[ID:4-5442418] (原创)2019中考人教英语九全Units 7—8知识点讲解+练习附答案(共18页)
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第 19 页 共 19 页 (原创)2019中考人教英语九全Units 7—8知识点讲解+练习附答案 类别 课标考点要求 词汇拓展 1、safe → safety → safely → safeness 7、express → expression 2、educate → education → educational 8、lead → leader 3、choice → choose-chose-chosen 9、medicine → medical 4、value → valuable 10、energy → energetic5、manage → manager → management 11、noise → noisy 6、sleep → sleepy → asleep 12、wolf → wolves 短语归纳 1、回嘴,顶嘴:talk back 10、追逐,追赶:run after 2、避免,远离:keep...away from 11、不但....而且...:not only...but also... 3、自己做决定:make one’s own decision 12、属于:belong to(不用进行,不用被态)4、妨碍:get in the way of 13、捡起、突然学会:pick up 5、担心:worry about = be worried about 14、与...交流:communicate with 6、长大:grow up 15、指出:point out 7、对某人/某事严格:be strict with sb, 16、指...point at(较近,强调对象) be strict in/about sth point to(较远,强调方向) 17、以某种方式:in a certain way 8、迟到:be late for 18、对...认真:be serious about(=take sth seriously) 9、同时:at the same time(*=meantime) 19、向...学习:learn from ... 语法结构 “should+be allowed to”的用法情态动词must,might,could,can’t表推测的用法 江西考点聚焦 1、safety: safe(adj)安全的 safety(n)安全,安全性;in safety处于安全地带 safely(adv)安全地 2、educate: educate(v)教育 educate/teach oneself自学 education(n)教育 educational(adj)教育的,有教育意义的 educated(adj)受过教育的 educator(n)教育工作者 3、choice(n)选择,挑选;词组:choose to do sth 选择做某事 4、prevent(v)阻止,阻挠 【点拨】prevent可以直接加宾语(prevent sth),表示阻止做某事;prevent sb from doing sth 表示阻止某人做某事,同义短语还有stop sb from doing sth和keep sb from doing sth(*注意:keep sb from doing不能省略from!) 5、keep的相关短语:(1)keep away from+v-ing,使...避开,不接近(2)keep off使...避开,不踩(3)keep on doing sth 坚持做某事(4)keep doing sth 活动的(状态等)不间断(5)keep+sb/sth+adj使某人/物保持...【拓展】(6)keep up with跟上(keep it up保持,继续)(7)keep out不准入内;keep in使...呆在里面 6、attend/join/join in/take part in 词语 解释 例句 attend 正式用语,指参加会议、婚礼、葬礼、典礼;去上课、上学、听报告等。句子主语只是去听、去看,不一定起积极作用。*attend to=pay attention to+doing sth 集中精力做 He will attend an important meeting tomorrow. join 指加入党派、组织、社会团体、参军等,是短暂动词、改持续性变为:be in.../be a member of... He joined the army. join in 参加某种活动 Everyone joined in the game. take part in 指参加群众性活动、会议、劳动、游行等、往往指参加者持有积极地态度、起一定作用 He takes an active part in school activities. 7、asleep/sleep/sleepy/sleeping asleep 形容词,意为睡着的,入睡的,强调状态,是表语形容词,不能作前置定语,常与fall连用,fall asleep【*拓展】“变”:(1)grow逐渐变得,比get正式;(2)turn把...性质、状态、颜色改变;(3)go通常表示不好的变化:(4)get口语中常用,成为某种状态;(5)come/become表示成为,达到,实现(come true) sleep 可以作动词,意为入睡,睡觉;也可以作名词,意为睡眠。go to sleep入睡,get to sleep(使)入睡 sleepy 形容词,意为困倦的,不活跃的 sleeping 意为睡觉的,是定语形容词,放名词前 8、receive/accept (1)receive表示客观上收到,不一定接受。*接受教育用receive education,不用accept。 (2)accept表示主观上接受。 9、Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. 【点拨】have/get+宾语+过去分词中的过去分词作宾补,其中的have/get是使役动词。 使役动词用法:make/let/have sb do sth;get/drive sb to do sth;get sb/sth doing 使...动起来,get/have sb/sth doing让...一直...(标志是all day) 10、Only then will I have a chance to achieve my dream. 【点拨】当only位于句首修饰状语或状语从句时,主句用部分倒装形式,即将助动词、情态动词提前。 注意:only如果强调主语,一定不倒装:Only I can do my homework. 只有我能做我的作业。 【拓展:倒装句,标*了解即可】 种类 倒装条件 例句 完全倒装 here, there, up, down, in, out, off, away等副词开头的句子表示强调 Out rushed the children. *表示地点的介词短语作状语位于句首 Under the tree stood two tables and four chairs. *强调表语,置于句首,或为保持句子平衡 Present at the meeting were 1,000 students. 部分倒装 never, hardly, scarcely, seldom, little, not until, not等表示否定意义的副词放于句首(与过去完成时联系考) Hardly did I know what had happened. only和修饰的状语放于句首 Only then did he realized the importance of English. not only…but also连接并列的句子,前倒后不倒 Not only does he know French, but also he is expert at it. neither…nor…连接并列的句子,前后都倒装 Neither do I know it, nor do I care about it. so…that, such…that中的so或such及修饰的成分放于句首时前倒后不倒 So busy is he that he can not go on a holiday. *as引导的让步状语 Child as he is, he has learned a lot. so, neither或nor表示前句内容也适用于另外的人或事。 He can play the piano. So can I.(注:如果是so/neither+主语+助动词表示“的确如此”) 用于表示祝愿的祈使句中 May you be in good health! *省略if的虚拟条件 Were I you, I would not do it in this way. 11、noise/voice/sound noise 不悦耳的嘈杂声,喧闹声 voice 人的嗓音或说话、唱歌声(声带发出的声音) sound 听到的声音,泛指人、动物、大自然的任何声音 12、否定前移的条件: (1)主语是I或We;(2)主语谓语是一般现在时;(3)谓语动词为think,believe,suppose,expect,imagine,guess 同步知识点补充 Unit7: 1、get one's driver's license(=driving licence)获得驾照;license(v)批准,许可 2、allow sb to do sth允许某人做...;allow doing sth 允许做某事 3、get one's ears pierced 穿耳孔;pierce(v)扎,穿破;earring(n)耳环 4、make sure确信,make sure to do sth确信做...,也常用在祈使句开头;make sure of/about+n/V-ing;be sure of/about sth/doing sth 确信(做)某事 5、give sb a hug给某人一个拥抱;warm hug热烈的拥抱;hug tightly紧紧地拥抱 6、need(v)需要,in need of 需要.... 7、make one's own decision 自己做决定(=decide for oneself),make a decision to do sth 决定做.. 8、manage to do sth 成功做某事(*attempt to do 企图做...)manage one's own life安排好自己的生活;manager经理;management经营,管理(n);manageable(adj)可操纵的 9、continue to do 继续做(另一件事)continue doing继续做(同一件事)【go on,stop等词语其用法相同】;to be continued 待续 *10、protect/defend/guard(了解) protect 表示利用各种安全防御措施,尽力照顾好某人/物,使得其不受伤害 defend 指用武力或其他措施保护某人不受伤害 guard 指防止可能的攻击或侵害,留心守望,警戒。guard作名词表示警卫 11、as much as:....之多,多达... 尽可能,尽量(主要用于as much as possible) 像...一样的程度;和...一样多 12、part-time(adj/adv)兼职的,full-time全职的 13、community(n)社区,社团;society(adj)社会的,polite society上流社会 14、support(v)支持,(cn)支持者、支撑物;(un)支持,拥护;→support an idea支持一个想法;express support表示支持;support oneself 自食其力;support sb in sth 在某事上支持某人 15、flash(n)闪光灯,闪光;(v)闪耀;flashlight手电筒 16、against doing sth反对做某事,be against反对的,be for支持的;have sth against 不赞成...;have sth for 支持....(表示强烈反对可以用be strongly/desperately against);have nothing against doing不反对做 17、field(n)田野,场地,领域;in the fields 在田野里;in the field of在...方面,在...领域 18、give sb a chance给某人一次机会;take a chance/risk to do冒险做;have a chance to do sth 有机会做某事;on no chance 没机会,不可能 19、fetch:(双程动作,=go and bring)fetch sth for sb = fetch sb sth 拿给某人某物 20、hurt/injure/wound hurt 表示对身体或者是情感的伤害 injure 表示健康,功能,名誉的损害 wound 表示枪伤,刀伤,战场上的受伤
22、enter(v)进入;entrance(n)入口;enter for 报名参加(比赛等) 23、regret:(1)regret doing sth 后会做过(已经做了)(2)regret to do sth=be sorry to do遗憾做(还没做) 24、辨析:(1)in order to可以放句首,句中 (2)so as to 不可放句首,只放句中 Unit8: 1、belong to sb = be sb's 属于某人;belong in/on/under 被置于... 2、possibly作为副词,意为“可能地,或许”,指的可能性很小,可以与can/could连用,与may连用表示的可能性更小。 3、value/valuable/valued/invaluable value (n)价值,价格; 意义,涵义; 重要性; 面值(邮票的),(vt)评价; 重视,看重; 估价,给…定价 valuable (adj)重要的,贵重的(公认的);be valuable to 对..有价值 valued (adj)珍贵的(对个人来说);be valued at被估价为 invaluable (adj)无价的(抽象,如friendship,help) 4、catch up with 赶上,反义组为fall behind 落后。 5、express(v)表达,表示,不加双宾;expression(n)表达,表情;express oneself 表达自己的思想;to express doubts表示怀疑,express(n)快车。 6、be different from与...不同;have/make a difference 对...有影响(=have an influence on) 7、volunteer to do sth自愿做某事;volunteer sth自愿提供,献出 8、happening(n)事件,发生的事情(常指不寻常的) 9、uneasy(adj)担心的,不安的;upset(adj)不安的,愤怒的 10、outdoors(adv)在户外,在野外;反义词为indoors 11、alien(n)外星人;midsummer(n)仲夏,中夏;burial(n)埋葬,安葬;ancestor(n)祖宗,祖先 12、purpose:(n)目标,目的,同义词为aim 表示“为了某种目的”,通常用for ...purposes;表示做某事的目的,通常用the purpose of,若purpose 前用了物主代词,通常介词用in/on purpose 意为“有意地,故意地”;to little/no purpose作用不大;徒劳 13、honor(v)尊敬,给...荣誉;(n)荣誉:be honored with被授予...荣誉;honor sb sth 授予某人... in honor of sb 向...表示敬意 It's my honor 这是我的荣幸;be honored to do sth很荣幸做...;It's my honor to do sth 做...是我的荣幸 14、laboratory(n)实验室,简写为lab;labor(n)劳动;laboratory equipment实验室设备 15、position(n)位置,地方;职位;阵地;姿势 16、in the neighbourhood of = close to = near 17、have a picnic = go on/for a picnic 去野餐;picnic作动词意为“去野餐,去参加野餐”。 18、period(n)一段时间,时期,时代,课时 19*、wolf(n)狼;a pack of wolves 一群狼;throw sb to the wolves 弃某人于险境而不顾;a wolf in sheep's clothing 面善心恶(披着羊皮的狼) 20、hear sb do sth强调听见全过程,改为被动态to要还原,即sth/sb be heard to do sth;hear sb doing 强调正在进行,即改为被动doing不变,即sth/sb be heard doing sth。 21、there be句型与seem连用时,to be可以省略。eg:There seems(to be)sth wrong with it. 2018经典新题训练 一、单项选择。 ( )1、Only when I left my parents for Italy____how much I loved them. A.did I realize B.I will realize C.will I realize D.I realized ( )2、--Did you get anyone ____your old houses yesterday?--No.But I’ll get it ____tomorrow. A.cleaned,clean B.clean,cleaned C.to clean,cleaned D.cleaned,to clean ( )3、There aren’t many tickets left for the concert,you’d better ____that you get one today. A.make sure of B.make a decision C.make sure D.make plans ( )4、The manager was very busy,but he still spared his time to ____his friend’s wedding. A.join B.join in B.take part in D.attend ( )5、--Are you sometimes a little tired and ___in class?--Yes,because I often stay up late at night. A.sleep B.asleep C.sleepy D.sleeping ( )6、They may_______get there a little later,for the traffic is so busy at the moment. A.hardly B.differently C.slowly D.possibly ( )7、Not only ____ this machine but ____ it.   A. can he run……can he repair??? B. can he run……he can repair   C. he can run……he can repair?? D. he can run……can he repair ( )8、Paul always regretted ____the car.Now he has to take the bus to work. A.buying B.to buy C.to sell D.selling ( )9、--Danny,what do you think of the article?--I’m sorry.I haven’t had a chance____it yet. A.to write B.writing C.to read D.reading 二、完形填空。(加粗部分句子值得写作学习和借鉴) The little country schoolhouse was heated by an old coal stove.A little boy had the job of coming to school early each day to start the__1__and warm the room before his teacher and his classmates got there. One morning they__2__ to find the schoolhouse burning. They dragged the little boy out of the building more dead than alive. Then he was__3__taken to a nearby county hospital. The doctor told the boy's mother that__4__the lower part of his body was seriously burnt, he couldn't use his legs anymore. However, the__5__boy made up his mind that he would walk. Unluckily his thin legs__6__hung there, all but lifeless. Finally he returned home from the__7__.Every day his mother would press his little legs, but there was no feeling, no control,__8__.Yet his determination that he would walk was as__9__as ever.When he wasn't in bed, he would sit in a wheelchair. One sunny day his mother wheeled him out into the yard to get some fresh air. This day, instead of sitting there, he__10__himself from the chair and pulled himself across the grass dragging his__11__behind him. He worked his way to the white fence around the yard. With great effort, he raised himself up on the fence. Then he began dragging himself along the fence, __12__that he would walk. He started to do this every day. There was nothing he__13__more than to develop life in those legs. In the end,through his determination he did__14__.He began to walk to school,then to run to school,to run __15__the joy of running. Later in college he made the running team. Still later in Madison Square Garden this determined young man, Dr. Glenn Cunningham, ran the world's fastest mile! ( )1. A. fire  B. class  C. game  D. story ( )2. A. left  B. waited  C. arrived  D. hid ( )3. A. clearly  B. quickly  C. suddenly  D. nearly ( )4. A.when  B. unless  C. before  D. because ( )5. A. honest  B. brave  C. worried  D. calm ( )6. A. just  B. also  C. once  D. ever ( )7. A. school  B. yard  C. hospital  D, square ( )8. A. everything  B. anything  C. something  D. nothing ( )9. A. strong  B. simple  C. strange  D. similar ( )10. A. helped  B. threw  C. picked  D. enjoyed ( )11. A. arms  B. chair  C. legs  D. mother ( )12. A. believing  B. doubting  C. promising  D. suggesting ( )13. A.afforded  B. hated  C. forgot  D. wanted ( )14. A. set off  B. get back  C. stand up  D. run away ( )15. A. to  B. for  C. from  D.without 三、短文填空。 back??????bad?????express????feel?????it?????loud?????luck?????simple?????sweet???????thank??????two??????warm 四、补全对话。 A:?Hi,?Mary!?You?look?sad.?1)????? ???? B:?I've?just?heard?of?a?piece?of?bad?news. A:?2)????? ???? B:?It's?reported?that?a?ship?called?the?East?Star?turned?over. A:?3)??????? ?? B:?Yes,?it?is.?There're?over?400?people?on?the?ship?and?most?of?them?are?missing. A:?Really??4)???? ????.?How?did?it?happen? B:?I'm?not?sure.?It?seemed?that?the?ship?was?hit?by?a?heavey?storm. A:?5)???? ????? B:?It?happened?on?Yangtze?River?in?Hubei?Province?on?the?night?of?June?1st.?And?the?Chinese?government?is?trying?the?best?to?rescue??the?people?in?the?disaster. A:?Hope?everything?goes?well! 语法聚焦(一)——系动词和情态动词 中考考点 1、系动词be,look,smell,get,become,turn,keep基本用法 2、含情态动词can,must,need,any等的基本句型结构及其用法 【考点一】系动词(link-v.) 1、概念:系动词不能独立做谓语,必须与表语一起构成谓语,成为“系表结构”,说明主语的状态、性质、特征或身份。后多加形容词。 2、系动词的主要分类: 1)状态系动词:用来表示主语状态,只有be一词,例如:   He is a teacher. 他是一名教师。(is与补足语一起说明主语的身份。) 2)持续系动词:用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, rest, remain, stay, lay, stand, 例如:   He always kept silent at meeting. 他开会时总保持沉默。 This matter rests a mystery. 此事仍是一个谜。 3)表像系动词:用来表示"看起来像"这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look, 例如:   He looks tired. 他看起来很累。 He seems (to be) very sad. 他看起来很伤心。 4)感官系动词:感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste, 例如:   This kind of cloth feels very soft. 这种布手感很软。 5)变化系动词:这些系动词表示主语变成什么样,变化系动词主要有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run.   He became mad after that. 自那之后,他疯了。 She grew rich within a short time. 她没多长时间就富了。 6)终止系动词:表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, turn out, 表达"证实","变成"之意,例如:   The rumor proved false. 这谣言证实有假。   The search proved difficult. 搜查证实很难。   His plan turned out a success. 他的计划终于成功了。(turn out表终止性结果) 常见类型归纳:be动词(am,is,are),感官动词(feel,look,smell,sound,taste,seem),“变得”词(get,become,turn,grow),“保持”(keep,stay)。 3、关于连系动词后接不定式 ■ 连系动词 be (am,is,are)后根据情况可自由地接不定式作表语: 1).My dream is to be a scientist. 我的梦想是当一名科学家。 2).All you have to do is to listen. 你只需要听。 ■ seem, appear, prove, turn out, grow 等连系动词后也可接不定式(尤其是 to be)短语作表语: 1).The man seemed to be ill. 这个人好像病了。 2).The plan proved to be useful. 这个计划证明是有用的。 3).He appears to know this. 他好像知道这一点。 4).The weather turned out to be fine. 天气结果很好。 5).He has grown to like studying English. 他渐渐喜欢学英语了。 若所接不定式为to be,通常可以省略to be。 ■ sound, smell, feel, taste, become 等连系动词后通常不能接不定式:(也可以理解为用主动表被动) 误:These oranges taste to be good. (应去掉 to be) 误:The roses smell to be nice. (应去掉 to be) 连系动词look后有时也可接to be,但以省略to be为多。 用法总结:一般地,系动词后接表语:[包括形容词(原级、比较级和最高级均可加)、不定式等]。 【考点二】情态动词(mod-v.) I. 情态动词基本用法: 情态动词 用法 否定式 疑问式、简答与例句 can 1、能力(体力,智力,技能)允许或许可(口语中常用) 2、可能性(表猜测,用于否定句或疑问句中) 3、could表委婉,could为can过去式,can一般只用于一般时,be able to 可以用于任何时态 can not / cannot /can’t do Can…do…? Yes,…can. No,…can’t. Could you please...? could couldn’t do may 可以(问句中表示请求)可能,或许(表推测)祝愿(用于倒装句中、放句首) may not do May…do…? Yes,…may. No,…mustn’t/can’t. May you be happy.祝你幸福 might might not do Might…do…? Yes,…might No,…might not. must 必须,应该(表主观要求)肯定,想必(肯定句中表推测) must not/mustn’t do(禁止) No,...needn’t/don’t have to Must…do…? Yes,…must. No,…needn’t/don’t have to. have to 不得不(客观的必须,有时态人称变化) don’t have to do Do…have to do…? ought to 应当(表示义务责任,口语中多用should) ought not to/oughtn’t to do Ought…to do…? Yes,…ought. No,…oughtn’t. shall 将要,会用于一三人称征求对方意见用于二三人称表示许诺、命令、警告、威胁等 shall not/shan’t do Shall…do…? Yes,…shall. No,…shan’t. should 应当,应该(表义务责任)本该(含有责备意味) shouldn’t do Should…do…? will 意愿,决心请求,建议,用在问句中would比较委婉 will not/won’t do Will…do…? Yes,…will. No,…won’t. would would not/wouldn’t do dare 敢(常用于否定句和疑问句中) dare not/daren’t do Dare…do…? Yes,…dare. No,…daren’t. need 需要,必须(常用于否定句疑问句中) need doing = need to be done(want用法一样) need not/needn’t do Need…do…? Yes,…must. No,…needn’t. used to 过去常常(现在已不再) used not/usedn’t/usen’t to do didn’t use to do Used…to do…? Yes,…used. No,…use(d)n’t. Did…use to do…? Yes,…did. No,…didn’t. II. 情态动词must, may, might, could, can表示推测: 以must为例。must + do(be)是推测现在存在的一般状态进行;must + be doing 推测可能正在进行的事情;must +have done是推测可能已经发生过的事情。 1. must“肯定,一定”语气强,只用于肯定句中。 He must be a man from America. / He must be talking with his friend. / He must have already arrived there. 2. may和might“也许”,后者语气弱,更没有把握。可用于肯定句和否定句。 He may not be at home. / They might have finished their task. 3. can和could“可能”,could表示可疑的可能性,不及can’t语气强,用于肯定、否定、疑问句中。 The weather in that city could be cold now. We could have walked there; it was so near.(推测某事本来可能发生,但实际上没有发生) Can he be in the office now? No, he can’t be there, for I saw him in the library just now.(语气很强,常用于疑问句和否定句中) 4、should have done表应该做而未做   must have done表对过去事实的肯定推测;couldn’t/can’t have done 对过去的否定推测   could have done表本可以做某事 5、情态动词表推测时,该句的反义疑问句和情态动词无关,必须去掉该情态动词后,考虑句子谓语动词的发生时间和谓语构成,再进行相应的变化. 如:1.It must have rained last night,didn't it? 去掉must后,考虑时间状语last night,说明句子本该使用一般过去时,即变成:It rained last night,所以其反义疑问句为didn't it? 再如:2.You can't have been to Beijing before,have you? 去掉can't后,根据句意,句子本该使用现在完成时,即变成:You haven't been to Beijing before,所以其反义疑问句为have you? III. 情态动词注意点: 1. can和be able to: 都可以表示能力。但be able to可以表达“某事终于成功”,而can无法表达此意。Be able to有更多的时态。另外,两者不能重叠使用。 2. used to和would: used to表示过去常常做现在已经不再有的习惯,而would只表示过去的习惯或喜好,不涉及现在。 3. need和dare作情态动词和实义动词的区别: 两者作情态动词时常用于否定句和疑问句。其形式为:needn’t/daren’t do;Need/dare…do…? 做实义动词时可用于肯定句,否定句和疑问句。其形式为:need(needs/needed)/dare(dares/dared) to do, don’t(doesn’t/didn’t) need/dare to do 2019语法聚焦(一)新题训练 ( )1、They _______ to walk in the street at night.   A. didn't dare  B. not dared  C. not dare  D. dared not ( )2、When he was very old, Mr. Smith _______? sit for hours without saying a word.   A. would  B. should  C. must  D. used ( )3、--Have you seen Jack?His mom is looking for him all the afternoon.--No,I haven’t.I am sure her mother ___be very worried A.must B.may C.need D.should ( )4、Finish your homework first,and you’ll ___watch TV for an hour. A.can B.be able to C.able D.could ( )5、Jane enjoys planting flowers,but her sister doesn’t.She ____even stay in the garden for one minute. A.can’t B.needn’t C.mustn’t D.shouldn’t ( )6、--Dad,must I practice the violin?--No,you ____.You ___do it tomorrow. A.mustn’t,may B.needn’t,must C.needn’t,can D.needn’t,mustn’t ( )7、A country has dreams. We teenagers __________ also have dreams. With dreams and hard work, anything amazing can be created. A.may B.must C.should D.can ( )8、—What about the blue skirt on the right? —I think it will _______ nice on you. A. feel B. look C. taste D. sound ( )9、In competition, as in life, you______not always win. A.may B. shall C. must D.need ( )10、--You ___be excited about seeing the super star you like soon.--Of course.It’s my dream for years. A.must B.may C.can D.should ( )11、Looking at my determined face,the big boy ___pick up the flight. A.dares not B.dare not C.doesn't dare D.dares not to ( )12、The little girl_____there alone. A.not dare go B.dares not go C.dare not go D.dare not to go ( )13、You must be a writer,_____? A.mustn't you B.are you C.must you D.aren't you ( )14、I didn't see her in the meeting room this morning.She __at the meeting. A.mustn't have spoken B.might have spoken C.may have spoken D.can't have spoken ( )15、Nobody knows how people first came to these islands for sure.They ____from South America on rafts. A.must have sailed B.can sail C.might have sailed D.should sail Units7——8习题答案 经典新题训练: 一、单项选择:ACCDC DBDC 二、完形填空: 【分析试题】:本文讲述了身残志坚的格兰·坎宁安的励志故事。小时候他为学校生火炉时,烧着了学校的房屋,同时自己也得了严重的残疾。后来他坚持自己推轮椅、慢慢地站起来、走路、跑步……最后在一英里竞赛中,他跑出了世界最好的成绩。 【小题1】A 考查名词及语境理解。句意:一个小男孩要了每天早上在老师和同学们到校前生火暖和校园的工作。A. fire火;B. class班;C. game游戏,运动;D. story故事。生火,暖和校园。故选A。 【小题2】C考查动词及语境理解。句意:一天早上,他们到时发现学校房屋着火了。A. left离开;B. waited等待;C. arrived到达;D. hid躲藏。大家到校时,发现着火了。故选C。 【小题3】B考查副词及语境理解。句意:然后他被快速地送往附近的乡村医院。A. clearly清楚地;B. quickly快速地;C. suddenly突然地;D. nearly几乎。重度烧伤,快速送医。故选B。 【小题4】D考查连词及语境理解。句意:医生告诉男孩的母亲,因为他的下肢重度烧伤,他再也不能用他的腿了。A. when当……时,表示时间;B. unless如果不,除非,表示相反的条件;C. before在……之前,表示时间;D. because因为,表示原因。下肢重度烧伤是不能用腿的原因,故选D。 【小题5】B考查形容词及语境理解。句意:然而,这位勇敢的男孩决心要走路。 A. honest诚实的;B. brave勇敢的;C. worried担心地;D. calm沉着的。重度烧伤后还决心要步行,很勇敢,故选B。 【小题6】A考查副词及语境理解。句意:不幸的是,他的瘦弱的腿只是挂在那儿,什么都对就是没有生命体征。A. just刚好,恰好,只是;B. also也;C. once曾经,一次;D. ever曾经。腿就只是悬挂在那儿,用just表示仅仅,只,故选A。 【小题7】C考查名词及语境理解。句意:最后,他从医院回家。A. school学校;B. yard庭院;C. hospital医院;D, square广场。开始在住院,因此他是从医院回到家里。故选C。 【小题8】D考查代词及语境理解。句意:每天妈妈给他按摸他的小腿,但是没有感觉,无法控制,什么也没有。A. everything一切事物;B. anything任何事物;C. something一些事情;D. nothing什么也没有。根据句意,可知这里表示他的大腿没有任何反应,故选D。 【小题9】A考查形容词及语境理解。句意:然后他走路的决心是和以前一样强烈。A. strong强烈,强壮,坚强;B. simple简朴;C. strange奇怪;D. similar相似。他的决心依旧。故选A。 【小题10】B考查动词及语境理解。句意:这一天,他没坐在那儿,他把自己摔倒在地上,并且拖着他的双腿爬过了草坪。A. helped帮助;B. threw投,掷,摔倒;C. picked拾起捡起;D. enjoyed喜欢,享受。为了锻炼自己,他自己摔倒在地上。故选B。 【小题11】C考查名词及语境理解。句意:这一天,他没坐在那儿,他把自己摔倒在地上,并且拖着他的双腿爬过了草坪。A. arms手臂;B. chair椅子;C. legs腿;D. mother母亲。他拖着双腿在地上爬。故选C。 【小题12】A考查动词及语境理解。句意:然后他开始沿着栅栏吃力地前行,相信自己将能步行。A. believing相信;B. doubting怀疑;C. promising承诺;D. suggesting建议。怀着成功的信念,他坚持锻炼。故选A。 【小题13】D考查动词及语境理解。句意:他想要的东西中没有任何东西胜过培养大腿的生命。A. afforded负担得起;B. hated讨厌;C. forgot记忆;D. wanted想要。他想要的事情中,没有什么超过他的大腿的生命的期盼。故选D。 【小题14】C考查动词短语及语境理解。句意:最后,通过他的坚持努力,他真的站起来了。A. set off出发;B. get back回来;C. stand up站起来;D. run away逃跑。他的腿有用了,他立起来了。故选C。 【小题15】B考查介词及语境理解。句意:他开始步行到校,然后跑到学校,然后开始为了跑步的快乐而奔跑。“为了……”,表示目的,用介词for,故选B。 三、短文填空: 1、back 2、warmly 3、second 4、simply 5、sweeter 6、itself 7、thanks 8、Unluckily 9、feeling 10、expressions 1. 结合下文 he presented the water to his teacher 可知,他把水带回去给他老师。bring back 为固定结构,意为“带回去”,符合题意。故正确答案为“back”。 2. 结合句意,老人温暖地笑了。warm 意为“温暖的”,为形容词。句中所填部分修饰动词 smile,故此处应使用 warm 的副词形式 warmly。故正确答案为“warmly”。 3. 结合句意,老师让第二个学生品尝了水。表示“第几个”,应使用序数词。two 为基数词,表示数量,其序数词为 second。故正确答案为“second”。 4. 结合句意,你仅仅是品尝水,但是“我”却在品尝礼物。simple 意为“简单的”,为形容词。空格处修饰动词 taste,应使用 simple 的副词形式。故正确答案为“simply”。 5. 结合句意,水里包含了爱和善良,没有什么比这更甜了。sweet 意为“甜的,甜蜜的”。结合句意可知,此处应使用 sweet 的比较级 sweeter。故正确答案为“sweeter”。 6. 结合句意,“我们”得到的远不止巧克力本身。it 意为“它”,为主格代词。结合句意可知,此处应使用 it 的反身代词形式 itself 表示“它自己”。故正确答案为“itself”。 7. 结合句意,自然地向他或她表达感谢。express thanks to sb. 为固定搭配,意为“向某人表达感谢”。故正确答案为“thanks”。 8. 结合句意可知,不幸地,大部分孩子和一些成年人只喜欢一件事。luck 意为“幸运”,为名词。结合句意可知,此处表达“不幸地”,且修饰后面整个句子,故应使用 luck 的反义词的副词形式 unluckily。位于句首,首字母需要大写。故正确答案为“Unluckily”。 9. 结合句意,大部分儿童和一些成年人只喜欢被赠予的礼物而不是表达展示在其中的(感情)。feel 为动词,意为“感受”。此处应使用其名词形式。故正确答案为“feeling”。 10. 结合句意,“我们”应该提醒自己并教会孩子美丽之情、感激之情。express 为动词,意为“表达”,此处应使用其名词形式。又因为 expression 可数,故此处应使用其复数形式。故正确答案为“expressions”。 四、补全对话: 1、What’s the matter? 2、What’s is about 3、Is is serious? 4、That sounds terrible 5、When and where did it happen? 语法聚焦(一)新题训练: AAABA CCBAA BCDDC 【经典例题】 --Would you please see the film Iron Man 3 with me tonight? --I’d love to,but I’ve _____Linda’s invitation to dinner. A.suffered B.earned C.receieved D.accepted 答案:D 【经典例题】 It’s a wise ______to wear the white tie.It matches your skirt well. A.agreement B.support C.condition D.choice 答案:D 教育 安全
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