[ID:4-5991727] 高考英语-高频词汇分类解读-专题练习(一)(含答案与解析)
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高考英语专题练习(一) 高频词汇分类解读 【即学即练】单句填空 1.Naturally, we were all ________(concern)about him when we heard of the accident. 2.Recently, we have been ________(tire)of the same old breakfast day after day. 3.He had completely ________(ignore)her remarks, preferring his own theory. 4.________(base)on this report, the English government decided to ask Captain James Cook to go and look for this continent. 5.It was not until I walked close to the girl in front of me that I ________(recognize)her. 【即学即练】语法填空 1.We were ________(suffer)from a lack of balance between knowledge and wisdom. 2.More employees resign because ________ a relationship conflict. 3.He kept yawning(打哈欠) in class this morning. That is ________ he stayed up late doing his homework last night. 4.China’s import of American agricultural produce, ________ soybean, wheat and cotton in large quantities provides a huge market for American farmers. 5.It seems that people are going to have problems finding a job ________ they get A levels at school. 1.calm / quiet / still / silent (1)Ask the children to make less noise and keep ______. (2)Although she was frightened, she answered in a ______ voice. (3)John is a ______, thoughtful boy. (4)Please stand ______ while I am ready to take the photograph. 2.power / right / strength / force / energy (1)You’ll need to apply all your ______ to this job. (2)You have no ______ to treat me like this. (3)Congress has ______ to declare war. (4)The ______ of the explosion broke all the windows. (5)A washing machine is a saver of time and ________. 3.join in / take part in / attend / join (1)Would you ______ us ______ the game? (2)All the students ______________________ school activities. (3)There are many people __________ the meeting. (4)My brother ______ the army last year. 4.recognize / realize / know (1)Only after you lose your health will you ____________ the importance of health. (2)I’ve ________________ Tom for years. (3)I __________ him as soon as he came into the room. 5.such as / for example / that is / and so on (1)My daughter studies four subjects in school, ____________, Chinese, maths, English and P.E. (2)Overcooking, ____________, destroys many nutrients. (3)He can speak some other languages, ____________ French and German. (4)There are some books, pens, erasers ____________ in my bag. I.单词拼写 1.The snow is very ______(疏松) and there is a lot of air in it. 2.His life is _________(完全地) given up to work. 3.The ___________(幕布) rises and the play begins. 4.That’s __________(正是) what I expected. 5.To send me to college, my parents _________(受苦) a lot. 6.Our workmate has been in danger. We’re all c_____________ about his health. 7.They come from Germany. They are G____________. 8.On hot summer nights, people like to sit o____________, chatting and enjoying the cool air. 9.I’m g ________________ for your help. 10.Their age is from 13 to 19.They are called t_________________. 11.A lot of students p_______________ at the meeting took part in the discussion. 12.The tall tree was struck by l___________ and broke. 13.The robber was caught when he was filling his car with p__________ at the filling station. 14.Go up in an e_______________ to the fifth floor. 15.He looked calm, but a__________ he was very nervous. 16.In the word “happy” the _________(重音) is on the first syllable. 17.He has a poor _________________(词汇), so he can’t express himself correctly. 18.The gentlemen disclosed their own __________(身份). 19.Anyone who wants to learn English well must remember the ___________(惯用法) of English. 20.Though he is not a ___________(本国的) English speaker, he can speak English very fluently. II.语法填空 1.As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China has played an important part ________ international affairs in a responsible manner. 2.He has a habit of setting ________ everything that happened in his diary. 3.The old man is said to have gone ________ untold hardships before liberation. 4.It is reported that the police are looking into a series ________ attacks in that area. 5.She requested that no one ________(tell) of her decision until the next meeting. 6.Mr. Smith doesn’t live here any longer. That is, he ________ lives here. 7.What surprised me was not what he said but the way ________ he said it. 8.His wife ________(fall) in love with the house the moment she saw it. 9.I want very much to discuss this problem with him face ________ face. 10.Did you break the vase ________ purpose or by accident? 11.________ catch the last bus, Tom hurried through his work. 12.Jane has got such a bad temper that her colleagues find it hard to get ________ well with her. 13.Tom joined his father ________ helping to make the business a success. 14.He is now in hospital, ________(recover) from a heart attack. 15.The money collected should be made good use of ________(help) the people who suffered a lot in the terrible flood in Beijing on the night of July 21, 2012, which caused great losses. 16.This is the first time we ________(see) a film in the cinema together as a family. 17.When ________(compare) his handwriting with mine, I realize he makes rapid progress. 18.He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ________(interest) in his lectures. 19.There was a time ________ I hated to go to school. 20.The book ________(translate) into thirty languages since it came on the market in 1973. 21.In the good care of the nurse, the boy is ________(gradual) recovering from his heart operation. 22.I’ll be late home tonight because something unexpected has just come ________. 23.I only intended to be there for a few days, but ________(act) I ended up staying there for a whole month. 24.We are not sure whether the treatment has been successful. Only time will ________(tell). 25.The boy looked at his Christmas gift with an ________(express) of satisfaction. 26.The English play ________ my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. 27.China is now taking a path towards peace and development and has never threatened any country in the past and ________ present, and will never do so in the future. 28.The librarian commanded that the books borrowed from the library _______(return) as soon as possible. 29.As is known to all language learners, the newly learnt words will soon be forgotten unless ________(frequent)used in everyday communication. 30.Happiness and success often come to those ________ are good at recognizing their own strength. III.句型填空(用动词的正确形式填空) 1.When first ________(introduce) to the market, these products enjoyed great success. 2.Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach. I ________(eat) so much fried chicken just now. 3.This is the first time that I ________(be) to the Great Wall. 4.With five minutes ________(go) before the last bus left, we arrived at the station. IV.语法填空 【河北省廊坊市2017届高三上学期期末】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式. In Hangzhou, borrowing books from the library 1 (be) now as simple and convenient as shopping online: click, pay and wait for delivery. The city’s public library 2 (recent) started a program on WeChat, a popular Chinese messaging software, making 3 (it) readers check out books online and get them 4 (deliver) to their homes. To enjoy the service, one first needs to follow the library’s official account, 5 provides available books at low prices. After picking books, people 6 (require) to provide certain information and then get their delivery within three days after payment of the books. Borrowers can keep up to 20 books 7 total at a time for up to 40 days. Whoever fails to return the books 8 the deadline will have their accounts frozen. Readers now can borrow the 9 (popular) books of the library from this platform. What’s more, the online books will be renewed and enriched gradually according to readers’ borrowing 10 (habit) and preferences. V.短文改错 【广东省肇庆市2017届高三第二次模拟】短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文.文中共有l0处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改. 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词. 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉. 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词. 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分. I’m Wang Hong, a international student of Beijing University. I have something to talk with you. During last year’s winter holiday, I go shopping with my classmates. While we were walking on the street, we saw several beggar standing on the road and asking for money. Many of them were disabling, which made me feel very much sad. Among them were old people, young people and even children. I noticed some passers-by ignore them instead of given them money. When I wanted to help them, my classmates stopped us. They told me whether these beggars were not worth showing mercy to because most them cheated people. Should I helped them? VI.范文背诵(翻译汉语句子并背诵全文) Mrs. Wilson, I’m going out shopping, and(1)我大约下午5点才回来 __________.I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. At about 1 o’clock this afternoon, Tracy called, (2)racy打电话说,她明天早上不能在Bolton Coffee见你,因为她有重要的事情要处理 __________ She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting.(3)你一回来,她就想让你给她会电话 __________ She has already told Susan about this change. Li Hua - 4 - / 4 高考英语专题练习(一) 高频词汇分类解读 答 案 【即学即练】单句填空 1.concerned 2.tired 3.ignored 4.Based 5.Recognized 【即学即练】语法填空 1.suffering 2.Of 3.because 4.such as 5.even if 1.calm/quiet/still/silent (1)Quiet (2)calm (3)silent (4)still 2.power/right/strength/force/energy (1)Energy (2)right (3)power (4)force (5)strength 3.join in/take part in/attend/join (1)Join in (2)took an active part in (3)attending (4)joined 4.recognize/realize/know (1)Realize (2)known (3)recognized 5.such as/for example/that is/and so on (1)that is (2)for example (3)such as (4)and so on I.单词拼写 1.Loose 2.entirely 3.curtain 4.exactly 5.suffered 6.concerned 7.Germans 8.outdoors 9.grateful 10.teenagers 11.present 12.lightning 13.petrol 14.elevator 15.actually 16.accent 17.vocabulary 18.identities 19.usage 20.native II.语法填空 1.in 2.down 3.through 4.of 5.(should)be told 6.no longer 7.that/in which 8.fell 9.to 10.on 11.In order to 12.along/on 13.In 14.recovering 15.to help 16.have seen 17.comparing 18.Interested 19.when 20.has been translated 21.gradually 22.up 23.actually 24.tell 25.expression 26.in which 27.At 28.(should)be returned 29.frequently 30.who III.句型填空(用动词的正确形式填空) 1.introduced 2.shouldn’t have eaten 3.have been 4.to go IV.语法填空 1.is这句话主语是borrowing books from the library,动名词做主语,谓语用单数,而且文章使用一般现在时,故填is. 2.recently修饰动词started用副词.故填recently. 3.its这里指“图书馆的读者”,用形容词性物主代词its.故填its. 4.delivered使用get+宾语+宾语补足语的结构,them和deliver是被动关系,用过去分词作宾语补足语.故填delivered. 5.which用which引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是official account,定语从句中缺少主语,故填which. 6.are required people和require是被动关系,而且文章使用一般现在时,主语是复数,故填are required. 7.in使用短语in total“总共”.故填in. 8.before句意:不能在截止日期之前归还图书的人将冻结账户.故填before. 9.most popular根据“of the library”可知这里是:在图书馆最受欢迎的书.故填most popular. 10.habits和preferences并列用复数.故填habits. V.短文改错 71.将a改成an 72.将go改成went 73.将beggar改成beggars 74.将disabling改成disabled 75.将much去掉 76.将given改成giving 77.将us改成me 78.将whether去掉或改成that 79.在most和them中间添加of 80.将helped改成help VI.范文背诵(翻译汉语句子并背诵全文) (1)won’t be back until about 5:00 pm.(高级句型not……until ) (2)saying that she couldn’t meet you at the Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she had something important to attend to.(现在分词短语作状语,as引导的原因状语从句) (3)She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home.(高级句型……as soon as……) - 3 - / 4
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