[ID:4-6189382] 高考英语常用的基本句型及练习(艺体育生专用)(18张ppt)
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(共18张PPT) 高考常用的基本句型及练习 基本句型一: S十V (主谓结构) 这个句型中的动词是不及物的行为动词, 不能带宾语, 但是可以带有状语,由副词, 介词短语等来充当。这些动词常见的有: come, go, leave, arrive, talk, look, listen, live, exist, belong, die, wait, stand , sit, fall, happen,等等。 练习(一) 1. 我妈妈将于这周星期六上午来我们学校。 My mother will come to our school this Saturday morning. 2. 我目前生活在北京。 I’m living in Beijing now. 3. 事故是昨天晚上发生的。 The accident happened last night. 4. 我每天听十分钟的英语。 I listen to English ten minutes every day. 基本句型二: S十V十O (主谓宾结构) 此句型中的动词应为及物动词或者可以后接宾语的动词短语。作宾语的成分常是:名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词或从句。如:help, have, like, enjoy, dislike, love, own, think, believe, know, want,hope, wish 练习(二) 5. 我们每天有八节课。 We have eight classes every day. 6. 我们祝你好运。 We wish you good luck. 7. 我很想跟你一起去看足球赛。 I want to see the football match with you. 8. 我有很重要的事情要去做。 I have something important to do. 9.我想这些建议会对你的中文学习有所帮助。 I think these tips will be helpful to your Chinese learning. 10.我相信你们将会在这里度过一个愉快的假期。 I believe you will have a good holiday here. 基本句型(三):S十V十P (主系表结构) (一)常见的连系动词: be 动词:am, is , are (现在式);was, were (过去式) 感官系动词:look看起来,taste尝起来,feel觉得、摸起来,smell闻起来, sound听起来 表示变化的系动词:turn, become, grow, get, go 表示保持的系动词:keep, remain, stay (二)充当表语的可以是:名词,形容词,介词短语,从句, 非谓语动词等等 练习(三) 11.我叫李华,是新华中学的一名学生。 I’m Li Hua, a student from Xinhua Middle School. 12.很高兴收到你的来信。 I’m very happy to hear from you. 13. 听到这个消息,我很激动。 I’m very excited to hear the news. 14. 得知你们正在招聘一名兼职记者,我很高兴. I’m glad to know that you’re wanting a part-time reporter. 15. 我的英语说写能力都不错。 I’m good at speaking and writing in English. 练习(三) 16.? 我父母都是英语教师。 My parents are both English teachers. 17. 我妈妈是一位善良, 勤劳,性格开朗的农村妇女。 My mother is a kind, diligent, and out-going peasant. 18. 吸烟有害健康。 Smoking is bad for our health. 19. 经常锻炼,平衡饮食有益健康。 Doing regular exercise and keeping a balanced diet are good for our health. 20. 我现在的目标就是考上大学。 My present goal is to go to college. 句型(四):主语+情态动词+谓语动词原形 (+ 宾语) 【 此句型结构是在句型(一), 句型(二)的动词前面加上情态动词 】 练习(四) 21.我会讲英语,也能与别人友好地相处。 I can speak English and get on well with others. 22.我们应该采取措施来解决这个问题。 We should take measures to solve the problem. 23. 我们应该限制私家车的数量。 We should limit the number of private cars. 24. 我们必须充分利用课堂上的时间。 We must make full use of the time in class. 25. 你可以更多地了解中国文化。 You can know more about Chinese culture. 26. 吸烟会对你的健康造成伤害。 Smoking will do harm to your health. 27. 我得去参加一个重要的会议 。 I have to attend an important meeting. 28.你没有必要如此担心。 You needn’t be so worried. 29.你不应该如此粗鲁地对待你的父母 。 You shouldn’t be so rude to your parents. 30. 你将会变得更加开心和自信 。 You will become happier and more confident. 31.你最好不要熬夜 。 You’d better not stay up. 32. 我想给你提一些建议。 I’d like to offer you some advice. 33.我们最好步行或者乘坐公交车去上班。 We’d better go to work on foot or by bus. 34.你可以跟我妈妈学习剪纸。 You can learn paper-cutting from my mother. 35. 学习汉语可能对你来说有点困难。 It may be a little difficult for you to learn Chinese. 基本句型(五):祈使句(多用来提建议) 肯定祈使句:动词原形+其他 (要做……) 否定祈使句:Don’t / Never +动词原形+其他 (不要做……) 练习(五) 36. 要认真规划你的时间。 Plan your time carefully. 37. 课堂上要认真听讲,做好笔记。 Listen carefully and make notes in class. 38. 要经常复习。 Review your schoolwork regularly. 39. 要用良好的心态对待考试。 Keep a good attitude toward tests. 40. 要尊重、关心你的父母。 Respect and care about your parents. 41. 要经常和父母沟通、交流。 Talk to your parents regularly. 42. 要多做听说读写方面的练习。 Do more listening, speaking, reading and writing. 43. 继续努力,你就会取得更好的成绩。 Keep working hard and you’ll get better grades. 44. 多喝水,好好休息,你很快就会好起来。 Drink more water and have a good rest, and you’ll get better soon. 45. 要跟同学友好相处,互相帮助。 Get on well with your classmates and help each other. 46. 不要吃垃圾食品和太多的肉类。 Don’t eat drunk food and too much meat. 47. 不要熬夜学习。 Don’t stay up learning. 48. 不要吸烟、喝酒;因为这对你的身体不好。 Don’t smoke or drink alcohol, for it’s bad for your health. 49. 不要跟别人攀比。 Never compare yourself with others. 50.不要放弃任何一个科目。 Never give up any subject. 基本句型(六):There be + 名词(+ 地点) 【 表示:( 某地 )有某人或者某物 】 There is / was + 单数名词/ (不可数名词)(+ 地点) There are / were + 复数名词(+ 地点) 注意比较:表示“某人有”用“have/has” 练习(六) 51. 我的包里面有一部智能手机和几本书。 There is a smart phone and some books in my bag. 52. 我们家有五口人,包括我父母,我爷爷奶奶和我。 There are five people in my family: my parents, my grandparents and me. 53. 路上车多,人多。 There is a lot of traffic and people on the road. 54. 关于这个问题,有两种不同的观点。 On this issue, there are two different opinions. 55. 关于这一点,有以下几个原因。 On this issue, there are some reasons as follows. 56. 关于这个问题,有以下几个建议。 On this issue, there is some advice as follows. 57. 我的英语老师有很多有趣的点子。 My English teacher has many funny ideas. 58. 我的母亲有一颗善良的心。 My mother has a kind heart. 59. 我们有一个大房子,还有一辆小车。 We have a big house and a car. 60.我们每天都有很多的作业要做。 We have lots of homework to do every day.
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  • 资料类型: 课件
  • 资料版本:人教版(新课程标准)
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