[ID:4-4855540] 新目标英语七年级下册短语整理
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make friends 结交朋友 do kung fu 会(中国)功夫 be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事 be good with sb. 善于与某人相处 need sb. To do sth. 需要某人做某事 can + 动词原形 能/会做某事 a little + 不可数名词 一点儿…… join the …club 加入…俱乐部 like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜爱做某事 like ding sth.喜欢做某事 show sth to sb = show sb sth “把某物给某人看” 12.play games with sb 与某人做游戏 13.play + the+ 乐器 弹奏某种乐器 14. play +球类 踢、打某种球 15. play with+玩具/其他名词 16.(1).be good at (doing) sth 擅长… 精通… (2).be good with sb/sth 善于应付/相处…的,对…有办法 (3).be good for sb/sth 对…有益处 17 talk to 跟…说 talk with和……交谈 18.(1) tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事 (2).tell sb. to do sth. / tell sb. Sth. (3)know about sth. 知道某方面的情况 (4)love to do/doing = like to do/doing 喜欢干某事 19. take a shower = have a shower= shower 洗淋浴澡 20. (1)go to class 上课 (2)go to school 上学 (3)go to work 上班 (4) go home 回家 21. always, usually, often 和sometimes 用于动词be 之后,行为动词之前 总是100%>通常80%>经常60% >有时30% >几乎不5% >没有0. 22 take the Number 17 bus to the Hotel 乘17路公共汽车去旅馆 23.at night 在晚上 24.from…to…从??到?? 25. (1)think of 想到?想起 (2)hanks for因……感谢你 26.take sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人某些时间去做某事 27. two hundred students二百名学生 28. an-8 -year-old boy一个8岁的男孩 29. hundreds of studengs数百名学生 29. 20minutes’ walk二十分钟的步行 30.between…and 在…..和……之间 31. (1) every one 每一个 (2)everyone 每个人 32.go on a ropeway 乘坐索道 33. walk = go ..on foot 34. get表示“到达”?后接名词需加to?接地点副词不加to. reach表示到达?是及物动词?其后直接接宾语。 arrive in+大地点 arrive at+小地点 后接副词不需介词。 35. (1)spend 的主语必须是人。常用于 spend…on sth或 spend…(in) doing sth.意为“某人花时间/金钱做某事”。 (2)cost的主语只能是物。常用于sth cost sb some money意为“某物花费某人多少钱”。 (3)pay的主语必须是 人。常用于sb pay some money for sth.意为“某人为某物付款”。 (4)take用于 It takes sb some time( money) to do sth. 句型中人花时间/金钱做某事”。 36. on time准时(in time及时) 37. arrive late for class = be late for class 上课迟到 38.I see我明白了 39. be(keep)quiet保持安静 40. have to do 不得不做 41.make (up)rules 制订规则 42. go out外出 43 . clean (one’s) room打扫房间 44. do the dishes洗餐具 45. too many/much太多的(可数/不可数 ) 46.make (one’s) bed铺床 47.go to bed去睡觉(be in bed 在床上) 48.think about (sb/sth/doing sth)考虑(某人/某物/做某事) 49.be strict (with sb)对某人)要求严格 50.learn to do sth学(做某事) 51. Don't talk. = No talking.不要说话 52.help作动词意为“帮助”,常用的结构有: help sb (to) do sth帮助某人做某事 help sb with sth(n.)帮助某人做某事 53. too many 形容词,“太,太多”,接可数名词 too much 形容词,“太多”,接不可数名词 much too 副词,“太,非常”,接形容词或副词 54. either “也”,用于否定句中,置于句末时用“,”隔开 too “也”,用于肯定句句末,用“,”隔开 also “也”,用于肯定句句中 55.feel/keep +adj 56.remember+doing/to do 57.lear+V原 /to do sth 58. would like sth. 喜欢某物 would like to do sth. 喜欢做某事 would like sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事 59.kind of + adj. /a?little + adj. 有点….. a kind of + 复数n. 一种…… .all kinds of + n.(pl.) 各种各样……. 60.be from = come from 来自 61.walk on two legs 用两条腿走路 62.be kind of boring 有点儿无聊 63.sleep all day 整天睡觉 64.black and white 黑白相间 65.be right (答) 对了 66.one of +复数名词 …..中之一 67.a symbol of 一种……的象征 68.get lost / be lost 迷路 ; 丢失 69.forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 (还没做) forget doing sth. 忘记曾经做过某事 (已经做过) 70.be in danger 处于危险中 be out of danger 脱险 71.cut down 砍倒 cut up sth. 切碎某物 72.things made of ivory 象牙制品 73.be?kind?to?sb对某人善良、好? be?good?to?sb对某人好 74. never?get?lost从不迷路 75.forget +to do sth. 76.be from/come from + do/does 77.thanks for +Ving thanks for sth 谢谢某物 thanks for doing sth 谢谢做了某事 78.for a long time 长短时间 79.help+人+V原 80.be in great danger. 81.be+Ving.正在 82.made of 由……制成 83.so+adj 有时 84.do one’s homework 85.watch 观看,看 watch TV 看电视 see 看见(看的结果) look 看(看的动作) 86.That sounds good. 那听起来不错 87.TV show 电视节目 88.at six o’clock 在六点钟 89. Wait for sb /sth 等侯某人/某物 90. all 、 also 、often 、never 等副词应该放在be动词,情态动词及助动词之后,行为动词之前。 91.some of + 宾格代词(us / you /them ) some of us 我门当中的一些人 Some of +名词复数 some of the students 一些学生 92. in the first /second /next / last photo 在第一/第二/下一个/最后一张照片里 93. at school 在学校 at home 在家 at the pool 在游泳池 at the mall在商店 94. be with sb 与某人一起 95. with 是一个介词,with短语不能做主语:请区别以下两个句子: 96.电话中介绍自己:This is …/ It is…(here) This is…(speaking)/ …speaking。 问对方是谁:Who is that ? 或 Is that …(speaking) ? 97. Not much = Nothing much没忙什么 be free 空闲的 98. join sb. for sth./ doing sth. 和某人一起做某事 join+人+for+事情 99. any other + 可数名词单数 any other night / picture / singer… 100.with to do sth 希望干……. 101. live with sb. 和某人住在一起 live in +地名 住在某地 102. family 当家人讲是复数, 当家庭(整体)讲是单数. 103. be like 像…一样 sound like 听上去像 look like 看上去像 104.miss sb. 想念某人 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 105.study +学科 study for sth. 表为了什么而学习 study for the English test 为了英语考试而学习 106.wash the dishes=do the dish 107.-- How is the weather? = What’s the weather? --It’s+adj +天气/Ving 108. --How’s it going? --Great / Not bad/ Terrible 109. sound like 听上去像… look like 看上去像… be like…像…一样 110. take a message for sb. 给某人捎口信 111.让某人做某事:tell sb. to do sth. ask sb. to do sth. let sb. do sth. 112.have a good/great time = have fun 玩的开心 have a good time/ fun (in) doing 113. be happy to do sth. 很高兴做某事 114. by the pool 在池塘边上 on (a) vacation 在度假 in the mountain(s) 在山里 write to sb. 给某人写信 just right for doing sth. 正好适合做某事 wear warm clothes 穿暖和的衣服 play in the snow 在雪里玩 take a photo = take photos 115. speak to sb.电话里对某人讲话 116. in (the ) rainy days = in (the ) rainy weather 在雨天 117.go to summer shool 118.wite to+人 给……写信。 119.by译 乘/在….之前/在....旁边 120.May I speak to+人 121 go .along/ down walk. along/ down 沿着……走 122.on one’s left在某人的左边 123. at the first crossing 在第一个十字路口 124.How can I help you?= can I help you? =What?can?I?do?for?you?? 125.V/for+him 126.in summer 127.in+季节/月份/年份. 128.enjoy+Ving 129.spend+钱/时间+Ving/V原 130.look like 看起来像 131.watch/feel/hear/see/fint+人+V原/Ving 132.a little later =a little=kind of 一点儿…+adj/不可数名词 133.go shopping (do some shopping) 去购物 134.be popular with sb 受某人欢迎 135. stop to do sth 停下来去做某事 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情 136.tell jokes/ stories 讲笑话/ 讲故事 137 have fun doing sth 愉快地做某事 138 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的) remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做) 139.wear表示“穿、戴”的意思时,强调穿的状态。 put on意为 “穿上、戴上”,表示瞬间完成的动作,不能和表示一段时间的状语连用。 have on的意思是“穿着、戴着”和wear是同义词,指穿的状态,后面可以用表示衣服、 帽子、鞋的名词。 140.in front of 在……的前面 强调在某事物范围之外的前面 in the front of 在……的前面 强调在某事物范围内的前面 141.(1)There?be+sb/sth?+地点??在某地有某人或某物 (2)There?be?如果后面的名词是可数名词单数或不可数名词,谓语动词用is.? 如果后面的名词是可数名词复数,be?动词用are.?? (3)如果There?be?句型中有多个名词,be?动词通常与第一个名词保持人称和数的一致。? (4)There?be?句型的一般疑问句:将be?动词提到句首。?? 肯定回答:Yes,there?is?/are?否定回答:No,there?isn’t/aren’t? There?be?句型的否定句:在be?后加not.? There?be?句型与have/has?的区别:? There?be?句型表示客观存在;have/has?表示主观拥有? There?be?句型不能与have/has?连用。 142. (1)--?would you?like+n?. --?Yes,please./No,thanks. . (2)--?would you?like+to+V原. --Yes,I’d like to/I’d like to,but… ?(3)would you?like+some 143.一大碗番茄牛肉面a?large?bowl?of?tomato?and?beef?noodles? 144.?什么尺寸what?size??多大号碗的面条what?size?bowl?of?noodles? 145.不同种类的鱼different?kinds?of?fish? 146.?what?kind?of?….的种类? 147.?some?kind?of?许多种…? 148.?a?bowl?of?rice?一碗米饭? 149.1)want/would like sth. 想要某物 2)want/would like to do sth. 想要做某事 3)want/would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 4)What would sb. like? 某人想要什么? 5)What would sb. like to do? 某人想要做什么? 150.1)种类 ①a kind of....一种...... ②many kinds of....多种.... ③all kinds of....各种各样的...... 2)仁慈的,和蔼的,好意的,友爱的 3)kind of + adj/adv 稍微/有几分……(相当于a little) 151. 1)指多少条“鱼”,为可数名词。复数:fish或fishes,通常用复数fish. 2) 指多少种“鱼”, 为可数名词。复数: fishes 3)指“鱼肉”,为不可数名词。 152. 1)beef, fish, chicken, pork, meat, mutton等表示肉类的食物,是不可数名词。 2)vegetable蔬菜,可数名词 3)fruit, salad, ice cream, food等指总称时是不可数名词,指种类时是可数名词。 4)cabbage, onion, fish, chicken指食物时是不可数名词,指植物和活着的“鱼”“鸡”时是可数名词。 153.be short of 短缺 154.around the world=all over the world 世界各地 155.?would?like to do。 156.the number of+可数名词 ……的数量 157.teach sb to do sth。 teach sb how to do sth。 teach+宾格+科目。 158.‘everything’是复合词,相当于复数。 159. all in all 总的来说 160. quite a lot 相当多 161. .buy sth. for sb. = buy sb. sth.为某人买某物 162. a lot of= lots of =许多;大量 163. .after that 之后 164不规则动词 go 过去式:went ride 过去式:rode feed 过去式:fed farm 名词:farmer take 过去式:took luckily 名词:luck 形容词:lucky grow 过去式:grew is am 过去式:was are 过去式:were do 过去式:did have 过去式:had eat 过去式:ate buy 过去式:bought stop 过去式:stopped come 过去式:came get 过去式:got see 过去式:saw draw 过去式:drew paint 名词:painting love 形容词:lovely expensive 反义词:cheap slow 反义词:fast gift 同义词:present interest 形容词:interested,interesting hear 过去式:heard teach 过去式:taught ride的过去式rode study的过去式 studied worry的过去式worried swim的过去式swam run的过去式ran put的过去式put read的过去式read win的过去式won drink的过去式drank can的过去式could will的过去式would shop的过去式shopped 165.study for the English test 为英语测验而学习备考 166.go to the library 去图书馆 167.in a swimming pool 在游泳池里 168.shout at…/to…+to do sth/doing sth冲……大声叫嚷 169.finish high school 170.make a fire 生火 171.each other 互相 172.go to sleep 入睡 173.get a surprise 吃惊surprised/excited 主语是人 surprising/exciting主语是物 174.jump up and down上上下下的跳 175.wake…up 把……弄醒+副词 176.on Saturday morning 在星期六早上 177.the next morning 第二天早上 178.as +职业名称 179.run away 跑开 180.move into … 移进…… 181.So…that+句子 如此…以至于… 182.start doing sth/to do sth。 183.learn. how to do it/what to do 学习该做什么。 184.It’s+ad+to do sth。 185.It takes+人+时间.+to+V原/+to do sth。 186.Take+药 吃药 187.say to+人 对…说 188.like/love+V原/Ving。 189.don it+V原 no+Ving 190.ask+for+to+V原 叫某人干某事 Ask for 索要 Ask 问 191.reach+n get to+n
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  • 资料类型: 学案
  • 资料版本:新目标(Go for it)版
  • 适用地区:山西省运城市
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