[ID:4-4746826] 人教版高中英语选修六全册教案(PDF版)
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人教版高中英语选修 6 优质教案全套 Unit 1 Art Vocabulary and Useful Expressions Teaching Goals: 1. To enable Ss to master some new words and expressions 2. To get Ss to have knowledge of this grammar point: the subjective mood Teaching Procedures: Step 1. Free talk If you have a special chance to become a poet, what kind of poems will you write to people? And why? Step 2. Word study Purpose: To consolidate the words and phrases in the text. 1. Find a word in the poems that rhymes with each of the words below. Then add other words that rhyme. The first one has been done for you. (1) dead lead red thread fed said bed (2) high (3) sing (4) today (5) lace (6) true Suggested Answers: (2) high sky pie my fly shy lie (3) sing ring wing thing king fling string (4) today away say play lay tray may (5) lace race face case chase place space (6) true too new flew few shoe canoe 2. Complete the passage using the words below in the correct form. cottage run out of nursery rhythm recite rhyme When I was a baby, my mother used to read me _________ rhymes, I loved their _______ and the way the words _________ at the end of the lines. By the time I was two years old, I could ________ at least ten of them. When we _____________ new nursery rhymes, my mother would go to the store to buy another nursery rhyme book. In fact, my family loved reading so much that the living room in our __________ was full of books. Suggested Answers: nursery; rhythm; rhyme; recite; run out of; cottage. 3. In English we sometimes add –ful to a noun to make an adjective. For example, wonder becomes wonderful. This means full of wonder. Now make adjectives form these nouns. Then add four other pairs you know. (1) beauty __________ (5) dread ____________ (9) __________ ____________ (2) joy ____________ (6) hope ____________ (10) _________ _____________ (3) sorrow _________ (7) peace ___________ (11) __________ ____________ (4) delight __________ (8) power ___________ (12). __________ ____________ Suggested Answers: (1) beautiful (2) joyful (3) sorrowful (4) delightful (5) dreadful (6) hopeful (7) peaceful (8) powerful (9) thankful (10) successful (11) painful (12) useful 4. Complete the table with the correct nouns, verbs, adjectives or adverbs. Noun Verb Adjective Adverb angry darken impressive repetitive transformational translation warm enjoy expressively inspire Suggested Answers: Noun Verb Adjective Adverb anger anger angry Angrily dark darken dark darkly impression impress impressive impressively repetition repeat repetitive repetitively transformation transform transformational translation translate translated warmth warm warm wrmly enjoyment enjoy enjoyable enjoyably expression express expressive expressively inspiration inspire inspirational inspirationally 5. Complete each sentence using the correct word from the table you have just completed. (1) While you were reciting the poem, I think you moved your body very __________. It made the performance much more interesting. (2) Ad I lay in the _________, the words of a new poem came into my head. (3) The teacher doesn’t think that the _________ of the Tang poem is very good. (4) Songs are often easy to remember because they ________ a lot of poetry. (5) Your talk was so _________ that I want to go and write lots of poetry. (6) I loved the strong images you used in your poem to convey feelings of _________. (7) We were very __________ by the students’ performance of their poetry. (8) We passed the afternoon very _________ reading poetry together under the trees. (9) Mr. Tanner’s love of poetry has ________ the students’ feelings towards the subject. (10) Even though it is cold, your poem about summer has made me feel really ________. Answers: (1) expressively (2) darkness (3) translation (4) repeat (5) inspirational (6) anger (7) impressed (8) enjoyably (9) transformed (10) warm Step 3. Grammar 1. Presentation Purpose: To revise the usage of the subjunctive mood with Ss. 所述情况 从句 主句 与现在事实相反 If+主语+动词过去式 (be 动词用 were) 主 语 + would/could/might/should+ 动词原形 与过去事实相反 If+主语+动词过去完成式 主 语 + would/could/might/should+ have + 过去分词 与将来事实相反 ① if+主语+动词过去式 ② if+主语+were to + 动词原形 ③ if+主语+should+动词原形 主 语 + would/could/might/should+ 动词原形 此表中需要注意几点: (1) be 动词在表示与现在事实相反的从句中一般用 were.在非正式情况先,第一、第三人称 后偶尔也用 was. 如: If he were you, he would go at once. (2) 主句中的 should 通常用于第一人称,would,could 以及 might 可以用于各种人称。 (3) 在表示与将来事实相反的条件句中,只能用 should,而不能用 would, could, might 等。 如:If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go camping. (should rain 也可以用 rained, were to rain 代替)。 (4) 当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时,被称为“错综时 间条件句”,动词的形式要分别根据它所表示的不同时间做相应的调整。如: If you had followed my advice, you would be better now. 2. Practice Purpose: To get Ss to have knowledge of the grammar through exercises. Match the beginning of each sentence with the appropriate ending. ⑴ . If you saw a person four meters high,① . If Rob hadn’t injured himself,② . If I were you,③ . If she had studied harder,④ . If you wrote me beautiful poems every day,⑤ A. we would have won. B. she would have passed the exam. C. I would love you forever. D. I’d go to bed early tonight. E. would you believe your eyes? Suggested Answers: E A D B C① ② ③ ④ ⑤ Complete the sentences using the correct for⑵ ms of the verbs in brackets. . Miss Jiang explained the homework to the class yesterday. If Alfred (pay) _________ more ① attention at the time, he (not miss) her instructions. . I’m sorry, I don’t have a compass. Of course I (lend) it to you if I (have) ② __________ one. . Len doesn’t think he will ever win a poetry competition. If, by chance, he (win) ________, he ③ (spend) _________ the prize on a computer. . Luckily, Janet is good at writing in English. If she (not write) _________ well, she (spend) ④ ______ more time practicing. . If I (be) ______ you, I (take it easy) ________ and go home early.⑤ . Sue missed the party last night. I’m sure that if she (be) ______ there, she (meet) ______ some ⑥ really interesting people. Suggested Answers: . had paid; w① ould not have missed . would lend; had ② . won; would spend ③ . didn’t write; would spend④ . were; would take it easy⑤ . had been; would have met ⑥ Look at the examples. Sentence A tells us the real situation. Sentence B tells us what would ⑶ have happened if the situation had been different. Now write a sentence B for each sentence A below. A. I go to gym every day. B. If I didn’t go the gym every day, I would put on weight. B. He didn’t work had. B. If he had worked hard, he would have passed the exam. A. Shirley liked to write poems, so she practiced every day. ① B. _____________________________________________. A. She didn’t know how to convey her feelings effectively in a poem and her older brother ② often laugh at her. B. _____________________________________________. A. She read many beautiful poems and gradually her writing skills improved. ③ B. ____________________________________________. A. She was so satisfied with her improvement that she entered a poem in a poetry competition.④ B. ___________________________________________. A. The poem she entered did not have an appropriate ending and she did not win first prize. ⑤ B. ____________________________________________. A. However, because she won an encouragement award, she f⑥ elt very pleased with herself. B. ___________________________________________. Suggested Answers: If Shirley hadn’t like d to write poems, she wouldn’t have practiced every day. ① If she had known how to convey her feelings effectively in a poem, he② r brother wouldn’t have often laughed at her. If she hadn’t read many beautiful poems, her writing wouldn’t have gradually improved. ③ If she hadn’t been so satisfied with her improvement, she wouldn’t have entered a poem in a ④ poetry competition. If⑤ the poem she entered had had an appropriate ending, she would have won the first prize. If she hadn’t won an encouragement award, she wouldn’t felt pleased with herself.⑥ Step 4. Using structures Purpose: To get Ss to consolidate what we have learned in the class. Match the beginning of each sentence with the correct ending. 1. She would have waited for him 2. Clare would be frightened 3. I would have been on time 4. He would have won the race A. if she saw a snake. B. if he hadn’t tripped over. C. if they had the money. D. if he had asked. 5. They would paint their house E. if my mother had woken me up. Suggested Answers: 1. D 2. A 3. E 4. B 5. C Step 5. Homework. 1. Review the new words and phrases. 2. Master all the language points we have learnt in the class. Warming Up, Pre-reading and Reading Step 1 Lead in Show a picture and ask: 1.Who was she? Mona Lisa 2.Who painted her? Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) 3.How long did it take him to paint it? Four years (1503-1506) Step 2 Discussion 1.Are there any paintings in your home? Whose? Which style? 2.Who are your favorite painters, from China and from other countries? 3.Do you know some famous painters and their works? List some. (China-- Xu Beihong, Qi Baishi, Zhang Daqian, Fu Baoshi…Leonardo Da Vinci, Picasso , Vincent Van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Giotto di Bondone…) 4.What do you think of the differences and similarities between Chinese and Western paintings? Chinese paintings: realistic detailed traditional natural line rich colorful Western paintings: abstract natural religious impressionist ridiculous modern colorful Step 3 Some painters’ information 1.Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Mona Lisa 朝见圣子 2.Giotto di Bondone (The Middle Ages ) 乔托·迪·邦多纳 Giotto was recognized as the first genius of art in the Italian Renaissance. He painted religious scenes in a more realistic style. Escape to Egypt 3.Monet 莫奈(1840-1926) ( Impressionism ) A French painter who helped to start the Impressionist movement. he is best known for his paintings of the countryside in which he tried to show the affects of light by painting the same picture at different times of day or in different types of weather.花园中的女人 吹笛少年 4.Van Gogh 凡高(1853-1890) A Dutch painter who went to live in southern France and helped to developed the style of Post-impressionism. His paintings typically use bright colors and have thick lines. One of the most famous ones is Sunflowers .He is also known for being mentally ill and for cutting off one of his ears and later killing himself. Poor as he was during his life, his paintings are now extremely valuable and sold for very high prices. 5.Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) 毕加索 ( Modern art ) He was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain, as the son of an art and drawing teacher. Picasso was the greatest art genius of the twentieth century.毕加索的作品,最著名的是和平鸽,格尔尼卡,以及无数长着三只眼睛, 几个乳房的怪人画,使他成为二十世纪最具争议,也最有影响的艺术家。即使看了说不出所 以然的人也只有跟着全世界喝彩。要是遇到其他什么人画的看不懂的画时,就会说一句:“这 是毕加索。” 6.Matisse 马蒂斯(1869-1954) A French painter and sculptor who helped to develop fauvism(野 兽派)as a style of painting. His paintings are mostly of ordinary places and objects, but they are pure bright colors and black lines.奢华 Step 4 Match the words with the correct meanings: [A] [B] a. realistic 1. accurate, minute b. abstract 2. state or fact of existing c. existence 3. being in thought but having a physical or practical existence d. detailed 4. lifelike, true to life e. religious 5. classical, of old beliefs f. traditional 6. sincere to believe in a god or gods Step 5 Pre-reading Get the Ss to discuss the questions in pre-reading in pairs. Then check the answer with the whole class, if they have no idea, use the materials previously prepared to let the Ss have some acquaintance with the knowledge of art and artists. Step6 Reading Task 1 Scanning Show some questions on the screen. 1. What were the artists interested in from 5th to 15the century AD? 2. How did Masaccio 3. paint his paintings? 4. Why did the impressionists have to paint quickly. Task 2 Scanning Let the Ss red the passage again and get the main idea of it. Then complete the following chart no their own. Names of Ages Time Artist Feature The Middle Ages 5th to 15th century Giotto Di Bondone religious, realistic The Renaissance 15th to 16th century Massaccio perspective, realistic Impressionism Late 19th to early 20th century detailed, ridiculous Modern art 20th century to today Controversial, abstract, realistic Task 3 Explanation There are so many… that it would be impossible to … The sentence means that there are too many different styles of /western art to introduce in a short passage. People became more focused on… and less on… It tell us that people pay more attention to humans than religion If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, people would not have been able to paint … The sentence means that people discovered the rules of perspective, so that they painted such realistic pictures. Step 7 Comprehending Ask the students to read the passage again and deal with Exercises. Step 8 Homework 1. Underline the time expression in the reading passage. 2. Retell the passage with the help of the chart about the text. 3. Discuss the question in Exercise 3 on page 3. Step 9 Homework 1. Revise what you have learned in this class. 2. Preview the new lesson. Listening, Speaking and Writing Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言: 重点词汇和短语 Traditional, abstract, figurative, photography, dimensional, sculpture, pottery, wood carving, clay figures ,paper cutting 重点句子 Talk about likes and preferences: I’d prefer… I’d rather… I’d like… Which would you prefer…? I really prefer… Would you rather… Would you like… 2. Ability goals 能力目标 Enable the Ss to express their likes and preference 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Help the Ss learn how to express their likes and preference Teaching important & difficult points 教学重难点 Teach the Ss how to express their likes and preference Teaching methods 教学方法 Speaking; making conversation; comparative method Teaching aids 教具准备 A computer, a recorder and some slides Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方法 Period 1 Listening Teaching aims 1 .Knowledge Aims 1).Let the Ss know about some scientists and their life and conditions. 2).Get the Ss to learn to learn how to talk about scientific wok and how to describe a person.. 2. Ability Aims 1).Train the Ss’ speaking ability by describing, talking and discussing. 2).Train the Ss’ listening ability. 3. Emotional Aims Encourage the students to learn from scientists to show interest in scientific exploration and research. Teaching Important Points 1. Train the Ss’ speaking ability by describing, talking and discussing. 2. Help the students to improve their listening ability. Teaching Difficulties Train the Ss’ listening ability. Teaching Aids CAI equipment with a mult-media classroom and other normal teaching tools. Teaching Procedure StepⅠ Greeting & Revision StepⅡListening Listen and answer the questions in Exercise1&2 Answers2: 1John.2Susan. 3He wants to see the exhibition of Chinese art.4Small galleries. 5It is big, crowded and too expensive.6Modern art. 7The Frick collection and the Metropolitan Museum on Friday and the Whitney and the Guggenheim on Saturday. StepⅢ Discussion So far, we have learned some knowledge about the art. Let's talk about how to express likes and preferences. Let's see some sentence structures. Discuss the questions on page 41 Look at some sentences structures: I ’d prefer… I ’d rather… I’d like… Which would you prefer…? I really prefer… Would you rather…? Would you like…or Sample dialogue 1 S1: Who are your favorite Chinese artists? S2: I’d prefer the Chinese famous painter Qi Baishi, who is a master of traditional Chinese realistic paintings. He is good at combining two kinds of techniques: traditional Chinese realistic painting and freehand brushwork in traditional Chinese painting. S1: Would you like any western artists? S2: Yes, of course. I prefer the Italian artist Giotto di Bondone. He is well-known for his rediscovery of the third dimension Sample dialogue 2 S1: Which style would you prefer, two –dimensional or three-dimensional? S2: I prefer two-dimensional style. My favorite art style is photography. My ideal is to be a photographer. Images and information can be presented to thrill and inspire people. S1: I’d rather like three dimensional style. I like pottery very much Sample dialogue 3 S1: There are many kinds of folk arts in China, such as paper cutting ,kites, jade and other stone carvings, etc. what kind of Chinese art do you like best? S2: I enjoy paper cutting very much. The crafts use simple materials. S3: I’d rather like clay figures. Chinese folk artists use simple and cheap materials to make small and delicate handicraft. Clay figurine making is a unique folk handicraft of China. Task 2: Do some listening practice on page 44.Keys 1 What about visiting some art galleries? 3There’s even a section on Chinese art .I’d like to see that. 4 Well, the Frick Collection is quite small, and it has a beautiful garden. 5 Oh no. It’s too big and crowded. 6 Modern art! Do we have to ?I’m not very fond of that stuff. A monkey could have painted better pictures than some of those paintings. 7 Metropolitan stays open until 8:45 on Friday evenings. 7 ...They ‘re quite close together. The Guggenheim stays open till late on Saturdays... 2 Listen again and then answer the questions. P41 3 book 1vase 4wall hanging 2paints and brushes P41 2 1Xiao Wei. 2It was too expensive. 3Mrs Hang would probably have known What to get Mr Wang. 4At first he liked the book but later he thought the wall hanging would be the best. 5I think they will probably get the wall hanging because the others seem to respect Wang Pei’s opinion. Also, they know Mr Hang likes that type of Wall Hanging. P44 Listening task 1 discuss :In what period do you think they were? 2Listen to the tape: Number the artworks 1---6 to show the order in which Zhang Lin talks about them. 3 5 2 6 1 4 Learn new words pottery陶器 Buddhism 佛教 Architecture 建筑 Brush strokes 绘画的技巧 Typical 典型的 Technique 技巧,手法 Answer key for Ex.2 15000—3000BC 2First century AD Tang Dynasty 4Yuan Dynasty 5 20th century 6 20th century Key for Ex 4 1. Painted pottery. 2. Religious theme, organized system of drawing focused on the use of brush strokes. 3. The traditional style that is practised even today was well developed .Pictures of human figures, animals and everyday life were popular during the Tang Dynasty. 4. Pictures of human figures and still life became popular. Scenery did not look realistic with a particular part of the scenery enlarged/focused on. 5& 6 Painters have become influenced by Western art, both abstract and realistic art painted. StepⅣSummary and homework Afterthoughts Period 2 Speaking & Writing Teaching Aims: Help and Enable the students learn how to talk about environment. Help the students learn how to write a letter asking for permission. Difficulty and importance Teach the students learn how to write a letter asking for permission Teaching methods: Fast reading; careful reading; discussion Teaching aids A computer a projector, and a recorder Teaching Procedures & ways StepⅠ Reading Task Here is a letter on page 45 from a group of students who would like to make their school more attractive. 1 Fast reading 1. Why do they become worried? 2. What do they hope the headmaster to do for their project? Careful reading: suppose you were the president of the high school council and you received the letter. Prepare to make notes for a report about the letter, filling the blanks on page 46 1 Some tips about how to make notes 2 Just write down some key words 3 Use words or phrases 4 Omit the small words like prepositions 5 Letter from____________________________ 6 Asking for______________ and____________ 7 Reason ______________________________ 8 Their plan: 1___________________________ 2___________________________ 3___________________________ 9 Work will be done by :___________________ StepⅡ Speaking task Ask the Ss to discuss how to improve the environment of our school in fours, then speak out. 1 A: planting more trees, grass and flowers, a beautiful garden, not pick the flowers and stamp the grass 2 B: not throw litter, pick the rubbish, throw it into a dustbin, collect waste paper and bottles for recycling. 3 C: keep the schoolyard or classroom clean, not draw pictures on walls, not carve names on the trees or desks and chairs 4 D: make our school a non-smoking place In all, if everyone makes contribution to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful. If all Chinese care about the environment, I ’m sure China will become one of the most beautiful countries in the world StepⅢ Writing task 1 Write a letter to the headmaster of the school asking for permission to improve the environment of the school. While writing, refer to the instructions in WRITING TASK. 2 A sample letter: Dear Mr. Wang, As you know, our school used to look like a beautiful garden with green trees and many kinds of flowers in our schoolyard all year round. But great changes have taken place since a chemical work was built near our school two years ago .It produces poisonous gases and pours a large amount of waste water into the river. The terrible pollution has done great harm to students and teachers as well as to the surroundings. It's time for us to do something to protect our school and prevent her from being polluted. First, we must make great efforts to clean up polluted water and stop further water pollution. Ask the government to maintain and improve present facilities, and construct new project with health, safety, and protection of the environment as primary concerns. Second, we must insist that water pollution control laws be passed and strictly enforced. This responsibility extends also to members of the general public in our surrounding community. An important aspect of this responsibility is making ongoing water quality. This is of such importance, that is must be given precedence over operating productivity. Finally, we can also protect ourselves against polluted water. We should take measures to clean the polluted water. To cooperate with government, industry and academia is supporting research and maximizing benefits for the general public in safety, heath and environmental matters. We hope you will give us a permission to carry out he project and donate 5,000yuan we need. And we also require you to make a report to ask for the government’s rescue. By doing so , we will be able to live a healthier and happier life. Yours sincerely, Liu Wei StepⅣHomework 1 Revise the composition and hand it in tomorrow. 2 Revise the language points for tomorrow’s quiz. Afterthoughts Grammar and Useful Structures Teaching Aims 1 .Knowledge Aim Help the students to use the subjunctive mood correctly in different situations. 2. Ability Aim To learn the subjunctive mood freely and properly in speaking and writing. 3. Emotional Aims 1) Encourage the students learn more about the grammar. 1) Help the students to form the good habit in learning. 2) Encourage the students to do more exercise consolidate the knowledge. Teaching Important Point Enable the students to use the correct form o f of the subjunctive mood Teaching Difficult Point To know the differences between the attributive and the predicative. Teaching Methods: Summarizing, comparative method; practicing activities Teaching Aids Multi-media classroom and other normal teaching tools Teaching Procedure StepⅠ Greeting Greet the whole class. StepⅡ Dictation StepⅢ Homework checking StepⅣ Grammar 虚拟语气(Subjunctive Mood)这一语法项目是各类英语考试中心测试的重点之一。虚拟 语气是一种特殊的动词形式,用来表示说话人所说的话并不是事实,而是一种假设、愿望、 怀疑或推测。判断是真实条件句还是非真实条件句。只有在非真实条件句中才使用虚拟语气。 通过句子意思,看假设的条件是否能够实现,能够实现是真实条件句,不能使用虚拟语气; 假设的条件不能实现则是非真实条件句,要用虚拟语气.判断这个假设是与哪个事实相反。 通常有三种情况:①与过去事实相反。②与现在事实相反。③与将来事实可能相反 I:虚拟条件句: 1. 虚拟现在时表示与现在事实相反的假设,其if 从句的谓语形式用动词的过去式(be 一般 用were),主句用would/ should/ could/ might +动词原形。 If places were a like, there would be little need for geographers.如果各个地方都一样,就不 需要地理学家了。 2. 虚拟过去时是表示与过去事实相反的假设,if 从句的谓语形式用过去完成时即had+过去 分词,主句用would / should / could / might + have +过去分词。 If he had known your address yesterday, he would have telephoned you. 3. 虚拟将来时是表示对将来实现的可能性很小的或不确定的假设。If从句的谓语形式用一般 过去式或用were to / should +动词原形,主句用would / should/could/ might +动词原形。 If he were to leave today, he would get there by Friday 4. 省略if 采用倒装语序的条件句。有时可以把含有助动词、情态动词、be或have的虚拟条 件句中的连词if省去,而将had , should, were 等词提到主语之前,即用倒装结构。 Had he worked harder, he would have got through the exams. Were he to leave today, he would get there by Friday. Were I in your place, I wouldn’t do that. 5混合虚拟语气 有时主句和从句的谓语动词指不同的时间,这时需要用混合虚拟语气。一般来说,在 这种情况下,主从句谓语动词指代的时间不同,所以我们又可以错综时间条件句,在这种虚 拟情况,动词形式应根据实际情况灵活使用,在做这些题目时候尤其要注意每道题目的提示 语:时间状语。绝大多数情况下,从句或者主句都有相关的时间状语,这是我解题的关键。 If you _____ that late movie last night, you wouldn’t be so sleepy. A. haven’t watched B. didn’t watch C. hadn’t watched D. wouldn’t have watched 答案选C。 Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he would be our chairman now. 混合虚拟语气还有一种情况就是事实和虚拟假设的混合句,这样的句子不仅仅是时间 的不同,而重要是事实和假设的混合。 I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at all possible, but I was fully occupied the whole of last week. 该句前半部分是假设虚拟,而后半部分是事实的陈述。 Your math instructor would have been happy to give you a make-up examination had you gone and explained that your parents were ill at the time. 该句前半句用的是假设虚拟,后半句主句也用的是假设虚拟(如果你去并且解释的话), 但是后半句的从句用的是事实语气,因为“父母病了”是客观事实,故不需要用虚拟形式had been。 6. 含蓄虚拟条件句 含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。 但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手 段有: (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 Without the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. A. In spite of B. But for C. Because of D. As for 答案选B。 (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯 恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wanted. =if she listened carefully, she might discover exactly what he wanted. If only I had more money, I could buy a car. (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以 不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢 以免我们听不懂。 Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎, 以免会发生溢流现象。 II: wish 后的 that 从句中: 1. 表示现在或将来的愿望,从句中过去式. I wish I knew his address. I wish I were young. 2. 表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望, 从句用过去完成式或would, could, might + have + 过去分词. I wish you had written to him. I wish I could have slept longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class. 3. 如果将wish改成wished, 其后that 从句中的动词形式不变. 4. 如果that 从句中用would , 一般表示 对现状不满或希望未来有所改变或请求 I wish he would answer my letter. I wish prices would come down. I wish you would help me. I wish you would stop asking silly questions. Step ExercisesⅤ Ex.1----4 in using structures on page 43.Then check the answers. Prepare for the Listening and Talking on page 41. Step HomeworkⅥ Prepare for the Listening and Talking on page 41 Afterthoughts Unit 2 Poems Period 1 —— Warming up and Pre-reading Teaching material: NSEFC Book 6 —— Unit 2 Lesson type: warming up & speaking Teaching aids: 1. a tape recorder 2. a projector 3. Slides and Pictures Teaching Objectives: 1. To present the topic of this unit —— poetry 2. To help students form concept of poetry. 3. To learn some words and useful expressions in order to express their own feelings. 4. To cultivate students’ interest of poetry. Teaching Important Points: How to improve the students’ speaking ability. Teaching Difficult Points: How to make the students gain enough information to express themselves. Teaching Methods: 1. Pair work or group work to make every student join in the class activities 2. Discussion to make every student express himself freely. Teaching Procedure: Step 1: Daily Greetings (1 minute) T: Good morning, students! Ss: Good morning, Miss Huang! Step 2: Warming up (11 minutes) T: Last unit we have learnt something about art, right? Ss: yes T: It is a kind of art. This time we will learn another kind of art. What is it? Ss: Poetry. T: Yes, poetry. From now on, we will begin a mysterious trip of poetry——Unit 4: a garden of poems. Here “poem” means 诗,它是指一首具体的诗。It is a countable noun. We can say “a poem” or “poems”. For example, we can say “a love poem”. Well, the word “poetry” refers to 诗歌,它是指诗歌的总称。So it is an uncountable noun. Is that clear? Ss: Yes. T: Ok. Who are the people that write poems? Ss: Poet. T: Yes, we call them poet. Can you name some famous poets in China? Ss: …… T: Very good. So many. Now, I’d like to introduce you two of them. Who is he? (show a picture of Li Bai on the Blackboard) Ss: Li Bai. T: Good. Li Bai. Can you recite any of his poems? Ss: …… T: Good job. (show a poem written by Li Bai on slide 1) So from his poems, we can see that Li Bai is full of imagination, right? His poems are always very romantic. So we say Li Bai is a representative of Romanticism. What about another famous poet? Who is he? (show a picture of Du Fu on the blackboard) Ss: Du Fu. T: Yes, you’ve got it. Do you know any of his poems? Ss: …… T: Wonderful, thank you. Compared with Li Bai, most of his poems present us a real life in that period. For example, “朱门酒肉臭,路有冻死骨” . It tells us the living condition of the people at that time, right? Ss: Yes T: So, we call Du Fu realistic poet. Now, I’d like to take a poem written by Du Fu for example. (show a poem written by Du Fu on slide 2) Xxx, would you please read it for us? S1: (reading) T: Thank you very much. Well, can you understand the meaning of this poem? Ss: No. T: I don’t know, either. I think if we don’t know the background of the poem and some necessary explanations, it will be very difficult for us to understand a traditional poem, right? Ss: Yes T: Well, what about this one? Who’d like to read it for us? (show a English songs “Do Ri Mi on slide 3) S3: (reading) T: Do you think it is easier to understand? Ss: Yes T: I’m sure all of us know what it talks about. Step 3: Reading (5 minutes) T: Today we’ll learn some English poems. They includes many kinds…. Ss: (reading) T: Thanks for your sweet voice. Look at the first poem , can you tell me what is the Nursery Rhymes? S4: Strong rhythm and rhyme, a lot of repetition, easy to learn and to recite T: Yes. Good. What the matter is. OK? T: Can you understand the meaning of this poem? It talks about a football match, right? With him? S5: They lost the game. Step 4: Discussion (10 minutes) T: OK, up till now, we have collected several words to describe different styles of poems. Well, what other words will we need to talk about poems? Now, would you please form a group of four and have a discussion. What other words will we need to talk about poems? Are you clear? Ss: Yes T: Ok. I’ll give you three minutes. After that, I’d like some of you to list some words you need. Now, go! (Three minutes later) T: OK. Time’s up. Who’d like to be the bravest one? S6: funny, happy. T: Good. Any other opinions? S7: Boring, dull, sad. T: Very good. Any other words? S8: Moving, meaningful, meaningless. …… Step 5: Pair work (10 minutes) T: Well, what about this one? (Sing an English song of another style by myself——Jingle Bells) Do you think it is very sad? Ss: No. T: Do you think it is happy? Ss: Yes T: Yes, it sounds very happy. It is also very lovely, right? Ss: Yes T: Well, compare with these two songs, which one do you like better? This time, I’d like you to discuss with your desk-mates and make up a dialogue. Which song do you like better? Why? You can make up your dialogue with these useful expressions and sentence patterns. Maybe this sample may help you a lot. (show the useful expressions and a sample on slide 5) Is that clear? Ss: Yes T: OK, go. You have five minutes to prepare. (five minutes later) T: Who is ready? …… (check some pairs.) Step 6: Conclusion (3 minutes) T: Today we just begin our magical journey of poetry. We have talked about some famous poets and learnt many words to show our ideas about poems and songs, right? Besides, we also enjoyed two beautiful songs. Do you feel good this class? Ss: Yes T: Thank you. Step 7: Homework (5 minutes) T: Here comes your homework. Next period we’ll make a further study about poetry, especially English poetry. So: 1. Please preview the reading part and look up the new words in the dictionary. 2. Try to find an English song or poem, and write a review. Are you all clear? Ss: Yes T: Ok. So much for today. Thanks for your attention. See you! Ss: See you! Blackboard Design: Unit2 Poems 具体的一首诗 romantic 浪漫主义的 realistic 现实主义的 poetry 诗歌(总称) interesting uninteresting poet 诗人 funny 滑稽的,可笑的 dull / boring 枯燥的 limerick 打油诗 happy sad 悲伤的 style 风格 meaningful meaningless lyric 抒情的 bold and unconstrained 豪放的 moving 感人的 lovely 可爱的 encouraging 振奋人心的 附: Slide 1: Slide 2 《望庐山瀑布》 《冬日有怀李白》 ——李白 ——杜甫 日照香炉生紫烟, 寂寞书斋里,终朝独尔思。 遥看瀑布挂前川。 更寻嘉树传,不忘角弓诗。 飞流直下三千尺, 短褐风霜入,还丹日月迟。 疑是银河落九天。 未因乘兴去,空有鹿门期。 Slide 3: Slide 5: 沁园春——考试 考场风光, 千里纸飘, 万里眼瞟。 望教室内外, 风景甚好, 交头接耳, 互打手势, 欲与考官试比高; 需来日, 看试卷成绩, 互喜互贺。 惜八股取士, 摇头晃脑。 死记硬背, 甚是苦恼。 一代天骄, 时代骄子, 考试作弊出高招。 俱往矣, 数风流高手, 还看今朝。 Slide 4: the lyric of the song “My Heart Will Go On” (omit) Unit 2 Poems Period 2 —— Reading (content) Teaching material: NSEFC Book 6 —— Unit 2 Lesson type: Reading Useful expressions: 1. I’m interested to …… but …… 2. I’m (not) interested in …… so …… 3. I think it will be too ……to …… 4. I’ve never heard of …… so …… 5. I don’t know much about …… but …… 6. I’d like to …… Example: A: Which song do you like better? B: I’m interested in…… A: Why are you interested in ……? B: Because …… What about you? A: Well, I prefer to …… Because I think …… Teaching aids: Multi-media 1. a computer 2. a tape recorder Teaching Objectives: 1. To learn the main develop steps of the history of English poetry. 2. To learn the characteristics of poems during different periods. 3. To master some extra-curricular knowledge about some famous poets. 4. To improve students’ reading ability. Teaching Important Points: 1. The extra-curricular knowledge of English poetry 2. The similarities and differences between the Chinese and English poets and poems. Teaching Difficult Point: How to grasp the information presented in the reading material. Teaching Methods: 1. Fast-reading to rasp the main idea of three most important paragraphs. 2. The introduction of some famous poets to widen their background knowledge about English poetry. 3. Pair work or group work to get every student to join in the class activities. Teaching Procedure: Step 1: greeting and revision (2 minutes) T: Good morning, girls. Ss: Good morning, Miss Huang Likui. T: Yesterday, we started our trip of poetry. We mentioned a lot of things. Some new words and some famous poets in china, right? Ss: Yes Step 2: While-reading (30 minutes) (Deal with paragraph 3, 4 and 5) 1. Fast-reading (10 minutes) T: What about English poetry? Now, please open your textbook and turn to page 10. Let’s have a look at the poems first. Please listen to the tape carefully. Ss: Yes T: OK, here we go. (Several minutes later) ……………. 2. Intensive-reading (20 minutes) T: Despite its short history, there are a lot of good English poets around. This time, would you please red the third paragraph more carefully and answer the questions on the screen? 1. How many poets are there in this text? Who are they? 2. Whose poetry reminds Chinese readers of the poems by WangJian? 3. What is Haiku? Are you clear? Ss: Yes (Several minutes later) ……………… T: That’s right, thank you. How time flies! The windmill of the time accompanied us going through many kinds of poems . ………………. T: Very good. Thank you very much. No matter how well a poem is translated, something of the spirit of the original work is lost. So we’d better learn English well, thus we can read poetry in English. Step 3: Post-reading (3 minutes) (Adopt the first paragraph as a conclusion of the whole passage) T: So, today, we have learnt a lot of things about English poetry, including some famous poets and their representative works, right? Ss: Yes T: Although we are Chinese, they are English; although we are modern people, they are ancient men; poetry can bring us together, right? Just as Mu Dan wrote: Quietly, we embrace in a world lit up by words. Step 3: Homework (2 minutes) T: Here comes your homework. 1. Finish exercises in post-reading 2. Review the information we have collected this class. 3. Read the whole passage again and underline some language points. Is that clear? Ss: Yes T: So much for today. See you tomorrow! Ss: See you! Unit 2 Poems Period 3——Reading (Language points) Teaching material: NSEFC Book 6 —— Unit 2 Lesson type: reading Teaching aids: 1. a tape recorder 2. a projector 3. slides Teaching Objectives: 1. To learn some new words and phrases. 2. To master the main idea of each paragraph. 3. To learn some complicated sentence patterns. Teaching Important Point: The usage of some useful words and expressions. Teaching Difficult Point: How to grasp and remember the detailed information of the reading material. Teaching Methods: 1. Explanations of words and phrases to get the students know their meanings. 2. More examples to get the students know the usage. 3. Pair work or group work to get every student to join in the class activities and learn self-study. Teaching Procedure: Step 1: greeting and revision (2 minutes) T: Good morning, girls! Ss: Good morning, Huang! T: Yesterday we talked about English poetry, especially some famous English poets, right? Ss: Yes T: I think you must have got a first impression of English poetry. This class let’s study the passage in details. In my opinion, this passage is not easy. So some language points may help you to understand it better. Step 2: Language points (32 minutes) T: OK, now would you please open your textbook and turn to page 18——English poetry. Have you noticed that in slime paragraphs, there are some words in bold? Please pay attention to these words and make clear “what do the words in bold refer to?”. Ok, let’s read the first paragraph together. Reading poetry, one two start. Ss: (reading) T: Thanks for your sweet voice. Who’d like to translate the second sentence into Chinese? Xxx, would you please? S1: …… Step 3: Homework (3 minutes) T: I believe you must have something in your mind. Here comes your homework. 1. Review the language points we have discussed this class and try to retell the whole passage. 2. Finish exercise 2 in word study. Are you clear? Ss: Yes T: So much for today. See you tomorrow! Ss: See you! Blackboard Design: Language points 1. There are various reasons why people write poetry. a poem various: different, its root is vary poetry is a collective noun, used as an uncountable noun. 2. Some poems tell a story or… Others try to convey certain emotion Some …others… /One… the other(s) … 常常以固定的搭配形式出现 Convey : communicate ideas, feelings to sb Colors like red convey a sense of energy and strength. Body language conveys much more information than language spoken. 3. emotion 情绪 emotional 易动感情的 4. learn about sth. learn sth 5. I saw a person twelve-feet high. It is appropriate to “tall” here 6. We would have won if Jack had scored that goal. Unit 2 Poems Period 4 ——Grammar Teaching material: NSEFC Book 6 —— Unit 2 Lesson type: grammar Teaching aids: Tape recorder, Slides, Pictures 1.英语动词有三种语气, 陈述语气,祈使语气和虚拟语气。 2. 定义:用来表示说的话不是事实,或者是不可能发生的情况,而是一种愿望,建议,假 设的语气叫虚拟语气。 3. 在条件句中的应用 条件句可分为两类,一类为真实条件句,一类为非真实条件句。非真实条件句表示的 是假设的或实际可能性不大的情况,故采用虚拟语气。 1).真实条件句 真实条件句用于陈述语气,假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是如果的意思。 句型: 条件从句 主句 一般现在时 shall/will + V 原形. If he comes, he will bring his violin 2). 非真实条件句。 非真实条件句用语虚拟语气,假设的情况不可能发生,或者可能性很小,其中 if 是 “要是、如果”的意思。即: “要是……就好了”;“如果……,……就会……” Unit 2 Poems Period 5——Listening Teacher: Teaching material: NSEFC Book 6—— Unit 2 Lesson type: listening Teaching aids: 1. a tape recorder 2. a projector 3. slides Teaching Objectives: 1. To improve students’ ability of listening 2. To help them learn how to enjoy English poems Teaching Important Point: How to get the students to grasp the main idea of a passage by listening. Teaching Difficult Point: How to direct the students to grasp the detailed information to finish the listening task. Teaching Methods: 1. To create a situation that helps the students know what they will hear from the conversation 2. To present an English poem and cultivate their interests. Teaching Procedure: Step 1: Greeting. (1 minute) T: Good morning, girls! Ss: Good morning, Miss Luo! Step 2: Pre-listening (7 minutes) Unit 3 A healthy life Warming Up, Pre-reading and Reading Content analyze:本单元以健康话题为主题,听说读写等活动主要围绕如何健身,怎样成为健 康人展开,其中涉及许多社会热点问题,如抽烟,吸毒,艾滋病,学习与工作压力等影响健 康的棘手问题。本单元引导学生讨论这些问题,目的在于让他们远离有损健康的活动,并养 成良好的习惯。 课型设计与课时分配 1stperiod 2nd period 3rdperiod 4th period 5th period 6th period 7th Reading Language study Extensive reading word Grammar Speaking&writing Integrating skills listening The 1st period Teaching Aims: Enable the Ss to learn how to give advice on stopping smoking. Difficulty and importance Learn the bad effects of smoking and how to bive advice on stopping smoking.Learn in what ways people get addicted to cigarettes. Teaching methods: Discussion,cooperative learning and oral practice. Teaching aids A computer and a projector Teaching Procedures & ways Step Warming Ⅰ A healthy life A report ----Health China,2005,which is about ten issues concerning Chinese people the most in the year 2005.According to your understanding ,what a healthy life is like? Can you guess what the ten issues are? A health life should include two aspects A sample list : health issues AIDS and infections ,parenting, relationships, food and nutrition, family issues, environmental health, domestic violence(家庭暴力), air pollution, cancer, anxiety, birth control, dental health, divorce, medical emergency treatment。 Look at the issues listed in the textbook on page 17.Which issue do you think is the most important one? Why?Work in groups and have a discussion. Drug taking Drug taking is particularly important .it does great harm to people’s health; it will gradually kill a person if he gets addicted to it. Buying drug costs a lot of money, many families break up in this way. Our government has to spend much money on drug addicts’ treatment. Parenting is important Because many issues arise as a result of bad parenting or lack of care and love. If children grow up in happy and healthy families ,they will form good habits and keep away from bad habits. Smoking is important Smoking does great harm to people’s health, it causes damage to people’s lung and heart,smoking shortens people’s lifespan(寿命)。Smoking not only does harm to people who smoke, but also affect the people around them. All these issues are important and need to be concerned. I am wondering if any of you smoke?...We know some adolescents(青少年) started smoking at very early years. Why do you think they smoke? Some realized the harm of smoking and wanted to stop it, do you know any scientific ways of stopping smoking? StepⅡ Text analysis listen to the tape Summarize the main ideal of each paragraph. In 1st : in 2nd: In 3rd: In 4th: In 5th: How about the writing style and purpose of the text? The text is in the form of _____________, the purpose is to explain how people get addicted to cigarettes and _____________ affects people’s health. It also __________________________________ How can I stop smoking? How can I stop smoking? 1Choose a day that is not stressful 2Make a list of all the benefits 3Throw away all your cigarettes 4Develop some other habits 5if you feel bad, ask a doctor StepⅢ Reading I: ask the students to read the passage for five minutes then answer the following questions: 1. What kind of person do you think James’ grandfather is ? Possible answer: He is fit and healthy and leads an active life. He takes an interest in his daughter’s and grandson’s well-being. He is knowledgeable. He reads the internet. He appears to love his grandson. 2. What are the suggestions James’ grandfather gives to quit smoking? Possible Suggestions to quit smoking: Prepare yourself Be determined Break the habit Relax Get help if you need it Keep trying…… 3. Do you think the information and advice on the internet page that James’ grandfather sent is useful for someone who is trying to give up smoking? Possible answer: It’s a good summary but a person wanting to give up should probably look for more information than what is presented here. 4. What else could have been included? 5. What information could have been left out? II: Fill in the chart on the next page with information from the reading passage. Different ways people can become addicted to cigarettes Harmful physical effects for smokers Effects a person’s smoking can have on other people Effects smoking can have on sporting performance III: Make a summary on how to stop smoking. IV: Reading and comprehending A letter from granddad to James, he gives James some advice on stopping smoking. After reading the letter, what kind of person do you think the granddad is? From his words ,I think he is very _______and ___________.He doesn’t give_________ advice on stopping smoking.Instead,first he tells James___________________________and_____________________________;Then he ____________________to his similar experience as a teenager. So I think he is very careful about_____________talking to his grandson about _____________. Suppose you were his grandson, would you love to take his advice? P20 2 Information from the reading passage 1Different ways people can become addicted to cigarettes 2Harmful physical effects for smokers Step Homework Ⅳ Make sentences with the six words and phrases Due to , addicted to ,accustomed to ,mentally, manage ,quit Search on the Internet or other sources for information about how to stop smoking. Unit3 A healthy life Listening, Speaking and Writing Listening Teaching goals Enable the students to listen for details and catch the specific information as much as possible. Learning ability goals Enable the students to predict some important information in the process of listening and encourage the students to talk about the situations according to the listening materials. Teaching important and difficult points How to make sure the answers of listening material. Teaching aids A recorder and cassette tapes, a projector, and a computer Teaching procedures Step 1 Warming up 1. Are there any discos, karaoke bars or nightclubs in your district for young people to g o to? 2. Have you ever been to places like these? 3. Do you ever go to parties with your friends? 4. Do you think it is OK for alcohol to be available at places where young people meet? Step 2 Pre-listening The listening is a conversation between Tina and Sara about going to a disco. Let’s predict: What kind of advise will Tina give to Sara? Step 3 Listening 1)Listen to the tape and tick the things Sara is worried about. 1. drugs 2. smoking 3. alcohol 4. dancing 2)Listen to the tape again and complete Tina’s sentences. 1. Just say no. You don’t have to do anything you don’t want to. 2. It is ok to drink orange juice or something instead. 3. It would be a good idea to have something to eat before you go out, like rice or noo dles. 4. If someone offers you a cigarette, don’t take it. 5. Well, you’ll have to learn. Let’s get my CD player and I’ll teach you. Step 4 Listening on page 58 1) Listen to the tape and fill in the chart below Medical chart Name: Li Yue Age: 18 Occupation: student Today’s date: _________ Symptoms: headaches, tired all the time, not sleeping and eating well Possible problem: stress Proposed action: 1. Do some tests to make sure there is nothing seriously wrong 2. Discuss ways to relax Step 5 Listening task 1) Read the questions below and then listen to the tape to find the answers. 1. What is the topic of Li Yue’s talk? 2. Summarize Li Yue’s talk in one sentence. 2) Listen to Li Yue’s talk again and complete these sentences. 1. It’s OK to ____________. 2. Be careful of _________________. 3. You also ___________ a balance in your life. 4. If you _________________ to relax and enjoy yourself, you can become _______________________________. 5. You ______________ your study time with rest times. 6. You need to _____________. You _______ keep in touch with friends and to________ _____________. 7. So, my advice to you today is to____________ ________your physical and mental heal th as well as your schoolwork. 8. Just ______________ a day to ____________ ____________________________________ _ ________. 9. Take _______ occasionally to _______ film, _________in the country or ___ hiking. Keys: 1. worry a little 2. worrying too much 3. have to keep 4. don’t take time out; stressed and stress leads to ill health 5. have to balance 6. have some sun; need to; get some exercise 7. think carefully about 8.take 30 minutes; get some fresh air, do a little exercise or meet with friends 9. time out; go to a; take a bike ride; go 3) Listen once more and then answer these questions. 1. How long ago did Li Yue leave school? Two years. 2. What is she doing now? She is studying at university. 3. Why did Li Yue say to the students “I can see by your faces that youare all doing ve ry well at school and that none of you are worried about the coming exams?” (Sample answer) Li Yue is making a joke to entertain the audience and keep them interes ted in her talk. 4. Why is Li Yue a good person to give this talk to the students? Give at least two reas ons. Li Yue suffered stress herself so she knows what can cause stress and she knows how to prevent it. She is not much older than the students so she is a good role model. 5. What does Li Yue say could happen if you study all the time without a break? You could become stressed, which often leads to ill health. 6. List five things Li Yue suggests students could do to relax. Take 30 minutes a day to get some fresh air; get some exercise; meet with friends; go to a film occasionally; take a bike ride in the country; go hiking. Step 6 Homework Read the listening materials and pay attention to some key points. Speaking and writing Teaching material NSEFC Book 6 —— Unit 3 Teaching Aims Enable the students to give advice on quitting smoking. Teaching Important & Difficult Points How to help the students to write a letter of giving advice on quitting smoking. Teaching aids A computer and a projector Teaching Procedure Step1 Letter reading T: Read this letter and imagine you are the adviser who deals with students’ problems. List some helpful advice to give Xiao lei. Slide show Li Xiaolei 203 Thames Street Oxford, OX41LF Class 2 Grade 2 GZ …Middle School, GZ, GD, China 518036 203 Thames Street Oxford, OX41LF Friday 11 Nov. Dear students in Class 20 Grade 2, Can you help me, please? I have tried to stop smoking several times. I am OK for two days and then I feel really sick and irritable and I have to start smoking again. I know smoking is a bad habit, but I just can’t seem to give it up. Do you have any useful tips? Yours sincerely Li Xiaolei Step 2 Discussion T: Discuss with your partner and make a list of the tips to quit smoking. Slide show Tips on how to quit smoking Write down why you want to quit (the benefits of quitting): live longer, feel better, for your family, save money, smell better, find a mate more easily, etc. You know what's bad about smoking and you know what you'll get by quitting. Put it on paper and read it daily. Set a quit date. Decide what day you will extinguish your cigarettes forever. Write it dow n. Plan for it. Ask your family and friends to support your decision to quit. Talk with your doctor about quitting. Begin an exercise program. Do some deep breathing each day for 3 to 5 minutes. Cut back on cigarettes gradually. Drink lots of water. Find something to hold in your hand and mouth, to replace cigarettes. Whenever you have a craving for a cigarette, instead of lighting up, writedown your feeli ngs or whatever is on your mind. Believe in yourself. Believe that you can quit. T: Choose 3 pieces of most useful advice and write 2 or 3 sentences to explain how to do it. Step3 Writing T: Write a letter to give Xiao lei some helpful advice. You can refer to the structure and useful expressions below. Slide show structure beginning of the letter : show your sympathy for him and encourage him body of the letter: list the advice on how to quit smoking end of the letter: express your wish and encourage him Useful expressions How to advise people about what to do Do… You should… Don't forget to… It would be a good idea to… It’s OK/ all right to… How to advise people about what not to do Don’t… You don’t have to… There is no need to… It’s not necessary to… Sample Letter Dear Li Xiaolei, I am sorry you have had so much trouble to stop smoking, but I am glad you are still trying. I hope the tips below will help you. First of all, don’t give up. The more often you try the more likely you are to eventually succeed. When you feel irritable, don’t automatically reach for a cigarette to makeyou feel better. T ake a few moments to relax. Start by breathing deeply and lifting your arms out to the side and over your head. It is a good idea to drink lots of water and eat lots of fruit when you are quitting smoking. This will help to remove the nicotine from your body faster and you won’t feel so sick. It is normal to feel a little stressed when you first give up smoking, but try to remember that it will only last a few days and then you will begin to feel much better. Keep up the good work, Li Xiaolei ,and remind yourself how much healthier you will be when you finally quit. Good luck and best wishes, Sun Gao Step 4 Homework Revise the unit and prepare for an exam. Unit 3 A Health Life Vocabulary and Useful Expressions Step one: Explanation 1.adolescent.青少年 e.g. adolescents between 13 and 18 and the problems they face 13 至 18 岁的青少年以及他们面临的问题 2.due to 归因于,归功于。 e.g. 1.The accident is due to your careless driving. 那意外事故归因于你驾驶不小心。 2. Her worldwide fame is due to his support. 她名扬四海应归功于他的支持。 表示因果关系的词和短语 because 从属连词,接从句,表示所叙述的理由是本句的重点 assince 从属连词,接从句,表示理由是已知的,而理由以外才是叙述的重点 for 并列连词,不用于句首,至于第一分句之后,补充说明理由;第一分句表示推测时,用 for 说明推测的依据。 because of 介词,意思是“因为”,较口语化 owing to 介词,意思是“因为”,较正式 thanks to 介词,意思是 “多亏了” as a result of 介词,意思是“因为” 3. addicted 形容词,“对某某上瘾”,“沉湎于某某” e.g. My children have become hopelessly addicted to television. 我的几个孩子都成了电视迷,简直不可救药了。 addict 名词,沉湎与不良嗜好的人,由指吸毒者。 addiction 名词,沉湎、成瘾 addictive 形容词,使人上瘾的 4.accustom 动词,使人习惯于、养成习惯 e.g. She found it necessary to accustom her child to getting up early. 她觉得有必要让孩子养成早起的好习惯。 常用句式 (1)accustom+名词/oneself + to+名词 e.g. Children are quick to accustom themselves to new surroundings. 孩子们很快就会适应新环境。 (2) be accustomed to +名词 e.g. I am accustomed to walking long distances. 我习惯与长距离步行。 (3)get/become accustomed to +名词 e.g. You will soon get accustomed to the job. 你将会习惯于这个工作。 5.quit 动词,过去式和过去分词均为 quit,现在分词为 quitting,接动词-ing 形式,“停止做” e.g. She quit smoking when she got pregnant. 她一怀孕就戒了烟。 6. in spite of 尽管、无视 。后接名词。 e.g. She can’t see very well in spite of her glasses.尽管戴着眼镜她还是不能看得很清楚。 The boy went out in spite of his father’s orders.那男孩无视父亲的命令,径直出去了。 7. feel like 想要,只表示一次的想法,后接动词-ing 形式 e.g. It’s so hot today. I feel like going swimming. 今天好热啊。我想去游泳。 8.get into 陷于,染上什么习惯 get into the habit of 养成什么习惯。相当于 fall into the habit of 或者 form the habit of e.g. The girl has got into the habit of playing with her hair while reading. 那个女孩养成了阅读时玩弄头发的习惯。 短语联想 ?get into trouble 惹上麻烦 ?get into debt 负债累累 ?get into a temper 大发脾气 ?get into deep water 陷于困境 ?get into one’s head 有某种看法 ?get into the way of 习惯于、学会 Step two: Now do the quiz and check yourself 1. Rice production has increased greatly in china over the last few years, largely _______super hybrid rice. 2. Having lived in Hawaii all his life, he was not __________to the cold of Northern Europe. 3. He was_________ of his body so he decided to go on a diet and do more exercise. 4. In spite of her wounded leg, she ________to get up the stairs. 5. He told me the same story _____________ until I felt like screaming. 6. With exams only a week away, I am under a lot of ______. 7. When I ____________playing sport I become very fat and unhealthy. 8._______health is as important as physical health. 9. Now that I am __________ I eat a good diet because I want my baby to be born healthy. 10.___________often take more risks than adults. Step three: Complete the text with words form below. adolescents 青少年 cigarettes 香烟 quit 停止,戒 drugs 毒品 due to 归因于 stress 压力 eventually 终于 alcohol 酒 addicted 上瘾的 manage 管理,努力做 Smoking ________,drinking ______or taking other_______ produce many harmful effects and have no real benefits. So why do __________do it? Some because they believe it makes them look cool. Others think it will help with _________in their life possibly_____ pressure from their parents or teachers. Some just want to see what it is like. What they don’t realize is that they will get into the habit and ________become _______. It will then be difficult to _____the habit. A few people ________to quit easily but for many it is a very painful process. Of course, the best way to deal with these drugs is not to start in the first place. Step four: Homework 1. Master and go over the use of the words and phrases above. 2. Pre-view the use of it on page 21. Unit 4 Global warming Warming up & Listening Teaching goals Enable the students to know something about energy resources and something that use energy, and listen for details and catch the specific information as much as possible. Learning ability goals Enable the students to predict some important information in the process of listening and encourage the students to talk about the situations according to the listening materials. Teaching important and difficult points How to make sure the answers of listening material. Teaching aids A recorder and cassette t
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