     ? 3.使激动;使兴奋    ? 4.愚蠢的;不明事理的    ? 5.笑;微笑    ? 6.全部的;整体的    ? 7.begin(v.) 开始→    (过去式) →    (过去分词) →    (n.)开头;开端 ? 8.beat(v.) 敲打;打败 →     (过去式) →     (过去分词)? 9.sleep(v.) 睡眠;睡觉→    (adj.)困倦的;瞌睡的 →    (adj.)睡着的 ? 10.rise(v.& n.) 升起;增加;提高 →    (过去式) →    (过去分词)? 11.fall(v.)→    (过去式) →    (过去分词) →    (现在分词)倒塌;跌倒;掉落 →    (adj.)倒下的;落下的 ? 12.shoot(v.) 射击;发射→    (过去式/过去分词) ? 13.hide(v.) 隐藏;隐蔽→    (过去式) →    (过去分词) ? 14.marry(v.) 结婚→    (过去式/过去分词) →    (adj.)已婚的 ? 15.shine(v.) 发光;照耀→    (过去式/过去分词)? 16.lead(v.) 带路;引路→    (过去式/过去分词) →    (n.)领导;领袖 ? 17.heavy(adj.) 沉重的→    (adv.)在很大程度上;大量地 ? 18.sudden(adj.) 突然的→    (adv.)突然;忽然 ? 19.strange(adj.) 奇怪的,陌生的→    (n.)陌生人 ? 20.complete(adj.&n.) 完全的;完整的;完成→    (adv.)彻底地;完全地 ? 21.recent(adj.) 最近的;新近的;近来的→    (adv.)不久前;最近 ? 22.true(adj.)真实的→    (n.)实情;事实 →    (adv.)真正;确实 ? 23.magic(adj.) 有魔力的,有神奇力量的→    (adj.)(像)魔法的;(像)魔术的 →    (n.)魔术师 ? 24.wind(n.)风→    (adj.)多风的 ? 25.wood(n.)木;木头→    (adj.)木制的;木头的 ? 26.ice(n.)冰→    (adj.)覆盖着冰的;冰冷的 ? 27.silence(n.) 沉默→    (adj.)不说话的;沉默的 →    (adv.)沉默地 ? 28.wife(n.) 妻子→    (pl.)妻子 ? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019四川乐山)出发前,记得给我打个电话,以便我知道什么时间来接你。 Remember to give me a call before you set off so that I can know when to     you     .? 2.(2019天津)奶奶喜欢缝制衣服而不是去服装店里买。 Grandmother likes making clothes         buying them in the shops.? 3.当我听到这个消息的时候,我是如此的震惊以至于我几乎说不出话来。 When I heard the news,I was             I could hardly say a word.? 4.萨姆直到30 岁才结婚。 Sam                 30 years old.? 5.我一进门,电话铃想起来了。 The telephone rang             I came in.? 6.从前,有一个关于魔力石的故事。                  ,there was a story about a magic rock.? 7.起初,我根本不相信她。 I don????t believe her at all         .? 8.读每个段落的第一句也是个好主意。 It is also a good idea         the first sentence of each     .? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏无锡)This is not the first time for the two teams to play     (对抗) each other.? 2.(2019广西贺州)It is raining     (大) outside.I have to stay at home.? 3.(2019江苏连云港)I????m sorry.I     (完全地)forgot that it was your birthday yesterday.? 4.(2019江苏南京)     (最近),citizens in Luhe have got the chance to experience a self-service store. ? 5.(2019 四川遂宁)We should remember the     (勇敢的) people who lost their lives in the Liangshan Mountain Fire.? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019新疆)Don????t make up a story.I have already known the t   .? 2.(2019山东泰安) It????s good manners to keep your v    down in public.? 3.I didn????t fall a    until midnight last night.? 4.The news on TV r    that a storm was in the city.? 5.The wind is very strong.Close the w   ,please.? Ⅲ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019江苏南京)Tik Tok,which is     (sudden) everywhere on the Internet,is making its way into our lives.? 2.(2019江苏扬州)The silk scarf is pretty and     (match) her blue coat very well.? 3.(2019江苏无锡)     (realize) his lifelong dream,the young man went to Hollywood by himself,with only a few dollars in his pocket.? 4.(2019江苏无锡)—How did you fall in love with my dad,Mum? —He     (make) a speech when I first saw him.He was so handsome and got a very attractive voice,you know,back then.? 5.     (fall) trees and rubbish were everywhere because of the rainstorm.? Ⅳ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.玛丽去年一到北京就喜欢上了这座城市。 Mary                 the city when she got to Beijing last year.? 2.我明天不去参加聚会,除非埃米邀请我。 I         to the party tomorrow     Amy invites me.? 3.他说得如此快以至于我跟不上他。 He speaks     fast     I can????t follow him.? 4.猴王能把自己变成不同的动物。 The Monkey King can     himself     different animals.? 5.他明天一回来我就告诉他这个好消息。 I????ll tell him the good news             he comes back tomorrow.? Ⅴ.短文填空 根据短文内容,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 Long long ago,there was a small village in the Middle East.In the village there was 1.    old man called Sthira.He lived by himself.His only son had gone far away to study.Sthira????s friends 2.     (wonder) whether his son would return,3.     Sthira always said,“Whatever happens,happens for good.”? One day the old man????s son returned and the villagers were very happy for Sthira.He thanked the villagers and said 4.     (polite),“Whatever happens,happens for good.” However,later,Sthira????s son broke his 5.    .Once again the villagers came to visit him and once again the old man thanked 6.     (they) and said,“Whatever happens,happens for good.” Some of the villagers were surprised 7.     ( hear) this.Why? What was good? His son????s leg got badly hurt!? After a few days,the army came to the village and forced all the young men to 8.     the army.When they found his son had a 9.     (break) leg,they left him behind.Once again,all the villagers came to congratulate him on his 10.     luck,like always,the old man was still thankful to them and said,“Whatever happens,happens for good.”? 八年级下册 Units 5~6 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.report 2.remind 3.excite 4.silly 5.smile 6.whole 7.began;begun;beginning 8.beat;beaten 9.sleepy;asleep 10.rose;risen 11.fell;fallen;falling;fallen 12.shot 13.hid;hidden 14.married;married 15.shone 16.led;leader 17.heavily 18.suddenly 19.stranger 20.completely 21.recently 22.truth;truly 23.magical;magician 24.windy 25.wooden 26.icy 27.silent;silently 28.wives Ⅱ.1.pick;up 2.instead of 3.so shocked that 4.didn’t get married until 5.as soon as 6.Once upon a time 7.at first 8.to read;paragraph 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.against 2.heavily 3.completely 4.Recently 5.brave Ⅱ.1.truth 2.voice 3.asleep 4.reported 5.windows Ⅲ.1.suddenly 2.matches 3.To realize 4.was making 5.Fallen Ⅳ.1.fell in love with 2.won’t go;unless 3.so;that 4.turn;into 5.as soon as Ⅴ.1.an  2.wondered 3.but 4.politely 5.leg 6.them 7.to hear 8.join 9.broken 10.good

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  • ID:4-6939174 2020年中考英语一轮基础知识复习练习:八年级上册(5份打包 含答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/八年级上册

    八年级上册 Units 5~6 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.发生   ? 2.期待   ? 3.普通的;常见的   ? 4.工程师   ? 5.(综合性)大学;高等学府   ? 6.关系;联系   ? 7.culture(n.) 文化;文明→    (adj.)与文化有关的;文化的? 8.success(n.) 成功→    (adj.)获得成功的;有成就的→    (adv.)顺利地,成功地? 9.medicine(n.) 药;医学→    (adj.)医疗的;医学的? 10.week(n.)周;星期→    (adj.& adv.)每周的(地)? 11.stand(v.) 忍受;站立→    (过去式/过去分词)? 12.educate(v.) 教育→    (n.)教育→    (adj.)教育的;有教育意义的? 13.hope(v.& n.) 希望→    (adj.)抱有希望的;给人以希望的→    (adv.)有希望地? 14.discuss(v.) 讨论;商量→    (n.)讨论;商量? 15.mean(v.) 意思是;打算;意欲→    (n.)意义;意思→    (adj.)严肃的;重要的;重大的→    (adj.)毫无意义的;意思不明确的? 16.appear(v.) 出现→    (反义词)消失;不见→    (n.)外貌;外观;外表;出现;露面? 17.become(v.) 开始变得;变成→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 18.begin(v.) 开始→    (n.)开头;开端→    (反义词)结尾;尽头? 19.prove(v.) 改进;改善→    (n.)改革;改进? 20.paint(v.)用颜料画;在……上刷油漆→    (n.)绘画;油画→    (n.)画家;油漆匠? 21.main(adj.) 主要的;最重要的→    (adv.)主要地;总体上;大致? 22.simple(adj.)简单的;易做的→    (adv.)仅仅;只;不过? 23.foreign(adj.)外国的→    (n.)外国人? 24.able(adj.)能够→    (n.)能力;才能→    (反义词)丧失能力的;有残疾的? 25.own(adj.& pron.)自己的;本人的→    (n.)物主;主人? 26.they(pron.) 他(她、它)们→    (宾格)他(她、它)们→    (形容词性物主代词)他(她、它)们的→    (反身代词)他(她、它)们自己的? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019内蒙古赤峰改编)天太热了。我们不介意把窗户打开。 It????s too hot.We don????t mind             .? 2.(2019江苏连云港)Brazil     (因……而著称)the Amazon rainforest and soccer.Many people travel there every year.? 3.(2019四川自贡)法国承诺努力重建巴黎圣母院。 France has     to make an     to rebuild Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris.? 4.(2019辽宁盘锦)在这本书中,每个故事的开头都有一篇短诗。 There????s a short poem                 every story in this book.? 5.(2019辽宁铁岭)南北方的菜肴有共同之处。 The dishes in the north and south have something    .? 6.我认为他干不好这件事。 I don????t think that he can                 of it.? 7.这部电影表达了她对家庭、朋友和国家的爱。 The movie     her         her family, friends and country.? 8.这里谁也不能代替她。 Nobody here can             .? Ⅰ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019安徽改编) My English teacher is always     (准备好) with advice for our study and life.? 2.(2019山东烟台)Chinese     (文化) has influenced the world for thousands of years.? 3.(2019湖北鄂州)Chinese parents try their best     (提供)a good environment for their children.? 4.(2019贵州铜仁)Jackie Chan is not only an    (演员)but also a singer.? 5.(2019山东泰安)As the old saying goes, God helps those who help     (他们自己).? Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.She is so talented in math that she wants to be an e   .? 2.When I am sad, my friend Annie always tells me funny j   .? 3.John always makes fun of me and I can????t s    him.? 4.Grace will go to a u   for further education after she finishes high school.? 5.(2019贵州铜仁)My uncle is a c   , he woks in a restaurant.? Ⅲ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019山东临沂) There are about 6,000 languages that are spoken around the world, but 43% of them are dying out.If no     (act) is taken, some of these languages will disappear.? 2.(2019江苏宿迁) The question is a little difficult.Let????s have a     (discuss) about it.? 3.(2019贵州贵阳) Nothing is a waste if we have a     (create) mind.? 4.(2019黑龙江绥化) We are not expected    (arrive) late when we have a meeting.? 5.(2019黑龙江绥化)Ma Long is one of    (famous) ping-pong players in the world.? 6.(2019甘肃兰州) Henry????s uncle is planning     (take) a trip to Dunhuang now.? 7.(2019内蒙古包头)With the help of the teacher, there has been a great     (improve) in her spoken English.? 8.Her aunt is a famous     (violin) in our country.? Ⅳ.(2019湖北荆门)综合填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不超过3个单词) Xi????an celebrated the first-ever China Hanfu Day 1.     April 18.There were catwalk shows(走秀) and traditional music concerts which 2.    (hold) by people wearing traditional Chinese clothing.Hanfu fans from all over China gathered there to take 3.    (photo) and put them online for a Hanfu photo competition, which lasted until May 18.? China Hanfu Day is on the third day of the third 4.     of the Chinese lunar calendar(农历), which is said to be the birthday of the Yellow Emperor.In ancient China, this day was also known 5.     Shangsi Festival(上巳节).Its purpose is to encou-rage young Chinese 6.    (take) pride in traditional clothing, as well as Chinese culture.? Hanfu is the traditional clothing of the Han people who lived in China before the Qing Dynasty.It has a history of about 3,000 years and it 7.    (change) greatly so far.However, some of 8.    (it) main characteristics(特点) remain.For example, there are two parts that overlap(交叠) on the front, which is called “jiao ling”.Another main characteristic of Hanfu is that it usually uses ribbons(系带) instead of buttons.? China is becoming a leading country in the world, and the Chinese public feels more confident(自信的) about its traditional culture 9.     ever before.Wearing traditional clothing might be an interesting way of showing 10.     they feel about this.? 八年级上册 Units 5~6 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.happen 2.expect 3.common 4.engineer 5.university 6.relation 7.cultural 8.successful;successfully 9.medical 10.weekly 11.stood 12.education;educational 13.hopeful;hopefully 14.discussion 15.meaning;meaningful;meaningless 16.disappear;appearance 17.became;become 18.beginning;end 19.improvement 20.painting;painter 21.mainly 22.simply 23.foreigner 24.ability;disabled 25.owner 26.them;their;themselves Ⅱ.1.opening the window 2.is famous/known for 3.promised;effort 4.at the beginning of 5.in common 6.do a good job 7.shows;love for 8.take her place 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.ready 2.culture 3.to provide 4.actor 5.themselves Ⅱ.1.engineer 2.jokes 3.stand 4.university 5.cook Ⅲ.1.action 2.discussion 3.creative 4.to arrive 5.the most famous 6.to take 7.improvement 8.violinist Ⅳ.1.on 2.were held 3.photos 4.month 5.as 6.to take 7.has changed 8.its 9.than 10.how 八年级上册 Units 7~8 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.将来   ? 2.太空;空间   ? 3.假期;假日   ? 4.机器   ? 5.盘子   ? 6.温度   ? 7.environment(n.) 环境→    (adj.)环境的,周围的? 8.peace(n.) 和平→    (adj.)和平的;安宁的? 9.danger(n.)危险→    (adj.)有危险的;不安全的? 10.shake(n.& v.) 摇动;抖动→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 11.salt(n.)盐→    (adj.)含盐的;咸的? 12.sandwich(n.)三明治→    (pl.)夹心面包片;三明治? 13.tradition(n.)传统→    (adj.)传统的;惯例的? 14.pollute(v.) 污染→    (n.)污染;污染物? 15.believe(v.) 信;认为有可能→    (n.)相信;信仰→    (adj.)可相信的;可信任的→    (adj.)令人难以置信的? 16.agree(v.) 同意→    (反义词)不同意;持不同意见;有分歧→    (n.)(意见或看法)一致;同意? 17.fall(v.&n.) 倒塌;跌落;掉落;秋天→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (现在分词)倒塌;跌倒;掉落? 18.dig(v.) 掘(地);凿(洞);挖(土)→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 19.celebrate(v.) 庆祝;庆贺→    (n.)庆祝;庆贺? 20.mix(v.) (使)混合;融合→    (n.)混合;结合体;混合体? 21.serve(v.)服务→    (n.)接待;服务? 22.possible(adj.) 可能的→    (反义词)不可能存在或发生的;不可能的? 23.probable(adj.)大概;可能→    (adv.)很可能;大概? 24.final(adj.)最后的→    (adv.)最后;最终? 25.inside(adv.& prep.)在……里面→    (反义词)在外面;外面的? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019内蒙古通辽)对于你的看法我恐怕无法苟同。 I????m afraid I can????t         you.? 2.(2019湖北黄冈) 每个人都应该在环保方面发挥作用。(play) Everyone should      the environmental protection.? 3.(2019陕西西安电子科大附中期末)我们希望今后城市将会有更多的树木和更少的污染。 We hope there will be more tress and         in the city in future.? 4.(2019辽宁抚顺) 十年后抚顺将有巨大的变化。      great changes in Fushun in 10 years.? 5.对一些人来说,秋天是为了食物而感谢的时候。 For some people,                         thanks for food in the autumn.? 6.你怎样做香蕉奶昔?          you     a banana milk shake?? 7.然后,加白菜、西红柿和葱,再另外煮十分钟。 Then, add the cabbage, tomatoes and onion and cook for             .? 8.这个有一个做感恩节正餐火鸡的方法。          one way         turkey for Thanksgiving dinner.?                  Ⅰ.单项选择 1.—Doctor,I am feeling terrible now and I have a headache. —Well,let me take your     first,maybe you have got a fever.? A.hand B.temperature C.weight D.height 2.These natural disasters have warned us that everyone should start to protect the     immediately.? A.amusement B.environment C.development D.government 3.—Jim,it????s dark now.Please     the light in the room.? —OK,Mom. A.turn on B.turn up C.turn off D.turn down 4.—The water in the glass is sweet.Did you put any     in it?? —Yes.I added some to it just now. A.sugar B.salt C.oil D.pepper Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019湖北荆门) It is reported that h     of houses fell down and many people died in the earthquake.? 2.(2019海南)Alice asked me to read the book Harry Potter, but I have a     read it twice.? 3.Can you m     it all up?? 4.I can see three birds flying in the s    .? 5.A    is after summer.It????s cool.? 6.It????s a hot day today.The t    is over 37 ℃.? Ⅲ.根据句意及汉语提示,填写句中所缺的单词 1.He ordered a cheese    (三明治) and a bottle of milk.? 2.Hainan is a good place for    (游客)in the winter.? 3.My favorite season is    (秋季),because the weather is very cool.? 4.In order to protect the environment,lots of    (工厂) have been moved away from the people????s living areas in the city.? 5.More and more trees should be    (种植) in the desert.? Ⅳ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019黑龙江龙东) It is     (possible) to build another museum in such a short time.? 2.(2019江苏无锡)It????s said that the 5G network    (bring) into use at the end of this year in Wuxi.? 3.Now I need three    (potato)and one onion to make vegetable salad.? 4.We also should play a part in    (keep) our school clean and tidy.? 5.    (celebrate)the World Book Day, the bookshop sold books at a lower price on April 23rd.? Ⅴ.选词填空 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词填空,使文章通顺完整。 because, robots, over, recycle, dangerous, our,and, forever, cars, run What will our world be like in 2050? We asked a group of experts to make their predictions about our future. By 2050 we will have “clever”1.    .We won????t have so many accidents,2.     they will be able to communicate with each other.Cars will slow down by themselves or stop in 3.    situations.Also, our cars will 4.    on electricity water.? By 2050 our homes will be more eco-friendly (环保).We will use solar (太阳的) energy, and we will clean and 5.    our water.There will be many more people in the world 6.    our houses will be smaller.Many houses will be underground and we will have 7.    to help clean, cook and do 8.     home shopping.? We won????t die! We will put our brains onto computers and live 9.    .The computers of the future won????t look like machines.They????ll look like humans.? By 2050 there will be too many people on the earth and 10.    100 million people will be living on the moon and other planets.We will be able to travel to Mars and back in just three days.? 八年级上册 Units 7~8 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.future 2.space 3.holiday 4.machine 5.plate 6.temperature 7.environmental 8.peaceful 9.dangerous 10.shook;shaken;shaking 11.salty 12.sandwiches 13.traditional 14.pollution 15.belief;believable;unbelievable 16.disagree;agreement 17.fell;fallen;falling 18.digged/dug;digging 19.celebration 20.mixture 21.service 22.impossible 23.probably 24.finally 25.outside Ⅱ.1.agree with 2.play a part in/play a role in 3.less pollution 4.There will be 5.it is a time to give 6.How do;make 7.another 10 minutes 8.Here is;to make 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1-4 BBAA Ⅱ.1.hundreds 2.already 3.mix 4.sky 5.Autumn 6.temperature Ⅲ.1.sandwich 2.travelers 3.autumn 4.factories 5.planted Ⅳ.1.impossible 2.will bring 3.potatoes 4.keeping 5.To celebrate Ⅴ.1.cars 2.because 3.dangerous 4.run 5.recycle 6.and 7.robots 8.our 9.forever 10.over 八年级上册 Units 9~10 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.有空的;可获得的      2.删除    ? 3.音乐会   ? 4.会议   ? 5.青少年       6.相信;信任    ? 7.advice(n.) 劝告;建议→    (v.)? 8.prepare(v.) 使做好准备;把……准备好→    (n.)准备;准备工作? 9.hang(v.) 悬挂;垂下→    (过去式/过去分词)? 10.catch(v.) 及时赶上;接住;抓住→    (过去式/过去分词)? 11.invite(v.) 邀请;请柬→    (n.)? 12.open(v.) 打开→    (反义词)(使某物)关;闭→    (n.)开幕式;落成典礼? 13.meet(v.) 遇见;会面→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)遇见;相逢→    (n.)会议;集会;会面? 14.organize(v.) 组织;筹备→    (n.)组织者,筹备者? 15.understand(v.) 理解;领会→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (adj.& n.)善解人意的;体谅人的? 16.solve(v.) 解决;解答→    (n.)解决;解答;解释;答案;解决方法? 17.sad(adj.) (令人)悲哀的;(令人)难过的→    (adv.)悲哀地;忧愁地? 18.normal(adj.) 正常的;一般的→    (adv.)正常地;一般地? 19.angry(adj.) 发怒的;生气的→    (adv.)发怒地;生气地? 20.with(prep.) 和……在一起;带有;具有→    (反义词)没有;不(做某事)? 21.he(pron.)他→    (人称代词宾格)他→    (形容词性物主代词)他的→    (名词性物主代词)他的→    (反身代词)他自己? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019广东广州)孩子们总是盼望着春节。 Children always              the Spring Festival.? 2.如果你需要我的帮助,请让我知道。      me         you need my help.? 3.不要告诉斯蒂恩夫人,带她来聚会,以便于她可以感到惊讶。      Ms.Steen     the party without telling her         she can be surprised.? 4.什么时候是举行聚会的好时间? When is                 have the party?? 5.如果我们让人们带食物,他们会仅仅带些炸薯条和巧克力,因为他们太懒了而不做饭。 If we ask people to bring food, they????ll just bring potato chips and chocolate     they????ll be     lazy     cook.? 6.如果人们有问题,他们应该试着保守秘密。      people have problems, they         to keep them to themselves.? 7.我认为与别人交谈帮助很多。 I think     to someone     a lot.? 8.她害怕把它告诉她的父母。 She                 her parents about it.? 9.用英语,我们说分享问题就像分成两半。 In English, we say that     a problem         cutting it in half.? 10.如果我被邀请,我将去艾米的生日聚会。 I         to Amy????s birthday party if I         .? Ⅰ.根据句意、汉语意思及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏连云港) Last week Professor Li was     (邀请)to make a speech on Chinese traditional festivals.? 2.(2019江苏镇江)We all hope you can     (接受) our invitation and join us in the picnic.? 3.(2019广西贺州) You can????t get to school on time,     (除非) you hurry up.? 4.(2019广西贵港) If you want to get a prize in the speech competition, you should     (准备) for it well.? 5.(2019四川广安)I was     (生气的) with him for keeping me waiting for so long.? 6.(2019江苏泰州)It is a wonderful     (经历)to see how they actually make an amazing movie with the 5-D technology.? 7.I don????t think money will     (解决) all my problems.? 8.It????s     (正常) for him to stay up so late.? 9.(2019山东日照)Man can????t live w    water.? 10.(2019广东广州) The boy fell behind, so he had to run to c    up with his father.? Ⅱ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019湖北鄂州)The     (careful) you work, the fewer mistakes you????ll make.? 2.(2019甘肃武威、白银)Each week we have a class     (meet) to discuss students???? problems and school activities.? 3.I will     (certain) visit all my old friends when I go back China.? 4.I????m sorry, your question is too difficult for me     (answer).? 5.What     (happen) if you wear jean to the party?? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 invite until he advice open 1.—Who teaches Alan English? —No one.He learns it by    .? 2.Can you give me some    ?? 3.Thanks for your    .? 4.Can you come to the    of our new library?? 5.He didn????t go to sleep     10:00 last night.? Ⅳ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.我们应当如何为这次派对做准备呢? How should we         the party?? 2.真抱歉,我没空。 I????m sorry, I am         .? 3.我想邀请他参加我们的俱乐部。 I want             to our club.? 4.老师告诫我们晚上不要外出闲逛。 Teachers warn us not to         at night.? 5.如果你现在不离开,你就会上学迟到。      you don????t leave now, you             for school.? Ⅴ.综合填空 根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、完整。(每词限用一次) they politely over make accept because friend careful invite have In America, people often invite friends for a meal, a party (such as dancing party, housewarming party, birthday party, wedding party, New Year????s party and so on ) or just coffee.They often invite others face to face or by 1.     phone calls, and sometimes they send messages or e-mails.? When they make an 2.    , they often say like this, “Would you like to come over for dinner this Saturday?” “We are 3.     a party on Friday, can you come?” To answer an invitation, they say “Sure, I????d love to.Thank you” to 4.    , or “Sorry” and give a reason to turn 5.     down.? Anyway, they must reply an invitation in a 6. way.Sometimes what people say is like an invitation but it is not a real invitation.For example, “Please come 7.     for a drink sometime.” “Let????s get together for lunch soon.” They are not real invitations 8.     they don????t talk about the date or time.They just show that the person is trying to be 9.    .When people hear them, they usually answer “Sure, that would be great.” or “OK, thank you.” So next time you hear what is like an invitation, listen 10.    .Is it a real invitation or is the person just being friendly?? 八年级上册 Units 9~10 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.available 2.delete 3.concert 4.meeting 5.teenager 6.trust 7.advise 8.preparation 9.hung 10.caught 11.invitation 12.close;opening 13.met;meeting;meeting 14.organizer 15.understood;understanding 16.solution 17.sadly 18.normally 19.angrily 20.without 21.him;his;his;himself Ⅱ.1.look forward to 2.Let;know if 3.Bring;to;so that 4.a good time to 5.because;too;to 6.If;should try 7.talking;helps 8.was afraid to tell 9.sharing;is like 10.will go;am invited 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.invited 2.accept 3.unless 4.prepare 5.angry 6.experience 7.solve 8.normal 9.without 10.catch Ⅱ.1.more carefully 2.meeting 3.certainly 4.to answer 5.will happen Ⅲ.1.himself 2.advice 3.invitation 4.opening 5.until Ⅳ.1.prepare for 2.not available 3.to invite him 4.hang out 5.If; will be late Ⅴ.1.making 2.invitation 3.having 4.accept 5.it 6.polite 7.over 8.because 9.friendly 10.carefully 八年级上册 Units 1~2 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.活动        2.饥饿的    ? 3.互联网   ? 4.节目   ? 5.百分之……   ? 6.得分;点   ? 7.I(pron.)→      (pron.)我自己? 8.wonder(v.& n.) 想知道;琢磨;奇迹→      (adj.)精彩的;绝妙的? 9.decide(v.)决定→      (n.)决定;抉择? 10.build(v.)建造→      (n.)建筑物;房子→      (过去式/过去分词)? 11.trade(v.& n.) 贸易;交易→      (n.)商人? 12.wait(v.) 等待;等候→      (n.)男服务员;男侍者→      (n.)女服务员;女侍者? 13.like(v.& prep.) 喜欢;喜爱→      (反义词)不喜爱(的事物);厌恶(的事物)? 14.enjoy(v.)享受;喜爱→      (adj.)有趣的;令人愉快的? 15.swing(v.& n.)(使)摆动;摇摆→      (过去式/过去分词)→    (现在分词)? 16.die(v.) 消失;灭亡;死亡→        (过去式/过去分词)→        (现在分词)→       (n.)死;死亡→      (adj.)死的;失去生命的? 17.wet(adj.)潮湿的;下雨的→      (比较级)较潮湿的→      (最高级)最潮湿的? 18.one(num.)一→      (adv.)一次;曾经? 19.two(num.)二→      (adv.)两次;两倍? Ⅱ.话题词汇——假期活动 1.假期       2.旅行    ? 3.照相机   ? 4.照片   ? 5.参观;拜访   ? 6.著名的;出名的   ? 7.经验;经历   ? 8.优点;有利条件   ? 9.票   ? 10.地图   ? 11.海滩   ? 12.在国外;到国外     ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019四川眉山)我弟弟有时会做奇怪的事情来获得妈妈的关注。 Sometimes, my brother would do         to get my mother????s attention.? 2.(2019陕西)我五岁就会做家务了。 I was able     at the age of 5.? 3.(2019江苏无锡改编)事关重大,你得三思而行。 It????s very important and you                 .? 4.(2019江苏淮安) 他们认为一天刷两次牙是一个好的习惯。 They think it????s a     to brush teeth     .? 5.(2019甘肃武威、白银) 保持健康对每个人而言都很重要。 It????s very important for everyone to         .? 6.(2019山东潍坊改编)尽管是个外国人,他却热爱中国传统文化。 Although he is a foreigner,he loves             .? 7.(2019甘肃武威、白银)生活充满了意料以外的事情。 Life is         the unexpected.? 8.(2019四川眉山)我父母不允许我熬夜。 I am not allowed to         late by my parents.?                  Ⅰ.单项选择 1.Doing nothing all day long will not bring about anything but get us     .? A.boring B.excited C.bored D.exciting 2.Our Chinese teacher encourages us to keep a     every day.? A.writer B.diary C.test D.memory 3.—What do you think of the 3D-printed     ?? —I????m afraid they are not safe enough to live in. A.tools B.cars C.buildings D.toys 4.Yesterday I had a bad toothache,so I had to go to the     .? A.store B.dentist C.restaurant D.park 5.The soldiers were so tired that they could     keep their eyes open after a long journey.? A.quickly B.hardly C.easily D.widely 6.If you go to visit London,don????t forget your     because it rains a lot.? A.passport B.money C.map D.umbrella Ⅱ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019内蒙古呼和浩特) As is known to all,    who breaks the rules should be punished.? 2.There are some d     between the two pictures.Can you tell me, Tony?? 3.(2019贵州铜仁)I feel so h   that I would like something to eat.? 4.My friend, Lily, likes chatting on the I   .? 5.(2019浙江杭州期中质量检测)Exercise more to make yourself strong in m   and body.? 6.(2019山东济宁微山期中检测)I want to buy the computer.H   , I don????t have enough money.? 7.(2019浙江杭州期中质量检测)Only one p   of the world????s water is useful for human beings.? 8.(2019山东济宁微山清华实验学校月考)We can get information t    books, movies, radio, TV or the Internet.? Ⅲ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019湖南永州)I enjoy     (think) of ways to help people in need.? 2.(2019甘肃武威、白银) I usually have fast food     (one) a week.? 3.We are all shocked by the news of the famous actor????s sudden     (die).? 4.Laoshe is one of the greatest    (write)in China.? 5.Spending too much time watching TV     (program) is bad for students???? studies.? 6.(2019湖南常德芷兰实验学校期中)Would you mind     (watch) soap opera with me?? Ⅳ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 something wonder below little activity 1.    is difficult if you put your heart into it.? 2.You should finish your homework before playing games at    .? 3.In my hometown,the temperature is always     zero in winter.? 4.There are lots of    in our school.? 5.I     if he will come back tomorrow.? Ⅴ.综合填空 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、完整。(每词限用一次) strong together health they two right way exercise lot more   Everyone knows that exercise is important.We all need to exercise.Doctors say 1.     is good for us.It makes your heart and body 2.    .Children who often exercise are more alert(灵活的).This means they do better in tests and schoolwork than those who don????t exercise.?   There are many 3.     to exercise.You can walk, run, swim, skate, or play ball games.Make sure you 4.     in the following ways:you have to like what you????re doing.Exercise enough-but not too 5.    .It????s best to exercise 6.     each week.Thirty minutes each time is enough.Try all kinds of things until you find one, two or even three sports that feel 7.     for you.?   You can exercise at fitness centers(健身中心).They have 8.     of equipment(设备)there.The equipment will help exercise your arms, legs and other parts of your body to make you 9.    .Some people buy equipment for their homes.But it is very expensive.?   Exercising can be fun.Friends can exercise 10. at a fitness center, or they can play sports together.How do you exercise? 八年级上册 Units 1~2 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.activity 2.hungry 3.Internet 4.program 5.percent 6.point 7.myself 8.wonderful 9.decision 10.building;built 11.trader 12.waiter;waitress 13.dislike 14.enjoyable 15.swung;swinging 16.died;dying;death;dead 17.wetter;wettest 18.once 19.twice Ⅱ.1.vacation 2.travel/trip/journey 3.camera 4.picture/photo 5.visit 6.famous 7.experience 8.advantage 9.ticket 10.map 11.beach 12.abroad Ⅲ.1.something strange/funny 2.to do (some/the) housework/ chores 3.have to think twice 4.good habit;twice a day 5.stay/keep healthy 6.Chinese traditional culture 7.full of/filled with 8.stay up 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1-5 CBCBB 6.D Ⅱ.1.anyone 2.differences 3.hungry 4.Internet 5.mind 6.However 7.percent 8.through Ⅲ.1.thinking 2.once 3.death 4.writers 5.programs 6.watching Ⅳ.1.Nothing 2.least 3.below 4.activities 5.wonder Ⅴ.1.it 2.strong 2.ways 4.exercise 5.much 6.twice 7.right 8.lots 9.healthy 10.together 八年级上册 Units 3~4 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.工作努力;辛勤的   ? 2.哪一个;哪一些   ? 3.必需的;必要的   ? 4.戏院;剧场   ? 5.每人;人人    ? 6.实例;范例   ? 7.loud(adj.) 响亮的;大声的→    (adv.)喧闹地;大声地;响亮地? 8.serious(adj.) 严重的;严肃的;认真的→    (adv.)严重地;严肃地;认真地? 9.cheap(adj.) 便宜的;廉价的→    (adv.)便宜地;低廉地→    (反义词)昂贵的? 10.talent(n.) 才能;才干→    (adj.)有才能的;有才干的? 11.magic(n.& adj.) 有魔力的;有神奇力量的→    (n.)魔术师? 12.compete(v.) 竞争;比赛;对抗→    (n.)比赛;竞赛;竞争→    (n.)参赛者;竞争者? 13.win(v.)获胜;赢;赢得→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (n.)获胜者;优胜者? 14.care(v.) 在意;担忧;关心→    (adj.)小心的;细致的;精心的;慎重的→    (adv.)细致地;小心地;谨慎地? 15.laugh(v.) 笑;发笑→    (n.)笑声? 16.say(v.)说→    (n.)谚语;格言;警句? 17.break(v.) (使)破;裂;碎;损坏→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 18.comfort(v.& n.) 安慰;舒适→    (adj.)使人舒服的;舒适的→    (adv.)舒服地;舒适地→    (adj.)使人不舒服的;令人不舒适的? 19.sing(v.)唱歌→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)唱歌→    (n.)歌;歌曲? 20.choose(v.) 选择;挑选→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (n.)选择;挑选? 21.report(v.& n.) 报道;公布→    (n.)记者? 22.serve(v.) 服务→    (n.)接待;服务? 23.create(v.) 创造→    (adj.)有创造力的;创造性的→    (n.)创造力;独创性? 24.give(v.)提供;给     (过去式)    (过去分词)? 25.perform(v.)表演;执行     (n.)表演     (n.)表演者;演员? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019重庆A卷)父母和孩子们都在为美好的未来而努力。      parents     their kids are working hard for a better future.? 2.(2019辽宁本溪)5G 来了!它将使我们的生活越来越好。 5G is coming! It will make our life     .? 3.父母在孩子教育方面起着重要作用。 Parents     an important     in educating their children.? 4.(2019湖北黄冈) 我的英语老师总是尽力把我最好的一点表现出来。(bring) My English teacher always tries her best             the best in me.? 5.(2019内蒙古赤峰)现在人们可以通过微信与他们的朋友保持联系。 People can                 their friends by WeChat now.? 6.老师让我们为那幅画编一个故事。 The teacher asked us to         a story for that picture.? 7.马上就要考试了,我认为吉米应该认真对待他的功课。 The exam is coming up, and I think Jimmy should    his lesson     .? 8.汤姆比他班里任何其他的同学年龄都大. Tom is     than         student in his class.? Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019广西百色) Please speak more l   , so all of us can hear you.? 2.(2019浙江杭州)Hearing the funny story, all the students began to l    loudly.? 3.(2019山东日照)Let????s open the window and have some f    air in.? 4.Liu Qian is a m   .He can pour different kinds of drinks from his magic pot(魔壶).? 5.For e   , you should try your best to read more ,and you can be a good learner.? 6.The winner always gets a very good p   .? Ⅱ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019贵州安顺)It????s noisy outside, and I can????t hear you     (clear).? 2.(2019云南曲靖)One needs three things to be     (true) happy in life: something to do, someone to love and something to expect.? 3.(2019黑龙江大庆)How     (care) you are! You have left your book at home again!? 4.The program is     (mean).We can learn nothing from it.? 5.Gina????s teacher told her that a good player should be a good    (win) .? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 report give bad comfortable choice 1.The boy is the     student in his class.? 2.The bed is so nice that we can sleep    tonight.? 3.Miss Li lost her purse at my home.Please    it to her.? 4.    the healthy eating habit, and you will feel good.? 5.His friend is a     .We often see him on TV.? Ⅳ.英汉互译 将下列英语句子译成汉语,汉语句子译成英语。 1.Now smart phones play an important role in our life. ? 2.Not everyone enjoys reading. ? 3.他的自行车和我的一样新。(as...as) ? 4.李阳的哥哥比他大四岁。 ? 5.只要你努力学习,你的梦想就会实现。(as long as) ? Ⅴ.(2019湖南衡阳)综合填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。 Friends are important to everyone,1.    , some people may have trouble 2.    (keep) their friendships.Here????re some tips on how to make your friendship 3.    (deep) and stronger.? ★Be yourself.A lot of teens try not to lose the friendship once they become friends with some people.Though your identity(身份) is always changing, some of your personality will stay pretty much 4.     same.Find out 5.     those things are, think hard about who you want to be, and then show yourself 6.    (honest) to the people around you.? ★Avoid gossip(八卦).Friends shouldn????t spread rumors(谣言) about other friends.If you????ve heard something bad about your friends,7.    (find) a proper way of asking them about it by 8.    (you).If you????re not sure how to talk to them about it, ask a trusted friend for advice.? ★Protect your friends.Very often, somebody that you????re not close to doubts one of your 9.    (friend).It????s important to find out both sides of the story, but it????s also a good chance to show your friend that you trust him by telling him.? ★Return the care.There are times when a friend will lend you a textbook, or a shoulder to cry on.A good friend will cheer you up when you????re in trouble and listen patiently when your friend shares a problem 10.     you.Be sure you are as helpful as your friend, because he will take notice and feel good.? 八年级上册 Units 3~4 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.hard-working 2.which 3.necessary 4.theater 5.everybody 6.example 7.loudly 8.seriously 9.cheaply;expensive/dear 10.talented 11.magician 12.competition;competitor 13.won;winner 14.careful;carefully 15.laughter 16.saying 17.broke;broken 18.comfortable;comfortably;uncomfortable 19.sang;sung;song 20.chose;chosen;choice 21.reporter 22.service 23.creative;creativity 24.gave;given 25.performance;performer Ⅱ.1.Both;and 2.better and better 3.play;role/part 4 to bring out 5.keep in touch with 6.make up 7.take;seriously 8.older;any other 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.loudly 2.laugh 3.fresh 4.magician 5.example 6.prize Ⅱ.1.clearly 2.truly 3.careless 4.meaningless 5.winner Ⅲ.1.worst 2.comfortably 3.gave 4.Choose 5.reporter Ⅳ.1.现在智能手机在我们的生活中扮演了一个很重要的角色。 2.不是所有人都喜欢阅读。 3.His bike is as new as mine. 4.Li Yang’ brother is four years older than him. 5.As long as you work hard,your dream will come true. Ⅴ.1.however 2.keeping 3.deeper 4.the 5.what 6.honesty 7.find 8.yourself  9.friends 10.with

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  • ID:4-6939151 2020年中考英语一轮基础知识复习练习:七年级下册(3份打包 含答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/七年级下册

    七年级下册 Units 5~8 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.大象           2.在明天    ? 3.可口的;美味的   ? 4.干燥的   ? 5.转向;翻   ? 6.温暖的   ? 7.beauty(n.)美;美人;美丽的事物→      (adj.)美丽的;美好的→      (adv.)美好地;漂亮地 ? 8.Australia(n.)澳大利亚→      (n.& adj.)澳大利亚人;澳大利亚人的;澳大利亚的 ? 9.danger(n.)危险→      (adj.)有危险的;不安全的→      (adj.)濒危的→      (反义词)安全的;无危险的 ? 10.America(n.)美国→      (adj.& n.)美国的;美洲的;美国人? 11.sleep(v.& n.)睡觉→      (过去式/过去分词)→      (adj.)困倦的;瞌睡的 ? 12.forget(v.)忘记;遗忘→      (过去式)→      (过去分词)→      (反义词)记住;记起 ? 13.sun(n.)太阳→      (adj.)晴朗的 ? 14.Canada(n.)加拿大→      (n.& adj.)加拿大人;加拿大的;加拿大人的 ? 15.Europe(n.)欧洲→      (n.& adj.)欧洲人;欧洲的;欧洲人的 ? 16.country(n.)国;国家→      (pl.)→      (n.)乡村;农村 ? 17.Russia(n.)俄罗斯→      (adj.& n.)俄罗斯的;俄罗斯人;俄语 ? 18.rain(v.& n.)下雨;雨水→      (过去式/过去分词)→      (adj.)阴雨的;多雨的 ? 19.cook(v.)做饭→      (n.)厨师 ? 20.visit(v.)拜访;参观→      (n.)游客;访问者 ? 21.sit(v.)坐→      (过去式/过去分词)→      (现在分词)? 22.pay(v.& n.)付费;支付→      (过去式/过去分词)? 23.spend(v.)花(时间、钱等)→      (过去式/过去分词)? 24.enjoy(v.)享受→      (adj.)享受的 ? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)熊猫是世界上最受欢迎的动物之一。 Pandas are                     animals in the world.? 2.(2019陕西)正如习近平所说,人类应当友好对待世界不同的文化。 As Xi Jinping said, humans should         to different cultures of the world.? 3.(2019湖北宜昌)在中国,过生日时,面条是长寿的象征。(symbol) In China, the noodles on the birthday are             long life.? 4.(2019甘肃武威、白银)知识源于质疑。 Knowledge         questioning.? 5.(2019江苏常州)我理解上次我父母的想法为什么与我的不同。 I understand why my parents???? ideas             mine last time.? 6.(2019辽宁本溪改编)我们正在讨论快餐为什么有害健康。 We are discussing why fast food             our health.? 7.(2019江苏扬州改编)每天锻炼一小时对健康和学习都有好处。                  health and study to exercise for an hour every day. ? 8.(2019黑龙江绥化改编)我能给他捎个口信吗? Can I             for him?? Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019广西贺州)She has two c   , a son and a daughter.? 2.(2019新疆)It????s r    hard outside.Take an umbrella with you.? 3.(2019贵州铜仁)My uncle is a c   , he woks in a restaurant.? 4.(2019新疆改编)I can????t follow you, Tom.Please say it a   .? 5.(2019广西贵港)We will have a wonderful s    vacation as soon as junior high school days are over.? Ⅱ.根据句意及汉语提示,填写句中所缺的单词 1.It????s     (重要的) for us to listen to the teachers carefully.? 2.Some animals are in     (危险).? 3.The cakes taste     (美味的).I like them very much.? 4.I like     (大象) because they????re quiet.? 5.Do you know these     (男) teachers?? Ⅲ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019黑龙江大庆)Many foreigners, including     (Australia),are visiting Expo 2019, Beijing (北京世园会).? 2.(2019甘肃兰州)We should take action to protect animals in     (dangerous).? 3.(2019江苏南京)It is reported that thousands of running friends from 25     (country) took part in 2019 Nanjing Jiangning Marathon.? 4.(2019江苏扬州)Alice stood up and ran     the field after the rabbit.(cross)? 5.(2019湖南永州)I enjoy     (think)of ways to help people in need.? 6.(2019湖南常德)There     (be)a lot of rain here every year.? Ⅳ.选词填空 (A)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空。 Canada easy climb cross sun 1.Nobody can go     the road when the traffic lights are red.It is dangerous.? 2.—How is the weather? —It is     .? 3.Tom is clever.He worked it out     .? 4.They are     officers.? 5.They enjoy     hills.? (B)用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空。 eat out get lost spend time on vacation make soup forget to 1.If you     in the desert, please remember the direction of the rising sun is the east and you will find the right direction.? 2.They prefer to have dinner at home with their family rather than     .? 3.My mother is a good cook and she is good at     .? 4.Don????t     remind me of the date and the place.? 5.Susan hasn????t decided where to go     this summer.? Ⅴ.(2019辽宁辽阳)造词填空 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词) afraid think with catch goal what good how ready he quick around   A young eagle (鹰)was learning to hunt (捕猎)when he saw a large pig running around in the forest below.“Ooh, that looks delicious,” he said.“No, dear,” his mum said, “you????re not 1.     to hunt something so big yet.Begin 2.     mice.” Being a good boy, the eagle listened to 3.     mum and learned how to hunt mice proficiently (熟练地).Then he wanted 4.     pigs again.“No, dear,” his mum said,“perhaps you should learn 5.     to catch rabbits now.” So he did so, then he 6.     of the pigs again.“No, dear,” his mum said, “now it????s time for young sheep.” The young eagle soon became 7.     at catching young sheep and then one day, he saw a pig running 8.     below.He looked at the pig, then at his mum????s eyes.She nodded and the young eagle took off from his branch (树枝)and flew 9.     down.He had the pig for dinner that day.?   I don????t know what your 10.     are.I hope that they are big.And I hope that you are taking small daily steps every day that are required to get there.? 七年级下册 Units 5~8 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.elephant 2.tomorrow 3.delicious 4.dry 5.turn 6.warm 7.beautiful;beautifully 8.Australian 9.dangerous;endangered;safe 10.American 11.slept;sleepy 12.forgot;forgotten;remember 13.sunny 14.Canadian 15.European 16.countries;countryside 17.Russian 18.rained;rainy 19.cook 20.visitor 21.sat;sitting 22.paid 23.spent 24.enjoyable Ⅱ.1.one of the most popular 2.be friendly/nice/ kind 3.a symbol of 4.is from/comes from 5.were different from 6.is bad for /harmful to 7.It is good for 8.take a message 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.children 2.raining 3.cook 4.again 5.summer Ⅱ. 1.important 2.danger 3.delicious 4.elephants 5.men Ⅲ.1.Australians 2.danger 3.countries 4.across 5.thinking 6.is Ⅳ.(A)1.across 2.sunny 3.easily 4.Canadian 5.climbing (B)1.get lost 2.eat out 3.making soup 4.forget to 5.on vacation Ⅴ.1.ready 2.with 3.his 4.to catch  5.how 6.thought 7.good 8.around 9.quickly 10.goals 七年级下册 Units 9~12 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.点菜         2.乡村    ? 3.种植   ? 4.黑暗的   ? 5.语言   ? 6.开始;着手    ? 7.act(v.) 行动; 行为; 担任;扮演角色→     (adj.)活跃的;积极的→      (n.)男演员→      (n.)女演员→      (n.)行动→      (n.)活动? 8.thin(adj.)瘦的→      (比较级)较瘦的;较薄的→      (最高级)最瘦的;最薄的? 9.little(adj.)小的;少的→      (比较级)较少的;更少的→      (最高级)最小的;最少的? 10.potato(n.) 土豆;马铃薯→      (pl.)? 11.farm(n.)农场→      (n.)农民;农场主? 12.luck(n.)运气→      (adj.)幸运的→     (adv.)幸运地;好运地→     (反义词)不幸的;不吉利的? 13.sheep(n.) 羊;绵羊→      (pl.)? 14.nature(n.)自然→      (adj.)自然的→      (adv.)顺理成章地;自然地? 15.mouse(n.) 老鼠;耗子→      (pl.)? 16.surprise(n.& v.) 惊奇;惊讶;使吃惊→      (adj.)惊奇的;感觉意外的→      (adj.)使人吃惊的? 17.feed(v.) 喂养;饲养→      (过去式/过去分词)? 18.worry(v.) 担心;担忧→      (adj.)担心的;担忧的? 19.paint(v.) 用颜料画;刷漆→      (过去式/过去分词)→      (n.)油漆匠;画家→      (n.)油画;绘画? 20.excite(v.) 使激动;使兴奋→      (adj.)激动的;兴奋的→    (adj.)使人兴奋的;令人激动的? 21.slow(v.& adj.) 缓慢的;延迟的→    (adv.)慢速地;缓慢地→      (反义词)快地(的)? 22.hear(v.) 听到;听见→      (过去式/过去分词)→      (n.)听力;听觉? 23.visit(v.)拜访;参观→      (n.)游客;访问者? 24.tire(v.) 使疲倦→      (adj.)疲倦的;疲劳的→      (adj.)令人困倦的? 25.fly(v.) 飞→      (过去式)→      (过去分词)? 26.wake(v.) 弄醒;醒→      (过去式)→      (过去分词)弄醒;醒? →      (adj.)醒着的? 27.special(adj.& n.) 特色菜;特价品;特别的;特殊的→    (adv.)专门地;特别地→    (adv.)尤其;特别;格外? 28.different(adj.) 不同的→       (n.)差别;差异→       (adv.)不同地→       (反义词)相同的? 29.high(adj.& adv.) 高的(地)→      (比较级)较高 的(地)→      (最高级)最高的(地)→      (n.)高度? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.电动车的数量是29。              the e-bikes is 29.? 2.如果你吃到了带硬币的饺子, 它将给你带来好运。      you eat the dumpling with a coin, it         good luck to you.? 3.上周我看到了相当多的奶牛。 I saw             cows last week.? 4.他一点也不喜欢弹钢琴。 He     like playing the piano         .? 5.你对这趟快车感觉如何?     do you         the fast train?? 6.校长领外宾参观了我们的校园。 The headmaster     foreigners     our school.? 7.我不喜欢坐公交车, 因为有太多的人。 I don????t like taking the bus because there are         people.? 8.昨天他教我如何骑马。 He     me             a horse yesterday.? 9.我现在感到有点累, 因为我昨晚熬夜学习备考。 I????m         tired now because I         late to study     the test last night.? 10.(2019四川达州)据最新报道,生活在中国的野生大熊猫现在不到2000只了。 It????s recently reported that there are now         2,000 pandas living in the wild forests in China.? Ⅰ.根据句意、汉语意思及首字母提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏镇江)Last Monday was a     (特殊的) day for me because I gave a talk on Flag Raising Ceremony.? 2.(2019安徽) It is helpful to have a clear i    (想法) of what you want.? 3.(2019江苏苏州) Miss Zhang     (订购)a dress online two weeks ago, but it hasn????t arrived yet.? 4.(2019新疆)She is so    (幸运的) to take a photo with her favorite singer.? 5.(2019江苏镇江)Don????t give Eddie anything to eat.I     (喂,喂养) him just now.? 6.(2019江苏苏州) He went    (野营) with us and taught us how to put up a tent.? 7.(2019四川广安) I will have a meeting this afternoon.Please     (唤醒) me up at 2:00 pm.? Ⅱ.用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019甘肃武威、白银) There are many    (sheep) eating on the hill.? 2.The     (nature) scenery in Yunnan is so beautiful that it attracts many people to visit.? 3.(2018甘肃兰州)There are many     (different) between the twins.One is shy, but the other is outgoing.? 4.Thousands of    (visit)go to Beijing every day.? 5.Linda opened the box and got a    (surprised).? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 mouse high glass heavy excited 1.Could you tell me the    of Qomolangma?? 2.It rained     last night.? 3.There are many    in the old house.? 4.What    news it is!? 5.My math teacher always wears    .? Ⅳ.(2019山东莱芜)综合填空 阅读短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。 A young couple decided to go 1.c    in the mountains to celebrate their first year of marriage(结婚).They took with them all the 2.t    they would need—warm clothes, food and a tent.? They went up to the mountains and 3.f    a fine place to set up their tent.Then, they decided to go for a hike(徒步旅行)to see more of the mountains.? 4.A    a long hike, they went back to their camp, built a fire and cooked 5.d   .Finally, it was time to go to sleep.? Sometime in the middle of the 6.n   ,the wife woke up her husband and said, “Look up at the sky.What do you see?”? Her husband answered, “I see 7.m   of stars in the sky.” His wife said, “That????s right.8.W    does that mean to you?”? The husband said, “ Well, if there are so many stars out there, that means there might 9.a   be a planet just like ours.And if that????s true, then there could be life on one of those planets.That????s kind of 10.e    !”? His wife said, “You are wrong.It means that someone has stolen our tent!” 七年级下册 Units 9~12 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.order 2.countryside 3.grow 4.dark 5.language 6.start 7.active;actor;actress;action;activity 8.thinner;thinnest 9.less;least 10.potatoes 11.farmer 12.lucky;luckily;unlucky 13.sheep 14.natural;naturally 15.mice 16.surprised;surprising 17.fed 18.worried 19.painted;painter;painting 20.excited;exciting 21.slowly;fast 22.heard;hearing 23.visitor 24.tired;tiring 25.flew;flown 26.waked/woke;waked/woken;awake 27.specially;especially 28.difference;differently;same 29.higher;highest;height Ⅱ.1.The number of 2.If;will bring 3.quite a few 4.doesn’t;at all 5.How;feel about 6.showed;around 7.too many 8.taught;how to ride 9.kind of/a little;stayed up;for 10.fewer than 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.special 2.idea 3.ordered 4.lucky 5.fed 6.camping 7.wake Ⅱ.1.sheep 2.natural 3.differences 4.visitors 5.surprise Ⅲ.1.height 2.heavily 3.mice 4.exciting 5.glasses Ⅳ.1.camping 2.things 3.found 4.After 5.dinner 6.night 7.millions 8.What 9.also 10.exciting 七年级下册 Units 1~4 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.参加;加入       2.周末    ? 3.一刻钟;四分之一   ? 4.害怕;畏惧   ? 5.厨房   ? 6.piano(n.)钢琴→    (n.)钢琴家 ? 7.life(n.)生活;生命→    (pl.)? 8.sing(v.)唱歌→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (n.)歌手 ? 9.swim(v.)游泳→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (n.)游泳者 ? 10.draw(v.)画→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 11.speak(v.)说(某种语言);说话→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (n.)讲(某种语言)的人;发言者 ? 12.write(v.)写作;写字→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (n.)作者;作家 ? 13.teach(v.)教;讲授→    (过去式/过去分词)→    (n.)教师 ? 14.run(v.)奔跑→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (现在分词)→    (n.)跑步者 ? 15.ride(v.)骑;乘→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)? 16.drive(v.)开车→    (过去式)→    (过去分词)→    (n.)驾驶员;司机 ? 17.live(v.)居住;生活→    (adj.)活着的;有生气的→    (adj.)生气勃勃的;(色彩)鲜艳的 ? 18.cross(v.)横过;越过→    (prep.)穿过;过→    (n.)十字路口 ? 19.usual(adj.)通常的;惯例的;平常的→    (反义词)不寻常的;与众不同的→    (adv.)通常地;一般地 ? 20.true(adj.)真的;符合事实的→    (adv.)真正;确实→    (n.)实情;事实 ? 21.important(adj.)重要的→    (n.)重要性;重要 ? 22.luck(n.)幸运;运气→    (adj.)幸运的→    (adv.)幸运地→    (adj.)不幸的→    (adv.)不幸地? Ⅱ.话题词汇——日常动作 1.允许;准许       2.完成    ? 3.遵循;跟随   ? 4.鼓励   ? 5.劝告;建议   ? 6.观看;注视   ? 7.准备   ? 8.要求;需要   ? 9.停止;终止   ? 10.假定;假设   ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.(2019江苏宿迁)王俊凯擅长唱歌和打篮球。 Wang Junkai         singing and play-ing basketball.? 2.我们还没有决定什么时间去看望我们的祖父母。 We haven????t decided             our grandparents.? 3.(2019辽宁盘锦)由于人们大量砍伐树木,大象正在失去他们的家园。 Elephants are losing their homes because people         too many trees.? 4.他想知道莉莉的家离她的学校有多远。 He                Lily????s house is from her school.? 5.你步行还是骑自行车上学? Do you go to school                 bike?? 6.在晚上, 他或者看电视或者弹钢琴。 He         TV         the piano in the evening.? 7.他们不能乘船过河因为水流太急。 They can????t     the river             the river     too quickly.? 8.(2019山东烟台)坚持你的梦想,将来有一天,它可能会实现。      on to your dream;one day it may come     .? Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.He often helps with sports for the English-speaking students in the Students???? Sports C   .? 2.Cindy is an American, but she can s   Chinese well.? 3.Every year h     of people come to China to visit the Summer Palace.? 4.(2019浙江杭州)It takes me 45 m    to get to school by bike every morning.? 5.It????s my d    to be a doctor after I grow up.? Ⅱ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019贵州铜仁)My home is so     (远) away from our school that I have to take a bus to school.? 2.(2019广西北部湾)The singer is good at playing the     (吉他)and making wonderful music.? 3.(2019江苏宿迁)Liu Cixin is the     (作家)who wrote the science fiction novel The three Body Problem.? 4.(2019广西贵港)At the age of     (四十),the writer finished his fifth novel.? 5.We must     (遵循) the school rules.? 6.We must be     (安静的) in the library.? 7.Aron tells us the     (重要性) of making good decisions,and of being in control of one????s life.? 8.A     (四分之一) of them are from China.? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 quick drive wear music friend 1.To keep safe,all the     in cars are asked to wear a seat belt.? 2.I like     who write their own lyrics.? 3.He walks so     that I can not catch him.? 4.I like to make     with you.? 5.Our English teacher always     a black coat.? Ⅳ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.如果你足够努力,梦想就会实现。 If you work hard enough, your dream will         .? 2.许多中国人相信面条会给寿星带来好运。 Many Chinese believe noodles can bring         to the birthday person.? 3.小梅每天清洗餐具。 Xiaomei             every day.? 4.每一个中国人都应该记住4月15日是国家安全日。 Every Chinese should     that the National     Day is on April 15th.? 5.对我们来说学好汉语很重要。      is very important     us         Chinese     .? Ⅴ.动词应用 阅读下面的短文,用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词或情态动词。   My mother is a nice lady.She 1.    (love) me very much.I love her,too.She takes care of all of us.She gets up early in the morning,and makes our breakfast,lunch and dinner with her own hands.All the furniture and our clothes 2.    (make) very clean every day.Of course,3.    (look) after our health is also her biggest event.? When I fall sick,my mother 4.    (not sleep) at night.She stays by the side of my sickbed.Her worries and her fear disappear after I get better.In my eyes,she is really a good mother.? My mother often teaches me 5.    (be) honest and in good manners in life.She also teaches me to help the poor and the weak.She often tells us,“If you help others,others 6.    (help) you when you are in trouble.” ? When I was just a child,my mother often 7.    (tell) me many interesting stories.When I was a little older,she taught me how to read and write.There????s always a word on her lips,“It????s nece-ssary for you 8.    (find) a good way.”Even to this day,she helps me to prepare my homework.? Now,I am in a college to study science.I 9.    (not hear) from my mother for two weeks.I don????t know what 10.    (happen) in my family.I miss my mother and I decide to go home to see her when I finish my final exam this month.? 七年级下册 Units 1~4 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.join 2.weekend 3.quarter 4.afraid 5.kitchen 6.pianist 7.lives 8.sang;sung;singer 9.swam;swum;swimming;swimmer 10.drew;drawn 11.spoke;spoken;speaker 12.wrote;written;writer 13.taught;teacher 14.ran;run;running;runner 15.rode;ridden 16.drove;driven;driver 17.alive;lively 18.across;crossing 19.unusual;usually 20.truly;truth 21.importance 22.lucky;luckily;unlucky;unluckily Ⅱ.1.allow 2.finish/complete 3.follow 4.encourage 5.suggest/advise 6.watch 7.prepare 8.require 9.stop 10.suppose Ⅲ.1.is good at/ does well in  2.when to visit 3.cut down 4.wonders how far 5.on foot or by 6.either watches; or plays 7.cross; by boat because; runs 8.Hold;true 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.Center 2.speak 3.hundreds 4.minutes 5.dream Ⅱ.1.far 2.guitar 3.writer 4.forty 5.follow 6.quiet 7.importance 8.quarter Ⅲ.1.drivers 2.musicians 3.quickly 4.friends 5.wears Ⅳ. 1.come true 2.good luck 3.does the dishes 4.remember; Safety 5.It; for; to learn; well Ⅴ.1.loves 2.are made 3.looking 4.doesn’t sleep 5.to be 6.will help 7.told 8.to find 9.haven’t heard 10.happened

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  • ID:4-6939143 2020年中考英语一轮基础知识复习练习:七年级上册(2份打包 含答案)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/七年级上册

    七年级上册 Starter~Unit 4 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.橙子        2.钥匙     ? 3.图书馆    ? 4.照片    ? 5.表;手表   ? 6.整洁的;井井有条的    ? 7.good(adj.)好的→     (adv.)好;令人满意地→     (比较级)较好的(地);更好的(地)→     (最高级)最好的(地)→     (反义词)坏的;严重的? 8.color(n.)颜色→     (adj.)颜色鲜艳的;五彩缤纷的? 9.see(v.)理解;明白→     (过去式)→     (过去分词)? 10.meet(v.)遇见;相逢→     (过去式/过去分词)→(n.)     会议;集会;会面? 11.friend(n.)朋友→     (adj.)友好的     (n.)友谊;友情? 12.have(v.)经受;经历;有→     (第三人称单数形式)→     (过去式/过去分词)? 13.day(n.)一天;一日;白天→     (adj.)每日的,日常的? 14.thank(v.)感谢;谢谢→     (adj.)感谢的;感激的;欣慰的? 15.teach(v.)教;讲授→     (过去式/过去分词)→     (n.)老师;教师? 16.help(v.& n.)帮助;援助→     (adj.)有用的;有帮助的→     (adj.)无用的;无帮助的? 17.find(v.)找到;发现→     (过去式/过去分词)? 18.lose(v.)遗失;丢失→     (过去式/过去分词)? 19.come(v.)来;来到→     (过去式)→     (过去分词)? 20.think(v.)认为;想;思考→     (过去式/过去分词)→     (n.)想法;看法;主意;思想? 21.know(v.)知道;了解→     (过去式)→     (过去分词)→     (n.)知识;学问? 22.play(v.)参加(比赛或运动);玩耍→     (n.) 播放机;运动员;参赛选手? Ⅱ.话题词汇 (A)体貌描述 1.年长的    ? 2.年轻的;年幼的    ? 3.美丽的;漂亮的    ? 4.帅的;英俊的    ? 5.高的    ? 6.矮的    ? 7.胖的     ? 8.瘦的    ? 9.强壮的     ? 10.弱的      ? (B)性格特征 1.友好的      2.积极的      ? 3.勇敢的    ? 4.诚实的    ? 5.善良的    ? 6.安静的    ? 7.有帮助的    ? 8.严格的    ? 9.礼貌的    ? 10.聪明的      ? Ⅲ.语境记短语/句型 1.人们很容易在大城市里迷路。 It is easy for people to         in a big city.? 2.当你在学习中遇到困难时可以寻求帮助。 You can         help when you meet difficulties in study.? 3.在你去西方国家之前,了解那里的文化习俗很有必要。 It????s necessary to         customs of them before you are going to western countries.? 4.我们应该学会用英语写日记。 We should learn to write diaries         .? 5.(2019天津)他拿出相机开始拍照。 He took out his camera and started to         .? 6.我必须谢谢你给了我这么多有用的建议。 I have to     you     giving me so many useful suggestions.? Ⅰ.根据句意、首字母及汉语意思完成单词 1.(2019四川广安)Lingling has made great progress in English,    (多亏) to Lucy????s help.? 2.(2019安徽)We will go climbing tomorrow if the weather is f    (晴朗的).? 3.(2019广西贺州)Your watch is here and m     is in the classroom.? 4.(2019江苏盐城)Knowledge is a treasure,but practice is the     (钥匙) to it.? 5.(2019广西百色)Everyone believes that     (我们的) team will win the match this weekend.? 6.How do you s     the new word?? 7.My telephone n     is 955-8866.? 8.Hello,my n     is Peter.I????m from England.? 9.Saturday is the l     day of a week.? 10.Mrs.Brown has two     (女儿) and a son.? 11.They????re in the     (图书馆) now.? 12.Her scarf is     (紫色的).It????s nice.? 13.My     (朋友) are from China.? 14.I met a friend of     (她的) in the street yesterday.? Ⅱ.根据括号内所给单词的正确形式填空 1.(2019黑龙江大庆)My mother and I went to the airport     (meet) my father yesterday.? 2.Jenny has found it easy to make     (friend) at school.? 3.(2019甘肃兰州)Tom and Jerry have a lot in common.    (they) favorite basketball player is James Harden.? 4.(2019江苏扬州)Follow that     (teacher) advice and soon you will solve the problem.? 5.These are my     (hat).Are those     (you)?? 6.The two     (radio) are my grandparents????.? 7.The     (dictionary) are for my sisters.? 8.These shoes look     (good) and sell     (good).? 9.Your pencil is in the Lost and     (find) box.? 10.Can you     (speak) English?? 11.My teacher often helps me     (study) English.? 12.It????s     (help) for you to read English every morning.? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 he one be watch play 1.Here are two     .? 2.—What about     basketball? ? —Good idea.Let????s go. 3.     those your books? ? 4.My friend and I are in the     photo.? 5.This is     room.It????s very big.? Ⅳ.短文填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处写出适当的单词,单词首字母已给出。(有的词请注意词形的变化!)   Confucius is the greatest teacher in Chinese history.He was born on September 28th,551 B.C.in the Kingdom of Lu,in today????s Shandong Province.When he was young,he and his mother had a hard 1.l   .At the age of fifteen,he began to learn music,and he did well in it.Then he went on learning other subjects.When he was thirty,he 2.b    a teacher.He started his own school.He believed everyone should have a chance to get education whether they were 3.r    or poor.He had about 3,000 4.s    and many of them became famous.?   Chinese see Confucius as the greatest thinker 5.w    had many wise ideas about human nature and behavior.And he is also regarded 6.a    the greatest teacher.His most important ideas are about kindness and 7.g    manners.He said young people should 8.t    care of the old.People should not only always think of themselves,but work for 9.o   .His ideas are around in people????s everyday life.Today people can still hear the ideas,and they even go far into east 10.a    south Asia.? 七年级上册 Starter~Unit 4 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.orange 2.key 3.library 4.photo/picture 5.watch 6.tidy 7.well;better;best;bad 8.colorful 9.saw;seen 10.met;meeting 11.friendly;friendship 12.has;had 13.daily 14.thankful 15.taught;teacher 16.helpful;helpless 17.found 18.lost 19.came; come 20.thought;thought 21.knew;known;knowledge 22.player Ⅱ.(A)1.old/elder 2.young 3.beautiful 4.handsome 5.tall 6.short 7.fat 8.thin 9.strong 10.weak (B)1.friendly 2.active 3.brave 4.honest 5.kind 6.quiet 7.helpful 8.strict 9.polite 10.clever/smart/bright Ⅲ.1.get/be lost 2.ask for 3.know about 4.in English 5.take photos 6.thank; for 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.thanks 2.fine 3.mine 4.key 5.our 6.spell 7.number 8.name 9.last 10.daughters 11.library 12.purple 13.friends 14.hers Ⅱ.1.to meet 2.friends 3.Their 4.teacher’s 5.hats; yours 6.radios 7.dictionaries 8.good; well 9.Found 10.speak 11.study/to study 12.helpful Ⅲ.1.watches 2.playing 3.Are 4.first 5.his Ⅳ.1.life 2.became 3.rich 4.students 5.who 6.as 7.good/great  8.take 9.others 10.and 七年级上册 Units 5~9 Ⅰ.核心词汇 1.参加(比赛或运动);玩耍   ? 2.习惯   ? 3.(音乐、戏剧等的)会演节;节日   ? 4.特别喜爱的(人或事物)   ? 5.完成;做好   ? 6.interest(n.& v.)使……感兴趣;引起……的关心;兴趣→      (adj.)有趣的→      (adj.)感兴趣的 ? 7.week(n.)周;星期→      (adj.& adv.)每周的(地)? 8.health(n.)健康;人的身体(或精神)状态→    (adj.)健康的→      (adv.)健康地 ? 9.woman(n.)女子→      (pl.)? 10.science(n.)科学→      (n.)科学家→      (adj.)科学(上)的;关于科学的 ? 11.music(n.)音乐→      (adj.)音乐的;有关音乐的→      (n.)音乐家 ? 12.bore(v.)使厌倦;使厌烦→      (adj.)没趣的;令人厌倦的→      (adj.)厌倦的;烦闷的 ? 13.relax(v.)放松;休息→      (adj.)放松的;悠闲的;不拘束的→      (adj.)轻松的;令人放松的 ? 14.eat(v.)吃→     (过去式)→      (过去分词)? 15.take(v.)买下;拿;取→      (过去式)→      (过去分词)→      (反义词)带来;取来 ? 16.sell(v.)出售;销售;卖→      (过去式/过去分词)→      (n.)特价销售;出售 ? 17.use(v.& n.)使用;运用→      (adj.)有用的;有益的→      (adj.)无用的;无效的;无价值的 ? 18.difficult(adj.)困难的→      (n.)困难;难题 ? 19.happy(adj.)愉快的;高兴的→      (反义词)不快乐的;不幸福的;难过的;悲伤的 ? →      (adv.)快乐地;高兴地;满足地→      (n.)幸福 ? 20.busy(adj.)忙碌的;无暇的→      (adv.)忙碌地→      (n.)生意;商业 ? 21.free(adj.)空闲的;自由的→      (adv.)不受限制地;无拘无束地;自由地→      (n.)自由 ? 22.twelve(num.)十二→      (序数词)第十二? 23.get(v.)去取(或带来);得到→      (过去式)→      (过去分词)→     (现在分词)? 24.much/many(pron.& adj.)许多;大量;多少→      (比较级)更多(的)→      (最高级)最多;大多数? Ⅱ.语境记短语/句型 1.——鲍勃有足球吗?——是的,他有。 —     Bob     a soccer ball?? —Yes, he     .? 2.——咱们打篮球吧。——那听起来不错。 —         basketball.? —That     good.? 3.你早餐喜欢吃什么? What do you         breakfast?? 4.——这个衬衫多少钱?——七美元。 —         is this T-shirt? ? —It????s seven     .? 5.这儿是你的两双袜子。 Here             of socks for you.? 6.——你的生日是什么时间?——六月三号。 —     is your birthday? ? —My birthday is         3rd.? 7.——你哥哥多大?——他12岁。 —         is your brother? ? —He????s     .? 8.——你为什么喜欢科学?——因为它是有趣的。 —     do you     science? ? —Because it????s     .? Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.Please come and buy your skirts at our great s   .? 2.(2019新疆)October is the t    month of a year.? 3.Our school has an art f    every year.? 4.(2019广西贺州)December is the t    month of a year.? 5.(2019浙江杭州)J    1st is Children????s Day.? 6.(2019广西桂林)There are sixty minutes in an h   .? 7.(2019山东济宁)M    is the day after Sunday and before Tuesday.? 8.(2019湖北随州)I like Friday because the next day is S   .? Ⅱ.根据句意及汉语提示完成单词 1.(2019江苏扬州)We are going to study in a new school in     (九月).? 2.(2019江苏泰州)The Hunchback and Notre Dame caught fire on     (四月) 15th,and the world felt very sad about the loss of art treasures.? 3.(2019浙江宁波)I plan to go abroad to celebrate my twentieth birthday in     (八月).? 4.(2019江苏南京)The Book of Poetry, the earliest collection of poems, is of great value in Chinese     (历史).? 5.(2019江苏苏州)Amy and Annie will go on a natural history walk next     (星期日).? 6.(2019广西北部湾)We will hold a party to say goodbye to our teachers next    (星期三).? 7.I get on well with my     (同班同学).? 8.Lily isn????t good at playing     (篮球).? 9.Tom often     (观看)football games on TV.? 10.It????s good for us to eating fruit and     (蔬菜).? 11.Look! What beautiful     (毛衣)! I want a blue one.? 12.My mother bought me a pair of red     (裤子) yesterday.? 13.(2019山东济宁)It????s a     (健康的) habit to do some exercise every day.? 14.Our     (地理) teacher is always strict with us.? Ⅲ.根据句意,用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空 two woman interest real finish 1.I like science because it????s     .? 2.It took me one hour to     washing my clothes.? 3.Mr.Brown lives on the     floor.? 4.Some     are dancing under the tree.? 5.Does your sister     like music?? Ⅳ.(2019山东淄博)选词填空 根据短文内容,选择适当的单词填空,使短文意思完整。毎个选项只用一次,有两项剩余。 want best slowly until when happiness facing in still now high not My Dear Azhaan, I want you to know that you remind me of myself in so many ways.You are like a better and improved version(版本)of me.I look at you and I see myself 1.    your eyes.I wish I had that confidence(信心)and even some of your bossiness(霸气)at that age.Yet,I????m also troubled on seeing this confidence 2.     disappearing, because you are 3. many different things.I want you to know that your confidence is one of the 4.     things about you.All of us admire your confidence.However, you are 5.     confident enough these days, because you are beginning to dislike your own body.? You are not fat.I agree that you could be a little healthier.You could eat a little less junk food.However, I don????t know when you????ll begin to enjoy fruits, but I believe that you will. I think one of the moments of 6.     for me was when you were born, and the doctor said “Congratulations, you have another baby boy,” not because you were a boy but because you were healthy.? You????re too young to understand this 7.    —no one realizes the importance of a normal life 8. it is away from them.What I 9.     for you is happiness: the understanding that you are not perfect and that it is okay because none of us is!? Stay confident and keep your head 10.    ,my little boy—who is growing up too soon!? Love, Ammi 七年级上册 Units 5~9 【重点词汇 背记自测】 Ⅰ.1.play 2.habit 3.festival 4.favorite 5.finish 6.interesting;interested 7.weekly 8.healthy;healthily 9.women 10.scientist; scientific 11.musical;musician 12.boring;bored 13.relaxed;relaxing 14.ate;eaten 15.took;taken;bring 16.sold;sale 17.useful;useless 18.difficulty 19.unhappy;happily;happiness 20.busily;business 21.freely;freedom 22.twelfth 23.got;got/gotten;getting 24.more;most Ⅱ.1.Does; have; does 2.Let’s play; sounds 3.like for 4.How much; dollars 5.are two pairs 6.When; on June 7.How old; twelve 8.Why; like; interesting 【随堂演练 词汇过关】 Ⅰ.1.sale 2.tenth 3.festival 4.twelfth 5.June 6.hour 7.Monday 8.Saturday Ⅱ.1.September 2.April 3.August  4.history 5.Sunday 6.Wednesday 7.classmates 8.basketball 9.watches 10.vegetables 11.sweaters 12.trousers 13.healthy 14.geography Ⅲ.1.interesting 2.finish 3.second 4.women 5.really Ⅳ.1.in 2.slowly 3.facing 4.best 5.not 6.happiness 7.now 8.until 9.want 10.high

    • 2020-02-26
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  • ID:2-6938400 2020年中考语文名著阅读复习学案:艾青诗选及水浒传

    初中语文/中考专区/二轮专题/文学常识与名著导读

    名著阅读 《 艾青诗选 》 一、 作者介绍 艾青(1910 年 03 月 27 日—1996 年 05 月 05 日)是一位伟大的中国现代诗人。原名蒋海澄,笔名莪伽、克阿等。浙江金华人。1932 年在上海加入中国左翼美术家联盟。1933年第一次用艾青的笔名发表长诗《大堰河--我的保姆》,感情诚挚,诗风清新,轰动诗坛。以后陆续出版诗集《大堰河》(1939)、《火把》(1941)、《向太阳》(1947)等,笔触雄浑,感情强烈,倾诉了对祖国和人民的情感。解放后的诗集有《欢呼集》、《春天》等。1948 年以后发表了《在浪尖上》、《光的赞歌》等诗作。出版了《艾青选集》等。另有论文集《诗论》、《论诗》、《新诗论》等著作。1985 年,获法国艺术最高勋章。其诗作《我 爱这土地》《大堰河--我的保姆》被选入人教版中学语文教材。 二、 诗歌风格 艾青的诗歌创作分为早期(1932-1937)、高潮期(1937-1941)、沉寂期(1941-1979)和复出期(1979-1984)。真正代表了他创作高峰和最高成就的,是 1937 年至 1941 年短短四年。因日本入侵,中国丧失了大片国土,诗人与流民、伤兵的队伍一起,经历了从杭州到武汉、临汾、新宁、桂林和重庆大半个中国颠沛流离的艰难生活。这使他从早期的法国象征派诗歌和印象派画的影响中走出来,探索出一条富有民族色彩的艺术道路。 他的诗,擅长用色彩感强烈、立体感鲜明的画家眼睛和艺术手法,与大地、太阳、北方广表的泥土、民众痛苦的脸色等意象相结合,铸就了属于艾青独有的诗歌艺术风格。 《雪落在中国的土地上》以中国河流上的风雪之夜为背景,诉说了船夫和民众国破家亡的沉痛心情。 《向太阳》用异常强烈的太阳意象,表达了国人在侵略军铁蹄下坚贞不屈、向往光明未来的昂扬情绪。 《手推车》写出了北方人民质朴坚毅的性格。 《我爱这土地》传达了诗人热爱土地和人民的深沉感情。 《火把》写于湖南新宁乡下,一次偶然的经历,让诗人产生了丰富的想象。他寓居深山之中,想象自己投身到炽热、坚定的抗战洪流当中,在拥挤向前的游行队伍中感受到集体力量的强大召唤。作品采用抒情长诗与叙事诗相结合的手法,通过抒情、叙述、人物对话等多重技巧,书写了中华民族在最困难时期的一部史诗。 三 、 练习题 一、填空题 1. 艾青 (1910-1996),原名蒋正涵,中国现代诗人。成名作《大堰河——我的保姆》, 发表于 1933 年,这首诗奠定了他诗歌的基本艺术特征和他在现代文学史上的重要地位。 他的诗作《我爱这土地》被选入人教版中学语文教材。 2. 20 世纪 30 年代艾青诗歌的主要意象是土地和光明。他的长诗《向太阳》《火把》借歌颂太阳、索求火把,表达了驱逐黑暗、坚持斗争、争取胜利的美好愿望,诗人也因此被称为“太阳”和“火把”的歌手。这些诗歌也是自由体诗的代表。 3. 艾青于 1910 年阴历 2 月 17 日生于浙江金华的一个地主家庭。由于家里不喜欢这个“克父母”的婴儿,就托付给乳母——大堰河收养,然而这个妇女却十分疼爱他。 4. “咳,就在如此寒冷的今夜 / 无数的 / 我们的年老的母亲,/ 都蜷伏在不是自己的家里,/ 就像异邦人 / 不知明天的车轮 / 要滚上怎样的路程?──而且 / 中国的路 / 是如此的崎岖,是如此的泥泞呀。”出自艾青《雪落在中国的土地上》。 5. 艾青的《毛泽东》歌颂了毛主席。 6. “但你是沉默的,连叹息也没有,鳞和鳍都完整,却不能动弹;你绝对的静止,对外界毫无反应,看不见天和水,听不见浪花的声音。”这段诗节选自艾青的《鱼化石》。一课初中语文,更懂语文,更懂你! 二、选择题 1. 下列诗歌写于诗人“归来”后的是( ) A.《我爱这土地》 B.《太阳的话》 C.《雪落在中国的土地上》 D.《光的赞歌》 【答案】D 2. 1978 年以后,艾青的诗风发生了很大的变化,下面不属于他这一时期诗歌特点的一项是( ) A. 诗句由原先的长短错落,不求整齐划一变得比较整齐。 B. 诗情由原先的总是充满“土地的忧郁”变得比较深沉。 C. 写法由原先的尽情的呼告、肆意的排叙变得口语化、散文化。 D. 诗意由原先的凝重、深厚变得比较警策,充满哲思。 【答案】C 3.下面对《艾青诗选》内容的表述不正确的一项是( ) A.《礁石》中“含着微笑,看着海洋”的礁石,象征着坚韧不拔、高傲自负的人们。 B.从“活着就要斗争,在斗争中前进”可以体会到诗人对革命的崇高热情、不懈努力, 以及为革命奉献生命的伟大思想感情。 C.“在死亡没有来临,把能量发挥干净”这两句可以看出诗人对生命的热爱,对生命的 赞叹、赞赏,以及奉献自己、贡献力量的伟大情怀。 D.“然后我死了,连羽毛也腐烂在土地里面。”这两句诗形象而充分地表达了诗人对土地的眷恋,而且隐含献身之意。 【答案】A 【解析】应该是象征着坚韧不拔、乐观自信的人们。 《 水浒传 》 一、 书籍简介 《水浒传》是我国文学史上第一部以白话为主体的长篇小说,相比较《三国演义》而言,更加口语化,也更容易为一般读者接受。因为《水浒传》的空前成功,也带动了明清白话小说的进一步繁荣。除了开创长篇小说白话为主体的先河之外,《水浒传》在艺术上也取得了杰出的成就。首先,就是在人物形象的塑造上,能刻画出内容更加复杂的性格,人物性格因环境而形成,同时随环境的变化而发展。人物形象带有一定的理想化色彩,同时又能够深深地扎根于生活的土壤之中。第二个方面就是在情节的设置上,《水浒传》不单以情节的生 动紧张取胜,还有较丰富真实的细节描写。第三个方面是在语言的运用上,小说在民间口语的基础上创造出一种通俗、简练、生动、富于表现力的文学语言。第四,在艺术结构方面,与内容相适应,前七十回连环套式的艺术结构独具特色。《水浒传》作者施耐庵对于这些“梁山好汉”,是给予了充分肯定和热情讴歌的。他不仅歌颂了这些人物的反抗精神、正义行动,也歌颂了他们超群的武艺和高尚的品格。很多出身下层的好汉,如李逵、三阮、武松、石秀等,对统治阶级的剥削压迫感受最深, 因此他们的反抗性也最强,统治阶级的法度条例,对他们毫无约束,像李逵竟然连皇帝也不放在眼里。他们为了起义的正义事业,赴汤蹈火,在所不辞。从字里行间,能够看得出来作者对这些英雄人物的赞扬,完全是出自内心的热爱。作品歌颂这样一批被统治阶级视为所谓“杀人放火”的强盗、朝廷的叛逆,一些所谓“不赦”的罪人,把这些造反的逆反分子写得如此光辉动人,可敬可爱,这显示了作者的胆识和正义感情。与此相反,作者对于所谓“站在上层”的人物,则将他们写得丑恶不堪,和诸位梁山好汉们形成鲜明的对比,从而启发人们去爱什么人,恨什么人。金圣叹评论《水浒传》:“无美不归绿林,无恶不归朝廷。”这句话说明了施耐庵的思想倾向和《水浒传》的深刻社会意义。中国历史上发生过无数次的农民起义和农民战争,中国的农民富有武装斗争的传统和经验,但用文学形象来歌颂农民战争,并且真实而生动地作全面的艺术再现的,只有《水浒传》。 二 、 作者介绍 施耐庵(约 1296—约 1370),原名彦端,字肇瑞,号子安,别号耐庵。泰州兴化人,祖籍苏州,舟人之子,生于兴化白驹镇(今盐城市大丰区),13 岁入私塾,19 岁中秀才,29 岁中举人,35 岁中进士。35 岁至 40 岁之间官钱塘二载,后与当道不合,复归苏州。至正十六年(1356)六十岁,张士诚据苏,征聘不应;与张士诚部将卞元 亨相友善,后流寓江阴,在祝塘镇教书。71 岁或 72 岁迁兴化,旋迁白驹场、施家桥。 施耐庵屡征不应;最后居淮安卒,终年 74 岁。著作是四大名著之一的《水浒传》。 三 、 主要人物性格及精彩故事情节概括 鲁智深 1. 人物绰号、个性:鲁智深(花和尚) 鲁智深——鲁达——鲁提辖——花和尚; 有勇有谋、粗中有细、嫉恶如仇、杀富济贫、坚定勇敢,鲁莽直率、俠肝义胆、豁达明理。 2. 精彩故事情节的概括: 拳打镇关西 起因: 鲁提辖(鲁智深)在当和尚之前,和二友在酒楼中喝酒,听人啼哭,扰了酒兴, 大怒,便问何事.一姓金父女道:有一个卖肉的镇关西,强抢民女,又要挟钱财,想到苦楚,不忍痛心。 经过: 鲁提辖听后,怒不可遏.便救济了金氏父女,第二天提着个哨棒到了镇关西家, 先耍弄了他一番,之后大打出手.鲁提辖打了镇关西三拳,拳拳正中要害,三拳便使镇关西一命呜呼。 结果: 之后因杀人,惹了大祸,便更名换姓,做了和尚,因身有花色印记,被人称“花和尚”。 倒拔垂杨柳 起因: 鲁智深为了替金氏父女出气三拳打死了郑屠后,弃职逃往他地。 经过: 鲁智深先来到五台山文殊院出家,因不守佛规,喝酒闹事,方丈又把他介绍到大相国寺看菜园子。菜园子附近住着二、三十个泼皮,他们常来菜园子偷菜,已换了几个看园子的人都管不了他们。这次听说有换了个新人,便来闹事,没想到被鲁智深把两个领头的踢到粪坑里,吓得他们跪地求饶。第二天,泼皮们买些酒菜向鲁智深赔礼。 大家正吃得高兴,听到门外大树上的乌鸦叫个不停,泼皮们说这叫声不吉利,吵得人心烦,便欲搬梯子拆掉鸟巢。鲁智深乘着酒性,先用手推了推,便脱下外套,右手向下,将腰跨一掀,竟然将碗口大的杨柳连根拔起。 结果: 众泼皮惊得个个目瞪口呆,忙跪在地上拜鲁智深为师。 大闹野猪林 起因: 林冲被押开封府。当案孔目孙定与府尹将林冲刺配沧州。高俅派人买通公人,要他们在野猪林杀死林冲。 经过: 薛霸、董超一路上百般折磨林冲。在野猪林,薛、董将林绑在树上,说明了高太尉陆虞候指使他俩陷害林冲的根由,两人要用水火棍打死林冲。 结果: 鲁智深暗中保护,林冲才得以幸免。 武松 1.人物绰号、个性:武松(行者);崇尚忠义、勇而有谋、有仇必复、有恩必报,(不足:滥杀无辜)是下层英雄好汉中最富有血性和传奇色彩的人物。 武松――武二郎 2.精彩故事情节的概括: 血刃潘金莲 起因: 一日,潘金莲挑帘失手,将竹竿打在西门庆头上。西门庆乃是阳谷县的恶霸,见潘金莲娇娆动人,就与西邻王婆定计勾引。不久,事被小贩恽哥得知,告知武大郎,武大郎赶至王婆家,西门庆反将武大郎踢伤,与潘金莲用砒霜毒死武大郎,并仗势吩咐殓尸的何九叔,将武大郎尸首焚化灭迹。 经过: 武松公干回来,看出破绽,特备水酒邀请众亲邻问讯,追查了真情,向官衙告状。可是县官受了西门庆贿赂,反打了他 40 大板。 结果:武松义愤填膺,赶至狮子楼将西门庆杀死,回家又杀了潘金莲,报了兄仇。 醉打蒋门神 起因: 施恩告诉武松与蒋门神争夺快活林失利一事,武松要立即为施恩报仇,并与施恩结为兄弟。 经过: 武松喝了许多酒,来到快活林,明明只有五分酒,却装成十分醉。武松用了打草惊蛇的法子,东倒西歪地先进了酒店——“河阳风月”酒肆,将蒋门神夫人丢进酒缸。后来武松给蒋门神使了个“玉环步,鸳鸯脚”,踩住蒋门神,一顿重拳,打得蒋门神连声求饶。 结果: 蒋门神把抢来的酒店还给施恩,快活林酒店再不姓蒋,又重新姓施了。 大闹飞云浦 起因: 孟州小管营施恩厚待武松。武松酒醉后痛打蒋门神,夺回了快活林。 经过:武松在孟州因遭张都监陷害,被刺配恩州。在荒僻之地飞云浦因公人受师傅蒋门神指示要害武松,武松立于桥头假意观望,两名提刀的公人刚要从背后下手,却被武松一脚一个踢入河中。另两个公人扭头就跑,武松扭断木枷,冲过去将二人擒住。 结果: 武松折断枷锁,杀死了想害他的 4 个公人,折回孟州城,杀死了正在设宴庆贺除掉武松的蒋门神、张团练和张都临,逃出孟州。 血溅鸳鸯楼 起因: 武松遭张都监陷害,被刺配恩州。在飞云浦因 4 公人预害武松,武松知道自己受诬是蒋门神与张团练勾结张都监一手策划后,武松杀之。 经过:武松回孟州城,在都监府,劈倒张都监家眷、仆役十多人后到鸳鸯楼上。张都监、张团练和蒋门神在楼上饮酒欢笑庆祝成功,忽然见武松上楼,顿时战战兢兢。武松二话不说,举刀就砍。不多时,便将几个恶人变做刀下鬼。 结果: 武松蘸血,于墙上写下“杀人者打虎武松也”八个字后出城,落发换服,远避他乡。 除恶蜈蚣岭 起因: 武松在鸳鸯楼,杀死蒋门神、张团练、张都监,连夜越城而走。孟州知府着人缉拿武松。 经过:张青介绍武松到二龙山宝珠寺找鲁智深、杨志处去。孙二娘母夜叉教武松打扮成行者,当时来到蜈蚣岭,与庵里假扮出家调戏妇女的飞天蜈蚣王道士遇面。 结果:武松先杀了其徒弟又杀了他。这是武松成为行者后的试刀之战。 林冲 1.人物绰号、个性:林冲(豹子头);武艺高强、勇而有谋,但为人安分守己、循规蹈矩、被逼上梁山。(林冲,原为东京八十万禁军枪棒教头,生得豹头环眼,燕颔虎须,身长八尺,人称'豹子头',又唤“小张飞”。梁山泊马军五虎将之一——天雄星——豹子头) 2.精彩故事情节的概括: 豹子头误入白虎堂 起因: 高俅的干儿子高衙内想霸占林冲的老婆。 经过:高俅和陆谦设计,先叫人假扮卖刀的用激将法将一把宝刀卖给了林冲,高俅再假借看刀为名命林冲带刀进府,故意让林冲误闯了军机重地白虎堂, 拆散他们夫妻,后又欲制林冲于死地,好让林娘子死心改嫁高衙内. 结果:林冲被定罪:误闯白虎堂,发配沧州。 林教头风雪山神庙 起因: 林冲得罪高太尉, 高太尉欲害林冲,将他发配往沧州. 经过:林冲到了沧州以后, 高太尉用钱打点牢里的上上下下,让林冲到草料场去看守. 林冲到的那天,天在下雪,他就去附近的村里买酒,回来后,他住的草屋被风吹倒了,因此他冒着大雪去山上的山神庙躲雪,无意听到陆虞候等人的话,明白了事情的原因。 结果:林冲大怒便杀了陆虞候等人.林冲雪夜上梁山。 李逵 1.人物绰号、个性:李逵(黑旋风);嫉恶如仇、俠肝义胆、脾气火爆、头脑简单、直爽率真。(用双斧,舞动起来如旋风) 2.精彩故事情节的概括: 真假李逵 起因: 一次,李逵回家探母,路遇一个打劫的强盗李鬼自称“李逵”。 经过:李鬼被李逵腿上一刀,砍翻在地。李逵因相信李鬼是个孝子便放过了他。事情说来也巧,李逵恰好投宿到了李鬼家,却发现李鬼夫妇竟想告发李逵而赚取官府的赏金。 结果:李逵一刀把李鬼砍死。再去杀那恶妇时,已不知去向。 中州(江州)劫法场 起因: 宋江因为杀了阎婆惜被下放到地方坐牢,得小旋风柴进和当地朋友的帮忙,并没有在牢里呆着,成天在外闲逛,喝酒聊天。喝醉酒误在浔阳楼上题了反诗,被江州通判黄文炳发现,被下入死囚牢。 经过:黑旋风李逵抡着大斧只顾砍人,梁山泊主晁盖起梁山兵马,攻打江州。 结果:劫了法场,救下宋江。活捉黄文炳,杀他为宋江报仇。 吴用 1.人物绰号、个性:吴用(智多星):足智多谋、神机妙算。(表字学究,道号加亮先生。平生机巧聪明,曾读万卷经书。使两条铜链。) 2.精彩故事情节的概括: 智取生辰纲 起因: 梁中书与蔡夫人欲将十万贯金珠宝贝,送蔡京(梁中书之岳父时为大师)庆寿。决定选派武艺高强,又是心腹之人的杨志负责押送生辰纲。 经过:杨志押送生辰纲去往东京,吴用利用酷热难耐的天气,知道赶路的杨志一行会口渴,于是设计让白胜用欲擒故纵法在酒中下蒙汗药,晁盖等七人扮作枣贩子在黄泥岗埋伏。 结果:杨志等全被蒙汗药麻倒,眼睁睁看着生辰纲被劫走。 宋江 1.人物绰号、个性:宋江(及时雨):为人仗义、善于用人,但总想招安。 2.精彩故事情节的概括: 三打祝家庄 起因: 石秀, 杨雄和时迁往投梁山, 中途投宿于祝家店. 时迁因偷去店中报晓鸡被捕, 石秀, 杨雄二人落荒而逃. 杨雄友杜兴领二人往寻李家庄庄主李应, 图拯救时迁. 祝家庄庄主祝朝奉独霸一方, 三子祝龙, 祝虎, 祝彪, 乡民畏如虎狼. 祝彪妻三娘为扈家庄千金, 祝家更与李家庄结盟, 三庄防固若金汤. 李应为人好义, 见石秀,杨雄求救, 即函朝奉, 促其释放时迁. 岂料朝奉指李应勾结梁山, 不肯放人之余, 更把李应射伤. 石秀, 杨雄无奈, 惟有赶赴梁山. 梁山英雄在宋江带领下, 亦有意铲除祝家庄. 经过:宋江屯兵祝家庄外, 先派石秀, 杨雄到庄内探听情况.宋江误以为石秀、杨雄皆被擒, 又错估敌人实力, 鲁莽进兵, 结果被困, 幸得石秀解围, 但已损兵折将.宋江知李应与祝家已生嫌隙, 遂备酒礼亲往拜访, 企图使李应持中立立场. 免除一方顾虑后, 宋江率众再攻祝家庄, 可是无法渡过深沟; 加以扈三娘领兵杀到, 遂无功而退. 结果:吴用遣孙立等八人混进祝家, 协助宋江. 乡民素不满祝家横行, 与孙立里应外合. 宋江把握时机, 第三次进攻, 终将祝家庄夷平. 杨志 1.人物绰号、个性:杨志(青面兽):精明能干、粗暴蛮横。 2.精彩故事情节的概括: 杨志卖刀 起因:杨志乃杨令公之孙,因丢了花石纲。后回到东京(开封)买上求下钱财使尽非但没能恢复原先官职,反被高大尉逐出殿帅府。 经过:缠盘用尽,便卖宝刀。遇到泼皮牛二,无理取闹,杨志性起用刀杀了牛二,被监禁于死囚牢中。 结果:被送北京大名府留守司充军。留守梁中书见杨大喜想通过演武试艺,抬举杨志。 四 、 练习题 一、填空题 1、《水浒传》是第一部描写农民起义的小说,全书围绕官逼民反这一线索展开情节,表现了一群不堪暴政欺压的“好汉”揭竿而起,聚义水泊梁山,直至接受招安致使起义失败的全过程。这部小说最闪光的思想在于:它将封建统治者视为“盗贼草寇”的起义农民给予充分肯定,并深刻揭示了农民起义的社会根源:即上至皇帝和高俅这样的大臣,下至大小官吏的横行霸道、昏庸无能,致使民不聊生,尖锐的阶级矛盾逐渐加深。 2、我国第一部歌颂农民起义的长篇章回小说《水浒传》写得荡气回肠、轰轰烈烈,全书的高潮部分是梁山英雄排座次;全书的低潮部分是魂聚蓼儿洼。 3、农民起义的原因:社会的黑暗和腐朽,特别是上层统治者的罪恶,造成了“官逼民反” 。 4、《水浒传》中的英雄形象,栩栩如生,性格特征各异,请分析武松、李逵、鲁智深这三个人物的共性。这三个人都是路见不平拔刀相助,见义勇为,嫉恶如仇,反对封建统治的好汉。 5、按要求写出《水浒传》中的人物及形象特征。 (1)“倒拔垂杨柳”的人物是 鲁智深 ,性格特征是: 嫉恶如仇,侠肝义胆 (2)“醉打蒋门神”“血溅鸳鸯楼”说的英雄是 武松 ,性格特征是:智勇双全 (3)“智取生辰纲”的领导者是 吴用 性格特征是:沉着冷静,足智多谋 6、《水浒传》中的人物绰号较丰富,“智多星”指 吴用 ,也被称为“赛诸葛”。请写 出下面几个人物的外号:李逵 黑旋风 林冲 豹子头 鲁智深 花和尚 二、选择题 1.下列人物中绰号叫做九纹龙的是( ) A.柴进 B.史进 C.解珍 D.燕青 【答案】B 2.拳打镇关西和倒拔垂杨柳的好汉是( ) A.林冲 B.花荣 C.鲁智深 D.武松 【答案】C 3.善于偷盗的梁山好汉是( ) A.燕青 B.戴宗 C.萧让 D.时迁 【答案】D 4.梁山号称河北玉麒麟,天下棍棒第一的是( ) A.卢俊义 B.林冲 C.武松 D.关胜 【答案】A 五 、 中考真题 【 2018 · 广东 】 阅读下列名著选段,完成 1 1 -3 3 题 宋江听罢,吃了一惊,肚里寻思道:“晁盖是我心腹弟兄。他如今犯了迷天大罪,我不救他时,捕获将去,性命便休了!”心内自慌,却答应道:“晁盖这厮,奸顽役户,本县内上下人,没一个不怪他。今番做出来了,好教他受!”何涛道:“相烦押司便行此事。”宋江道:“不妨,这事容易,‘瓮中捉鳖,手到拿来。’只是一件,这实封公文,须是观察自己当厅投下,本官看了,便好施行发落,差人去捉,小吏如何敢私下擅开?这件公事,非是小可,不当轻泄于人。”何涛道:“押司高见极明,相烦引进。”宋江道:“本官发放一早晨事务,倦怠了少歇。观察略待一时,少刻坐厅时,小吏来请。”何涛道:“望押司千万作成。”宋江道:“理之当然,休这等说话。小吏略到寒舍,分拨了些家务便到,观察少坐一坐。”何涛道:“押司尊便,小弟只在此专等。”宋江起身,出得阁儿,分付茶博士道:“那官人要再用茶,一发我还茶钱。”离了茶坊,飞也似跑到下处。先分付伴当去叫直司在茶坊门前伺候:“若知县坐衙时,便可去茶坊里安抚那公人道:‘押司稳便’,叫他略待一待。”却自槽上鞴(bei 把鞍辔等套在马身上)了马,牵出后门外去,拿了鞭子,慌忙的跳上马,慢慢地离了县治。出得东门,打上两鞭,那马拨喇喇的望东溪村撺将去,没半个时辰,早到晁盖庄上。 (节选自《水游传》) 1.结合原著,选文中晁盖犯的“迷天大罪”是指 。(2 分) 【答案】在黄泥冈劫走梁中书送给蔡京的生辰纲 2.宋江为救晁盖,具体是怎样做的?请结合选文加以分析。(4 分) 【答案】用谎言骗取何涛的信任,表明协力办差的决心;(1 分)以知县未“坐厅”为由,拖延何涛与知县相见;(1 分)以分投家务为由,脱身去给晁盖报信;(1 分)安排直司见机行事稳住何涛,拖延时间。(1 分) 3.《水浒传》108 将聚义梁山的原因有多种,请结合原著,写出其中的四种及对应的一个人物。(4 分) 【答案】示例: 第一种:因吃了官司或逃避官司而被逼上梁山的。如林冲(宋江、武松、晁盖、鲁 智深、杨志、柴进、雷横、石秀等)。 第二种:原来就分散在各山头做寨主强人,自愿加入的。如王矮虎等。 第三种:本就在江湖上作偷盗打劫勾当,主动投奔的。如孙二娘等。 第四种:因与梁山泊或其他山头好汉结交而随之上山的。如李逵等。 第五种:被梁山用计赚来的或硬拉上山的。如秦明等。 第六种:被梁山打败后拉去入伙的,如扈三娘等。

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  • ID:4-6938383 2020年中考英语复习:二轮专题研究专题三 代词专题练习课件(30张ppt)

    初中英语/中考专区/二轮专题/词法/代词

    (共30张PPT) 专题三 代词 1.We do not want a trade war,but we are not afraid of fighting     .(2019山东日照)?                  A.it B.one C.that D.this 2.—I like the coat but not the color.Have you got     one?? —Yes,I’ll show you.(2019云南) A.other B.others C.the other D.another 3.—Do you like rock music or country music? —    .I like Beijing Opera.(2019广西贺州)? A.Either B.None C.Both D.Neither A D D 4.Foreigners often use body languages to show     feelings.(2019吉林)? A.they B.their C.theirs 5.As the lights in the room went out,it was very dark and     could be seen clearly.(2019江苏宿迁)? A.something B.anything C.everything D.nothing 6.—Jack,you swam very well.Who taught you? —Nobody.I taught     .(2019湖北黄冈)? A.I B.me C.myself D.mine 7. Mr. Wang is coming to our school. I can’t wait to see     .(2019北京)? A.her B.him C.it D.them B D C B 8. —My ruler is broken. Can I borrow    ?? —Of course. Here it is.(2019河北) A.his B.hers C.mine D.yours 9.I don’t want to be     else. I just want to be     .(2019四川凉山)? A.anybody; myself B.somebody; myself C.everybody; me D.anybody; me 10.Their plants don’t grow very well, but     look really good.(2019重庆A卷)? A.we B.our C.ours D.ourselves D A C 考点1 人称代词 【考点解读】 纵观近几年的中考题,人称代词的考查重点为主格与宾格的用法辨析及词义辨析,人称代词主要在单项选择、完形填空、语法填空与词形转换中进行考查。在解答有关人称代词的题目时,首先判断是否表示人,其次看在句子中的语法功能,作主语用主格;动词、介词之后作宾语用宾格。 【即学即练】 1.The program,Ever lasting Classics,encourages     to read more Classics.(2019云南昆明)?                   A.we B.us C.our D.ours B 2.Sunny’s uncle is a teacher.     enjoys stay-ing with kids.(2019甘肃武威、白银)? A.He B.She C.It D.I 3.Tom is my best friend.I often play basketball with     .(2019重庆B卷)? A.he B.his C.him D.himself 4.—New kinds of morning exercises like dancing are becoming popular. —     can help us keep fit and have fun.(2019山西)? A.We B.You C.They A C C 5.—They won the basketball match yesterday. —Great! We are so proud of     .(2019广西百色)? A.they B.them C.Their D.theirs 6.Can you talk to     (they)and play games with them?(2019湖南常德)? 7.—Are you traveling along the Yangtze River next month? —Yes.My brother will join     (we).(2019内蒙古包头)? B them us 考点2 物主代词 【考点解读】 纵观近几年的中考题,物主代词的考查重点为形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法辨析及词义辨析,物主代词主要在单项选择、完形填空、语法填空中进行考查。在解答有关物主代词的题目时,首先判断是否表示物,其次看空格后有没有名词,有名词则用形容词性物主代词;没有名词,则用名词性物主代词。 【即学即练】 1.—Is that your watch,Mike? —No,it isn’t.     is on the table.(2019湖南湘西)? A.I B.Me C.Mine 2.I have a lovely pet cat.    name is Lazy.(2019湖北孝感)? A.It B.This C.Its D.She C C 3.—Who is the girl under the tree? —She is     classmate,Annie.(2019广西柳州)? A.I B.me C.my 4.—Which is Mary’s dictionary? —This one is     .That one is     .(2019四川内江)? A.hers;mine B.her;mine C.hers;my D.her;me 5.Tom and Jerry have a lot in common.     (they) favorite basketball player is James Harden.(2019甘肃兰州)? 6.Hi,everyone,let’s work hard! The future is     (we).(2019云南曲靖)? C A Their ours 考点3 反身代词 【考点解读】 纵观近几年的中考题,反身代词的考查重点为固定搭配及词义辨析,反身代词主要在单项选择、完形填空、语法填空中进行考查。在解答有关反身代词的题目时,看主语与宾语是否相同,若相同,宾语多用反身代词。 【即学即练】 1.The baby is too young.Don’t leave her at home by     .(2019四川遂宁)? A.she B.her C.hers D.herself 2.Our teachers and parents will be proud of us because we have grown up and can be responsible for    .(2019湖南郴州)? A.themselves B.ourselves C.yourselves D B 3.When times are difficult,tell     that pain is part of growing.(2019河南)? A.you B.yourself C.your D.yours 4.My 18-year-old elder brother can take good care of     (he).(2019甘肃武威、白银)? 5.The little boy said,“I am old enough to take good care of     ” (my).(2019山东临沂) ? 6.No matter what happens,believe in      (you),boys and girls.(2019湖北鄂州)? B himself myself yourselves 考点4 复合不定代词 【考点解读】 纵观近几年的中考题,复合不定代词的考查重点为词义辨析及复合不定代词定语的位置。复合不定代词主要在单项选择、完形填空、语法填空中进行考查。在解答有关复合不定代词的题目时,首先看句式,肯定句用some-;否定句、疑问句用any-;every-多用于肯定句及疑问句中;nothing不用于否定句。其次复合不定代词的定语后置。 【即学即练】 1.Learning is a lifelong journey because we can learn     every day.(2019黑龙江哈尔滨)? A.nothing new B.new something C.something new C 2.If something is wrong,fix it if you can.Do not worry.Worry never fixes     .(2019江苏无锡)? A.something B.everything C.anything D.nothing 3.—You look pale today,Madam! What’s the matter with you? —     serious.Just a cold.(2019江苏泰州)? A.Something B.Anything C.Nothing D.Everything C C 4.—Helen,did you do     last weekend?? —Yes,I visited my grandparents in the countryside.(2019湖南湘西) A.anything special B.something special C.special anything 5.Could you stay a little longer? I have     more to tell you about the plan for tomorrow.(2019安徽)? A.something B.everything C.anything D.nothing A A 考点5 普通不定代词 【考点解读】 纵观近几年的中考题,普通不定代词的考查重点为词义辨析及易混不定代词辨析: (1)some与any some和any都可以修饰不可数名词或可数名词,some常用于肯定句或表示请求、建议的疑问句中;any多用于疑问句、否定句和条件句中。 (2)many与much many修饰可数名词复数,much修饰不可数名词。 (3)little与few (a)little与不可数名词连用;(b)few与可数名词复数连用。little和 few表示否定,a little,a few表示肯定。 (4)both,either,neither,all与none both指两者都,常构成固定搭配both...and...;either指两者中的任何一个,常构成固定搭配either...or...;neither指两者中的一个也不,常构成固定搭配neither...nor...。all指三个或三个以上都;none指三个或三个以上都不。 (5)other,others,another,the other及the others。 other常与复数名词连用;the other表示已知两人或物中的另一个,表示特指;others表示泛指“其他的人或物”;the others表示特指,意为“其他的人或物”。another表示三个或三个以上中的另一个。 在解答有关普通不定代词的题目时,首先应该准确掌握每个不定代词的词义及用法;其次一定弄清题干的意思。 【即学即练】 1.There are only big trees on one side of the street,and different flowers lie on     .(2019湖南株洲)?                   A.other B.another C.the other 2.—Did you get the book from a bookstore or online? —    .I borrowed it from the library.? A.Either B.Neither C.Both D.None 3.—Which do you prefer,juice or tea? —     is OK.I don’t care.(2019四川广元)? A.All B.Neither C.Either C B C 4.—This room is too small.I’d like to ask for     .? —Sure.We have rooms available here.(2019湖北武汉) A.another B.the other C.one D.it 5.To help Tommy learn better,his parents have done     they could:cards,tapes,special learning centers,in short,everything they can think of.? A.both B.all C.none D.neither 6.—I don’t have enough money for the T-shirt. —Don’t worry.I can lend     to you.(2019青海)? A.any B.some C.many A B B 考点6 it,one及指示代词 【考点解读】 it,one及指示代词的考查重点为固定句型及基本用法辨析。(1)it代指前面提到的同一件事(物);其固定句型为think/find/make it+形容词+(for sb.)+to do及It’s+形容词+(for/of sb.)+to do;(2)one代指前面提到的同类事物中的一个;(3)指示代词主要用于介绍第三者、电话用语及比较句型中。it,one及指示代词主要在单项选择、完形填空、语法填空中进行考查。在解答相关的题目时,一定牢记它们的固定用法。 【即学即练】 1.“Ed,do you like The Readers hosted by Dong Qing?” “Yes,I watch     every week.” (2019贵州贵阳)? A.one B.it C.them B 2.—Excuse me,I want some books,but I can’t find a bookstore here. —I know     on my way home.Come with me,please.(2019甘肃天水)? A.one B.this C.it D.that 3.After the new high-speed railway line began operations,the time on the trip from Lianyungang to Qingdao now is much less than     in the past.(2019江苏连云港)? A.one B.this C.that D.it 4.Sam finds sweeping robots useful,and he plans to buy     for his grandma.(2019浙江温州)? A.it B.one C.this D.that A C B 5.     is unhealthy for us to go to school without eating breakfast in the morning.? A.That B.This C.It D.They 6.—Hello,may I speak to Daisy? —Hi!     (2019甘肃武威、白银)? A.This is Daisy speaking. B.She is Daisy. C.What is Daisy? D.That is Daisy. C A Ⅰ.单项选择 1.—I lost my textbook and I couldn’t find     anywhere.? —Here are some.Just take     ,please.(2019黑龙江龙东)?                   A.it;one B.it;it C.one;it 2.—Wendy,do you know the children over there? —Yes.     names are Annie and Anna.(2019广西梧州)? A.Her B.His C.Theirs D.Their 3.—What do you think of the trade war between China and America? —It’s too bad.     of them will get hurt from it.? A.Both B.Neither C.All D.None A D A 4.Dad thought     important for me to have an English dictionary.(2019安徽芜湖29中模拟)? A.that is B.it C.this D.it is 5.The weather in Bijie is the same as     in Guiyang.(2019贵州毕节市模拟)? A.that B.those C.it D.them 6.—Dave,is this Cindy’s dictionary? —No,it isn’t     .It’s Tom’s.(2019山东济南槐荫一模)? A.he B.her C.she D.hers B A D 7.—Can I come this evening or tomorrow morning? —     is OK.I’m busy today and tomorrow.(2019山东济南历城一模)? A.None B.All C.Both D.Neither 8.—Tom,where is Miss Yang? —I heard     singing a song in the next room.(2019山东济南商河一模)? A.him B.he C.she D.her 9.—Whose French book is this? —Ask Mary.I think it must belong to     .In our class,     learns French except her.(2019广东中山一中模拟)? A.her;nobody B.hers;nobody C.she;somebody D.her;anybody D D A 10.She lost herself in doing her homework so that she didn’t hear     knocking at the door at all.(2019河南省实验学校模拟)? A.somebody B.nobody C.anybody D.everybody 11.—I think I’ll miss Mr.Smith most after I graduate.What about you? —Mrs.Lee.She teaches    math.We all like her.(2018山东日照五莲一模)? A.we B.us C.our D.ours 12.—Would you mind my using your camera? —Sorry,there’s    with it.? A.wrong something B.wrong anything C.anything wrong D.something wrong C B D 13.The Greens have already retired.But    think it’s time for them to begin a new life.? A.they B.them C.their D.theirs 14.Lucy doesn’t have an eraser.Let me give     to    .? A.mine;him B.mine;her C.her;mine D.my;her 15.—Are Sandy and Kate    good friends?? —Yes,they are.Please look after    .? A.your;their B.your;them C.yours;theirs D.you;them A B B 16.—Don’t be angry with your kid when he makes a mistake,will you? —No,I won’t.I know that    of us are perfect after all.? A.none B.both C.some D.all 17.Linda didn’t find    she liked and went home with empty hands finally.? A.something B.anything C.nothing D.everything 18.Whenever Mary reads an interesting story,she can’t keep it to    and wants to share it with her friends.? A.she B.her C.hers D.herself A B D 19.It’s    hard problem for the twins that    of them can work it out.? A.so;neither B.such a;none C.so a;neither D.such a;neither 20.Nick and his two brothers look the same.They    have blonde hair and big blue eyes.? A.all B.both C.either D.neither Ⅱ.根据所给提示填空 1.The five boys attended a birthday party last Sunday and they enjoyed      (they) very much.? 2.May I use     (you) mobile phone,please? I left my phone at home.? ? D A themselves your 3.Some people like reading on WeChat,but     don’t.(other) 4.Cut the strawberries into pieces and put     into the yogurt.(they)? 5.These magazines are     (me),not yours.? 6.My little brother is so young that he can’t look after     (he) at all.(2018山东日照五莲期中)? 7.She didn’t have     (something) this morning because of her stomachache.? 8.I think    (两者都不) of you are right.? 9.We must rely on      (我们自己).? 10.Her ways of solving problems are different from    (我的).? others them mine anything neither ourselves mine himself

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  • ID:4-6938370 2020年中考英语复习:一轮复习教材梳理 九年级(7份打包46+31+36+39+42+30+41张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/九年级全册

    (共46张PPT) 九年级 Unit1~Unit 2 核心词汇 1.loud(adj.)大声的;高声的→aloud(adv.)喧闹地;大声地;响亮地→loudly(adv.)大声地;高声地 *read aloud大声读 2.pronounce(v.)发音→pronunciation(n.)发音;读音 3.patient(adj.& n.)有耐心的;病人→patience(n.)耐心→impatient(反义词)没有耐心的 *be patient with对……有耐心 4.express(v.)表示;表达→expression(n.)表情;表示;表达方式 5.discover(v.)发现;发觉→discovery(n.)发现 6.physics(n.)物理;物理学→physical(adj.)身体的 7.chemistry(n.)化学→chemical(adj.)与化学有关的;化学的 8.memory(n.)记忆;记忆力→memorize(v.)记忆;记住 9.able(adj.)能;有能力的;能干的→ability(n.)能力;才能→disabled(反义词)丧失能力的;有残疾的 *be able to能够 10.create(v.)创造;创建→creative(adj.)有创造力的;创造性的→creativity(n.)创造力;独创性 11.active(adj.)活跃的;积极的→activity(n.)活动 12.connect(v.)(使)连接;与……有联系→connection(n.)(两种事实、观念等的)联系;关联 *connect...with...把……和……连接或联系起来 13.knowledge(n.)知识;学问→knowledgeable(adj.)知识渊博的 *rich knowledge 丰富的知识 14.wise(adj.)明智的;聪明的→wisely(adv.)明智地;聪明地 15.strange(adj.)奇怪的;陌生的→stranger(n.)陌生 16.relation(n.)关系;叙述;故事;亲属关系→relative(n.)亲属;亲戚 17.steal(v.)偷;窃取→stole(过去式)→stolen(过去分词) 18.lay(v.)放置;安放;产(卵);下(蛋)→laid(过去式)→laid(过去分词) *lay out摆开;布置 19.punish(v.)处罚;惩罚→punishment(n.)处罚;惩罚 20.warm(adj.)温暖的;热情的→warmth(n.)温暖;暖和 21.spread(v.&n.)传播;展开;蔓延;传播→spread(过去式)→spread(过去分词) 短语扫描 1.study for a test 学习备考 2.by working with a group通过小组合作 3.read word by word逐字地读 4.look up查(字典) 5.be born with天生具有 6.pay attention to注意;关注 7.connect...with把……和……连接或联系起来 8.bit by bit逐渐地 9.put on 增加;发胖 10.shoot down射下 11.call out大声喊 12.end up 最终成为 13.play a joke on sb.拿某人开玩笑 句型点击 1.The more you read,the faster you’ll be. 你读得越多,便会读得越快。 2.The teacher spoke so quickly that I did not understand her most of the time. 老师说得太快,我大多数时候都听不懂。 3.I don’t know how to increase my reading speed. 我不知道怎样提高我的阅读速度。 4.But whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits. 但是你能否做好取决于你的学习习惯。 5.As a result,Chang’e became light and flew up to the sky.因此,嫦娥变轻了,飞向了天空。 6.I heard that it is becoming more and more popular to celebrate Mother’s Day and Father’s Day in China. 我听说在中国庆祝母亲节和父亲节变得越来越流行。 7.I think it’s very fun to dress up as cartoon characters! 我认为打扮成卡通人物非常有趣! 8.He warns Scrooge to change his ways if he doesn’t want to end up like him. 他警告斯科鲁奇,若不想和他落得同样的下场,就应该改变他的行事方式。 9.He also tells Scrooge to expect three spirits to visit him.他也告诉斯科鲁奇有三个精灵光临拜访他。 10.He decides to change his life and promises to be a better person. 他决定改变自己的人生,承诺去做一个善人 语法聚焦 1.by+动名词 2.宾语从句(由that,if和whether引导)(见本书P158) 3.感叹句(见本书P155) 考点1 patient adj.有耐心的 n.病人 ①patient作形容词,意为“有耐心的”,反义词是impatient,意为“没有耐心的”。be patient with ...表示“对……有耐心”。 ②patient作名词,意为“病人”。 [图解助记] 【即学即练】 1.(2019山东日照)Just be     ;you can’t lose your weight in a day.?                    A.careful B.patient C.honest D.brave 2.(2019北京)Julie takes good care of the family dog.She is     than her brother.? A.patient B.more patient C.most patient D.the most patient 3.(2019江苏常州)As a good teacher,she is never     (patient) with her students.? B B impatient 考点2 辨析:discover,invent与create 单词 意义 用法 例句 discover 发现 指发现一种世上本来就存在的,只是人们现在才认识到的东西 Columbus discovered America in 1492.哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲大陆。 invent 发明; 创造 主要指发明一种世上原本不存在的东西 The Wright brothers invented the first plane in the world.怀特兄弟发明了世界上第一架飞机。 create 创作; 创造 指从无到有,创作出原本不存在的东西,如艺术作品、理论等 They created a new record again.他们再一次创造了一项新纪录。 [图解助记] 【即学即练】 1.The 17-year-old high school student is trying to     a robot which can think like a human.? A.discover B.organize C.invent D.achieve 2.Sun Li is an excellent actress.She     many wonderful characters in her works.? A.found B.discovered C.created D.invented 3.(2019山东临沂)Scientists around the world are working to     (cover)a medicine for AIDS(艾滋病).? C C discover 考点3 warn v.警告;告诫 warn sb.(not) to do sth. 告诫某人(不要)做某事 warn sb.of sth. 告诫某人当心某事 warn sb.about sth. 提醒某人注意某事 warn sb.against sth. 告诫某人提防某事 【即学即练】 1.The traffic signs warn people     after drinking.? A.to drive B.not to drive C.driving D.don’t drive 2.Miss Zhang warns me     the mistakes I’ve made in my paper.? A.in B.with C.of D.to 3.My parents warn me     going outside alone at night.? A.against B.from C.up D.off B C A 书面表达高频话题突破——语言学习 【命题解读】   分析近五年来与“语言学习”话题相关的书面表达可看出,此话题通常从以下角度进行命题: 1.介绍学习的经验或体会; 2.描述学习中遇到的困难,提出合理的建议帮助解决问题。 【典题分析】   假设你是李华,你们学校正在对本校学生英语学习的情况进行调查,并征求同学们对英语教学的建议。请按下表提示,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈你的英语学习情况以及你对老师教学的建议。 项   目 内   容 你对英语的认识 1.英语是世界上使用最广泛的语言; 2.学英语有助于了解世界上不同的文化; …… 你目前的英语水平 1.能用英语与同学进行简单的交流; 2.喜欢演讲,去年在演讲比赛中获奖; …… 你英语学习中存在的问题 1.不能正确地运用语法规则; 2.写作中有时不能清楚地表达自己; …… 你对英语教学的建议 ……(考生自己发挥,至少一点) 要求: 1.词数100左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 2.所写内容必须包括表格中所提供的信息,并可作适当的发挥。 I am Li Hua._______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ I wish our school will consider my advice. 【思路点拨】 1.本文是一篇介绍自己的英语学习情况和对老师教学的建议的说明文。 2.在写作时,要先点明对英语的认识,然后具体介绍自己英语的水平和存在的问题,最后描述对英语教学的建议。人称使用第一人称和第三人称。 3.本文可以分四段或五段展开写作,要做到谋篇布局合理,层次分明,条理清晰,可以合理地使用一些表层级关系的词或短语,努力做到语言丰富,表达准确。本文是英语学习情况和教学建议的相关信息,因此使用一般过去时和一般现在时。 【范文欣赏】   I am Li Hua.I think English is the most widely used language in the world.English helps us understand different cultures in the world.English can also help us improve our communication skills.? At present I can communicate with my classmates in English simply.I also like speeches.I won the prize in the speech contest last year.And I believe that I should be able to talk with others correctly when I go to a western country. However,I have some problems in learning English.I can’t use the grammar rules correctly.Sometimes I can’t express myself clearly in writing.I often find it hard to remember more difficult words. At last,I have some suggestions for English teaching as well.I think teachers should communicate with us in English when they are in class. I wish our school will consider my advice.? 【学以致用】   最近,学校就空中英语俱乐部的英语学习内容设置做了意向调查(结果见下图)。请你帮俱乐部用英语写一篇报告,并谈谈你自己的想法或建议。 注意:(1)文中应包含图表所提供的要点,可适当发挥; (2)想法和建议至少两条;文中不能出现真实姓名和校名; (3)词数80—100(短文开头不计入总词数,可以选择使用)。 Recently we’ve made a survey of sky English club.____________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: Recently we’ve made a survey of sky English club.Here are the results.We find that fifty-one percent of the students want to practice their spoken English by using Internet.Twenty-five percent of the students like watching English movies,which can make their holiday life better.Eighteen percent of the students would like to read more English classics because they are interested in them.Six percent of the students hope that they can learn more foreign culture,such as good manners and western festivals.? As far as I know,it’s very helpful to improve English by learning English songs.Maybe we can invite foreigners to introduce good ways to learn songs.I’m sure all of us will have fun in the sky English club. Ⅰ.单项选择 1.(2019湖南湘西)—How do you practice your spoken English,Andrew? —By     English with my classmates.?                    A.to speak B.speaking C.speak 2.(2019江苏南通)—Excuse me,can you teach me how to     this new word?? —No problem.Look at my mouth and listen carefully. A.prove B.pronounce C.prepare D.produce 3.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)Though Bill is very young,he has a lot of     about Chinese history.? A.information B.knowledge C.background D.experience B B B 4.(2019河南)For his son’s birthday,Steven is taking him to the new movie as a     .? A.task B.treat C.choice D.visit 5.(2019江苏南通)—     did you celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival this year,Tom?? —By making rice dumplings with my Chinese friends. A.Where B.When C.How D.Why 6.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)Look at the blue sky.     fine weather it is!? A.How B.How a C.What D.What a B C C 7.The total number of online literature website users had     to 352 million by the end of June 2017.And the number is still growing.? A.increased B.influenced C.included D.introduced 8.(2019青海)—What did you learn in geography class yesterday? —I learned that the sun     in the east.? A.was rising B.rises C.rose A B 9.(2019四川眉山)—What did Tom say to you just now,John? —He asked     .? A.what I am so happy today B.what will I do for the weekend C.who did I play football with after school D.if I could go to the movies with him tonight 10.—How is your English going? —    .I can read pretty well and my writing has improved.? A.Not bad B.Not yet C.Not at all D.Not any more D A Ⅱ.根据短文内容,判断下面各小题的正(T)误(F) We all learn foreign languages today.They open up our eyes to the world.They may help us live and work in other countries.They may also make us more successful in the future. Because of this,Chinese is now a popular foreign language for Russian students.Now,123 primary and middle schools in the country have Chinese classes,according to Sputnik(俄罗斯卫星通讯社).The Russian students like learning Chinese in class. This year,Russian middle school students will have some Chinese textbooks.People’s Education Press(出版社)in China helped a local press make them.Students will use the textbooks to learn Chinese in class.For students in the 9th grade,a Chinese language test will be in their exams. “Our cooperation with China is growing,” said an education officer in Russia.“And the Chinese language becomes more important.” 1.Learning foreign languages may help us live and work in other countries. 2.Russian is now a popular foreign language for Chinese students. 3.The Russian students like learning Chinese in class. 4.For students in Grade 8,a Chinese language test will be in their exams. 5.The Chinese language becomes less important in Russia. 1-5 TFTFF Ⅲ.(2019浙江绍兴)阅读理解 A British man has learned the skills needed to perform Beijing Opera,making the audience(观众)enjoy his lively performance of the Monkey King. Ghaffar Pourazar,born in Iran,said he has been a big fan of Bruce Lee since he was a child and is full of interest about China.In 1993,he happened to watch Beijing Opera performed in London by professionals from Jingju Theatre Company of Beijing.Ghaffar said he fell in love with the beautiful voices,colorful costumes,excellent shows and so on.So after one year,he arrived in China alone and became a student of Beijing Opera at a Beijing school. At the age of 32,he had to learn with teenage students every day,starting from the most basic training of the legs and waist.At the time,he was mostly troubled by the dialogue in Beijing Opera.To him,it was the biggest obstacle.But he never gave up. Four years later,he began to learn to perform the Monkey King,a traditional character from the Chinese classic story Journey to the West.He said he arrived in the workroom an hour earlier than other performers and also bought books and CDs to better understand the character. Ghaffar today is not only good at speaking Beijing dialect(方言)but has also built a fame for Beijing Opera.He once got a top international prize for performing the Monkey King. To help more people enjoy Beijing Opera,Ghaffar often teaches the traditional art form in schools in the United States,Britain and other countries.When he found that the language was difficult to understand,he started to translate Beijing Opera song lyrics.Ghaffar led a group of actors to perform 66 times in a month and a half in the United States.He also led a 48-member team to perform in Malaysia.In the past 10 years,he has performed in more than 400 shows. 1.In the year of 1994,Ghaffar began to     .? A.make friends with Bruce Lee B.take an interest in China C.learn Beijing Opera in Beijing D.act the part of the Monkey King 2.The underlined word “obstacle” in Paragraph 3 probably means “    ”.? A.chance B.problem C.topic D.dream 3.It can be inferred from the passage that Ghaffar     .? A.is successful in performing Beijing Opera B.has written some books about Beijing Opera C.got a prize for translating Journey to the West D.doesn’t need any more members in his team 4.The passage is most probably from the part of     in a newspaper.? A.sports B.business C.culture D.education 1-4 CBAC Ⅳ.(2019黑龙江齐齐哈尔)阅读表达 There are many holidays and festivals.Dads have Father’s Day.Mums have Mother’s Day.But do our grandparents have a special festival? Yes,they do! The Double Ninth Festival is a special day for people in China.It started long ago.The festival is on lunar September 9th.On this day,people show love and respect to their grandparents. There are many ways in which Chinese people express their respect.When an older person enters a room,everyone stands.People are introduced from the oldest to the youngest.When we present a book to an older person,two hands are used.Young people always offer their seats to older people on a crowded subway or bus. Respecting older people is a tradition in China.That’s because the Chinese know that older people have knowledge and experience that young people can learn.Chinese people are proud of being old. In Western countries,however,older people seldom think they are old.They are called “seniors” instead of “old people”.They’d rather do everything themselves.Even after retirement(退休)they take up hobbies,part-time jobs and new activities to keep their bodies working well. Westerners respect their older people,too.Usually,seniors don’t have to buy tickets for trains and buses.They are given discounts(打折)in stores and restaurants. But Western seniors don’t often live with their children—they live alone.For holidays,the family usually gather at the grandparents’home,and a great smile and a warm hug for their parents are enough for grown children to show their respect. 阅读短文,回答下列问题。 1.When is the Double Ninth Festival? ?_____________________________________________________________ 2.How many ways in which Chinese people express their respect are mentioned? ?_____________________________________________________________ 3.What can the young learn from older people? ?_____________________________________________________________ 4.Can seniors in Western countries take the trains for free? ?_____________________________________________________________ 5.How do Western grown children show their respect? ?_____________________________________________________________ It is on lunar September 9th./On lunar September 9th. Four(ways)./4. Knowledge and experience./They can learn knowledge and experience. Yes,they can. By giving a great smile and a warm hug./They show their respect by giving a great smile and a warm hug./They give a great smile and a warm hug. Ⅴ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景(有两个多余选项)。 (Nancy comes to Huanggang for a tour.She meets Li Fei in the street.) N:Good afternoon! I’m Nancy.Nice to meet you! L:Nice to meet you,too.I’m Li Fei.1.   ? N:Yes.I hear Huanggang is a beautiful city.By the way,where are you going? L:I’m going to relax myself by West Lake.2.   ? N:Sure,I’d love to. (Ten minutes later.) E A N:Look! There are so many people boating on the lake.Why? L:3.     Qu Yuan was a great poet in ancient China.On that day,we also throw zongzi into the lake or river.? N:Sounds very interesting.4.   ? L:You’re welcome.Oh,Nancy.I have to leave now.I’ll prepare for tomorrow’s final exam. N:5.     Goodbye!? L:Bye-bye! C G D A.Would you like to go there with me? B.When did you come to Huanggang? C.Oh,they’re preparing for tomorrow’s Dragon Boat Festival in memory of Qu Yuan. D.OK.Good luck to you! E.Are you on a vacation here? F.Could you tell me something about Dragon Boat Festival? G.Thank you for telling me a lot. Ⅵ.短文填空 根据短文内容,在每个空格处填写一个适当的词,使文章意思完整且符合逻辑。(每空一词) Do you like English? How many English words have you learned so 1.    ? It seems that many students find it difficult to remember new words when they begin to study English.Let me give you some 2.    :? advice,works,remember,carefully,far,listen,together,names, following,pronounced far advice Do not waste time in learning a list of English words.It is the hardest way to 3.     them.How did you learn to speak Chinese? You did it by listening 4.     to people talking around you.Find some radio programs,TV programs and records,and 5.     to them carefully.The best way to learn all new words is by eyes.As you listen to more and more dialogues,you will learn how English is 6.     .Of course it is not enough to learn new words.You must learn how words are put 7.    ,and why some words in English are emphasized(重读).? remember  carefully listen pronounced  together Some people have found that they can learn the 8.      of everyday objects such as a box,a bottle,a cup,a desk and so on in the 9.     way.They write the words as they say them.Try this and see if this way 10.     for you.If it does not,then practice dialogues.? names following works Ⅶ.(2019辽宁盘锦)书面表达 最近,某英文报刊正在举办征文活动,主题是“弘扬中华传统文化,畅谈中国传统佳节”。请你以“My Favorite Chinese Festival”为题,写一篇英语作文,为本次活动投稿。 内容提示:(1)简单介绍你最喜欢的传统节日:名称及时间等; (2)讲述该节日有哪些主要庆祝方式:食物及活动等; (3)说说你对这个节日的感受及喜爱它的原因。 写作要求:(1)内容包含以上要点; (2)语言表达准确,语意通顺、连贯,词数:60~80词; (3)书写工整、规范,文中不得出现真实姓名、校名和地名。 My Favorite Chinese Festival ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: My Favorite Chinese Festival? As we all know,there are many traditional festivals in China.Among them,I like the Spring Festival best. It comes in January or February.It is a time for family members to get together.On the eve of the Spring Festival,all family members enjoy different kinds of food,such as dumplings and fish.We also watch the Spring Festival Gala and stay up late,hoping to have a new start in the following year. The Spring Festival can not only make us feel love and happiness,but also the importance of home and family. ? (共31张PPT) 九年级 Unit3~Unit 4 核心词汇 1.suggest(v.)建议;提议→suggestion(n.)建议 *suggest doing sth.建议做某事 2.center(n.)中心;中央→central(adj.)中心的;中央的 3.east(adj.&adv.)东方的,东部的;向东,朝东→eastern(adj.)东方的;东部的 *The sun rises in the east.太阳从东方升起。 4.convenient(adj.)便利的;方便的→convenience(n.)方便;便利;适宜;省事→inconvenient(反义词)不便利的,不方便的 5.polite(adj.)有礼貌的;客气的→politely(adv.)礼貌地;客气地→impolite(反义词)不礼貌的;粗鲁的 6.direct(adj.)直接的;直率的→directly(adv.)径直地;直接地;坦率地;直爽地→indirect(adj.)间接的→direction(n.)方向;方位 7.correct(adj.)正确的;恰当的→correctly(adv.)正确地 8.speak(v.)讲话;演讲;→spoke(过去式)→spoken(过去分词)→speaker(n.)讲(某种语言)的人;发言者 *speak of谈到,论及 *speak out大声地说,大胆地说 9.humor(n.)幽默,诙谐;心情→humorous(adj.)有幽默感的;滑稽有趣的→humorously(adv.)滑稽地;幽默地 10.silent(adj.)不说话的;沉默的→silence(n.)沉默;缄默;无声→silently(adv.)不说话地;沉默地 11.help(v.)帮助;促进→helpful(adj.)有用的;有帮助的→helpless(adj.)无助的 *helpful friend 益友 *be helpful to 对……有帮助的,对……有益的 12.interview(v.&n.)采访;面试;访谈→interviewer(n.)主持面试者;接见者;采访者 13.deal(v.)对付;对待→dealt(过去式/过去分词) *deal with应对;处理 14.require(v.)需要;需求→requirement(n.)所需的(或所要的)东西 15.Europe(n.)欧洲→European(adj.)欧洲(人)的 16.Africa(n.)非洲→African(adj.& n.)非洲(人)的 17.Britain(n.)英国→British(adj.)英国(人)的 18.absent(adj.)缺席;不在→absence(n.)缺席;离开;不在原处 *be absent from缺席 19.fail(v.)不及格;失败;未能做到→failure(n.)失败 *fail in the exam考试失败 20.examine(v.)检查;检验→examination(n.)考试;审查 21.exact(adj.)准确的;精密的;精确的→exactly(adv.)确切地;精确地 22.pride(n.)自豪;骄傲→proud(adj.)自豪的;骄傲的 *be proud of为……骄傲;感到自豪 *take pride in为……感到自豪 23.general(adj.)总的;普遍的→generally(adv.)普遍地;广泛地 短语扫描 1.get some information about 获得一些有关……的信息 2.come on快来;加油 3.lead into导入;引入 4.on time按时 5.pass by路过;经过 6.pardon me抱歉;请再说一遍 7.from time to time时常;有时 8.deal with对付;应付 9.in public公开地;在别人(尤指生人)面前 10.be absent from缺席 11.in person亲身;亲自 句型点击 1.The supermarket is between the flower store and the bookstore. 超市在花店和书店之间。 2.Can you tell me where theres a good place to eat? 你能告诉我好的吃饭的地方在哪儿吗? 3.Sometimes we even need to spend time leading into a request. 有时我们甚至需要花费时间导入到一个请求。 4.This party is such a great idea! 这个派对是多好的一个主意呀! 5.I used to see him reading in the library every day. 我过去常看见他每天在图书馆读书。 6.Now she’s not shy anymore and loves singing in front of crowds. 现在她不再害羞,并且喜欢在众人面前唱歌。 7.Only a very small number of people make it to the top. 只有非常少的人们能够成功地到达顶部。 8.It is hard to believe that he used to have difficulties in school. 很难相信他过去学业上有困难。 语法聚焦 1.宾语从句(where,when,how等)(见本书P158) 2.used to的用法 考点1 suggest与advise ? 相同点 不同点 接名词、动名 词或that引导的 宾语从句作宾 语。 ①advise可接动词不定式,suggest后接动名词。 ②advise的名词形式advice,是不可数名词;suggest的名词形式 suggestion,是可数名词。 ③ suggest有“暗示;表明”的意思。 【即学即练】 1.(2019辽宁本溪)The article gives students some     about how to stay safe online.?                 A.suggestions B.activities C.decisions D.advantages 2.After supper,I suggested     (go) for a walk in the park and my parents agreed.? 3.My brother advised me     (do) homework first.? A going to do 考点2 辨析:pride与proud ? 单词 词性 含义 搭配 pride 名词 自豪;骄傲 the pride of... ……的骄傲/自豪 take pride in 为……感到自豪 proud 形容词 自豪的;骄傲的 be proud of 为……骄傲;为……感到自豪 【即学即练】 1.(2019青海)We are all     little Mary? because she won the first place in the piano competition. A.thankful to B.interested in C.proud of 2.(2019安徽)You can see the     in our faces when we talk about the great achievements in the past 70 years.? A.Doubt B.pride C.regret D.ability 3.(2019江苏扬州)Our country is becoming stronger and stronger and I’m     (自豪的)of her. C B proud 考点3 辨析:do with与deal with ? 词组 含义 用法 deal with 处理;应付 强调处理的方式、方法,常与how连用 do with 处理;安置 强调处理的对象,常与what连用 【即学即练】 1.We can’t decide what will happen in our life,but we can decide what to     them.? A.deal with B.begin with C.do with D.come up with 2.The girls don’t know how to     the relationship among themselves.? A.deal with B.do with C.agree with D.talk with C A Ⅰ.单项选择 1.(2019贵州铜仁)China is     Asian country while England is     European country.?                  A.an;an B.a;a C.an;a D.a;an 2.(2019四川遂宁)I live next to a supermarket.It’s     for me to do some shopping.? A.crowded B.valuable C.convenient D.awful 3.(2019江苏连云港)While watching the film yesterday,I couldn’t stop laughing at some     moments.? A.humorous B.challenging C.dangerous D.surprising C C A 4.(2019黑龙江哈尔滨)—Some students don’t know how to     worries.? —They can ask their teachers and parents for help. A.belong to B.deal with C.call in 5.(2019四川遂宁)Could you tell me     ?? A.when will they leave Beijing B.when would they leave Beijing C.when they will leave Beijing D.when they would leave Beijin B C 6.Are you alone? I just want a     word with you.? A.single B.new C.private D.certain 7.—I’ve tried hard at my school work but still     .? —Don’t be upset.Sometimes losing is only a sign that you really tried. A.failed B.worried C.improved D.succeeded 8.—Could you help me carry the equipment to the basketball field,Robin? —    .I’ll do it at once.? A.Not at all B.No problem C.Wait a moment D.That’s right C A B Ⅱ.(2019四川德阳)完形填空 Thirty years ago,I walked into a bakery(面包厂)to buy some cakes to sell in the street.At that time,I was 12 years old.A kind lady served me that day.She gave me twenty  1 without taking my money and  2  me good luck.? I took the cakes and went out to sell them.It took me all day, 3  I sold them all.And I made some money.I felt I was the  4  boy in the world when I walked home that evening.? The next day,I went to a bike shop.I paid a deposit(定金)for a new  5 .And then I started my job as a newspaper delivery(投递)boy.Soon I could  6  the rest of the money for the bike and the bike was mine.I was so proud of myself.? Today I  7  work in the delivery business.I have a truck to send things all over the country.I live in a beautiful house,but I don’t ride a bike these days.I drive a nice large car.? I don’t know who that  8  was.But because she gave me the start,I have become a  9  man.I’d like to show my  10  to her.? 1.A.eggs B.apples C.cakes D.flowers 2.A.asked B.wished C.said D.told 3.A.but B.if C.for D.or 4.A.unluckiest B.laziest C.happiest D.smartest 5.A.car B.truck C.bus D.bike 6.A.spend B.pay C.cost D.take 7.A.yet B.even C.ever D.still 8.A.boy B.man C.lady D.child 9.A.successful B.poor C.good D.bad 10.A.sorry B.thanks C.regrets D.love 1-5 CBACD 6-10 BDCAB Ⅲ.阅读理解 Dear Susan, How are you? I’m going to visit Hong Kong with Mum and Dad next month.We’ll arrive on the second of August.It’s so exciting! We can meet each other soon! I will spend a day in Ocean Park on the third of August.I know that you’ve visited Ocean Park many times before.Can you give me some advice on what to see in Ocean Park? I would also like to visit you at your home on the fourth of August.Are you free on that day? I’ve bought a present for you.I think you’ll love it. By the way,would you like to go to Disneyland with me? I really want to take some photos with you in Disneyland.You know,I love the famous cartoon characters of Disney such as Snow White and Mickey Mouse very much.I know you love them too. When can you go to Disneyland with me? Please let me know.I’ll stay until the ninth of August and go back to England on that day. See you soon. Love, Lily 1.When will Lily arrive in Hong Kong? A.On the second of August. B.On the third of August. C.On the fourth of August. D.On the ninth of August. 2.How long will Lily spend in Ocean Park? A.Half a day. B.One day. C.One and a half days. D.Two days. 3.What will Lily do on the fourth of August? A.Buy a present. B.Visit Ocean Park. C.Go back to England. D.Visit Susan at her home. 4.What will Lily do in Disneyland? A.Take photos. B.Watch a cartoon. C.See a film of Mickey Mouse. D.Read the story of Snow White. 5.Lily wants to know    .? A.if Susan has received her present B.when she will go back to England C.if Susan can meet her at the airport D.when Susan can go to Disneyland with her 1-5 ABDAD Ⅳ.短文还原 阅读下面短文,把A~E五个句子填入文中空缺处,使短文内容完整。 In Australia there is a famous island called Fraser Island.A great many visitors come here for holidays every year.Why? The reason is that it is special.1.    .In fact,it is the largest sand island in the world.It’s about 200 kilometers long and 240 kilometers wide.? Though the island is a popular place of interest,there is no airport on the island.The long beach along the east coast works as the airport.2.    .? On the island there are sand hills without any plants,but there are forests with old trees,beautiful flowers and over a hundred lakes,too.3.    .? C A E Every year,visitors come to enjoy the island’s natural beauty.People like camping and hiking there.4.    .Animals were killed for food and this made them in danger of extinction(灭绝).They threw rubbish everywhere,and the lakes were seriously polluted.? 5.    .Rules have been set up.For example,visitors are not allowed to use motorboats(摩托艇)or go fishing in the lakes,and they mustn’t leave any rubbish.? D B A.Planes arrive and leave from here B.So it is time to protect the environment of the island C.The island is completely made of sand D.Unluckily,visitors have caused many problems E.Many kinds of birds and animals live in the forest Ⅴ.短文填空 阅读下面的短文,从方框内选择适当的单词,用其正确形式填空。其中有两个多余选项。 Some people have a very poor sense of direction.Unluckily,I am one of them.I have visited a place many times but I may still get 1.     there the next time.? When I was a little girl,I never dared to ask 2._________ the way.And so I used to walk around in circles and hope that by chance I would get to the place I was going to. Now,I am no longer too 3.     to ask people for directions,but I often receive helpless or even wrong information.So I try to 4.     giving people wrong directions.5.     anyone ever asks me the way somewhere,I would say,“Sorry,I am a stranger here.” ? strangers,polite,lost,shy,way,avoid,if,for,reply,rushing,by,however lost strangers shy avoid If Once on my 6.     to work I was stopped by a man.He asked me if I could tell him the way to the Friendship Building.I gave him my usual 7.______ .But just as I walked on only a few steps,I realized that he had asked the way to my office building.8.    ,I had no time to turn back and look for him.I was 9.     to meet with someone at my office and I didn’t want to keep him waiting.? When I just got to my office,the secretary(秘书)showed in the man who had asked me 10.______ directions.Imagine how embarrassed I was and how surprised he was when we saw each other at the first sight. way reply However rushing for (共36张PPT) 九年级 Unit5~Unit 6 核心词汇 1.glass(n.)玻璃→glasses(pl.)眼镜 2.leaf(n.)叶;叶子→leaves(pl.) 3.produce(v.)生产;制造;出产→product(n.)产品;制品 4.wide(adj.)广泛的;宽的→widely(adv.)广泛地;普遍地 *be widely spoken被广泛地说 5.postman(n.)邮递员→postmen(pl.) 6.it(pron.)它→it(人称代词宾格)它→its(形容词性物主代词)它的→its(名词性物主代词)它的→itself(反身代词)它自己 *by itself它自己 7.live(v.)居住;生存;生活→alive(adj.)活着的;有生气的→lively(adj.)生气勃勃的;(色彩)鲜艳的 8.please(v.)使喜欢;使高兴;讨人喜欢→pleased(adj.)高兴的;满意的→pleasure(n.)高兴;愉快→pleasant(adj.)令人高兴的 *be pleased to do sth.高兴做某事 *With pleasure.非常乐意。 *My pleasure.不用谢。 9.day(n.)一天;时期→daily(adj.)每日的;日常的 10.rule(v.)统治;管理;支配→ruler(n.)统治者;支配者 11.smell(v.&n.)发出……气味;闻到→smelled/smelt(过去式)→smelled/smelt(过去分词) 12.nation(n.)国家;民族→national(adj.)国家的;民族的→international(adj.)国际的 13.translate(v.)翻译→translation(n.)翻译;译文→translator(n.)(尤指专职)翻译,译员,翻译家 *translate...into...把……翻译成…… 14.sudden(adj.)突然的;意外的;→suddenly(adv.)突然;忽然 *all of a sudden突然;猛地 15.music(n.)音乐→musician(n.)音乐家→musical(adj.)音乐的;有音乐天赋的 16.custom(n.)风俗;习俗→customer(n.)顾客;客户 17.Canada(n.)加拿大→Canadian(adj.&n.)加拿大的;加拿大人的;加拿大人 18.hero(n.)英雄;男主角→heroes(pl.) 19.near(prep.&adj.)在……附近,靠近;近的,靠近的→nearly(adv.)几乎;差不多 短语扫描 1.be known for以……闻名;为人知晓 2.no matter不论;无论 3.have a point有道理 4.by accident偶然;意外地 5.take place 发生;出现 6.without doubt 毫无疑问;的确 7.by mistake错误地;无意中 8.divide...into 把……分开 9.not only ... but also ...不但……而且…… 10.look up to 钦佩;仰慕 句型点击 1.—Is it made of silver? 它是用银制成的吗? —Yes,and it is made in Thailand. 是的,而且它产于泰国。 2.How is tea produced? 茶叶是如何生产的? 3.As far as I know,tea plants are grown on the sides of mountains. 据我所知,茶树长在山坡上。 4.It seems that many people all over the world drink Chinese tea. 看起来全世界很多人喝中国茶。 5.No matter what you may buy,you might probably think those products were made in those countries. 不论你可能买什么,你可能会想那些物品都是在那些国家生产的。 6.The most common things,from paper to clay to bamboo,are turned into objects of beauty. 最常见的东西,从纸到陶土再到竹子,都变成了美丽的艺术品。 7.According to Chinese history,sky lanterns were first used by Zhuge Kongming. 根据中国的历史,孔明灯由诸葛孔明第一次使用。 8.It takes several weeks to complete everything. 花费好几周的时间来完成每件事情。 9.It is said that a Chinese ruler called Shen Nong was the first to discover tea as a drink. 据说一个叫神农的中国统治者是第一个发现茶作为饮料的人。 10.These stars encourage young people to work hard to achieve their dreams. 这些明星鼓励年轻人努力工作以实现自己的梦想。 语法聚焦 一般现在时及一般过去时的被动语态(见本书P142) 考点1 辨析:lively,live,living与alive 单词 意义 用法 备注 lively 生动活泼的;鲜艳的 定语(前置)、表语、主语补足语、宾语补足语 不表示有生命 live 活生生的;现场直播 作定语;只修饰物;不修饰人 表示有生命 living 活着的;现存的;逼真的;栩栩如生的 表语、主语补足语、宾语补足语和前置定语,多指物 表示有生命 alive 活着的;有活力的 定语(后置)、表语 表示有生命 【即学即练】 1.(2018新疆阜康、米泉)—Mr.Black always makes his class     and keeps his students interested in class.? —What a successful teacher he is!                A.boring B.lovely C.slowly D.lively 2.The young man earns his     by doing all kinds of things.? A.live B.alive C.lively D.living 3.The hero has been dead for many years,but he is still     (live)in our hearts.? D D alive 考点2 辨析:pleasure,pleased,pleasant与please pleasure n.高兴;愉快 回答对方的感谢用my pleasure 回答对方的请求用with pleasure pleased adj.感到高兴的 作表语不作定语 常用短语be pleased with/at pleasant adj.令人高兴的 作定语,修饰事物而不修饰人 其反义词为unpleasant please v.(使)高兴;(使)满意 不用于进行时。 【即学即练】 1.(2019甘肃天水)—Could you tell me how to pay for the food by QR code(二维码)on the phone? —    .? A.Take it easy B.It doesn’t matter C.With pleasure D.You’re welcome 2.—Thank you for helping me. —    .? A.Not at all B.It is a big deal C.My pleasure D.That’s all right 3.I had a     (please)winter vacation with my family in the north.? C C pleasant 考点3 doubt n.疑惑;疑问 v.怀疑 词性 含义 用法 名词 疑惑;疑问 without doubt 毫无疑问 no doubt 毫无疑问 in doubt 疑惑;拿不定主意 动词 怀疑 (1)在肯定句中后面可以接if或whether (2)在否定句及疑问句中可以跟that从句 【即学即练】 1.(2019辽宁抚顺)—Su Bingtian is the winner of the IAAF World Indoor Tour(国际田联室内巡回赛). —    ,he is a talented runner.? A.Without doubt B.For example C.Once in a while D.All of a sudden 2.I doubt     he will win the first prize,because he doesn’t prepare for it well.? A.that B.how C.if D.when A C 考点4 辨析:divide与separate [图解助记] separate...from... “将……与……分开”,指把原来连在一起或接近的部分分隔开来。 divide...into... 表示把某个整块分割为若干部分。 【即学即练】 1.All the students are     (划分)into four teams.? 2.To be a good citizen,one should draw a clear     (divide)line between good and bad.? 3.感染病毒的这个人应该被隔离。 The man with virus should             the others.? divided dividing be separated from Ⅰ.单项选择 1.(2019广西桂林)Americans always use     to have meals while Chinese use chopsticks.?                A.knife B.bowl C.forks 2.(2019江苏盐城)The number of the people using Huawei     is getting larger and larger.? A.cultures B.customers C.products D.histories 3.(2019四川乐山)—Look,Linda.The flowers in our classroom came out in one night. —I can’t believe it.They are beautiful and colorful.They     great.? A.sound B.smell C.taste C C B 4.(2019辽宁辽阳)—Your classroom looks so clean and tidy. —Yes,it     every day.? A.cleans B.is cleaned C.cleaned D.was cleaned 5.(2019福建)—What should we do for the camping trip? —We’d better make a     of things like foods,drinks,medicine and so on.? A.list B.card C.report 6.(2019天津)The     of this activity is to raise money for a new hospital.? A.silence B.purpose C.culture D.language B A B 7.He was once     killed in a car accident several years ago.? A.completely B.sadly C.exactly D.nearly 8.—What did he say in his letter? Is everything OK with his father? —No idea.He didn’t     his parents in the letter.? A.admire B.notice C.mention D.miss D C 9.(2018青海)Sorry,this is your letter,but I opened it     .? A.by mistake B.by accident C.by myself 10.—Why do you     Liu Hulan?? —Because she is a great hero. A.look like B.look down C.look over D.look up to A D Ⅱ.(2019四川绵阳)阅读理解 Chinese companies lead in global 5G patent applications(专利应用)with Huawei taking the crown,according to a report by IPlytics,an authorized patent data company.Three companies from China were included in the top 10 list of 5G Standards-Essential Patents(SEPs)family owners.Huawei ranked first.ZET Corp.and China Academy of Telecommunications Technology(CATT)grabbed fifth and ninth places,respectively.? Chinese companies topped the list for most 5G SEPs applications in communication systems by the end of April 2019,accounting for 34 percent of the world’s total.Chinese tech giant Huawei has taken a leading role by owning 15 percent of SEPs,according to the report Who Is leading the 5G Patent Race? 5G SEPs are patents that any company will have to use when carrying out 5G technology and no one can avoid them. Different from 3G and 4G technologies,5G technology will influence various industries and encourage the appearance of many new products,services and industries. The automotive sector will most likely be one of the first industries to depend on 5G,which will connect vehicles to other vehicles,roadsides,traffic lights,buildings and the Internet,according to the report. “It is 5G that is going to be a huge jump forward for communication systems because only with 5G’s higher bandwidth can a number of applications be more advanced(尖端的)and used by most consumers,”said Nicole Peng,senior director of the market research company Canalys. As 5G technology has combined various industries and technologies,the number of 5G SEPs rose to more than 60,000 globally by the end of April 2019,the report said. 1.What does “taking the crown” probably mean in Paragraph 1? A.becoming the next king B.finishing the task better C.being in the first place D.wearing the hat of the king 2.Which one was NOT on the top 10 list of 5G SEPs? A.Canalys. B.Huawei. C.ZET Corp. D.CATT. 3.What is the main idea of the first two paragraphs? A.No companies can avoid 5G SEPs. B.IPlytics is an important data company. C.Chinese companies lead the 5G patent race. D.China owned 34% of the world’s 5G SEPs applications. 4.What does Nicole Peng think of 5G? A.Various industries will be helpful for 5G a lot. B.Many applications will make 5G more advanced. C.5G will be used by many most advanced consumers. D.5G will make great progress in communication systems. 5.What can you get out of the passage? A.5G will be first used by the industry of the automotive sector. B.Various industries and farming will be mostly influenced by 5G. C.5G will motivate many new products,services,and industries to appear. D.More than 6 thousand 5G SEPs had been used by the end of April 2019. 1-5 CACDC Ⅲ.(2019湖南湘西)阅读表达 根据短文内容,回答下列问题。 On May 5th,2017,at Shanghai Pudong International Airport,China’s first large homemade jet airliner(喷气式客机),the C919,took off successfully for the first time.It has taken about ten years for the scientists and researchers to make this Chinese dream come true.It’s a pride of the whole nation.So far,more than 23 companies have already ordered 570 C919 planes from China.But we still have a long way to go before the C919 carried passengers by 2020. What’s more,China is working on the new high-speed trains with the highest speed of 400 km/h.It will be ready by 2020.Many countries,especially the ones in Central Asia,Southeast Asia,the Middle East and Eastern Europe,are planning to build high-speed rail lines or to improve their railways with the help of China. China has made great progress in both science and technology.And it makes a great contribution(贡献)to humans,too.All of these are changing the daily life of Chinese people,even of the people around the world. 1.When did the C919 take off successfully for the first time? ?____________________________________________________________ 2.How long has it taken the scientists and researchers to make the C919? ?____________________________________________________________ 3.How many companies have already ordered 570 C919 planes from China? ?_____________________________________________________________ 4.Are many countries planning to improve their railways with the help of China? ?_____________________________________________________________ 5.What fields has China made great progress in according to the passage? ?_____________________________________________________________ On May 5th,2017. About 10 years. More than 23 companies. Yes./Yes,they are. In both science and technology. Ⅳ.短文填空 根据短文内容,在每个空格处填写一个适当的词,使文章意思完整且符合逻辑。(每空一词) Six Chinese Characters Dear students,our country has a long history.Chinese characters usually have more than one meaning and some of them are particularly 1.     by Chinese people.Here are the top six lucky ones.Please note we use “pinyin” here because “pinyin” is the Chinese 2.______ system for the characters.For example, “fu” is the “pinyin” because,used,luck,loved,spelling,mean,happiness, same,of,really loved spelling for good 3.     in Chinese.“pinyin” “fu” is only the phonic(语音的)part of the character and if you want to know the meaning of good luck “fu”,you must read the Chinese character福 4.     “fu” also represents(代表)other Chinese characters that sound the same.? 1.福 “fu” means blessing,good fortune,good luck. Chinese character福 “fu” is one of the most popular ones 5.     during Chinese New Year.It is often displayed upside down on the front door of a house or an apartment.The upside down福 “fu” means good luck comes since the character for upside down in Chinese sounds the 6.     as the character for “come”.? luck because used same  2.禄 “lu” means prosperity. It is used to 7.     officials’ salary(薪水)in feudal(封建的)China.? 3.寿 “shou” means longevity. Chinese character寿 “shou” also means life,age or birthday. 4.喜 “xi” is happiness. The doubled character喜 “xi” means double 8.______ .It is usually displayed everywhere at Chinese weddings. mean  happiness  5.财 “cai” is wealth or money. Chinese often say “money can make a ghost turn a millstone”.It is to say money 9.     can do a lot of things.But,still—money can’t buy everything.? 6.和 “he” means harmonious. People’s harmony is an important part 10.______ Chinese culture.When you have harmonious relations with others,things will be a lot easier for you. really  of Ⅴ.口语交际 根据上下文意思,从方框中选择5个句子补全对话,使其意思完整。 ( In New York,Claire is chatting with Wu Li from Hangzhou about gifts.) Claire:I’m traveling to your hometown,Hangzhou.What can I buy for my family and friends? Wu Li:Well,there are many fantastic things in Hangzhou,like tea and silk. Claire:Sounds good.I think my family would like to try Chinese tea.1.   ? Wu Li:Sure.We have different kinds of tea,such as green tea,black tea,white tea and so on. Claire:Wow,so many! 2.   ? F A Wu Li:Green tea.The most popular green tea is Longjing tea produced near the West Lake. Claire:I see.3.   ? Wu Li:I’m sure they will like it. Claire:I think so.What about silk? Wu Li:4.     If you want to buy silk products,you can go to any silk shop in Hangzhou.? Claire:Great! I’ll buy some silk scarves for my friends. Wu Li:And there is a silk museum in Hangzhou.5.   ? Claire:Really? That must be interesting.Thanks for your advice. Wu Li:My pleasure.Enjoy yourself! D E C A.Which is your favorite,Wu Li? B.They don’t like Chinese tea at all. C.You can find out how silk is made there. D.’ll buy some Longjing tea for my family. E.Silk made in Hangzhou is famous all over the world. F.Could you please tell me something about Chinese tea? G.My favorite drink is Chinese tea. (共39张PPT) 九年级 Unit7~Unit 8 核心词汇 1.safe(adj.)安全的→safety(n.)安全;安全性→safely(adv.)安全地 2.smoke(v.&n.)吸烟;烟→smoker(n.)吸烟者 *No smoking!禁止吸烟! 3.hug(n.&v.)拥抱;搂抱→hugged(过去式/过去分词) 4.bad(adj.)坏的→badly(adv.)严重地;差;非常 *be bad for...对……有坏处 *be badly hurt受伤严重 5.regret(v.&n.)后悔;失望→regretted(过去式/过去分词)→regretful(adj.)后悔的;失望的 *regret doing/to do sth.后悔做某事 6.poem(n.)诗;韵文→poems(pl.)→poet(n.)诗人 7.educate(v.)教育;教导→education(n.)教育→educational(adj.)教育的;有教育意义的 8.society(n.)社会→social(adj.)社会的 9.enter(v.)进来;进去→entrance(n.)入口 10.choose(v.)选择→chose(过去式)→chosen(过去分词)→choice(n.)选择;挑选 *choice between A and B=choice of A or B 在A和B之间做选择 *make a choice 做出选择 11.value(n.&v.)价值;重视;珍视→valuable(adj.)贵重的;很有用的;宝贵的 12.happen(v.)发生→happening(n.)事件;发生的事情(常指不寻常的) *happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 13.police(n.)警察→police(pl.)→policeman(n.)男警察→policewoman(n.)女警察 *police station警局 14.wolf(n.)狼→wolves(pl.) 15.express(v.)表示;表达→expression(n.)表达(方式);表示 16.history(n.)历史→historian(n.)历史学家;史学工作者→historical(adj.)历史性的 17.lead(v.)带路;领路→led(过去式/过去分词)→leading(现在分词)→leader(n.)领导;领袖 *lead to...导致…… 18.medicine(n.)药→medical(adj.)医疗的;医学的 19.energy(n.)力量;精力→energetic(adj.)精力充沛的;充满活力的 短语扫描 1.no way不行 2.get one’s ears pierced打耳洞 3.talk back to sb.与某人顶嘴 4.think back to回想起某事 5.keep...away from避免接近;远离 6.get in the way of挡……的路;妨碍 7.have nothing against doing sth.不反对做某事 8.end up as最终成为 9.be serious about doing sth.认真做某事 10.feel uneasy感到不安 11.run after追赶;追逐 12.at the same time同时 13.prevent/stop sb.from doing sth.阻止某人做某事 句型点击 1.I don’t think sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive.我认为十六岁的人不应该允许驾驶。 2.Do you think we may be allowed to take photos if we don’t use a flash? 你认为如果我们不使用闪光灯,我们或许被允许照相吗? 3.Teenagers often think they should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much as they want. 青少年经常觉得应该允许他们随心所欲地去练习他们的爱好。 4.He needs to spend more time on his homework because it is difficult to become a professional sports star. 他需要在作业上花费更多的时间因为成为一名职业的运动明星很难。 5.They always talk about what will happen if I don’t succeed. 他们总是谈论如果我不成功会发生什么。 6.Only then will I have a chance to achieve my dream. 只有那时,我才有实现梦想的机会。 7.—Whose book is this? 这是谁的书? —It must be Mary’s. 它一定是玛丽的。 8.I think somebody must have picked it up. 我觉得一定有人捡了它。 9.There must be something visiting the homes in our neighborhood. 在附近肯定有什么东西光顾我们的社区。 10.One of the greatest mysteries is how it was built because the stones are so big and heavy. 最大的谜之一就是它是如何建造的,因为石头如此重且巨大。 语法聚焦 1.含情态动词的被动语态(见本书P142) 2.情态动词must,might,could和can表推测(见本书P149) 考点1 辨析:attend,join,join in与take part in attend 指参加会议、婚礼、葬礼、典礼、上课、上学、听报告 join 指加入组织,成为其中的一员 join in 参加某些活动,强调一起做某事 take part in 指参加活动、会议等,强烈积极的态度 [图解助记] join join in take part in attend the meeting 【即学即练】 1.Many very important people will     (参加)the meeting tomorrow.? 2.—Why not     (参加)an English club to practice your English?? —Good idea! 3.两个月以来,已经有400名大学生参加了“手机忍者”的测试。 400 college students have already      the test called Mobile Phone Ninja since two months ago.? attend join taken part in 考点2 辨析:suit,fit与match suit 作动词时常为及物动词,常用于衣着方面,着重颜色、式样的合适,宾语多为表示人的词。 fit 侧重尺寸上的合适,不涉及衣服的颜色或样式,宾语多为表示人的词。 match 用于衣服方面,常指两物之间的匹配,宾语多为物。 【即学即练】 用fit,suit和match的适当形式填空 1.My mother likes light music,so the CD     her.? 2.The coat     me.I buy it.? 3.The shirt     your shirt very much.? suits fits matches Ⅰ.单项选择 1.This kind of milk     well.It     out soon.?               A.is sold; sells B.sells; is sold C.is sold; will be sold D.sells; will be sold 2.(2019甘肃武威、白银)—Whose cap is this? Is it Cindy’s? —It     be hers.Don’t you remember she even didn’t come to the party?? A.can’t B.might C.may not D.must 3.(2019贵州铜仁)—Look! There is a man     Taiji near the river.? —Wow! It’s my teacher,Mr.Wu. A.perform B.performs C.performing D.performed D A C 4.(2019青海)For your own     ,please don’t smoke on the plane.? A.feelings B.safety C.health 5.(2019辽宁抚顺)In the summer camp,the boy learned to     all kinds of difficulties.? A.manage B.protect C.remain D.control 6.(2019湖南怀化)—     dictionary is this?? It’s very nice. —I think it is Mary’s. A.Who B.Whose C.Whom 7.(2019辽宁辽阳)It’s impolite to     your teachers’office without knocking at the door.? A.describe B.check C.choose D.enter B A B D 8.(2019四川遂宁)Some people think trees     on Tree Planting Day only.? A.should plant B.should be planted C.should be plant D.should be planting 9.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)As students,we must study hard.    we should care for our health.? A.At the same time B.On the one hand C.All in all D.In the end 10.Tina doesn’t like the restaurant because the music there makes her     .? A.sleeping B.slept C.sleepy D.sleep B A C Ⅱ.完形填空 One day,David and his friends talked about who their closest  1 were.When it was his turn,he said,“My best friend is Amy, 2  81-year-old woman living in Florida.”? Their friendship came  3  a game.In the game,David and Amy were on the same team.After this game,they became good friends.David even told her about his dream of music.? However,life was hard for David at that time.He hardly  4  time or money to play music.Most of the time,he had to work in a restaurant.He felt that his dream was hopeless(无望的). 5  he almost lost heart,Amy gave him lots of help and supported his dream.Two years later,he decided  6  to New York for his dream.There he held his first concert successfully.? After the concert,a famous reporter in New York heard of their story.He wanted to know what  7 .So he flew to Florida to interview her.To his surprise,the friendship between Amy and David was  8  than he could imagine.? Later,many people  9  by this story.But Amy thought it was nothing.She said,“As friends,we  10  give a hand when they need.”? 1.A.friend B.friends C.classmate D.classmates 2.A.the B./ C.A D.an 3.A.from B.below C.to D.at 4.A.have B.had C.has had D.will have 5.A.Before B.When C.Unless D.If 6.A.go B.going C.to go D.gone 7.A.Amy was like B.was Amy like C.is Amy like D.Amy is like 8.A.beautiful B.beautifully C.more beautiful D.the most beautiful 9.A.is moved B.are moved C.was moved D.were moved 10.A.should B.would C.mustn’t D.can’t 1-5 BDABB 6-10 CACDA Ⅲ.阅读理解 Monarch butterflies from eastern Canada make the most amazing journey in the insect world.Each year,this butterfly travels about 3000 miles to its winter home in central Mexico(墨西哥).How can it fly so far? And why does it make this long and dangerous trip? Scientists still don’t have an answer. For many years,people in Mexico wondered where the orange-and-black butterflies came from every winter.Then,in 1937,a scientist started to follow and study the butterflies.For the next 20 years,he discovered that one butterfly started its journey in Canada.Four months later,it arrived in Mexico. The length of the butterflies’trip is only one part of the mystery.Another amazing thing is that the butterflies always return to the same area in central Mexico. How do the butterflies find their way back to the same place? This is an interesting question because only every fourth generation(代)makes the trip south.In other words,the butterfly that travels to Mexico this year is the great-great-grandchild of the butterfly that traveled there last year. Each year,four generations of a Monarch butterfly family are born.Each generations of the family has a very different life.The first generation is born in the south in late April.It slowly moves north,reproduces(繁衍),and then dies.On the trip north,two more generations are born,reproduce,and die.Each of these generations of butterflies lives for only two or five weeks.In the autumn,the fourth generation of butterflies is born.This generation has a much longer life.It lives for about eight months.This generation of butterflies makes the amazing journey back to the winter there,and in the spring they reproduce and then die.Their offspring will be the first generation of the next circle of life. Today,people are still studying the Monarch butterfly.But they are not clear about everything. 1.The best title of the passage can be     .? A.Family of Monarch butterflies B.Mystery of Monarch butterflies C.Monarch butterflies’ birthplace D.Monarch butterflies’ winter home 2.It took the scientist     to find out that Monarch butterflies came from Canada.? A.20 years B.four months C.five weeks D.eight months 3.We know that the     generation of Monarch butterflies travel back to central Mexico.? A.first B.second C.third D.fourth 4.The underlined word “offspring” in the passage is closest in meaning to     .? A.seasons B.butterflies C.children D.parents 5.Which statement is true according to the text? A.Monarch butterflies spend winter in eastern Canada. B.The four generations have the same length of life. C.Some generations die on the way north of Canada. D.Scientists are clear about everything of the butterflies. 1-5 BADCC Ⅳ.(2019黑龙江哈尔滨)阅读表达 Dinosaurs(恐龙)once lived on the earth for a long time.They suddenly disappeared millions of years ago.What happened to them? That’s still a mystery.People never stop searching for the answer. Some US scientists say it is because there were not enough male(雄性的)dinosaurs.They got this idea after researching crocodiles(鳄鱼). Mother crocodiles lay eggs and later baby crocodiles come out.The local temperature decides the sex(性别)of the baby crocodile.When the eggs are at a temperature of 26 ℃ to 30℃,the babies are all girls;when the temperature is 30℃ to 34℃,there are both boys and girls;when it is 34℃ to 36℃,only boys are born. Dinosaurs’babies also came from eggs.So scientists have given us a new picture:millions of years ago,it suddenly became very cold.Almost all dinosaur babies were girls.There were fewer and fewer male dinosaurs.Mother dinosaurs could not give birth to more babies.Finally,these powerful animals disappeared. 任务1:根据英文释义及首字母提示拼写单词。 1.e   :as many or as much as necessary? 2.l   :to produce eggs from the bodies of birds,insects and so on? 任务2:完成同义句转换,每空一词。 Dinosaurs’ babies also came from eggs. Dinosaurs’ babies came from eggs 3.     4.    ? nough ay as well 任务3:根据短文内容回答问题。 5.When did dinosaurs suddenly disappear? ?__________________________________________________________ 6.What decides the sex of the baby crocodile? ?__________________________________________________________ 7.Are the baby crocodiles only boys when it’s 35℃? ?__________________________________________________________ Millions of years ago. The local temperature. Yes,they are. Ⅴ.短文填空 阅读下面的短文,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空,必要时可加助动词。 It is reported that a law has been approved(通过)in Spain.Spanish children may soon 1.     (require) to help out with housework by law.? The law would be part of a wider child protection,and children under the age of 18 have to 2._______ (join) in all areas of family life.That 3.______ (include) housework and other work in the family.The rules come under a section of the law 4.________ (call) “the rights and duties of children”. be required join includes called  Along with 5.    (do) housework,children would also have to be respectful to their parents and teachers,and would do 6.    (well) in their studies than before.But the law doesn’t say anything about punishment for children who don’t obey the law.? Married Spanish men can also face punishments for refusing 7.    (do) housework—requiring men to share in household duties,and the care of children and elderly family members.? doing better to do Children should learn to do different kinds of housework at different ages,but it is almost 8.________ (possible) for Chinese children.They seem to avoid such usual housework at similar ages,because their families 9.      (protect) them too much since they were born.Children should realize that they are part of the families and have responsibilities(责任)on taking care of 10.     (they) and the family members.? impossible have protected themselves Ⅵ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景(有两个多余选项)。 A:What are you going to do after school,Bob? B:1.   ? A:It‘s bad for your study.My parents don’t allow me to do that. B:But it‘s too early for me to go home as soon as school is over. A:2.   ? B:My parents don‘t return home until half past six.3.   ? C D E A:I sometimes cook for my parents before they go home. B:Really? It sounds good.4.     But I’m afraid it’s too difficult. ? A:5.   ? B:Thank you very much. A F A.I will have a try, too. B.But it’s only half past five when school is over. C.I am going to play computer games in a net bar. D.Why not go home to do your homework? E.I will feel lonely if I am alone at home. F.I’d like to teach you how to cook. G.I have nothing to do after school. Ⅶ.书面表达 假如你是班长,学校图书管理员请你向你们班的同学宣布阅览室的一些规定。请你以“Rules of the School Reading Room”为题写一篇80词左右的短文(文中不得出现真实校名和姓名;首句已给出,不计入总词数)。要求包括以下要点: 1.阅览室开放时间:星期一至星期五下午5:00~6:00;星期六上午8:00~11:30; 2.禁止在阅览室大声朗读、吃零食、使用手机、吸烟;禁止把书和杂志带出阅览室。 Rules of the School Reading Room Attention,please!I’d like to tell you something about the rules of the school reading room.________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________? One possible version: Rules of the School Reading Room? Attention,please!I’d like to tell you something about the rules of the school reading room.? The reading room is open from 5:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekdays and from 8:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. on Saturdays.After you enter the reading room,you should keep it clean and quiet. Firstly,you are not allowed to read aloud or eat snacks.Secondly,you are not allowed to use your cellphones or smoke.Finally,you are not allowed to take the books or magazines out of the reading room. All in all,the school reading room is a place for learning.Anything that has nothing to do with study is not allowed.I hope everyone can obey the rules.That’s all.Thank you. (共42张PPT) 九年级 Unit9~Unit 10 核心词汇 1.prefer(v.)更喜欢→preferred(过去式/过去分词) *prefer to do sth.更喜欢做某事 *prefer A to B 比起B更喜欢A *prefer doing A to doing B 比起做B更喜欢做A *prefer to do “rather than do” 宁愿做……而不做…… 2.Australia(n.)澳大利亚→Australian(n.&adj.)澳大利亚人;澳大利亚(人)的 3.electricity(n.)电;电能→electronic(adj.)电子的;电子设备的 4.direct(v.)指导;命令→directed(过去式/过去分词)→directing(现在分词)→director(n.)导演;部门负责人 *direct influence 直接影响 *direct train直达列车 5.stick(v.)粘贴;将……刺入→stuck(过去式/过去分词) *stick to坚持;固守 6.shut(v.)关闭;关上→shut(过去式/过去分词)→shutting(现在分词) *shut off关闭;停止运转   *shut up安静;闭嘴;关严 7.sad(adj.)悲伤的→sadness(n.)悲伤;悲痛 8.pain(n.)痛苦;疼痛;苦恼→painful(adj.)令人痛苦的;令人疼痛的 9.reflect(v.)反映;映出→reflection(n.)反射 10.perform(v.)表演;执行→performed(过去式/过去分词)→performing(现在分词)→performance(n.)表演;演出→performer(n.)表演者 11.total(n.&adj.)总数;合计;全体的→totally(adv.)完全地;全部地;整个地 *in total总共;合计 12.north(n.& v.)北方;向北→northern(adj.)北方的;北部的 13.base(n.)根基;根据→basic(adj.)基本的;基础的→basically(adv.)基本地;基础地 *be based on sth.以……为基础 *basic education 基础教育 14.behave(v.)表现;举止→behavior(n.)行为;举止 15.gradual(adj.)逐步的;渐进的→gradually(adv.)逐步地;渐进地 16.suggest建议(v.)→suggestion(n.)建议 短语扫描 1.in that case 既然那样;假使那样的话 2.plenty of大量;充足 3.once in a while偶尔地;间或 4.drop by顺便拜访;顺便进入 5.after all 毕竟;终归 6.get mad大动肝火;气愤 7.make an effort作出努力 8.clean...off把……擦掉 9.take off脱下;起飞 10.get out of one’s way特地;格外努力 11.make...feel at home使(某人)感到宾至如归 12.get used to习惯于 句型点击 1.What do you feel like watching today? 你今天想看什么? 2.Laughing for two hours is a good way to relax. 笑两个小时是一种很好的放松方式。 3.Dramas like Titanic make me feel even sadder. 像《泰坦尼克号》这样的戏剧让我感觉更悲伤。 4.I don’t mind action movies like Spider-Man when I’m too tired to think. 当我太累了而不想思考的时候,我不介意像《蜘蛛侠》这样的动作电影。 5.The music was written by Abing,a folk musician who was born in the city of Wuxi in 1893. 音乐是阿炳写的,他是1893年出生在无锡城的一位民间音乐家。 6.It is a pity that only six pieces of music in total were recorded for the future world to hear,but his popularity continues to this day. 遗憾的是仅有六首音乐被记录下来,为后世所听,但是他的受欢迎度持续到今天。 7.We don’t usually have to make plans to meet our friends.我们通常不必刻意安排与朋友的见面。 8.I have to say that I find it difficult to remember everything,but I’m gradually getting used to it. 我不得不说我发现把一切记住很难,但我正在逐渐适应它。 9.Have a safe trip,and I look forward to meeting you soon! 祝旅途安全,我期待很快遇到你! 语法聚焦 1.定语从句(引导词that,who,which)(见本书P158) 2.be supposed to的用法 3.be expected to的用法 4.It is +adj.+to do句型 考点1 prefer v.更喜欢 【即学即练】 1.(2019甘肃天水)Businessmen prefer     e-mails to communicate with each other rather than     phone calls.?                   A.write;make B.to write;make C.to write;to make D.write;to make 2.She prefers     a present for her mother to buying one.? A.made B.to make C.making D.make 3.The little boy prefers milk     juice,and he thinks it is good for his health.? A.in B.to C.on D.at B C B 考点2 worth adj.值得;有……价值(的) ①be worth+具体的钱数表示“值……钱”。 ②be worth doing sth.值得做某事。 ③be worth+名词,意为“值得……”。 【拓展】 worthy作形容词,常用于be worthy of(doing) sth.(做)某事是值得的。 【即学即练】                  1.(2019甘肃天水)Hong Kong Disneyland is well worth     .? A.to visit B.visited C.visit D.visiting 2.The necklace in the showcase is     2,000 dollars.Kelly can’t afford it.? A.worth to B.worth C.worthy D.worthed 3.I think the book about air pollutions is worthy of     .? A.read B.reading C.be read D.

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  • ID:4-6938365 2020年中考英语复习:一轮复习教材梳理 八年级下册(5份打包38+37+36+38+40张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/八年级下册

    (共40张PPT) 八年级下册 Unit9~Unit 10 核心词汇 1.invent(v.) 发明;创造→invention (n.)发明→inventor(n.)发明家 2.believe(v.)相信→believable(adj.)可信的 →unbelievable(反义词)难以置信的;不真实的 3.rapid(adj.)迅速的;快速的→rapidly(adv.)迅速地;快速地 4.usual(adj.)通常的→unusual (反义词)特别的;不寻常的 5.encourage(v.) 鼓励→encouragement(n.)鼓励 *encourage sb.to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 6.society(n.)社会→social(adj.)社会的 7.peace(n.)和平→peaceful(adj.)和平的;安宁的→peacefully (adv.)和平地;安宁地 8.perform(v.)表演→performance(n.)表演;演出→performer(n.)表演者 9.collect(v.)收集→collection(n.)收集物;收藏品→collector(n.)收藏家 10.German(adj.& n.)德国的;德语的;德国人的;德语;德国人→Germans(pl.)德国人→Germany(n.)德国 11.safe(adj.)安全的;无危险的→safety(n.)安全;安全性→ safely (adv.)安全地;无危险地 12.simple(adj.)简单的→simply(adv.)仅仅;只;不过 13.India(n.)印度→Indian(adj.& n.)印度的;印度人 14.Japan(n.)日本→Japanese (adj.& n.)日本(人)的,日语的;日本人,日语 15.most(adj.)大部分→mostly(adv.)主要地;通常 16.make(v.) 使成为;制造→made(过去式/过去分词)→maker(n.)生产者;制定者 17.scarf(n.) 围巾;披巾;头巾→scarves(pl.) 18.soft(adj.)软的;柔软的→softly(adv.)轻轻地;柔和地 19.honest(adj.)诚实的;老实的→dishonest(adj.)不老实的;不诚实的 →honesty(n.)诚实 *to be honest说实在的 20.especial(adj.)尤其的,特别的→especially(adv.)尤其;特别;格外 短语扫描 1.amusement park游乐场 2.tea art茶艺 3.tea set茶具 4.a couple of两个;一对;几个 5.thousands of数以千计的;许许多多的 6.on the one hand...on the other hand...一方面……另一方面…… 7.all year round 全年 8.yard sale庭院拍卖会 9.check out查看;观察 10.board game棋类游戏 11.junior high school初级中学 12.clear out清理;丢掉 13.no longer不再;不复 14.part with放弃、交出(尤指不舍得的东西) 15.as for至于;关于 16.according to依据;按照 句型点击 1.Have you ever been to a science museum? 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗? 2.It’s really interesting,isn’t it? 它确实有趣,不是吗? 3.It’s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way! 科技以如此快的方式取得了进步是令人难以置信的! 4.The tea art performances show how to make a perfect cup of tea. 茶艺表演展示了如何制作一杯完美的茶。 5.Watching them prepare the tea with the beautiful tea sets is just as enjoyable as drinking the tea itself. 观看他们用美丽的茶具准备茶就如同喝茶本身一样享受。 6.On the one hand,more than three quarters of the population are Chinese,so you can simply speak Putonghua a lot of the time. 一方面,超过四分之三的人口是中国人,所以你在大部分时间可以仅说普通话。 7.Because I’ve had it since I was a baby. 因为自从我是幼儿的时候我就有它了。 8.As they get bigger,our house seems to get smaller. 随着他们长得更大,我们的房子看起来变得更小。 9.So we have been clearing out a lot of things from our bedrooms for a yard sale. 所以我们已经从我们的卧室里清理出了很多的东西进行庭院销售。 10.With a hard job in a crayon factory,he doesn’t find much time to visit his hometown. 由于在蜡笔厂的辛苦工作,他没有找到更多的时间拜访他的家乡。 语法聚焦 1.现在完成时Ⅱ(含been,ever和never)(见本书P138) 2.现在完成时Ⅲ(含since,for)(见本书P138) 考点1 辨析:have been to,have gone to与have been in [图解助记] 注意:当have/has been to和have/has gone to后跟某些地点副词时,如here,there和home等时,介词to要省略。 【即学即练】                  1.(2019黑龙江哈尔滨)—Hi,Tom!     you ever     the Bird’s Nest?? —Yes,I have.It’s fantastic. A.Have;been to B.Have;gone to C.Did;go to 2.(2019湖北黄冈)—Where is Catherine? I haven’t seen her for days. —She     Wuhan.She’ll be back next week.? A.has gone to B.has been to C.have gone to D.have been to 3.(2019黑龙江齐齐哈尔)As an exchange student,Alan      Qiqihar for one and a half years.? A.has been to B.has been in C.has gone to A A B 考点2 分数表达方式及其用法 ①英语中分数表达法为:分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于1时,分母用复数形式。 ②当含有分数的短语作主语时,谓语动词与分数后面的名词保持一致。 [巧学助记]分子基数词,分母序数词,分子不为一,分母加s。 【即学即练】                   1.     of the students in Class 6 have lunch at school.? A.Two fifth B.One thirds C.Three fifth D.Three quarters 2.     of the farmland here     with rice.? A.Two thirds;is covering B.Two third;is covered C.Second third;are covering D.Two thirds;is covered D D 考点3 辨析:whether与if 相同点 不同点 只能用whether 引导宾语 从句,意为 “是否” 引导状语从句,if意 为“如果”,whether 意为“不管……(还 是)” 1.与or not连用 2.从句作介词宾语 3.在动词不定式前 4.在discuss等动词后 【即学即练】 1.I don’t know     he will come or not this afternoon.?                  A.if B.when C.whether D.what 2.The story of Yu Gong is trying to show us that anything is possible     you work hard!? A.whether B.that C.if D.which 3.I am not sure about whether     (leave) or stay,can you give me some advice?? C C to leave 考点4 consider的用法 【即学即练】                  1.The fridge doesn’t work,why not consider     a new one?? A.buy B.bought C.to buy D.buying? 2.We must consider how     this problem quickly.There is little time left.? A.to solve B.solve C.solving D.solved 3.Miss Wang said that students in her class were considered     hard-working and clever bees.? A.to B.with C.as D.for D A C Ⅰ.单项选择 1.(2019辽宁抚顺)—Tom speaks Chinese quite well now. —Yes,he has made     progress in Chinese learning.? A.common B.simple C.perfect D.rapid 2.(2019重庆B卷)Miss Chen,my dear English teacher,often encourages me     the challenges in my study.? A.face B.faces C.facing D.to face 3.(2019黑龙江哈尔滨)Tim got four     from his relatives on Children’s Day.? A.toy B.toys C.toies D D B 4.(2019 贵州安顺)—Look! Who’s     girl in a red skirt over there?? —Oh,she is my sister,Kate.She is     honest girl.? A.that;a B.this;the C.this;a D.that;an 5.(2019黑龙江大庆)Many tourists visit Longfeng Wetland (湿地) all year round,     in summer.? A.hardly B.nearly C.especially D.really 6.(2019广西玉林)—Jenny,your new tape player looks great. —Oh,it’s not new.I     it for three years.? A.buy B.have had C.bought D.have bought D C B 7.(2019湖南郴州)Every year,     books are given away to the poor children in the countryside.? A.thousand B.thousands of C.thousand of 8.(2019辽宁锦州)—Excuse me,when did you leave Jinzhou? —In August,2017.I     for about two years.? A.have left B.left C.have been away D.was away B C 9.—Excuse me,could you please tell me the way to the Book City? —OK.Walk along this street till you reach the Children’s Palace.The Book City is opposite it. A.on the other side of B.in front of C.next to D.besides 10.My grandfather loves drinking tea and     tea sets.? A.changing B.collecting C.choosing D.beginning A B Ⅱ.阅读理解   International Museum Day is coming.Here are some special museums that you must see. Sweet Museum,Russia Do you love candy? Don’t miss the sweet world in Russia.You can find different kinds of sweet food here.But they are just models! Look,how big the lollipops(棒棒糖)are! People can ride on them.Want to taste the ice cream? Be careful—the ice-cream balls are lights! Museum of Failure,Sweden There are more than 100 failed products in the museum.Some of them come from the world’s most successful companies,like the Newton computer from Apple.Maybe success stories are similar and kind of boring,but we can find interesting stories in failures and learn something from them. Cancun Underwater Museum,Mexico It is a secret garden under the sea.You can either dive(潜水)or take a glass boat into it.Down here,sea animals live around 400 sculptures(石膏像).Each sculpture tells a story and it’s made of special material,which is good for the sea life. Museum of Broken Relationships,Croatia Some relationships end with lovers,with dreams and with cities.This special museum has a collection of objects from people all over the world who want to lock their memories.Each of the objects shares a story of their past relationship. 1.If you’re interested in art under the sea,you may go to    .? A.Sweet Museum B.Cancun Underwater Museum C.Museum of Failure D.Museum of Broken Relationships 2.According to the passage,which of the following is TURE? A.People can taste the candies on show in Sweet Museum. B.People learn about success stories in Museum of Failure. C.Objects in Museum of Broken Relationships have their stories. D.The material of sculptures in Cancun Underwater Museum is harmful. 3.The passage is probably from the column(栏目)of     in a magazine.? A.Culture B.Healt C.Sports D.Food 1-3 BCA Ⅲ.阅读表达 阅读下面的短文,按要求完成后面各个小题。 Mr.Green brought his family to China and visited Zhangjiajie.On May 4th,2019,they enjoyed the magic mountains there.They had a great time.They took a lot of photos on the way and then they had a picnic under a big tree.4.Suddenly it began to rain heavily,so they hurried back to the hotel. When they got there,they couldn’t find their expensive camera.They wanted to go back to look for it,but there wasn’t enough time because they had to catch the plane at 20:30 that night! They didn’t have dinner in the hotel because they all felt sorry. To make his family happy,Mr.Green said,“Well,5.让我给你们讲一个有趣的故事吧。 An old man lived in a 200-metre-tall building.One day he fell down from it by accident,but he didn’t hurt himself at all.”? “It was a miracle (奇迹)!” shouted his children,“Why?” “Because he lived on the first floor!” They all began to laugh loudly.Just at that time a policeman with a camera came in.He said a Chinese boy found it under a big tree and the boy asked him to find out the owner. “It’s really a miracle!” the Greens said happily. 根据短文内容用简要答语回答下面三个问题。 1.Did the Greens enjoy themselves in Zhangjiajie? ?______________________________________________________________ 2.Where did the Greens lose their camera? ?______________________________________________________________ 3.If you were the Chinese boy,what would you do? ?______________________________________________________________ 将短文中划线的两个句子翻译成中文或英文。 4.?____________________________________________________________ 5.?____________________________________________________________ Yes, they did. (They lost it) Under a big tree. I would return the camera to the Greens.(合理即可) 突然下起了大雨,他们匆匆赶回了旅馆(酒店)。 Let me tell you an interesting story. Ⅳ.根据短文内容,完成句子   The life of the animals in the zoo is different from that in the wildlife park. In the zoo,most of the animals are very sad.They have to stay in cages all day and wait for the zoo keepers to feed them.They can’t go out of the cages,so they have to walk round and round. However,the wildlife park is a good place for them.All the animals there live in the open air.They can run,jump and play happily,and look for food by themselves.They are protected there because people are not allowed to hunt.The most important thing is that they are free and happy in the wildlife park. Most of the animals in the wildlife park are friendly.But some are scary,such as lions,wolves and tigers.Don????t worry.A special bus can take you to see the animals.You are quite safe inside the bus.How exciting it is if a tiger or a lion watches you through the window! 1.In the zoo,most of the animals are      .? 2.The animals in the zoo have to stay         all day.? 3.The wildlife park is      for animals.? 4.In the wildlife park,they         food by themselves.? 5.All of the animals are friendly in the wildlife park,aren’t they? ______________________________________________________________ very sad in cages good look for No, they aren’t. Ⅴ.(2019山东德州)短文填空 阅读下面的短文。根据短文内容,从下面方框内所给11个词中选择10个意义相符的词,必要时进行词形变化,填入空白处,每空一词。 With its black-white coat,the animal is one of the most precious (珍贵的) animals in the world.It is native to China,proudly called the “1.     treasure”.2.      name is Panda.The name of “Panda” now refers to (指的是) the giant panda.? many,two,it,zoo,because,what,only, China,besides,national,history national Its In China,3.     the Great Wall and the Terracotta Army,the giant panda also attracts the world-wide tourists.?   As the most famous animal of 4.    ,the giant panda appears in the logo (标志) of the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF).It also has 5.     chances than other animals to be the mascot (吉祥物) of international games held in China.And it shows up as an actor on the big screen,such as Kung Fu Panda.?   The giant panda is regarded as the symbol of peace.In Japanese 6.     records,the Tang Dynasty sent a couple of bears and seventy pieces of fur as national gifts to Japan.The “7.     bears” were giant pandas.? besides China  more history two One female panda usually has 8.     one baby,and it is not easy for wild pandas to have twins anyway.If you want to see them,you’d better go to Chengdu.Why?9.      the main breeding (繁育) centers were built around this area.Certainly some city 10.     also have giant pandas,such as Beijing Zoo,Chongqing Zoo,etc.?   The giant pandas are so lovely creatures (生物).More and more people become fans of them. only Because zoos Ⅵ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景(有两个多余选项)。 A:Hi,big boy! 1.    ? ? B:Hello! I’m from England.I have been in China for about eleven months. A.2.    ? ? B:I have been to many places,such as Zhejiang,Shandong and Shanxi. A:Which places of Shanxi have you been to? B:3.    .? A:Only Pingyao? What do you think of it? B:It’s a small place. B G C A:But it has a long history.It’s my hometown.There you can see a well-kept city wall. B:Are your family living there now? A:No.4.    .? B:When did you move to Beijing? A:Eleven years ago.But we miss our hometown very much. B:5.    ? ? A:We go back to our hometown every two years. F E A.How long have you been here B.Where are you from C.I’ve only been to Pingyao D.I like it very much E.How often do you go back to your hometown F.We are living in Beijing now G.What places have you been to Ⅶ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1.我的家乡正在变得越来越美丽,每年夏天有数以千计的游客来度假。 My hometown is becoming more and more beautiful,and         tourists come to enjoy their holidays every summer.? 2.我不会说日语,但我朋友山姆会。 I can’t speak     but my friend Sam     .? 3.他找一份工作没什么困难。 He doesn’t                 a job.? 4.不管你是去还是留,都要在8点前给我打电话。      you go     stay,you should call me before 8:00.? 5.英国的天气一年到头都很温暖。 The weather in Britain is warm             .? thousands of Japanese can have any difficulty finding Whether or all year round Ⅷ.书面表达   假如你是李华,你的学校将举行主题为“中国梦”的演讲比赛,你将代表你班参加这次演讲比赛,请根据以下提示写一篇英文演讲稿。 祖国的 变化 1.生活变好,礼貌待人,友好相处 2.城市、农村更清洁,到处有高楼大厦 3.有了高铁,载人飞船几次飞上太空 愿望 ……(补充至少两个愿望)  要求:1.文中不能出现考生的真实姓名、校名和地名;2.必须用上所给的内容提示,可适当发挥;3.语句通顺,意思连贯,语法正确,书写规范;4.词数80个左右,开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数。 参考词汇:high-speed rail高铁;manned spaceship载人飞船 Hello,everyone!I’m Li Hua.As we all know,since President Xi came up with China Dream,our country has changed a lot.??? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ That’s all.Thank you for listening. ? One possible version:   Hello,everyone!I’m Li Hua.As we all know,since President Xi came up with China Dream,our country has changed a lot.People live a good life.We eat well and wear beautiful clothes.We are polite to each other and get on well with each other.Many cities and villages have changed a lot.They are getting cleaner.There are many tall and beautiful buildings everywhere.People all think our country is getting stronger.For example,there are lots of high-speed rails across the country and Chinese have flown into space by manned spaceship for several times.I hope our country will be peaceful forever.I also hope our country will become the most popular country in the world.? That’s all.Thank you for listening.? (共38张PPT) 八年级下册 Unit1~Unit 2 核心词汇 1.foot(n.) 脚;足→feet (pl.) *on foot步行 2.lie (v.)躺;平躺→ lay (过去式) → lain (过去分词)→lying(现在分词) *lie down躺下 3.hurt(v.) (使)疼痛;受伤→hurt(过去式/过去分词) →hurting(现在分词) *get hurt受伤 *hurt oneself伤着某人自己 4.hit(n.& v.) (用手或器具)击;打→hit(过去式/过去分词)→hitting(现在分词) 5.climb(v.)攀登→climber(n.)登山者;攀登者 *climb up the tree爬上树 6.accident (n.) (交通)事故;意外遭遇→accidental (adj.)意外的→accidentally (adv.)意外地 *by accident 意外地 7.knife (n.) 刀→knives (pl.) 8.important (adj.)重要的→importance(n.)重要性;重要→unimportant(反义词) 不重要的 9.cheer (v.)欢呼;喝彩→cheerful(adj.)快乐的;高兴的 →cheerfully(adv.)快乐地;高兴地 10.lonely(adj.)孤独的;寂寞的→alone(adv.& adj.)独自;单独 11.strong (adj.)强烈的;强壮的→weak(反义词)虚弱的→strength (n.)力量;力气 12.satisfy(v.)(使)满意;(使)满足→satisfaction(n.)满足;满意→satisfied (adj.)满意的→satisfying (adj.)令人满意的 *be satisfied with对……感到满意 13.joy(n.)高兴;愉快→joyful(adj.)高兴的;愉快的→joyfully(adv.)高兴地;愉快地 14.own(adj.& pron.)自己的→owner (n.)物主;主人 15.imagine(v.)想象;设想→imagination(n.)想象力;想象 16.difficult(adj.)困难的→difficulty(n.)困难;难题 17.carry(v.) 拿;提;扛→carried(过去式/过去分词) *carry out 执行;实行 *carry on继续 18.excite(v.)使激动;使兴奋→excited(adj.)激动的;兴奋的 →exciting(adj.)使人兴奋的;令人激动的 19.kind(adj.)善良的;仁慈的→kindness(n.)仁慈;善良 20.understand(v.) 理解;领会→understood(过去式/过去分词) →understanding(n.) 理解;领会 短语扫描 1.have a cold感冒 2.take one’s temperature量体温 3.have a fever发烧 4.right away立即;马上 5.get into陷入;参与 6.be used to习惯于……;适应于…… 7.cut off切除 8.be in control of掌管;管理 9.give up放弃 10.clean up打扫(或清除)干净 11.cheer up(使)变得更高兴;振奋起来 12.come up with想出;提出(主意、计划回答等) 13.put off推迟 14.call up打电话给(某人);征召 15.used to曾经……;过去…… 句型点击 1.What’s the matter with Judy? 朱迪怎么了? 2.To his surprise,they all agreed to go with him.令他感到惊讶的是,他们都同意和他一起去。 3.Thanks to Mr.Wang and the passengers,the doctors saved the man in time.多亏了王先生和乘客,医生及时地救了那个人。 4.Aron Ralston is an American man who is interested in mountain climbing.阿伦·罗尔斯顿是一位对爬山感兴趣的美国人。 5.I can do what I love to do and help others at the same time.我可以做我喜欢做的事情,同时可以帮助他人。 6.You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky.你的帮助让我拥有“幸运儿”成为可能。 语法聚焦 1.should/shouldn’t表建议(见本书P149) 2.反身代词(见本书P116) 3.动词不定式作宾语、状语、宾补(见本书P145) 4.情态动词could表建议(见本书P149) 5.动词短语(见本书P137) 考点1 辨析:lie与lay ? 单词 词义 过去式 过去分词 现在分词 常用短语 lay v. 放置;下蛋 laid laid laying lay out 展开 lie v. 躺;位于 lay lain lying lie down 躺下 撒谎 lied lied lying ? ? [图解助记] 【即学即练】              1.(2019山东济宁)It is very relaxing for me to     (躺) on a soft sofa after a long time study.? 2.—Where were you when I called? —I     on the bed.? A.lied B.was lying C.lay D.was lieing 3.他举起我放在地板上的书,放在了桌子上。 He lifted up the book which I     purposely     on the floor,and put it on the table.? lie B had laid 考点2 used to的相关用法 短语 短语含义 用法 used to 过去常常 to后跟动词原形 be(get)used to 习惯于做…… 短语中的to为介词,后跟动名词 be used to 被用来做某事 to后跟动词原形 be used for 被用于做某事 后跟动名词 be used by 被……使用 后跟动作的执行者 【即学即练】                 1.(2019 贵州安顺)—My father     to his workplace by bus,but now he     there by bike.? —Really? You have an environmentally-friendly father. A.used to go,is used to go B.used to going,is used to go C.is used to go,is used to going D.used to go,is used to going 2.Sunglasses can be used for     our eyes.? A.protecting B.to protect C.protect D.protected 3.The knife can only     (use) to cut fruit,not meat.? D A be used 考点3 put off 推迟 put off是“动词+副词”构成的动词短语,后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式作宾语。名词作宾语放在put与off之间或off后面都可以;代词作宾语,只能放在put与off之间。 [拓展]put的其他常见短语: 【即学即练】             1.(2019甘肃天水)Don’t     today’s work for tomorrow.Today’s work must be done today.? A.put off B.put out C.put up D.put on 2.(2019四川广元)We’d better     our sports meeting because it’s going to rain.? A.put on B.put up C.put off A C 考点4 辨析:alone与lonely ? 单词 词性 含义 用法 alone 形容词 单独的; 独自的 表示无人陪伴,只陈述一个客观事实,不带感谢色彩,在句中作表语 副词 独自; 单独 常在句中作方式状语 lonely 形容词 孤独的; 寂寞的 带有浓厚的感情色彩,表示一种忧郁的感情,在句中作表语 【即学即练】 1.When you feel helpless and     ,just remember you are not     in the world because your friends are around you.?                 A.alone;alone B.alone;lonely C.lonely;alone D.lonely;lonely 2.The old man lives     (独自).So he feels lonely.Let’s go to visit him.? 3.这位父亲很孤独而且经常因吵闹的孩子而发怒。 The father was     and often became angry because of the noisy children.? C alone lonely 书面表达高频话题突破——健康与急救 【命题解读】   分析近五年来与“健康与急救”话题相关的书面表达可看出,此话题通常从以下角度进行命题: 1.描述健康或急救中存在的问题; 2.介绍基本的健康和急救常识,提出合理的意见或建议。 【典题分析】   现在,戴眼镜的学生越来越多,为此,国家把每年6月6日定为爱眼日。请你结合自己的体会,就如何爱护眼睛,给校报英语栏目写一篇短文。内容包括: 1.吃有益于眼睛的食物,如:胡萝卜、鸡蛋等; 2.多做眼保健操,长时间用眼后可看看远方; 3.养成良好的用眼习惯,如:不躺着玩手机或看书等。 注意:1.词数 80 词左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头已给出,不计入总词数。 Nowadays,more and more students are getting near-sighted,so National Eye Care Day is set on June 6 every year.___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 【思路点拨】 1.本文是一篇介绍如何爱护眼睛的说明文。全文大致分为三段。 2.在写作时,要先点明眼睛对我们的重要性,然后具体介绍保护眼睛的建议,最后简要总结。用第一人称和第三人称。 3.本文可以分三段展开写作,在详细介绍如何爱护眼睛时,要做到层次分明,条理清晰,可以合理地使用一些表层级关系的词或短语,如first,second,also,finally等。时态用一般现在时。 【范文欣赏】   Nowadays,more and more students are getting near-sighted,so National Eye Care Day is set on June 6 every year.As we all know,eyes are the windows to the soul.We should try our best to protect them.Here are some suggestions for good eye health.? First,eat some foods that are good for eyes,such as carrots and eggs.Second,do more eye exercises to make them relax.Also,it’s helpful to look far away from time to time after studying long.Finally,make sure to have a good habit of using eyes.Don’t read books or use a cell phone in bed. In a word,eyes are so important that all of us should do what we can to keep them healthy. 【学以致用】   每年的8月8日是“全民健身日”, 为了让这项运动更加深入人心,某英文杂志的(运动与健康)栏目正在以Let????s Do Exercise Together 为题,向广大中学生征文。 请你根据下面表格中的要点提示写一篇文章,向该栏目投稿。 运动的重要性 运动的时间与方式 ◆保持健康 ◆培养个人的性格 …… ◆上学时步行或骑自行车 ◆体育课做各种锻炼(跑步、打篮球……) ◆周末与朋友去爬山、游泳等 ……  参考词汇: keep fit,train a person’s character,on foot,PE classes,climb mountains 要求:1.短文须包含要点提示中所有信息,并适当发挥; 2.词数:80词左右,开头已给出,不计入总词数; Let’s Do Exercise Together It’s very important for us to do exercise.________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: Let’s do Exercise Together? It’s very important for us to do exercise.Doing exercise can not only help us keep fit, but also help to train a person’s character.What’s more, doing exercise helps us to study better.? We can do exercise whenever we want.It is good for us to go to school on foot or by bike.In PE classes, we can do all kinds of exercise, such as running, jumping, playing basketball and so on.On weekends, we can climb mountains or go swimming with our friends.Also, we can go hiking during the vacations. Let’s do exercise and have a healthy lifestyle together! Ⅰ.单项选择 1.(2019湖南岳阳)—You don’t look well.What’s the matter with you? —    .?                A.I won the game B.Maybe I have a fever C.That’s too bad 2.(2019湖北武汉)—Dad,what is the loudspeaker saying? —It is to the     .The flight to Wuhan is boarding now.? A.customers B.passengers C.members D.tourists 3.(2019内蒙古包头)He drove so fast at the turn that the car almost went     the road.? A.off B.on C.along D.behind B B A 4.(2019 四川遂宁)The baby is too young.Don’t leave her at home by     .? A.she B.her C.hers D.herself 5.(2019 广西贵港)—The oil on the earth will     one day.? —I think so.We should make good use of it. A.find out B.work out C.give out D.run out 6.(2019 广西贵港)—I heard that Paul hurt himself badly in the earthquake. —Yes.The doctor had to     his right leg to save him.? A.cut up B.cut out C.cut off D.cut down D D C 7.(2019黑龙江绥化)It’s not good for you to smoke so much,you’d better     .? A.give up it B.give them up C.give it up 8.(2019吉林)We always     our classroom every Friday afternoon.? A.clean up   B.put up   C.use up 9.(2019辽宁铁岭)My cousin volunteers in the Children’s Home.His job is to     food and clothes.? A.sell out B.work out C.hand out D.find out 10.(2019山东临沂)Cathy sold some of her things in a yard sale and     the money to a children’s home.? A.gave away B.gave up C.gave out C A C A Ⅱ.(2019山东枣庄)还原型阅读 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入横线上的最佳选项。 When Will Restall was in fifth grade,he received bus safety training at school.Local bus drivers taught students about how to use the buses’ two-way radios.A two-way radio is a radio that can both send and receive messages.1.    .And they showed the students how to use them in emergency (紧急的) situations.Will used what he learned to help a hurt bus driver get quick medical treatment.People in his hometown now call the 11-year-old a hero for his brave actions.? Will was taking the school bus to school one morning.2.    .He had to wait 10 minutes or so before he could get off the bus.? C A But then he heard a loud noise and looked up to see what happened.3.    .She had passed out and fell over on the bus’ stairs.? Will left his seat,grabbed the two-way radio and reported that the driver was hurt.4.    . Soon,another bus driver and an ambulance (救护车) arrived to help.When they got there,the bus driver was awake and sitting up,but not speaking.They sent the driver to the hospital.Will and everyone else on the bus went to class as usual.Will’s brave actions attracted a lot of attention.5.    ,although he didn’t want to be the spotlight (公众注意的焦点).“I had to ask him,” said his father,Tim Restall.? D E B A.Like every other student on the bus,Will was playing a video game on his phone B.A local TV station even interviewed him C.The user can both talk and listen,it’s also called walkie-talkies (对讲机) D.He saw that the bus driver was no longer in the driver’s seat E.The radio on each bus let Will’s friends hear him report the emergency Ⅲ.阅读理解 读下面的文章,然后判断文章后面的问题,正确的答案写T,错误的答案写F。 People always call firefighters (消防员) for help when there is a big fire.Do you think they only need to fight fires? In fact,they need to do many other kinds of strange things. Firefighters are often called to save people or animals that are trapped (困住).In many countries,there are lots of stories of firefighters saving animals trapped in strange places.For example,several firefighters in England saved a dog trapped in a wheelchair (轮椅) last winter.Also,firefighters often save people trapped in very unusual places.Once some firefighters saved an adult American trapped in a washing machine.They cut up the machine and helped him out in the end. Sometimes,firefighters also have to save any person in danger—even when the person is doing something wrong or breaking the law (法律). Firefighters always come to help people in need even at the risk of their own lives.They are heroes in our hearts. 1.Firefighters only need to fight fires. 2.Firefighters often save people or animals that are trapped. 3.A dog trapped in a wheelchair was saved by firefighters in England. 4.Firefighters needn’t save a person in danger who is breaking the law. 5.Sometimes firefighters need to risk their own lives to help people in danger. 1-5 FTTFT Ⅳ.阅读表达 读下面的文章,然后回答文章后的问题。 Aron Ralston is an American man.He is interested in mountain climbing.He is used to taking risks,and there were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents.On April 26,2003,when he climbed in Utah,he found himself in a very dangerous situation.He struggled (抗争) and fought for five days.At last,he saved his own life but lost his right arm.Even after this experience,he kept on climbing mountains.He also wrote a famous book with a single arm. Aron’s story tells us never to give up.Every person has a dream.It makes us do what we are doing,because it’s what we believe in.And everyone has moments when life seems too hard,but never stop going like Aron.Our biggest enemies are hiding in us—laziness(懒惰)and doubt.We should be warriors (勇士) of our dreams and goals and we should keep on fighting for them. 1.What is Aron interested in? ?_____________________________________________________________ 2.When did Aron climb in Utah? ?_____________________________________________________________ 3.How long did Aron struggle to save his life in Utah? ?_____________________________________________________________ 4.Did Aron keep on climbing mountains after the serious accident? ?_____________________________________________________________ 5.What are the biggest enemies hiding in us? ?_____________________________________________________________ He/Aron is interested in mountain climbing./ Mountain climbing. On April 26, 2003. For five days./Five days./He struggled (and fought) for five days. Yes, he did. Laziness and doubt./ They are laziness and doubt. Ⅴ.(2019 新疆)短文填空 根据短文内容,在每个空格处填写一个适当的词,使文章意思完整且符合逻辑。(每空一词) Will it matter if you don’t take your breakfast? A short time ago,a test 1.     given in some places.People of different ages from 12 to 83 were asked to have a 2.    .During the test,some people were given 3.      kinds of breakfasts and some got no breakfast at all.Scientists wanted to 4.     how well their bodies worked when they had different kinds of breakfasts.The result shows that if a person 5.     a right breakfast,he or she weight hungry was test eat see well going carefully all was test all  see  eats  will work 6.     than if he or she has no breakfast.If a student has fruit,eggs,bread and milk before 7.     to school,he will listen more 8.     in class.The results also show that having no breakfast will not help you lose weight.This is because people become so 9.     at noon that they eat too much for lunch.So they will put on weight instead of losing 10.    .? better going carefully hungry weight (共37张PPT) 八年级下册 Unit3~Unit 4 核心词汇 1.sweep(v.) 扫;打扫→swept(过去式/过去分词) 2.throw(v.) 扔;掷→threw(过去式)→thrown(过去分词) *throw away扔掉 3.pass(v.) 给;递;走过;通过→passed(过去式/过去分词)→past(passed的同音异形词)(prep.& adj.) 晚于;过(时间);过去的 *pass by通过 *pass on传递 *pass through 穿过;越过 *pass the examination 通过考试 4.lend(v.) 借给;借出→lent(过去式/过去分词)→borrow(反义词)借;借用 5.depend(v.)依靠;依赖→dependent(adj.)依靠的;依赖的→independent(adj.)独立的;自主的 →dependence(n.)依赖;依靠;信任 *depend on依靠;信赖 6.develop(v.)发展;壮大→development(n.)发展;发育;成长 →developing(adj.)发展中的 →developed(adj.)发达的 7.ill(adj.)有病;不舒服→illness(n.)疾病;病 8.drop(v.)落下;掉下→dropped(过去式/过去分词) *drop by顺便来访 9.fair(adj.)合理的;公正的→fairness(n.)公正性;合理性 →unfair(反义词)不合理的;不公正的 10.communicate(v.) 交流;沟通→communication(n.)交流;沟通 *communicate with沟通;交流 11.argue(v.)争吵;争论→argument(n.)争论;争吵 *argue with和某人争吵 12.explain(v.) 解释;说明→explanation(n.)解释;说明 13.compare(v.)比较→comparison(n.)比较 *compare...with比较;对比 *compare...to...比作 短语扫描 1.take out the rubbish倒垃圾 2.fold the clothes叠衣服 3.sweep the floor扫地 4.get a ride搭车 5.all the time频繁;反复 6.as soon as一……就……;尽快 7.do chores做家务 8.in order to目的是;为了 9.look through快速查看;浏览 10.big deal重要的事 11.work out成功地发展;解决 12.get on with和睦相处;关系良好 13.cut out删除;删去 14.in one’s opinion依……看 句型点击 1.The minute I sat down in front of the TV,my mom came over. 我一坐在电视机前,我妈妈就过来了。 2.For one week,she did not do any housework and neither did I.一周,她没做家务,我也没做。 3.When they get older,they will have to do housework so there’s no need for them to do it now. 当他们长大的时候,他们将做家务,所以对他们来说现在没有必要做。 4.It’s not enough to just get good grades at school. 在学校仅仅得到好成绩是不够的。 5.The earlier kids learn to be independent,the better it is for their future. 孩子们学习独立越早,对他们的未来越好 6.Why don’t you go to sleep earlier this evening? 今天晚上你为什么不早点去睡觉呢? 7.Although she’s wrong,it’s not a big deal. 虽然她是错的,这没什么大不了的。 8.The Taylors are a typical American family. 泰勒家就是一个典型的美国家庭。 9.However,the tired children don’t get home until after 7:00 p.m.然而,疲倦的孩子们直到晚上七点后才到家。 10.Although it’s normal to want successful children,it’s even more important to have happy children. 虽然想有成功的孩子很正常,拥有快乐的孩子甚至更重要。 语法聚焦 1.could表礼貌请求和允许(见本书P149) 2.Why don’t you...?句型 3.连词(until,so that和although)(见本书P128) 考点1 neither adv.& pron.也不;两者都不 [拓展]neither...nor...表示“既不……也不……”,连接两个并列成分表示否定;连接主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近原则”,即谓语动词的单复数与最近的主语保持一致。 ? neither 副词 意为“也不”,表示前者的否定情况也适合于后者。置于句首时用倒装语序,常用结构为:neither+be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语。 代词 意为“两者都不”,常与of连用,作主语时谓语动词用单数形式。 【即学即练】              1.(2019 湖北随州)—Do you like rock music or light music? —    .I like pop music.? A.Both B.None C.Neither D.Either 2.(2019江苏南通)—What’s the weather like in Kunming,Lucy? —It’s     hot     cold.So Kunming is called “the Spring City”.? A.neither;nor B.not only;but also C.either;or D.both;and 3.(2019贵州铜仁)—I know nothing about the film Titanic. —    .? A.Neither do I B.So do I C.Neither did I D.So did I C A A 考点2 辨析:borrow,lend与keep ? borrow 借入 非延续性动词,常用结构:borrow sth.(from sb.) lend 借出 非延续性动词,常用结构:lend sb. sth.或lend sth. to sb. keep 借(多久) 延续性动词,常与“how long”或“for+一段时间”连用 [图解助记] 【即学即练】                1.(2019四川达州)—Can I     Robinson Crusoe, Mrs.Zhao?? —Sure,it’s very interesting,but you can only     it for two weeks.? A.borrow;lend B.lend;borrow C.borrow;keep D.lend;keep 2.—Could you     me your bike,Tom?? —OK.And you can     it for a week.? A.lend;keep B.borrow;lend C.lend;borrow D.borrow;keep 3.The book is too expensive.I think I will     (借) one from the library.? C A borrow 考点3 辨析:while与when ? ? 时间点 一段 时间 从句的动作和主句的动作同时发生 从句的动作和主句的动作先后发生 when √ √ √ √ while ? √ √ ? 【即学即练】              1.(2019江苏苏州)Love your parents     they are alive.Don’t wait until it is too late.? A.while B.though C.because D.unless 2.I was writing a letter     she was making a telephone call.? A.while B.when C.before D.after 3.—What were you doing     I knocked at the door?? —I was sleeping. A.unless B.once C.when D.while A A C 考点4 辨析:provide,offer与give 单词 搭配 例句 provide provide+ +with+ =provide+ +for+ Young people have the duty to provide food for their parents.= Young people have the duty to provide their parents with food.年轻人有赡养父母的义务。 offer offer+ + =offer+ +to+ The waiter offered a glass of water to me.= The waiter offered me a glass of water.服务员给我提供了一杯水。 give give+ + = give+ +to+ She gave me flowers yesterday.=She gave flowers to me yesterday.她昨天给我花了。 【即学即练】             1.Some people think it’s the parents’job to     their children     a clean and comfortable environment at home.? A.offer;to B.offer;with C.provide;with D.provide;to 2.We teenagers should care for the old and     our seats to them on buses.? A.offer B.send C.provide D.lend 3.We     our mom some beautiful flowers on Moth’s Day and she was very happy.? A.provided B.gave C.supplied D.sent C A B 考点5 allow v.允许;准许 allow sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事 【即学即练】                1.(2019湖北咸宁)—Have you ever heard that China is building a nationwide 5G network? —Right.5G will allow us     English movies faster than ever.? A.download B.downloads C.to download D.downloading 2.Look!They don’t allow     here.So let’s find another place.? A.park B.parking C.to park D.parked 3.We are not allowed     (take) photos in the museum even if we don’t use a flash.? C B to take Ⅰ.单项选择                  1.(2019 湖北襄阳)—What does Huawei’s newest smart phone look like? —It’s wonderful! You can     it in half just like closing a book.? A.hand B.pass C.fold D.cut 2.(2019广东深圳)—Alan,your hair is so long,why don’t you go and have a haircut? —I’m too busy to go today,but thanks for your advice     .? A.anytime B.anywhere C.anyway 3.(2019山东东营)—I’m going to learn some basic life skills,like cooking,washing clothes and tidying the rooms. —So am I.We shouldn’t always     our parents.? A.look after B.depend on C.take pride in D.get on with C C B 4.(2019辽宁葫芦岛)Every evening my father     newspapers while my mother watches TV.? A puts up B.looks for C.gives away D.looks through 5.(2019江苏无锡)     I do,I do it for you.Do not ever doubt that,my boy.? A.Whatever B.Wherever C.Whenever D.Whoever 6.(2019 广东深圳)—Miss Huang always advises us to practice speaking English after class. —She is right.Speaking is an important language     .? A.sign B.skill C.suggestion D A B 7.(2019江苏扬州)—Honey,come and help me     the picture of balloons from the magazine.? —OK,Granny.I’m coming. A.carry out B.work out C.cut out D.hand out 8.(2019广西贵港)—What do you think of the TV program The Reader? —Excellent.Many people are     about it.They never miss it.? A.nervous B.worried C.crazy D.angry C C 9.(2019山东菏泽)—The relations between my parents have become difficult.What should I do? —You could do more jobs around the house so that they have more time for proper     .? A.instrument B.communication C.community 10.(2019云南昆明)—Gina,could you please play the drums on the art festival? —    .I can only play the guitar.? A.I’m afraid I can’t B.Yes,I can C.Sure,I’d love to D.Not bad B A Ⅱ.完形填空   How are American families different from Chinese families? In some ways American families are very different from Chinese ones,and in other ways they are  1 .American families,for example,enjoy family dinners,support and love each other just as Chinese families  2 .The differences come from culture,however.Many Chinese students are  3  to learn that American teenagers are allowed to make many decisions on their own,and that parents want their children to  4  home at eighteen.? In most American families,children are encouraged to make their own choices  5  a young age.They start with small choices and gradually  6  ones until they graduate from high school.That is when they face the biggest decision of their lives: 7  to do next.Parents and family will help with the choice,but the children themselves make the final decision.? Americans 8  move back into family homes when they get older.Instead,they prefer to have their own  9  as long as possible.It is important to remember that these are cultural differences,and that Americans see this as  10  of the culture.? 1.A.too much B.all right C.the same D.different 2.A.do B.go C.work D.take 3.A.worried B.surprised C.Moved D.excited 4.A.leave B.return C.get D.go 5.A.of B.for C.at D.in 6.A.larger B.worse C.easier D.better 7.A.which B.how C.what D.why 8.A.often B.seldom C.once D.always 9.A.chances B.choices C.lives D.jobs 10.A.half B.part C.all D.side 1-5 CABAC 6-10 ACBCB Ⅲ.(2019云南曲靖)阅读理解 Dear Mike, My deskmate lately told me that there are a lot of people in my class who have hated me for a long time.I thought about how I’ve behaved in the past,but I don’t think I did anything wrong.I feel lonely and sad now.What should I do? Julia Dear Julia, First,you should keep in mind that not everyone is going to like you all the time.Some people might even hate you for no reason at all.I know that sounds unfair,but that’s just how some people are. I will say this for you.It’s not good to hear that your classmates supposedly (据说) dislike you.Why did I say “supposedly”? It’s possible that your deskmate is lying to you.He or she might be the one who hates you.Your deskmate might be trying to trick you and make you feel bad. On the other hand,it’s also possible that you did something in the past that you don’t quite remember—something that made your classmate dislike you.Maybe you can have a chat with your teacher and ask him or her if you misbehaved or hurt someone in the past.However,I think it’s more likely that your deskmate isn’t being honest with you. Mike 1.What happened to Julia? A.She did something wrong. B.Her deskmate helped her. C.She was told she was unpopular in class. D.She had no friends. 2.According to Mike,Julia’s deskmate just might make her feel     .? A.relaxed B.tired C.upset D.angry 3.Mike advised Julia to     .? A.chat with her teacher B.stay away from her classmates C.do something for her class D.chat with her deskmate C C A 4.Mike didn’t remind Julia that     .? A.she was hated for no reason B.her deskmate might trick her C.she might hurt someone in the past D.she might not trust her teachers 5.Julia asked for help from Mike by     .? A.chatting online B.writing a letter C.making a call D.keeping a diary D B Ⅳ.阅读表达 阅读短文,按要求完成短文后的各项任务。   Westerns think that the education ways in many Chinese families are hard to understand.Here are some examples. Many children in China are looked after by their grandfathers and grandmothers because their pa-rents are busy.But children need to stay and communicate with their parents. Parents pay no attention to the rights of children.Parents should knock at the door before they go into the room of their children.(1)They shouldn’t move their children’s things before they agree.Parents should communicate with children and respect (尊重) the rights and decision of them.Children who are not respected also do not know how to respect others.? (2)Parents often     their children     others.Most Chinese parents want their children to be successful,because it can save the parents’ faces.Parents often say “You see somebody else is studying hard,what good grades they have,and what prizes they get”.This is the worst thing.It will only bring the child much harm and pain.? Many children are made to do what their parents expect,though they do not like it.For example,parents ask their children to learn to play the piano or go abroad.It should be decided by children themselves. The more hard-working,the better.Many parents think school performance is everything.In fact,the integrated (综合) ability is so important that it will affect children all their lives. 1.将(1)句译成中文。 ?____________________________________________________________ 2.在(2)句的空白处分别填入一个适当的词使句意完整、上下文通顺。 ?____________________________________________________________ 3.回答问题:Why are many children looked after by their grandparents in China? ?____________________________________________________________ 4.在文中找出与Children themselves should make a decision about it.意思相近的句子。 ?_____________________________________________________________ 5.在文中找出最能表达该短文主题的句子。 ?_____________________________________________________________ 征得孩子们的同意前,父母不应该移动他们的物品。 compare;with Because their parents are busy. It should be decided by children themselves. Westerns think that the education ways in many Chinese families are hard to understand. Ⅴ.短文填空 阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词) 。 Cooking was once regarded as a necessary part of education in England.But in recent years,it has become less important in schools.As a result,1.    (基础的) cooking and food preparation skills are being lost.It is also making more children overweight,as parents use too much fast food that is 2.     (有害的) to their health.? The government is worried and is looking for ways to 3.      (解决) the problem.A new law has been passed.All secondly schools should offer cooking 4.     (课程) to students aged from 11 to 14 years old.They hope that this will encou-rage people to cook instead of eating 5.     (准备好的) meals,fast food and snacks.? basic harmful solve courses/lessons ready Students will learn to cook for one hour a 6.    (星期) for one term.They will learn to use simple and fresh ingredients(原料) to prepare healthy,tasty food,following 7.      (说明).These cooking skills will be helpful in their future life.Schools are also setting up cooking clubs all over the country.The clubs will 8.     (提供) more children with the chance to learn to cook.? week  instructions/directions provide There are still difficulties.Head teachers are worried about the things they will need for the cooking.And about 15% of schools do not have 9.    (厨房) and there are not enough teachers.? The speaker from the government 10.     (允诺) to train 800 teachers and to give schools 2.5 million pounds a year to help children from poorer families to pay for ingredients.? ? kitchens promises (共36张PPT) 八年级下册 Unit5~Unit 6 核心词汇 1.heavy(adj.)沉重的→heavily(adv.)在很大程度上;大量地 2.sudden(adj.)突然的→suddenly(adv.)突然;忽然 *all of a sudden突然 3.strange(adj.)奇怪的;陌生的→stranger(n.)陌生人 4.wind(n.)风→windy(adj.)多风的 5.wood(n.)木;木头→wooden(adj.)木制的;木头的 6.beat(v.) 敲打;打败→beat(过去式) →beaten(过去分词) 7.sleep(v.) 睡眠;睡觉→sleepy(adj.)困倦的;瞌睡的 →asleep(adj.)睡着的 *fall asleep进入梦乡;睡着 8.rise(v.& n.) 升起;增加;提高→rose(过去式) →risen(过去分词) 9.fall(v.) 倒塌;跌倒;掉落→fell(过去式) →fallen(过去分词) →falling(现在分词)→fallen(adj.)倒下的;落下的 *fallen leaves落叶  *fall down跌倒 10.ice(n.)冰→icy (adj.)覆盖着冰的;冰冷的 11.complete(adj.& v.)完全的;完整的;完成→completely(adv.)彻底地;完全地 12.silence(n.)沉默→silent(adj.)不说话的;沉默的 →silently(adv.)沉默地 *in silence沉默;无声 13.true(adj.)真实的→truth(n.)实情;事实 →truly(adv.)真正;确实 14.shoot(v.) 射击;发射→shot(过去式/过去分词) *shoot at射击 15.weak(adj.)虚弱的;无力的→weakness(n.)软弱;弱点 16.hide(v.) 隐藏;隐蔽→hid(过去式) →hidden(过去分词) 17.magic(adj.) 有魔力的;有神奇力量的→magical(adj.)(像)魔法的;(像)魔术的 →magician(n.)魔术师 18.marry(v.) 结婚→married(过去式/过去分词)→married(adj.)已婚的 * get married结婚 19.gold(n.& adj.)金子;金币;金色的→golden(adj.)金质的;金的;金色的 20.wife(n.) 妻子→wives(pl.) 21.shine(v.) 发光;照耀→shone(过去式/过去分词) 22.lead(v.)带路;领路→led(过去式/过去分词)→leader(n.)领导;领袖 *lead to导致……;通向…… 短语扫描 1.go off(闹钟)发出响声 2.pick up接电话 3.at first起初;起先 4.die down逐渐变弱;逐渐消失 5.have a look看一看 6.make one’s way前往;费力的前进 7.take down拆除;往下拽;记录 8.a little bit有点;稍微 9.instead of代替;反而 10.turn...into变成 11.fall in love爱上;喜欢上 12.point out指出 句型点击 1.When you called,I was taking a shower. 当你打电话的时候,我正在洗澡。 2.In November 1979,pupils in England were able to watch a new TV program called Monkey. 在1979年11月,英国的学生能够观看叫《猴王》的新电视节目。 3.The new couple were so happy that they couldn’t stop smiling when they got married. 新夫妻是如此高兴以至于当他们结婚的时候他们情不自禁地笑了。 4.Don’t eat it until you get to the forest. 不要吃它直到你到了森林。 5.What a long time you slept in the forest! 你在森林里睡的时间好长呀! 6.Unless he can hide his tail,he cannot turn himself into a person. 除非他能够藏起他的尾巴,否则他不能够将自己变成人。 语法聚焦 1.连词(when和while引导的时间状语从句)(见本书P158) 2.过去进行时(见本书P138) 3.连词(unless,as soon as,so...that)(见本书P128) 考点1 pick up 接电话 ①pick up是“动词+副词”短语,当宾语是名词时,放在pick与up之间或pick up之后均可;当宾语是代词时,只能放在pick与up之间。 ②pick up还有“捡起,拾起;中途搭载乘客;接人;收拾,整理”的意思。 [图解助记] 【即学即练】               1.(2019安徽)—Shall we go to the airport to     your sister?? —I don’t think it’s necessary.She will come here by taxi. A.see off B.pick up C.look after D.come across 2.I called Jane yesterday,but she didn’t     .? A.pick up B.make up C.get up D.put up 3.—Look! What’s on the ground? —Oh,it’s my sweater.Please     for me.? A.pick up it B.pick it up C.pick it out D.pick out it B A B 考点2 remind v.提醒;使想起 ① remind sb.of sth.提醒某人某事 ② remind sb.to do sth.提醒某人做某事 ③ remind (sb.) that... 提醒某人…… 【即学即练】                1.—Have you heard of the song “Where did the time go”? —Yes.It often     the old days and love of my family when I hear it.? A.puts us down B.reminds us of C.shows us off D.helps us out 2.It reminds us     the best things in life are free such as laughter,friends,the beauty of nature and so on.? A.That B.which C.What D.who 3.My parents often remind me     hard.They think going to a university is important for me.? A.to study B.study C.studying D.studied B A A 考点3 marry v.结婚 Jack married Alice last week. 上星期杰克娶了艾丽斯。 Alice got married to Jack last week. 上星期艾丽斯嫁给了杰克。 The old couple have been married for over fifty years.这对老夫妇已经结婚五十多年了。 【即学即练】                   1.—Mary,I remember you     several years ago.? —Yes,I     for 3 years.? A.married;have married B.married;married C.married;have been married D.have married;have been married 2.They met in 2010 and got     (marry) two years later.? 3.My sister     (marry) a professor in 2018. C married married 考点4 辨析:voice,noise与sound? ? voice 名词 一般指嗓音 noise 名词 一般指令人心烦的、不和谐的噪音 sound 名词 泛指一切声响,指一切可以听到的声音。 动词 表示“听起来”,后面跟形容词作表语。 sound like表示“听起来像”,后面跟名 词。 [图解助记] 【即学即练】                 1.(2019 江苏淮安)Betty has a beautiful     .She wants to be a singer in the future.? A.voice B.look C.noise D.sound 2.Copenhagen (哥本哈根) has less traffic     (噪音) and pollution than any other European capital.? 3.光的传播速度比声音快得多。 ________________________________________________________ A noise Light travels much faster than sound. Ⅰ.单项选择                  1.(2019甘肃兰州)How     it rained yesterday! We had to cancel our football match.? A.heavily B.light C.heavy D.lightly 2.(2019内蒙古呼和浩特)Ben was helping his mother when the rain began to beat heavily     the windows.? A.against B.across C.above D.below 3.Black clouds were making the sky very dark.With no     outside,it felt like midnight.? A.letter B.light C.wheel D.storm A A B 4.(2019江苏苏州)—Keep quiet! I need complete     when I’m working.? —Sorry,dad.I won’t make any noise again. A.trust B.silence C.control D.strength 5.(2019江苏宿迁)—Anna,how does the dress look on me? —To tell you the     ,it doesn’t fit you well.? A.trade B.trust C.truth D.treat B C 6.(2019 湖北襄阳)—How strange! You sit in your room     for a long time,Li Ming.? —I just want to be quiet for a while.I’m sorry,Dad.I failed the test again. A.in silence B.in person C.in public D.in fact 7.(2019山东东营)—The Wandering Earth (《流浪地球》) tells us a story about how people tried to save the earth. —Yes.In the film humans chose to stay with the earth     running away from it.? A.because of B.together with C.such as D.instead of A D 8.Last Thursday when I got to the station,I     I had left my ticket at home.? A.understood B.realized C.believed D.seemed 9.The movie     for about 5 minutes,so let’s see the next one.? A.has been on B.has started C.started D.began 10.—Oh no! There isn’t any sugar left. —    .I’ll buy some when I go into town.? A.Good idea B.Not at all C.Go ahead D.Never mind B A D Ⅱ.完形填空   Long long ago,the Jade Emperor (玉皇大帝) organized an animal race.The first 12 animals to win could get a  1  in the Chinese Zodiac (十二生肖),and have a year named after them.? The cat and the mouse both 2  the ox (公牛) to wake them early on the day of the race.That day,the ox  3  to wake them,but without success.So the kind ox carried them on  4  back and started running when the race began.The mouse  5  up just when the ox was going across the last river.He knew that he could  6  beat thecat.So he pushed the  7  off the ox’s back.When the ox reached the other side of the river,the mouse jumped off andran to the finishing line, just 8  the ox.The tiger came third. So the 12-year cycle (循环) begins with the mouse.The ox comes after him.The tiger  9  the ox.The rabbit,dragon,snake,horse,goat,monkey,rooster,dog and pig come after them.The cat was  10  to finish the race,almost dying in the river,but she has no place in the zodiac.? So that’s why cats kill mice.They can never forget what happened in that race long long ago! 1.A.place B.prize C.sign D.skill 2.A.promised B.helped C.hated D.asked ? 3.A.loved B.refused C.forgot D.tried 4.A.her B.his C.their D.your 5.A.made B.took C.woke D.dressed 6.A.never B.still C.perhaps D.almost 7.A.monkey B.cat C.tiger D.dog 8.A.for B.against C.before D.after 9.A.leads B.cheats C.reminds D.follows 10.A.fast B.lucky C.easy D.free 1-5 ADDBC 6-10 ABCDB Ⅲ.阅读理解   Then Alice saw a small glass table.There was a little golden key on it.She picked it up and put it in all the locks on the doors but it didn’t open any of them.She moved a curtain on one of the walls and discovered another door,a very small one.She put the key in the lock.It was exactly the right size! She opened the door and looked through it.At the end of a low passage she saw a beautiful garden.It was full of brightly coloured flowers and fountains. “Oh,how beautiful!” she said.“I’d love to go there but I’m too big to get through the door.” She walked back to the table.There was a bottle on it now. “I’m sure that bottle wasn’t there before,” she said,a little confused. She put down the key and picked up the bottle.She read the words “DRINK ME” on it.Alice wasn’t a stupid girl.She didn’t drink it immediately.First she looked at the bottle carefully.There wasn’t a label on it that said “POISON”. So she put the bottle to her lips and drank. “Mmm,it’s nice,” she said,it tasted like cherry tart,pineapple,roast turkey and toast—all the things that she liked to eat—so she drank some more.And some more.Soon the bottle was empty. “What a curious feeling,” she said.“I’m getting smaller and smaller.” It was true! She was now as small as her cat Dinah. “Good! I can go through the door into the garden,” she said.But,poor Alice! When she got to the door,she didn’t have the key! It was on the table.She couldn’t reach it because she was too small now.She sat down and cried. After a while she said,“Alice!” “Stop crying! Crying doesn’t help! Dry your tears immediately!” When she looked at the table again,she saw a small glass box under it.She picked it up and opened it.There was a small cake inside.It had the words “EAT ME” on it.She put a small piece of it in her mouth. “If I grow bigger I can reach the key,” she thought.“And if I grow smaller I can go under the door.” But nothing happened so she finished it. 1.From the passage we can know that     .? A.at first Alice could go through the door into the garden easily B.then Alice found there was a little golden key on a small wooden table C.Alice was as small as her rabbit Dinah after she drank something in the bottle D.Alice saw a small glass box with a small cake in it under the table 2.Alice did the following things in the order of     .? a.She saw a beautiful garden at the end of a low passage. b.She moved a curtain and discovered another door. c.She put a small piece of the cake in her mouth. d.She put the bottle to her lips and drank. e.She cried because she couldn’t reach the key. A.a-b-c-d-e B.b-a-d-e-c C.d-a-b-c-c D.b-d-c-a-c 3.The underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refers to    .? A.the small box B.the glass table C.the small cake D.the golden key 4.According to the passage,the best words to describe Alice are    .? A.careful and brave B.curious and helpful C.clever and friendly D.organized and strange 1-4 DBCA Ⅳ.阅读表达 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。 Once upon a time,in the forest there lived a baby elephant,who had no friends.None of the animals wanted to be his friend because he was too large. One day,a wild fire happened in the forest.The animals ran to safer places.The dry trees caught the fire and the fire was sure to go all around the forest.The baby elephant ran to the nearest river,collected much water in his trunk (象鼻) and rushed to the burning trees.He sprayed (喷) the water on the fire.Finally,he     the fire.? Later,while he was resting after the hard job,all the animals and birds came to him and expressed their thanks for his kind help in time.They were now ready to regard him as their good friend and their hero.They said,“A friend in need is a friend indeed.” ? The baby elephant was happy to get so many friends and played games with them.He walked through the forest,carrying several small animals and birds on his back. 1.Why did the baby elephant have no friends at first? ?_____________________________________________________________ 2.Where did the wild fire happen? ?_____________________________________________________________ 3.Fill the blank with proper words.(no more than 3 words.) ?_____________________________________________________________ 4.Try to put the underlined sentence into Chinese. ?_____________________________________________________________ 5.Give a proper title (题目) to the passage. ?_____________________________________________________________ Because he was too large. In the forest. put out 他们现在愿意把他当作他们的朋友和英雄。 The true friend Ⅴ.选词填空 阅读下面材料,用方框中所给单词的适当形式在空白处填空,每词限用一次,每空只能填一词。 One evening,an old lady went shopping in the supermarket.She 1.     lots of toys for her grandson,including a knife.When she came back to her car,she found a man with red hair starting the car and 2.     two sitting at the back.She was surprised.She realized that they would drive her car away.Then she took out the toy knife 3.      thinking and pointed at the men in the car.“Get out of the car!” She shouted 4.    .The men in the car got so come,that,true,loud,buy,surprised,another,why,with,own bought another without loudly scared that they ran away quickly.The lady made sure 5.      all the men had gone.Then she took out the key to start the car.To her 6.    ,she couldn’t.She tried again and again and finally she knew 7.    —it wasn’t her car! She looked around and saw her 8.      car not far away.When she came back to her car,she saw the men 9.     up to her with a policeman.She thought it was time for her to tell the 10.      and make it clear.After hearing her story,the policeman began to laugh.Her face turned red.? ? that surprise why  own coming  truth (共38张PPT) 八年级下册 Unit7~Unit 8 核心词汇 1.deep(adj.)深的;纵深的→deeper(比较级)较深的 →deepest(最高级)最深的 →deeply(adv.)深深地 →depth(n.)深度;深处 2.Asia(n.)亚洲→Asian(adj.& n.)亚洲的;亚洲人的;亚洲人 3.tour(n.& v.)旅行;旅游→tourist(n.)旅行者;观光者→tourism(n.)旅游业 4.amaze (v.)使惊奇;使惊喜→ amazing (adj.)令人大为惊奇的;令人惊喜(或惊叹)的→ amazed (adj.)感到惊奇的 5.ancient(adj.)古代的;古老的→modern(反义词)现代的 6.protect(v.)保护;防护→protection (n.)保护;保卫 *protect...from...保护……免于…… 7.wide(adj.)宽的;宽阔的→widely(adv.)广泛地;普遍地→width(n.)宽度;广度 8.achieve(v.) 达到;取得;获得;实现→achievement(n.)成就;成绩 9.thick(adj.)厚的;浓的→thin(反义词)薄的 10.include(v.)包括;包含→including(prep.)包括(某人、某物)在内 11.nature(n.)自然→natural (adj.)自然的→naturally (adv.)自然地 12.research(v.& n.)研究;调查→researcher(n.)研究员,调查者 13.keep(v.) 保持;保留→kept(过去式/过去分词)→keeper(n.)饲养员;保管人 *keep healthy保持健康 14.wake(v.) 醒;醒来;唤醒→woke(过去式) →woken(过去分词)→awake(adj.)醒着的 *wake up叫醒 *stay awake保持清醒 15.France(n.)法国→French(n.)法语→Frenchman(n.)法国人 16.introduce(v.)介绍;引见→introduction(n.)介绍 *introduce oneself自我介绍 17.south(n.)南方→southern(adj.)南方的 短语扫描 1.feel free(可以)随便(做某事) 2.take in吸入;吞入(体内) 3.in the face of面对(问题、困难等) 4.even though即使;虽然 5.at birth出生时 6.up to到达(某数量、程度等);至多有;不多于 7.walk into走路时撞着 8.fall over绊倒 9.or so大约 10.full of满是……的;(有)大量的;(有)丰富的 11.hurry up赶快;急忙(做某事) 12.ever since自从 13.one another互相 14.belong to属于 句型点击 1.Did you know that China is one of the oldest countries in the world? 你知道中国是世界上最古老的国家之一吗? 2.It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你快到达顶部的时候,吸入空气也非常困难。 3.Why do so many people try to climb this mountain even though it is dangerous? 即使它危险,为什么如此多的人试着爬这座山呢? 4.Scientists say there are now fewer than 2,000 pandas living in the remaining forests. 科学家说现在有少于2 000只大熊猫生活在留下来的森林里。 5.Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo. 成年熊猫每天花费超过十二小时的时间来吃大约十千克的竹子。 6.I chose Treasure Island,but I haven’t finished reading it yet. 我选择《金银岛》,但是我还没有读完呢。 7.Have you at least read the back of the book to see what it’s about? 你至少已经读完了书的结尾来看一下它是关于什么的? 8.One of them died but the other ran towards my house. 他们中的一个死了,但是另外一个跑向了我的房子。 9.Listening to The Toms is a good way to wake up. 听The Toms是醒来的好方法。 10.It made Sarah think about her family and friends back in the US. 这让萨拉想起美国的家人和朋友。 11.Sarah hasn’t been to Nashville yet,but it is her dream to go there one day. 萨拉还没有去过纳什维尔,但是有一天去那儿是她的梦想。 12.I hope to see him sing live one day! 我希望有一天去看她现场演唱。 语法聚焦 1.基数词(数量的读法和表达方法)(见本书P121) 2.形容词、副词的比较级和最高级(见本书P131,P134) 3.现在完成时Ⅰ(含already和yet)(见本书P138) 考点1 population n.人口;人口数量 ①population是集合名词,指人口总数,常与定冠词the连用,作主语时,谓语动词常用第三人称单数形式,如果表示个体概念,被分数或百分数修饰时,谓语动词用复数。

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  • ID:4-6938310 2020年中考英语复习:一轮复习教材梳理-- 八年级上册(5份打包共42+36+38+30+38张PPT)

    初中英语/中考专区/一轮复习/教材梳理/八年级上册

    (共42张PPT) 八年级上册 Unit1~Unit 2 核心词汇 1.wonder (v.& n.)想知道;琢磨;奇迹→wonderful (adj.) 精彩的 2.something(pron.)某事;某物→ nothing (反义词) 没有什么;没有一件东西 3.you(pron.)你;你们→yourself (反身代词) 你自己→yourselves (反身代词) 你们自己 4.decide(v.)决定→ decision (n.)决定;抉择 *make a decision做决定 5.try (v.& n.)尝试→tried(过去式/过去分词) *try one????s best尽某人最大努力 *have a try试一试 *try on试穿 *try to do sth.尽力做某事 *try doing sth.尝试着做某事 6.build(v.)建造→built (过去式/过去分词) →building (n.)建筑物;房子 7.trade(v.& n.)贸易;交易→trader (n.)商人 8.wait(v.)等待;等候→waiter(n.)男服务员;侍者→waitress(n.)女服务员 *wait for等待;等候 *can’t wait to do sth.迫不及待地做某事 *Time and tide wait for no man.[谚]时不我待。 9.hunger(n.)饿;饥饿→hungry(adj.) 饥饿的→full(反义词)饱的 *be hungry for...渴望…… 10.like (v.)喜欢;喜爱→dislike(v.)不喜欢 11.one (num.)一→once(adv.)一次;曾经 *No man can do things at once.[谚]一心不可二用。 12.two(num.)二→twice(adv.) 两次;两倍 13.swing(v.& n.) (使)摆动;摇摆 →swung (过去式/过去分词) 14.die(v.) 消失;灭亡;死亡→died(过去式/过去分词) →dying(现在分词) 临死的;垂死的→death (n.)死;死亡 →dead (adj.)死的;失去生命的 *die from死于(主要指事故等方面的外部原因) *die of死于(主要指疾病、衰老等自身原因) 短语扫描 1.quite a few相当多;不少 2.of course当然;自然 3.go on vacation去度假 4.stay at home待在家里 5.feel like给……的感觉;感受到 6.because of因为 7.hardly ever几乎不 8.junk food垃圾食品 9.such as例如;像……这样 10.more than多于 11.less than少于 12.not...at all一点也不 句型点击 1.Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪儿度假了? 2.I bought something for my father.我给我父亲买了一些东西。 3.How did you like it? 你认为它怎么样? 4.Why didn’t you buy anything for yourself? 你为什么不给你自己买些东西呢? 5.The only problem was that there was nothing much to do in the evening but read.唯一的问题是在晚上除了读书之外没有什么可以做的事情。 6.I wonder what life was like here in the past.我想知道在这儿的过去生活是什么样的。 7.What a difference a day makes! 多么不同的一天呀! 8.And because of the bad weather,we couldn’t see anything below.因为坏天气,我们看不到下面的东西。 9.My legs were so tired that I wanted to stop.我的腿是如此的累以至于我想停下来。 10.My classmates told me to keep going,so I went on.我的同学告诉我继续走,所以我继续走。 11.How often do you exercise? 你多久锻炼一次? 12.We found that only fifteen percent of our students exercise every day.我们发现只有百分之十五的学生每天锻炼。 13.The answers to our questions about watching television were also interesting.关于看电视的问题的回答也是有趣的。 14.Although many students like to watch sports,game shows are the most popular.虽然很多学生喜欢看体育节目,运动比赛最受欢迎。 15.It is good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows,but we think the best way to relax is through exercise.通过使用因特网或者看运动比赛是放松的好方法,但是我们认为放松的最好方式是通过锻炼。 语法聚焦 1.复合不定代词(见本书P116) 2.动词过去式的规则变化和不规则变化 3.频度副词(见本书P134) 考点1 decide决定 decide为动词,意为“为……决定;决心”。用法如下: [拓展]decide的名词形式是decision,意为“决心;决定”,常用短语;make a decision to do sth.“下定决心做某事”。 【即学即练】           1.The girl decided on     (go) to Shanghai next month.? 2.(2019广东广州)我们还没有决定什么时候探望爷爷奶奶。 We haven’t decided             our grandparents.? 3.Mr.Zhou is good at cooking and he has decided     his own restaurant.? A.open B.opened C.to open D.opening 4.It’s hard for the little girl to make a     (decide) by herself.? going when to visit  C decision 考点2 seem 好像;似乎;看来 seem是连系动词,意为“似乎,好像”,有以下几种用法: 句型结构 含义 seem to do/be 似乎……;好像…… seem+adj./n. 看上去好像…… It seems(that)+从句 似乎……;好像…… 【即学即练】 1.There are so many clouds in the sky.It seems      (rain).? 2.David seemed so     (interest) in playing the piano that he hardly got tired of it.? 3.Everything seems to go well.(改为同义句)          that everything     well.? to rain/rainy interested It seems goes 考点3 辨析:because与because of 【即学即练】 1.We didn’t go to the zoo     the heavy rain.? A.because B.though C.because of D.but 2.He didn’t go to school because of his illness yesterday.(改为同义句) He didn’t go to school     he was ill yesterday.? 3.(2019重庆B卷)Sara was late for school because of the heavy rain.(对划线部分提问)?          Sara late for school?? C because Why was 考点4 enough 足够的;充足的;充分的 【即学即练】 1.(2019贵州铜仁)—We shouldn’t worry about Mary. —You are right.She is    to look after    .? A.old enough;herself B.big enough;herself C.enough old;her D.enough big;her 2.Mr.White is kind enough     (spend) his spare time on our maths problems.? 3.The girl didn’t drink     yesterday,so she has a very sore throat now.? A.enough water B.water enough C.little water D.few water A to spend A 考点5 辨析:how often,how soon,how long与how far how often 意为“多久一次”,对动作发生的频率进行提问。 how soon 意为“多久才……”,一般用于将来时,对介词in引导的时间状语进行提问。 how long 意为“多长时间”,对介词for或since引导的时间状语进行提问。 意为“多长”,对物体的长度进行提问。 how far 意为“多远”,对距离进行提问。 【即学即练】 用how often,how soon,how long和 how far填空 1.—     do you sleep a night?? —For eight hours or so. 2.—     will Mr. Green be back?? —In two days. 3.—     is it from your home to the park? ? —About twenty minutes’ walk. 4.—     do you watch TV?? —Twice a week. How long  How soon How far How often 书面表达高频话题突破——节假日活动 【命题解读】   分析近五年来与“节假日活动”话题相关的书面表达可看出,此话题通常从以下角度进行命题: 1.介绍世界各地节假日的由来、历史以及具体庆祝活动。 2.有时也考查作者对于节假日活动的评判和分析,作者可以适当表达自己的思想观点和看法,有时还可以提一些合理性的建议。 【典题分析】   Michael是你的美国朋友,他想了解关于中国的传统节日的一些情况。请以 “The Mid-Autumn Festival”为题用英语写一篇80词左右的短文。 要求:1.内容完整、书写清楚、字迹工整,表达通顺; 2.80词左右,短文的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 The Mid-Autumn Festival Lunar August 15th of a year is Mid-Autumn Festival. ?   This is the Mid-Autumn Festival in China.I hope you’ll like it. 【思路点拨】 1.体裁:本文是一篇说明文。 2.时态:短文多用一般现在时态。 3.人称:多用第三人称。 4.写作要点:首先要介绍庆祝中秋节的时间;然后介绍中秋节那天人们所进行的活动;最后表达在中秋节那天人们是多么幸福。 【范文欣赏】 The Mid-Autumn Festival? Lunar August 15th of a year is Mid-Autumn Festival.It is not only one of the most important festivals in China but also a Chinese traditional festival.On this day,people often get together so that they can have a big dinner with their family.At night,people often enjoy the bright full moon and eat all kinds of delicious mooncakes in the open air.The mooncakes are round like the moon.They carry people’s wishes to the families they love.Some people don’t come back home until Mid-Autumn Festival.How happy they are on this day!? This is the Mid-Autumn Festival in China.I hope you’ll like it.? 【学以致用】   假定你是李华,请给你的笔友Alan写封邮件,告诉他今年暑假你将去他所在的城市游玩,并制定了旅行计划。你想征求他的意见,同时询问他是否可以接机。 邮件还应包括以下内容: Your arrival time 10:30 a.m.,July 2 Your travel plan go to a concert go camping … Means of transport (交通方式) during your visit by bike,by bus... 注意: 1.词数90左右,开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Alan, How is it going?__________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________   Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua Dear Alan,? How is it going?? I’m thinking of taking a trip to your city this summer vacation.I wonder if you will meet me at the airport at 10:30 a.m,July 2,since it is my first visit there. Besides,I’ve made a travel plan,including enjoying music at a concert,going camping and visiting some places of interest.I’ve heard that there are some amazing sights in your city! Would you please give me some advice? Either traveling by bike or by bus would suit me fine.It’s environmentally friendly.Do you have any plans for the coming vacation? Looking forward to your reply.? Yours Li Hua? Ⅰ.单项选择         1.(2019山东东营)—I hear you have just finished making the flash mob (快闪) My Motherland and Me? —That’s true.It is really a     way to show our love for our country.? A.traditional B.humorous C.wonderful D.boring 2.(2019福建)Almost     in our group has been to the 2nd Digital China Summit.It’s fantastic.? A.someone  B.everyone  C.anyone 3.He     his English teacher when he was sightseeing in Paris.? A.has met B.had met C.met D.would meet C B C 4.(2019辽宁铁岭)Mr.Smith knows a lot about China     he has never been to our country.? A.although B.until C.if D.since 5.—I tried several ways to work out the math problem,but     of them worked.? —Never give up.I believe you’ll make it. A.all B.each C.none D.neither 6.(2019四川广元)—     does Mary watch TV?? —She watches TV twice a week. A.How often B.How soon C.How far A C A 7.(2019广西贵港)—What did your sister buy for your mother on Mother’s Day? —    .She made a card for her.? A.Nothing B.Something C.Anything D.Everything 8.—Can you tell me when the Boeing 737 MAX planes will be allowed to fly again,sir? —I’m afraid it’s still     to talk about that.We’ll see.? A.late enough B.early enough C.too late D.too early A D 9.(2019广西河池)We wonder if our parents will come to our graduating party next weekend.If they     ,we’ll be very glad.? A.come B.comes C.are coming D.will come 10.—Shall we go camping to celebrate our graduation? —    .Let’s make a plan first.? A.No way B.Good idea C.It’s nothing D.I don’t think so A B Ⅱ.(2019湖南岳阳)完形填空    Have you ever been to Thailand? For thousands of tourists from China,this small country in Southeast Asia is an excellent place to  1 .Bangkok(曼谷) is the  2  of Thailand.There are many temples(寺庙) in Bangkok.You can  3  some monks(僧侣) walking along the streets.? The 4  time to visit Thailand is from April 13th to 15th,because it is the time of  5 .People sing,dance and go on the streets to  6  water at each other.The local people think that water can wash away bad things and bring good luck.?   On the one hand,beaches and sunshine are a lot of travelers’choices.In this country,there are many hotels facing the sea,so you can have fun on the beach or  7  in the sea.On the other hand,Thailand is a good place to try  8  food.You can eat seafood at any restaurant or buy some tropical(热带的) fruit such as mangoes and durians(榴莲) at  9  prices.?   If you go to Thailand,you won’t forget to  10  an elephant.The elephant is a symbol of Thailand.It’s believed that Thailand is one of the most fascinating travel places.? 1.A.take a holiday B.take the bus C.take risks 2.A.world B countryside C.capital 3.A.hear B.see C.listen 4.A.most B.worst C.best 5.A the Water Festival B.Christmas C.Thanksgiving 6.A.look B.throw C.arrive 7.A.swim B.walk C.lose 8.A.terrible B.sour C.delicious 9.A.cheap B.expensive C.low 10.A.hit B.ride C.drive 1-5 ACBCA 6-10 BACCB Ⅲ.(2019贵州贵阳)还原型阅读 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有一项是多余选项。   How much physical activity do you do in a week? Are you getting enough exercise?1.     For example,people who exercise regularly are less likely to suffer from many diseases.Regular exercise reduces the risk of early death by 30%.It also improves your sleep quality.? Today,most adults are much less active than in the past because our jobs are far less physical than the work our grandparents used to do.2.     This lack of regular C F physical activity means people burn fewer calories than in the past,so we need to do something to consume (消耗) our energy.Experts think adults need to do 2.5 hours of moderate exercise per week.3.    ? Exercise can be expensive,but it doesn’t have to be.Team sports such as football can be cheap because all the players share the cost of the field.4.     It can also be very social.?   If you don’t want to spend any money,try one of the following activities.Go for a run.The only equipment you need is a pair of running shoes.If you take the bus,try getting off one stop early and walking the extra distance.Go to the park.     B E 5._________You can play different kinds of games there.This is a great way to involve family members and friends.?   In short,there are many easy ways of keeping fit.If we all recognize the value of doing this,we will live longer and be healthier. A A.Try getting a group of friends or family together. B.This could be fast walking or cycling on a flat road. C.Regular activity benefits your health in many ways. D.You should get more exercise and eat less to keep fit. E.Joining a sports club is a cheap way of getting exercise. F.Many of us spend seven hours or more just sitting on a chair each day. Ⅳ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景。(有两个多余选项) A:Hello,Lin Feng.1.   ? B:Hello,Li Lei.I’m going to watch the football match between our Chinese team and the Korean team. A:Oh,that’s such an important match.I don’t want to miss it.2.   ? B:Of course.Let’s go. A:It seems that you like football very much.Do you like P.E.? B:3.   ? C E A A:Why not? B:Because the teacher just lets us play games ourselves.What about you? A:I like it very much.4.   ? B:You are lucky. A:5.   ? B:Yes,having sports can make us healthy. A:That’s right.I agree with you. D B A.No,I don’t like it at all. B.You are good at sports,aren’t you? C.Where are you going? D.Our teacher teaches us a lot in P.E.lessons. E.Can I go with you? F.Yes,I like it very much. G.Do you often play with it? Ⅴ.(2019辽宁本溪)选词填空 根据短文内容,用方框中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词) One sunny day,an angel(天使) ran out of heaven(天堂) and came down to this world.He walked 1.     the city and the village.Before his trip was over,he wanted to take something away to 2.     his trip here.? He noticed a garden.He picked the most beautiful roses and said,“I see 3.     more beautiful than these.”? him once remember love still nothing ask through pretty baby understand on through remember nothing Looking on a little further,he saw a bright-eyed baby.The baby was looking at its mother.He said,“Oh,the expression on its face is even 4.______     than the roses.I will take it.”? Then he saw the baby’s mother.The mother was also looking at her baby.The 5.     to her own baby was pouring out of the mother’s eyes just like the water of a river.The angel said to 6.    ,“Oh,that mother’s love is the best thing I have seen.I will take it,too!”? prettier love himself He flew away with the three things.When he came back,he had a look at the three things 7._________     more.He looked at the flowers and they had wilted(枯萎).He looked at the 8.     expression and it had disappeared.He looked at the mother’s love and it was 9.     there.Then he 10.     the only thing that could keep its beauty all the way was a mother’s love.It could last forever.? once  baby’s still understood(共36张PPT) 八年级上册 Unit3~Unit 4 核心词汇 1.loud (adj.) 响亮的;大声的→loudly (adv.) 喧闹地;大声地;响亮地 2.quiet(adj.)轻声的;轻柔的;安静的→quietly(adv.)轻声地;轻柔地;安静地 *keep quiet保持安静 3.compete(v.)竞争;比赛;对抗→ competition (n.)比赛;竞赛;竞争→competitor (n.)竞争者 *compete with...与……对抗 4.clear(adj.)清楚的;清晰的;明白的→clearly(adv.)清楚地;清晰地;明白地 *clear up 整理;收拾;解释 *clear out清理;丢掉 5.win(v.) 获胜;赢;赢得→won (过去式/过去分词)→winner (n.)获胜者;优胜者 6.talent (n.)才能;才干→ talented (adj.) 有才能的;有才干的 *be talented in...在……有才能 7.care(v.)在意;担忧;关心→careful (adj.)小心的;细致的;精心的;慎重的→careless(反义词)粗心的→carefully (adv.)细致地;小心地;谨慎地 *care for照顾;非常喜欢 *care about关心;在意 *take care of照顾 8.laugh(v.)笑;发笑→laughter (n.)笑声 *laugh at...嘲笑…… 9.serious (adj.) 严重的;严肃的;认真的→ seriously (adv.)严重地;严肃地;认真地 *be serious about对……认真 *take...seriously认真对待…… 10.necessary(adj.)必需的;必要的→necessarily(adv.)必要地;必然地 *It’s necessary for sb.to do sth.某人做某事很有必要 11.say(v.)说→said(过去式/过去分词)→saying (n.)谚语;格言;警句 12.break (v.)(使)破;裂;碎;损坏→ broke (过去式) → broken (过去分词) *break down 破坏,毁掉 *break into闯入 *break out(战争)爆发 *break off折断;突然停止 13.similar(adj.)相像的;类似的→ similarity (n.)类似;相像性→different(反义词)不同的 *be similar to 与……类似 14.comfort(v.& n.)安慰;舒适→comfortable(adj.)使人舒服的;舒适的→comfortably(adv.)舒服地;舒适地 →uncomfortable(adj.)使人不舒服的;令人不舒适的 15.close(adj.)(在空间时间上)接近→closely(adv.)接近地,亲密地 *be close to 在……附近 *close down(永久)关闭;停业 16.cheap(adj.)便宜的;廉价的→cheaply (adv.)便宜地;低廉地→expensive/dear (反义词)昂贵的 17.choose(v.)选择;挑选→chose (过去式) →chosen(过去分词)→choice(n.)选择;挑选 *make choices做出选择 18.report(v.& n.)报道;公布→reporter (n.)记者 19.serve(v.)服务→service (n.)接待;服务 20.create(v.)创造→creative(adj.)有创造力的;创造性的 →creativity(n.)创造力;独创性 21.perform(v.)表演;执行→ performance (n.)表演→ performer(n.)表演者;演员 22.magic(adj.)有魔力的;有神奇力量的→ magician (n.)魔术师 23.give(v.)提供;给→gave(过去式) →given (过去分词) *give out分发;散发  *give away赠送;捐赠 *give up放弃  *give...a lift捎(某人一程) 短语扫描 1.both...and...……和……都 2.as long as只要;既然 3.the same as和……相同;与……一致 4.in fact确切地说;事实上;实际上 5.have...in common有相同特征;(想法、兴趣等方面)相同 6.all kinds of各种类型的;各种各样的 7.be up to是……的职责;由……决定 8.play a role发挥作用;有影响 9.for example例如 10.and so on等等 句型点击 1.I’m more outgoing than my sister.我比我的妹妹更外向。 2.Tara works as hard as Tina.塔拉像蒂娜一样努力工作。 3.The most important thing is to learn something and have fun.最重要的事情是学习一些东西和玩得快乐。 4.I think a good friend makes me laugh.我认为好朋友使我发笑。 5.That’s why I like reading books and studying harder in class.那就是我为什么喜欢读书,在课堂上更加努力学习的原因。 6.I’m shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends.我害羞,所以对我来说交朋友不容易。 7.I don’t really care if my friends are the same as me or different.我真的不介意我的朋友与我相同或者不同。 8.What’s the best clothes store in town? 在镇上,最好的服装店是哪个? 9.It’s always interesting to watch other people show their talents.观看其他人展示才艺总是有趣。 10.That’s up to you to decide.那将由你决定。 语法聚焦 1.形容词比较级(含-er,more,as...as等用法)(见本书P131) 2.形容词最高级(含-est,most)(见本书P131) 3.形容词比较级和最高级的不规则变化(见本书P131) 考点1 both与all的区别 【即学即练】              1.(2019湖南邵阳)—Which singer do you like,Zhang Liangying or Zhou Bichang? —    .I love their songs very much.? A.All B.Neither C.Both 2.(2019山东莱芜)—Happy birthday,Mr.Wang! Here are some presents from     of us.? —Thank you so much,boys and girls! A.both B.neither C.either D.all 3.路两边有很多大树。 There are many tall trees on         of the road.? C D both sides 考点2 辨析:loud,aloud与loudly loud 既可作形容词“大声的”,又可作副词“大声地”。其比较级为louder。一般放在表达“谈;笑;喊;叫”意义的动词后面。 aloud 用作副词,表示“出声地”,有使声音能够听到的意思,经常修饰tell,read,call等。 loudly 作副词,意为“高声地”,可以与loud换用,但更多地含有“喧闹”的意味。 【即学即练】 1.公共场所不允许大声喧哗。 We are not allowed to         in public.? 2.用loudly,aloud,loud填空 (1)Someone shouted     at the back of the hall.? (2)Too     sound would harm(伤害) your ears.? (3)The teacher read the poem     to the pupils.? speak loudly loudly loud aloud 考点3 win与beat 【即学即练】 1.—Wonderful! Our women’s volleyball team     the gold medal.? —Yes.We see the great spirit of Chinese women’s volleyball team once again. A.won B.beat C.lost D.missed 2.昨天我们以5:4赢了他们队。 We             by 5:4 yesterday.? A beat their team 考点4 as...as...的用法 as...as...意为“像……一样……”,该结构中第一个as是副词,第二个as是介词或连词,用于表示同级之间的比较,其主要用法如下: (1)“as+形容词/副词的原级+as...”表示两者在某一方面相同或相等。如: Mary works as carefully as Linda. Mary工作和Linda一样细心。 (2)“not as/so...as...”意为“不像……一样……”。如: Spring isn’t as/so cold as winter. 春天不像冬天那么冷。 (3)“as much/many+不可数名词/可数名词复数+as...”可用于表示数量。 【即学即练】 1.(2019云南昆明)Tom cannot run as     as his friends,so he practices running very hard.? A.fast B.faster C.slow D.slower 2.We all know the Yellow River isn’t so     as the Yangtze River.? A.long B.longer C.longest D.the longest 3.地震中,我们应尽可能多地挽救生命。 During the earthquake,we should save people’s lives         possible.? A A as many as 考点5 What do you think of...?/How do you like...?句型 “What do you think of...?”与“How do you like...?”同义,意为“你认为……怎么样?”,这是询问对方对某人/物看法的常用句型。What do you think of sth.?=What do you think about sth.?你认为某事(物)怎么样? 回答时,多为阐明自己的看法或表明自己喜欢的程度。常会用到下面的句型:主语+love(s)/like(s)/don’t(doesn’t)like/can’t stand+宾语或者Pretty good./It’s fantastic.等表明自己看法的表达。 【即学即练】 1.How do you like the TV programme called Keep Running?(同义句改写) What do you         the TV programme called Keep Running?? 2.—How would you like your coffee,madam? —    .? A.I like it very much B.With some milk,please C.No,thanks D.Yes,it smells good think of A Ⅰ.单项选择              1.(2019湖南岳阳)Tina is as     as her sister,Tara.? A.outgoing B.more outgoing C.the most outgoing 2.(2019江西)Peter spoke so     that I could hardly hear him.? A.loudly B.quietly C.clearly D.patiently 3.(2019山东青岛)The English Speech Competition     the best in her.As a result,she is more active now.? A.checked out B.tried out C.left out D.brought out A B D 4.(2019内蒙古包头)Everything from how we cook meat to what we eat for dinner can     our brain health.? A.take pride in B.have an interest in C.play a role in D.believe in 5.(2019辽宁铁岭)—I found     in the room.Where have they gone?? —They’ve gone to Dave’s birthday party. A.nobody B.somebody C.anybody D.everybody C A 6.(2019四川宜宾)Birds can’t fly without wings.    ,human beings can’t walk without legs.? A.Fortunately B.Similarly C.Generally 7.Before ordering dishes in a restaurant,waiters usually give us a     .? A.bill B.price C.value D.menu 8.(2019重庆一中期中)—Why does Bob always get good grades in the tests? —Because he is    .? A.outgoing B.lazy C.hard-working D.popular B D C 9.(2019山东东营)To create a more     space,eating or drinking on the subway in Beijing is not allowed.? A.relaxing B.personal C.uncrowded D.comfortable 10.(2019江苏无锡)—The actor says he’ll celebrate his 28th birthday next week.His fans... —    .That can’t be right.I’m pretty sure he was born in 1985.? A.No kidding B.Sure he will C.Never mind D.Wait a minute D C Ⅱ.阅读理解   Shawneen Mountain is a perfect place for skiing.Lifts (电梯) can help tourists get to the top of the mountain in 3 minutes.The following is the price table of the lift tickets. LIFT TICKETS Tourists Weekday(open to close) Weekend(open to close) Night(3 p.m. to 10 p.m.) Adult *(Ages 19 to 60) $48 $55 $34 Young Man *(Ages 18 & under) $37 $41 $34 Child (46 cm tall & under) FREE FREE FREE College Student [College ID (证件) needed] $38 $49 $34 Soldier (Active Duty ID needed) $38 $49 $34 Elder *(Ages 60 to 69) $38 $49 $34 Super Elders * (Ages 70+) FREE FREE FREE *proof (证明) of age needed Lift Hours Monday—Friday:9 a.m.—10 p.m. Weekend:8 a.m.—10 p.m. Christmas Day:Noon—5 p.m. 1.Shawneen Mountain is a perfect place for     .? A.skiing B.walking C.climbing D.riding 2.If a child of 42 cm tall takes the lift with his 18-year-old brother on Tuesday morning,they will pay     .? A.$41 B.$48 C.$37 D.$74 3.As a college student,you can buy a lift ticket at a lower price if you show your     .? A.college name B.College ID C.phone number D.Active Duty ID A C B 4.Tourists can take the lift at     to the top of the mountain on Christmas Day.? A.8 a.m. B.4 p.m. C.9 a.m. D.10 p.m. 5.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.It takes 3 hours to get to the top of Shawneen Moutain by lift. B.Tourists can’t take the lift at 9:30 a.m.on Sunday morning. C.A soldier should pay $55 for the ticket at weekends with his Active Duty ID. D.People aged over 70 are also welcome to Shawneen Mountain. B D Ⅲ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景。(有两个多余选项) A:What terrible weather!I’d love to go out,but I think it will just continue raining. B:Well,I listened to the weather report.1.   ? A:I hope so.Listen,I’m going to have a party this Saturday.Would you like to come? B:Oh,I’d love to.Thank you for inviting me.2.   ? A:Well,only my friends.Just a chance to get together and have fun.Peter and Mark are going to help out with the cooking! B:Hey,I’ll help,too!3.   ? C F D A:Would you?That sounds delicious!My Russian cousins are going to be there.I’m sure they’ll love it. B:4.   ? A:Yes,Russians!They love making friends.The more I think about my party,the more I will get excited. B:So do I.5.   ? A:That’s what I’m expecting! A G A.Your Russian cousins? B.I can sing and dance. C.It’s said the rain will stop soon. D.I can make French food. E.Are your friends going to your party? F.Who else is going to come to the party? G.I believe we will have a good time. Ⅳ.短文填空 阅读下面的短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给的单词的正确形式。 The mountain was high and it was cold.Everything 1.      (cover) by snow and ice and it was dangerous.I shook in my tent as the storm tried 2.     (knock) me back to the bottom.“You will never make it to the top”,everyone said,“no woman has ever climbed this mountain and only a few people have done it by themselves.”I was so confident 3.      I would be the first woman to climb up to the top of Whitmore.I had prepared for several 4.    (month).? was covered to knock  that months The wind had gotten much 5.     (quiet) when I woke up the next morning.I climbed 6.________ of my tent and looked out at the mountain.Everything was white and still.“I will make it to the top today,” I thought to 7.    (I).?   I started up the slope.My feet crunched the snow with every step I took.It was a beautiful day.I was climbing quickly.Soon I was going to reach the top.All of 8.     sudden,I slipped (滑倒).I moved down the mountain.I was going slowly at first but then I started to slide very fast.I started to turn around and around quickly.After what quieter out myself a felt 9.     forever,I came to a stop.I had slid all the way to the bottom.I was alive.I couldn’t believe it. Three days later,I 10.    (make) it to the top.It was a beautiful day and I had a perfect view of everything around me.? like made Ⅴ.(2019山东日照)书面表达   假如你是李华,你的外国朋友Jack计划今年暑假来日照旅游度假。请你根据以下提示,给他写一封信。 1.介绍日照地理位置、气候环境等; 2.向他推荐一至两处景点; 3.询问具体计划,以便做好准备。 要求: 1.根据提示内容,不要逐字翻译; 2.文中不能出现真实的人名和校名; 3.词数90左右。 Dear Jack, I’m glad to learn that you are coming to Rizhao for your summer vacation.______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua One possible version: Dear Jack,? I’m glad to learn that you are coming to Rizhao for your summer vacation.The city of Rizhao is in the southeast of Shandong.It’s a very beautiful and clean city.The weather here is very perfect.It’s not cold in winter and not very hot in summer.There’re many places of interest here.You can go swimming in the sea.There you can lie on the beach and enjoy the beautiful sunshine.You can make some sand animals there,too.You can also go to Mount Wulian.It’s very beautiful and the air is very fresh.There’re many plants and strange stones there.What’s your travelling plan? Please write to me soon and I’ll get ready for it earlier.? Yours, Li Hua? ? (共38张PPT) 八年级上册 Unit5~Unit 6 核心词汇 1.stand(v.)忍受;站立→stood (过去式/过去分词) *can’t stand doing sth.不能忍受做某事 *Stand up!起立! 2.educate(v.)教育→education(n.)教育 →educational(adj.)教育的;有教育意义的 3.plan(v.& n.) 打算;计划→planned(过去式/过去分词) *plan to do sth.计划做某事 4.hope(v.& n.)希望→hopeful(adj.)抱有希望的;给人以希望的→hopefully(adv.)有希望地 *in hope of 怀着……的希望 5.discuss(v.) 讨论;商量→discussion(n.)讨论;商量 *have a discussion进行讨论 6.expect(v.)预料;期待→expectation(n.)预料;预测;即将 7.mean(v.)意思是;打算;意欲 adj.自私的→meaning(n.)意义;意思→meaningful(adj.)严肃的;重要的;重大的 →meaningless(adj.)毫无意义的;意思不明确的 *the meaning of...……的含义 *mean to do sth.打算做某事 *mean doing sth.意味着做某事 8.culture(n.)文化;文明→cultural (adj.)与文化有关的;文化的 9.appear(v.)出现→disappear(反义词)消失;不见→appearance(n.)外貌;外观;外表;出现;露面 10.become(v.)开始变得;变成→became(过去式)→become(过去分词) 11.rich (adj.)富有的→poor(反义词)贫穷的 12.success(n.)成功→successful(adj.)获得成功的;有成就的 →successfully(adv.)顺利地,成功地→succeed(v.)实现目标;成功 *succeed in doing sth.成功做某事 *Detail is the key to success.[谚]细节决定成败。 *Industry is the parent of success.[谚]成功源于勤奋。 13.main(adj.)主要的;最重要的→mainly (adv.)主要地;总体上;大致 14.lose(v.)失去;丢失→lost(过去式/过去分词)→losing(现在分词) 15.simple(adj.)简单的;易做的→simply (adv.)仅仅;只;不过 16.science(n.)科学→scientist(n.)科学家 →scientific(adj.)科学的 17.medicine(n.)药;医学→medical (adj.)医疗的;医学的 *take medicine吃药 18.send(v.)邮寄;发送→sent (过去式/过去分词) *send for 召唤,派人去叫;派人去拿 *send up 发射 19.foreign(adj.)外国的→foreigner(n.)外国人 20.able(adj.)能够→ability(n.)能力;才能→disabled(反义词)丧失能力的;有残疾的 *be able to能够 21.begin(v.)开始→beginning(n.)开头;开端 →end(反义词)结尾;尽头 *at the beginning of...在……起初/开端 22.improve(v.)改进;改善→improvement (n.)改革;改进 23.physics (n.)物理;物理学→physical(adj.)身体的 24.week(n.)周;星期→weekly(adj.& adv.)每周的(地) 短语扫描 1.soap opera肥皂剧 2.find out查明;弄清 3.talk show谈话节目 4.action movie动作影片 5.be ready to愿意迅速地做某事 6.dress up装扮;乔装打扮 7.take sb’s place代替;替换 8.do a good job干得好 9.be sure about确信;对……有把握 10.make sure确保;查明 11.make a promise许诺 12.have to do with关于;与……有关系 句型点击 1.What do you think of talk shows? 你认为这个谈话节目怎么样? 2.I don’t mind them.我不介意它们。 3.I hope to find out what’s going on around the world.我希望发现我们周围的世界正在发生的事情。 4.I can’t stand them.我无法忍受它们。 5.What do you want to be when you grow up? 当你长大时你想做什么? 6.I’m going to practice basketball every day.我打算每天练习篮球。 7.Now I know why you’re so good at writing stories.现在我知道你为什么如此擅长于写故事。 8.How are you going to become a writer? 你打算怎么成为一名作家? 语法聚焦 1.不定式作宾语(见本书P145) 2.一般将来时Ⅰ(be going to,want to be)(见本书P138) 考点1 mind的用法 mind 动词 意为“介意”,常用于否定句、疑问句或条件句中,其后常跟名词、代词、动名词或从句 名词 意为“想法;记忆力”,常用短语make up one’s mind to do sth.,表示“决定做某事”keep...in mind记住…… 【即学即练】 1.(2019江苏无锡)—I’m going to add some tomato sauce to the salad,if you don’t     .? —Not at all.Go ahead.          A.care B.agree C.mind D.insist 2.—I’m awfully sorry for bringing you so much trouble. —    .? A.Never mind B.It’s a pleasure C.Of course not D.You’re welcome 3.(2019四川乐山)It’s so hot here.Would you mind     (打开) the windows for me?? 4.我们已经打定主意周末在家复习。 We have                 to review subjects at home.? C A opening made up our minds 考点2 happen发生;出现 辨析:happen与take place 词汇 用法 happen (偶然)发生 可用来指某个事件突然发生,强调偶然性,主语往往是事件、事故等名词,其后也可接动词不定式、从句等 take place 发生;举行 常指某事按规律预先布置或按计划发生或进行,尤指“举行”,不含偶然的意味。 【即学即练】 1.I happened     (meet) one of my old friends on my way home.? 2.(2019云南昆明)—You looked unhappy just now.    ?? —I missed the school bus and arrived late for class. A.What did you eat for lunch B.How was your picnic C.What happened to you D.How did you go there to meet C 3.The sad story     on a cold morning.? A.took place B.was taken place C.happened D.was happened 4.在过去的几年中,我的家乡发生了很大的变化。 Great changes have         in my hometown in the past few years.? C taken place 考点3 expect期待;期望 [辨析]hope,expect,wish与look forward to hope 指有可能达成或实现的愿望,常用hope to do sth./hope + that从句。 expect 强调“预计”,把握较大。 wish 表示实际不可能或难以实现的愿望,后面跟名词、代词、动词不定式或表语从句;wish也常用于祝贺语中。 look forward to 指“期望、期待某事”,常用于look forward to sth./doing sth.。 【即学即练】 1.—Did you watch the football game yesterday? —Yes,I did.John is really a dark(黑暗的) horse.Nobody     him to go so far.? A.wanted B.planned C.expected D.hoped 2.We all look forward to     you again soon.? A.see B.seeing C.seen D.to see 3.Nowadays people wish     healthier food than before as their life improves.? A.to have B.have C.having D.had 4.I hope     (be) a TV reporter when I grow up.? C B A to be 考点4 promise n.承诺;诺言 v.许诺;承诺 【即学即练】 1.(2019江苏泰州)In his e-mail,David promised     his daughter during his stay in Japan.? A.visiting B.visit C.visited D.to visit 2.—I won’t have time to go shopping with you this afternoon. —But you     me yesterday.? A.ordered B.asked C.promised D.helped 3.After we make     (promise) to other people,we should try to keep them.? D C promises 书面表达高频话题突破——计划与安排 【命题解读】   分析近五年来与“计划与安排”话题相关的书面表达可看出,此话题通常从以下角度进行命题: 1.介绍未来的计划和打算; 2.以“中国梦”为主题,结合生活实际,规划自己的人生,实现自己的理想,体现与时俱进的时代特征。 3.以演讲稿、征文、通知等形式为主。 【典题分析】   成功源于勤奋,但部分人想成功,却不愿努力。假如你叫李华,是九年级八班的学生,请你以“Success comes from working hard”为话题,写一篇演讲稿,为全校师生做演讲,阐明成功源于努力学习、努力工作的道理。 要点如下:1.简短自我介绍; 2.列举生活学习中的实例; 3.感悟。 要求:文章应条理清楚,行文连贯,段落分明,80词左右(文章开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数)。 参考词汇:shortcut (n.捷径) Dear my teachers and schoolmates, ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ That’s all for my speech.Thank you for your listening. 【思路点拨】 1.体裁:本文是一篇演讲稿。全文大致可分四段。 2.时态:举例说明用一般过去时;自我介绍和对成功叙述用一般现在时。 3.人称:用第一人称和第三人称。 4.写作要点:首先简短自我介绍;然后列举生活学习中的实例;最后表达自己对“成功源于勤奋”这一主题的感悟。 【范文欣赏】 Dear my teachers and schoolmates,? My name is Li Hua.I am a junior high school student.Today,my topic is “Success comes from working hard”. In our daily life,many people want to be successful quickly and easily.In my opinion,success has no shortcut.We need to take pains to be successful.For example,I was weak in English at first.But I never gave up.I kept on practicing speaking English every day.When I had problems learning English I would ask my teacher and classmates for help.I also searched a lot of information about how to learn English well on the Internet.Finally,I got good grades in the final exam. Through my experience,we can see that success comes from working hard.Everyone should keep it in mind: No pains,no gains. That’s all for my speech.Thank you for your listening.? 【学以致用】   (2019重庆A卷)你正在组织一项暑假期间到山区为期一周的游学和帮扶活动。作为发起人,请你写一篇发言稿,在你校“英语时光”广播中号召更多的同学参加。 要求: 1.80-120词,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数; 2.文中不能出现自己的姓名和所在学校的名称。 参考信息: 1.活动缘由(孤独、帮扶、游学……); 2.活动构想(时间、地点、内容……); 3.…… Hello,everybody.I am planning a summer trip called “Be a Kid in the Mountains”. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________   Thank you! One possible version: Hello,everybody.I am planning a summer trip called “Be a Kid in the Mountains”.It will provide us with a meaningful week staying with the students in the mountains.? As many of their parents leave for the city development,those students might feel lonely and some may even find it hard to go on studying.So we can bring them some school things like books and pens for their study,and prepare some interesting stories to share.In the daytime,we can go hiking and do some teamwork.In the evening,we can do such activities as popular games and group dance around the fire. Isn’t that exciting? Come and join us.Let’s be “a kid in the mountains”.I believe it will bring sunshine to the mountains as well as more confidence to us. Thank you!? Ⅰ.单项选择                1.(2019甘肃天水)     exciting news it is! Beijing will hold 2022 Winter Olympic Games.? A.What an B.What C.How D.How an 2.(2019江苏苏州)—Please stay with me this weekend. —I’m sorry,but my father and I planned     Beijing a long time ago.? A.visit B.visiting C.to visit D.visited 3.(2019江苏南京)Tina comes to China in order to experience Chinese culture and     which university is the best for her to attend.? A.put out B.stay out C.find out D.run out B C C 4.(2019湖北咸宁)—Nowadays more and more foreigners are becoming interested in Kungfu. —That’s true.It’s an important part of Chinese     .? A.invention B.story C.culture D.custom 5.(2019广西河池)Look! The boys are making the model boat by     .? A.himself B.themselves C.ourselves D.yourselves 6.(2019江苏盐城)You need not only talent but also hard work to become a     football player.? A.young B.successful C.happy D.friendly C B B 7.(2019天津)—What is your plan for next weekend,Lingling? —I     volunteer work in the museum.? A was doing B.did C.have done D.am going to do 8.(2019贵州安顺)—I don’t think teachers should give too much homework to     the free time of students.? —Exactly! A.give up B.take up C.look up D.put up D B Ⅱ.完形填空 Street art is a very popular form of art.It is  1  quickly all over the world.You can find it on buildings and street signs from Beijing to Paris.?   Art experts(专家) say that the movement began in New York in the 1960s.Young adults would use paint in special cans to put their words and other images on walls and cars 2  the city.One well-known street artist is Swoon.She  3  paper images of people and puts them on walls.Swoon didn’t start her career as a street artist.She studied art,but  4  time went on,she got bored with the works she saw in museums or galleries(美术馆).The people in New York enjoy Swoon’s strong and interesting  5 .? Street artists do their work for a reason.Some of them choose street art because it is  6  to the people.Some artists try to express their opinions in their works.Advertising companies also use street art in their advertisements because it gives the deep impression(印象)and energy.The New York store Saks Fifth Avenue  7  used a street artist’s design for their shop windows and shopping bags.?    In today’s world the Internet has a big 8  on street art.Artists can show their pictures to the audience all over the world on the Internet.Many people, 9 ,say that seeing a picture on the Internet is never as good as seeing it live.Street art lives with the energy and life of a big  10 .There it will continue to change and grow. 1.A.watching B.making C.spreading D.searching 2.A.behind B.by C.over D.around 3.A.cuts down B.cuts out C.turns down D.runs out 4.A.as B.after C.before D.while 5.A.style B.story C.problem D.program 6.A.safer B.lower C.closer D.stranger 7.A.hardly B.recently C.seldom D.never 8.A.success B.discount C.present D.influence 9.A.anyway B.however C.otherwise D.therefore 10.A.museum B.country C.city D.street 1-5 CDBAA 6-10 CBDBC Ⅲ.任务型阅读 请阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,从方框内所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,使短文意思通顺。选项中有一项为多余项。 Do you make a resolution on New Year’s Day? How to make a good resolution?1.   ? ★Plan for the resolution It is not enough to have a goal(目标).You need to think out some right steps(步骤)for the resolution.So make your plan.2.      And it’ll also tell you how to make the goal come true at last.To make a plan is very important.? ★3.   ? If you make your plan later,you may forget your resolution gradually(逐渐地).It’s important that you start making your plan right now. B D A ★4.   ? You should write your resolution and plan in some places,such as a notebook or your diary. ★Think “year around”,not just “New Year’s” You can’t finish anything in one day.You make a resolution in one day.5.     It may need a hundred small steps.New Year’s resolution should be a starting point.You must keep a habit for making your resolution come true gradually.? E C A.Make your plan right now B.Maybe the following can help you. C.It doesn’t mean you must finish it in one day. D.A good plan will tell you what to do next. E.Write down your resolution and plan F.You don’t have to follow your plans. Ⅳ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景。(有一个多余选项) A:Hi,Li Ming.In China,people are talking about China Dream,aren’t they? B:Yes,China Dream is all the Chinese people’s dream.1.   ? A:I agree with you.2.   ? B:I have a lot of dreams.But I want to be a doctor very much. A:Sounds good.3.   ? B:Well,I will work hard and go to a famous medical college. A:4.   ? B:In a hospital in my hometown.I hear they need lots of doctors. A:That’s great.5.   ? B:Thank you. C A F B E A.What is your dream? B.And then where do you want to work in the future? C.I think everyone has his own dream. D.Do you want to be a doctor? E.I hope your dream will come true. F.How are you going to do that? (共30张PPT) 八年级上册 Unit7~Unit 8 核心词汇 1.pollute(v.)污染→pollution (n.)污染;污染物 →polluted(adj.)被污染的 2.environment(n.)环境→environmental (adj.)环境的,周围的 3.peace(n.)和平→peaceful(adj.)和平的;安宁的→peacefully(adv.) 平静地;安宁地 *in peace 平静地;和平地 4.factory(n.)工厂→factories(pl.) 5.believe(v.)相信;认为有可能→belief(n.)相信;信仰 →believable(adj.)可相信的;可信任的 →unbelievable(adj.)令人难以置信的 *believe in相信;信任 *Seeing is believing.[谚]眼见为实。 6.agree(v.)同意→disagree(反义词)不同意;持不同意见;有分歧→agreement(n.)(意见或看法)一致;同意 *disagree to do sth.不同意做某事 *disagree with sb.与某人有分歧 7.fall(v.&n.)倒塌;跌落;掉落;秋天→fell(过去式) →fallen(过去分词) *fall down突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌 *fall off从……跌落 *fall over向前摔倒;跌倒 *fall in love with...爱上…… 8.possible(adj.)可能的→possibility(n.)可能;可能性→possibly(adv.)可能地→impossible(反义词)不可能存在或发生的;不可能的 9.shake(n.& v.) 摇动;抖动→shook(过去式) →shaken(过去分词) →shaking(现在分词) *shake hands握手 *milk shake奶昔 10.salt(n.)盐→salty (adj.)含盐的;咸的 11.dig(v.) 掘(地);凿(洞);挖(土)→dug(过去式/过去分词)→digging(现在分词) 12.hole(n.)→whole(同音异形词) 13.sandwich(n.)夹心面包片;三明治 →sandwiches(pl.) 14.tradition(n.)传统→traditional(adj.)传统的;惯例的→traditionally(adv.)传统上;照惯例 15.celebrate(v.)庆祝;庆贺→celebration(n.)庆祝;庆贺 16.mix(v.)(使)混合;融合→mixture(n.)混合;结合体;混合体 *mix up混合 *mix...with...把……和……混合 短语扫描 1.play a part参与;发挥作用 2.in the future在将来 3.over and over again多次;反复地 4.hundreds of许多;大量 5.look for寻找;寻求 6.turn on接通;打开 7.a piece of bread一块面包 8.fill...with...用……装满…… 9.cover...with...用……盖上…… 10.pour...into把……倒入 句型 1.People will live to be 200 years old.人们将会活到200岁。 2.Will people use money in 100 years? 100年以后人们还会用钱吗? 3.There will be fewer trees and the environment will be in great danger.将会有更少的树,环境将会处于巨大的危险中。 4.Everyone should play a part in saving the earth.每个人应该参与到拯救地球的活动中。 5.Today there are already robots working in factories.现在已经有机器人在工厂工作了。 6.Fewer people will do such jobs in the future because they are boring,but robots will never get bored.在将来,更少的人会做这样的工作,因为它们令人无聊,但是机器人从来不会感到无聊。 7.If buildings fall down with people inside,snake robots will be able to help look for people under the buildings.如果建筑物倒下,有人在里面,蛇状机器人将会帮助寻找建筑物下面的人。 8.How do you make a banana milk shake? 你怎样做香蕉奶昔? 9.Then,add the cabbage,tomatoes and onion and cook for another 10 minutes.然后,加白菜、西红柿和洋葱,再另外煮十分钟。 10.Here is one way to make turkey for Thanksgiving dinner.这里有一个做感恩节正餐火鸡的方法。 语法聚焦 1.一般将来时Ⅱ(will)(见本书P138) 2.用more,less,fewer表示数量 3.祈使句(见本书P155) 4.可数名词和不可数名词(见本书P109) 5.How much与How many 考点1 辨析: already,yet与still already 表示“已经”,用于肯定句 表示惊讶、怀疑等语气,用于疑问句 yet 表示“已经”,用于疑问句 表示“还”,用于否定句,常位于句末 still 意为“仍然,还”,表示某事正在进行中,常位于句中 【即学即练】 1.I     the book club last week and I     two books already.?                A.join;read B.joined;read C.joined;have read D.joined;has read 2.They have seen the movie     .? A.already B.still C.yet D.often 3.(2019四川自贡)—Why are you worried? —The movie will start in 20 minutes,but the bus     hasn’t come.? A.still B.already C.always 4.—Have you decided when to leave for Beijing? —         (还没有).? C A A Not yet 考点2 辨析: agree with,agree to与agree on ? agree with 意为“同意(某人的意见、观点等)”,还可译为“(食物、天气、工作等)对……适宜” agree to 意为“同意”,agree to+n.表示同意另一方的建议、安排、计划等(含 愿意协助工作之意)。agree to do sth.意为“同意做某事”。 agree on 意为“商定”,表示在某事上取得一致意见。 【即学即练】 1.To Mr.Green’s surprise,all the passengers agreed     to the hospital with him.? A.go B.going C.to go D.went 2.I agree     you about the plan for the picnic.? A.with B.to C.on D.for 3.我们就这些苹果的价格达成了一致意见。 We         the price of these apples.? C A agreed on 考点3 turn的相关短语 【即学即练】 1.(2019甘肃武威、白银)Don’t forget to     the lights when they are not in use!? A.turn over B.turn off C.turn up D.turn on 2.(2019新疆)I’m afraid his radio is too noisy.Will you please     him to     a little?? A.ask;turn it down B.allow;turn it on C.tell;turn it up D.advise;turn it off B A 3.(2019四川乐山)请帮我开一下电脑好吗?我要发一封邮件。 Would you please         the computer? I need to send an email.? 4.     the music and let’s dance to it.? A.Turn around B.Turn off C.Turn up D.Turn down turn on C Ⅰ.单项选择 1.(2019甘肃兰州期末)—Mary plays     violin well.Does she want to be a violinist?? —No,her dream is to be     astronaut.?               A.the;an B./ ;an C.the;a D./ ;the 2.(2019广西贵港)—The air is very fresh in our city.There is less     than before.? —Yes.The government has taken action to protect the environment. A.wood B.pollution C.noise D.water 3.(2019湖北咸宁)—Let’s go climbing if it     this Saturday.? —Good idea.But nobody knows if it     .? A.is fine;rains B.is fine;will rain C.will be fine;rains D.will be fine;will rain A B B 4.(2019广西贵港)—Why was Jim late for work this morning? —He     got up late.? A.nearly B.gradually C.hardly D.probably 5.(2019湖南益阳)—Kate,     the TV,please.It????s time to go to bed.? —OK,mom. A.turn on  B.turn off  C.turn up 6.(2019天津)If you want to join the Music Club,    the form,please.? A.go out B.fill out C.get up D.warm up D B B 7.After years of war,the people in the country are thirsty for     .? A.price B.noise C.peace D.course 8.Miss Brown tells us to remember that    careful we are,     mistakes will make.? A.the more;the fewer B.the fewer;the more C.the more;the less D.the more;the more 9.Eric,there     a music show in the hall tonight.Let’s go and have a look.? A.will have B.was C.will be D.has 10.Don’t     milk into this cup.It is used to hold boiled water.? A.pour B.shake C.divide D.leave C A C A Ⅱ.(2019湖南永州)完形填空 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。 After I had surgery(手术),the doctor said I needed to stay at home for at least a week.With exams coming up,I worried about missing the class.My family thought for a  1 : I would go to school as a robot.?   The company my mom works for 2 me with a five-foot-tall robot on wheels.Using it was  3 .I quickly learned how to move it forward and back and turn it.I soon forgot I was controlling a machine from home.? It  4  everyone else a little longer to get used to the new me.A screen showed my face at its actual size.The  5  allowed me to feel in class and others to see me.?   For a few days,I was the most  6  object in the school.Everyone crowded around me.But once they didn’t feel excited.I was just another  7 .I ate lunch with everyone else,attended class,and went to the rehearsal(排练) for my school  8 .I felt as if I were actually in school.I was only reminded of my difficulties as a robot when my teachers  9  papers.?   Life as a robot was an enjoyable  10 .Technology can be a great help to people.If you are in need,I hope you can have a robot helper.? 1.A.solution   B.company   C.doctor 2.A.ordered B.provided C.asked 3.A.slow B.easy C.boring 4.A.brought B.had C.took 5.A.wheels B.voice C.screen 6.A.serious B.popular C.terrible 7.A.student B.robot C.teacher 8.A.exam B.meeting C.play 9.A.found out B.sold out C.handed out 10.A.experience B.trip C.class 1-5 ABBCC 6-10 BACCA Ⅲ.阅读理解   Sending packets,shopping for everyday goods and even building a house,these are new skills that new robots show at the World Robot Exhibition. RoBohoN Scientists are recommending the latest talking robots.They can be highly intelligent in their responses.RoBohoN,just 10cm tall,makes a lively description of the Great Wall and the Palace Museum.It can speak Chinese,English or any other language you like. Human Support This robot stands at 1m tall and looks like a container with arms.It provides much support to different places and keeps in touch with the outside world through the Internet. HRP-5P As world cities continue developing,there are building sites everywhere,but there aren’t enough people to build them.HRP-5P looks like a strong builder who stands at 1.8m tall and weighs 101 kg.It is created to carry out the heavy building tasks. CarriRo CarriRo,in the shape of a toy bus,has friendly “eyes” on its front.It works as a postman and sends packages by rolling around the streets.It has a GPS to travel.The person who receives the package is sent a code to the smart phone to open the CarriRo and get the package. 1.How tall is RoBohoN?             A.0.1 meter. B.1 meter. C.1.8 meters. D.101 meters. 2.Which robot is the best helper to the old people’s homes? A.RoBohoN. B.Human Support. C.HRP-5P. D.CarriRo. 3.How does the owner of the package open the CarriRo? A.By working as a postman. B.By rolling around the street. C.By following the GPS. D.By using the code. 4.In which part of a newspaper can we find this passage? A.Culture. B.Sports. C.Science. D.People. 1-4 ABDC Ⅳ.(2019内蒙古赤峰)阅读表达 根据短文内容回答问题。 One day,you open the fridge and find some moldy(发霉的)food.But before you can throw it away your mother stops you.She doesn’t want to waste food.She cuts off the moldy part and eats the rest.Is it safe to do this? Mold(发霉)can grow on almost all kinds of food.Mold is usually green,white,black or gray.Mold makes food soft and changes its color.Moldy food tastes quite bad—and it’s not safe to eat. If you find mold in soft food,just throw it away.Bread,tomatoes and hot dogs are soft food.This kind of food allows mold to easily grow below its surface. But it’s easy to remove mold from hard food.The mold can’t grow very deeply inside this kind of food.According to the BBC,you should cut about 2.5 cm around and below the mold and remove it.It’s OK to cut the moldy parts out of hard food and eat the rest.But if the food is completely covered with mold,you should still throw it away. Most kinds of mold are bad for us.But some kinds of mold can be used to make food.For example,penicillium(青霉素) can be used to make many types of cheeses,such as blue cheese.These cheeses are safe to eat and they’re quite delicious as well. 1.What color is mold? ?_____________________________________________________________ 2.How does moldy food taste? ?_____________________________________________________________ 3.How should you deal with the soft food when you find mold in it? ?_____________________________________________________________ 4.Is it easy or difficult to remove mold from hard food? ?_____________________________________________________________ 5.What can some kinds of mold be used to do? ?_____________________________________________________________ It is usually green,white,black or gray. It tastes quite bad. We should throw it away. It is easy. They can be used to make food. Ⅴ.口语交际 根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子填入对话相应的空白处,使对话完整,合乎情景。(有两个多余选项) Peter:Hello,Linda.Nice to meet you. Linda:Hello,Peter.1.   ? Peter:You see,the summer holiday is coming.2.   ? Linda:I’m going to travel to Brazil. Peter:3.     By the way,will you go there alone?? Linda:4.     My cousin will go with me.? Peter:5.   ? Linda:We’ll start on June 18. Peter:I think you will enjoy yourselves there. F C B E D A.How do you do? B.It’s a good place to travel. C.What’s your plan for it? D.When will you go? E.No,I won’t. F.Nice to meet you,too. G.What are you doing? (共38张PPT) 八年级上册 Unit9~Unit 10 核心词汇 1.prepare(v.)使做好准备;把……准备好→preparation(n.)准备;准备工作 *prepare for为……做准备 2.hang(v.)悬挂;垂下→hung(过去式/过去分词) *hang out 常去某处;闲逛 3.catch(v.) 及时赶上;接住;抓住→caught(过去式/过去分词) *catch the early bus赶早班车 *catch up with追上;赶上 4.invite(v.) 邀请→invitation(n.)请柬 *invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事 5.sad(adj.)(令人)悲哀的;(令人)难过的→sadly(adv.)悲哀地;忧愁地→sadness(n.)悲伤 6.with(prep.)和……在一起;带有;具有→without(反义词)没有;不(做某事) *Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards.[谚]无规矩不成方圆。 7.open(v.)打开→close(反义词)(使某物)关;闭 →opening(n.)开幕式;落成典礼 8.meet(v.)遇见;会面→met(过去式/过去分词)→meeting(n.)会议;集会;会面 *sports meeting运动会 *meet with偶遇;遇到 9.organize(v.)组织;筹备→organizer(n.)组织者;筹备者 →organized(adj.)有组织的 10.advice(n.)劝告;建议→advise(v.)建议 11.travel(v.& n.)旅行;游历→traveler/traveller(n.)漂泊者;旅行者;游客 12.normal(adj.)正常的;一般的→normally(adv.)正常地;一般地 *return to normal恢复正常 13.angry(adj.) 发怒的;生气的→angrily(adv.)发怒地;生气地→anger(n.)生气;发怒 *be/get angry with sb.生某人的气 *be/get angry at sth.为某事而生气 14.understand(v.)理解;领会→understood(过去式/过去分词)→understanding(adj.& n.)善解人意的;体谅人的 *make sb.understood让别人明白某人的意思 *understand each other相互了解 15.he(pron.)他→him(人称代词宾格)他→his(形容词性物主代词)他的 →his(名词性物主代词)他的 →himself(反身代词)他自己 16.solve(v.) 解决;解答→solution(n.)解决;解答;答案;解决方法 短语扫描 1.go to the/a doctor 去看医生 2.another time 其他时间;别的时间 3.the day before yesterday 前天 4.the day after tomorrow 后天 5.look after 照料;照顾 6.take a trip 去旅行 7.help out (帮助……)分担工作、解决难题 8.look forward to 盼望;期待 9.keep...to oneself 保守秘密 10.in half分成两半 句型点击 1.I have to prepare for an exam.我不得不为考试准备。 2.Sam isn’t leaving until next Wednesday. 萨姆直到下个星期三才离开。 3.Let me know if you need my help. 如果你需要我的帮助,请让我知道。 4.Bring Ms.Steen to the party without telling her so that she can be surprised. 不要告诉斯蒂恩夫人,带她来聚会,以便于她可以感到惊讶。 5.If you go to the party,you will have a great time! 如果你去聚会,你将会玩得高兴。 6.When is a good time to have the party? 什么时候是举行聚会的好时间? 7.If we have it today,half the class won’t come. 如果我们今天举行,半数的同学都不会来。 8.Also,I’m not sure how to go to the party. 我也不确定怎么样去聚会。 9.I think talking to someone helps a lot. 我认为与别人交谈帮助很多。 10.She was afraid to tell her parents about it. 她害怕把这件事告诉她的父母。 11.In English,we say that sharing a problem is like cutting it in half. 用英语,我们说分享问题就像把它分成两半。 12.I will go to Amy’s birthday party if I am invited.如果我被邀请,我将去艾米的生日聚会。 语法聚焦 1.情态动词can表示请求(见本书P149) 2.情态动词might(见本书P149) 3.if条件句(if+will)(见本书P158) 4.情态动词should(见本书P149) 考点1 prepare使做好准备;把……准备好 【即学即练】                1.—Sarah seems to be confident about her performance tomorrow. —So she is.She’s got prepared for it. A.sorry B.famous C.ready D.away 2.I’d like to know who she will prepare     to the party.? A.to invite B.invite C.inviting D.invited 3.Linda stayed up late and p    herself for the math exam last night.? C A repared 考点2 until到……时;直到……为止 until 介词 后接具体时刻/时间短语,表示“(动作或状态持续)到……时;直到……为止” 连词 “not+瞬间动词+until...”,表示“直到……才” “延续性动词+until...”,表示“直到……为止” [图解助记] 【即学即练】 1.(2019甘肃兰州)Tom watched the World Cup     11:30 last night.? A.when B.unless C.until D.as soon as 2.(2019贵州黔南、黔东南、黔西南)Tom won’t go to bed until his father     back from work.? A.will come B.came C.comes D.come 3.昨天下午直到六点半我才回家了。 I     go home     half past six yesterday afternoon.? C C didn’t until 考点3 辨析: accept与receive ? accept 常表示主观上的接受 receive 常表示客观上收到,但不一定接受 [图解助记] 【即学即练】 1.I didn’t mean to trouble Curry yesterday.It was pouring with rain so I     his offer of a lift.? A.refused B.received C.accepted D.refuse 2.My uncle called and asked me if I had     the birthday gift from him.? A.invented B.raised C.received D.ordered C C 考点4:辨析:hear from,hear of与hear 词汇 意思及用法 hear from 意为“收到……的来信”,后面加sb.。 hear of 意为“听说”,后面加sth./sb.。 hear 意为“听到”,后加宾语+宾补。 意为“听说”,后面加宾语从句。 【即学即练】 1.(2019广西梧州)My sister is happy to receive a letter from her parents.The underlined part “receive a letter from” means    .? A.hear from B.hear of C.look for D.look after 2.—The stuntman is planning to walk on the wings of a flying plane. —What?I’ve never     a crazier idea before.? A.brought back B.heard from C.taken from D.heard of 3.I think you’ve never     Doris talk about her child life before.? A.looked B.drunk C.smelled D.heard A D D Ⅰ.单项选择                1.(2019江苏南京)—Do you have any plans for the holiday? —Yes.I’m planning to travel to Jiuzhaigou.I’m looking forward to     the colourful lakes and amazing waterfalls.? A.see B.seeing C.sees D.saw 2.(2019辽宁抚顺)—Will Bob help me look after my pet dog when I’m away? —Of course.He won’t     your request.He loves animals a lot.? A.put down B.write down C.turn down D.take down 3.(2019浙江温州)We don’t allow taking magazines out,but you     copy the article you need on the machine over there.? A.can B.must C.should D.would B C A 4.(2019湖北鄂州)—I don’t know how to use the App Fun Dubbing. —Ask Kitty for help.She has lots of     in doing it.? A.expression B.experiment C.examination D.experience 5.(2019重庆B卷)Lisa made so many mistakes in her homework,because she didn’t do it     enough.? A.carefully B.busily C.quickly D.warmly 6.(2019辽宁本溪)—Lingling,you’ll feel sleepy tomorrow     you go to bed early.? —OK,Mom.I’ll go to bed at once. A.if B.unless C.though D.because D A B 7.—What made Jim so    ?? —He couldn’t find his ticket anywhere. A.upset B.dangerous C.successful D.careful 8.Evans had a sore throat.His friend advised him     some hot water.? A.drinking B.to drink C.Drink D.drank A B Ⅱ.(2019四川内江)完形填空   It was my 14th birthday and I would have the biggest party ever.The number of the  1 had quickly grown from seven to seventeen.Nearly every girl in my class was  2 .When each guest excitedly  3  the invitation,I was especially happy.?   The  4  was full of shouts and laughter.We had just finished a game of Twister when the doorbell rang.I was so  5  and I could feel my face turning red,because when I  6  the door,there at the front door stood Sarah Westly—the quiet girl who sat next to me in music class—and she was holding a  7 .I thought about the guest list.How did I  8  to invite Sarah?? I remembered that I only added a name to the  9  when someone showed an interest in me.But Sarah had  10  done that.I accepted the box,a gift from Sarah,and asked her to join the party.“I can’t  11 ”,she said.“My dad’s waiting in the car.” At that moment, I felt bad about forgetting to invite her and really wanted her to rest for some time in my room. “Thanks,but I have to go,” she said,turning  12  towards the door.“See you Monday.”?   I stood in the foyer with Sarah’s gift in my hands and an empty feeling in my heart. I didn’t open the box until the party was  13 .Inside the small box was a ceramic(陶瓷) tabby cat.It was the best gift I had received  14  I didn’t like cats.I later  15  that the gift looked exactly like Sarah’s cat,Seymour.I didn’t know it then,but now I realize that Sarah was my true friend.? 1.A.boys B.guests C.books D.desks 2.A.invited B.invented C.showed D.suggested 3.A.made B.found C.accepted D.passed 4.A.classroom B.library C.restaurant D.living room 5.A.surprised B.angry C.proud D.sad 6.A.touched B.opened C.caught D.saw 7.A.cat B.toy C.pen D.box 8.A.forget B.stop C.hope D.choose 9.A.gift B.list C.diary D.box 10.A.still B.even C.never D.only 11.A.stand B.sing C.wait D.stay 12.A.quickly B.carefully C.finally D.early 13.A.ready B.successful C.over D.interesting 14.A.and B.so C.because D.though 15.A.took out B.found out C.thought out D.put out 1-5 BACDA 6-10 BDABC 11-15 DACDB Ⅲ.(2019山东德州)阅读理解 >FROM THE EDITOR DEAR READERS,   Happy birthday to us!TIME magazine’s first issue (期刊) came out on March 3,1923.Sure,96 isn’t the most special birthday,comparing with the 100th birthday.But we take every opportunity (机会) to celebrate.TIME for Kids came along just a little bit later,in 1995.Soon,we will have our 25th birthday!  

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  • ID:6-6938295 2020年中考物理一轮复习:第十五讲 电功率(75张ppt)

    初中物理/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共75张PPT) 第十五讲 电功率 考点一、电能和电功 1.电能 (1)利用:把    能转化为其他形式的能。? (2)单位换算:1度=    kW·h=      J。? (3)测量工具:    。? ①读数方法:电能表计数器上前后两次读数之差,就是用户在这一段时间消耗电能的千瓦时数。图中电能表的读数为     kW·h。? ②铭牌上通常所标参数的含义:如图所示,“220 V”表示电能表应在     的电路中使用;10(20) A——表示电能表的标定电流为   ,额定最大电流为    ;600 revs/(kW·h)——表示接在这个电能表上的用电器每消耗1 kW·h的电能,电能表转盘转    转。? 电 1 3.6×106 电能表 2 012.7 220 V 10 A 20 A 600 2.电功 (1)定义:    做的功。? (2)影响因素:电压、    和通电时间。? (3)计算公式:W=    。 电流 电流 UIt 考点二、电功率 1.意义:表示电流做功的    。? 2.单位换算:1 kW=    W。? 3.公式:P=    =    。? 4.(1)额定电压:用电器       时的电压。? (2)额定功率:用电器在       下工作时的功率。? (3)实际功率:用电器在       下工作时的功率。? 5.伏安法测电功率的原理:      。? 快慢 1 000   UI 正常工作 额定电压 实际电压 P=UI 考点三、焦耳定律 1.电流的热效应:电流通过导体时,电能转化为    的现象。? 2.焦耳定律 (1)内容:电流通过导体产生的热量跟        成正比,跟导体的电阻成    ,跟      成正比。? (2)公式:Q=    。? 内能 电流的二次方 正比 通电时间 I2Rt 考点一:电能、电能表的读数及相关计算 【典例1】 (2019天水中考)如图所示,小英家6月底电能表的示数如图甲所示,7月底表盘示数如图乙所示,由图可知她家7月份用电器消耗的电能为    kW·h;她家现在已经接入用电器的总功率为3 600 W,则最多还可以连接    W的用电器同时工作。将铭牌已模糊的饮水机单独接在该电能表上正常工作3 min,电能表指示灯闪烁了160次,则饮水机的额定功率是    W。? 甲   乙 140 3 000 1 000 微点拨:一段时间用电器消耗的电能为电能表两次示数之差;从电能表表盘上的示数“220 V 30 A”,根据P=UI可求出该电能表允许接入用电器的总功率;从电能表表盘上的3 200 imp/(kW?h),可计算出闪烁160次消耗的电能W,利用公式P=可求出电功率。 【举一反三】 1-1.(2019河南中考)在家用电器调查活动中,小亮让电热水器单独工作2 min,测得家中如图所示的电能表的转盘转了70 r,热水器的实际功率为     W;若不计能量损失,这段时间内热水器中50 L的水可升温     ℃。由于热水器的功率远大于冰箱,从安全用电的角度考虑,热水器的电源线比冰箱的要    (选填“粗”或“细”)。[已知ρ水=1.0×103 kg/m3,c水=4.2×103 J/(kg·℃)]? 2 100 1.2 粗 1-2.一个电能表,表盘上标明“720 revs/(kW·h)”,它的意思是              ;某教研室某段时间用电,电能表两次示数如图所示,该时间段该地区每度电电费1.2元,这段时间需要交付     电费。? 每消耗1 kW?h电能,指示灯闪烁720次 383.64元 名师点拨 有关电能表常考的几个问题 (1)根据电能表计数器计算消耗的电能:消耗的电能是电能表计数器前后两次示数之差; (2)考查电能表所能接入的最大功率:根据电能表上的电压和电流参数,利用公式P=UI来计算; (3)利用电能表测算家用电器的电功率:只让待测用电器工作,记下待测用电器工作时电能表转盘转过n转所用的时间t,则用电器的实际功率为P=×3.6×106 J。(N是每消耗1 kW·h电能时电能表转盘的转数) 考点二:电功率 【典例2】 如图所示,电阻R1为20 Ω,电阻R2为60 Ω,只闭合开关S1时,电流表的示数为1.2 A,求: (1)电源的电压。 ? ? ? (2)单独闭合开关S2时,电路消耗的电功率。 解:电阻R1和电阻R2并联,只闭合开关S1时, 电阻R1单独接入电路,由I=可得电压: U=U1=IR1=1.2 A×20 Ω=24 V。 解:单独闭合开关S2时,电阻R2单独接在电路中, 其电功率为P2==9.6 W。 (3)闭合开关S1和S2,电路消耗的总功率。 微点拨:并联电路各支路互不影响;已知电阻两端的电压和电阻值,可选用公式P=计算电功率。 解:闭合开关S1和S2,电阻R1和R2并联,由I=可得电路中电流: I=I1+I2=I1+=1.2 A+0.4 A=1.6 A, 电路消耗的总功率:P=UI=24 V×1.6 A=38.4 W。 【举一反三】 2-1.(2019凉山中考)如图所示电路,电源电压恒定,L1(4 V 1 W)、L2(2 V 1 W)串联,灯丝电阻保持不变,电压表和电流表连接完好。当闭合开关S时,其中一只灯泡能正常发光,则此时电压表和电流表的示数分别为 (   )                   A.1 V 0.5 A B.2 V 0.25 A C.4 V 0.5 A D.1 V 0.25 A D 2-2.(2019德州中考)如图所示的电路中,a、b、c是三只电表(电压表或电流表),闭合开关S,标有“3 V 1.5 W”的灯泡L1正常发光,标有“6 V 3 W”的灯泡L2发光较暗。若不考虑温度对灯丝电阻的影响,下列说法正确的是 (   ) A.电表a为电流表,且示数为1 A B.电表b为电压表,且示数为3 V C.电表c为电流表,且示数为0.25 A D.闭合开关S,电路消耗的总功率为2.25 W ? D 名师点拨 电功率公式的选用 (1)对纯电阻用电器,P=通用,对非纯电阻用电器,用W=UIt计算消耗的电能,用P=UI计算电功率; (2)纯电阻用电器串联时,一般选用W=I2Rt,P=I2R,电阻越大的,电功率越大,消耗电能越快; (3)纯电阻用电器并联时,一般选用W=t,P=,电阻越大,电功率越小,消耗电能越慢。 考点三:灯泡亮暗的比较 【典例3】 小明按图连接电路,闭合开关,观察到L1比L2亮。下列说法正确的 (   ) A.通过L1的电流大于L2的电流 B.L1的电阻小于L2的电阻 C.L1两端的电压大于L2两端的电压 D.如果把L1和L2的位置对调,L1会变暗 微点拨:对于讨论串联电路电功率问题可选择公式P=I2R;决定灯泡亮暗的物理量是灯泡的实际功率,即灯泡亮,实际功率大。 C 【举一反三】 3-1.(2019临沂中考)如图所示电路的两灯泡L1和L2分别标有“3.8 V 0.2 A”和“3.8 V 0.3 A”字样,闭合开关后两灯均发光。假设灯泡的电阻不受温度影响,下列判断正确的是 (   ) A.两灯串联 B.灯L2更亮 C.灯L1的电阻丝更粗 D.电流表A2○的示数为0.5 A B 3-2.(2019广安中考)如图所示,电源电压不变,L1、L2两个灯泡的规格相同,闭合开关S,当滑动变阻器的滑片P都从中点向右滑动的过程中,关于两灯的亮度情况,说法正确的是 (   ) A.L1始终比L2暗 B.L1始终比L2亮 C.L1和L2都变暗 D.L1和L2都变亮 名师点拨 (1)灯泡亮暗取决于实际功率的大小而不是额定功率;(2)灯泡实际功率越小,发光越暗,甚至不发光,因此灯泡不发光时,也可能是由于其实际功率过小造成的。 A 考点四:电功、电功率、电热的计算 【典例4】 如图是某家用电热水器的简化电路图,温控开关S可根据水温自动切换加热和保温两种状态,R1、R2是发热电阻,热水器主要参数如下表。[水的比热容为4.2×103 J/(kg·℃)] (1)开关S跳至    触点位置时,热水器进入保温状态,水箱内装满水时,水的质量为    kg。? 额定电压 220 V 容积 30 L 加热功率 2 000 W 保温功率 800 W 解:开关S接在b时,电阻R1与R2串联,此时电阻大,功率小,因此处在保温功率上,装满水的质量是m=ρV=1.0×103 kg/m3×30×10-3 m3=30 kg。 (2)R2的阻值为多大? (3)水箱中装满初温为25 ℃的水,加热使温度升高到55 ℃,水需要吸收多少热量? ? 解:开关S接在a时,R1单独工作,处在加热状态, R1==24.2 Ω; 开关S接在b时,处在保温状态, R1+R2==60.5 Ω,则R2=36.3 Ω。 解:水吸收的热量是: Q吸=cm(t-t0) =4.2×103 J/(kg·℃)×30 kg×(55 ℃-25 ℃) =3.78×106 J。 (4)在上述加热状态下,热水器正常工作35 min需消耗多少电能?加热效率是多少? 微点拨:电路总电阻最大时,为电热器的保温功率;电路总电阻最小时,为电热器的加热功率;加热效率η=。 解:消耗的电能是:W=P加热t=2 000 W×35×60 s=4.2×106 J 效率是:η=×100%=90%。 【举一反三】 4-1.(2019杭州中考)如图是一电动机提升物体的示意图。电源电压为120 V,电动机将一个质量为50 kg的物体1 s内匀速上提0.9 m,电路中的电流为5 A。(g取10 N/kg) (1)求该电动机工作1秒钟所产生的电热。 (2)求电动机线圈阻值。 (3)当该重物上升到一定高度时,电动机的转子突然被卡住,为什么这种情况下电动机容易烧坏? ? 解:150 J. 解:6 Ω. 解:卡住时通过电动机的电流过大(或电能全部转化为内能),使电动机温度过高,所以容易烧坏。 4-2.(2019自贡中考)如图是小邦同学设计的调光灯电路,R0为定值电阻,S为选择开关,当S接触a点时,小灯泡正常发光但不能调光,当S接触b点时,电路断开,当S接触c点时,电路可连续调光。已知滑动变阻器R的规格为“10 Ω 2 A”,灯泡L上标着“10 V 12 W”的字样,电源电压恒为16 V。灯泡电阻随温度变化。 (1)求定值电阻R0的阻值; ? (2)当S接触c点时,调节R的滑片至中点位置,电路中的电流为1 A,求此时灯泡的实际功率。 解:5 Ω. 解:6 W. 名师点拨 电能、电功率、电热在计算时的公式比较如下:     种类 公式  物理量     纯电阻电路 非纯电阻电路 电能 W=UIt W=Pt 电功率 电热 Q=I2Rt 发热功率 P热=I2R 考点五:实验 实验1.测量小灯泡的电功率 实验解读 (1)实验电路图。 (2)实验原理:P=UI。 (3)滑动变阻器的作用:①保护电路;②改变小灯泡两端的电压。 (4)电表的使用和读数。 (5)电路故障分析。 (6)U-I图象的应用:根据U-I图象的绘制,读出某点的电流和电压值,得出该点的电功率。 (7)额定功率、实际功率的计算。 【真题演练】 1.(2019扬州中考)在“测量小灯泡电功率”的实验中(小灯泡标有“2.5 V”字样): (1)如图甲所示,正确连接电路后,闭合开关,小明发现无论怎样调节滑动变阻器,灯泡都不亮,电流表无示数,电压表有示数,则电路故障可能是     。? (2)排除故障后,移动滑片P到某一位置时,电压表示数如图乙所示,为了继续完成实验,应将滑片P向    (选填“A”或“B”)端移动。小明根据实验所测的数据,作出如图丙所示的图象,则小灯泡的额定功率为     W。? 甲 乙   丙 灯泡断路 A 0.5 (3)测量结束后,小明应先     ,然后拆除    上的导线,再拆除其他导线。? (4)小明对本实验进行了拓展思考,以下探究活动用该实验装置中的器材不能完成的是    。? A.测量小灯泡的电阻 B.探究串联电路电流的特点 C.探究串联电路电压的特点 D.探究电流与电压的关系 断开开关 电源 D 2.(2019枣庄中考)在“测量小灯泡的电功率”实验中,提供的器材有:6 V的电源一个,2.5 V的小灯泡(电阻约为10 Ω)一个,电流表(0~0.6 A,0~3 A)和电压表(0~3 V,0~15 V)各一个,“50 Ω 2 A”的滑动变阻器A和“10 Ω 1 A”的滑动变阻器B各一个,开关一个,导线若干。 (1)通过估算,你应选用的滑动变阻器是    (选填“A”或“B”)。? 甲 乙    丙 A (2)闭合开关前,经检查发现某同学连接的电路有一根导线连接错误,请你在图甲中错误的连线上画“×”,并只移动一根导线,用笔画线代替导线将电路连接正确。 答案:如图所示 (3)连好电路后,闭合开关,发现小灯泡不亮,电流表有示数,电压表无示数,则故障原因可能是小灯泡    (选填“短路”或“断路”)。? (4)故障排除后,移动变阻器的滑片,当电压表的示数为2.5 V时,电流表的示数如图乙所示,则小灯泡的额定功率是    W,小灯泡正常工作时的电阻是    Ω。(小数点后保留1位小数)? (5)根据测出的数据,作出了小灯泡的电流I与电压U的关系图线,发现该图线不是一条直线,如图丙所示,其原因是温度升高,灯丝电阻   (选填“增大”或“减小”)。? 短路 0.75 8.3 增大 易错提醒 实验中常见的电路故障 (1)灯泡处开路:灯泡不亮,电压表有明显示数,电流表无示数; (2)灯泡处短路:灯泡不亮,电流表有示数,电压表无示数; (3)滑动变阻器接入错误:调节滑动变阻器滑片的位置时,灯泡亮度不变,电流表、电压表示数不变。 实验2.探究电流产生的热量与哪些因素有关 实验解读 (1)转换法的应用:通过温度计的示数或U形管液面高度的变化反映产生电热的多少。 (2)控制变量法的应用。 (3)被加热的物质选用空气的目的:因为气体的热膨胀较液体显著,节省实验时间,效果明显。 (4)被加热的物质选用煤油的目的:煤油的比热容小,实验效果明显。 (5)实验结论。 【真题演练】 3.(2019潍坊中考)如图是探究“电流通过导体时产生的热量与哪些因素有关”的实验装置。两个相同的透明容器中密封着等量的空气,将1、2和3、4导线分别接到电源两端。 (1)如图甲所示的装置用来探究电流通过电阻丝产生的热量与   的关系,通电一段时间,    (选填“a”或“b”)容器中电流产生的热量较多;? (2)通过观察乙图中的实验现象,可知    (选填“c”或“d”)容器中电阻丝的阻值大。? 甲   乙 电流 a d 【易错易混过关】 【典题1】 一只“220 V 40 W”的白炽灯甲和一只“220 V 100 W”的白炽灯乙串联后接入220 V的电路中,则关于两灯实际亮度说法正确的是 (   ) A.甲灯较亮 B.乙灯较亮 C.两灯亮度相同 D.以上三种情况都有可能 【典题2】 甲、乙两电阻丝串联在电路中,甲电阻丝产生的热量较多,并联后接在同一电路中,相同时间里产生的热量关系是 (   ) A.Q甲>Q乙 B.Q甲R2。 实验一:探究电流产生的热量与电阻的关系 (1)请按照图甲的电路图将对应实物图乙连接完整。 甲    乙 答案:如图所示 (2)电路中电阻丝的连接方式是为了控制     ;电阻丝放出热量的多少,通过         来进行判断。? (3)闭合开关,经过一定时间,用电阻丝R1加热的煤油温度升高了Δt1,用电阻丝R2加热的煤油温度升高了Δt2,那么Δt1    Δt2(选填“大于”“等于”或“小于”)。? 实验二:探究电流产生的热量与电流的关系 (4)闭合开关,移动滑动变阻器的滑动触头,使电路中的电流变成实验一中电流的2倍,且通电时间相同。实验发现:用电阻丝R1(或R2)加热的煤油,温度升高量Δt1'(或Δt2')    (选填“大于”“等于”或“小于”)2Δt1(或2Δt2),该实验说明电流产生的热量与电流    正比例关系。? (5)你认为做这个实验产生误差的主要原因是? .  。? 电流相等 温度计的示数变化 大于 大于 不成 两瓶中煤油的质量是否 相等或两温度计的准确性是否一致 【素养提升练】 15.(2019宜宾中考)如图所示电路中,已知电源电压保持不变,小灯泡L的规格为“6 V 3 W”,滑动变阻器R的最大阻值为30 Ω,R0为定值电阻。 (1)小灯泡L正常发光时的电流为多少? (2)只闭合开关S1和S2,将变阻器滑片从最左端a向右滑动,当变阻器接入电路的阻值为4 Ω时,小灯泡L恰好正常发光,则电源电压是多少? ? 解:由PL=ULIL可得小灯泡正常发光时的电流为 IL==0.5 A; 解:闭合开关S1和S2时,小灯泡L和变阻器串联,因小灯泡L恰好正常发光,此时电路中的电流为IL=0.5 A,故电源电压U总=UL+ILR=6 V+0.5 A×4 Ω=8 V; (3)只闭合开关S1和S3,当滑片置于a时,电压表示数为6 V,电流表示数为0.2 A,此时滑动变阻器消耗的电功率为1.2 W,当滑片向右滑动到另外某个位置时,变阻器消耗的电功率仍然为1.2 W,试求在这个位置时电流表的示数I。 解:闭合开关S1和S3,定值电阻R0和变阻器串联,当滑片置于a时,即变阻器两端的电压U1=6 V,电路中的电流为I1=0.2 A,由U总=U1+I1R0得定值电阻R0==10 Ω 当滑片滑到另外某个位置时,设此时电流表的示数为I,电压表的示数为U,由P=UI=1.2 W,又U总=U+IR0,即8=U+10I 所以1.2=(8-10I)I,即10I2-8I+1.2=0 解方程得I1=0.2 A I2=0.6 A 故在这个位置时电流表的示数I=I2=0.6 A。

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  • ID:6-6938288 2020年中考物理一轮复习:第十四讲 欧姆定律(62张ppt)

    初中物理/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共66张PPT) 第十四讲 欧姆定律 考点一、电流与电压、电阻的关系 1.电阻一定时,导体中的电流跟导体两端的电压成    。? 2.电压一定时,导体中的电流跟导体的电阻成    。? 正比 反比 考点二、欧姆定律及应用 1.内容:导体中的电流跟导体两端的电压成    ,跟导体的电阻成    。? 2.表达式:    。? 3.欧姆定律在串、并联电路中的应用 (1)串联电路:其中一个电阻改变时,电路中的    及另一个电阻两端的    都会改变。? (2)并联电路:其中一个支路的电阻改变时,这个支路的电流改变,干路电流    ,但另一个支路的电流和电压    。? 正比 反比 I= 电流 电压 改变 都不变 考点一:欧姆定律的理解与应用 【典例1】 (2019宁夏中考)如图所示的电路中,电阻R2的阻值为15 Ω,当开关S1、S2闭合时,电流表A1的示数为0.5 A,电流表A2的示数为0.2 A,下列说法正确的是 (   ) A.电阻R1的阻值为10 Ω B.S1、S2闭合时,通过电阻R1的电流为0.5 A C.S1、S2闭合时,电流表A1测量的是R1的电流 D.开关S2断开时,电流表A2示数为0.5 A 微点拨:两开关闭合,电路为两电阻并联,电流表A1测量干路电流,电流表A2测量电阻R2的电流;已知电阻R2的阻值和通过的电流,即可求出电源电压。 A 【举一反三】 1-1.下列电路中,已知电源电压相等,且R1

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  • ID:6-6938286 2020年中考物理一轮复习:第十三讲 电流和电路 电压和电阻(67张ppt)

    初中物理/中考专区/一轮复习

    (共67张PPT) 第十三讲 电流和电路 电压和电阻 考点一、两种电荷 1.摩擦起电 (1)性质:能够    轻小物体。? (2)实质:电荷发生了    。? 2.两种电荷 (1)正电荷:    摩擦过的玻璃棒所带的电荷。? (2)负电荷:    摩擦过的橡胶棒所带的电荷。? (3)相互作用:同种电荷互相    ,异种电荷互相    。? 3.验电器的原理:          。? 吸引 转移 丝绸 毛皮 排斥 吸引 同种电荷互相排斥 4.原子 5.导体和绝缘体 (1)导体:    导电的物体,如大地、人体、金属。? (2)绝缘体:    导电的物体,如橡胶、玻璃。? 原子核 质子 负 容易 不容易 考点二、电路 1.电路组成:由    、用电器、导线和开关组成。? 2.电路的三种状态 (1)通路:正常接通的电路,即用电器能够工作的电路,电路中    电流。? (2)断路:电路中某处    的电路,电路中无电流。? (3)短路:直接用导线将    的正、负极连接起来的电路,此时电路电流过大,会烧坏    。? 电源 有 断开 电源 电源 3.电路的连接方式 电路连接方式 串联电路 并联电路 电路图 ? ? 元件连接 依次相连(逐一顺次连接) 用电器的两端分别连在一起,然后接到电路中(并列连接) 电流路径 有    电流路径(无分支)? 有    电流路径(有分支)? 用电器 工作情况 同时工作,互相影响 可单独工作,互不影响 开关控 制作用 开关控制     ,其作用与位置无关? 干路开关控制     ,支路开关控制其     ? 一条 多条 整个电路 整个电路 所在支路 考点三、电流 1.形成:电荷的    移动形成电流。? 2.方向:把    定向移动的方向规定为电流方向。? 3.单位换算:1 A=     mA=     μA。? 4.电流表的使用 (1)采用    法选择量程。? (2)电流表要    在被测电路中。? (3)电流要从“    ”接线柱流入,“    ”接线柱流出。? (4)不允许将电流表直接接在     上。? 5.电流规律 (1)串联电路中,电流处处    ,即I1=I2=I。? (2)并联电路中,干路电流等于各支路电流    ,即I=    。? 定向 正电荷 103 106 试触 串联 + - 电源两极 相等 之和 I1+I2 考点四、电压 1.作用:使电荷发生定向移动形成    。? 2.单位换算:1 V=    kV=    mV。? 3.电压表的使用 (1)采用    法选择量程。? (2)电压表要    在被测电路两端。? (3)使电压表的“+”接线柱靠近电源   极,“-”接线柱靠近电源    极。? 4.电压规律 (1)串联电路:总电压等于串联电路中各部分电路两端电压    ,即U=U1+U2。? (2)并联电路:各支路两端的电压    ,即U=U1=U2。? 电流 10-3 103 试触 并联 正 负 之和 相等 考点五、电阻 1.定义:导体对电流    作用的大小。? 2.单位换算:1 MΩ=    kΩ=    Ω。? 3.影响因素:与导体的    、长度、      等因素有关。? 4.变阻器 (1)作用:改变电路中的    。? (2)实质:通过改变接入电路中电阻丝的    来改变电阻。? (3)连接方法:“一上一下”两接线柱接入电路。 阻碍 103 106 材料 横截面积 电流 长度 考点一:电荷及相互作用 【典例1】 (2019郴州中考)如图所示,一根支在支架上的塑料吸管,能在水平面内自由转动。用餐巾纸摩擦吸管使其带电,将丝绸摩擦过的玻璃棒靠近带电吸管的一端,吸管被吸引,说明吸管在与餐巾纸摩擦的过程中 (   ) A.失去电子带正电 B.失去电子带负电 C.得到电子带正电 D.得到电子带负电 微点拨:丝绸摩擦过的玻璃棒带正电;两带电体相互吸引,说明两带电体带异种电荷;摩擦起电实际上是电子的转移,失去电子的物体因缺少电子而带正电,获得电子的物体因多余电子而带等量的负电。 D 1-1.(2019娄底中考)用一段带绝缘皮的细铁丝做一个支架作为转动轴,把一根中间戳有小孔(没有戳穿)的饮料吸管放在转动轴上,吸管能在水平面内自由转动(如图所示)。用餐巾纸摩擦吸管使其带电,将带负电的橡胶棒靠近带电吸管的一端时,发现吸管被推开,下列说法正确的是 (   ) A.吸管和橡胶棒带异种电荷 B.吸管和餐巾纸摩擦后,两者带同种电荷 C.吸管和餐巾纸摩擦时,吸管得电子带负电 D.吸管和餐巾纸摩擦时,吸管失电子带负电 C 1-2.(2019深圳中考)在探究“电荷间的相互作用”的实验中,用绝缘细线悬挂两个小球,静止时的状态如图所示。下列判断正确的是 (   ) A.两球一定带同种电荷 B.两球可能带异种电荷 C.两球可能一个带电,一个不带电 D.两球均只受两个力 1-3.(2019遂宁中考)用梳子梳干燥的头发时,头发能随梳子飘起,这是因为梳子和头发摩擦,二者带上了    (选填“同种”或“异种”)电荷而互相吸引;将梳子粘上自来水后再梳,头发飘起的现象立刻消失,因为自来水是    (选填“导体”或“绝缘体”),能将头发和梳子所带电荷释放。? A 异种 导体 名师点拨 1.带电体的判断: ? 2.利用电荷间的相互作用规律判断物体是否带电的方法: 考点二:串、并联电路的识别 【典例2】 (2019长沙中考)下列操作能使图中的小灯泡L1和L2组成串联电路的是 (   ) A.闭合开关S1、S2和S3 B.只闭合开关S1和S2 C.只闭合开关S2和S3 D.只闭合开关S3 微点拨:将电路图中多余的部件去掉,画出等效电路图,防止多余部件的干扰;要看出三个开关都闭合,电源短路;要看出只闭合S2、S3时,灯泡L2短路。 D 2-1.(2019菏泽中考)下列电路中两个灯泡都能够独立工作的是 (   ) A B C D 2-2.(2019重庆中考B)关于如图所示电路的判断,正确的是 (   ) A.只闭合开关S1时,灯泡L1、L3并联 B.只闭合开关S2时,灯泡L2、L3并联 C.只闭合开关S2、S3时,灯泡L2、L3串联 D.闭合所有开关时,灯泡L1、L2并联,L3短路 B D 名师点拨 判断串、并联电路的方法 (1)定义法:用电器逐个顺次连接且互相影响是串联,若并列连接,且各自独立工作,互不影响是并联。 (2)路径法:电路中电流只有一条路径为串联;电路中电流有两条或两条以上路径的为并联。 (3)拆除法:拆除其中一个用电器,若其他用电器不能工作,则为串联电路;若其他用电器正常工作,则为并联电路。 【典例3】 自动售票公交车后门两侧的扶手上各装有一个红色按钮(如图所示),想要下车的乘客只要按下其中任何一个按钮,装在车内的电铃就会响起,以提醒司机停车。下列所示的电路图符合要求的是 (   ) A B C D 微点拨:按两个按钮都能使电铃响,说明两个开关是并联连接的。 B 【举一反三】 3-1.(2019成都中考)实验小组为医院病房设计呼叫电路,在病人需要护理时,闭合床头开关,就能及时通知值班室里的护士,图中最合理的设计方案是 (   ) A    B C    D B 3-2.(2019泰州中考)某智能家政机器人有三种识别启动方式:人脸识别(S1)、指纹识别(S2)、密码识别(S3),只要其中一种方式识别成功,则相应开关闭合,机器人启动(机器人用 表示),下列电路设计符合要求的是 (   ) A B C D C 3-3.(2019德州中考)汽车装有安全带未系提示系统,当乘客坐在副驾驶座椅上时,座椅下的开关S1闭合,若未系安全带,则开关S2断开,仪表盘上的指示灯亮起,蜂鸣器工作;若系上安全带,则开关S2闭合,指示灯熄灭,蜂鸣器不工作。下列设计的电路图正确的是 (   ) A    B C    D B 名师点拨 1.电路设计的一般步骤 ? 2.判断开关的连接情况: (1)用若干个开关控制同一个用电器。 ①如果不管哪个开关闭合,用电器都能工作,那么这若干个开关一定是并联的,并且用电器在它们的干路上。 ②如果所有开关同时闭合,用电器才工作,则这若干个开关串联在电路中。 (2)开关的短路接法:开关闭合,用电器不工作;开关断开,用电器工作,则此开关和用电器并联,当其闭合时造成该用电器短路。 考点四:电流表和电压表在电路中的应用 【典例4】 如图所示的电路中,闭合开关S1、S2,小灯泡L1和L2正常发光,电流表和电压表均有示数,下列关于该电路的说法正确的是 (   ) A.电流表测量干路中的电流 B.电压表不能测量L1两端的电压 C.取下L1时,L2正常发光 D.只断开开关S2时,电压表有示数 微点拨:在分析电路组成时,可先将电压表去掉,将电流表看成一根导线,分析完电路组成后再判断电压表并联在哪个元件两端,就测量哪个元件的电压,并联电路互不影响;只断开开关S2时,尽管电压表并联在灯L2两端,但由于灯L2断路,两端没有电压,从而电压表无示数。 C 【举一反三】 4-1.(2019鄂州中考)如图所示,下列电路图中与实物图一致的是 (   ) A      B C      D A 4-2.(2019邵阳中考)在如图中,要使L1与L2串联,在“○”处接入电流表或电压表,测量电路中的电流、L1两端的电压。以下做法正确的是 (   ) A.a为电流表,b为电流表 B.a为电压表,b为电流表 C.a为电流表,b为电压表 D.a为电压表,b为电压表 B 4-3.(2019贵阳中考)如图所示是未完成连接的实物图,请用笔画线代替导线完成该电路的连接。要求:两灯并联,开关S在干路上,电流表只测通过L1的电流,导线不能交叉。 答案:如图所示 名师点拨 电表的判断方法 (1)短路法:电流表内阻很小,相当于一根导线,电压表内阻很大,相当于断路,故可将填电表的地方换成一根导线,若出现短路,则填电压表,若未出现短路,则填电流表; (2)规律法:串联在电路中的是电流表,并联在电路中的是电压表; (3)去表法:先假设将电表去掉,若其他元件不能正常工作,去掉的是电流表,若其他元件能正常工作,则去掉的是电压表。 考点五:电路故障分析 【典例5】 如图所示,灯L1、L2完全相同,闭合开关S,只有一盏灯亮,且只有一个电表有示数,其故障可能是 (   ) A.灯L1开路 B.灯L1短路 C.灯L2开路 D.灯L2短路 微点拨:用反证法 (1)若灯L1开路,则灯L2亮,两表均有示数; (2)若灯L1短路,则电源短路,灯L2不亮,两表无示数; (3)若灯L2开路,则灯L1亮,电压表有示数,电流表无示数; (4)若灯L2短路,则电源短路,灯L1不亮,两表无示数。 C 【举一反三】 5-1.(2019株洲中考)在图示电路中,开关闭合后,无论怎样移动滑片,小灯泡都不亮,电流表示数为零,电压表有示数且不变。图中除标有序号的四根导线外其他元件正常,则出现断路的导线一定是 (   ) A.① B.② C.③ D.④ B 5-2.某实验小组用两个相同的小灯泡连接了如图所示的串联电路,当开关闭合后发现,甲、乙两灯都不亮,为了找到故障原因,小张用一根导线来检查。当导线与A、B两点连接时,甲灯不亮、乙灯亮;当导线与B、C两点连接时,两灯都不亮。由此推测故障是 (   ) A.A、B两点间存在短路 B.A、B两点间存在断路 C.B、C两点间存在短路 D.B、C两点间存在断路 B 名师点拨 常见的电路故障分析 (1)断路的判断 (2)短路的判断 考点六:电阻和变阻器 【典例6】 (2019福建中考)在相同温度下,关于导体的电阻,下列说法正确的是 (   ) A.铜线的电阻一定比铝线的小 B.长度相同、粗细也相同的铜线和铝线电阻相等 C.长度相同的两根铜线,粗的那根电阻较大 D.粗细相同的两根铜线,长的那根电阻较大 微点拨:影响电阻大小的因素有导体的材料、长度、横截面积和温度。 D 【举一反三】 6-1.(2019玉林中考)超导现象是指某些物质在温度很低时电阻变为零的现象。如果某种超导材料能应用于实际,最适合用来制作 (   ) A.保险丝 B.输电导线 C.电炉丝 D.变阻器的电阻丝 6-2.(2019菏泽中考)当滑动变阻器的滑片向b端滑动时,下列四种接法中,变阻器阻值变大的是 (   ) A B C D B C 6-3.如图为旋转式变阻器的结构图,a、b、c为变阻器的三个接线柱,d为旋钮触片。将该变阻器接入电路中调节灯泡的亮度,当顺时针旋转旋钮触片时,灯光变亮,则应连接接线柱    (选填“a、b”“b、c”或“a、c”)和灯泡    联后接入电路中。? 名师点拨 对电阻的理解: 电阻表示导体对电流的阻碍作用,是导体本身的一种性质,当导体的材料、长度、横截面积、温度一定时,电阻是个常数,与导体是否接入电路、两端是否有电压和是否有电流通过均无关。 b、c 串 考点七:实验 实验1:探究串、并联电路中电流和电压的特点 实验解读 (1)在连接电路时,开关一定断开。 (2)电流表、电压表的量程要选择合适,为了使读数精确,能用小量程的一定不能用大量程,可用试触法选择合适的电流表量程。 (3)连好电路后,先用开关试触,观察电表的指针偏转情况,确认无误后,方可进行实验。 (4)为了使实验结论具有普遍性,实验中应采取选用不同规格的灯泡进行多次实验,测量多组数据。 (5)若选用的两个灯泡规格相同,探究并联电路的电流关系时,通过两支路的电流相等;探究串联电路时,两个灯泡两端的电压相等。 (6)若开始实验,开关闭合时,电流表、电压表的指针反向偏转,原因是电流表、电压表的“+”“-”接线柱接反了。 【真题演练】 1.(2019成都中考A)在“探究串联电路的电流特点”的实验中,小虹同学选用两个不同的小灯泡组成了如图甲所示的串联电路,然后用一个电流表分别接在a、b、c三处去测量电流。 (1)她先把电流表接在a处,闭合开关后,发现两灯的亮度不稳定,电流表的指针也来回摆动。故障的原因可能是    。? A.某段导线断开 B.某接线柱处接触不良 C.某灯泡被短路 D.电流表被烧坏 甲   乙 B (2)她排除故障后,重新闭合开关,电流表的指针指示位置如图乙所示,则所测的电流值为    A。? (3)她测量了a、b、c三处的电流,又改变灯泡的规格进行了多次实验,其中一次实验的测量数据如下表,在分析数据时,她发现三处的测量值有差异。下列分析正确的是    。? A.可能是因为测量误差造成的 B.是因为没有对电流表调零造成的 C.串联电路中各处的电流本来就不等 D.电流从电源正极流向负极的过程中,电流越来越小 Ia(A) Ib(A) Ic(A) 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.22 A 2.(2019淄博中考)在“探究并联电路中的电流关系”的实验中: (1)小明想测量干路电流,连接的电路如图甲所示,检查电路发现只有一根导线接错了,请在这根导线上画“×”并改正。 甲 答案:如图所示 (2)正确连接电路后,闭合开关,电流表的示数为0.46 A,请在图乙中画出指针的位置( 为指针转轴)。 乙 答案:如图所示 (3)小明换用不同规格的灯泡,多次改变电表位置,将测量数据记录在下表中。 分析数据得出结论:在并联电路中,? .  。? (4)第1次实验发现,灯泡L1比L2亮,则灯泡L1的电阻     灯泡L2的电阻;若两灯泡灯丝长度相同,    的灯丝更细。 实验次数 支路电流I1/A 支路电流I2/A 干路电流I总/A 1 0.30 0.16 0.46 2 0.20 0.20 0.40 3 0.24 0.34 0.58 干路电流等于各支路电流之和 (I总=I1+I2) 小于(或<) L2 3.(2019邵阳中考)小芳在“探究串联电路电压特点”的实验中,连接好的实物电路图如图甲所示,请你协助完成: (1)在方框内画出与图甲对应的电路图,并在电路图中标上L1、L2。 甲  乙 答案:如图所示 (2)在某次测量时,电压表的示数如图乙所示,此时灯L1两端的电压为     V。? (3)闭合开关后,小芳发现L1、L2均不发光,电压表有示数且大小接近3 V,则电路中出现的故障可能是L1发生了    (选填“短路”或“断路”)。? (4)排除故障后,小芳在测量了灯L1两端的电压后,断开开关,然后将导线AE的A端松开,接到D接线柱上,测量灯L2两端的电压,这一做法会造成  。? 1.9 断路 电压表的正负接线柱接反 实验2:探究影响电阻大小的因素 实验解读 (1)画电路图或连接实物图。 (2)控制变量法的应用。 (3)转化法的应用:通过比较电流表示数或灯泡的亮度来判断导体中电流的大小。 (4)正确使用电流表。 (5)多次测量的目的。 【真题演练】 4.(2018天津中考)在“探究影响导体电阻大小的因素”时,某实验小组想利用如图所示的电路,分别对导体电阻跟它的长度、横截面积、材料有关的猜想进行实验验证。 (1)为验证“导体电阻跟长度有关”,下表中可选用的三种导体是     (填导体代号);? (2)若实验中将电路中的电流表更换为小灯泡,通过观察     也可以判断导体电阻的大小,但不足之处是  . 。? 导体代号 长度/m 横截面积/mm2 材料 A 1.0 0.2 锰铜 B 1.0 0.4 锰铜 C 1.0 0.6 锰铜 D 0.5 0.4 锰铜 E 1.5 0.4 锰铜 F 1.0 0.6 镍铬合金 G 1.0 0.6 铁 BDE 灯泡的亮度 不能较准确地反映电路中电流 的变化 5.(2017枣庄中考,经典题)学习了电学知识后,小明对影响电阻大小的部分因素进行了探究,器材有:开关、电流表、干电池(电压恒为1.5 V)各一个,三根完全相同的合金丝,导线若干,连接如图甲所示的电路,小明将合金丝以不同方式分别接入电路A、B之间,闭合开关S后,记录的数据如表。根据实验数据,回答下列问题: 甲   乙 (1)图乙是将一根合金丝接入电路时电流表的读数,请将其填入表格中。 (2)导体电阻的大小跟材料、长度和横截面积的关系。 ①电阻的大小与长度的关系是:? .  ;? ②电阻的大小与横截面积的关系是:? . 。? (3)分析表中的实验数据,还可以得出导体的电流与电阻的关系:  。? (4)实验中一根合金丝的电阻为    Ω,若该合金丝的横截面积为1 mm2,则一根合金丝的长度是    m。(已知该合金丝长1 m,横截面积1 mm2的阻值为1 Ω)? 连接方式 一根 两根串联 三根串联 两根并联 三根并联 电流表读数/A   ? 0.15 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.3 材料和横截面积相同,导体的电阻跟长 度成正比 材料和长度相同,导体的电阻跟横 截面积成反比 导体两端的电压不变,导体中的电流与导体的电阻成反比 5 5 【易错易混过关】 【典题1】 与丝绸摩擦过的玻璃棒带正电,是因为 (   ) A.摩擦产生了正电荷 B.丝绸上的一些正电荷转移到玻璃棒上 C.玻璃棒上的一些正电荷转移到丝绸上 D.玻璃棒上的一些电子转移到丝绸上 【典题2】如图所示电路中,三个电流表 的示数分别为I1、I2、I3,它们的大小关系是 (   ) A.I1=I2=I3 B.I1>I2=I3 C.I1>I2>I3 D.I1>I3>I2 D C 【典题3】如图所示是小红连接的电路,当闭合开关S时,发现灯L不亮,电流表、电压表均无示数。若电路故障只出现在灯L和变阻器R中的一处,则下列判断正确的是 (   ) A.灯L短路 B.灯L断路 C.变阻器R短路 D.变阻器R断路 D 易错提醒 1.关于摩擦起电的原因要弄清三点:一是要知道摩擦起电并不是创造了电荷,只是电荷从一个物体转移到另一个物体上;二是摩擦起电过程中能转移的电荷是带负电的电子,带正电的质子和原子核一般是不能移动的;三是摩擦起电的过程中,原子核束缚核外电子本领比较弱的物体,就会将电子转移到原子核束缚核外电子本领比较强的物体上,失去电子的物体就带上了正电,同时得到电子的物体就带上了等量的负电。 2.在分析复杂电路的结构时,要先把电流表、电压表“去掉”,研究电路结构,再将电流表、电压表重新“安回原来的位置”,观察电流表和电压表测量哪段电路的电流和电压。 3.电源短路是指不经用电器直接用导线将电源两极连接起来的电路,发生电源短路时,电路中电流很大,因此电源和短路部分的导线都有可能被烧坏,但是,用电器中几乎没有电流通过,因此电路中的用电器不会被烧坏。 【教材这样教】 【典题1】人教九全P55节首图 (1)水果相当于    ;? (2)这几个水果是   (选填“串”或“并”)联的;? (3)如果按照图片中的方式再添加一个水果,那么提供给发光二极管的     增大了。 电源 串 电压 【中考这样考】 1-1.(2019东营中考)如图所示,酸甜多汁的水果提供的电力足以点亮一排发光二极管,在此电路中水果扮演的角色是    ;它为发光二极管提供了    ,使自由电荷在电路中定向运动起来。? 电源 电压 1-2.(2016台州中考)在番茄上相隔一定距离分别插入铜片和锌片,即为番茄电池。将铜片、锌片与电压表相连,如图所示。下列说法正确的是 (   ) A.锌电极是番茄电池的正极 B.番茄电池可将化学能转化为电能 C.番茄电池形成通路后,电子将从铜电极流出 D.将电压表直接接在该番茄电池上,会损坏电压表 B 【教材这样教】 【典题2】人教九全P71图16.4-10 水位升高,滑动变阻器连入电路的电阻变    ,电路中电流变   ,电流表的示数变    ,定值电阻R0两端的电压变    ,滑动变阻器两端的电压变    。? 小 大 大 大 小 【中考这样考】 2-1.(2017乐山中考)如图所示是油量自动测定装置的示意图,O为杠杆支点,R0为定值电阻,Rx是滑动变阻器,当闭合开关S后 (   ) A.滑动变阻器Rx连入电路的阻值随油量的增加而增大 B.电流表的读数随油量的增加而减小 C.电压表的读数随油量的增加而增大 D.电压表改装成的油量表刻度均匀 2-2.(2017黔南州中考)如图所示是一种自动测定油箱内油面高度的装置,其中,油量表是用   表改装的;当油箱中的油面下降时,R的阻值将   ,油量表的示数将    。(后两空选填“增大”“减小”或“不变”)? C 电压 增大 增大 【基础过关练】 1.(2019衢州中考)小科用一个不带电的轻质泡沫球靠近电脑显示屏,小球偏至如图实线位置。据此推测显示屏 (   ) A.带正电 B.带负电 C.不带电 D.一定带电 2.(多选)如图所示,下列说法正确的是 (   ) A.闭合S2,断开S1、S3,灯L1、L2串联 B.闭合S1、S3,断开S2,灯L1、L2串联 C.闭合S2、S3,断开S1,只有灯L1亮 D.闭合S1、S2,断开S3,只有灯L1亮 D AC 3.(2019北京中考)如图所示的电路中,将开关S闭合,灯L1和灯L2均发光,下列说法中正确的是(   ) A.灯L1和灯L2串联 B.灯L1和灯L2两端的电压一定相等 C.通过灯L1的电流与通过灯L2的电流一定相等 D.通过灯L1的电流与通过电源的电流一定相等 B 4.(2019威海中考)小明为自家的花卉大棚设计了一套智能电路管理系统,整个电路的通断可以通过手动控制开关S1或手机远程控制开关S2实现。当大棚内光线较暗时,光控开关S3自动闭合,接通灯泡;当需要给大棚通风时,闭合开关S4,启动风机,灯泡和风机均可独立工作,以下简化电路图符合要求的是 (   ) A B C D C 5.如图是未连接完整的电路,若要求闭合开关后,滑动变阻器的滑片P向左移动时,灯泡变亮。则下列接法符合要求的是(   ) A.M接A,N接D B.M接B,N接C C.M接A,N接B D.M接C,N接D A 6.(预测题)如图所示,闭合开关S后,灯泡L没有发光,电流表和电压表的示数均为0。若电路中只有一处故障,则可能的故障是 (   ) A.灯泡L断路 B.电阻R断路 C.灯泡L短路 D.电阻R短路 A 7.如图所示是国产某品牌的电动混合动力汽车,给汽车蓄电池充电时,蓄电池相当于    (选填“用电器”或“电源”);刚擦完车玻璃的干毛巾很容易吸附灰尘,但与毛皮摩擦过的橡胶棒相互排斥,这说明干毛巾带    电。? 用电器 负 8.如图甲所示的电路中,电压表所用的量程不明,当电路闭合后,V1和V2的示数分别如图乙所示。则V1用的量程是    V,V2用的量程是   V,小灯泡L1上的电压是    。? 甲 乙 0~15 0~3 3.5 V 9.为节省电能,楼道中的照明灯只有同时满足“黑天和有人路过楼道”时,才会自动亮。为满足用户要求,小强设计出了楼道照明灯的“智能控制电路”,控制电路由“光控开关”和“声控开关”组成,完成电路的连接。 答案:如图所示 10.(预测题)小海和小梅一起做“探究并联电路中电流的规律”实验。 (1)图甲是他们设计的电路图,图乙是他们测量电流时连接的实验电路,此时电流表测量的是    (选填“A”“B”或“C”)处的电流。? (2)请在图乙中移动一根导线,测量另外一处的电流。在移动的导线上画“×”,并用笔画线代替导线连接正确的电路。移动后电流表测量的是    (选填“A”“B”或“C”)处的电流。? 甲   乙 C 答案:如图1或图2所示 A(或B)  图1  图2 (3)测出A、B、C三处的电流如表所示,由此得出初步结论     (只写表达式)。? 小梅指出:为了得出更普遍的规律,应当进行多次实验。操作方法是:  。? (4)小海利用原有的实验器材,添加一个开关,又设计了一个电路。利用这个电路,不用更换电流表的位置,就可直接测出A、B、C三处的电流,同样可得出三处电流的关系。请在虚线框中画出电路图。 位置 A B C 电流I/A 0.30 0.24 0.54 IC=IA+IB 换用不同规格的灯泡再次进行实验 答案:如图3所示 11.(2019深圳中考)如甲图所示的电路,闭合开关,两灯均不亮。已知电路连接正确,是其中一个小灯泡损坏了。请你在不拆开原电路的基础上,从乙图所示的实验器材中任选一种连入电路,设计检测方法,找出损坏的小灯泡,并完成表格中相关内容。 所选器材 检测电路图 现象与结论 ? ? 所选器材 检测电路图 现象与结论 导线 ? 闭合开关,若L2发光,则L1 断路;若L2不发光,则L2断路 电压表 ? 闭合开关,若电压表有示数,则L1断路;若电压表无示数,则L2断路 检测灯泡 ? 闭合开关,若检测灯泡发光,则L1断路;若检测灯泡不发光,则L2断路 【素养提升练】 12.我们已经知道导体的电阻是导体本身的一种性质,它的大小与导体的长度、横截面积和材料有关。进一步研究表明,在温度不变时,导体的电阻跟导体的长度成正比,跟导体的横截面积成反比,这个规律叫做电阻定律,用公式表示为R=ρ,其中R、L、S分别表示导体的电阻、导体的长度和横截面积。ρ是反映材料导电性能的物理量,我们把它叫做材料的电阻率。材料电阻率的大小与什么有关?小红提出如下猜想: 猜想1:电阻率与材料的长度有关。 猜想2:电阻率与材料的横截面积有关。 猜想3:电阻率与材料的种类有关。 于是小红找来不同规格的导线进行测量,实验数据如表: (1)写出电阻率ρ在国际单位制中的单位是    。? (2)分析比较实验序号    的数据,可以初步确定猜想1是     (选填“正确”或“错误”)的。? (3)分析比较实验序号    的数据,可以初步确定猜想2是     (选填“正确”或“错误”)的。? (4)分析比较实验序号1、4、5的数据,可得到的初步结论是             。? (5)本实验研究采用的方法是  。? 实验序号 材料 长度L/m 横截面积S/m2 电阻R/Ω 电阻率 1 铜 1.0 1.0×10-7 0.17 1.7×10-8 2 铜 2.0 1.0×10-7 0.34 1.7×10-8 3 铜 1.0 0.5×10-7 0.34 1.7×10-8 4 铁 1.0 1.0×10-7 1.0 1.0×10-7 5 镍铬合金 1.0 1.0×10-7 11.0 1.1×10-6 Ω·m 1、2 错误 1、3 错误 电阻率与材料的种类有关 控制变量法

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