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  • ID:4-7347413 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查B3U3-B3U4(附答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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    • 2020-05-21
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  • ID:4-7347411 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查B3U1-U2(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347410 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查B2U4-U5(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347405 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查B2U2-B2U3(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347401 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查B1U5-B2U1(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347398 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查B1U3-U4(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347396 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B8 Unit 2--3(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347394 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B7Unit 1 & B7Unit 2 (含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347389 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B5 Unit 5 & B6 Unit 1(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347383 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B1U1-U2(含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347382 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B8 Unit4 & Unit5 (含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347380 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B6 Unit 4 & B6 Unit 5 (附答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347378 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B5Unit 3 & Unit 4 (附答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347376 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B4 Unit 4 & B4 Unit 5(附答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-7347374 [精]高考英语一轮复习知识点检查 B4 Unit 2 & B4 Unit 3 (附答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

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  • ID:4-6837422 [精]2020年高考英语二轮语法复习讲练结合 专题 十七 主谓一致(word含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/主谓一致

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 专题十七 主谓一致 I、重点难点解析 主谓一致的高考命题导向 考点主要分布在:语法结构对主谓一致的影响;充当主语的词汇意义对主谓一致的影响;复合句中的主谓一致等。 主谓一致是指主语和谓语要保持人称和数上的一致,主语的“人称”和“数”决定谓语动词的变化。 一 主谓一致原则一览表 原则 概念 例句 语法一致原则 指主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式;主语是复数形式,谓语也用复数形式 Steve Ember is a good player. Children like toys. 意义一致原则 指主语形式上为单数.但表示复数意义,谓语动词用复数形式;或主语形式上为复数.但表示单数意义,谓语动词用单数形式 My family are having lunch now. News is travelling fast nowadays. 就近一致原则 谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式取决于最靠近它的主语 There is a knife and two forks on the desk. Either you or he is to go. 二 概念归纳: 1. 表时间,距离,金额,重量,数字等的复数名词作“整体”看时,谓语常用单数。 Two hours is quite enough. 2. 以-s结尾的名词作主语时,根据其意思来决定谓语动词的单复数。 1) 表学科的名词(physics)、书报名(the Times)、国名(the United States)或组织名称(the United Nations)及news-单数 2) 单复同形的名词,如:means, works等。 Every means has been tried./ All means have been tried. 3) the Olympic Games-复数 3. 集体名词作主语时,视其意义来决定谓语动词的单复数: 1) people, police, cattle等名词-复数 2) clothing, furniture, equipment等名词-单数 3) family, class, government等名词表示整体时单数,表单位成员时复数。 4. a number of/a variety of+复数名词,the+形容词指“一类人”时作主语,谓语用复数 the number of/the variety of+复数名词,the+形容词指抽象的“事物”时,谓语用单数 如:The beautiful is loved by all.(表抽象的概念) 5. 以and连接的两个名词作主语时,谓语通常用复数形式,但名词有each, every, no修饰时,谓语动词用单数。 Walking and riding are good exercises. Each boy and each girl wants to have a holiday. 注意:当and连接的两个单数名词在意义上指的是同一人,物或概念时,仍用单数。 The teacher and writer is popular with his students.(区别:The teacher and the writer are…) 6. 动名词、不定式或从句作主语时,谓语用单数。但what引导的主语从句视后面的表语而定。 What we need is time./ What we need are books. 7. 主语后接with, together with, along with, as well as, but, except, besides, like, rather than, in addition to等短语时,谓语根据主语用单复数。 8. 在“one of+复数名词+who/that”引导的定语从句中的动词用复数,但当one之前有等the (only/very)修饰语时,从句中的动词则用单数。 This is one of the girls who were late for school this morning. This is the only one of the girls who was late for school this morning. 9. glasses, shoes, trousers等复数名词若其前有pair/kind/type/box of等量词修饰时,谓语根据量词的单复数而定。 10. 由“a lot of/lots of/plenty of/ half of/the rest of/most of+名词/代词或分数/百分数+名词”作主语时,谓语视其所接的名词决定单复数。 Three-fifths of the books are intended for the poor students. The rest of the money belongs to you. 11. 由or, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also等连接的名词/代词作主语及there be结构,谓语与靠近的主语一致。 Not only we but also the teacher likes listening to MP4. There is a book and two pens on the desk. 12. 不定代词(all指人除外),many a +名词单数, more than one作主语时,谓语用单数。 All has been finished./ All are late for the meeting. II、实战演练 一 用BE动词或所给动词的正确形式填空 1. The United States of America _ one of the most developed countries in the world. 2. Every means __________ tried, but in vain. 3. Not only my sister but also I __ good at painting. Both of us _____ good painters. 4. Going to bed early and getting up early ___________ a good habit. 5. I, who _________ your teacher, will try my best to help you out. 6. “All ________ present and all _________ going on well,” the chairman said. 7. The old _________ taken good care of in our country. 8. An iron and steel works, with some other factories _________ to be built here. 9. The number of people invited __________ fifty, but a number of them _________ absent for different reasons yesterday. 10. I as well as they __________ ready to help you. 11. What we need __________ enough water, but what they need __________ houses. 12. Her family __________ larger than mine and her family ______watching TV now. 13. There ________ a big table and six chairs in the dinning room. 14. The rest of food __________ (leave) for the rest of the students who __________ (have) gone to the library. 15. We need one of the students who __________ at the meeting. He is the only one of the students who __________ (speak) English fluently. 16. Many a students in our class ___________ pop music while many students in their class __________ (like) classic music. 17. Each of them __________ Chinese food . They each ______(enjoy) Chinese food. 18. The worker and writer referred to ___________ (go) to write a comedy. 19. This kind of cartoons __________ well in the bookstore while cartoons of that kind __________ (sell) badly. 20. No boy and no girl ___(prevent) by the heavy rain from taking part in the activity. 二. 1. Two hours__________(is,are)not long enough for this test. 2. One and a half apples__________(is,are)left on the table. 3. One and a half days__________(is,are)all I can spare. 4. There__________(is,are)two pairs of glasses on the table. 5. Traffic police__________(is,are)always very busy. 6. The English__________(likes,like)to be with their family at Christmas. 7. His family__________(is,are)all very well. 8. About twenty percent of the students in our class__________(is,are)girls. 9. All__________(is,are)here.Let's start our meeting. 10 .What the children want__________(is,are)storybooks. 11. This is the one of the books on the subject that__________(has,have)ever been written in Chinese. 12. Bread and butter__________(is,are)a daily food in the west. 13. No man and no woman__________(is,are)going to do such a shameful thing. 14. Mary as well as her classmates__________(has,have)learned to drive a tractor. 15. There__________(is,are)more than one answer to your question. 16. Two thirds of the population of the city__________(is,are)immigrants(移民). 17. The students each__________(has,have)a dictionary. 三. 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. One-third of the area _____ covered with green trees. About seventy percent of the trees _____ been planted. ? A. are; have????????? B. is; has?????????? C. is; have?????????? D. are; has 2. The number of teachers in our college _____ greatly increased last term.A number of teachers in this school _____ from the countryside. ?? A. was; is???????????? B. was; are????????? C. were; are???????? D. were; is 3. What _____ the population of China? One-third of the population___ workers here. ?? A. is; are????????????? B. are; are????????? C. is; is?????????? D. are; is 4. Not only he but also we _____ right. He as well as we _____ right. ?? A. are; are???????????? B. are; is?????????? C. is; is?????????? D. is; are 5. What he’d like _____ a digital watch. What he’d like _____ textbooks. ?? A. are; are???????????? B. is; is???????? C. is; are???????? D. are; is 6. He is one of the boys who _____ here on time. He is the only one of the boys who _____ here on time. ?? A. has come; have come?? B. have come; has come ?? C. has come; has come D. have come; have come 7. Either you or he _____ interested in playing chess. _____ you or he fond of music at present? ?? A. are; Are??????????? B. is; Are???????????? C. are; Is???????? D. is; Is 8. Many a professor _____ looking forward to visiting Germany now.? Many scientists _____ studied animals and plants in the last two years. ?? A. is; have???????????? B. is; has?????????? C. are; have???????? D. is; are 9. A knife and a fork _____ on the table. A knife and fork _____ on the table. ?? A. is; is????????????? B. are; are???????????? C. are; is???????? D. is; are 10. Her family _____ much larger than mine four years ago. Her family _____ dancing and singing when I came in last night. ??? A. were; was????????? B. was; were????????? C. was; was????????? D. were; were 11. How and why Jack came to China _____ not known. When and where to build the new library _____ not been decided. ??? A. is; has?????????? B. are; has????????? C. is; have??????????? D. are; have 12. Now Tom together with his classmates _____ football on the playground. ??? A. play????????????? B. are playing??????? C. plays?????????? D. is playing 13. Two hundred and fifty pounds ___ too unreasonable a price for a second-hand car. ??? A. is??????????????? B. are????????????? C. were??????????? D. be 14. All but Dick _____ in Class Three this term. ?  A. are?????????????? B. is????????????? C. were??????????? D. was 15. Soon after the earthquake, every man, woman and child _____ about it. ??? A. were talking???????? B. was talking????????? C. talk?????????????? D. talks 16. We each _____ strong points and each of us on the other hand _____ weak points. ??? A. have; have????????? B. has; have???????? C. has; has???????? D. have; has 17. My friend and classmate Paul _____ motorcycles in his spare time. ??? A. race???????????????? B. races????????? C. is raced??????????? D. is racing 18. There _____ a pen, two pencils, and three books on the desk. ??? A. are??????????????? B. is???????????????? C. has???????????? D. have 19. The factory, including its machines and buildings, _____ burnt last night. ??? A. is??????????????? B. are?????????????? C. were?????????? D. was 20. Climbing hills _____ of great help to health. ???? A. is??????????????? B. are???????????? C. were???????????? D. be 21. Time and tide _____ for no man. ??? A. wait???????????? B. waited????????? C. is waiting?????? D. has waited 22. The injured in the tsunami _____ good care of by some medical teams. ??? A. is taken???????????????????? B. are being taken????? ??? C. are taking?????????????????? D. is being taken 23. It is not J. K. Rowling but her works that _____ us excited. ??? A. makes????????????? B. is made??????????? C. make??????????? D. are made 24. On the closet _____ a pair of trousers his parents bought for his birthday. ??? A. lying???????????? B. lies????????????? C. lie???????????? D. is laid 25. Each man and each woman _____ asked to help when the fire broke out. ??? A. is??????????????? B. was?????????????? C. are????????????? D. were 答案 一. 1. is 2. has been 3. am, are 4. is 5. am 6. are, is 7.are 8. is 9. was, were 10. am 11. is, are 12. is, are 13. is 14. is left, have 15. speak, speaks 16. likes, like 17. enjoys, enjoy 18.is going 19. sells, sell 20.was prevented. 二. 1.is 2.are 3.is 4.are 5.are 6.like 7.are 8.are 9.are 10.are 11.has 12.is 13.is 14.has 15.is 16.are 17.have 三.1-5 CBABC??? 6-10 BBACB?? 11-15 ADAAB?? 16-20 DBBDA?????? 21-25 ABCBB 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

    • 2020-02-07
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  • ID:4-6837420 [精]2020年高考英语二轮语法复习讲练结合 专题十六 虚拟语气(word含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/虚拟语气

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 专题十六 虚拟语气 I、重点难点解析 虚拟语气的高考命题导向:虚拟语气表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或建议,而不是表示客观存在的事实。真实语气与虚拟语气的区别主要在谓语动词的形式上。在做题时,要根据语境,判断出是与那种时态相反的虚拟语气。 一 虚拟语气在从句中的用法和构成一览表 类别 用法 例句 if引 导的 条件 从句 与现在事实相反 从句动词:过去式(be用were);主句动词:should/would/could/might +动词原形 If he were here, he would help us. 与过去事实相反 从句动词:had +过去分词;主句动词:should/would/could/might +have +过去分词 If I had been free, I would have visited you. 与将来事实相反 从句动词:过去式/should +动词原形/were +不定式;主句动词:should/would/could/might +动词原形 If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go camping. 其他状语从句 as if 引导的状语从句中动词用过去式或过去完成式 They are talking as if they had been friends for years. even if/though 引导的从句, 与现在将来/事实相反:从句动词用过去式,主句动词用should/would +动词原形。与过去事实相反:从句动词:had +过去分词;主句动词:should/would +have +过去分词 Even if they were to fail, they wouldn’t lose courage. 宾语从句 demand, suggest, order, insist等表命令、建议、要求后的从句中动词(should)+动词原形 He suggested that we not change our mind. wish后的从句中分别用过去式、过去完成式和could/would+动词原形表示与现在、过去和将来情况相反 I wish I could be a pop singer. 主语从句 在It is necessary/important/strange that…, It is suggested/demanded/ordered/requested that…等从句中,谓语动词用(should)+动词原形 It is strange that such a person should be our friends. 表语从句和同位语从句 作idea, advice, order, demand, request等表命令、建议、要求的词的表语从句和同位语从句,其谓语动词用(should)+动词原形 My advice is that you (should) finish your homework first. The idea that you (should) go is right. 其他句型中 It is time that…句型中动词用过去式或should+动词原形 It’s high time that we left. would rather所接的从句中动词用过去式或者过去完成式 I would rather you stayed at home now. If only句型中动词常用过去式或者过去完成式,表示强烈的愿望 If only our dream had come true! 二 其他要注意的事项 1. 虚拟语气中出现be的过去式,只能用were。 2. suggest表 “暗示、表明”和 insist表示 “坚持认为”,其后的宾语从句用陈述句语气。 例如:You pale face suggests that you are ill. / He insisted that he was right. 3. if虚拟语气条件句中如有had, should, were,可省略if, 将其提前引起倒装。 例如:Were I you, I would remain. / Had you told me earlier, I wouldn’t have missed it. 4. 可用with, but for代替虚拟语气条件句。 例如:But for your help. I would have failed the exam. Without air there would be no life. 1. as if/though, even if/though也可以不用虚拟,表示真实的情况。 例如:It looks as if it is going to rain. II、实战演练 一.用所给动词的适当形式填空 1. ---If he ________________ (warn), he ________________ (not take) that food. ---Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. 2. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it _________________ (break). 3. I would rather they _________________ (not hear) of the news. 4. I wish I _______________ (have) a room of my own when I was a child. 5. To the surprise of the public, the identification of the cause of such a simple event ___________________ (take) more than a year. 6. Without air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night _______________ (be) freezing cold, too cold for us to stay. 7. If I had worked harder at school, I _____________________(sit) in a comfortable office now. 8. Her pale face suggested that she _____________ (be) ill, and her colleagues suggested that she _____________ (have) a medical examination. 9. I insisted he ____________ (go) to see a doctor, but he insisted nothing __________ (be) wrong with him. 10. He asks that he _______________ (give) an opportunity to explain why he’s refused to go there. 11. It is high time we _____________ (get) down to discussing this plan. 12. If it were not for the fact that you ___________ (be) too busy, I would ask you to help me do this right now. 13. Who do you suggest __________________ (send) to work there? 14. I would have come earlier, but I ________________ (not know) that you were waiting for me. 15. If it _______________ (rain) tomorrow, the outing would be cancelled. 二、用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空:(共10小题,每题2分) 1.If you ___ (arrive) ten minutes earlier, you could have seen them off. 2.It's time that we ___ (go) to the railway station. 3.If they___ (not help) us ,our experiment would have failed. 4.You're five minutes late.I suggested that you ___ (come )earlier tomorrow. 5.Mather often tells us that it is necessary that we ___ (drink) a glass of water after we get up. 6.She insisted that she___ (send) to work in the faraway small town. 7. ___ I not ___ (forget) his telephone number,I would have rung him. 8.He is busy now. If he ___ (be) free, he___ (go) with you. 9.The manager was in his office then. If he ___ (be) here, everything ___ (settle) in a minute. 10.Noisy as it was, he went on reading as if nothing ___ (happen).  三、完成句子(每空一词):(共10个空,每空2分) 1.真想不到我们俩会在这里见面. It's strange that we________here. 2.如果没有参加玛丽的生日聚会的话,我们彼此就不会认识了. If we hadn't taken part in Mary's birthday party, we___________ each other. 3.—这么近的路,我们应该步行到车站来. —是啊,根本没必要乘出租车. —We______ _______ ________to the station, it was so near. —Yes. A taxi wasn't at all necessary. 4.万一明天下雨的话,我们将不得不推迟参观颐和园. ________ it rain tomorrow, we ______ ______to put off the visit to the Summer Palace.  四.Part A. 1. If people ______(drive) more slowly, there wouldn’t be so many accidents. 2. If you had worked carefully, you _____(not make) so many mistakes. 3. The boat wouldn’t have drifted away, if we _____ (tie) it up. 4. If I had known you already _____(have) a typewriter, I _____(not, buy) one for your birthday. 5. If he _____(be) here this afternoon I would go with him. 6. If it were to rain tomorrow, the match _____(postpone). 7. But for your help, we ______(not be) able to finish the work in time. 8. If it _____(not, be) for the leadership of the Party, we would not have achieved so much. 9. I wish I _____(study) hard while I was young. 10. It is about time that fence ______(mend). 11. My request is that we ______(hold) another session to discuss the problem. 12. It is strange that the car _____(break) down at exactly the same place where it _____(break) down yesterday. 13. The baby smiled as if he _____(understand) what his mother _____(say). 14. He talked as if he _____(do) all the work himself, but in fact Tom and I _____(do) most of it. 15. If only we _____(have) a phone! I’m tired of queuing outside the public phone box. 16. ----- “Can we come in late tomorrow?” ----- “I’d rather you _____(come) in on time.” 17. He looks as if he _____(be) ill for a long time. 18. He always talks as though he ______(address) a public meeting. 19. If a metal ______(heat), it will expand. 20. I _____(stay) home if it rains this evening. Part B. 1. She would call you immediately if she _____(need) help. 2. If I had seen the movie, I _____(tell) you all about it now. 3. If he _____(decide) earlier, he could have left on the afternoon flight. 4. _______ I _____(take) my umbrella with me when I _____(come) out this morning, I _____(not be) so wet now. 5. If you had listened to me, you _____ (not be) in such trouble now. 6. I wish they _____ (stop) making so much noise so that I could concentrate on my work. 7. It is inconceivable that he _____ (not see) me that day for I ______(wave) to her. 8. What a pity that he gave orders that all those lovely trees _____(cut) down. 9. Mr. Jones would rather _____(stay) home last night. 10. Henry would rather that his brother _____(work) in the same department as he does. 11. Electric current flows through a conductor as though it _____(be) a fluid. 12. We _____(invite) her to the party but we didn’t know that she ______(already, come) back from abroad. 13. Today’s industrial production ______(be) impossible without the contribution made by the science of physics. 14. I hate driving. I’d much rather you _____(drive). 15. The guests ______(arrive) last night, but there is still no news about them. 16. Mother_____(feel) anxious if I came home late. 17. Even if I ______(be) with you then, I ______(can, not, do) much for you. 18. A less conscientious man ______(not, try) so hard to get this job done. 19. Do you wish that you ______(have) a sister like her? 20. Isn’t it surprising that he ______(have) two car accidents during the past week? 答案 一.1. had been warned; wouldn’t have taken 2. were broken 3. didn’t 4. had had 5. should have taken 6. would be 7. would be sitting 8. was; have 9. go; was 10. be given 11. got 12. are 13. be sent 14. didn’t know 15. should/were to rain 二、1.had arrived 2.went (should go) 3.had not helped 4.(should) come    5.(should) drink 6.(should) be sent 7.Had; forgotten 8.were;would go 9.had been; would have been settled 10.were happening 三、1.meet 2.wouldn't have known 3.should have walked 4.Should; would have 四.Part A: 1. drove 2. wouldn’t have made 3. had tied 4. have / would not have bought 5. should be / were / were to be 6. would be postponed 7. wouldn’t have been 8. were not 9. had studied 10. were mended 11. (should) hold 12. should have broken / broke 13. had understood / said 14. had done / did 15. had 16. came 17. had been 18. were addressing 19. is heated 20. will stay Part B: 1. should need / needed 2. would tell 3. had decided 4. had / taken / came / would not be 5. would not be 6. would stop 7. should not have seen / waved 8. be cut 9. have stayed 10. worked 11. were 12. would have invited / had already come 13. would be 14. drove 15. should have arrived 16. would feel 17. had been / could not have done 18. would not have tried 19. had 20. should have had 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-6837417 [精]高考英语二轮语法复习讲练结合 专题十五 倒装句 省略句 强调句(word含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/强调句

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 专题十五 倒装句 省略句和强调句 I、重点难点解析 倒装句的考查主要从以下几个方面入手:1) 含有否定意味的词置于句首,部分倒装;2)only+状语/状语从句置于句首,部分倒装;3)so/such…that句型中,so+形容词/副词提前,部分倒装;4)表示方位的副词或介词短语放在句首,要完全倒装。 一 倒装句用法一览表 分类 倒装条件句型结构 例句 完全倒装 There be…句型 There are many students in our school. 表地点的介词短语置于句首: 地点状语+谓语(be, lie, sit等)+主语 Near the river is/stands a pine tree. here, there, now, then(只用过去式), up, down, away, out等副词位于句首 Out rushed the boy. Then came the teacher. 直接引语的一部分或全部位于句首,主句倒装。结构:“ ,” said/asked sb. “You had better stay at home,” said my mother. 强调表语,置于句首,或为保持句子平衡 Fastened to the pole is the national flag. We saw a house, in front of which stood a tall tree. 部分倒装 主谓宾结构的一般疑问句和特殊疑问句 Have you finished your homework?/ Why did you buy it? seldom, never, little, hardly, nowhere, by no means, in no time等表否定意义的副词或短语置于句首。 Seldom does he watch TV. By no means will I give up trying. Only +状语置于句首 Only when you have grown up can you understand your parents. not only…but also…连接并列的句子,前倒后不倒 Not only does he do well in study, but also he is ready to help others. neither…nor…连接并列的句子,前后都倒 Neither do I know it, nor do I care about it. so/such…that中such/so的修饰成分置于句首时前倒后不倒 So fast did he speak that I didn’t follow him./Such good players are they that they often win. as引导的让步状语从句 Child as he is, he knows a lot. so, neither或nor表示前句内容也适用于另外的人或事 He can play the piano. So can I . we didn’t win. Neither did they. 表示祝愿的祈使句 May you have a good trip. 省略if的虚拟条件句:结构:Were/Had/Should+主语+谓语动词 Were I you, I would not do it this way. 二 特别提示 1. There be结构的倒装句型中,there后还可接lie, live, seem to be等。 例如:There lived an old man in the village long long ago. 2. here, there, now, then(只用过去式), up, down, away, out等副词位于句首,主语为代词时不倒装。例如:Out he rushed. 3. 直接引语的一部分或全部位于句首,主句倒装。但是主语为代词时不倒装。 “You had better stay at home,” she said. 4. So位于句首不倒装的情况:主语与前句相同,表赞同, 译为“确实如此”。 例句:---Mike studies hard. ---So he does. (确实是。) 比较: (---So do I .我也是。) 5. 表示前句内容也适用于另外的人或事,前句如果列举了两种事实以上,用 “So it is/was with sb/sth.”回答。 ---Tom is kind and often helps those in trouble. ---So it is with his father. 三 实战演习 倒装句练习题1: 1. _____can you expect to get a pay rise. A. With hard work B. Although work hard C. Only with hard work D. Now that he works hard 2. Seldom ____ any mistakes during my past few years of working here. A. would I make B. did I make C. I did make D. shall I make 3. Not until all the fish died in the river, _____ how serious the pollution was. A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize 4. Not until I began to work ____ how much time I had wasted. A. didn’t realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized 5.—Do you know Jim quarrel with his brother? —I don’t know, _______. A. nor don’t I care B. nor do I care C. I don’t care neither D. I don’t care also 6. Only by practicing a few hours every day _____ be able to waste much time. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you 7. Not until the early years of the19th century ___ what heat is. A. man did know B. man knew C. didn’t man know D. did man know 8. _____got into the room, _____ the telephone rang. A. He hardly; then B. Hardly had he; when C. He had not; than D. Not had he; when 9. ______ snacks and drinks,but they also brought cards for entertainment when they had a picnic in the forest. A. Not only they brought B. Not only did they bring C. Not only brought they D. Not only they did bring 10.—I don’t think I can walk any further. —_____, Let’s stop here for a rest. A. Neither can I B. Neither do I C. I didn’t think so D. I think so 11. Only in this way ______ do it well. A. must we B. we could C. can we D. we can 12. Hardly ____ when it began to rain. A. had he arrived B. arrived he C. he had arrived D. did he arrive 13. Only when you have finished your homework ___ go home. A. can you B. would you C. you will D. you can 14. ______, I would have given you his address. A. If you asked me B. You had asked me C. Should you have asked me D. Had you asked me 15. Only when class began ___ that he had left his book at home. A. will he realize B. he did realize C. did he realize D. should he realize 16. ______ that I couldn’t be absorbed in the work. A. They made such talked B. So loudly they talked C. It was noise outside D. Such a loud noise did they make 17. Many a time _____ me good advice. A. he gave B. does he give C. he has given D. has he given 18. ____ have I seen a better performance. A. Everywhere B. somewhere C. Everywhere else D. Nowhere 19. Not a single word ____ at the beginning. A. did he say B. has he said C. he said D. he has said 20. Only in an hour ago ____ out why he was absent. A. did the teacher found B. the teacher found C. did the teacher find D. had the teacher found 21. _____the plane. A. Flew down B. Down flew C. Down was flying D. Down fly 22. Hardly _____ when the bus suddenly pulled away. A. they had got to the bus stop B. they got to the bus stop C. did they get to the bus stop D. had they got to the bus stop 23. ______ I had time, I would have run round that lake again. A. If B. Unless C. Had D. When 24. Not only ______ a promise, but he also kept it. A. had he made B. he had made C. did he make D. he makes 25. There ____ . A. come they B. they come C. they are come D. they will come 26. ______ that he could not speak for a long time. A. So frightened was he B. So frightened he was C. Was he so frightened D. Frightened was he 倒装练习题 2: 1. I dare climb this tall tree, but _____?   A. do you    B. dare you C. so do you  D. do you dare 2. According to the shopping list, _____ a dozen socks.   A. there seems to be    B. it seems C. there seem to be     D. it seem 3. Autumn coming, down _____.   A. do the leaves fall  B. the leaves will fall C. fall the leaves D. will the leaves fall 4.Now _____ Wang’s turn to keep guard.   A. there is   B. is going C. has come   D. comes 5.—Listen, there _____.    —Oh, yes. There _____.   A. goes the bell; it goes    B. goes the bell; goes it   C. the bell goes; it goes    D. the bell goes; goes it 6.Hearing the cat mewing, off _____.   A. fled all the mice      B. fleeing all the mice   C. away fled the mice     D. all the mice fled away 7.The door opened, and _____.   A. came in some Young Pioneers with flowers in their hands   B. in came some Young Pioneers with flowers in their hands   C. in did some Young Pioneers came with flowers in their hands   D. did some Young Pioneers with flowers in their hands come in 8.Seeing the gardener coming, away _____.   A. the naughty children ran         B. did the naughty children run   C. the naughty children            D. ran the naughty children 9.Nearby _____, in which the savage had come to the island.   A. there are two canoes    B. were two canoes   C. there came two canoes    D. two canoes were arriving 10.Reaching the end of the swimming pool, back _____.   A. swam he          B. did the boy swim   C. the boy swam        D. he swam 11.The war of Resistance against Japan ended in 1945, and then _____.   A. followed three years of China’s War of Liberation   B. following three years of China’s War of Liberation   C. three years of China’s War of Liberation followed   D. did three years of China’s War of Liberation follow 12._____ reading and speaking English every day, he would speak it well enough now.   A. Had he practiced    B. Did he practice   C. Should he practice   D. Were he to practice 13._____, she is quite experienced in the work.   A. As she is young        B. As young she is   C. Young as she is        D. Young as is she 14._____, I won’t change my mind.   A. What you will say      B. Will you say what   C. Say what you will      D. What will you say 15.He has finished his homework, and _____.   A. so I have         B. so have I   C. I do so           D. so do I 16.Hardly can he drive this kind of truck, and _____.   A. neither can’t I       B. so can’t I   C. I can’t, too         D. nor can I 17.Not only _____ this machine, but _____ it.   A. can he run; can he repair             B. can he run; he can repair   C. he can run; he can repair             D. he can run; can he repair 18._____ school _____ it began pouring.   A. As soon as we reached; then       B. As soon as we had reached; then   C. No sooner did we reach; than      D. We had no sooner reached; than 19.Seldom _____ late _____ the office. A. does he come; for B. he comes; for C. does he come; to           D. he comes; to 20.Never _____ forget the days when _____ together with you.   A. shall I; did I live      B. I shall; did I live   C. I shall; I lived       D. shall I; I lived 21._____ such things nowadays.   A. Rarely people can see           B. People rarely see   C. Do people rarely see            D. Rarely did people see 22.Last night, not until _____ my homework _____.   A. did I finish; I went to bed   B. I had finished; did I go to bed   C. had I finished; I didn’t go to bed   D. I finished; didn’t I go to bed 23.It wasn’t until quite recently _____ any idea what a spaceship was like.   A. did I have    B. when did I have   C. that I had    D. didn’t I have 24.A whale is a mammal, and it breathes through its lungs. So once in a while _____ to the top of the water for air.   A. comes it         B. must come it   C. must it come       D. have it to come 25.Living in the countryside, always _____ early and _____ in the vegetable garden.   A. did he get up; worked            B. did he get up; work   C. would he get up; do            D. had he to get up; do 26.So tired _____ after a whole day’s heavy work that I _____ stand on my feet.   A. was I; could hardly               B. was I felt; could hardly   C. was I; couldn’t hardly             D. I was; hardly couldn’t 27.Up into the sky _____, and a terrible genie appeared.   A. flew the light blue smoke           B. the light blue smoke flew   C. did the light blue smoke fly          D. was light blue smoke flying 28.On the top of the hill _____, where the monk once lived.   A. does a temple stand                B. a temple stands there   C. stands a temple                  D. did a temple stand 29.Only in this way _____ expect to get over so many difficulties.   A. we are sure to                  B. can we   C. that we can                   D. that can we 30.Which sentence is right?   A. May you succeed!                B. You may succeed!   C. Succeed may you!                D. Succeed you may! 省略句 高考命题导向:省略是一种避免重复,保持简洁的语法手段。缺少一个或一个以上的必要语言成分,但在一定语境中能够独立存在,意义明确,并且能发挥交际功能的句子叫做省略句。高考主要是考查省略在固定结构中的运用。 省略句用法一览表 分类 说明 例句 句子成分的省略 省略主语 (It)Doesn't matter.没关系。 省略谓语 I won the first race and Tom(won)the second. 我赢了第一场比赛,汤姆赢了第二场。 省略宾语 I don't know(it).我不知道这件事。 省略表语 Is he a student? Yes,he is (a student). 他是一名学生吗?是的,他是。 省略定语 Part of the money belongs to my mother and the rest (of the money) belongs to my father.一部分钱属于我妈妈,其余的钱属于我爸爸。 省略状语 He was not hurt.(How)Strange! 他没有受伤。真奇怪! 省略从句 I would accept the invitation (if I were you). (如果我是你)我会接受邀请的。 省略整句 Will you teach English to the students ? Yes.(I will teach English to the students.)你要教学生英语吗? 是的。 小品词 的省略 省略介词 He is busy (in) doing his homework.他正在忙着写作业。 省略连词that I am sure (that)we will succeed. 我确信我们会成功。 省略关系代词 This is the dress (which)I bought in Shanghai. 这是我在上海买的裙子。 固定结构中的省略 强调句型强调疑问词时,常省略强调句型中的that When was it(that)you received his e-mail? 你收到他的电子邮件是什么时候? 在 if,when,though,as if等连词引导从句时,如从句中的主要动词是be,常将主语和be动词省略 If(it is)necessary,we will go there by air. 如果有必要,我们会乘飞机去那里。 Henry looked about as if (he were)in search of something.亨利向四周环视,似乎在寻找什么。 在口语中,为了避免重复,不定式可以省去和前面句子相同的动词,只保留不定式符号to You may go home if you wish to (go home). 如果你愿意,你可以回家了。 由固定词组引导的疑问句 How about playing football? 去蹋球怎么样? Why not go there with us? 为什么不和我们一起去? 用so,not等来省略上文或问句中的一部分或整个句义 Can he finish the work on time? I think so.(I think he can finish the work on time.) 他能按时完成工作吗?我认为他能。 并列复合句中一些相同的成分可以省略 We tried to help her but (we tried)in vain. 我们试着帮助她,但是没有用。 This clock works well but that one doesn't(work well).这个钟表运行得很好,但是那个不行。 II、实战演练 根据括号中的提示完成句子。 1. Not until __________________ (I; shout) at the top of my voice ________________ (he; turn) his head. 2. I won the prize at last. Never in my life ___________________ (I; feel) so happy. 3. Hardly _____________________ (the thief; see) the police ___________ he ran away. 4. ---Hurry up! There _______________________ ( the bell; go). ---My goodness! Has Mrs Li come yet? ---Look! Here ___________________ (he; come) 5. Not only ___________________ (he; like) singing, but __________________ (he; have) a good voice. 6. ---David has passed the final exam smoothly. ---So _________________ (he; have), and ___________________ (I, have). 7. So ____________________ (he; be frightened) in the darkness that he did not dare to move an inch. 8. Up _________________________ (the balloon; go) into the air. 9. At the foot of the mountain _________________________ (a village; lie) 10. I’v tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means _______________________ (the teacher, be satisfied) with my progress. 11. If Joe’s wife doesn’t go to the party, neither ______________________.(他也不去) 12. Should _________________________ (如果明天下雨), we would have to put off the sports meet. 13. Child __________________ (尽管只是孩子), he shows great consideration towards the others. 14. ---Mike hadn’t passed the exam and was afraid of being scolded. --- ________________________. (我也一样) 15. ________________________________ (我们一听到铃声) than we rushed into the classroom. 16. ---He hasn’t finished the work yet. ---Well, he _________________.(本该完成) 17. The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if _______________ (see) whether he was going in the right direction. 18. ---Is your mother a teacher? ---No, but she __________________.(过去是) 19. ---Do you know Anna’s telephone number? --- _______________ .(恐怕不知) As a matter of fact, I don’t know any Anna, either. 20. ---Who should be responsible for the accident? ---The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order __________??__ (按被告诉的). 强调句 I、重点难点解析 高考命题导向:“It is/was…who/that…”强调句型是重要的句型之一,是高考考查的重点之一。此句型可强调主语、宾语、状语。如果强调谓语时,用do/does/did+动词原形。高考通常考查强调句与几个易混句型连词的使用和强调句的问句。 强调句型注意事项一览表 强调句型注意事项 说明 例句 1强调主语,其后的谓语动词和主语在人称和数上保持一致。 It is he who/that often does good deeds. It is I who/that am looking for you. 2 强调部分除了指人可用who/whom,其他只能用that It is the book that I want. 3 not until…句型的强调句 It was not until you told me that I realized my mistake.可转换为以下句型:1) Not until you told me did I realize my mistake. 2) I didn’t realize my mistake until you told me. 4与主语从句(It is / was… that - clause)的区别 1)It is true/a fact that they won the game.(it是形式主语)2)It was in Xiamen that I first met him.(强调句的特点:去掉It was…that后句子仍成立。 5与 “It be…before (时间过多久才…) / since(自…以来多长时间了)句型的区别 It was two hours before he worked out the problem.(两个小时后他才算出这道题) It is two years since he joined the army.(他参军两年了) 6与 “It be…when/where定语从句的区别 It was in 1919 that he was born.( (强调句) It was 1919 when the May 4th Movement took place. ( 定语从句)It was in Bejing that I met him.( (强调句) It was Beijing where I met him.( 定语从句) II、实战演练 填入适当的连词或疑问词 1. It was along the Mississippi River ______________ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. 2. It is the ability to do the job ___________ matters, not where you came from or what you are. 3. ---What was the party like? ---Wonderful. It is years ___________ I enjoyed myself so much. 4. It was October __________ they finally came back to their hometown. 5. It was in the lab that was taken charge of by Professor Li ____________ they did the experiment. 6. It will be more than 100 years ____________ the country begins once again to look as it did before. 7. ___________ is it that has made Peter what he is today. 8. I’ve already forgotten _____________ it was that you put the dictionary. 9. I have always been hones and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter __________ it is I am talking to. 10. It was _____________ he did ______________ frightened me. 答案 一、倒装句练习1: 1.,答案为C。 2.由否定词never, not, hardly, little, seldom, rarely, nowhere和否定意义的短语in no way, in no case, at no time, by no means等引起的句子,常用倒装语序,答案为B。 3.not until引导状语从句位于句首时,主句要倒装,答案为A 。 4.本题考查以否定词开头并修饰状语时的主谓语序,这时原状语可以是副词或介词短语,还可以是从句,而主谓的语序为部分倒装,答案为B。 5.本题考查neither 或nor连接句子时语序的倒装,答案为B。 6.答案为D。 7.答案为D。 8.hardly...when和no sooner ...than是两个固定句型,前半部分置于句首,其后分句要倒装,答案为B 。 9.答案为B 。 10.答案为B。 11.only引导的介词短语或从句位于句首修饰状语时,句子谓语要部分倒装,答案为C。 12.部分倒装,答案为A。 13.only修饰句子的状语,位于句首,要部分倒装。若only修饰的状语从句不倒装,则主句要倒装,答案为A。 14.答案为D。 15.答案为C。 16.答案为D。 17.many修饰名词并位于句首时,句子要倒装,答案为D。 18.答案为D。 19.答案为A。 20.only修饰介词短语时,并位于句首时,句子要倒装,答案为C。 21.答案为B。 22.答案为D。 23.虚拟语气的倒装形式,答案为C。 24.答案为C。 25.there放于句首,主语是代词时,主语和谓语的位置不变,仍保留陈述句式,答案为B。 26.答案为A。so+形容词用全倒装 倒装句练习题2: 1—5 ACCDA       6—10 ABDBD      11—15 AACCB        16—20 DBDCD      21—25 BBCCB     26—30 AACBA 解析:   1.在肯定句中,dare是实意动词,因此反意疑问句用助动词。   2.本句是there be句型和seem to do共同构成复合谓语;socks是主语,因此谓语动词用复数。   3.表示方向和方位的副词用在句首时,用全部倒装。   4.now, then等副词用在句首,且谓语动词是come, go等时,句子用全部倒装。   5.当there用在句首,但主语是人称代词时,句子不倒装。   6.表示方向和方位的副词用在句首时,用全部倒装。   7.in是表示方向和方位的副词,用全部倒装。   8.away用在句首,用全部倒装。   9.当地点状语用在句首时,句子用全部倒装。   10.back是表示方向和方位的副词,用全部倒装,但当主语是人称代词时则不倒装。   11.now, then等副词用在句首,且谓语动词是come, go等时,句子用全部倒装。   12.这是虚拟语气的倒装形式,从句用过去完成时。   13.这是让步状语从句的倒装形式,相当于Although she was young。   14.这是让步状语从句的倒装形式,相当于no matter what you say。   15.so在句首的倒装形式表示“……也一样”,用于肯定句。   16.nor在句首的倒装形式表示“……也一样”,用于否定句。   17.not only用在句首时,要用部分倒装形式;but also后面不倒装。   18.no sooner…than…要和过去完成时搭配,不用在句首时,句子不倒装。   19.表示否定意义的副词用在句首时,用部分倒装。   20.表示否定意义的副词用在句首时,用部分倒装。   21.nowadays是一般现在时的状语。   22.not until用在句首时,用部分倒装。   23.这是一个强调句型。   24.once in a while是表示频率的副词,用在句首时,用部分倒装。   25.always是表示频率的副词,用在句首时,用部分倒装。   26.so…that…句型用在句首时,用部分倒装。   27.表示方向和方位的副词用在句首时,用全部倒装。   28.当地点状语用在句首时,句子用全部倒装。   29.only用在句首修饰状语时,用部分倒装。   30.may用在句首,倒装句表示祝愿。 二 省略句: 1. I shouted; did he turn 2. have I felt 3. had the thief seen; when 4. goes the bell; he comes 5. does he; he has 6. he has; so have I 7. frightened was he 8.went the balloon 9. lies a village 10. is the teacher satisfied 11. will he 12. it rain tomorrow 13. as/though he is 14. So it was with me. 15. No sooner had we heard the ring 16. should/ought to have 17. to see 18. used to be 19. I’m afraid not 20. as told 三、强调句 1. that 2. that 3. since 4. when 5. that 6. before 7. what 8. where 9. who 10. what; that 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-6837415 [精]2020年高考英语二轮语法复习讲练结合 专题十四 状语从句(word含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/从句/状语从句

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 专题十五 状语从句 I、重点难点解析 状语从句是由从句担任的状语,在句子中可修饰谓语(或其它动词)、形容词、副词或是整个句子,它可以用来表示时间、地点、www.ks5u.com原因、目的、结果、条件、方式、比较、让步等。状语从句是一较大的语法项目,也是近几年高考题中常见的一个重要试点。高考中已考查了时间、让步、地点、条件、目的等状语从句,这些从句仍是今后高考热点,应作充分准备。同时对方式状语从句也应引起重视。不同的状语从句所使用的连接词也各不相同。见下表: 状语从句名称 连接词 时间状语从句 when, as, while, whenever, after, before, till (until), since, once, as soon as (或the moment ), by the time, no sooner … than, hardly (scarcely) … when, every time等 地点状语从句 where 和wherever 条件状语从句 if, unless, so (as) long as, on condition that, so (as) far as, if only ( = if ) 原因状语从句 because, since, as, now that(既然) 结果状语从句 so that (从句谓语一般没有情态动词), so … that, such … that 目的状语从句 so, so that(从句谓语常有情态动词), in order that, in case(以防,以免) 让步状语从句 although, though, as, even if (though), however, whatever, whether … or, no matter who (when, what, …) 等 比较状语从句 than, so (as) … as, the more … the more 方式状语从句 as, as if (though), the way, rather than等 一、时间状语从句w。 1、当while, when, as引导时间状语从句时的区别: (1) while引导的状语从句中动词必须是持续性。谓语动词多为进行时,或状态动词的一般时。while 的这些用法可用when代替。 E.g. Please keep quiet while (when) others are studying; (2) when除可指一段时间外,还可用来指一点时间,等于 “at the time”,也就是说when引出的时间状语从句中的谓语动词可以是终止性的,也可以延续性的。因此主句和从句的谓语可以是一般时,进行时,或完成时。 E.g. When I went into the lab, the teacher was doing an experiment.(when不能换成while)He often makes mistakes when he is speaking English.(when可换成while) (3) as常可与when,while通用,但强调“一边、一边”。E.g. As (when, while) I was walking down the street, I noticed a police car in front of number 37. (4) when有时代替if,引导条件句,意为“如果”、“假如” E.g. I’ll come when (if) I’m free. 2、till, until引导时间状语短语或状语从句,用于否定句时,结构为not …until (till),主句谓语动词延续与非延续皆可,意为“直到…才…”。用于肯定句时,只与延续性动词连用,表示“到…为止”。E.g. They played volleyball until (till) it got dark./ They didn’t talk(延续性动词)until (till) the interpreter(译员)came./ He didn’t go to bed(非延续性动词)until (till) the his father came back.;until可以放在句首,till则不行,E.g. Until the last minute of the match we kept on playing./ Not until he finished his work did he go home.(倒装);till, until只用于时间,以下句子是错误的:We walked till the edge of the forest.(要用as far as或to)。 二、地点状语从句 引导地点状语从句的连词是where 和wherever等。 E.g. Sit wherever you like. Make a mark where you have a question. 三、条件状语从句 条件状语从句分真实性(有可能实现的事情)与非真实性(条件与事实相反或者在说话者看来不大可能实现的事情)条件句。引导条件状语从句的词(组)主要有if, unless, so (as) long as, on condition that, so (as) far as, if only ( = if )。注意:条件从句中的if 不能用whether替换。 E.g. If he is not in the office, he must be out for lunch. You may borrow the book so long as you keep it clean. So far as I know(据我所知), he will be away for three months. You can go swimming on condition that ( = if ) you don’t go too far away from the river bank. If he had come a few minutes earlier, he could have seen her. 四、原因状语从句 because, since, as引导原因状语时注意使用上的区别: 1、如果原因构成句子的最主要部分,一般用because ,因此because引导的从句往往放在句末。用why提问的句子,一定用because回答。 E.g. He had to stay at home yesterday because he was ill.; 2、如原因已为人们所知,或不如句子的其他部分重要,就用as,或 since。since比as更正式些。as和since引导的从句一般放在句子的开头。 E.g. As you are tired, you had better rest./ Since everyone is here, now let’s begin. 五、结果状语从句 结果状语从句是表示事态结果的从句,通常主句是原因,从句是结果。由so that (从句谓语一般没有情态动词), so … that, such … that等引导。 E.g. She was ill, so that she didn’t attend the meeting. He was so excited that he could not say a word. She is such a good teacher that everyone admires her. 六、目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句最常用的词(组)是so, so that(从句谓语常有情态动词), in order that, in case(以防,以免)等。 E.g. Speak clearly, so that they may understand you. She has bought the book in order that she could follow the TV lessons. He left early in case he should miss the train. 七、让步状语从句 让步状语从句可由although, though, as, even if (though), however, whatever, whether … or, no matter who (when, what, …) 等引导。注意:as引导的让步状语从句一般是倒装的。 E.g. Though he is a child, he knows a lot. Child as he is, he knows a lot. Whatever ( = No matter what ) you say, I’ll never change my mind. 八、比较状语从句 比较状语从句常用than, so (as) … as, the more … the more等引导。 E.g. I have made a lot more mistakes than you have. He smokes cigarettes as expensive as he can afford. The busier he is, the happier he feels. 九、方式状语从句 方式状语从句常由as, as if (though), the way, rather than等引导。 E.g. You must do the exercise as I show you. He acted as if nothing had happened. 十、使用状语从句时要注意的几个问题 1、在时间和条件(有时也在方式、让步等)从句中,主句是一般将来时,从句通常用一般现在时表示将来。 E.g. We’ll go outing if it doesn’t rain tomorrow. I’ll write to you as soon as I get to Shanghai. 2、有些时间、地点、条件、方式或让步从句,如果从句的主语与主句主语一致(或虽不一致,是it),从句的谓语又包含动词be ,就可省略从句中的“主语 + be”部分。 E.g. When (he was) still a boy of ten, he had to work day and night. If (you are) asked you may come in. If (it is) necessary I’ll explain to you again. 3、注意区分不同从句:引导的是什么从句,不仅要根据连词,还要根据句子结构和句意来判别。以where为例,能引导多种从句。 E.g. You are to find it where you left it.(地点状语从句) Tell me the address where he lives.(定语从句,句中有先行词) I don’t know where he came from.(宾语从句) Where he has gone is not known yet.(主语从句) This place is where they once hid.(表语从句) 4、as作从属连词可引导多种状语从句。 (1)as引导时间状语从句,意为“当…时”。例如:As (he was) a young man, he was a storekeeper and later a postmaster./ He sang as he worked. 高.考.资.源.网 (2)as引导方式状语从句,意为“象…一样”。例如:We must do as the Party teaches us.  (3)as引导原因状语从句。意为“由于”,例如:As you are tired, you had better rest.  (4)as引导让步状语从句。意为“虽然”、“尽管”Child as he is, he can do it well. ( = Although he is a child, he can do it well.) 另外,as作为关系代词还可以引导定语从句,如:I have the same book as you. II、实战演练 用适当的连词填空: 1. Dr. Bethune (白求恩) came to China __________ he was fifty. 2. He began to work __________ he got there. 3. Let's begin our meeting __________everyone is here. 4. I like the English people, __________ I don't like their food. 5. __________ you go in China, you can see smiling faces. 6. He didn't come to the lecture, __________ he was very busy. 7. __________we had enough time, we walked to the cinema. 8. They will help you __________ you meet with difficulty. 9. _________ we came to the university, we have learnt quite a lot. 10. I didn't join them yesterday evening __________ I had to go to an important meeting. 11. We would try to get a car __________we could all travel together more easily. 12. She wouldn't forget her mother's birthday __________ she seldom wrote to her family. 13. We're doing everything we can to make things as easy for you ___________we can. 14. The meeting became so disorderly __________ the speaker had to shout the audience down. 15. He was angrier __________ ever before. 16. __________ you lock all the doors, he can still manage to get in. 17. The boy was so tired __________ he fell asleep on the bus. 18. Hard _________ he tried, he couldn’t force the door open. 19. I’m unhappy, he cheers me up. 20. If you work with a strong will, you will overcome any difficulty, great it is. 21. A new school was built there had once been a wasteland. 22. you’ve got such a golden chance, why not make the best of it? 23. A whole month had passed she fully recovered. 24. I was having dinner I heard a knock at the door. 25. I heard a knock at the door I was having dinner. 26. He had just finished the book supper was served. 27. I won’t tell him the correct answer even I know it. I don’t like him. 28. He was talking as he knew everything about it. 29. the day went by, the weather got worse. 30. I had no sooner gone into the classroom the bell rang. 31. Roses need special care so they can live through winter. 32. You will succeed in the end you give up halfway. 33. Tom didn’t go to bed his mother came back from work. 34. The baby may be saved he is sent to hospital in no time. 35. I found all the doors open and everything in disorder I arrived home. 答案 1. when; 2. as soon as; 3. as; 4. though; 5. Wherever; 6. because; 7. Since; 8. whenever; 9. Since; 10. because; 11. so that; 12. though; 13. as; 14. that; 15. than; 16. Even if; 17. that; 18. As; 19. Whenever; 20. however/ no matter how 21. where; 22. Now that/Since; 23. before; 24. when; 25.when/ while/as; 26. when; 27. if/though; 28. if/though; 29. As; 30. than. 31. that; 32. unless; 33. until; 34. so long as / if; 35. as soon as/ the moment/ when; 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-6837414 [精]2020年高考英语二轮语法复习讲练结合 专题十三 定语从句(word含答案)

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/语法专题/从句/定语从句

    中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 语法复习第13讲: 定语从句 I、重点难点解析 定语从句是英语语法中的重点。除了在语法填空中会考到,在基础写作和任务型写作中正确恰当地运用定语从句是作文得高分的关键。另外,在阅读理解中正确理解定语从句也至关重要。 常见考点: 1.指物时只用that 或which 的情况 2.介词+关系代词 3.Whose 用法及转换形式 4.as 与which的区别 5.指人时that 与who的区别 6.如何判断用关系副词还是关系代词 7.定语从句中的主谓一致问题 一、定语从句的概念 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词从句叫定语从句,在句中起定语的作用. 被定语从句修饰的词叫做先行词。引导定语从句的词叫关系代词或关系副词。如: The man who lives next to us is a policeman. 先行词 关系代词 定语从句 二、关系代词和关系副词的用法: 关系代词和关系副词又称关系词,用来引导定语从句、代替先行词并在从句中担当一个成分。其用法见下表: 定语从句的关系词: 词例 先行词 充当成分 例句 关系代词 who 人 主语 This is the doctor who saved my life . whom 人 宾语 She is the new student (whom) I want to tell to you . that 人&物 主语、宾语 (指人相当于who或whom,指物相当于which) which 物 主语、宾语 1.Please pass me the book which is lying on the table. 2.The novel (which) Tom bought is very interesting. as 物 主语、宾语 The earth ,as is known to all ,is round. whose=of whom\of which 人&物 定语 The professor whose daughter teaches you English is Dr. Williams 关系副词 when=at\in\on\during which 时间 状语 We’ll never forget the day when the People’s Republic of China was founded. where=at\in\to which 地点 状语 This is the house where he lived. why=for which 原因 状语 I know the reason why she works so well. 三、限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别 限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句 从句与先行词的关系 从句是先行词不可缺少的定语,如果省去,主句的意思就会不完整或不明确。 从句只是对先行词的附加说明,如果省去,主句的意思仍然清楚或完整 标 点 从句和主句之间不用逗号分开 从句和主句之间通常用逗号分开 关系 代词 指人who (that) whom 指人who(作主语)whom(做宾语) 指物which (that) 指物which 人和物的whose 人和物的whose 关系代词在从句中作宾语时可以省去 关系代词一般不可省 修饰 从句只修饰一个名词或代词 可以修饰一个词也可修饰整个主句 翻译 定语从句译在被修饰词的前面 定语从句通常被译成另一个独立的句子 四、关系词的选用 1只能用that做关系代词的情况: 只能用that做关系代词的情况 例句 1 当先行词是all, everything, anything, nothing, much, little, none, one等不定代词时(something除外) Pay attention to everything that I do. 2 当先行词被All, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时 He has little time that he can spare. 3 当先行词被序高考资源网数词或形容词最高级修饰时 This is the best novel (that) have read. 4 如果出现两个或两个以上的先行词,并同时兼指人和物时 They were talking about the person and things that they remembered in school. 5 当先行词被the only, the last, the way, the same等等修饰时 This is the last time that I I want to see you. 6 .在疑问词who, which, what开头的特殊疑问句中,为了避免重复只用that Which of the students that knows something about history. 7 当定语从句为there be 句型时,关系代词只能用that,也可以省略 This is the fastest train (that) there is to Beijing. 8 当指人或物的关系代词在定语从句中做表语时,关系代词只能用that,也可以省略 China is not the country (that) it was. 2指物只能用which 不用that的情况: 只能用which 不用that的情况: 例句 1 在非限制性定语从句中 St Petersburg, which was once called Leningrad, is a very beautiful city. 2 在介词后面 This is the room in which we lived last year. 3指人时只能用who不用 that的情况: 只能用who不用 that的情况 例句 1 先行词为one, ones,those,anyone,he时 Those who break the law must be punished. 4 as与which as与which均可引导非限制性定语从句,有时可以互换,但下列情况多用as: 多用as的情况: 例句 1 与such或the same连用时,一般用as Such books as you read are interesting Such money as he earned was spent on books. 2 as 引导的从句可以放在句首, as 表“正如…..正象…”之意 As we all know, the earth is round. 五、定语从句中的主谓一致 定语从句中的动词在人称和数方面应该与它的先行词保持一致: 1.I am not one who is afraid of difficulty. 2.Don’t choose me, who am not fit for this job. II、实战演练 第一波: 用恰当的关系代词或关系副词填空: 1. Because of my poor memory, all ____ you told me has been forgotten. 2. Do you remember those days ____ we spent along the seashore very happily? 3. Those ____ want to go please sign their names here. 4. Who is the woman ____ is sweeping the floor over there? 5. The man ____ you are going to make friends is my father’s neighbour. 6. Finally, the thief handed over everything ____ he had stolen to the police. 7. This is the very letter ____came last night. w。w 8. This is the factory ____ we worked a year ago. 9. Jack is pleased with what you have given him and all ____ you have told him. 10. Do you work near the building ____ colour is yellow? 11. Alice received an invitation from her boss, ____ came as a surprise. 12. I live in the house ____ windows face south.. 13. They stayed with me three weeks, ____ they drank all the wine I had. 14. The room ____ Mr White lives is not very large. 15. I’ve finished writing the novel, ____ is to be published next month. 16. He returned home safe and sound after a fierce battle, ____ was unexpected. 17. The old man had three sons, all of ____ died during World War Ⅱ. 18. I have bought two pens, both of ____ write well. 19. Do you know the reason ____ she has changed her mind? 20. He failed in the exam, ____ proves that he wasn’t working hard enough. 21. ____ was expected, he succeeded in the exam. 22. We should read such books ____ will make us better and wiser. 23. He is absent, ____ is often the case. 24. It is the first time ____ I have come to your city. 25. Who ____ has the same idea as it will do it in this way. 26. I shall never forget those years ____ I lived in the country with the farmers, ____ has a great effect on my life. 27. This is the only book ____ I can find. 28. This is the only one of the students ____ handwriting is the best. 29. You must show my wife the same respect ____ you show me. 30. This is the professor ____ taught me chemistry in 1980 . 实战演练 第二波: 用恰当的关系代词或关系副词填空: 1. The weather was very sunny the following day, ______ was what we had expected. 2. The man about _______ you told me the other day turned out to be a thief. 3. I have finished reading all the books ______ were borrowed from the school library. 4. I have bought three ballpoint pens, none of ________ writes smoothly. 5. Is this the second time _______ you have been to Guangzhou 6. I cannot forget the time _______ I stayed in the country with those farmers. 7. _______is reported in the newspaper, the war between the two countries has come to a stop. 8. Lu Xun, _______ real name is Zhou Shuren, wrote lots of novels and essays. 9. Can you think of another example _______ this phrase can be used 10 This is the store ______ my father runs. 11. The train on ________ he is traveling is late. 12. I visited Hong Kong last month, ______ live my uncles and aunts. 13. Do you still remember the happy days _______ we spent together in Beijing 14. Don't talk about such things _____ you are not sure about. 15. I have bought the same skirt _______ she is wearing. 16. He came out top in the exam, ______ made his family very happy. 17. Is this the reason ______ he is late again 18. I don't think the reason ______ he explained at the meeting was reasonable. 19. Her parents wouldn't let her marry anyone _____ family was very poor. 20. Can you think of other ways _______ we can solve this problem 21. I, ______ am your best friend, will help you out. 22. I attended the meeting last month, _______ lots of people talked about that topic. 23. The day will come ________ the people all over the world will win liberation. 24. On my birthday I got a watch from my uncle, _______ was made in Japan. 25. The students are talking about the strange people and stories _______ they met in the adventure. 26. This is Mr. Smith, ______ I think has something interesting to tell you. 27. He is the very man in ________ pocket I found my lost money. 28. _______was usual, he arrived at school just before class began. 29. I have a picture by a famous painter _______ sent to me for my birthday. 30. Shenzhen is not the city _______ it used to be twenty years ago. 答案 II、实战演练 第一波: 用恰当的关系代词或关系副词填空: 1. that 2. which 3. who 4. that 5. with whom 6. that 7. that 8. where 9. that 10. whose 11. which 12. whose 13. during which 14. where 15. which 16. which 17. whom 18. which 19. why 20. which 21. As 22. as 23. as 24. that 25. that 26. when, which 27. that 28.Whose 29. as 30.who / that 第二波: 用恰当的关系代词或关系副词填空: 1 which 2 whom 3 that 4 which 5 that 6 when 7 As 8 whose 9 where 10 that/which 11 which 12 where 13 that/which 14 as 15 as 16 which 17 why 18 that/which 19 whose 20 in which/that 21 who 22 where 23 when 24 which 25 that 26 who 27 whose 28 As 29 that/which 30 that 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

    • 2020-02-07
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