Unit6 When was it invented?(第一课时1a-2d)
1. 构成: 主语+was/were +及物动词的过去分词+其他。
①肯定句: 主语+ was/were +及物动词的过去分词+其他。Paper was invented by Chinese.
②否定句: 主语+ was/were + not+及物动词的过去分词+其他。
Women were not allowed to take part in the games at first. 开始妇女不允许参加奥运会。
③一般疑问句: Was/Were +主语+及物动词的过去分词+其他?
Was this picture drawn by your sister? 这幅画是你妹妹画的吗？
④特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+一般疑问句式?When was tea brought to Korea?
1. 不及物动词及短语sell, wash, read , write, open, close, shut, lock, wear, happen, cost, take, take place, break out, belong to等，常用主动形式表示被动意义。
e.g. 1、An accident was happened yesterday.（×）
An accident happened yesterday. 昨天发生了一起事故。
2、This book sells well. 这本书畅销。
2.感官动词”一感feel,二听hear,listen to,三看see,notice,observe”等或使役动词”Let,make,have,get”+ sb do sth, 主动语态不带to, 但变被动语态时, 必须加上to。
①My mother makes me do housework every day.
=I am made to do housework by my mother every day. 妈妈每天让我干家务。
②I saw them play basketball yesterday.
=They were seen to play basketball by me yesterday. 昨天我看见他们打篮球了。
3. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动语态时, 直接宾语(物)作主语, 那么动词后要用介词, 这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定的。
①He gave me a book. →A book was given to me by him. 他给了我一本书。
②He showed me a ticket. →A ticket was shown to me by him. 他给我看了一张票。
③My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought for me by my father.
4. 一些动词短语用于被动语态时, 应当被看作一个整体, 而不能丢掉其中的介词或副词。
①He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day.
②The nurse is taking care of the sick man. →The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse.
invent?v.?发明??????? ?inventor?n.?发明家??????? invention?n.?发明，可数名词??an invention按到目前为止这位伟大的发明家发明了很多发明。
The great inventor has invented a lot of inventions so far.
【妙辨异同】 invent /discover /find(out) 表“发明/发现”
①你知道谁发明了电话？ Do you know who invented the telephone?
②哥伦布于1492年发现了美洲。Columbus discovered America in 1492.
③ I find it interesting to read novel.我发现看小说很有趣。
2.shoes with special heels 到有特殊鞋跟的鞋
常见用法有：① “和···一起”，表伴随 I like to talk with my friends.
②“用···”表用某种手段、工具等 Cut it with a knife.
Are you pleased with the result?你对这个结果满意吗？
3.electricity 名词, 意为“电; 电能” electric 形容词, 意为“电的; 带电的; 电动的”
Eg:The machine is driven by electricity。
4.be used for / as /by到底“怎样用”
<1.> be used for sth/doing sth “被用来做某事”与be used to do sth. 同义 表示用途、目的。
<2.> be used as意为“被当作……使用”，后面常接名词。
<3.> be used by意为“被……使用”，介词by后面常接动作的执行者。
Eg:The machine is used for cutting things. 这台机器是用来切割东西的。
English is used as a foreign language in China. 在中国，英语被用作一门外语。
The car is used by my uncle. 我的叔步使用这辆轿车。
5. The style of“...的样式、风格” a life style 生活方式 in style 流行的out of style 过时的
Eg:The style of skirt is just in season.这条裙子的款式正当时令。
6. please, pleased, pleasant与pleasure的异同
please v. “取悦; 使高兴; 使满意” pleasure n.“愉快; 高兴”
pleased adj. “高兴的”, 修饰人 pleasant adj. “愉快的, 快乐的”, 修饰事物
*You can buy him a gift and please him. 你可以给他买份礼物让他高兴。
*I will be pleased if I can meet my friends here. 如果能在这里遇见朋友我会很高兴。
*We had a pleasant time. 我们度过了一段快乐的时光。
such adj. 接名词或名词短语：① such (a/an)+adj+n. ② some/any/no+such+n.
So adv. 接形容词或副词：① so+adj/adv 或so+adj+a/an+n. ②so many/much/few/little+n.
Eg:Today is such bad weather. She is so beautiful a girl.
have a point 有道理 e.g. I admit (that) you have a point. 我承认你有理。
Nobody mentioned going out to help him .
Don’t mention it .意为‘ 不客气，不用谢’。常用作对他人致谢时的答语。
1. 带特殊后跟的鞋子__________________ 2. 用电驱动__________________ 3. 被用做_________ __________ _________ 4. 愿意效劳______ ___________
5. 在我们的日常生活中_________our _______ _________
6. 有道理______a________ 7. 被广泛使用________ ________ ______
1.The kind of cup is used__________drinking.
A.to B.as C.by D.for
2.I think the short story_____by Lu Xun.
A.is writing B.is written C.written D.was written
3. Who________the electric light lamp______? —Edison.
A.was;invented B.is;invented C.was;invented by D.did;invented by
4.Mary_______to the party yesterday.
A.invited B.has invited C.was invited D.were told
5. Houses________ in the earthquake of April 20, 2013 in Ya'an.
A．is destroyed B．are destroyed C．was destroyed D．were destroyed
6. When_____the accident________?
A.was; happened B.has; happened C.was happening D.did; happen
7. English is widely used _______ many people around the world _______ a second language.
A. by；for B. by; as C. as；for D. for；as
8. This watch ____China.
A.was made in B.was made by C.was made from D.was made of
9. We ______ the island when we were sailing.
A. invent B.invented C.discover D.discovered
10. What a clean classroom! It _________ every day.
A is sweeping B has swept C is swept D was swept
11. I think it is impossible to make everyone______.
A. please B. pleased C. pleasant D. pleasure
12. We ____not to play computer games.
A. are told B. have told C. told D. tell
13. Will you come to the dinner party? I won’t come unless Jenny ______.
A. will be invited B. can be invited C. invited D. is invited
14. Would you like some coffee, please? Yes,I prefer coffee_______sugar.
A. to B.for C. with D. from
15. Was table tennis invented by the Chinese?
No. It _______in China until the start of the 20th century.
A. played B. was played C. didn’t play D. wasn’t played
16. -Do you know ________in ancient China?
-I have no idea. But I know people once used tree leaves to make paper.
A. how paper was made B. how was paper made
C. what paper was made D. what was paper made
17. Computer is_____ a great invention that it’s______ that world a lot.
A.such ,changed B.so, changing C.so , changed D.such change
18. I made coat ______my own hands. It was made _______ hand not with a machine.
A.in; in B. in; with C.with; by D.with; with
1. The blender is used for__________ (make)a banana milk shake.
2. The car__________ (invent)in 1885.
3. They__________ (use)animals to do this kind of work in the past.
4. Tom takes no__________ (please)in his work.
5. Electricity is becoming more and more important in our__________ (day)lives.
6. Teenagers shouldn’t ________ (allow) to go out at night.
7. English ________ (speak) in China.
8. The car _________ (make) in China.
Today is?the last day for me in junior high school. I can't help cry, 1.?????????
but the end of it is the begin of a new life. Maybe the life????????? 2.?????????
in senior high school will be even hardest than now.????????????? 3.?????????
I will have many difficulty tasks, but I will never give up.???????? 4.?????????
I am not afraid?to make mistake along the way, because I can????? 5.?????????
learn many things?from them. I used to being a shy person.??????? 6.?????????
I real need to make?more friends in senior high school,?????????? 7.?????????
then I can share many good memories them.?????????????? 8.?????????
Even though?I am?sad that junior high is over, I want???????????? 9.?????????
to have to new?experiences in senior high!?????????????????? 10.????? ????
一、1.shoes with special heels 2.run on electricity 3.be used for 4.with pleasure5.in our daily life6.have a point
二、1-5DDCCD 6-10DBADC 11-15BADCD 16-18AAC
三、1.making 2.was invented 3.used 4.pleasure 5.daily 6.be allowed 7.is spoken 8.was made
四、1.cry-crying 2.begin-beginning 3.hardest-harder 4.difficulty -difficult 5.mistake-mistakes 6.being-be 7.real-really 8.memories 和them中间插入with 9.√ 10.删除第二个to