[ID:4-5442456] 2019中考英语知识讲与练导学案--简单句
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第 8 页 共 8 页 2019中考英语知识讲与练导学案--简单句 It is more than three years since began to study English.At first,I found it quite difficult .I couldn`t pronounce well,spell the words correctly,or remember the rules of grammar.With the help of my teachers and classmates,I had made much progress.Now I`m going well with my English. Three years study has taught me that one can`t study English well without hard work.We must do more listening and speaking,both in and out of class,and do more reading and writing as well.That is “Practice makes perfect”. 讲义纲要:1、本讲课程主要涉及祈使句和感叹句的相关知识及考点; 2、教学任务:掌握初中阶段祈使句和感叹句的考点知识。 知识概况:1、祈使句的含义:用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫做祈使句。 祈使句对象(主语)是第二人称。祈使句的动词都为一般现在时,句末则使用感 叹号或句号来表示结束。 2、 知识站点: 初中英语知识考点一览表 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 句子结构 时态 语态 名词 冠词 代词 形副 介词 数词 连词 非谓语动词 情态动词 宾语从句 定语从句 简单句 情景交际 知识精讲: 一、祈使句 祈使句的含义:用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫做祈使句。 祈使句对象(主语)是第二人称。祈使句的动词都为一般现在时,句末则使用感 叹号或句号来表示结束。 祈使句的用法 分类 肯定祈使句 否定祈使句 Do型动词原形+其他成分 Please have a seat here Don’t open your eyes 请这边坐。 不要睁开你的眼睛! Go this way. Don’t stand up! 这边走。 别站起来! Be型 Be动词+其他成分 Be careful! 认真一些! Don’t be silly!别傻了 二、 高频考向二 感叹句 用来表示说话人强烈的喜、怒、哀、乐等感情的句子,叫感叹句。感叹句由what或how引导,具体用法如 (一)What: 在使用过程中,常用的句型有: 1.What + a / an +adj.+可数名词单数+主语+谓语+其他成分! 例如: What a strong boy he is!??  ? 他是多么壮的一个小伙子啊! ????? What an honest girl Mary is!  玛丽是一个多么诚实的小女孩啊! 2.What +adj.+可数名词复数+主语+谓语+其他成分! 例如: What brave soldiers they are!   这些士兵们真勇敢啊! ??????What fine weather it is today!???? 今天的天气真不错啊! 3.What +adj.+不可数名词+主语+谓语+其他成分! 例如: What good news (it is)! (二)How:在使用过程中,常用的句型有: 1.How + adj.+ a / an +名词+主语+谓语+其他成分! 例如: How exciting a football match it is!? 多么振奋人心的一场球赛啊! ??????How kind an old man he is!???? 他是一位多么善良的老人啊! 2.How + adj./adv.+ 主语+谓语+其他成分! 例如: How tall Yao Ming is!??? 姚明真高啊! ??????How fast the dragonfly flies!?? 蜻蜓飞得真快啊! 3.How + 主语+谓语! 例如: How time flies! (3)一些特殊形式 1.在陈述句、祈使句、或疑问句句尾加感叹号变成感叹句,表示某种强烈的感情! He eats so much! Do read it carefully! 2.用一个词或词组表示强烈的感情的句子也是感叹句。 Great! Wonderful! Look out! 二、感叹句中应注意的问题 1. What在感叹句中作定语,用于修饰名词,名词前可有形容词或冠词; How在感叹句中作状语,用于修饰形容词、副词、动词或句子。 例如: What a foolish boy he is! = How foolish a boy he is! 2. 感叹句中的主语、谓语通常可以省略。 例如: What a nice girl ( she is ) ! How handsome ( he is ) ! 3. What感叹句中可数名词单数前一般为不定冠词a/an,而不用the。转换成how感叹句是,该名词前一般用定冠词the,以表示特指。 例如: What a big fish it is! = How big the fish is! What dear meat it is! = How dear the meat is! 随堂训练: 选择题 一、祈使句 ( )1、That knife is extremely sharp! you don't cut yourself. A.Mind B.Minding C.To mind D.Minded ( )2、All of you at the school gate! We'll soon start. A.will gather B.gather C.will be gathering D.are gathering ( )3. smiling and one day life will get tired of upsetting you. A.To keep B.Keeping C.Keep D.Having kept ( )4.Every time at the door before you enter my room,please. A.knocked B.knocking C.knock D.to knock ( )5.Cindy, to be here at 8 o’clock. A. is sure B.is sure that C.will be sure D.be sure 二、感叹句 ( )1.— Look at the photo I took in Jinghong, Yunnan Province. _______ the Dai people were having! — Wow! They were celebrating the Water Festival. A. What fun B. How fun C. What a fun D. How a fun ( )2.— Look at the photo, Yunnan Province. the Dai people were having! — Wow! They were celebrating the Water Festival. A. What fun B. How fun C. What a fun D. How a fun ( )3. ______ fine weather it is today! A. What a B. How a C. What D. How ( )4.---____ enjoyable day it is!Shall we go on a picnic? ----Good idea. A. How B. What C. What a D. What an ( )5. water it is! A.What a clean B.What clean C.How clean D. How clean a ( )6.________ fine weather today! Why not go out for a walk? A. How B. How a C. What D. What a ( )7. it was yesterday because of the storm! A. What a bad weather B. What bad weather C. How bad a weather D. How bad weather ( )8.一Look! That teacher is explaining something to her students again and again! 一_______teacher she is! A. How patient B. What patient C. How a patient D. What a patient ( )9. _______ dangerous the animals are! A. What a B. What C. How a D. How ( )10._______ great fun it is to fly in a saloon ! A. What B. What a C. How a D. How ( )11.—I hear they took ____ active part in the school sports meeting. —_____ good boys they are! A.a; What a B. an; How C. an; What D. How a ( )12. hard Tony is working! A. What B. How C. What a D. How a ( )13._______ dangerous the animals are! A. What a B. What C. How a D. How ( )14. _____ day it is! -Let’s go out and enjoy the sunshine. A. How windy B. How wet C. What a lovely D. What a rainy ( )15.—_______ brave Zhang Hua is!—Yes. He helped his neighbour, Mrs. Sun out of the fire. A.What a B. How a C. How D. What ( )16. ____great progress you have made! Your mother must be satisfied with you . A. What a B. What C.How a D. How. ( )17.— Look at the photo I took in Yunnan Province. ______ the Dai people were having! — Wow! They were celebrating the Water Festival. A. What fun B. How fun C. What a fun D. How a fun ( )18._____beautiful the flowers are! A.What B.What a C.How D. .How a ( )19.—— Hurry up! It’s time to leave. —— Ok, _______. A. I’m coming B. I’ll come C. I come D.I have been coming ( )20.—______ city Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is! —Yes. The 3lst Olympic Games will be held there. A. How lively B. What busy C. How a big D. What a beautiful ( )21.--- nice weather it is today! --- Yes, shall we go walking in the park this afternoon? A .What an B. How C. What D. How an ( )22.________ food you've cooked! A. How a nice B. What a nice C. How nice D. What nice ( )23._______ beautiful house it is! A.What B.How C.What a D How a ( )24.— Look at the photo I took in Chiang Mai, Yunnan Province. ____ the Dai people were having! — Wow! They were celebrating the Water Festival. A. What fun B. How fun C. What a fun D. How a fun ( )25._______ fine weather it is ! A. How??????????? B. How a C. What????????? D. What a ( )26.______ hard work you have done! -It’s ve ry kind of you to say so. A.What B.Who C.What a D.How a ( )27. Don't give up, Tom. You haven't realized ______ great progress you've made! A. what B. what a C. how D. how a ( )28.“ ____________ you’ve made! But you should still work harder,” the teacher said to the boy. A. What great progress B. How a big mistake C. What a big mistake D. How great progress ( )29.______ terrible world it would be if there were no electricity ! —That's why we have to save it. A. What a B. How a C. What D. How ( )30.----_________ great progress you’re made ! Congratulations ! ---- Thank you ! A.What B. What a C.How D. How 语音训正: 辅音?/m/ /n/ /?/的例句 1. Many hands make light work. 众人拾柴火焰高。 2. No pain, no gain. 不劳无获。 3. Nothing brave, nothing have. 不入虎穴,焉得虎子。
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