Cities display the development of mankind on both positive and negative sides. Read on to explore these four exciting cities. Sidon, Lebanon Sidon is one of the most important --–and perhaps the oldest ---Phoenician cities. It was the base from which the Phoenician’s great Mediterranean commercial empire grew. Both Jesus and St. Paul are said to have visited Sidon, as did Alexander the Great, who captured the city in 333 BC. Luoyang, China Luoyang, the cradle(摇篮) of Chinese culture and history, which so many dynasties and emperors inhabited, stands out as the oldest continually inhabited city in Asia. The Longmen Grottoes, which were included on the World Heritage List in 2000, and numerous historic Buddhist temples are real attractions for tourists from all over the world. Jerusalem, Israel Jerusalem is one of the most visited cities of Israel and it is also the most important spiritual centre in the world for Jews, Christians and Muslims. During its extremely long history, the city has been besieged(围困)23 times, attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times and destroyed at least twice. In 1981, the Old City became a World Heritage Site.
The holy city of India, Varanasi, is located on the banks of the river Ganges and it is considered to be one of the oldest cities in the world. The Hindus believe that the city was established by the God Shiva and the history of the city goes back to the 12th century BC. Nowadays it is the centre of arts and crafts.21. What do the four cities have in common A. They all have existed for a long time. B. They’re all supported by tourism. C. They all went through numerous attacks. D. They’re all on the World Heritage List.22. What is Jerusalem known as