[ID:4-5595958] 河南省周口市第一高级中学2018--2019学年高三下学期月考英语试题(无听力试 ...
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河南省周口市第一高级中学2018--2019学年高三下学期月考 英语试题 试卷满分120分 考试时间100分钟 第I卷(共70分) 第一部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文, 从所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Many of us have desires that might seem to be beyond our abilities,but looking to those who overcame similar difficulties can be a great source of inspiration for anyone trying to live their best life.Here are some quotes(引语)from people who chased their dreams and turned them into amazing realities. Estee Lauder “I didn't get there by wishing for it or hoping for it,but by working for it.” ——Estee Lauder,Founder of Estee Lauder Fun fact:Lauder started out by helping her chemist uncle sell face creams and perfumes and turned millionaire. Oprah Winfrey “You know you are on the road to success if you would do your job and not be paid for it.” ——Oprah Winfrey,TV Mogul and Host Fun fact:There was a time when Winfrey couldn’t afford soup.Now,she is a philanthropist(慈善家)and one of the most inspiring persons of her generation. Madam C·J·Walker “Don't sit down and wait for the opportunities to come.Get up and make them.” ——Madam C.J.Walker,Civil Rights Activist and Inventor Fun fact:Walker was known as the first Black female millionaire after she launched her haircare line in 1905.In fact,she was the first American woman of any race to be a self-made millionaire. Sara Blakely “Embrace what you don’t know,especially in the beginning,because what you don't know can become your greatest asset(财富).” ——Sara Blakely,Spanx Founder Fun fact:Blakely earned a Forbes cover in 2012 for being the youngest female self-made billionaire. 21.Which of the following people is not a business person? A.Estee Lauder. B.Madam C.J.Walker. C.Sara Blakely. D.Oprah Winfrey. 22.What can we learn from the quotes of Estee Lauder and Madam C.J.Walker? A.Action speaks louder than words. B.Rome was not built in one day. C.Well begun is half done. D.Where there is a will,there is a way. 23.What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text? A.They received advanced education. B.They are truly creative and peace-loving. C.They achieved great success in their fields.D.They turned nothing into huge something. B One cold day last November, my wife and I came home from work to a sick young daughter and we decided to stay at home for the night. Problem was, we had two tickets to see Miranda July, the performance artist, being interviewed at the Herbst Theatre. We decided to sell them online for $50. One hour before the event, a guy named Peter called me and said he wanted to buy the tickets. Since the time was limited, I told Peter to pay me the next day. Peter seemed touched and we said a fond goodbye. However, a month later, Peter still didn’t pay me back. A few more weeks passed. Another month. There’d been one e-mail promising to mail the check, then silence. Maybe he was having a hard time, I thought. But truth was, Peter seemed to be having a pretty normal time. According to the pictures and messages on his Facebook, he had been playing golf, dancing happily with his friends, and traveling on a boat. But he just refused to answer my calls, or reply to my e-mails or messages. So I tried reaching him with my wife’s phone one night. And he didn’t pick up when I called,but texted right back, playfully wondering who might be calling him. “You should go to his office,”my wife said, “He would have to give you the money if all his coworkers were watching.” But I didn’t want to become a debt collector. My efforts to reach Peter over these months had been light and I wanted to keep it that way. My initial exchange with Peter had been just two regular people agreeing to handle things humanly. There was a rare niceness in that, and I still wanted to keep that balloon in the air, however disappointing it was starting to look. I wanted to believe we could still trust each other. 24. For what reason did the author and his wife decide to sell the ticket? A. They thought it was too cold that night. B. They were going to be interviewed. C. They wanted to save some money. D. They needed to look after their daughter. 25. On the night the author sold his tickets to Peter, he . A. knew he might not get the $50. B. felt a little hesitant. C. thought he could trust Peter. D. was moved by Peter’s kindness. 26. Why didn’t Peter pay the author back? A. Because he didn’t remember it. B. Because he was too busy to pay. C. Because he didn’t want to pay. D. Because he was having a tough time. 27. What can we infer about the author? A. He would never trust strangers. B. He still hoped Peter would pay him back. C. He would go to Peter’s office to talk to him. D. He might call the police for help. C Crossing your legs is an extremely common habit; most people don't even notice that they're doing it when they sit down. While you may find it comfortable to sit with one knee crossed over the other, it might be causing health problems that you are not aware of. A study published in Blood Pressure Monitoring stated that sitting with your legs crossed can increase your blood pressure. The reason for this is that the blood in your legs has to work against gravity to be pumped back to your heart and that crossing one leg over the other increases resistance, making it even harder for the blood to circulate. This causes your body to increase your blood pressure to push the blood back to the heart. You won't feel any immediate effects, but repeated, drawn-out increases in blood pressure can cause long-term health issues. So, planning to sit for a long period of time? Don't keep your legs crossed. Crossing your legs at the knee can also cause pressure on the major nerve in your leg that passes just below your knee and along the outside of your leg, explains Richard Graves, a medical expert. This pressure can cause numbness and temporary paralysis (麻痹) of some of the muscles in your foot and leg, preventing you from being able to raise your ankle—what we know as that “pins and needles” sensation. While the feeling of discomfort may only last a minute or two, repeatedly crossing your legs until they feel numb can cause permanent nerve damage. So next time you sit down, try to get yourself in the habit of sitting with both of your feet on the floor. Not only will it help your posture and stability, but it will also save your health in the long run. 28. What can we learn about crossing one's legs? A. It is a very bad social habit.??? B. It is usually practiced deliberately. C. It can make others feel uncomfortable.??D. It can do harm to people's health. 29. According to the study, sitting with your legs crossed can______. A. resist gravity effectively?? ?B. affect your blood pressure C. lead to heart attacks easily??? D. improve the function of legs 30. In the third paragraph "pins and needles" probably means______. A.?serious muscle injuries???? B. being a little nervous C. slight sharp pains?? ?? D. being highly flexible 31. What is the main purpose of the text? A. To give readers some advice. ?? B. To compare common habits.? C. To evaluate effects of an experiment.? D. To introduce research methods. D I was born and raised in Minnesota,the USA,but as an adult I have mostly lived in Europe and Africa.I teach cross-cultural management at the International Business School near Paris.For the last 15 years,I’ve studied how people in different parts of the world build trust,communicate,and make decisions especially in the workplace. While traveling in Tokyo recently with Japanese colleague,I gave a short talk to a group of 20 managers.At the end,I asked whether there were any questions or comments.No hands went up,so I went to sit down.My colleague whispered to me,“I think there actually were some comments,Erin.Do you mind if I try?”I agreed,but I guessed it a waste of breath.He asked the group again,“Any comments or questions?” Still,no one raised a hand,but this time he looked very carefully at each person in the silent audience.Gesturing to one of them,he said,“Do you have something to add?”To my amazement,she responded “Yes,thank you.” and asked me a very interesting question.My colleague repeated this several times,looking directly at the audience and asking for more questions or comments. After the session,I asked my colleague,“How do you know that those people had questions?”He hesitated,not sure how to explain it,and then said,“It has to do with how bright their eyes are.” He continued,“In Japan,we don’t make as much direct eye contact as you do in the West.So when you asked if there were any comments,most people were not looking directly at you.But a few people in the group were looking right at you,and their eyes were bright.That indicates that they would be happy to have you call on them.” I thought to myself I would never have learned from my upbringing in Minnesota.Since then,I try to focus on understanding behavior in other cultures I encounter,and keep finding the bright eyes in the room. 32.What can we conclude from the first paragraph? A.Life in Minnesota has made the author worn out. B.The author enjoys traveling around the world. C.Different cultures are kind of familiar to the author. D.The author may start his own business in the future. 33.Hearing the colleague whispering,the author______. A.went back to his seat and got seated B.knew his colleague had some questions C.owed a big debt of gratitude to his colleague D.thought his colleague would get nowhere 34.Where does the author’s colleague probably come from? A.Japan. B.America. C.Africa.? D.France 35.Which is the proper title for the passage? A.Focusing on Behavior in Cultures. B.Looking at Another Culture in the Eye. C.Sharing Different Cultures in Tokyo. D.Admiring the Beauty in the Eye. 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的正确选项。选项中有两项是多余选项。 Kids with special needs refer to any kid who might need extra help because of a medical, emotional, or learning problem. For example, kids who cannot walk need wheelchairs. They not only need equipment that helps them get around, but they might need to have ramps(坡道)or elevators available. 36 Kids with an illness would have special needs, too. 37 Kids with sight problems might need Braille books to read. Kids with hearing problems might need hearing aids. 38 It might be harder to do normal things, like learning to read or just getting around the school. The good news is that parents, doctors, nurses, teachers, and others can help. The goal is to help kids be as independent as possible. Other kids can also be a big help. How? By being a friend. Kids who use a wheelchair or have lots of health problems want friends just as you do. But meeting people and making friends can be difficult. 39 Be sure to tell a teacher if you see someone being bullied(欺辱)or teased. 40 Being friendly to kids with special needs is one of the best ways to be helpful. As you get to know them they may help you understand what it's like to be in their shoes. And you'll be helping fill a very special need, ne that everybody has-the need for good mends. A. Some kids might laugh at or make fun of them. B. It is good manners to offer help to kids with special needs. C. Life can be challenging for a kid with special needs. D. They also might need to get a special bus to school. E. They might need medicine or other help as they go about their daily activities. F. Also, try to be helpful if you know someone with special needs. G. Someone could have trouble with anxiety, but you wouldn't know it unless told about it. 第二部分:英语知识运用 第一节 完形填空 (共20小题,每小题.1.5分, 满分30分) 阅读下面短文。从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。[来 I was at the post office early that morning,hoping to be in and out in a short while.Yet,I_41_myself standing in a queue that went all the way into the hallway.I had never seen so many people there on a weekday.It seemed someone might have made an announcement,welcoming customers to carry as many_42_as they could and bring them in when I needed to have my own package_43_.The queue moved very slowly.My patience ran out and I got_44_.The longer it took,the angrier I became.When I got to the counter finally,I finished my_45_ quickly and briefly,and then walked past the queue that was now extending past the front door. "Excuse me,"I said,trying not to be too pushy.Several people had to move_46_to make room for me to get to the _47_. I stepped out,complaining about the_48_conditions.Thinking I was going to be late for my dentist appointment,I headed into the parking lot. A woman was coming across the lot in my_49_.She was walking with determination,and each step sounded very heavy.I_50_that she looked as if she could breathe fire.It stopped me in my tracks.I_51_myself and it wasn't pretty. Had I looked like that?Her body language said that she was having a_52_day.My anger melted away.I wished I could wrap her in a hug but I was a_53_.So I did what I could in a minute_54_she hurried past me-I smiled.In a second everything changed.She was astonished,then somewhat_55_.Then her face softened and her shoulders_56_.I saw her take a deep breath.Her pace slowed and she smiled back at me as we passed each other. I continued to smile all the way to my_57_.Wow,it's amazing what a simple smile can do. From then on,I became aware of people's_58_and my own,the way we show our feelings.Now I use that_59_ every day to let it_60_me that when facing the world,I can try a smile. 41.A.found B.helped C.troubled D.enjoyed 42.A.things B.packages C.chances D.dollars 43.A.lifted B.cashed C.weighed D.carried 44.A.pleased B.disappointed C.delighted D.annoyed 45.A.business B.choice C.situation D.attitude 46.A.away B.about C.along D.aside 47.A.counter B.cashier C.exit D.entrance 48.A.weather B.service C.work D.shopping 49.A.satisfaction B.decision C.direction D.imagination 50.A.announced B.discovered C.proved D.noticed 51.A.trusted B.recognized C.hid D.persuaded 52.A.rough B.bright C.big D.nice 53.A.gentleman B.stranger C.customer D.passenger 54.A.until B.though C.before D.since 55.A.attracted B.frightened C.cheered D.confused 56.A.trembled B.raised C.relaxed D.tightened 57.A.car B.office C.home D.doctor 58.A.appearances B.reactions C.behaviors D.expressions 59.A.treatment B.awareness C.conclusion D.achievement 40.A.remind B.show C.give D.tell 源:Z§xx§k.Com] 第II 卷(非选择题,共50分) 第二节:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 He was a professor.At the age of 90,he still worked eight hours every day regardless_51_the weather.His secretary said:“He was extremely old,but he forced himself to walk from his living place to the office through two blocks. 52 would take him an hour to do so,but he insisted because it made him get a sense of 53 (succeed).” One day,a university student_54_(step) out of his office with a pile of books.He complained: “He always answers my questions with just a yes or no.However,he always gives me dozens of books and suggests me_55_(find) the answer on my own.” By chance,the professor knew 56 the student complained about.He explained to him with a smile:“This is the method I have learned—the 57 (hard) you work independently,the better solutions you will find.If you can make full use of the books,you will_58_(probable) become a good lawyer in the future.” This 90-year-old man was Pound,_59_was the president of Law College of Harvard.He believed “all slopes are easy 60 ( go)”,of which he often reminded his students. 第三部分:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 People used to communicate with each other through letters and public phones.So nowadays they use mobile phones and the Internet instead of.This change in communication have good effects on our works and life.Comparing with letters and public phones,mobile phones and the Internet are fast and much more convenient.If you missed your grandmother,you just take out your phone and say “hello” to him.And she will be happy to hear your voice.If you want to place order with a foreign company,you can e-mail the message.It’ll be minutes after you get their reply. 第四部分: 书面表达(满分25分) 假定你是一名高中毕业生李华,你校将为高一新生举办主题为“What to learn in senior high school?”的英语沙龙活动,特邀请你结合自身经历谈谈自己的体会。请根据以下提示准备一份英语发言稿。 1.学会学习:方法,习惯等; 2.学会做人:真诚,友善; 3.学会…… 注意:1.词数120左右; 2.发言稿开头和结尾已给出,不须抄在答题卡上,不计入总词数。 Good afternoon, everyone! I feel honored to stand here to share with you my opinions on what to learn in senior high school. Thanks for your listening. 高三第二次月考英语试题答案 阅读:21—23 DAC 24-27 DCCB 28-31 DBCA 32-35CDAB 36-40 DECAF 完型:41-45 ABCDA 46-50 DCBCD 51-55 BABCD 56-60 CADBA 语法填空: 61.of 62.It 63.success 64.stepped 65.finding 66.what 67.harder 68.probably 69.who 70.to go 短文改错: 71.So→But 72.去掉instead后的of 73.have→has 74.works→work 75.Comparing→Compared 76.fast→faster 77.missed→miss 78.him→her 79.place后加an 80.after→before 作文:Good afternoon, everyone! I feel honored to stand here to share with my opinions on what to learn in senior high school. In the coming three years, our school life will be challenging. First, we should learn to learn efficiently. Personally, I used to try effective method to achieve my academic goals. Developing a good habit is also of importance. It really benefited me a lot to preview lessons, get actively involved in class, and review what had been taught after class. In addition, we should learn how to get along well with others. In school, I respected teachers and was friendly with classmates. It was with sincerity and faithfulness that we created a harmonious atmosphere. Finally, we should take part in sports and outdoors activities frequently. They were really helpful to build up my body and enrich my school life. No pains no gains. I am sure that with great efforts, you will enjoy a colorful and fruitful life here. Thanks for your listening!
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