[ID:4-5733404] 2020届高三英语一轮复习语法专项突破(1-10)(含解析)
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[ID:4-5733404] 2020届高三英语一轮复习语法专项突破(1-10)(含解析)

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名词 单句语法填空 1、Many customers made ______________(complain) about the bad service the hotel offered. 2、_______________(congratulate)! But I think someone was mistaken," Dennis responded. 3、The__________(poach) who killed the elephant with the longest tusks in the world were finally arrested bythe police. 4、The painting failed to reach its expected price, and was bought by one of the?__________(deal) for 100,000 yuan. 5、Her?__________?(motivate) for writing was a desire for women to get the right to higher education. 6、The system has been designed to give students quick and easy?__________(accessible) to the digital resources of the library. 7、All people consider she is one of the most excellent?__________(champion) in history. 8、Believe it or not, I don't have very wonderful?__________(memorize) of my schooldays. 9、Their only _____________(entertain) was listening to the radio or watching the local high school sporting events. 10、The evidence was there in the file but no one made the__________(connect). 11、The fact that he couldn't speak a foreign language then put him at a distinct?__________(advantage). 12、Kenya's long distance runners have taken the__________(athlete) world by storm in the past ten?years. 13、When I was a child, my parents gave me total?__________(free) to do whatever I liked. 14、Out of__________(curious), the two girls went against their father’s order and turned on the computer. 15、There are some?__________(differ) between British English and American English in spelling, pronunciation and grammar. 单句改错 1、Much to my astonish, she remembered my name. _____________________________________________________________________ 2、Expose of the body to strong sunlight can be harmful. _____________________________________________________________________ 3、You heat this pot of water, and the steam will come into exist. _____________________________________________________________________ 4、I?finally learned how to swim this summer under my mother’s guide. _____________________________________________________________________ 5、What’s more,they impressed us deeply with their unusual confidences and performances. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6、Recently,a famous basketball player has caused public angry by writing on the Great Wall. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 7、Thirdly,the items might be damaged during deliver. _____________________________________________________________________ 8、In the camp, we will have an English speech’s contest and watch some wonderful performances given by the students. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 9、This made for the grow in the porcelain industry. _____________________________________________________________________ 10、I'll look into the matter as soon as possible.Just have a little patient. _____________________________________________________________________ 11、Every weekend we visit the nursing home near our school to do some cleaning and washing, and sometimes we put on a few performance. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 12、He suffered many serious injure to the arms and legs. _____________________________________________________________________13、It is difficult to get used to another country’s custom. _____________________________________________________________________ 14、Before the Nazis could get to the summer palace, the Russians were able to remove some furnitures and small art objects from the Amber Room. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 15、You don’t need any experiences to work in a gallery. _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.complaints 2.Congratulations 3.poachers 4.dealers 5.motivation 解析:句意:她写作的动力是她渴望为妇女争取到接受高等教育的权利。空格前有形容词性物主代词修饰,所以空格应填名词形式;motivation是不可数名词,不需要有其他形式变化。 6.access 解析:设空处作give的宾语,且设空处前有quick and easy修饰,故设空处要用其名词形式。access是不可数名词,意为“接触的机会”。 7.champions 8.memories 9.entertainment 10.connection 11.disadvantage 12.athletics 13.freedom 14.curiosity 15.differences 单句改错1.Much to my , she remembered my name. 2.?of the body to strong sunlight can be harmful. 3.You heat this pot of water, and the steam will come into . 4.I?finally learned how to swim this summer under my mother’s . 5.What’s more,they impressed us deeply with their unusual? and performances. 解析:句意:而且,他们不寻常的自信和表现给我们留下了深刻的印象。confidence表示“自信”之意时是不可数名词, 没有复数形式。 6.Recently,a famous basketball player has caused public? by writing on the Great Wall. 解析:句意:最近,一名著名的篮球运动员因为在长城上写字而引发了公众的愤怒作动词cause的宾语,应用angry的名词形式。 7.Thirdly,the items might be damaged during . 解析:句意:第三,物品在传送过程中可能被损坏.during为介词,其后跟名词,故用动词deliver的名词形式. 8.In the camp, we will have an English? contest and watch some wonderful performances given by the students. 解析:句意:在营地,我们将举行一场英语演讲竞赛,还要观看学生们精彩的演出.English speech contest表示“英语演讲竞赛”,故应用名词speech作定语. 9.This made for the? in the porcelain industry. 解析:句意:这促成了瓷器业的发展.make for意为“促成”,后接名词作宾语,故应将动词grow改为其名间形式growth. 10.I'll look into the matter as soon as possible.Just have a little . 11.Every weekend we visit the nursing home near our school to do some cleaning and washing, and sometimes we put on a few . 12.He suffered many serious to the arms and legs. 13.It is difficult to get used to another country’s . 14. Before the Nazis could get to the summer palace, the Russians were able to remove some and small art objects from the Amber Room 15.You don’t need any? to work in a gallery. 解析:单词experience 此处意为“经验”,为不可数名词。 冠词 单句语法填空 1、The project will take us a whole day, so we'll have to have?__________working lunch in the office. 2、I am available to play for any event ranging from birthday parties to private parties to make?__________pleasant atmosphere there. 3、The parents were shocked by__________?news that their son needed an operation on his knee. 4、I can't tell you the way to the Wilsons' because we don't have?__________Wilson here in the village. 5、They chose Tom to be the captain of the team, because they knew he was__________?smart leader. 6、When he was running after his brother, the boy lost his balance and had__________?bad fall. 7、I?can’t tell you__________way to the Wilsons’ because we don’t have__________Wilson here in the village. 8、__________?prize for the winner of the competition is a two-week holiday in Paris. 9、Marco Polo is said to have sailed on the Pacific Ocean on his way to Java in?????????thirteenth century. 10、?It was?__________cold winter night and the moon was shining brightly across?__________night sky. 11、You can read?__________list and select an item from it just like you choose?__________dish by reading the menu. 12、As a film star she was a success, but as a wife she was?????????failure, so their marriage ended in?????????failure. 13.Tom is reading a book in?????????bed. 14.They are studying at?????????desk. 15.Julia is a bad girl so she ends up in?????????prison. 16.He’s in?????????hospital, and in aconfused state of mind. 单句改错 1、These young people are now making a active effort to beautify our city. _____________________________________________________________________ 2、It used to be in possession of my uncle, who left it to me in his will. _____________________________________________________________________ 3、In order to make best of learning materials, the Students’ Union of our school is planning an activity. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________4、And with help of the teachers we have made great progress in English. _____________________________________________________________________ 5、One day we were having a class meeting with a theme of how to get positive energy. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6、Thirdly, I’ve made up my mind to make every effort to study,because hard work is the key to a success. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 7、We have two different opinions.Some students think it’s a good idea to keep pets.However, other students are against the idea. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 8、Then he took them to a nearest hospital for her child to be treated. _____________________________________________________________________ 9、During the summer holiday in Hungary,I went to attend my the first music festival. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 10、In addition to these tasks,robots will even be able to play the chess and do exercise with people. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 11、One Monday afternoon, we were playing the basketball in the playground when I suddenly slipped and fell over. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 12、And then we visited the Ancient Lotus Pond Gardens, where we had a great fun. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 13、Therefore, we should make a good use of iPads and other modem communication tools to help with our lessons. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 14、Although we have been members for a short period of time,we have made a great progress. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.a 解析:表示三餐的词breakfast, lunch, supper前有修饰词时通常用不定冠词,故working lunch "工作餐” 前加a。 2.a 解析:atmosphere(气氛、氛围)为抽象名词具体化,其前用不定冠词,泛指“一种……的气氛”。句意:不管是生曰舞会还是私人派对我都可以去演奏,以营造一种宜人的气氛。 3.the 解析:news后带有that引导的同位语从句,表示特指,应填入定冠词the。 4.a 解析:姓氏词前用不定冠词,表示一个叫这个名字的人,是泛指,此处意为“村子里没有一个叫Wilson的人”。 5.a 解析:句意:他们选汤姆当队长是因为他们知道他是一位聪明的领导者。此处填入不定冠词表示泛指,a smart leader意为“一位聪明的领导者"。 6.a 解析:英语中有些动作名词常与不定冠词搭配,表示某次具体的动作,此处have a bad fall意为“重重地摔了一跤”。 7.the; a 解析:句意:我无法告诉你去往威尔逊家的路,因为我们村里没有叫威尔逊的人。特指“通往威尔逊家的路”, way前应用定冠词;表示人名的专有名词Wilson在此泛指 “一个叫威尔逊的人”,所以其前用不定冠词。 8.The 解析:prize被后面的介词短语修饰,应填the特指“获胜者的奖品”。 9. the 解析: 序数词、方位名词及江河、湖泊、海洋、山咏、群岛等地理名词前常用定冠词the。 10.a; the 解析:考査冠词用法。第一空“一个寒冷的冬夜”,应用不定冠词a;第二空“夜空”,指独一无二的事物用定冠词the。 11.the; a 解析:考查冠词。由语境可知第一空表示特指,故用定冠词the;第二空意思为“一道",用不定冠词,dish为辅音音素开头,故用a。句意:你可以读读列表,而后从上面选一条,就像从菜单上点餐一样。 12. a; 不填 解析: failure表示“失败的人或事”时,是可数名词;表示“失败”时,是不可数名词。第一空指“失败者”,所以用a;第二空指“以失败告终”,所以不加冠词。 13. the; 14.the; 15.不填; 16.不填 单句改错 1.These young people are now making? active effort to beautify our city. 解析:active是以元音音素开头的单词。 2.It used to be in ?possession of my uncle, who left it to me in his will. 3.In order to make best of learning materials, the Students’ Union of our school is planning an activity. 解析: 4.And with ?help of the teachers we have made great progress in English. 解析:句意:在老师们的帮助下,我们在英语方面取得了巨大进步with the help of sb.( = with one's help)是固定短语,意为“在某人的帮助下”。 5.One day we were having a class meeting with? theme of how to get positive energy. 解析:句意:一天我们正在开一个主题是如何获得正能量的班会of?how to get positive energy是对theme的限定,故其前应使用the表特指. 6.Thirdly, I’ve made up my mind to make every effort to study,because hard work is the key to a success. 解析:句意:第三,我下定决心要努力学习,因为努力学习才是成功的关键此处success是抽象名词,前面不用冠词a。 7.We have two different opinions.Some students think it’s a good idea to keep pets.However, ?other students are against the idea. 句意:我们有两种不同的观点一些学生认为养宠物是个好主意然而其余的学生反对这一主意。根据上文中的two different opinions 及 some students 可推知应用 the other students 表示“其余的学生”。 8.Then he took them to? nearest hospital for her child to be treated. 解析:句意:然后,为了她的孩子能被治疗,他把她们送到了最近的医院。形容词最高级前用定冠词。 9.During the summer holiday in Hungary,I went to attend my the first music festival. 解析:句意:在匈牙利的暑假期间,我第一次参加了音乐节名词前有形容词性物主代词时,后面不需要再加冠词the。 10.In addition to these tasks,robots will even be able to play the chess and do exercise with people. 解析:句意:除了这些任务以外,机器人甚至能够陪人下棋和锻炼身体.棋类名词前不用冠词,故去掉the. 11.One Monday afternoon, we were playing the basketball in the playground when I suddenly slipped and fell over. 解析:句意:一个周一的下午,我们正在操场上打篮球时我突然滑倒摔了一跤球类名词前不加冠词,故将 basketball前的the去掉。 12.And then we visited the Ancient Lotus Pond Gardens, where we had a great fun. 解析:句意:然后我们参现了古莲花池,在那里玩得非常开心fun 是不可数名词,不能与不定冠词a连用;have great fun为习惯搭配,意为“玩得非常高兴”。 13.Therefore, we should make a good use of iPads and other modem communication tools to help with our lessons. 解析:句意:因此,我们应该好好利用iPad和其他现代化的通信工具来帮助我们学习功课。make good use of是固定短语, 意为"充分利用"。 14.Although we have been members for a short period of time,we have made a great progress. 解析:去掉第二个a句意:虽然我们成为会员的时间很短,但是我们已经取得了很大的进步progress是不可数名同,不能与不定冠词a连用; make great progress为习惯搭配,意为“取得很大进步”。 代词 单句语法填空 1、Susan made__________clear to me that she wished to make a new life for herself. 2、一There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow?__________? —No, I’d rather buy__________?in the bookstore. 3、My wife is a shopaholic(购物狂). She is addicted to shopping on the Internet.__________?seems that she can’t control herself well, just clicking constantly with the mouse. 4、A few years before, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with?__________(it) choking smoke. 5、A couple of days ago, I met a friend of?__________(me) at a local cafeteria for a chat. 6、In 1989, the Chinese government declared the ninth day of the ninth lunar month to be Seniors’ Day —a day to respect the elderly and to let them enjoy?__________(they). 7、At our factory there are a few machines similar to?__________?described in this magazine. 8、The quality of education in this small school is better than__________?in some larger schools. 9、Cars do cause us some health problems—in fact far more serious?__________than mobile phones do. 10、— Have you finished all your exercises? —Yes,__________?is left. As a matter of fact, they are as easy as ABC. 11、In some countries,people eat with chopsticks, while in????????, knives and forks. 12、—When shall I call,in the morning or afternoon? —????????.I’ll be in all day. 13、If you can’t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don’t you take?__________? I won’t read them this week. 14、Over the past 20 years, the Internet has helped change our world in one way or__________?for the better. 15、To warm himself,the sailor sat barefoot in front of the fire, rubbing one foot against the?__________. 单句改错 1、We’ll surely miss him and we all wish good luck in future. _____________________________________________________________________ 2、As helpers of we humans,robots should be used properly. _____________________________________________________________________ 3、Last month,I gave some of my clothes to a girl who needed it because her parents didn’t have money to buy her new clothes. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4、First of all,we should love our school. Meanwhile,you should respect our teachers and obey the rules in our school. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 5、The shoemaker looked at the ticket for the shoes and said,“Come back for the shoes tomorrow. It will be ready then.” _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6、After all,anything is more precious than time. _____________________________________________________________________ 7、I miss you very much and thus I’m writing to tell you anything about my new life at college. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 8、When I was in high school,most of my friends had bicycles. I hoped I could also have it. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 9、I?felt so regretful for telling lies.I had wasted anybody’s time. _____________________________________________________________________ 10、Once he can do that naturally and can swim without fear,the child can master the technique and push him forward through the water. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 11、Though facing great pressure,the speakers bravely overcame it. They challenged them to achieve great success. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 12、My uncle gave my cousins and me some wine and said,“Now enjoy yourself, but don’t get drunk! ” _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 13、I hope you can consider my advice seriously and then make you final decision. _____________________________________________________________________ 14、Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try his best to make the activities lively and interesting. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 15、Using an iPad,we can listen to music,download a lot of reading materials and read it. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.it 解析:句意:苏珊向我表明她希望自己开始新的生活。所填词代替宾语从句“that she wished to make a new life for herself”,作made的形式宾语,故用it。 2.it; one 解析:句意:——这本书图书馆里还有一本。你去借吗?——不, 我宁愿在书店买一本。第一空指代的是前一句提到的同一本书,符合it的用法;第二空表达“这类中的任何一本”,符合one的用法 3.It 解析:句意:我妻子是一个昀物狂,她沉迷于网上购物.她似乎不能很好地控制自己,只是不停地用鼠标点击.设空处在句中充当形式主语,故用It。 4.its 解析:人称代词it不能作定语,应改用其形容词性物主代词its。句意:几年前我住在香港的家中,那里有令人窒息的烟雾。 5.mine 解析:句意:几天前,我在本地的一家自助餐厅里和我的一个朋友见了面并聊了会。表示“我的其中一位朋友”一般有两种表达方式:a friend of mine或one of my friends。mine在此等于my friends。 6.themselves 解析:所填词与其逻辑主语them所指相同,均为the elderly,应填入反身代词themselves。 7.those 解析:句意:在我们工厂有一些与这份杂志中描述的相似的机器。替代比较对象时通常可以用that替代不可数名词,those替代可数名词复数。此处是替代比较对象machines,故用those。 8.that 解析:that表示特指,代指前文提到的单数名词或不可数名词,此处用that代替句首的不可数名词quality。代词it和one只能代指可数名词单数。句意:这所小学校的教育质量要好于一些大学校。 9.ones 解析:ones表示泛指,用來代替上文出现的复数可数名词,此处用ones代指前面的health problems。 10.none 解析:考査none表示数量否定的用法。此时常可译为“连一个人、一点东西都没有”。句意:——你已经做完所有练习了吗??——是的,一点儿也没剩下。实际上,它们非常简单。 11. others 解析: 句意:在一些国家,人们用筷子吃饭,然而在另一些国家,人们用刀叉吃饭。由句中关键词in some countries再结合固定搭配some...others...可知答案。 12. Either 解析: 句意:——我该在早上还是在下午打电话?——哪个时间都行。我一整天都在。本题考查不定代词的用法。 根据句意,答句表示在上午或下午两个时间中任意一个时间都可以,故答案为either(两者中的任意一个)。 13.both 解析:句意:如果你不能决定这两本书借哪本的话,为什么不都拿着呢?这周我不读它们。根据语境及句子中的the two books可知,设空处表达:两者都表示肯定两者,要用代词both。 14.another 解析:句意:在过去的20年里,因特网以这样或那样的方式帮助我们的世界变得更好. in one way or another以这样或那样的方式。 15.other 解析:句意:为了使自己暖和,那个水手赤着脚坐在火前双脚互相摩擦着。the other(两者中的)另一个. 单句改错 1.We’ll surely miss him and we all wish ?good luck in future. 解析:句意:我们肯定会想念他,并且都祝愿他今后好运。 wish后接双宾语结构,即wish sb sth.,意为“祝愿某人……”. 2.As helpers of? humans,robots should be used properly. 解析:句意:作为我们人类的助手,机器人应该被正确地使用. 介词of后应该用us作宾语,us和humans之间是同位关系. 3.Last month,I gave some of my clothes to a girl who needed? because her parents didn’t have money to buy her new clothes. 解析:句意:上个月,我把我的一些衣服给了一个有需要的女孩子,因为她的父母没有钱给她买新衣服指代some of?my clothes应用them. 4.First of all,we should love our school. Meanwhile, should respect our teachers and obey the rules in our school. 解析:句意:首先,我们应该热爱学校同时.我们应该尊重我们的老师、遵守我们学校的规窃制度:根据上下文中的we和our可知,这里应使用第一人称we。 5.The shoemaker looked at the ticket for the shoes and said,“Come back for the shoes tomorrow.? will be ready then.” 解析:句意:那位鞋匠看了一眼那张取鞋票据说:"明天来取鞋吧:那时鞋子就准备好了." 根据the shoes可知,此处应用they。 6.After all, is more precious than time. 解析:句意:毕竟,没有什么比时间更宝贵。根据句意可知anything(任何事物)应改为nothing(没有什么)。 7.I miss you very much and thus I’m writing to tell you? about my new life at college. 解析:句意:我非常想念你,于是写信告诉你关于我大学新生活的一些事情肯定句中用something;anything —般用于疑问、否定或条件句中. 8.When I was in high school,most of my friends had bicycles. I hoped I could also have . 解析:句意:在我上高中的时候,我的大部分朋友都有自行车。我希望我也能拥有一辆前一句中的bicycles泛指多个,后一句是指同—类中的某个,应用one. it指代同一物. 9.I?felt so regretful for telling lies.I had wasted? time. 解析:句意:我很后悔说了谎.我浪费了所有人的时间:anybody—般用于疑问句、否定句或条件句中,意为“任何人”,用在此处不符合句意. 10.Once he can do that naturally and can swim without fear,the child can master the technique and push? forward through the water. 解析:句意:一旦这个孩子能够自然地那样做且游泳时不害怕,他就能掌握这项技能,然后他自己就能自如地在水里游泳了.谓语动词push的宾语与主语是同一主体,应该用反身代词作宾语. 11.Though facing great pressure,the speakers bravely overcame it. They challenged? to achieve great success. 解析:句意:尽管面对巨大的甩力,演讲者们勇敢地克服它。为了取得巨大的成功,他们挑战自我。谓语动同challenged的宾语与主语是同一主体,应该用反身代词作宾语。 12.My uncle gave my cousins and me some wine and said,“Now enjoy , but don’t get drunk! ” 解析:句意:我的叔叔给我和我的堂兄们一些酒说: “现在尽情享受吧.但是别喝醉了!”根据my cousins and me可知不止一个人.因此yourself应改为复数形式. 13.I hope you can consider my advice seriously and then make? final decision. 解析:句意:我希望你能认真地考虑我的意见,然后做出你最终的决定:形容词性物主代词your修饰名词decision。 14.Besides, the foreign teachers here work hard and try? best to make the activities lively and interesting. 解析:句意:而且,这里的外教们努力工作,竭尽所能使这些活动生动有趣.try one's best to do sth.是固定短语..意为“尽某人所能做某事”,因为主语是the foreign teachers,所以one’s应该用their. 15.Using an iPad, we can listen to music,download a lot of reading materials and read . 解析:句意:利用iPad,我们能听音乐,下载大量阅读资料并且阅读它们位用them指代前面提到的a lot of reading materials。 介词和介词短语 单句语法填空 1、__________summary, I think the movie is moving, interesting, and worth spending time on. 2、As is well known, Dragon Boat Festival and the custom of eating rice dumplings are unique?__________us Chinese. 3、So far we have done a lot to build a low-carbon economy, but it is far__________?satisfactory. 4、Our product is popular abroad. There is practically no other product superior__________?ours in quality. 5、When a writer finishes his writing or a doctor successfully operates on a patient or a teacher sees his students grow, they are happy?__________words. 6、Most English teachers maintain a young and gentle heart and appear younger than teachers__________?their own age. 7、The key?__________successful small talk is learning how to connect with others, not just communicate with them. 8、Butterflies feed__________?a sweet liquid produced by flowers, which bees and other insects collect. 9、I don't know if this sounds bad, but why do Asian actresses always look more beautiful__________?the dress than the models? 10、—Good morning, Mr Lee's office. 一Good morning. I'd like to make an appointment?__________next Wednesday afternoon. 11、High-speed trains travel at 300 kilometers an hour, which is about four times the speed__________?normal trains. 12、Warnings about the danger of smoking seem to have little impact?__________this age group. 13、The little boy always makes his room__________?a mess, which makes his parents annoyed. 14、—Are you familiar__________the music?? —Yes,the music is very familiar__________me,but I can’t remember when and where I heard it.? 15、Although I tried my bestto convince them__________the importance and urgency of the operation, the doctors were not convinced__________(perform) it immediately. 16、After seeing the film, they made comments?__________some of the parts. 17、The government supplied clothing and food?__________the flooded areas. 18、As the final exam is coming, my pressure builds?__________, and I’m afraid it will result__________?my failure. 单句改错 1、Food prices increased to 10% in less than a year. _____________________________________________________________________ 2、The food in the dining hall can't agree everyone in the school, for different people have different tastes. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3、There is a famous mountain not far from Qingdao, which is well known as its beauty. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4、We have spent several precious weekends in English study in the English Club. _____________________________________________________________________ 5、A large number of students attended to the contest and showed their wonderful performances. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6、First, make more posters to inform the public the harm of graffiti(涂鸦). _____________________________________________________________________ 7、The professor began the class in an amusing English story, which attracted our attention at once. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 8、Yesterday?I showed my friend Kate in Baoding. _____________________________________________________________________ 9、According to a recent survey,about 25 percent of college students have a part-time job. With the upcoming summer vacation, this figure will increase by 72 percent. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 10、Although baseball possibly developed from an English game, it is now thought of like an American sport. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 11、In their opinion, if too many people keep pets at home,it will be harmful for the environment. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 12、Back in those of my college days, a professor introduced me a wealth of Confucianism and Taoism. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.In 解析:句意:总的来说,我觉得这部电影既感人又有趣,值得花时间去看。考査固定短语。in summary总的来说,概括起来,符合句意。 2.to 解析:句意:众所周知,端午节和吃粽子的风俗是我们中国人特有的。unique独一无二的,仅有的;be unique to是......特有的,为固定搭配。 3.from 解析:句意:迄今为止我们为建立低碳经济做了很多事情,但是远远不能令人满意。far from表示否定含义.意为“绝非,远不”。 4.to 解析:superior意为 "更好的,更有效的",通常与to搭配表示比较含义。be superior to sth意为“胜过,超过,比……好”。句意:我们的产品在国外很受欢迎,几乎没有别的产品在质量上优于我们的。 5.beyond 解析:beyond 意为“超出,超过”,beyond words 意为 "无法用言语表达”。句意:作家写完书,医生成功地给病人做完手术,教师看到学生成长,这时他们喜悦的心情无以言表。 6.of 解析:此处of与age构成固定搭配,teachers of their own age意为“与他们同龄的老师”。句意:大部分英语老师能保持一颗年轻、和善的心,比同龄教师显得年轻。 7.to 解析:句意:成功闲聊的关键是要学会怎样与人们建立关系,而不只是与他们交流。key作 "关键,要决” 讲,与介词to搭配使用。 8.on 解析:句意:蝴蝶以花产生的一种甜液体为食,蜜蜂和其他的昆虫也采集这种甜液体。feed on以……为食。 9.in 解析:句意:不知道这话听着中不中听,但是为什么亚洲女演员穿礼服总是比模特还漂亮? in为介词,后接服饰名词时,意为"穿着,戴着”。 10.for 解析:答语句意:早上好。我想预约下周三下午(和李先生)见面。make an appointment for 为......预约;make an appointment with sb 和某人预约。 11.of 解析:题干中which引导的定语从句为倍数句型,其构成为“倍数词 + the + size/length/width/speed+of+被比对象”。句意:高铁每小时行驶300公里, 它是普通火车速度的四倍。 12.on 解析:本题考査的是固定搭配。have little impact on “对......没有什么影响”。 13.in 解析:句意:这个小男孩总是把房间弄得很乱,这令他的父母很烦恼。in a mess 乱七八糟。 14.with; to 解析:be familiar with ?对......熟悉;通晓,多以人作主语;be familiar to为……所熟悉,多以事物作主语,人作宾语。 15.of; to perform 解析:句意:尽管我努力使他们相信手术的重要性和紧迫性,但没有说服医生马上手术。考查固定搭配。 convince sb. of sth.使某人相信某事;convince sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事。 16.on 解析:make comments/a comment on 或者 comment on 表对......做出评价。 17.for/to 解析:供应或提供某人某物可以有如下结构:provide/supply sb. with sth. , provide sth. for sb. , supply sth. to/for sb.。 18.up; in 解析:句总:随着期末考试的临近,我的压力越来越大了。我害怕这会导致我的失败。build up逐渐增强;result in导致,符合句意。 单句改错 1.Food prices increased? 10% in less than a year. 解析:increase by后接增长的幅度,而 increase to后接最终的结果。 2.The food in the dining hall can't agree ?everyone in the school, for different people have different tastes. 解析:短语agree with意为“适合,适应”。 3. There is a famous mountain not far from Qingdao, which is well known? its beauty. 解析: 短语be well known as意为“作为……而出名”,其后接表示身份或职业的名词;而be well known for意为“因……而出名”,后接出名的原因。 4.We have spent several precious weekends? English study in the English Club. 解析:句意:在英语俱乐部里,我们已经花费了几个宝贵的周末学习英语:spend time on sth.是习惯搭配,意为“在?方面花费时间”。 5.A large number of students attended to the contest and showed their wonderful performances. 解析:句意:很多学生参加了竞赛,展示了他们精彩的表演. attend 表示“参加,出席”的意思时是及物动词,故删掉介词to. 6.First, make more posters to inform the public ?the harm of graffiti(涂鸦). 解析:句意:首先,制作更多的海报来通知公众涂鸦的危害.inform sb. of sth.“通知某人某事” 7.The professor began the class? an amusing English story, which attracted our attention at once. 解析:句意:教授用一个逗乐的英语故事开始这堂课,这立刻吸引了我们的注意力。动词短语begin...with...,意为“以……开始”。 8.Yesterday?I showed my friend Kate? Baoding. 解析:句意:昨天我带着我的朋友凯特参观了保定。show sb.around..."带某人参观.....” 9.According to a recent survey,about 25 percent of college students have a part-time job. With the upcoming summer vacation, this figure will increase? 72 percent. 解析:句意:最近的一项调査表明,大约25%的大学生拥有一份兼职工作.随着即将来临的暑假,这个数字将会上升到72%这里指的是从25%上升到72% , to表示结果. 10.Although baseball possibly developed from an English game, it is now thought of? an American sport. 解析:句意:虽然棒球很可能源自英国的一项运动,但是现在人们认为这是一项美国运动:think of sth. as sth. “把......看作/视为...." 11.In their opinion, if too many people keep pets at home,it will be harmful? the environment. 解析:句意:他们认为,如果太多的人在家养宠物,那会对环境有害。be harmful to为固定短语,意为“对……有害”。 12.Back in those of my college days, a professor introduced me ?a wealth of Confucianism and Taoism. 解析:句意:早在我上大学时,一位教授就让我了解了大量的儒家和道家的思想:introduce sb.to sth.表示“使某人了解某物“,故需在me后加介词to。 形容词和副词 单句语法填空 1、You’d better go there by train. The train ticket is three times as?__________(cheap) as the airplane ticket. 2、Today we are seeing that many rivers in Kenya have?__________(little) water than they used to, or have dried up altogether. 3、—Tom, how was your party last night? —It couldn’t have been?__________(good). I had a wonderful get-together with my old friends. 4、Generally speaking, the?__________(easy) the questions are, the more likely you are to be able to answer them. 5、I had the????????(mean)mother in the world. 6、Raymond's parents wanted him to have????????(good) possible education. 7、Of all living things,human beings are the????????(clever). 8、_____________ (thank),I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. 9、The company's exports have been increasing?__________(steady) since the end of last year. 10、This was all completely new to me but it quickly became something I__________(true) enjoyed. 11、After watching the movie, Mary lay in bed with her eyes?__________(widely) open while all her family were sound asleep. 12、The person in charge of the meeting asked the people present to sit?__________together and listen?__________. (close) 13、There appeared an?__________(astonish) look on her face on hearing the?__________(astonish) story. 14、__________(tire) and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Taishan. 15、I’ve always understood one should try to be?__________(consider) of other people. 单句改错 1、Compared with letters and public phones,mobile phones and the Internet are fast and much more convenient. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2、This room is two thirds big than that one. _____________________________________________________________________ 3、So little education did he have that he couldn’t teach so little children. _____________________________________________________________________ 4、Global warming catches and holds our concern,for it affects us and will affect our late generations. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5、What is worse,pets may make too many noise and even attack people. _____________________________________________________________________ 6、I am confidence to take care of myself,wash the clothes and clean the rooms. _____________________________________________________________________ 7、The?more?time?you?spend?with?the?language,?the?fast?you?will?learn. _____________________________________________________________________ 8、And we will study even more harder and try our best to do all. _____________________________________________________________________ 9、As a result, I failed two of my most favorite subjects, math and physics, which surprised everyone. 10、I will have my own family,probable with a lovely child. _____________________________________________________________________ 11、Online shopping is increasing popular among people in recent years. _____________________________________________________________________ 12、Beside,my mother and I keep a relationship like close friends. _____________________________________________________________________ 13、I can good remember the incident that happened on a rainy Sunday afternoon. _____________________________________________________________________ 14、I won’t give up easy even though I have trouble in doing all the subjects well. _____________________________________________________________________ 15、What’s more,the teaching conditions here are many better than those in Sichuan. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.cheap 解析:as...as中间应用形容词原级。 2.less 解析:little的比较级为less,最高级为least。句意: 今天,我们在肯尼亚看到的画面是有很多河流流量已不如从前,或者彻底干涸。 3.better 解析:句意:——汤姆,你昨晚的聚会怎么样?——非常好。我和我的老明友们有一个很棒的聚会。否定句中的比较级表示最高级含义.It couldn’t have been better.意为"它不可能更好了",相当于“它是最好的”。 4.easier 解析:本题考査“the+比较级…the+比较级…”句型.意为“越......越......”。句意:一般来说,问题越容易,能回答上来的可能性就越大。 5. meanest 解析: 句意:我有一个世界上最小气的母亲。根据上下文及设空处前的the可推知设空处为形容词最高级,故答案为meanest。 6. the best 解析: 考查 形容词最高级。 句意:Raymond的父母想让他拥有可能的最好的教育。根据句意可知,此处应用“the+形容词最高级”来表示三者或三者以上程度最高。 7. cleverest 解析: 句意:在所有的生物中,人类是最聪明的。根据比较范围of all living things可知,此处有最高级意义,表示“最聪明的”。 8.Thankfully 解析:句意:谢天谢地,我终于打完比赛了,所有的辛苦最终都是值得的:本题考查副词辨析。hopefully抱有希望地; thankfully感激地。根据句意判断,应填thankfully 9.steadily 解析:句意:自去年年底以来,公司的出口量一直稳步增长。steady为形容词,对应的副词为steadily,意为“稳步地,持续地”。 10.truly 解析:句意:这对我来说完全是新的,但是很快就成了我真正享受的东西。修饰动词enjoyed应用副词。true对应的副词为truly,意为“真实地,真正地”。 11.wide 解析:wide表示具体宽度,widely“广泛地”表示抽象含义,表示眼睛睁得大、嘴张得大时,要用wide修饰open。 12.close; closely 解析:close表实际意义的近;closely表抽象意义,意为“仔细地,密切地”。 13.astonished; astonishing 解析:句意:听了那个令人吃惊的故事,她的脸上露出吃惊的表情。表示情感变化的动词的过去分词常用来修饰人或人的表情(look,expression)、声音(voice)、微笑(smile)等,这类动词的-ing形式常用来修饰事物。 14.Tired 解析:tired and short of breath为分词形容词和形容词短语作状语表主语的状态。 15.considerate 解析:be considerate of 对......考虑周到、体贴,前有be动词,此处应用形容词形式作表语。 单句改错 1.Compared with letters and public phones,mobile phones and the Internet are? and much more convenient. 解析:句意:与信件和公共电话相比.手机和互联网更快并且更便捷.faster与下文的much more convenient作并列表语.形式应保持一致. 2.This room is two thirds? than that one. 解析:考查形容词。根据than得知前面的形容词用比较级,故big 改为bigger。 3.So little education did he have that he couldn’t teach? little children. 解析:因为little在此意为“小的”,而不是“少的”。 4.Global warming catches and holds our concern,for it affects us and will affect our? generations. 解析:句意:全球变暖引起了我们的关注.因为它不仅影响我们,它还将影响我们的后代。形容词late意为“迟的,晚的;已故的”, 均不符合句意,故应改为形容词later,表示“后来的,以后的". 5.What is worse,pets may make too? noise and even attack people. 解析:句意:更糟的是,宠物可能会制造太多的噪音,甚至会袭击人.noise为不可数名词,故需要用much修饰。 6.I am? to take care of myself,wash the clothes and clean the rooms. 解析:句意:对于照顾自己、洗衣服和打扫房间,我很自信。形容词作表语说明主语的状态. 7. The?more?time?you?spend?with?the?language,?the??you?will?learn. 8.And we will study even more harder and try our best to do all. 解析:句意:我们会更加努力学习并尽最大努力做到这一切.后面是比较级harder,故前面的more多余,应删除。 9.As a result, I failed two of my most favorite subjects, math and physics, which surprised everyone. 解析:句意:结果,我最喜欢的两科,数学、物理没有及格,这使每个人都感到惊讶形容词favorite本身有最高级含义,故将most 删除。 10.I will have my own family,? with a lovely child. 解析:句意:我会有自己的家庭,可能会有一个可爱的孩子。副词修饰介词短语,故将probable改为probably. 11.Online shopping is? popular among people in recent years. 解析:句意:近几年,网上购物日渐流行副词修饰形容词,故将 increasing 改为 increasingly. 12.,my mother and I keep a relationship like close friends. 解析:句意:而且,我和妈妈之间的关系就像亲密的朋友一样,根据句意可知应将Beside改为Besides。 13.I can? remember the incident that happened on a rainy Sunday afternoon. 解析:句意:我还能清楚地记得发生在一个下着雨的周日下午的那件事。副词修饰动词,故应将形容词good改为副词well. 14.I won’t give up? even though I have trouble in doing all the subjects well. 解析:句意:尽管我在学好所有课程方面有困难,但是我不会轻易放弃.此处需要用副洞easily修饰give up. 15.What’s more,the teaching conditions here are? better than those in Sichuan. 解析:句意:而且,这里的教学条件要远远好过四川的教学条件。比较级前常用much, rather, even, still等副词修饰,many不能修饰比较级。 数词和主谓一致 单句语法填空 1、In the early?__________(fifty), researchers found that people scored higher on intelligence tests if they spoke more than one language. 2、The captain said she was the?__________(twelve) tutor, who had come to look after his children since their mother died. 3、In the summer holiday following my?__________(eighteen) birthday, I took driving lessons. 4 、Two????????(five) of the land in this district is covered with trees and grass. 5、Not only I but also Jane and Mary?__________(be) tired of having one examination after another now 6、It is either he or you who?__________(be) in charge of the project and supposed to finish it punctually, 7、I have finished a large part of the novel written by Dickens, the rest of which__________(be) very difficult. 8、All the children are interested in the piano lessons. Not only John and Tom but also their sister, Mary,?__________(be). 9、Fast food__________(be) full of fat and salt;by eating more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet. 10、Either you or I__________(be) going to be in charge of this matter now. 11、No one in the department but Tom and I__________( know) that the director is going to resign. 12、The understanding between two friends?__________(mean) both of them have similar ideas and trust each other. 13、Many a student?__________(be) selected to take part in the English competition, and more than one teacher?__________(have) coached them on speaking and writing. 14、A survey of health researchers?__________(show) that four hours of exercise every week?__________(be) good for our health. 15、Nobody but three students?__________(be) in the laboratory at that time. 单句改错 1、She went to America in her fortieths. _____________________________________________________________________ 2、Nearly 70% of the fund are supplied by the government. _____________________________________________________________________ 3、She never gets angry or lose her temper. _____________________________________________________________________ 4、Stress is a state of being upset that happen when we are under pressure. _____________________________________________________________________ 5、Besides,hiking with a group provides a great opportunity for me to make friends with those who shares the same interest with me. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6、People around the world may feel that the climate have been getting steadily warmer and warmer in recent years. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 7、Besides,punishments, such as a fine,is necessary for tourists with so bad behavior. _____________________________________________________________________ 8、This has to change because it is not clothes or shoes that makes a person. _____________________________________________________________________ 9、Living in a boarding school make me independent. _____________________________________________________________________ 10、Not the teacher but the students is looking forward to seeing the film. _____________________________________________________________________ 11、The young of the country doesn’t agree with their fathers on many things. _____________________________________________________________________ 12、The singer and dancer are to attend our party. _____________________________________________________________________ 13、The students,together with their English teacher,is going to have a picnic this weekend. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 14、Interest, as well as prospects, are important when one looks for a job. _____________________________________________________________________ 15、Mathematics are the language of science. _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.fifties 解析:句意:在五十年代早期,研究人员发现掌握超过一门语言的人在智力测试上得分更高。整十数基数词的复数形式可以用来表示年代和年龄,如in the fifties 在50年代.in his fifties在他50多岁时。 2.twelfth 解析:句意:上校说自从孩子们的母亲去世以后,她是来照看孩子的第十二位家庭教师。表示“第十二”用序数词twelfth。 3.eighteenth 解析:句意:在我18岁生日之后的暑假,我学了驾驶课程。表示“18岁生日”应用序数词eighteenth。 4. fifths 解析: 句意:这个地区五分之二的土地都被树木和草地所覆盖。此处分子大于1,故分母应用序数词的复数形式。 5.are 解析:考査主谓一致和时态。 not only ...but also...连接两个并列主语时应遵循就近原则,因此谓语动词用复数形式;由语境可知应用一般现在时。 6.are 解析:题干是一个强调句.被强调部分为句子的主语"either he or you”。根据就近原则,谓语动词应该与you保持一致.故填入are。原句为:Either he or you are in charge of the project and supposed to finish it punctually。 7.is 解析:句意:狄更斯写的这本小说我看完了大部分,剩余的部分很难。定语从句的主语是the rest of which。当主语是“the rd of+名词”时,谓语的数取决于名词,这里which指的是the novel,所以谓语用单数;而且“这部分很难”是客观事实,用一般现在时。 8.is 解析:“ not only…but also…”连接的并列结构做主语,谓语动词的数遵循就近原则,题干中靠近谓语动词的主语是Mary,故填入后句中省略了 interested in the piano lessons。 9.is 解析:考査时态和主谓一致,此处是对客观情况的描述,应用一般现在时,分析句子结构可知,该句缺少谓语动词,又因主语为fast food,故填is。 10.am 解析:考査主谓一致。当either...or...连接两个并列的主语时,其谓语动词的单复数适用就近一致原则,该题应与I一致,故填am。 11.knows 解析:句意为:除了我和汤姆,部门里没人知道经理即将辞职。主语后有but连接的成分时,谓语动词的形式与主语一致,主语no one表示单数;根据下文的时态可知应用一般现在时。故填knows。 12.means 解析:考査主谓一致。此处mean所作的成分为谓语,而其主语是抽象名词understanding。当单个抽象名词作主语时谓语动词用单数,因此填means。 13.was; has 解析:考查主谓一致。句意:许多学生被选了去参加英语竞赛,不止一个老师在口语和写作方面对他们进行了辅导。当many a和more than one等作定语修饰作主语的单数可数名词时,谓语动词用单数形式。 14.shows; is 解析:考查主谓一致。第一空的主语中心词是A survey,因此谓语动词用第三人称单数形式;第二空,four hours of exercise every week是一件事情,因此谓语动词也用第三人称单数形式。 15.was 解析:句子的主语为nobody,but后接的主语补充成分不影响谓语动词的形式,由时间状语at that time可知,应用一般过去时。 单句改错 1.She went to America in her . 2.Nearly 70% of the fund? supplied by the government. 解析:“分数/百分数+of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数取决于名词。根据句中的fund可知此处应用is。 3.She never gets angry or? her temper. 解析:句意:她从不生气或者发睥气. 由主语She可知lose应用第三人称单数. 4.Stress is a state of being upset that? when we are under pressure. 解析:句意:紧张是在我们有压力的时候出现的一种让人心烦的状态. 先行词a state是单数,定语从句的谓语动词也应用单数形式。 5.Besides,hiking with a group provides a great opportunity for me to make friends with those who? the same interest with me. 解析:句意:此外,和一群人结伴远足给了我与和我有相同兴趣的人交朋友的机会who shares the same interest with me为定语从句,先行词是those,定语从句的谓语动词应和先行词保持一致,故将 shares 改为 share。 6.People around the world may feel that the climate? been getting steadily warmer and warmer in recent years. 解析:句意:全世界的人可能都感觉到近几年气候在持续变暖。 从句的主语是climate,为第三人称单数形式,所以应把have改为has. 7.Besides,punishments, such as a fine, ?necessary for tourists with so bad behavior. 解析:句意:此外,对于那些行为恶劣的游客来说,惩罚是必要的, 例如罚款。句子的主语是punishments,所以谓语动词要用复数. 8.This has to change because it is not clothes or shoes that? a person. 解析:句意:这必须有所改变,因为造就一个人的不是衣服和鞋子。分析句子结构可知,该句为强调句型.强调主语clothes or shoes,所以谓语动词应用复数形式。 9.Living in a boarding school? me independent. 解析:句意:寄宿学校的生活使我变得独立。主语Living in a boarding school为第三人称单数.故将动词make改为makes。 10.Not the teacher but the students looking forward to seeing the film. 11.The young of the country? agree with their fathers on many things. 12.The singer and dancer? to attend our party. 或The singer and ?dancer are to attend our party 13.The students,together with their English teacher, going to have a picnic this weekend. 14.Interest, as well as prospects, important when one looks for a job 15.Mathematics the language of science. 非谓语动词 单句语法填空 1、Newly-built wooden cottages line the street,__________(turn)the old town into a dreamland. 2、If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you'll be less likely?__________(bring) your work home. 3、I regret????????(tell) you that the goods you delivered to us are not the ones we ordered. I would appreciate?????????if you could solve the problem as soon as possible. 4、I insist that the thief?__________(refer) to be put into prison. 5、A man dressed in a black coat was observed?__________(enter) the house and later the owner found all the valuable things?__________(steal). 6、If someone spends his or her time, effort and money writing a book, for example, he or she deserves?__________(pay) for it. 7、The wide use of the Internet has already led to all kinds of information__________(share) all over the world. 8、I got to the office earlier that day,?__________?(catch) the 7:30 train from Paddington. 9、The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go shopping without?__________?(recognize). 10、I hear they've promoted Tom, but he didn't mention?__________(promote) when we talked on the phone. 11、一Why are you so familiar with my close friend Nipple? —I happened, believe it or not,?__________(meet) him in a backpacking trip. 12、The vocabulary and grammatical differences between British and American English are so few as hardly?__________(notice). 13、一A new bridge is reported?__________(build) across the river in your hometown. —Yes, and it brings us great convenience. 14、When the boss came in, the workers pretended????????(work) hard on their machines. 15、People should open the window in the morning to make air?__________(circulate) in order to keep the indoor air fresh. 单句改错 1、Have had lunch, we will visit a local museum as well as an old temple. _____________________________________________________________________ 2、Having warned of the danger in the street at night, she went home with a friendaccompanying her. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3、He sends me text messages from time to time, told me that he likes oral English from beginning to end. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4、I'd like to pay a visit to a friend of mine with time permitted. _____________________________________________________________________ 5、He has a lot of different interests, ranged from stamp collecting to skating. _____________________________________________________________________ 6、More and more trees should be planted in spring to stop sandstorms happen frequently. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 7、I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. _____________________________________________________________________ 8、Thank you for spending time read my letter. _____________________________________________________________________ 9、You should have the courage to admit have broken the window. _____________________________________________________________________ 10、When the boss came in,the workers pretended to work hard on their machines. _____________________________________________________________________ 11、His parents advised him go to school again, but he wouldn't. _____________________________________________________________________ 12、I observed him to enter the office with a book in his hand. _____________________________________________________________________ 13、Almost 50% of those surveying said that they supported the President's decision. _____________________________________________________________________ 14、He resigned from the company in order have further study. _____________________________________________________________________ 15、Who was the last one leave the classroom last night? _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.turning 解析:考査分词。由语境可知Newly-built wooden cottages与turn之间为主动关系,故用现在分词。句意:新建的木屋林立在街道的两旁,使古镇变成了一个梦幻之地。 2.to bring 解析:考查动词不定式。句意:如果你发现在办公室之外有喜欢做的事情,你把工作带回家的可能性就小了。be likely to do sth.可能做某事。 3. to tell; it 解析: regret后既可跟doing也可跟 to do,regret doing sth. 表后悔干了某事,regret to do sth.表一种遗憾的心情,很遗憾地做某事,后通常跟动词 tell,inform, say 等;I would appreciate it if you could...表若是……我将不胜感激,it为形式宾语。 4.referred 解析:此处referred to为过去分词短语作定语,谓语为be put into prison;因insist此处表“坚持要求”,后跟虚拟语气,其结构为insist sb. /sth should do/be done, should 可以省略。 5.to enter; stolen 解析:在主动语态情况下,接动词原形作宾语补足语的动词用于被动语态时往往要加上to;第二空中all the valuable things与steal之间为被动关系,故用stolen。 6.paying /to be paid 解析:句意:例如,如果有人花时间、精力和金钱来写—本书,他或她就值得他人为此付费。deserves paying for it=deserves to be paid for it值得为此付费。 7.being shared 解析:句意:网络的广泛应用已经使得各种信息在世界范围内共享。短语lead to中的to为介词,所以all kinds of information的宾语补足语应用动词-ing形式;share与information 之间是被动关系。 8.having caught 解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:那天我赶上了 7点半从帕丁顿来的火车,早点儿到了办公室。非谓语动词作状语,主语与catch是主动关系,且在谓语动词之前已完成, 故用动词-ing形式的完成式。 9.being recognized 解析:句意:那个电影明星戴着太阳镜。因此,他可以在不被认出的情况下去购物.本题考查非谓语动词。without为介词,后接动词的-ing形式,recognize与he为逻辑上的被动关系,故用being recognized. 10.having been promoted 解析:考查动名词作宾语。句意:我听说他们提拔了汤姆,但我们在电话中交谈时汤姆并未提及被提拔之事。 mention后跟名词或动名词作宾语,此处要用动名词的完成式表示“被提拔”的动作在didn't mention前发生。 11.to have met 解析:考査非谓语动词。句意:——你为什么对我亲密的朋友Nipple那么熟悉?——信不信由你,我碰巧在一次背包旅行中遇见了他,happen碰巧,后跟不定式作宾语,meet的动作先于happen发生,应用不定式的完成式。 12.to be noticed 解析:句意:英美语言词汇和语法的差别如此少见,几乎不为人所注意。本题考査“so…as to…” 结构,因不定式与句子主语之间为被动关系,不定式用被动语态。 13.to have been built 解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:?——据报道你的家乡已经建起一座新的跨河大桥。——是的,它给我们带来了很大的方便。be reported后跟不定式的不同形式,表达不同含义。根据题干,桥已修成,且桥是build的动作承受者,应用不定式的完成被动式。 14. to be working 解析: 句意:当老板进来时,工人们假装正在机器旁努力工作。考查动词用法。pretend to be doing假装正在做某事。 15.circulate 解析:句意:人们在早上应该打开窗户让空气流通以保持室内空气新鲜。circulate(空气)循环、流通,make sth./sb. do为固定结构。 单句改错 1.?had lunch, we will visit a local museum as well as an old temple. 解析:句意:吃过午饭后,我们将参观当地的一座博物馆和一座古庙。分析句子结构可知逗号前应为状语,主语we与have 为逻辑上的主动关系,故将Have改为Having. 2.Having ?warned of the danger in the street at night, she went home with a friend accompanying her. 3.He sends me text messages from time to time,? me that he likes oral English from beginning to end. 解析:因为动词tell与主语he之间为主动关系,故用现在分词作状语。 4.I'd like to pay a visit to a friend of mine with time . 解析:time与permit之间为主动关系,故用现在分词作宾语补足语。 5.He has a lot of different interests,? from stamp collecting to skating. 解析:因为动词range的逻辑主语为different interests,且主语与range之间为主动关系,故用现在分词形式。 6.More and more trees should be planted in spring to stop sandstorms? frequently. 解析:短语stop sb. from doing sth.意为“阻止某人做某事”,其中from 可以省略。 7.I showed them I was independent by? strange clothes. 解析:此处用动名词作介词by的宾语。 8.Thank you for spending time? my letter. 解析:[句意:感谢您花时间读我写的信。spend time(in)doing sth.为固定用法,故将read改为reading。] 9.You should have the courage to admit? broken the window. 10.When the boss came in,the workers pretended to? hard on their machines. 11.His parents advised him ?go to school again, but he wouldn't. 解析:固定短语advise sb. to do sth.意为“建议某人做某事”。 12.I observed him to enter the office with a book in his hand. 13.Almost 50% of those? said that they supported the President's decision. 14.He resigned from the company in order ?have further study. 解析:固定短语in order to意为“为了”。 15.Who was the last one ?leave the classroom last night? 动词的时态和语态 单句语法填空 1、If nobody buys his tomatoes, it won't be long before he?__________(get) the message. 2、Our village has been almost completely cut off from the outside world since they?__________(close) the local railway station. 3、I wonder if he?__________(be) in time for the train if he starts now. 4、Hurry up! Mr Johnson?__________(expect) you in his office. 5、He must have sensed that I?__________(look) at him.He suddenly glanced at me and said quietly,"Why are you staring at me like that?” 6、At college,Barack Obama didn’t know that he__________?(become) the first black president of the United States of America. 7、Please don’t give me a call between 9:00 and 11:00 tomorrow. I?__________(have) a meeting then. 8、China’s high-speed railways?__________(grow) from 9,000 to 25,000 kilometers in the past few years. 9、When walking down the street, I came across David, whom I__________(not see) for years. 10、Marty__________(work) really hard on his book and he thinks he’ll have finished it by Friday. 11、I?am sorry I can’t meet you at the station. I?__________(leave) by the time you come back from abroad. 12、In the near future, I hope more progress?__________(make) in farming. 13、Despite the previous rounds of talks,no agreement__________(reach) so far by the two sides. 14、They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house?__________(decorate). 15、The famous musician,as well as his students,__________(invite) to perform-at the opening ceremony of the 2013 Taipei Flower Expo. 16、A rescue worker risked his life saving two tourists who__________(trap) in the mountains for two days. 17、Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming,__________(regard) as one of the best all-round forms of exercise. 18、Young children's innate abilities should?__________(harness) to make these benefits more achievable. 单句改错 1、I felt very upset at first, but the encouragement from my teacher keeps me going ahead. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2、We haven’t decided yet where we place the new bookshelf tomorrow. _____________________________________________________________________ 3、I am glad to hear that you are going to Canada to study. So?I was writing to tell you something about this country. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4、She said that she will go that morning. _____________________________________________________________________ 5、I am very pleased to say that all of us improved our spoken English greatly so far. _____________________________________________________________________ 6、They said never before have they experienced so interesting a class. _____________________________________________________________________ 7、A climbing expedition to Mt. Everest will be organising. _____________________________________________________________________ 8、Having turned the backpack inside out,we assumed that it must have left in the taxi. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 9、We both attracted by its beautiful scenery at first sight. 10、In the touring season rooms of every big hotel in the city must reserved in advance. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 11、We no sooner reached the station than the train was off. _____________________________________________________________________ 12、When the peace group left Africa last month, they set up more than 200 orphanages. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 答案 单句语法填空 1.gets 解析:句意:如果没人买他的番茄,过不了多久他就会知道了。It won't be long before…为固定句型, 意为“过不了多久就……引导的状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来。 2.closed 解析:当主句用现在完成时态时,since从句中应用一般过去时态。句意:自从这里的铁路车站被关闭以来,我们的村子几乎完全与外界隔绝了。 3.will be 解析:由if he starts now可知,if 引导的宾语从句表示的是将来的状况,所以应填入will be。if引导条件状语从句时,从句中不用将来时态,但引导宾语从句时则不受此限制。句意:我不知道如果他现在就出发的话能否赶上这班火车。 4.is expecting 解析:“Hurry up!”表明约翰逊先生正在他办公室等候,应用现在进行时态。句意:快点!约翰逊先生正在他的办公室等你。 5.was looking 解析:考查时态。由语境可知“我当时正在看他”,故用过去进行时。must have done sth.“一定做过某事”。句意: 他当时一定感觉到了我正在看他。他突然瞥了我一眼,静静地说:“你为什么那样看我?” 6.was to become/would become 解析:考查动词时态。句意:上大学的时候,奥巴马不知道他要成为美国的第一位黑人总统。主句是一般过去时,从句根据句意用过去将来时。表示“注定成为",需要用was to/would become。 7.will be having 解析:句意:明天(上午)9点到11点之间请不要给我打电话,那时我将正在开会。根据语境和时间状语between 9:00 and 11:00 tomorrow可知,此处表达“明天某个时间正在做某事”,即将来进行时: 所以答案为will be having。 8.have grown 解析:句意:在过去的几年里,中国的高速铁路已经从9000公里增长到25000公里。in the past few years "近几
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