Unit 2 Robots
（1）n. 渴望，欲望，渴求 后常接 for sth 或 to do sth 作定语。
His desire for wealth and power led him to his total failure.
desire to do sth
sb to do sth
The President desired that the new Prime
Minister visited him.
He desired to be famous.
I desired you to complete the homework
within one week.
2. test out sth.=put sth. to the test
Their theory is going to be tested out.
test 指 检测 测验（智力，视力，物品质量）知识掌握程度
examine指 仔细观察以获得线索 进行研究；考试
check 指 核查以确保正确 (安全 质量满意）
3. persuade vt 说服
persuade sb (not) to do sth
persuade sb into ( out of ) doing sth
persuade sb of sth 使某人相信某事
The teacher persuaded the boy not to
give up his study.
persuade sb that…… 使某人相信
4. alarm n.警报，惊慌
The fire caused much alarm.
take alarm at… 对….感到吃惊
a fire alarm 火警
sound/raise the alarm 发出警报
When the fire broke out, the smart boy sounded the alarm.
vt. 使警觉, 使惊慌
I don’t want to alarm you, but there is a strange man in your garden.
be alarmed at … 被…吓了一跳
be alarmed for… 对…放心不下
be alarmed to do sth 做……感到恐慌
I was alarmed for her safety.
She is more my friend than my teacher.
The boy is more lazy than stupid.
not more than不超过
no more than仅仅＝only
The young lady is ____ a beauty; she is ______ than pretty.
A. more than;more smart B.more than; smarter
C. not only;smarter D.no more than;
6. Claire thought it was ridiculous to be offered sympathy by a robot.
feel/have sympathy for… 同情…
I felt much sympathy for the blind.
in smpathy with 同情；赞成
out of smpathy 出于同情
out of smpathy with 对…不同情；不赞成
do sb a favor=do a favor for sb帮某人忙
ask sb a favor=ask a favor of sb请某人帮忙
return a favor 还人情
in favor of sb/sth 赞成，赞同
in sb's favor 对某人有利
I favor travelling at night, when the roads
My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was______ it.
in honour of B. in memory of
C. in favor of D. in search of
Please_____ -- the box is too heavy.
A. do me a favor B. return me a favor
C. owe favor of D. show favor to me
8. pile 堆
pile in 蜂拥而进 pile up 堆起来
a pile of=piles of=a lot of 堆积如山的
I have a pile of work to do this evening.
9. or rather 或者说，准确地说
What I want is the truth, or rather a series of truth.
10.accompany v. 陪伴, 伴奏
accompany sb to do sth陪某人去做某事
accompany sth with/by sth与……同时存 在或发生
I must ask you to accompany me to the police station.
Strong winds accompanied by heavy rains.
11.affair 暖昧关系, 事情, 私通
have an affair with sb.
She was having an affair with someone who has a wife (有妇之夫).
It’s not my affair. 这不关我的事。
incident 附带的小事情 事端 事变
12. She cried out “Tony” and then heard
him declare that he didn’t want to leave
her the next day and that he felt more
than just the desire to please her.
declare vt. 宣布；声明；表明；说明；宣称
declare +n. 宣告
declare+n.+(to be) n./ adj. 宣布…为…
The judge declared him (to be) the winner of the competition.
They will declare the results of the election soon.
I declared this conference (to be) open.
declare +(that)从句 宣称；声称
She declared (that) she was right.
declare war on/ upon对…宣战
declare against 声明反对
declare for (in favour of) 声明赞成
13. envy vt. & n. 忌妒；羡慕
2)envy at/of sth. 忌妒/羡慕某事
They envied us for our success.
envy sb doing sth 羡慕某人做某事
out of envy 出于妒忌/羡慕
be green with envy 非常妒忌
be envious of sb/sth 满怀嫉妒
Leave my book alone.
Don’t think I will leave him alone.
leave behind 留下;忘带;遗留
leave out 省去;排除;遗漏
let alone 译为“更不用说”
A 1 year-old child can’t even speak, let alone recite poems.