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  • ID:2-7704982 部编版六年级语文上册教案设计 (全册共125页) Word版

    小学语文/人教统编版(部编版)/六年级上册/本册综合

    人教部编版六年级上册语文教案设计 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 1、《草原》 教学目标 1.自主学习字词,会认会写“毯、陈”等9个生字,理解字义,识记字形。正确读写“绿毯、渲染、勾勒、拘束、羞涩、摔跤”等词语。 2.自读感悟,想象草原迷人的景色,受到美的熏陶。 3.揣摩优美的语句,体会课文表达上的一些特点,学习作者抒发情感的方法。 4.通过理解蒙汉人民的深情厚谊,激发学生对草原的热爱之情。 5.背诵第一自然段。 教学重点 ? 深入理解课文内容,体会蒙汉人民的深情厚谊。 教学难点 体会课文表达上的一些特点,学习作者抒发情感的方法。 第一课时 教学目标 1.正确读写9个生字,理解“绿毯、渲染、勾勒”等词语。 2.正确朗读课文,理清文章结构。 3.品味课文美景,背诵课文第一自然段。 教具准备 课件:歌曲《天堂》、老舍先生简介、词语解释、草原风景图片 教学过程: 一、创设情境,激情导入 1.【出示课件2】教师播放腾格尔的歌曲《天堂》,请同学们欣赏。 2.播放完毕后谈话导入:这首歌唱出了什么地方的美丽景色?对,是草原。你们一定知道咱们今天要上哪一课了。(板书课题:草原)学生齐读课题“草原”。请同学们分小组交流一下自己课前了解到的关于草原的资料,谈谈自己对草原的感知。 今天,我们就和作家老舍一起,走进内蒙古,走进那辽阔的大草原。 2. 简介作者以及写作背景【出示课件3】 ? ? “老舍,原名舒庆春(1899年2月3日-1966年8月24日),字舍予,笔名老舍,满族正红旗人,生于北京,中国现代小说家、著名作家,杰出的语言大师、人民艺术家,中华人民共和国第一位获得‘人民艺术家’称号的作家。他的长篇小说《骆驼祥子》曾经产生过较大的国际影响。老舍的文学语言通俗简易,朴实无华,幽默诙谐,具有较强的北京韵味。” ? ? 四十多年前,老舍先生到内蒙古草原参观访问,记录了当时在草原上的所见所感。今天,我们就紧随老舍先生的脚步,走进“草原”,感受大草原无与伦比的美丽风光和淳朴热情的民族风情。? 二、初读课文,解决字词 1.学生自读课文,要求: (1)大声流利地读课文,读准字音,读通句子。 (2)遇到自己喜欢的语句,多读几遍。 2.自学课文生字词,可以用笔在文中圈出来,然后用合适的方法来解决生字词。 3.检查学习效果,相机指导。【出示课件4、5】 “(1)翠色欲流:欲流,快要流出来。形容绿色浓润得像要流淌下来似的。 (2)渲染:国画的一种画法,用水墨或淡的色彩涂染画面,使它分出层次,以加强艺术效果。比喻夸大地形容。 (3)洒脱:(言谈、举止、风格)自然,无拘无束。 (4)迂回:回旋,环绕。 (5)一碧千里:千里,形容宽广。形容十分广阔的一片绿色。 (6)襟飘带舞:衣襟和裙带迎风飘动。 (7)鄂温克:我国少数民族之一,分布在内蒙古和黑龙江省。 (8)羞涩:有点难为情的样子。 (9)天涯:形容极远的地方。 (10)勾勒:用线条画出轮廓。 三、再读感知,理清结构 1.学生大声朗读课文,想想:作者是从哪些方面来介绍草原的?是按照什么顺序将材料串接起来的?哪些地方给你留下了深刻的印象? 2.学生以小组为单位交流读后的收获,教师巡视指导。 3.小组推荐一名同学汇报交流的结果,其他同学做补充。 4.教师总结。 (板书:初见草原--迎客--待客--话别) 四、细读课文,品味美景 1.老舍先生笔下的草原到底是什么样的呢?请同学们仔细阅读文章第一自然段,想想草原的景色到底美在哪里,你是从哪些语句中感受到的。画出有关句子,并想一想这些语句带给你怎样的感受。 2.学生作批注,自我品读探究。 3.学生小组交流自学结果,教师适时引导学生抓重点词句交流自己的感受。 4.教师根据交流结果归纳:(先写看到草原的景象,抓住天空、空气、小丘、平地、羊群这些景物按照从天空到地面,按从上到下的顺序来写的。后写产生的感想。)作者又是怎样抓住景物的特点,运用生动的语言来描绘草原的美丽景色的? ? ? 教师重点导读并理解以下语句:“羊群一会儿上了小丘,一会儿又下来,走在哪里都像给无边的绿毯绣上了白色的大花。”(这句话运用了怎样的修辞手法?把什么比作什么?体会比喻的生动形象。) ? ? “这种境界,既使人惊叹,又叫人舒服,既愿久立四望,又想坐下低吟一首奇丽的小诗。”(这句话写的是草原的美丽风光给作者留下的深深感慨,字里行间流露出作者对草原的感叹和赞美。)(板书:风光美) 五、图片展示,欣赏美景? 【出示课件6】多媒体出示“草原风景图片”,用草原歌曲《请到草原来》或《我和草原有个约定》《辽阔的草原》等配乐,学生用感官来感受草原的美景。 ?六、课堂总结,布置背诵 1.这一节课,我们学习了生字词,并跟随老舍先生一道欣赏了草原上的美丽风景,我想大多数同学可能都有一种冲动,就是想马上到大草原去看一看,去呼吸清新的空气,去仰望蔚蓝的天空。让我们把这一切记在脑海中吧。 2.请同学们课下背诵课文第一自然段。? 七、教学反思 第二课时? 教学目标 1.探究学习课文,抓住重点词语理解课文内容。 2.在理解课文内容的同时,增强热爱草原和草原人民的感情。 教具准备 ? 课件 教学过程: 一、复习检查,导入新课 1.检查,指名学生背诵课文第一自然段。 2.谈话导入新课:上节课我们学习了课文的第一自然段,领略了大草原的美丽风光。这节课,我们将继续跟随老舍先生走进蒙古族人民的蒙古包,去感受一下蒙古族人民的热情与友好。? 二、“初入草原”,感受“洒脱” 【出示课件8】“汽车走了一百五十里,才到达目的地。一百五十里全是草原。再走一百五十里,也还是草原。草原上行车十分洒脱,只要方向不错,怎么走都可以。初入草原,听不见一点儿声音,也看不见什么东西,除了一些忽飞忽落的小鸟。” 指名读,说说你从这句话中读懂了什么?有什么不懂的问题? 重点理解“洒脱”: (1)“洒脱”这个词结合上下文来看可换成什么词?(自由、无拘无束……) (2)从哪些语句看出“草原上行车十分洒脱”?(只要方向不错,怎么走都可以。) (3)教师描述,学生感受:“洒脱”就是没有红灯绿灯的障碍,没有行人车辆的拥堵,却有一路翠色欲流,尽收眼底,却有那忽飞忽落的小鸟相伴,这是令多少人向往的呀! (4)指导朗读,表现“洒脱”:看谁能读出这种洒脱的感觉,大家来比一比,赛一赛。 三、深读感悟,体会热情 1.导入:草原的美景,令人陶醉;行车的洒脱,令人向往;而草原的民族风情,更是令人难忘。让我们跟老舍先生一道,走近蒙古包,去会会蒙古族同胞。 2.自由读课文2-5自然段,思考:如果要用一个词概括草原人民的特点,你想用什么?(热情好客) 3.草原人民的热情好客从哪些方面可以看出? 学生回答,教师指导纠正。 4.请同学们试试看,在这些词语的前面加上一些用“情”字组成的词,是不是会让人更深切地感受到草原人民那滚烫的心呢?(板书:人情美) 【出示课件9】 ? ?迎接、 ? ? 相见、 ? ?款待、 ? 联欢、 ? 话别 (1)现在请同学们认真读读课文,读完后,与小组的同学一起想想,把这些词语加在哪个词的前面最合适。 (2)学生自由发言填词,教师点拨指导。在课件上完成填空,依次填上:热情 激情 盛情 尽情 深情 (3)交流小结: 热情迎接 激情相见 盛情款待 尽情联欢 深情话别 (板书:热情迎接 ?盛情款待 ?深情话别) 5.我们按照老舍先生访问草原的顺序,来一步一步地感受草原人的深情? (1)热情迎接: ①你从哪些语句感受到这份热情? “像被一阵风吹来似的”——来得真快,表现了草原人民迎接远方的客人的急切心情。 “像一条彩虹向我们飞过来”,为什么用“彩虹”来比喻?——不仅是因为穿着各色的衣服,更重要的还是比喻一种热情。 “立刻拨转马头,欢呼着,飞驰着……”想象当时车和马相遇的情景,如果你在场,会有什么感受? ②草原人民扑面而来的热情令人感动,你能否读出草原人民的热情?有感情地朗读这段话。 (2)激情相见: ①你能否想象当时的相见是怎样的情形──学生即兴表演,教师随机采访:刚才你们说了些什么?你听得懂蒙古族语吗?如果你听不懂,你认为他们在说什么? ②有感情地朗读,读出激动、兴奋之情。 (3)盛情款待: ①主人们拿出些什么款待远方的来客? ②除了吃的、喝的,还不忘以歌助兴,宾主无拘无束,其乐融融。 ③有感情地朗读。 (4)尽情联欢: ①联欢的项目有什么呢? ②说明:这些都是蒙古人最喜爱的传统项目,是能骑善射、能歌善舞的蒙古人力与美的展示。 (5)深情话别: ①出示课件:【出示课件10】“背景为夕阳西下的草原,难舍难分的离别音乐(蒙语演唱的《蒙古人》)”响起。 ②教师导引:夕阳西下,宾主双方站在蒙古包外,望着那一望无际的草原,就要分别了。耳边,悠扬的马头琴声、质朴高亢的蒙古民歌还在回响;嘴里,喷香的奶茶、鲜美的羊肉,回味无穷;脑海中,那雄健有力、明快强烈的蒙古舞蹈依然历历在目。手握着手,那样热乎乎地握着,握住不散……那可真是──依依不舍,难舍难分(引导学生说出表示舍不得离别的成语)。 ③这正是──【出示课件11】“蒙汉情深何忍别,天涯碧草话斜阳!” 太阳已经偏西,谁也不肯走。这句话表达了怎么的感情?(这句话表达了蒙古族人民和汉族人民的深厚情谊和依依惜别的感情。) 让我们带着依依惜别之情集体朗读这句话。 四、课堂总结,布置作业 1.课文具体写了作者见到的草原美景和蒙古族人民热情好客、远道迎客、盛情款待客人的情景。草原的风光美和蒙古族人民迎客待客的人情美都给我们留下了深刻印象。草原上的美丽风光让我们深深陶醉,草原人民的热情好客更使我们深受感动。民族团结互助是大家共同的心愿。同学们,让我们为中华民族团结大业贡献自己的一份力量吧。 2.作业 (1)抄写课文中优美的句子。 (2)背诵课文第一自然段。 板书设计: 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 2. 丁香结 教学目标: 1.认识“芭”、“妩”等5个生字,会写“缀”、“幽”等8个生字。会写“宅院、幽雅、伏案”等16个词语。 2.抓住描写丁香的语句展开想象,深入理解内容,从色彩、形状、香味等方面加以感悟与体会。 3. 感悟丁香的美,并由“丁香结”启发人生思考,并结合实际,谈谈蕴含的道理。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:通过语言文字展开想象,在脑海中再现丁香的美,并体会作者对丁香的喜爱之情。 2难点:抓住结尾“结,是解不完的;人生中的问题也是解不完的,不然,岂不太平淡无味了么”深入理解,明白道理:人要以豁达胸怀对待生活中的“结”。 教学准备: 1.准备丁香的图片。 2.准备赞美丁香花的古诗。 第一课时 一、导入新课,激发兴趣。 1.师:(出示丁香的图片)文学作品中许多花草树木都被赋予某种品格,如梅花象征高洁,牡丹代表富贵,菊花寓意坚贞,松柏喻指永葆青春等。今天,我们来学习一篇课文——《丁香结》,作者又赋予了丁香什么样的情感呢?让我们一边读,一边想象,知道这花中的含义。 ?2.师板书课题 2.丁香结 3.出示图片,介绍作者。 宗璞,1928年出生,女,原名冯钟璞,著名哲学家冯友兰之女。曾就职于中国社会科学院外国文学研究所。当代作家,从事小说和散文创作。代表作有短篇小说《红豆》,系列长篇《野葫芦引》和散文《紫藤萝瀑布》等。《弦上的梦》和《三生石》分别获全国优秀短篇小说奖和全国优秀长篇小说奖。 二、初读课文,学习字词。 1.出示自学提示:默读课文,一边读一边画出不认识的字和不理解的词,并借助词典等学习工具书理解。 2.教师检查学生学习情况。 (1)检查生字读音。 ①参差( cēncī)芭蕉(bā)衣襟( jīn)妩媚(wǔ) ②“薄”是一个多音字,在字典中有三个读音,一个读bo,当“迫近、靠近”讲,组词是日薄西山;还有的当“轻微、少”、“不强壮”、“不厚道”、“看不起”等意思,组词是“广种薄收”、“单薄”、“轻薄”、“厚古薄今”等;一个读bo,组词是薄荷,多年生草本植物;还有一个读音是bao,表示感情冷淡、不浓、不肥沃等意思。课文中 (2)指导易混淆的字。 “幽”是半包围结构,外面是“山”,里面是两个“幺”。 “案”是上下结构,上面是“安”,下面是“木”。 “薄”要与“簿”相互比较,可以通过组词的形式来辨析,“薄”组词是“薄饼”,“簿”组词是练习簿。 “糊”:左右结构,与“米”有关,形容非常黏稠、混沌不清的状态。 (3)理解较难的词语。 ①查词典或工具书理解“参差”的意思:是指不齐;早晚相差。 ②联系上下文理解词语。 在细雨迷蒙中,着了水滴的丁香格外妩媚。 “妩媚”的意思是:姿态美好可爱。 再联想到那些诗句,真觉得它们负担着解不开的愁怨了。 “愁怨”的意思是:忧愁怨恨。 ③运用找近义词或反义词的方法来理解。 有的宅院里探出半树银妆,星星般的小花缀满枝头,从墙上窥着行人,惹得人走过了还要回头望。 “点缀”的近义词有:装点、装饰、装扮。 三、再读课文,整体感知。 1.检查学生朗读课文,并概括出主要意思。 (1)朗读要大声、不添字、不少字、不停顿、要流利。 (2)用自己的话概括出自然段的主要意思。 2.理清课文记叙顺序,讨论分段。 第一部分(第1-3自然段)分别从生长环境、开放态势、花的气味、形状、颜色等描写了丁香花。(主体是写丁香花的外形) 第二部分(第4-6自然段)分别从古人眼中的丁香花、作者提出的疑问以及由丁香结谈感受。(主体是写丁香花的感悟) 3.归纳课文的主要内容。 写作者心里一直装着丁香,丁香的形态、香味以及颜色都给作者带来美好的回忆,接着从诗句入手,由微雨引发丁香“结”,从而感悟生命总有“结”,需要有豁达的胸怀。 ?四、教学反思 第二课时 一、复习旧课,导入新课。 1.指名朗读生字,检查词语的理解情况。 2.通过上节课的学习,你知道课文写了哪两个方面的内容吗?学生总结,老师概括: 一、赏花二、悟花 ?3.导入新课。课文自始至终都是围绕“丁香花”来写的,丁香花一直是作者心中的“花”,接下来请走进“赏花”感受一下花的美,体会一下丁香花的独特魅力。 二、学习“赏花”,发挥想象,体会花的美丽。 ?1.自由朗读课文,找一找描写花美的语句,并发挥想象,谈一谈自己的理解。教师根据学生画的句子相机进行指导。 (1)有的宅院里探出半树银妆,星星般的小花缀满枝头,从墙上窥着行人,惹得人走过了还要回头望。 ①一边朗读语句,一边展开丰富想象。 指导学生想象:丁香花像什么呢?给你什么感觉呢?你喜欢哪个字,或者词语呢? ②出示丁香花的图片,引导学生想象。 (2)交流学生的想象和感受。 生:“星星般”写出丁香花的小、可爱,就如同星星一般顽皮,真惹人喜爱! 生:“窥”这个字太生动传神了,写出了丁香花的的活泼可爱,也说明了丁香花的小,不大引人注意,总而言之,是充满活力的! 生:“缀满”说明了丁香花的数量多,充满了无比旺盛的生命力,让人看了以后感到一种振奋! 老师相机出示语句。『puxuewang.com』 (3)月光下白的潇洒,紫的朦胧。还有淡淡的幽雅的甜香,非桂非兰,在夜色中也能让人分辨出,这是丁香。 ?①“月光下的潇洒”、“紫的朦胧”是一幅怎样的画面呢?请发挥想象。 ②“淡淡的幽雅的甜香”又是一种怎样的香呢?请联系自己的生活体验加以想象,谈谈你的理解。 (4)学生根据自己的理解谈一谈。 生:丁香花有白有紫,总是朦朦胧胧的,给人以梦幻般的感觉!在这仙境中,怎能不让人展开神奇般的想象呢?想到了嫦娥与玉兔,想到了蓬莱岛…… 生:说丁香花的香啊,真的很神奇!不是桂花香的那般浓烈,又不是迎春花的那般单薄,它香得比较特别,只要用鼻子一嗅,那香味就飘出来了。更别具一格的是,香味中还伴有甜甜的感觉,真美! (5)出示句子:许多小花形成一簇,许多簇花开满一树,遮掩着我的窗,照耀着我的文思和梦想。 ①感情朗读,在读中想象画面,感受丁香花的独特韵味。 ②“照耀着我的文思和梦想”,你是如何理解的? (6)学生根据自己的想象和理解谈一谈。 生:表面写出来丁香花的多,实际上在讴歌丁香花的生命力很旺盛,是一种充满活力的花,让人越看越精神振奋! 生:作者发自内心的喜欢丁香花,因为花儿给了她灵感,给了她创作的激情和希望,所有作者在丁香花中构思自己的文学梦。 ?2.总结课文第一段,作者从哪些方面写丁香花呢? 梳理关键词:形态颜色香味感受 三、理解“悟花”,发挥想象,感悟主题内涵。 1.自由朗读课文,找一找丁香花成为“丁香结”的语句,并谈谈自己的理解。 今年一次春雨,久立窗前,望着斜伸过来的丁香枝条上一柄花蕾。小小的花苞圆圆的,鼓鼓的,恰如衣襟上的盘花扣。 (1)发挥想象,找出原因。 小小的花苞圆圆的,鼓鼓的,恰如衣襟上的盘花扣。 (2)谈谈这样写的妙处。 运用比喻的修辞手法,很生动地写出丁香花的花苞之样子,自然过渡到写“丁香结”,与上下文浑然一体。 2. 阅读课文第四自然段,由古诗句展开想象,想一想古诗中“丁香结”常常表达什么? (1)学生阅读古诗句,理解古诗句的意思。 (2)由古诗句展开想象,谈谈理解。 生:作者先写芭蕉不明白丁香花的心思,接下来通过一幅画面告诉人们答案:“丁香空结雨中愁”!这画面中有雨,有多愁善感的雨,这不就写出丁香花的怨愁与理不断的思绪吗? (3)明白作者将丁香花与细雨迷蒙连在一起写的妙处。 通过写丁香花,通过写细雨迷蒙的画面,说明丁香花有许许多多的愁怨,许许多多理不清的忧愁。作者仅仅在写丁香花吗? 不,是借花抒情,借丁香花来抒发自己内心的愁怨,抒发自己内心无限的忧愁。 (4)有感情地朗读课文第四、五自然段。 3.作者不仅仅借花抒情,而且借花喻理,在丁香花里,作者又有什么生活感悟呢?请找出来读一读。 丁香结,这三个字给人许多想象。再联想到那些诗句,真觉得它们负担着解不开的愁怨了。每个人一辈子都有许多不顺心的事,一件完了一件又来。所以丁香结年年都有。结,是解不完的;人生的问题也是解不完的,不然,岂不太平淡无味了么? (1)自由朗读,轻声说一说你的理解。 (2)交流:阅读这一段话,你获得了哪些生活感悟呢? 生:人生就在愁怨中,不要因为愁,忘却了生活的味道,可以这样说:没有了愁怨,生活本身就不完美! 生:人生中离不开怨愁,但不能一味地怨愁,只要我们找到生活的快乐,就会打开心结,让自己快乐起来。怎样才能打开人生中的心结呢?就是要有豁达胸怀! 生:我觉得人生中的愁怨固然有,但这只是生活里的一个小插曲!只要我们有梦想,一切小小的结终将会打开的,因此不要忧愁! 4.出示古诗句,读一读,谈一谈你的理解与感悟。 芭蕉不展丁香结,同向春风各自愁。 ——李商隐《代赠二首(其一)》 青鸟不传云外信,丁香空结雨中愁。 ——李璟《摊破浣溪沙》 殷勤解却丁香结,纵放繁枝散诞春。 ——陆龟蒙《丁香》 霜树尽空枝,肠断丁香结。 ——冯延巳《醉花间》 四、作业。 ?1.有感情地朗读课文。 ?2.完成课文后的题目。 板书设计 五、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 3. 古诗词三首 教学目标: 1.认识“渚”、“轼”2个生字,会写“德”、“鹊”等3个生字。会理解“渚”、“茅店、社林”等字词的意思。 2.抓住诗句的描写,展开想象,由画面感悟出景物的特点。 3. 感悟画面美的同时,理解诗的意思,体会作者在诗句中蕴含的思想感情。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:通过语言文字展开想象,在脑海中再现景色的美,并分析感悟景色的特点。 2难点:同样写月夜景色,表达的感情则不同,所以要借助诗句,想象生活画面,并能体会思想感情。 教学准备: 1.准备古诗的相关图片。 2.描写月色的古诗和古诗的课件。 第一课时 一、导入新课,激发兴趣。 1.师:王维说过:诗中有画,画中有诗。很多古诗词都是这样,在诗词中描绘了一幅幅鲜明的画。古诗词中描绘了怎样的图画呢?今天我们来学习第3课——《古诗词三首》 ?2.师板书课题 3. 古诗词三首 3.根据题目,判断诗词,并讲出理由。 (1)《宿建德江》和《六月二十七日望湖楼醉书》是诗,因为整首诗的每一行字数相同。《西江月?夜行黄沙道中》是一首词,因为每一行的字数不相同,有多有少,所以又称为“长短句”。 (2)从题目可以分析出:《宿建德江》和《六月二十七日望湖楼醉书》是诗;而《西江月?夜行黄沙道中》是一首词,题目中已告诉我们这首词的词牌名是“西江月”。 二、学习《宿建德江》。 1. 揭题,解题。 (1)介绍作者。 孟浩然:孟浩然(689-740年),湖北襄阳人。是唐代一位不甘隐居,却以隐居终老的诗人。壮年时曾往吴越漫游,后又赴长安谋求官职,但以“当路无人”,只好还归故园。开元二十八年(740),诗人王昌龄游襄阳,和他相聚甚欢,但此时孟浩然背上正生毒疮,据说就是因为“食鲜疾动”,终于病故,年五十二岁。 (2)介绍建德江。『puXuewang.com』 建德江:新安江流经建德(今属于浙江省)的一段。 2. 自读古诗,初步感知。 (1)课件出示古诗,指名读诗,读准生字,强调字音。 (2)再读古诗,把诗读流利,读出诗里的节奏。 3.想象画面,入境悟情。 (1)教师泛读,同学闭目想象你看到了什么? (夜幕降临,江中小舟,烟雾迷蒙,孤身夜宿,身处异乡,旷野无边,天比树低,月与人亲) (2)刚才同学们描述的画面又给你留下的什么印象和感觉?(孤独、沧桑、凄凉)(让学生板书) (3)同学们,读着读着,你认为诗中哪个字眼最触动你的心? (愁)找得真准,看来你已经走进诗人心中了。 (4)“愁新”就是新愁的意思,作者的新愁是什么呢?从哪儿可以看出来呢? 生:思乡之愁,从“日暮客愁新”可以看出来。 生:从“野旷天低树”可以看出来。你看原野空旷,只有树相伴,你说孤独不孤独呢? 生:从“江清月近人”可以看出来。“江清月近人”的意思是:江水清澈,水中的月亮似乎更接近人了!这月亮,怎能不勾起诗人对家乡亲人的思念呢? (5)听了同学们的描述,此时的诗人虽置身于孤舟之上,思绪却早已随月飞远。他的心飞到(家乡去了)他想到了往日与亲人朋友相聚的情景,是一幅什么样的情景呢? (预设1)在一个寒冷的夜晚,诗人和朋友围坐炉边,把酒言欢 (预设2 )在一个风和日丽的日子里,诗人和朋友在桃花林中吟诗作对,流连忘返 (预设3)在一个秋风送爽的日子里,诗人和家人相聚树下,其乐融融 回忆故乡点点滴滴都是幸福,丝丝缕缕都是甜蜜,然而,这里却只有——“野旷天低树,江清月近人”怎能不忧愁呢?其实,是人的内心是多么的不平静啊,怎一个“愁”字了得! (6)齐声朗读古诗,读出“愁”字。 4.借月抒情,拓展古诗。 生:正所谓明月千里寄相思,在我国古代诗歌中用月来寄托情感是很常见的,月亮已成了古人抒发情感的凭借。 (大屏幕出示——生齐读) 举头望明月,低头思故乡。——李白《静夜思》 露从今夜白,月是故乡明。——杜甫《月夜忆舍弟》 海上生明月,天涯共此时。——张九龄《望月怀远》 春风又绿江南岸,明月何时照我还。——王安石《泊船瓜洲》 三、学习《六月二十七日望湖楼醉书》。 ? ?1.俗话说得好:“上有天堂,下有苏杭”,这西湖边是杭州美景之一。今天我们随宋代大诗人苏轼一起去西湖看一看美景。 ? ?2.简单介绍作者与望湖楼。 苏轼北宋文学家、书画家。字子瞻,号东坡居士,四川人。与父苏洵弟苏辙合称“三苏”,为唐宋八大家之一。诗清新豪健,善用夸张比喻,在艺术表现方面独具风格。词开豪放一派,对后代很有影响。 望湖楼又叫看经楼,在今浙江省杭州西湖边。 3. 初学古诗,感知意思。 (1)谁来把题目读一读,注意读准节奏(六月二十七日/望湖楼/醉/书)。 (2)对照插图,自主感悟,可以小组合作学习,也可以利用工具书自学。 黑云翻墨:形容乌云很黑,来势凶猛。 忽吹散:忽然就吹散了,时间很短暂。 水如天:形容雨过天晴,湖水像天空一样清澈明净。 (3)理解诗句的意思并连起来说一说。 4.由诗入手,想象画面,感悟景美。 出示诗句:黑云翻墨未遮山,白雨跳珠乱入船。 (1)引导学生想象画面,感悟夏天雨到来前与到来时的特点。 云:黑雨:白 “未遮山”说明乌云来势凶猛,大有吞噬一切的快速变化之感。 “乱入船”刻画出雨的大而猛。 (2)此时你的脑海里浮现出怎样的一幅画呢?请说一说。 夏天,天空中变化不定,霎时间乌云滚滚,像泼翻的墨水一样扩散开来,开始时,并未遮遍青山。黑云继续扩展,不多会儿,倾盆大雨就下起来。白色的雨点打在船面上,像一颗颗跳跃的珍珠往船里乱滚。 出示诗句:卷地风来忽吹散,望湖楼下水如天。 (1)引导学生想象画面,感受夏天风和水的大。 “卷地”说明风儿特别大,来势凶猛。 “水如天”说明水天相接,水儿特别大。 (2)此时你的脑海里浮现出怎样的一幅画呢?请说一说。 忽然,一阵卷地大风吹过,把黑云吹散。雨过天晴,从望湖楼上向下望去,湖水像晴朗的天空一样清澈明净。 5.借助景物,体会感情,感悟写法。 (1)诗人善于捕捉瞬间变化的情景,像高明的摄影师一样,拍下湖水、墨云、雨珠、风吹等景象,绘声绘色地呈现在读者面前。因此,要仔细观察,抓住形、色、声来细致刻画,就会让景物活灵活现。 (2)通过描写望湖楼下“白雨跳珠”、“水如天”等场景,表达了诗人对西湖夏日之景的无比喜爱之情。 四、总结两首古诗的写法。 ?1.细致描写眼中景,写出景物特点。 ?2.借景抒情。《宿建德江》抒发的是对家乡的思念,旅途的孤独、寂寞之情;《六月二十七日望湖楼醉书》抒发的是对西湖美景的无比热爱之情。 五、背诵两首古诗。 六、教学反思 第二课时 一、复习旧课,导入新课。 1.指名朗读古诗,读出节奏和情感。 2.分析《宿建德江》和《六月二十七日望湖楼醉书》中景物的特点。 二、学习《西江月?夜行黄沙道中》 1.品读上阕。 出示:明月别枝惊鹊,清风半夜鸣蝉。稻花香里说丰年,听取蛙声一片。 (1)此时诗人看到了、听到了、闻到了什么呢?学生结合词的意思来分析。 A:看到的:明月、别枝、惊鹊、鸣蝉、稻子 B:闻到的:稻花香体会丰收的景象。 C:听到的:蝉鸣、鹊啼、蛙声、说丰年 同学们,词中说伴随着清风吹拂,传来阵阵稻花香和哇鸣声,仿佛是青蛙们在争说丰年,那青蛙们会说些什么呢?请同学们发挥想象,说一说,谈一谈。 (2)同桌试着演演说说。 (3)小结:同学们演得真是太好了,说得真是太好了!这儿的“说”字,是青蛙在说吗?那是谁在说?(青蛙、农人、作者自己,都可以,重在体会作者那一刻的喜悦之情)对呀,作者闻着飘于黄沙岭的稻花香,多么盼望有一个丰收年呀! (4)读完上阕,你的脑海里呈现出怎样的一幅画面呢?先想一想,然后根据词的画面说一说。 月光十分明亮,把沉睡的鹊儿都惊醒了,扑棱棱地离开枝头,飞起来了,引起树枝摇曳,半夜里,清风徐徐地吹来,让人感到真凉爽、舒服,风儿还送来一声声蝉的鸣叫,似乎在唱歌呢!田野里,稻花开了,一阵阵清香扑鼻而来,让人感到神清气爽。词人辛弃疾走在乡间的小路上,一路上碰到许多纳凉的老农,都在说着“今年真是一个丰收年”,池塘里,传来一片青蛙的叫声,似乎也在争说丰年。 (5)齐读词,读出意境,读出画面的美。 2.品读下阕。『puxuewang.com』 过渡:这么充满诗情画意的月夜,真让人走进了画卷一般,词人走着走着,天气突然发生了变化,接下来又是一幅怎样的情景呢?自读下阕,在脑海中勾勒画面,也可以和同伴交流感受,如果有不理解的地方,可以相互讨论。 (1)出示:七八个星天外,两三点雨山前。旧时茅店社林边,路转溪桥忽见。 (2)学生交流画面,相机指导朗读。 词人完全沉浸在展望丰收的巨大喜悦之中,浑然不觉天气的悄然变化,他猛一抬头,看到了----“七八个星天外,两三点雨山前”,此刻他的心情怎样?(很着急) 引读----“旧时茅店社林边,路转溪桥忽见” (3)提出质疑:词人疾步向前走,想找个避雨的地方,过去熟悉的茅店就在社林的旁边,词人为什么找不到了呢? 生:道路非常的弯曲、林木茂盛。 生:更是因为词人沉浸在“稻花香里说丰人,听取哇声一片”的愉悦心境之中。 (4)总结下阕,体会诗人的思想感情。 表达了诗人陶醉于黄沙道中的喜爱之情,更为农民丰收流露出欣喜之情。 (5)朗读整首词,并背诵。 三、比较《宿建德江》和《西江月?夜行黄沙道中》 1.相同点:都写了月亮,都借月抒发感情。 2.不同点:抒发的感情不同,《宿建德江》借月亮抒发诗人旅途寂寞、孤独之情,《《西江月?夜行黄沙道中》抒发了诗人陶醉于黄沙道的美景之中,并流露出喜爱与兴奋之情。 四、作业。 ?1.有感情地朗读古诗,背诵三首古诗。 ?2.默写《西江月?夜行黄沙道中》。 五、板书设计 3.古诗三首 宿建德江 六月二十七日望湖楼醉书 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? 西江月?夜行黄沙道中 六、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 4.花之歌 教学目标: 1.认识“穹”、“孕”等10个生字。会理解“苍穹”、“旖旎”、“琼浆”等词语的意思。 2.阅读诗一般的语言,并展开丰富的想象,感悟花积极乐观的人生态度。 3. 有感情地朗读课文,读出对花的赞美与喜爱之情。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:通过语言文字展开想象,理解花的形象,感受生活中的美。 2难点:借助语言文字展开丰富想象,体会花儿向往光明,从不顾影自怜,也不孤芳自赏的人生态度,流露出作者对花的赞美之情。 教学准备: 1.关于花的诗句。 2.黎巴嫩纪伯伦的《啊!风》的课件。 教学过程: 一、创设情境,导入新课。 1.同学们,请看下面一组诗。 春色满园关不住,一枝红杏出墙来。 接天莲叶无穷碧,映日荷花别样红。 黄四娘家花满蹊,千朵万朵压枝低。 这三首诗中都写到花。花是美丽的,带给大自然以多姿多彩,带给大自然以芬芳。今天这节课,我们学习一首散文诗《花之歌》,诗人纪伯伦有一颗敏感而多情的心,所以他笔下的花有生命,有灵气,有个性,它与自然万物和谐相处,构成了生生不息的美妙世界。这花给人以启迪,富有生命的内涵,接下来请跟随诗人,走进花的世界吧! 2.书写课题:4.花之歌 3.介绍作者。 纪伯伦是黎巴嫩诗人、作家、画家,被称为“艺术天才”、“黎巴嫩文坛骄子”,是阿拉伯现代小说、艺术和散文的主要奠基人,20世纪阿拉伯新文学道路的开拓者之一。其主要作品蕴含了丰富的社会性和东方精神,不以情节为重,旨在抒发丰富的情感。代表作品有《我的心灵告诫我》,《先知》,《论友谊》。? 二、初读课文,自学字词。 1.出示自学提示,借助字典等工具书读准字音,把课文读通顺,理解课文内容。 2.教师检查学生学习情况。 (1)检查生字读音。 苍穹( qióng )孕育(yùn )摇曳( yè)馥郁(fù)赠予(yǔ) 硕大(shuò)琼浆(qióng )鸣啭( zhuǎn )婆娑( suō)冠冕(miǎn ?) (2)检查词语的理解。 ①联系上下文理解词语。 我是星星,从苍穹坠落在绿茵中。 “苍穹”的意思是:天空。 ②难字突破法。 “心驰神往”中“驰”的意思是飞奔,词语的意思是:心神奔到所向往的地方。形容一心向往。 ③查字典理解。 祭献:祭祀供奉。 冠冕:古代帝王、官员的帽子。这里指婚礼的礼帽。 旖旎:柔和美好。 ?馥郁:形容香气浓厚。 顾影自怜:回头看看自己的影子,怜惜起自己来,形容孤独失意的样子。 孤芳自赏:把自己比作仅有的花香而自我欣赏,比喻自命清高。 三、再读课文,整体感知。 1.指名分自然段朗读课文。 2.谈谈自己对课文的理解,或者感悟。 3.交流分段,并概括段意。 第一部分(第1-4自然段):讲述了花的成长与芬芳,以及花凋谢的过程。 第二部分(第5-7自然段):通过对花的描述,表现了花积极乐观的态度,展现了花的精神。 4.说说课文的主要内容。 这首散文诗运用第一人称的手法来写,把花比作大自然的话语、星星、诸元素之女、亲友之间交往的礼品、婚礼的冠冕以及生者赠予死者最后的祭献,讲述了花的成长与芬芳,以及花凋谢的过程,表现了花积极乐观的态度,展现了花的精神。 四、品读句子,展开想象,感受花的美好。 ?出示句子一:我是大自然的话语,大自然说出来,又收回去,把它藏在心间,然后又说一遍…… ?作者把花比喻成什么?你从中感悟到了什么呢? ?大自然的话语。让人感受到花是那样的可爱,那样的神秘,总能给人带来美好的享受。 ?出示句子二:清早,我同晨风一道将光明欢迎;傍晚,我又与群鸟一起为它送行。 这句话让你想到了什么画面呢?请用自己的话说一说。 我的脑海里浮现出这样的画面:________________________。 花儿悄悄开放的时候,有早晨的风相伴,风儿在祝贺我,为我的开放而鼓掌……傍晚,太阳就要远去,我和一群群鸟儿送别太阳,很真诚地对太阳说:“太阳,明日见!” 师:对呀,一切都是那么的美好,那么的和谐,这就是生命的芬芳,非常的自然! 出示句子三:我总是仰望高空,对光明心驰神往;我从不顾影自怜,也不孤芳自赏。而这些哲理,人类尚未完全领悟。 ?读着这些句子,你受到了哪些启迪与感悟呢? 生:我知道了要像花儿那样乐观地对待生活,享受生活,不张扬,也不自卑。 生:我懂得了人要追求光明,追求属于自己的世界,便乐观地、开心的生活。 五、总结课文,拓展主题。 ?1.有感情地朗读课文。 ?2.出示拓展美文。 ?你时而歌唱,欢笑;时而又悲叹,哭号。我们能听见你的声音,却见不着你的面貌;对于你,我们能觉察出,但却看不到。你仿佛是爱情的海洋,淹没了我们的灵魂,抚慰着我们宁静的心。 你逢山而升,遇谷而降,在原野上则伸展开去,浩浩荡荡。升时,可看出你的刚毅、坚忍;降时,可看出你的谦恭、礼让;伸展时,则显示出你的轻盈、灵敏。你犹如一位尊贵而仁义的国王,对下层弱者显得和蔼可亲,对倨傲的强者则威风凛凛。 ?找一找作者想象奇特的地方,并谈谈你的感受。 六、板书设计 4.花之歌 七、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 语文园地一 教学目标: 1.交流平台:阅读文章,首先要读懂,把握文章的主要内容,体会文章的思想感情。 2.词句段运用:体会排比句的特点以及这样写的妙处;说说分号的用法;路牌的读音。 3.通过看图、感悟、体验、诵读,体会古诗《过故人庄》。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:阅读要联系生活经验,从课文的内容往生活方向联想、想象,从而使理解深入。 2难点:采用多种形式的朗读和背诵,借助画面,理解古诗大意,体会古诗的意境与思想感情。 教学准备: 1.准备排比句的课件。 2.准备《过故人庄》的录音、课件。 教学过程: ?第一课时 一、揭题导入 今天我们学习“语文园地”的内容。(板书:语文园地) 二、学习“交流平台” 1.复习本单元学习的课文。 2.本单元学习的方法。 感受课文中丰富的想象,深入理解内容。 ?3.阅读“交流平台”的内容,你明白这段话的要点是什么吗? (1)指导学生一边读,一边圈画重点语句。 (2)可以围绕重点写写批注,或感受。 4.交流。 (1)阅读文章,首先要读懂,把握文章的主要内容,体会文章的思想感情。 (2)为了把握文章的主要内容,体会文章的思想感情,关键要想。 5.怎样在阅读中想呢?请联系课文谈谈。 (1)阅读的时候,要联系自己的生活经验想开去。 (2)阅读的时候,可以从课文的内容联想到更多,比如作者的其他作品,写同一景物或事物的作品,以及文章的写作方法,等等。 6.阅读下面的一段话,谈谈你想到了什么? 我看得出草虫的村落里哪是街道,哪是小巷。大街小巷里,花色斑斓的小圆虫,披着俏丽的彩衣。在这些粗壮的黑甲虫中间,它们好像南国的少女,逗得多少虫子驻足痴望。蜥蜴面前围拢了一群黑甲虫,对这庞然大物投以好奇的目光。它们友好地交流着,好像攀谈得很投机似的。看啊!蜥蜴好像忘记了旅途的劳倦,它背着几个小黑甲虫,到处参观远房亲戚的住宅。 生:由大街小巷我想到了草虫的村落肯定很美!一定有许多花儿,一定是弯弯曲曲的,给人以美的享受。 生:我想到了蜥蜴与黑甲虫的对话,不然黑甲虫怎么会爬到蜥蜴的上面呢! 生:由“驻足痴望”一词我知道了,虫子看的表情一定不一样!我觉得它们很可爱! 举例子的时候,要选择本单元中的内容,本单元五“蟋蟀的住宅”这一课了,可以换成“草原”那一课的例子。(不明白什么意思?) 7.总结:『puxuewang.com』 阅读文章时,要由课文内容往外想,这样能加深对课文的理解,而且能够活跃思想,激发创造力哟! 三、学习“词句段运用” 1.出示排比句课件。 A.我是亲友之间交往的礼品,我是婚礼的冠冕,我是生者赠予死者最后的祭献。 B. 漓江的水真静啊,静得让你感觉不到它在流动;漓江的水真清啊,清得可以看见江底的沙石;漓江的水真绿啊,绿得仿佛那是一块无瑕的翡翠。 ? ?C.在轻轻荡漾着的溪流的两岸,满是高过马头的野花,五彩缤纷,像织不完的锦缎那么绵延,像天边的霞光那么耀眼,像高空的彩虹那么绚烂。 2.朗读,理解句子意思。 3.认识排比修辞手法以及特点。 排比是一种把结构相同或相似、意思密切相关、语气一致的词语或句子成串地排列的一种修辞方法。排比的行文有节奏感,琅琅上口,有极强的说服力,能增强文章的表达效果和气势,深化中心。 4.你喜欢哪个句子,从哪里可以看出是排比,这样写的作用是什么? 5.学生选择,并思考,然后交流。 6.总结排比句的特点,然后试着写一两个排比句。 四、总结训练点,布置作业。 ?1.本节课学习了阅读文章的方法和认识排比句。 ?2.从学过的课文中找一找排比句,并整理下来。 ?五、教学反思 第二课时 一、复习旧知,导入新课。 ?1.交流大家整理的排比句。 ?2.朗读排比句,并谈谈这样写的好处。 二、学习“词句段” 1.谈谈你认识的标点符号。 2.老师书写分号“;”提问:在怎样的情况下运用分号呢? 3.出示相关语句。 A.我在原野上摇曳,使原野风光更加旖旎;我在清风中呼吸,使清风芬芳馥郁。我微睡时,黑夜星空的千万颗亮晶晶的眼睛对我察看;我醒来时,白昼的那只硕大无朋的独眼向我凝视。 B.太阳晒着地面,有些地区吸收的热量多,那里的空气就比较热;有些地区吸收的热量少,那里的空气就比较冷。空气有冷有热,才能流动,成为风。 4.学生交流讨论,认识分号的用法。 分号用于复句内部并列分句之间的停顿。比如A句可以这样表示: 第一组: 我在原野上摇曳,使原野风光更加旖旎; 我在清风中呼吸,使清风芬芳馥郁。 第二组: 我微睡时,黑夜星空的千万颗亮晶晶的眼睛对我察看; 我醒来时,白昼的那只硕大无朋的独眼向我凝视。 像这样表示并列分句之间的停顿,就要用分号。如果句子之间不并列,就不必用分号了! 5.学生谈谈B组句子为什么要用分号? 6.写一个句子,要用上分号。 三、继续学习“词句段” ?1.出示路牌,激发兴趣。 ?2.引导学生观察书中的路牌,同桌相互讨论。 ?3.交流。 (1)路牌中的路名的拼音全部大写。 ?(2)地名的拼音全部大写。 4.老师相机点拨。 还有人姓名的拼音也全部大写。 ?5.总结。 ? 这一题是关于路名、地名以及人名的拼音写法——全部要大写。 ?6.巩固练习。 写一写下面的路名与地名。 中同路 ? ? ? 鲁迅 ? 巴金 ? ? 鼓楼路 四、学习“日积月累”。 1.旧知导入。 (1)古诗中有很多表现朋友之间深情厚谊的,你能不能背诵一句这样的诗句? (2)今天我们再来学习一首写朋友之间真挚友情的古诗——唐代诗人孟浩然的《过故人庄》。(板书) 2.教师范读,画出节奏。 3.学生齐读。 4. 教师吟读一句,学生译读一句。 故人具鸡黍——老朋友准备好了鸡和饭。 邀我至田家——邀请我到他家里做客。 绿树村边合——村外绿树环绕。 青山郭外斜——村外远处有青青的山崖。 开轩面场圃——打开窗户面对场圃和莱园。 把酒话桑麻——边喝酒边谈论着庄稼。 待到重阳日——等到重阳节的那一天。 还来就菊花——再来赏菊和喝酒吧。 5.想象古诗中的画面,并说一说。 诗人啊,一棵棵茂盛的绿树把村子围了一个圈,小鸟展开翅膀在蓝天中飞翔,亮着自己清脆的喉咙,欢快地歌唱着,一只大公鸡在悠闲地漫步,村外有青青的山峰斜立着。 诗人啊,你轻轻地打开窗户,一缕暖和的阳光照.在窗子上,空旷的打谷场上,不时走过大公鸡,菜园里蝴蝶在飞翔,花儿把菜园子装扮得那么美丽,你手里拿着酒杯,在和朋友畅谈今年的好收成。 6.“待到重阳日,还来就菊花”表达了诗人怎样的情感呢? 朋友间依依惜别之情。 7.背诵古诗。 五、总结训练点,布置作业。 1.认识了分号的用法,并正确运用分号。 2.认识路名、地名、人名的拼音写法。 3.理解、背诵孟浩然的《过故人庄》。 ?六、板书设计 语文园地 阅读文章——“想” 排比句——词语或句子成串地排列修辞手法 分号——并列句子间的停顿 路牌——路名、地名、人名中拼音的写法 《过故人庄》——朋友间依依惜别之情 七、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 习作:变形记 教学目标: 1.分析题目“变形记”的意思,明白这是一篇想象的作文,要根据题目的要求来想象。 2.发挥想象,把重点部分写详细。 3. ?在想象中表明自己的观点,流露真情实感。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:发挥想象,把你变形后的经历写下来,注意把重点部分写详细。 2难点:要有一个明确的中心,将变形的经历,美妙想法、美好心愿有条有理地表达出来。 教学准备: 准备《我想……》的课件。 教学过程: 第一课时 一、激发兴趣,导入话题。 ?1.请读一读下面的一首诗。 我想…… 我想把小手 安在桃树枝上。 带着一串花苞, 牵着万缕阳光, 悠啊,悠—— 悠出声声春的歌唱。 我想把脚丫 接在柳树根上。 伸进湿软的土地, 汲取甜美的营养, 长啊,长—— 长成一座绿色的篷帐。 我想把眼睛 装在风筝上。 看白云多柔软, 瞧太阳多明亮, 望啊,望—— 蓝天是我的课堂。 我想把我自己 种在春天的土地上。 变小草,绿得生辉, 变小花,开得漂亮。 成为柳絮和蒲公英, 更是我最大的愿望。 我会飞啊,飞—— 飞到遥远的地方。 不过,飞向遥远的地方, 要和爸爸妈妈商量商量…… 2.读完这首诗后,你想变成什么呢?快来说一说你的想法吧! 3.出示作文题目。 选择下面的题目来写你的故事,也可以自拟一个有趣的题目。 地球自述 ? 我是一条幸福的蚯蚓 飘在天上的日子 ? ?夜晚,一棵大树下的故事 发挥想象,把你变形后的经历写下来吧。写完后,和同学交换习作,看看他们对你的“世界” 是不是感兴趣,再根据他们的意见修改自己的习作。 二、分析题意,明确写作要点。 ?1.你准备变成什么呢?为什么? ?2.学生自由交流。 ?3.教师相机点拨。 (1)怎样变形,才会吸引人呢? 不能只是简单的变形,比如“我”经过化妆,变成了一个丑陋的老太婆,这只是简单的化妆,根本不是变形。变形一定要与想象中的人物形象联系在一起,这样变形后的故事才会吸引人,才会生动有趣。 (2)变形后,人物的特点能够变化吗? 变形后,你再也不是你,所以人物的特点要变化。你可以赋予人物各种各样的本领,只要新奇,只要有趣,就可以。不过,人物形象固有的特点不能变,比如孙悟空机智勇敢,这个特点千万不能改变,一改就完全不想这个人物了。 4.如何在作文中发挥想象,把作文写具体呢? 5.学生讨论交流。 6.老师相机点拨。 (1)习作时,我们应该如何发挥想象呢? 发挥想象,是此次作文的重点,也是作文的亮点。这里给孩子们推荐三点妙招:一是人物包装上发挥想象,可以赋予人物一个非凡的本领。二是故事情节上发挥想象,故事千万不要平铺直叙,而是要跌宕起伏,扣人心弦。三是人物言行描写上发挥想象。比如用现代的语言来表达,会让作文幽默风趣,更富感染力。 (2)经过是事情的重点部分,怎样写详细呢? 一是细致描写人物的言行。人物的语言和动作能够反映出人物的特点与性格特征,所以要具体地,细致地描写,越传神越好。这里总结的方法是“细致描写写详细”。二是情节不要平平淡淡,而是要一波三折。怎样才能写得一波三折呢?还是从宫廷剧说起,“一波未平,一波又起”这便是宫廷剧的特色。因此,在“详写经过”时,要设置一个又一个“波折”,或者一个又一个“悬念”。只有这样,情节才会有趣、详细。这种方法总结为“一波三折写详细”。 第二课时 三、学生编写故事。 ?1.根据自己的想象编写故事。 ?2.老师适时点拨。 3.修改作文。 四、老师点评作文。 五、学生再次修改作文。 六、板书设计 变形记 七、精彩范文: 夜晚,一棵大树下的故事 夜静悄悄的,大路旁显得异常安静。我变成了一瓶纯净水,在地上跳来跳去。突然,我听到了“哎哟,哎哟”的呻吟声。是什么在哭呢? 我好奇地蹦了过去,仔细一打量,原来是一棵大树。我很同情地问:“大树啊,你哪里难受?” 大树皱了皱眉头,叹了口气说:“哎!我浑身难受,感觉到身上一点儿力气也没有……特别是我的肚子很不舒服……” “肚子不舒服,莫非你吃了什么?”我很着急地追问。 大树摸了摸自己的肚子说:“也许是!瞧,我旁边的小河黑不溜秋的,臭味更是不堪入鼻呀……” 开始我有些不相信,当我蹦跳到河边时,才一睹小河的真正面貌:河面上堆满了垃圾物,不时还飘来阵阵难闻的死动物的气味…… “哎哟,我的头很晕!”大树又禁不住地叫喊起来。我很关切地摸了摸大树,顿觉树皮失去了原来的光滑,有的竟然一大块一大块地剥落。 大树又长长地叹了口气说:“这里的空气也收到了极大的污染,那是因为在小河旁边有一座化工厂,将有毒的气体不断排放到空中。我是离它最近的,所以吸收的二氧化碳等有害气体是最多的,怎能不头晕呢?” “唉!这可恶的人类怎能这样做呢?”我叹了口气,接着说,“对,你的问题我可以帮助你!”说完,我将纯净水倒进了大树的根部,大树津津有味地吮吸着,夸赞道:“这真是好水,有史以来喝到的最好的水!” 我笑了笑说:“其实,这水还有一个最大的优点,就是能保护叶片,让叶子抵抗有毒气体的侵入!” “哦!还有这作用,如果真的那样,我就可以延长寿命了!”大树笑眯眯地说道。 “你一定可以延长寿命的!自从我的出现,很多科学家和环保学者都投身于保护环境的伟大事业中,我相信这一定会成功的!”那一刻,我无比激动! 从这以后,我蹦到哪里,哪里的环境都变好了…… 八、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 5.七律?长征 教学目标: 1.认识“逶”、“迤”等6个生字,会写“崖”、“渡”2个生字。会理解“逶迤、磅礴、泥丸”等词语的意思。 本课只有两个生字,写稿请参考最新人教六上二样稿。 2.理解诗句的意思,在朗读课文中读出磅礴的气势,并背诵课文。 3. 体会中国工农红军战胜种种艰难险阻,完成二万五千里长征的英雄主义和革命乐观主义精神。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:理解长征中红军遇到的艰难险阻和战士们对待困难的态度,领会全诗的思想感情。 2难点:(1)体会红军的革命英雄主义和乐观精神,并读出磅礴的气势。 (2)了解文章点面结合写场面的方法。 教学准备: 1. 巧渡金沙江,飞夺泸定桥的情景录象。 2.播放《长征组歌》。 第一课时 一、导入新课,激发兴趣。 1. 播放歌曲《长征组歌》,将学生带入红军长征的艰苦岁月。 板书:5.七律长征 2.解题。 (1)七律是中国传统诗歌的一种体裁,属于近体诗范畴,要求诗句字数整齐划一,由八句组成,每句七个字,每两句为一联,共四联,分首联、颔联、颈联和尾联,中间两联要求对仗。 (2)国民党反动派对红军发动了五次“围剿”。从1931年到1934年,在毛泽东同志正确路线指引下,红军取得了四次反“围剿”的伟大胜利。以后,由于王明的错误路线排斥了毛泽东同志的正确领导,造成了第五次反“围剿”的失败。第五次反“围剿”失败后,为了保存革命力量,红军不得不离开中央苏区根据地,开始长征,北上抗日。长征途中,1935年4月,党中央在贵州省遵义召开了遵义会议,会议确立了毛泽东同志的领导地位,结束了王明的错误路线对党的统治,从此中国革命转危为安,从胜利走向胜利。 党中央率领中国工农红军第一方面军,经过福建、江西、广东、湖南、广西、贵州、四川、云南、西康(现已撤销省的建制)、甘肃、陕西等11个省,在整个长征途中,红军爬雪山,过草地,历尽千辛万苦,克服重重困难。红军战士击溃敌人的多次围追堵截,连续行军二万五千里,终于在1935年10月胜利到达陕北根据地。1936年10月,第二、四方面军也到达陕北,与第一方面军会合。 毛泽东同志写下了《长征》这首诗,从诗中我们可以体会到红军二万五千里长征中所遇到种种困难和红军战士在战胜这些困难时所表现的大无畏的革命精神。 二、初读课文,学习字词。 1.提出读书要求:默读课文,一边读一边画出不认识的字和不理解的词,并借助词典等学习工具书理解。 2.教师检查学生学习情况。 (1)检查生字读音。 逶迤(wēiyí)磅礴(pángbó)岷山(mín) ?泥丸(wán) (2)指导易混淆的字。 “崖”是上下结构,与“涯”进行比较。“崖”是山字头,与山有关;“涯”与水有关,泛指水边。 “渡”是左右结构,与水有关,表示从水中经过。 3.读诗歌,要求读出诗歌的停顿与节奏。 三、再读课文,感知理解。 1. 老师范读课文,明显暗示出诗句停顿节奏。 红军/不怕/远征/难, 万水/千山/只等/闲。 五岭/逶迤/腾/细浪, 乌蒙/磅礴/走/泥丸。 金沙/水拍/云崖/暖,      大渡/桥横/铁索/寒。     更喜/岷山/千里/雪,      三军/过后/尽开/颜。    2.学生按节奏试读,达到能读上口,会停顿。 3.教师指名学生朗读,其他学生发表意见。 4.自由朗读诗歌,注意读出气势。 四、读句、释词,理解诗句的意思。 1.出示:红军不怕远征难,万水千山只等闲。 2.释词。 远征:指二万五千里长征。 万水千山:“万”和“千”都不是实数,而是说无数的山、无数的水,实指在长征中遇到的无数艰难困苦。 等闲:平平常常的意思。 3.说说诗句的意思。 红军战士不害怕在长征中遇到的无数艰难困苦,这些艰难困苦在红军眼里被看作是平平常常的事。 4.出示:五岭逶迤腾细浪,乌蒙磅礴走泥丸。 5.释词。 五岭:指越城岭、都庞岭、萌渚岭、骑田岭、大庾岭,在江西、湖南、广东、广西四省边境。 逶迤:弯弯曲曲连绵不绝的样子。细浪:翻着浪花的细流。 乌蒙:即乌蒙山,在云南、贵州两省之间。 磅礴:气势雄伟。 泥丸:泥团子,小泥球。 6.说说诗句的意思。 五岭山脉那样高低起伏,绵延不绝,在红军眼里不过是翻腾着的细小波浪;乌蒙山那样高大雄伟,气势磅礴,在红军看来,不过像泥丸一样在脚下滚过去。〖puxuewang.com〗 7.为什么五岭山像细小的波浪,乌蒙山却像泥丸呢? 说明红军战士勇往直前,活泼乐观,在他们眼里五岭山就很小,如同细小的波浪;同样乌蒙山也很小,如同泥丸。诗人运用夸张的手法写出了红军战士大无畏的革命思想和情怀。这气势是何等的伟大!接下来请同学们读出这种气势。 8.齐声朗读这一句诗。(加点部分要重读,同时要注意放声朗读,读出气势) 五岭/逶迤/腾/细浪, 乌蒙/磅礴/走/泥丸。 四、总结课文,感悟写法。 ?1.“五岭逶迤腾细浪,乌蒙磅礴走泥丸”描写了哪两个场面? 红军过五岭山的快速场面与过气势磅礴的乌蒙山的场面。 ?2.全诗中总写的诗句是哪一句? 红军不怕远征难,万水千山只等闲。 五、布置作业。 抄写《七律?长征》。 六、教学反思 第二课时 一、复习旧课,导入新课。 1.指名朗读古诗。 2.明白全诗的中心句:红军不怕远征难,万水千山只等闲。 ?3.导入新课。 通过上节课的学习,我们知道红军战士勇往直前,很活泼乐观地度过了五岭山和乌蒙山,这是“千山”的代表,“万水”又指哪些呢? 二、再读课文,深入理解。 1.出示:金沙水拍云崖暖,大渡桥横铁索寒。 2.释词。 云崖:高耸入云的山崖。 铁索:指大渡河上的泸定桥,红军过桥时桥上只剩下13根铁索。 3. 说说诗句的意思。 金沙江两岸是悬崖峭壁,水流很急,激流拍岸,给人以暖的感觉;大渡河上的泸定桥上的铁索悬挂在水流湍急的江面上,使人有寒气逼人的感觉。 4.体会“暖”与“寒”的意思。 “暖”是因为红军战士巧渡了金沙江,成功地渡河来到了河对岸,怎能不让人激动欣喜呢? “寒”是因为红军战士从泸定桥上冒着生命的危险,才渡过了大渡河,来到了对岸!看着这悬崖峭壁,看着这汹涌澎湃的大渡河,再看看牺牲的战士们一个又一个,怎能不感慨泸定桥的惊心动魄,让人心惊胆寒呢? 5.这句诗又刻画了哪两个场面?试着用自己的话说说。 一是巧渡金沙江,二是飞夺泸定桥。 ?6.出示:更喜岷山千里雪,三军过后尽开颜。 ?7.释词。 岷山:在四川省北部,绵延四川、甘肃两省边境,海拔4000米左右,终年积雪。 三军:指中国工农红军一、二、四方面军,也就是整个红军。 尽开颜:全都喜笑颜开。 8.说说诗句的意思。 更让红军战士欣喜的是千里岷山、皑皑白雪,红军过了岷山,心情豁然开朗,个个笑逐颜开,表现了红军历尽艰难险阻,取得长征胜利的喜悦。 9.“更喜岷山千里雪,三军过后尽开颜”流露了红军战士怎样的思想感情呢? 为长征胜利而感到无比欣喜、自豪的思想感情。 三、学习写法。 1.课文描写了哪几个场面?请学生以小标题的形式概括。 ?腾五岭山 ? ?走乌蒙山 ? ? 渡金沙江 ? 夺泸定桥 ? ? 喜爬雪山 2.全诗围绕哪一句诗来写的?这样的写法叫什么? ? 红军不怕远征难,万水千山只等闲。 ? 点面结合 3.分析点面结合与特色。 所谓“点”,指的是最能显示人事景物的形象状态特征的详细描写;所谓“面”,指的是对人事景物的叙述或概括性描写。点面结合就是“点”的详细描写和“面”的叙述或概括性描写的有机结合。 点面结合的写法非常有条理,而且能够很全面地反映复杂的活动场面,让场面更加具体、生动。 4.试着运用“点面结合”的方法描写大扫除的场面。 五、作业。 ?1.有感情地朗读课文,读出磅礴的气势。 ?2.背诵课文。 六、板书设计 5.七律?长征 七、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 6.狼牙山五壮士 教学目标: 1.认识“嗖”、“崎”等4个生字,知道“着”是一个多音字,会写“寇”、“冀”等15个生字。会书写“日寇、进犯、游击”等30个词语。 2.朗读课文,以小标题梳理课文内容,并会讲这个故事,体会五位壮士的顽强不屈与强烈的爱国主义情感。 3. 学习关注人物群体,也关注每一位战士的写法,做到点面结合。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:在理清故事的基础上,学会用小标题梳理课文内容,从而深入理解课文内容。 ?2难点:(1)抓住人物的动作、语言、神态等体会五位壮士的顽强不屈与强烈的爱国主义情感。 (2)了解文章点面结合写场面的方法。 教学准备: 1. 电影资料《狼牙山五壮士》。 2.教学插图。 第一课时 一、导入新课,激发兴趣。 1.观看电影资料《狼牙山五壮士》。 2.学生简单谈感受,教师小结,导入。 在抗日战争年代,为了抗击日本帝国主义的侵略,中国人民进行了艰苦卓绝的八年抗战。八年中,中国大地上发生了无数可歌可泣的英雄故事,涌现了千千万万个民族英雄。今天,我们要学习的15课《狼牙山五壮士》,就是发生在河北省保定地区狼牙山区的一个真实故事。    3.板书课题  6.狼牙山五壮士   4.“壮士”指什么人?(指豪壮而勇敢的人) 为什么称他们为“壮士”呢?学习这篇课文后大家就一定会知道! 二、初读课文,学习字词。 1.提出读书要求:默读课文,一边读一边画出不认识的字和不理解的词,并借助词典等学习工具书理解。 2.教师检查学生学习情况。 (1)检查生字读音。 崎岖( qíqū) 叽里呱啦( guā) 嗖(sōu ) 着 ?zhuó (着落) ?? zháo(着凉) ? ?zhe(跑着) (2)指导易混淆的字。 “寇”与“冠”加以比较,在比较中辨析字,会更加准确。 “抡”是左右结构,右面是“仑”,不是“仓”,所以读音是lun,这也说明它是一个形声字。 “悬”是上下结构,上面是“县”,里面只能是两横。 “屹”是左右结构,左面是“山”,右面是“乞”,不能写成“气”。 (3)检查词语的理解情况。 崎岖:陡峭,不平坦。 昂首挺胸:昂着头挺着胸,形容士气高昂。 斩钉截铁:形容说话办事坚决果断,毫不犹豫。 悬崖绝壁:形容高而陡峭不能攀缘的山崖。 惊天动地:惊:惊动;动:震撼。使天地惊动。形容某个事件的声势或意义极大。 气壮山河:形容气概豪迈,使祖国山河因而更加壮丽。 居高临下:站在高处,对着低处,形容所据的地势有利。 3.自由朗读课文,注意读通顺。 三、再读课文,整体感知。 1.检查学生朗读课文,并概括出主要意思。 (1)朗读要大声、不添字、不少字、不停顿、要流利。 (2)用自己的话概括出自然段的主要意思。 2.理清课文记叙顺序,讨论分段。 (1)这篇课文时按照事情发展的顺序来写的。 (2)按照事情的变化过程分段。 第一部分(第1自然段)写1941年秋,日寇集中兵力,大举进犯晋察冀根据地,七连六班接受接受转移群众的任务。 第二部分(第2自然段),写六班五个战士诱敌上山,痛击敌人的情形。 第三部分(第3自然段),写五个战士决定把敌人引上绝路。 第四部分(第4-5自然段),写五个战士把敌人引上狼牙山峰顶后再次痛击敌人。 第五部分(第6-9自然段),写五位壮士英勇跳崖,声音惊天动地、气壮山河。 (3)在概括段意的基础上梳理小标题。 第一部分(1)接受任务 第二部分(2)诱敌上山(puXuewaNG.com) 第三部分(3) 引上绝路 第四部分(4—5)顶峰歼敌 第五部分(6—9)壮烈跳崖 3.归纳课文的主要内容。(抓住主要意思,要运用关键词语加以概括,不要啰嗦。) 本文记叙了七连六班五位壮士为掩护群众和主力部队转移,他们诱敌上山,英勇杀敌,舍身跳崖的故事,表现五位壮士热爱祖国和人民的革命精神。 四、布置作业 1.抄写生字新词。 2.熟读课文。 五、教学反思 第二课时 一、复习旧课,导入新课。 1.指名说出事情发展的小标题。 2.概括课文的主要内容。 3.导入新课。 通过上节课的学习,我们知道五位壮士的英勇的行动,接下来继续学习五位壮士的事迹,感受他们英雄壮举! 二、再读课文,深入理解。 ?(一)讲读第二段:(诱敌上山) 1.教师范读,学生思考;课文是怎样具体描写五壮士痛击敌人时的神态表现? 2.讨论以上思考题,分别找出班长、副班长、战士……各自的神态表现。 (沉着、吼、抢、全神贯注) 3.动作中,你有什么感觉? 课文抓住每个人的特点描写,让学生感受到五壮士的神态、动作虽然不同,可他们的愿是相同的,都是怀着对敌人的刻骨仇恨勇猛歼敌。 4.指导感情朗读。 5.总结学习步骤:  ①找出描写五壮士神态、动作的词 ②谈感受体会。 ③有感情地读课文。 6.在狼牙山顶峰,五壮士又是怎样英勇歼敌呢?(按以上学习方法学习) (二)学生讲读第三段:(引上绝路) 1.出示句子:为了不让敌人发现群众和连队主力,班长马宝玉斩钉截铁地说了一声“走!”带头向棋盘陀走去。战士们热血沸腾,紧跟在班长后面。 2.品读重点词语。 “斩钉截铁”说明班长马宝玉不怕牺牲,毅然而然地选择死亡,也要完成连队交给的任务! “热血沸腾”一词很生动地写出了战士们在班长的感召和鼓舞下,也要用生命完成这个艰巨的任务。 3.谈感受与体会。 4.有感情地朗读这句话。 (三)讲读第四段。(顶峰歼敌) 1.自由轻声朗读课文,五壮士的神态、动作怎样?找出重点词、句,并讨论。 (抢、夺、插、举、喊、拔、拧、掷) 2.这些动作说明什么?你有什么感觉? (结合插图)。 让学生通过品味以上动作词,观察插图,深刻理解五壮士在枪尽弹绝的情况下,面对疯狂的敌人,毫不惧怕,用石头去杀伤敌人!表现了战士对敌人无比仇恨,对人民对革命无比热爱和顽强的斗争精神。 3.理解重点句: 他刚要拧开盖子,马宝玉抢前一步,夺过手榴弹插在腰间,他猛地举起一块磨盘大的石头,大声喊道:“同志们!用石头砸!” 这个句子是写班长马宝玉动作的,“抢前一步”、“猛地举起”写出了班长对敌人的憎恨,对革命的忠诚,具有勇往直前前、不怕牺牲的精神。 4.有感情地朗读这一段。 (三)讲读第五段:(英勇跳崖) 1.同桌练习朗读,划出描写五壮士的神态、动作的词句,并谈谈自己的感受。 2.讨论: 抓住“屹立”、“纵身”、“昂首挺胸”:从“屹立”一词中可感受到五壮士顶天立地的英雄形象。从“纵身”,可看出动作意志果断坚决,写出了班长的从容自若,毫不畏惧。“昂首挺胸”,表现了战士和班长—样具有不怕牺牲的精神。 3.五壮士已胜利完成任务,为什么还要跳崖? 他们的枪弹已绝,敌人已扑上来了,更加疯狂凶恶了,这时战士们宁愿死,也不愿被俘,这更是豪壮的气慨。 4.指导感情朗读。(读出激昂的语气) 三、学习写法。 1.课文如何写五位壮士的呢?学生讨论。 有时对某个人进行聚焦描写,比如班长马宝玉就进行了细致地描写,比如:他刚要拧开盖子,马宝玉抢前一步,夺过手榴弹插在腰间,他猛地举起一块磨盘大的石头,大声喊道:“同志们!用石头砸!” 有时对班里的五位壮士进行概括地描写,比如课文第二自然段,还有第三、四自然段的开头“五位战士胜利地完成了掩护任务,准备转移”、“五位壮士一面向顶峰攀登,一面依托大树和岩石向敌人射击”…… ?2.对,课文在描写时,既关注了群体,又写了每一位战士,所以给人很全面的感觉,而且很具体。这就叫“有点有面,点面结合” ?3.学术交流这样写的好处,并在作文中加以运用。 四、作业。 ?1.有感情地朗读课文。 ?2.讲一讲这个故事。 五、板书设计 6.狼牙山五壮士 六、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 7.开国大典 教学目标: 1.认识“擎”、“诞”等8个生字,会写“盏”、“栏”等13个生字,会读“协商、汇集、预定”等25个词语。 2.能按事情发展的顺序,理清课文的脉络,体会课文场面描写的方法。 3. 感受新中国诞生的激动、自豪之情,并培养学生热爱党、珍惜新生活的思想感情。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:了解开国大典的盛况及毛主席宣告“中华人民共和国成立”的伟大历史意义。 2.难点:关注场面描写的方法。 教学准备: 1.关于开国大典的一段视频。 2.阅兵过程中的影像资料。 第一课时 一、导入新课,激发兴趣。 1.出示“开国大典”的一段视频。 2.导入题目,板书:7.开国大典 3. 解释题意。 “开国”就是一个新的国家诞生,“开国大典”指为迎接新中国的诞生而举行的隆重、盛大的典礼。 4.这开国大典究竟写了哪些内容呢?请同学们自由朗读课文,读通顺。 二、初读课文,学习字词。 1.提出读书要求:默读课文,一边读一边画出不认识的字和不理解的词,并借助词典等学习工具书理解。 2.教师检查学生学习情况。 (1)检查生字读音。 政委( zhèng ?)宾客(bīn ? )擎着(qíng)诞生(dàn) ?? 电钮(niǔ) ? ?瞻仰(zhān) ?聂(nie)荣臻(zhēn) (2)指导易混淆的字。 “爆”与“暴”不同,与“火”密切关联。 “帜”是左右结构,左面是“巾”,与布有关,右面是“只”表示读音。 “距”是左右结构,左面是“足”,右面是“巨”,不是“臣”,要注意比较。 ?(3)检查字或词语的理解情况。 擎:举。 五更天:大约早晨四五点钟。 就位:到自己应到的位置上。 肃立:恭敬、庄严地立着。 瞻仰:恭敬地看。 排山倒海:形容力量强盛,声势浩大。 3.自由朗读课文,注意读通顺。 三、再读课文,整体感知。 1.检查学生朗读课文,并概括出主要意思。 (1)朗读要大声、不添字、不少字、不停顿、要流利。 (2)用自己的话概括出自然段的主要意思。 2.理清课文记叙顺序,讨论分段,对重点部分进行分层理解。 第一段(1—4自然段):写开国大典之前天安门广场的情况。 第二段(5—10自然段):具体写开国大典上毛主席向全世界庄严宣告:新中国诞生了。 本段按内容分为三层:①(5一7节)毛主席宣告中华人民共和国中央人民政府(1949年10月1日)成立了。②(8—9节)升国旗的过程。③(10节)毛主席宣读中央人民政府的公告,毛泽东为中央人民政府主席。 第三段(1l—13自然段):写阅兵式的盛况。 本段按阅兵顺序分为三层:①阅兵式开始的情况。②各兵种通过天安门受检阅。③群众看到检阅部队后的激动。 第四段(14自然段):写天安门广场灯火辉煌的景象和群众队伍游行的情况。 第五段(15自然段):写开国大典结束后的情况。 3.归纳主要内容。 课文描述了新中国成立时开国大典的盛况及开国大典的伟大意义,赞颂了人民解放军的威武雄壮,反映了人民无限热爱毛主席和欢庆新中国诞生,当家做了主人的兴奋心情。 四、布置作业 1.抄写生字新词。 2.熟读课文。 第二课时 一、复习旧课,导入新课。 1.复习生字词语。 2.概括课文的主要内容。 3.导入新课。 二、学习课文第一部分。 1.读这段课文,你有什么感受? 2.从哪些词语中体会到这些感受呢? (成员多,到会群众范围广:“四面八方、汇集……”;来的早:早上六点多就入场;人数多:成了人山人海;热情高:直奔,五更天,摸着黑;秩序好:按照预定的地点排列……) 3.从重点词语句子中体会人们的思想感情 4.指导朗读。 语调适宜、庄重而平直。 三、学习课文第二、三部分。 1.默读课文,说说开国大典分为几个过程?哪些过程最能体现出开国大典的盛况? 2.学生自由发言。 3.教师小结并板书 宣布典礼开始─→奏国歌─→宣布新中国成立─→升国旗─→宣读政府公告─→阅兵式─→群众游行 4.分析阅兵式的情况。 师生探究:为什么阅兵式最能表现开国大典的盛况? 生:接受检阅的部队有海军、步兵、炮兵、战车师、骑兵、空军……兵种多。军队的素质高,这样的描写有“战车整整齐齐的前进;战士们挺着胸膛站在战车上,像钢铁巨人一样”雄伟威严。 生:“欢呼声盖过了飞机的隆隆声”,是因为人民解放军的队伍威武雄壮,它是人民的武装,是新生的人民共和国的强大安全保障。群众看到自己的武装那样强大,战士那样威武,用欢呼来表达自己激动的心情,用喊声和掌声表达着对人民军队的热爱之情。 生:“群众差不多把嗓子都喊哑了,把手掌都拍麻了,还觉得不能够表示自己心里的欢喜和激动。”是中国人民为开国大典流露的欢乐、激动之情。呼喊和鼓掌是表达高兴和激动心情的形式。嗓子喊哑了,手掌拍麻了,说明了人民的心情欢快、激动达到了高潮。 5.描写阅兵的场面真可谓壮观!这段场面描写又有什么特色呢? (1)学生互相讨论、交流。 (2)举例点评。 有点有面,做到点面描写相互结合。 描写细致,有顺序。 6.联系上下文说一说句子的含义,表达了怎样的思想感情。 A.三十万人的目光一齐投向主席台。(为什么不用“朝着”或“看着”) B.场中挺立着一根电动旗杆。(将“挺立”与“立着”进行比较) 7.播放“开国大典”中“阅兵”的影像资料。 8.练习朗读(puXuewang.com) 四、学习课文第四部分内容。 1.指名读书,思考:你读懂了什么,并找出相关语句,在旁边作批注,然后交流。 ? 2.教师行间巡视,指导学生写批注。 ? 3.交流感悟。 生:晚上九点半游行队伍才完全走出会场,典礼时间持续得长。 生:“两股‘红流’”指的是人民群众的队伍,举着灯笼、火把游行。游行队伍一片火红,所以用“红流”代表游行队伍。 生:“光明充满了整个北京城”中的“光明”除了讲光亮外,还象征着人民解放了,摆脱了黑暗社会的统治,前途一片光明。 4.教师相机点拨:“两股‘红流’分头向东城、西城的街道流去”,如果说成“两支游行队伍分头向东城、西城走去”好不好呢? (1)学生讨论。 (2)交流感悟。 不好。表现不出游行队伍声势之大,场面之壮观。 3.找出群众激动、喜悦、兴奋的句子读一读,读出其中的感情。 五、布置作业。 1.抄写词语。 2.简要复述开国大典的过程,注意有条理。 六、板书设计: 7.开国大典 会前:广场布置群众入场 典礼:开始─→奏国歌─→宣布新中国成立─→升国旗─→宣读政府公告 阅兵式:检阅部队群众欢呼 群众游行:天上……地上…… 光明充满北京城 七、教学反思: 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 8.灯光 教学目标: 1.认识“皖”、“歼”等9个生字,理解“璀璨、千钧一发”等词语的意思。 2.朗读课文,理解“灯光”的含义,并从课文中找到“灯光”相关的语句,并深入理解。 3. 懂得今天的幸福生活来之不易,要加倍珍惜的道理。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:理解郝副营长广阔的胸怀和对未来美好的憧憬,以及“灯光”的联系与含义。 2.难点:关注场面描写的作用。 教学准备: 关于灯光的一段视频。 教学过程: 一、导入新课,激发兴趣。 1.出示灯光的一段视频。 2.教师小结,导入。  这千万盏灯是和平的象征,让人们感到很安宁,很温馨。但这灯光的背后还有一段耐人寻味的故事了!今天,我们来学习这个故事——《灯光》 3.板书课题  8.灯光   4.介绍作者。 王愿坚是当代著名的作家。1945年参加八路军。在抗日战争和解放战争中,当过随军记者,解放后创作了不少革命历史题材小说。曾担任《闪闪的红星》这部电影中的一个编剧。 5.这是一个怎样的故事呢?请同学们快速阅读课文,梳理课文内容。 二、初读课文,学习字词。 1.提出读书要求:默读课文,一边读一边画出不认识的字和不理解的词,并借助词典等学习工具书理解。 2.教师检查学生学习情况。 (1)检查生字读音。 围歼( ?jiān ?)豫皖苏(wǎn)电钮( niǔ) 千钧一发( jūn ?)璀璨( cuǐcàn ? )黑魆魆( xū) (2)检查词语的理解情况。 豫皖苏:豫,河南省。皖,安徽省。苏,江苏省。 千钧一发:钧:古代重量单位,一钧等于30斤。千钧一发指千钧的重量系在一根头发上,比喻极其危险。 围歼战:包围起来歼灭敌人的战斗。 璀璨:形容珠玉等光彩鲜明。本课指天安门广场灯光耀眼。 憧憬:向往。 3.自由朗读课文,注意读通顺。 三、精读往事部分内容。 1.学生默读这部分内容,找出描写“灯光”的句子,用笔勾画下来。 2.学生汇报自己勾画的句子。 (1)广场上千万盏灯静静地照耀着天安门广场周围的宏伟建筑,使人心头感到光明,感到温暖。 (2)书上有一幅插图,画的是一盏吊着的电灯,一个孩子正在灯下聚精会神地读书。他注视着那幅图,默默地沉思着。 (3)他又划着一根火柴,点燃了烟,又望了一眼图画,深情地说:"赶明儿胜利了,咱们也能用上电灯,让孩子们都在那样亮和灯光底下学习,该多好啊!"他把头靠在胸墙上,望着漆黑的夜空,完全陷入了对未来的憧憬里。 (4)这位年轻的战友为了让孩子们能够在电灯底下学习,不惜牺牲自己的生命,他自己却没有来得及见一见电灯。 (5)在天安门前璀璨的华灯下面,我又想起这位亲爱的战友来。 3.学生就这些重点句子自读质疑,互相讨论。 (1)学生质疑:为什么看到这上千万盏灯,心头感到光明,感到温暖? “万盏灯”——这么多得灯,大放光明,广场周围还有许多“宏伟的建筑”,说明祖国的建设突飞猛进,所以心头感到光明,感到温暖。 (2)学生质疑:郝副营长:“完全陷入对未来的憧憬里”,他在憧憬什么呢? 郝副营长的话道出了他的美好的心愿,反映了他崇高的精神境界,他想的是祖国的下一代,希望能够给他们创造一个优越的学习条件。郝副营长所说的"多好啊!"是指孩子们在这光亮的灯下学习、生活是多么幸福啊!憧憬的内容可能是:等革命胜利后,劳动人民将为建设祖国、为创造自己的幸福生活而辛勤工作,不再为地主资本家卖命,他们的子女将有可能在舒适的环境中读书学习,不再像父辈那样被剥夺上学的权利------ 4.重点讨论:“这位年轻的战友不惜自己的性命,为了让孩子们能够在电灯底下学习,他自己却没来得及见一见电灯。”对这句话是怎样理解的? 生:表现了革命先烈不惜牺牲自己性命为后代谋幸福的无私奉献精神。 生:体会到我们现在的幸福生活正是无数先烈用鲜血和生命换来的。 生:让我们知道:无数先烈正是为了后代的幸福而不惜牺牲自己生命的,因此我们要珍惜今天的幸福生活。 5.在讨论中,大家明白了“灯光”的含义,接着思考作者这样写有什么妙处呢? 生:让课文的内容相互联系,以一个线索贯穿。 生:让内容相互照应,联系更加紧凑。 生:起着点题的作用,让题目像珍珠一样闪亮! 四、复习写作方法。 1.课文中哪些内容运用点面结合的方法,举例说明。 激烈的围歼战是“面”的描写,郝副营长的思考与点燃火光是“点”的描写。 2.学生讨论交流。 五、总结全文,布置作业。 1.将描写灯光的语句找出来读一读。 2.写一段话。 郝副营长,我想对你说: 六、板书设计 8.灯光 广场  灯光  一声赞叹    幸福生活 阵地  火光  憧憬未来    生命换取 七、教学反思 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 语文园地二 教学目标: 1.交流平台:阅读文章,要抓住场面描写。 2.词句段运用:体会词句重复的妙处;谈谈人物说话时“说”的不同表达方式。 3.书写提示:举办书写作品展览,注意行款整齐、正确、工整。 4.通过理解、感悟、诵读,积累“爱国”的名人名言。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:阅读文章,关注场面描写;背诵关于“爱国”的名人名言。 2.难点:体会词句重复的妙处,以及说的不同表达方式。 教学准备: 1.准备书法作品的课件。 2.词句段运用课件。 教学过程: ?第一课时 一、揭题导入 今天我们学习“语文园地”的内容。(板书:语文园地) 二、学习“交流平台” 1.复习本单元学习的课文。 2.本单元学习的方法。 关注场面描写 3.阅读“交流平台”的内容,你明白这段话的要点是什么吗? (1)指导学生一边读,一边圈画重点语句。 (2)可以围绕重点写写批注,或感受。 ?4.交流。 (1)阅读文章,要关注场面描写。 (2)要学会在作文中进行场面描写。 5.怎样在习作中进行场面描写呢? (1)注重对整个场面进行概括性地描写,这便是“面”的描写。 (2)注重对某个人物或具体的事情进行细致地描写,这是“点”的描写。 (3)注重点面结合,活动过程才会给人留下完整的印象,才能够把重点部分写具体。 6.阅读下面的一段话,谈谈场面描写的作用。 冼星海同志指挥得那样有气派,姿势优美,大方;动作有节奏,有感情。随着指挥棒的移动,上百人,不,上千人,还不,仿佛到位的,上万人,都一齐歌唱。歌声悠扬,淳朴,像谆谆的教诲,又像娓娓的谈话,一直唱到人们的心里,又从心里唱出来,弥漫整个广场。声浪碰到群山, 群山发出回响;声浪越过延河,河水演出伴奏;几番回荡往返,一直辐射到遥远的地方。 生:这段话有点的描写,也有面的描写,有点有面,所以能够很生动地描绘出大合唱的气势雄壮,也能够反映出大家的团结一致。 生:这是对延安歌唱场面的描写。既有鸟瞰式的描绘,又有特写的镜头,点面结合,层次分明,把一个热闹非凡的伟大场面,写得十分动人,从而表现了延安军民的革命精神面貌。 三、学习“词句段运用” 1.出示课件。〖puxuewang.cOm〗 读句子,注意红色画线的部分,说说这样写的好处。 A.起初是全场肃静,只听见炮声,只听见国旗和许多旗帜飘拂的声音。 B.那里的天比别处的更可爱,空气是那么清鲜,天空是那么明朗,使我总想高歌一曲, 表示我满心的愉快。 2.朗读,理解句子意思。 3.讨论词句反复运用的妙处。 反复,是根据表达需要,有意让一个句子或词语重复出现的修辞方法,反复就是为了强调某种意思,突出某种情感,特意重复使用某些词语、句子或者段落等。 4.反复与排比的不同。 数量不一样,反复,相同的词语出现两次就行。排比,结构相似的短语或句子必须三项,或三项以上。 四、继续学习“词句段运用” 1.出示“词句段运用”课件。 写人物说话时,可以不用“说”来表达。读句子,仿照着写一写。 A.清明节前的一个晚上,我又漫步在广场上,忽然背后传来一声赞叹:“多好啊!” B.“我还有作业没完成,不能和你一起去玩了。”我婉言谢绝了伙伴的邀请。 C.“既然这样,你以后再也不要来找我玩了!”话一出口,我就后悔了。 D.满腹下甚至盯着我的眼睛,一脸焦急:“你的眼睛怎么肿了?” 2.朗读,理解其意思。 3.分析不同的“说”。 ? A句是“赞叹”,B句是“婉言谢绝”,c 句是“话一出口”,D句没有用“说”,只是用“:”引出说的内容。 4.生活中形容“说”的词语比较多,如“窃窃私语”、“谈论”、“争吵”……请选择表示“说”的一个词语写人物的“说”。 五、总结训练点,布置作业。 ?1.本节课学习了阅读文章要关注场面描写,以及词语反复的妙处。 ?2.“说”可以用不同方式加以表达,请写一句人物的说话。 第二课时 一、复习旧知,导入新课。 ?1.交流词语反复的妙处。 ?2.谈谈课文《开国大典》中的场面描写。 二、学习“书写提示” 1.出示书法作品的课件。 2.学生朗读。 3.交流两幅书法作品的相同点、不同点和妙处。 ?相同点:作品后面都有题款。 不同点:《游子吟》是一首诗,是竖着写的。 ? 《草原》(节选)是课文的一句话,是横着写的。 妙处:字迹工整,条理清晰,注意行距,给人以整齐端庄的感觉。 4.老师指导:完成书法作品时,要注意选择合理的款式,同时要全面。另外要注意以下几点: (1)行款整齐,布局合理。 (2)书写正确,不出现错别字,不规范的字。 (3)养成自我检视的习惯,不断提高书写水平。 5.学生临摹,注意要求。 6.老师及时点拨。 三、学习“日积月累”。 1.旧知导入。 “人生自古谁无死,留取丹心照汗青”这句诗选自文天祥的《过零丁洋》,这句诗诠释了文天祥的爱国之心,捍卫了中华民族的尊严,证明了中国人是有民族骨气的!接下来我们再来学习几则爱国名言。 2.教师范读。 3.学生齐读。 鞠躬尽瘁,死而后已。——【三国】诸葛亮 捐躯赴国难,视死忽如归。——【三国】曹植 祖宗疆土,当以死守,不可以尺寸与人。——【宋】李纲 位卑未敢忘忧国。——【宋】陆游 4.学生理解意思,交流感受。 鞠躬:弯着身子,表示恭敬、谨慎;尽瘁:竭尽劳苦;已:停止。指全心全意地贡献出全部力量;到死为止。 为了解除国难献身,把死亡看作回家一样。这句话可以看出曹植非常的热爱国家。 祖宗留下来的土地,我们无论如何也要守住,一寸土地也不能让给别人。这句话告诉了后人要保卫祖国的疆土,神圣不可让敌人侵犯。 尽管地位低下,但不敢忘记处于患难中的国家。这句话充分说明了每个人都有为祖国担忧的意识,因为维护祖国的尊严是中华儿女的责任! 5.讲一则爱国故事,学生谈感悟。 爱国的杜子威 在苏州,流传着一位归国博士的动人事迹。他叫杜子威,是苏州医学院副院长。他出生在日本,在东京获得博士学位。1972年,他离开日本,和妻子一起回到了祖国。 侨居在日本的父亲为杜子威苏州医学院附属医院建造了一座研究室花了整整一百万元人民币。杜子威不要一点报酬,把研究室献给了国家。有人以为杜子威很有钱,问他:“你戴的是什么牌的手表?”他爽朗地笑道:“国产的,苏州牌,才45元,走得相当准。”杜子威把价值一百万元的研究室献给了国家,自己却省吃俭用戴的是45元的手表。人们被他这种崇高精神所感动。敬佩地伸出了大拇指。 1979年,杜子威率领医学代表闭访问日本,他离开日本七年了,家里听到这个消息,高兴极了,准备好饭菜等着他。可是,等了好几天,也不见他的身影。原来,访日时间只有半个月。杜子威舍不得这点宝贵的时间,全安排了工作,只是在归国的前一天,代表团的其他同志上街参观去了,他才回家吃了一顿饭。 1982年,杜子威再次到日本。他为了给国家节省外汇,从宾馆搬到父母家住。临走前,父亲给他一台彩色电视机。杜子威却说:“电视机我有了,我缺的是专业资料,今后给我寄点”。 四、总结训练点,布置作业。 1.书写作品要行款整齐、布局合理,还要正确。 2.理解、背诵关于“爱国”的名言。 五、板书设计 语文园地二 阅读文章——关注场面描写 词语反复不同的“说” 书写提示——行款整齐、布局合理、正确规范 爱国名言 六、教学反思: 总序: 主备人: 复备人: 口语交际:演讲 教学目标: 1.准备好演讲稿,做到材料合适,观点明确。 ?2.演讲时要做到语气、语调适当,姿态大方。 ?3. 演讲时要注意感情恰当,增强表现力。 教学重点难点: 1.重点:写好演讲稿,让演讲有说服力。 2.难点:(1)根据题目,选择合适的材料,例举生动的故事。 (2)注意停顿、重复或者辅以动作,增强演讲的表现力。 教学准备: 名人演讲的视频。 教学过程: 一、激趣导入。 1.出示一段名人演讲的视频。 2.学生交流体会或感悟。 3.导入口语交际——演讲。 二、师生交流。 1.出示演讲的题目。 科学读书锻炼身体健康饮食 ?2.请选择一个话题进行演讲,怎样才能演讲更精彩呢?请大家交流观点。 3.学生交流,老师提炼观点。 (1)演讲的内容要精彩——事例多有代表性、引用名言警句、语言要真挚等。 (2)演讲的水平高超——态度要和蔼、巧妙注意感情渲染、辅以动作等。 4.出示一段演讲稿,学生评析。 书是人类进步的阶梯。古语有云:“书中自有黄金屋,书中自有颜如玉。”书是人类精神的粮食。 我是在读书中享受艺术美,享受其带来的无穷乐趣。我可以畅游在书的海洋里,坐着轻舟在三峡中勇进,去感受李白“两岸猿声啼不住,轻舟已过万重山”的喜悦,也可以漫步于塞外广漠的草原之上,去领略王维所点燃的直冲云霄的孤烟,欣赏那动人且让人流连忘返的“长河落日圆”,还可以欣赏“衔远山,吞长江,浩浩荡荡,横无际涯,朝晖夕阳”如此壮阔的岳阳楼。 5.学生交流演讲稿的特色之处。 (1)运用排比的修辞手法,很有感染力。 (2)富有文采,让人感受到演讲稿的深刻内涵。 (3)观点明确,事例较多,有说服力! 三、准备演讲稿。 1.分小组进行。 2.各人整理演讲稿的内容与提纲。 3.整理好事例、警句等。 四、现场演讲。 1.每小组选取一人进行演讲。 2.设立评委打分。 3.评委点评演讲者的优点与不足之处。 4.公布演讲比赛的成绩。 五、教师总结。 1.生活中离不开演讲,演讲能够让陈述的观点更加明确,让表达的意思更加鲜明。 2.演讲时的注意点。 (1)语言通俗易懂,不要生硬,书面化。 (

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  • ID:4-7704858 盐城市译林版小学英语六年级下册期末调研卷(含听力书面材料,听力音频 无答案)

    小学英语/期末专区/六年级下册

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  • ID:4-7704843 2020年高一暑假阅读理解专项含答案(共95页)

    高中英语/暑假专区/高一年级

    12471400110998002020年高一暑假阅读理解专项 一: 第一节(共12小题;每小题2分,满分24分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Shakespeare's Family Homes Pass Enter the world of Shakespeare and see the places that inspired a genius, with entry to five historic properties (房产))) in Stratford-upon-Avon. The properties: Shakespeare's Birthplace --- Enjoy a multimedia exhibition and live theatre Hall's Croft -Visit the traditional herb gardens and home of Shakespeare's daughter Susanna Anne Hathaway's Cottage - Hear readings of Shakespeare's most popular sonnets Maty Arden's Farm-- Watch falconry displays and traditional crafts Shakespeare's New Place --- Walk in the footsteps of Shakespeare and explore where he wrote some of his most iconic works like his four tragedies(悲剧). Price Adult ((18+)) ?20 Child (3-17) ?10 Under 3: free Concession (优惠) ?15 60+ and students (18-25) with ID *Tickets are valid(有效) for one visit to each of your 5 properties in a 72 hour period, *Please note that customers who are disabled can buy a concession ticket and then mil be able to have one carer admitted free. Opening dates and times Winter Season: 4 November 2019 - 15 March 2020 Shakespeare’s BirthPlace: open Monday - Sunday, 10am - 4pm Shakespeare's New Place: open Monday - Sunday, 10am - 4pm Anne Hathaway's Cottage: open Monday - Sunday, 10am - 4pm Halls Croft: open Monday - Sunday, 11am-4pm Mary Arden's Farm: closed *Shakespeare's BirthPlace, Shakespeare's New Place, Anne Hathaway's Cottage: open on the 24 December 10am-lpm, closed 25-26 December. Spring/Summer/Autumn Season: 16 March 2020 - 1 November 2020 Shakespeare's BirthPlace and Anne Hathaway's Cottage: open Monday - Sunday, 9am - 5pm. Shakespeare's New Place, Hall's Croft and Mary Arden's Farm: open Monday - Sunday 10am-5pm Closing times listed above are last entry. Houses close 30 minutes after last entry. 1. According to the advertisement, visitors can . A. hear Shakespeare's sonnets at Shakespeare's Birthplace B. explore where he created some of his master works C. visit the properties many times with the ticket in 72 hours D. visit the 5 properties free of charge on Christmas Day 2. If Tom, who is disabled, visits the properties with his wife and 13-year-old son, he should at least pay . A. ?10 B. ?25 C. ?30 D. ?50 3. Li Hua, a fan of Shakespeare from China, will visit Shakespeare's BirthPlace on July 25. He should exit at the latest before . A. 4:00 pm B. 4:30pm C. 5:00pm D. 5:30 pm B New climate-control jackets have helped people stay warm in subzero conditions, and even made cows comfortable enough to produce more milk. But it all began with an Indian graduate's simple wish for clothing that could be used for both the cold Boston winters and heated MIT campus rooms. Now, the MIT graduated company has begun selling the jackets and other clothes that allow wearers to control their level of comfort without adding or removing layers. "Our products can go from 0°C to 100 °C in the push of a button," said Vistakula, founder and CEO of the company. “We have four levels of heating and four levels of cooling that include low, medium, high and very high" When electricity runs through the junction where two different metals meet, it creates a temperature difference so that one side heats up and the other side cools down. Such heat-exchange equipment also needs fans to blow away the heat. "We were able to reduce the weight and get rid of the need for a fan," Vistakula told Innovation News Daily. "That made it very suitable to put it into clothes." The current clothing runs on a range of laptop batteries(电池)that can support up to eight hours of hot or cold comfort. Aside from shoes, jackets and bike helmets, the startup also sells knee and elbow packs that provide hot or cold therapy (疗法)for aching joints. That's just the beginning, as the 20-person team tries many new and different applications (应用)in the search to find what works. They have their eyes set on a "HaemoSave" application that could use freezing temperatures to control bleeding, and pain during medical emergencies. "That's at a very early stage," Vistakula explained. "It works for superficial(表面的)wounds, but we have to do deeper wounds and see what happens." In another case, tests with jackets adapted for cows succeeded in enabling the cows to produce more milk. But the current costs mean that farmers can't afford such equipment - at least not until the company scales up its production and lowers the price. It's an ambitious goal, but their confidence is supported by the startup's innovation(创新) philosophy. "Nature has been innovating for billions of years, so you just have to look in the right place," Vistakula said. "If you go looking for answers, you'll find them.” 4. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. The technology were first designed to control climate. B. The clothing is user-friendly with a simple push of button. C. The clothing runs on batteries that can last at least eight hours. D. The clothing needs fans to create a temperature difference. 5. According to Vistakula, next they have to test whether HaemoSave can . A. be applied to reduce pain B. be used to control bleeding C. function for deeper wounds D. make body temperatures low 6. It can be inferred from the passage that . A. the technology doesn't work well in practice B. the technology can be widely applied in life C. the company will increase production to meet market needs D. the company is now facing a very uncertain future 7. What can we conclude from what Vistakula said in the last paragraph? A. We can probably innovate anything in nature. B. Innovation should be encouraged to protect nature. C. It has taken billions of years for nature to change. D. We should innovate as it agrees with Nature. C It was decades ago now, but it's still one of the most memorable conversations of my life. On a long, slow train heading north, with nothing to do but watch the rain, the man sitting opposite began trying to talk to me. Like most young women who have learned the hard way to be careful of strangers, I was unfriendly. But curiosity took over when he said that he was just bored, and liked talking. So that's what we did for hours and hours as the man turned out to be quite talkative. When the train finally pulled in, we didn't change numbers. However, I still think about it sometimes on long, boring journeys, before getting a phone out and scrolling silently like everyone else. It's a rare person who can cheerfully break the social rule about not talking to strangers without any ill intention, but life would be more interesting if more of us knew how to do it. And that's why I can't be as cynical as I probably should be about “Tube Chat" campaign launched to encourage Britons to talk to each other. All anyone is being asked to do is to start a conversation they wouldn't otherwise have had — maybe with a friend from whom they've been apart or a neighbor they don't know. Obviously, it takes more than a bit of small talk over garden fences to unite strangers together. More people live alone than did so a generation ago, and the rise in freelancing(自由职业)means more of us work alone too. We socialize increasingly through screens, sending texts instead of bothering to call. It's true that the “Tube Chat'' campaign of a few years back failed in its attempts to make Londoners talk to each other on public transport. But even city people who would normally die rather than make eye contact with strangers still happily gather in large numbers by the Thames for the New Year's Eve fireworks. They would get a far better view at home on television — it's not really about the fireworks, but about being part of something communal(公共的). There's no guarantee(保证)that this latest campaign to reconnect will succeed wherever others have failed. But if there ever a moment to stop social disbelief it may start a fire to warm a world that sometimes feels cold. Wherever my train friend is now, . 8. The author introduced her train friend to . A. share her most memorable but boring journey B. express her deep regret for losing touch with him C. show that talking to strangers can add interest to life D. explain why people are becoming indifferent 9.The underlined word “cynical" is closest in meaning to . A. doubtful B. supportive C. confused D. disappointed 10. The example of Londoners gathering for the New Year's Eve fireworks is used to show that A. “Tube Chat", failed in its attempts to unite strangers together B. it's hard to break the social rule about not talking to strangers C. people have a wish to be socially connected by nature D. "Tube Chat" made some difference to reconnecting people 11. Which of the following best fits in the blank in the last paragraph? A. I hope he's still talking B. I hope he is still as interesting C. I will miss him forever D. I will try to get in touch with him 12. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Keep our desire to connect. B. Avoid talking to strangers. C. Show respect for social disbelief D. Socialize with our friends. 二:第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Tate Modern,London,UK Together with three other Tate museums. Tate Modern located in London is a national museum of international音 modern art. It is one of the largest museums of modern and contemporary art in the world. Most of the exhibit items are open to the public for free,only charging for major temporary(临时的)exhibitions. The Musee du Louvre,Paris,France It is the world's largest and most visited art museum and a historical land mark of Paris. Housed in the Louvre Palace,the museum has been added to many times since its opening in 1793. Its glass pyramid in the main courtyard was designed by Chinese American architect Ieoh Ming Pei,and it later became a signature design of the museum. appearing in the hit thriller The Da Vinci Code starring Tom Hanks and Audrey Tautou. National Museum of China, Beijing, China Near Tiananmen Square in Beijing, it's one of the largest museums in the world and the second-most visited art museum in the world, just after the Musee du Louvre. Covering a time span from the Yuanmou Man of 1.7 million years ago to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the museum houses around 1. 05 million items-and many cannot be found in museums elsewhere. State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia The State Hermitage Museum is the second-largest art museum in the world. The public can visit five of the main buildings: the Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, Old Hermitage, New Hermitage and Hermitage Theatre. Frequently seen in pop culture. it often appears as a setting for films. TV series, novels and even video games. 1. Tate Modem, London, UK is attractive partly in that. A. it is a national museum with three branches B. entry to most of its exhibitions is free of charge C. its exhibitions range from ancient art to modern art D. visitors can purchase some wonderful exhibit items 2. What do we know about The Musee du Louvre? A. It often serves as a setting for films. B. It slays the same as it was when first built. C. It is the most visited art museum in the world. D. It was designed by a Chinese American architect. 3. Which museum displays unique items from the Yuanmou Man? A. Tate Modern. London, UK. B. The Musee du Louvre, Paris, France. C. National Museum of China, Beijing. China. D. State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia. B Grandparents are respected in many human societies. But telling stories about old times and overfeeding grandchildren seem like human qualities. Are these classic grandparent behaviors really limited to humans? Do any animals know their grandparents the way people do? For most species on Earth,the answer is certainly “No”. "Usually,there aren't grandparents around anymore when an animal is born,"said Mirkka Lahdenpera,a biologist at the University of Turku in Finland. "Even if an animal's life span does overlap(重叠)with its grandparents',most species spread out to avoid competing for resources,so the chance of running into a grandparent is slim. " But there are a few clear exceptions,primarily among mammals(哺乳动物)that live in close social groups. In troops of langur monkeys in India,older females lived together with their daughters and grandchildren. The grandmother langurs defend the group's babies against attacks and even give their own grandchildren special treatment. Many whale species,too,travel in family groups that include both grandmothers and grandchildren. Elephant herds are also famously matriarchal. They are led by a grandmother,who can live to around 80 years old,and are generally made up of her daughters and their young. The females in a herd form close bonds and work together to raise their young. Lahdenper found that the babies of young mothers were eight times more likely to survive if their grandmothers lived near them than if they didn't. When the young mothers were older and more experienced at raising babies,this beneficial grandmother effect disappeared even if the actual grandmothers were still around. Indeed,most evidence for the benefits of grand parenting comes from mammals. But in 2010,researchers found that in troops of insects called gall-forming aphids,older females defend their relatives after they've stopped reproducing(繁殖). And what about grandfathers?Studies of humans in recent decades have shown that a living grandfather can improve a person's mental health and other indicators of well-being. But there's no evidence of that in the animal kingdom. Male animals rarely socialize with their own children,let alone any grandchildren. 4. From what Mirkka Lahdenpera said, we can learn that___________. A. an animal is not very likely to meet a grandparent B. an animal is taken away from its grandparents at birth C. animals' grandparents move away to avoid responsibility D. animals' grandparents often fail in competition for resources 5. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 indicates that._________. A. elephants have a high level of intelligence B. elephants enjoy an equal and fair social system C. elephants are the largest land animals with a long life D. elephants live in social groups with females in charge 6. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Insects still able to reproduce will defend their relatives. B. Animals' beneficial grandmother effect will exist forever. C. Animals can be mentally healthier with their grandfathers. D. Male animals seldom spend time with their grandchildren. 7. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Do any animals know their grandparents? B. Do any animals respect their grandparents? C. How do animals live with their grandparents? D. How do animals socialize with their grandparents? C Recognized as "the goddess scientist",Ning Yan(or Nieng Yan),42,is a leading biology researcher at Princeton University in the US. On April 30,she was included among 100new members and 25 foreign associates into The National Academy of Sciences,a famous scientific institution that aims to recognize outstanding research in the US. Yan is a rising star in the science world and her resume(履历)is impressive. After graduating from Tsinghua University and Princeton,she was invited to set up her own laboratory at Tsinghua in 2007. At age 30,she became one of China's youngest-ever female professors. It was a long road to get where she is now. She told People magazine that she always believes that scientists need to have a pure mind and determination. Yan likes to work at night,because she can focus when the outside is quiet. She also works at least 14 hours a day,but she's energetic,because research is the most "comfortable” job for her,according to an interview with People magazine. This devotion to her work probably helped Yan in her research to identify the structures of proteins in cells' plasma membranes,which puzzled scientists for half a century. Her achievements got her listed among the journal Nature's Science Stars of China in 2016. Yan also enjoys TV dramas and classic novels. Surprisingly,the novel Journey to the West inspired her to become a structural biologist. In the book,the Monkey King turns into other animals. She wondered what it would be like to change herself. Luckily. Yan now lives in that world every day,exploring how proteins work at the level of atoms. “It was almost destined(命中注定的)that I would become a structural biologist,"she said in an interview with Nature. As she realizes her own dreams,Yan tries to encourage more women to follow careers(职业)in science. In her eyes,there is no difference between men and women in the scientific fields. “Women can work as excellently as men and live the way they choose to,"she said in a public interview. 8. What made Ning Yan become a member of the National Academy of Sciences? A. Her social background. B. Her impressive wisdom. C. Her first-class education. D. Her outstanding research. 9. Which of the following played a role in Yan becoming a structural biologist? A. People magazine. B. Journey to the West. C. The journal Nature. D. Science Stars of China. 10. Ning Yan would probably agree that_________ A. scientists can win success by working at night B. women can match men in scientific achievements C. more women should be allowed to take up science D. scientists should enjoy TV dramas and classic novels 11. What can we learn from Ning Yan's story? A. It is never too late to learn. B. Many hands make light work. C. Actions speak louder than words. D. Nothing is impossible to a willing mind. D San Francisco has decided that its city government workers can't use computer programs that recognize faces It is the first US city to take such a strong step to keep this technology under control. When a computer system identifies a person from their face in a picture,it's called “facial recognition". Many police departments use facial recognition. It can be helpful when police just have a picture of a suspect(嫌疑犯). but no other information. Normally,even with facial recognition,police must have other proof showing that a person is guilty. But many people say facial recognition programs aren't good enough yet. The programs can usually recognize white men. But they're not so good at identifying women and people with darker skin. They worry that "false matches"-when the computer thinks it has identified a person,but it's wrong-will make innocent people look like criminals. For companies like Amazon and Microsoft,facial recognition is a big business. Amazon has worked hard to sell their facial recognition program to police departments around the US. Microsoft sells tools that allow prisons to watch people inside. To work well,facial recognition programs must have a great number of pictures of people. But most people whose pictures are in the systems never gave permission(许可)for their pictures to be used. Many people worry that using computers to identify or track people will decrease freedom. Now,in many places,facial recognition is used to keep people under control and much of public life is watched on security cameras. Similarly,many cities in America and Europe are also almost completely covered by security cameras. Police officers now often wear cameras on their bodies,recording all the time. It's usually not clear when governments are using facial recognition and how they are using it. Facial recognition is already being used at airports throughout Europe and in the US. The Department of Homeland Security expects to have pictures of 97%of the people flying out of the country in the next four years. As these powerful computer programs become more common, San Francisco's move to control facial recognition is an unusual and strong move to limit the way governments use computers to watch and control people. 12. Why do people worry about facial recognition programs? A. They cannot multiply people's responsibility. B. They cannot help police identify good people. C. They will mistake innocent people for bad people. D. They will identify black people instead of white people. 13 How can facial recognition programs function effectively? A. Companies should work with each other. B. People should have more pictures taken. C. They should include as many pictures as possible. D. Police departments and prisons should be under control. 14. What makes people feel their freedom is on the decrease? A. There are police everywhere. B. A lot of security cameras are used. C. More people are forced to stay at home. D. Governments focus more on facial recognition. 15. What's San Francisco's attitude towards government workers using facial recognition? A. Disapproving. B. Supportive. C. Doubtful. D. Optimistic. 三:第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) A Our Teen Summer Spanish Program is two weeks of fun, educational excitement that helps students learn Spanish fast. Our Spanish summer program allows our students to learn from highly trained, certified teachers and be absorbed in the language and the culture of Costa Rica. Features include: Intensive(强化的) daily Spanish classes Extracurricular classes in dance, cooking, music, and handiwork Outdoor activities including hiking, camping, rafting, and ziplining(高空滑索) Homestay with a local Costa Rican family Volunteer work in needy neighborhoods Our Teaching Methods: We are proud to use TPRS---Total Physical Response Storytelling---in our curriculum. This innovative method uses strange and amusing stories to teach new vocabulary, increase fluency, and get students involved by giving them the opportunity to alter the details themselves. Because of the silliness, creativity, and repetition involved, TPRS allows students to learn easily and remember information effortlessly Memorizing vocabulary and listening to lectures on grammar are slow, inefficient ways to learn a new language. The best way to truly learn and commit new material to memory is through conversation. In our Spanish classes, students can expect to speak up to 80% of each class. By speaking in the new language freely and consistently, students can see progress faster because they are using the new grammar and vocabulary that they have learned at the same time. This helps the brain remember the new words and grammar structures for future use, making it much easier to progress. 1. What does the program do? A. It offers weekly Spanish classes B. It focuses more on outdoor activities C. It gives teachers a chance to receive training D. It provides activities about the Spanish culture 2. What is the best way to learn a language according to the text? A. Memorizing a larger vocabulary B Speaking more in the new language. C Mastering more grammar structures D. Writing stories to share with others 3. What is the purpose of the text? A. To employ experienced Spanish teacher B. To hire foreign volunteers for a program C. To attract teen foreigners to a program D. To introduce language learning methods B At a comedy night at Johns Hopkins Univerity in Maryland, members of the school's comedy(喜剧) club bring lots of laughter to their classmates with funny speeches and humorous body movements. These college student comedian’s humour entertains busy, young people and eases their stress. Yet the club member Arella Shua says comedy is serious work. Every comedy starts as an individual project-- each member writes their own material. Then they try it out in weekly club meetings where all club members read the material, going joke by joke and seeing what works and what doesn’t. Nothing unsatisfactory will be compromised(妥协). In this way comes a satisfying comedy. Ariella joined the club last year. Now she does not go anywhere without bringing something on which she can take notes. “Whenever I just have a thought in my head or when I see something or overhear someone saying something in the library, I just put it down, "Arielae explained. "when I’m trying to write my own set, I go through that……to see if there is anything in there that I can use." Club president Nicholas Scandura finds writng one of the many skills he has developed since joining the club.“Writing jokes takes a lot of critical thinking.” he said. The club gives its members a sense of community. When they meet, they share funny experiences. tell jokes and laugh. Harry Kuperstein discovered the club was a natural fit. Noticing the funny qualities of different situations improved his way of looking at the world. Becoming an active member also helped him work on the future skills he'll need as a medical doctor. "Having jokes ready to go might help smooth these interactions and make you a better public speaker, " he said. 4. What can a successful comedy be described as? A. A group effort B. A personal project C. A satisfying task D. A compromised result 5. What habit has Ariella formed since joining the club? A. Creating her own style. B. Going to the library regularly C. Taking notes in class D. Becoming a good observer 6. How can the club help Harry in his opinion? A. By easing his stress of being a doctor B. By preparing the ground for his career. C. By changing his way of communication D. By developing his interest in public speaking 7. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. Laughter Is Serious Work B. Humor Is an Edge in Jobs C Comedy Comes with Learning D. Clubs Influence One's World View C No doubt there are ups and downs in life. Whatever the situation is, you shouldn’t lose your joy of life. Life is for a limited period only and no one knows how long he/she will live, so why do you waste your precious time in worrying about the things that are beyond your control? Be happy, and enjoy your life unconditionally (无条件地). You enjoy good days but you also need to learn how to enjoy bad days, even enjoy your pain. In 2016 when I was in Geneva, Switzerland, I suffered a sudden heart attack. My colleagues called an ambulance and I was taken to hospital with much pain in my chest. Before reaching hospital, I was totally exhausted with pain and was going to lose control of my emotions. Then the doctor in the ambulance said, “Don’t worry; you are in safe hands.” His words took away all my pain because I started realizing that it was no time to worry about pain and it’s time to be happy that my life was safe. At that time, I learnt an important lesson that in pain there is a hidden joy and whoever sees the bright side can enjoy pain. My pain turned into a joy which greatly helped me recover more quickly than expected. You not only enjoy success but you also need to learn to enjoy failure. Failure provides you with an opportunity to benefit from so many choices you’ve made. Celebrating failure will raise your morale and make you more powerful and determined to achieve success. We all make mistakes in life but only the courageous people not only laugh at their own mistakes but also let other people laugh at them and then they reach success without any spiritual burden (负担). A person who learns from mistakes and knows how to turn the bad situation into his/her favor is the most intelligent person and really enjoys his/her life. 8. What does the author mainly tell us in the first paragraph? A. Life is full of ups and downs. B. People’s lives only last a limited period. C. We should enjoy our life unconditionally. D. Bad situations can be changed into good ones. 9. Why did the author still feel happy when experiencing much pain? A. His colleagues were always with him. B. He could be looked after by his parents. C. He planned to enjoy the last days in life. D. His doctor made him realize the value of being alive. 10. The underlined word “morale” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to “________”. A. talent B. confidence C. pleasure D. inspiration 11. The author thinks that the wisest person________. A. never laughs at others B. has strong determination C. is ready to do others a favor D. is good at learning from mistakes D Rachel Carson was concerned about what was happenig to the environment. So in her book Silent Sping, she warned that some chemicals were poisoning the air, the water, the earth, and all its creatures. She imagined a time when spring would not bring the rebirth of flowers, trees, and the songs of birds. The book became a bestseller, and Ms. Carson was in great demand as a speaker. People listened to her because what she said made sense, and because she was a scientist who knew her facts. Rachel Carson was primarily interested in the world of sea and shore, so she became a marine biologst for the government. She studied and recorded facts about the sea' s plant and animal life, their special characteristics, and the nature of their environments. In 1951, she wrote The Sea Around Us, which brought her honors, fame, and respect around the world. Ms. Carson then devoted herself full-time to research and writing. One thing much on her mind was the effect of modern technology on the natural environment. One day, a distressed friend wrote her to say that a plane spraying(喷洒) DDT had flown over her yard, and the next day several birds lay dead. Carson decided to act. For four years she studied the use of pesticides(杀虫剂) in the United States, and then she wrote Silent Spring. In her book Ms. Carson said that these pesticides would harm much more than insects. She explained that these poisons would pollute the environment. “Even if their effects are not immediately observable, they remain for years in the water and the soil, and they become part of the food eaten by animals and humans. Besides, after a time, insects develop immunity to pesticides," she said. Recent studies have shown that pesticides can affect human brainwave activity and cause loss of memory and inability to concentrate. We should still remember Rachel Carson’s words, “I think we are challenged as we have never been challenged before to prove our mastery, not of nature, but of ourselves.” 12. Silent Spring is a book that__________ A. aims to raise people’s environmental awareness B. stresses the importance of the cycle of nature C. describes the author' s childhood experiences D. asks people to enjoy the beauty of spring 13. The underlined word “distressed" in Paragraph 3 probably means________ A. curious B. humorous c. excited D. worried 14. According to the text, Rachel Carson________ A. became world-famous due to Silent Spring B. warned against the use of chemicals to kill insects C. had a good knowledge of the planets in the universe D. created a system for improving human brainwave activity 15. What Rachel Carson said in the last paragraph suggests that________ A. we should prove ourselves to be the ruler of this world B. it's a chance for us to prove our mastery of nature C. it's time for us to think about what we have done D. settling on the earth is a challenge for humans 四:第一节 (共15小题:每小题2.5分,满分37.5分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Posture Corrector For Men and Women ●Let Our Posture Corrector Be Part of Your Pain-free Life. As my brother suffered clavicle(锁骨)pain after a car accident,Dr.John advised us to try posture corrector.Luckily,my brother came to his happiest self again.Besides correcting his posture,he also got relief from back,shoulder and neck pain all at the same time. ●Good Posture Is Healthy For Both Men And Women. Wearing our back brace(背带)for some time,you'll keep and hold back straight even without the posture corrector.Unlike regular posture cor rectors that are very hard and force you into one position,our back brace allows you completely free movement. ●Comfortable,Changeable And Easy To Use. While other posture cor rectors dig into your armpits,hurt your skin and are uncomfortable after S minutes,our back brace fits your sizes from 30cm to 43cm. ●Invisible Under Clothes. You can wear our excellent posture support brace while at work,home or out and no one will know you have it on.After a while,you'll forget you're even wearing the brace. 1."My brother"is mentioned in Part I to show. A.Dr.John was kind and helpful B.the posture corrector really works C.every person has his ups and downs D.a car accident can cause clavicle pain 2.What is the common way used for promotion in Part 2 and 3? A.Giving examples. B.Listing figures. C.Making comparisons. D.Lowering prices. 3.How much docs a Chinese customer have to pay for a posture corrector? A.$66.28. B.$61.66. C.$97.95. D.$63.28. B An aquarium(水族馆)that has closed because of the COVID-19 outbreak is asking people to make video calls to the aquarium's eels(鳗鱼)。 The reason?Aquarium workers fear the sensitive creatures may not remember humans' existence,nor remember that humans do not present a threat.The aquarium has been closed since the start of March.Its sea animals have become used to a largely human-free environment during the two-month period of calm.But the aquarium said the situation was having some unexpected effects. Creatures in the aquarium don't see humans except keepers and they have started forgetting about humans,"the aquarium said on its Twitter this week,"Garden eels in particular disappear into the sand and hide every time the keepers pass by."That is causing difficulties for keepers trying to check on the health of the animals.So the aquarium decided to offer an invitation to the public."Could you show your face to our garden eels from your home?"It is describing the new effort as a"face-showing festival". Garden eels are very sensitive by nature.But the 300 garden eels that live in a tank at the aquarium had become used to humans.They rarely hid in the sand from visitors.To try to reintroduce the eels to humans,the aquarium is putting five computers in front of their tank.The public can connect through the Face Time app. Once the video calls start,people are supposed to show their faces,wave their hands and talk to the eels.But considering the quiet nature of the animals,callers are asked not to shout. The"face-showing festival"is set to take place Sunday through Tuesday,during Golden Week holiday.It has gotten plenty of support.One Twitter user wrote,"Interesting!When you gaze at the garden eels,they gaze at you.I'm happy to take part." 4.What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 indicate? A.Garden eels seldom disappear into the sand. B.Garden eels are checked regularly by the keepers. C.Humans sometimes present a threat to the aquarium's animals. D.Humans almost escape from the memory of the aquarium's animals. 5.Without seeing visitors for two months,the aquarium's eels A.feel excited at the sight of people B.tend to hide themselves from people C.have health problems to be solved D.mostly remain as sensitive as before 6.What does Paragraph 5 mainly talk about? A.What to do while making video calls. B.What to do with the eels' memory. C.How to connect with the eels online. D.How to show faces during the calls. 7.What can we learn about the"face-showing festival"? A.It is going to last a whole week. B.Many people approve of the activity. C.It'll make no difference to the creatures. D.People can make a call through Twitter. C Bumblebees(大黄蜂)are clever:when pollen(花粉)is short and plants near the nest are not yet flowering,they have learned to force them to bloom.Research published on Thursday in Science shows that the insects puncture the plants' leaves,which causes them to flower about 30 days earlier than they otherwise would.How the technique developed and why the plants react by blooming remain unclear. Consuelo De Moraes,a chemical ecologist at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, says she and her teammates were observing one kind of bumblebee in an unrelated experiment when they noticed the insects were damaging plant leaves and wondered why."At first we thought they might be feeding on the plants,"she says.And because previous research had shown stress could cause plants to flower,they also wondered whether the bees might be creating blooms on purpose. To find out,the team placed bumblebees together with tomato plants in cages.The bees soon cut several holes in the leaves of each plant.As a test,the researchers tried to copy the bumblebee damage in additional plants with a knife.Both sets of plants with injured leaves bloomed faster,but the ones punctured by the bees flowered weeks earlier,suggesting that chemicals in the insects' saliva(唾液)may be involved as well. Next,the researchers moved out of the laboratory to see whether bumblebees would continue to damage nonflowering plants near their nest even if blooming plants were available farther away.They did so.The findings suggest the bees' behavior is an adaptation that improves food-hunting efficiency(效率)。 In the future,scientists could test how the behavior may have developed and how widespread it is among other wild bumblebees,as well as what is happening in plants after a bee bite.Understanding those questions could help us better face the climate change. 8.What does the underlined word"puncture"in Paragraph 1 probably mean? A.bite B.touch C.kiss D.eat 9.What inspired Consuelo and her team to do the present research? A.The stress causing plants to flower. B.The difference in plants' flowering time. C.The bumblebees' feeding on the plants. D.The bumblebees' damaging plants 'leaves. 10.Why did the searchers copy what the bumblebees did? A.To prove a knife cut can work as a bee bite. B.To figure out what helps plants flower faster. C.To find out why bumblebees damage plants. D.To show bumblebees 'saliva helps plants bloom. 11.What have the researchers made clear? A.What happens in plants after a bee bite. B.How bumblebees have learned the technique. C.Whether bumblebees are clever in finding food. D.Whether all the bumblebees have learned the skill. D When it comes to dog training,I've come to understand that some things can be taught quickly,while others take a while.Do you know how I learned that lesson?From a French teacher I had in college. It was beginner's French,and from day one she had a"no English"class rule.I was confused by 99%of what she said,but I decided to give it a shot.I was excited as we began learning numbers and the alphabet,something I could easily follow,but when it came to putting together phrases,I was lost. My teacher came up to me and said"quel est votre passe-temps favori?"which sounded like complete nonsense to me.I knew she was asking me a question,but I couldn't figure out what it was.So I said"Sorry,I don't understand."Well,that broke the"no English"Rule,so 1 just froze because I had no idea as to how to apologize in French. So what did she do?She kept getting closer to me,repeating 'quel est votre passe-temps favori?'over and over,each time a bit louder,as if I had a hearing problem,rather than a complete shortage of comprehension. I think about that class often.I really did feel hopeless,and the laughter from everyone else in class didn't help.It's not that she was a bad teacher.It's just that she had very little patience for students like me who didn't catch on immediately. Well,it taught me to be more patient with Laika when learning new things.And since I don't want her to be like the embarrassed kid in class,I don't speak loudly at her or repeat myself when she doesn't"get it".I go back and figure out how I can help her understand and put meaning to my requests. 12.How did the author find the"no English"class rule? A.She was confused and decided not to obey it. B.She was excited as she could easily follow it. C.She found it challenging and was eager to break it. D.She thought it hard but originally was willing to try it. 13.Why couldn't the author answer her French teacher's question? A.Because she didn't hear the teacher clearly. B.Because she didn't know the correct answer. C.Because she couldn't understand the question. D.Because she couldn't express herself in French. 14.What does the author learn from the experience of the French class? A.A good teacher should not set strict rules for class. B.A good teacher should be more patient with students. C.A good teacher should repeat herself when necessary. D.A good teacher shouldn't cause students' embarrassment. 15.Who is Laika mentioned in the last paragraph? A.The author's student. B.The author's classmate. C.The author's pet dog. D.The author's daughter. 五:阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分) A 8255197485heat-resistant knob non-stick finish glass lid tall sides make the Quik-FryTM Wok perfect for deep frying heat-resustant handles detachable base and probe for easy cleaning sturdy base for added safety heat-resistant knob non-stick finish glass lid tall sides make the Quik-FryTM Wok perfect for deep frying heat-resustant handles detachable base and probe for easy cleaning sturdy base for added safety The QUIK-FRYTM Electronic Wok 24942801504315QUIK-FRY QUIK-FRY It is important that you read this carefully before first using the wok. Until you become familiar with the product, we advise that you can keep this handy and refer to it when required. IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS: ◇ In order to prevent the risk of electric shock. DO Nor IMMERSE the cord or the probe in water or any other liquid. ◇Whenever he wok is used near children, it is essential that close supervision takes place Never leave the appliance unattended while in use. Before disassembling the wok for cleaning, SWITCH OFF AND REMOVE THE PLUG from the power source. ◇ DO NOT USE THE Quick-Fry WOK OUTDOORS. ◇ Avoid touching hot surfaces; instead use the heat resistant handles on the wok or the heal-resistant plastic knob on top of the glass hid. DO NOT OPERATE NEAR HOT SURFACES such as electric hotplates, gas burners or in a heated oven. ◇DO NOT COVER the Quick-Fry wok with the lid while using it to deep fry foods. Failure to comply will cause condensation to drip onto the oil and cause splattering. ◇DO NOT ATTEMPT REPAIR of the Quick Fry wok. If the cord becomes damaged, or if the appliance is malfunctioning, do not operate. Return the appliance to the nearest authorized service center for repair. DO NOT OPEN THE BASE OR TOUCH THE ELECTRICAL COMONENTS INSIDE. Tampering with the base will void the warranty. Manufactured for operation only from a standard domestic power source. How to Use the Quick-Fry Electric Wok: Be sure to season the wok before using it for the first time, Assemble the wok and heat to the highest setting. Rub the non-stick inner surface of the wok with 1 tablespoon of oil. Use thick paper toweling. and be very careful to avoid touching the hot surface. 85725186055Cooking Methods: 11430076835 1.This text is most probably from _______ . A.an advertisement for the electric wok B.a cooking book designed for customers C.an instruction booklet for the wok D.a customer review of the wok 2.One of the advantages of the wok is that _______. A.you don't need to pay close attention to it when cooking B.you may remove its base when cleaning the wok C.you can repair the wok by yourself when it is not working properly D.you can touch the wok because it is totally free from heat B I came home one day recently and, for reasons I don’t quite understand, my living room smelled like my grandmother’s house. Suddenly I felt as if I were 12 years old, happy and relaxed, sitting in her kitchen. I can remember what her house looked like, though it was sold 20 years ago – her three-level plant stand, the plates lining the walls, the window over her sink – but these visual memories don’t have the power that smell does. The funny thing is, I can’t even begin to describe the odor(气味) that was so distinctively hers. The best I can do is this: “It smelled like my grandmother’s house.” It’s a common experience, and a common linguistic( 语言学的) problem. In cultures worldwide, people have powerful olfactory memories. This odor-memory link is also called “the Proust phenomenon,” after Marcel Proust’s famous description of the feelings aroused by a cake dipped in tea in “Remembrance of Things Past.” Olfactory memories seem to be more closely bound up with emotions than are visual or auditory ones. Not all these memories are pleasant, of course, and smells can also trigger feelings of pain. It is surprisingly hard for English-speakers to describe the odors that occasion such strong emotions, however. English possesses almost no abstract smell words that pick out links or themes among unrelated aromas(芳香). We have plenty of these in the visual field. “Yellow,” for example, identifies a characteristic that bananas, lemons, some cars, some flowers, old book pages, and the sun all share. But for odors, we don’t have many more than the vague “musty” (smells old and stale) and “musky” (smells perfumey). We usually have no choice but to say that one thing smells like another – like a banana, like garlic, like diesel fuel. A few languages, though, do have a rich odor vocabulary. Linguist Asifa Majid has found that the Jahai, the Semaq Beri, and the Maniq, hunter-gatherer groups in Malaysia and Thailand, employ a wide range of abstract smell words and can identify aromas as easily as we can colors. The Jahai have a word, for example, that describes “the seemingly dissimilar smell of petrol, smoke, bat poop, root of wild ginger and wood of wild mango.” Last year my cat got sprayed by a skunk(臭鼬), and the vet told me to wash its face with coffee to cover the bad smell. Until then, I had never realized that coffee, which I find delicious, smells remarkably like skunk spray, which I do not. Science has identified the chemicals that both share. They are called mercaptans (硫醇). But in oral English, we have no word for the underlying note that connects these two odors. If the Jahai drank coffee and encountered skunks, I bet they would. 3.The opening paragraph is mainly intended to . A.express the writer’s affection for his grandmother B.direct the readers’ attention to a linguistic problem C.tell us the odor of the grandmother’s house stayed the same D.prove smell has a greater power than visual memories 4.Which of the following is related to olfactory memories? A.Forming an image in mind after seeing the word “injury”. B.Feeling sympathetic when seeing a sick cat. C.Dancing to the music upon hearing it played. D.Missing fried eggs with garlic cooked by mum. 5.The example of the Jahai suggests that . A.the Jahai don’t have many words in the visual field B.English possesses many vague words like “musty” and “musky” C.the Jahai has more abstract smell words than English D.skunk and coffee have the same smell, but different functions 6.What can we learn from the passage? A.The author feels pity about the limitation of his language. B.English has a wide range of visual and odor vocabulary. C.Olfactory memories can bring nothing but pleasant feelings. D.Cultures worldwide always collide with each other. C The Jewish(犹太人)family-had-just finished supper and the woman had placed the dishes in the sink.The kitchen was quite damp and even gloomier than in the main room.It was their third apartment since the start of the war,they had abandoned the other two in a hurry.The woman came back into the room and sat down again at the table.The 3-year-old boy sat with his back straight,his eyes fixed on his father,but it was obvious that he was so sleepy that he could barely sit up. The man was smoking a cigarette.His eyes were blood-shot and he kept blinking in a funny way.This blinking had begun soon after they fled the second apartment. It was late,past ten o'clock and they could have gone to sleep,but first they had to play the game that they had been playing every day for two weeks.Even though the man tried his best and he moved very quickly,the fault was his and not the child's.The boy was.marvelous.Seeing his father put out his cigarette,he opened his blue eyes even wider.The woman,who didn't actually take part in the game, stroked the boy's hair. “We'll play the key game just one more time only today.Isn't that right?"she asked her husband. He didn't answer because he was not sure.They were still two or three minutes off. He arose and walked towards the bathroom door.Then the woman called out softly,“Ding-dong."At the sound of the bell ringing so musically from his mother's lips,the boy jumped up from his chair and ran to the front door,which was separated from the main room by a narrow corridor. “Who's there?"he asked. The woman,remaining in her chair,shut her eyes tight as if feeling a sudden, sharp pain. “I'l1 open up in a minute,I'm just looking for the keys,"the child called out. Then he ran back to the main room,making a lot of noise with his feet.He ran in circles around the table,pulled out one of the sideboard drawers,and slammed it shut. “Just a minute,I can't find them,I don't know where Mama put them,"he yelled,then dragged the chair across the room,climbed onto it,and reached up to the top of the shelf. “I found them!”he shouted triumphantly.Then he got down from the chair, pushed it back to the table,and calmly walked to the door and opened it. “Shut the door,darling,"the woman said softly."You were perfect.” The child didn't hear what she said.He stood in the middle of the room,staring at the closed bathroom door. “Shut the door, the woman repeated in a tired flat voice.Every evening she repeated the same words,and every evening he stared at the closed bathroom door. At last it opened.The man was pale and his clothes were streaked with lime and dust.He stood there,eyes blinking in that funny way. “Well?How did it go?"asked the woman. “I still need more time.He has to look for them longer.I slip in sideways all right,but then...It's so tight in there that when I turn...And he's got to make more noise-he should stamp his feet louder." The child didn't take his eyes off him. “Say something to him,"the woman whispered. "You did a good job,little one,"he said mechanically. “That's right,”the woman said,“you're really doing a wonderful job,darling. You act just like a grown-up.And you do know that if someone should really ring the doorbell when Mama is at work,everything will depend on you?And what will you say when they ask you about your parents?” “Mama's at work.” “And Papa?"He was silent. “And Papa?"the man screamed in terror.The child turned pale. “And Papa?”the man repeated more calmly. “He's dead,”"the child answered and threw himself at his father,who was standing right beside him,but already long dead to the people who would really ring the bell. 7.What does the underlined sentence in Para.5 mean? A.The family needed to practise the game for another 2 or 3 minutes. B.There was still 2 or 3 minutes left before someone knocked at the door. C.They would become too sleepy to play the game 2 or 3 minutes later. D.The father needed 2 or 3 more minutes before the kid opened the door. 8.Why did the boy make a lot of noise when he was looking for the key? A.Because he needed to drown out the noise caused by his father. B.Because he was too little and just couldn't control his footsteps. C.Because he was too anxious to find the key to open the door with. D.Because he met many barriers on his way to where the key was. 9.In Para.12,why did the mother repeat“shut the door”in a tired,flat voice, instead of the previous soft one? A.She was angry because her son didn't close the door as he had been told to. B.She felt anxious because she knew her husband would be annoyed at the boy again. C.She was disappointed because the boy's movement betrayed again where her husband was. D.She was impatient because she was asked to repeat these words again and again every evening. 10.What is the best title of the passage? A.A Scary Night B.The Key Game C.My Father Is Dead D.An Innocent Boy D 338963094615Light and bright, cheap and cheerful: IKEA’s 400-plus outlets (专营店) in 49 countries all run on the same central principle. Customers do as much of the work as possible, in the belief they are having fun and saving money. You drive to a distant warehouse built on cheap out-of-town land. Inside, you enter a maze (迷宫) — no shortcuts allowed — where every twist reveals new furniture. Compared with the prices of other outlets, IKEA’s are much lower. You load up your trolley (手推车) with impulse buys-a clock, storage boxes, tools and more chairs than you will ever use. You drag cardboard boxes, cupboards and tables into your car and reward yourself for your economy and good taste. Then you drive home and put your prizes together. You are satisfied with the bargains. IKEA is satisfied with your money. The company’s name was a do-it-yourself job, too. IKEA stands for Ingvar Kamprad, from Elmtaryd ― his family’s farm — in Agunnaryd. That village is in the Smaland region of southern Sweden. Mr Kamprad founded IKEA aged 17. Well before that, he spotted a principle which would make him one of the richest men in the world that customers like buying goods at wholesale prices (批发价). First he bought matches in large quantities and sold them by the box. Aged ten, he sold pens in the similar way. Setbacks inspired him. Facing a price war against his low-cost mail-order furniture business, he defeated competitors by opening a showroom. Dealers tried to crush Mr Kamprad and banned him from their trade fairs. He slipped in, hiding in a friend’s car. When they tried to threaten his suppliers, he relied on his own workers, and secretly sold his production to communist Poland. Decades later, east Europeans freed from the planned economy drove hundreds of miles to newly opened outlets in Moscow and Warsaw. His self-discipline was world-famous. As a child, he removed the “off” button from his alarm clock to stop himself oversleeping. He rarely took a first-class seat. The wine didn’t get you there any earlier, he sniffed; having lots of money was no reason to waste it. He bought his clothes in second-hand markets, and for years drove an elderly Volvo until he had to sell it on safety grounds. He had his hair cut in poor countries to save money. Visitors admired the views, but were surprised that his house was so shabby. He worked well into his eighties. His diligence and simple way of life set a good example to his 194,000 “co-workers”. But he was not mean. The point of cutting costs was to make goods affordable, not to compromise quality. He urged his staff to reflect constantly on ways of saving money, time and space. An improved design that allows easier piling means shipping less air and more profit. Culture was more important than strategy. He disliked “exaggerated (夸张的) planning”, along with financial markets and banks. Better to make mistakes and learn from them. And use time wisely: “You can do so much in ten minutes. But ten minutes once gone are gone for good.” This did not apply to customers. The longer they stayed, the better. Mr Kamprad’s impact on modern life can be compared with that of Henry Ford and the mass-produced motor car. Furniture used to be expensive, dark and heavy. For many people, decorating a home could cost many months’ salary. IKEA made furniture not just affordable and functional, but fun. The mission was civilizational, he felt, changing how people lived and thought. His approach drew some fire. The company values struck some as unpleasant. At IKEA’s Corporate Culture Centre, lots of pictures of Mr Kamprad with his mottos can be seen everywhere. What’s worse, some parts of the supply chain seemed to have serious problems to overcome. 11.What can we learn about IKEA in Paragraph 1? A.IKEA prefers rural areas for its location. B.IKEA has 400 outlets throughout the world. C.IKEA likes to store new furniture in a maze. D.IKEA provides a lot of work for its customers. 12.The underlined two sentences in Paragraph 2 imply that ________. A.IKEA tricks you into spending more money B.you may buy bargains with impulse in IKEA C.both you and IKEA are pleased with the deal D.both you and IKEA are happy with the bargain 13.By mentioning Mr. Kamprad’s experiences before he founded IKEA, the author intends to tell us that Mr Kamprad ________. A.was likely to become a successful businessman B.preferred selling matches and pens by low prices C.had been a well-off merchant due to his principle D.enjoyed doing something promising with discipline 14.What can be inferred from paragraph 5 and 6 about Mr. Kamprad? A.He never overslept due to his alarm clock being set. B.He was against drinking but for sniffing at the wine. C.He sold the old Volvo with the purpose of saving money. - D.He didn’t give up the quality of furniture for more profit. 15.Which of the following has nothing to do with Mr. Kamprad’s success in business? A.The pictures and mottos of Mr. Kamprad. B.The setbacks Mr. Kamprad experienced. C.Mr. Kamprad’s principles of management. D.Mr. Kamprad’s self-discipline and diligence. 六:第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。 A Although many countries love their tea,UK citizens are particularly proud of being"tea people". The average UK citizen consumes nearly 2 kilograms of tea each year. Tea only made its way to England in large quantities in the first years of the 17th century.Tea from China and a few other Asian countries was being sold more widely in England at that time. Then tea was getting more and more popular among different social classes. There are many varieties of tea.Black tea mixtures are still the most common type drunk in the UK.Black tea is dark in colour,because the leaves have been allowed to oxidize(氧化)before drying.This is why we usually serve it with milk,although it is not uncommon to drink it black or with lemon.You may still find tea made with loose tea leaves,served up in a pot,and poured into the best china cups with saucers(茶托)for visitors. Tea is still a large part of daily life in the UK today,but it seems to be on the decrease.The amount of tea sold in the UK fell by more than 10%in the five years leading up to 2002,and has been dropping ever since.Tea sales fell by 6%in 2014 alone,and most restaurants report selling more than twice as many cups of coffee as they do tea.More than f 1 billion was spent on coffee in high street stores in 2013,more than twice what was spent on tea bags. Still,what goes around comes around;it's sure to become fashionable again. 1.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.UK citizens take pride in being"tea people". B.The UK seldom serves black tea with lemon. C.Tea made its way to England in the early 16th century. D.Tea from China is being sold more widely in England now. 2.What can we learn from paragraph 4? A.Tea sales have fallen by 6%since 2014. B.Most restaurant like selling tea than coffee. C.In 2013,the money spent on tea was f 3 billion. D.Since 2002,the sales of tea have been on the decrease. 3.What does the underlined sentence mean in the last paragraph? A.It can never succeed again. B.The tea will become popular again. C.Coffee is more popular than tea. D.The tea is becoming less popular. B The average American family will spend somewhere around$637 on back-to-school supplies for each elementary school child this year and twice that for a high school student.Add to the fact that both children and parents feel anxious about the transition(过渡)of going back to school at the end of summer.For this,Jermaine Smith of Cleveland and four other barbers decided to cut hair for about 40 kids and teens for free last Saturday. In fact,Smith has been giving back to the community in other ways long before this weekend. He cuts hair by day,but in the evenings,after bringing his daughter home from school,he goes to work as a police officer. "A lot of parents bring their kids to me for haircuts because I'm a police officer.They trust me because they think that I teach kids to do the right things in the barber shop.I always tell young men that they always get to stay neat and attractive,and people tend to treat them with respect,"Smith says."When you get your hair cut,you look good and feel good." Maybe a service that would only cost$15 regularly seems like just a drop in the bucket,but child and teen psychologist Dr.Barbara Greenberg sees this as more than just a one-time free service. Other free haircut and school supply events have appeared unexpectedly all across the country this month,as organizers have recognized how much parents can use this extra help. Greenberg says,"One of the ways to make a transition easier is to make it fun and introduce something new or unusual,so the whole idea of getting a haircut makes kids feel special and important."The haircuts were just part of the Start School on the Right Foot event,which also handed out about 50 backpacks full of school supplies. 4.Why did Jermaine Smith and other barbers cut hair for kids? A.To improve the community service. B.To help children and parents reduce anxiety. C.To prepare children for the competition. D.To provide back-to-school supplies for children. 5.What does Jermaine Smith want young people to do? A.Develop a healthy lifestyle. B.Treat people with respect. C.Leave people a good impression. D.Get along well with others. 6.Which of the following can best describe Jermaine Smith? A.Helpful and responsible. B.Creative and calm. C.Energetic and independent. D.Honest and generous. 7.What is Dr.Barbara Greenberg satisfied to see? A.More parents are willing to work together. B.People amuse the little kids in school regularly. C.More parents take action to help kids in school. D.People try to make kids feel special and important. C Elon Musk has expressed his company,Neuralink,is going to announce the first brain-machine interface(接口)to connect humans and computers.Musk told followers in Twitter the technology would be"coming soon",though he failed to provide details. Neuralink was set up in 2016 with the ambitious goal of developing hardware to strengthen the human brain.However,little about how this will work has been made public.Neuralink describes the interface as an extremely high-speed connection between the human brain and computers. Musk has frequently claimed the rapid rise of artificial intelligence(AI人工智能)present a risk to humanity(人性)。Such an interface,he says,is essential if humans are to compete with such technology in the future.At a technology conference in 2016,Mr Musk said humans risked being treated like house pets by AI machines if a brain-computer interface was not built.Last year on the Joe Rogan Experience podcast,Musk said Neuralink's technology would allow humans to “effectively combine with AI”。 A paper published in Nature Nanotechnology in 2015 described a concept for this connection, explaining how a flexible circuit(回路)could be injected into(注入)a living brain."We're trying to lessen the difference between electronic circuits and neural circuits,"said Harvard researcher Charles Lieber,who co-authored the study.Despite the technology's potential to increase the human brain,experts have warned that brain-computer interfaces risk being controlled by vicious(恶意的) artificial intelligence. Such an action could lead to AI controlling the thoughts,decisions and emotions of a person using a brain-computer link.which it will be possible to discover people's mental processes and directly operate the brain mechanisms underlying(隐含)their intentions,emotions and decision,"stated a Nature comment piece written y 27 scientists and machine intelligence engineers."The possible medical and social benefits in it are vast.But we must guide their development in a way that respects,protects and enables what is best in humanity." 8.What can we learn about Neuralink from the passage? A.It has announced the first brain-machine interfaces. B.It has provided much information about the interfaces. C.It has followers to connect humans and computers. D.It will make the new technology closer to the public soon. 9.What can we conclude from Paragraph Two? A.How the hardware functions is already known. B.Neuralink aims to control the human brain better. C.The brain-machine interface was invented in 2016. D.The interface will connect human brain and computers rapidly. 10.According to Musk,the brain-machine interfaces are important because. A.they may make AI serve human better B.they may treat human like house pets C.they build neural circuits in human brains D.they rapidly deve

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  • ID:4-7704477 牛津译林版英语八年级上Unit 3 A day out单元练习(无答案无听力题)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 3 A day out

    八年级英语单元练习 (unit3) 一、单项选择(15分) ( ) 1. It is _______ cheaper and _______ enjoyable to travel by train than by plane. A. much; far more B. very; very much C. more; much more D. much more; much ( ) 2. Now in China, he has found that his family is like a tall tree long roots. A. have B. be C. with D. on ( ) 3. Today’s wind is blowing ________ these days. A. hardly B. hard C. most hardly D. hardest ( ) 4. The story of Friendship is better than _______ of Spacemen on Earth, but the actors in Spacemen on Earth are better than ________ in Friendship. A. one; ones B. that; those C. that; that D. those; that ( ) 5. Boys, I’ll tell you __________, and you can do it __________. A. how to do; by yourself B. what to do; by yourself C. how to do; alone D. what to do; on your own ( ) 6. ----Don’t be late for school next time. ______________________. A. Yes, I will B. Yes, I won’t C. No, I will D. No, I won’t ( ) 7. Work harder, _____________ you will catch up with the other students. A. but B. and C. or D. so ( ) 8. ---- The shoes don’t fit me. Would you please show me __________?---- Sure. Here you are. A. the other one B. the others C. another pair D. another one ( )9. The sunshine came in _____ the window. A. through B. across C. on D. over ( ) 10. --- You swim so well. Who taught you? --- Learn by ________. A. myself B. herself C. himself D. itself ( ) 11. --- Learning English isn’t as ________ as Chinese. --- Maybe, perhaps it’s just because Chinese is your native Language. A. easy B. easily C. easier D. easiliest ( ) 12. She has many hobbies. Her after-school life is ________. A. lonely B. colourful C. empty D. dull ( ) 13. --- _____________ to ride a bike from your school to the park? --- About twenty minutes. A. How long did you spend B. How far did it take you C. How long did it take you D. How far did you spend ( ) 14. --- He looks unhappy today. --- Let’s _____________. A. cheer him up B. help out him C. look him after D. argue with him ( ) 15. --- TV says there will be a storm tomorrow. --- __________. I planned to go climbing with my classmates A. I hope so B. I’m afraid so C. Sounds good D. Bad luck 二、完形填空(15分) Charlie is twenty-three now. He 16 a university(大学) and found work in a factory last year. It’s 17 and there are no more than fifty workers in it. And only he 18 in a university. So he looks down upon (瞧不起) his 19 . He always thinks he’s right and never agrees with 20 . He likes to say, “I’ve never made a mistake!” But once the young man couldn’t 21 a foreign instructions (说明书). An old worker studied it for two days and 22 Mr. White, the boss of the factory, 23 it meant. The boss asked Charlie why. He made a few excuses to say for 24 . And he didn’t agree with the old man. The boss became angry and asked, “ Is it 25 that you’ve never made a mistake?” The young man wouldn’t make Mr. White 26 and had to say, “No, it isn’t, sir.” Having 27 this, the workers were happy. One of them asked, “ It means that you also make some mistakes!” Charlie 28 his mind at once and said, “ I made only one mistake in my 29 !” “When?” the boss asked in surprise. “ Just now, sir.” Answered the young man. “When Mr. White 30 me acknowledge (承认)I was wrong!” 16 A. visited B. left C. built D. reached 17. A. small B. big C. new D. old 18. A. lived B. traveled C. arrived D. studied 19. A. parents B. teacher C. workmates D. classmates 20. A. another B. other C. the other D. others 21. A. see B. write C. understand D. read 22. A. told B. asked C. taught D. laughed at 23. A. when B. what C. how D. where 24. A. him B. himself C. them D. themselves 25. A. clever B. sure C. true D. able 26. A. sad B. sadder C. angry D. angrier 27. A. heard B. listened C. guessed D. reported 28. A. lost B. hated C. changed D. thought 29. A. life B. office C. family D. bedroom 30. A. helped B. made C. watched D. had 三、阅读理解(30分) A Dear Dongdong, I came to Hong Kong last week. I will stay here for another week. Hong Kong is really a great place to visit. There’s so much to see and do here. And I did so many wonderful things. I took the cable car(缆车) to the Peak Galleria (山顶广场). I went to Hong Kong Racing Museum. I knew a lot about horse racing. I also visited Ladies’ Street. In the street I bought some beautiful clothes for my mother. Last night I went to a Chinese concert. Chinese traditional music is always my favorite. This morning I went to Ocean Park and watched the dolphins performance(海豚表演). Dolphins are so clever. They can jump from the water to touch a ball, dance, kiss people and even do math. Mr. Host is going to take me to an Italian film festival in Hong Kong Cultural Centre tomorrow. I’m so excited because I don’t see an Italian film before. But some people say they’re boring. That’s all! Best wishes! Yours, Haohao ( )31. Haohao hasn’t been to _______ yet. A. the Peak Galleria B. Hong Kong Racing Museum C. the Italian film festival D. the Chinese concert ( )32. In ________ we can know something about horse racing. A. Ocean Park B. Hong Kong Racing Museum C. Hong Kong Cultural Centre D. Ladies’ Street ( ) 33. Last night Haohao went to _____. A. Ladies’ Street B. a Chinese concert C. the Italian film festival D. the Peak Galleria ( ) 34. Dolphins can’t ________. A. ride bicycles B. kiss people C. do math D. dance ( ) 35. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Haohao has planned to stay in Hong Kong for two weeks. B. This morning Haohao went to watch the dolphins perform. C. Haohao likes Chinese traditional music very much. D. Dongdong has never seen an Italian film before. B A reader wrote in to say that she was feeling lonely at break because her best friend wasn’t around.Here’s our advice to her—and to all kids who feel lonely sometimes. It’s hard when a best friend isn’t around—maybe because she moved to a different school or a different class.You may feel lonely at break or lunchtime.You want to have new friends,but how do you make them? Maybe it seems like everybody else already has their friends.But remember, there’s always room for more friends. Start by looking around your classroom—think about which kids you’d like to play with at break.Look for chances to say hi to them,smile,and be friendly.Offer to share something or express your appreciation(欣赏)to them.Invite someone to play with you or say “Do you want to sit here?” in the lunchroom.When you’re at break,walk over to kids you want to play with.act friendly,and say “Hi,can l play, too?” or just join in. If you have trouble doing this or if you’re feeling shy, ask your teacher to help you make new friends.Teachers are usually pretty good at matching up friends.The best way to make friends is to be a friend.Be kind,be friendly,share,say nice things,offer to help—and pretty soon,you’ll have one,or two,or even more new friends. You might still miss that special best friend.But when you see each other, you can share something you didn’t have before she left:You can introduce her to your new friends! ( )36.This text is written for _________. A. teachers B. parents C. students D. visitors ( )37.According to the writer, some kids feel lonely at break because they ________. A.have trouble with their studies B.don’t have their best friends around C.need their parents to be with them D.are too young to look after themselves ( )38.The underlined word this in Paragraph 4 refers to(指的是)________. A.sharing your ideas B.talking before many people C.studying better at school D.developing new friendship ( )39.Some kids need help from teachers to make friends because ________. A.they miss their old friends a lot B.they have no time to stay with others C.teachers know who wants a new friend D.they are shy or not good at making friends ( )40.The expression “feeling left out'’ means“ ”in Chinese. A.受冷落 8.被调侃 C.挨批评 D.遭攻击 C People often say that the Englishman’s home is his castle. They mean that the home is very important and personal to him. Most people in Britain live in houses rather than flats, and many people own their homes. This means that they can make them individual(个体的); they can paint them, and change them in any way they like. Most houses have a garden, even if it is a very small one, and the garden is usually loved. The house and the garden are the private(私人的)space of the individual. People usually like to mark their space. Are you sitting now in your home or on a train? Have you marked the space around yourself as yours? If you are on the train you may put your coat or small bag on the seat beside you. If you share a flat you may have one corner or chair which is your own. Once I was travelling on a train to London. I was in a section for four people and there was a table between us .The man on the space on my side of the table at all. I was angry. Maybe he thought that he owned the whole table. I had read a book about non-verbal communication, so I took various papers out of my bag and put them on his briefcase! When I did this he stiffened and his eyes nearly popped(瞪出)out of his head. I had invaded(侵犯)his space! A few minutes later I took my papers off his case in order to read them. He immediately moved his case to his side of the table. Of course, it is possible that he just wanted to be helpful to me! If you are visiting another country you may feel that you don’t have any private space. Hotel rooms look much the same in every country in the world. All day long ,you share public spaces with other people. You see the local people in their private spaces and you feel lonely and “outside”. Local people can create their private spaces by talking about things you don’t know about .And you even feel that they like you to be outside them so that they will enjoy being inside even more! This is one of the difficulties of being a traveler! But if you understand it then it helps you .Haven’t you enjoyed being part of a group and “owning” a bit of space? ( )41.The writer was angry as he was travelling on a train to London because______. A. he had no place to sit B. someone had invaded his “space” C. too many people shared a section with him D. some other people talked about things he didn’t know about ( )42. “… you feel lonely and ‘outside’” in paragraph 4 means that_______. A. you are alone outside the house B. you feel lonely because you travel on your own C. you are alone and therefore you go outside to have some fun D. you feel lonely and you don’t belong to that place or that group of people ( )43.In Paragraph 4 ,the pronoun “them’ refers to(所指) “___________”. A. public spaces B. private spaces C. local people D. other countries ( )44.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. British people dislike marking their space. B. You always feel at home in another country. C. Most British people prefer living in houses to flats. D. You can’t mark your private space in a foreign country. ( )45.The main purpose of the passage is to tell readers to _______. A. own private spaces by living in houses B. have one corner of their own in public places C. realize the importance of “space” in communication D. create their private spaces by talking with local people 四、单词拼写 (10分) 46.—Who is the ___________ (总统) in China now? —Xi Jinping. 47. The boys and the girls are _____________ (喝彩) for their football team. 48.It’s amazing that Kobe’s father is good at Chinese __________(文化). 49.We lost ourselves in the ___________(美丽)of Yangzhou. 50.They wanted to keep their secrets to _______________(他们自己). 51.Today James played even __________ (badly) than the day before yesterday. 52.The Chinese food is ____________ (taste) than the Japanese food. 53.Mum is _______(mix) tofu with shallots(小葱) . 54.—What’s the __________ (high) of the Great Pyramid?—More than 100m. 55.Shakespeare was, of course, a _________(Britain) writer. 五、任务型阅读 (10 分) Amanda is an American filmmaker and actress. She came to China three years ago to study Performance at Beijing Film Academy(学院). Last month, she moved to Japan to study Economics at the University of Tokyo. On June 10th ,She returned to the USA. She chatted with her parents about the cultural differences between the two countries. “The people in both countries are very friendly to foreigners. But they have different cultures. For example, when I spoke Chinese in China, the people there always showed surprise on their faces. But when I came to Japan, I found it was opposite. Most local people there hoped I could talk with them in Japanese, though I was not good at it, ”she said. Amanda thought this might have something to do with the fact that the Western group in Japan is older than the one in China. They have stayed in Japan for a long time. And most of them speak Japanese well. But Westerners in China are still quite a new group. They’re usually treated as guests and tourists. ____56_____ In Japan In China ___57____Amanda spent About one ____58___ About ___59___ years Subjects Amanda __60__ _____61______ performance Different __62___ The Japanese expected the Westerners to speak Japanese. The Chinese felt __63__ when the Westerners __64__Chinese. The reason for the cultural difference The Western group in China is __65__ than the one in Japan. 六、缺词填空 (10 分) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,在下文空格处填入适当的词使短文完整。(每空一词) My mother had an accident last Thursday. She was trapped(被困于) in her c 66 for 20 minutes! It was a cold day. And the s 67 was heavy. She was driving home f 68 work at nine p.m. As there was snow on the road, She drove very slowly. But u 69 , the car broke down suddenly. She couldn’t s 70 it. And what was worse, she couldn’t open the door. She f 71 very helpless and didn’t know what to do. So she telephoned my father with her mobile. But my father happened to(碰巧) be in a 72 city. There were f 73 people on the road and the snow c 74 to fall around her car. She had to call 110 for help. Two policemen arrived in a h 75 . They tried many ways to open the door. And my mother came back home in their police car in the end. She gave us a surprise!. 七、翻译下列句子(10分) 76.会议很快就要举行,请尽快做好准备。 77.我们正在计划令人兴奋的世界公园之旅。 78.Tom没有Jim跳得远,我不敢相信我的眼睛。 79.昨天阳光灿烂,今天雨下得很大。 80.在你的支持和帮助下,我们确定能通过考试。 _____________________________________________________________________ 七年级英语单元练习 (unit3) 班级 姓名 学号 得分 四、词汇运用(共l0小题;每小题l分,计l0分) 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 五、任务型阅读(共l0空;每空l分,计l0分) 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 六、缺词填空(共10空;每空l分,计l0分) 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 七、 句子翻译(共5小题;每小题2分,计10分) 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 三、完型填空 36~40 BADCD 41~45 CABBC 46~50 DACAB 六、任务型阅读 76、Places 77、Time 78、month 79、three 80、studied/learned/learnt 81、Economics 82、Cultures 83、surprised/amazed 84、spoke 85、younger/newer 七、缺词填空 86. car 87. snow 88. from 89. unluckily 90. start 91. felt 92. another 93. few 94. continued 95. hurry 6-10 CBBAD 1

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  • ID:4-7704419 牛津译林版英语八年级上Unit 4 Do it yourself单元测试(无答案)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 4 Do it yourself

    八年级上册Unit 4单元测试 一、单项选择 ( )1. You had better _______because you have to drive back home. A. not drinking B. not drink C. don’t drink D. not to drink ( )2. In order to speak English better, we ______be afraid of losing face. Remember, practice makes perfect. A. should B. shouldn’t C. have to ( )3. Smoking is not allowed in public places since May 1st. It may be a good chance for some people to ______ smoking. A. put up B. give up C. pick up D. look up ( )4. –Don’t’ throw rubbish out of the window. It is bad manners. -______. 2013年长春 A. You’re welcome B. Sorry, I won’t C. Never mind D. That’s all right ( )5. It’s sunny. Let’s go sighting _______watching TV in our hotel room. 2013年青海 A. thanks to B. instead of C. as well as 巩固练习 I. 选择 ( )1. PE stands __________ “Physical Education”.[来源:Zxxk.Com] A. in B. at C. up D. for ( )2. --I’m sorry. I broke the window. -- You________ play football near the window. A. should B. would better C. shouldn’t D. had better ( )3. —Are you free this afternoon? —Someone will come and help us ________ a new telephone. A.put on B.put out C.put in D.put up ( )4. - Would you turn off the music? I’ll go ______ if listen to it for one more minute. - I am sorry. I thought you would enjoy it. A. happy B. crazy C. excited D. sad ( )5. –Do your family like traveling? - Yes. Not only my parents but also I ______ interested in traveling. A. is B. am C. are D. was ( )6. You look quite tired. You’d better ____________ a good rest. A. stop to have B. stop having C. to stop to have D.to stop having ( )7. –May I go home now, Miss White? - No, you______. You ______ stay here. A. needn’t ; must B. can’t ; must C. mustn’t; may D. needn’t ; have to ( )8. I know this plan is far from perfect(完美), but I just can’t think of ______one. A. the better B. a better C. the best D. a best ( )9. – Tom, ________ the bag for me. I want to get the key to the door. - Dad, I have the key in my hand now. A. carrying B. carries C. to carry D. carry ( )10. – I think Kobe is not as ______ as James. - That’s true. But Kobe is much _______. A. strong; quick B. stronger; quick C. strong; quicker D. stronger; quicker ( )11. ---It’s too hard for me to be a trailwalker. ---Never _________. Believe in yourself. A. put up B. give up C. hurry up D. look up ( )12. ---What a heavy rain! Will it last long? --- ______. We’re getting into the rainy season now. A. Of course not B. I’m afraid so C. That’s impossible D. I’m afraid not ( )13. There are some trees on one side of the road and some grass on _____ side. A. other B. the other C. others D. another ( )14. ---I am sorry for losing your book. I will buy a new one for you. ---_______. I have another copy. A. Thank you B. Happy to hear that C. Never mind D. Of course ( )15. How long do you ________ on your homework every day? A. take B. spend C pay D. cost ( )16. —Please don’t make any noise in the reading room. — . A. Sorry, I won’t B. Sorry, I can’t C. Yes, I won’t D. Ok, I didn’t ( )17. Can you show ______ how ________ paper roses. A. I, make??B. me, making C. me, to make???D. I, to make ( )18. —–Do your family like traveling?[来源:学&科&网] —–Yes. Not only my parents but also I ______ interested in traveling. A. is B. am C. are D. was 根据所给汉语或英文解释写出单词,使句子意思通顺。 1 You had better give up __________( 吸烟 ). 2 How many _________ ( 书架 ) are there in your study ? 3 Is the work _________ ( 完成 ) ? 4 Don’t begin your work without reading the ____________ ( 说明 ) . 5 His room looks _____________ ( very bad ) . 6 What’s DIY__________ ( 确切地 )? 7 I need some paper and a pair of _____________ ( 剪刀 ). 8 You ___________ ( had better ) ride a bike to school . 9 Please _________ ( fix ) the bike for me . 10 ________ ( 混合) them together and _______ ( 增加 )some salad cream if you like . 11. My grandpa was_______?(one) a history teacher. 12. Her daughter is a(n) ________ (积极的) member of the club. 二.用所给词的适当形式填空 1 I ’m afraid he is ____________ ( terrible ) ill . 2 The meeting will soon be over . __________ (not be ) so ____________ (patient )! 3 You should __________ (not be ) so rude ! 4 Tom ___________ (not be ) at home yesterday . 5 It’s too far away . It’s _____(possible ) for him _____( get ) there in an hour . 6 ___________ (not cross ) the road when the traffic lights are red . 7 ___________ (do ) your things on your own is a good way to save money . 8 ____________ (take ) more exercise , and you’ll be ____________ (health ). 9 It’s hot . Don’t leave the window ___________ (close ). 10 It’s ____________ ( polite ) ___________ (shout) at others . 11 Daniel is too young , so he is __________ (able ) to know so many words . 12 I’m sorry to say your answer is _____________ (correct ) . 三、按要求改写句子,每空一词。 1 You can’t park your car here . = ______ ________your car here ! (改成祈使句) 2 It’s time for class . Put your comic books away . = You __________ put your comic books away . = You _________ ___________ put your comic books away . 3 Don’t play with fire = You _________ _________ play with fire. = You ___________ _________ ________ play with fire .[来源:学#科#网] 4. He spends two hours reading English every week.(同义句) It____________him two hours_______ _________English every week. 5.He helped me do my homework. (同义句) He _________me ________my homework. 6 .He did not play computer games yesterday evening. He did his homework instead.(同义句) He did his homework _______ ______ ________ computer games yesterday evening. 7. They filled the classroom with desks and chairs. (同义句) The classroom ________ ________ _______/______ _______ _____ desks and chairs. 8. He could swim at the age of 5. = He _____ _______ ______ swim at the age of 5. 9. Close the window, please.(改为否定句)______ close the window, please. 10. He can repair his bicycle alone.(同义句) He can repair his bicycle _____ ______ _______. 11. It’s not polite to make noise in class. (同义句) It’s ________ to make noise in class. 12. It took me twenty minutes to finish my homework yesterday. I ______ twenty minutes ______ my homework yesterday. 四、根据所给中文完成句子。 1. WHO代表世界贸易组织。WHO _____ ______ World Trade Organization. 2. 我表弟对魔术很着迷。My cousin _____ _____ ______ magics.[来源:学科网ZXXK] 3. 不要总是犯同样的错误。Don’t always ______ the same _______. 4. 他正在用沙子把洞填满。He is ______ the hole ________ sand. 5. 谢谢你为我们保守秘密。Thank you for ______ ______ for us. 五.任务型阅读(每空一词) Have you heard about “Survival (生存) Holidays”? “Survival Holidays” is for children to go into the lonely place for exciting activities(活动). Now about 1,100 companies(公司) are asked to take children into the great outdoors without their parents. The reason why people like “Survival Holidays” is that they think being close to nature is good for children. Many children in big cities spend all time watching TV and playing computer games. “Survival Holidays” gives them an important change. Is “Survival Holidays” a wonderful idea? Maybe it is. Children need more free time to play. They need to be left on their own, without adults disturbing (打扰) them. Parents care too much about their children. They like to see the children being busy with activities that are controlled (支配) by adults, but children don’t know what to do when they are in danger. Even something like crossing a small river seems to be a hard challenge (挑战). Children are not comfortable with danger. Even small danger like getting their feet wet or falling down seems very terrible to them. Many people think the survival activities are good for children. Even years later, they will still remember what they have learned. Some have learned to stay calm in different times. Some have learned how to keep safe. Others have learned how to work in a team. All these skills will help them a lot in their lives. Title: Survival Holidays What “Survival Holidays” is. It is an exciting activity that __1__can get into the lonely place __2__ their parents.[来源:学#科#网] Why people like it. Because it’s __3_ for children to be close to nature and gives them an i__4___ change. What children in big cities usually _5__ in their free time. It __6__ them all the time to watch TV and play computer games. Why we think “Survival Holidays” is a good idea. Parents should leave their children __7__. Children need to learn how to face(面对) __8__. What children can learn in the survival activities. “Survival H___9___” is a meaningful experience for children that they will never forget. They can l__10___ many skills from these activities. 六、首字母填空。 Two brothers worked together on a farm. One was married and had a large f 1 .The other had no wife yet. Although they lived in different houses, they shared everything they got from their farm. One day, the single brother said to himself, “It’s not r 2 that we share all the rice. I’m a 3 and I need less than my brother.” So, every night he took a bag of rice from his store-room and w 4 across the field b 5 their houses, putting it into his brother’s store-room. At the same time, the married brother thought, “It’s not fair to share all the rice. I’m married and I have my wife and children to l 6 after me when I am o 7 . However, my brother has no one to take care of his f 8 .” So, each night he also took a bag of rice and put it into his brother’s store-room. Several months passed by. They found i 9 strange that their rice never became less. Then, one dark night the two brothers happen to meet each other. Slowly they began to understand what was happening. Their bags fell onto the ground and tears f 10 their eyes at once.

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  • ID:2-7704269 扬州树人学校 2019-2020 学年第二学期初二语文期末试卷(含答案)

    初中语文/期末专区/八年级下册

    111

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  • ID:4-7704266 江苏省扬州市树人学校 2019–2020 学年第二学期期末试卷 八年级英语(有听力题,答案及答题卡;无材料及音频)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级下册

    111

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  • ID:6-7704257 扬州树人学校 2019-2020 学年第二学期期末试卷初二物理图片版含答案答题卡

    初中物理/期末专区/八年级下册

    111

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  • ID:3-7704251 扬州树人学校 2019-2020 学年第二学期期末试卷初二数学(word试卷+pdf答题卡+word答案,)

    初中数学/期末专区/八年级下册

    111

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  • ID:4-7702912 牛津译林版英语八年级上Unit 3 A day out单元测试题(含答案,有听力音频无材料)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 3 A day out

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  • ID:4-7702910 牛津译林版英语八年级上Unit 3 A day out单元提高练习卷(含答案无听力题)

    初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 3 A day out

    提高练习 Unit Three of 8A Class _____________ Name _____________ 一、单项填空 ( ) 1. _______ great fun it is to play games on _______ Internet! A. How; / B. What; / C. How; the D. What; the ( ) 2. Why not _______ an English club to practice _______ English? A. join; speaking B. to join in; speaking C. join in; to speak D. to join; to speak ( ) 3. Betty swims _______, if not better than Melinda. A. so well as B. so bad C. as well as D. so bad as ( ) 4. This paper is made _______ wood and is _______. A. from; really good B. from; good really C. of; good really D. of; really good ( ) 5. 梂hen will the wedding (婚礼) _______? —_______ the evening of May 1st next year. A. take place; In B. happen; In C. take place; On D. happen; On ( ) 6. When the coach stopped, some people _______ the coach and some others _______. A. got off; got on it B. got off; got it on C. got it off; got on it D. got it off; got it on ( ) 7. The foreign visitors will _______ 5 p.m. tomorrow afternoon. A. reach at B. get at C. arrive at D. arrive ( ) 8. 桯ow long may I _______ the dictionary? 桭or 2 weeks. A. borrow B. lend C. keep D. buy ( ) 9. The traffic on the city roads is heavier than _______ on the highway. A. it B. that C. the one D. one ( ) 10. Famous _______ its beautiful sights, Yangzhou is a _______ fun place to go. A. as; really B. as; real C. for; really D. for; real ( ) 11. You _______ those things if you _______ them. A. needn抰 buy; don抰 need B. needn抰 buy; needn抰 C. don抰 need to buy; needn抰 D. don抰 need buy; don抰 need ( ) 12. The number of the students in our school is much _______ than that in theirs. A. more B. less C. fewer D. smaller ( ) 13. Would you please give me _______ pieces of paper to _______? A. three other; write with B. other three; write C. three more; write on D. another three; write with ( ) 14. We students are too busy _______ to do any _______ after class. A. to do exercise; exercise B. doing exercises; exercise C. to do exercises; exercises D. doing exercise; exercises ( ) 15. 桪o you think the cost of the trip is _______? 梇es. Because the food and hotels cost _______. A. too much large; too many B. much too high; too much C. much too expensive; too much D. too much big; too many ( ) 16. They looked _______ each other and kept it _______ a secret _______ themselves. A. at; to; at B. to; as; to C. at; as; to D. at; to; as ( ) 17. 桟an you guess who will be the first to cross the finishing line? 桽andy. Jane doesn抰 run so fast _______ she did last time. A. than B. so C. that D. as ( ) 18. The trip from our school to the World Park _______ about half an hour. It was _______. A. spent; bored B. cost; boring C. took; bored D. took; boring ( ) 19. 桯e, together with his parents _______ going to Shanghai in July. How about you? 桰抦 afraid I have to stay at home _______. A. are; on my own B. is; by myself C. is; by my own D. are; for myself ( ) 20. 桵um, what are friends for? 桭riends are always there for you when you’re feeling down. —_______. A. No problem B. Got it C. All right D. Good idea 二、完形填空 It was very cold outside my car. I did not want to get out of it 1 we passed by a café. Suddenly I noticed a 2 man, who was with some bits of cloth (布), shaking with the cold.He was waiting for anyone who would 3 him a coin or a cup of hot tea. I asked my husband to go over and hand this old man something.He looked into my husband’s face, smiled and said, “ 4 .” I felt so happy that he could live 5 the cold night. I was sure to meet him again and find out how he was the next 6 , as I have to pass this way every day. I did so the next evening, and he saw the car and came up to my window and 7 at me. This time I offered him a bag of food. He reached out for the bag. He 8 the food and said, “May God bless you (愿上帝保佑你).” I looked at the old man and he made me think of my father. I do hope all of us will remember that maybe one day, it could happen to one of us, 9 please do not pass by a 10 person without offering at least a word of love and a kind smile or an act of kindness of any kind. ( ) 1. A. after B. when C. before D. if ( ) 2. A. short old B. old short C. young tall D. tall young ( ) 3. A. send B. leave C. greet D. accept ( ) 4. A. Excuse me B. My pleasure C. Take it easy D. Thank you ( ) 5. A. in B. through C. under D. off ( ) 6. A. year B. month C. week D. day ( ) 7. A. smiled B. pointed C. called D. shouted ( ) 8. A. held B. ordered C. dropped D. received ( ) 9. A. so B. and C. or D. but ( ) 10. A. quiet B. sick C. poor D. shy 三、阅读理解 Once, a circle (圆) lost a piece of its own. The circle wanted to be whole, so it went around looking for its missing piece. But it was incomplete (不完整的), so it could only roll (滚动) very slowly. It enjoyed the flowers and the sunshine along the way. It talked with worms. It found lots of different pieces, but none of them fit. So it left them all by the side of the road and kept on looking for the missing piece. Then one day the circle found a piece that fit perfectly. The circle put the missing piece into itself. It could be whole with nothing missing. It was so happy and began to roll. Now that (既然) it was a perfect (完美的) circle, it could roll very fast, too fast to see flowers or talk to worms. It realized how different the world was when it rolled so quickly. It felt so sad that it stopped, left its found piece by the side of the road and rolled away slowly. Sometimes we are perfect when we lose something. A man who has everything is a poor man in some ways. He will never have hopes, dreams or something better. He will never know someone loves him or someone is giving him something he has always wanted or never had. We couldn抰 be perfect, but we must be brave enough to love, strong enough to forgive, kind enough to share happiness with others and clever enough to know there is enough love around us and then we can always live a wonderful life. ( ) 1. Which of the following is true about the circle? A. It always rolled slowly. B. It talked with the flowers and the sunshine along the way. C. The piece that is found first didn抰 fit. D. It didn抰 find any flowers or sunshine along the way. ( ) 2. The circle rolled very slowly at first because it _______. A. spent much time talking to worms B. wanted to enjoy the sunshine C. was looking for its missing piece D. lost a piece of its own ( ) 3. After it was whole again and rolled fast, the circle _______. A. felt unhappy B. could see more beautiful flowers C. could talk to any worm D. could go everywhere ( ) 4. If a man owns everything, he will be _______ in some ways according to the passage. A. perfect B. poor C. happy D. strong ( ) 5. The story mainly tells us that _______. A. nobody loves us if we give nothing B. a man who has everything is the happiest C. losing something may not be a bad thing sometimes D. we are not whole when we lose something 四、动词填空 1. I saw the accident (意外) _______________ (happen) when I was walking by. 2. Remember _______________ (not say) bad words about anyone. 3. Be more careful next time, or you _______________ (make) the same mistake. 4. Why _______________ they _______________ (not join) us in the barbecue last Friday? It was very interesting. 5. We _______________ (try) our best to score the most points in the coming sports meeting, aren抰 we? 6. To keep _______________ (wash) our faces with cold water every day can protect us from catching a cold. 7. Tom will call you if he _______________ (finish) the work. 8. How we wish _______________ (visit) the Palace Museum! 9. My father _______________ (not drive) me to school because his car broke down (抛锚) on the way. 10. Jim was so excited _______________ (pull) himself up the rocks. 五、阅读填空 Have you ever been to Korea? Now let me show you three tourist attractions (旅游胜地) in Korea. The first station is Jeju Island (济州岛). It’s known as the “Island of the Gods”. And it is the biggest island and it’s the tallest mountain (高山) of South Korea. It is like the Hawaiian Islands in the USA. So it抯 called the Hawaii of South Korea. On the island, you can hike the mountains, eat different kinds of seafood and hang out on the beach. Another attraction is Lotte World. It is in Seoul, South Korea. It has a large indoor theme park, an outdoor amusement park, an island with shopping malls, a hotel, a museum, sports facilities and movie theatres. The Lotte World indoor theme park is one of the largest indoor amusement parks in the world. And it opened on July 12, 1989, and it has about 8, 000, 000 visitors each year. You will have a great time in the Lotte World. The last one is N Seoul Tower. It is in Namsan Mountain, central Seoul, South Korea. Built in 1969, and open to the visitors in 1980, the tower has been a symbol (象征) of Seoul and it’s 236.7 meters tall. There is a great restaurant on the fifth floor. You can have a good meal and enjoy the nice sight of Seoul at the same time. You will have an unforgettable experience at N Seoul Tower, the best place to see the whole city. Three tourist attractions in Korea Jeju Island It is __________ (1) than any other island in Korea. People __________ (2) it the Hawaii of South Korea. People can hike the mountains, enjoy different kinds of seafood and hang out on the beach. Lotte World It is an indoor theme park, one of the largest amusement parks in the world. It was opened on July 12, 1989. Each year, about 8, 000,000 visitors go there for a __________ (3). N Seoul Tower It is in the centre of Seoul. It was built in 1969 and the __________ (4) of it is 236.7 metres. You can not only have a good meal __________ (5) also enjoy the nice sight of Seoul in the restaurant on the fifth floor. 六、完成句子 1. 我觉得游泳不及攀岩刺激。 I ________________________________________________________________ the rocks. 2. 你能告诉我如何仅在一天内看遍来自全世界的所有名胜吗? Can you tell me _________________________________________________ in just one day? 3. 夕阳西下,泛舟游太湖多棒啊! How wonderful it is ______________________________________ in Tai lake in the sunset! 4. 吴老师为什么不同意我坐在车前面呢? Why didn’t Mr Wu ____________________________________________________ the bus? 5. 篮球决赛将于明天在南山中学举行。 _________________________________________________in South Hill School tomorrow. 6. 你打算邀请谁参加你们学校去嬉戏谷的旅行? Who _________________________________________________________ the Play Valley? 7. 当公交车到站时,每个人都迫不及待地上了车。 Everyone _______________________________________________ when it came to the stop. 8. 万达广场的变形金刚模型看起来就像电视上的真的一样雄伟。 The models of the transformers in Wanda Square ______________________________ on TV. 七、书面表达 以 “The Trip to Suzhou Paradise” 为题,根据汉语提示,完成短文。要求语句通顺,有逻辑性。80个单词左右。包括以下要点: 1. 我们上个月去了苏州乐园。 2. 我们8点在学校门口集中。然后坐汽车去苏州。从无锡到苏州的旅程大概花了1个小时。 3. 在苏州乐园里我们呆了大约5小时,大家玩得很愉快。 4. 下午3点左右,我们返回学校。 5. 如果你对我们的旅行感兴趣,可以亲自上主页浏览我们的照片。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Unit 3 of 8A 一、1-5 DACAC 6-10 ACCBC 11-15 ADCBB 16-20 CDDBB 二、1-5 BABDB 6-10 DAAAC 三、1-5 CDABC 四、1. happen 2. not to say 3. will make 4. didn’t, join 5. are going to try 6. washing 7. finishes 8. to visit 9. didn’t drive 10. to pull 五、1. bigger/larger 2. call 3. visit 4. height 5. but 六、1. don’t think swimming is as exciting as climbing up 2. how to see all the places of interest from all over the world 3. to take a boat trip 4. agree to let me sit in the front of 5. The basketball final will take place 6. do you plan to invite to join your school trip to 7. couldn抰 wait to get on the bus 8. look as great as the real ones 七、 The Trip to Suzhou Paradise We went to Suzhou Paradise last month. We met at the school gate at 8 in the morning and took a bus to Suzhou. The trip from Wuxi to Suzhou took about one hour. We stayed there for about five hours. Everyone had a great time. At 3 o’clock in the afternoon, we went back to school. If you are interested in our trip, you can go and look at our photos on the home page for yourself.

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  • ID:2-7702883 扬州树人学校 2019-2020 学年第二学期期末试卷初一语文试题(含答案+答题卡)

    初中语文/期末专区/七年级下册

    111

    • 2020-08-10
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  • ID:4-7702882 江苏省扬州市树人学校 2019-2020学年第二学期期末试卷七年级英语(含答案和PDF答题卡,无听力音频和材料)

    初中英语/期末专区/七年级下册

    111

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  • ID:3-7702879 扬州树人学校 2019-2020 学年第二学期期末试卷初一数学(word版,含答案)(试卷+答题纸+答案3份打包)

    初中数学/期末专区/七年级下册

    111

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  • ID:4-7571657 2018-2019扬州市梅岭中学八年级下学期期末试卷 Word版 (含答案+听力音频+听力材料+答题卡)

    初中英语/期末专区/八年级下册

    11111

    • 2020-07-13
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  • ID:2-7571618 统编版2019-2020学年第二学期三年级语文期末测试卷(无答案)

    小学语文/期末专区/三年级下册

    崇川区 2019-2020 学年第二学期 三年级语文期末测试卷 (考试时间:90 分钟,总分:100 分) 【正确书写,爱汉字】 一、看拼音,写词语。(12 分+4 分,共 16 分) zhì huì fēn fānɡ biàn rèn liú tǎnɡ jì xù chèn shān qiān xū wēi wǔ xīn shǎnɡ pǔ tōnɡ xùn sù bǎo cún zhēnɡ qí dòu yàn méi jīnɡ dǎ cǎi 二、根据拼音写同音字。(每题 0.5 分,共 8 分) mì lì xínɡ línɡ ( 挺( ( 丁( )书 ) )走 ) ( ( )蜂 )史 采( 美( ( ( ) ) )象 )件 乌云( )布 再接再( ) 模( ) ( )态各异 ( )声 心( )手巧 【乐于积累,会运用】 三、选择正确答案。(每题 1 分,共 11 分) 1.选出下列选项中加点字读音错误的一项。 (1)A.模.样(mó) (2)A.警.报(jǐnɡ) (3)A.瞭.望(liào) (4)A.空隙(xì) B.夹.袄(jiá) B.匀称.(chènɡ) B.铁锚.(máo) B.脊背(jǐ) 前爪(zhǎo) C. ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) C.笑盈.盈.(yínɡ) C.蘑菇.(ɡū) C.一溜.烟(liū) 2.给加点字选择正确的解释。 异:A.有分别;不相同。 B.特别。 C.惊奇;奇怪。 D.另外的;别的。 E.分开。 大家异.口同声地回答道:“可以!”( ) 王维在异.乡思念着自己的亲人。( ) 他的脸上露出了惊异.的神色。( ) (4)海底是个景色奇异.的世界。( ) 1 学校 班级 姓名 下列句子中,加点词语运用不当的一项是( A.做学问容不得半点虚假,更不能滥.竽.充.数.。 ) B.所谓“不.入.虎.穴.,焉.得.虎.子.”,不亲眼看看,他心中总有怀疑。 C.课堂上,我们要专心听讲,不能和同学窃.窃.私.语.。 D.这两篇文章各有所长,不能相.提.并.论.。 4. 下列句子没有语病的一项是( ) 《蜜蜂》这篇课文的作者是法布尔写的。 赵州桥是隋朝的石匠李春参加建造并设计的。C.街上有挂着许多各种招牌的店铺。 D.在密密麻麻的方帽子中,忽然出现了几顶圆帽子。 5. 下列说法中,正确的一项是( ) A.蔡伦改进造纸术的流程图如下:浸水捣烂→剪碎切断→捞出晒干→纸。B.冰心,原名谢婉莹,她的代表作有《繁星》《寄小读者》《呼兰河传》。C.我国的传统节日有春节、清明节、儿童节、重阳节等。 D.写通知或启示都要注意格式,落款部分应该先署名,再写日期。 四、根据课文内容填空。(共 35 分) 古诗盘点:我从诗句“ , ”中感受到烂漫的春光;从诗句“ , ”中感受到清明时节人们忧伤的心情;我还从诗句“ , ”中感受到 。(7 分) 风景如画:二三月的春日里,轻风 ,如毛的细雨 , 的柔柳,红的白的黄的花,青的草,绿的叶,都像 聚拢来, 的春天。 荷塘里,白荷花在这些大圆盘之间 。有的 。有的 ,露出 。有的还是花骨朵儿,看 起来 。(10 分) 童年如歌:《童年的水墨画》一文中,诗人分别描写了孩子们在 、 、 活动的情景,展现了儿童俏皮的生活场景;《剃头大师》一文中,作者描写了 ,写出了作者童年的快乐;《肥皂泡》一文中,作者按照 → → 的顺序,表达了 。(10 分) 2 道理知晓:通过本学期的学习,我受益匪浅:当有的同学抱着侥幸心理,希望不劳而获时,我会给他讲《 》的故事;当犯了错误不敢面对时,我会对自己说“ ”;当我 时,我会想起《 》的故事,它告诉我 。(7 分) 【品读文字,善表达】 五、语句赏析。(0.5 分+1.5 分+2 分+2 分,共 6 分) “人影给溪水染绿了,钓竿上立着一只红蜻蜓。”我觉得这句话中,“ ”字用得特别好,因为 。 “长期以来,它适应了晚上九点左右的温度和湿度,到了那时,便悄悄绽开淡 雅的花蕾,向.人.们.展.示.美.丽.的.笑.脸.。”这句话加点的部分写出了 。我也用这样的方法写一句话: 。 【快乐阅读,展能力】 六、非连续性文本阅读。(3 分+1 分+3 分,共 7 分) “84 消毒液”使用说明书 适用范围:用于饭店、宾馆、医院和家庭中被一般细菌污染的物品及肝炎病菌污 染的消毒,以及瓜果蔬菜、餐饮用具的消毒。 注意事项:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 本品为外用消毒剂,必须稀释后使用,不得口服。 本品对金属制品有腐蚀作用,对棉纺织品有漂白脱色的作用。避免直接接触皮肤,如有接触,立即用水冲洗。 密封、避光、避热,置于阴凉处保存。 产品有效期为一年。(生产日期:2019 年 6 月 28 日) 1. 根据说明书判断下列做法的对错,对的打“√”。 (1)疫情期间,妈妈用“84 消毒液”给我的黑衬衫消毒。 ( ) (2)放学后,保洁阿姨用稀释后的“84 消毒液”给教室的桌椅和地面消毒。( ) (3)爸爸把买回来的“84 消毒液”放在阳台上。 ( ) 2. 看了说明书,我知道这瓶“84 消毒液”在 之前可以使用。 A.2018 年 6 月 28 日 B.2019 年 6 月 28 日 C.2020 年 6 月 28 日 3. 东东摔伤了膝盖,奶奶用“84 消毒液”给他消毒,这种做法对吗?请你说出理由。 3 七、阅读短文,完成练习。(4 分+4 分+6 分+3 分,共 17 分) 看戏 ① 家乡地处中原,中原素称“戏曲之乡”。所以,从小我就爱看戏。 ②“天河吊角,南瓜豆角;天河南北,西瓜凉水”,正是乡下唱大戏的好时节。天刚擦黑,我们这些孩子便拿着馒头,嚼着几棵大葱吃着走着到外村去看戏。 ③乡村的戏台很简单。村外(空地 空旷)的树林里堆个高土坡, ( 扯 搭 栽) 几根桐杆,( 扯 搭 栽)一挂布挡,( 扯 搭 栽)一副帆棚,七拼八凑成了“金銮殿”。再到附近学校里借盏汽灯、村里电工家借台扩音器,算是有了点城市剧院的风景。 ④“天地大舞台,舞台小天地。”戏台总是“三五步走遍天下,七八人百万雄兵。” 那时,我们认为唱戏道白没味儿,心想着看武打戏。特别是《断桥》里小青大战妖兵的那一折。扮演小青的演员身材矮小,一双大眼睛炯炯有神,声音清亮脆润。她没有长长的水袖,只在颈上系副青色的绸丝披风衣。武打起来,她踏着鼓点抡双刀同一个个翻着倒栽跟头的妖兵“拧麻花”。闪、跳、腾、挪麻利迅速,叫号亮相恰到好处。当“斩”尽最后一个妖兵时,她在台角金鸡独立。一会儿,鞭鼓又响,又是一群“鱼兵虾将”蜂拥而来。顿时,兵器绞成一团。不时,小青便被团团包围,成了旋转陀螺中间的小青点儿。此时,我们趴在台边一动不动,鼻涕流垂多长也顾不上抹一把。却听梆子再响,又见众人散开改换红缨短枪。小青左右各有一支短缨枪飞来,只见她拧身旋动,双脚各分一支。接着又有四支一起飞击,还不等人们眨眼那枪早被踏尖踢落。然后,便有六支、八支……三番五次,如同下枪雨。小青如一条青色鲤鱼在水波中跳跃,红雨不能沾身一滴儿。台下的观众额头早已冒出汗珠,汉子们叼的香烟也早已断 了气息。 文/张有为(有改动) 1.在括号里用“√”选择合适的词语。 2.我们可以用多种方法理解词语和句子。从“天河吊角,南瓜豆角;天河南北,西瓜 凉水”我知道了唱大戏的好时节是在 ,“三五步走遍天下,七八人百万雄兵”是说 ,“拧麻花”的意思是 ,“早已断了气息”的意思是 。 这篇短文先写了“我”小时候爱看戏,接着写了 ;又写了 ;最后写了 。 短文中“小青大战妖兵”写得最好了。要把武打过程讲给伙伴听,我准备梳理出这样三部分: ( )→( )→( )。 4

    • 2020-07-13
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  • ID:4-7571586 牛津译林版三年级英语下册期末考试最全知识点复习

    小学英语/新版-牛津译林版/三年级下册/本册综合

    三下英语期末考试知识点复习 一、易错注意点。 1.This is 不能缩写。 Yes,they are .中 they are 不能缩写 Yes,it is. 中 it is 不能缩写 Yes, I am.中 I am不能缩写 2.Yes,it is.或No, it isn’t 用来回答一般疑问句:Is this/that/ it....? 3.特殊疑问句:单数句型:What’s this /that/it? 问 回答:It’s a /an+ 名词单数或简答:A/An+名词单数. 复数句型:What are these/those/they? 问 回答:They’re + 名词复数.或简答:名词复数。 一般名词复数通常是在名词后面+s 4.一般疑问句:单数句型:Is this/that……? ----Yes ,it is . -----No ,it isn’t. 复数句型:Are these/those/they? 问 回答: ----Yes,they are . 或 ----No, they aren,t. 5.只要Look at…. 回答要礼貌性的夸赞How nice/beautiful/lovely.It’s nice/great.Great。 只要夸赞,就要答:谢谢Thanks/Thank you. 只要祝贺生日快乐Happy Birthday,就要答:谢谢。 只要给你for you,就要答:谢谢。 只要欢迎来到某个地方Welcome to+地名,就要答:谢谢。 但新年快乐Happy New Year.还是回答新年快乐Happy New Year. 7.Mr(先生);Miss(小姐) 8.You’re right.你是对的/正确的。You’re out.你出局了。 9.---Are you…?问 回答: ---Yes, I am.(是的,我是。) /No, I’m not .(不,我不是。) 10.一个苹果 an apple 注意:一个红/好看的/大的苹果 a red/nice/big apple 一个橙子 an orange 一个橙色的包an orange bag 注意:它是橙色的。It’s orange. 它是一个橙色的橙子。It’s an orange orange. 一个鸡蛋 an egg 一个冰激凌 an ice cream 一本英语书 an English book 一位阿姨 an aunt 一位叔叔 an uncle 一位老爷爷 an old(老的)) man 一位老奶奶 an old woman 11.建议或制止 Don’t …. 回答:Sorry/I’m sorry.或 Yes. 12. in the tree在树上(外来的) on the tree 在树上 (长在树上) 13.是----的时候了。 It’s time/ Time for + 名词。 如: It’s time for school/class/home/breakfast/lunch/dinner/bed/the cake. It’s time/ Time to + 动词。 如: It’s time to eat/sleep/meet/run. 14. I want to + 动词(我想要...). want to sleep want to talk I want +名词(我想要...). I want a toy robot/ an apple… 15. 单数:who’ =who is what’s =what is where’s =where is it is=it’s that is=that’s here is=here’s 在选择题或填单词中,句子中有is 就不能用缩略词,否则就有2个is了。 没有is 才能选缩略词。 复数:we are=we’re they are=they’re you are=you’re is not=isn’t do not=don’t 16. this/that是同类词,组成的词组里面不能再加a/an /the 了 如:this book 这本书  that pencil 那支铅笔 these/ those是同类词,构成的词组,后面必须是名词复数 如:these oranges这些橙子  those pears那些梨 17.(this,这,这个,复数是these这些,是指近处的物品 。而that那,那个,复数是those那些,是指远处的物品) 18.hurry up 快点 wake up 醒,醒来 stand up 起立 19.We are twins. 我们是双胞胎。 They are twins. 他们是双胞胎。 twin brothers 双胞兄弟 twin sisters 双胞胎姐妹。 20.a clock 一个钟 而o’clock是… 点钟,所以不属于同一类 there 那里, here 这里,是同类词 Where在哪里,who谁,what什么,是疑问词,属于同类词。 21.我的my, 你的,你们的your, 他的his属于同类词;  stand(站)同类词sit(坐); up(向上)同类词down(向下) 22.数字:有数字构成的词组 从two至twelve 后面的名词必须加复数通常加s ,如:two apples  2个苹果 23.注意单词拼写正确sister eleven twelve eight 24.Make a wish.答:OK./I want... 25.感叹句:What a/an...! 或How+形容词(beautiful/lovely/nice)! 26. What’s that over there ? 在那里的那个是什么?It’s a/an … What are those over there ?在那里的那些是什么? They’re +名词复数 二、单词 表示方位的:in on under behind beside 另外表示地点的还有:here 这里;there 那里;over there在那里,提问用疑问词:where 表示颜色的:red green yellow blue white black brown 表示数字的:one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve 表示动物的:pig dog cow duck chicken cat猫 mouse老鼠(单数), mice老鼠 (复数) 表示水果的:apple orange pear 表示人称的:I/me(宾格)you it/he/she we they 表示物属的:my your its(它的)/his(他的)/her (她的)our(我们的) their(他们的) 表示远近的:this(这,这个,单数,指近处的)these(这些,复数,指近处的,) that(那,那个,单数 ,指远处的)those(那些,复数,指远处的,) 表示三餐的:breakfast lunch dinner 表示家庭成员:grandpa-grandma father-mother brother-sister uncle-aunt cousin 表示对应的:boy-girl man-woman uncle-aunt father-mother brother-sister grandpa-grandma 表示学习用品的:book rubber schoolbag crayon(蜡笔) ruler pencil case pencil pen 表示动作类的动词:open-close stand(站)-sit(坐)listen look guess shout eat run talk sleep drink 三、句型 1.询问是什么东西。 单数时What’s this/that? ----It’s a/an…..或简答:A/An+名词单数. 复数时What are these/those? -----They are+名词复数形式……或简答:名词复数。 2.询问是什么吗? 单数时Is this/that……? ----Yes,it is . -----No,it isn’t. 复数时Are these/those +名词复数形式?. -----Yes,they are. ------No,they aren’t.. 3.制止某人时 Don’t eat/talk/run/sleep/shout… ------Sorry/I’m sorry/Yes. 4.询问...怎么样? What about…..? ------Yes,please. ------No,thank you. 5.询问什么颜色 What colour…..? 答:It’s + 颜色.或简答:颜色。 ----It’s red /green/ yellow /blue/ white/ black/ brown. 询问年龄 How old are you? 回答:I’m + 数字.或简答:数字。 ------I’m one/ two/ three /four/ five /six/ …eleven /twelve… How old is he/she? He’s /She’s +数字。 问身体好吗?How are you? 答:I’m fine. 7.询问几点了 What time is it?或What’s the time? ----It’s……o’clock , It’s time for….. 8.询问是谁 Who’s she/he/this girl/that boy? --- She’s/He’s … 询问在哪 单数时:Where’s+单数?  回答:--- It’s/He’s/She’s+ in/on/under/behind the …over there或简答:地点。 复数时:Where are+复数? --- They’re in/on/under/behind/beside…或They’re over there. 10.询问姓名 What’s your name? 问 回答:I’m + 名字。 或 :My name is + 名字. 询问:你呢?/你怎么样?/你如何? What about you?/How about you? 12.询问:你想要....吗? Would you like…?问 答:Yes,please。(好的,太感谢了)或 No,thank you /No,thanks .(不,谢谢。) 四、注意事项 1.一句话的开头字母要大写,结尾有标点符号。 2.关于“一个a/an”的用法: a用在以辅音开头的词前,如:a cake, a pear等; an用在以元音开头的词前,如:an egg,an ice cream,an apple,an orange等。 3.单词、词组之间在书写时要留有一个字符的空间。 4.名词单数(一个)前一般用冠词a/an,复数(两个及以上)一般在名词词尾 加s,例如cows。 五、背熟单词、词组和句子。 in class在上课 open the door/window/book打开门/窗/书本 close the door/window/book关上门/窗/书 listen to 听 want想要,想 look at the blackboard/picture看黑板/图片 eat my cake吃我的蛋糕 Don’t eat/talk/run/sleep/shout.不要吃/说话/跑/睡觉/大叫。 over there在那边 my English book我的英语书 thank you 谢谢你 my pencil/ruler/rubber我的铅笔/尺子/橡皮 drink my milk喝我的牛奶 under your desk在你的课桌下 behind the door在门后面 Hurry up. 快点。 in the tree在树上(外来的) on the tree 在树上 (长在树上) on your chair在你的椅子上 in my desk在我的课桌里 in the library在图书馆 in your pencil case在你的铅笔盒里 stand up 起立 sit down坐下 lunch box午餐盒 Here you are. 给你。 six o’clock六点钟 wake up 醒醒,醒来 a nice cake 一个好看的蛋糕 on the farm在农场上 a lovely bird一只可爱的小鸟 two cows两头奶牛 eight chickens八只鸡 an apple/orange一个苹果/橙子 these apples这些苹果 Welcome to…. 欢迎.来到..... that girl那个女孩 It’s time for… 是……的时候了 a toy car一辆玩具车 We are twins. 我们是双胞胎们。 cousin 堂兄(弟);堂姐(妹);表兄(弟);表姐(妹) be late迟到 make a wish许个愿吧 Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。 六、四会单词

    • 2020-07-13
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  • ID:2-7571569 统编版2019—2020学年四年级下册语文期末测试试卷 (word版 无答案)

    小学语文/期末专区/四年级下册

    2019—2020学年四年级期末测试试卷 语 文 (满分100分,考试时间120分钟) 积累与应用(共55分) 给加点字选择正确的读音,并打“√”。(3分) 提供(gōng gòng) 繁衍(yán yǎn) 曝晒(pù bào ) 伺机( cì sì ) 槛车 (jiàn kǎn) 脸颊(xiá jiá) 二、我能读准确,写美观。(10分) Wèi jiè fú shì wú lài kuáng fèi xiāo sǎ ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) jiá dié yáng yì cáo zá chāi chú diào qiǎn ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 三、比一比,再组词。(8分) 1、蹭( ) 侍( ) 脾( ) 翼( ) 2、增( ) 待( ) 婢( ) 冀( ) 3、淌( ) 譬( ) 拆( ) 逢( ) 4、徜( ) 瞥( ) 折( ) 蓬( ) 下列每小题都有一个词语含有错别字,选出来。(4分) 1、A.推测 B.腾萝 C.花穗 D.前肢 2、A.登陆 B.昏暗 C.付近 D.穿梭 3、A.蔬菜 B.应和 C.砌墙 D.遭秧 4、A.开僻 B.时令 C.杜鹃 D.炕沿 五、补充成语并选择其中一个造句。(4分) 一丝不( ) 悬( )刺( ) 茹毛( )( ) 手不( )( ) ( )危不( ) 铁( )成( ) 根据要求写词语。(4分) 描写心情的成语: _________ _________ 描写人物品质的成语: _________ _________ 选择恰当的词语填空。(4分) 鼓舞 鼓励 鼓动 当我遇到困难时,老师和同学们都热情地( )我,让我受到了很大的( )。 夸奖 夸耀 夸口 小刚获得全市作文竞赛第一名,受到了全校师生的( ),但他从不在别人面前( )自己。 八、给加点字选择正确的解释。(填序号4分) 赤: ①泛指红色; ②光着,露着(身体); ③空; ④革命象征 ⑤指赤金。 赤着脚,携着手,踏着新泥,涉过溪流。( ) 2、几经艰难,他终于赤手空拳闯出了一片天地。( ) 3、不要为了一件小事吵得面红耳赤。( ) 4、你说得对,金无足赤,人无完人,我们不能太苛求了。( ) 九、按要求写句子。(5分) 1、晌午的太阳热辣辣地照射着树林。(缩句) 2、爸爸说:“今天晚上你和妈妈先吃饭,我有事。”(改成转述句) 3、山坡下的每一块地都被大水淹没了。(改写双重否定句) 4、我们阅读课外书,可以增长知识和写作水平。(修改病句) 5、小草从土里探出头来。(仿写句子) 十、根据所学内容填空。(7分;每空0.5分) “醉里吴音相媚好,白发谁家翁媪?”选自《 》,作者是 代 词人 。 天行健, 。 唐代诗人王昌龄在《 》这首诗中表达了自己的高洁品格,体现在诗句“ ”中。 4、“千里马”用来比喻 ,“变色龙”形容 ,像这样的词语我还知道 , 。 5、这个学期,我们认识了许多英雄人物,如: 的哈尔威船长, 的雨来, 的黄继光。 6、假如你要做一个鼓励自己勤奋学习、努力读书的书签,你会在上面写: 。 十一、口语交际。(3分) 如果你参加班长竞选,你会怎样介绍自己?请把你的自我介绍写下来。 阅读与分析(共20分) 一、课内阅读。(10分) 在准备发射人造卫星的同时,中国科学家满怀希望地开始了载人航天 技术的探索。1992年9月21日,党中央决定实施载人航天工程,一百一 十多个单位直接承担了研制、建设和发射任务。经过广大科技人员、工人 和解放军官兵十余年的不懈努力,2003年10月15日早晨9时,在酒泉卫 星发射中心,随着一声震耳欲聋的巨响,我国自行研制的“神舟五号”飞 船被送上太空。火箭宛若一条巨龙,划出一道绚丽的曲线,瞬间便消失在 了苍穹之中。10月16日早晨6时23分,飞船在环绕地球14圈后成功返 回着陆场。航天员杨利伟在即将登机返回北京的时候,用三句话概括了他 的太空旅行:“飞船飞行正常。我自我感觉良好。我为祖国骄傲。” 1、写出下列词语的近义词。(3分) 直接---( ) 成功---( ) 正常---( ) 2、联系上下文,解释词语。(2分) 震耳欲聋: 。 3、从文中画线句子中的“一百一十多”这个数字中你读懂了什么?(2分) 。 4、看了杨利伟叔叔太空旅行的情形,你想对杨利伟叔叔说些什么?(3分) 。 二、课外阅读。(10分) 雨中访幽 人们说“青城天下幽”。在盛夏的蒙蒙细雨中,我们步入青城洞天。这里古木参天,真可谓“横柯上蔽,在昼犹昏”。错落的群峰,云雾缭绕,我不禁想起两句诗:“只在此山中,云深不知处。” “曲径通幽处,禅房花木深。”这里虽没有禅房,却多道观。山回路转,只见天师洞的殿宇掩映在葱郁的古木之中。偶尔两个健步如飞的轿夫抬着一乘滑竿从身旁掠过,一眨眼便消失在翠色里,山雾便立刻掩了上去,只见一片山岚萦绕……这真是道家仙境! 我们继续向天师洞攀登。雨淅淅沥沥,把树叶洗得更青翠了。潺潺(chán)的流水声,偶尔的鸟鸣声,更增添了山中的寂静。这不正是“蝉噪林逾静,鸟鸣山更幽吗”的意境?虽是雨天,一路上游客却也不少。但游客隐匿在深山幽谷中,听不见他们的欢声笑语,似乎游客们都融进了森林、山岩和源泉…… 踏着纷纷雨滴,我们走上了龙桥栈道。侧面凌空,下面是郁郁苍苍的林木,从十几丈的山谷中生长起来,真是幽得深邃,幽得隽(juàn)永。走在栈道上,俯瞰幽谷,心里爽快极了,冷不防脖子里掉进几滴凉丝丝的雨水、泉水,那真是爽到了心底里去了。 我们夜宿峰巅的上清宫,那里又是一番情趣。深沉的黑色,静静的道观,给人一种远离尘世的感觉。半夜磬声,清晰可闻,更让人感觉到峰顶上的寂静。 虽然次日下起了雨,我们未能欣赏到壮丽的日出和云海。然而我却领略到了雨中青城的幽趣和雨趣。的确,“青城天下幽”,雨中的青城山更幽,简直是“幽趣横生”! 1、短文按照 的顺序分别描写了青城山的 、 、 等景点,给读者留下了深刻的印象。(4分) 2、作者没能欣赏到壮丽的日出,心里感到遗憾吗?(3分) 。 。 3、请你为青城山设计一句宣传语。(3分) 。 第三部分 习作与表达(共25分) 我们正慢慢长大,学会了做很多事情。你学会的哪件事让你最有成就感?以“我学会了 ?? ? ”为题,把学做这件事的经历、体会和大家分享吧。 要求:把题目补充完整,书写工整,语句通顺,字数400字左右。 四年级语文试卷

    • 2020-07-13
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  • ID:2-7571541 统编版五年级下册课外阅读练习材料三篇 (无答案)

    小学语文/人教统编版(部编版)/五年级下册/本册综合

    (1)好读书 ①因为你心灵饥渴,所以要读书。 ②读书是为了获取知识,这是最简单不过的道理。前辈们用智慧探寻大自然的奥秘,以文字作下了永久的记录,便有了科学书;他们研究人类社会的发展史,探求规律,便有了历史书;他们思考人与自然、社会之间的关系,便有了哲学书;他们用生动的形象,表达人类的故事,便有了文学书。 ③读书,自然不能只局限于课本,走出课本读书,那才是真正意义上的读书,那才是真正惬意的事情。读书要有选择,只要有阅读兴趣,适合自己的年龄层次和品味的书,我们都可以找出来读。但读书并非一味看热闹,也不能因贪多而走马观花,囫囵吞枣。( )看了,( )一定要有自己的想法。一旦真正读懂了一本或几本书,你就能真正体味到读书的欢愉和乐此不疲,你的修养、素质也会在潜移默化中得到提升。 ④试想,在暖春的艳阳下,鸟儿鸣叫,百花飘香,你领略着自然的神奇,体味着人生的哲理,聆听着一位智慧老人的谆谆教导;在凉秋的灯下,万籁俱寂,你坐在桌前读书,无数鲜活的形象走到你面前,与你交谈……这是多么惬意的事情。 ⑤读书诱发了人的思绪,使想象超越时空;读书丰富了人的思想,如接触大智慧的老人;读书开拓了人的精神世界,使人生更加美丽。 ⑥书给予人们的实在太多,谁可不读书? 1、 文中与“囫囵吞枣”意思相近的成语是___________。(1分) 2、相传蜀汉大将军关羽写过《戒子书》,书中有这样一句话:“读书好,好读书,读好书。”想想这句话中的三个分句各表达了什么意思?(3分) (1)“读书好”的意思: (2)“好读书”的意思: (3)“读好书”的意思: 3、把文中括号里填写合适的关联词。(1分) 4、如果家长认为读课外书会影响学习,你该怎样和他们沟通?(2分 ) ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5、写一句关于读书的名言。(2分) _____________________________________________________________ 6、从本文中你学到了哪些读书的方法?请写出2种方法。 (2分) (1) _______________ ____________________________________ (2) ____________________________________________________ (2)“水都”威尼斯(12分) 威尼斯素有“水都”之称。水、桥、船构成了威尼斯的三大特色。 威尼斯全市约有150多条大小不同的弯弯曲曲的河道,两岸是各式各样的建筑。河道宽窄不一,大运河最宽,约100米;而最窄的河道,两岸居民可以开窗握手。 威尼斯全城有桥梁400余座。它们各具风姿,格调极其不同。其中,有建于1592年的大理石独拱桥——里阿托大桥。该桥建在运河上,桥上还开设了许多店铺。文艺复兴时期修建的叹息桥更是别具一格——全桥由桥屋覆盖。而在涨潮时,水涌入圣马克广场,这时,这里又会出现许多临时的木板桥。 威尼斯的船,实际上是当地唯一的交通工具。这里的船也是各式各样的:集体乘坐的,个人使用的,出租的,应有尽有。 1、把短文分成两段,用“‖”标出。两段之间的关系是         。(2分) 2、读第二小节。威尼斯的“水都”的特点是: 。 其中第二句话主要是写这一特点。(1分) 3、读第三小节。威尼斯的“桥”的特点有二: ; 。其中详写了 这一特点。为了说明这一特点,举了 桥、 桥和圣马克广场上的临时木板桥三个例子。(5分) 4、“有建于1592年的大理石独拱桥——里阿托大桥。”和“文艺复兴时期修建的叹息桥更是别具一格——全桥由桥屋覆盖。”中的“——”叫    号,他们的作用是一样的吗?              。(2分) 5、读第四小节。这一小节写了威尼斯的船在当地的 ,以及它   的特点。(2分) 3、书 书籍就像繁茂的大树,伟人之书是根,大家之书是干,名家之书是枝,其余不过是叶,树叶落了,枝干犹在。长江后浪推前浪,书林新叶催陈叶。 书籍就像浩瀚的海洋。涉足沙滩者可以拾到漂亮的贝壳,至于海中蕴藏的无数珍奇,只有勇敢无畏的探海者才能得到。 书籍就像无价的宝石,有的价值连城,有的弃之不惜。 有可读之书,有可用之书。有可读而不可用之书,有可用而不可读之书,有既可读也可用之书。 耳读是极为重要的读书之法,所谓“听君一席话,胜读十年书”是也。但神读才是读书的最佳境界。神读方能神解,神解方能彻悟。读书能神解,下笔才能有神。 读书的过程,是个审美的过程,也是个再创造的过程。读书而无创造性思维的介入,不可能把书读活。 是人读书,不是书读人。人读书,可以把死书读活;书读人,可以把活书读死。 (1)联系上下文解释词语。(4分) 彻悟: 价值连城: (2)文中写书籍像 ,像 ,像 ,这运用的是 的手法。(4分) (3)短文中叙述的书有五种: 、 、 、 、 。(5分) (4)重要的读书之法是 。(1分) (5)文中画“——”的句子怎样理解?(2分)

    • 2020-07-13
    • 下载4次
    • 34KB
  • ID:3-7560925 小学数学北师大版 二年级下册第八章 评选吉祥物 课件(14张ppt)

    小学数学/北师大版/二年级下册/八 调查与记录/评选吉祥物


    小学数学北师大版 二年级下册第八章 评选吉祥物 (2):14张PPT数学二年级
    下册
    第八单元
    调查与记录
    评选吉祥物
    一、情景导入
    淘气和笑笑的学校准备在六一期间举行一次运动会,现在他们正忙着评选吉祥物,想看看吗?那今天,我们就一起来评选吉祥物。
    评选吉祥物
    要从这四种动物中选出一种作为运动会的吉祥物,选哪种动物呢?
    如果只按某一个同学喜欢的动物合理吗?一人喜欢熊猫,一人喜欢鱼,那该选谁喜欢的动物作为吉祥物才合理呢?如果选的是全班同学最喜欢的动物作为吉祥物大家是不是都认可了,都同意了呢?
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    压缩包内容:
    小学数学北师大版 二年级下册第八章 评选吉祥物 (2).pptx

    • 2020-07-10
    • 下载1次
    • 379.92KB