[ID:4-6305014] 高三英语二轮复习语法专题--动词的时态精选专练2(含答案解析共3份打包)
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( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--动词的时态精选专练2 1.I was told that the singer ________ in 1980. A.?was born????????????????????????B.?is born????????????????????????C.?had been born????????????????????????D.?had born 2.My parents are ________ with my good grades. A.?pleased?????????????????????????????B.?pleasure?????????????????????????????C.?please?????????????????????????????D.?pleasant 3.She is shy, and is not used to ______in front of others. A.?praise?????????????????????????B.?praising?????????????????????????C.?be praised?????????????????????????D.?being praised 4.Teenagers should be cautious about the content on social networking sites, for their tastes and preferences ________ by what they see in the media. A.?shape??????????????????????B.?were shaped??????????????????????C.?are shaped??????????????????????D.?have shaped 5.You ____your depression for long, and now it's time to relax yourself. A.?masked???????????B.?will have masked???????????C.?have been masked???????????D.?have been masking 6.Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it ______yesterday. A.?was happening???????????????????B.?happens???????????????????C.?has happened???????????????????D.?happened 7.The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts????? with success in the end. A.?rewarded?????????????????B.?were rewarded?????????????????C.?will reward?????????????????D.?will be rewarded 8.—Lucy seems absent these days. —She _____ a job from city to city—you see, she is graduating in June. A.?hunts for??????????????B.?is to hunt for??????????????C.?has hunted for??????????????D.?has been hunting for 9.According to the timetable, the train for Shanghai ________ at 9 o'clock in the evening. A.?leaves?????????????????????????????B.?has left?????????????????????????????C.?was left?????????????????????????????D.?will leave 10.The opening ceremony of Beijing 2008 Olympics is a great success, which is believed? ________ the Chinese splendid civilization. A.?having been displayed?????????B.?to have displayed?????????C.?to be displayed?????????D.?displaying 11.The farmer said the PLA men came to rescue timely when they _____in the snowstorm. A.?were trapping??????????B.?were being trapped??????????C.?are trapping??????????D.?are being trapped 12.Dear friend, I ______ on a train to Fudan University when you read this letter. A.?will sit?????????????????????????????B.?sit?????????????????????????????C.?will be sitting?????????????????????????????D.?have sat 13.—Why was Professor Smith unhappy recently? —Because the theory he stuck to ________ wrong. A.?proves????????????????????????????B.?was proved????????????????????????????C.?proved????????????????????????????D.?proving 14.This January will be very precious for us by which time we _______reviewing Senior Book I. A.?will finish???????????????B.?will have finished???????????????C.?have finished???????????????D.?will be finished 15.On the morning of Oct. 18, Xi Jinping, standing in the Great Hall of the People, ??????a report to the 19th National Congress of Communist Party of China. A.?deliver????????????????????????B.?delivering????????????????????????C.?has delivered????????????????????????D.?delivered 16.The policeman ________ five days after he had been wounded. A.?was dead?????????????????????????????B.?had died?????????????????????????????C.?has died?????????????????????????????D.?died 17.It suddenly ____ her that she had left her schoolbag in the canteen. A.?occurred???????????????????????????????B.?hit???????????????????????????????C.?striked???????????????????????????????D.?inspired 18.Mary insisted she ________ right and that Jack ________ to her. A.?be; said sorry????????????????B.?was; say sorry????????????????C.?be; say sorry????????????????D.?was; said sorry 19.When caught _____ in the exam, he begged for the teacher's pardon and tried ______ punishment. A.?cheating; escaping???????????????????????????????????????????B.?to be cheating; to escape C.?cheating; to escape??????????????????????????????????????????D.?to be cheating; escaping 20.The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ___ rising steadily since 1997. A.?is?????????????????????????????????B.?are?????????????????????????????????C.?has been?????????????????????????????????D.?have been 21.We are confident that the environment ______ by our further efforts to reduce pollution. A.?had been improved???????????B.?will be improved???????????C.?is improved???????????D.?was improved 22.(2013·湖北)People complain that decisions to approve or deny a permit are often ______ rather than based on fixed criteria. A.?appropriate??????????????????????B.?conscious??????????????????????C.?arbitrary??????????????????????D.?controversial 23.Meat _______ out in this shop. We can _________ now. A.?have been sold, get nothing???????????????????????????B.?has been sold, get nothing C.?has been sold, get some??????????????????????????????????D.?have been sold, get some 24.The family with the aim of travelling by plane ________ more than four times what it was several years ago. A.?have increased?????????????B.?has increased?????????????C.?were increasing?????????????D.?was increasing 25.—Have you heard about that fire in the market? —Yes, fortunately no one ______. A.?hurt??????????????????????????B.?was hurt??????????????????????????C.?has hurt??????????????????????????D.?had been hurt 26.George said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he ______. A.?wouldn't???????????????????????????????B.?didn't???????????????????????????????C.?hasn't???????????????????????????????D.?hadn't 27.It's high time we ______ effective ______ to improve your working conditions. A.?take ; means???????????????B.?made; measures???????????????C.?took;? measures???????????????D.?do,? actions 28.Tom was disappointed that most of the guests ________when he ______at the party. A.?left; had arrived???????????B.?had left; had arrived???????????C.?left; arrived???????????D.?had left; arrived 29.Alanis' most famous album sold 15 million copies and ?????????????her world famous. A.?was made?????????????????????????????B.?made?????????????????????????????C.?makes?????????????????????????????D.?is made 30.New policies,____ to ensure that compulsory education is truly free,_____ by the local government across China since the start of school on September 1. A.?intending; have been made known????????????????B.?intended; have been made known C.?intending; are made known????????????????????????????D.?intended; had made known 31.— Tony is on cloud nine and he smiles at everyone. —So ???????you if you come first in the competition. A.?do??????????????????????????????????????B.?are??????????????????????????????????????C.?would??????????????????????????????????????D.?will 32.(2015·湖南)As you go through this book, you ________ that each of the millions of people who lived through World War II had a different experience. A.?will?find??????????????????????????B.?found??????????????????????????C.?had?found??????????????????????????D.?have?found 33.Nowadays robots ____________ to do more dangerous tasks for human beings. A.?are being programmed???????????????????????????????????B.?are programming C.?will be programmed????????????????????????????????????????D.?will program 34.—How about eight o'clock outside the cinema? —That ________ me fine. A.?fits??????????????????????????????????B.?meets??????????????????????????????????C.?satisfies??????????????????????????????????D.?suits 35.(2014·山东)They made up their mind that they______ a new house once Larry changed jobs. A.?bought??????????????????????B.?would buy??????????????????????C.?have bought??????????????????????D.?had bought 36.I don't know if it______tomorrow.If it______tomorrow,my friends and I will go to the cinema. A.?rains...rains???????????????B.?will rain...will rain???????????????C.?rains...will rain???????????????D.?will rain...rains 37.Up till now, there has been no scientific evidence about ________ caused the death of dinosaurs. A.?what is it that??????????????????B.?what it was that??????????????????C.?it was what??????????????????D.?what is it 38.The sale usually takes place outside the house, with people ????????on benches, chairs, or boxes. A.?seating???????????????????????????????????B.?seated???????????????????????????????????C.?sit???????????????????????????????????D.?sat 39.Not until my later thirties ______ the important discovery: giving away things makes life so much more exciting.? A.?I made????????????????????????B.?I had made????????????????????????C.?did I make????????????????????????D.?had I made 40.— When did you return last Friday? — It was not until midnight ??????it was raining hard. A.?when??????????????????????????????????B.?which??????????????????????????????????C.?that??????????????????????????????????D.?before 41.(2016?北京)The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts ______ success in the end. A.?rewarded?????????????????B.?were rewarded?????????????????C.?will reward?????????????????D.?will be rewarded 42.—Where is Mother? —She is in the kitchen. She ______ the housework all morning. A.?is doing??????????????????????B.?was doing??????????????????????C.?has done??????????????????????D.?has been doing 43.Friendships between girls are usually _______ in shared feelings and support, but friendships between boys are based on shared activities or interests. A.?focused????????????????????????B.?remarked????????????????????????C.?concentrated????????????????????????D.?anchored 44.????????????? ?basic first-aid techniques will help you respond quickly to emergencies. A.?Knowing??????????????????????B.?Having known??????????????????????C.?Known??????????????????????D.?Being known 45.After college, he was employed in a middle school and ???????there ever since. A.?would worked?????????????????????B.?had worked?????????????????????C.?worked?????????????????????D.?has worked 46.What do you imagine ______ to Johnson? A.?happening????????????B.?having happening????????????C.?has happened????????????D.?to have happened 47.(2013·江苏)“Never for a second,” the boy says, “______ that my father would come to my rescue.” A.?I doubted????????????????????B.?do I doubt????????????????????C.?I have doubted????????????????????D.?did I doubt 48.At present, many new workers ________ and in six months they will be sent to build a new railway. A.?are being trained?????????????????B.?are training?????????????????C.?will train?????????????????D.?will be trained 49.A case of suspected food poisoning in New York has led to 6 high school students??????? to hospital. A.?being sent????????????????????????????B.?sent????????????????????????????C.?sending????????????????????????????D.?to be sent 50.(2018?北京)A rescue worker risked his life saving two tourists who _________ in the mountains for two days. A.?are trapping???????????B.?have been trapped???????????C.?were trapping???????????D.?had been trapped 答案解析部分 1.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:有人告诉我那名歌手出生在1980年。be born固定短语“出生”,根据时间状语in 1980,可知谓语动词用一般过去时,故选A。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时。 2.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:父母对我的好成绩很高兴。A. pleased adj.高兴的,修饰人;B. pleasure n. 乐趣,快乐;C. please v. 使…高兴;D. pleasant adj.令人愉快的,修饰物。主语是人,用pleased修饰,故选A。 【点评】考查词性的辨析。 3.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意: 她很害羞,不习惯在人前被表扬。此句考查固定结构“be used to doing 习惯于”,主语She和动词praise是被动关系,故用being praised,选D。 【点评】used to do sth 意思是:过去常常做某事(暗指现在不再做)如: I used to sleep late. 我以前睡的晚。(现在不这样了)be/get /become? used to doing sth? 意思是:习惯做某事。如: we are used to getting up early 我们习惯早起。be used to do sth 被用来做某事,用于被动语态。比如:Wood can be used to make furniture (家具)?? 意思是:木头可以被用来做家具。 4.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】此处be shaped by短语意为“被…塑造,受…影响”,青少年应该十分小心社交网站上的内容,因为他们的品味和偏好总是受到他们在媒体上看到的东西的影响的。故选C。 【点评】考查谓语动词时态与语态。注意动词与主语之间是主动还被动的关系,以及动作发生的时间,还要考虑主谓一致的问题。 5.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:你压抑了很久,现在是时候放松一下了。根据句意可知,此处应使用现在完成进行时,表示从过去开始一直持续到现在的动作,强调这个动作可能会继续下去。故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及现在完成进行时的应用。 6.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查 as if 从句中的时态。句意:Eliza准确地记着每件事,仿佛发上在昨天。as if引导方式状语从句,根据时间状语yesterday,可知选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握as if的含义和用法。 7.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】考查时态和语态。句意:学生们一直在刻苦学习功课,他们的努力(将来)一定会得到回报。根据句意可知,回报是将来要发生的事情,应该用将来时;efforts和reward是被动关系,应该使用被动语态,故选D。 【点评】考查动词的形式,单项填空题中时态语态题的解题技巧,关注时态标示语 。关注题干中的这些词可以更加准确的解决这类题目。 8.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:——Lucy这些天似乎不在。——从一个城市到另一个城市她一直在寻找一份工作,你知道,她将在六月毕业。根据"you see, she is graduating in June."可以判断"她快要毕业,所以最近一直在找工作",用现在完成进行时,故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及现在完成进行时的应用。 9.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:根据时刻表,去上海的火车在晚上9点钟离开。这里表示按照时刻表将要发生的事情,用一般现在时代替一般将来时,故选A。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般现在时的应用。 10.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】这题考查固定句型:Sb/sth is believed to have done“某人据说已经做了”句意是:2008年北京奥运会的开幕式是个很大的成功,据说展示了中国辉煌的文明。因为是已经展示了,所以选B。 11.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:这位农民说他们在暴风雪中被困时,解放军战士及时赶来营救。根据题干中的said判断从句中需要与过去相关的时态;根据短语“be trapped in句中表示“被暴风雪困住的时候”,故用过去进行时的被动语态,故选B。 【点评】考查时态语态,本题涉及过去进行时的被动语态的应用。。 12.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:当你读到这封信时,我将正坐火车去复旦大学。表示将来某个时间正在进行的动作,用将来进行时,即will be doing,故选C. 【点评】考查时态语态,本题涉及将来进行时的应用。 13.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查动词时态与语态。prove意为“证明”,用“prove (to be) + 名词/形容词等”结构时,它是系动词,和后面的成分构成系表结构,等同于turn out;而系动词是不能用于被动语态的。根据句意用一般过去时态,故选C。 14.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:这个一月对我们来说是非常宝贵的,届时,我们将完成对高中第一册的复习。此处是“到将来某个时间已经发生或完成的动作”,因此用将来完成时,故选B。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及将来完成时。 15.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:在10月18日的早上,习近平站在人民大会堂发表报告,对中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会作了报告。分析句意可知本句有一个确切的过去的时间(在10月18日的早上),在某一确定的过去的时间,要用一般过去时。因此要用一般过去时。故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 16.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:警察受伤五天后就死了。结合语境可知本句描述的警察的死亡是发生在过去,要用一般过去时。故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 ? 17.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:她突然想起她把书包落在食堂了。A:occurred“发生”;B: hit“打,击”;C: striked“敲”;D: inspired?“鼓舞”。 It hits/strikes/occurs to sb that 从句,固定句式,“某人突然想起某事”,A选项后加to才能正确;C选项的词性是错的,应该是struck.句意是:她突然想起她把书包落在食堂了。故选B。 【点评】考查动词词义辨析,区分occur; hit;strike和 inspire的含义,以及固定句式 It hits/strikes/occurs to sb that 从句。 18.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】第一空前面的insist表示“坚持说/坚持认为”,动作已经发生,后面的宾语从句中用陈述语气,用过去时;第二空insist表示“坚持要求/坚持主张”,动作尚未发生,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 should do(should可以省略);故选B。句意:玛丽坚持她是对的,坚持要杰克向她道歉。 【点评】考查insist引导的宾语从句。 19.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:在考试作弊被抓着的时候,他乞求老师原谅并试图逃脱惩罚。根据句意可知,抓住的时候正在作弊,现在分词表进行,因此,第一空用cheating形式,try to do sth固定短语,“试图做某事”,故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词作伴随状语和固定短语try to do sth。 20.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:自从1997年,上中国大学的留学生的数量一直稳定增长。since当“自从”讲,常与现在完成时连用。因为整个句子的主语是The number of(…的数量),它作主语时谓语动词用单数,故选C。 21.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查时态。根据“我们相信”说明时间将来发生,所以用将来被动。 【名师点睛】这题考查的是不同时态的被动语态。关键是确定时态。要抓住句子的上下文含义和句中的时间状语。这句话没有明确的时间状语。这时要根据上下文的语境选择合适的时态,对句意的理解就很关键了。 22.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:有人抱怨,批准或拒绝许可证的决定往往是任意的。appropriate“适当的,恰当的,合适的”;conscious“有意识的,神志清醒的”;arbitrary“ 随意的,任性的,随心所欲的”;controversial“有争议的,引起争议的”。根据句意,选C。 【点评】考查形容词辨析。区分appropriate、conscious、arbitrary和controversial四个形容词的含义和用法。 23.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:这家商店的肉已经卖完了。我们现在什么也买不到。meat 是不可数名词,作主语谓语动词用单数;情态动词后接名词,根据句意可知选B。 【点评】考查时态语态,本题涉及现在完成时的被动语态的应用,以及情态动词的应用。 24.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:坐飞机旅行的家庭比几年前增加了四倍多。分析句子可知,本句指的是现在的家庭,因此从时态来说,C与D的时态是不对的。本句的主语是the family是单数,根据主谓一致的原则,谓语动词要用单三式,因此选B。 【点评】考查主谓一致及时态,,本题涉及现在完成时的应用。 25.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:——你听说市场着火了么?——是啊,好在没人受伤。人和伤害之间是被动关系,排除A、C两个选项。根据题意,首先,对话当中现在完成多在问句中,而一般过去时多出现在答句,表示对过去事实的陈述;其次,D选项若成立,受伤就应发生在着火之前,显然不合逻辑,应排除。选B。 【点评】考查时态语态,本题涉及一般过去时本被动语态。 26.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:George说他第二天本想来学校看我的,但是他很忙。本题已知部分发生在过去,那么转折内容也应与过去相关,选择范围B、D。有了想法才可以去做相应的动作,忙发生在说之后,而非之前,因此排除D。 【点评】考查动词的时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 27.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查固定词组和虚拟语气。句意:是我们采取措施来提高那么的工作条件的时候了。固定词组take measures采取措施;固定句型:It is time that sb 过去时/should+动词原形,构成虚拟语气,故选C项。 28.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:汤姆失望了,因为他到达晚会时,大部分客人已经走了。guests先“离开”,Tom后“到达”。Tom到达发生在过去,客人走在Tom来之前,所以要用过去完成时态,故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时和过去完成时的应用。 29.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:艾拉妮丝最著名的唱片卖了1千5百万份,并使她世界著名。根据句意可知这里并列句保持时态一致,make作为使动词,意为“使得,让”。故选B。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 30.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:自从9月1号开学以来,为了确保义务教育是真的免费的政策已经被全国各地的政府知晓。分析句式结构,第一空处是做policies的定语,且与其是被动关系,此处是过去分词短语作后置定语;根据上文可知,新的政策已经被知道,要用现在完成时,主语是policies,与谓语make known之间是被动关系,要用现在完成时的被动语态,故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词和时态语态,本题涉及过去分词短语作后置定语以及现在完成时的被动语态。 31.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查时态。上句:Tony欣喜若狂,他对每个人都微笑。下句:如果你在比赛中名列第一,你也会这样做。此处是if引导的条件状语从句,从句是一般现在时态,则主句用一般将来时态,故答案为D。 【点评】考查So do I结构中的助动词选用,该结构中的助动词 do 根据前文的情况也可换成 is, am, are, was, were, does, did, can, could,will 等。 32.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】一般将来时表将要发生的动作或情况,在一般将来时的句子中,有时有表将来时间的状语,有时没有时间状语,这时要从意思上判断是否指未来的动作或情况,句意:当你通读这本书的时候,你将会发现成千上万的经历过二战的每个人都有不同的经历,根据句意,判断主语的时态为一般将来时,故选A 【点评】本题旨在考查句子的时态,要求学生明确地掌握各个时态的定义以及它们在时间上的划分段和用法。“助动词will或shall+动词原形”这一形式,表示将来发生的事情,用于征求对方的意见或表示客气的邀请。现在完成时表示到说话时为止(或到现在为止)已经发生或完成了(不一定结束)的动作或状态,共有四种主要用法:一、现在完成时表示影响;二、现在完成时表示持续;三、现在完成时表示重复;四、现在完成时表示将来。而在此题中As?you?go?through?this?book是一个现在时了,所以后文就不能出现过去时或过去完成时。虽然在此题中没有明确的时间状语,但从意思上还是可以理解出来的。 33.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:如今,机器人正被编程为人类做更危险的任务。正在进行的动作用现在进行时态,“被编程”用被动语态,因此用现在进行时的被动语态,故答案选A。 【点评】考查时态和语态。注意动词与主语之间是主动还是被动的关系,以及动作发生的时间,还要考虑主谓一致的问题。 34.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:——8点在电影院外边见面如何?——对我来说很合适。fits多指衣服合身;meets多指满足要求;satisfies多指“使满足;使满意”;suits指合适某人或某种情况。所以选D。 【点评】考查动词词义辨析,区分fit;meet;satisfy和suit的应用。 35.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他们打算只要Larry换了工作他们就买新房子。once引导的是条件状语从句,根据主句将来时从句一般现在时的用法可知,从句一般过去时,主句应是一般将来时的过去时。故答案选B。 【点评】考查动词时态,本题涉及过去将来时的应用。 36.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查时态。句意:我不知道明天是否会下雨。如果明天下雨的话,我和我的朋友就去看电影。第一空宾语从句中有时间状语tomorrow,因此要用一般将来时态,第二空考查主句是一般将来时,if条件句应用一般现在时态表将来。故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握宾语从句和条件状语从句的用法,本题涉及一般现在时和一般将来时的考查。 37.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:到目前为止,还没有科学证据证明是什么导致了恐龙的死亡。这里强调了恐龙灭绝的原因,即what,因此这是一个特殊疑问句的强调句型,强调句式后面要跟关系代词that,;另外,由于这个强调句是作介词about的宾语从句,因此要用陈述语序,故选B。 【点评】考查强调句式,本题涉及强调句作介词宾语的应用。 38.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:销售通常发生在户外,人们坐在长凳上,椅子上和箱子上。seat作为动词用时是及物动词,后面跟人。本题后面是一个with的复合结构,宾语是audience,audience与seat之间是一种逻辑上的动宾关系,故此处用过去分词。所以答案为B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作宾语补足语的应用。 39.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:直到我近四十岁的时候我才有了一个重要的发现:把东西捐赠他人会让生活更刺激。not until位于句首使,主句使用部分倒装;根据时间状语not until my later thirties,可知谓语动词用一般过去时,故选C。 【点评】考查时态本倒装句,本题涉及一般过去时的部分倒装的应用。 40.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意: ——上星期五你什么时候回来的?——直到半夜下起大雨时才回来。分析句子可知,midnight为先行词,在后面定语从句作时间状语,所以关系冠词副词为when。故选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,本题涉及关系副词when引导的限制性定语从句。 41.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】题目考查时态和语态。句意:学生们一直在刻苦学习功课,他们的努力(将来)一定会得到回报。句意可知,回报是将来要发生的事情,应该用将来时;efforts和reward是被动关系,应该使用被动语态,故选D。 【点评】一般将来时 ①表示未来的动作或状态常用will /shall + 动词(常与表示将来的时间状语边用如tomorrow、next week等)。 ②表示一种趋向或习惯动作。We’lldie without air or water. ③表示趋向行为的动词如come、go、start、begin、leave等词常用进行时的形式表示将来时。 ④begoing to与will / shall, be to do, be about to do用法及区别: A shall / will do表示未事先考虑过,即说话时临时作出的决定。 B be going to 表示现在打算在最近或将来要做某事,这种打算往往经过事先考虑,甚至已做了某种准备;begoing to 表将来,不能用在条件状语从句的主句中;而will则能,表意愿。 C be to do sth.表按计划、安排即将发生的动作,还可表示吩咐、命令、禁止,可能性等。 A meeting is to be held at 3:00 o’clockthis afternoon. D be about to do sth.表示“即将或者正要去做某事”,通常不与时间状语连用,但可与when引导的从句连用,构成常考句型:sb wasabout to do when sb did sth。 注意: 含有情态动词的谓语变化为被动语态:由“情态动词(can, may must, have to等)+be +动词的-ed形式构成。 含有“be going to , be to, used to,be about to”等结构的复合谓语变为被动语态:其构成为“be going to (be to, used to, be about to)+ be +动词的-ed形式”。 42.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查动词时态。句意:——母亲在哪里?——她在厨房里。一上午她都在做家务。现在仍在厨房做,故应用现在完成进行时,表示从过去至今一直在持续的动作。关键词是:all morning。故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握动词的各种时态的用法。 43.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:女生之间的友谊通常是以共享的情感和支持为基础的,但是男生间的友谊却是以共享的活动或兴趣为基础的。be focused on”集中注意力于......“;remark on”评论“;concentrate on”集中“;be anchored in”以......为基础“。故选D。 【点评】考查固定搭配,区分be focused on,remark on,concentrate on,be anchored in的含义和用法。 44.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:了解基本的急救技术将帮助你对紧急情况作出迅速反应。Knowing basic first-aid techniques是动名词短语做主语。A. Knowing 和后面的basic first-aid techniques一起构成短语做主语; B. Having known做状语,表动作在先;C. Known过去分词表被动完成; D. Being known是现在分词的被动形式。故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及动名词短语作主语额应用。 45.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】考查现在完成时。句意:大学毕业后,他在一所中学工作,从那以后就一直在那里工作。根据句中的时间状语“ever since”(自从, 从那时到现在)可知,本句要用现在完成时,故答案选D。 【点评】考查现在完成时的用法。(ever)since强调动作从何时开始的时间状语。 46.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:你认为约翰逊发生了什么事?此处do you imagine是插入语,what是句子主语,空格处是谓语动词,能作谓语动词的,故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及现在完成时的应用。 47.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:男孩说他一刻也没怀疑过他父亲会来救他。本句是否定词提前倒装,从“would”可判断是用过去时,故选D。 【点评】考查倒装句和动词时态。否定意义的词放在句首,句子采用部分倒装语序;同时涉及一般过去时的考查。 48.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】考查现在进行时态的被动语态。句意:目前, 许多工人正在接受训练,在六个月后他们将会被送去建造一条新的铁路。表示正在接受训练,所以是A。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握动词各种时态的被动语态的含义和用法。 49.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:纽约一个疑似食品中毒的案件已经导致6名高中生被送到医院了。Lead to“导致”其中的to是介词,后面接动名词的符合结构:逻辑主语(6 high school students)+动名词,因为students和send是被动关系,用动名词的被动,选A。 【点评】考查动名词被动结构。 50.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:一个救援者冒着生命危险拯救了两个在山里被困了两天的游客。通过risked确定本句是过去的时态;for+时间段是完成时的标志,所以此处用过去完成时;而trap是及物动词,意思是“使受限制;困住”,此处应该用被动结构,故答案为D。 【点评】考查动词的时态和语态。注意通过时态的前后一致确定大致的时态,然后根据相关的时间状语和语境判断具体的时态和语态。 ( 1 ) ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--动词的时态精选过关检测 1.—You've got your flat furnished, haven't you? —Yes, I ______ some used furniture and it was a real bargain. A.?will buy????????????????????????B.?have bought????????????????????????C.?had bought????????????????????????D.?bought 2.—Haven't you finished the construction of the teaching building to be used next term? —Yes. My workers and I _____ on it for over nine months. A.?have worked?????????????????B.?have been working?????????????????C.?worked?????????????????D.?had worked 3.My brother wants to work in the factory which ____ A.?is building?????????????????B.?has been built????????????????????C.?is being built?????????????????D.?is to be built 4.(2013·湖南)Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat ________ us. A.?bothers??????????????????????B.?had bothered??????????????????????C.?would bother??????????????????????D.?bothered 5.(2016?江苏)Dashan, who ______ cross talk, the Chinese comedic tradition, for decades, wants to mix it up with the Western stand-up tradition. A.?will be learning???????????B.?is learning???????????C.?had been learning???????????D.?has been learning 6.—Do you have any idea why Jenny left the firm? —Probably, she ________ for a pay rise, but was turned down. A.?has held out?????????????????B.?holds out?????????????????C.?held out?????????????????D.?has been holding out 7.—Uncle Wang is in hospital. —Oh, really? I ____________. I _____________ go and visit him. A.?didn't know; am going to????????????????????????????????B.?hadn't known; would C.?haven't known; will??????????????????????????????????????????D.?didn't know; will 8.The poor girl has to see the doctor because she ________ a lot lately. A.?coughed???????????????????B.?coughs???????????????????C.?had coughed???????????????????D.?has been coughing 9.The father as well as his three kids ________ skating on the cold river every Sunday afternoon in winter. A.?goes????????????????????????????????B.?go????????????????????????????????C.?is going????????????????????????????????D.?are going 10.As you can see,the number of cars on our roads ________ rising these days. A.?was keeping?????????????????????????B.?keep?????????????????????????C.?keeps?????????????????????????D.?were keeping 11.By the time you have finished this book, your meal ______ cold. A.?gets??????????????????????????????B.?has got??????????????????????????????C.?will get??????????????????????????????D.?is getting 12.The professor _____about how to protect the endangered animal in the conference at this time tomorrow. A.?talked???????????????????????B.?talks???????????????????????C.?has been talking???????????????????????D.?will be talking 13.—Haven't seen you for ages! Where have you been? —I went to Ningxia and?? ________ there for one year, teaching as a volunteer. A.?stayed????????????????????????B.?have stayed????????????????????????C.?had stayed????????????????????????D.?am staying 14.On her next birthday, Ann___________ married for twenty years. A.?will have been?????????????????????????????B.?is?????????????????????????????C.?has been?????????????????????????????D.?will be 15.I ______ a letter once a week to my family when I was in my first college year. A.?write???????????????????????????B.?was writing???????????????????????????C.?have written???????????????????????????D.?wrote 16.You can't imagine how happy we were! The exciting moment we had been looking forward to _______ at last. A.?come????????????????????????????B.?having come????????????????????????????C.?came????????????????????????????D.?coming 17.—Is this the first time that you ______ Nanchang? —No. But it has been 3 years since I last ____ here. A.?visit; come????????????B.?visited; came????????????C.?have visited; came????????????D.?have visited; come 18.My new pen __________.Who __________ have taken it? A.?has been disappeared; can??????????????????????????????B.?has disappeared; could C.?is missing; should?????????????????????????????????????????????D.?has been lost; may 19.Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ________ the girl and took her away, ________ into the woods. A.?seizing; disappeared????????????????????????????????????????B.?seized; disappeared C.?seizing; disappearing???????????????????????????????????????D.?seized; disappearing 20.His sister left home in 1998, and _______ever since. A.?has not heard from??????????????????????????????????????????B.?had not heard from C.?has not been heard of?????????????????????????????????????D.?had not been heard of 21.The sick woman ____in bed ____to the doctor that she had already taken the pill ____ on the table by the nurse a moment ago . A.?laying; lay; lay?????????????????B.?lying; lie; lie?????????????????C.?lying; lied; laid?????????????????D.?lay; lying; lay 22.Large quantities of meat _______ sold in that store at the present time. A.?are being??????????????????????????????B.?is being??????????????????????????????C.?will be??????????????????????????????D.?is 23.The singer and the dancer _____come to Beijing. A.?has???????????????????????????????????????B.?have???????????????????????????????????????C.?are???????????????????????????????????????D.?is 24.—Do you know the most ancient city in China—Xi'an well? —No, this is the first time I ________ here. A.?had come?????????????????????????B.?am coming?????????????????????????C.?have come?????????????????????????D.?came 25.A needle and thread ________ to her just now, but she could not sew the button on. A.?gave??????????????????????????B.?was given??????????????????????????C.?was giving??????????????????????????D.?were given 26.— How could they misunderstand me like that? — Just keep silent! It's the best way to let them know they ??????you wrong. A.?do????????????????????????????????B.?did????????????????????????????????C.?are doing????????????????????????????????D.?had done 27.As things didn't work out the way we ________, we found ourselves trying to force them and struggling to finish them. A.?plan?????????????????????B.?are planning?????????????????????C.?had planned?????????????????????D.?will be planning 28.—How was your job interview? —Very successful. I ________ my homework about the company, you know. A.?had done???????????????????????????B.?have done???????????????????????????C.?did???????????????????????????D.?was doing 29.—There is someone knocking at the door. —It must be the computer repairman. I ???????????him to come to fix my computer. A.?call???????????????????????????????B.?have called???????????????????????????????C.?called???????????????????????????????D.?will call 30.Now that the problem ________, appropriate action can be taken, and final success will be seen. A.?is identified??????????B.?was identified??????????C.?has been identified??????????D.?had been identified 31.It was the first time ______ I ______ face to face with the president. A.?when; had come?????????????B.?that; have come?????????????C.?when; came?????????????D.?that; had come 32.Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people _____to enjoy the advantages of this new technology. A.?begin???????????????????????????B.?began???????????????????????????C.?have begun???????????????????????????D.?had begun 33.—Will you attend the meeting this afternoon? —But I ____________ anything about that. A.?hadn't been told????????????????B.?haven't been told????????????????C.?didn't tell????????????????D.?won't tell 34.It is the third time ____ late this month. A.?that you arrived??????B.?when you arrived??????C.?that you've arrived??????D.?when you've arrived 35.The laptops made by our company sell best, but nobody could have guessed the place in the market that they ________ 20 years ago. A.?had had?????????????????????????B.?had?????????????????????????C.?were having?????????????????????????D.?were to have 36.I don't know if it______tomorrow.If it______tomorrow,my friends and I will go to the cinema. A.?rains...rains???????????????B.?will rain...will rain???????????????C.?rains...will rain???????????????D.?will rain...rains 37.In my opinion, all Mr. Li???? good to his students in his class at present. He is very strict with them in their studies. A.?does does does????????????????B.?does does do????????????????C.?does do did????????????????D.?did do does 38.Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage_______ the girl and took her away,_______ into the woods. A.?seizing; disappeared????????????????????????????????????????B.?seized; disappeared C.?seizing; disappearing???????????????????????????????????????D.?seized; disappearing 39.Little _____what you said. I wish you had repeated it. A.?did I understand??????????B.?I understood??????????C.?I did understand??????????D.?have I understood 40.Mary, ________becoming a well-known singer, ________in the Voice of China. A.?bending on; participated?????????????????????????????????B.?bent on; participating C.?bending on; participating????????????????????????????????D.?bent on; participated 41.If you ___________to the TV Tower when the weather is good, you _________ a good view of the city. A.?go; will have?????????????????B.?went; would have?????????????????C.?went; had?????????????????D.?will go; have 42.—So much remains to be done! —Well, it's not surprising. So many people????? all the time recently. A.?come???????????????????????B.?have come???????????????????????C.?have been coming???????????????????????D.?came 43.To his disappointment, the opinion he had stuck ________ out wrong. A.?to turn????????????????????????B.?to turning????????????????????????C.?to turned????????????????????????D.?to be turned 44.—You could have asked Mrs Zhang for advice, for she is an expert at it. —Yes, a whole day ________. A.?will be wasted?????????????B.?would be wasted?????????????C.?had been wasted?????????????D.?was wasted 45.Not until he got seriously ill _______ the importance of health. A.?he had realized???????????????B.?he realized???????????????C.?had he realized???????????????D.?did he realize 46.What do you imagine ______ to Johnson? A.?happening????????????B.?having happening????????????C.?has happened????????????D.?to have happened 47.(2013·江苏)“Never for a second,” the boy says, “______ that my father would come to my rescue.” A.?I doubted????????????????????B.?do I doubt????????????????????C.?I have doubted????????????????????D.?did I doubt 48.(2016?北京)The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts ______ success in the end. A.?rewarded?????????????????B.?were rewarded?????????????????C.?will reward?????????????????D.?will be rewarded 49.(2012·四川)They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house ____. A.?is being rebuilt???????????????B.?has been rebuilt???????????????C.?is rebuilt???????????????D.?has rebuilt 50.___ of their bad habits, the boys ____from being dependent on their parents to____ for others. A.?Having rid, have switched, sacrificing?????????????B.?To rid , are switching, sacrifice C.?Rid, switched, sacrificing??????????????????????????????????D.?Having been rid, are switched ,sacrifice 答案解析部分 1.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:你已经把你的公寓布置了一下,不是吗?是的,我买了一些旧家具,那可真是很划算的东西。根据 it was a real bargain可知“购买家具”是发生在过去的事情,故用一般过去时。故选D. 2.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:—你们还没有建好下学期要用的教学楼吗?—是的。我和我的员工花了九个多月的时间来做这件事。结合句意可知这里在讲一件过去的事情,所以句子用一般过去时态,故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 3.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:我哥哥想去那个正在被建的工厂工作。the factory和build是被动关系,用现在进行时的被动,选C。 【点评】考查时态语态,本题涉及现在进行时的被动语态。 4.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:大约每晚两点左右,苏就开始说梦话了,这有点打扰我们。根据时间状语every night,”每晚“,故用一般现在时态来表示。故选A。 【点评】考查动词时态,本题涉及一般现在时,表示经常发生的动作。 5.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查时态。本句的时间状语是“for decades几十年来”,该时间状语通常和现在完成的有关时态连用,本句强调这几十年来大山一直努力把中国相声和西方的脱口秀相结合。所以使用现在完成进行时,强调动作的延续性和反复性。故D正确。 6.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查时态。句意:—你知道为什么Jenny离开公司吗?—可能是因为她提出涨工资被拒绝了。与but 后的时态was turned一致也用过去时,表示过去发生的一个事实,此处是主动意思,故选C。 7.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:——王叔叔住院了。——哦,真的吗?我要去看他。根据句意,我不知道王叔叔在医院里,是过去不知道,所以要用一般过去时态,第一空用didn't;I ____ go and visit her是说我现在打算去看他,am going to表示计划,打算做某事,will表个人意愿,现在是说话时打算去看,而不是提前计划好的,所以用will,选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时和一般将来时的应用。 8.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:这个可怜的女孩因为近来一直咳嗽不得不去看医生。根据时间状语lately和动作一直在进行,要用现在完成进行时,结构为have∕has been doing,故选D。 【点评】考查动词时态,本题涉及现在完成进行时应用,其结构:have∕has been doing。 9.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:冬天每个周日下午,爸爸和三个儿子都会在结了冰的河面上滑冰。分析句式可知,as well as 连接两个并列主语时,谓语根据前面的主语来判断,即the father是句子的主语,谓语动词用单数,再根据every Sunday afternoon,时态确定用一般现在时。故选A。 【点评】考查时态和主谓一致,本题涉及一般现在时。 10.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:正如你能看见的,道路上汽车的数量这些天一直在增长。keep doing一直做,the number of …的数量,做主语谓语用单数。故答案为C。 【点评】考查动词的时态和主谓一致。记住the number of作主语谓语用单数;a number of作主语谓语用复数。 11.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:等你读完这本书,饭就该凉了。本题旨在考查时间状语从句中的主将从现,选C。 【点评】考查动词的时态,本题涉及一般将来时的应用。 12.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:明天这个时候这位教授会在会上谈论如何保护濒危动物的话题。由时间状语at this time tomorrow(明天这个时候),可知表达的是将来的时间,要用将来时态。可知是将来某个时间一定会发生的动作,是将来进行时态的用法,故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般将来进行的应用。 13.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】考查动词的时态。句意:“很久没有见到你了!你去哪里了?”“我去了宁夏,在那里支教了一年。”根据句意可知,stay的动作发生在过去,故用一般过去时。 14.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:到下一个生日,安将已经结婚20年了。时间是On the next birthday,而且还有for twenty years,选A。用将来完成时态。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及将来完成时的应用。 15.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:上大学一年级的时候,我每周都会给家人写一封信。根据所给动词was可知表示过去某个时间发生的事,用一般过去时。故选D. 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 16.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:你无法想象我们有多幸福!我们一直期待的激动时刻终于到来了。分析句子结构可知,主语The exciting moment谓语是came,we had been looking forward to只是定语从句。发生是时间是last week过去时,所以用came而不是介词to 后接动名词,故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 17.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:——这是你第一次访问双狮?——不是,但是我上次来这里已经是3年前的事了。It is the first/second time+从句,为固定句式。其从句用现在完成时,故第一个空要用现在完成时。It is + 一段时间since +一般过去时/如果是从句要用一般过去时。故第二个空要用一般过去时。故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及现在完成时和一般过去时的应用,以及固定句型It is the first/second time+从句和It is + 一段时间since +一般过去时。 18.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:我的新钢笔没了。会是谁拿走了呢?一看题目就知道是“我的笔没了,谁拿走了呢?”,采用排除法,disappear是不及物动词,没有被动,排除A;第二空问“谁拿走了”应该是对过去事情的推测,因此D排除;should have done 的意思是应该做而没有做,不符合句意;could have done用于否定和疑问句中,表示有可能做;由句意可知选B。 19.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:突然,一个驾着金色马车的高个子男人抓住女孩,把她带走,消失在树林里。主语是a tall man,driving是现在分词作后置定语,所以后面缺谓语动词,且空格处与took是并列的谓语动词,故用seized,排除A、C;这个男人抓走了女孩,随后消失在树丛中。所以disappear是人消失在树丛中,是主动的,所以用disappearing表示伴随状态,排除 B。故答案为D。 【点评】考查动词时态和非谓语动词,本题涉及一般过去时和现在分词作伴随状语的应用。 20.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:他的姐姐在1998年离开家,从那个时候起,再没有听说过她的消息。hear from收到某人的来信,hear of听说。从句中的ever since可知用现在完成时;his sister与hear of之间是被动关系,故选C。 21.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】本题第一空动词lie与名词the sick man之间构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词短语lying in bed做定语修饰the sick man;第二空lied“说谎”是谓语动词,根据时间状语a moment ago使用一般过去时。第三空动词lay“放置”与名词the pill构成被动关系,所以使用过去分词短语laid on the table作定语。故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词和时态,本题涉及现在分词作定语和一般过去时以及过去分词作定语的应用。 22.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:现在那家商店正在出售大量的猪肉。large quantities of固定短语,“大量的”,做主语后面的谓语动词要和quantities保持一致,主语是复数形式,故为A。 【点评】考查时态语态和主谓一致,本题涉及现在进行时的被动语态的应用。 23.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:那位歌手和那位舞蹈家都已经到了北京。the singer 和 the dancer指的是两个人,因此谓语动词用复数形式,故选B。 【点评】考查主谓一致,以及现在完成时的应用。 24.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:---你对中国最古老的城市——西安了解的多吗?---不,这是我第一次来这儿。It/This/That be the first/second time that sb.+完成时,表示“某人第几次做某事”,根据主句用现在时,故从句用现在完成时候,选C。 【点评】考查现在完成时的用法,牢记以下以下几个用现在完成时的情况: 1.It is the first(second...)time that 主语+现在完成时态+其他。意思是:第几次做某事了。如果把is改成was,则后面用过去完成时态。It's the third time that I have come to the Summer Palace.这是我第三次来到颐和园。 ? 2.It's (high) time that 主语+一般过去时态+其他。现在是该做某事的时间了。It's high time that we had lunch.现在是我们该吃午饭的时间了。? 3. It is/has been+一段时间+since 主语+一般过去时态+...。自从……有多长时间了。在这个句型中since引导时间状语从句,从句用一般过去时态,分两种情况:(1)如果从句的动词是终止性动词leave/come/...,则表示“从动作开始到现在多长时间了。”如:It is three years since he began to smoke.他已经吸烟三年了。(2)如果从句的动词是持续性动词stay/smoke/live...,则表示“从动作结束到现在多长时间了”。如:It is three years since he smoked.他戒烟三年了。 25.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:针线给了她,但她不会把纽扣缝起来。a needle and thread与give为动宾关系,且当and连接的两个名词是指组合到一起的一件完整的或成套的东西,或表示同一个人或一种概念时,谓语动词要用单数形式。此题a needle and thread 作为同一套东西对待,故选B。 【点评】考查主谓一致,本题涉及两个名词是指组合到一起的一件完整的或成套的东西,或表示同一个人或一种概念时,谓语动词要用单数形式。 26.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:——他们怎么能那样误解我呢?——保持沉默!这是让他们知道他们做错了你的最好方式。根据how could可知这件事情发生在过去,所以用 did you wrong来表示过去他们错怪了你。故选B。 【点评】考查动词时态,本题涉及一般过去时。 27.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:当事情不像我们之前所计划的那样发展时,我们发现自己正在试图强迫他们并奋力完成它们。根据前句didn't,后句found可知,该句应使用过去时态;因事情的发展和结果发生在计划之后,这里要用plan的过去完成时态had planned与前面的一般过去时形成对比,以体现动作的先后,即"当事情不像我们之前所计划的那样时",因此选C。 【点评】考查动词时态,本题涉及过去完成时的应用。 28.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:—你的工作面试怎么样?—非常成功。我了解过这家公司。由第一句可知,参加面试是过去的行为,那么了解该公司应该是面试之前的行为,即过去的过去,故该句应用过去完成时态。选A。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及过去完成时的应用。 29.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:——有人在敲门。——一定是电脑维修工。我打电话要他来修电脑。电话是过去打的。应该用一般过去时态。一般过去时态的构成:主语+谓语动词的过去式。故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用。 30.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:既然问题已经被鉴别,就应该采取合适的行动,也会看到最后的结果。根据语境和句意,这里用现在完成时的被动语态,故选C。 31.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:那是第一次我与总统面对面。句型:It was the first time that sb had done sth,是某人第一次做某事,从句的时态取决于主句的be动词,如果主句是is,则从句用have/has done。故答案为D。 【点评】考查完成时态的句型。 32.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:自上世纪90年代初,人们开始享受这种新技术的优势后,CD的销售量大大增加了。在英语中,since“自从……”从句用一般过去时,主句用现在完成时。故选B项。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用以及since引导的时间状语从句。 33.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:—你要参加今天下午的会议吗?—但是我还未被告知那件事。现在完成时态是表示“过去的动作对现在的影响和结果”或“过去的动作一直持续到现在”,根据语境可知,答语表示的是截止目前都未被告知,故用现在完成时态;句子主语是动作对象,故用被动语态,故答案选B。 【点评】考查时态和语态。作动词时态题时,要从题干中找到时间状语或句子中提示动作发生时间的信息。 34.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:这是这个月你第三次迟到了。it/this is the 序数词 time that sb+现在完成时。固定短语,“某人第......次做某事”。本句前面使用了is,说明后面使用现在完成时。故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及现在完成时的应用,以及固定句型it/this is the 序数词 time that sb+现在完成时。 35.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:我们公司生产的笔记本电脑卖得最好,但是,二十年前,没有人能猜到它们在市场上的地位。表示过去将要发生的事情,用过去将来时,故选D。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及过去将来时。 36.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查时态。句意:我不知道明天是否会下雨。如果明天下雨的话,我和我的朋友就去看电影。第一空宾语从句中有时间状语tomorrow,因此要用一般将来时态,第二空考查主句是一般将来时,if条件句应用一般现在时态表将来。故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握宾语从句和条件状语从句的用法,本题涉及一般现在时和一般将来时的考查。 37.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查定语从句和强调句型。句意:在我看来,李先生坐的所有事情的确对他班里的学生有好处,在学习方面对学生很严格。All是先行词,all后面省略了that,that作为does的宾语。第一个does是定语从句的谓语动词。第二个does表示强调,强调do。故B正确。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握定语从句和强调谓语动词的用法。 38.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】考查动词时态和现在分词。句意:突然一个驾着金色马车的高个男人抓住了这个女孩,把她带走了,消失在树丛里。根据took her away,可知第一空是与took并列的谓语动词,故用一般过去时; disappear与a tall man 在逻辑上构成主谓关系,现在分词表主动,此处作伴随状语,故第二个空填disappearing。可知答案为D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握各种时态和非谓语动词的用法,本题涉及一般过去时和现在分词的考查。 39.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:几乎没有理解你所说的话,希望你重复一遍。little意为“一点儿”,通常用来表示否定的意思,在本题当中,little用于句首则该句话要进行部分倒装,需要将陈述语序改为疑问语序;再根据该题后半部分“I wish you had repeated it.”是对于过去的虚拟,故本题中的动作是发生在过去,故该句用一般过去时,故选A。 【点评】考查倒装句和时态,本题涉及部分倒装和一般过去时的应用。 40.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词和动词时态。句意:玛丽决心成为著名歌手,她参加了《中国好声音》。be bent on doing sth.固定短语”决心做某事“。第一空用过去分词作后置定语;根据句意可知,句子用一般过去时态,故答案为D。 【点评】本题涉及非谓语动词和动词时态两个知识点,要求考生牢固掌握相关知识,并正确运用。 41.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】考查时态。句意:当天气好的时候,如果你去电视塔,你将一览这个城市的好风光。If引导的条件状语从句,主句是一般将来时,从句要用现在时态,故答案选A。 【点评】考查时间状语从句和条件状语从句,主句是一般将来时,从句要用现在时态。 42.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:—还有许多事情要做!—好吧,这并不奇怪。最近来的人太多了。考查时态。根据all the time recently可知句子用现在完成进行时态,故答案为:C。 【点评】考查时态在具体语境中的运用。 43.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:令他失望的是,他坚持的意见被证明是错的。句中He had stuck to是定语从句,修饰the opinion的,句中缺少谓语动词,根据句意,用一般过去时态。故选C。 【点评】考查时态和固定短语,本题涉及一般过去时和固定短语 stick to。 44.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】根据虚拟语气could have asked可见,是浪费了一整天的时间,指过去的事情,“本可以问,事实却没问”,could have asked结构带轻微的责备。根据句意可知用一般过去时态的被动语态,表客观事实,故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握一般过去时的被动语态的用法。 45.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查动词时态和部分倒装。句意:直到他得了重病才会意识到健康的重要性。Not until.....,位于句首句子用部分倒装,根据句意可知句子用一般过去时态,由此可知答案为D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握各个动词时态和倒装句的用法,本题涉及一般过去时的考查。 46.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:你认为约翰逊发生了什么事?此处do you imagine是插入语,what是句子主语,空格处是谓语动词,能作谓语动词的,故选C。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及现在完成时的应用。 47.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:男孩说他一刻也没怀疑过他父亲会来救他。本句是否定词提前倒装,从“would”可判断是用过去时,故选D。 【点评】考查倒装句和动词时态。否定意义的词放在句首,句子采用部分倒装语序;同时涉及一般过去时的考查。 48.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】题目考查时态和语态。句意:学生们一直在刻苦学习功课,他们的努力(将来)一定会得到回报。句意可知,回报是将来要发生的事情,应该用将来时;efforts和reward是被动关系,应该使用被动语态,故选D。 【点评】一般将来时 ①表示未来的动作或状态常用will /shall + 动词(常与表示将来的时间状语边用如tomorrow、next week等)。 ②表示一种趋向或习惯动作。We’lldie without air or water. ③表示趋向行为的动词如come、go、start、begin、leave等词常用进行时的形式表示将来时。 ④begoing to与will / shall, be to do, be about to do用法及区别: A shall / will do表示未事先考虑过,即说话时临时作出的决定。 B be going to 表示现在打算在最近或将来要做某事,这种打算往往经过事先考虑,甚至已做了某种准备;begoing to 表将来,不能用在条件状语从句的主句中;而will则能,表意愿。 C be to do sth.表按计划、安排即将发生的动作,还可表示吩咐、命令、禁止,可能性等。 A meeting is to be held at 3:00 o’clockthis afternoon. D be about to do sth.表示“即将或者正要去做某事”,通常不与时间状语连用,但可与when引导的从句连用,构成常考句型:sb wasabout to do when sb did sth。 注意: 含有情态动词的谓语变化为被动语态:由“情态动词(can, may must, have to等)+be +动词的-ed形式构成。 含有“be going to , be to, used to,be about to”等结构的复合谓语变为被动语态:其构成为“be going to (be to, used to, be about to)+ be +动词的-ed形式”。 49.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】本题考查动词的时态和语态。句意:他们此时与父母住在一起,因为他们自己的房子正在重建。根据句意可知,应使用现在进行时,而且house与动词rebuilt之间为被动关系,故使用现在进行时态的被动语态。 【点评】动词是英语学习的灵魂,掌握动词的时态和语态是英语学习最基础的部分。 50.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:通过摆脱坏习惯后,男孩们已经从依赖父母的人变成了可以为他人牺牲的人。the boys与rid是逻辑主谓关系,且“摆脱坏习惯”发生在主句动作之前,所以应使用现在分词完成式;根据句意可知,此处强调对现在的影响,应使用现在完成时;switch from…to... “从……转向……”中to是介词,后跟doing。关系A。 【点评】考查谓语和非谓语动词的应用。 ( 1 ) ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--动词的时态精选专练1 The three of us __________around Europe for about a month last summer. A.?travelled???????????????????????B.?have travelled???????????????????????C.?had travelled???????????????????????D.?travel 2.Because he _____himself to _____his research, he spared no time to spend to weekend with us. A.?was devoted; doing???????????B.?devoted; do???????????C.?was devoted; do???????????D.?devoted; doing 3.The old man ????????????toothache sighed in great relief. A.?ridding of??????????????????????????B.?rid of??????????????????????????C.?having rid of??????????????????????????D.?to rid of 4.Is honesty the best policy? We _?????? that it is when we are little. A.?will teach????????????????????????B.?teach????????????????????????C.?are taught????????????????????????D.?will be taught 5.Doctor Smith, who ?????????in Shanghai for more than ten years, is considering working in Huaian, but he hasn't decided yet. A.?had worked????????????????????B.?has been working????????????????????C.?is working????????????????????D.?works 6.— Your telephone number again? I ____ quite catch it. —It is 7657457. A.?didn't????????????????????????????????B.?wouldn't????????????????????????????????C.?don't????????????????????????????????D.?won't 7.—Mike, Could you tell me if Mary ________ to my party tomorrow? —I think she will if she ________ time. A.?come; will have????????????B.?comes; have????????????C.?will come; has????????????D.?will come; will have 8.In order to find the missing child, villagers????????? all they can over the past five hours. A.?did????????????????????????????B.?do????????????????????????????C.?had done????????????????????????????D.?have been doing 9.Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, which ________ enough steel to build 60 Eiffel Towers, is considered a miracle in the history of bridge architecture. A.?contains?????????????????????B.?has contained?????????????????????C.?contained?????????????????????D.?is containing 10.It was the boy, rather than his teachers, that ??????????for what the boy had done. A.?were to blame??????????B.?were to be blamed??????????C.?was to blame??????????D.?was to be blamed 11.An exhibition with 885 cultural relics to be displayed ________ at the Meridian Gate Gallery. A.?was held???????????????????????B.?would hold???????????????????????C.?has hold???????????????????????D.?will be held 12.—Could you go to see a film with us at 7 this evening? —Sorry. I ________ a lecture given by a young CEO who graduated from our school. A.?am attending?????????????B.?have attended?????????????C.?will be attending?????????????D.?am about to attend 13.The thought of taking the exam again _____me, because I often felt ____when I failed. A.?depressing; depressed?????????????????????????????????????B.?depressing; depressing C.?depressed; depressed???????????????????????????????????????D.?depressed; depressing 14.After the present repairing work, workers ________ the testing and the fire alarm bell ________ intermittently by the time we start a new term. A.?is conducting; will ring????????????????????????????????????B.?will soon conduct; will have rang C.?will soon be conducting; will have rang?????????D.?will soon be conducting; will be ringing 15.—He speaks French because he lived in France. —Really? How long _______ there? A.?does he live?????????????????????B.?is he living?????????????????????C.?had he lived?????????????????????D.?did he live 16.He _____ football regularly for many years when he was young. A.?was playing???????????????????????B.?has played???????????????????????C.?played???????????????????????D.?had played 17.—I'm in great trouble now. —You can depend on???? that all of us will stand by you all the time. A.?that???????????????????????????????????????B.?it???????????????????????????????????????C.?one???????????????????????????????????????D.?不填 18.We required that he _____sorry to his mum, but he insisted that it ____his fault. A.?said; wasn't??????????????B.?said; shouldn't be??????????????C.?say; wasn't??????????????D.?say; shouldn't be 19.Hearing the news, she rushed out, ________ the book ________ on the table and disappeared into the distance. A.?left; lain open????????B.?left; lay opened????????C.?leaving; lie opened????????D.?leaving; lying open 20.This is the third time he ______ late this month! He has to be reminded. A.?is???????????????????????????????B.?have been???????????????????????????????C.?has been???????????????????????????????D.?will be 21.All his attention ________ on the movie, so he didn't even notice the boss enter the room. A.?has been fixed???????????????????????????B.?fixing???????????????????????????C.?was fixed???????????????????????????D.?fixed 22.The house with the furniture and two garages _________. A.?was sold at a cheap price????????????????????????????????B.?were sold at a cheap price C.?was sold at a low price?????????????????????????????????????D.?were sold at a low price 23.It was the first time that she ______________ gone to the summer camp in Shanghai, so her parents were concerned __________ her safety. A.?had; about????????????????????????B.?had; with????????????????????????C.?has; with????????????????????????D.?has; about 24.—I remember you were a talented pianist at college.Can you play the piano for me? —Sorry,I ________the piano for years. A.?don't play?????????????????B.?wasn't playing?????????????????C.?haven't played?????????????????D.?hadn't played 25.(2013·北京)Shakespeare's play Hamlet ______ into at least ten different films over the past years. A.?had been made???????????????B.?was made???????????????C.?has been made???????????????D.?would be made 26.— We could have walked to the station. It was so near. — Yes. A taxi ____ at all necessary. A.?wasn't??????????????????????????B.?had been??????????????????????????C.?wouldn't be??????????????????????????D.?won't be 27.That was not the first time he ??????????us. I think it's high time we ??????????strong actions against him. A.?betrayed... take?????????????????????????????????????????????????B.?had betrayed... took C.?has betrayed... took??????????????????????????????????????????D.?has betrayed... take 28.(2016?北京)Why didn't you tell me about your trouble last week? If you ___ me, I could have helped. A.?told???????????????????????????B.?had told???????????????????????????C.?were to tell???????????????????????????D.?would tell 29.—That must have been a hard project? —Yeah, it _____ us a whole year to finish the work. A.?took?????????????????????????????B.?has taken?????????????????????????????C.?takes?????????????????????????????D.?was taking 30.Beijing's new international airport ________ into use in September, 2019, according to the spokesperson. A.?was put???????????????????????????B.?will put???????????????????????????C.?has put???????????????????????????D.?will be put 31.So far this year we________ a fall in house prices by between 5 percent and 10 percent. A.?saw????????????????????????????????B.?see????????????????????????????????C.?had seen????????????????????????????????D.?have seen 32.We will start as soon as our team leader _______. A.?comes?????????????????????????????B.?will come?????????????????????????????C.?come?????????????????????????????D.?is coming 33.The girl sat there with her attention ____ on the book. ? A.?fixing???????????????????????????????B.?to be fixing ?????????????????????????????????C.?fixed???????????????????????????????D.?fix 34.It ?????a lot of people that health is the most valuable thing rather than money when they hear the news that Li Yong died from cancer. A.?struck????????????????????????????????B.?beat????????????????????????????????C.?caused????????????????????????????????D.?erupted 35.Our TV set sell well, but ten years ago no one could have imagined such a big share in the market that they______. A.?were to have?????????????????????????B.?had had?????????????????????????C.?were having?????????????????????????D.?had 36.Her parents require that she ? ? ? ??? her homework before she________TV. A.?will finish; watches????????B.?finishes; watches????????C.?finish; watches????????D.?finishes; will watch 37.It was the training ________ he had at school ________ made him a good jumper. A.?what; what????????????????????????B.?what; that????????????????????????C.?that; that????????????????????????D.?that; what 38.The girl sat there quite silent and still with her eyes???? ?on the wall. A.?fixing????????????????????????????B.?fixed????????????????????????????C.?to be fixing????????????????????????????D.?to be fixed 39.??????? ?at the back of the room was a shy girl with two big eyes. A.?Sat???????????????????????????????????B.?Sit???????????????????????????????????C.?Seating???????????????????????????????????D.?Seated 40.The first trials of Aspirin took place in 1899, ____ the company Hoffmann worked for ___distributing the medicine in powder form to physicians to use with patients. A.?when; began????????????B.?which; beginning????????????C.?when; beginning????????????D.?which; began 41.Hurry! The plane ________. You know, it ________ at 3:15. A.?takes off, takes off????????????????????????????????????????????B.?is taking off, takes off C.?takes off, is taking off??????????????????????????????????????D.?is taking off, is taking off 42.According to the newly-elected French president, Macron, France will reform the rigid and outdated rules that ________ the development of the countr
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