[ID:4-5465278] 2019年高考短文改错专题突破学案(4份打包)
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2018全国 卷1 During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed. 2018全国卷2 When I was little, Friday’s night was our family game night. After supper, we would play card games of all sort in the sitting room. As the kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not to let me. They would say to us that playing card games would help my brain. Still I unwilling to play the games for them sometimes. I didn’t realize how right my parents are until I entered high school. The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life. 2018全国卷3 It was Monday morning, and the writing class had just begin. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class activity; others were nervous and anxious. I had done myself homework, but I was shy. I was afraid that to speak in front of a larger group of people. At that moment, I remembered that my father once said, “The classroom is a place for learning and that include learning from textbooks, and mistake as well.” Immediate, I raised my hand. Practice: Group Work 1 (1)When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. (2)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very serious problem. (3)We must found ways to protect your environment. (4) My dream school look like a big garden. (5)The understanding between two friends mean both of them have similar ideas and trusting each other. (6)Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. (7)The students as well as the teacher likes the film. (8) Many a student have this kind of phone. (9) Every man and every woman have such a good chance. Group Work 2 (1)The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. (2) One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. (3) A group of sheeps are eating grass and leaves at the foot of the hill. (4)The book will give you all the informations you need. (5) In their opinions, they should have more holidays. Group Work3 (1)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. (2)Much rare animals are dying out. (3) I am awfully tiring. (4) I learned that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. (5)Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family. (6)I tried hardly to do it. Group Work4 (1)After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. (2)I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. (3)We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. (4) I also shared with my friends many photos taking in Beijing. (5) Mary, my best friend asked me to let her to copy my answers. (6)A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside the shop . Group Work5 (1)We appreciate our apologies and goodwill, but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter (2)We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. (3) I will recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. (4) I knew that they would be worried about myself. Group Work6 (1) If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside.(四川卷) (2) Nearly five years ago, with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果) in our back garden. (新课标I卷) (3). I am grateful that I got the chance to learn for him. (4). Soon they came up a good idea. (5). The woman was angry and said the man, “What are you doing, sir? What are you looking for? Group Work7 (1). Today I can still remember how I became good table tennis player. (2). But there was a man sitting beside her in a next seat. (3). Besides, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. (4). Now many girls prefer to marry a man who owns a house and a car. Therefore, I don't think love built on houses and cars is true love, and I doubt how long it will last. (5). On Monday, Li Ming was energetic but active in class. (6).“Should I choose a good major and a good university?" (7). They had expected to find a free place to live in, so they experienced a hard winter. Group Work8 Our English teacher begin to teach us in 2012. She had been teaching English for more than two year. She likes we, and she is very strict in all of us. Although she is a bit short and not so beautifully, but we consider her as our friend. She is really good teacher. We are love her very much. We're sure we'll get in well with each other. Group Work9 1.The house which Lu Xun once lived is being repaired now. 2. I'll never forget the day which I first went to school.  1.But it didn’t matter that I would win or not. 2.When people are playing games, they move a lot. That is how sports are good activities for their health. 1.He got up early in order to he could catch the first. 2. Make a mark which you have any doubts or questions. 1.As we climbed the mountains, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. 2.I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees. 短文改错技巧与练习 答题方法 解题方法I 从词法和逻辑错误分析: II从句法的角度去分析: 三步 1. 通读全文, 理解文章. 2. 先易后难, 找出明错.3. 对照考点, 深入审读. 五 原则 1.以改变实词形式为原则.2.以单词形式变化最小为原则. 3.以添删或更换虚词为原则.4.以多“改正”少“添删”为原则. 5.以保持原意不变为原则. 四不改 1.标点符号不改。2.大小写不改。3.词序错误不改。4.单词拼写不改 检查原则: 1.句子各部分的结构是否完整,特别是每个句子要有动词。 2.谓语动词的时态,语态 3. 非谓语动词的用法 4.名词的单复数,格的使用是否正确 5.定冠词和不定冠词是否正确,是否有缺失 6. 代词的主宾格,单复数的使用是否有误 7. 定语从句中关系词是否有误 8. 并列连词,复合句中的从属连词用的是否得当。 短文改错不难做,首先解题要沉着。先看名词单复数,再看代词是否错。 动词时态是关键,过去现在须分辨,及物动词后有宾,不及宾前定有介。 副词修饰形副动,名词前面常用形,连词不能胡乱用,转折承接须分清。 固定搭配很重要,句意也须心中晓。牢记上述八大条,做起题来快又好。 见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语,见到名词想到数,可不可数要记住,见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称,见到代词找名词,指代通常有问题,见到介词看搭配,形副用得对不对。 平行结构是否一致,由and, or, but, either---or, neither---nor, not only---but also, as well as等并列连词和词组连接的结构可称为平行结构。平行结构在词性,时态,非谓语动词的形式上往往要求前后一致。 抓主语, 看谓语,主谓一致要分明; 同位关系看前者,定语从句找先行;倒装语序仔细寻,真假复数要辨清。 短文改错需注意? ?动词改错是重心 ?时态语态要一致 ?非谓语功能要分明 情态动词后接原形 ?固定搭配常积累 ?主谓一致要记心 ?其它错误再学习 。 短文改错要注意联系上下文和时态的变化,做题时应以句子为单位,同时兼顾改错的原则。这个原则就是不改变原意,不能轻易去掉动词,名词等实词,去掉的往往是固定搭配中多余的部分。同样,增加的词也是固定搭配中缺少的部分或者是定语从句的先行词或介词。 句中的时态,主谓,代词是否一致。句中的谓语是否完整。习惯用法固定搭配是否正确。冠词,形容词,副词及关系词是否得当。是否该用被动语态。从句中的连接词是否对了。从句的谓语是否完整。 一、动词形 1.动词的时态和语态错误. 2. 主、谓不一致的错误。3.非谓语动词形式的误用 。 (1)When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. (2)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very serious problem. (3)We must found ways to protect your environment. (4)If they will give me some information, I will tell you. (5) My dream school look like a big garden. (6)The understanding between two friends mean both of them have similar ideas and trusting each other. (7)Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. (8)The students as well as the teacher likes the film (9)My favourite sport is football. I was member of our school football team. (10)Now my picture and prize is hanging in the library. 主谓一致特别提醒 就近原则 就远原则 Many a student have this kind of phone. Every man and every woman have such a good chance. 二、名词数 1.可数与不可数名词的混用。 2.可数名词的单复数的错用。 3.名词的格的误用 4.词性的转换 …so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. 1) The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. (2) One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. (3) A group of sheeps are eating grass and leaves at the foot of the hill. (4)The book will give you all the informations you need. 可数名词单数形式不单独使用,要么用复数要么前面加冠词 单复数同形:fish; deer; sheep; means; Chinese; Japanese等 不可数:furniture ;fun;homework;paper;news;progress;trouble;advice; information; work(工作); equipment等 5) In their opinions, they should have more holidays. 记清一些用于固定词组中名词的特殊用法如: in one’s opinion keep one’s word take measures to do sth. take action to do sth. 三、区分形和副 形容词、副词、名词等词性的误用。 2.原级,比较级和最高级的误用。 (1)I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (2)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. (3) Much rare animals are dying out. (4) I am awfully tiring. (5) I learned that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. 6)Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family. 7)I tried hardly to do it. 解决方案 1.在系动词(be;感官系动词;become; go; turn等)后要常用形容词做表语。修饰名词也好用形容词。 2.修饰动词,形容词或整个句子用副词 3.关注比较级和最高级的使用。 需要注意的是,形容词多用来做定、表、补语等,而副词只能在句子中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。第一例中的wonderful作定语修饰time,第二句的Unfortunately作状语修饰整个句子。 四、非谓动词细辨别 这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。 …in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also … My parents love me… and will do all they can make sure… (1)After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. (2)I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. (3)We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. (4) I also shared with my friends many photos taking in Bingjing. (5) Mary, my best friend asked me to let her to copy my answers 除了并列谓语的存在,一个句子只能有一个谓语动词,如出现其他动词就必需转化成非谓语。 to do done doing 五、 代词格,细领悟 1. 人称代词主格和宾格,物主代词的使用. 2.反身代词oneself?的使用. 3.不定代词的使用. 4.Both,all,either,neither,none的使用. 代词格的表格 1) We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. 2) I will recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. 3) I knew that they would be worried about myself. 六介词短语要牢记 主要考查介词短语和习惯用法的搭配。 1. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside 2. Nearly five years ago, with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果) in our back garden. 3. I am grateful that I got the chance to learn for him. 4. Soon they came up a good idea. 5.It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and… 6.We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves. _ 七、冠词、连词常光顾 1. 冠词a,an和the的错用或少用. 2.连词but,and,or, so,because, although, therefore, however的错用. 1. Today I can still remember how I became good table tennis player. 2. Besides, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. 3. On Monday, Li Ming was energetic but active in class. 4.“Should I choose a good major and a good university?" 5 he was smiling but nodding at me.(but?→ and) 6 It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(and?→ or ) 7 We may be one family and live under a same roof.(a?→ the) Our English teacher begin to teach us in 2012. She had been teaching English for more than two year. She likes we, and she is very strict in all of us. Although she is a bit short and not so beautifully, but we consider her as our friend. She is really good teacher. We are love her very much. We're sure we'll get in well with each other. 1. 做题时应注意: 叙事性文章首抓___________,以免理解有误; 论述性文章首抓_________________错误 2.较好拿到分数的有:名词单复数/形容词副词/动词时态/代词 八.句子成分多分析 不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。例如: They eager to know everything about China and… I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. 七、逻辑错误须关注 与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如: 1.The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. 2.First, let me tell you something more about myself. 3……no way of setting the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at home reads instead. 四、2016年高考短文改错 My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady. 2016?全国卷Ⅱ The summer holiday is coming. My Classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot. 2016?全国卷Ⅲ The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn't seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn't understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. 2018全国卷2 When I was little, Friday’s night was our family game night. After supper, we would play card games of all sort in the sitting room. As the kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not to let me. They would say to us that playing card games would help my brain. Still I unwilling to play the games for them sometimes. I didn’t realize how right my parents are until I entered high school. The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life. 2018全国卷3 It was Monday morning, and the writing class had just begin. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class activity; others were nervous and anxious. I had done myself homework, but I was shy. I was afraid that to speak in front of a larger group of people. At that moment, I remembered that my father once said, “The classroom is a place for learning and that include learning from textbooks, and mistake as well.” Immediate, I raised my hand. ( 5 ) 短文改错练习 答题方法 解题方法I 从词法和逻辑错误分析: II从句法的角度去分析: 三步 1. 通读全文, 理解文章. 2. 先易后难, 找出明错.3. 对照考点, 深入审读. 五 原则 1.以改变实词形式为原则.2.以单词形式变化最小为原则. 3.以添删或更换虚词为原则.4.以多“改正”少“添删”为原则. 5.以保持原意不变为原则. 四不改 1.标点符号不改。2.大小写不改。3.词序错误不改。4.单词拼写不改 检查原则: 1.句子各部分的结构是否完整,特别是每个句子要有动词。 2.谓语动词的时态,语态 3. 非谓语动词的用法 4.名词的单复数,格的使用是否正确 5.定冠词和不定冠词是否正确,是否有缺失 6. 代词的主宾格,单复数的使用是否有误 7. 定语从句中关系词是否有误 8. 并列连词,复合句中的从属连词用的是否得当。 错误类型 ①谓语动词 ②名词 ③连词and, but, so, or等 ④冠词 ⑤形容词和副词 ⑥代词 ⑦非谓语动词 ⑧介词 名词考虑单复数,冠词关注“错”“多”“少”, 动词时态和语态,非谓搭配莫错了,连、代、形、副错一样,多是故意来混淆,介词多半考搭配,多、漏、误用想周到,句法涉及“一致”法,从句多考关联词,语法、句法均未错,行文逻辑去寻找。 短文改错不难做,首先解题要沉着。先看名词单复数,再看代词是否错。 动词时态是关键,过去现在须分辨,及物动词后有宾,不及宾前定有介。 副词修饰形副动,名词前面常用形,连词不能胡乱用,转折承接须分清。 固定搭配很重要,句意也须心中晓。牢记上述八大条,做起题来快又好。 见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语,见到名词想到数,可不可数要记住,见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称,见到代词找名词,指代通常有问题,见到介词看搭配,形副用得对不对。 平行结构是否一致,由and, or, but, either---or, neither---nor, not only---but also, as well as等并列连词和词组连接的结构可称为平行结构。平行结构在词性,时态,非谓语动词的形式上往往要求前后一致。 抓主语, 看谓语,主谓一致要分明; 同位关系看前者,定语从句找先行;倒装语序仔细寻,真假复数要辨清。 短文改错需注意? ?动词改错是重心 ?时态语态要一致 ?非谓语功能要分明 情态动词后接原形 ?固定搭配常积累 ?主谓一致要记心 ?其它错误再学习 Modern people know---have better food, and to live in cleaner surroundings. 把to删除。 短文改错要注意联系上下文和时态的变化,做题时应以句子为单位,同时兼顾改错的原则。这个原则就是不改变原意,不能轻易去掉动词,名词等实词,去掉的往往是固定搭配中多余的部分。同样,增加的词也是固定搭配中缺少的部分或者是定语从句的先行词或介词。 句中的时态,主谓,代词是否一致。句中的谓语是否完整。习惯用法固定搭配是否正确。冠词,形容词,副词及关系词是否得当。是否该用被动语态。从句中的连接词是否对了。从句的谓语是否完整。 一、动词形 1.动词的时态和语态错误. 2. 主、谓不一致的错误。 3.非谓语动词形式的误用 。 (1)When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. (2)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very serious problem. (3)We must found ways to protect your environment. (4)If they will give me some information, I will tell you. (5) My dream school look like a big garden. (6)The understanding between two friends mean both of them have similar ideas and trusting each other. (7)Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. (8)The students as well as the teacher likes the film (9)My favourite sport is football. I was member of our school football team. (10)Now my picture and prize is hanging in the library. 主谓一致特别提醒 就近原则there be…; or; either…or…; neither…nor…; not (only)…but (also)…; 就远原则as well as; together with; with; rather than; like; but…. Many a student have this kind of phone. Every man and every woman have such a good chance. 主语有every; many a; each或no 修饰或被这些词修饰的并列成分做主语谓语用单 二、名词数 1.可数与不可数名词的混用。 2.可数名词的单复数的错用。 3.名词的格的误用 4.词性的转换 …so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. 1) The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. (2) One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. (3) A group of sheeps are eating grass and leaves at the foot of the hill. (4)The book will give you all the informations you need. 可数名词单数形式不单独使用,要么用复数要么前面加冠词 单复数同形:fish; deer; sheep; means; Chinese; Japanese等 不可数:furniture ;fun;homework;paper;news;progress;trouble;advice; information; work(工作); equipment等 5) In their opinions, they should have more holidays. 记清一些用于固定词组中名词的特殊用法如: in one’s opinion keep one’s word take measures to do sth. take action to do sth. 三、区分形和副 形容词、副词、名词等词性的误用。 2.原级,比较级和最高级的误用。 I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (1)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. (2) Much rare animals are dying out. (3) I am awfully tiring. (4) I learned that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. 5)Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family. 6)I tried hardly to do it. 注意fortunately,luckily,obviously,naturally,interestingly 解决方案 1.在系动词(be;感官系动词;become; go; turn等)后要常用形容词做表语。修饰名词也用形容词。 2.修饰动词,形容词或整个句子用副词 3.关注比较级和最高级的使用。 需要注意的是,形容词多用来做定、表、补语等,而副词只能在句子中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。第一例中的wonderful作定语修饰time,第二句的Unfortunately作状语修饰整个句子。 四、非谓动词细辨别 这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。例如: …in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. interested Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also … playing My parents love me… and will do all they can ∧ make sure… to 上述二、三例分别是动名词作主语,和不定式作目的状语。一般的,现在分词有主动态和进行时的含义,而过去分词具有被动态和完成时的含义,不定式有将来时态的含义。 1)After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. (2)I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. (3)We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. (4) I also shared with my friends many photos taking in Bingjing. (5) Mary, my best friend asked me to let her to copy my answers 除了并列谓语的存在,一个句子只能有一个谓语动词,如出现其他动词就必需转化成非谓语。 to do 表将来的主动动作。 done 被动,完成 doing 主动,进行 五、 代词格,细领悟 1. 人称代词主格和宾格,物主代词的使用. 2.反身代词oneself?的使用. 3.不定代词的使用. 4.Both,all,either,neither,none的使用. 代词格的表格 1) We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. 2) I will recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. 3) I knew that they would be worried about myself. 六介词短语要牢记 主要考查介词短语和习惯用法的搭配。 1. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside 2. Nearly five years ago, with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果) in our back garden. 3. I am grateful that I got the chance to learn for him. 4. Soon they came up a good idea. 5.It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and… of 6.We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ∧ ourselves. of__ 七、冠词、连词常光顾 1. 冠词a,an和the的错用或少用. 2.连词but,and,or, so,because, although, therefore, however的错用. 1. Today I can still remember how I became good table tennis player. 2. Besides, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. 3. On Monday, Li Ming was energetic but active in class. 4.“Should I choose a good major and a good university?" 5 he was smiling but nodding at me.(but?→ and) 6 It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(and?→ or ) 7 We may be one family and live under a same roof.(a?→ the) Our English teacher begin to teach us in 2012. She had been teaching English for more than two year. She likes we, and she is very strict in all of us. Although she is a bit short and not so beautifully, but we consider her as our friend. She is really good teacher. We are love her very much. We're sure we'll get in well with each other. 1. 做题时应注意: 叙事性文章首抓时态,以免理解有误; 论述性文章首抓名词形容词冠词代词错误 2.较好拿到分数的有:名词单复数/形容词副词/动词时态/代词 八.句子成分多分析 不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。例如: They ∧eager to know everything about China and… were I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. which 七、逻辑错误须关注 与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如: 1.The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. their 2.First, let me tell you something more about myself. 去掉more 3……no way of setting the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at home reads instead. everyone 四、2016年高考短文改错 My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady. 2016?全国卷Ⅱ The summer holiday is coming. My Classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot. 2016?全国卷Ⅲ The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn't seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn't understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. 2018全国 卷1 During my last winter holiday, I went to countryside with my father to visit my grandparents. I find a big change there. The first time I went there, they were living in a small house with dogs, ducks, and another animals. Last winter when I went here again, they had a big separate house to raise dozens of chicken. They also had a small pond which they raised fish. My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish. I felt happily that their life had improved. At the end of our trip, I told my father that I planned to return for every two years, but he agreed. 2018全国卷2 When I was little, Friday’s night was our family game night. After supper, we would play card games of all sort in the sitting room. As the kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not to let me. They would say to us that playing card games would help my brain. Still I unwilling to play the games for them sometimes. I didn’t realize how right my parents are until I entered high school. The games my parents taught me where I was a child turned out to be very useful later in my life. 2018全国卷3 It was Monday morning, and the writing class had just begin. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class activity; others were nervous and anxious. I had done myself homework, but I was shy. I was afraid that to speak in front of a larger group of people. At that moment, I remembered that my father once said, “The classroom is a place for learning and that include learning from textbooks, and mistake as well.” Immediate, I raised my hand. Group Work 1 (1)When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. (2)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very serious problem. (3)We must found ways to protect your environment. (4) My dream school look like a big garden. (5)The understanding between two friends mean both of them have similar ideas and trusting each other. (6)Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. (7)The students as well as the teacher likes the film. (8) Many a student have this kind of phone. (9) Every man and every woman have such a good chance. Group Work 2 (1)The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. (2) One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. (3) A group of sheeps are eating grass and leaves at the foot of the hill. (4)The book will give you all the informations you need. (5) In their opinions, they should have more holidays. Group Work3 (1)Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. (2)Much rare animals are dying out. (3) I am awfully tiring. (4) I learned that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. (5)Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family. (6)I tried hardly to do it. Group Work4 (1)After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. (2)I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. (3)We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. (4) I also shared with my friends many photos taking in Beijing. (5) Mary, my best friend asked me to let her to copy my answers. (6)A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside the shop . Group Work5 (1)We appreciate our apologies and goodwill, but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter (2)We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. (3) I will recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. (4) I knew that they would be worried about myself. Group Work6 (1) If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside.(四川卷) (2) Nearly five years ago, with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果) in our back garden. (新课标I卷) (3). I am grateful that I got the chance to learn for him. (4). Soon they came up a good idea. (5). The woman was angry and said the man, “What are you doing, sir? What are you looking for? Group Work7 (1). Today I can still remember how I became good table tennis player. (2). But there was a man sitting beside her in a next seat. (3). Besides, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. (4). Now many girls prefer to marry a man who owns a house and a car. Therefore, I don't think love built on houses and cars is true love, and I doubt how long it will last. (5). On Monday, Li Ming was energetic but active in class. (6).“Should I choose a good major and a good university?" (7). They had expected to find a free place to live in, so they experienced a hard winter. Group Work8 Our English teacher begin to teach us in 2012. She had been teaching English for more than two year. She likes we, and she is very strict in all of us. Although she is a bit short and not so beautifully, but we consider her as our friend. She is really good teacher. We are love her very much. We're sure we'll get in well with each other. Group Work9 1.The house which Lu Xun once lived is being repaired now. 2. I'll never forget the day which I first went to school.  1.But it didn’t matter that I would win or not. 2.When people are playing games, they move a lot. That is how sports are good activities for their health. 1.He got up early in order to he could catch the first. 2. Make a mark which you have any doubts or questions. 1.As we climbed the mountains, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. 2.I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees. 参考答案 2016?全国卷Ⅰ 1.?第一句:that → where 2.?第二句:去掉but 3.?第四句:had → have 4.?第五句:honest→ honesty 5.?第六句:or → and 6.?第六句:using → used 7.?第七句:dreams?∧?of 8.?第七句:the → a 9.?第八句:our → his 10.?第八句:steady → steadily 2016?全国卷Ⅱ 1.?第二句:how → what 2.?第三句:chose?→ choose 3.?第三句:take → taking 4.?第四句:but → and 5.?第五句:about?∧?the 6.?第六句:your → our 7.?第六句:knowledges → knowledge 8.?第七句:can → should?或去掉can 9.?第八句:thought → think 10.?第九句:many → much 2016?全国卷Ⅲ 1.?第一句:year → years 2.?第二句:worse → worst 3.?第三句:去掉the 4.?第三句:yourself → myself 5.?第四句:such → so 6.?第五句:tell → told 7.?第六句:freely → free 8.?第七句:wear → wearing 9.?第八句:to → for 10.?第九句:whenever?∧?I ( 4 ) Proof Reading 短文改错 一.常考的考点: (1)冠词 (2)谓语动词形 (3)非谓语 (4)名词数(5)形容词、副词 (6)代词 (7)介词和固定搭配 (8)复合句连词、疑问词 (9)逻辑 二、新高考短文改错应试策略及答题原则 三步:1. 通读全文, 理解文章. 2. 先易后难, 找出明错. 3. 对照考点, 深入审读. 五原则:1.以改变实词形式为原则. 2.以单词形式变化最小为原则. 3.以添删或更换虚词为原则. 4.以多“改正”少“添删”为原则. 5.以保持原意不变为原则. 四不改:1.标点符号不改。2.大小写不改。3.词序错误不改。 4.单词拼写不改 。(文中出现带汉语注释的词,在句中不可能用错。) 三、解 题方法: (1) 从词法和逻辑错误分析: (2)从句法的角度去分析: 短文改错口诀: 动词形,名词数;还要注意形和副; 非谓语,细辨别;句子成份多分析; 代词格,细领悟 ;介词短语要牢记; 冠词连词常光顾;逻辑错误须关注。 四、常考知识积累 (一)动词形1.动词的时态和语态错误. 2. 主、谓不一致的错误。 3.非谓语动词形式的误用 。 (1).在含有时间、条件状语从句的复合句中, 主句用将来时态,从句中则用一般现在时态。(主将从现) (2)动名词,不定式或从句做主语谓语动词用单数。 (3)主谓一致特别提醒 (4)就近原则there be…; or; either…or…; neither…nor…; not (only)…but (also)…; (5)就远原则as well as; together with; with; rather than; like; but…. (6)主语有every; many a; each或no 修饰或被这些词修饰的并列成分做主语谓语用单数。 二、名词数 1.可数与不可数名词的混用。 2.可数名词的单复数的错用。 3.名词的格的误用。 4.词性的转换 。 (1)可数名词单数形式不单独使用,要么用复数要么前面加冠词 (2)单复数同形:fish; deer; sheep; means; Chinese; Japanese等 (3)不可数名词:furniture ;fun;homework;paper;news;progress;trouble;advice; information; work(工作); equipment等 (4)记清一些用于固定词组中名词的特殊用法如: in one’s opinion依某人看keep one’s word遵守诺言;守信 take measures to do sth采取措施做某事take action to do sth采取行动做某事 三、还要注意形和副. 1.形容词、副词、名词等词性的误用。 2.原级,比较级和最高级的误用 解决方案(1)在系动词(be;感官系动词;become; go; turn等)后要常用形容词做表语。修饰名词也用形容词。(2)修饰动词,形容词或整个句子用副词(3)关注比较级和最高级的使用。 四、非谓语,细辨别 除了并列谓语的存在,一个句子只能有一个谓语动词,如出现其他动词就必需转化成非谓语。to do 表将来的主动动作。done 被动,完成doing 主动,进行 五、 代词格,细领悟六、介词短语要牢记主要考查介词短语和习惯用法的搭配。 七、冠词、连词常光顾1. 冠词a, an和the的错用或少用. 2.连词but, and,or, so, because, although, therefore, however的错用. 八、从句法的角度去分析: 1. 定语从句2. 名词性从句3. 状语从句4. 句式结构
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