[ID:4-6916991] [精]高中英语易背作文讲析(二十篇)
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高中英语易背作文二十篇 本文档根据高考作文不同的题型收录了各种最新、最实用的英语写作范文,好让你的背诵直通高考。每篇短文附有结构层次分析、译文、重点单词、实用短语和重点句式,力求使读者易懂易记。通过熟读和背诵,做到对写作基本素材的尽量多的积累,从而能够灵活运用。 01:Students and Pressure 学生与压力 Nowadays students in China are under much pressure. They must do well in high school so that they can enter a key university and receive a higher education. Some of the pressure comes from parents. Most of the parents want their children to have a bright future. The pressure also comes from the students themselves. They realize if they fail in the College Entrance Examination and cannot get into a good university, their future will not be as good as it might be. As a result, they put a lot of stress on themselves. But I don't think entering university is the only way to become successful. As long as we work hard, we can also become successful in various careers. 结构层次分析: 作者开篇指出主题,中国学生承受很大的升学压力。接着分析说明压力的来源:一些来自父母,一些来自自己。最后总结全文,提出自己的观点:上大学不是成功的唯一途径,只有努力工作,也能在各种职业上有所成就。 译文 如今,中国学生承受者很大的压力。他们必须在高中好学习,这样他们才可以进人重点大学,受到更高等的教育。 其中一些压力来自父母。大多数的父母希望他们的孩子有一个光明的未来。但压力也来自于学生自身。他们意识到如果他们高考失败,就不能上一所好大学, 那么他们的未来将有可能不那么美好。结果是,他们给自己很大的压力。 但我认为上大学不是成功的唯一途径。 只要我们努力工作,我们也能在各种职业上有所成就。 重点单词 enter?['ent?]? v.进人 key [ki:]?adj.关键的 stress?[stress]n.压力;紧张 various [ve?ri?s ]?adj.各种各样的;多方 实用短语 1.under?pressure 面临压力 例:?I work?well?under?pressure. 在压力下我工作得很好。 2.fail in .在某方面失败 例:?You?will?bring?the?blame?of?others?upon?yourself if?you?fail?in?this. 如果你在这件事上失败了,就会招来别人的非议。 3.as?result :结果 例:?As result,?he?had?to leave. 结果他只得离开。 4.put?stress?on:?给……压力 Both?of?these?things?put?stress?on?the?heart.?这些都会增加心脏的压力。 重点句式 1.…will not be as good as it might be.……将有可能不那么美好。 2. But I don't think… is the only way to …. 但我认为……不是……的唯一途径。 3. As long as …we can also … 只要……我们也能…… 02:On Drunk Driving 酒后驾驶 It s commonly known that drunk driving is a taboo to drivers. However, many drivers drive even when they are drunk. Drunk driving can be very disastrous. It can bring about disasters to the victims, who are either killed or severely injured in the accidents. There are many ways to reduce drunk driving. Firstly, there should be a provision in the law to prevent people from driving when hey are drunk. Secondly, the mass media should also play an role in publicizing n the hazards of drunk driving. last but not least, the drivers should establish a strong sense of responsibility for others as well as for themselves. 结构层次分析: 本文开头说明醉酒驾车是驾驶人的一大禁忌,但还是有很多人酒后驾车。接着论述酒后驾车的危害性。文末说明减少酒后驾车的方法。 译文 众所周知,酒后驾车对可机来说是个禁品。?然而,许多司机基至在是醉的时候开车。消后驾车可能会造成十分灾难性的后果。它会给受害者带来灾难.在事故中,他们不是死亡就是严重受伤。 有很多方法可以减少酒后驾车。首先,法律应该有一个规定来禁止人们酒后驾驶。其次大众媒体应该发挥其职能,宜传酒后驾驶的危害。最后,驾驶人要树立强烈的责任感,对他人、对自己负责。 重点单词 commonly??['k?m?nl?] adv.一般地 taboo [t?'bu?]?n.禁忌 disastrous??[d?'zɑ?str?s] adj.灾难性的 victim ['v?kt?m]? n.受害人 severely??[s?'v??l?]? adv.严重地 injured?['?nd??d]? adj.受伤的 provision ?[pr?'v??(?)n] n.规定 publicize?/pxblsaz/v.宣传 hazard ?['h?z?d]? ?n.危险 establish?[?'st?bl??]??v建立 实用短语 1.bring?about:引起 例:?Indigestion?may?bring?about?this?disease.消?化不良可能引起这种病。 2. either……or:要么……要么…… 例:?She is coning?either?today?or?tomorrow?她不是今天就是明天来。 3.play a role in:?在..起作用 例:Should?India?also play?a?role?in?other?regional?organizations? 印度是否也应当在其他一些地区组织中发挥作用? 4.a sense?of?…… 例:it creates a sense of fulfillment?and?satisfaction它能给人带来一种满足和满意的感觉。 as :well as: 以及 例:A teacher ?should?entertain as?well as teach教师不仅要教书,?也要引起学生兴趣。 重点句式 1. It s commonly known that… 众所周知…… 2.?Firstly,… Secondly,… Last but not least,… 首先……其次……最后同样重要的是,…… . 03: Should Children Be Given Pocket Money? 应该给小孩零花钱吗? Opinions are divided on whether parents should give children pocket money or not. Some people believe that with pocket money, children can buy their dally necessities such as pencils, little toys, and snack food they like while others think that giving children pocket money will make them become luxurious. Judging these two viewpoints above-mentioned, I think that parents should give their children a limited amount of pocket money. But there are some preconditions: the amount of pocket money must be finite; the parents should instruct their children how to use the money moderately and tell them what is suitable to them. With these preconditions, pocket money will do no harm to their children. 结构层次分析: 开篇提出主题,关于是否应该给孩子零花钱存在分歧。文中再分别阐述这两种对立的观点。最后提出作者自己的观点并提出一些合理化建议。 译文 在关于父母是否应该给孩子零花钱这一问题上存在分歧。有些人认为有了零花钱孩子们可以买日常必需品,如铅笔、小玩具以及他们喜欢的零食。而其他人认为给孩子们零花钱会让他们变得奢侈。 权街上这两种观点,我认为父母应该给孩子有限数量的零花钱但有一些前提条件:零花钱的数量必须有限,家长应该教他们的孩子如何适度地花钱,并告诉他们什么是适合他们的。有了这此前提条件,零花钱就不会对孩子不利了。 重点单词 necessity?[n?'ses?t?]? n.必需品 snack [sn?k] n.小吃 luxurious l?g'???r??s] adj.奢侈的 viewpoint ['vju?p??nt] n.观点 above mentioned [?'b?v?'men?nd] adj.上述的 limited ['l?m?t?d] adj.有限的 precondition [pri?k?n'd??(?)n]? n.前提 finite ['fa?na?t] adj.有限的 instruct ?[?n'str?kt]? vt.指导 moderately ['m?d(?)r?tl?] adv.适度地 suitable ['su?t?b(?)l]? adj适当的 实用短语 1.an?amount of:数量 例:?She?spent?a?very?large?amount?of?money?yesterday. 2.do?harm to:对…有害 例:?Do?you?think?that?smoking?will?do?ham?o?your?heath? 你认为抽烟会?对你的健康有害吗? 她昨天花了好大一笔钱。 重点句式 1.Opinions?are?divided?on… 关于……的意见存在分歧。 2.?Some?people?believe?that…while?others?think?that.. 有些人认为……而其他人认为…… 3.Judging?these?two?viewpoints?above?mentioned,?I?think… 权衡上述这两种观点,我认为….. 04:Success Needs a Strong will. 成功需要坚强的毅力 it is universally acknowledged succeed or achieve their targets without a strong will and persistence. A variety of factors may account for this phenomenon as follows. For one thing, no one can deny the fact that persistence is the key point in accomplishing one's task. It’s of importance1for people to stick to their original aim. For another, people without a strong will may easily be affectedly by his circumstance and surroundings. In this case, they tend to fail to resist various temptations around them. From what has been discussed above, we may conclude that only by concentrating on the object and strong self-discipline can we obtain our goals successfully. 结构层次分析: 文首提出论点:没有坚强的意志和毅力人们不能成功或达到他们的目标。文中论证说明作者的观点,坚持是完成任务的关键,没有坚强的意志可能容易周围情况和环境的影响。最后总结全文,得出结论,只有通过专注目标和强大的自律我们才能成功地达到目标。 译文 众所周知,没有坚强的意志和毅力人们不能成功或达到他们的目标。以下一一些因素可以解释这现象。 首先,如果一个人没有坚强的意志可 能容易受到周围情况和环境的影响。在这种情况下,他们往往不能抵制身边的各种诱惑。 通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论,只有通过专注于目标和强大的自律,我们才能成功地实现目标。 重点单词 achieve ?[?'t?i?v]? vt达到 target ?['tɑ?g?t] n.目标 persistence ?[p?'s?st(?)ns]? n毅力 original adj.最初的 surrounding [s?'ra?nd??]? n.周围的事物 resist [r?'z?st]? v.抵抗 temptation [tem(p)'te??(?)n] n.引诱 object ['?bd??kt]? (?javascript:;?) n.目标 self-discipline [self 'd?s?pl?n] / n.自律 obtain [?b'te?n] v.获得 affect [?'fekt] vt..影响 实用短语 1.a?variety of:?各种各样的… 例:?This?passage is?open?to a?variety?of?interpretations.这篇文章可以有各种不同的解释。2.account?for:??解释 例:?Jack?could?not?account?for?his?foolish?mistake.杰克无法解释自己的愚蠢错误。 3.as?follows:如下 例:?The?reasons?are?as?follows.其理由如下。 stick to:?坚持 例:?I?always?sick?to?my?promises.我一贯信守诺言。 5.in?this?case:在这种情况下 ?例:?In?this?case,?you?need?all?the?help?you?can get. 在这种情况下,您必须寻求一切可以获得的帮助。 ??????重点句式 1.?It is?universally?acknowledged?that..众所周…… 2. For?one?thing…For.?another..首先….一方面…. 3. No?one?can?deny?the?fact?that..没有人能否…这样的事实 05:My Opinion On On-line Shopping 我对网上购物的看法 In current society, with the popularization of computers and the development of the Internet, on-line shopping becomes a universal phenomenon in our life. There is no doubt that it has a lot of advantages. To start with, we can buy the commodities without going to the shop so that we can save time. Furthermore, we can usually get a discount when we buy the product online. In addition there are many kinds of products on the Intermit, which can meet our demands. However, shopping online, like anything else, has some disadvantages too. For example, some products may be of poor quality. In my opinion, on line shopping is a trend and it will be more and more popular in the future. 结构层次分析: 作者开篇引入主题,道出网上购物这一普遍现象。接着阐述网购的优点,同时也列举网购的弊端。最后 总结全文,提出作者自己的看法。 译文 在现今社会,随着电脑的普及和网络的发展,网上购物在我们的生活已经成为一种普遍的现象。毫无疑问,它有着很多优势。 首先,我们不需要去商店就能买到商品,这样我们可以节省时间。此外,我们在网上购物通常总有折扣。而且,在网上有许多种类的商品能满足我们的要求。 然而,网上购物,像其他购物方式样,都有着弊端。比如,有些商品可能存在质量问题。我认为,网上购物是种趋势,它会在未来变得越来越流行。 重点单词 on-line [?n'la?n]? (?javascript:;?) adj.在线的 universal ?[ju?n?'v??s(?)l]? (?javascript:;?) adj.普遍的 phenomenon ?[f?'n?m?n?n] n.现象 commodity [k?'m?d?t?] n.商品 discount ?['d?ska?nt] n.折扣 demand [d?'mɑ?nd] n.需求 trend [trend] n.倾向 实用短语 1. There is no doubt that..毫无疑问的是…. 例: There is no doubt that newspapers in many parts of the world are having a hard time. 毫无疑问的是,报纸目前在世界很多地方都在经历着一段艰难的时光。 2.meet demands:满足要求 例: As many aS 300,000 new houses were needed to meet demands this year. 需要30万幢新房子来满足今年的需求。 3. be of..:具_.-性质 例: The meeting is of great significance. 会议非常重要。 重点句式 1.In current society, with the popularization of computers and the development of the Internet.在现今社会,随着电脑的普及和网络的发展….. 2.There is no doubt that..毫无疑问的是…. 3. To start it,…furthermore, …in addition…首先,..此外. ..而且,…. 4. However, shopping online, like anything else, has some disadvantages, too. 然而,网上购物,像其他购物方式一样,都有着弊端。 5.in my opinion…我认为,… 06:.Food Waste on Campus 校园食物浪费 Food waste on campus has aroused wide concern nowadays. A new survey shows that 28.3 percent of canteen food ends up in rubbish bins on campuses nationwide, over twice the national average. In view of this serious phenomenon, effective measures should be taken at once. To begin with, school has to pay attention to the quality of food so that it can guarantee the students’ health. Furthermore, the canteen must control the quality of the food as well. it can be realized by dividing rice into three different sized bowls which choose from according to their appetite. in conclusion, if we call on students to waste less food, the campus canteens should also improve the service and meal quality in it. Otherwise we can’t blame students for throwing away low-quality food. 结构层次分析: 作者开篇引入主题,指出校园食物浪费现象严重,应立即采取措施。接着文中提出解决措施:一、学校应注重食物质量,二、食堂应控制食物分量。最后做出总结:在号召学生减少浪费的同时应改善学校食堂的食物质量和服务。 译文 如今,校园食物浪费引起了广泛的公众关注。一项新的调查显示,全国校园食堂里,有28.3%的饭菜被倒进了垃圾桶,这个数字超过了全国平均浪费率的两倍还多。鉴于这个严峻现象,应该采取有效措施。 首先,学校必须注重食物质量,这样才能保证学生的健康。另外,食堂也必须控制食物的分量。米饭被盛装在三种不同大小的碗里,这样一来学生们就可以依据自己的食欲来选择。 总的来说,若要号召同学们减少食物浪费,我们还应该改善食堂的服务以及饭菜的质量。否则就不能怪学生丢弃劣质食物了。 重点单词 arouse ?[?'ra?z]?v.叫醒,唤醒 canteen?[k?n'ti?n] n.食堂 bin ?[bin] n.箱子 bowl [b??l]? n.碗 effective [?'fekt?v] adj. 有效的,起作用的 appetite ['?p?ta?t] n. 欲望;胃口,食欲 guarantee [g?r(?)n'ti?]?v. 保证,担保 实用短语 1.end up:结束 例:The?chairman?finally?ended?up?his?speech.??主席终于结束了演说。 2.in?view of:鉴于 例:?In?view?of?the?seriousness?of?this?problem, effective?measures should?be?taken before?things?get?worse. 考虑到问题的严重性,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施。 3.take?measures:采取措施 例:?We?must?take?measures?to?protect?the?crops?from?insect?pests.立马,我们必须采取措施保护庄稼,使之不受虫害。 4.at?once: 例:?He?solved?that?problem at?once.他?立刻解决了那个问题。 5.divide?into:??把…分成 例:?And,?as?on?other?issues,?they?divide?into?two?parties.??而且,像在其他问题上一样,他们分为两派。 重点句式 …?has?aroused?wide?public?concern?nowadays.如今,…引起了广泛的公众关注。 2.A new?survey?shows?that..一项新的调查显…… 3.In?view?of?this?serious?phenomenon,?effective?measures?should?be?taken?at?once.鉴于这个严峻现象,应该立即采取有效措施。 07:HOW to Make Friends 如何交朋友 Everyone needs friends. A friend can share our difficulties and happiness. But how can we make friends? First, to make friends, you must be friendly, to others. Smile at others and you are sure to get a smile in return. Second, friends should negotiate instead of quarrel. When you don’t agree with someone, please discuss with him. Finally, never believe in those who leave you when you are in trouble. And never leave your friend when he is in trouble. Remember, a friend in need is a friend indeed. Friends should be honest to each other. As long as you put your friend’s interests in front of yours, you will have a lot of good friends. 结构层次分析: 作者开篇引入主题,如何交朋友,接着具体说明如何交朋友,最后再次强调朋友间应以诚相待。 译文 人人都需要朋友。朋友可以与我们同甘共苦。但是,怎样交朋友呢? 首先,想要交朋友,你必须对别人友善。你对别人微笑;别人肯定对你报以微笑。其次,朋友之间应该商量而不是争吵。当与别人有分歧时,要和他一起讨论。最后,不要相信那些在危急关头背离你的人,也不要在朋友危难时离开他。记住:患难之交才是真正的朋友。 朋友应该以诚相待。只要你把朋友的利益置于你的利益之上,你就会拥有很多好朋友。 重点单词 share ?[?e?] vt.分担、分享, quarrel ?['kw?r(?)l]?vi.?吵架、争论, negotiate ?[n?'g????e?t] vt.? 谈判、交涉 interest ?['?nt(?)r?st]?n. 兴趣 实用短语 1、 be friendly to :对……友好/友善, 例::We should be friendly to every classmate in our class. 对班里的每个同学, 我们都应该友好相待。 2、 smile at 对……微笑 例:They were smiled and entertained everywhere. 他们到处受到的是微笑和款待。 1. instead of 而不是 例:Why don’t you play football instead of just looking on? 他们为什么不参加踢足球而只是看热闹。 2. believe in 信仰 例:You can believe in this girl, she’ll never let you down. 3. in trouble 处于不幸(或苦恼,困境中) 例:She stood by me when I was in trouble. 重点句式 1. Everyone needs friends. A friend can share our difficulties and happiness. 人人都需要朋友。朋友可以与我们同甘共苦。 2. Friends should be honest to each other. As long as you put your friend’s interests in front of yours, you will have a lot of good friends. 朋友应该以诚相待。只要你把朋友的利益置于你的利益之上,你就会拥有很多好朋友。 08:HOW to Live a Low Carbon Living 如何过上低碳生活 Nowadays, the rapid development of the industry has given rise to the issue of how to lead a low carbon living. The following are some methods about it. Firstly, it is advisable to have a vegetarian diet one day a week. Meat uses up energy because it takes a long time to produce. Secondly, make sure you keep items such as paper and plastic bottles separating so that they can be recycled. Besides, keep energy by using efficient light bulbs. in addition, try to buy high-quality, long-lasting products even though they may cost a little more. And the most importantly, know about preventing climate change and spread the information. in conclusion, each and every one of us is responsible for the greenhouse gases gases we emit in our daily actions. Therefore everyone on the planet should take efforts to prevent climate change. 结构层次分析: 文首作者提出工业的发展并引出低碳生活这个问题, 中间部分作者对低碳生活的一些建议。a.每周有一天可以吃素;b.物品分开以便回收;c.节省能源;d.买高质量、寿命长的商品;e了解更多关于防止气候变化的知识。 最后总结:人人应该努力去为低碳生活做出努力。 译文 如今工业的高速发展已经引发了对如何过上低碳生活这一问题的讨论。以下是关于这个问题的一些做法。 首先,建议每周有一天吃素。由于烹饪肉类耗时较长,因此耗能更多。第二,确保把纸张、塑料瓶等物品分开以方便回收。另外,使用节能灯泡节省能源。还有,尽量买高质量、寿命长的商品,尽管可能贵一些。最重要的是,了解更多防止气候变化的知识,并传播此类信息。 总的来说,我们中的每个人都应该对自己的日常生活活动所产生的温室气体负责。因此,防止气候变化需要地球上的每个人的共同努力。 重点单词 carbon ?['kɑ?b(?)n] n. 碳 spread ??[spred] vi. 传播 recycle [ri?'sa?k(?)l]?vt. 回收 greenhouse ['gri?nha?s]?n. 温室 bulb ?[b?lb] n.电灯泡? emit [?'m?t] vt. 发出 long-lasting ['l?:?la:sti?]adj.持续时间长的 实用短语 1. lead a …a life 过上……生活 例::Since then the prince and princess lead a happy life. 从此以后王子和公主过山了快乐的生活。 2. used up 用光,耗尽 例:I wish singing on the stoop didn’t use up so much a man’s wind. 我但愿弯着腰唱歌,不用费这么大的力气才好。 3. make sure 把事情弄清楚 例:make sure the firm is competent to carry out the work. 要确保这家公司有能力完成这项工作。 4. even though 即使,纵然 例:He’s the best teacher, even though he has the least experience. 他虽然经验很少,却是最出色的老师。 5. be responsible for 为……负责 例:Who will be responsible for the expedition’s supplies? 谁将负责探险队的物资供应。. 重点句式 1.Nowadays, the rapid development of the industry has given rise to the issue of ……. 如今,工业的高速发展已经引发了……这一问题。 2. The following are some methods about it. 以下是关于这个问题的一些做法。 09:Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good Deed? 做好事应求回报吗? Nowadays, different people hold different views about whether or not one should expect a reward when doing a good deed. Some people think that a good deed should be given a certain reward, for it is agreeable with the rule of fairness. Also, rewards can stimulate people’s enthusiasm to do good deeds. However, there are many others who take Lei Feng as a good model and are always ready to help others. Only if you help others unselfishly can you get other people’s help when you need it. Besides, they maintain that one can enjoy happiness in doing deeds, which is the best return. As for me, I prefer the second one. First, being ready to help others is one of Chinese people’s traditional virtues. Second, this virtue is important for the creation of a harmonious society. To conclude, it is every citizen’s responsibility to do good deeds without expecting any rewards. 结构层次分析: 作者开篇引入做好事是否求回报的话题,并阐述了支持做好事应求回报的观点。接着阐释了支持做好事应不求回报的观点。文尾,作者阐释自己赞成做好事不求回报的观点。 重点单词 reward ?[r?'w??d] n.报酬 maintain ?[men'tein] vt. 维持 deed [di?d] n. 行动 traditional ?[tr?'d???nl] adj. 传统的 fairness ['fe?n?s] n.公平? virtue ['v?t??] n. 美德 stimulate ?['st?mj?le?t] vt. 刺激 harmonious [hɑ?'m??n??s] enthusiasm [?n?θju:z??z?m]? n. 热心 conclude[k?n'klu?d] vt. 得出结论 译文 如今,不同的人对做好事是否应求回报持有不同的观点。有些人认为做好事应当获得一定的回报,因为这符合公平原则。而且,获得回报能激发人们做好事的热情。 然而,还有很多人以雷锋为榜样,总是不求回报地帮助他人。每每个人都可能遇到麻烦。只有当你无私地帮助别人,你才能在需要的时候获得别人的帮助。此外,他们主张,做好事能让人享受快乐,这是最好的回报。 对我而言,我更赞成后者。首先,乐于助人是中华民族的传统美德。其次,这种美德对于和谐社会的构建很重要。总而言之,不求回报地帮助他人是每个公民的应尽的责任。 实用短语 1. a certain 一定的, 例::A ship displaces a certain amount of water.轮船排出一定量的水。 2. be agreeable with 符合 例:the theoretical results are agreeable with experimental results ;理论结果和实验结果具有很好的一致性。 3. take …as a good example 以…为好榜样 例:We all take him as good model in study? 我们都把他当成学习上的好榜样。 4. be ready to help:乐于助人 例:He is ready to help others. 他总是乐于助人。 5. in trouble 处于不幸(或苦恼,困境中) 例:She stood by me when I was in trouble. 当我有困难的时候,他会站在我这边。 重点句式 1.Nowadays, different people hold different views about……. 如今,不同的人对……持有不同的观点。 2.Besides, they maintain that…… 此外,他们还主张…… 10:Honesty 诚信 Almost all of us heard the story Here Come the Wolf when we were little kids. What we can learn from the story is that we must be honest. However, there are lots of phenomena of dishonesty nowadays. Being dishonest does great harm not only to other people but also to us. Take the case of fake milk powder for example. After drinking this kind of milk,the babies’ health was badly affected. to our great relief,the producers got accused and punished in the end. While having the reputation of being honest and reliable will make other people trust you. in short, honesty is the “backpack” in our life journey and we must keep it forever. 结构层次分析: 作者首先用“狼来了”的故事引出诚信这个话题。文中举出不诚信的例子,说明没有诚信不但对其他人,对自己也有害。最后总结全文,强调诚信的重要性。 译文 几乎我们所有人在孩提时就听过“狼来了”这个故事。从故事中,我们可以学到,我们必须诚实,然而,如今有很多不诚信的现象出现。 不诚信不但对其他人有害,而且对自己也不利。拿假奶粉为例,当婴儿喝过这些牛奶之后,他们的健康受到了严重影响。令我们欣慰的是,生产者最后得到谴责和惩罚。而拥有诚实和可信赖的声誉会让别人信任你。 简而言之,诚信是我们生命旅程的背包,我们必须永远背着它。 重点单词 accused [?'kju?zd]?adj. 被控告的 punished ?['p?n??]?adj.被惩罚的 reputation [repj?'te??(?)n]?n.名声,声望 fake ?[fe?k] adj. 假的,冒充的 reliable [r?'la??b(?)l]?adj.可靠的,可信的 backpack ['b?kp?k] n. 双肩背包 powder ['pa?d?]?n. 粉;粉末 实用短语 1. a certain :一定的, 例::A ship displaces a certain amount of water.轮船排出一定量的水。 2. be agreeable with 符合 例:the theoretical results are agreeable with experimental results ;理论结果和实验结果具有很好的一致性。 3. take …as a good example 以…为好榜样 例:We all take him as good model in study? 我们都把他当成学习上的好榜样。 4. be ready to help:乐于助人 例:He is ready to help others. 他总是乐于助人。 5. in trouble 处于不幸(或苦恼,困境中) 例:She stood by me when I was in trouble. 当我有困难的时候,他会站在我这边。 重点句式 1.Almost all of us heard the story Here Come the Wolf when we were little kids. 几乎我们所有人在孩提时就听过“狼来了”这个故事。 2.What we can learn from the story is that…… 我们能从故事中学到…… 3.Take the case of … for example. 拿……为例 11:NOTE 便条 Dear Andrew, I heard that you have been spending a lot of time on computer games recently. You seem to have become addicted to them and it’s affecting your studies. Last week, our class teacher, Miss Chen, said that playing computer games would do harm to our study which we should focus on. Don’t you remember? As your friend, I feel I need to let you know how concerned I am. I hope you won’t take this the wrong way because we are really concerned about you. Friends are here to help one another and that’s the only reason I am writing this note. please think about what I have said and realize we are just trying to help you. yours sincerely, Mark 结构层次分析: 作者开篇阐明写信的目的,表示自己对朋友沉迷游戏的担忧,劝朋友要以学习为重。结尾再次强调写信的原因,请对方好好考虑。 译文 亲爱的安德鲁: 我听说你最近把时间都花在电脑游戏上面,你好像对游戏上瘾了,你的学习正在受到影响。上一个星期,我们的班主任陈老师说过,玩电脑游戏对我们学习有很大的危害。我们应该集中精力学习,难道你忘记了吗?作为你的朋友,我觉得我应该告诉你我有多么担心你。我希望你不要误解我们,因为我在真心担心你。 朋友应该互相帮助,这是我写这个便条的唯一原因。请考虑一下我说的话,你会明白我们只是想帮你。 重点单词 affect [?'fekt]? v.影响 realize ?['r??la?z] v.认识到,concerned [k?n's??nd] adj.关心的 实用短语 1. spend…on…:在……方面花费…… 例::How many hours per week do you spend on this work? 你每个星期想花多少时间在这个工作上? 2. seem to:似乎 例:some people seem to be always lucky. 有些人似乎从来都是幸运的。 3. addicted to:上瘾 例:He become addicted to be always lucky. 他已吸烟成瘾。 4. take…the wrong way:误解 例:someone says something and you take it the wrong way,and soon the two of you may be quarreling. 有人说了一些让你误解的话,你们两人可能很快就会争吵起来。 重点句式 1. As your friend, I feel I need to let you know how concerned I am.. 作为你的朋友,我觉得我应该告诉你我有多担心你。 2.Friends are here to help one another…… 朋友应该互相帮助…… 12:Notice 通知 In order to improve the students’ spoken English, an English speaking contest will be held by the School’s Union in the lecture hall on the fourth floor at 4:00 p.m. on July 20, 2019. Five teachers, including Mr. Smith, will be invited to be judges. One first prize,three second prizes and five third prizes will be given to the excellent speakers. Anyone who is willing to take part in the contest, please go to your monitor and sign your name for it. All are welcome to be present at the contest. School’s Union 结构层次分析: 本通知包含了以下几个要点:活动主题、时间、地点、主办单位、参加对象及其活动的有关奖项的设置、评委、报名方式。 译文 为了提高同学们的英语口语水平,校学生会将于2019年7月20日下午四点举办一次英语演讲比赛,地点定在四楼阶梯教室。包括Smith先生在内的五位老师将作为评委。此次大赛将授予奖项给优秀演讲者:一等奖一名,二等奖3名,三等奖5名。有意参加比赛的同学请到各班班长处报名。欢迎各位同学参与此次比赛。 重点单词 contest ['k?ntest]n. 比赛;竞赛; sign [sa?n] v.签(名);署(名);签字;签署;和…签约; excellent ['eks?l?nt] adj.优秀的;杰出的 present ['preznt ] adj.出席的 实用短语 1. in order to :为了 例::He polished off his work in order to see his girlfriend. 为了去见女朋友,他匆忙地做完手头的工作。 2. sign up for:报名参与 例:We highly recommended that you sign up for this course. 我们强烈推荐你报名参加这个课程。 重点句式 All are welcome to be present at the contest. 欢迎各位参与此次比赛 13:Letter of Application 申请信 To whom it may concern, I am writing to you to apply for the membership of the English club. As a senior high school student, I love English very much. I am eager to be one member of the English club and improve further my English. I have also heard that the club will host various activities, but can you give me more details? I would be very grateful if you can send me a reply as soon as possible. Looking forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Wang Wei 结构层次分析: 这篇申请书的思路是:(1)开篇点明写信缘由。(2)说明自己的身份和对英语的爱好。(3)表明假如俱乐部的殷切期望和目的。(4)最后期待对方的回信。 译文 敬启者: 我给您写信申请加入英语俱乐部。作为一个高中生,我非常喜欢英语。我想成为英语俱乐部的一员,进一步提高我的英语。我还听说俱乐部将举办各种活动,你能给我提供更多的细节吗? 如果你能尽快给我答复,我将十分感激。期待很快得到你的回信。 重点单词 concern ?[k?n's??n] v. 有关; detail ?['di?te?l]? (?javascript:;?) n.细节 further ?['f????]? (?javascript:;?) adv.进一步地 various ?['ve?r??s]? (?javascript:;?) adj.各种各样的 实用短语 1. apply for :申请 例::How do I apply for this scholarship? 我要怎样申请这个奖学金。 2. be eager to:渴望 例:They are eager to by their government bonds.. 他们热心购买政府债券。 重点句式 1.I am writing to you to apply for the membership of… 我给您写信申请加入成为……的成员。 2.I am eager to be one member of… 我渴望成为……的一员。 3. I would be very grateful if you can send me a reply as soon as possible. 如果你能尽快给我答复,我将十分感激。 14:Medicine Specification 药品说明书 Wuhan No.3 Medical plant has invented a new kind of traditional Chinese medicine which is very good for heart trouble. It should be taken three times a day and two pills once. it can also be taken one or two more pills if needed. This kind of medicine can be used for a long time, but it is dangerous for children and the pregnant,so they should avoid taking this medicine. if you are not feeling well after taking the medicine,you should stop taking it. This medicine should be kept in a cool and dry place. It’s better to follow the doctor’s advice before taking it. 结构层次分析: 这则说明书包含了以下要点:1、本药品为中药,对心脏病疗效显著;2、用量:每日三次,一次两粒,发病时加服1-2粒,可长期服用;3、服药后如感身体不适请停服,小孩和孕妇禁服;4、应放在阴凉干燥处;5、使用本药品还要严格听从医生的指导。 译文 武汉第三制药厂研制了一种新的中药,对医治心脏病有显著疗效。其服用量为一天三次,一次两片,如果有需要可以增加一片或两片。这种药可长期服用,但对孕妇和孩子有危险,他们不能服用这种药。假如你服药后感到不适,应立即结束用药。这种药应贮存在阴凉干燥处,服用前要遵医嘱。 重点单词 medical [‘medikl] adj. 医学的 pregnant [‘preɡn?nt] adj. 怀孕的; plant [plɑ?nt] n.工厂 avoid [?’v?id ] v.避免 实用短语 1. be good for:对什么有好处 例::To wash before dinner is good for our health.. 饭前洗手对健康有好处。 2. be dangerous for:对……有危险 例:This can be dangerous for both you and your pet.. 这对你和你的宠物而言是很危险的。 3. take medicine:服药 例:We are all taking medicine against the disease. 我们都在服药治疗疾病。 follow one’s advice:听从某人的意见 例:Obviously, not everyone needs to follow this advice. 显然,并非所有的人都需要遵从这个建议。 重点句式 if you are not feeling well after taking the medicine,you… 如果你感到不舒服,你…… It’s better to follow the doctor’s advice before taking it. 最好遵医嘱。 15:Letter of Complaint 投诉信 Dear Manager I venture to write to complain about the quality of digital camera I bought last Friday at your store. during the five days the camera has been in my possession,problems have emerged one after another. for one thing, the screen is always black, making the camera not different from a traditional one. for another, the battery is distressing as it support the camera’s operation for only two hours. therefore, I wish to exchange it for another camera or declare a refund. I will appreciate it if my problem receives due attention. Yours, Li Ming 结构层次分析: 这则说明书包含了以下要点:1、本药品为中药,对心脏病疗效显著;2、用量:每日三次,一次两粒,发病时加服1-2粒,可长期服用;3、服药后如感身体不适请停服,小孩和孕妇禁服;4、应放在阴凉干燥处;5、使用本药品还要严格听从医生的指导。 译文 尊敬的经理: 我冒昧给你写这封信,投诉我上周五在您商店里购买的数码照相机的质量问题。购买至今的五天中,各种问题一个接一个出现。一方面,相机屏幕总是黑屏,我们使用起来仿佛和传统相机没有区别。另一方面,电池的状况也不尽人意,只能支持相机工作两个小时。因此,我希望可以换一部相机,否则我要求退款。如果这个问题能够得到足够的重视,我将十分感激。 谨上, 李明 重点单词 medical [‘medikl] adj. 医学的 pregnant [‘preɡn?nt] adj. 怀孕的; plant [plɑ:nt] n.工厂 avoid [?’v?id ] v.避免 实用短语 1. be good for:对什么有好处 例::to wash before dinner is good for our health.. 饭前洗手对健康有好处。 2. be dangerous for:对……有危险 例:This can be dangerous for both you and your pet.. 这对你和你的宠物而言是很危险的。 3. take medicine:服药 例:We are all taking medicine against the disease. 我们都在服药治疗疾病。 4. follow one’s advice:听从某人的意见 例:Obviously, not everyone need to follow this advice. 显然,并非所有的人都需要遵从这个建议。 重点句式 if you are not feeling well after taking the medicine,you… 如果你感到不舒服,你…… It’s better to follow the doctor’s advice before taking it. 最好遵医嘱。 16:Letter of Invitation 邀请函 April 20, 2015 Dear Fiona, I am going to hold a dinner party with several other friends. The party will be held at my house at 6:30 pm. Today, I sincerely hope you can attend and we will have a very happy time together. Please let me know whether you can make it. Yours, Amelia 结构层次分析: 本邀请函的主要思路为:简述自己要举办的活动内容——活动的时间和地点——表达自己的诚意——期望对方予以答复 译文 亲爱的菲奥奈: 我打算与其他几个朋友举行一个晚宴。晚宴将于今天下午六点半在我家举行。我真诚地希望你能参加,我们将会玩得很开心。请告诉你是否会到来。 你的, 阿米迪亚 重点单词 sincerely [sin’si?li] adv. 医学的 attend [?’tend] v. 参加; 实用短语 1. make it:达到预定目标;及时抵达 例::You’re brave and courageous. You can make it.. 你勇敢无畏,一定会获得成功。 重点句式 1. I sincerely hope you can attend 我真诚地希望你能出席。 2. Please let me know whether you can make it.. 请告诉我你是否能到来。 17:Note of Accepting the invitation 接受邀请的便条 April 27, 2015 Dear Amelia, Thank you for inviting me to the dinner party. I would like to come. I shall be very happy to call at your house right after I finish my work at 6:30 this evening. Thank you again for your wonderful hospitality and I am looking forward to seeing you soon. Yours, Fiona 结构层次分析: 本邀请函的主要思路为:感谢对方的邀请——明确告知对方愿意参加——明确告知对方能够到达的时间,确认见面的地点——再次感谢对方的邀请 译文 亲爱的阿米迪亚: 太感谢你能邀请我去参加宴会,我很愿意去。我将非常乐意地在今晚六点半工作结束后到你家。再次感谢你的盛情款待,我很期待马上见到你。 你的, 菲奥奈 重点单词 wonderful [‘w?nd?fl]] adj. 奇妙的 hospitality [h?spi‘t?l?ti] n. 好客、殷勤 实用短语 1. call at:拜访 例::We will call at your office tomorrow. 明天我将去你的办公室拜访。 重点句式 1. Thank you again for your wonderful possibility and I am looking forward to seeing you soon. 再次感谢你的盛情款待,我很期待马上见到你。 18:Diary 日记 January 18th, 2015 Sunday Fine In the evening some of my friends invite me to the KTV. At first I did not want to go. I felt very depressed in the afternoon because I did badly in the math exam. At the KTV, I thought I was not good at singing and did not dare to singing. Due to my classmates’ encouragement, I finally picked up the microphone and sang I believe I can fly, after which I felt very happy. It’s true that “I see me running through that open door. I believe I can fly.” there is always a door open to you. 结构层次分析: 交代事情的开端:朋友邀请我去KTV;我因考试不好而心情烦闷,描述事情的经过:在朋友的鼓励下唱歌;结尾抒发感想:歌词给了作者信心 译文 2015年1月18日 星期天 晚上我的一些朋友邀我去KTV。起初我并不想去。我感到很沮丧,因为我下午的数学考试考得很差。 在KTV,我觉得我不擅长唱歌,所以不敢唱。由于同学的鼓励,我终于拿起了麦克风,唱的是“我相信我能飞”,之后我感到很高兴。 的确,“我看见自己冲过那扇敞开的门。我相信我能飞”。总有一扇门向你敞开。 重点单词 depress ['w?nd?fl]] vt. 压抑 microphone ['ma?kr?f??n]? n. 麦克风 实用短语 1. dare to:敢于 例::Dare to imagine that this could come true . 要敢去想象这会变成现实的。 2. due to 由于 例:The traffic accident was allegedly due to negligence. 这次车祸据说是由于疏忽造成的。 3. pick up:拿去、捡起 例:He picks up his hat and went away. 他拾起帽子,然后走开了。 重点句式 1.there is always a door open to you.。 总有一扇门向你敞开。 19:Letter of Request 请求信 Dear professor Zhu, I am very happy to have the chance to listen to your lecture on American Literature. But it was a pity that I was late that day due to an accident on my way to the lecture and failed to get the handout. Your lecture is really instructive for my English study, so I wonder if you could kindly e-mail the handout to the address: zhang123@yahoo.com.cn (?mailto:zhang123@yahoo.com.cn?). Heartfelt thanks. Respectfully yours, Amelia 结构层次分析: 本文是写给教授的请求信,写作思路是:在开头先说明自己需要帮助的内容或原因,接下来直接提出请求的内容,最后表达感谢 译文 敬爱的朱教授: 我很高兴有机会听了您的有关美国文学的课。但遗憾的是,那天由于我去听讲座的路上遇到了点意外迟到了,因此没有领到讲义。您的演讲对于我的英语学习真的很有益,所以不知是否可以请您将讲义发一份到我的电子邮箱。我的邮箱地址:zhang123@yahoo.com.cn (?mailto:zhang123@yahoo.com.cn?)。衷心地感谢您。 敬爱您的, 阿米莉娅 重点单词 lecture ?['lekt??] n. 演讲 instructive ?[?n'str?kt?v]? adj.教育性的;有启发的 literature ?['l?t(?)r?t??] n.文学 handout ['h?nda?t] n.讲义 实用短语 1. on one’s way to 在…的路上 例::Our manager is on his way to the office. 我们经理正在来办公室的路上。 2. fail to 未能 例:Many people fail to do this and wander why they cannot concentrate. 很多人做不到这一点,并想知道为什么他们不能全神贯注。 重点句式 1.I am very happy to have the chance to… 我很高兴有机会去…… 2.But it was a pity that… 但遗憾的是…… 20:Report 报道 As the Sunny Sports is developing in our country, the government has paid attention to the health of the students and raised “EXERCISE ONE HOUR A DAY, KEEP ILLNESS AWAY”. So far our school life has changed a lot. Now we have more time to do sport in the morning or after school. We play football, basketball, badminton and swim. We have become more energetic. Above all our study has all been improved. Let’s take excise every day, which helps build up our body strength and reduce diseases. 结构层次分析: 本文开头报道阳光体育运动开展的情况以及运动给学生们带来的好处。最后总结全文。呼吁学生们要每天坚持锻炼身体。 译文 随着阳光体育运动早我国的发展,政府已经关注到学生的健康,并提出“每天一小时运动,远离疾病”。到目前为止,我们的学校的生活有了很大的变化。现在我们在早晨或放学后有更多的体育运动时间。我们踢足球、篮球、羽毛球和游泳。它们能让我们大脑放松,使我们的校园生活更加丰富多彩。我们变得更有活力。更重要的是我们得学习都有所提高。 让我们每天坚持锻炼,它能够帮助我们强身健体,减少疾病。 重点单词 raise ?[re?z] vt..升起 energetic ?[,en?'d?et?k] adj. 精力充沛的 illness [‘?ln?s]? 疾病 reduce [r?'dju?s]?vt.. 减少 badminton?['b?dm?nt(?)n] n. 羽毛球 实用短语 1. so far:到目前为止 例::So far, the strategy seems to be working. . 迄今为止,这一策略似乎是有效的。 2. keep away:远离 例:Keep the children away from the fire. 让孩子离火远一点。 3. above all:首要的是,尤其,更重要的是 例:never waste anything,and above all never waste time.. 任何东西都不要浪费,尤其是时间。 4. build up:增强 例:She went for dance and build up her strength. 他去跳舞增强了体力。 重点句式 As…is developing in our country, the government…随着……在我们国家得到了发展,政府……
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