[ID:4-6658524] 人教版高二英语选修6 Unit 5 The power of nature Grammar V-ing形式作状语 ...
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(共20张PPT) Grammar V-ing形式作状语 Seen from the hill, the park looks very beautiful. Hearing the news, they immediately set off for Shanghai. -ed 形式表被动 -ing形式表主动 ①Hearing the news, they immediately set off for Shanghai. (=When they heard the news, they immediately set off for Shanghai.) ② Having finished his homework, he went fishing. (= After he had finished his homework, he went fishing.) 1)做时间状语 如果动词-ing形式表示的动作与谓语动词的动作几乎同时发生,则用 doing; 若先于谓语动词的动作发生,则用其完成式,即having done 。 when she turned around, she saw a police car driving up. When I looked out of the window, I saw some children playing football. After they closed the windows and doors, the students left the room. 练一练 = Turning around, = Looking out of the window… = Having closed the windows and doors … _____________by a snake,she was frightened at it. A. bite B. biting C. being bitten D. having been bitten D 2) 做原因状语 ①Because/As he was ill, he didn’t go to school. =Being ill, he didn’t go to school. ②Since you are a student, you should study hard.) =Being a student, you should study hard. 3) 做条件状语 一直往前走,你就会看到一座白色的房子。 = If you walk ahead, you will see a white house. ______________, you will see a white house. Walking ahead 4)做伴随状语 : He sat on the sofa, and watched TV =He sat on the sofa, watching TV. e.g. 他们笑着谈着走进了教室。 ____________________, they went into the classroom. Laughing and talking 5) 做结果状语 Her mother died in 1990, and left her with her younger brother. =Her mother died in 1990, leaving her with her younger brother. e.g. 全国到处在传唱这首歌曲,使它成了一首最受欢迎的歌曲。 The song is sung all over the country, _____________________________ . making it the most popular song Her father died in 1990, leaving the family even worse off. He ran to the station, only to find that the train had left. Attention Please 1. -ing形式作状语时, 它的逻辑主语一般与主句的主语是一致的。 但有时候-ing形式也可以有自己独立的主语,这就是所谓的独立主格结构。它也可以表示时间、条件、原因等。 e.g. Time permitting, I will pay a visit to the whole city. = If time permits, I will pay a visit to the whole city. 2. 动词-ing形式的否定形式: 在动词-ing形式之前加not、never 等否定词. e.g. Not having finished my homework, I had to stay at home. 1. “You can’t catch me!” Janet shouted, _______ away. A. run B. running C. to run D. ran Grammar quiz 语法小测 2. ________the piano, someone suddenly knocked at the door. A. Playing B. When I was playing C. Repairing D. Examining 3. ______ the programme, they have to stay there for another 2 weeks. A. Not completing B. Not completed C. Not having completed D. Having not completed 4. “We can’t go out in this weather”, said Bob, ____ out of the window. A. looking B. to look C. looked D. having looked 5. Though _____ money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in 6. _______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. To suffer D. Suffered 7. ______ other cities, Peking is known to have high levels of air pollution. Compared to B. To be compared to C. Comparing with D. To compare with
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