[ID:4-5367052] 2019届高考英语二轮专题复习:完形填空(夹叙夹议)+短文改错
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完形填空+短文改错 一、??? Six years ago, I walked into a local animal shelter on a cold, rainy day.???? 1??? ?my house was already full of cats and dogs, I still couldn't???? 2??? ?an occasional visit to the shelter. This time as I was walking clown the row of pens(畜栏)full of barking dogs, I???? 3??? ?a small boy looking at one of them. ??? He had a malnourished(营养不良的)body and a???? 4??? ?face with a big nose???? 5??? ?out of the middle of it. He was looking at a small,golden dog. Its ribs(肋骨)were showing and its thin tail was folded between its legs. It wasn’t begging for???? 6??? ?like the other puppies???? 7??? ?was hiding in the corner instead. The boy looked up at me?with????? 8??? ?eyes and asked what was wrong with it.?" It?was?probably abused and???? 9??? ?,” I said. “That is?why it is so ??? 10??? ??? The boy???? 11??? ?turned to an old lady and said, “Grandma,I want this one.” The old woman smiled and walked to the front desk to fill out the???? 12??? ?forms. I followed her and asked???? 13??? ?the boy. She told me that he’d had a???? 14??? ?start in life, too. She had just gotten custody(监护权)of him???? 15??? ?the state had taken him from his parents. She hoped getting a dog would make his life???? 16??? ?for him. I looked back at him holding his scared puppy, and said a prayer for them both. ??? It was yesterday that I was driving down the road enjoying a gloriously sunny, spring day. Then in a green front yard I saw the boy. His???? 17??? ?body was tall and strong.?His nose no longer???? 18??? ?big but fit well into his smiling face. He?was throwing a ball to a healthy,?happy dog with shining golden hair. His little act of love and???? 19??? ?had indeed gone a long way. It had saved a dog’s life,???? 20???? his own heart, and given this middle-aged man fresh hope for the whole world. 1.A.Although????B.Whenever????C.If????D.As 2.A.resist????B.help????C.undertake????D.pay 3.A.sensed????B.ignored????C.noticed????D.stared 4.A.shabby????B.bare????C.round????D.bony 5.A.holding????B.sticking????C.reaching????D.lying 6.A.attention????B.entertainment????C.treatment????D.joy 7.A.or????B.so????C.and????D.but 8.A.annoyed????B.sad????C.excited????D.bored 9.A.wronged????B.broken????C.abandoned????D.raised 10.A.puzzled????B.curious????C.scared????D.surprised 11.A.gradually????B.particularly????C.suddenly????D.immediately 12.A.adoption????B.nursery????C.health????D.adaptation 13.A.over????B.for????C.on????D.about 14.A.good????B.common????C.rough????D.happy 15.A.until????B.after????C.unless????D.before 16.A.stronger????B.easier????C.harder????D.safer 17.A.middle-aged????B.aging????C.teenage????D.childhood 18.A.appeared????B.remained????C.proved????D.grew 19.A.determination????B.company????C.generosity????D.kindness 20.A.struck????B.touched????C.broken????D.healed 二、??? People from every comer flooded into the streets that Christmas Eve. “Frosty the Snowman” and “Jingle Bells”???? 1??? ?in stores ; on the pavements, the street singers performed happily. Everyone was???? 2??? ?by someone else, delighted and cheerful. I was alone. ??? As one of 8 kids of a Brazilian family,brought up in an America’s crowded apartment,I’d spent several years searching for aloneness. Now,???? 3??? ?,at 27,after the???? 4??? ?with my girlfriend at college,every cell inside me wanted to be alone,???? 5??? ?not at Christmas. My family had???? 6??? ?to Brazil and my friends were???? 7??? ?with their own lives. Dusk was approaching, and the fact that I had to return to my???? 8??? ?home made me sad. Lights from windows blinked, and I hoped someone would???? 9??? ?from one of those homes to invite me inside with a Christmas tree decorated with shiny fake snow and???? 10??? ?presents. ??? At a market,I felt more???? 11??? ?when people were buying lots of goods, which???? 12??? ?the gifts we received as children in my mind. I missed my family and wanted to cry for wanting to be alone and for having achieved it. ??? Outside the church,a manger (马槽)had been set???? 13??? ?I stood with others watching the scene, and some of them were???? 14??? ?themselves, praying. As I walked home, I realized that leaving Brazil was still a painful experience as I struggled with???? 15??? ?I had become in 15 years in America. Td mourned the???? 16??? ?,but for the first time, I recognized what Pd gained. I was independent, ??? 17??? and healthy. My life was still ahead, full of ??? 18??? ??? Sometimes the best gift is the one that you give yourself. That Christmas, I gave myself???? 19??? ?for what Yd obtained up to now and promised to go fonvard. It is the best gift Pve ever got, the one that I most ??? 20??? . 1.A.shared????B.played????C.served????D.held 2.A.accompanied????B.employed????C.attended????D.supported 3.A.usually????B.extremely????C.really????D.eventually 4.A.breakup????B.date????C.sympathy????D.concern 5.A.so????B.but????C.and????D.or 6.A.moved????B.slipped????C.came????D.returned 7.A.pleased????B.satisfied????C.occupied????D.bored 8.A.shabby????B.empty????C.warm????D.cozy 9.A.turn up????B.hang out????C.go away????D.break in 10.A.dealt????B.discounted????C.wrapped????D.donated 11.A.tired????B.nervous????C.excited????D.upset 12.A.called up????B.called for????C.called on????D.called in 13.A.down????B.up????C.aside????D.about 14.A.hugging????B.bowing????C.crossing????D.bending 15.A.how????B.which????C.what????D.that 16.A.cases????B.limits????C.losses????D.worries 17.A.lonely????B.educated????C.shy????D.wealthy 18.A.possibility????B.sight????C.sadness????D.hardship 19.A.surprise????B.defeat????C.prize????D.credit 20.A.select????B.value????C.save????D.admit 三、假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及二个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 ??? When I started college, I moved to other city, away from my family and old friends. At that time, I was so shy to make new friends so I was very alone for a few weeks. ??? But finally, I made friends for other students. Mark was a special person that wants to save the earth. He talked to everyone about the importance of reducing trash, reuse things and recycling all the time. Kathy was most intelligent student I had ever known. I learned many things from her. They are real nice persons, just like my old friends. During the college time, we had visited many places and did many crazy things together. ??? Those are some of my happiest memory. Friends are very important in our lives. 四、假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 ??? Last Sunday morning, when I was having a walk in the park near my home, I came across a crew make a new film with one of my favorite actor. I didn’t have my camera with me at that time, but I rushed back home to get. Unfortunately, by the time I got back, they have finished the scene and the actor couldn’t be seen everywhere. I was really disappointing and about to leave when he walked out a building. He was right there in the front of me! I couldn’t believe my luck—not only did I had my photo taken with him, but he signed his name on my shirt! 五、假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及二个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 ??? The western part of the city was hit by several storms last night, caused serious damage and cutting water andpower to at least two hundreds homes. Scores of families were left homeless. On Main Street, the parking lot was complete flooded, and some car were moved across the parking area and into the streets by the floods. On White Street, trees became up rooted and smashed into parking cars. Bad still, on Green Street, a tree was fell on a schoolbus. Luckily, no one on the bus was hurt. It looks even if the insurance companies will have to pay large sums of money to emphasize?his customers. As for tomorrow, weather conditions are supposed improve. Clear skies can be expected. 六、假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 ??? My dream school starts at 8:30 am and ends at 3:30 pm. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn't need to do so many homework. Therefore,we have more time with after-school activities. For example,we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day. ??? My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest,or sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 答案以及解析 一、答案及解析: 答案:1.A; 2.A; 3.C; 4.D; 5.B; 6.A; 7.D; 8.B; 9.C; 10.C; 11.D; 12.A; 13.D; 14.C; 15.B; 16.B; 17.C; 18.A; 19.D; 20.D 解析:1.根据语境可知,此处引导让步状语从句,故A项正确.句意:虽然我家里已经满是猫和狗了,但我还是禁不住偶尔去收容所看一看。 2.根据第一句 I walked into a local animal shelter...可知,我禁不住去收容所看一看,A项符合语境resist抵制;抵抗。 3.此处意为“我注意到(noticed)有个小男孩正看着其中一只小狗”。 sense 感觉到;ignore忽视,不理睬;stare盯着看。 4.根据“营养不良”可推断出,他脸很瘦,bony瘦得皮包骨的。 5.由“营养不良”、“瘦脸”以及“大鼻子”可判断出.鼻子在脸中间很显眼. stick out显眼。 6.它不像其他小狗一样叫着来恳求别人的关注(attention) ,而是躲在一个角落里。 7.not... but...不是...?而是?... 8.上文提到这只小狗非常瘦弱,尾巴夹在两腿中间,小男孩看到此景应该会感到伤心。 9.此处与abused(虐待)并列,C项符合语境。abandon抛弃。 10.这只小狗不发出叫声,夹起尾巴躲在角落里,由此可知它感到害怕scared害怕。 11.?听了我的话后,小男孩立即决定收养这只小狗。immediately立即。 12.因为是在收容所,所以小男孩收养一只小狗需要填写收养(adoption). 13.根据下文内容可知,我问了她一些关于小男孩的事情,ask about sb.问关于某人的事情。 14.下文指出政府剥夺了小男孩父母的监护权,给了这个女人,再结合上文提到的小男孩的外貌可知,他生活艰难。rough艰难的。 15.这个女人得到监护权应该是在政府剥夺小男孩父母监护权之后,故B项正确. 16.此处与上文rough相对应。她希望养一只小狗可以使他的生活更容易些(easier)。 17.根据上文可知,六年之后我再次见到他时,他已经是个青少年了,C项符合语境。 18.他的鼻子也不再显得那么大了,而与他微笑的脸正好合适。 appear显得;看来。 19.此处与love并列,kindness符合语境 20.他的爱心和善良挽救了一只小狗,治愈了自己的内心,也给这个中年男人带来了对整个世界的新的希望,heal治愈. 二、答案及解析: 答案:1.B; 2.A; 3.D; 4.A; 5.B; 6.D; 7.C; 8.B; 9.A; 10.C; 11.C; 12.A; 13.B; 14.C; 15.C; 16.C; 17.B; 18.A; 19.D; 20.B 解析:1.由“Frosty the Snowman" and “Jingle Bells”可知这里指商店里播放着这两首歌. play播放。 2.由后文I was alone.可知,此处与我一个人的情形形成对比,表每个人都有人陪伴(accompanied)。 3.由前文中的 I'd spent several years searching for aloneness 可知现在我终于可以一个人了。所以选eventually。 4.由下文中的every cell inside me wanted to be alone可知此处是指与女友分手后,所以选择breakup。 5.虽然分手了想一个人待会儿,但是却不想在圣诞节这样,前后为转折关系,所以选择but。 6.由第二段中的 As one of 8 kids of a Brazilian family 可知,家人应该是回巴西过圣诞节了,故用returned。 7.我的朋友们都在忙于他们自己的生活be occupied with sth.忙于......某事。 8.夜幕降临,我不得不回到我那个空荡荡的家,这让我很难过. empty空的 9.我希望有人会来遨请我跟他们共庆圣诞:turn up表示“来到”,符合语境 10.由常识可知圣诞树上的礼物一般都是包着(wrapped)的. 11.第二段描述了我在街上孤独的心情,因此在商场里看到人们为圣诞节购物的情景,我越发难过了。upset不快的。 12.这让我想起了孩提时代我们收到的礼物. call up使回忆起,使想起。 13.在教堂外面,一个马槽已经被搭起(setup)。 14.由后面的praying可知有人画十字祈祷,故选C. 15.此处表示我成为了什么样的人。with后是what引导的宾语从句。 16.由后文I recognized whal I’d gained可推断出前面应该是为损失而难过。故选择C项。 17.由第二段中的college可知我读过大学,所以是受过教育的。 18.我的生活仍在前迸,充满了可能. possibility可能。 19.那个圣诞节我对至今自己取得的成就给予认可,并做出未来的承诺。credit认可,赞扬。 20.这是我收到过的最好的礼物,也是我最珍惜的礼物value珍惜, 重视。 三、答案及解析: 答案:?When I started college, I moved to? city, away from my family and old friends. At that time, I was? shy to make new friends so I was very? for a few weeks. ??? But finally, I made friends? other students. Mark was a special person that? to save the earth. He talked to everyone about the importance of reducing trash,? things and recycling all the time. Kathy was ?most intelligent student I had ever known. I learned many things from her. They are? nice persons, just like my old friends. During the college time, we had visited many places and did many crazy things together. ??? Those are some of my happiest . Friends are very important in our lives. 解析: 1.?此处表示“我到了另一座城市”,故用another“另一个”。 other意为“其他的,另外的”。 2.?此处表示“我太害羞而交不到明友”,故用too. ..to...结构。 3.?此处表示“我非常孤独”,故用lonely“寂寞的;孤独的”。 alone意为“单独的,独自的”。 4. make friends with“与?交朋友”,是固定搭配。 5.?本文讲述的是发生在过去的事情,应用一般过去时。 6.?reuse和前面的reducing及后面的recycling并列,共同作介词of的宾语,所以用reusing. 7.根据空后的most intelligent可知,此处是形容词的最高级,故前面要加the. 8.?修饰形容词nice应用副词形式。 9.?此处讲述的是发生在过去的事情,应用一般过去时,不能用过去完成时。 10.?memory是可数名词,根据前面的those和复数形式。 四、答案及解析: 答案:??? Last Sunday morning, when I was having a walk in the park near my home, I came across a crew? a new film with one of my favorite . I didn’t have my camera with me at that time,? I rushed back home to get . Unfortunately, by the time I got back, they? finished the scene and the actor couldn’t be seen . I was really? and about to leave when he walked out a building. He was right there in the front of me! I couldn’t believe my luck—not only did I? my photo taken with him, but he signed his name on my shirt! 解析: ①?考查非谓语动词。此处是非谓语动词短语作补语,make和被修饰的名词crew之间是逻辑上的主动关系,所以应用现在分词形式。 ?考查名同。one of后该接可数名词的复数形式,表示“……中的一个”。 ?考查连词。逗号前后不是转折关系,而是因果或者顺承关系。 ?考查代记。炉t意为“去取(或带来)”,是及物动词,其后应该接代词it,指代my camera。 ?考查动词的时。根据时间状语by the time?I got back可知,此处应该用过去完成时。 考查副词。anywhere用于否定句时表示全部否定,符合语境. everywhere和否定词连用时表示部分否定,不符合语境。 ?考査形容词。disappointing用来形容事物;disappointed用来形容人。 此处表示“我感到非常失望”。 ?考查介词。walk out of a building意为“从一栋楼里走出来”。 ?考查冠词。in the front of意为“在?(内部)的前面”;in front of意为“在……(外部)的前面”。 考査谓语动词。此处为部分倒装,为一般过去时,把助动词did提到主语之前时,谓语动词应该用原形。 五、答案及解析: 答案:??? The western part of the city was hit by several storms last night,? serious damage and cutting water andpower to at least two? homes. Scores of families were left homeless. On Main Street, the parking lot was? flooded, and some? were moved across the?parking area and into the streets by the floods. On White Street, trees became uprooted and smashed into? cars.? still, on Green Street, a tree was fell on a schoolbus. Luckily, no one on the bus was hurt. It looks? if the insurance companies will have to pay large sums of money to emphasize? customers. As for tomorrow, weather conditions are supposed ?improve. Clear skies can be expected. 解析: 1.?cause和storms是逻辑上的主谓关系,所以用动词-ing作结果状语。 2.?hundred前有具体数字时,应用单数形式。 3.?complete是形容词,修饰动词应用副词形式。 4.?car是可数名词,根据前面的some可知要用复数形式。 5.?此处指的是“停在停车场里的汽车”,park和cars是动宾关系,应用过去分词作定语。 6.?worse still意为“更糟糕的是”,是固定搭配。 7.?fall是不及物动词,不能用于被动语态,所以去掉was。 8.?It looks as if...表示“看起来好像……”,是固定句式。 even if表示“虽然,即使”。 9.?从句的主语insurance companies是复数名词,所以形容词性物主代词要用their。 10.?be supposed to do sth.意为“应该做某事”,是固定用法。 六、答案及解析: 答案:??? My dream school starts at 8:30 am and ends at 3:30 pm. are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We need to do so homework. Therefore,we have more time after-school activities. For example,we can do reading for one and a half and play sports for one hour every day. ??? My dream school like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest,or by the lake listening ?music. The teachers here are kind and . They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 解析: 1.第二句:They→There考查there be句型。根据句子结构来判断,要用there be句型,意思是“有”。句意:在早上有二节课,下午有两节课。故把They改为There。 2.第三句:didn't→don’t考查动词时态。文章主体时态为一般现在时,此处表示“我们(每天)不需要做很多家庭作业”,所以要用一般现在时。故把didn’t改为don’t。 3.?第三句:many→much 考查不可数名词的修饰词。由于homework是不可数名词,故修饰该词应用much,而many修饰可数名词。故把many改为much。 4.?第四句:with→for考査介词。后接表示对象、用途等的名词时应用介词for,意为“对,给,供” 5.?第五句:half后的hour→hours考查名词复数。hour前有“one and a half”修饰,所以其后的名词要用复数形式。故把hour改为hours。 6.?第六句:look→looks考查主谓一致。根据句子的主语“My dream school”可判断出,谓语动词要用单数形式,同时叙述的是现在的情况,故应用looks。 7.?第七句:去掉flowers前面的the考査冠词。句意:我们教学楼周围各种各样的花和树木。根据句意可知,此处表示“泛指”的概念,所以flowers前不用定冠词。 8. 第八句考查动词时态。根据句子结构可知,lie和sat 是并列关系,由于在情态动词can之后,所以应用动词原形。故把sat改为sit。 9.?第八句:在listening后加to考査固定短语。短语listen to的意思是“听”,to是介词,其后接名词。 10.?第九句:helpfully→helpful考查形容词。根据句子结构可知,此处要用形容词作表语。故把helpfully改为helpful。
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