[ID:4-4576274]高中英语谓语动词语法填空讲义
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资料简介:
谓语动词主要考虑时态、语态、语气、主谓一致等。从历年广东卷和全国卷来看,考得最多的是一般现在时和一般过去时,且只需看看上下文中谓语动词是用什么时态,跟着用什么时态就行了,十分简单。
[例1]He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he______ (find) that he had run out of salt. So Nick called…
[分析]在主语人称代词he后作谓语,是谓语动词;因he与find是主动关系,用主动语态,由上下文的时态可知,用一般过去时,故填found。
[例2]Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. …but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake. We _____ (tell) that our rooms hadn’t been reserved for that week…
[分析]由tell sb. sth. 可知,用被动语态,表示我们“被告知” ; 又由上下文的时态(如went, said)可知,用一般过去时,故填were told。
[例3]He suddenly appeared in class one day …He walked in as if he ______ (buy) the school…he was from New York City.
[分析]由as if(好像)可知,可能用虚
拟语气;由语境可知,他是新来的同学,不可能是买下了学校,故用虚拟语气;这是叙述过去的事,与过去事实相反,用过去完成时,故填had bought。
真题再练
1.(2017全国Ⅰ)When fat and salt (remove) from food, the food tastes as if is missing something.
2.(2017全国Ⅰ)Fast food (be) full of fat and salt.
3.(2017全国Ⅱ)Steam engines _____(use) to pull the carriages .
4.(2017全国Ⅱ)Later, engineers _______(manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube.
5.(2017全国Ⅲ) Sarah ________(tell) that she c
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  • 学案类型:二轮复习/专题资料
  • 资料版本:人教版(新课程标准)
  • 适用地区:广东省深圳市
  • 文件大小:37.61KB
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