[ID:4-6595464] 牛津英语8A Unit 8 Natural disasters单元提高试卷(含答案)
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牛津英语8A unit8 单元提高试卷 一、单项选择 1. I spent _______ awful holiday this summer because _______ big flood on July 30th made lots of people lose lives. A. a; the B. an; a C. an; the D. the; the 2. The floor is so wet. Let’s _______. A. stop mopping it up B. stop to mop up it C. stop mopping up it D. stop to mop it up 3. The girl shouted ____ help, but no one came ___ a long time. A. to, to B. to, for C. for, to D. for, for 4. What he said made me _______,and I nearly fell_______. A. asleep, sleepy B. asleep, asleep C. sleepy, asleep D. sleepy, sleepy 5. We should drive as_________ as_________. A. careful, possible B. carefully, possible C. careful, can D. carefully, can 6. –The shopping mall caught fire because lightning ____ it. --______ anyone hurt? --No. A. hit, Did B. hit, Was C. hurt, Did D. hurt, Was 7 ----Did you hear the shouts ______the boy? ----Yes. When I arrived there, I found the boy looking at a snake_____ fear. A. from; in B. at; with C. from; with D. to; in 8. Luckily, _______ people were found _______ after the earthquake. A. a number of ; alive B. the number of ; dead C. a number of ; dead D. the number of ; alive 9 _____ Amy met Peter, she with her mum _______ the bus at the bus station. A. When; were waiting B. When; was waiting C. While; were waiting D. While; was waiting 10. I wonder if Lucy ____me if she _____ tomorrow. A. tells; will arrive B. tells; will get C. will tell; gets D. will tell; arrives 11. The car ____ the tree, and the driver _____ his leg . A hit , hurt B hurt , hit C hurt , hurt D hit , hit 12. As we all know, we should ______our best to _______ when there is an earthquake. A. try; calm down B. make; come down C. do; put down D. try; sit down 13. My aunt _____ be at home now, for she left for France this morning. She won’t be back ________ next month. A. can’t; until B. maybe; before C. may not; after D. mustn’t ; until 14 —Don’t believe everything on the Internet, ______? —_______. The teacher has told us to pay more attention to online safety. A. don’t you; I will B. do you; I won’t C. won’t you; I will D. will you; I won’t 15. —I miss my elder sister very much. She has been abroad for three years but she will be back in a week. —Pardon? I ______ about something else just now. ________ will she come back? was thinking; How long B. thought; How often was thinking; How soon D. thought; When 二、完型填空 It was almost 9:00 p. m. when Mia Jameson left her office to go home. It was 16 . She started her car and she 17 down the dark road that led to her house in the country. She 18 the radio and sang songs while she was driving. The heater (暖气机) wasn’t working, and singing helped to keep her 19 . The snow was heavy. Then Mia went across a small 20 . The bridge was covered with ice and the car went out of control (失去控制). Mia hit her head on the steering wheel and lost consciousness (知觉). When she 21 , her head was bleeding (流血), and she was shaking from the cold. She didn’t know 22 she was. Mia opened the car door and looked around. She was under the bridge, and her car was sitting on the 23 river! She felt very 24 . She knew the ice wouldn’t 25 her car for very long. She 26 to walk up the hill several times, but she kept falling in the snow. Mia tried 27 time. She fell again, but this time she couldn’t get up. She knew that 28 could see her car under the bridge. She was lying in the snow, and she couldn’t 29 . Mia closed her eyes and 30 die. Then she heard a voice. Mia opened her eyes. There was an old man standing over her. She stood up and walked up with the help of the old man. “That’s my truck,” said the old man. “Get in and I’ll take you home.” ( )16. A. raining B. cool C. snowing D. late ( )17. A. ran B. drove C. walked D. rode ( )18. A. turned on B. turned over C. turned off D. turned down ( )19. A. happy B. not alone C. warm D. not lonely ( )20. A. bridge B. village C. town D. farm ( )21. A. got up B. came back C. looked up D. woke up ( )22. A. how B. what C. why D. where ( )23. A. deep B. frozen C. wide D. cold ( )24. A. angry B. sorry C. surprised D. afraid ( )25.A. keep B. pull C. take D. hold ( )26. A. tried B. wanted C. would like D. seemed ( )27. A. one B. one more C. other D. the other ( )28. A. someone B. anyone C. everyone D. no one ( )29. A. feel B. hear C. move D. go ( )30. A. waited to B. had to C. was able to D. decided to 三、阅读理解 A Yushu earthquake A strong earthquake hit Yushu County on April 14th, 2010 in Qinghai Province, making 2,220 people dead, 70 missing and 12,135 hurt. The traffic was cut off(切断), making its communication with the world outside impossible. A large number of buildings fell down. Millions of people became homeless and food, fresh water and medicine were needed. The Chinese government took quick action. Soldiers rushed to search for and save those who were still trapped in fallen buildings. Medical teams from different places worked day and night, taking good care of those who were hurt. People all over the country donated money, food, clothes and blood. Many people offered to be volunteers. How to give a hand Please show your care to the victims. Your donations can be passed on to disaster-hit areas through the following ways. ●Go to a bank: Name: Red Cross Society of China Bank: Industrial and Commercial Bank Of China, Beijing Branch, Dongsinan Sub-Branch ●Go to a post 0ffice Address: No. 8 Beixinqiao Santiao, Dongcheng District, Beijing Post Code: 100007 ●Donate by mobile phone Send the text message “1”or “2” to 1069999301 through your mobile phone to donate one or two yuan to the Red Cross Rescue Operation. ●Donate blood(血) Go to the Red Cross Blood Centre in your city. There might also minibus for collecting blood in the center. ( )1.Where should you send the donation through a post 0ffice? A. To Red Cross Blood Centre. B. To the Red Cross Blood Centre. C. To No.8 Beixinqiao Santiao, Dongcheng District, Beijing. D. To Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Beijing Branch. ( )2.What can we know from the material(材料) A. Blood was in great need in Yushu. B. Many soldiers were trapped in Yushu. C. There was enough medicine in YuShu. D. Donation is the only way to help people inYushu. ( )3.We can find the material probably in a . A. diary B. notebook C. newspaper D. textbook B A serious earthquake can be a terrible experience, and it is easy to forget safety measures(措施). Fortunately, most earthquake safety measures are usual sense, but if you forget everything else, remember the following instructions: drop, cover, and hold on. Also, most of earthquake deaths(死亡) happen after the earthquake, so remember that the danger does not end when the shaking does! If you stay indoors during an earthquake, move away from unsupported areas and windows. Try to get under a doorway or the strong beams(梁). Stay under a table or desk only if it is very strong. Don’t rush to lifts, because it is very dangerous there. Cover your head with your arms around it and curl(蜷缩) into a ball, and wait for the shaking to stop. If you stay outdoors during an earthquake, move to an area which is as open as possible. Don’t move to buildings, electric poles and other objects which may fall during an earthquake. Protect your head and stay low to the ground till the shaking ends and it is safe to move. After an earthquake, many buildings are less strong. If you stay indoors, move people from the buildings quickly and help people in need. Once outdoors, move well away from the buildings. Wait till it is safe to stay indoors. By planning and keeping calm during an earthquake, you can greatly increase(增加) your chances of survival(生存)。 ( )4. We can learn from the passage that earthquake safety measures _________. are for children B. are not useful C. help us to keep safe D. are not easy to understand ( )5. According to the passage, we shouldn’t ________ during an earthquake. take a lift B. stay under a strong table C. get under a doorway D. cover the head with arms around it ( )6. If you stay outdoors during an earthquake, you can’t ________. try to protect your head B. move to an open area C. move away from buildings D. take the people in need into the room ( )7. The writer wants to tell us how to _________. A. stay away from an earthquake B. predict (预言) an earthquake C. control an earthquake D. keep safe during and after an earthquake C You can’t hide a natural disaster from children, so how do we prepare them for it? First of all, you should explain to them that acts of nature aren’t necessarily disasters but can become one. These may include floods, hurricanes(飓风), tornadoes(龙卷风), winter storms, wild fires, and earthquakes. The way to prepare children for these disasters is to educate(教育) them about what each type is and then make it fun by making them “Disaster Masters” or whatever title you can think of.? Making them a Disaster Master won’t be easy. They must know what’s in a disaster emergency kit(工具箱) and why it’s included. You can get your friends involved, too. If your friends have children, they may want to be involved in(与……关联) your emergency(紧急情况) preparations. Explain to them what they’re likely to see and describe how people may react(反应). Disasters can come and go very quickly and generally don’t last long. Let them know they can look to their parents and other adults if they become afraid. And it’s important to let them know it’s OK to cry during a disaster. It’s sometimes helpful to let the children draw pictures of what they’ve experienced. Encourage them to write what they learned and what could have been done better. Save the story. Make it part of a documented family history!? ( )8. The reading above may be a(an)________. A. advertisement B. poem C. story D. science report ( )9. This passage was written mainly to tell us about________. the importance of mutual(共同的) help in disaster preparation B. tips for preparing children for a natural disaster C. the importance of educating children about natural disasters D. ways to raise children’s courage in natural disasters ( )10. It is a must that a Disaster Master knows________. when a natural disaster will come B. why there are natural disasters C. how to use a disaster emergency kit D. how to teach others about emergency preparations ( )11. When they meet with a natural disaster, children________. must write down what they see and how they feel B. should believe that the disaster will never last long C. can cry if they are frightened D. should help other children despite the danger D Earthquakes happen without warning (前兆). They can happen any time of a day, at any point during the year. But don't worry because most are so weak that they cannot be felt. Only a few big ones hurt people. However, it's important to know what to do when an earthquake is happening. Do NOT go outside. You could get injured from falling glass or parts of buildings. If you are outside, stay away from buildings and power lines (输电线). Stay under a desk, table, or other strong furniture. Hold on to it. Or stay in a corner of the building. Cover your face and head with your arms and cover your mouth with a towel or clothing. Stay inside until shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Keep away from windows, pictures or advertisements on the wall or the building, and anything else that could fall and hurt you. Most people get injured by falling things during an earthquake, not by the shaking itself. Also keep away from a fire. You could fall down and burn yourself on the fire. If you are driving when an earthquake happens, stop the car if it's safe. Stay inside your car until the earthquake stops, and don't drive near bridges. Try not to stop by power lines or trees. These could fall and hurt you. ( )12. From the passage, when an earthquake is happening, we should _______. A.stay under a big building B. stay under a strong furniture C. stand by windows D. drive near a big bridge ( )613. It isn't safe for you to _______ while the earthquake is happening. run out of the building B. stay in a corner of the building C. cover your head with your arms D. cover your mouth with a towel ( )14. This passage tells us _______. A. how dangerous the earthquake is. B. how to be safe in an earthquake. C. we shouldn't be afraid of the earthquake. D. how the earthquake comes into being. ( )15. The best title for this passage should be "_______". A.How Earthquakes Happen B. How to Drive a Car C. What We Should Do in Earthquakes D. Why Earthquakes Happen 四. 填空 A. 根据所给汉语意思或者首字母提示,用合适的单词填空。 1. Travelling by ____________ (长途客车) is not as safe as travelling by train. 2. I caught a ___________ (轻微) cold yesterday so I didn’t go to the party. 3. Hong Kong was a quiet fishing v_____________ several hundred years ago. 4. The children went out, and the room was s_____________. 5. My mother has to be busy with h_____________ like cooking and cleaning at weekends. B. 用所给单词的适当形式填空。 6. I was too tired. I would fall ______________ (sleep) in one minute if there was a bed. 7. I stepped onto a banana skin (皮) and ______________ (near) had a fall. 8. Please get yourself ready as _________ (quick) as possible. The bus is coming now. 9. I didn’t feel the ___________ (shake) of my bed when the earthquake happened. 10. I heard _____________ (excite) shouts from the football fields. C. 用所给动词的正确形式填空。 11. When I arrived, the children ____________ (mop) the floor of the room. 12. The boy ___________(hold) an umbrella and didn’t see his father. 13. I suddenly heard her ___________(scream) for help and turned around at once. 14. It began to rain, but the students still kept _____________ (practice) football. 15. We were enjoying the nice drink when John_____________ (break) a glass. 五. 根据所给汉语意思填空,完成下面的句子。 (每小题2分,共10分) 1. 那个小狗还活着,他惊恐地躲在石头后面。 The dog ______ ________ _______. He hid himself behind the stone _______ _________. 2. 这个可怜的母亲被困在废墟中,一动也不能动。 The poor mother was trapped in the ruins and she _______ _______ _________ _________. 3. 在我们生火的时候,他的衣服着火了。 His coat_________ __________ when we were ___________ __________ ______________. 4. 昨天晚上暴风雨夹杂着电闪雷鸣,我吓坏了。 There was a storm ________ ___________ _____________ ________________yesterday evening. I was so frightened. 5. 因为重感冒,我没有去看比赛。 I didn’t go to watch the match _________ _________ __________ __________ ___________. 六、任务型阅读 IF YOU’RE OUTDOORS: [来源:学科网ZXXK] Watch the sky. Look for darkening(变黑的) skies or the winds. Rain often follows suddenly. So don’t wait for it to begin. If you hear the thunder(雷), go to a safe place at once. A building or a car is the best place to go, but make sure the windows in the car are closed. If there is no good place around you, stay away from trees. Crouch (蹲伏) down in the open area, put your feet together and put your hands over your ears. If you’re with a group of people, stay about 5 metres from one another. Stay out of water. Also, stay away from clotheslines, and drop your bags because they often have metal on them. If you’re playing an outdoor activity, stop it quickly. IF YOU’RE INDOORS: Keep far away from water. Do not take a shower, wash your hands, wash dishes or do other things with water. Do not use a mobile phone. Do not use computers and TV sets during a storm(暴风雨). Stay away from window and doors. 1_____________ and during a storm What you can do What you can’t do Look for darkening skies or the 2 . Don’t stay in water If you hear the thunder, go to a 3 place at once. Don’t go on doing an 4 activity. Crouch down in the open area, put your feet together and put your hands 5 your ears. Don’t stay under 6 . If you’re with some people , stay about 5 meters from the 7 . Don’t do anything with 8 or use the mobile phone, computer and TV sets. Stay away from the clotheslines and 9 your bags. Don’t stay 10 to windows and doors. 七、首字母填空 Do you live in a big city? Do you like the traffic in your city? There are too m____1_______ accidents(事故)in big cities. Accidents often h_____2_________ when people are not careful, especially(特别,尤其)when they want to c____3__________ the road. Why does it happen sometimes? Let me tell you. When it rains, people are in a h__4________ because they don’t want to get w_____5_________. They often go across the road q_____6_________. Often they can’t see c______7________ because they hold umbrellas in front of them. Then accidents may happen at that time. Everyone knows that cars take l_____8_________ time to stop when it’s raining. So we must be more c____9__________ if we want to be safe. Remember everyone has only one l_______10______ and we must protect ourselves well. 八. 书面表达 2019年7月,中国浙江省遭台风(Typhoon)袭击,台风带来了严重的水灾。Mr Lin在水灾中被困于车中,三小时后得救。请你根据下面的图示和提示,完成下面的报道。 Typhoon hit Zhejiang in July with a flood following. Many people were trapped in water. Mr Lin was one of them. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案: 选择题:CDDDCB BAABC AAA D B 完型填空 CBABA DDBDD ABDCB 词汇 1. coach 2. slight 3. village 4. silent 5. housework 6. asleep 7. nearly 8. quickly 9. shaking 10. excited 11. were mopping 12. was holding 13. screaming 14. practicing 15. broke 翻译题:1. was still alive; in fear 2. couldn’t move at all 3. caught fire; starting/making a fire 4. with lightning and thunder 5. because of a bad cold 作文 One possible version: Typhoon Usagi hit Guangdong in September with a flood following. Many people were trapped in water. Mr Lin was one of them. The storm suddenly hit the city at 3 pm. At that time, Mr Lin was driving home. And half an hour later, his car was trapped in water. Water got into his car. He couldn’t move out and was in danger. Luckily, soldiers were searching for people trapped in water and they found Mr Lin three hours later. Mr Lin felt very cold and the soldiers sent him to hospital.
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