[ID:4-6514256] [精]Unit 7 Seasons期末复习学案+单元测试(原卷+解析版)
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中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元要点 Unit 7 1. Is this one OK? 【讲解】one作________,代替前面提到过的同一类人或物,其复数形式________。 I haven’t got a pen. I’ll have to buy one. I have a new story-book and several old ones. 【注意】 1)如果one不带任何前置修饰语,而是单独使用时,其意义通常是________。 I have no recorder. I want to buy one. 2)不定冠词a/ an不可直接和one连用,但a/ an后面有________形容词时,可以和one连用。 Have you any knives? I need a sharp one. 3)当one(s)代替特质名词时,它前面总有________或其他限定词。 This room and the one upstairs are being cleaned. 4)one只能代替________名词,如果所替代的是特指的不可数名词,则应该用________。 The study of English is as important as that (=the study) of Chinese. 【例题】—Do you need a new dictionary, Susan? —No, Mom. My uncle bought me ________ yesterday. A. one B. it C. the one D. another 2. I bet you’ll look cool and feel cool with nothing on! 【讲解1】句中的look与feel为________动词,后面接________作表语。 此类系动词还有:感官类sound, taste, smell, become, get, grow, turn, remain, stay, keep等。 He passed the exam, he looked happy. How cool you are in red clothes! 【讲解2】with nothing on表示“行为方式或________情况”,with后面加短语。 Tom always sleeps ________ ________ ________ ________(睁着眼睛). The boy ran out ________ ________ ________(什么也没有穿). 【例题】The cloth ________ very soft and comfortable. A. smells B. tastes C. feels D. is felt 【翻译句子】收音机开着,奶奶在椅子上沉沉地睡着了。 3. cloudy foggy rainy snowy sunny windy 【拓展归纳】天气加________变形容词的还有: smoky 烟雾弥漫的 showery 阵雨的 misty 有雾的 stormy 多风暴的 dry 干旱的 hazy 有薄雾的 【讲解】rainy adj. “有雨的,多雨的” It is ________ today. 【拓展】rain v.“下雨”;作________名词,表示“雨,雨水” It ________ here yesterday. There will be a lot of ________ here this summer. 【例题】词汇应用: The radio report says it will be __ __(rain). Please take an umbrella with you. 4. It’s the best time to play football outside. 【讲解】It’s the best time ________ sth/________ ________ sth “表示做某事的最佳时候” It’s the best time to ________ trees in spring. = It’s the best time for ________ trees in spring. 【讲解】Autumn is cool. I think it is the best time ____ __. A. travel B. to travel C. traveled D. to traveling 5. Winter days are full of snow. 【讲解1】full adj.“满,充满”,其反义词是________,空的。固定短语be full of= ________ ________ ________,意为“装满,充满”。 The theatre is full of people. 【拓展】full adj. 饱的,其反义词是________,饥饿的。 I’m full, and I don’t want to eat anything. 【讲解2】snow n.雪;积雪;下雪 / vi.下雪 / vt.使变白;雪覆盖 The highway was covered with ________. 公路被雪覆盖着。 【拓展】snowy adj. 多雪的;被雪所覆盖著的;下雪的 I can't remember when we had such a ________ day. 我记不得何时我们曾有过这样多雪的日子了。 【例题】If you read a lot, your life will _ __pleasure. A. be full by B. be full of C. be filled D. be filled by 6. When trees and flowers forget to grow and. 【讲解】forget v.“忘记,忘”。(类似:remember) forget to do sth. ________;forget doing sth. ________ 【辨析】forget, leave, lose区分: 这组词都有“遗忘”的意思。其区别在于: A. lose指由于着急而一时想不起来。 例如: He ________ his nerve and his memory for names. 他不知所措且想不起名字来。 B. forget指由于记忆上的忽略而对某人或某物失去了印象,这种“忘记”可能只是暂时的,也可能是长久的,且有“疏忽,忽略”之义。 例如: Don't ________ your duties. 别玩忽职守。 C. leave指忘记带了某物,有较强的感情色彩,强调“不在”。 例如: He ________ his keys in his bed. 他把钥匙遗忘在床上了。 Oh dear! The travelling bag has been ________. 哎呀! 忘拿旅行袋了。 【例题】—Remember ___ __ to my daughter’s dance show next Friday. —Of course I will. I’ll never forget __ ___ her dance for the first time last year. A. to come; to see B. coming; to see C. to come; seeing D. coming; seeing 7. Bees and butterflies play among flowers. 【讲解】among “在···三者或三者以上” New York is __ ___ the largest cities in the world. 纽约是世界上最大的几座城市之一。 【辨析】between和among区分: 这两个介词都可表示“在…之间”。其区别在于: __ ___一般表示在三个或三个以上的人或事物之间,这些人或事物往往构成一个集合体;而__ ___一般表示在两个人或事物之间,__ ___用来指在三者或三者以上的人或事物之间时,往往强调一方与其他诸方各自之间的关系。 【例题】—What do you often do _______ classes to relax yourselves? —We often do eye _______, listen to music or do some running around the school. A. in; exercise B. among; exercise C. between; exercises D. during; exercises 8. Then autumn leaves turn brown. 【拓展归纳】turn的用法: 1)turn “转变为”=become In spring the trees _______ green and the flowers start to come out. 2)turn “转向,翻转” _______ right, At the end of the road you’ll see the hospital. 3)turn “轮流” Now, it’s your _______ to read the text. 【例题】When the teacher asked him why he did that, his face _______ red. A. seemed B. looked C. turned D. appeared 9. Fall into piles upon the ground. 【讲解归纳】fall into的用法: 1)fall into “落进,陷进,掉进” The boy _______ _______ water and had to be pulled out at once. 2)fall into “流入,流进” The Yangtze River _______ _______ the East China Sea. 3)fall v.落下;倒下;来临 n.秋天;落下;瀑布 Apples _______ from the tree. 苹果从树上落下。 Food prices lowered during the _______. 秋天食品价格下降了。 例题:Watch your step, or you might__ _the water. A. fell in B. fall onto C. fell into D. fall into 10. Farmers work to harvest crops. 【讲解1】to harvest crops是动词不定式,作_______状语。 He worked hard _______ _______ the exam. 【讲解2】harvest n.收成;收获;收割;成果;后果 / v.收获;收割 It happened that the _______ was bad in 1988. 碰巧一九八八年的收成很糟。 【例题1】The price are rising too high. So the government has to do something _______ it. A. stop B. stopped C. to stop D. stop 【例题2】Farmers _______ _______ _______in fall. 农民秋天收获庄稼。 11. As the days are shorter and the temperature drops. 1)as conj.因为;像;当 ... 之时;像 ... 一样;结果;尽管,后面加句子。 Helen heard the story _______ she washed.海伦洗衣服的时候听了这个故事。 2)temperature n.“温度,气温” take one’s temperature_______ The temperature is getting higher and higher. 3)drop vt.落下;跌倒;下降;放弃;漏掉;断绝关系 / n.滴;微量;减少;滴状物 The plane is _______ quickly. The Class 2 runner _______ his stick on ground. 例题:When summer comes, the temperature will get_______. A. lower and lower B. higher and higher C. taller and taller D. shorter and shorter 12. The leaves turn green and the temperature rises quickly. 【讲解1】turn表示变得,turn+颜色。 【讲解2】rise和raise区别: rise vi. ①上升;升起;上涨;升高;增加 The sun has not yet _______. 太阳还没升起。 ②起立[(+up)] He _______ and left the room. 他站起身走出屋去。 raise vt ①举起,抬起 He _______ his glass and said: "Your health, Carl." 他举起了杯子说道:"祝你健康,卡尔。" ②筹(款);招(兵);集结They are going to _______ funds for the school buildings. 他们将为盖校舍筹集资金。 ③养育;种植;饲养 The baby was _______ on soya-bean milk.这孩子是用豆浆喂养大的。 ④提出;发出 None of them_______ raised any objection.他们谁也没提出反对意见。 例题:—Chinese tennis player Li Na won a championship again! —Yeah, I watched the game and my spirits __ ___ at the news. A. rose B. raised C. calmed D. shook 13. Sunshine and blue skies will stay with us for the rest of the week. 1)stay with sb. _______和某人呆一起; stay in+sp. _______呆在某地 You can stay at home and watch TV. 你可以待在家里并且看电视。 2)the rest of+(可数/不可数)n. 剩余部分 We'll eat some of the bread and keep _______ _______ the rest for breakfast. 我们将吃一点面包,剩下的留到早饭时吃。 例题:Here are lots of tomatoes, these five are for my brother, _______ them are for my sister. A. the rest of B. half of C. other D. some other 14. The sudden heavy rain causes a lot of problems. 1)sudden adj.“_______突然的”,常表示“事先没有预料到的事情,因此当事情发生时使人感到意外”。 His sudden arrival made everyone surprised. 2)suddenly adv.意为“_______突然地” Suddenly, it started to rain. 例题:His parent's _____ death made all of us sad. A. suddenly B. sudden C. quickly D. quick 13. The temperature is usually below zero and is often snowy. 【讲解】below prep.“在....以下”, The temperature will drop _______ _______ tonight. 今晚气温将降到零度以下。 【拓展】其反义词是:above prep. 超过;在 ... 上面;高于 The temperature has been _______ the average recently.近来的气温一直比平均温度高。 14. Everything is covered in deep white snow, and the lakes and rivers are frozen. 1)be covered in/ with..“被某物覆盖”,侧重_______ The yard is covered in/ with leaves. The forest is covered with the trees. 2)cover n.封面;盖子;套子;表面 ;v. 覆盖;涉及;包含;掩护;给…保险; Snow _______ the ground. 积雪覆盖了大地。 The talks are expected to _______ other topics too.会谈估计还会涉及别的问题。 例题:The mountain with snow all year round. So it's hard to climb it. A. covered B. was covered C. is covered D. covers 15. We throw snowballs at each other, screaming and laughing. 【讲解】throw在句中为_______动词,意为“投,掷,抛” Don’t throw the ball like that. 【辨析】throw…to…_______; throw…at.. _______ Don’t throw stones at birds. 例题:We can't _ ___stones __ the window。It is very dangerous. A. throw; to B. throw; at C. knock; to D. knock; at 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元要点 Unit 7 答案 1. 代词;ones;泛指;定冠词;可数;that;A 2. 连系;形容词;伴随;with his eyes open;with nothing on;C;With the radio on, the grandma fell asleep on the chair. 3. y;rainy;不可数;rained;rain;rainy 4. for;to do;plant;planting;B 5. empty;be filled with;hungry;snow;snowy;B 6. 忘记去做某事;忘记做过某事;lost;forget;left;left;C 7. among;among;between;between;C 8. turn;Turn;turn;C 9. fell into;falls into;fall;fall;D 10. 目的;to pass;harvest;C;harvest their crops 11. as;量体温;dropping;dropped;B 12. risen;rose;raised;raise;raised;A 13. below zero;above 14. 状态;covered;cover;C 15. 及物;把....扔给....;向....扔去....;B 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元测试 Unit 7 原卷 一、单项选择 1. (2019 山东东营) — Could you tell me how to start a conversation with people from England? — I think talking about the ________ is the first choice. A. age B. family C. money D. weather 2. 12."The children are playing in the park now." belongs to_____. A. S+V B. S+V+O C. S+V+P D. S+V+DO+OC 3. (2019山东日照) We do not want a trade war, but we are not afraid of fighting ______. A. it B. one C. that D. this 4. (2018·辽宁本溪)What _____ news! We’ve never had such a long vacation before. A. missing B. boring C. worrying D. exciting 5. (2019黑龙江哈尔滨) —What’s the weather like in summer here? —It’s hot. Sometimes it rains _______. A. clearly B. heavily C. carefully 6. (2019·辽宁鞍山) Easter is always on a Sunday_______ March 22nd and April 25th. A. on B. in C. between D, beside 7. --Did you see Tom ______ off the tree? --No. I saw him____ on the ground. Luckily, he was OK. A. fallen; lying B. falling; lay C. fall;lay D. fall;lying 8. It will be a hot day tomorrow, with the temperatures in the_______. A. thirty B. thirsty C. thirtieth D. thirties 9. (2019·吉林长春) John made an unusual robot on his own. ________ creative he is! A. How B. How a C. What D. What a 10. (2019 辽宁辽阳) The dish smells delicious, but it ______ a little salty. A. looks B. tastes C. feels D. sounds 11. (2019·辽宁营口) —What should I do, doctor? —_____ healthy, you should do more exercise. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep D. Kept 12. (2019青海)—What did you learn in geography class yesterday? —I learned that the sun _____ in the east. A. was rising B. rises C. rose 13. (2018?广西贵港中考) —Sam, don’t forget the book to the library tomorrow. —OK, I won’t. A. return B. returning C. returned D.to return 14. (2019贵州铜仁)—Long time no see_________? —Very well. Thanks a lot. A. How old are you B. How are you doing C. Where have you been D. What are you doing 15. (2019甘肃武威、白银)—Hello, may I speak to Daisy? —Hi! __________ A. This is Daisy speaking B. She is Daisy. C. What is Daisy? D. That is Daisy. 二、完形填空 Do you know the names of four seasons? Four seasons 36 spring, summer, autumn and winter.Each season has three months.One year has four seasons and 37 months.People have different things to do in four seasons. 38 is the first season in a new year.It is a rainy season.Every Chinese 39 the Spring Festival in this season.Children are very happy to 40 lucky money and play fireworks.Many families use flowers and lights to beautify their houses. Summer is the second season in a year.The weather is beautiful, and the temperature is very? 41 .People like to go travelling and sightseeing in summer.Students enjoy their summer vacations.Children like to eat their favourite 42 and go swimming. Autumn is the third season in a year.Farmers are very? 43 ?in this season of harvest.It is getting windy. 44 are falling down.Everyone starts to?prepare for the Mid-Autumn Festival in this season. Winter is the last season in a year.The temperature is freezing.Snow is 45 ?in northern cities.Popular out door sports are ice-skating, skiing and snowboarding. 36.A.covers B.covering C.include D.including 37.A.three B.six C.ten D.twelve 38.A.Spring B.Summer C.Autumn D.Winter 39.A.has B.hates C.celebrates D.dislikes 40.A.give B.spend C.send D.get 41.A.cold B.hot C.low D.high 42.A.biscuits B.chocolate C.ice cream D.sweets 43.A.unhappy B.busy C.luck D.free 44.A.Leaves B.Flowers C.Snows D.Crops 45.A.large B.small C.big D.heavy 三、阅读理解 A Kate and Peter like sports. In summer they swim and in winter they ski. Today they are planning a ski trip for this weekend, but they don’t know the weather. It’s 7:30 now and they are listening to the weather report on the radio .The weather man is giving the weather for the weekend: “Friday is going to be cold and cloudy, but it’s not going to rain. The temperature is going to be minus(零下)4 degrees. It’s going to snow Friday night. Saturday and Sunday are going to be clear, cold and sunny.” Now Kate and Peter are excited. The weather is going to be perfect for skiing. They are going to have a wonderful weekend in the mountains. ( )1. Kate and Peter like . A. basketball B. football C. sports D. music ( )2. They are planning for this weekend. A. a picnic B. to fish C. to skate D. a ski trip ( )3. They want to know about . A. the temperature B. the time C. the weather D. the degrees ( )4. It on Saturday and Sunday. A. will rain B. will be stormy C. will be snowing D. will be clear, cold and sunny ( )5. Kate and Peter are excited because . A. the weather is going to be perfect for a ski trip B. they are going to visit their hometown C. they are going to see their old friends D. they are going to have a good meet with their friends B There are five children talking about the seasons. Simon I like winter because I live in Israel. In winter it's rather warm and sometimes gets even close to 30°C, but never as hot and wet as in summer. Daniel Summer is the best,by far. I like the heat,the beach and the sunshine. I spend lots of time outdoors in summer. Winter is the worst, I think, as there is nothing good but cold. Sandy Any season is okay but winter. I hate cold; I bate snow; and I really hate having to wear a coat. In winter everything is white and gray. I miss the green. Amy In spring, temperatures are nice. I'm excited to fish because the winter is gone. I also like summer because I can go swimming in my big pool. And baseball season starts. All of us will have a good time for this wonderful game. Peter Summer is too hot and winter is too cold. Spring is okay but we get some storms. So autumn is my favourite season. It has warm days and cool nights. The leaves are turning to very beautiful colours; the squirrels are running, trying to gather up all of the nuts; apples are fresh. 31. Simon's favourite season is________ . A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter 32. doesn't like winter. A. Daniel and Sandy B. Simon and sandy C. Simon and Peter D. Simon and Peter 33. Amy likes in spring. A. going swimming B. flying kites C. going fishing D. playing baseball 34. Peter thinks that__________. A. autumn is a nice season B. there is too much rain in autumn C. it snows a lot in winter D. squirrels like fresh apples 35. Which one is TRUE? A. Daniel doesn't like the hot weather. B. It is not cold in winter in Israel. C. Sandy hasn't seen the snow. D. The five children live in the same city. 四、词汇 1. (2019·湖北随州) Most of the earth’s surface is c by water. 2.(2018 ? 新疆乌鲁木齐) Your fascinating speech is f with positive energy. 3. (2018·广西贺州) In s , flowers come out and grass turns green. 4. (2019﹒江苏盐城) The temperature in our hometown usually drops ___________zero in winter. (在…..以下) 5. (2019·新疆) He replied to my letter very_____________(快速地). 6. (2019江苏常州) ________(在……期间) his stay in Beijing, he made some foreign friends. 7. (2018·黑龙江绥化) Our hometown has left many soft and sweet ________ (记忆)in our hearts. 8. (2018·四川甘孜州、阿坝州)The birthday person must ________(吹) out the candles. 9. (2019·江苏南京) TikTok, which is ________(sudden) everywhere on the Internet, is making its way into our lives. 10. (2019江苏扬州) If the golden sun should stop ______ its light, just one smile from you would make my whole world bright. (shine) 五、表格填空 阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容完成表格中所缺信息,每空一词。 Do you like winter? It’s the coldest season of a year. Here are some things everyone should know about winter. Winter Weather Winter is the season when the temperature drops, deep white snow covers the ground. When the temperature is below zero, water freezes(结冰) and ice forms. Winter Fun After a heavy snowfall, children play in the snow. They build snow houses, make snowmen and have snowball fights. People also enjoy skiing, skating and sledding in the winter. Winter Danger The cold weather can also be dangerous, people slip on the ice and cars slide down hills knocking into each other. Some people also catch a cold when they stay out in the cold. Winter Warm Because winter is so cold, people have to find ways to keep warm. People wear heavy coats, scarves for their necks, gloves for their hands and boots for their feet. Children drink hot milk when they come in from the cold. And families sit around the fireworks at night and talk about the things they did during the day. Things we should know about(66) ▲ Winter Weather It’s the coldest(67) ▲ of a year.The ground is(68) ▲ in deep white snow. When the temperature is below zero, water freezes and ice(69) ▲ . Winter Fun (70) ▲ build snow houses, make snowmen and have snowball fights.People also enjoy skiing,(71) ▲ and sledding in the winter. Winter(72) ▲ People slip on the ice.Cars knock into each other(73) ▲ of sliding down hills.Some people also catch a cold when they stay out. Winter Warm In(74) ▲ to keep warm, people have to wear heavy coats, scarves , gloves and boots.Families sit around the fireworks and talk about(75) ▲ they did during the day. 66. winter 67. season 68. covered 69. forms 70. Children 71. skating 72. Danger 73. because 74. order 75. what 六、阅读表达 Falling leaves and cold winds show the arrival of another season. In China, November 7 is lidong. It is a Chinese word for one of the 24 solar terms (就节气). It means the beginning of winter. To welcome lidong, people have many colorful customs that light up the cold days. One of the most popular customs is to have a big meal. Winter is believed to be a season for keeping food fresh. Eating well helps people save enough energy to beat the cold in winter, and prepare for the growth in the coming spring. In the north, people prefer eating dumplings. The Chinese word for dumpling,"jiao" (饺),has a similar pronunciation as the word "change", "jiao" (交). Eating dumplings means celebrating the change of autumn to winter. While in the south, eating chicken, duck and fish is common. From history, lidong was also a time for people to keep vegetables. There were not many fresh vegetables to eat during winter. So, around lidong, some people in the north began to keep vegetables like cabbages and green onions in a cellar underground. When it was time for cooking, fathers went down with a basket tied to one end of a rope (绳子). Children were happy to wait beside the cellar holding the other end of the rope. When fathers filled the basket with vegetables, children helped to pull it out. However, nowadays, some of the customs have disappeared. Most people buy fresh vegetables in the supermarket. Instead, new winter customs are born in certain places. In Harbin, experienced swimmers choose to swim in the winter waters during lidong. How cold it must be! 43. How many solar terms are there in a year? _____________________________________ 44. What does Lidong mean? _____________________________________ 45. According to the passage, what's the meaning of eating dumplings? _____________________________________ 七、首字母填空 The four seasons make our lives interesting. Summer is when everyone has fun under the warm sun, autumn is the time of h___33___ crops, and winter's white snowflakes decorate the earth and trees. But I like spring b___34___ . I r___35___when I was a small child,my favorite season was winter. But one thing made me c ___36___ my mind( 想法). I loved playing in the garden and c___37___ trees when I was small. But I realized one autumn day that golden 1___38___ had started to fall from my favorite tree, and by winter its branches( 枝条) were already bare( 光秃秃 ). I thought that it had died, and would never t___39___ green again. So I cried. When my father k___40___ why I was crying, he told me: "The tree hasn't left you. It's just resting. I promise in three months, that tree will be prettier than ever." I b___41___ what my father said and waited for three months. Sure enough, when the time came, the tree was greener and taller than ever. From then on, spring has become my favorite time of a year because its vitality( 命力) b___42___ me happiness. 八、完成句子 51. 这些学生现在忙于观看中国和美国的篮球赛。 _______________________________________________________________________ 52. 该是农民收获庄稼的时候了。 _______________________________________________________________________ 53. 秋天到了,天气变凉了。 _______________________________________________________________________ 54. 这场突来的大雨使我没能准时到校。 _______________________________________________________________________ 55. 这儿冬天的气候同大连的不一样。 _______________________________________________________________________ 62. (2019·辽宁本溪) 每天不要忘记给你的父母一个微笑。 ____________________________________________________________________ 九、书面表达 根据表格提供的信息,以My favourite season为题,写一篇短文介绍春季,作适当发挥,90词左右。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元测试 Unit 7 解析卷 一、单项选择 1. (2019 山东东营) — Could you tell me how to start a conversation with people from England? — I think talking about the ________ is the first choice. A. age B. family C. money D. weather 1. D考查名词词义辨析。句意:——你能告诉我如何与英国人开始谈话吗?——我认为谈论天气是最佳选择。根据英国习俗,人们见面谈论最多的话题是天气。故选D。 2. 12."The children are playing in the park now." belongs to_____. A. S+V B. S+V+O C. S+V+P D. S+V+DO+OC 2. A句意:"The children are playing in the park now." 属于_____。考查句意结构辨析。本句The children是名词做主语,play是动词作谓语,in the park是地点做状语,now是时间状语;整句是主谓结构,即S+V;根据句意结构,可知选A。 3. (2019山东日照) We do not want a trade war, but we are not afraid of fighting ______. A. it B. one C. that D. this 3. A考查代词辨析。句意:我们不想打贸易战,但我们不害怕打。it用于代表前面提到的trade war。故选A。 4. (2018·辽宁本溪)What _____ news! We’ve never had such a long vacation before. A. missing B. boring C. worrying D. exciting 4. D考查形容词用法辨析。句意——多么令人激动的消息啊!我们以前从没有这么长的假期。missing失踪的,boring乏味的,worrying令人担忧的,exciting令人激动的。根据后句句意可知,空白处应用exciting表示“令人兴奋的,令人激动的”,故选D。 5. (2019黑龙江哈尔滨) —What’s the weather like in summer here? —It’s hot. Sometimes it rains _______. A. clearly B. heavily C. carefully 5. B考查副词词义辨析。句意:——这里夏天天气怎么样?——很热,有时雨下得很大。clearly“清晰地”;heavily“(雨、雪下得)大”;carefully“认真地”,空前为动词rain可知其后要用heavily。故选B。 6. (2019·辽宁鞍山) Easter is always on a Sunday_______ March 22nd and April 25th. A. on B. in C. between D, beside 6. C 【解析】考查介词的用法。句意:复活节总是在3月22号到4月25号之间的一个星期日。between... and意为“在……和……之间”。故选C。 7. --Did you see Tom ______ off the tree? --No. I saw him____ on the ground. Luckily, he was OK. A. fallen; lying B. falling; lay C. fall;lay D. fall;lying 7. D句意:——你看到汤姆从树上掉下来了吗?——没有。我看见他躺在地上。幸运的是,他很好。考查动词形式辨析题。see sb. doing sth.表示“看见某人正在做某事”,强调动作正在发生;see sb. do sth.表示“看见某人做某事”,强调看见动作全过程。第一句偏重过程,需用see Tom fall off;第二句强调“正躺在地上”,需用see him lying;根据句意结构和语境,可知选D。 8. It will be a hot day tomorrow, with the temperatures in the_______. A. thirty B. thirsty C. thirtieth D. thirties 8. D句意:明天将是个炎热的日子,气温在三十度左右。考查数词辨析题。in the + 基数词的复数,表示几十多;根据句意语境,可知选D。 9. (2019·吉林长春) John made an unusual robot on his own. ________ creative he is! A. How B. How a C. What D. What a 9. A句意:约翰自己做了一个不同寻常的机器人,他是多么有创造力!这里感叹句,creative是形容词,用how来感叹,排除BCD。故选A。 10. (2019 辽宁辽阳) The dish smells delicious, but it ______ a little salty. A. looks B. tastes C. feels D. sounds 10. B考查系动词词义辨析。句意:这道菜闻起来不错,但是_____有点咸。looks看起来,tastes尝起来,feels感觉,sounds听起来。tastes合乎语境,故选B。 11. (2019·辽宁营口) —What should I do, doctor? —_____ healthy, you should do more exercise. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep D. Kept 11. C句意:——我该怎么办,医生?——为了保持健康,你应该多做运动。考查动词不定式。根据_____ healthy, you should do more exercise. 可知这里用to引导的不定式短语作目的状语,在这里表示多做运动的目的是保持健康,故选C。 12. (2019青海)—What did you learn in geography class yesterday? —I learned that the sun _____ in the east. A. was rising B. rises C. rose 12. B 考查宾语从句的用法。句意:——昨天的地理课上你学到了什么?——我学到了太阳从东方升起。当宾语从句表示的是客观真理或客观事实时,从句的时态一律使用一般现在时。本题“太阳从东方升起”,属于客观事实,应用一般现在时。故选B。 13. (2018?广西贵港中考) —Sam, don’t forget the book to the library tomorrow. —OK, I won’t. A. return B. returning C. returned D.to return 13. D【解析】考查非谓语动词辨析。句意:——山姆,不要忘记明天把书还给图书馆——好的,我不会忘记的。由答语中“I won’t”意为我不会忘记的,可知书未还,所以用固定搭配forget to do sth.忘记去做某事。故选D。 14. (2019贵州铜仁)—Long time no see_________? —Very well. Thanks a lot. A. How old are you B. How are you doing C. Where have you been D. What are you doing 14. B考查情景交际。How old are you 你多大了?Where have you been 你去哪了?What are you doing你在干什么?How are you doing你好吗?根据答语“非常好。谢谢!”可知问句应该问“好久不见,你好吗?”。故选B。 15. (2019甘肃武威、白银)—Hello, may I speak to Daisy? —Hi! __________ A. This is Daisy speaking B. She is Daisy. C. What is Daisy? D. That is Daisy. 15. A 考查交际用语。这是打电话的场景,打电话者要找黛西,答语用选项A合适,意为“我就是黛西”。故选A。 二、完形填空 Do you know the names of four seasons? Four seasons 36 spring, summer, autumn and winter.Each season has three months.One year has four seasons and 37 months.People have different things to do in four seasons. 38 is the first season in a new year.It is a rainy season.Every Chinese 39 the Spring Festival in this season.Children are very happy to 40 lucky money and play fireworks.Many families use flowers and lights to beautify their houses. Summer is the second season in a year.The weather is beautiful, and the temperature is very? 41 .People like to go travelling and sightseeing in summer.Students enjoy their summer vacations.Children like to eat their favourite 42 and go swimming. Autumn is the third season in a year.Farmers are very? 43 ?in this season of harvest.It is getting windy. 44 are falling down.Everyone starts to?prepare for the Mid-Autumn Festival in this season. Winter is the last season in a year.The temperature is freezing.Snow is 45 ?in northern cities.Popular out door sports are ice-skating, skiing and snowboarding. 36.A.covers B.covering C.include D.including 37.A.three B.six C.ten D.twelve 38.A.Spring B.Summer C.Autumn D.Winter 39.A.has B.hates C.celebrates D.dislikes 40.A.give B.spend C.send D.get 41.A.cold B.hot C.low D.high 42.A.biscuits B.chocolate C.ice cream D.sweets 43.A.unhappy B.busy C.luck D.free 44.A.Leaves B.Flowers C.Snows D.Crops 45.A.large B.small C.big D.heavy 36—40 CDACD 41—45 DCBAD 三、阅读理解 A Kate and Peter like sports. In summer they swim and in winter they ski. Today they are planning a ski trip for this weekend, but they don’t know the weather. It’s 7:30 now and they are listening to the weather report on the radio .The weather man is giving the weather for the weekend: “Friday is going to be cold and cloudy, but it’s not going to rain. The temperature is going to be minus(零下)4 degrees. It’s going to snow Friday night. Saturday and Sunday are going to be clear, cold and sunny.” Now Kate and Peter are excited. The weather is going to be perfect for skiing. They are going to have a wonderful weekend in the mountains. ( )1. Kate and Peter like . A. basketball B. football C. sports D. music ( )2. They are planning for this weekend. A. a picnic B. to fish C. to skate D. a ski trip ( )3. They want to know about . A. the temperature B. the time C. the weather D. the degrees ( )4. It on Saturday and Sunday. A. will rain B. will be stormy C. will be snowing D. will be clear, cold and sunny ( )5. Kate and Peter are excited because . A. the weather is going to be perfect for a ski trip B. they are going to visit their hometown C. they are going to see their old friends D. they are going to have a good meet with their friends 1-5 CDCDA B There are five children talking about the seasons. Simon I like winter because I live in Israel. In winter it's rather warm and sometimes gets even close to 30°C, but never as hot and wet as in summer. Daniel Summer is the best,by far. I like the heat,the beach and the sunshine. I spend lots of time outdoors in summer. Winter is the worst, I think, as there is nothing good but cold. Sandy Any season is okay but winter. I hate cold; I bate snow; and I really hate having to wear a coat. In winter everything is white and gray. I miss the green. Amy In spring, temperatures are nice. I'm excited to fish because the winter is gone. I also like summer because I can go swimming in my big pool. And baseball season starts. All of us will have a good time for this wonderful game. Peter Summer is too hot and winter is too cold. Spring is okay but we get some storms. So autumn is my favourite season. It has warm days and cool nights. The leaves are turning to very beautiful colours; the squirrels are running, trying to gather up all of the nuts; apples are fresh. 31. Simon's favourite season is________ . A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter 32. doesn't like winter. A. Daniel and Sandy B. Simon and sandy C. Simon and Peter D. Simon and Peter 33. Amy likes in spring. A. going swimming B. flying kites C. going fishing D. playing baseball 34. Peter thinks that__________. A. autumn is a nice season B. there is too much rain in autumn C. it snows a lot in winter D. squirrels like fresh apples 35. Which one is TRUE? A. Daniel doesn't like the hot weather. B. It is not cold in winter in Israel. C. Sandy hasn't seen the snow. D. The five children live in the same city. 【答案】31. D 32. A 33. C 34. A 35. B 【解析】 短文大意:本文通过五个孩子介绍了不同地方的季节景象。 【31题详解】 考查细节理解题。根据Simon的描述I like winter because I live in Israel.,可知他最喜欢冬天,故选D。 【32题详解】 考查细节理解题。根据Daniel的描述Winter is the worst, I think, as there is nothing good but cold.和Sandy的描述Any season is okay but winter.,可知丹尼尔和安妮二人不喜欢冬天,故选A。 【33题详解】 考查细节理解题。根据Amy的描述In spring, temperatures are nice. I'm excited to fish because the winter is gone.,可知艾米喜欢在春天钓鱼,故选C。 【34题详解】 题意:彼得认为 _______。考查细节理解题。根据Peter的描述Summer is too hot and winter is too cold. Spring is okay but we get some storms. So autumn is my favourite season.,可知他觉得秋天最好,故选A。 【35题详解】 考查细节推断题。A. Daniel doesn't like the hot weather.丹尼尔不喜欢炎热的天气。B. It is not cold in winter in Israel.以色列的冬天不冷。C. Sandy hasn't seen the snow.桑迪没有看到雪。D. The five children live in the same city.这五个孩子住在同一个城市。根据Simon的描述I like winter because I live in Israel. In winter it's rather warm and sometimes gets even close to 30°C,,可知以色列的冬天很暖和,故选B。 四、词汇 1. (2019·湖北随州) Most of the earth’s surface is c by water. 1. covered 【解析】句意:地球表面的大部分地方被水所覆盖。根据句意和首字母提示确定填动词cover,这里要用被动语态。be covered by意为“被……所覆盖”。 2.(2018 ? 新疆乌鲁木齐) Your fascinating speech is f with positive energy. 2. filled 句意:你精彩的演讲满是正能量。be filled with固定短语,意为“充满……;满是……的”。 3. (2018·广西贺州) In s , flowers come out and grass turns green. 3. spring【解析】根据句意可知在春天草绿花开,即spring. 4. (2019﹒江苏盐城) The temperature in our hometown usually drops ___________zero in winter. (在…..以下) 4. below句意:冬天我们家乡的气温通常降到零度以下。 5. (2019·新疆) He replied to my letter very_____________(快速地). 5. quickly 句意:他迅速地回复了我的信。副词修饰动词词组。故填quickly。 6. (2019江苏常州) ________(在……期间) his stay in Beijing, he made some foreign friends. 6.During根据汉语提示,用介词during表示“在……期间”和名词stay构成介宾短语表示“他在北京逗留期间”。 7. (2018·黑龙江绥化) Our hometown has left many soft and sweet ________ (记忆)in our hearts. 7. memories 句意:我们的故乡已经在我们的心中留下了温柔的、甜蜜的回忆。表示“记忆”,应用 memory,是可数名词,根据句中的many,此处应用复数形式。故答案是memories。 8. (2018·四川甘孜州、阿坝州)The birthday person must ________(吹) out the candles. 8. blow 句意:过生日的人必须吹蜡烛。句中的must,是情态动词,其后必须接动词原形。表示“吹”,应用blow。 9. (2019·江苏南京) TikTok, which is ________(sudden) everywhere on the Internet, is making its way into our lives. 9. suddenly句意:短视频应用TikTok,突然间在互联网上随处可见,正在进入我们的生活。 10. (2019江苏扬州) If the golden sun should stop ______ its light, just one smile from you would make my whole world bright. (shine) 10. shining 句意:如果金色的太阳应该停止照耀它的光芒,那么只有你的微笑会让我的整个世界变得光明。考查stop doing sth,意为“停止做某事”。故选shining。 五、表格填空 阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容完成表格中所缺信息,每空一词。 Do you like winter? It’s the coldest season of a year. Here are some things everyone should know about winter. Winter Weather Winter is the season when the temperature drops, deep white snow covers the ground. When the temperature is below zero, water freezes(结冰) and ice forms. Winter Fun After a heavy snowfall, children play in the snow. They build snow houses, make snowmen and have snowball fights. People also enjoy skiing, skating and sledding in the winter. Winter Danger The cold weather can also be dangerous, people slip on the ice and cars slide down hills knocking into each other. Some people also catch a cold when they stay out in the cold. Winter Warm Because winter is so cold, people have to find ways to keep warm. People wear heavy coats, scarves for their necks, gloves for their hands and boots for their feet. Children drink hot milk when they come in from the cold. And families sit around the fireworks at night and talk about the things they did during the day. Things we should know about(66) ▲ Winter Weather It’s the coldest(67) ▲ of a year.The ground is(68) ▲ in deep white snow. When the temperature is below zero, water freezes and ice(69) ▲ . Winter Fun (70) ▲ build snow houses, make snowmen and have snowball fights.People also enjoy skiing,(71) ▲ and sledding in the winter. Winter(72) ▲ People slip on the ice.Cars knock into each other(73) ▲ of sliding down hills.Some people also catch a cold when they stay out. Winter Warm In(74) ▲ to keep warm, people have to wear heavy coats, scarves , gloves and boots.Families sit around the fireworks and talk about(75) ▲ they did during the day. 66. winter 67. season 68. covered 69. forms 70. Children 71. skating 72. Danger 73. because 74. order 75. what 六、阅读表达 Falling leaves and cold winds show the arrival of another season. In China, November 7 is lidong. It is a Chinese word for one of the 24 solar terms (就节气). It means the beginning of winter. To welcome lidong, people have many colorful customs that light up the cold days. One of the most popular customs is to have a big meal. Winter is believed to be a season for keeping food fresh. Eating well helps people save enough energy to beat the cold in winter, and prepare for the growth in the coming spring. In the north, people prefer eating dumplings. The Chinese word for dumpling,"jiao" (饺),has a similar pronunciation as the word "change", "jiao" (交). Eating dumplings means celebrating the change of autumn to winter. While in the south, eating chicken, duck and fish is common. From history, lidong was also a time for people to keep vegetables. There were not many fresh vegetables to eat during winter. So, around lidong, some people in the north began to keep vegetables like cabbages and green onions in a cellar underground. When it was time for cooking, fathers went down with a basket tied to one end of a rope (绳子). Children were happy to wait beside the cellar holding the other end of the rope. When fathers filled the basket with vegetables, children helped to pull it out. However, nowadays, some of the customs have disappeared. Most people buy fresh vegetables in the supermarket. Instead, new winter customs are born in certain places. In Harbin, experienced swimmers choose to swim in the winter waters during lidong. How cold it must be! 43. How many solar terms are there in a year? _____________________________________ 44. What does Lidong mean? _____________________________________ 45. According to the passage, what's the meaning of eating dumplings? _____________________________________ 【答案】43. There are 24. 44. It means the beginning of winter. 45. It is to celebrate the change of autumn to winter. 【解析】这篇短文主要讲述了中国的节气——立冬。 【43题详解】 根据文中In China, November 7 is lidong. It is a Chinese word for one of the 24 solar terms (就节气). It means the beginning of winter.可知, 中国有24个节气。故填There are 24. 【44题详解】 根据文中In China, November 7 is lidong. It is a Chinese word for one of the 24 solar terms (就节气). It means the beginning of winter.可知,它意味着冬天的开始。故填It means the beginning of winter。 【45题详解】 根据文中Eating dumplings means celebrating the change of autumn to winter. While in the south, eating chicken, duck and fish is common.可知,它是为了庆祝秋冬的变化。故填It is to celebrate the change of autumn to winter. 七、首字母填空 The four seasons make our lives interesting. Summer is when everyone has fun under the warm sun, autumn is the time of h___33___ crops, and winter's white snowflakes decorate the earth and trees. But I like spring b___34___ . I r___35___when I was a small child,my favorite season was winter. But one thing made me c ___36___ my mind( 想法). I loved playing in the garden and c___37___ trees when I was small. But I realized one autumn day that golden 1___38___ had started to fall from my favorite tree, and by winter its branches( 枝条) were already bare( 光秃秃 ). I thought that it had died, and would never t___39___ green again. So I cried. When my father k___40___ why I was crying, he told me: "The tree hasn't left you. It's just resting. I promise in three months, that tree will be prettier than ever." I b___41___ what my father said and waited for three months. Sure enough, when the time came, the tree was greener and taller than ever. From then on, spring has become my favorite time of a year because its vitality( 命力) b___42___ me happiness. 【答案】33. harvesting 34. best 35. remembered 36. change 37. climbing 38. leaves 39. turn 40. knew 41. believed 42. brings 【解析】这篇短文主要讲述了一年四季的景色,作者最喜欢的季节。 【33题详解】 句意:夏天是每个人在温暖的阳光下玩耍的时候,秋天是收割庄稼的时候,冬天的白色雪花装饰着大地和树木。harvest是收获,of后面加动名词harvesting。根据句意,故填harvesting。 【34题详解】 句意:但是我最喜欢春天。短语like…best表示最喜欢。根据句意,故填best。 【35题详解】 句意:我记得小时候,我最喜欢的季节是冬天。根据下文when I was a small child,my favorite season was winter.可知这里用一般过去时态,remember的过去式是remembered,根据句意,故填remembered。 【36题详解】 句意:但有一件事使我改变了主意。短语make sb. do sth.表示使某人做某事。Change的意思是“改变”,根据句意,故填change。 【37题详解】 I loved playing in the garden and c___5___ trees when I was small句意:我小时候喜欢在花园里玩耍和爬树。love doing sth.表示喜欢做某事;and连接并列成分,这里用climb的动名词。根据句意,故填climbing。 【38题详解】 句意:但有一个秋天,我意识到我最喜欢的树上开始长出金叶,到了冬天,它的枝条已经光秃秃的了。这里是说树叶,leaf的复数是leaves,根据句意,故填leaves。 【39题详解】 句意:我以为它已经死了,再也不会变绿了。所以我哭了。短语turn green表示变绿。根据句意,故填turn 。 40题详解】 句意:当我父亲知道我为什么哭的时候,他告诉我:“树没有离开你。 根据下文why I was crying, he told me:可知这里用一般过去时态,know的过去式是knew。根据句意,故填knew。 【41题详解】 句意:我相信我父亲的话,等了三个月。根据下文what my father said and waited for three months可知上文是用一般过去时态,. Believe的过去式是believed,根据句意,故填believed。 【42题详解】 句意:从那时起,春天就成了我一年中最喜欢 时间,因为它的生命力带给我幸福。bring的意思是“带来”,主语是单数,谓语动词变第三人称单数,故填brings 八、完成句子 51. 这些学生现在忙于观看中国和美国的篮球赛。 _______________________________________________________________________ 52. 该是农民收获庄稼的时候了。 _______________________________________________________________________ 53. 秋天到了,天气变凉了。 _______________________________________________________________________ 54. 这场突来的大雨使我没能准时到校。 _______________________________________________________________________ 55. 这儿冬天的气候同大连的不一样。 _______________________________________________________________________ 【答案】51. These pupils/ students are busy watching the basketball game/ competition between China and the U. S. now. 52. It’s time for farmers to harvest crops. 53. The weather gets cool when autumn comes. 54. The sudden heavy rain stopped me from getting to school on time. 55. The weather in winter here is different from that in Dalian. 【解析】 【51题详解】 这些学生现在忙于观看中国和美国的篮球赛。be busy doing sth忙于做某事;between ---and---在---和---之间;故答案是These pupils/ students are busy watching the basketball game/ competition between China and the U. S. now. 【52题详解】 该是农民收获庄稼的时候了。It’s time for sb to do sth到了某人做某事的时间了;故答案是It’s time for farmers to harvest crops. 【53题详解】 秋天到了,天气变凉了。get cool 变凉;故答案是The weather gets cool when autumn comes. 【54题详解】 这场突来 大雨使我没能准时到校。stop sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事;on time.按时;故答案是The sudden heavy rain stopped me from getting to school on time. 【55题详解】 这儿冬天的气候同大连的不一样。be different from 与---不同;故答案是The weather in winter here is different from that in Dalian. 62. (2019·辽宁本溪) 每天不要忘记给你的父母一个微笑。 ____________________________________________________________________ 62. Don’t forget to give your parents a smile/a smile to your parents every day. 此处用否定的祈使句式以及forget to do sth. 的搭配。 九、书面表达 根据表格提供的信息,以My favourite season为题,写一篇短文介绍春季,作适当发挥,90词左右。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 【答案】My favourite season My favourite season is spring. Spring means life and growth. The trees begin to grow and green leaves come out. There are different kinds of flowers everywhere. Bees and butterflies are playing among them. Birds are singing beautifully in the trees. It is warm and nice in spring. People like to go on a field trip outside. It is a perfect time to fly kites on windy days. Parks are full of people at weekends. During this season, people will plant lots of trees. The trees can make our world more beautiful. Spring not only lets us enjoy the beauty of nature, but also gives us lots of fun and hope. A year’s plan starts with spring. Let’s take action in spring! 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)
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  • 资料版本:牛津译林版
  • 适用地区:江苏省
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