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  • ID:4-5375183 [精]第35讲 日常生活、新闻报道类文章(解析版+原卷版)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    第35讲 日常生活、新闻报道类文章(原卷版) "日常生活、新闻报道类"是高中英语新课标重要考查的阅读话题之一,也是英语核心素养的体现。综观近几年的高考英语阅读理解题,其中日常生活、新闻报道类内容主要涉及的是与人们生活息息相关的信息,如产品宣传、服务介绍、招生招聘等。 新闻报道类阅读是近几年高考英语阅读理解最常考的题材,在阅读理解的选材中占有很大的比重;命题者的目的是要考查考生提取信息和处理信息的能力,所以命题的题型多是以获取信息为主的细节理解题,兼顾推理判断题、主旨大意题和猜测词义题。 一、真题链接 【2018·浙江高考·C篇】 FLORENCE,Italy—Svetlana Cojochru feels hurt. The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and the elderly,but in order to stay she's had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad. Italy is the latest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant(移民) population by demanding language skills in exchange for work permits,or in some cases,citizenship. Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs,such measures will become more a vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合).Others say it's only natural that newcomers learn the language of their host nation,seeing it as a condition to ensure they can contribute to society. Other European countries laid down a similar requirement for immigrants,and some terms are even tougher. The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures. Italy,which has a much weaker tradition of immigration,has witnessed a sharp increase in immigration in recent years. In 1990,immigrants numbered some 1.14 million out of Italy's then 56.7 million people,or about 2 percent. At the start of this year,foreigners living in Italy amounted to 4.56 million of a total population of 60.6 million,or 7.5 percent,with immigrants' children accounting for an even larger percentage of births in Italy. Cojochru,the Moldovan caregiver,hoped obtaining permanent residence(居住权)would help her bring her two children to Italy;they live with her sister in Moldova,where salaries are among the lowest in Europe.She was skeptical that the language requirement would encourage integration. Italians always “see me as a foreigner,”an outsider,even though she's stayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently,she said. 1.Why does Cojochru have to take a language test? A.To continue to stay in Italy. B.To teach her children Italian. C.To find a better job in Italy. D.To better mix with the Italians. 2.Some people worry that the new language requirement may . A.reduce Italy's population quickly B.cause conflicts among people C.lead to financial difficulties D.put pressure on schools 3.What do we know about Cojochru? A.She lives with her sister now in Italy. B.She enjoys learning the Italian language. C.She speaks Italian well enough for her job. D.She wishes to go back to her home country.  【长难句解读】 The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and the elderly, but in order to stay she's had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad.这个摩尔多瓦妇女已经在这里(意大利)7年了,她的工作是照顾意大利的小孩和老人,但为了能够继续留在意大利,她将不得不参加一个语言测试,以此来证明自己的语言能力,这个测试要求她给一个虚构的朋友写一张明信片,同时回复一则虚构的招聘广告。 [分析] 本句是并列复合句。根据but可知,本句是表示转折关系的并列句,但but前后又都包含较复杂的成分。前一部分的主要成分是The Moldovan has lived here seven years;后一部分主要成分是she's had to prove her language skills。同时第二部分中又包含定语从句which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad,修饰先行词a test。 【2018·天津高考·D篇】I read somewhere that we spend a full third of our lives waiting. But where are we doing all of this waiting,and what does it mean to an impatient society like ours?To understand the issue,let's take a look at three types of “waits”. The very purest form of waiting is the Watched?Pot Wait.It is without doubt the most annoying of all. Take filling up the kitchen sink (洗碗池) as an example. There is absolutely nothing you can do while this is going on but keep both eyes fixed on the sink until it's full. During these waits,the brain slips away from the body and wanders about until the water runs over the edge of the counter and onto your socks. This kind of wait makes the waiter helpless and mindless. A cousin to the Watched?Pot Wait is the Forced Wait. This one requires a bit of discipline. Properly preparing packaged noodle soup requires a Forced Wait. Directions are very specific. “Bring three cups of water to boil,add mix,simmer three minutes,remove from heat,let stand five minutes.”I have my doubts that anyone has actually followed the procedures strictly. After all,Forced Waiting requires patience. Perhaps the most powerful type of waiting is the Lucky?Break Wait. This type of wait is unusual in that it is for the most part voluntary. Unlike the Forced Wait,which is also voluntary,waiting for your lucky break does not necessarily mean that it will happen. Turning one's life into a waiting game requires faith and hope,and is strictly for the optimists among us. On the surface it seems as ridiculous as following the directions on soup mixes,but the Lucky?Break Wait well serves those who are willing to do it. As long as one doesn't come to rely on it,wishing for a few good things to happen never hurts anybody. We certainly do spend a good deal of our time waiting. The next time you're standing at the sink waiting for it to fill while cooking noodle soup that you'll have to eat until a large bag of cash falls out of the sky,don't be desperate. You're probably just as busy as the next guy. 1.While doing a Watched?Pot Wait,we tend to . A.keep ourselves busy B.get absent?minded C.grow anxious D.stay focused 2.What is the difference between the Forced Wait and the Watched?Pot Wait? A.The Forced Wait requires some self?control. B.The Forced Wait makes people passive. C.The Watched?Pot Wait needs directions. D.The Watched?Pot Wait engages body and brain. 3.What can we learn about the Lucky?Break Wait? A.It is less voluntary than the Forced Wait. B.It doesn't always bring the desired result. C.It is more fruitful than the Forced Wait. D.It doesn't give people faith and hope. 4.What does the author advise us to do the next time we are waiting? A.Take it seriously. B.Don't rely on others. C.Do something else. D.Don't lose heart. 5.The author supports his view by . A.exploring various causes of “waits” B.describing detailed processes of “waits” C.analyzing different categories of “waits” D.revealing frustrating consequences of “waits” 【长难句解读】 There is absolutely nothing you can do while this is going on but keep both eyes fixed on the sink until it's full.在这件事情进行时你绝对没有什么事情可做,只是双眼盯着洗碗池直到它充满水。  本句是并列复合句。but连接两个并列分句,前面的并列分句中,you can do为that引导的定语从句修饰nothing,that可以省略,while引导时间状语从句;第二个分句中包含until引导的时间状语从句。  二、阅读话题词汇夯实 阅读单词识记:英汉互译 【日常生活、新闻报道类】 1.achieve v. → n.完成;成就 2. vt.任命;委派;指定;约定(时间、地点)→appointment n. 3. n.结论;结束→ vt.结束;推断 4. vt.赢得;挣得;赚得 5. v.雇用→ n.雇用→unemployment n. →employer n. → n.雇员 6. vt.雇用;租用 7. n.& vt.采访,会见,面试→ n.采访者;主持面试者→ n.接受面试者;被采访者 8. vt.经营;管理;设法对付→ n.经营;管理→manager n. 9. vt.停止;离开 10. vt.& vi.辞职 11. vt.& vi.退休 12. vt.承担;从事 13 v.调整;(使)适应;调节 14. n.津贴;零用钱 15. n.外貌→ vi.出现 16. n.申请人 17. n.申请 18. n.建筑师 19. n.助手,助理→ vt.帮助;协助→assistance n. 20. n.津贴;奖金;红利 21. n.候选人;应试者 22. n.执照;证(明)书 23. n.机会;机遇 24.consideration n. → adj.想得周到的;体贴的→ vt.思考,考虑;认为→ prep.考虑到;鉴于 25. vt.让……离开;开除;解散;解雇 26. adj.受过教育的;有教养的 27. n.期待,期望 28. v.失败;(考试)不及格 29. v.担任;拥有;保持;抓住 30. n.职业 31. n.机会 32. n.可能性;可能 33. n.物理学家 34. adj.潜在的;可能的;n.潜力 35. n.职位 36. n.职业,专业 37. vt.& vi.(使)具有资格;(使)具备合格条件 38. adj.有资格的 39. vt.& n.回答;回复 40 n.代表,典型(人物) 41. n.要求 42. n.秘书;书记 43. n.专科医生;专家 44. v.成功 45. n.幸福;福利 重点短语 1. 申请 2. 适合 3. 主管 4. 在某人的掌管之下 5. 忙于做;专心于 6. 失业 7. 感觉能胜任 8. 移交;交出 9. 搜寻;寻找 10. 符合;遇到;遭受 11. 展望未来;为将来设想 12. 负责;接管 ★【即学即练】 【2018·安徽省安师大附中马鞍山二中阶段性测试】 When Marco Polo travelled to Hangzhou, China about 700 years ago, he had never thought he'd be creating a job of social media ambassador in the 21st century in China. On May 20, one lucky foreigner would be selected to become the modern?day Marco Polo, getting a free 15?day trip to the scenic city of Hangzhou in China, and rewarded with $ 55,000 in the next year for working part?time to promote the city to the global audience. Five finalists from Australia, Romama, the U.S., Switzerland and France were in the final race. They came from a pool of 700 applicants from around the world, carefully selected by the Hangzhou Tourism Commission on their familiarity with China, social media presence and adventurous spirit. Located about 100 miles southwest to Shanghai, Hangzhou is home to 8.44 million population and among China's richest cities as measured by per capita GDP. Traditionally, Hangzhou is known for its charming West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage Site with traditional Chinese stories and tales, and the Grand Canal, which travels from Hangzhou to Beijing and was a key route of transportation in ancient China. The city's mild climate and charming environment drew 9.7 million tourists last year, contributing to 6.5% of the city's GDP. The lucky winner would start an all?expense?paid trip to Hangzhou, which, in addition to visits to tourist sites and tastings of delicious food, also would include a four?day ride along the Grand Canal and three evenings spent at a local resident's home. “It is in fact a part?time job. How you work that out efficiently is your problem,” Liam Bates, perhaps the strongest competitor because of his fluent Chinese, said.“We will see how hard it is to meet these numbers.” 1.The purpose of Hangzhou choosing a social media ambassador is to . A.keep Marco Polo in people's memories B.attract more foreign tourists to China C.encourage more foreigners to speak Chinese D.explore a new route of transportation 2.From Paragraph 3, we know that . A.Hangzhou is 100 miles northwest to Shanghai B.8.44 million visitors came to Hangzhou last year C.tourism plays an important role in the GDP of Hangzhou D.the Grand Canal travels from Hangzhou to Shanghai 3. Liam Bates was most likely to get the job mainly due to his . A.travel experience  B.fluent Chinese C.adventurous spirit D.excellent videos 4.Which of the following might be the best title for this passage? A. Hangzhou rewards international visitors to China B.Liam Bates creates a dream job of social media ambassador C.A dream job in China — $ 55,000 to the contemporary Marco Polo D. Hangzhou, a famous city for West Lake and the Grand Canal 阅读理解的三大方法 通过长时间的高考阅读的研究和整理,我大体将目前学生的阅读流程分为三类: 第一类:读文章——做题目——回头再读文章 此为传统方法,命中率高,但速度稍慢。优点是能够迅速理解全文的主题脉络,连贯地进行信息的排查,缺点是由于人的记忆力有限,很多细节在做题时已经忘却,有不确定的地方仍需回到原文细细查找,寻找依据,耗时费力。这种方法的使用,需要较好的英文基础外加优秀的强记能力,一般使用于高分段的学生。 不过,这种阅读流程的效果不单纯作用于考试,还可以切实提高英文阅读水平,对同学们大学以后的学习大有帮助。所以这种阅读顺序,我推荐给高一高二的学生在平时的阅读解题中大可以培养这种习惯,一方面确保准确率,第二稳步提升自己的英文阅读实力,但对于高三的同学,这种方法有些欠妥。由于复习时间的紧张,我们最好摒弃掉此类阅读习惯。 第二类:读题目(题干+选项)—— 读文章 —— 做题目 其实此类方法分两种,一种是只看题不看选项,即大致看看问题,然后带着问题再看文章;另一种是将题干和所有选择项看完,再看文章。第一种的优点是节约时间,缺点是由于不看选项,对于细节缺乏必要的把握,同样要返回文章找寻关键点,而且定位的时候没有精确的坐标;第二个就相对而言科学很多,优点是明了要重点注意的目标信息,有很好阅读的针对性,缺点是相对读文章的时间少了,难免断章取义缺少宏观的把握,容易陷入干扰选项设置的陷阱之中。 【典例1】 【2017·高考全国卷Ⅰ·A片段】 Pacific Science Center Guide ◆Visit Pacific Science Center's Store Don't forget to stop by Pacific Science Center's Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or souvenir to remember your visit. The store is located (位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome. 21.Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center? A.In Building 1. B.In Building 3. C.At the Laser Dome. D.At the Denny Way entrance. 第一步 确定题干中的关键词 本题题干的关键词是:Where;souvenir;Pacific Science Center 第二步 根据关键词定位信息句 本题信息句是:to pick up a wonderful science activity or souvenir to remember your visit.The store is located (位于)upstairs in Building 3 第三步 比对选项确定答案 B 【典例2】 【2017·高考全国卷Ⅱ·B片段】I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid,introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn't want me for the film—it wanted somebody as well?known as Paul—he stood up for me. I don't know how many people would have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers. 24.Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to the author at first? A.Paul Newman wanted it. B.The studio powers didn't like his agent. C.He wasn't famous enough. D.The director recommended someone else. 第一步 确定题干中的关键词 题干关键词是:the studio与the role 第二步 根据关键词定位信息句 用the studio和the role寻读,在文中找到“When the studio didn't want me for the film-it wanted somebody as well?known as Paul-he stood up for me.” 第三步 比对选项确定答案 根据信息句可知,电影公司不想让作者演这部电影,是因为他们想要一位像Paul一样出名的人来演,这说明我不出名。故选C。 【典例3】【高考全国卷Ⅲ·A片段】Chamber Orchestra:The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Street,which offers several concerts from March through June.Call 723?1182 for more information. http://www.chamberorch,com. 22.When can you go to a concert by Chamber Orchestra? A.February.      B.May. C.August. D.November. 第一步 确定题干中的关键信息 When;go to a concert by Chamber Orchestra 第二步 定位到原文信息句 Chamber Orchestra:The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Street,which offers several concerts from March through June. 第三步 整合推算得出答案 B 对于高三的同学们,还是建议多使用这种方法,方法虽有利弊,但对于时间紧张的你们,往往事半功倍。 第三类:读主题——读题目—— 读全文——做题目 先看懂各段首尾句或短文的第一段,大致明了文章的主题。此后细细地阅读题干推敲选项的大致设置,思考作者的行文规律和命题者的出题陷阱,然后带着已经在首尾句获得的信息和在题目中假设的思路回头进行有目的性的查找工作,准确率高且耗时相对较少。而我们现在的高考阅读文章均取自国内外的英文刊物,少有命题组自行行文的类型,此类文章逻辑严谨,结构清晰,所以气定神闲地先读完各段的首句再耐心的推敲考题选项的设置,往往会直接将四个选支排除掉一个或两个,这无疑对我们的解题帮助极大,减少了我们判断的压力轻松地将文章读完。 高考阅读虽错综复杂,但是只要你养成很好的阅读习惯,加上一些必要的解题技巧是一定能征服它的。 二、阅读理解的七大要求 在考试中,阅读理解是限时阅读。它主要考查考生两个方面的阅读理解能力:一是快速阅读能力;二是准确的理解能力。下面大家整理了英语阅读理解高分必备能力,希望对大家有帮助。 1文章体裁辨析能力 英语中,由于不同文体的英语文章有不同的写作方法。如果考生具备了识别英文文体的能力,能根据文体特征迅速抓住文章的要点,就会大大缩短阅读时间,提高理解效率。 2文章结构辨析能力 英语文章有一个共同的特点,一般说来,首先确定文章的主题句,即文章的中心,然后,后面的内容都是围绕这一中心来展开论述的。中心句一般位于文章最前面,也有的位于文章末尾,还有的位于文章的中间。有了文章结构的辨析能力,考生就能快速对文章进行全面、系统的掌握。从而根据试题的不同内容或要求在不同的部位准确找到答案的依据。 3归纳总结能力 虽然绝大多数英语文章有中心句,但也还有些文章根本没有中心句。如有些描述性的记叙就要求考生根据文章内容来归纳、总结出中心句。目前高考中的英语试题总有 3~4 题考查考生对文章中心的理解,这就要求考生一定要具有对文章的归纳、总结能力。 4生词猜测能力 掌握一定量的词汇是进行阅读的前提,但运用各种英语知识猜测生词的能力是考查考生阅读理解能力的一个重要方面。倘若单词都不认识,也就无法阅读下去。然而,并不是说,一定要把所有的单词都认识才能进行阅读。事实上,阅读当中出现一些生词,是一件非常正常的事情。不仅英语阅读如此,就连本族语也是这样。正因为如此,有些语言专家把阅读戏称为猜词游戏。因此,考生在英语阅读理解过程中碰到不认识的单词时,要根据各种知识大胆地猜测生词的意义,培养猜测生词意义的能力。 5长句分析能力 句子长而复杂是现代英语的一个显着特点,特别在现代科技英语中更是这样。作者为了把叙述说得准确、逻辑严密,往往是一个主句接一个或几个状语从句、宾语从句、定语从句、同位语从句、并列句,中间还来几个非谓语动词短语或插入语。这样不但使句子长,而且句子结构支离破碎,令读者不知从何处下手。因此,为了夺得高考英语阅读理解的高分,考生必须具备长句分析能力。 6综合推断能力 近年来,英语阅读理解中的推理判断题逐年增多,单从文章的字面找不出答案,而要根据文章中的某些词、短语或句子来推断出它内在的深层意义,或将几个事实综合起来对文章进行深层理解。因此,考生必须在平时的训练中提高综合推断能力。 7.陷阱识别能力 在英语阅读理解题所给选项中,常出现部分真实的情况,但往往以偏概全、过于笼统,增添枝叶,让选项中的确含有原文中的事实、细节,或原文中已有的情况,却并不与原文事实完全一致,故意扰乱考生的视觉,让考生信以为真,这就是英语阅读理解中的陷阱。因此,考生要具有对陷阱的识别能力,才能绕过陷阱,从而作出正确的选择。 三、易错总结 易错点一:粗心大意, 忽视题干 【典例1】 Once upon a time, a man punished his 5- year-old daughter for using up the family’s only roll of expensive gold wrapping paper. Money was tight, and he became even more upset when on Christmas Eve, he saw that the child had pasted the gold so as to decorate a shoebox to put under the Christmas tree. The man was upset on Christmas Eve because ______. A. his daughter used up the only roll of expensive gold wrapper paper. B. his daughter presented him an empty box. C. he thought his daughter was wasting the expensive gold paper. D. he was poor and couldn’t afford a gift for his daughter. 【答案】C 【点拨】读准题意, 正确判断 易错点二: 偏离原文,断章取意 【典例2】 What can we learn from the story? A.The unconditional love from others is most valuable. B. parents shouldn’t always be angry with children when they are wrong. C. We should value the golden box that others gave us. D. As children, don’t forget to give parents a box full of kisses on Christmas. 【答案】A 同样题型设题: ①Which one can be inferred from the passage? ②Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? 【点拨】 忠于原文,各个排除 易错点三:主观臆断, 天马行空 【典例3】 Why did the father keep the empty box for many years? A.He missed his dead daughter much. B. He represents his daughter’s love and encouraged him to overcome difficulty. C. He really likes the golden box his daughter gave him. D. He is poor. 【答案】B 【点拨】 锁定目标, 仔细推敲 易错点四: 似是而非, 词义不明 【典例4】 The underlined word “ harshly” (paragraph4) can be replaced by ________. A. angrily B. excitedly C. immediately D. directly 【答案】A 【点拨】 辨别词义, 还原文意 例1.【2018·湖南省部分重点中学考前演练】 I'm sometimes told, “You have to make your own luck. If you don't try something, how can you succeed?” This is very true for competitions. There are people who regularly take part in all sorts of competitions with great enthusiasm. These people are nicknamed compers. The motivation for being a comper is obvious: it's about being a winner and being rewarded with a prize. These prizes can be small or large: from a box of chocolates to a new car, a trip of a lifetime around the world, or even a new house. Isn't that worth competing for? Of course competitions that offer money prizes attract entry from millions of people, making the odds of winning very unlikely. But one man who has been lucky is a retired lecturer from the UK called Martin Dove. He is a serial comper and has managed to bag prizes such as a yacht and a racehorse. Martin says: “ I've been a comper for 40 years. It's like admitting some addiction, isn't it?” He gets respect from other compers and also admits, “ Some people have called me the Master of Comping, the King of Comping, the Guru of Comping. But it's just a word, just a phrase. It's just because I frequently appeared in the media.” For many, winning remains a dream, but they continue to try their luck as there's always a small chance that they might succeed. But what if you do win? Then you have to ask: how am I going to spend all that money? Some people say that “money can't buy you happiness”.What do you think? 1.What does the author mean by“This is very true for competitions”? A.Competitions bring people luck. B.One must be in a competition to win it. C.Trying gets people to succeed. D.People naturally compete with each other. 2.Who are compers? A.Those always standing out in competitions. B.Those addicted to entering competitions. C.Those often entering competitions for prizes. D.Those competing for others' recognition. 3.What does the underlined word “odds” probably mean? A.Possibility.     B.Investment. C.Importance. D.Advantage. 4.What do Martin's words suggest? A.Any job can offer opportunities. B.He has attracted considerable attention. C.Persistence is the key to his success. D.He has set a good example to others. 【答案】1.B 2.C 3.A 4.B 【解析】 本文是一篇说明文,阐述了一种社会现象:有些人总是热衷于参加各种形式的比赛活动,目的就是获奖。你是否有过类似的经历呢? 1.B 考查推理判断。This指的应是前面的“If you don't try something,how can you succeed?”,再结合第二段提到的人们参加比赛赢奖可知,此处指的是对于比赛来说,一个人必须先参与进去然后才有可能赢得比赛,故选B。 2.C 考查推理判断。根据第二段中的“There are people who regularly take part in all sorts of competitions...it's about being a winner and being rewarded with a prize.”可知,compers指的是那些频繁地参加比赛以获取奖品的人。故选C。 3.A 考查词义猜测。根据画线词所在句“Of course competitions that offer money prizes attract entry from millions of people,making the odds of winning very unlikely”并结合常识可知,比赛的奖金是有限的,而参赛的人越多,获奖的概率就越小。由此可知,odds的意思是“概率,可能性”。故选A。 4.B 考查推理判断。根据第三段的最后两句及第四段的内容尤其是“gets respect from other compers”“Some people have called me the Master of Comping,the King of Comping,the Guru of Comping.But it's just a word,just a phrase.It's just because I frequently appeared in the media.”可知,Martin经常参加比赛,而且得到了一些大奖并赢得了其他参赛者的尊重,甚至一些人称其为“参赛大师”、“参赛之王”、“参赛专家”。由此可知,Martin得到了广泛的关注。故选B。 变式训练 【2018·广州综合检测二】 Scientists have solved the mystery of why the overwhelming majority of mammoth fossils(化石) are male. Much like wild elephants today, young male Ice Age mammoths probably travelled around alone and more often got themselves into risky situations where they were swept into rivers, or fell through ice or into mud, lakes or sinkholes that preserved their bones for thousands of years, scientists say. Females, on the other hand, travelled in groups led by an older matriarch who knew the landscape and directed her group away from danger. “Without the benefit of living in a herd led by an experienced female, male mammoths had a much higher risk of dying in natural traps such as mud holes, rock cracks and lakes,” said co-author Love Dalén of the Swedish Museum of Natural History in a report published on Thursday in the journal Current Biology. The study used genetic data to determine the sex of 98 woolly mammoth fossils in Siberia. Researchers found that 69% of the samples were male, a heavily unbalanced sex ratio, assuming that the sexes were fairly even at birth. “We were very surprised because there was no reason to expect a sex bias in the fossil record,” said first author Patricia Pecnerova, also of the Swedish Museum of Natural History. Therefore, researchers believe that something about the way they lived influenced the way they died. “Most bones, tusks, and teeth from mammoths and other Ice Age animals haven’t survived,” explained Dalén. “It is highly likely that the remains that are found in Siberia these days have been preserved because they have been buried, and thus protected from weathering.” These giant, tusked plant eaters disappeared about 4,000 years ago. While there is no scientific agreement on the causes of their disappearance from the planet, most believe that climate change, excessive hunting by humans and the spread of other animals into mammoth feeding grounds were influential factors. 1.The underlined word “matriarch” in Paragraph 3 means ________. A.figurehead        B.female leader C.experienced animal D.mature mammoth 2.Why do the majority of mammoth fossils come from male animals? A.Scientists find it easier to study male fossilised bones. B.There were more male mammoths in comparison to females. C.Male mammoths were better able to adapt to the changing circumstances. D.Male mammoths more frequently died in places where fossils could form. 3.Which of the following is suggested as a reason for mammoths dying out? A.The increasing competition for food. B.The cooling of the earth’s temperature. C.The disappearance of male mammoths. D.The risky behaviour of younger mammoths. 4.What is the text type of the passage? A.A newspaper article. B.An academic essay. C.A historical description. D.A science fiction story. 【2018·南昌NCS20180607项目一模】 When I was five or six years old, I remember watching TV and seeing other children suffer in other parts of the world. I would say to myself, “When I grow up, when I can get rich, I will save kids all over the world.” At 17, I started my career here in America, and by the age of 18, I started my first charity organization. I went on to team up with other organizations in the following years, and met, helped, and even lost some of the most beautiful souls, from six?year?old Jasmina Anema who passed away in 2010 from leukemia(白血病), and whose story inspired thousands to volunteer as donors, to my grandmother, who lost her battle with cancer in 2012, and her death is the very reason and the driving force behind the Clara Lionel Foundation(CLF). We’re all human. And we all just want a chance: a chance at life, a chance in education, a chance at a future, really. And at CLF, our mission is to impact as many lives as possible, but it starts with just one. People make it seem too hard to do charity work. The truth is, you don’t have to be rich to help others. You don’t need to be famous. You don’t even have to be college?educated. But it starts with your neighbor, the person right next to you, the person sitting next to you in class, the kid down the block in your neighborhood. You just do whatever you can to help in any way that you can. And today, I want to challenge each of you to make a commitment to help one person, one organization, one situation that touches your heart. My grandmother always used to say. “If you’ve got a dollar, there’s plenty to share.” 1.What did the author want to do at a young age? A.Watch TV.      B.Grow up quickly. C.Become wealthy. D.Help other children. 2.What directly caused the author to create and develop the CLF? A.A six?year?old kid’s request. B.Her grandmother’s death of cancer. C.Many volunteers’ inspiration. D.Other organizations’ encouragement. 3.What does the underlined word “one” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A.A chance. B.A task. C.A life. D.An organization. 4.What does the author suggest people do in the last paragraph? A.Do little things to help those around them. B.Work hard to get a college education. C.Challenge their friends to offer help. D.Do charity work whoever you are. 【2018·银川质量检测】 Recently I accepted a challenge to join Naasih, a motivational speaker, on a voyage through India designed to refresh my spirit. After too many hours, Naasih and I arrived in the slum(贫民窟) just as the sun was breaking across the smoggy Delhi sky. It seemed as if the small houses extended for miles, an ocean of tin roofs and laundry lines. Finally, Naasih stopped and turned to me. “Give me your bag,” he said. I handed it to him. I had promised to follow his directions, and in return, I was hoping to find whatever I thought was missing from my life. “I will meet you back here at sunset,” Naasih said and walked away. I began to walk through the streets. No one paid too much attention to the tall, hairless man walking among them. My throat was dry, my stomach turning over with hunger. And then I saw a small house and I knocked softly on the door. A young, skinny man, no older than 25, came to answer it. As I soon found out, the man is named Sankar and he was a Lakers fan. I also learned that he was a recently graduated university student who had left his family to go after a dream of success in the big city. Instead, he had found work in the back of a restaurant. After lunch, Sankar took me to play basketball with a group of children in a trash-filled field down the road. The sun was beginning to fall as the laughter of the basket games echoed(发出回声) through the slum. I was so caught up in my day with Sankar. I had started the morning in fear and exhaustion, but I was ending the day connected to something much larger. After the game, Sankar and I walked to Rata Road. There stood Naasih. He said, “You’re__shining,__Leon.” I had been knocked entirely out of my comfort zone, and I felt that wild burst of life that had been missing from my own. 5.Why did the author come to Sankar’s home? A.To play a game with him. B.To respond to Naasih’s request. C.To relieve his hunger and thirst. D.To learn how disadvantaged people live. 6.What can we learn about Sankar? A.He didn’t live as he dreamed. B.He found a good job in the city. C.He studied cooking in university. D.He had a great talent for basketball. 7.What does Naasih mean by saying “You’re shining, Leon” in the last paragraph? A.Leon is an inspiration to him. B.Leon has changed his state of mind. C.Leon is popular among the children. D.Leon is good at connecting with others. 8.What is the best title of the passage? A.A Chance to Make Acquaintances B.The Power of Sports Games C.The Pleasure from Indian Slums D.A Voyage of Finding the Self 【2018·长沙名校第二阶段测评】 With stress levels reaching new highs, it’s important for business owners to take steps to control and reduce their stress. It’s good for owners and for their business. Small and mediumsized business(SMB) owners are some of the most stressed out workers in the U.S. Not only do they feel the pressure of sustaining(维持) and growing their business, SMB owners also face the greatest business challenges from expanding sales channels to increasing tax complexities. Stress of employers and employees can cost your company 50 percent more in health insurance costs. Additionally, the serious health problems associated with stress could have a lasting, bad influence on your business. Finally, suffering high levels of stress means you aren’t taking the time to think creatively about how to grow or adapt your business to shifts in consumer habits or the competitive landscape(局面). When you take steps to decrease stress, your productivity increases and your business takes off. International studies have found that increased stress causes reduced productivity, while decreased stress lead to increased productivity. Reduced stress has great effects—energetic and active individuals positively affect the productivity of those around them. This is especially important to business owners who are the leaders of their company and staff. In addition to decreasing stress, a quick thinking session can immediately improve your decision-making and creative thinking. Large companies, including AOL and McKinsey & Company, have experienced increased sales performance as a result of thinking sessions introduced into the workday. 9.Why are SMB owners suffering great pressure? A.Because they need to expand their business abroad. B.Because they can’t afford the increasing tax. C.Because they don’t take steps to control stress. D.Because they can hardly bring in more profits. 10.What is the consequence of high levels of stress? A.Increasing unemployment. B.Unawareness of a healthy body. C.Decrease in the levels of productivity. D.Alarming rate of death. 11.What does the underlined word “them” refer to? A.Energetic and active individuals. B.Leaders and staff. C.Decreased stress levels. D.Business owners. 【2018·江西名校联盟5月检测】 Parents usually teach their children how to cross the street safely, by looking both ways for cars. But do they also teach them to put away their cell phones? The city of Honolulu, Hawaii wants everyone to learn that lesson. Texting while crossing the street will soon be banned in the city. Beginning on October 24, you could be fined from $15 to $99 if you step onto a Honolulu street while looking at your phone. Honolulu is the first major U.S. city to ban what is called “distracted walking”. It recently passed a law in a seven-to-two vote. The law says: “No pedestrian shall cross a street or highway while viewing a mobile electronic device(装置).” In other words, do not look at a screen when you cross the street or you could be fined. The law’s creators hope it will lower the number of people hit and killed by cars in the city. Mayor Kirk Caldwell told Reuters news agency,“We hold the unfortunate distinction of being a major city with more pedestrians being hit in crosswalks, particularly our seniors, than that of almost any other cities in the country.” The law includes all electronic devices with screens: cell phones, tablets, gaming devices, digital cameras and laptop computers. The law does permit an exception. Pedestrians may use such devices in the street to call emergency services and rescue workers, such as firefighters and police officers. Pedestrian deaths have been increasing as the use of cell phones rises. The Governors Highway Safety Association, or GHSA, says pedestrian deaths in the United States increased by 25 percent between 2010 and 2015. That trend continued in 2016 with the number of pedestrian deaths rising to almost 6,000, 11% higher than that in 2015. Other U.S. cities may follow Honolulu. The State of Washington was the first to outlaw distracted driving back in 2007. Now, 46 other states as well as D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands, also have laws against texting while driving. 12.What’s the passage mainly about? A.Honolulu will ban distracted walking. B.Texting while walking draws public attention. C.More cities in the U.S. will ban texting while driving. D.The number of people killed by cars in Honolulu is increasing. 13.In what case can people use electric devices in Honolulu streets? A.Walking with police officers. B.Making urgent calls. C.Helping rescue workers. D.Texting to consult about emergency services. 14.What does the author convey in Paragraph 5? A.Texting while walking should be banned quickly. B.Distracted walking caused a severe problem in Honolulu. C.Cell phones led to more and more pedestrian deaths in the U.S. D.Pedestrian deaths were caused by texting while walking. 15.Which U.S. state was the first to ban texting while driving? A.Hawaii. B.Washington. C.Puerto Rico. D.Guam. 20 第35讲 日常生活、新闻报道类文章(解析版) "日常生活、新闻报道类"是高中英语新课标重要考查的阅读话题之一,也是英语核心素养的体现。综观近几年的高考英语阅读理解题,其中日常生活、新闻报道类内容主要涉及的是与人们生活息息相关的信息,如产品宣传、服务介绍、招生招聘等。 新闻报道类阅读是近几年高考英语阅读理解最常考的题材,在阅读理解的选材中占有很大的比重;命题者的目的是要考查考生提取信息和处理信息的能力,所以命题的题型多是以获取信息为主的细节理解题,兼顾推理判断题、主旨大意题和猜测词义题。 一、真题链接 【2018·浙江高考·C篇】 FLORENCE,Italy—Svetlana Cojochru feels hurt. The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and the elderly,but in order to stay she's had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad. Italy is the latest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant(移民) population by demanding language skills in exchange for work permits,or in some cases,citizenship. Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs,such measures will become more a vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合).Others say it's only natural that newcomers learn the language of their host nation,seeing it as a condition to ensure they can contribute to society. Other European countries laid down a similar requirement for immigrants,and some terms are even tougher. The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures. Italy,which has a much weaker tradition of immigration,has witnessed a sharp increase in immigration in recent years. In 1990,immigrants numbered some 1.14 million out of Italy's then 56.7 million people,or about 2 percent. At the start of this year,foreigners living in Italy amounted to 4.56 million of a total population of 60.6 million,or 7.5 percent,with immigrants' children accounting for an even larger percentage of births in Italy. Cojochru,the Moldovan caregiver,hoped obtaining permanent residence(居住权)would help her bring her two children to Italy;they live with her sister in Moldova,where salaries are among the lowest in Europe.She was skeptical that the language requirement would encourage integration. Italians always “see me as a foreigner,”an outsider,even though she's stayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently,she said. 1.Why does Cojochru have to take a language test? A.To continue to stay in Italy. B.To teach her children Italian. C.To find a better job in Italy. D.To better mix with the Italians. 2.Some people worry that the new language requirement may . A.reduce Italy's population quickly B.cause conflicts among people C.lead to financial difficulties D.put pressure on schools 3.What do we know about Cojochru? A.She lives with her sister now in Italy. B.She enjoys learning the Italian language. C.She speaks Italian well enough for her job. D.She wishes to go back to her home country.  【答案】1. A 2. B 3. C 【解析】 本文是一篇新闻报道。主要介绍了意大利刚出台的对日益增长的移民所采取的语言测试项目以及人们对该项目的不同看法。 1.A考查细节理解,命题点为事件的起因。根据文章第一段第二句话中的“but in order to stay she's had to prove her language skills by taking a test...”可知,为了能够继续留在意大利,她将不得不参加语言测试来证明自己的语言技能,故选A项。 2.B考查细节理解,命题点为事件的结果。根据文章第三段第一句话中的“such measures will become more a vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合)”可以看出,有的移民担心对移民的语言测试和要求可能会导致更多的不宽容,而不是更多的融合,从而也可能导致更多的冲突,故选B项。 3.C考查细节理解。由最后一段中的“even though she's stayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently”可以看出,科约卡鲁的意大利语说得足够流利,这让她能够胜任她的工作,故选C项。 【长难句解读】 The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and the elderly, but in order to stay she's had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad.这个摩尔多瓦妇女已经在这里(意大利)7年了,她的工作是照顾意大利的小孩和老人,但为了能够继续留在意大利,她将不得不参加一个语言测试,以此来证明自己的语言能力,这个测试要求她给一个虚构的朋友写一张明信片,同时回复一则虚构的招聘广告。 [分析] 本句是并列复合句。根据but可知,本句是表示转折关系的并列句,但but前后又都包含较复杂的成分。前一部分的主要成分是The Moldovan has lived here seven years;后一部分主要成分是she's had to prove her language skills。同时第二部分中又包含定语从句which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad,修饰先行词a test。 【2018·天津高考·D篇】I read somewhere that we spend a full third of our lives waiting. But where are we doing all of this waiting,and what does it mean to an impatient society like ours?To understand the issue,let's take a look at three types of “waits”. The very purest form of waiting is the Watched?Pot Wait.It is without doubt the most annoying of all. Take filling up the kitchen sink (洗碗池) as an example. There is absolutely nothing you can do while this is going on but keep both eyes fixed on the sink until it's full. During these waits,the brain slips away from the body and wanders about until the water runs over the edge of the counter and onto your socks. This kind of wait makes the waiter helpless and mindless. A cousin to the Watched?Pot Wait is the Forced Wait. This one requires a bit of discipline. Properly preparing packaged noodle soup requires a Forced Wait. Directions are very specific. “Bring three cups of water to boil,add mix,simmer three minutes,remove from heat,let stand five minutes.”I have my doubts that anyone has actually followed the procedures strictly. After all,Forced Waiting requires patience. Perhaps the most powerful type of waiting is the Lucky?Break Wait. This type of wait is unusual in that it is for the most part voluntary. Unlike the Forced Wait,which is also voluntary,waiting for your lucky break does not necessarily mean that it will happen. Turning one's life into a waiting game requires faith and hope,and is strictly for the optimists among us. On the surface it seems as ridiculous as following the directions on soup mixes,but the Lucky?Break Wait well serves those who are willing to do it. As long as one doesn't come to rely on it,wishing for a few good things to happen never hurts anybody. We certainly do spend a good deal of our time waiting. The next time you're standing at the sink waiting for it to fill while cooking noodle soup that you'll have to eat until a large bag of cash falls out of the sky,don't be desperate. You're probably just as busy as the next guy. 1.While doing a Watched?Pot Wait,we tend to . A.keep ourselves busy B.get absent?minded C.grow anxious D.stay focused 2.What is the difference between the Forced Wait and the Watched?Pot Wait? A.The Forced Wait requires some self?control. B.The Forced Wait makes people passive. C.The Watched?Pot Wait needs directions. D.The Watched?Pot Wait engages body and brain. 3.What can we learn about the Lucky?Break Wait? A.It is less voluntary than the Forced Wait. B.It doesn't always bring the desired result. C.It is more fruitful than the Forced Wait. D.It doesn't give people faith and hope. 4.What does the author advise us to do the next time we are waiting? A.Take it seriously. B.Don't rely on others. C.Do something else. D.Don't lose heart. 5.The author supports his view by . A.exploring various causes of “waits” B.describing detailed processes of “waits” C.analyzing different categories of “waits” D.revealing frustrating consequences of “waits” 【答案】1.B 2.A 3.B 4. D 5.C 【解析】 本文是一篇议论文。文章通过介绍三种类型的“等待”来论证在“在生活中,人们有三分之一的时间用来等待”这个观点。 1.B考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“...the brain slips away from the body and wanders about... This kind of wait makes the waiter helpless and mindless.”可知,Watched?Pot Wait可以让人变得心不在焉,故选B项。 2.A考查细节理解。根据第三段中的“This one requires a bit of discipline.”可知,Forced Wait与Watched?Pot Wait的区别就是,前者需要自制力,故选A项。 3.B考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“... waiting for your lucky break does not necessarily mean that it will happen.”可知,等待幸运之事,但未必意味着它一定会发生,故选B项。 4.D考查细节理解。根据最后一段中的“The next time... don't be desperate.”可知,下次等待的时候,不要绝望,即不要丧失信心( Don't lose heart),故选D项。] 5. C 考查细节理解。从文章内容看,作者首先说明“等待”在我们生活中的重要性,然后通过分析三种类型的“等待”来帮助理解这个问题,故选C项。 【长难句解读】 There is absolutely nothing you can do while this is going on but keep both eyes fixed on the sink until it's full.在这件事情进行时你绝对没有什么事情可做,只是双眼盯着洗碗池直到它充满水。  本句是并列复合句。but连接两个并列分句,前面的并列分句中,you can do为that引导的定语从句修饰nothing,that可以省略,while引导时间状语从句;第二个分句中包含until引导的时间状语从句。  二、阅读话题词汇夯实 阅读单词识记:英汉互译 【日常生活、新闻报道类】 1.achieve v. → n.完成;成就 2. vt.任命;委派;指定;约定(时间、地点)→appointment n. 3. n.结论;结束→ vt.结束;推断 4. vt.赢得;挣得;赚得 5. v.雇用→ n.雇用→unemployment n. →employer n. → n.雇员 6. vt.雇用;租用 7. n.& vt.采访,会见,面试→ n.采访者;主持面试者→ n.接受面试者;被采访者 8. vt.经营;管理;设法对付→ n.经营;管理→manager n. 9. vt.停止;离开 10. vt.& vi.辞职 11. vt.& vi.退休 12. vt.承担;从事 13 v.调整;(使)适应;调节 14. n.津贴;零用钱 15. n.外貌→ vi.出现 16. n.申请人 17. n.申请 18. n.建筑师 19. n.助手,助理→ vt.帮助;协助→assistance n. 20. n.津贴;奖金;红利 21. n.候选人;应试者 22. n.执照;证(明)书 23. n.机会;机遇 24.consideration n. → adj.想得周到的;体贴的→ vt.思考,考虑;认为→ prep.考虑到;鉴于 25. vt.让……离开;开除;解散;解雇 26. adj.受过教育的;有教养的 27. n.期待,期望 28. v.失败;(考试)不及格 29. v.担任;拥有;保持;抓住 30. n.职业 31. n.机会 32. n.可能性;可能 33. n.物理学家 34. adj.潜在的;可能的;n.潜力 35. n.职位 36. n.职业,专业 37. vt.& vi.(使)具有资格;(使)具备合格条件 38. adj.有资格的 39. vt.& n.回答;回复 40 n.代表,典型(人物) 41. n.要求 42. n.秘书;书记 43. n.专科医生;专家 44. v.成功 45. n.幸福;福利 重点短语 1. 申请 2. 适合 3. 主管 4. 在某人的掌管之下 5. 忙于做;专心于 6. 失业 7. 感觉能胜任 8. 移交;交出 9. 搜寻;寻找 10. 符合;遇到;遭受 11. 展望未来;为将来设想 12. 负责;接管 【答案速递】 1.achieve v.完成;实现;达到→achievement n.完成;成就 2.appoint vt.任命;委派;指定;约定(时间、地点)→appointment n.约定,约会;任命,委派 3.conclusion n.结论;结束→conclude vt.结束;推断 4.earn vt.赢得;挣得;赚得 5.employ v.雇用→employment n.雇用→unemployment n.失业→employer n.雇主→employee n.雇员 6.hire vt.雇用;租用 7.interview n.& vt.采访,会见,面试→interviewer n.采访者;主持面试者→interviewee n.接受面试者;被采访者 8.manage vt.经营;管理;设法对付→management n.经营;管理→manager n.经理;管理人 9.quit vt.停止;离开 10.resign vt.& vi.辞职 11.retire vt.& vi.退休 12.undertake vt.承担;从事 13.adjust v.调整;(使)适应;调节 14.allowance n.津贴;零用钱 15.appearance n.外貌→appear vi.出现 16.applicant n.申请人 17.application n.申请 18.architect n.建筑师 19.assistant n.助手,助理→assist vt.帮助;协助→assistance n.帮助;协助 20.bonus n.津贴;奖金;红利 21.candidate n.候选人;应试者 22.certificate n.执照;证(明)书 23.chance n.机会;机遇 24.consideration n.考虑;要考虑的事;体贴→considerate adj.想得周到的;体贴的→consider vt.思考,考虑;认为→considering prep.考虑到;鉴于 25.dismiss vt.让……离开;开除;解散;解雇 26.educated adj.受过教育的;有教养的 27.expectation n.期待,期望 28.fail v.失败;(考试)不及格 29.hold v.担任;拥有;保持;抓住 30.occupation n.职业 31.opportunity n.机会 32.possibility n.可能性;可能 33.physicist n.物理学家 34.potential adj.潜在的;可能的;n.潜力 35.position n.职位 36.profession n.职业,专业 37.qualify vt.& vi.(使)具有资格;(使)具备合格条件 38.qualified adj.有资格的 39.reply vt.& n.回答;回复 40.representative n.代表,典型(人物) 41.requirement n.要求 42.secretary n.秘书;书记 43.specialist n.专科医生;专家 44.succeed v.成功 45.welfare n.幸福;福利 重点短语 1.apply for申请 2.be fit for适合 3.in charge of主管 4.be in the charge of sb./be in one’s charge在某人的掌管之下 5.be occupied with忙于做;专心于 6.be out of employment/be out of work/lose one’s job失业 7.feel equal to感觉能胜任 8.hand over移交;交出 9.hunt for搜寻;寻找 10.meet with符合;遇到;遭受 11.look ahead展望未来;为将来设想 12.take charge of负责;接管 ★【即学即练】 【2018·安徽省安师大附中马鞍山二中阶段性测试】 When Marco Polo travelled to Hangzhou, China about 700 years ago, he had never thought he'd be creating a job of social media ambassador in the 21st century in China. On May 20, one lucky foreigner would be selected to become the modern?day Marco Polo, getting a free 15?day trip to the scenic city of Hangzhou in China, and rewarded with $ 55,000 in the next year for working part?time to promote the city to the global audience. Five finalists from Australia, Romama, the U.S., Switzerland and France were in the final race. They came from a pool of 700 applicants from around the world, carefully selected by the Hangzhou Tourism Commission on their familiarity with China, social media presence and adventurous spirit. Located about 100 miles southwest to Shanghai, Hangzhou is home to 8.44 million population and among China's richest cities as measured by per capita GDP. Traditionally, Hangzhou is known for its charming West Lake, a UNESCO World Heritage Site with traditional Chinese stories and tales, and the Grand Canal, which travels from Hangzhou to Beijing and was a key route of transportation in ancient China. The city's mild climate and charming environment drew 9.7 million tourists last year, contributing to 6.5% of the city's GDP. The lucky winner would start an all?expense?paid trip to Hangzhou, which, in addition to visits to tourist sites and tastings of delicious food, also would include a four?day ride along the Grand Canal and three evenings spent at a local resident's home. “It is in fact a part?time job. How you work that out efficiently is your problem,” Liam Bates, perhaps the strongest competitor because of his fluent Chinese, said.“We will see how hard it is to meet these numbers.” 1.The purpose of Hangzhou choosing a social media ambassador is to . A.keep Marco Polo in people's memories B.attract more foreign tourists to China C.encourage more foreigners to speak Chinese D.explore a new route of transportation 2.From Paragraph 3, we know that . A.Hangzhou is 100 miles northwest to Shanghai B.8.44 million visitors came to Hangzhou last year C.tourism plays an important role in the GDP of Hangzhou D.the Grand Canal travels from Hangzhou to Shanghai 3. Liam Bates was most likely to get the job mainly due to his . A.travel experience  B.fluent Chinese C.adventurous spirit D.excellent videos 4.Which of the following might be the best title for this passage? A. Hangzhou rewards international visitors to China B.Liam Bates creates a dream job of social media ambassador C.A dream job in China — $ 55,000 to the contemporary Marco Polo D. Hangzhou, a famous city for West Lake and the Grand Canal 【答案】1.B 2.C 3.B 4.C  【解析】 本文主要介绍了一项杭州旅游推广大使选拔活动。 1.B 考查细节理解。根据第二段的“On May 20,one lucky foreigner would be selected to become the modern?day Marco Polo,getting a free 15?day trip to the scenic city of Hangzhou in China,and rewarded with $ 55,000 in the next year for working part?time to promote the city to the global audience.”可知,社交大使选拔的目的是向世界推广杭州,以吸引更多的游客来中国参观。 2.C 考查推理判断。根据第三段的最后一句“The city's mild climate and charming environment drew 9.7 million tourists last year, contributing to 6.5% of the city's GDP.”可推知,旅游业对杭州的GDP增长具有重要的作用。 3.B 考查细节理解。根据最后一段中的“perhaps the strongest competitor because of his fluent Chinese”可知,Liam Bates最可能得到这份工作是因为他能说流利的汉语。 4.C 考查标题判断。根据第二段的第一句“On May 20,one lucky foreigner would be selected to...to the global audience.”并结合全文的整体内容可知,本文是一篇新闻报道,主要报道了一个有趣的工作,即:做杭州旅游推广大使。 阅读理解的三大方法 通过长时间的高考阅读的研究和整理,我大体将目前学生的阅读流程分为三类: 第一类:读文章——做题目——回头再读文章 此为传统方法,命中率高,但速度稍慢。优点是能够迅速理解全文的主题脉络,连贯地进行信息的排查,缺点是由于人的记忆力有限,很多细节在做题时已经忘却,有不确定的地方仍需回到原文细细查找,寻找依据,耗时费力。这种方法的使用,需要较好的英文基础外加优秀的强记能力,一般使用于高分段的学生。 不过,这种阅读流程的效果不单纯作用于考试,还可以切实提高英文阅读水平,对同学们大学以后的学习大有帮助。所以这种阅读顺序,我推荐给高一高二的学生在平时的阅读解题中大可以培养这种习惯,一方面确保准确率,第二稳步提升自己的英文阅读实力,但对于高三的同学,这种方法有些欠妥。由于复习时间的紧张,我们最好摒弃掉此类阅读习惯。 第二类:读题目(题干+选项)—— 读文章 —— 做题目 其实此类方法分两种,一种是只看题不看选项,即大致看看问题,然后带着问题再看文章;另一种是将题干和所有选择项看完,再看文章。第一种的优点是节约时间,缺点是由于不看选项,对于细节缺乏必要的把握,同样要返回文章找寻关键点,而且定位的时候没有精确的坐标;第二个就相对而言科学很多,优点是明了要重点注意的目标信息,有很好阅读的针对性,缺点是相对读文章的时间少了,难免断章取义缺少宏观的把握,容易陷入干扰选项设置的陷阱之中。 【典例1】 【2017·高考全国卷Ⅰ·A片段】 Pacific Science Center Guide ◆Visit Pacific Science Center's Store Don't forget to stop by Pacific Science Center's Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or souvenir to remember your visit. The store is located (位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome. 21.Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center? A.In Building 1. B.In Building 3. C.At the Laser Dome. D.At the Denny Way entrance. 第一步 确定题干中的关键词 本题题干的关键词是:Where;souvenir;Pacific Science Center 第二步 根据关键词定位信息句 本题信息句是:to pick up a wonderful science activity or souvenir to remember your visit.The store is located (位于)upstairs in Building 3 第三步 比对选项确定答案 B 【典例2】 【2017·高考全国卷Ⅱ·B片段】I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid,introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn't want me for the film—it wanted somebody as well?known as Paul—he stood up for me. I don't know how many people would have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers. 24.Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to the author at first? A.Paul Newman wanted it. B.The studio powers didn't like his agent. C.He wasn't famous enough. D.The director recommended someone else. 第一步 确定题干中的关键词 题干关键词是:the studio与the role 第二步 根据关键词定位信息句 用the studio和the role寻读,在文中找到“When the studio didn't want me for the film-it wanted somebody as well?known as Paul-he stood up for me.” 第三步 比对选项确定答案 根据信息句可知,电影公司不想让作者演这部电影,是因为他们想要一位像Paul一样出名的人来演,这说明我不出名。故选C。 【典例3】【高考全国卷Ⅲ·A片段】Chamber Orchestra:The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Street,which offers several concerts from March through June.Call 723?1182 for more information. http://www.chamberorch,com. 22.When can you go to a concert by Chamber Orchestra? A.February.      B.May. C.August. D.November. 第一步 确定题干中的关键信息 When;go to a concert by Chamber Orchestra 第二步 定位到原文信息句 Chamber Orchestra:The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Street,which offers several concerts from March through June. 第三步 整合推算得出答案 B 对于高三的同学们,还是建议多使用这种方法,方法虽有利弊,但对于时间紧张的你们,往往事半功倍。 第三类:读主题——读题目—— 读全文——做题目 先看懂各段首尾句或短文的第一段,大致明了文章的主题。此后细细地阅读题干推敲选项的大致设置,思考作者的行文规律和命题者的出题陷阱,然后带着已经在首尾句获得的信息和在题目中假设的思路回头进行有目的性的查找工作,准确率高且耗时相对较少。而我们现在的高考阅读文章均取自国内外的英文刊物,少有命题组自行行文的类型,此类文章逻辑严谨,结构清晰,所以气定神闲地先读完各段的首句再耐心的推敲考题选项的设置,往往会直接将四个选支排除掉一个或两个,这无疑对我们的解题帮助极大,减少了我们判断的压力轻松地将文章读完。 高考阅读虽错综复杂,但是只要你养成很好的阅读习惯,加上一些必要的解题技巧是一定能征服它的。 二、阅读理解的七大要求 在考试中,阅读理解是限时阅读。它主要考查考生两个方面的阅读理解能力:一是快速阅读能力;二是准确的理解能力。下面大家整理了英语阅读理解高分必备能力,希望对大家有帮助。 1文章体裁辨析能力 英语中,由于不同文体的英语文章有不同的写作方法。如果考生具备了识别英文文体的能力,能根据文体特征迅速抓住文章的要点,就会大大缩短阅读时间,提高理解效率。 2文章结构辨析能力 英语文章有一个共同的特点,一般说来,首先确定文章的主题句,即文章的中心,然后,后面的内容都是围绕这一中心来展开论述的。中心句一般位于文章最前面,也有的位于文章末尾,还有的位于文章的中间。有了文章结构的辨析能力,考生就能快速对文章进行全面、系统的掌握。从而根据试题的不同内容或要求在不同的部位准确找到答案的依据。 3归纳总结能力 虽然绝大多数英语文章有中心句,但也还有些文章根本没有中心句。如有些描述性的记叙就要求考生根据文章内容来归纳、总结出中心句。目前高考中的英语试题总有 3~4 题考查考生对文章中心的理解,这就要求考生一定要具有对文章的归纳、总结能力。 4生词猜测能力 掌握一定量的词汇是进行阅读的前提,但运用各种英语知识猜测生词的能力是考查考生阅读理解能力的一个重要方面。倘若单词都不认识,也就无法阅读下去。然而,并不是说,一定要把所有的单词都认识才能进行阅读。事实上,阅读当中出现一些生词,是一件非常正常的事情。不仅英语阅读如此,就连本族语也是这样。正因为如此,有些语言专家把阅读戏称为猜词游戏。因此,考生在英语阅读理解过程中碰到不认识的单词时,要根据各种知识大胆地猜测生词的意义,培养猜测生词意义的能力。 5长句分析能力 句子长而复杂是现代英语的一个显着特点,特别在现代科技英语中更是这样。作者为了把叙述说得准确、逻辑严密,往往是一个主句接一个或几个状语从句、宾语从句、定语从句、同位语从句、并列句,中间还来几个非谓语动词短语或插入语。这样不但使句子长,而且句子结构支离破碎,令读者不知从何处下手。因此,为了夺得高考英语阅读理解的高分,考生必须具备长句分析能力。 6综合推断能力 近年来,英语阅读理解中的推理判断题逐年增多,单从文章的字面找不出答案,而要根据文章中的某些词、短语或句子来推断出它内在的深层意义,或将几个事实综合起来对文章进行深层理解。因此,考生必须在平时的训练中提高综合推断能力。 7.陷阱识别能力 在英语阅读理解题所给选项中,常出现部分真实的情况,但往往以偏概全、过于笼统,增添枝叶,让选项中的确含有原文中的事实、细节,或原文中已有的情况,却并不与原文事实完全一致,故意扰乱考生的视觉,让考生信以为真,这就是英语阅读理解中的陷阱。因此,考生要具有对陷阱的识别能力,才能绕过陷阱,从而作出正确的选择。 三、易错总结 易错点一:粗心大意, 忽视题干 【典例1】 Once upon a time, a man punished his 5- year-old daughter for using up the family’s only roll of expensive gold wrapping paper. Money was tight, and he became even more upset when on Christmas Eve, he saw that the child had pasted the gold so as to decorate a shoebox to put under the Christmas tree. The man was upset on Christmas Eve because ______. A. his daughter used up the only roll of expensive gold wrapper paper. B. his daughter presented him an empty box. C. he thought his daughter was wasting the expensive gold paper. D. he was poor and couldn’t afford a gift for his daughter. 【答案】C 【点拨】读准题意, 正确判断 易错点二: 偏离原文,断章取意 【典例2】 What can we learn from the story? A.The unconditional love from others is most valuable. B. parents shouldn’t always be angry with children when they are wrong. C. We should value the golden box that others gave us. D. As children, don’t forget to give parents a box full of kisses on Christmas. 【答案】A 同样题型设题: ①Which one can be inferred from the passage? ②Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? 【点拨】 忠于原文,各个排除 易错点三:主观臆断, 天马行空 【典例3】 Why did the father keep the empty box for many years? A.He missed his dead daughter much. B. He represents his daughter’s love and encouraged him to overcome difficulty. C. He really likes the golden box his daughter gave him. D. He is poor. 【答案】B 【点拨】 锁定目标, 仔细推敲 易错点四: 似是而非, 词义不明 【典例4】 The underlined word “ harshly” (paragraph4) can be replaced by ________. A. angrily B. excitedly C. immediately D. directly 【答案】A 【点拨】 辨别词义, 还原文意 例1.【2018·湖南省部分重点中学考前演练】 I'm sometimes told, “You have to make your own luck. If you don't try something, how can you succeed?” This is very true for competitions. There are people who regularly take part in all sorts of competitions with great enthusiasm. These people are nicknamed compers. The motivation for being a comper is obvious: it's about being a winner and being rewarded with a prize. These prizes can be small or large: from a box of chocolates to a new car, a trip of a lifetime around the world, or even a new house. Isn't that worth competing for? Of course competitions that offer money prizes attract entry from millions of people, making the odds of winning very unlikely. But one man who has been lucky is a retired lecturer from the UK called Martin Dove. He is a serial comper and has managed to bag prizes such as a yacht and a racehorse. Martin says: “ I've been a comper for 40 years. It's like admitting some addiction, isn't it?” He gets respect from other compers and also admits, “ Some people have called me the Master of Comping, the King of Comping, the Guru of Comping. But it's just a word, just a phrase. It's just because I frequently appeared in the media.” For many, winning remains a dream, but they continue to try their luck as there's always a small chance that they might succeed. But what if you do win? Then you have to ask: how am I going to spend all that money? Some people say that “money can't buy you happiness”.What do you think? 1.What does the author mean by“This is very true for competitions”? A.Competitions bring people luck. B.One must be in a competition to win it. C.Trying gets people to succeed. D.People naturally compete with each other. 2.Who are compers? A.Those always standing out in competitions. B.Those addicted to entering competitions. C.Those often entering competitions for prizes. D.Those competing for others' recognition. 3.What does the underlined word “odds” probably mean? A.Possibility.     B.Investment. C.Importance. D.Advantage. 4.What do Martin's words suggest? A.Any job can offer opportunities. B.He has attracted considerable attention. C.Persistence is the key to his success. D.He has set a good example to others. 【答案】1.B 2.C 3.A 4.B 【解析】 本文是一篇说明文,阐述了一种社会现象:有些人总是热衷于参加各种形式的比赛活动,目的就是获奖。你是否有过类似的经历呢? 1.B 考查推理判断。This指的应是前面的“If you don't try something,how can you succeed?”,再结合第二段提到的人们参加比赛赢奖可知,此处指的是对于比赛来说,一个人必须先参与进去然后才有可能赢得比赛,故选B。 2.C 考查推理判断。根据第二段中的“There are people who regularly take part in all sorts of competitions...it's about being a winner and being rewarded with a prize.”可知,compers指

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  • ID:4-5002911 [精]高考二轮专题复习:中国传统文化元素告知信 课件

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/各类题型专题/写作

    —how to write an informing letter Writing Let’s enjoy the charm of the traditional Chinese culture! Susan, LiuLing’s friend Chinese brush calligraphy Chinese paintings Four gentlemen Embroideries [?m?br??d?riz](刺绣) Clay crafts (泥塑工艺品) Chinese porcelain [?p?:s?l?n] 中国瓷器 Paper cutting 剪纸 Chinese Classical literature 中国古典文学 Chinese tea Last week, LiuLing prepared a special Chinse gift for her, what is it? Paper fan The four treasures in the study embroidery scarf Chinese knot Silk fan Here is a passage written by LiuLing, informing her friend of the reasons why she chose the gift. Dear Susan, How are you getting along these days? As your birthday is drawing near , I’ve prepared a gift for you. It’s a Chinese silk fan with some peonies, our national flower. Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons why I chose it as your birthday present . For one thing, I know you are fond of Chinese traditional culture and that you are keen on Chinese peonies in particular. For another, the fan is not only a tool to cool yourself, but also a fine artistic work to decorate your house. Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more delicate and elegant. What’s more, peony, with its vivid color and unique fragrance, is always regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance .Last but not least, the peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture., which carries many best wishes, such aspeace, health, fortune and happiness. I sincerely hope that you will like the gift and wish you a happy birthday and prosperous life. Yours, LiuLing [?el?g?nt]adj.优雅的 [??sp???s]adj.吉祥的 [?del?k?t]adj.精致的 . Beginning Ending How to write an informing letter? Body Here is a passage written by LiuLing, telling her friend something about the gift. Dear Susan, How are you getting along these days? As your birthday is drawing near , I’ve prepared a gift for you. It’s a Chinese silk fan with some peonies, our national flower. Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons why I chose it as your birthday present . For one thing, I know you are fond of Chinese traditional culture and that you are keen on Chinese peonies in particular. For another, the fan is not only a tool to cool yourself, but also a fine artistic work to decorate your house. Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more gorgeous and elegant. What’s more, peony, with its vivid color and unique fragrance, is always regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance. Last but not least, peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture, which carries many best wishes, such as peace, health, fortune and happiness. I sincerely hope that you will like the gift and wish you a happy birthday and prosperous life. Yours, LiuLing Greeting Writing___________ purpose [?pi:?niz] Beginning: How is it going these days? / How are you getting along these days? /How are you doing these days? In your last letter, you asked me about… I am writing to inform you of … Learning that … I am writing to ... I am more than delighted to … Here is a passage written by LiuLing, telling her friend something about the gift. Dear Susan, How are you getting along these days? As your birthday is drawing near , I’ve prepared a gift for you. It’s a Chinese silk fan with some peonies, our national flower. Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons why I chose it as your birthday present . For one thing, I know you are fond of Chinese traditional culture and that you are keen on Chinese peonies in particular. For another, the fan is not only a tool to cool yourself, but also a fine artistic work to decorate your house. Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more delicate and elegant. What’s more, peony, with its vivid color and unique fragrance, is always regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance. Last but not least, peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture, which carries many best wishes, such as peace, health, fortune and happiness. I sincerely hope that you will like the gift and wish you a happy birthday and prosperous life. Yours, LiuLing Reasons for choosing the gift Here is a passage written by LiuLing, telling her friend something about the gift. Dear Susan, How are you getting along these days? As your birthday is drawing near , I’ve prepared a gift for you. It’s a Chinese silk fan with some peonies, our national flower. Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons why I chose it as your birthday present . For one thing, I know you are fond of Chinese traditional culture and that you are keen on Chinese peonies in particular. For another, the fan is not only a tool to cool yourself, but also a fine artistic work to decorate your house. Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more gorgeous and elegant. What’s more, peony, with its vivid color and unique fragrance, is always regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance. Last but not least, peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture, which carries many best wishes, such as peace, health, fortune and happiness. I sincerely hope that you will like the gift and wish you a happy birthday and prosperous life. Yours, LiuLing expectation [?pr?sp?r?s]幸福的,运气好的 Ending: 1. I have the confidence that you will ... 2. May you have a great time . 3. I do hope you will… 4. Wish you … Beginning Body Ending State the _______ for your choice reasons Reason 1 Reason 3 Reason 2 Reason 4 Purpose of writing expectation structure and content 1.____________________________ 临近,接近 2.____________________________ 告知某人某事 3.____________________________ ; _____________________________ 喜欢, 热衷于 4.___________________________ 特别地 5._____________________________ 不仅……而且 6._____________________________ 精致的艺术品 7._____________________________ 被看作 8.____________________________________________ 高贵优雅的象征 9._______________________________________承载着许多美好的祝愿 Languages draw near inform sb.of sth. be keen on be fond of in particular not only…but also… a fine artistic work be regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance Carries many best wishes Translate the sentences into Chinese 1.Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more delicate and elegant. 2.Peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture, which carries many best wishes, such as peace, health, fortune and happiness. 把它挂在你书房的墙上,你会发现你的房间会更加精致高雅。 牡丹花在中国文化中是一种吉祥花,它承载着许多美好的愿望,如和平、健康、好运、幸福! Now you’re asked to write a passage according to the following requirements. 假定你是李华,你的英国笔友David生日将至,你亲手制作一个中国结作为生日礼物寄送给他。请你写一封信,告知他你送这个礼物给他的理由。 注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.?参考词汇:中国结 Chinese knot Para.1.①________________________.( greeting) ④ Now I’m writing to __________________. ( writing purpose) Para.2① For one thing… you are fond of/ keen on… (reason 1) ②For another… not only…but also… ( reason 2) ③ What’s more… is regarded as a symbol of (reason 3) ④Last but not least… carries many best wishes (reason 4) Para.3 I sincerely hope that…(expectation) Here is a passage written by LiuLing, telling her friend something about the gift. Dear Susan, How are you getting along these days? As your birthday is drawing near , I’ve prepared a gift for you. It’s a Chinese silk fan with some peonies, our national flower. Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons why I chose it as your birthday present . For one thing, I know you are fond of Chinese traditional culture and that you are keen on Chinese peonies in particular. For another, the fan is not only a tool to cool yourself, but also a fine artistic work to decorate your house. Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more gorgeous and elegant. What’s more, peony, with its vivid color and unique fragrance, is always regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance. Last but not least, peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture, which carries many best wishes, such as peace, health, fortune and happiness. I sincerely hope that you will like the gift and wish you a happy birthday and prosperous life. Yours, LiuLing Evaluate your composition in groups according to the following criteria(标准). /p?'swes?v/ adj. 有说服力的 /k?n'v?ns??/ adj.令人信服的 1 It includes everything required. 0-5 2 The writer uses the given useful words and expressions and some linking words. 0-5 3 The writer uses various sentence patterns. 0-5 4 It reads persuasive , convincing and smooth. 0-5 5 The handwriting is beautiful. 0-5 Thank you ! 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 How to write an informing letter containing the Chinese traditional culture element Part 1.Read the letter written by LiuLing, telling her friend something about a Chinese gift. Dear Susan, How are you getting along these days? As your birthday is drawing near , I’ve prepared a gift for you. It’s a Chinese silk fan with some peonies, our national flower. Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons why I chose it as your birthday present . For one thing, I know you are fond of Chinese traditional culture and that you are keen on Chinese peonies in particular. For another, the fan is not only a tool to cool yourself, but also a fine artistic work to decorate your house. Hanging it on the wall of your study , you will find your room more delicate and elegant. What’s more, peony, with its vivid color and unique fragrance, is always regarded as a symbol of dignity and elegance. Last but not least, peony is an auspicious flower in Chinese culture, which carries many best wishes, such as peace, health, fortune and happiness. I sincerely hope that you will like the gift and wish you a happy birthday and prosperous life. Yours, LiuLing. I. Read the passage quickly and find out the structure and then fill in the blanks. structure Para. 1____________of writing Now I'm writing to inform you of the reasons… Reason 1 For one thing… Reason 2 For another… Para.2____________for choosing the gift Reason 3 What’s more… Reason 4 Last but not least… Para.3 Expectation I sincerely hope that… II. Accumulate some useful words and expressions. Words (translate these words and try to remember them.) 1. auspicious______________________ 2. delicate_________________________ 3. elegant _____________________ 4. prosperous _____________________ Phrases:(find the phrases in the passage and accumulate them) 1._________________临近,接近 2.________________________告知某人某事 3._______________________ ________________________ 喜欢, 热衷于 4.________________特别地 5._______________________ 不仅……而且 6.____________________精致的艺术品 7.___________________________更加精致优雅 8.____________________被看作 9. ______________________载着许多美好的祝愿 Part 2 Write a passage according to the following requirements. 假定你是李华,你的英国笔友David生日将至,你亲手制作了一些中国结作为生日礼物寄送给他。请你写一封信,告知他你送这个礼物给他的理由。 注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.?参考词汇:中国结 Chinese knot Dear …, Para.1 ① .(问候)② (为何准备礼物) ③ . (准备了什么样的礼物)④ Now I’m writing .(目的) Para.2. For one thing… (理由1) For another… (理由2)What’s more… (理由3)Last but not least,… .(理由4) I sincerely hope that… (希望与祝福 ) Yours, LiHua Part 3Evaluate your composition in groups according to the following criteria. 1.It includes all the four parts. 2.The writer uses the given useful words and expressions and some linking words 3.The writer uses various sentence patterns. 4.It reads persuasive ,convincing and smooth. 5.The handwriting is beautiful. 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://www.21cnjy.com/" 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4839936 [精]高考复习专题 宾语从句(课件+练习)

    高中英语/高考专区/一轮复习

    高考复习专题 宾语从句 新知导入 定义 一个句子充当宾语 I don’t think (that) you are right. 二. 宾语从句分类 1.动词的宾语 I don’t think (that) you are right. 2.介词的宾语 Are you afraid of what he did? 3.?形容词的宾语 I?am?sure?(that)?he?will?succeed.? 三. 引导词 1.从属连词that, whether, if,在从句中无成分 例如: He?said?(that)?he?wanted?to?stay?at?home. I want to know if (whether) he lives there. 2.只能用whether的情况 〈a〉在具有选择意义,又有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not连用时,往往用whether 如: I wonder whether we stay or go. I don't know whether he does any washing or not. 〈b〉在介词之后用whether。 如:I'm interested in whether he likes English. 〈c〉在不定式前用whether。 例如:He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man. 〈d〉whether 置于句首时 (主语从句) 例如:Whether this is true I can‘t say. 〈e〉在动词 discuss之后的宾语从句 例如: We are discussing whether should go there. 3.连接代词,副词 〈a〉常见的连接代词有:who(m),what,which,whose , how many,how much, whoever, whatever, whichever…等词。从句中必须担当成分。 例如:Do you know which class he is in ? Could you tell me who knows the answer,please? The small children don't know what is in their stockings. 〈b〉常见的连接词有: when,why,how,where等词,从句中必须担当成分。 例如: I don't know when he will come back. Could you tell me how I can get to the station? 四. 宾语从句的语序? 宾语从句的语序应为陈述句的语序Please?tell?me?when?we’ll?have?the?meeting. Can?you?tell?me?how?I?can?get?to?zoo?? 五. 宾语从句的时态 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从句该用什么时态就用什么时态。 Please tell us what they bought in the mall yesterday. 2. 主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态, (一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 2. 主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态, (一般过去时, 过去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 例如: He asked what time it was. He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet. He asked if you had written to Peter. He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon. 3.如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,其时态常用一般现在时。 例如: She said that January is the first month of the year. My teacher told us that the earth turns around the sun. 六. 宾语从句的否定转移 主句的主语是第一人称,谓语动词是think, believe, imagine, suppose, consider, expect, fancy, guess等, 从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致. I don’t think that man is killed by Jim , is he? 七. 宾语从句用it作形式宾语,把宾语从句后置 例如: You may think it strange that he would live there. She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him. 八. 虚拟语气的情况 1. 在表示:建议 suggest 、advise、propose;要求demand 、desire、request;决定 decide;命令 order、command、require;坚决主张 insist;等动词后跟宾语从句,用(should)+v.(虚拟语气) 例如: He ordered that we should go out at once. 2. suggest, insist用法辨析 He suggested(建议) that we (should) clean the room every day. The look on his face suggested (表明) that he was angry. He insisted(坚持要求) that Jennie should send her to dancing school. He insisted(坚持认为)that he was honest. 九. 宾从中that不能省略的情况 A.当主句谓语动词带有and, or连接的并列宾语从句时,省略第一个that,其他不能省略 I believe(that)you have done your best and that things will get better. B.当it作形式宾语时 She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him. C.插入语后的双宾语,that不省 I can’t tell him that I love him. D.介词后不用that直接引导从句,其前必须有名词或代词。 例如: We should depend on the fact that there is much money. I agree with it that she will succeed. 【湖南】1.You have to know ________ you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there. A. what B .that C. where D. who 句意:如果你已经计划好去那里的最好方案,你必须知道你将要去哪里。 解析:宾语从句考点,从句you’re going 后缺少地点状语,故选C 【四川】 4.The exhibition tells us ______we should do something to stop air pollution. A. where B. why C. what D. which 句意:这个展览告诉我们,我们为什么要停止空气污染。 解析: 考察宾语从句的引导词,从句不缺少主语和定语,排除C,D。根据语意,是为何而不是哪里,顾选B。 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 1. She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. A. that B. whether C. if D. what 2. Some people believe ___ is easier for small countries to become strong and rich than for large___ . A. that; country B. it; one C. that; countries D. it; ones 3. Please give the book to _______wins the first prize. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever 4. The fire destroyed ________was in the building. A. all B. what C. that D. which 5.—I believe ________you’ve done your best and________ things will improve. —Thank you. A. that;/ B./;/ C. what;that D./;that 6. I don’t doubt ________he will come. A .that B. if C. what D. whether 7. I find _____ important that we practice English every day. A. it B. this C. that D. what 8.There’s some doubt ________she will be able to repay the money on time. A .that B. if C. what D. whether 9.A friend of mine from___ I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing. A. how B .whom C. when D. which 10.These wild flowers are so special I would do _____ I can to save them. A. whatever    B. that       C. which       D. whichever 11. A computer can only do_________ you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when 12. I read about it in some book or other, does ___ matter _______ it was? A.that, where B.it, what C.that, how D.it, which 13. —I think it’s going to be a big problem. —Yes, it could be. —I wonder we can do about it. A. if B. how C. what D. that 14.Lei Feng was always thinking of ________he could help others. A. that B. how C. when D. which 15.At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see__ it got any better. A. when B. how C. why C. if 16. This depends on _________ the weather is fine. A. which B. whether C. if D. that 17. Parents are taught to understand ______ important education is to their children’s future. A. that B. how C. such D. so 18.Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from____parents speak at home. A. what B. that C. which D. one 19. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand______ they insist on going by motor-bike. A why B whether C when D how 20. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at _________ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 答案 ADCBD AADCA CDCBC BBAAC 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)

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  • ID:4-4717106 [精]Module 6 Films and TV Programmes 精品课件

    高中英语/外研版/必修2/Module 6 Films and TV Programmes

    films and tv programmes精品课件:22张PPT外延版 一年级上 Module 6 Films and TV Programmes It is a ________film. romantic 新知导入 It is a ________film. It is a ________film. cartoon comedy 新知导入 It is a ______film. war It is an __________film. ================================================ 压缩包内容: films and tv programmes精品课件.ppt

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  • ID:4-4692172 [精]高考真题分类讲解专题:语法填空

    高中英语/高考专区/二轮专题/各类题型专题/语法填空

    语法填空:24张PPT高考英语 以高考真题为例的语法填空分类讲解 上21世纪教育网 下精品教学资源 题型介绍 所在位置:第II卷 第三部分 英语知识运用 第二节 主要考语法,还考词汇和语用知识 材料体裁:对话或短文 分值:共10小题;每小题1.5分;满分15分 ================================================ 压缩包内容: 语法填空.pptx

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  • ID:4-4331924 [精]人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-5 课件与教案

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修1、2/必修1/本册综合

    人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-5 课件:31张PPT 新课标英语高一年级课时教学设计 课题 本册综合 (5) 总复习 单元 本册综合 学科 英语 年级 高一  学习 目标 通过课后练习,学会从篇章中获取主要信息,全面理解文章内容; 学会运用重点词汇和句型并通过课后练习记住相应词汇与句型,掌握文中的语法现象; 能仿造句子自己组织语句并运用恰当的连接词语组织段落,构成篇章。 能够正确使用相关词汇和短语描述伟人、英雄、名人;能与他人讨论相关的话题。  重点 学会用本单元所学词汇正确地进行交流,正确阐述自己的观点。  难点 能正确谈论与伟人、英雄、名人相关的话题;正确使用定语从句。   教学过程  教学环节 教师活动 学生活动 设计意图  导入新课 Warm up Look at the pictures and recall the passage, Elias’ Story, we learned in the unit 5. Now, let’s listen to the passage and the two listening texts. (播放课文录音与听力材料。) 边看图片边听录音。 通过相关图片与课文录音导入新课,引起学生的学习兴趣与共鸣,使其轻松愉悦地参与到课堂活动中。  讲授新课 I. Listening and fill in the blanks: 首先播放单词与短语录音,请学生听并且跟读。然后再次播放课文 Elias’ Story,请同学们不看教材,边听录音边填空。 1. I am a poor black worker ________________. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult ________________. 2. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was ________________ to whom I ________________. 3. He offered guidance to ________________ on their legal problems. He was generous

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  • ID:4-4311134 [精]人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-4 课件与教案(1)

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修1、2/必修1/本册综合

    人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-4 课件:34张PPT 新课标英语高一年级课时教学设计 课题 本册综合 (4) 总复习 单元 本册综合 学科 英语 年级 高一  学习 目标 通过课后练习,学会从篇章中获取主要信息,全面理解文章内容; 学会运用重点词汇和句型并通过课后练习记住相应词汇与句型,掌握文中的语法现象; 能仿造句子自己组织语句并运用恰当的连接词语组织段落,构成篇章。 能够正确使用相关词汇和短语描述地震,能正确进行与地震相关的会话练习。  重点 学会用本单元所学词汇正确地进行交流,用英语描述地震。  难点 能正确谈论有关地震的话题,并能正确阐述自己的观点。   教学过程  教学环节 教师活动 学生活动 设计意图  导入新课 Warm up Look at the pictures and recall the passage, A Night the Earth didn’t Sleep, we learned in the unit 3. Now, let’s listen to the passage and the two listening texts. (播放课文录音与听力材料。) 边看图片边听录音。 通过相关图片与录音内容导入新课,引起学生的学习兴趣与共鸣,使其轻松愉悦地参与到课堂活动中。  讲授新课 I. Listening and fill in the blanks: 首先播放单词与短语录音,请学生听并且跟读。然后再次播放课文 A Night the Earth didn’t Sleep,请同学们不看教材,边听录音边填空。 1. Strange things ________________ in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days the water ________________ wells rose and fell, rose and fell. 2. Farmers ________________ walls ________________ in them. 3. A smelly gas ________________ the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and e

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  • ID:4-4309142 [精]人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-3 课件与教案

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修1、2/必修1/本册综合

    人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-3 课件:28张PPT 新课标英语高一年级课时教学设计 课题 本册综合 (3) 总复习 单元 本册综合 学科 英语 年级 高一  学习 目标 通过课后练习,学会从篇章中获取主要信息,全面理解文章内容; 学会运用重点词汇和句型并通过课后练习记住相应词汇与句型,掌握文中的语法现象; 能仿造句子自己组织语句并运用恰当的连接词语组织段落,构成篇章。 能够正确使用相关词汇和短语描述旅行,能正确进行与旅游相关的会话练习。  重点 学会用本单元所学词汇正确地进行交流,用英语描述旅行。  难点 能正确谈论有关旅行的话题,并能正确阐述自己的观点。   教学过程  教学环节 教师活动 学生活动 设计意图  导入新课 Warm up Look at the pictures and recall the passage Journey Down The Mekong we learned in the unit 3. Now, let’s listen to the passage and the two listening texts. (播放课文录音与听力材料。) 边看图片边听录音。 通过相关图片与录音内容导入新课,引起学生的学习兴趣与共鸣,使其轻松愉悦地参与到课堂活动中。  讲授新课 I. Listening and fill in the blanks: 首先播放单词与短语录音,请学生听并且跟读。然后再次播放课文 Journey Down The Mekong,请同学们不看教材,边听录音边填空。 1. My sister Wang Wei and I ________________ taking a ________________. 2. Two years ago she bought ________________ and then she ________________ to buy one. 3. Last year, she ________________, Dao Wei and Yu Hang ________________ in Kunming. 4. They are Dai and ________________ western Yunnan Province near

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  • ID:4-4283812 [精]人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-2 课件与教案

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修1、2/必修1/本册综合

    人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-2 课件:31张PPT 新课标英语高一年级课时教学设计 课题 本册综合 (2) 总复习 单元 本册综合 学习 目标 通过课后练习,学会从篇章中获取主要信息,全面掌握第一单元内容; 学会运用重点词汇和句型并通过课后练习记住相应词汇与句型,掌握文中的语法现象; 能仿造句子自己组织语句并运用恰当的连接词语组织段落,构成篇章。 能够正确使用相关词汇短语谈论英语,能正确进行与英语相关的话题的会话练习。 重点 学会用本单元所学词汇正确地进行交流,能简单论述英语语言及文字在不同国家的差异 难点 能正确谈论与英语相关的话题,并能正确阐述自己的观点。 教学过程 教学环节 教师活动 学生活动 设计意图 导入新课 Warm up Look at the pictures and recall the passage The Road to Modern English we learned in the unit 2. Now, let’s listen to the passage and the two listening texts. (播放课文录音与听力材料。) 边看图片边听课文和听力内容的录音。 通过相关图片与课文录音导入新课,引起学生的学习兴趣与共鸣,使其轻松愉悦地参与到课堂活动中。 讲授新课 I. Listening and fill in the blanks: 首先播放单词与短语录音,请学生听并且跟读。然后再次播放课文 The Road to Modern English,请同学们不看教材,边听录音边填空。 1. At the end of the 16th century, _____________ spoke English. _____________ lived in England. 2. Later in the next century, _____________ made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, _____________ in many other countries. 3. Today, _____________ as their first, _____________ than ever before.

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  • ID:4-4277582 [精]人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-1 课件与教案

    高中英语/人教版(新课程标准)/必修1、2/必修1/本册综合


    人教版新课标必修1 本册综合-1 课件:46张PPT
    新课标英语高一年级课时教学设计
    课题
    本册综合 (1)
    总复习
    单元
    本册综合
    学科
    英语
    年级
    高一
    
    学习
    目标
    通过课后练习,学会从篇章中获取主要信息,全面掌握第一单元内容;
    学会运用重点词汇和句型,掌握直接引语与间接引语的用法;
    能仿造句子自己组织语句并运用恰当的连接词语组织段落,构成篇章。
    能够正确使用相关词汇和短语描述朋友与历史事件,能正确进行历史事件相关的会话练习。
    
    重点
    学会用本单元所学词汇正确地进行交流,用英语描述朋友与历史事件。
    
    难点
    能正确谈论有关历史事件的话题,并能正确阐述自己的观点。
    
    
    教学过程
    
    教学环节
    教师活动
    学生活动
    设计意图
    
    导入新课
    Warm up
    Look at the pictures and recall the passage Anne’ Best Friend we learned in the unit 1.
    Now, let’s listen to the passage and the two listening texts.
    (播放课文录音与听力材料。)
    边看图片边听课文录音。
    复习相关听力材料。
    通过相关图片与课文录音导入新课,引起学生的学习兴趣与共鸣,使其轻松愉悦地参与到课堂活动中。
    
    讲授新课
    I. Listening and fill in the blanks:
    首先播放单词与短语录音,请学生听并且跟读。然后再次播放课文 Anne’ Best Friend,请同学们不看教材,边听录音边填空。
    1. Do you want a friend _____________ everything to, like your _____________
    2. Anne Frank _____________, so she _____________ her best friend.
    3. Anne lived _____________ during _____________.
    4. Her _____________ so nearly twenty-five months _____________.
    5. _____________ the onl

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