[ID:4-5563238] [精]2019年中考英语一轮话题系列复习课件:The world and the environment
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中考话题复习课 初中英语 通用版 Step 1 Revision air pollution water pollution noise pollution farm chemical plastic bags bottles disposable chopsticks People use things only once and then throw them away. They are not environmentally. (环保的) litter desert lung cancer acid rain destroying forests ice-out Brainstorming How can we protect the environment? We should … 1.plant more trees 2…. We should not… 1…. 2…. … plant more trees We should… save water turn off the lights when we leave the room go to school on foot sort rubbish use cloth bags recycle bring our own lunch boxes We should not … cut down trees waste water drop litter everywhere use plastic bags use less air conditioners spit eat wild animal refuse to use wild animal products 1.环境污染的原因 (1)cut down trees 砍伐树木 (2)pollute the environment/air 污染环境/空气 (3)lead /water /noise/air /white pollution铅/水/噪音/空气/白色污染 (4)The rubbish was everywhere.到处是垃圾。 (5)send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air 排放烟雾和有毒气体 (6)pour waste water into rivers without being treated往河里排放未经处理的废水 (7) use disposable chopsticks 使用一次性筷子 (8) cut down trees砍伐树木 (9)drop/ throw away litter everywhere到处乱扔垃圾 词语积累 2.破坏环境的后果 (1)acid rain 酸雨 (2)abnormal climate气候异常 (3)global warming 全球变暖 (4)sea level rise 海平面上升 (5)greenhouse effect 温室效应 (6)extinction of animals 动物灭绝 (7)flood many low-lying cities 水淹低洼城市 (8)drought/flood/sandstorms sweep across... 干旱/洪水/沙尘暴横扫 (9)serious healthy problems 严重健康问题 3.环保措施 (1)plant trees 植树 (2)sort rubbish / the waste垃圾分类 (3)protect the ecology 保护生态 (4)save energy/water节约能源/水 (5)go green生产或使用绿色产品 (6)protect the environment 保护环境 (7)ride bicycles to work 骑自行车上班 (8)develop renewable resources发展可再生资源 (9)fight against pollution 与污染作斗争 (10)sustainable development 可持续发展 (11)don’t litter/ spit everywhere不随地扔垃圾/吐痰 (12)deal with rubbish properly正确处理垃圾 (13)recycle textbooks/trash 课本/垃圾回收利用 (14)stop smoking in public 禁止在公共场合吸烟 (15)use less air conditioners 少用空调 (16)keep the balance of nature 保持自然界的平衡 (17)stop / keep/ prevent sb from doing 阻止某人做 (18)use cloth bags 使用环保袋 (19)refuse to use recycled materials/ paper (20)wild animal products 拒绝用野生动物制品 (21)don’t eat animals不吃野生动物 (22)buy products made from recycled materials/ paper购买再生材料/ 纸制成产品 (23)collect reusable waste收集可再用的废品 Step 2 Reading Scientists say that in 30 years, more than half of the people in the world won’t have enough clean water. We have to learn how to save more water for ourselves and our children. Here is some advice for saving water: First, turn off the tap while you brush your teeth. You can save as much as 450 liters each month. Second, leaky taps (漏水的龙头) waste a lot of water. Fix them right away! Third, you can easily cut your 10-minute showers in half---and you’ll be just as clean. Fourth, when you wash dishes, don’t let the water run. At last, only wash clothes when you have a lot to wash. If your washing machine isn’t full, you’re wasting water! Reading ( )1.What’s the best title of the article? A. Why Should We Save Water ? B. Suggestions about How to Save Water. C. Water Is Important. D. Don’t Waste Water. ( ) 2.How many suggestions are there to save water? A.3 B.4 C. 5 D.6 B 1. Fast-reading Who is the fastest ? C Scientists say that in 30 years, more than half of the people in the world won’t have enough clean water. We have to learn how to save more water for ourselves and our children. Here is some advice for saving water: First, turn off the tap while you brush your teeth. You can save as much as 450 liters each month. Second, leaky taps (漏水的龙头) waste a lot of water. Fix them right away! Third, you can easily cut your 10-minute showers in half---and you’ll be just as clean. Fourth, when you wash dishes, don’t let the water run. At last, only wash clothes when you have a lot to wash. If your washing machine isn’t full, you’re wasting water! Passage Scientists say that in 30 years, more than half of the people in the world won’t have enough clean water. We have to learn how to save more water for ourselves and our children. Here is some advice for saving water: Reading tips 1:读首末段及每段第一二句,倒数一二句以快速确立文章主题。本篇文章主题句在Para. 1 Reading tips 2:巧抓关联词, 理清文章层次,条理。 Suggestions about How to Save Water 1. _________________when brushing the teeth. 2. Fix _______________right away. 3. __________10-minute showers_________. 4. Don’t _______water________ when washing dishes. 5. Wash clothes only when the washing machine is _________. 2. Read and fill in the blanks Reading tips 3: 抓文章重点。 Turn off the tap leaky taps Cut in half let run full 同义句转换 1. We should protect the environment. We _____ _______ _________ protect the environment. 2. He usually walks to school . He usually _____ _____school ____ _____. 3. We must look after the trees and flowers well. We must _____ ____ ________ _________the trees and flowers. 4. It took me an hour to wash the clothes by hand. I __________an hour __________the clothes by hand. are supposed to goes to on foot take good care of spent washing Writing tips : 善用同义词,同义短语,避免文章单调乏味。 Complete the sentences 1.保护环境是我们的责任。 ________________protect the environment. 2.我们应该尽我们最大努力让城市越来越干净。 We should _____________ to make our city _____________________. It’s our duty to try our best cleaner and cleaner 3. 他们经常捡起地上的垃圾, 并为自己的这种行为而自豪。 They often ___________ the litter on the floor and _________________their own behavior. pick up are proud of /take pride in Writing tips : 注意积累与写作话题有关的典型句型和 常见短语。 Summary Reading tips: 读首末段及每段第一二句,倒数一二句以 快速确立文章主题。 2. 巧抓关联词,以理清文章层次,条理。 3. 注意抓重点。平时注意积累, 为写作积累素材。 Practice makes perfect! Step 3 Writing 可参考短语 do harm to / be harmful to throw away care about be careful about save energy/ water sell...for recycling How to protect the environment? How to protect the environment? 可参考下列句型: It’s important / necessary / bad for us to … I think it useful / helpful / harmful to … We should / are supposed to … We shouldn’t / aren’t supposed to … We had better … It’s another good way to … It’s best to … It’s a good idea to … I suggest doing… In my opinion, it’s + adj. + to do… 保护环境, 人人有责。作为中学生,我们应该做些什么呢?用70个字左右完成一篇作文。 口头作文 turn off the lights when we leave the room go to school on foot save water plant more trees First… Second… Third… We had better.. We are supposed to… Writing tips : 善于运用连词,使文章逻辑结构紧密,层次分明,条理清楚。 As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse. As students, we should try our best to protect the environment. First, we should plant more trees. Second, we are supposed to save water and electricity. Third, it’s best to go to school on foot or by bike instead of taking a car. Besides, we had better turn off the lights when we leave the room. Writing tips: 1. 确定标题,抓齐要点,开篇点题。 2.注意人称,时态,冠词等语法,避免中式英语(Chinglish)。 3.善于运用同义词,同义短语,避免文章单调乏味。 4. 善于运用连词,使文章逻辑结构紧密,层次分明,条理清楚。 Summary 随着全球环境的恶化,越来越多的人选择过“低碳生活” (low-carbon life),即减少二氧化碳的排放,低能量,低消耗的生活。请根据表格中的内容,以How to Live a Low-carbon Life为题,用英语写一段80词左右的文章。内容必须包括以下要点: 注意: 1.文章已给出部分内容,不计入总词数。 应该做… 不应该做(最好不做)… 1.用自己的碗筷 1.砍伐树木 2.用购物袋 2.不用纸杯 3.双面用纸 3.花太多时间看电视,上网 倡议: 如果我们尽力保护环境,世界会。。。。。 In order to protect the environment, more and more people choose to live a low-carbon life. As students, first, we should_______________________________________ ________________________________________________ On the other hand, we shouldn’t do a lot of things. ________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ In a word,____________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____________________________________ 范文:How to Live a Low-carbon Life In order to protect the environment, more and more people choose to live a low-carbon life. As students, first, we should use our own bowls and chopsticks instead of disposable ones. Second, we had better use shopping basket or cloth bags instead of plastic bags when we go shopping. Besides, we should use both sides of the paper when we write. On the other hand, we shouldn’t do a lot of things. First, we shouldn’t cut down trees. Second, don't use paper cups. What’s more, we aren’t supposed to spend too much time watching TV or surfing the Internet. In a word, if we try our best to care about the environment, there will be less pollution and our life will be better. Homework 1. 收集与环保有关的短语及典型句型。 2. 完成上面作文,分享到班级空间。 The earth is in our hand. Let’s protect it together! After-reading 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php
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