[ID:4-6522636] [精]Unit 8 Natural disasters 期末复习学案 +单元测试题(原卷与解析卷)
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中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津版八上期末复习学案 Unit 8期末要点 1. Who?will?mop?up?the?water?if?I?go?home?without?you?? 【讲解1】mop的用法: 1) mop n. 拖把 I used a mop to sop up the spilled water. 我用拖把把泼出的水擦干。 2) mop v.用拖把擦干净 固定短语mop?up “把....拖干净”。它的宾语如果是________,则代词必须放在________前。 The?floor?is?wet. ________ ________ ________,?Bill.?地板湿了。比尔,把它拖干净。 【讲解2】up?adv?完全地??????? 擦去;拖地________?/?吃光________?/清理;清除________?/用完;耗尽________? 翻译:他正在擦地板。 2. Earthquake kills thousands of people. 【讲解】thousands of成千上万的,数以千计的。表示概数。类似的结构还有“数百的” ________, “成千上万的” ________。 【用法归纳】 1) 表示不确定的泛指数时,则不仅要要用________,而且要后接介词________,然后才能接名词。 The sun was shining. ________ ________ people were lying on the beach. 阳光灿烂,数以千计的人躺在海滩上。 His coat is worth ________ ________ dollars. 他的大衣值好几百美元。 2) 当hundred, thousand, million与具体数字连用时,习惯上用________,而且也不后接介词________。 He was prepared to pay ________ ________. 他愿意支付200万。 【注意】但是,当这些词后面的名词有了the, these,those等特指限定词修饰时,或其后的接的是us,them 这样的人称代词时,则此时必须用介词________。 About ________ ________ ________ ________ have left there. 他们当中约有300人离开了那儿。 【例题】The government of Chongqing is building ________ cheap and good houses for the people. A. thousand B. thousands C. thousand of D. thousands of 3. At?first, I?felt?a?slight?shake.? 【讲解】shake的用法: 1)shake n.“摇动,震动”; He refused my request with a ________ of his head.他头一摇拒绝了我的要求。 2)v.“摇动,震动;发抖”。固定短语shake hands with sb 与某人握手。 Can?I?________ ________ ________?you??我可以与你握个手吗? 【例题】翻译句子: 我们第一次遇见某人时,通常握手。 4. Outside, people were running in all directions while pieces of glasses and bricks were falling down. 【固定短语】in?all?directions意为“________四面八方”。注意in the direction of …意为“________朝……方向”。 People usually run ________ ________ ________ after the earthquake. 地震后人们往往朝四面八方跑去。 You?father?walked?________ ________ ________ ________?the?post?office.你父亲朝邮局的方向走去了。 【讲解】direct的用法与拓展: 1)direction n.方向;指导;用法说明;趋势;目标;管理 Follow the ________? that your doctor gives you. 根据医生给你的说明。 2)direct v. / adj.直接的;笔直的;坦白的 / v.对准;指挥;指示;命令 Keep product away from ________? sunlight and store in a dry cool place. 置放在不受阳光直射,干燥通风的地方。 【例题】词汇题:The thief ran into this supermarket, so the police went in the same d_______ to catch him. 5. I?felt?nervous?and?my?heart?was?beating?fast.?? 【讲解】beat的用法: 1)beat v.打,击,敲;冲击 He?________ his?brother?for?lying.?他因为他的兄弟说谎而揍他。? 2)beat v. 打败,胜过 If we don't prepare for the speech contest, they will ________ ________. 如果这场演讲比赛我们不做好准备的话,他们就会打败我们。 【辨析】beat, win区别: win和beat都可用作及物动词。作“赢,战胜”讲时,其区别主要在于宾语的不同。win的宾语通常是________、战争、奖品、金钱等名词,即race,match,game,competition,war,prize之类的词;beat的宾语则通常是比赛、竞争的对手,即_______或球队的名词或代词。 They?________?the?match?this?time. 这次比赛他们赢了。? We?played?very?well,?and?we?________?them.?我们发挥得很好,打败了他们。 【例题】It will be impossible Zhang Yining. A. win B. to win C. beat D. to beat 6. A moment of fear went through my mind, but I told myself to calm down since I was still alive.? 【讲解1】mind n.意为“头脑;想法”;作动词,意为“介意,反对”,后接________作宾语。? We?changed?our?________ at?last.?最后我们改变了主意。? Do?you?mind?my?________?here??你介意我坐在这吗?? 【讲解2】calm?down意为“镇定,平静下来”,宾语如果是________,则必须放在中间。 We?must?________ ________ ________?now.?我们现在必须让他平静下来。? 【讲解3】alive是live的形容词形式。但它只能作________或宾语补足语,不可以作定语,与________相对。?比较级?more?alive;?最高级?most?alive?。 He?found?himself?still?________ after?the?accident.?It's?lucky. 他发现他自己在事故后还活着。真是幸运。 【固定短语】________仍活着;?活着 【辨析】alive,live,living,lively区别 A. ________意为“活着”,侧重说明生与死之间的界限,既可指人,也可指物;可用来作表语,后置定语或宾补。虽有死的可能,但还活着。 He wanted to keep the fish alive . 他想让鱼活着。 B. ________意为“活着”强调说明“尚在人间”,“健在”,可用来指人或物,作定语或表语。 My first teacher is still living. 我的启蒙老师仍健在。 English is a living language. 英语是活的语言。 注意:living 前加上________the,表示类别,指“活着的人们”。living 还可用于短语,例如:make a living ________谋生;make a / one's living by + ing ________通过干……谋生 C. ________ “活着的”,通常指物,不指人,常用来作定语放名词的前面。还指“实况转播的”。 a live wire 有电的电线 a live fish 一条活鱼。 D. ________则意为“活泼的”,“活跃”,“充满生气的”,可作定语、表语或宾补,既可指人,又可指物。 Jenny is a lively girl. 詹妮是个活泼的女孩。 Everything is lively here. 这儿一切都生机勃勃。 【例题】用alive, living, live或lively的适当形式填空 ①—Are your parents still______? —Yes, of course. ②I was shocked by a _______ mouse. ③The sun affects all _______ things. 7. Then I?heard?shouts?from?excited?people.?? 【讲解1】shout的用法: 1)shout???n.?呼喊;呼叫??? Again and again the audience broke out into ________ of applause. 听众中爆发出一阵阵高声的赞许声。 2)v.?shout?at对....大喊? shout?loudly大声的喊 【讲解2】excited修饰________,exciting修饰________? 【例题】用所给词的适当形式填空: All of us were ________(excite) about the ________(excite) football match. 8. Timmy was asleep when the earthquake started. 【辨析】asleep, sleepy, sleep区别: A. sleep n. & vi. 睡觉,睡眠 Have a good _______. 好好睡一觉! Last night I _______ very well. 我昨天晚上睡得很好。 B. sleeping 是 sleep 的现在分词或动名词,作前置定语。 the sleeping car _______ a sleeping bag _______ sleeping pills _______ C. asleep adj. 睡着的,作_______、宾语补足语,指状态。 He was too tired and _______ _______ at once. 他太累了,立刻就睡着了。 D. sleepy adj.作_______,意为“瞌睡的、困倦的”;作_______定语,意为“寂静的”。 She is always _______. 她总是想睡觉。 He goes to bed very late every day, so he often _______ _______. 他每天睡得很迟,因此经常感到困乏。 E. oversleep 睡过头;fall asleep_______;sound asleep. 酣睡;fast asleep_______。 【例题1】The girl felt so__ __that she fell _______ at the table. A. sleepy; asleep B. sleepy; sleepy C. asleep; sleepy D. asleep; asleep 【讲解2】when引导时间状语从句,遵循主将从现的原则。 When he _______, I'll tell him about it. 他来的时候我将告诉他。 【例题2】—Linda, I called you this morning, but nobody answered the phone. —I’m sorry. I ________ football with my friends then. A. play B. played C. am playing D. was playing 9. People?were?trying?to?clear?the?snow?from?the?streets. 【讲解】clear的用法: 1)clear adj. “清晰的,透明的”,_______是它的副词形式; Like the sky, I feel my heart is becoming _______. 像这片天空一样,我感到我的心灵也澄清了。 2)v. “清除,打扫”。 We?should?_______ _______?the?park.?It's?too?dirty.?我们应把公园清扫干净。太脏了。 【固定短语】clear up (v.+adv.) A. 把…收拾整齐,打扫干净 Shall we clear up before we go out? 我们是不是在出去前把东西收拾好? Please clear up the litter before you leave the office. 请你离开办公室前把这堆废纸杂物清理掉。 B. 治疗,治愈 cure; become cured; clear up This skin disease will clear up in a day or two. 这种皮肤病一两天之内就会好的。 C. 处理,完成 finish clear sth I'd like to clear up the rest of the work which was waiting for me after my holiday. 我喜欢把假期后要做的活一块干完。 D. (天空)放晴 brighten clear up Although it is still raining, it looks as though it might clear up. 尽管天还在下雨,但看来好像会转晴。 E. 解释,消除 find an answer to sth That murder was a mystery for a long time, but a clever detective cleared it up. 那次谋杀案长期以来一直是个谜,后来有个机灵的侦探揭开了真相。 【例题】Let's __ _ the road this morning. A. hand up B. clear up C. take up D. put up 译林牛津版八上期末复习学案 Unit 8期末要点 答案 1. 代词;up;Mop?it?up;mop?up;eat?up;clean?up;use?up;He is cleaning up the floor. 2. hundreds of;millions of;复数;of;Thousands of;hundreds of;单数;of;two million;of;three hundred of them;D 3. shake;shake?hands?with;We usually shakes hands when we meet someone for the first time. 4. in all directions;in?the?direction?of;directions;direct;direction 5. beat;beat us;比赛;_人;won;beat;C 6. 动名词;minds?;sitting;代词;calm?him?down;表语;dead;alive?;stay?alive;alive;living;live;lively;alive;live;living 7. shouts;人;物;excited;exciting 8. sleep;slept;卧车车厢;睡袋;安眠药;表语;fell asleep;表语;前置;sleepy;feels sleepy;入睡;睡得很熟;A;comes;D 9. clearly;clear;clear?up;B 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元测试 Unit 8 原卷 一、单项选择 1. If you spill(溢出)the coffee, you will have to __________ right away. A. mop it up B. mop up it C. mop them up D. mop up them 2. We were swimming in the lake __________ the storm suddenly started A. until B. while C. when D. before 3. Our teachers always tell us that we must __________ to calm down when a natural disaster happens. A. tell ourselves B. tell yourself C. say to ourselves D. say to yourself 4. (2019?上海) There was something wrong with my car, ________ I went to work by underground. A)for B)so C)or D)but 5. (2019·辽宁鞍山) _______of people from all over the world visit the Palace Museum every year. A. Two million B. Millions C Two millions D. Million 6. (2019 四川遂宁) The baby is too young. Don’t leave her at home by _________. A. she B. her C. hers D. herself 7. (2019江西) You’ll have to ______ the books because there aren’t enough for everyone. A. pack B. sell C. choose D. share 8. (2019黑龙江绥化) Light comes in ______ the window. A. across B. cross C. through 9. (2019·青海西宁)—Let’s have a picnic if it ________this Sunday. —But nobody knows if it ________on that day. A. will be fine; will rain B. will be fine; rains C. is fine; will rain D. is fine; rains 10. (2019广西百色) The teachers often tell us ________ in the river. It’s dangerous. A. not swim B. don’t swim C. not swimming D. not to swim 11. (2019·上海) Would you mind ________ care of my pet fish while I'm away on holiday? A)take B)taken C)to take D)taking 12. (2019 江苏盐城) Mr Wu keeps _________ his students that the future belongs to the well-educated. A. telling B. to tell C. ordering D. to order 13. (2019·内蒙古乌兰察布) —I don’t care how other people feel? —Well,in fact you A. might B. could C. would D. should 14. (2019 江苏镇江) —Oh! What’s wrong with your finger? —I hurt it while I ______ a model plane. A. made B. was making C. am making D. make 15. (2018?甘肃兰州) — fine weather it is! Let’s go for a walk. —Sounds like a great idea. A. What B. How C. What a D. How a 二、完形填空 (2019重庆B卷)Being street smart is an important skill to have and a good way to take care of yourself. Always carry your phone with you, but do not look at 31 while you are walking. Being able to communicate or call for help is important, so keep a list of useful numbers. But put your phone away while you are walking so that you can keep your 32 up and see what’s going on around. If you do need to check your phone, 33 and look at it quickly. Don’t wear earphones 34 you are out. If you have to 35 something when you’re out, use only one earphone or play it at a very low volume(音量). Travel with 36 or family members when possible and never go anywhere with a stranger. It’s 37 to be careful with strangers. Remember not to get into a stranger’s car if they call you over. 38 dark and out-of-the-way places. Do not take short cuts through dark areas, even if it will make your trip much faster. If you have to go to unsafe places, go 39 someone you know or speak to someone over the phone while you are there. Run and shout if you feel unsafe. Run away as fast as you can towards a police station, hospital, or nearby business for 40 . Shout as loudly as you can to get the attention of people nearby. 31. A. me B. it C. him D. her 32. A. head B. nose C. hands D. arms 33. A. walk B. run C. stop D. start 34. A. though B. unless C. until D. while 35. A. look for B. wait for C. listen to D. talk to 36. A. parents B. brothers C. sisters D. friends 37. A. important B. impossible C. boring D. interesting 38. A. Find B. Avoid C. Visit D. Clean 39. A. to B. for C. with D. without 40. A. help B. drink C. money D. medicine 三、阅读理解 (2019广西河池)C 阅读短文,根据短文内容,从下面各小题所给的四个备选项中,选出最佳选项。 (每小题2分) Earthquakes usually come without warming. What should you do if this happens to you? An earthquake is dangerous, but there are still things you can do to protect yourself. ●Stay calm as the earth begins to shake. Your chance of survival in an earthquakes go up if you can keep calm. Staying calm is not easy, but it can save your life. ●If you are inside when the earthquake starts, get under a table or a bed. You need to have something strong around you to protect you from falling objects. Do not stand near walls or windows and stay out of the kitchen. The kitchen is dangerous because of many glass objects. If you are outside, get to an open area as fast as you can. Stay away from buildings and trees. If you are in a car, pull over to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car. If you are close to the sea, try to get as far away from the water as possible. Earthquakes can cause huge waves(浪) that can really harm the people nearby. ●When the earthquake is over there is still plenty of danger. For example, gas fire often comes with an earthquake if you see a fire, quickly move outdoors to an open area. Always remember to hope for the best but prepare for the worst. 61. What does the underlined word “survival” mean in Chinese? A. 坍塌 B. 废墟 C. 幸存 D. 失踪 62. What shouldn't you do if you are inside when the earthquake starts? A. To get under a table. B. To get under a bed C. To stay out of the kitchen. D. To stand near walls or windows. 63. Which is the wrong way if you are outside when the earthquake happens to you? A. To stay away from buildings and trees. B. To get as far away from the sea water as possible. C. To run into your house quickly to take something valuable. D To drive your car to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car. 64. When an earthquake happens ________ often comes out. A. electronic fire B. gas fire C. forest fire D. grass fire 65. What is the passage mainly about? A. The ways to stay calm B. The ways to stay away from tall buildings. C. The ways to move outdoors to an open area. D. The ways to protect yourself when an earthquake happens. 四、词汇 1. The earthquake _______ (袭击)Taiwan in 1999. 2. I felt nervous and my heart was _______ (跳动)fast. 3. Jenny is_______(将近)as tall as her mother now. She is still growing. 4. When you are in danger, it is important to make you _______ (镇定) down. 5. A number of car accidents happened in the street because of the _______ (雾)weather. 6. Mr. Li took out a towel _________________(cover) the bum at once. 7. My car _______ (break) down on the way, so I had to call 122 for help. 8. The heavy rain prevented him _________ (go) out last weekend. 9. He talked more ________ (loud) after the teacher left the classroom. How noisy! 10. The earthquake happened in 2008 and many people were ___________ ( terrible ) hurt. 五、表格填空 (2019四川南充) On March 31st 2019, a wildfire in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture (凉山葬族自治州)led to 31 deaths, including 27 firefighters. And on May 1st, 2016, in Alberta, Canada, a wildfire de?stroyed an area of nearly 700 square miles. More than 88,000 people had to leave their homes and thousands of homes were destroyed. Wildfires are unexpected, unplanned. And the cause of most wildfires is unsure. To bum, wild?fires require the right conditions-fuel, oxygen and heat. And global warming is one of the most impor?tant reasons. The high temperatures and dry conditions make the fire spread quickly. In many parts of the world, wildfires happen naturally. They are started by lighting (闪电) or some other special weather conditions. In recent years, there have been more wildfires because of dry, hot weather, and changeable weather patterns because of global warming. However, many fires are started by people. Sometimes, people clear land for farming. Besides, there are smokers who accidentally set fires. Wildfires can cause a lot of smoke, which will pollute the air. Lots of lives, property (财产)and valuable forests will soon disappear in wildfires. When trees are burnt down, and heavy rain follows, more disasters such as terrible floods will happen. Wildfires Events ●31 lives lost in the wildfire in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture. ●The wildfire in Canada 81 thousands of homes. 82 ●By nature :1. Lighting or some other special weather conditions. 2. Global warming 83 to high temperatures and dry conditions. ●By people :1. People clear the land for farming. 2. Smokers set fires by 84 . Influence ●Wildfires can cause a lot of air 85 . ●Lives, property and valuable forests disappear. ●More disasters will happen. 六、阅读表达 (2019重庆A卷)In Jinzhong, Shanxi Province, there is a group at people who are busy drawing maps around. They are not workers on geography, but dispatchers(调度员) in Emergency(急救) Center of the city. Since 2007, the dispatcher in the center have been drawing maps of the local areas. “A dispatcher’s job is counted in seconds,” say Liang Ruimei, a dispatcher in the city. She has been working in the center since it started in 2007. “We must answer the phone in 3 seconds, get clear information about the patient in 60 seconds and dispatch(调度) emergency medical workers in 3minutes at most. If we save one second, the patient may have a better chance to live.” Although nowadays the center has electric maps, the dispatchers still walk through the streets to draw maps by hand. After many years’ hard work, the dispatchers keep every building and street of the city in mind. They even know whether or not a car can enter the gate of a building. Sometimes the caller can’t tell clearly where he is, but it doesn’t matter. As long as he describes the building around, the dispatcher can dispatch emergency medical workers to him. “We are trying to be quicker than Death,” says Liang. 65. Is Liang Ruimei a dispatcher in Emergency Center of Jindiong? ___________________________________________________________________ 66. When did Emergency Center of Jinzhong start? ___________________________________________________________________ 67. To be quicker than Death, what do the dispatchers in Emergency Center of Jinzhong do? ___________________________________________________________________ 68. Do you think it necessary for dispatchers to draw map by hand when they have electronic map? Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________ 七、语法填空 (2019甘肃武威、白银) come, fun, visit, hardly, yourself, not, fall off, advice, from, important Dear Molly, I just got your letter with the picture of you riding your bike. From the smile on your face, I can tell how much 1 you’re having. I still remember when you could 2 ride a tricycle (儿童三轮自行车). You’ve 3 a long way! Now here’s some 4 . I’m sure you’re a good rider. But you will 5 that bike now and then. So please get 6 a helmet (头盔). Wear it every time you ride. A helmet will help protect you 7 a head injury. Wearing a helmet when you ride a bike is as 8 as wearing your seat belt when you ride in a car! No, I’m 9 trying to be a bossy know-it- all. I just don’t want a bad fall to wipe that smile off your face. When you come 10 this summer, bring your bike and your helmet. We’ll take some great rides together. Your cousin, Vera ? 八、完成句子 1. (2018·天津) 下一站我得下车了。 I have to____ _____the bus at the next stop. 2. (2019·广东广州) 我们还没有决定什么时候探望爷爷奶奶。 ??????We?haven't?decided?our?grandparents.?______??______ ______our?grandparents. 3. (2019云南省卷) On weekdays, we must school before 7:30 in the morning. (到达) 4. 躲在一张结实的课桌下面,然后尽快的跑出去。 _______________________and then try to run out ___________________________ 5. 我的脑中掠过一阵恐惧,但我知道我还活着。 __________________________my mind but I knew I ________________________________. 九、书面表达 (2019湖南衡阳) 根据一项新的调查,学生安全已经成为一个大的问题。假设你是一名老师,对学生进行以“自我保护”为主题的消防安全教育,请以“How to Protect Yourself in a Fire”为题,提出你的建议。 要求:1. 短文中不得出现真实的人名和地名。 2.书写工整,语句通顺,连贯,词数不少于80。 参考词汇:cover v. 遮盖 take the lift乘坐电梯 exit n.出口 towel n.毛巾 shut off 切断 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元测试 Unit 8 解析卷 一、单项选择 1. If you spill(溢出)the coffee, you will have to __________ right away. A. mop it up B. mop up it C. mop them up D. mop up them 1. A句意:如果你洒了咖啡,你将不得不马上擦掉它。Coffee是不可数名词,可用it代替;mop up的宾语如是代词,必须放在中间。故选A。 2. We were swimming in the lake __________ the storm suddenly started A. until B. while C. when D. before 2. C句意:我们正在湖里游泳,这时暴风雨突然开始了。until直到…时候;while当…时候;when当…时候;正在这时;before在…之前。这句话中考查了句型be doing sth. when…正在做某事,这时…。故应选C。 3. Our teachers always tell us that we must __________ to calm down when a natural disaster happens. A. tell ourselves B. tell yourself C. say to ourselves D. say to yourself 3. A句意:我们的老师总是告诉我们当自然灾害发生的时候,我们必须告诉自己冷静下来。tell ourselves告诉自己;tell yourself告诉你自己;say to ourselves自言自语;say to yourself对你自己说话。句中使用了第一人称we,且这里表示“告诉自己”,故应选A。 4. (2019?上海) There was something wrong with my car, ________ I went to work by underground. A)for B)so C)or D)but 4. B 考查连词辨析。句意:我的车出毛病了,所以我坐地铁去上的班。前后两句话之间需要用连词连接,作连词时,for 意为“因为”,so 意为“所以”, or意为“否则,或者”, but意为“但是”,车出毛病和坐地铁上班之间存在因果关系,因此用so。故选B。 5. (2019·辽宁鞍山) _______of people from all over the world visit the Palace Museum every year. A. Two million B. Millions C Two millions D. Million 5. B【解析】考查数词的用法。句意:每年来自全世界的上百万的人们参观故宫。million前面有数字不加s;后面有of需要加s。故选B。 6. (2019 四川遂宁) The baby is too young. Don’t leave her at home by _________. A. she B. her C. hers D. herself 6. D 考查代词辨析。 she 她,是主格代词,作主语;her 她,是宾格代词,做宾语;hers 她的,是名词性物主代词;herself 她自己,是反身代词。句意:这个宝宝太小了,别让她自己呆在家里。by + 反身代词,表示某人自己。故选D。 7. (2019江西) You’ll have to ______ the books because there aren’t enough for everyone. A. pack B. sell C. choose D. share 7. D 考查动词辨析。句意:你们得分享这些书,因为没有足够的书给每个人。pack包装,sell卖, choose选择,share分享。故选D。 8. (2019黑龙江绥化) Light comes in ______ the window. A. across B. cross C. through 8. C考查介词词义辨析。句意:光通过窗户进入(室内)。分析句子结构,句中缺少介词。cross 为动词原形,首先排除;across介词,指的是从物体的表面穿过;through介词,指的是从物体的内部穿过。结合语境,光穿过窗户,表示空间上的“穿过”,应用through。故选C。 9. (2019·青海西宁)—Let’s have a picnic if it ________this Sunday. —But nobody knows if it ________on that day. A. will be fine; will rain B. will be fine; rains C. is fine; will rain D. is fine; rains 9. C 考查时态。第一空前的if意为如果,表示条件状语,在条件状语从句中,应该用一般现在时表示将来;第二空前的if意为是否,表示宾语从句,宾语从句的时态要与主语从句保持一致,主句时态是一般现在时,则宾语从句的时态根据需求选择,这里表示将来的一天,因此应该使用一般将来时。故选C。 10. (2019广西百色) The teachers often tell us ________ in the river. It’s dangerous. A. not swim B. don’t swim C. not swimming D. not to swim 10. D 考查非谓语动词。句意:老师经常吩咐我们不要在河里游泳。它是危险的。本题考查固定短语tell sb. not to do (让/吩咐某人不要做某事)。故选D。 11. (2019·上海) Would you mind ________ care of my pet fish while I'm away on holiday? A)take B)taken C)to take D)taking 11. D 考查非谓语动词。句意:你介意在我外出度假期间照顾我的宠物鱼吗?Mind doing是固定搭配。故选D。 12. (2019 江苏盐城) Mr Wu keeps _________ his students that the future belongs to the well-educated. A. telling B. to tell C. ordering D. to order 12. A 考查非谓语动词辨析。句意:吴先生告诉他的学生们未来取决于受过良好教育。keep后接动词的现在分词,可以排除B和D。telling告诉;ordering命令,要求。故选A。 13. (2019·内蒙古乌兰察布) —I don’t care how other people feel? —Well,in fact you A. might B. could C. would D. should 13. D句意:——我不在乎其他人的感受。——哦,其实你应该在乎。might表示可以;could表示能;would表示将;should表示应该.根据语境你应该在乎别人的感受,故选D。 14. (2019 江苏镇江) —Oh! What’s wrong with your finger? —I hurt it while I ______ a model plane. A. made B. was making C. am making D. make 14. B 考查动词的时态。句意:——哦!你的手指怎么了?——我在做模型飞机的时候弄伤的。while连词,意为“当……的时候”,引导时间状语从句,主句为一般过去时,从句用过去进行时(was/ were + V-ing)。根据上下文可知:手指应该是过去受伤的,故做飞机模型应该用过去进行时。故选B。 15. (2018?甘肃兰州) — fine weather it is! Let’s go for a walk. —Sounds like a great idea. A. What B. How C. What a D. How a 15. A【解析】考查感叹句。句意:——今天天气多好啊!我们去散步吧。——听起来是个好主意。在英语中,感叹句有两种:由What引导的感叹句和由How引导的感叹句,强调名词(短语)时,用What引导的感叹句;强调形容词或副词时,用How引导的感叹句。根据“... fine weather it is!”可知此处的中心词是weather,它是一个不可数名词,根据“What+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语!”的用法,可知这里应该用“What”,故选“What”。 二、完形填空 (2019重庆B卷)Being street smart is an important skill to have and a good way to take care of yourself. Always carry your phone with you, but do not look at 31 while you are walking. Being able to communicate or call for help is important, so keep a list of useful numbers. But put your phone away while you are walking so that you can keep your 32 up and see what’s going on around. If you do need to check your phone, 33 and look at it quickly. Don’t wear earphones 34 you are out. If you have to 35 something when you’re out, use only one earphone or play it at a very low volume(音量). Travel with 36 or family members when possible and never go anywhere with a stranger. It’s 37 to be careful with strangers. Remember not to get into a stranger’s car if they call you over. 38 dark and out-of-the-way places. Do not take short cuts through dark areas, even if it will make your trip much faster. If you have to go to unsafe places, go 39 someone you know or speak to someone over the phone while you are there. Run and shout if you feel unsafe. Run away as fast as you can towards a police station, hospital, or nearby business for 40 . Shout as loudly as you can to get the attention of people nearby. 31. A. me B. it C. him D. her 32. A. head B. nose C. hands D. arms 33. A. walk B. run C. stop D. start 34. A. though B. unless C. until D. while 35. A. look for B. wait for C. listen to D. talk to 36. A. parents B. brothers C. sisters D. friends 37. A. important B. impossible C. boring D. interesting 38. A. Find B. Avoid C. Visit D. Clean 39. A. to B. for C. with D. without 40. A. help B. drink C. money D. medicine 体裁:说明文 话题:14. 安全与急救 词数:237 【答案】 31—35 BACDC 36—40 DABCA 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文中主要讲述了在街上保护好自己的几种方法,如:随身携带手机,尽量不用或少用耳机,和朋友或家人一起出行,远离黑暗偏僻的地方,遇到危险时大声求救等。 【解析】 31. B 考查代词辨析。me我;it它;him他;her她。分析语境可知,此空是指代前面的“your phone”,故选B。 32. A 考查名词辨析。head头;nose鼻子;hand手;arm胳膊。由常识知,我们低着头看手机。联系上文“put your phone away while you are walking(走路的时候把手机收起来)”可知,我们会抬起“头”,故选A。 33. C 考查动词辨析。walk步行;run跑,奔;stop停止;start开始。联系上文“put your phone away while you are walking(走路的时候把手机收起来)”可知,看手机的时候应该“停下来(stop)”。故选C。 34. D 考查连词辨析。句意:不要戴耳机______你在外面。though虽然,尽管;unless除非;until直到;while当……时。表示在做一件事情的同时也在做另一件事。故选D。 35. C 考查动词短语辨析。look for寻找;wait for等待;listen to听;talk to与……交谈。联系下文“use only one earphone or play it at a very low volume(只用一只耳机或把音量放低一点)”,这里指“听东西”,故选C。 36. D 考查名词辨析。parent父(母)亲;brother兄,弟;sister姐,妹;friend朋友。联系下文“family members(家庭成员)”可知,这里可排除A、B、C三个选项,故选D。 37. A 考查形容词辨析。important重要的;impossible不可能;boring没趣的;interesting有趣的。联系句意及前文“never go anywhere with a stranger”可知,此处指“小心陌生人很重要”。故选A。 38. B 考查动词辨析。find找到;avoid避免;visit参观;clean打扫。联系上文及常识可知,为了安全,我们要“远离”黑暗偏僻的地方。故选B。 39. C 考查介词辨析。联系上文可知,作者指出不要单独出去,故此处指“go with someone”。故选C。 40. A 考查名词辨析。help帮助;drink饮料;money钱;medicine药。联系上文及常识可知,遇到危险时要跑得越快越好,到警察局、医院或附近的商店寻求“帮助”。故选A。 三、阅读理解 (2019广西河池)C 阅读短文,根据短文内容,从下面各小题所给的四个备选项中,选出最佳选项。 (每小题2分) Earthquakes usually come without warming. What should you do if this happens to you? An earthquake is dangerous, but there are still things you can do to protect yourself. ●Stay calm as the earth begins to shake. Your chance of survival in an earthquakes go up if you can keep calm. Staying calm is not easy, but it can save your life. ●If you are inside when the earthquake starts, get under a table or a bed. You need to have something strong around you to protect you from falling objects. Do not stand near walls or windows and stay out of the kitchen. The kitchen is dangerous because of many glass objects. If you are outside, get to an open area as fast as you can. Stay away from buildings and trees. If you are in a car, pull over to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car. If you are close to the sea, try to get as far away from the water as possible. Earthquakes can cause huge waves(浪) that can really harm the people nearby. ●When the earthquake is over there is still plenty of danger. For example, gas fire often comes with an earthquake if you see a fire, quickly move outdoors to an open area. Always remember to hope for the best but prepare for the worst. 61. What does the underlined word “survival” mean in Chinese? A. 坍塌 B. 废墟 C. 幸存 D. 失踪 62. What shouldn't you do if you are inside when the earthquake starts? A. To get under a table. B. To get under a bed C. To stay out of the kitchen. D. To stand near walls or windows. 63. Which is the wrong way if you are outside when the earthquake happens to you? A. To stay away from buildings and trees. B. To get as far away from the sea water as possible. C. To run into your house quickly to take something valuable. D To drive your car to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car. 64. When an earthquake happens ________ often comes out. A. electronic fire B. gas fire C. forest fire D. grass fire 65. What is the passage mainly about? A. The ways to stay calm B. The ways to stay away from tall buildings. C. The ways to move outdoors to an open area. D. The ways to protect yourself when an earthquake happens. 体裁:说明文 话题14:安全与救护 词数:236 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了地震发生时,人们自救的方法。1. 保持冷静;2. 在室内发生地震时,躲在桌子或者床下面;3. 在室外发生地震时,应该到空旷地方;4. 当地震结束后,仍有危险。 【答案】61-65 CDCBD 【解析】 61. C词义猜测题。从后面的go up if you can keep calm.可知,如果你能冷静,幸存的机会上升。因此,survival的意思是“幸存”。故选C。 62. D细节理解题。从第二个小标题的内容“应该是待在床或桌子底下”可知AB正确;由“Do not stand near walls or windows and stay out of the kitchen.”可知C正确;D错误。故选D。 63. C细节理解题。从第三个小标题的内容Stay away from buildings and trees.可知A正确;由try to get as far away from the water as possible.可知B正确;由pull over to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car.可知D正确;根据常识,不能回到房子里拿值钱的东西,可知C是错误的。故选C。 64. B 细节理解题。从第四个标题里的gas fire often comes with an earthquake if you see a fire可知选B。 65. D主旨大意题。从短文内容主要介绍当地震发生时,如何保护自己。故选D。 四、词汇 1. The earthquake _______ (袭击)Taiwan in 1999. 1. hit句意:在1999年地震袭击了台湾。hit袭击,撞击,是一个动词。根据句意和句中的in 1999可知,这里说的是过去的事情,应用一般过去时态,hit的过去式还是hit。 2. I felt nervous and my heart was _______ (跳动)fast. 2. beating句意:我感觉紧张,我的心跳得很快。beat拍打,指心脏跳动。根据句意和空前的was可知,这里应使用过去进行时态,表示过去正在发生的动作,故应填现在分词形式beating。 3. Jenny is_______(将近)as tall as her mother now. She is still growing. 3. nearly 句意:詹妮现在几乎和她妈妈一样高了,她仍然在长。nearly 几乎,将近;故填nearly。 4. When you are in danger, it is important to make you _______ (镇定) down. 4. calm句意:当你处在危险中的时候,使你自己冷静是很重要的。calm使平静,使冷静,是一个动词。句中使用了句型make sb. do sth.,使某人做某事,故这里填动词原形。 5. A number of car accidents happened in the street because of the _______ (雾)weather. 5. foggy句意:因为大雾天气,很多汽车在大街上发生了事故。fog雾,是一个名词。空后weather是名词,因此这里应填形容词形式foggy,有雾的,作定语,修饰名词。 6. Mr. Li took out a towel _________________(cover) the bum at once. 6. to cover根据句意和句子结构,本题考查不定式作目的状语。故答案为to cover。 7. My car _______ (break) down on the way, so I had to call 122 for help. 7. broke句意:我的自行车在路上坏了,所以我不得不拨打122求助。break down是固定短语,坏掉,出毛病。根据后半句中so I had to call…可知,这里也应用一般过去时态,应填过去式broke。 8. The heavy rain prevented him _________ (go) out last weekend. 8. going句意:上周末大雨阻止了他外出。prevent sb (from) doing sth阻止某人做某事;故填going。 9. He talked more ________ (loud) after the teacher left the classroom. How noisy! 9. loudly 句意:在老师离开之后,他说得更大声了,真吵啊!loud大声地,可以作形容词或副词。根据句意How noisy可知,这里带有厌恶的情绪,故应用loudly,也是“大声地”。 10. The earthquake happened in 2008 and many people were ___________ ( terrible ) hurt. 10. terribly句意:2008年发生的地震,许多人受伤严重。副词修饰动词hurt;故填 terribly。 五、表格填空 (2019四川南充) On March 31st 2019, a wildfire in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture (凉山葬族自治州)led to 31 deaths, including 27 firefighters. And on May 1st, 2016, in Alberta, Canada, a wildfire de?stroyed an area of nearly 700 square miles. More than 88,000 people had to leave their homes and thousands of homes were destroyed. Wildfires are unexpected, unplanned. And the cause of most wildfires is unsure. To bum, wild?fires require the right conditions-fuel, oxygen and heat. And global warming is one of the most impor?tant reasons. The high temperatures and dry conditions make the fire spread quickly. In many parts of the world, wildfires happen naturally. They are started by lighting (闪电) or some other special weather conditions. In recent years, there have been more wildfires because of dry, hot weather, and changeable weather patterns because of global warming. However, many fires are started by people. Sometimes, people clear land for farming. Besides, there are smokers who accidentally set fires. Wildfires can cause a lot of smoke, which will pollute the air. Lots of lives, property (财产)and valuable forests will soon disappear in wildfires. When trees are burnt down, and heavy rain follows, more disasters such as terrible floods will happen. Wildfires Events ●31 lives lost in the wildfire in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture. ●The wildfire in Canada 81 thousands of homes. 82 ●By nature :1. Lighting or some other special weather conditions. 2. Global warming 83 to high temperatures and dry conditions. ●By people :1. People clear the land for farming. 2. Smokers set fires by 84 . Influence ●Wildfires can cause a lot of air 85 . ●Lives, property and valuable forests disappear. ●More disasters will happen. 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章通过近期我国凉山彝族自治州及加拿大阿尔伯塔省发生的两场火灾讲述野火的起因及影响。 【答案】81. destroyed/ruined/damaged 82. Causes/Reasons 83. leads 84. accident/chance 85. pollution/problems 【解析】81. destroyed/ruined/damaged 由文中第一段“More than 88,000 people had to leave their homes and thousands of homes were destroyed. ”可知加拿大的野火“破坏”了成千上万个家园。destroy/ruin/damage都意为“破坏”,且应用一般过去时。 82. Causes/Reasons 表格中通过人员和自然两种原因列举出野火的起因。cause/reason起因,且应用其复数形式,由上下框可知,首字母大写。 83. leads 由文中第三段“The high temperatures and dry conditions make the fire spread quickly. ”可知全球变暖导致高温和干燥条件。lead to导致,一般现在时,主语Global warming是第三人称单数,谓语动词应用leads。 84. accident/chance由文中第四段“Besides, there are smokers who accidentally set fires. ”可知吸烟者意外放火。by accident/chance为固定短语,意为“意外”。 85. pollution/problems 由文中最后一段“Wildfires can cause a lot of smoke, which will pollute the air. ”可知野火可导致大量空气污染或问题。pollution意为“污染”,是不可数名词; problem意为“问题”是可数名词,应用其复数形式。 六、阅读表达 (2019重庆A卷)In Jinzhong, Shanxi Province, there is a group at people who are busy drawing maps around. They are not workers on geography, but dispatchers(调度员) in Emergency(急救) Center of the city. Since 2007, the dispatcher in the center have been drawing maps of the local areas. “A dispatcher’s job is counted in seconds,” say Liang Ruimei, a dispatcher in the city. She has been working in the center since it started in 2007. “We must answer the phone in 3 seconds, get clear information about the patient in 60 seconds and dispatch(调度) emergency medical workers in 3minutes at most. If we save one second, the patient may have a better chance to live.” Although nowadays the center has electric maps, the dispatchers still walk through the streets to draw maps by hand. After many years’ hard work, the dispatchers keep every building and street of the city in mind. They even know whether or not a car can enter the gate of a building. Sometimes the caller can’t tell clearly where he is, but it doesn’t matter. As long as he describes the building around, the dispatcher can dispatch emergency medical workers to him. “We are trying to be quicker than Death,” says Liang. 65. Is Liang Ruimei a dispatcher in Emergency Center of Jindiong? ___________________________________________________________________ 66. When did Emergency Center of Jinzhong start? ___________________________________________________________________ 67. To be quicker than Death, what do the dispatchers in Emergency Center of Jinzhong do? ___________________________________________________________________ 68. Do you think it necessary for dispatchers to draw map by hand when they have electronic map? Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________ 【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文中主要介绍了晋中急救中心为了服务社会,及时抢救病人而让医务人员亲自手绘城市地图的故事。 【答案】 65. Yes, she is. 66. In 2007. 67. They remember every corner of the city through hand-made maps, and dispatch emergency medical workers to the right place as soon as possible. 68. Yes. Because maps by hand show small facts of the city more clearly and electronic maps may not work sometimes. 69. No. Because electronic maps are easier to use and can show the latest road situation. 【解析】 65. Yes, she is. 细节理解题。题干意为:梁瑞梅是晋中急救中心的一个调度员吗?根据第二段首句中“say Liang Ruimei, a dispatcher in the city”可知,她是这里的一个调度员。因此本题为肯定回答。 66. In 2007. 细节理解题。题干意为:晋中急救中心是什么时候启动的?根据第二段第二句“She has been working in the center since it started in 2007.”可知,这个急救中心是与2007年启动的。 67. They remember every corner of the city through hand-made maps, and dispatch emergency medical workers to the right place as soon as possible. 细节理解题。题干意为:为了抢救证明(赶在人死之前),晋中急救中心的调度员们是怎么做的?阅读短文二三四段可知,在抢救人的生命时,时间就是生命。为了缩短急救时间,这个中心的人们通过手绘地图记住了这个城市的每个角落,以尽快的速度调度急救医务人员到正确的地方。据此表述即可。 68. Yes. Because maps by hand show small facts of the city more clearly and electronic maps may not work sometimes. 69. No. Because electronic maps are easier to use and can show the latest road situation. 本题为开放题,答案不唯一。本文是正面赞扬这个调度中心为了服务社会而手绘地图的做法,可以参考本文作肯定回答。也可以根据自己观点进行否定回答,注意前后两问之间逻辑关系要保持一致。 七、语法填空 (2019甘肃武威、白银) come, fun, visit, hardly, yourself, not, fall off, advice, from, important Dear Molly, I just got your letter with the picture of you riding your bike. From the smile on your face, I can tell how much 1 you’re having. I still remember when you could 2 ride a tricycle (儿童三轮自行车). You’ve 3 a long way! Now here’s some 4 . I’m sure you’re a good rider. But you will 5 that bike now and then. So please get 6 a helmet (头盔). Wear it every time you ride. A helmet will help protect you 7 a head injury. Wearing a helmet when you ride a bike is as 8 as wearing your seat belt when you ride in a car! No, I’m 9 trying to be a bossy know-it- all. I just don’t want a bad fall to wipe that smile off your face. When you come 10 this summer, bring your bike and your helmet. We’ll take some great rides together. Your cousin, Vera ? 【主旨大意】本文是一封信,表达了收到来信和照片的高兴之情。同时以表姐的身份提醒对方骑车要佩戴头盔,确保安全。 【答案及解析】 1. fun 由 smile on your face可知“高兴”;由have可联想到have fun.故填fun。 2. hardly 前面为情态动词could,故此有两个词:hardly和not可选。但后面语境No, I’m 9 trying to be a bossy know-it- all.空格处应填not。故此处填 hardly。 3. come 此处助动词have提示应填过去分词,故填come。 4. advice根据下文内容可知,表姐Vera提出了一些建议和忠告。故填advice 。 5. fall off 此处宾语为that bike,由此可联想到的动词应为ride和fall,故填fall off 。 6. yourself 此处get用法为get sb. sth.,空格处应为sb.做宾语,故填 yourself 。 7. from 此处protect的用法为protect sb. from (doing) sth.. 故填from。 8. important 此处系动词is后面应为表语,故as后面应为形容词,故填 important。 9. not 前面主要内容为提供建议,此处以幽默诙谐的口吻,表白自己“并非要做万事通”,故填 not。 10. to visit备选词中仅剩一个visit,用在此处做come的目的状语,故填to visit。 八、完成句子 1. (2018·天津) 下一站我得下车了。 I have to____ _____the bus at the next stop. 1. get off 【解析】表示“下车”应用get off;have to do sth 意为“不得不做某事”,此处应用get原形。 2. (2019·广东广州) 我们还没有决定什么时候探望爷爷奶奶。 ??????We?haven't?decided?our?grandparents.?______??______ ______our?grandparents. 2. when to visit 动词decide决定,后面可以接“疑问词 +动词不定式”作宾语,根据句意可知,when什么时候,符合语境,visit探望,故填when to visit。 3. (2019云南省卷) On weekdays, we must school before 7:30 in the morning. (到达) 3. get to/ arrive at/ reach 4. 躲在一张结实的课桌下面,然后尽快的跑出去。 _______________________and then try to run out ___________________________ 4. (1). Hide under a strong desk (2). as quickly/fast as possible 躲藏用hide;尽快是as quickly as possible。故答案为Hide under a strong desk ;as quickly/fast as possible 5. 我的脑中掠过一阵恐惧,但我知道我还活着。 __________________________my mind but I knew I ________________________________. 5. (1). A moment of fear went through (2). I was still alive一阵恐惧是a moment of fear;掠过是go through;活着的是alive。故答案为A moment of fear went through ;I was still alive。 九、书面表达 (2019湖南衡阳) 根据一项新的调查,学生安全已经成为一个大的问题。假设你是一名老师,对学生进行以“自我保护”为主题的消防安全教育,请以“How to Protect Yourself in a Fire”为题,提出你的建议。 要求:1. 短文中不得出现真实的人名和地名。 2.书写工整,语句通顺,连贯,词数不少于80。 参考词汇:cover v. 遮盖 take the lift乘坐电梯 exit n.出口 towel n.毛巾 shut off 切断 One possible version: How to Protect yourself in a Fire! According to a new survey, student safety has become a big problem. So, our school thinks it is necessary to teach students how to protect themselves in a fire. And here comes the methods. First, we should keep calm and find the exit quickly. You'd better walk the stairs instead of taking the lift. Second, we should cut off the electricity in the house in case we could get hurt by it. Next, we should cover our nose with a wet cloth or a wet towel, because the fire will burn something and will release a kind of poison gas. Finally, we should try our best to get out of the fire as quickly as possible. This is our school's methods that have taught us. I think they are very useful for us. 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)
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