第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节，满分40分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C和D) 中选出最佳选项。
When Matty Sallin, 34, was working on a degree in art and technology at New York University, he got interesting homework in electronic class. He decided to invent an alarm clock.
“Everybody has to stand it every day, and it is really unpleasant!” he says. He asked different people what they would like to be woken up instead of a noisy alarm. A lot of them said, “The smell of bacon (培根肉)”.
So Sallin and two classmates invented a new kind of alarm clock: a wooden box with a pig face and a digital clock that uses the smell of cooking bacon instead of the sound to wake someone up. He explains, “There’s no danger of burning, because I built it carefully. It uses halogen light bulbs (钨卤灯) instead of a fire for cooking and turns off automatically (自动地) after ten minutes. Yes, the clock itself can do it. Just a few easy steps are needed to set the alarm.”
“What you do is to put some frozen bacon in the night before and set the alarm,” says Sallin.
“If you set the alarm for 8:00, it will turn on at 7:50 and slowly cook for ten minutes under the halogen bulbs,” he says. Then the bulbs turn off and a fan blows the smell out through the nose of the pig.
“So instead of an alarm, you get a bacon smell awake,” says Sallin. “Then you can open the door on the side and pull the bacon out and eat it.”
When Sallin was a kid, he spent a lot of time making drawings of inventions. “I wanted to make a lift in my backyard and a special tree house,” he says. “But I never really thought I could be called an inventor!”
Sallin got an A in the class and went on to other things — but people continue to hear about his invention and email him every day asking where they can buy his alarm clock.
19. The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to (指代) ▲ .
A. homework B. technology C. a new clock D. a noisy alarm
20. Which of the following happens first?
A. Cooking the bacon for ten minutes. B. Putting some frozen bacon.
C. Setting the alarm clock. D. Blowing the smell out.
21. According to the passage, we know that ▲ .
A. it’s dangerous to cook bacon for breakfast
B. Sallin refused to spend much time on inventions
C. people are interested in Sallin’s bacon alarm clock
D. students at New York University are tired of homework
22. What’s the most probable title for this passage?
A. A Special “Smell” Clock B. Interesting Homework
C. A Great Inventor D. The Smell of Bacon
Do you have any hobbies? Many of us exercise, do volunteer work, or learn interesting skills in our spare time. What do you enjoy doing the most in your free time?
Jessica America I like playing the violin best, and benefit a lot from it. Every time I feel sad, I’ll play. When I hear the beautiful music from my strings (弦), I feel like my world is full of light again. I play it not only for relaxation, but also for my health.
Louis South Africa The most important skill I’ve learned is painting, which has played an important role in my life. Through painting, I become more patient and careful. It helps me study better at school. In short, painting is important for me.
Wei Hua China During my spare time, I’ve learned how to cook, because I don’t want to depend on my parents so much. Even though my cooking isn’t as delicious as my parents’, I can make dishes without their help. Cooking allows me to enjoy my own life.
Jack Australia I like writing when I’m free. I’m a big fan of the Harry Potter series, and three years ago I began to write a sequel (续集) to it. Since then, I’ve fallen in love with writing. I love it so much that I plan to go on practicing it and writing my own stories.
16. What does Jessica like best?
A. Cooking. B. Painting. C. Writing novels. D. Playing the violin.
17. Who can cook without parents’ help?
A. Wei Hua. B. Jessica. C. Louis. D. Jack.
18. Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage?
A. Wei Hua likes listening to the music. B. Jack plans to write his own stories.
C. Jessica has learned how to cook. D. Louis wants to be a painter.
Learning to read is one of the most important periods in anyone’s development as it opens up so many opportunities. So many things in everyday life depend on your being able to read clearly. Here are a few examples.
If you want to find out the latest news about your favorite film star or the result of the latest match, you will pick up a newspaper and read what it has to say about these topics.
If you are on a long train or plane journey, you will probably have a book, a magazine or an e-book to help you pass the time. Even if you are someone who “doesn’t read books”, it is possible that you will have to read the rules of the computer game that you are playing.
Very often, you read something without realizing that you are reading. For example, you might check the time table at an airport or make sure that you drive carefully as you see the road sign “HILL”. If you are unable to read, these necessary actions become either very difficult or impossible to achieve.
So, you understand how important a part reading plays in your life. Everybody who is using this textbook, To Be A Better Reader, has got the art of reading more or less. Why, then, you may ask yourself, is it necessary to have to read a book that tells you how to become a better reader — if you can read already, what is there to improve? Well, please think very carefully about what you mean by “reading”. Does it just mean that you know the meaning of words on a page and then speak them aloud or to yourself? Or is it something more than that?
In fact, reading without understanding is worthless. The main purpose of reading is to help you understand the world better and achieve a more colorful life. So no matter where you are, try to read with understanding and be a better reader.
23. From Paragraph 2 to Paragraph 4, how does the writer prove (证明) his opinion?
A. By telling reasons. B. By giving examples.
C. By showing pictures. D. By comparing differences.
24. According to the passage, people are reading when they ▲ .
① see a movie poster in the theater ② find a NO SMOKING sign in the library
③ enjoy a big meal in the restaurant ④ notice a Great Sale ad in the supermarket
A. ①②③ B. ①③④ C. ①②④ D. ②③④
25. It can be inferred (推断) that the textbook, To Be A Better Reader, can help us to ▲ .
A. learn new words B. read out sentences
C. improve reading skills D. know about game rules
26. What’s the main purpose of the last two paragraphs?
A. To help us make a reading plan. B. To help us be able to read clearly.
C. To advise us to read more textbooks. D. To advise us to read with understanding.
One of the biggest street parties in the world took over London recently.
The Notting Hill Carnival (嘉年华), which took place from August 28th to 29th, is regarded as the largest street party in Europe.
But in these troubled times – with terrorist attacks and religious (宗教) anger on the front page of newspapers – is it suitable to spend the weekend dancing in the streets without a care in the world?
Right now, “People must stand up for themselves”, said Patrick Bulllock, 53, an artist who builds floats (花车) for the parade (游行) each year. “The smiles and dancing do not stop all weekend – the spirit of the carnival can’t be broken.”
The festival, now in its 50th year, started in 1966. But it was much smaller – around 1,000 people attended – and began as a way to bring together the different groups who called London’s Notting Hill their home.
Creator RhauneLaslett, herself half Native American, half Russian, had the idea for the first gathering after having a vision. “I could see the streets full of people in brightly colored costumes, they were dancing and following bands and they were happy,” she told the Caribbean Times in 1989. “Men, women, children, black, white, brown, all laughing.”
During a period of racial tension (种族冲突), Laslett believed that music and laughter could bring together the different nationalities in her west London neighborhood.
“We felt that although West Indians, Africans, Irish and many other nationalities all live in a very small area, there is very little communication between us,” she explained in an interview in 1966, shortly after the first carnival took place.
Over the years, the party has grown into its modern day form.
“Our participants find themselves in a space of music, color and creativity which brings about the emotion of joy and encourages the freedom to express themselves,” said Debora, Alleyne De Gazon, the carnival’s creative director.
However, not everyone wants to join in. “I can’t go out from my door on that day with all the rubbish around,” said Fortuoso Cruz, who lives in London.
But when a million people come together for a weekend of eating, laughter and music – forgetting about life’s troubles for 48 hours – perhaps a little rubbish is a price worth paying.
27. When did the Notting Hill Carnival start?
A. In 1989. B. In 1978. C. In 1966. D. In 1950.
28. What was RhauneLaslett’s original purpose when she created the carnival?
A. To show off the neighborhood’s music and dancing.
B. To invite people around the world to have a great party.
C. To encourage people to show their creativity in the street.
D. To allow people in the neighborhood to communicate more.
29. How does Fortuoso Cruz think of the carnival?
A. It has caused him a lot of trouble.
B. It should be canceled immediately.
C. It has brought a lot of fun to his life.
D. More people should be invited to take part in it.
30. Which word best describes the author’s attitu