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  • ID:3-5046724 天津市蓟州区2019届高三上学期期中考试 数文 扫描版含答案

    高中数学/期中专区/高三

     高三文参考答案: 一、选择题:本题考查基本知识和基本运算.每小题5分,满分40分. (1)C (2)C (3)B (4)B[] (5)B (6)B (7)D (8)B 二、填空题:本题考查基本知识和基本运算.每小题5分,满分30分. (9)1 (10)6 (11)  (12)(-∞,1)∪(2,+∞) (13)54 (14)  三、解答题 (15)解: (Ⅰ)由题意知,从6个国家中任选两个国家,其一切可能的结果组成的基本事件有: ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,共15个..............................4分 所选两个国家都是亚洲国家的事件所包含的基本事件有: ,,,共3个. 则所求事件的概率为:. ......................................................................6分 (Ⅱ)从亚洲国家和欧洲国家中各任选一个,其一切可能的结果组成的基本事件有: ,共个,...10分 包含但不包括的事件所包含的基本事件有: ,共个, 所以所求事件的概率为. .............................................13分 [] (16)解:(Ⅰ)  …………………………5分 ………………………………6分 (Ⅱ)函数在区间为增函数,在区间为减函数,又 ,, ……………………13分 (17)解:(Ⅰ)因为,所以, ,,........................4分 所以在点处切线的斜率为:, 所以切线方程为,即………………………6分 (Ⅱ)∵, 由得,由得或, 则函数的单调递增区间为,...........................................10分 单调递减区间为和列表如下: x (-∞,a) a (a, 3a) 3a (3a,+ ∞)  f′(x) — 0 + 0 —  f(x)  ================================================ 压缩包内容: 天津市蓟州区2019届高三上学期期中考试 数文 扫描版含答案.doc

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  • ID:3-5046720 天津市蓟州区2019届高三上学期期中考试 数理 扫描版含答案

    高中数学/期中专区/高三

     高三理参考答案: 一、选择题:本题考查基本知识和基本运算.每小题5分,满分40分. (1)A (2)C (3)B (4)B (5)B (6)B (7)D (8)B 二、填空题:本题考查基本知识和基本运算.每小题5分,满分30分. (9) (10)15 (11)  (12)(-1,1)∪(2,+∞) (13)54 (14)  三、解答题 (15)解:(Ⅰ)   ………………………………6分 (Ⅱ)函数在区间为增函数,在区间为减函数,又 ,, ……………………13分 (16)解: (Ⅰ)因为,所以, ,,........................4分 所以在点处切线的斜率为:, 所以切线方程为,即………………………6分 (Ⅱ)∵, 由得,由得或, 则函数的单调递增区间为,........................................... 10分 单调递减区间为和列表如下: x (-∞,a) a (a, 3a) 3a (3a,+ ∞)  f′(x) — 0 + 0 —  f(x)  -a3+b[]  b   ∴函数的极大值为b,极小值为-a3+b…………………………(13分) (17)解:(Ⅰ)由题意有, ,即..................2分 解得 或,故或...........................4分 (Ⅱ)由,知,,故,.................................6分 于是 , ① . ② ....................10分 ①-②可得 , ..................................................12分 故. ....................................................13分 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 天津市蓟州区2019届高三上学期期中考试 数理 扫描版含答案.doc

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  • ID:8-5044357 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二上学期12月月考历史试题

    高中历史/月考专区/高二上学期

    1.小成语大文化。成语“游刃有余”“舍生取义”“守株待兔”与我国古代的思想流派有关,即(  ) A.道家、墨家、儒家 B.墨家、儒家、法家 C.道家、墨家、法家 D.道家、儒家、法家 2.从“焚书坑儒”到“罢黜百家,独尊儒术”,儒家社会地位发生了重大变化。这一变化不能说明的是(  ) A.两者统治思想不同 B.都是加强中央集权需要 C.都属于思想文化专制统治 D.不同政治制度决定思想文化的不同命运 3. 吕思勉指出:“汉代注释与阐述儒家经典的经学作为一门正统学问,成为知识分子关注的焦点。如郑玄遍注群经,号称最博学的人。而其经说,支离破碎,于理决不可通,以及自相矛盾之处,都不知凡已。此等风气既盛,治经者遂变为无脑筋之徒,虽有耳目之思,都用诸琐屑无关大体之处。”出现上述现象的主要原因是( ) A.儒学脱离社会现实 B.儒家正统思想逐渐走向疆化C.儒家教化逐渐普及 D.儒学成为功名利禄的敲门砖 4.“尔未看此花时,此花与尔心同归于寂。尔来看此花时,则此花颜色,一时明白起来。便知此花,不在尔的心外。”这段话属于(  ) A.“天人感应” B.“心学” C.程朱理学 D.朴素辩证法 5. 理学家朱熹和陆九渊都一心一意向往着安石的“得君行道”,在皇帝面前也侃侃而谈,俨然以政治主体自居,充分体现了“以天下为己任”的气概。对照之下,守仁除了正德元年《乞宥言官去权奸》一疏,因而被放逐龙场之外,其余奏疏多关具体事务,极少涉及朝政。出现这种转变的原因是( ) A.社会政治环境的变迁 B.心学实践方向的变C.科举制度的不断完善 D.社会矛盾的不断激化 6.明朝中期以后,陆心学得到广泛传播。而明清之际的顾炎武却指出:“以明心见性之空言,代修己治人之实学,……神州荡覆,宗社丘墟。”顾炎武认为(  ) A.心学是对儒家思想的叛逆 B.天下兴亡匹夫有责 C.心学泛滥导致明朝灭亡 D.空谈误国实干兴邦 7.智者学派运动被看做是西方人文精神的滥觞,其代表人物普罗泰格拉则被视为西方第一次思想解放运动的先驱,其核心思想内容是(  ) A.强调追求真理 B.提倡怀疑精神,强调人的价值和地位 C.尊崇理性,强调道德作用 D.提倡人性,强调道德和知识合二为一 8.“从这个时代起,我国以及整个东方文明,逐渐从世界上领先的、繁荣的地位而转向落后与衰落,西欧则从这时逐渐超过了东方。”引文中的“这个时代”“这时”是指(  ) A.12—13 世纪B.14—16 世纪C. 17—18 世纪D. 19—20 世纪 9.下表为近代某一思想与传统观念的比照表,据此判断该思想主张最可能是(  ) ================================================ 压缩包内容: 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 历史.doc

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  • ID:2-5044331 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 语文含答案

    高中语文/月考专区/高二上册

    箴言中学2018年下学期高二12月(第三次)月考语文试卷 分值:150分 考试时间:120分钟 注意事项: 1.答卷前,请将自己的姓名、班级和准考证号等填写在答题卡上。 2.请按要求将所有答案填涂或书写在答题卡对应区间上。写在本试卷上无效。 一、现代文阅读(9分+15分=24分) (一)论述类文本阅读(每题3分,共9分) “蚁族”指的是那些聚居于城中村,收入不高、工作不稳定的“高校毕业生低收入聚居群体”。据统计,仅北京一地就有至少10万“蚁族”,而在全国这一群体拥有上百万规模和数量。 在这群怀揣理想、面对现实的“蚂蚁”面前,讲励志故事谈成功之道,没有多少意义,因为没有人比他们更加理解这些词汇的涵义。在他们面前,剖析高等教育弊端、指责房价飙升、感慨工作难找,也特别不合时宜,他们正是这一切的目击者和“受害者”。 生长环境、教育背景及个人禀赋、理想追求、人生际遇,在很大程度上决定了一个人所走的道路。从这角度看,“蚁族”并非一个彷徨无助、盲目漂泊的群体。他们只是在各种现实考量与利益权衡中,作出相对来讲最不坏的选择。据调查,这群人绝大多数来自经济欠发达地区,大部分人是从外地高校毕业后到大城市找工作。在城市化进程中,为了登上时代的列车,这就是他们所必须跨出的艰难一步。 虽然目前他们工作不稳定、生活几近无着,但未来却还有着很多可能。但如果返回农村或小城,也许他们这辈子就只能成为时代的旁观者。这是商业社会的一个赤裸裸、硬邦邦的生存逻辑。正因如此,许多“蚂蚁”从来就没有想过放弃。“家乡太小,放不下我的理想”这句话想必道出了大部分“蚂蚁”的心声。 在经济快速发展和社会转型大背景下产生的“蚁族”现象,关涉地区差异、高等教育、大学生就业、房地产价格等诸多社会问题。而一个城市怎样对待外来人员,既能够体现这个城市的襟怀与底蕴,同时也是城市发展的重要课题。城市管理者首先应设法让这些群体获得相对低廉、卫生的居住环境,条件允许的话,还应当建造若干廉价公寓使之成为“蚁族”居住和工作的“中转站”。 更为重要的是,政府有责任为这个群体创造一个机会均等的就业环境,这是“蚁族”一切努力与奋斗的力量来源。生活条件差一些,工资收入低一些,这些困难都不足以让“蚂蚁”们退缩。但是,倘若一个城市存在严重的就业歧视,动辄对外来人员刻意抬高就业门槛,这将轻易地击败他们的信心底线,使他们不得不黯然面对灰色的人生。 调查显示,29.27%的受访者把“平等的工作机会”列为希望政府提供帮助的首选。在现实世界中,固然不可能存在理想的、完全平等的就业环境。然而,取消户籍、学历、性别等多方面人为限制,却是具有现代眼光的城市管理者所必须做的功课。 1.下列对“蚁族”的相关内容理解不正确的一项是 ( ) A.蚁族并不是一个绝对的彷徨无助、盲目漂泊的群体。 B.蚁族是居住于城市中心,收入不高、工作不稳定的高校毕业生。 C.蚁族是产生在经济快速发展和社会转型大背景下的一种现象。 D.蚁族是一个怀揣理想、面对现实的群体,他们中的许多人对未来从没有想过放弃。 2.“蚁族”现象的产生关涉“地区差异、高等教育、大学生就业、房地产价格等诸多社会问题”,下列不属于文中所提的解决“诸多社会问题”建议的一项是 ( ) A.设法让这些群体获得既相对低廉又卫生的居住环境。 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 语文.doc

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  • ID:9-5044299 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 政治

    高中思想政治/月考专区/高二上学期

    益阳市箴言中学2018下学期高二12月(第三次)月考试 政治试题 时量:90分钟 分值:100分 选择题(本大题共25小题,每小题2分,共50分) 1. 思格斯指出,不管自然科学家采取什么样的态度,他们还得受哲学的支配。问题只在于:他们是愿意受某种坏的时髦哲学的支配.还是愿意受一种建立在通晓思维的历史和成就的基础上的理论思维的支配。材料说明 ①具体科学是哲学的基础,具体科学的进步推动哲学的发展 ②哲学为具体科学提供世界观和方法论的指导 ③科研活动都是自觉地在某种世界观的指导下进行的 ④应该用科学的世界观和方法论指导科学研究活动 A. ①② B. ①③ C. ②③ D. ②④ 2. 明朝阳明认为“夫万事万物之理不外于吾心,。而东汉充认为“天地合气,万物自生”。从哲学角度看,这两种思想的共同点是 A. 坚持唯物主义方向,本质是正确的 B. 回答思维和存在是否有同一性的问题 C. 探究思维和存在何者为本原的问题 D. 存在是思维的反映 3. 下列与“闲云潭影日悠悠,物抉星移几度秋”所体现的哲理相同的是 ①昨日去兮,杨柳依依。今日来兮,雨雪纷飞 ②筚路蓝缕,以启山林 ③人面不知何处去,桃花依旧笑春风 ④月有阴晴圆缺一人有悲欢离合 A. ①② B. ②③ C,①③ D.②④ 4. 英国物理学家斯蒂芬·霍金说;“我注意过,即使是那些声称‘都是命中注定的而且我们无力改变’的人,在过马路之前都会左右看。”可见: ①声称者的“言”体现了其唯心主义的世界观 ②声称者的“行”体现了其唯物主义的方法论 ③唯心主义者的世界观与方法论是脱节的 ④唯心主义在理论上是没有意义的,在实践上是有危害的 A. ①② B. ①④ C. ②③ D. ③④ 5.习近平总书记强调,中国哲学社会科学的发展要“不忘本来,吸收外来,面向未来”,要同实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦紧密结合。这体现了真正的哲学 ①是社会变革的先导,具有服务社会的重要功能 ②是时代精神的精华,不同程度反映各个时代的任务和要求 ③是“科学之科学”,为改造世界提供世界观和方法论指导 ④由一定社会的经济、政治决定,把握所处历史时代的脉搏 A.①② B.②③ C.②④ D.①④ 6. 经济学家门格尔和希克斯等人认为,2件棉衣加上3个面包,同1件棉衣加上4个面包可以“无差异”,即物理、化学等客观状态不一样的东西给人带来的感觉可以是一样的。进而言之,人的主观感觉可以脱离物理、化学状态而独立存在,并成为决定人们行为的源泉。以下说法与该观点一致的是 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 政治.doc

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  • ID:7-5044267 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二上学期12月月考试题 化学

    高中化学/月考专区/高二上学期

    2018年下学期高二12月月考试化学试卷 时间:90分钟; 满分:100分; 可能用到的相对原子质量:H:1 C:12 O:16 S:32 第I卷(选择题) 一、单选题(每小题只有一个正确答案,每小题3分,共54分) 1.已知,若反应速率分别、、、用表示,则正确的关系是  A. B.  C. D. 2.一定温度下,对可逆反应的下列叙述中,能说明反应已经达到平衡的是  A.C的生成速率与C分解速率相等 B.单位时间内消耗A,同时生成C   C.容器内的压强不再变化 D.混合气体的物质的量不再变化 3.在一支25mL的酸式滴定管中盛入0.1mol/L HCl溶液,其液面恰好在5mL刻度处.若把滴定管内溶液全部放入烧杯中,再用0.1mol/L NaOH溶液进行中和,则所需NaOH溶液的体积 A.大于20mL B.小于20mL C.等于20mL D.等于5mL 4.从植物花中可提取一种简写为的有机物,它在水溶液中因存在下列平衡: 而用作酸碱指示剂.往该溶液中加入粉末,则溶液颜色为 A.红色变深 B.不变化 C.黄色变深 D.褪为无色 5.有甲、乙两瓶醋酸稀溶液,测得甲的,乙的。下列推断正确的是 A.物质的量浓度c(甲)是c(乙)的10倍 B.溶液中的c(OH-)甲是乙的10倍 C.由水电离产生的c(H+)乙是甲的10倍 D.与等量的NaOH反应消耗甲、乙两酸的体积V(乙)10V(甲) 6.等体积、等物质的量浓度的NaCl和NaF溶液中,阴阳离子总数相比(已知)  A.前者多 B.后者多 C.一样多 D.无法判断 7.某同学胃部不适,医生诊断后让其服用胃舒平。已知胃舒平的主要成分有,试分析下列饮食中,该同学在服药期间不宜食用的是  A.苹果醋 B.松花蛋 C.面条 D.可乐 8.下列说法正确的是 A.将AlCl3溶液和Al2(SO4)3溶液分别加热、蒸干、灼烧,所得固体成分相同 B.配制FeSO4溶液时,将FeSO4固体溶于稀盐酸中,然后稀释至所需浓度 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 化学.doc

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  • ID:4-5044247 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 英语 (有听力题和音频,无文字材料)

    高中英语/月考专区/高二上学期

    2018年下期高二12月(第三次)月考 英语 时量:120分钟 总分:150分 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A. £19.15. B. £9.18. C. £9.15. 答案是C。 1. When did the party begin in fact? A. At 6:30 p.m. B. At 7 p.m. C. At 7:30 p.m. 2. Where did the woman go during her visit to Europe? A. France. B. Finland. C. Iceland. 3. Why did the man apologize to the woman? A. He forgot to bring the woman's book. B. He lost the book the woman lent him. C. He couldn't lend the book to the woman. 4. What will the man do on Sunday morning? A. Take his son to the park. B. Stay with his parents at home. C. Do shopping with his wife. 5. What is the woman? A. She is a librarian. B. She is a bank clerk. C. She is a college teacher. 第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。 6. What sport did Joe take part in? A. The relay race. B. The high jump. C. The long jump. 7. Who won the men's 100-meter race? A. John. B. Peter. C. Bob. 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。 8. Which month is it now? A. May. B. July. C. September. 9. What will the man do in July? A. Conduct a research project. B. Attend a conference. C. Type his paper up. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。 10. What did the woman forget to do this morning? A. To turn off her radio. B. To talk with her neighbor. C. To give her dad a message. 11. When does the woman wake up every morning? A. At four. B. At four thirty. C. At five. 12. Why does the woman feel tired? A. She can't sleep well because of the noise. B. Her father is always angry with her. C. She is very busy with her work. 听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。 13. What has Alice decided to learn? A. Art. B. Medicine. C. Music. 14. Who is the woman? A. She's Alice's teacher. B. She's Alice's friend. C. She's Alice's sister. 15. What is said about an artist's income? A. About sixty percent of the average people's. B. Six times more than the average people's. C. Sixty percent more than the average people's. 16. What will the speakers do next? A. They will go out for supper. B. They will have a talk with Alice. C. They will give Alice some money. 听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。 17. Where did the story probably happen? A. In a clothing shop. B. At a bus station. C. In a restaurant. 18. How did the young couple feel when the old lady came to them? A. Embarrassed. B. Delighted. C. Surprised. 19. What did the young couple do when the old lady left? A. They waved her goodbye. B. They called a taxi for her. C. They took a photo with her. 20. What can we know from the story? A. The old lady was kind and polite. B. The couple was glad to do a good deed. C. The manager thought they were a family. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Pacific Science Center Guide ◆Visit Pacific Science Center’s Store Don’t forget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or remember your visit. The store is located(位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laster Dome. ◆Hungry Our exhibits will feed your mind but what about your body? Our café offers a complete menu of lunch and snack options, in addition to seasonal specials. The café is located upstairs in Building 1 and is open daily until one hour Pacific Science Center closes. ◆Rental Information Lockers are available to store any belongings during your visit. The lockers are located in Building 1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available to rent at the Information Desk and Denny Way entrance. ID required. ◆Support Pacific Science Center Since 1962 Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion(热情) for discovery and lifelong learning in science, math and technology. Today Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million people a year and brings inquiry- based science education to classrooms and community events all over Washington State. It’s an amazing accomplishment and one we connect science without generous support from individuals, corporations, and other social organizations. Visit pacificsciencecenter.org to find various ways you can support Pacific Science Center. 21.Where can you buy a souvenir at Science Center? A. In Building 1. B. In Building 3. C. At the last Denny. D. At the Denny Way entrance. 22.What does Pacific Science Center do for schools? A. Train Science teachers. B. Distribute science books. C. Inspire scientific research. D. Take science to the classroom. 23. What is the purpose of the last part of the text? A. To encourage donations. B. To advertise coming events. C. To introduce special exhibits. D. To tell about the Center’s history. B Mrs. Timms listened as the radio announcer gave a hurricane (飓风) warning for her town. Then she woke up her sons, Eddie and Jasper, and quickly explained, "We’ve got a lot to do, boys. There is no school today, and my office is closed. The hurricane is coming! Just then, the boys grandfather arrived from his seaside home. Grandpa explained that the local government had told people to evacuate their homes by the sea. It just wasn’t safe for anyone to stay near the ocean during the hurricane Soon afterwards, Mrs. Timms left to buy supplies that the family would need during the storm. Batteries, bottled water and canned food were a few of the items on her list. Grandpa stayed with the boys, and the three of them made preparations for the storm. First, they filled the bathtub and all the empty water bottles they could find. Next, they unplugged(拔掉插头)almost everything in the house. Then, Eddie helped Grandpa strengthen the windows. Meanwhile, Jasper put the outdoor chairs inside. Later, as the storm approached, the family stayed in protected areas away from the windows and outside walls. Mrs. Timms and Grandpa moved chairs to a protected space near the staircase. Eddie and Jasper sat under a strong table next to them, reading and playing games. They waited for the radio announcer to declare that the hurricane had passed. 24.What did Mrs. Timms do after hearing the hurricane warning? A. She went to work. B. She woke up her sons. C. She prepared breakfast. D. She watched the hurricane. 25. The underlined word “evacuate” in Paragraph 2 means______. A. lock B. reach C. repair D. leave 26. While Eddie helped Grandpa strengthen the windows, Jasper_______. A. filled the bathtub B. turned off the lights C. put the outdoor chairs inside D. sat under a strong table 27. What could be the best title for the text? A. A Happy Family. B. A Seaside House. C. The Damage of the Hurricane. D. The Day of the Hurricane. C If you are interested in studying at an American university, you have to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language. The test is widely known as the TOEFL. It is the most widely used language exam for American universities. There are two major kinds of the TOEFL test. The first is the IBT, or Internet-based Test. It is offered in most of the world and accepted by nearly every university and scholarship program in the United States. The other kind of the test is called the Paper-based Test or PBT. The PBT is less costly to take and does not require use of the Internet. But how to get started with TOEFL? Here are some tips . 1. Plan ahead ---It takes a long time to improve your TOEFL score. Do not expect a big lift in your test results after two weeks. You will have to spend a lot of time and energy. 2. Master the basics first ---You should have to be good at basic English before you take the test. If you score below 500 on the PBT or 70 on the IBT, study for a few months and come back to the TOEFL later. 3. Get a study guide --- It is easy to find study guides for the IBT. Pearson, Barron's, ETS, and Kaplan all produce quality materials. Take a practice test once or twice a month. The best study guides will have explanations in the answer key. 4. Use outside resources --- Remember, you are learning a language, not a test. You can improve your TOEFL score by making English part of your daily life. Some simple ways are listening to English speakers, watching movies and reading newspapers. Some others are reading English textbooks, sending and reading text messages in English, and writing online in English. The best way to do well on the TOEFL is to know English well. The real aim of the test is to measure how well a student can communicate in English-speaking classroom. If you want to know more, please click here. 28. If you want to study in an America university, you have to_________. A. be very rich and work hard B. be well prepared to take the TOEFL test C. ask an English teacher to help you D. prepare for a month before taking the TOEFL test 29. From the passage we can learn that___________. A.the IBT is more expensive to take and requires use of the Internet. B.Pearson is a person who teaches quality materials. C.If you score 500 on the PBT, you can pass the TOEFL test. D.If you are good at reading ,you can pass the TOEFL test. 30.The real purpose of the TOEFL is to_______, according to the passage. A.get more foreign students to study in American universities B.let foreign students know more about American universities C.measure one’s communicating ability in English. D.improve foreign students’ skills of taking tests 31.Where does the passage most probably come from? A.A website B.A lesson C.A science book D.A novel D Why do people lie? Many psychologists agree that lying can start from childhood. There are various reasons why children make false statements. They usually tell untruthful stories to cover up the mistakes that they have done in the past. Lying is also a way to avoid receiving punishments from parents. If parents fail to reprimand their children for making up false stories, then there is a possibility that they will continue to lie during their teenage years. Teenagers lie because they want to be accepted by their friends. This is the main reason why they create stories that are not true just to become presentable and acceptable to other people. In some instances, teenagers tell untruthful statements to avoid criticisms from their families and friends. As teenagers grow, lying becomes one of their habits. Their knowledge on making up untruthful stories becomes more developed. People lie in workplaces if they fail to meet the deadlines and if they fail to accomplish and do their tasks efficiently. Some of the common lies made in workplaces are getting sick and having emergencies at home. The danger involved in frequent lying is when it becomes a character. Frequent lying causes the development of the condition known to doctors as pathological(病态的) lying. Pathological lying is a mental health condition, which is associated with individuals who have the urge to tell untruthful statements. Patients suffering from it make up stories about everything and anything. These individuals lie to meet the standards of other people who they want to please. These patients deceive other people because it gives them an unexplained pleasure. One of the best ways of treating pathological liars is to help them tell true statements and stories at all times. This may be hard for them, but as they are accustomed to it, they will start to realize that they will be more accepted by their families and other people if they stop themselves from making up false stories. 32. The underlined word "reprimand" in Paragraph l means " ". A. scold B. fine C. praise D. disappoint 33. What's the major reason for teenagers' lying behavior? A. Protecting themselves. B. Pleasing themselves. C. Avoiding embarrassment. D. Becoming popular. 34. Pathological lying is a disease because the patients . A. lose interest in everything B. are critical about themselves C. can't help lying all the time D. have the urge to please others 35. The writer addresses pathological lying by analyzing _ . A. some typical cases B. its causes and development C. its unexplained pleasure D. the difficulty of its treatment 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 We all wish we had just a bit more time. Just think what you could do with an extra hour or two each day: you could finally stick to an exercise routine, or spring?clean the house, or write your novel, or learn the guitar and so on.__36__ But I can help you find more hours in your day for the things that really matter. ◆ Get Out of Bed Earlier If you normally get up at 7:30 a.m., try getting up at 7:00 a.m. That half?hour might not sound like much, but it could be time that you use to exercise, to read that book you've been meaning to finish. __37_ ◆ Do the Important Tasks First Once you get to work, get the important ones done first (not the easy ones, or even the urgent ones). You can afford to spend at least an hour working on big, important tasks rather than on all those little urgent ones.__38__ The urgent tasks will still get done, and you won't miss the important ones. ◆ Reduce Interruptions If colleagues have a habit of hanging around your desk to chat, or if the phone is constantly ringing, you might find that it takes you half the day to finish a simple task like writing a letter. Continous interruptions don't just eat up time, they also break your concentration. When you've got a big task to focus on, let your calls go to voicemail. __39__ .Wearing headphones(耳机) makes it less likely that people will try to begin a conversation. ◆ __40__ A few minutes' chatting, browsing the web, and so on, can easily turn into hours of wasted time over the course of a day.If your concentration is slipping, take a proper break: go and get a glass of water, or stretch your legs a bit. And if you're facing a difficult task, try breaking it into small steps or stages so that it's easier to deal with. A.Stay Focused on Your Work B.Take Breaks When Necessary C.If you have an office door, close it. D.If you work like this, you'll usually save time. E.Would you want me to make your day longer? F.I can't magically make all your days 25 hours long. G.Or simply to get your day off to a calm and organized start. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many years ago, I worked as a salesman in a company. We sold 41 by advertising in small town newspapers and when we received 42 , we would load our little trucks, drive into the area and 43 the pianos to those who had replied. Every time we advertised, we would receive a reply from a small village on a 44 which said, “Please 45 me a new piano for my little granddaughter. I can pay $10 a month 46 my egg money.” The lady scrawled(潦草地写) on the postcard 47 she filled it up, then turned it 48 and even wrote on the front until there was 49 any room for the address. Years later, I 50 my own piano company, and when I advertised in that area, the postcards started coming to me. For months, I 51 them. But then I 52 a piano to her and told her I would not 53 for it. But the payments came in, all as 54 — sometimes with coins taped(用带子困起来) to a 3 x 5 inch card in the envelope. It was 55 ! Then one day I was in Memphis on 56 , and after dinner, I went into the lounge(休息室). 57 I was sitting at the bar enjoying a drink, I 58 the most beautiful piano music behind me. I looked around, and there was a lovely young woman playing a very nice grand piano. When she took a 59 , I picked up my drink and moved to the table beside her. She smiled and asked, “Aren’t you the man who sold my grandma a piano a long time ago?” Then I realized a little kindness meant much to a person who was in 60 . 41. A. books B. vegetables C. pianos D. drinks 42. A. comments B. replies C. supplies D. goods 43. A. move B. sell C. play D. fetch 44. A. postcard B. letter C. poster D. telegram 45. A. lend B. offer C. show D. bring 46. A. on B. with C. at D. for 47. A. when B. since C. until D. after 48. A. to B. away C. on D. over 49. A. hardly B. nearly C. precisely D. partly 50. A. owned B. lost C. chose D. left 51. A. answered B. ignored C. asked D. paid 52. A. introduced B. turned C. drove D. delivered 53.A. accept B. buy C. pay D. charge 54. A. expected B. planned C. suggested D. discussed 55. A. wonderful B. excellent C. unbelievable D. shining 56. A. tour B. business C. holiday D. festival 57. A. While B. Since C. Though D. Before 58. A. watched B. played C. heard D. recorded 59. A. lift B. look C. class D. break 60. A. courage B. order C. need D. sorrow 第II卷 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Happiness has different meanings to different people. To some, it means 61.________ (surround) by families and friends and achieving success. To 62.________, it can 63._________(simple) mean a day without suffering or just being alive. However, how to find happiness is not easy, especially when you are in hard times. Sang Lan is 64.______ very good example of someone who is happy with her life, even when people expect her to be sad. Sang Lan,65.______ best event was the vault, was a happy and successful gymnast in China. She started winning 66._______(competition) in 1991. Though her training means living apart from her parents, she was happy 67._______ (devote ) herself to gymnastics. In 1998, a small accident during her practice vaults at the Goodwill Games could 68.______ (cost) her future happiness. However, instead of crying about what she had lost and feeling 69.______ (hope), Sang Lan thought about what she could do to get better. When she went back to China, she studied broadcasting at Peking University and then hosted a sports programme about the 2008 Beijing Olympics. She believes that keeping busy 70.______(help) her to stay positive. 第四部分: 写作(共两节, 满分35分) 第一节:短文改错 (共10分,每小题1分,满分10分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第11处起) 不计分。 Before I had children, I used to heading out all the time. Whether it was to go to the cinema with a few friend, enjoy a nice dinner, or watch the game, I would just take off without much thought. Now, I still enjoyed those things. But I can only go out and have a great time whether I know my children are with someone that I trust him and that they really like. My husband and I also once struggled to find someone to take care for our children when we were working, as well as some occasional nights out. But now I don't need worry about that any more. I am exciting to get help from a guide book. It feels good to find nothing that makes my life easier. 第二节 书面表达 (满分25分) 假设你是高二学生李华,正在英国交流学习。为了让希望来中国旅游的英国同学更好地了解中国民俗(folk customs),你希望可以成立一个中国民俗社团。请你用英语给你校学生会负责人Mr. Green写一封信,申请成立该社团。要点如下: 1.你对该社团的构想(原因、具体措施、可能的好处等); 2.希望得到批准。 提示: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头和结尾已经给出,不计人总词数。 Dear Mr.Green, I'm Li Hua, an exchange student from China.____ Yours sincerely, Li Hua 答案 一 听力 1-5 BAACB 6-10 BCABC 11-15 BAACA 16-20 BCCAC 二 阅读理解 21-23 BDA 24-27 BDCD 28-31 BACA 32-35 ADCB 36-40 FGDCA 三 完形填空 41-45 CBBAD 46-50 BCDAA 51-55 BDDAC 56-60BACDC 四 语法填空题 61.being surrounded 62. Others 63. simply 64. a 65. whose 66. competitions 67. to devote 68. have cost 69. hopeless 70. helps 五 短文改错 Before I had children, I used to heading(head) out all the time. Whether it was to go to the cinema with a few friend(friends), enjoy a nice dinner, or watch the(a) game, I would just take off without much thought. Now, still enjoyed(enjoy) those things. But I can only go out and have a great time whether(if) I know my children are with someone that I trust him(去掉him) and that they really like. My husband and I also once struggled to find someone to take care for(of) our children when we were working, as well as some occasional nights out. But now I don't need ∧(to)worry about that any more. I am exciting(excited) to get help from a guide book. It feels good to find nothing(something) that makes my life easier. 六 书面表达 Dear Mr. Green, I’m Li Hua, an exchange student from China. With more people visiting China, I’m writing to ask for your permission to launch a Chinese folk custom club, hoping to help my English classmates learn more about Chinese folk customs and make their trip to China a pleasant one. As the founder of the club, I plan to hold a series of activities related to Chinese folk traditions every week, for example, learning about Chinese folk culture online and sharing information at the club meetings. If possible, we’ll invite some visiting Chinese folk artists to give us relevant speeches or show talents on stage. I’m sure that the club will greatly benefit every member. Looking forward to your early approval. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

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  • ID:10-5044195 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二上学期12月月考试题 地理

    高中地理/月考专区/高二上学期

    2018年下期高二12月(第三次)月考地理试卷 分值:100分 一、选择题(每小题只有一个答案正确,共60分) 饮食文化的形成与地理环境息息相关。由于我国各地自然环境等方面的差异,不同地区人们对口味的喜好不同。结合所学知识,据此完成1~2题。 1.“贵州人不怕辣,湖南人辣不怕,四川人怕不辣”,三省居民喜食辣的主要原因是: A. 宗教信仰及传统饮食习惯 B. 气候潮湿,辛辣可祛湿 C. 自然条件特别适于种植辣椒 D. 昼夜温差大,辛辣可驱寒 2.“久在山西住,哪能不吃醋”,影响山西人爱吃醋的自然地理背景是: A. 水土含碱量高,吃醋维持人体内的酸碱平衡 B. 制醋历史悠久,品质好 C. 地形崎岖,交通不便,调味品缺乏 D. 气候大陆性强,空气干燥 艾比湖是准噶尔盆地最大的咸水湖,湖水较浅。湖水中有鱼类、芦苇等动植物资源,芦苇对湖水有净化作用。近几十年,艾比湖流域新增了大量耕地、灌区,湖面缩小了1/2,芦苇大量枯萎。据此完成3~4题。 3. 结合材料信息推测,艾比湖面积的缩小会使: A. 湖水的含盐量减小 B. 湖中鱼类密度增大 C. 湖泊自净能力增强 D. 湖中生物多样性减少 4. 为防止艾比湖继续萎缩,在该湖流域应采取的措施是: ? A. 修建水库,调节径流 B. 退耕还湖,养殖水产 C. 退耕还牧,保护水源 D. 种植芦苇,改善水质? 西藏自治区和黑龙江的沼泽湿地面积广大。读黑龙江省和西藏自治区沼泽湿地占全国沼泽湿地面积比重表(%),完成5~6 题。 1990年 1995年 2000年  黑龙江 22.13 20.97 17.67  西藏 24.17 25.55 26.75  5. 黑龙江省和西藏自治区沼泽湿地成因的相似之处是: A. 降水丰富,集中于夏季 B. 海拔低,排水不畅 C. 冰雪覆盖,有利于下渗 D. 气温低,蒸发微弱 6. 黑龙江省湿地面积变化的主要原因可能是: ================================================ 压缩包内容: 湖南省益阳市箴言中学2018-2019学年高二下学期12月月考试题 地理.doc

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  • ID:6-5041065 湖南省衡阳市第八中学2019届高三上学期第四次月考试题 物理 Word版含答案

    高中物理/月考专区/高三

    衡阳市八中2019届高三第四次月考试题 物 理 本试题卷分选择题和非选择题两部分,共5页。时量90分钟,满分100分。 第I卷 选择题(共40分) 一、选择题(本题共11小题;每小题4分,共44分。1-7题为单选,8-11题为多选,多选题全部选对的得4分,选不全的得2分,有选错或不答的得0分) 1.物体做匀加速直线运动,相继经过两段距离均为16 m的路程,第一段用时4 s,第二段用时2 s,则物体的加速度是(  ) A. m/s2 B.  m/s2 C.  m/s2 D.  m/s2 2.质量为1 kg的物体做直线运动,其速度—时间图象如图所示,则物体在前10 s内和后10 s内所受外力的冲量分别是(  ) A.0,-10 N·s B.10 N·s,-10 N·s C.0,10 N·s D.10 N·s,10 N·s 3.如图所示,两木块A、B用轻质弹簧连在一起,置于光滑的水平面上。一颗子弹水平射入木块A,并留在其中。在子弹打中木块A及弹簧被压缩的整个过程中,对子弹、两木块和弹簧组成的系统,下列说法中正确的是 A.动量守恒、机械能守恒 B.动量不守恒、机械能守恒 C.动量守恒、机械能不守恒 D.动量、机械能都不守恒 4.如图所示,倾角为θ=30°的光滑斜面上固定有竖直光滑挡板P,横截面为直角三角形的物块A放在斜面与P之间,则物块A对竖直挡板P的压力与物块A对斜面的压力大小之比为 A.2:1 B.1:2 C. D. 5.如图所示,“嫦娥三号”的环月轨道可近似看成是圆轨道,观察“嫦娥三号”在环月轨道上的运动,发现每经过时间t通过的弧长为l,该弧长对应的圆心角为θ弧度.已知万有引力常量为G,则月球的质量是 A. B. C. D. 6.质量为2kg的物体,放在动摩擦因数为μ=0.1的水平面上,在水平拉力F的作用下,由静止开始运动,拉力做的功W和物体发生的位移s之间的关系如图所示,,下列说法中正确的是 A.此物体在AB段所匀加速直线运动,且整个过 程中拉力的最大功率为15W ================================================ 压缩包内容: 湖南省衡阳市第八中学2019届高三上学期第四次月考试题 物理 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:12-5018919 黑龙江省大庆市铁人中学2016级高三学年上学期期中考试题 文科综合 Word版含答案

    高中综合/文科综合/高三文综

    铁人中学2019届高三年级上学期期中考试 文综试题 试题说明:1.本试题满分300分,答题时间150分钟。 2.请将答案填写在答题卡上。 一、选择题(本题共35小题,每小题4分,共140分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项 是符合题目要求的) 图1为福建某山区等高线示意图,图2为坡面上设计的甲、乙两种小区房屋排列图。读图,完成1-3题。   1.玻璃栈道能让游客体验悬空、惊险、刺激,图中规划最合理的玻璃栈道是 A.R B.L C.T D.K 2.图中M、N两地相对高度最大约为 A.325米 B.355米 C. 400米 D.525米 3.地形因素对建筑物布局的影响是多方面的,若只考虑日照,为保证山坡上的建筑物底层有充足日光照射,下列组合对应正确的是 A.①③—甲 B.③④—乙 C.②④—甲 D.①④—乙 2014年,M公司开始发展生鲜电商业务。消费者在上下单,购买的生鲜由物流配送到家。2016 年,M公司开始拓展互联和实体店相结合的业务,在上海、北京、深圳等城市陆续开设实体店。每间实体店规模达4000~100 000 m2,主营中高端优质生鲜,承诺3 km内可免费配送,并提供生鲜加工、烹饪服务。顾客既可上下单,又可现场购买,还可在实体店内设置的特定区域就餐。据此完成4-6题。 4.M公司开设生鲜实体店首选上海等城市的主要因素是 A.土地租金 B.信息通达度 C.交通运输 D.区域购买力 5.M公司在实体店设置特定区域供顾客就餐,主要是为了 A.提高生鲜销量 B.保证生鲜品质 C.减少配送成本 D.优化空间配置 6.与规模相同的传统中低端生鲜超市相比,M公司的生鲜实体店 A.服务等级较低 B.服务范围较广 C.服务种类较少 D.门店数量较多 一队登山运动爱好者5月1日从秘鲁古城库斯科(下右图)出发,乘车沿崎岖山路近5小时到达威尼坎加国家公园,然后开始徒步登山。沿途景致优美,附近可见高耸的雪山徒步约10公里后到达海拔5050米的彩虹山(下左图),一名队员站在蓝天白云下享受被“彩虹”包围的感动,且面向正北拍照留念。读下图,回答7-9题。  7. 彩虹山地貌景观近年来才被人们发现的原因说法错误的是: A.位置偏僻,交通不便,人类活动较少 B.海拔高曾被冰雪覆盖 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 黑龙江省大庆市铁人中学2016级高三学年上学期期中考试题 文科综合 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:7-5018753 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 化学 Word版含答案

    高中化学/期中专区/高三

    2018-2019学年福清侨中高三上化学期中考试卷 考试时间90分钟 参考原子量:C-12 H-1 O-16 S-32 N-14 Cu-64 Fe-56 Na-23 Cl-35.5 一、选择题(本题包括25小题,每题2分,共50分。每小题只有一个选项符合题意)? 1.下列有关CuSO4溶液的叙述正确的是( )  A.通入CO2气体产生蓝色沉淀?  B.该溶液中Na+、NH4+、NO3-、Mg2+可以大量共存  C.与H2S反应的离子方程式:Cu2++ S2 ̄=CuS↓  D.与过量浓氨水不发生反应 2.下列物质在生活中应用时,起还原作用的是( )  A.明矾作净水剂     B.铁粉作食品袋内的脱氧剂  C.漂粉精作消毒剂    D.甘油作护肤保湿剂 3.某溶液中含有下列六种离子:①HCO3- ②SO32- ③Na+ ④CO32- ⑤NH4+ ⑥NO3-,向其中加入一定量Na2O2后,溶液中离子浓度基本保持不变的是( )  A.只有⑥    B.④⑥    C.③④⑥    D.①②⑤ 4.下列物质的保存方法正确的是( ) ①少量金属钠保存在冷水中 ②浓硝酸盛放在无色试剂瓶中 ③少量金属钾保存在煤油中 ④氢氧化钠溶液盛放在带有橡胶塞的试剂瓶中 ⑤氯水存放在带玻璃塞的无色细口瓶中 ⑥碳酸钠固体保存在带橡胶塞的细口瓶中  A.②③④     B.③④⑥     C.③④     D.①③④ 5.向新制氯水中加入少量下列物质,能增强溶液漂白能力的是( )  A.碳酸钙粉末    B.稀硫酸    C.氯化钙溶液   D.二氧化硫水溶液 6.在探究新制饱和氯水成分的实验中,下列根据实验现象得出的结论不正确的是( )  A.氯水的颜色呈浅绿色,说明氯水中含有Cl2  B.向氯水中滴加硝酸酸化的AgNO3溶液,产生白色沉淀,说明氯水中含有Cl-  C.向氯水中加入NaHCO3粉末,有气泡产生,说明氯水中含有H+  D.向FeCl2溶液中滴加氯水,溶液颜色变成棕黄色,说明氯水中含有HClO 7.下列标有横线的物质在给定的条件下不能完全溶解的是( )   ①1mol?Zn与含l molH2SO4的稀硫酸溶液反应   ②1molCu与含2 molH2SO4的浓硫酸溶液共热   ③1molCu与含4 mol HNO3的浓硝酸溶液反应   ④1mol?MnO2与含4 mol HCl的浓盐酸溶液共热  A.①③    B.①②    C.②④    D.③④ ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 化学 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:8-5018751 【解析版】福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试历史试题

    高中历史/期中专区/高三


    一、单选题(每题2分,25题,共50分)
    1.殷人祭祀祖先的主要目的是想通过取悦先先公等获得庇护,避免灾难。与此相比周人有着明显的不同“夫圣之制祀也,法施于民则祀之,以死勤事则祀之,以劳定国则祀之,能御大灾则祀之,能捍大患则祀之。”商周祀祖制度的演变
    A. 反映出上古时期帝创立祀祖制度旨在社会教化
    B. 表明商周等早期政权日益重视以神权维护世俗权
    C. 显示出早期宗教文化中越来越多的人文理性因素
    D. 推动了战国时期崇尚君主集权的法家思想的诞生
    2.唐代有“出将入相”的惯例,人们认定“宁为百夫长,胜作一书生”;宋代民间则流行“做人莫做军,做铁莫做针”的俗语。这表明
    A. 唐朝的大多数官员来源于武将 B. 宋代文化相对于唐代更为发达
    C. 社会观念与政治环境关系密切 D. 科举制度提高了文人社会地位
    3.(题文)某生根据北宋赋税结构变化表(单位:万贯),结合所学知识作出下列四项分析,你认为合理的是
    A. 非农业税的激增既是抑商的体现,也反映了工商业的发展
    B. 农业税的变化反映了农民负担的减轻
    C. 赋税的不断增加使得北宋政府消除了财政危机
    D. 北宋政府推行“重商轻农”政策
    4.北宋副宰相张方平在论及地方武职官员任职状况时感叹说:“地形山川未及知,军员仕伍未及识,吏民士俗未及谙,已复去(再度离任)矣!”材料表明当时
    A. 事权分割导致宰相无所事事 B. 重文轻武造成武将碌碌无为
    C. 为防范割据而人事变动频繁 D. 中央集权强化终结地方分裂
    5.史载,自15世纪末16世纪初以来,以苏州府、松江府、嘉兴府、湖州府为中心的三角洲地区,原先的农家副业逐渐取代农家正业,出现了棉作压倒稻作,蚕桑压倒稻作的新趋势。这一变化
    A. 是资本主义萌芽发展的结果
    B. 为该地区工商业市镇的发展提供了推动力
    C. 加速了江南自然经济的解体
    D. 促使白银逐渐成为该地区普遍流通的货币
    6.利玛窦是意大利天主教耶稣会的传教士。1582年他来到澳门,通过“送礼”获准到内地传教,利玛窦传教时尊重中国人“祭孔祀祖”的习俗,同时宣称“上帝就是你们所知的天,他曾经启示过你们的孔丘、孟轲和许多古昔君,我们的来到,不是否定你们的圣经贤传,只是提出一些补充而已。”这表明利玛窦在中国传教( )
    A. 适应君主专制国情和儒家统治思想现实
    B. 要将天主教和中国儒家的经典融合起来
    C. 将传播西方科技文化作为传教的敲门砖
    D. 试图突破天主教的基本原则和思想精神
    7.历史学家钱穆曾说:若从现代观念言,朱子言格物,其精神所在,可谓既是属于伦理的,亦可谓属于科学的,其“科学”主要表现在
    A. 属于唯物主义的范畴 B. 通过实践方式探求理
    C. 用伦理纲常维护统治 D. 强调人具有正当私欲
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 历史 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:9-5018749 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 政治 Word版含答案

    高中思想政治/期中专区/高三

    福清华侨中学2018—2019学年第一学期高三年期中考试 政治试题卷 注意事项: 本试题卷包括第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分; 考试时间90分钟,满分100分; 将第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷各题的答案填写在答题卷上,答案填写在试题卷上无效; 开考前,将自己的班级、座号、姓名填写在答题卷规定的地方。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题) 一、选择题(本大题共24个小题,每小题2分,共48分,每小题四个选项中,只有一项符合题意) 1、党的十九大后,为满足人民的美好生活需要,促进阿胶业的生产发展,自2018年1月1日起,中国海关对进口“规定重量未剖层整张生驴皮”的“年内暂定税率”从5%降至2%。若图中P表示价格,Q表示数量,S和S′代表变化前后的供给曲线,D和D′代表变化前后的需求曲线。不考虑其他因素影响,若用供求曲线反映这一举措对我国阿胶产品可能带来的影响,正确的是( ) 2、近年来,一种“卖服务、卖体验”的新型经济在农村兴起。城里游客认领山上果树、田间庄稼,游客走后由村民以无公害方式负责种植,丰收时“主人”可以前往摘取,也可由村民摘取后快递到家。这种经济方式( ) ①能促进绿色消费的发展 ②能带动当地生态农业的发展 ③促进了城乡一体化发展 ④实现了城市与农村同步发展 A.①② B.①④ C.②③ D.③④ 3、某农业园区采用“公司+合作社+农户”的模式,成立土地经营权流转合作社,整合散户,吸纳资金、土地、技术入股,形成规模化、集约化、现代化的经营方式,吸引500多名外出务工农民返乡创业,解决了200多名贫困人口的就业问题。这种模式( ) A.完善了就业机制,扩大了就业规模 B.整合了农业生产要素,降低了经营成本 C.是农业先进生产力的体现和标志 D.用公司股份制替代了家庭土地承包制 4、坚持慢工细活不浮躁,推崇精益求精加创新,对每件产品、每道工序都凝神聚力、精益求精,这种“工匠精神”让德国制造、日本制造、瑞士制造声名显赫。政府工作报告中提出“培育精益求精的工匠精神”。“工匠精神”是指工匠对自己的产品精雕细啄、精益求精的精神理念。为此,企业应该( ) ①制定正确的发展战略,适应快速变化的互联时代最重要 ②提高工艺水平,保证产品质量才能在竞争中取胜 ③加强自主创新,采用新技术,提高社会劳动生产率 ④提高劳动者素质,尊重劳动,提高技术工人的经济待遇 A.①② B.②③ C.②④ D.③④ 5、微信“打赏”是读者在微信订阅号上阅读完原创文章后,如果认可这篇文章,点击文章下方的“打赏”链接,并支付一定的金额给作者的行为。微信公司在汇总“打赏”后,会把所得金额如数支付给文章作者。这样的“打赏” ( ) ①变革了原有支付模式,能够提高作者的收入 ②增加了读者的支出,会降低读者的消费体验 ③增加了微信公司的收入,提高了其经营效益 ④体现了社会对劳动、知识、人才和创造的尊重 A.①② B.①④ C.②③ D.③④ 6、中国人民银行发布公告,决定放开外商投资支付机构准入限制,在商业存在、业务系统、信息保护等方面对外商投资支付机构提出要求,给予其全面国民特遇。这一举措( ) ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 政治 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:11-5018747 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 生物

    高中生物/期中专区/高三

    2018-2019学年福清华侨中学第一学期期中考 高三生物试卷 本卷共40小题,1—30题每题1分,31—40每题2分,共50分。在每题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是最符合题目要求的。 1、美国细胞生物学家威尔逊(E.?B.Wilson)曾经说过:“每一个生物科学问题的答案都必须在细胞中寻找”。他作出这一结论的理由最可能是( ) A.?细胞内能发生一切生命活动???????? B.有些生物是由一个细胞构成的? C.各种生物的生命活动都是在细胞的参与下完成的? D.细胞是一切生物体结构和功能的基本单位 2.在几内亚进行的初步埃博拉病毒疫苗研究结果发现,一种尚处于试验阶段的埃博拉病毒疫苗能给高危感染病人提供免疫保护。埃博拉病毒是一种RNA病毒,有关说法正确的是 ( ) A.彻底水解一定得到能得到四种核糖核苷酸和20种氨基酸 B.埃博拉病毒结构简单,不含有核糖体 C.碱基种类和噬菌体相同 D.用培养基进行培养时,应适当添加动物血清 3.下列实验都需要使用光学显微镜进行观察,有关实验现象描述合理的是 ( ) 实验标号 实验名称 观察到的实验现象  ① 观察植物细胞的质壁分离和复原 镜检1:几乎整个紫色洋葱鳞片叶外表皮细胞呈紫色; 镜检2:不同细胞质壁分离的位置、程度并不一致  ② 观察多种多样的细胞 菠菜叶表皮细胞由细胞壁、细胞膜、细胞质和细胞核组成;人口腔上皮细胞具有细胞核和核糖体  ③ 观察细胞的有丝分裂 洋葱根尖伸长区细胞长,液泡大;分生区细胞呈正方形,多数细胞中呈紫色的染色体形态清晰  ④ 探究酵母菌种群数量的动态变化 酵母细胞呈球形或椭圆形,细胞核、液泡和线粒体的形态、数目清晰可见  A实验① B. 实验② C. 实验③ D. 实验④ 4.微量元素在生物体内的含量虽然很少,但却是维持正常生命活动不可缺少的。这可通过下面的哪一实例得到证实( ) A.植物缺镁时叶片变黄 B.油菜缺硼时只开花不结果 C.动物血液中钙盐的含量太低,容易发生抽搐 D.缺磷时会影响ATP的合成 5.下列化合物中,由相同元素组成的是( ) A.纤维素、胰岛素、性激素  B.ADP、tRNA、质粒 C.脂肪、丙酮酸、核苷酸 D.抗体、酶、生长素 6.如图甲是组成乙或丙的基本单位(单体)。下列相关叙述错误的是( )    A.如果甲中的m是U,则甲一定是丙的基本单位 B.如果甲中的m是G,则甲一定是乙的基本单位 C.如果甲中的a是脱氧核糖,则甲物质聚合成的大分子物质可以分布于线粒体和叶绿体中 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 生物 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:6-5018743 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 物理 Word版含答案

    高中物理/期中专区/高三

    福清侨中2018——2019学年上学期期中考试 高三年物理试卷 考试时间:90分钟 分数:100分 一、单项选择题(本题共12小题,每小题3分,共36分.在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一个选项正确) 1.如图所示,小球a的质量为小球b质量的一半,分别与轻弹簧A、B和轻绳相连接并处于平衡状态。轻弹簧A与竖直方向夹角为60°,轻弹簧A、B伸长量刚好相同,则下列说法中正确的是(  ) A.轻弹簧A、B的劲度系数之比为3∶1 B.轻弹簧A、B的劲度系数之比为2∶1 C.轻绳上拉力与轻弹簧A上拉力大小之比为2∶1 D.轻绳上拉力与轻弹簧B上拉力大小之比为1∶1   (第1题图) (第2题图) (第3题图) (第4题图) 2.如图所示,倾角为θ的斜面体C置于水平地面上,一条细线一端与斜面上的物体B相连,另一端绕过质量不计的定滑轮与物体A相连,定滑轮用另一条细线悬挂在天花板上的O点,细线与竖直方向成α角,A、B、C始终处于静止状态,下列说法正确的是(  ) A.若仅增大A的质量,B对C的摩擦力一定减小 B.若仅增大A的质量,地面对C的摩擦力一定增大 C.若仅增大B的质量,悬挂定滑轮的细线的拉力可能等于A的重力 D.若仅将C向左缓慢移动一点,α角将增大 3.如图所示,一根轻杆(质量不计)的一端以O点为固定转轴,另一端固定一个小球,小球以O点为圆心在竖直平面内沿顺时针方向做匀速圆周运动。当小球运动到图中位置时,轻杆对小球作用力的方向可能(  ) A.沿F1的方向 B.沿F2的方向 C.沿F3的方向 D.沿F4的方向 4.如上图所示,将一质量为m的小球以一定的初速度自O点水平向右抛出,小球在运动过程中恰好通过A点,OA与竖直方向夹角为53°,重力加速度大小为g。则小球抛出时的动能与到达A点时动能的比值为(  ) A.  B.  C.  D.  5.一质量为0.2 kg的物体在水平面上运动,它的两个正交分速度图象分别如图所示,由图可知,下列说法中错误的是(  ) A.开始4 s内物体的位移为8 m B.开始4 s内物体的平均速度为2 m/s C.从开始至6 s末物体一直做曲线运动 D.开始4 s内物体做曲线运动,接着2 s内物体做直线运动 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 物理 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:4-5018741 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试英语(无听力音频有文字材料)

    高中英语/期中专区/高三

    第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Plan on traveling around the USA this summer If you need help in arranging the trip, or want ideas about where to go and what to do, there are a number of outstanding websites that can make your American dream come true. http://byways. org The National Scenic Byways Program covers 150 memorable roads. Some are natural routes,such as Route 1 along the California coast. Others focus on history (such as Route 6)or man-made attractions (the Las Vegas Strip). For each,you are provided with a map,told the route′s length and how long is allowed,and given detailed suggestions on sights and stop-offs. ? woyster.com ????This is the best website for reviews of hotels in US cities and resorts. The reviews are impressively thorough,covering locations,rooms,cleanliness,food and so on. Importantly,these are not promotional photos by the hotels,but more honest and real ones taken by inspectors. Search facilities are excellent. From the 243 hotels reviewed in the New York,you can narrow down what you are looking for by locations,facilities and styles,or just pick out a selection of the best.? w 101usaholidays.co.uk This is the latest offering that features 101 holiday ideas to the USA. It’s an impressively diverse selection,ranging from touring in the footsteps of Martin Luther King to a golfing break in Arizona and a cycling and wine-tasting trip in California’s Napa Valley. Narrow down what you are looking for 一?whether by price,region,theme and who will be traveling 一?and then just the photos of the relevant holidays remain on view. It′s a really clever design. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2019届高三上学期期中考试 英语 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:4-5018623 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 英语(有听力材料无音频)

    高中英语/期中专区/高一上学期

    第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,20小题,每小题2分,满分40分) 第一节 从题中所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分) A Agatha Christie used to go out at night. She will never forget the night when she met a robber(盗贼) many years ago. That evening, she was invited to a birthday party which lasted till 2 o’clock in the morning. Without company, Agatha walked home along the quiet street. Suddenly from the shadow of a dark building, a tall man with a sharp knife in his right hand ran out at her. “Good morning, lady,” the man said in a low voice, “I don’t think you wish to die here!”“What do you want” Agatha asked.   “Your earrings (耳环). Take them off!”Agatha suddenly had a bright idea. She tried to cover her necklace with the collar (衣领) of her overcoat while she used the other hand to take off both of her earrings, and then she quickly threw them on the ground.   “Take them and let me go.” she said. The robber was uncertain. He saw that the girl didn’t care for the earrings at all, only trying to protect the necklace. He realized the necklace would cost more, so he said, “Give me your necklace.”   “Oh, sir. It’s not worth much. Please let me keep it.”   “Stop talking rubbish. Quick!”   With shaky hands, Agatha took off her necklace. As soon as the robber disappeared, she picked up her earrings and ran as fast as she could to her home.   The earrings cost 480 pounds and the necklace the robber had taken away cost only six pounds ten shillings (先令). 21. What did Agatha come across one night A. She met a robber. B. She had a birthday party. C. She went out running. D. She bought a necklace. 22. Why did she try to protect her necklace A. She would rather have it robbed. B. It was cheaper than the earrings. C. She didn’t want the robber to notice it.D. It was worth keeping because of its value. 23. How did Agatha protect her earrings A. Hid them under the collar of her coat. B. Pretended not to care about them. ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 英语 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:7-5018621 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 化学 Word版含答案

    高中化学/期中专区/高一上学期

    2018年上学期期中考高一年化学试卷 可能用到的相对原子质量:H-1 C-12 N-14 O-16 Na-23 Mg-24 S-32 Cl-35.5 K-39 Ca-40 Mn-55 Fe-56 Zn-65 一、选择题(每小题只有一个正确答案) 1、科学家在2000年8月10日出版的英国《自然》杂志上报告,他们用DNA制造出了一种臂长只有7纳米的纳米级镊子,以便能够钳起分子或原子并对它们随意组合。下列分散系中的分散质的粒子直径与纳米级镊子臂长具有相同数量级的是( ) A.溶液 B.悬浊液 C.乳浊液 D.胶体 2、下列各组物质中都属于纯净物的一组是 A.液氨 氨水 B.氢氧化铁胶体 纯净的盐酸 C.混有冰的水 干冰 D.石灰石 金刚石 3、下列叙述正确的是 (  ) A. 氯化钠溶液能导电,所以氯化钠溶液是电解质 B. 氯化氢水溶液能导电,所以氯化氢是电解质 C. 三氧化硫溶于水能导电,所以三氧化硫是电解质 D. CaCO3难溶于水,其水溶液不导电,所以CaCO3为非电解质 4、下列反应中不是氧化还原反应的是( ) A.2KMnO4+16HCl(浓)=2KCl+2MnCl2+5Cl2↑+8H2O B.2NaHCO3Na2CO3+H2O+CO2↑ C.Cl2+SO2+2H2O = H2SO4+2HCl D.。2Na+2H2O = 2NaOH + H2↑ 5、下列有关气体体积的叙述中,正确的是(  ) A. 一定温度和压强下,各种气态物质的体积大小,由构成气体的分子大小决定 B. 一定温度和压强下,各种气态物质的体积大小由构成气体的分子数决定 C. 不同的气体,若体积不同,则它们所含的分子数也不同 D. 气体摩尔体积指1mol任何气体所占的体积约为22.4L 6、下列叙述中正确的是( ) A.摩尔是物质的量的单位,每摩尔物质含有阿伏加德罗常数个微粒。 B.气体摩尔体积是指1 mol任何气体所占的体积约为22.4L。 C.氧气的相对分子质量为32,氧气的摩尔质量也为 32g。 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 化学 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:10-5018619 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 地理 Word版含答案

    高中地理/期中专区/高一上学期

    福清华侨中学2018-2019学年第一学期期中考高一地理试卷 (考试时间:90分钟 总分:100分) 注意事项: 1.答题前填写好自己的姓名、班级、考号等信息 2.请将答案正确填写在答题卡上 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共60分) 一、选择题(本大题共30小题,每小题2分,共60分。在每小题列出的四个选项中,只有一项是最符合题目要求的,请把正确答案填涂在答题卡上,多涂、涂错均不给分。) 2018年7月28日凌晨出现月全食时,众多天文爱好者观看到火星与“红月亮”在西南方天空汇合。完成下面小题。 1.此时,太阳、火星、地球和月球(注:天体大小、空间距离不按比例)四者的相对位置关系是 A.  B.  C.  D.  2.月全食时,地面观察者看到月亮呈现“血红”的主要原因是 A. 月球表面是红色的 B. 月球自身发出红光 C. 地球大气的反射作用 D. 地球大气的散射作用 读“拉萨和广州相关地理信息表”,完成下列各题。  3.拉萨成为“日光城”的最主要原因是 ( ) A.?海拔较高,离太阳较近 B.?旅游业发达,大气污染小  C.?纬度较高,夏半年白昼时间较长 D.?空气稀薄,对太阳辐射削弱少  4.拉萨夏季气温远低于广州,其最主要原因是( ) A. 冷锋影响 B. 距海较远 C. 地势较高 D. 纬度较高 右图为我国二十四节气时地球在公转轨道上的位置示意图,相邻两个节气之间的天数大约为15天。读图完成5~6题。 5.广州市一年中昼长最接近的两个节气是( ) A.谷雨与立夏 B.清明与白露 C.雨水与处暑 D.立冬与立秋 6.按气候四季的划分方法,下列说法正确的是( ) A.大暑时我国正处于夏季 B.立春时北半球处于春季 C.立秋是我国秋季的开始 D.冬至是我国冬季的结束 南澳北回归线标志塔“自然之门”位于南澳县青澳湾北回归线广场,该塔设计采用汉字“门”字进行演变造型,球体半径3.21米(对应春分3月21日),悬臂长6.22米对应夏至6月22日。每年某一特定时刻,太阳光束将穿过上方球体中心圆管,投射地台中央的圆盘 。读图完成7~8题.   7.游客想看到从球体中心圆管投射下来的光束刚好投射在圆盘上的时间是( ) A.南澳地方时3月21日12点整 B.游客手表上为6月22日12点整 C.南澳地方时6月22日12点整 D.游客手表上为12月22日12点整 8.游客往往在这一时刻看不到投影奇观的原因分析正确的是( ) A.南澳为温带季风气候区,这天较阴冷 B.南澳为亚热带季风气候区,这天云雾迷濛 C.这天公转速度较快,光束移动太快 D.南澳为热带雨林气候区,这天雷雨交加 读火山景观图和地球的内部圈层结构图,读图完成9~10题。 ??  9. 从火山口喷发出的炽热岩浆一般来源于( ) A.①圈层???? B.②圈层 C.③圈层???? D.④圈层 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 地理 word版含答案.doc

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  • ID:8-5018617 福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试历史试题

    高中历史/期中专区/高一上学期


    1.《礼记》载:“故天子有田以处其子孙,诸侯有国以处其子孙,大夫有采以处其子孙,是谓制度。”该材料主要反映的制度是
    A. 分封制 B. 宗法制 C.郡县制 D.禅让制
    2.商代,“”与侯、伯等称谓一样,同是方国首领的称号,意为一方君长。周称
    “天子”,是“天下共主”,并形成“普天之下,莫非土;率土之滨,莫非臣”的格局。这表明西周
    A.权与神权开始结合 B.权比商代得到一定加强
    C.地方诸侯的离心力消除 D.依靠血缘关系难以维系统治
    3.分封制下,“中央与地方之间虽然只是一种松散的臣属关系,但从政治结构方面建立了贵族间的等级秩序”。由此可知分封制
    A. 不利于国家统一和久安
    B. 利于有序政治统治形成
    C. 加剧了社会等级的分化
    D. 促成了中央集权式统治
    4.“炉灰筑不了墙,女儿供养不了爹和娘”,中国社会科学院发布的2010年《社会蓝皮
    书》指出,目前我国19岁以下年龄段的人性别比例严重失衡,到2020年,中国处于婚龄的男性人数将比女性多2400万。导致这种现象历史原因的下列表述中,最恰当的是(  )
    A. 宗法制 B.科举制 C.近代新式教育的推广 D.郡县制
    5.秦朝建立后,秦始皇自称为“朕”,皇帝的命称为“制”,令称为“诏”,印信称为玺,只有玺才能使用玉料,这些都是皇帝专用的,其它人不得使用,这从根本上说明了 (   )
    A.秦始皇实行思想文化专制  B.秦始皇进行文化创新
    C.秦始皇树立专制皇权权威  D.秦始皇实行暴政
    6.秦朝郡县制是有利于巩固国家统一和中央集权的制度,主要是由于(  )
    A、郡县官吏必须由上一级任命并对上一级负责
    B、郡县是地方行政管理机构
    C、郡县官吏与皇帝是臣与君的关系
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    福建省福清市华侨中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期中考试 历史 word版含答案.doc

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