南京市 2019 届高三年级三模考试
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题，每题 1 分，满分 15 分）
请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A, B, C, D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在
21. We live in this society now ______ literally someone is always helping.
A. when B. where C. that D. what
22. The maple trees turn a brilliant red in autumn, adding another ______ to the colors in the harvest season.
A. theme B. version C. category D. dimension
23. Patrick waited ______ all the luggage was cleared, but his never appeared.
A. until B. before C. when D. while
24. --- Look! Mary is crazily looking for something again!
--- ______, she can’t find her keys.
A. Typically B. Occasionally C. Accordingly D. Particularly
25. Cambridge gave a positive answer ______ inquiries on whether it recognizes gaokao scores.
A. in favor of B. in response to C. in salute to D. in consequence of
26. Wild animals in nature reserves need to develop their survival skills and ______ their wild nature.
A. display B. possess C. maintain D. monitor
27. I’d never wondered before whether or not he was kid-friendly. With one glance, I quickly ______ that he
A. agreed B. reported C. explained D. decided
28. The same boiling water softens the potato and hardens the egg. It’s about ______ you’re made of, not the
A. that B. what C. how D. who
29. --- Excuse me, do you mind if I open the window?
--- Well, if you ______. I can put on more clothes.
A. can B. may C. must D. shall
30. With the number of homecoming overseas students______ up in recent years, the attraction of foreign
degree holders has gradually faded.
A. shot B. being shot C. shooting D. to shoot
31. --- Have you heard that they are working around the clock to compete for the prize?
--- Don’t worry. We are ready to ______ the challenge.
A. build up B. take up C. stick to D. lead to
32. --- Is there any chance of my being promoted?
--- If you want a promotion, you’d better ______ rather than get your way.
A. play the game B. cross your fingers C. raise the red flag D. kill the fatted calf
33. --- How could they misunderstand me like that?
--- Just keep silent! It’s the best way to let them know they ______ you wrong.
A. do B. did C. are doing D. had done
34. Our team is world-class and it was no surprise that we won by such a ______ margin.
A. low B. high C. wide D. narrow
35. --- I’ll take the blue one. This is twenty dollars.
--- Here’s the change. ______.
A. Best wishes B. My pleasure C. Have a nice day D. Let’s call it a day
第二节完型填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分）
请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选
“What’s all this tree-planting for?” I was asked when I began writing about ___36___ a piece of land I
had bought in Somerset. The truth is, I just love trees. And I am not ___37___. “As I get older, all I really
___38___ is to plant trees,” Prince Charles says in a BBC documentary in which he is ___39___ in the wood
he planted on the day Prince George was born.
There are ___40___ and wonderful trees in our cities and villages. They were planted, or self-sown,
years, even centuries ago. We take them for granted, ___41___ the creatures living among them, remain in
ignorance of the ___42___ trees are doing us (cleaning the air, for instance) and cut them down for new
___43___. Yet we keep a feeling of ___44___ for them. This may account for the ___45___ the government
faced in 2010 when it sought to sell off publicly owned woods, and for the wide support that the Woodland
Trust (a tree-protecting charity) ___46___.
Trees need ___47___, which is why I, a city-resident, bought my Somerset woodland in 1999. At that
time, climate change was already well proved, ___48___ my hopes of planting long-lived oaks and pines
gradually developed into anxiety about their ___49___. Tree diseases new to the UK, wind, drought and
flood were all ___50___ against them.
But I did not ___51___ things to move so fast. The woodland is still good, the new trees are growing
like mad, but the creatures are ___52___. The rabbits have disappeared and the owl has moved. The bees and
butterflies are ___53___ there but in smaller numbers. How can this happen on land ___54___ pesticides (杀
虫剂)？Surely, it indicates we need to give nature the chance to restore its own ___55___. Meanwhile, I love
my wood, and so do many of its visitors. And tree-planting has done wonders for restoring my balance town
36. A. replacing B. restoring C. recycling D. returning
37. A. rich B. weak C. alone D. social
38. A. apply for B. wait for C. make for D. long for
39. A. filmed B. tracked C. reflected D. discovered
40. A. holy B. young C. mature D. mysterious
41. A. raise B. watch C. ignore D. abuse
42. A. honor B. good C. credit D. justice
43. A. use B. spirit C. life D. hope
44. A. trust B. sadness C. betrayal D. affection
45. A. approval B. opposition C. option D. dilemma
46. A. wins B. rejects C. requires D. withdraws
47. A. space B. time C. company D. nutrition
48. A. since B. for C. yet D. so
49. A. benefits B. chances C. location D. appearance
50. A. piling up B. speeding up C. keeping up D. mixing up
51. A. wish B. intend C. allow D. expect
52. A. in place B. in order C. in decline D. in question
53. A. even B. still C. ever D. once
54. A. short of B. sick of C. free of D. full of
55. A. glory B. fun_ction C. impact D. balance
第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选
Welcome to Fraser Island
Your adventure unfolds…
? Once departing Rainbow Beach we start
from Inskip Point by vehicle ferry.
Watch out for dolphins.
? Northward bound—travel by 4WD (4
wheel drive) along the endless golden
highway of 75 Mile Beach.
? Swim at crystal clear freshwater LAKE
MCKENZIE—famous for its turquoise
colors and white sands.
? Delicious “Aussie style” sizzling bush
BBQ with icy cold drinks.
? Primitive rainforest—luxuriant canopy
of palms and vines.
? Eli Creek—time for a lazy dip.
? Shipwreck of the SS Maheno—built in
Scotland 1904—a permanent fixture to
the Northern Beach since 1935.
? Intriguing Colored Sands formations—
part of this World’s largest sand island.
※ Remember this is a 4WD safari and may
not be suitable if pregnant or if you have
a bad back.
※ Dress comfortably—it’s not a fashion
parade! Bring your swimmers and
Complimentary cold drinks
Prime 250g Rib Fillet Steak
OR local award winning 100%
beef sausages and onions OR
Fish—delicate white fillets with lemon,
Burger—special blend seasonal
Tours may vary due to tidal or weather
conditions. As we are a small company
and prepare our own food, cancellation
fees have to apply.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR
Codford Pty. Ltd. Trading as Fraser
Island Nature Tours ABN 80 010 870
56. Which of the following is mentioned about Fraser Island?
A. Considerable size and cheap souvenirs.
B. Authentic food and impressive food.
C. Target visitors and modern architecture.
D. Convenient transportation and long history.
57. According to the leaflet, visitors should ______.
A. dress their fashionable clothes B. provide a health certificate
C. pay extra money for cancellation D. follow the fixed trip plans
Like a lot of health-care professionals, Dr. Brian Goldman finds it extremely difficult to draw boundaries
between his work and personal lives. “There’s this view that you should suck it up and do one more thing,”
says the ER physician and host of CBC’s White Coat, Black Art. But that “one more thing” often comes at
“You’re exhausted and a patient or their family look at you with begging eyes,” he says. “So you have
this dilemma: say that your shift is over or give until you’re totally spent?” Goldman’s work stress combined
with family tension after his mother was diagnosed with dementia 20 years ago. Caring for her over a decade
was difficult, as was dealing with his father’s grief. “When someone else is drowning you, you have to grab
a life preserver and save yourself,” says Goldman.
Setting boundaries isn’t just important for busy professionals; everyone can benefit from managing
situations that cause undue stress or pain. Here are some tips.
First, “If someone’s behavior makes you unhappy --- and it could be anything from the way they speak
to you to repeatedly failing to stick to their promise --- then there’s room to set limits,” says Patrick Keelan,
a Calgary psychologist. We often avoid setting limits because we prioritize the happiness and comfort of
others over ours. In order to control this impulse, Goldman suggests framing the development of boundaries
as a form of self-kindness. When facing an overwhelming situation like the one he was in with his father,
Goldman suggests reflecting on what is making you feel uncomfortable, unhappy or unappreciated. “You
can’t relate to others or be kind to others if you aren’t kind to yourself,” he says.
Second, once you’ve become aware of your needs, setting and maintaining boundaries requires clear
verbal communication. There are three obstacles to enforcing boundaries in a relationship: fear, guilt and
self-doubt, says psychologist Nicole MaCance. We often fear that if we set limits, the other person will reject
us, or we feel bad claiming our needs. Keelan proposes setting ground rules before relationships become
tense. Start by cooperatively listing values --- like mutual respect, support, and loyalty --- and then building
the guidelines from these values. If you’re struggling to reach a consensus, Keelan recommends engaging a
third party, such as a therapist, to help.
Now, if you want a boundary to stick to, you can’t enable someone in breaking it. As such, it’s crucial
to establish consequences for transgressions (越轨 ). Otherwise, McMance says, “you’re giving them
permission to violate that boundary.” If they won’t respect your boundaries, you have to do some soul-
searching about the value of the relationship. “When you feel bad more than you feel good in this person’s
presence, and when the relationship is impacting your self-worth and happiness, it’s time to reassess,” says
McCance. Saying no is hard, but she suggests framing it as saying yes to healthier relationships. “We’re all
better mothers and partners and brothers when we have boundaries.”
58. What do we know about Goldman?
A. He is in need of support in his work.
B. He is caught between his work and life.
C. He slides into the state of desperation.
D. He always puts his family at the first place.
59. What do the underlined words “this impulse” refer to?
A. prioritizing others’ happiness B. avoiding setting limits
C. failing to stick to their promise D. framing the development of boundaries
60. What’s the best title of the passage?
A. Do communicate. B. Do not cross.
C. Identify your limits. D. Say no and mean it.
Babies have an astonishing talent that adults entirely lose. By the age of one, they can recognise the
significant noises around them and group them into a language. When we have lost this capacity as adults, it
becomes enormously difficult to distinguish between sounds that are glaringly different to a native speaker.
It all sounds Greek to us. This is because the range of possible sounds that humans use to convey meaning
may be as high as 2,000, but few languages use more than 100 and even then the significant noises－the
phonemes (音素) of a language－each cover a range of sounds and so vague distinctions which would change
the meaning of a word in other languages.
But where do these phonemes come from and why do they shift over time? New research suggests that
the apparently arbitrary distribution of some sounds around the world may be partially explained by diet.
This is unexpected. We’d rather think of language as product of our thought, rather than of the arrangement
of our teeth. In reality, though, any given language must be both.
Hunter gatherer languages very seldom use the sounds known as labiodentals (唇齿音)－those such as
f and v－that are made by touching the lower lip with the upper teeth. Only two of the hundreds of Australian
﹒aboriginal languages use them, for example. But in cultures that have discovered farming, these consonants
(辅音) are much more common. The argument goes that farmers eat more cooked food and more dairy than
hunter gatherers. Either way, they need to chew mush less, and to bite less with their front teeth. So farmers
grew up with smaller lower jaws and more of an overbite than their ancestors who had to bite through harder
foods. It became easier for them to make the labiodental consonants instead of purely labial (唇音) ones: one
example is that f come to take the place of p. Romans said “pater” but English speakers (unless they’re Rees
－Moggs) say “father”.
Beyond these particular changes, the story highlights the way in which everything distinctively human
is both material and spiritual: speech must combine sound and meaning, and the meaning can’t exist or be
transmitted without a real object. But neither can it be reduced to the purely physical, as our inability to
understand or even to recognise foreign languages makes clear. The food we eat shapes our jaws, and our
jaws in turn shape the sounds of our language. The ease with which we eat probably shapes our thought too,
as anyone who has suffered toothache could testify. What we eat may have shaped the sounds of our language,
but how we eat changes how we feel and what we use language to express. A family meal is very different
from a sandwich at the office desk, even if the calorie is the same. Food has purposes and meanings far
beyond keeping us alive and pleasing the Palate (味觉).
61. Compared with adults, babies could more easily ______.
A. create significant noises B. classify the forms of noises
C. understand the Greek language D. distinguish meaningful sounds
62. According to the passage, which of the following factors help shape language?
A. Lips and teeth. B. Jobs and habits.
C. Age and regions. D. Food and thinking.
63. The reason for farmers' making sounds of “f” and “v” is ______.
A. enjoying more cooked foods B. biting more with front teeth
C. constantly chewing harder foods D. growing up with lager lower jaws
64. By writing this passage, the author intends to reveal ______.
A. jaws help shape our thought
B. food determines our thought
C. diet has some influence on language
D. language consists of sound and meaning
British children used to play conkers (板栗游戏) in the autumn when the horse-chestnut trees started to
drop their shiny brown nuts. They would select a suitable chestnut, drill a hole in it and thread it onto a string,
then swing their conker at that of an opponent until one of them broke. But the game has fallen out of favour.
Children spend less time outdoors and rarely have access to chestnut trees. Besides, many schools have
banned conkers games, worried that they might cause injuries or nut allergies.
That sort of risk-averseness(规避风险) now spreads through every aspect of childhood. Playgrounds
have all the excitement designed out of them to make them safe. Many governments, particularly in societies
such as America, have tightened up their rules, requiring parents to supervise(监管) young children far more
closely than in the past. Frank Furedi of the University of Kent, a critic on modern parenting, argues that
allowing children to play unsupervised or leaving them at home alone is increasingly described as a symptom
of irresponsible parenting.
In part, such increased caution is a response to the huge wave of changes. Large-scale urbanization,
smaller and more mobile families, the move of women into the labor market and the digitization of many
aspects of life have unavoidably changed the way that people bring up their children. There is little chance
that any of these trends will be changed, so today's more intensive(精细化的) parenting style is likely to go
Such parenting practices now embraced by wealthy parents in many parts of the rich world, particularly
in America, go far beyond an adjustment to changes in external conditions. They mean a strong bid to ensure
that the advantages enjoyed by the parents’ generation are passed on to their children. Since success in life
now turns mainly on education, such parents will do their best to provide their children with the schooling,
the character training and the social skills that will secure access to the best universities and later the most
To some extent that has always been the case. But there are more such parents now, and they are
competing with each other for what economists call positional goods. This competition starts even before the
children are born. The wealthy classes will take their time to select a suitable spouse and get married, and
will start a family only when they feel ready for it.
Children from less advantaged backgrounds, by contrast, often appear before their parents are ready for
them. In America 60% of births to single women under 30 are unplanned, and over 40% of children are born
outside marriage. The result, certainly in America, has been to widen already massive social inequalities yet
All the evidence suggests that children from poorer backgrounds are at a disadvantage almost as soon
as they are born. By the age of five or six they are far less “school-ready” than their better-off peers, so any
attempts to help them catch up have to start long before they get to school. America has had some success
with various schemes involving regular home visits by nurses or social workers to low-income families with
new babies. It also has long experience with programmes for young children from poor families that combine
support for parents with good-quality child care. Such programmes do seem to make a difference. Without
extra effort, children from low-income families in most countries are much less likely than their better-off
peers to attend preschool education, even though they are more likely to benefit from it. And data from the
OECD’s PISA programme suggest that children need at least two years of preschool education to perform at
their best when they are 15.
So the most promising way to ensure greater equality may be to make early-years education and care
for more widely available and more affordable, as it is in the Nordics. Some governments are already
rethinking their educational priorities, shifting some of their spending to the early years.
Most rich countries decided more than a century ago that free, compulsory education for all children
was a worthwhile investment for society. There is now an argument for starting preschool education earlier,
as some countries have already done. In the face of crushing new inequalities, a modern version of that
approach is worth trying.
65. What can we learn from the first two paragraphs?
A. More attention is placed on children’s safety.
B. More and more parents are becoming irresponsible.
C. Children are no longer interested in outdoor activities.
D. Parents are advised to spend more time with their children.
66. Which of the following about intensive parenting style is TRUE?
A. Chances are that this style could be changed.
B. Financial pressure forces parents to be stricter.
C. Rich families adopt such style to keep their advantages.
D. Such style is largely influenced by the size of the family.
67. What does the underlined sentence imply?
A. Economists offer practical advice to guide parenting.
B. A happy marriage secures children’s social positions.
C. Unfair division of social resources drives parents mad.
D. Parents are struggling for their children’s edge over peers.
68. Which is the proper measure to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor?
A. Parents are persuaded to give birth to babies in their later years.
B. Funds are provided for poor children after they are admitted to school.
C. New babies in low-income families are sent to nurses or social workers.
D. Children from low-income families are ensured to receive early education.
69. What’s the author’s attitude towards investment in pre-school education?
A. Supportive B. Disapproving
C. Skeptical D. Unconcerned
70. The author begins the passage with the game of conkers to ______.
A. show competition overweighs cooperation
B. imply educational inequalities should be broken
C. make readers aware of the rules of the game
D. indicate the game has lost its appeal to children
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
On the surface, one would be hard-pressed to find many similarities between German chancellor Angela
Merkel, Bangladeshi prime minister Sheikh Hasina, and Liberian president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf --- except
for the fact that they are all female leaders of nations. Merkel, for example, spent more than a decade as a
chemist before going into politics, while Hasina, the daughter of Bangladesh’s first president, served as her
father’s political assistant while at college, and Johnson Sirleaf worked at multiple financial institutions
before running for vice president. Is there something deeper than they share?
The researcher Susan R. Madsen of Utah Valley University interviewed women in some countries about
their paths to leadership. She was surprised by the similarities among the women when they spoke about how
they became leaders. “Every single one of them talked about finding their voices and their confidence at
dinner-table conversations with their families. Their parents talked about politics, about what was happening
in the community, and when the women had something to say, their parents didn't stop them,” Madsen said.
As part of a series of interviews on women and leadership, I spoke to three women from different countries
who have each become leaders in their respective fields: Agnes lgoye of Uganda, who works with her
government to counter human trafficking; Ikram Ben Said, the founder of Tunisian women’s rights
organization Aswat Nissa; and Sairee Chahal of India, who started a digital platform that helps women get
back into the workforce.
All three of my interviewees pointed to the family environment they had been raised in --- particularly a
father figure who taught and empowered the women in the family to learn, ask questions, and form their own
opinions. Also, mothers broke convention by displaying leadership within the family.
lgoye, for example, credited her father with having the foresight to send his daughters to school despite
opposition from others in their village. Her mother went back to school as an adult to improve her career as
a teacher, which lgoye described as being a big influence on her. Similarly Ben Said talked about how her
father encouraged political debate among the family when she was growing up, even when her opinions
contradicted his. Meanwhile, Chahal said that even in her younger days, her parents went against the general
convention of expecting their daughters to aim only for a good husband.
Another conclusion from Madsen's work is that women's leadership development doesn't look like men's.
“Men tend to follow a more straight path to becoming a leader. Women's paths are much emergent. They tend
to not necessarily look ahead and think, ‘I want to be on top.’ Women would point to a number of experiences
--- motherhood, or working with a non-profit, or sitting on a board, as shaping their path to becoming leaders,”
Actually, women leaders tend to be held to higher standards than their male counterparts. lgoye has felt
this in Uganda. “Women who take up leadership positions in my country have to be tough, it's not easy at
all,” she said. “You are always aware that you are representing all women. You have to work extra hard to
deliver, to perform, because if you do something wrong, they will say, ‘Ah, you see, women!’ ”
Therefore, merely having women leaders can change the opportunities available for generations of
women in a country. What leadership looks like in their country, how much of a voice the women leaders are
having, influences what leadership is and what it means to its women.
What do women leaders have in common?
Introduction These female leaders come from different cultural and political
backgrounds, but do they share any (71) ________?
? In their early years, these female leaders were enabled to
express themselves (72) ________ and develop their
confidence at dinner table.
? They got more chances to be (73) _________ to politics.
? Different from men, their previous experiences help them
work their way to the (74) _________ of their career ladder.
Findings of the
? All these female leaders (75) _________ their success to their
◇Unlike other children in her village, Igoye received
(76) _________ with her sisters.
◇Ben Said was encouraged to debate among the family even
when her opinions went (77) _________ her father’s.
◇Despite the general convention of (78) _________ well,
Chahal was brought up otherwise.
? Women leaders have to work (79) _________ than men
counterparts to live up to people’s expectations.
Conclusion Female leadership (80) _________ a lot to a nation and its women
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分）
81.请认真阅读下面短文，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。
1. 用约 30 个单词概括图表及文字的内容；
The Palace Museum, as known as the Forbidden City,
began selling souvenirs and
other peripheral (周边的 ) products on Alibaba’s
Taobao in October 2010. The latest statistics show sales
reached 1.5 billion yuan in 2017, said Shan Jixiang, the
Former museum curator (馆长).
Meanwhile, the number of cultural and creative
products available for sale at the Palace Museum increased
from 195 in 2013 to 9,170 in 2016.
“The income from the cultural and creative industries
made it possible for the Palace Museum to hold 62,000
educational activities in 2018, bringing more visitors to our
museum,” Shan added.
The Number of Visitors
(million per year)
2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点，内容包括：
第一部分听力理解（共 20小题；每小题1 分，满分20分）
1-5 ACBCA 6-10BAABC 11-15 BCBBA 16-20 CABCA
21-25 BDAAB 26-30 CDBCC 31-35 BABCC
36-40 BCDAC 41-45 CBADB 46-50 AADBA
第三部分阅读理解（共 15小题；每小题2 分，满分30分）
56-57 BC 58-60 BAB 61-64 DDAC
71. similarity/similarities 72. freely/casually
74. top 75- ovved/attributed
77. against 78. marrying
81. Possible version:
The Palace Museum has witnessed a sharp rise in the sales of its cultural and creative products.
Meanwhile, the number of visitors has increased dramatically in the past few years as well. (32v)
The benefits vve enjoy from promoting cultural products far exceed our imagination. Firstly,
these inventive art works fun_ction as ambassadors to spread our splendid culture, extending Chinese
cultural influence and building up our cultural confidence. In addition, profits gained from the sales
of artistic souvenirs can be spent on the restoration of cultural relics and the organization of
educational activities, which in turn will attract more visitors-
To jump on the bandwagon of promoting Chinese culture, I will design a set of bookmarks with
images of palaces or emperors on them. It not only is of practical use but also serves as a reminder of
sweet memories at the Palace Museum. I hope my design will be a useful addition to those cultural
and creative art works. (127w)
1 . 本题总分为2 5分，按 5 个档次给分。
2 ? 评分时，可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，
3? 少于 130词或多于170词的，从总分中酌情减去1-2分。
4 . 评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文
6 ? 如字迹难以辨认，以致影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。