[ID:4-5566530] 四川省广安市岳池县罗渡镇2019年中考英语二轮复习阅读理解优编题(10份含答 ...
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[ID:4-5566530] 四川省广安市岳池县罗渡镇2019年中考英语二轮复习阅读理解优编题(10份含答 ...

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中考英语:阅读理解优编题(八)含答案 【实战训练】 A (2019中考教育类选练) Drunk driving has become a serious problem not only in China but also in other countries. In America, a local organization is taking action to stop it. Now, it is looking for 50 musicians and performers to make a series of CDs named Kids Saving Kids. ?If your music is chosen, it will be nationally promoted(提升) and sold on the market. Thousands of music fans around the world will hear it. You don’t need to pay for all this.?It is a chance for young performers to use their songs to save lives. People can get the music on the Internet for free. When they visit the website, they will see information about drunk driving. This will make people pay more attention to the great danger of drunk driving. The information is made by students from all over America. This project is the first of its kind. “It’s a good idea to use music to save other children’s lives. Drunk driving influences everyone. I hope you will join me in this fight. Together we can all make a difference,” said one of the organizers. You can send your music to the organization at ksksubmit@stopddnow.com. At the same time, you should provide MP3s of your songs. Also, you should write down your age, address and your parents’ phone numbers. Besides the above requirements, there are some additional requirements: ?????? You must want to make a difference with your music. ??????? You must be younger than 18 years old. ??????? You must have at least one song written by yourself. (??? ) 1 The local organization is looking for musicians and performers ________. ????????????? A. to sell music on the market??? B. to form another organization ????????????? C. to make a series of CDs?????? D. to stop them from drunk drinking (??? ) 2 For young performers, it is a good chance to use their songs for ________. ????????????? A. making money????????????????????B. saving kids’ lives ????????????? C. helping the poor?????????????????D. supporting their families (??? ) 3 The musicians and performers are required to ________ by the local organization. ????????????? A. make their music different?????????????B. be at least 18 years old ????????????? C. write all the songs by themselves? D. write down their phone numbers (??? ) 4 Which of the following do you think is the best title for this passage? ????????????? A. Joining the Organization’s Fight. ????????????? B. Using Music to Save Kids’ Lives. ????????????? C. A Series of CDs by Young Performers. ????????????? D. The Danger of Drunk Driving. 参考答案1.C 2.B 3.A 4.B 【实战训练】 B   A lady has a problem with her daughter   My nine-year-old daughter, Maria, is in Year Four. Every evening we get into homework battles (争执). Three afternoons a week, she has activities (net-ball, singing) after school and by the time we get home, homework is the last thing she feels like doing. The other two days, she gets home early and we argue (争论) about whether she should do her homework right after school, or if she should have some time to rest and play first. When Maria at last sits down to do her homework, she seems to want me there helping all the time. I do want to help her, but I'm sure that she is going to need to be able to do it on her own. And in fact, most of the time, I have other things I need to be doing. It seems that children these days have much more homework than we did, and some of it is really beyond (超越) their abilities (能力). As you can see, I'm really worried about homework and I really don’t know what I should do. Any ideas? 1. The woman's daughter is _____ .   A. four years old B. six years old C. eight years old D. nine years old 2. Maria doesn't have any activities after school for _____ afternoons.   A. tow B. three C. five D. seven 3. Maria wants to _____first when she gets home early.  A. do her homework  B. play netball and sing  C. have supper  D. have a rest and play. 4. The woman thinks that her daughter should do her homework _____ .  A. by herself B. with the mother  C. with the father D. with the classmates 5. Can you guess where this passage is from?  A. A diary. B. A newspaper.  C.A novel (小说). D.A story. 参考答案 1.D 2.A 3.D 4.A 5.B 【实战训练】 C There was a famous church in London. It was 110 meters high. The center of the church was like a bell. The ceiling of the church was painted by a famous artist. A platform (平台) was built so that the artist could put up a ladder (梯子) on it and paint the ceiling. The platform was about 70 meters over the ground. One day the artist was working hard and had nearly finished one popular corner on the ceiling. Also on the platform was his assistant, who was mixing paints. The artist stepped back so that he could see how his work was work was progressing. To have a better look at his painting, he stepped back again. Suddenly, his assistant shouted, picked up a small bowl of paint and started to paint the artist’s work on the top. The artist was very angry and rushed forwards to stop him. “What do you think you are doing?” he shouted angrily. “Are you mad?” His assistant replied, “I saw you walking backwards to have a better look at your painting. But you didn’t notice that you had reached the very edge of the platform. You were in great danger. I wanted to make you move forwards. If I had not made you run forwards, you would have fallen backwards off the edge of the platform.” 根据短文内容,选择正确答案。 1. The story happened in . A. America B. France C. Germany D. England 2. Why did the artist step back again? A. To see how his work was progressing. B. To have a better look at his painting. C. To paint a bowl in his painting. D. To pour some paint on his painting. 3. What did the assistant do to stop the artist falling off the platform? A. He painted a famous painting himself. B. He ran forwards to stop him. C. He shouted to the artist and painted his painting. D. He stopped mixing the paints. 4. Which picture shows the same situation as the underlined sentences in Paragraph 2? Note: a: artist; b: assistant; c: painting; : the direction of the movement 5. After reading the passage, what do you think the artist would probably do? A. He would be angry with what the assistant had done. B. He would punish (惩罚) the assistant for having destroyed his painting. C. He would be thankful to the assistant for having saved his life. D. He wouldn’t allow the assistant to work with him any more. 答案与解析: 1.D 是在英国的伦敦 2.B 根据第二段可知,他是为了能更好的看到他的作品 3.C 根据最后一段可知是选C 4.A 根据全文可推知是 5.C 他的助手是担心他的安全,他最后应该感谢他的助手 【实战训练】 D In Britain, Boxing Day is usually celebrated on December 26th,which is the following day after Christmas Day.However,strictly speaking, Boxing Day is the first weekday after Christmas.Like Christmas Day, Boxing Day is a public holiday.This means it's a non?working day in the whole of Britain.When Boxing Day falls on a Saturday or Sunday,the following Monday is the public holiday. The exact origin(起源)of the holiday is unclear.One of the thoughts is that during the Middle Ages,when great sailing ships were setting off to discover new land,a Christmas Box was placed by a priest (神父)on each ship.Those sailors who wanted to ensure a safe return would drop money into the box.It was sealed_up and kept on board until the ship came home safely.Then the box was handed over to the priest in the exchange for the saying of a mass of thanks for the success of the sailing.The priest wouldn't open it to share the contents with the poor until Christmas. One more thought is about the“Alms Box”placed in every church on Christmas Day.Worshippers (做礼拜的人)put gifts for the poor into it.These boxes were always opened the day after Christmas,that is why that day became known as Boxing Day. Today,many businesses,organizations and families try to keep the traditional spirit of Boxing Day alive by donating(捐赠)their time,services and money to aid Food Banks,providing gifts for the poor,or helping families in need.Besides,spending time with family and shopping are popular Boxing Day activities now. (  )6.If Christmas Day is on a Saturday,Boxing Day will be celebrated on______. A.December 25th B.December 26th C.December 27th D.December 28th (  )7.Sailors dropped money into the Christmas Box in order to______. A.save the poor B.pay for the priest C.discover new land D.pray for sailing safely (  )8.The underlined phrase sealed up probably means “______”in the passage. A.密封 B.悬挂 C.归还 D.传递 (  )9.The following activities can show the traditional spirit of Boxing Day EXCEPT______. A.offering gifts to the poor B.supporting families in need C.spending time with family D.giving money to aid Food Banks (  )10.The purpose of the passage is______. A.to praise the kindness of priests B.to introduce the origins of Boxing Day C.to call on people to help the poor D.to compare Boxing Day with Christmas Day 6~10 C D A C B  【实战训练】 E Dear guest, We want to do our best to help with the environmental pretection,but we do provide washing things(toothbrush, toothpaste, bath shampoo, etc.). If you forget to bring any of these with you, just dial 9 to call the Guestroom Department. If you wish, we shall send you what you need for free. Dear guest, The hotel wishes to save the world’s natural resources. Every day, tons of detergent(洗涤剂)and millions of tons of water are used to wash towels which have been used only once. Here’s how you can help: ●A towel on the rack(架子)means: I’ll use it again. ●A towel on the floor means: Please change. Dear guest, Your bedclothes are changed every day. If you’d like to help save the world’s resources, just leave this card in the morning. Your bed will be made up as usual but the sheets will not be changed. In this way, we can also help protect environment. ( )21.The three cards can most likely be found in a ___________. A. hotel . B. supermarket C. bookshop D. bank. ( )22. Aguest who forgets to bring a toothbrush with him__________. A. must buy one from the hotel. B. should get one ready by himself C. can get one from the hotel for free D. may ask someone to buy one for him ( )23. If guests want to get their towels changed, they should leave them______. A. on the rack. B. on the floor C. under the bed D. on the desk ( )24. The third card tells guests______. A. how to get the towels changed B. where to get the towels changed C. where to get the badcloths changed D. how to get the bedclothes changed ( )25. The purpose of the passage is to tell guests how to______________. A. follow the rules of the hotel B. get good service C. protect our environment D. All above 参考答案21-25 ACBDD PAGE 1 中考英语:阅读理解优编题(九)含答案 【实战训练】 A (2019中考保健与健康类选练) There have always been a lot of commonly believed but false(虚假的) ideas about being fat and doing exercise. Some people believe that they can't help putting an weight as they get older, while others hold that if they stop exercising, their muscles(肌肉) will turn into fat. Here are some more myths. I’ll never lose weight--I come from a fat family Wrong! While we can't change the body type we are born with, we can't blame our genes(基因) for making us fat. There's plenty of evidence that fatness runs in families, and the main reason is that they share the same habit of eating too much and exercise too little. I am fat because I burn calories slowly Wrong! Fatness is not caused by a slow metabolism(新陈代谢). In fact, although fat people consume(消耗)? more energy than slim people, they also fail to realize how much they eat. Keeping a diary can help you work out your daily food intake more accurately(精确地). Exercise is boring Wrong! Anything will become boring if you do it again and again. The key is to develop a balanced and varied(各种的) program that's fun as well as progressive(不断进步的). If you enjoy a Sunday walk, take a different mute. If you do yoga(瑜伽), try a tai chi class. No pain, no gain Wrong! Exercise is not meant to hurt. Indeed, pain is your body telling you something's wrong, and continuing to exercise could lead to serious injury(伤害). You may experience mild discomfort as you begin to exercise regularly, but this is your body adapting to the positive changes in your lifestyle and the aches should disappear quickly. If they don't, rest and ask for medical advice. 1. What does the writer think about being fat? ?? A. It is the family genes that make people fat. ?? B. People are fat because they consume too little energy. ?? C. A diary of exercise can prevent people from becoming fat. ?? D. It is the result of people's unbalanced lifestyle. 2. According to the writer, how can we make exercise more interesting? ?? A. By taking all kinds of exercise.????? ?????? B. By choosing simple exercise. ?? C. By doing regular exercise.????? ???????????? D. By sticking to outdoor exercise. 3. What is the writer's opinion about "No pain, no gain" in exercising? ?? A. Keeping fit is essentially a painful experience. ?? B. Exercise should be stopped if continuous pain is felt. ?? C. Pain in exercise is a precondition(前提) for reaching your goal. ?? D. Getting used to pain leads to positive changes in your body. 4. The underlined words “adapting to” means “_______” in Chinese. A. 适应???????????????? B.顺从???????????????????????? C. 摆脱??????????????? D. 陷入 5. What is the purpose of the passage? ?? A. To show the importance of keeping fit. ?? B. To clarify(澄清) some misconceptions(误解) about fatness and exercise. ?? C. To confirm what has long been believed about keeping fit. D. To explain some medical facts about being fat and doing exercise. 参考答案1D? 2A? 3B? 4A? 5B 【实战训练】 B Terrafugia Company has said that its flying car, named Transition, has successfully finished a 37- second test flight On March 5, 2009, at Plattsburgh International Airport in New York. It was piloted by Phil Meteer, the company's chief pilot. Transition is a two-seat airplane that can take off and land at airports as well as drive on roads. The company said that the flying car?can travel at speeds up to 115 mph for 450 miles in the air, drive at highway speeds on the ground, and fold up(折叠) to fit in a garage (车库) 81 inches wide, and 80 inches high. This could be used in hospitals to transport patients so as to avoid road traffic. It may start running on wheels, and when it gets to traffic lights it can fly overhead the lights and keeps its way forward. So it’s good news to avoid traffic problem and the traffic accidents. But some people say this is a going airplane rather than a flying car, at least on the appearance. Anyway, we are happy for scientific-technical progress, what a fantastical world in the near future! 1. This kind of new machine is made by ______. A. Phil Meteer B. Terrafugia Company C. Plattsburgh International Airport D. both A and B 2. ___ people can sit in Transition. A. 3 B. 5 C. 4 D. 2 3. Transition can travel ____ miles every hour in the air . A. 105 B. 120 C. 450 D. 480 4. Which of the following sentences about Transition is not true? __________. A. It can be folded up. B. It can both run on the ground and fly in the sky. C. It is used in hospital now. D. It looks like a plane . 答案与解析: 1.B 根据第一段的第一句话可知 2.D 第三段Transition is a two-seat airplane说只有两个位子,所以只可以做两个人 3.A 第四段The company said that the flying car?can travel at speeds up to 115 mph for 450 miles in the air, 4.C 没有讲到这种发明现在被用在医院里 【实战训练】 C   For several years, Americans have enjoyed tele-shopping?watching TV and buying things by phone. Now tele-shopping is starting in Europe(欧洲). In a number of European countries, people can turn on their TVs and shop for clothes, jewelry, food, toys, and many other things.   Tele-shopping is becoming popular in Sweden, for example. The biggest Swedish company sells different kinds of things on TV in 15 European countries, and in one year it made $100 million. In France there are two tele-shopping channels, and the French spend about $20 million a year to buy things through those channels.   In Germany, until last year tele-shopping was only possible on one channel for 1 hour every day. Then the government allowed (允许) more tele-pshopping. Other channels can open for tele-business, including(包括) the largest American tele-shopping company and a 24-hour tele-shopping company. German businesses are hoping this new tele-shopping will help them sell more things.   Some people like tele-shopping because it allows them to do their shopping without leaving their homes. With all the problems of traffic in the cities, this is an important reason. But at the same time, other Europeans do not like this new way of shopping. They call tele-shopping “junk (垃圾)on the air”. Many Europeans usually worry about the quality (质量) of the things for sale on TV. Good quality is important to them, and they believe they cannot be sure about the quality of the things on TV.   The need for high quality means that European tele-shopping companies will have to be different from the American companies. They will have to be more careful about the quality of the things they sell. They will also have to work harder to sell things that the buyers cannot touch or see in person. 1. Tele-shopping is _____in Europe.  A. not popular B. growing  C. not possible D. cheap 2. People like tele-shopping because it is _____.  A. American B. cheaper  C. easier D. more popular 3. Some Europeans don't like tele-shopping because they _____ .  A. don't like to buy things  B. don't watch TV  C. believe the things sold on TV are expensive  D. think the things sold on TV are bad quality 4. In Germany, tele-shopping may _____ .  A. help businessmen get more money  B. keep the shops open longer  C. have fewer buyers  D. bring better TV programs 5. The best title of this passage is _____ .  A. American Tele-shopping  B. Tele-shopping Companies  C. Tele-shopping in Europe  D. Tele-shopping — Junk on the Air 参考答案 1.B 2.C 3.D 4.A 5.C 【实战训练】 D South China Mall Shopping Coupons(优惠券) Six Hours free parking If you spend $100 or more in our stores,you will receive six hours of free parking.Take this coupon to the service desk on the fourth floor to stamp(盖章)! Buy one,get one free Buy one shirt or tie at Daniel's Men'swear and get another shirt or tie of the same value free. Hurry! Offer ends November 14. Offer limited to one per customer. Win a $ 1,000 CD collection: Win your choice of $ 1,000 worth of CDs from JB Music Store.Just buy any two CDs and your name will go into the competition. Select(挑选) your own prize from our many kinds of rock, pop, jazz and classical music. 10% off Show this coupon at the Book Store to get a 10% off on any books you buy. We have lots of books to choose from. Including children's books. Novels and travel guide. You're sure to find something that you will enjoy. Free soft drink Buy any meal for at least $6 at Mike's Cafe, and receive a free soft drink.We serve the best hamburgers and snacks in the mall.Come in and try our delicious meals and our excellent service. You won't be disappointed! Half price movie tickets Buy any full price movie ticket on Tuesday or Wednesday, and you can buy a second ticket for a friend for only a half price.The latest movies are all here. (  )1. If you spend $100 or more in the shop,______. A. you can get a shirt free B. some free stamps will be given to you C. a free book will belong to you D. you can park your car 6 hours for free (  )2. If you want to have a free soft drink, you can go to ______. A. Mike's Cafe B. Daniel's Men'swear C. the Books Store D. JB Music Store (  )3. If you can buy a second movie ticket for only $20,the full price ticket is ______. A.$10 B. $25 C. $30 D. $ 40 (  )4. The following coupons are available on November 15 except ______. A. 10% off B. Free soft drink C. Half price movie tickets D. Buy one, get one free (  )5. From this passage we can know ______. A. one person can buy 4 tickets for the price of three B. if you buy a book there,you may pay less than half the price C. you may get a free one if you buy a shirt,or a tie D. you won't get a free soft drink unless you spend more than 10 dollars on the meal 参考答案1~5 D A D D C 【实战训练】 E There are quite a few advantages of wearing school uniforms. The idea may seem disagreeable at first, but thinking all the positive effects coming from wearing uniforms, you would be more likely to enjoy them. Teachers love school uniforms because they help provide an orderly learning environment for students. Having students dressed in uniforms may teach them how to present themselves in a neat and professional manner. It gives students the chance to learn how to dress like young ladies and gentlemen. And they can pay their attention to study rather than style. Buying school uniforms is easy and needs less hesitation(犹豫) and thought. No matter what the school’s policies are, there are only specific essential(基本的)pieces to the wardrobe(全部衣物)that are necessary, so it won’t break the bank. A few wardrobe items can last a long time. Parents could also enjoy an easy morning, as it will take less time to choose a set of clothes for the school day. Students wearing uniforms will feel less pressure about what to wear. Getting dressed before going to school becomes less of a chore when students are limited in their choices, so there shouldn’t be any trouble in choosing an outfit for the day or getting ready quickly. Some students may not like the lack of individuality(个性)with uniform, but some school dress rule policies may offer them the opportunities to show their unique styles. Uniforms today are also becoming more fashionable and can be seen in many areas of pop culture. Superstars and fashion designers are using uniforms as encouragement for new looks which also interest students. ( )26. What is the main idea of the passage? A. How to dress properly. B. The history of school uniforms. C. The advantages of wearing school uniforms. D. How to deal with pressure in school. ( )27. Teachers think that wearing school uniforms____________. A. is just a tradition that students should follow B. makes students feel less pressure in study C. helps students put more efforts into their study D. makes students lose their independence and identity ( )28. The underlined part in paragraph 3 probably means_________. A. a school uniform doesn’t cost a lot of money. B. a school uniform should be worn every day C. parents will have to go to the bank many times D. parents who work in a bank can afford the uniform ( )29. We can infer from the passage that school uniforms___________. A. are not popular with fashion designers B. were not accepted by parents in the past C. will be designed by students themselves D. will be more fashionable in the future ( )30. The author’s attitude towards students’ wearing school uniforms is________. A. negative B. supportive C. doubtful D. unclear 参考答案26-30 CCADB PAGE 1 中考英语:阅读理解优编题(七)含答案 【实战训练】 A (2019中考日常生活类训练) Have you ever seen a car without a driver? It sounds crazy, but these computer-driven driverless cars will soon be filling roads near you. Companies like Google and Tesla have been designing and testing these cars, and the technology is there. So how? The cars have sensors(感应器)all around which can find other cars and objects in the road. Road signs are read by cameras, and satellite navigation systems(卫星导航系统)are used so the car knows how to get where you want to go. All you have to do is type in the address! Finally, a central computer system takes in all the information that it receives from the sensors and cameras and works out when to speed up, stop and turn. Sound like your idea of heaven(天堂)? Sitting back, looking out of the windows and even watching a film or reading a book while ‘driving’ would be possible with this new technology. You wouldn’t have to worry about remembering directions to where you’re going. In addition, computers would also drive more safely than people — they would obey the rules and have quicker action times when in dangerous situations. However, there are many drawbacks of driverless cars. Computers would have difficulties making ethical(道德的)decisions: if a child ran into the road, would the computer choose to hit the child or turn suddenly and potentially kill the car’s passengers? Moreover, I personally find driving fun –I’d miss never driving a car myself. There would also be many other decisions to be made –should children, or drunk people, be allowed in a driverless car by themselves? Or would there need to be a person with a driving license in the car at all times? I’m not certain I’d want a driverless car – but it’s only a matter of time before they’ll become more affordable and popular on our roads. 1. When using a driverless car, you need only ????. A. read the road signs carefully????????? ? B. check the cameras C. put the address into the computer??? D. remember the directions 2. The third paragraph mainly tells us about the ????of driverless cars. A. instructions????????? B. standards?????????? C. advantages ???????D. tests 3. The underlined word “potentially” in Paragraph 4 means “??? “. A. possibly????????? B. successfully???????? C. especially?????? D. naturally 4. What’s the writer’s opinion about future driverless cars? A. They’ll cause more accidents.????????????B. They’ll be less expensive. C. They’ll use less energy.???????????????????? D. They’ll run much faster. 参考答案1C 2C 3A 4B 【实战训练】 B   "We're going to move," Jimmy said to Mr. James her teacher, with tears(眼泪) in her eyes. "Dad lost his job and now we don't have enough money to live in our house." Pam was walking by and just heard Jimmy's talk with Mr.James.   In the lunchroom Pam met Carol and said, "I've got something to tell you about Jimmy." As she started to tell Carol about Jimmy's dad, several other classmates stopped to listen Pam felt bad telling what she had heard but she went on anyway.   After school, Pam saw some of her classmate's talking to Jimmy. "Where does your dad work?" one of the boys asked. Jimmy's face turned red. She left without answering. Pam felt terrible, because she didn't mean to hurt Jimmy. And she hadn't thought that some of the classmates would make jokes and laugh at Jimmy about her father's losing the job. Pom didn't know what she could do to help Jimmy. 1、The story wants to tell us ____.   (A)It's difficult to move away  (B)girls don't like to talk to boys   (C)student's report to the teacher  (D)secrets are hard to keep 2、.Jimmys family had to move because ____.   (A)her father lost his job       (B)they had a better place to live in   (C)her classmates were not kind enough    (D)her father changed his job 3、Jimmy's face turning red show that she didn't ____.   (A)feel well enough         (B)know the answer   (C)want to talk about her father  (D)want to leave others 4、.Pam felt very sorry ____.   (A)and wanted to do something for Jimmy  (B)but went to laughing at Jimmy   (C)so she stopped to listen to others  (D)and left without answering 5、.The whole story happened ____.   (A)in class        (B)during and after school    (C)at Mr.James's office  (D)in the lunchroom 参考答案 1--5.D .A .C .A .B 【实战训练】 C 阅读理解。 Learning How to Learn$22 Children who read this book show great interest in study. Many pictures will help them understand it easily and quickly. Basic Study Guidebook $36 Read this book and learn: What the three barriers (障碍) to study are and what to do about them What to do if you are tired of a subject Children read it to improve the ability to study. How to Use a Dictionary Picture Book for Children $35 Read this book and learn: How to look up words in a dictionary What the different marks in a dictionary mean How to use a dictionary to pronounce words correctly Buy this book and help children unlock their education. What’s more, you’ll just pay 60% for it before May 10, 2009. 根据以上材料,选择最佳答案。 1. “___________” can tell you what to do if you are tired of a subject. A. Study Skills for Life B. Learning How to Learn C. Basic Study Guidebook D. How to Use a Dictionary Picture Book for Children 2. Many pictures in the book “Learning How to Learn” can ______________. A. make children read slowly B. make children understand the book easily C. make the book boring D. make children draw beautifully 3. According to the ads, the three books are for ____________. A. the old B. parents C. children D. men 4. If you buy the three books on May 2nd , 2009, you will just pay ________ for them. A.$ 93 B.$71 C.$80 D. $79 5. The purpose of the three ads is to ______________. A. sell these books to the children B. help children learn English C. help children learn about nature D. use a dictionary to pronounce correctly 答案与解析: 1.C 根据文章第二小章What to do if you are tired of a subject 2.B 根据文章第二小章Many pictures will help them understand it easily and quickly. 3.C 根据文章可知都是给孩子的 4.D 36+35*0.6+22=79 5.A 很明显是广告,要买书给孩子 【实战训练】 D A Giant Cycling Holiday Are you between 12 and 20 years old? Are you looking for the perfect holiday? Would you like fun,new friends and a new experience by bike? We have the answer! And all you need is a bike! Join a Giant Cycling Holiday!   You will join a group of ten members and two leaders.The cycling lasts from July 1st to July 15th.You'll see mountains,clear rivers,pretty country villages and lakes.You'll cycle about 5 hours every day.Don't worry because you don't need to cycle up any mountains and you can go quite slowly if you want.On the days when you don't cycle,you can do some different sports,like swimming,playing basketball and running.You will move to a different hotel every night. At the end of your holiday,you'll find you are fitter,more active and have more friends! It is really a perfect holiday. Welcome and book your place now! Phone 005-6867-4758 or visit our website: www.Giantcycling.cn. (  )1. You need ______ if you want to join the Giant Cycling Holiday. A.a bike B.a guide book C.a leader D. a basketball (  )2. There will be ______ people in a group. A.ten B.twelve C.fourteen D. twenty (  )3. People will cycle about ______ every day. A.two hours B.three hours C.five hours D. six hours (  )4. You can see many places EXCEPT ______ during the cycling holiday. A.mountains B.clear rivers C.beautiful seas D. pretty country villages (  )5. According to the advertisement, we know that ______. A. all the young people can cycle B.the cycling lasts about one week C.the people need to cycle up some mountains D.they will stay in the hotel at night 参考答案1~5 A B C C D  【实战训练】 E I really love my job because I enjoy working with small children and like the challenges and awards from the job. I also think my work is important. There was a time when I thought I would never have that sort of career. I wasn’t an excellent student because I didn’t do much schoolwork. In my final term I started thinking what I might do and found I didn’t have much to offer. I just accepted that I wasn’t the type to have a career. I then found myself a job, looking after two little girls. It wasn’t too bad at first. But the problems began when I agreed to live in, so that I would be there if my boss had to go out for business in the evening. We agreed that if I had to work extra hours one week, she’d give me time off the next. But unfortunately, it didn’t often work out. I was getting extremely tired and fed up, because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the children. One Sunday, I was in the park with the children, and met Megan who used to go to school with me. I told her about my situation. She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification(资格证书)if I wanted to work with children. I didn’t think I would be accepted because I didn’t take many exams in school. She persuaded me to phone the local college and they were really helpful. My experience counted for a lot and I got on a part-time course. I had to leave my job with the family, and got work helping out at a kindergarten. Now I’ve got a full-time job there. I shall always be thankful to Megan. I wish I had known earlier that you could have a career, even if you aren’t top of the class at school. ( )16. What is the author’s present job?? A. Working part-time in a college.. B. Taking care of children for a family.. C. Helping children with their schoolwork.. D. Looking after children at a kindergarten.. ( )17. When staying with the two girls’ family, the author    .? A. was paid for extra work B. often worked long hours C. got much help from her boss D. took a day off every other week ( )18. Why did the author leave her first job? A. She found a full-time job. B. She was fed up with children. C. She decided to attend a part-time course. D. She needed a rest after working extra hours. ( )19. What has the author learned from her own experiences? A. Less successful students can still have a career. B. Qualifications are necessary for a career. C. Hard work makes an excellent student. D. One must choose the job she likes. ( )20. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Career. B. Chances. C. Qualification. D. Challenges. 参考答案16-20 DBCAB PAGE 1 中考英语:阅读理解优编题(6)含答案 【实战训练】 A (2019中考选练) Disasters happen all the time somewhere in the world. Are you ready if one hits your neighborhood next week? Find out what you need to do now before it is too late. Let’s take an earthquake for example. ??? During an earthquake, get under a strong object like the kitchen table. Don’t leave the building during the shaking, or you might be hurt by falling objects from the outside of the building. ??? When you are in bed during the night and an earthquake happens,simply roll off the bed. There will be a safe void around the bed. ??? If you are watching TV and you cannot easily run away by getting out through the door or window, then lie down and curl up(蜷伏) next to a sofa, or a large chair. ??? Never go to the stairs. The stairs are likely part of the building to be broken. Even if the stairs are not destroyed by the earthquake,they may fall down later when people run down. ??? Try to get into an open area away from trees,buildings,walls,advertisement boards and power lines if you are outdoors. ??? If you are driving when an earthquake suddenly happens,just stay in your car until the shaking ends. However, if the footbridge falls and breaks your car,get out of it and sit or lie next to it. All the broken cars have voids 3 feet high next to it. 1. What should you do if you are in a building when an earthquake happens? ?? A. Rush out quickly??????????? B. Sit in the kitchen ?? C. Stay below strong objects????? D. Go down the stairs 2. The underlined word “void” in Paragraph 3 means“_______”. ?? A. space????????? B. seat??????????? C. distance???????? D. sign 3. When you are outdoors during an earthquake,you should go to _______. 4. If you are inside a car when there is a sudden earthquake,you should _______. A. get out of it????? B. keep inside it?? C. move away fast?? D. stay under the footbridge 参考答案1C? 2A? 3D? 4B 【实战训练】 B   My grandfather was a fine man. I loved him very much. But one day I told him a lie(谎话). I can not tell you now what the lie was. I was only seven years old then. Grandfather was not cross with me.   "Ask Jim to get a long ladder," he said. "My boy now jumps from the tops houses, up to the roof(屋顶)."   Jim brought the big ladder. Then Grandfather said,"My boy now jumps from the tops of houses. The ladder is for him."   I knew at once what his was telling me. I had often heard the old saying," A lie is a jump form the top of a house.   I said nothing. But I felt like crying.   The minutes went by. What would people think about the ladder? It stood by the front door. I was afraid ti might be there a long time. I had to do something!   At last I went to Grandfather. He was reading a book. I went up to him and put my face on his arm.   "Grandfather," I said, "I will not tell a lie again. We don't need the ladder now." Grandfather seemed very happy once again. He called Jim. "Take the ladder away," he said, "My boy does not jump from the tops of houses."   His words made me happy once again. 1.From the reading we can not know ____.   (A)whether the boy told a lie  (B)what the lie was   (C)what Grandfather did with the boy  (D)how the story ended 2.The word "cross" in the reading means ____.   (A)angry  (B)surprised  (C)happy (D)kind 3.Grandfather asked Jim to get a ladder to ____.   (A)see whether the boy could jump from the top of a house   (B)help the boy to climb to the top of the house   (C)let the boy know it was wrong to tell a lie  (D)make the boy cry 4."What would people think about the ladder?" shows the boy was afraid people would ____.   (A)know what had happened   (B)take the ladder away   (C)come to clean the roof  (D)come to take care of Grandfather 5.AT the end of the story the result is ____.   (A)enjoyable   (B)sad  (C)not clear  (D)untrue 参考答案 1.B 2.A 3.C 4.A 5.A 【实战训练】 C A Japanese toy maker says that they’ve developed a gadget(小器具)that translates dog barks (吠)into human languages and plan to begin selling the gadgets—under the name of Bowlingual—in the US pet stores and present shops this summer. People laughed when the Japanese toy maker Takara company made the world’s first dog-human translation machine last year .But about 300,000 of them have been sold since it was on sale in Japan last year .Far bigger sales will be expected once an English language translation machine for dogs comes to America in August .The United States is home to about 67 million dogs ,more than six times the number in Japan. “We know that the Americans love their dogs so much ,so we don’t think they’ll mind spending $ 120 on this gadget”, the Takara marketing manager said before the journalists at a meeting in Atlanta. Bowlingual ,one of US Time magazine’s coolest inventions of 2002, has two parts .A microphone is tied to the dog’s collar(项圈)and sends out sound information to the gadget held by the owner .Then the translation is done in the gadget by a database (数据库)with every kind of barks .Those barks show six feelings—happiness, sadness ,disappointment ,anger , declaration and desire .Each of the feelings is then translated into words like “Let’s play.” “Look at me !” or “Spend more time with me.” Takara says it has spent millions of dollars developing the gadget .One thing that seems certain is that the markets for animal translation machines will probably be a dog’s world since Takara has no plans to develop such a gadget for cats . “They are too unpredictable (反复无常) ,”the marketing manager said. 1.The first three paragraphs of the passage mainly tell us that Bowlingual . A.was invented in Japan B.has developed quickly C.will be sold in America D.sells well for its price 2.The underlined word “they” in the last sentence refers to . A.markets B.dogs C.plans D.cats 3.When was this passage most probably written? A.In the winter of 2002. B.In the spring of 2003. C.In the summer of 2002. D.In the autumn of 2003. 4.From the passage ,we can see that Takara is the sale of its new gadget in the US. A.proud of B.pleased with C.confident of D.worried about 参考答案 1—4 C D B C 【实战训练】 D Do you enjoy visiting a museum? Did you ever make a plan before a visit? Every museum must have something that attracts you. And there are many possible ways to enjoy yourself in a museum. If you follow these steps below, you'll know what is worth seeing and doing, so that you can make the most of your time at the museum. Decide what museum you will visit. There are so many different kinds of museums and you first need to find one that you like. It's easy for you to choose one and start an enjoyable visit! Do some research online. Every museum now has a website which allows you to look through the information about it. On the website, you may look for such things as: ●The exhibits — See what is on show at the museum at all times, and what special exhibitions are held for a short time. ●The history of the museum — There will often be very interesting stories about the exhibits and the benefactors(捐赠者). That can make your visit more interesting. ●Activities — See whether there are talks, tours or special activities on the day when you visit. Many museums hold some activities that meet the interests of all age groups. ●Cost,food or storage — It's important to know how much the visit will cost. You have to decide whether or not you can eat there. You might also need to find out transportation needs, as well as storage for coats, bags, etc. Learn at least one thing on your visit. It is always good to take away something new from your visit. Plan breaks into your visit. When you walk around, standing here and studying exhibits there, you may become very tired. So it is important to take breaks. A break is a good opportunity for you to think of what you have seen and what else you might want to do in the museum. Take a friend or two. Visiting museums is always a lot more fun when you are with someone else. You can talk over what you're seeing. A friend also brings another way of thinking when you talk about the exhibit. (  )6. According to the passage, we should first ______. A. do some research online B. make a plan for lunch C. decide on a museum to visit D. choose a friend to go with (  )7. To make our visit more interesting, we can______. A. organize activities like special shows and talks B. read the stories about exhibits and benefactors C. learn about the interests of all age groups D. walk around the museum without breaks (  )8.If we visit a museum with friends, we can______. A. share the experience with them B. come up with strange ideas C. cut down the cost of the visit D. discuss the next visit plan (  )9.The underlined word exhibits probably means “______” in the passage. A. 展览 B.展品 C. 展览馆 D. 证据 (  )10.What does the passage mainly talk about? A. What to do in a museum. B. When to visit a museum. C. Where to find a museum. D. How to enjoy a museum.  6~10 C B A B D  【实战训练】 E Moving to Canada to work or to start a business can be an exciting venture. To make the most of it, it is important to know how to go about getting a visa. Canada values immigrants who come to their country to help contribute to their economy. However, there are a few things you should know when applying for a work visa. In the case of immigrating to Canada for business purposes, it is important to understand the specific visa requirements and the point system. Here are some key points to know. ? Education This section offers a maximum of 25 points based on the amount of school completed. It starts at secondary education and below, which offers 0 points. PhD or Master's degree holders receive 25 points, on the condition that they have completed at least 17 years of full-time study. ? Language Canada's two official languages are English and French and you can receive a maximum of 24 points for fluency in both. Fluency in one yields 16 points, provided you have mastered reading, writing, listening and speaking. ? Work experience Points are only rewarded when you have had at least a year of full-time experience in a professional or highly-skilled occupation. One year earns 15 points, and four or more years earn the maximum of 21 points. ? Proof of funds 10 points are awarded to people who have an offer of employment approved by the Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC). Otherwise, you will need proof that you have either a set amount of money in a bank account, or have secured work in Canada. ? Age Since most people in the workforce are aged between 21 and 49, the highest number of points is awarded to this age bracket. Applicants under 16 and over 54 do not receive points in this section. Other age brackets are awarded in two-point increments up to eight. 51. This passage is written mainly for people who __________. A. want to travel in Canada for a short time B. are interested in Canada's culture C. want to work in Canada D. want to study in Canada 52. With a Master's degree and 17 years of full-time study, you __________. A. can earn 24 points for fluency in both English and French B. need to further study to earn 25 points in the section of education C. can surely get a visa to work in Canada D. can receive 25 points in the section of education 53. What does the underlined word “occupation” in Paragraph 4 mean? A. School. B. Job. C. Organization. D. Plan. 54. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in Paragraph 5? A. You need to prove that you have an offer of employment approved by the HRDC. B. You need to prove that you have a set amount of money in a bank account. C. You need to prove that you have a rich relative in Canada. D. You need to prove that you have secured work in Canada. 55. You cannot receive any points in the section of age if you are __________. A. 18 years old B. 21 years old C. 49 years old D. 55 years old 参考答案51-55 CDBCD PAGE 1 中考英语:阅读理解优编题(5)含答案 Passage A (2019中考科普环保类选练) Pollution ??? Hundreds of years ago, life was much harder than it is today. People didn’t have modern machines. There was no modern medicine, either. ??? Life today has brought new problems. One of the biggest is pollution (污染). Water pollution has made our rivers and lakes dirty. It kills our fish and polluted our drinking water. Noise pollution makes us talk louder and become angry more easily. Air pollution is the most serious kind of pollution. It’s bad to all living things in the world. ??? Cars, planes and factories all pollute our air every day. Sometimes the polluted air is so thick that it is like a quilt over a city. This kind of quilt is called smog(烟雾). ??? Many countries are making rules to fight pollution. Factories must now clean their water before it is thrown away, they mustn’t blow dirty smoke into the air. ??? We need to do many other things. We can put waste things in the dustbin and not throw it on the ground. We can go to work by bus or with our friends in the same car. If there are fewer people driving, there will be less pollution. ??? Rules are not enough. Every person must help to fight pollution. ? 1. Hundreds of years ago, life was much harder than it is today because _______. ??? A. there were not any modern machines ??? B. there was no modern medicine ??? C. both A and B ??? D. there were not many people ? 2. What is the biggest problem in today’s life? ??? A. Water pollution????? B. Air pollution ??? C. Noise??????????????? D. Pollution ? 3. The most serious kind of pollution is ________. ??? A. noise pollution????? B. air pollution ??? C. water pollution????? D. A, B and C ? 4. Factories must clean their water ________. ??? A. before they are thrown away ??? B. when they are thrown away ??? C. after it is thrown away ??? D. before it is thrown away ? 5. From the passage we know that ________. ??? A. a few years ago, there was no smog at all ??? B. today people don’t have to talk to each other in a loud voice ??? C. we can drink water from the polluted rivers and lakes’ D. people are making rules in order to fight pollution 参考答案CDBDD Passage B The giraffe is the tallest modern land animal. It can be over 5.5 metres tall. Its neck alone may be 1.9metres long. Yet the giraffe has only seven bones in its neck, the same number as in the human. Even a small bird has many more bones in its neck than in a tall giraffe. Each bone in a giraffe's neck is very long, while the bones in a human neck are small. That makes the difference. A female giraffe gives birth to one baby at a time. The baby, called a calf, is about 1.9 metres tall at birth. By the age of eight it is full-grown. The giraffe eats mostly leaves. Because it has a long neck, it can reach the leaves high up on the trees. (1)In this passage the underlined word “giraffe” means _______. A.?鲸鱼 B.?长颈鹿 C.?大象 D.?恐龙 (2)The bones in a bird's neck is ________. A. as big as in a human's neck B. not so big as in a giraffe's neck C. many more than in a human's neck D. much smaller in a giraffe's neck (3)Which of the following is true? A. A giraffe has only seven bones B. The giraffe is the largest animal on the land C. It takes eight years for a giraffe to grow up D. Most of the leaves on the trees are eaten by giraffes (4)When a giraffe is born, it is about ______. A. 5.5 metres long B. 5.5 metres tall C. 1.9 metres long D. 1.9 metres tall (5)We can guess when giraffe see a tiger _______. A. it will run away as fast as possible B. it will run to eat the tiger C. it will make the tiger bring it something to eat D. it will make one of the smallest animals bring the tiger something to eat 解析 (1)根据下文颈长1.9米且是陆地动物,显然B是正确答案。 (2)giraffe颈骨的数量和人类颈骨数量相同,但鸟的颈骨数量比giraffe颈骨数量多,所以正确答案为C。 (3)这是一题细读题,文章中“By the age of eight it is full-grown.”故选C。(4)这也是细读题,文章中“The baby, called a calf, is about 1.9 metres tall at birth.”故选D。 (5)这一题考查常识知识,长颈鹿看到虎,当然是尽力跑开,故选A。 Passage C ??? Have you ever seen a horse with toes(脚趾)? Millions of years ago, horses had many toes. They had four toes on each front foot. They had three toes on each back foot. The horses were smaller than cats. ??? These small horses lived in the forest. Their many toes helped the horses run over the soft wet ground. ??? It was very hot in the forest. But the weather changed. It became cold. Many trees couldn't live in cold weather. The trees died and fell. Open field took the place of(代替) forests. The sun made the ground dry and hard(坚硬). ??? Horses began to change too.They began to get bigger.This took a long time. On the dry hard land, horses needed only their middle toes for running. Their middle toes became hard. After a long time horses had only one hard toe on each foot. We call this hard toe a hoof(马蹄).? (1) Long ago, the horse had four toes on each of its ______. ??? A. back feet??????????? B. front feet????????????? C. right feet???? (2) The cats were ______ the horses at that time. ??? A. much bigger????????? B. smaller than??????????? C. bigger than??? (3) Which of the three sentences is true? ???? A. The weather stays the same the whole year all over the world. ???? B. When the weather changed, animals began to change too. ???? C. Cats were bigger in the past than they are today.????? (4) On the dry hard land ______. ???? A. horses needed a lot of room for running ???? B. a horse needed more than four toes for running ???? C. horses needed only their middle toes for running???????? (5) Now each horse has ______ on its feet.???? A. one toe?????? B. three toes???????? C. four toes?? 参考答案 (1) B?? (2) C???? (3) B??? (4) C??? (5) C Passage D If you have no special plans for your holidays, why not spend your time helping others? Some people say the young today only think of themselves. It's not true. In fact more and more young people in the USA volunteer to spend their school holidays helping others. And they do it without reward. Here are some of their plans. *Alice Brown, 17 I'm going to help the Forest Center build new hiking paths in the mountains with my brother, Mike. It will be fantastic. We will spend the whole summer living in a tent and breathing the fresh air. We're going to sleep under the stars. It will be a nice spot, and we will be able to do something wonderful at the same time! *Jason Moore, 18 This summer, I'll volunteer for Special House Program to build good, low?cost houses and sell them to the poor. They'll teach me what to do, so I am going to help people and also have a chance to learn how to build houses. *Trish Anderson, 16 I'm going to teach children who have trouble in reading. I'll work for a program called Reading for Life. I'm going to help childen choose and read books that they like. I want to be a teacher, and I like children and reading, so it will be a great experience for me. (  )1.Many young people in the USA volunteer to spend their school holidays ______. A. watching TV B. playing games C. helping others D. travelling (  )2. Jason Moore will volunteer to ______ this summer. A. build new hiking paths in the mountains B. build houses with Special House Program C. teach children who have trouble in reading D. help children choose and read books that they like (  )3. Who is going to help children choose and read books that they like? A. Alice Brown. B. Jason Moore. C. Trish Anderson. D. Mike Brown. (  )4. According to the text, which of the following is TRUE? A. Alice will spend the whole summer living in a tent. B. Jason will breathe the fresh air this summer. C. Trish will have a chance to go to sleep under the stars. D. Jason will build good, low?cost houses and sell them to the rich. (  )5.Where is the text most probably taken from? A. A novel B. A science book C. A storybook D. A report 参考答案1~5 C B C A D Passage E You may think that sailing is a difficult sport, but it is really not hard to learn it. You do not need to be strong. But you need to be quick. And you need to understand a few basic rules about the wind. First, you must ask yourself, “Where is the wind coming from? Is it coming from ahead or behind or from the side?” You must think about this all the time on the boat. The wind direction tells you what to do with the sail. Let’s start with the wind blowing from the behind. This means the wind and the boat are going in the same direction. Then you must always keep the sail outside the boat. It should be at a 90° angle to the boat. Then it will catch the wind best. If the wind is blowing from the side, it is blowing across the boat. In this case, you must keep the sail half way outside the boat. It should be at a 45° angle to the boat. It needs to be out far enough to catch the wind, but it shouldn’t flap. If it is flapping, it is probably out too far, and the boat will slow down. Sailing into the wind is not possible. If you try, the sail will flap and the boat will stop. You may want to go in that direction. It is possible, but you can’t go in a straight line. You must go first in one direction and then in another. This is called tacking. When you are tacking, you must always keep the sail inside the boat. Come and join us! 46. What should you consider first while sailing? A. Sailors’ strength. B. Wave levels. C. Wind directions. D. Size of sails. 47. What does the word “It” underlined in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. The boat. B. The wind. C. The sail. D. The angle. 48. What do you have to do when sailing against the wind? A. Move in a straight line. B. Allow the sail to flap. C. Lower the sail. D. Tack the boat. 49. Where can you probably find the text? A. In a popular magazine. B. In a tourist guidebook. C. In a physics textbook. D. In an official report. 50. What’s the main purpose for writing the passage? A. To explain how to sail well. B. To show how to sail into the wind. C. To encourage people to sail. D. To introduce 3 basic rules about the wind. 参考答案46-50 CCDAC PAGE 1 中考英语:阅读理解优编题(4)含答案 Passage A (2019中考保健与健康类选练) ? Many of us don’t pay much attention to the importance of eye care. It is said that if you take care of your body, then you can surely be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in a number one place.w ? There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not enough food, genes (基因) and aging(老化). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. If you happen to work in front of the computer, it is best to take a break every once in a while. ? Something dirty can cause redness and they will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful things. For example, sunglasses are not just for fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays. ? Eating healthy foods will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins A, C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because exercise protects your eyesight too. If a person exercises regularly(定期地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time. ? All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person’s eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is. (?? ) 1. ___________ is the most important way to protect our eyes. ???? A. Taking medicine?????? B. Natural eye care ???? C. Seeing the doctor?????? D. Being happy all the time (?? ) 2. All the following causes can lead to bad eyesight except ___________. ???? A. computers????? B. age?????? C. reading?????? D. height (?? )3. What should you do if you have to work in front of the computer? ???? A. Having a rest after working for a while.???? B. Eat healthy foods. ???? C. Clean the eyes by using cold water.???????? D. Wear a pair of sunglasses. (?? ) 4. What do the underlined words “UV rays” mean? ???? A. 闪电????? B. 沙尘????? C.紫外线??? D.超声波 ( ??) 5. Which is the best title of the passage? ???? A. Ways of Eye Exercises?????? B. Ways of Eye Care ???? C. Ways of Being Happy??????? D. Ways of Being Healthy 参考答案1B? 2D? 3A? 4C? 5B Passage B Mark began to introduce the guest speaker to the listeners, but then stopped for a while. He had forgotten her name. Barbara hide her valuable things when she went on vacation. When she came back, she couldn’t remember where she’d put them. Perhaps you’ve had such experiences like these. Most people have But most of them haven’t realized that they have a memory problem. Neither do they know a simple but important fact: Memory can be improved. If you’ll Just accept that,the following will show you how. First, relax. If you are over worried about remembering something, you’ll forget it. If you keep telling yourself that your memory is bad, your mind will come to believe it and you won’t remembers things. When you forget something,don’t follow up with saying like“Oh,my god! I always forget things!” Such words will have a bad result on you and your memory. But relaxing isn’t enough.To improve your memory,you’ll need to take an active role.Like your body,your memory can be made strong through exercise.Look for opportunities to exercise your memory.For example,if you’re learning a language,try to actively remember a lot of new words. If you don’t take notice of things actively, you won’t remember them.So,you can make pictures of what you see in your mind every day.For example, don’t just put your keys down! If you want to find them what you see in your mind every day. For example, don’t just put your keys down! If you want to find them again, make a make a mind picture of the place where you’re putting them. gain.make a mind picture of the place where you’re putting them. 1.The first two paragraphs(段落)just tell us_______. A.Barbara was a very rich person B.Mark often forgot his friends’ names C.examples of memory problems D.language problems of two persons 2.When you forget things, you _______. A.must be too careless B.shouldn’t lose heart about your memory C.must accept the fact D.shouldn’t take notice of the result 3.The word“opportunities"in the fifth paragraph means“_______”. A.places B.activities C.positions D.chances 4.According to the passage,________can make your memory better. A.realizing your memory problems B.talking to your friends C.making mind pictures of what you see D.doing sports every day 5.The purpose of the passage is to help you ______. A.to improve your memory B.to introduce the guest C.to remember new words D.to forget unhappy things 答案与解析: 1.C 主要讲了一个有关记忆力的例子 2.B 根据第四段可知Such words will have a bad result on you and your memory. 3.D 根据前后可推知是机会 4.C 根据最后一段可知 5.A 这篇文章开头就说帮你提高你的记忆力 Passage C A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office a street urchin(顽童) was walking around a shining car.“Is this your car, Paul?”he asked. Paul answered,“Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.”The boy was surprised.“You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything. Boy. I wish…”He hesitated(犹豫). Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for. He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly. “I wish,”the boy went on,“that I could be a brother like that.”Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again,“Would you like to take a ride in my car?” “Oh, yes, I'd love that.” After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said:“Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?” Paul smiled a little. He thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighbours that he could ride home in a big car. But Paul was wrong again,“Will you stop where those two steps are?”the boy asked. He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled(残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car. “There she is. Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it...then you can see for yourself all nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about.” Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and the three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride. (1)The street urchin was very surprised when_______. A.???? Paul received an expensive car B. Paul told him about the car C.???? he saw the shining car D. he was walking around the car (2)From the story we can see the urchin _______. A. wished to give his brother a car B. wanted Paul's brother to give him a car C. wished he could have a brother like Paul's D. wished Paul could be a brother like that (3)The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house________. A. to show his neighbours the big car B. to show he had a rich friend C. to let his brother about his wish (4)We can infer(推断) from the story that______. A. Paul couldn't understand the urchin B. the urchin had a deep love for his brother C. the urchin wished to have a rich brother D. the urchin's wish came true in the end (5)The best name of the story is ______. A. A Christmas Present B. A Street Urchin C. A Brother Like That D. An Unforgettable Holiday Ride 解析 (1)本题考查细节理解,依据本文第二段:Paul answered,“Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas.”The boy was surprised.故答案选B。 (2)本题考查学生的推理判断能力,依据倒数第二段和第三段的内容,尤其是顽童对他弟弟所说的话:“And some day I'm going to give you one just like it...”故选A。 (3)本题考查学生的深层理解。Paul的种种猜想会对正确选择产生干扰。依据是本文倒数第二段的最后一句话:“Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about.”故选D。 (4)本题考查归纳文章中心。从顽童的言行之中可以看出他对残疾弟弟有深深的爱。如:“You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything.”“He was carrying his little crippled brother.”故选B
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