[ID:4-4764470] [精]2019人教版高考一轮复习学案 必修一 Unit 4
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中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 人教版一轮复习 人教版必修一Unit 4 Earthquakes 核心单词 1. earthquake n. 地震→quake n. 地震 2. burst vi. (burst, burst) 爆裂;爆发n. 突然破裂;爆发 3. million n. 百万→millionaire n. 百万富翁 4. event n. 事件;大事 5. nation n. 民族;国家;国民→national adj. 民族的 6. dirt n. 污垢;泥土→dirty adj. 脏的 7. ruin n. 废墟;毁灭vt. 毁灭;使破产 8. suffering n. 苦难;痛苦→suffer v. 遭受,受苦 9. extreme adj. 极度的→extremely adv. 极其,非常 10. injure vt. 损害;伤害→injured adj. 受伤的 11. destroy vt. 破坏;毁坏;消灭 12. useless adj. 无用的;无效的;无益的→useful adj. 有用的 13. shock vt. & vi. (使)震惊;震动n. 休克;打击;震惊 14. rescue n. & vt. 援救;营救 15. trap vt. 使陷入困境n. 陷阱;困境 16. electricity n. 电;电流;电学→electric adj.用电的 →electrical adj. 发电的 17. disaster n. 灾难;灾祸 18. bury vt. 埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 19. mine n. 矿;矿山;矿井→miner n. 矿工 20. shelter n. 掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处 21. reporter n. 记者→report v. 报道 22. damage n. & vt. 损失;损害 23. frighten vt. 使惊吓;吓唬→frightened adj. 受惊的;受恐吓的→frightening adj. 令人恐惧的 24. congratulation n. 祝贺;(复数)贺词→congratulate v. 祝贺 25. judge n. 裁判员;法官vt. 断定;判断;判决 26. sincerely adv. 真诚地;真挚地→sincere adj. 真诚的 常考短语 1. right away 立刻;马上 2. as if 仿佛;好像 3. at an end 结束;终结 4. in ruins 严重受损;破败不堪 5. dig out 掘出;发现 6. a (great) number of 许多;大量的7. at an end 结束 8. be swept up into 卷入 9. be scared to death 吓得要死 10. pull off 拉下 经典佳句 1. What do you think may happen before an earthquake? 发生地震前你认为会发生什么事?2. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 农场里的鸡和猪太恐慌而不吃东西。3. It seemed as if the world was at an end! 世界似乎到了末日! 4. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. 救援人员为那些家园被毁的幸存者盖起了避难所。 课文回顾 A terrible earthquake hit the city of Tangshan on July 28, 1976, in which thousands of people died and many ___1___(injure). Many houses fell down and sand filled the wells instead ___2___ water. People were ___3___(great) shocked. All the electricity in the city was cut off and people began to wonder how long the disaster ___4____(will) last. The whole city was completely ___5____(destroy) and the world seemed at its end. The people of Tangshan didn’t lose hope ___6____ 150,000 soldiers were sent to help the rescue workers. The soldiers tried ___7____(they) best to dig out those who were trapped. They also built shelters for the survivors. Fresh water was taken to the city by every means. Slowly, the city began to come back ___8____ life. It was said that before the quake, strange things were happening in the countryside. The water in the village ___9____(well) rose and fell. Fish jumped out of the ponds. Strange noise were heard in the sky, but people ___10____(think) little of them. 答案:1. were injured 2. of 3. greatly 4. would 5. destroyed 6. because 7. their 8. to 9. wells 10. thought 重点词汇 1. burst vi.(burst, burst)爆裂;爆发 n. 突然破裂;爆发 burst into tears/laughter/flames 突然大哭/大笑/燃烧 burst into (a room) 闯进(房间) burst in 打断 burst out doing sth. 突然开始做某事 burst forth 突然出现;突然爆发出;突然喊出 a burst of laughter一阵笑声 运用 完成句子 (1) 他打断了我们的谈话。 He ____________ on our conversation. (2) 隔壁房间里突然爆发出一阵笑声。 There was ______________ in the next room. (3) Scarcely had she heard the sad story when _______________. = Scarcely had she heard the sad story when _______________. 她一听到这悲伤的消息,就失声痛哭。 2. injure vt. 损害;伤害 injury n. 损伤;伤害 辨析 injure/hurt/damage/harm/wound (1) injure指在意外事故中受伤。 (2) hurt强调精神或情感上受伤害或肉体疼痛。 (3) damage通常指物体有所损失。 (4) harm指对身体有损害,比较常用。 (5) wound一般指受刀、枪伤等外伤。 运用 用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空 (1) What you said ________ him deeply. (2) The soldier received a ___________ in the leg. (3) The child was badly ____________ in the accident. (4) The sunlight will ________ your skin. (5) Last summer, a hailstorm______________ the ten square kilometres of good land. 3. shock vt.& vi.(使)震惊;震动 n. 休克;打击;震惊 be shocked to do sth. 做某事感到震惊 be shocked at/by (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而感到震惊 in (a state of) shock 处于休克状态 give sb. a shock 使某人大吃一惊 运用 完成句子 (1) 发生事故后到现在,她仍然处于休克状态。 She ____________________ after the accident. (2) 他的恶毒让我震惊。 I ____________________ his wickedness. (3) 显然,他很震惊,但很快又恢复了镇静。 He _______________ but he soon regained his composure. (4) 电门有毛病,电了我一下。 There was something wrong with the switch and I _______________. 4. rescue n. & vt. 援救;营救 in a rescue 在营救行动中 come to sb.’s rescue/the rescue of sb.给予某人援助 rescue services/workers 救援工作/人员 rescue sb./sth. from sb./sth. 从……营救…… 运用 完成句子 (1) 抢救人员冲向飞机坠毁的现场。 ____________________ rushed to the site of the plane crash. (2) 他从失火的建筑物内救出了三个孩子。 He ________________________ the burning building. (3) 他从桥上跳入水中去抢救那个溺水儿童。 He dived off the bridge and came to ______________ the drowning child. (4) 救生艇救了十几个人,把他们送到大船上去。 The lifeboat _________________ and took them to the larger ship. 温故知新 根据所学单词及其用法完成下列句子 1. 地震造成了估计约600万美元的财产损失。 The earthquake caused ________________ property estimated at about $6 million. 2. 我觉得自己心花怒放。 I felt as if my heart would ________ with joy. 3. 成千上万的战士被派往那里救援被困在建筑物里的人。 Thousands of soldiers were sent there to rescue those ________________. 4.雨把我的新衣服弄得一团糟。 The rain __________________. 5. 这棵树向那边倒下就会把那所房子压坏。 If the tree falls that way, it will ________________________________________________. 6. 在那次火车事故中有300人受伤。 In the railway accident 300 people ______________________. 7. 如果不是吉姆跳下水去救人,那个小孩可能早就淹死了。 Had Jim not dived in to ________________, the boy would have drowned. 8. 听说他突然去世,凯特大为震惊。 Kate ________________________ hear of his sudden death. 重点短语 1. right away立刻;马上 right now at once in no time immediately立刻;马上 注意 right now既可表示“立刻;马上”,也可表示“现在”。 运用 完成句子 (1) 他没有马上回答我的问题。 He didn’t answer my question ________________. (2) 我马上还书。 I’ll return the book _____________. (3) 医生此刻正忙着。 The doctor is busy _________________. (4) 一吃完茶点,他就匆忙起身外出。 _______________ he had finished tea, he rose with alacrity to go out. 2. at an end (of) 结束;终结 at the end of 在……末尾;在……结束时 by the end of 到……结束时;到……末尾时 come/draw to an end 结束;完结 in the end 最后;终于 make an end of sth.=put an end to sth.结束或终结某事物 without end 永远的;没有完结的 end in (doing) sth. 以(做)某事结束或告终 end to end 头并头,尾并尾;首尾衔接 end up 结束;完事 end with 以……结束 运用 完成句子 (1) 那位年轻歌手首场演出结束时,台下响起了如雷鸣般的喝彩声,使她又惊又喜。 The young singer was pleasantly surprised when waves of cheering broke over her ___________________ her first performance. (2) 让我们结束这无谓的争吵吧。 Let’s ________________ this foolish quarrel. (3) 他最终会受到惩罚的。 He will ____________ being punished. (4) 开头你可能要受点苦,但是终究会得到好处的。 You may suffer at first, but you will gain _______________. (5) 战争终于结束了。 The war was finally ________________. 3. in ruins 严重受损;破败不堪;毁灭 come/get to ruin毁灭;落空 bring sth. to ruin使毁灭;使落空 fall into ruin 成为废墟;破败 get ruined 毁坏 运用 完成句子 (1) 我的新鞋被泥浆给糟蹋了。 My new shoes ________________ in the mud. (2) 那场大火过后,那幢大楼成了一片废墟。 The big building lies ______________ after that fire. (3) 是什么使他的希望落空了? What has ____________________________? 4. a (great) number of 许多;大量的 辨析 a (great) number of/the number of (1)a (great) number of意为“许多;大量的”,后面常跟复数可数名词,谓语动词用复数形式。 (2)the number of意为“……的数目”,后面也跟复数可数名词,但其谓语动词用单数。 表示”许多”的短语可分为三类: 修饰可数名词 a large/great/good number of,a good/great many,quite a few,dozens of, scores of,many a+单数可数名词 修饰不可数名词 a good/great deal of,a large amount of,quite a little 修饰可数或不可数名词 a lot of,lots of,a large quantity of,large quantities of,plenty of 运用 用be动词的适当形式填空 (1) The number of teachers present at the meeting ________ 200. (2) A number of teachers ________ present at the meeting. 完成句子 (3) 这学期有许多男学生有时候缺课。 ________________ have been absent some time during the term. (4) 我们学校学生的数量从1000名增加到1500多名。 _______________ in our school has grown from 1,000 to more than 1,500. 温故知新 根据所学短语及其用法完成下列句子 1. 婴儿在学走路时经常摔倒。 Babies often _____________ when they learn to walk. 2. 我来自中国,我为我的祖国骄傲。 I’m from China and I ________________ my motherland. 3. 户外的空气很新鲜,这对我们的健康有益。 The air ____________________ is fresh, which is good for our health. 4.著名的反帝反封建的五四运动于1919年在北京爆发。 The famous anti-feudal and anti-imperialist May Fourth Movement ______________ in Beijing in 1919. 5. 他是一个很少为自己着想的人。 He is a person who ____________________ his own interest. 6. 听到这个消息,这个女孩马上跑去学校。 Hearing the news, the girl rushed to the school ________________. 7. 那次地震过后,全城到处是颓垣断壁。 The earthquake left the whole town ________________. 8.来自全国各地的许多人参加了会议。 ____________________ people came to the meeting from all over the country. 重点句型 原句1 All hope was not lost.并不是所有的希望都破灭了。 表示“全体”意义的代词、副词或形容词如all, both, every, everybody, always等和否定副词not连用时表示部分否定,意为“并非……都……”。 注意 no, none, neither, nobody, nothing等词表示完全否定,意为“……都不……”。 精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1) 不是所有的鸟都会飞。 All birds ________________. (2) 没有人喜欢被嘲笑。 ________________ be laughed at. 同义句转换 (3) All my friends do not study well. =______________my friends study well. 原句2 Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide.老鼠跑出田地,寻找地方躲藏。 looking for places to hide为现在分词短语作伴随状语. 精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1) 他生气地说着,手指着墙上的布告。 He said it angrily, ________________ the notice on the wall. (2) 他整夜躺在床上睡不着,思考着那个问题。 All night long he lay awake, ________________ the problem. (3) 他坐在扶手椅里读报。 He sat in the armchair, ___________________. (4) 这条狗跟着主人进了屋。 The dog entered the room, ___________________. 原句3 It seemed as if the world was at an end. 世界似乎到了末日! as if =as though仿佛;好像,既可以引导让步状语从句也可以引导表语从句。当说话者认为句子所述的是不真实的或极少有可能发生或存在的情况时,从句虚拟语气动词时态的形式如下: 从句表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用一般过去时;从句表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用"had+过去分词";从句表示与将来事实可能相反,谓语动词用"would / could / might+动词原形"。 注意:如果as if 引导的从句中的主语和主句的主语相同,且含有be动词,可省略主语和be动词,这样as if后就只剩下名词、不定式、形容词(短语)、介词短语或分词。 精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1) 乌云密布,看起来要下雨了。 Clouds are gathering in the sky. It looks _________________. (2) 此时,大楼剧烈地摇晃起来,像是发生了地震。 The Building lurched violently and shook as if ????????____________________. (3) 那女孩倾听着,像已经变成了石头似的。 The girl listened as if ___________________ a stone. (4) 当把铅笔的一部分放进水里时,它看上去好像断了。 When a pencil is partly put into a glass of water, it looks ______________. 原句4 Thousands of families were killed and many children were left without parents. 成千上万个家庭遇难,许许多多的孩子变成了孤儿。 were left without parents是被动结构,without parents是介词短语,在句中作主语的补语,表示主语的状态。此处使用的是“leave sth./sb. +宾语补足语”结构,可作宾语补足语的词有分词、不定式、介词短语、形容词和副词等。 精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1) 玛丽丢下他折叠自己的大衣,走上楼梯。 Mary ___________ and began to mount the stairs. (2) 男孩留下老人,走开了。回来的时候,老头儿还睡觉。 The boy _____________ and when he came back he was still asleep. (3) 很抱歉,你的一些问题我没有回答。 I'm sorry I've _____________________________. 语境应用 运用所学语言基础知识,补充完整下面短文,并背诵下来 On May 12, 2008, a strong earthquake shook my hometown, Wenchuan in Sichuan Province. At 2:28 p. m., we suddenly felt everything began to shake fiercely and the earth rose and fell sharply. (1)________________________ (在可怕的几秒钟内), the city of Wenchuan (2)________________ (成为一片废墟). The supply of water and electricity (3)________________ (中断). (4)____________________ (大量的) people were injured or killed and the number of people who were killed reached more than 60,000.(5)____________________ (数以万计的) children were left without parents. It seemed that the world was (6)________________ (到了尽头). But all the hope was not lost. The government called in the army and organized a lot of people to (7)____________________ (营救被困者). They sent (8)________________ (伤者) to hospitals and (9)____________ (埋葬) the dead. Nowadays, we are (10)____________________ (全力以赴) and overcoming all kinds of difficulties to rebuild our home. 答案: 重点词汇 1. (1) burst in (2) a burst of laughter (3) she burst out crying; she burst into tears 2. (1) hurt (2) wound (3)injured (4)harm (5) damaged 3. (1) is still in shock (2) was shocked at/by (3) was obviously very shocked (4) got a shock 4. (1) Rescue workers (2) rescued three children from (3) the rescue of (4) rescued a dozen people 温故知新 1.damage to 2.burst 3. trapped in the building 4.has ruined my new dress 5.destroy the house 6.were injured 7.rescue him 8.was deeply shocked to 重点短语 1. right away/right now/at once/in no time/immediately (2) right away (3) right now (4) Immediately 2. (1) at the end of (2) make an end of/put an end to (3) end in (4) in the end (5) at an end 3. (1) got ruined (2) in ruins (3) brought his hope to ruin 4. (1)is/was (2)are/were (3) A number of boys (4) The number of students 温故知新 1. fall down 2. am proud of/take pride in 3. in the open air 4. broke out 5. thinks little of 6. right away 7. in ruins 8. A (great) number of 重点句型 1. (1)can not fly (2) Nobody likes to (3) Not all 2. (1)pointing at (2) thinking of (3) reading a newspaper (4) following his master 3. (1) as if it is going to rain (2) it were in an earthquake (3) she had been turned into (4) as if (it were) broken (1) left him folding the coat (2) left the old man there (3) left some of your questions unanswered 语境应用 (1) In a few terrible seconds (2) lay in ruins (3) was cut off (4) A great number of (5) Tens of thousands of (6) at an end (7) rescue the trapped (8) the injured (9) buried (10) doing our best 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)
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