[ID:4-6419760] 人教版英语中考总复习:30中考冲刺五:任务型阅读技巧(提高)(含答案解析)
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  I. 任务性阅读真题演练。   I) 阅读短文,根据短文内容完成文后的句子。(2019 贵阳)   Charles Darwin was a scientist who changed our understanding of the natural world. He is known as the Father of Modern Biology. Darwin spent all his life studying nature and making notes about all the species(物种) he found.   Darwin was born in 1809 in England. Like many geniuses he didn’t do well at school and got poor marks. He was a good athlete though and loved exploring nature and collecting sea shells. He also kept doing chemistry experiments and so his classmates gave him the nickname "Gas".   His father was a doctor and expected Charles to become one too. Charles started studying medicine at Edinburgh University, but soon gave up his studies there. He went on to study religion at Cambridge University instead. There he started collecting insects like beetles and paid too little attention to his studies.   In 1831, at the age of 22, Darwin went on a five-year expedition to South America, Australia and South Africa by ship. He was often seasick, but the things he saw on this long journey changed his life. He collected many fossils as well as animal and plant specimens. He spent the rest of his life studying what he had seen and he wrote many books.   In 1839, Darwin married his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, with whom he had ten children! He was a loving father and enjoyed family life, which was always more important to him than his research. In spite of having many health problems throughout his life, Darwin lived until his 73.   Darwin’s most famous book On the Origin of Species came out in 1859 and sold out in a day. It said that all living things were related, which meant that human beings were just another kind of animal. These ideas were not popular at first, but now most people agree with them and admire Darwin as a brilliant scientist.   1.Darwin was a?  and had great interests in exploring nature though he was _____ work.   2. At Edinburgh University, Darwin soon gave up his study because he________.   3. Darwin came up with _______ after the long journey, and what he saw on the way _______.   4. According to the article, Darwin loved his family very much and he had _______.   5. At first, Darwin’s new ideas about human beings ________.   II) 阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题。(2019 北京)   Thanksgiving is always on a Thursday. The day after it has been known as Black Friday. It is the start of the holiday shopping season, and it has been the busiest shopping day of the year in the US since 2005.   Most stores offer big sales on Black Friday. They open their doors quite early in the morning. They try to attract shoppers with big discounts (打折). Some items (商品) like TVs and cloths are much cheaper than usual. Stores may even lose money on these items. They hope that shoppers will buy gifts for other people while they are in the store.   Black Friday is a great time to go shopping. However, there are problem. The biggest one is that there are not enough low-priced items. Each store may only have a few. These items are in great need, so people stand in long lines to get them. They may wait three to four hours before a store opens. They may be hoping to get a low price on a TV or computer, but not everybody can get one. Some people leave, disappointed.   The situation makes people worried. Some Black Friday events have been crazy. There have been fights over toys among shoppers. Some workers have even been hurt by large crowds. But most Black Friday events are safe and fun. Still, if you plan to go, you will expect large crowds and a bit of pushing.   So where does the name “Black Friday” come from It was first used in Philadelphia in the 1950s. The police called this day Black Friday because of the heavy traffic it caused. In the 1960s, stores tried to rename the day “Big Friday”. It did not stick. The name “Black Friday” continued to spread across the country. It seems that it is here to stay.   Now people all over the country take part in Black Friday events. It is even spreading to other parts of the world. Stores have held Black Friday events in the UK, Australia, and Brazil since 2012. In Mexico, stores offer a weekend of discounts every year. They call it “El Buen Fin”, which means “the good weekend” in Spanish. I guess people everywhere like to buy things on sale.   1. Is Black Friday the start of the holiday shopping season   _______________________________________________________________________   2. What is the biggest problem with Black Friday   _______________________________________________________________________   3. How long may people have to wait before a store opens   _______________________________________________________________________   4. Where was the name “Black Friday” first used in the 1950s   _______________________________________________________________________   5. Why do people like going shopping on Black Friday   _______________________________________________________________________ ?
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