[ID:4-6860427] 人教新目标版英语八年级下Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the wor ...
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Language Points and Exercises of Unit Seven What’s the highest mountain in the world? ● 重点语法:形容词(或副词)最高级 1. 含义:形容词有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级。其中,最高级用于三者及三者以上的人或事物的 比较,表示“最...的”。 2. 比较级,最高级的构成: 构成 原级 比较级 最高级 一般形容词词尾直接 + er / est high higher highest 以不发音e结尾的词尾 + r / st late later latest 以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音的 双写末尾辅音 + er / est bigthin biggerthinner biggestthinnest 以辅音字母加y结尾的变y 为i + er / est easy easier easiest 多音节及部分双音节词前 + more/ most beautiful more beautiful most beautiful 不规则变化个别记忆(见不规则变化表) 写出下列形容词或副词的比较级和最高级 young - younger - youngest cheap - cheaper - cheapest fine - finer - finest nice - nicer - nicest thin - thinner - thinnest hot - hotter - hottest heavy - heavier - heaviest healthy - healthier - healthiest friendly - friendlier - friendliest comfortable - more comfortable - most comfortable expensive - more expensive - most expensive quickly - more quickly - most quickly hard - harder - hardest good / well - better - best bad / ill / badly - worse - worst many / much - more - most little - less - least far - farther / further - farthest / furthest 3. 最高级的常见用法: ① 最高级前通常要加the或形容词性物主代词等。最高级的句子中通常有表示比较范围的介词短语。 eg: 她是我们班最年轻的。She is the youngest in our class. Candy是我们最好的老师。 Candy is our best teacher. Bill是他们中最高的男孩。 Bill is the tallest boy of them. ② one of + the + 最高级 + n.复数, 表示“最......的......之一”. (做主语时,谓语动词用 单数 ) eg: 巴黎是世界上最漂亮的城市之一。 Paris is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. 中国最可爱的省份之一是陕西。 One of the loveliest cities in China is Shannxi. ③ the + 序数词 + 最高级 (+n.),表示“第几(长,大,远......)” eg: 黄河是中国第二长河。 The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. 注意:比较级前常用的修饰词:much, a lot, even表示“...得多”a little/bit 表示“稍微更.../更...点儿” eg: much heavier 重得多 a little more interesting 更有趣点 只能修饰原级的词:very, so, quite, too, enough, pretty 表示“很,非常,足够...” eg: very old 很老 pretty healthy 非常健康 小试身手: 1. Tom is taller than any other student in our class.(写出同义句) Tom is the tallest student in our class. No one is taller than Tom in our class. No one is as tall as Tom in our class. 2. Which is D , the sun, the moon or the earth ? A. biggest B. bigger C. the bigger D. the biggest 3. Who is D actress among the girls ? A. the second popular B. the second the most popular C. second the most popular D. the second most popular 4. The sweater is C of all. I want to buy it. A. more beautiful B. much more beautiful C. the most beautiful D. quite beautiful 5. 最枯燥无味的科目之一是数学。 One of the most boring subjects is math. 6. My home is very far from school. Lucy's home is farther than mine. And Lily's is farthest in our class. (far) ● 新知荟萃 认知单词: 1. meter ( n.) 米,公尺 cm ( = centimeter ) 厘米 2. desert ( n.) 沙漠 3. Asia ( n.) 亚洲 4. wall ( n.) 墙 5. ancient ( adj.) 古代的,古老的 6. southwestern ( adj.) 西南方向的 7. freezing ( adj.) 极冷的,冰冻的 freeze ( v.) 结冰,凝固 8. ocean ( n.) 大海,海洋 9. bamboo ( n.) 竹子 10. keeper ( n.) 饲养员,保管人 11. artwork ( n.) 图片,插图 12. wild ( adj.) 野生的 13. whale ( n.) 鲸 14. dynasty ( n.) 朝代 15. mountain ( n.) 山,山脉 16. kilometer ( n.) 千米,公里 17. size ( n.) 大小,尺寸 18. lake ( n.) 湖,湖泊 19. river ( n.) 河流,江 20. sea ( n.) 海,海洋 21. panda ( n.) 熊猫,猫熊 22. elephant ( n.) 大象 23. country ( n.) 国家 24. geographical ( adj.) 地理的,地理学的 geography ( n.) 地理,地形 25. forest ( n.) 森林 26. main ( n.) 主要部分,要点 ( adj.) 最重要的,主要的 27. fat ( n.) 脂肪,肥肉 四会单词: 1. deep ( adj.) 深的,纵深的 2. population ( n.) 人口,人口数量 3. tour ( n./v.) 旅行,旅游 tourist ( n.) 旅行者,观光者 4. amazing ( adj.) 令人大为惊奇的,令人惊喜(或惊叹)的 5. wide ( adj.) 宽的,宽阔的 6. achievement ( n.) 成就,成绩 achieve ( v.) 到达,完成,成功 7. thick ( adj.) 厚的,浓的 thin ( adj.) 薄的,瘦的,微弱的 8. include ( v.) 包括,包含,算在内,列在里面 9. challenge ( v./n.) 挑战,考验 10. nature ( n.) 自然界,大自然 natural ( adj.) 自然的,天然的,非人力所为的,天生的 11. weigh ( v.) 重量是…,称…的重量 weight ( n.) 重量,体重 12. birth ( n.) 出生,诞生 13. adult ( adj.) 成年的,成人的 14. endangered ( adj.) 濒危的 15. research ( n./v.) 研究,调查 16. awake ( adj.) 醒着 asleep ( adj.) 睡着的 17. excitement ( n.) 激动,兴奋 18. illness ( n.) 疾病,病 ill ( adj.) 疾病 19. remaining ( adj.) 遗留的,剩余的 remain ( v.) 遗留,剩余,保持,仍然是,依旧是 20. government ( n.) 政府,内阁 21. oil ( n.) 油,食用油,石油 22. protection ( n.) 保护,保卫 23. huge ( adj.) 巨大的,极多的 24. world ( n.) 世界 25. scientist ( n.) 科学家 26. popular ( adj.) 受欢迎的 短语: 1. feel free ( to do sth )(可以)随便(做某事) 2. as far as I know 就我所知 as you can see 正如你所看到的 3. take in 吸入,吞入(体内) 4. in the face of 面对(问题,困难等) 5. even though ( = even if ) 即使,虽然 6. the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 7. at birth 出生时 8. up to 到达(某数量,程度等),至多有,不多于 9. walk into 走路时撞着 10. fall over 绊倒 fall over sth 被某物绊倒 11. or so 大约 12. the Yangtze River 长江 the Yellow River 黄河 13. run over 跑上前去,跑过去 14. pandas living in the remaining forests 生活在现存森林里的熊猫 15. achieve our dreams = make our dreams come true 梦想成真 16. freezing weather conditions 极冷的天气状况 17. heavy storm 强烈/巨大的风暴 18. jump high out of the water 高高跃出水面 19. break his front teeth 磕断了门牙 20. Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场 square ( n.) 平方,正方形,广场,街区 21. protect…from/ against…保护…使不受…,防御 protect ( v.) 保护,防护 protection ( n.) 保护,防御 under the protection of… 在…的保护下 22. succeed in doing sth 成功做某事 succeed ( v.) 实现目标,成功 23. force sb to do sth = force sb into doing sth 迫使某人做某事 force ( n.) 力,力量 ( v.) 强迫,迫使 24. risk one’s life 冒生命危险 risk ( v.) 冒…危险 25. be famous for 因… 而著名 famous ( adj.) 著名的 26. on condition that +从句 如果…,在…条件下 condition ( n.) 条件,状况 27. give up ( doing sth ) 放弃(做某事),半途而废 28. prepare…for… 为…准备… 29. take care of 照顾,照看 30. die from 因…而死 die of 因…而死 die down 逐渐变弱,逐渐消失 31. cut down 砍倒 32. in the future 将来 33. in danger 处在危险之中 34. every two years 每两年 35. spend time (in) doing sth = spend time on sth 花费时间做某事 36. in fact 实际上,事实上 37. a bit = a little = a little bit 一点儿 38. talk about 谈论 39. begin/ start to do sth 开始做某事 40. try to do sth 努力去做,试图去做(不一定能成) try doing sth 试着(用某种方法或手段)做某事 41. be from = come from 来自于 42. man-made objects 人造的物体 43. run along 延伸,贯穿 44. teach ab about sth 教某人有关…内容 teach sb sth = teach sth to sb 教某人某事 teach sb to do sth 教某人做某事 45. water pollution 水污染 46. have difficulty (in) doing sth = have problems/ trouble (in) doing sth 某事有麻烦或困难 句型: 1. – How high is Qomolangma ? 珠穆朗玛峰有多高? – It’s 8,848.43 meters high.It’s higher than any other mountain. 8848.43米。它比任何一座山都高。 2. Thick clouds cover the top and snow can fall very hard. 浓云覆盖着山顶,雪可能下得很大。 3. This elephant weighs many times more than this panda. 这头大象比这只熊猫重许多倍。 4. It’s also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶的时候,呼吸也是非常困难的。 5. Why do some of them have to be protected ? 为什么它们中的一些必须被保护? ●天使养成基地 1. The world’s population is growing A , and there is land and water for growing rice. A. larger, less B. larger, fewer C. more, less D. more, fewer 2. No one can succeed ( success ) without any hard word. 3. Of all subjects, English is C for me. A. interesting B. more interesting C. the most interesting D. much more interesting 4. Li Lei ran C more slowly than the other boys in the sports meting. A. so B. too C. much D. very 5. Which would you like B ,basketball or football ? A. good B. better C. best D. well 6. – Will you please C for my dinner ? – Sure. A. cost B. spent C. pay D. take 7. It’s important C the piano well. A. of him to play B. for him playing C. for him to play D. of him playing 8. Don’t A too late,or you will feel tired in tomorrow’s classes, A. stay up B. wake up C. give up D. get up 9. The A of the box is 2 kilos. A. weight B. weigh C. weighs D. heavy 10. The world’s deepest salt lake is C . A. 1,205-meter-deep B. 1,205 meter’s deep C. 1,205 meters deep D. 1,205-meters-deep 11. We succeeded B the work on time. A. finish B. finishing C. to finish D. finishes 12. There are about five A monkeys in the mountain. A. hundred B. hundreds C. hundreds of D. hundred of ●单元小结 最高级是我们日常生活中常用表达,同学们一定要牢固记忆,熟练运用呀! OK,See you next unit!
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  • 资料版本:人教新目标(Go for it)版
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