[ID:4-6498002] [精]Unit 6 Bird watching 期末复习学案+单元测试(原卷与解析卷 )
当前位置: 英语/初中英语/牛津译林版/八年级上/Unit 6 Bird watching
资料简介:
中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元要点 Unit 6 1. I often go to the market to watch the birds.我经常去市场观鸟。 【讲解】动词不定式作目的状语: to watch the birds是动词不定式结构,意为“(为了)去观鸟”。动词不定式通常作目的状语, 用来修饰________,表示某一状态或动作的________。 例:________ ________ the bus, he got up early. 为了赶上公共汽车,他很早就起床了。 2. The science teacher encourages the Class 1, Grade 8 students to join the Birdwatching Society…科学老师鼓励八年级一班的同学们加入观鸟社团…… 【讲解】encourage鼓励: encourage作动词,意为“鼓励”。常用结构encourage sb to do sth表示“________”。 例:I encouraged her ________ ________ hard and to try for the exam. 我鼓励她努力学习并尽力准备考试。 3. Zhalong Nature Reserve is in Heilongjiang Province in North-east China.扎龙自然保护区在中国东北的黑龙江省。 【讲解1】nature n. 大自然,自然界 In fact, ________ is much better at recycling than we humans are. 事实上,自然界在再循环方面比人类做得更好。 【拓展】natural,是形容词,表示“自然的”。 We visited a museum of ________ history. 我们参观了一个自然博物馆。 【讲解2】方位介词in, on, to的用法: ①in 表示方位,意为“在……之内”,即一个小地方处在一个大地方的范围(疆域)之内。 例:Shanghai is ________ the east of China. 上海在中国的东部。 ②on 表示方位,意为“在……端/边”,即一个地方在另一个地方的某一端或某一边,两个地方只是相邻或接壤,互不管辖。 例:Shandong Province is ________ the north of Jiangsu Province. 山东省在江苏省的北边。 ③to 表示方位,意为“在……面”,即一个地方在另一个地方的范围之外,互不管辖。尤其当两个地方相隔较远,且有湖泊、大海等区域相隔时,通常用 to。 例:Japan is ________ the east of China. 日本在中国的东面。 4. It is one of the world’s most important wetlands.它是世界上最重要的湿地之一。 【讲解】one of+形容词最高级+名词复数: “one of+形容词的________ +名词________”表示“……中……最……之一”,所接名词前一般有________或物主代词,表范围;名词前如有形容词时,应用其________形式。 例:One of the tallest boys is sitting here. 最高男孩中的一个正坐在这儿。 【注意】当one of……作________时谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。 例:One of them likes swimming. 他们中的一个喜欢游泳。 5. The area provides food and cover for a lot of wildlife.这个地区为众多野生动物提供了食物和栖息地。 【讲解】provide提供: provide作及物动词,意为“提供”,后面可接名词作宾语,也可用provide sth for sb 或provide sb with sth 结构,表示“________”。 例:The river provides water ________ the villagers. =The river provides the villagers ________ water. 这条河流给村民们提供水。 6. It is a perfect place for some rare birds. 对一些稀有的鸟来说,这是一个完美的地方。 【用法】① perfect的基本意思是“完美的,完善的,理想的”,当形容具体事物时,还可表示“完整的,完好无损的,无缺陷的”;当形容抽象事物时,表示“完全的,绝对的”。perfect引申还可指“正确的,精确的”。 ② perfect可以作“十足的,十分的,完全的”解,常用来加强所修饰名词的语气。指人时多用在行为、品德方面,意思是“高雅的,无瑕的”“绝对的”“不折不扣的”。 ③ perfect是强化形容词,没有程度上的区别,因此,一般不用________等词来修饰,也不用于比较等级。 7. Many birds live in Zhalong all year round, while some go there only for a short stay. 许多鸟长年生活在扎龙,而有些鸟则仅去那儿作短暂停留。 【讲解1】all year round一年到头 all year round也可以写作all the year round,是固定短语,意为“一年到头;常年;终年”,通常作________。 例:It’s spring ________ ________ ________ in Kunming. 昆明一年四季如春。 【讲解2】for a short stay 短暂逗留 for a short stay相当于stay for a short time,意为“________”。 此处stay作________名词,意为“逗留,停留”。 例:In winter holidays, I often go to my grandparents’ home ________ ________ ________ ________. 寒假我经常去外祖父母家暂住一段时间。 【拓展】stay的其他用法 ①stay作________,意为“停留,暂住”,指的是“短期逗留”。 例:They stayed there for half an hour.他们在那里待了半个小时。 ②stay还可表示“继续处于某种状态”,此时stay是系动词,后面跟________作表语。 例:We should take more exercise to stay healthy.我们应该多锻炼来保持健康。 8. …, so you can easily watch them there. …,因此你能在那儿很容易地观看他们。 【讲解】easily adv. ________,不费力地。 例:I can work out the maths problem easily. 我能很容易地解出这道数学题。 【拓展】其形容词形式是easy,表示“________”。 例:He has an easy way of speaking. 他说话的语气随和。 9. Some people want to make the wetlands smaller in order to have more space for farms and buildings.一些人想要减少湿地(的面积),以便为耕地和建筑用地腾出更多空间。 【讲解1】in order to以便,为的是 in order to意为“以便,为的是”,后接动词________,表示目的。其否定形式in order not to意为“以免”。 例:He got up early________ ________ ________ catch the first bus.他起得很早,为了赶上第一班车。 Be quiet in the reading room ________ ________ ________ ________ disturb others. 在阅览室里要安静,以免妨碍别人。 【讲解2】space空间 此句中的space为________名词,表示“________”。短语make space for相当于make room for,表示“为……让出空间,给……腾出地方”。 例:When the old man got on the bus, a passenger made space/room for him. 当老人上车后,一位乘客给他让了座。 【注意】space也可以表示“宇宙,太空”,in space指“________”,space前通常不用________。 例:It must be great fun to travel in space. 在太空中旅行一定很有趣。 10. This will lead to less and less space for wildlife. 这将会导致野生动物的空间越来越小。 【讲解】lead to导致;引起;通向 lead to表示“导致;引起;通向”,这里to作________,后跟名词或代词。 例:This will lead to trouble in the future.这将导致以后的麻烦。 【拓展】lead的用法 lead作动词,意为“领导,带领”,过去式为________。短语lead sb to do sth意为“导致/促使某人做某事”,其中to是不定式符号。 例:That ________ ________ ________ think that the girl was ill.那使我想到这女孩生病了。 11. Moreover, fishermen keep fishing there. 此外,渔民在那儿养鱼。 【讲解】fish vi. 捕鱼 fish作________的基本含义是指用工具“钓鱼”“捕鱼”“从…中捕捞”,引申还可表示“摸出(某种东西)”“掏出(某种东西)”。 【拓展】fish,还可作________,表示“鱼”。 例:We caught three little fishes. 我们捉到三条小鱼。 【拓展用法】① fish用作可数名词时,意为“鱼”,单数形式表示“一条条的鱼”。fish用作不可数名词时意思是“鱼肉”。 ② fish多采用零复数形式,也可按规则变化变为fishes,后者常表示“许多种类的鱼”。 ③ fish作主语表示单数意义时,谓语动词用单数形式;表示复数意义时,谓语动词用复数形式。 12. Now the Chinese government has made laws to prevent all these things in Zhalong.如今中国政府已经制定了法律来阻止扎龙地区这些事情的发生。 【讲解】prevent防止,预防 句中prevent作________,意为“防止,预防”,常用于固定结构prevent sb (from) doing sth中,意为“________”, ________在这个结构中可以省略。 例:Can you think of a better way to prevent pollution? 你能想个更好的办法来防止污染吗? Nobody can prevent us (from) going there. 没有人能阻止我们去那里。 【拓展】表示“阻止某人做某事”的其他结构 stop…(from) doing sth, prevent…(from) doing sth和keep…from doing sth这三种结构都表示“防止/避免……做某事”。前两个短语中from都________省略,keep…from doing sth中from________省略。 13. We need more people to count and describe the birds. 我们需要更多的人数鸟、描述鸟。 【讲解】describe vt. 描述。是动词,后面加名词或事物。 例:The police asked me to ________ exactly how it happened. 警察让我描述一下这事是怎样发生的。 【拓展】description是其名词形式。 例:The ________ of your school is attractive. 你学校的描述非常吸引人。 14. Millie and Amy heard someone sing in the park.米莉和埃米听见有人在公园里唱歌。 【讲解】hear sb do sth听见某人做某事 hear sb do sth意为“________”,用省略________的动词不定式表示听到动作发生的全过程或某个动作经常发生。这种结构在改为被动语态时,不定式要加上________。 例:We often hear him ________ in the next room.我们经常听到他在隔壁唱歌。 He was never heard ________ ________ so well.从来没有听过他唱得这么好。 【拓展】hear sb doing sth的用法 hear sb doing sth意为“________”,表示听到某个动作正在进行。 例:Listen! I can hear someone ________ at the door.听!我能听见有人在敲门。 【拓展归纳】和hear的用法相似的动词: 后面既能跟动词原形作宾补,又能跟现在分词作宾补的动词还有:feel, see, watch, notice, listen to, look at等。 15. Mr Wu told us to watch the birds carefully. 吴老师告诉我们认真观察鸟类。 【讲解】tell sb to do sth告诉某人做某事 tell作动词,意为“吩咐,告诉”。tell可接动词不定式作宾补,即tell sb to do sth意为“________”,tell sb not to do sth意为“________”。 例:Mother told you ________ ________ home by ten.妈妈告诉你十点前回家。 He told students ________ ________ ________ there.他告诉学生们不要待在那里。 16. They’ll help you see the birds more clearly. 它们将帮助你更好地观鸟。 【讲解】clearly adv. 清晰地 例:We can see the words ________ on the blackboard. 我们能清楚地看到黑板上的单词。 【拓展】其形容词形式是clear,表示“清楚的,清晰的”。 例:The water here is shallow and ________. 这里的水又浅又清。 17. First, let me introduce myself.首先,让我来介绍一下我自己。 【讲解】introduce oneself自我介绍 introduce是动词,意为“介绍”,短语introduce oneself意为“________”。其名词形式为________,“介绍”。 例:Please allow me to introduce myself first.首先请允许我自我介绍一下。 【拓展】introduce A to B的含义 introduce A to B表示“________”。 例:It’s my honor to introduce my teacher to everyone. 把我的老师介绍给大家是我的荣幸。 18. I can take part in activities from 2 p.m.to 5 p.m.on Sundays.我可以在每周日下午两点到五点参加活动。 【讲解】 from…to…从……到…… from…to…是________短语,意为“从……到……”,既可用于连接________,也可用于连接地点。 例:She works from 8:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. every day. 她每天从早上8点工作至晚上7点。 19. You can call me on 010-5558 6390 or email me at amy@sunshine.com.你可以打010-5558 6390找我或者给我发电子邮件,地址是amy@sunshine.com。 【讲解1】call sb on+电话号码 拨打某人的电话号码 表示“拨打某人的电话号码”用“call sb ________ +电话号码”结构。 例:I moved into a new flat. Please call me on 0523-3124 567. 我搬进新的公寓了,请拨0523-3124 567给我打电话。 【拓展】call可用作可数名词,意为“电话”。give sb a call 表示“给某人打电话”。 【讲解2】 email sb. ________ +电子信箱 发电子邮件至…… 例:Please email me at ghsoe@163.com. 请给我发电子邮件至ghsoe@163.com.。 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元要点 Unit 6 答案 1. 动词;目的;To catch 2. 鼓励某人做某事;to work 3. nature;natural;in;on;to 4. 最高级;复数;the;最高级;主语 5. 向某人提供某物;for;with 6. very 7. 状语;all year round;短暂停留;可数;for a short stay;动词;形容词 8. 容易地;容易的 9. 原形;in order to;in order not to;不可数;空间;在太空;冠词 10. 介词;led;led me to 11. 动词;名词 12. 动词;阻止某人做某事;from;可以;不可以 13. describe;description 14. 听见某人做某事;to;to;sing;to sing;听见某人正在做某事;knocking 15. 告诉某人做某事;告诉某人不要做某事;to be;not to stay 16. clearly;clear 17. 自我介绍;introduction;把A介绍或引见给B 18. 介词;时间 19. on;at 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元测试 Unit 6 原卷 一、单项选择 1. (2019山东青岛) Qingdao is a beautiful city that lies in ________ east of China. A. an B. / C. the D. a 2. (2019湖南湘潭) ________ is unhealthy for us to go to school without eating breakfast in the morning. A.?That? B.?This C. It 3. (2019四川宜宾) —Have you heard of the Huawei Company? —Sure, it’s one of the ______ companies _____ make us Chinese proud. A. great; which B. greater; which C. greatest; that 4. (2019山东临沂) In the world, more than 30% of schools do not provide safe drinking water _________ about 570 million children. A. with B. for C. towards 5. (2019江苏泰州) Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to Beijing! And if you need any help, please call me _______ 010-55586390. A. at B. on C. with D. by 6. (2019 广东深圳) —I heard that your grandma lost her way in Dameisha yesterday. —Yes. Luckily, a kind stranger managed to lead her back home. A. take B. pull C. put 7. (2019山东临沂) In the world, more than 30% of schools do not provide safe drinking water _________ about 570 million children. A. with B. for C. towards 8. (2019四川眉山) noise pollution, and we can live in a quiet environment. A. Prevent B. Preventing C. Prevented D. To prevent 9. (2019四川德阳) Mother asks me English every morning. A. read B. to read C. reading D. not read 10. (2019 广东深圳) —We will have a big basketball game next week, but we still need a player. —Why don’t you _______ Bryan to join the game? He is fantastic. A. invite B. teach C. warn 11. (2019广西桂林) Time is limited! You’d better _______ your time any more. A. not to waste B. waste C. not waste 12. (2019·辽宁营口) —What should I do, doctor? —_____ healthy, you should do more exercise. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep D. Kept 13. (2019新疆) Not only Jack but also I ________ crazy about the football match. A. am B.is C. are D.be 14. (2019黑龙江大庆) —Would you like ______ a film with us tonight? —Sorry, I have to help my mother do housework. A. see B. to see C. seeing D. to seeing 15. (2019 贵州安顺) —Mr. Wang, please speak loudly in the hall to make yourself _______ while ________are there. —Fine, thanks for telling me about that. A. understood, others B. understand, other C. understand, others D. understanding, other 二、完形填空 (2019湖南衡阳) One day a boy ___16___ his home to find the Bird of Happiness. He ___17___ the bird to bring warmth, flowers and trees to his village. Before long, he met a monster(怪兽) with a black beard(胡子). The monster asked him ___18___ he was going. The boy told him. “I’ll tell you where it is,” the monster said, but you must kill someone for me. If you don’t, I’ll take away all your food and drink.” The boy ___19___ so the monster took all of them away. Before long, the boy was very ___20___ and thirsty. Then he met a monster with a white beard. “I’ll tell you where the Bird of Happiness is,” the monster said, “but you must blind someone ___21___ me. If you don't, I’ll blind you.” The boy refused, and the monster blinded him. At last, the boy reached the top of the mountain where the Bird of Happiness lived. He lay before the bird, near death. Then the bird touched his eyes and he could ___22___ again. The bird fed him, built up his strength and carried him home. ___23___ the bird landed in the boy’s ___24___, the countryside all around turned green. Flowers and other plants grew and everyone lived in peace. It was all ___25___ the brave boy brought the Bird of Happiness home to them. 16. A. got to B. left C. missed 17. A. wanted B. had C. made 18. A. what B. when C. where 19. A. agreed B. refused C. answered 20. A. hungry B. excited C. full 21. A. to B. for C. of 22. A. listen B. see C. speak 23. A. As soon as B. Though C. If 24. A. factory B. village C. school 25. A. when B. so C. because 三、阅读理解 (2019四川南充) You may often hear some myths (传言) about animals. For example, one dog year equals about seven human years, chameleons (变色龙) change color to match their environment. . . Today, let’s talk about birds. It is said that if you touch a baby bird, the parents will completely abandon (抛弃) it. Do you really believe it? In fact, most birds have a very poor sense of smell, so in most cases are unable to even notice the smell of humans on baby birds. Not only that, but most types of birds aren’t so quick to abandon their young when they sense danger. Some types will even do their best to protect their young when they are in danger. Indeed, in very few known cases, parent birds sometimes abandoned their nests from something touching their young, just because they noticed it by sight, not smell. When this happens, the parent birds usually won’t care, other than to be a little more careful than normal. Sometimes, they may tem?porarily ( 暂时地) abandon the nest in order to better watch whatever disturbed their nest comes back. What’s more, in most cases, even if the nest is destroyed by wind or something to that effect, you could create a new one and put all the baby birds back in it, and when the parents came back, they wouldn’t care their baby birds were in a different nest, so long as you put the new nest near where the old one was so they can find it. 51. Which of the following is true? A. Birds have a very good sense of smell. B. A baby bird will die soon if it is touched by someone. C. Whatever disturbed the nest will never come back. D. Some birds will protect their babies when they are in danger. 52. What does the underlined word in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Their nest. B. Their baby. C. Some birds abandoning their nests. D. Something touching their young. 53. The parent birds __________ if we make a new nest for baby birds to take the place of the old one. A. will never come back B. will worry about their babies C. won’t mind D. will take their babies away 54. Which of the following shows the structure (结构)of the passage? (①=Paragraph 1(第一段),②=Paragraph 2…) A B C D 55. What is the best title of this passage? A. Bird Truth B. Baby Birds C. Bird Nests D. Bird Smell 四、词汇 1. There are several (渔民) fishing over there. 2. It is a (完美的) place for some rare birds. 3. More and more people have realized the _______(重要性) of protecting wild animals. 4. Some farmers cut down forests in order to have more _____ (空间)for farmlands. 5. Most birds live in Zhalong all year round, ______(然而)some go there only for a short stay. 6. We watch her _________(dance) to music every night in the hall. 7. The doctor advised my father ____(not smoke) any more. 8. As a guide, I must care about all the ______(tour) safety (安全) during their trip. 9. (2019江苏无锡) _____ (realize) his lifelong dream, the young man went to Hollywood by himself, with only a few dollars in his pocket. 10. (2019﹒江苏盐城) About 300 to 1,300 red-crowned cranes ____________ to Yancheng Nature Reserve every year to spend the winter. (fly) 五、表格填空 Where do you go on a school trip every spring? In the UK, students go to many great places. They see swans and ducks in wetlands. They pick up shells (贝壳) at the seaside. In Japan, cherries (樱花) are blooming (盛开的) by the beginning of April. Kids have picnic lunches, sing karaoke (卡拉OK) and dance under the trees. They also go boating and hiking. They take baths in hot springs (温泉). In China, kids often take school trips in a park, a museum or to a mountain. These days, outward bound (野外扩展) trips are very popular. Kids can learn about survival skills (生存技巧) and teamwork during these trips. School trips can be great fun. But don’t get hurt when you travel outdoors. Here are some tips for you. Listen to your teacher. On the bus, always wear a seat belt (安全带) if the bus has them. Do not rush or push when you get on or off the bus. Stay in your seat while the bus is moving. If you are at the zoo, remember not to touch or go near animals. If you are careful enough, you will have fun. Students in different 1 go to different places In the UK, students go to wetlands or to the 2 and many places.[ In Japan, kids do activities under the trees, they also go 3 and hiking. They take baths in hot 4 . In China, kids take school trips in parks, 5 or to a mountain. The tips for not ___6___yourself Listen to your teacher. On the bus, always 7 a seat belt. Do not rush or push when 8 on or off the bus. Don’t leave your seat 9 the bus stops. If you are at the zoo, don’t 10 not to touch or go near animals. 1. _______ 2. _______ 3. _______ 4._______ 5. _______ 6. _______ 7. _______ 8. _______ 9._______ 10. _______ 六、阅读表达 It was early s___81___. Two seeds(种子) l___82___ side by side in the soil(土壤). The first seed said, “I want to grow! I want to send my roots(根)deep into the soil. I want to grow t___83___the earth( 泥土) above me. I want to have green buds(芽). I want to tell everyone the spring c___84___. I want to see the sun. I want to taste the rain!” And so she g ___85___. The second seed said, “I am afraid. If I send my roots into the ground below, I don’t know w___86___ I will meet in the dark. If I push my way through the hard soil above me, I may hurt myself. If I let my buds out , a snail(蜗牛) may e___87___them. If I open my blossoms(花朵), a little child may p___88___ me from the ground. No, it is much better for me to wait u___89___ it is safe.” And so she waited. A hen (母鸡)was looking for food in the early spring ground. She found the waiting seed and ate her. If we are afraid of g___90___up, life will swallow(吞咽) us. 七、首字母填空 Nogoba was a cavegirl. She lived in a cave(洞穴)with about 40 other people. Cavepeople lived in big groups to help each other. Their lives?were very d 1 . There were many wild animals near the caves — lions, t 2 , bears and elephants. The cavemen hunted. They k 3 the animals for food. The children’s jobs were dangerous, too. Nogoba and her friends went to the river every day to get w 4 . Sometimes, the river was very deep and sometimes there were dangerous a 5 near the river. For many m 6 of the year, Nogoba was cold. There was ice and snow everywhere. It was difficult to be w 7 . The children sometimes went to sleep by the f 8 . Sometimes they were too near the fire. Sometimes Nogoba and her friends went to find fruit and nuts to e 9 . Sometimes the fruit and nuts were poisonous(有毒的) and everyone became ill. There weren’t any cave doctors o 10 cave hospitals! 八、完成句子 1. (2018·四川宜宾) 为了实现中国梦,我们必须努力学习和工作。 ______ ______ to achieve our Chinese Dream, we must study hard and work hard. 2. (2018·四川宜宾) 你对即将到来的2018年世界杯感兴趣吗? Are you ______ _____ World Cup 2018 which is coming soon? 3. (2019江苏扬州) 没有什么能阻止我们实现梦想。 _____________________________________________________ 4. (2019江苏扬州) 谢谢你为我们提供了这么多有趣的书籍。 _____________________________________________________ 5. (2019·湖北随州) 李老师已经把这位钢琴家介绍给同学们了。 Miss Li has this to the students. 九、书面表达 请根据申请表内容完成100词左右的申请信 Name Zhao Yang Date of birth 2000年10月20日 Tele. number 0519—82833988 Email 83445133@qq.com School No.6 Middle School Grade 8 Favourite subjects 生物、英语 Interests and hobbies 收集各种动物图片、听音乐 Activities to protect wildlife 去年春天和朋友一起去扎龙自然保护区参加了保护鸟类的活动。 reasons 喜爱大自然,对植物动物感兴趣, 想要更多的了解鸟,人们砍伐树,鸟越来越少,想做些事情来保护鸟 Free time 每周六下午2点到5点 Dear Chairperson, I would like to join the Birdwatching Society. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Zhao Yang 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源及组卷应用平台 译林牛津八上期末复习学案 单元测试 Unit 6 解析卷 一、单项选择 1. (2019山东青岛) Qingdao is a beautiful city that lies in ________ east of China. A. an B. / C. the D. a 1. C 考查冠词用法。句意:青岛是一座位于中国东部的美丽城市。在表示方位的名词east (东部)前应用定冠词the表示特指,故选C。 2. (2019湖南湘潭) ________ is unhealthy for us to go to school without eating breakfast in the morning. A.?That? B.?This C. It 2. C考查形式主语。句意:早上不吃早餐对我们来说是不健康的。这是句式It’s +形容词+for sb. to do sth.,表示对某人来说做某事是怎样的,故选C。 3. (2019四川宜宾) —Have you heard of the Huawei Company? —Sure, it’s one of the ______ companies _____ make us Chinese proud. A. great; which B. greater; which C. greatest; that 3. C考查形容词的最高级和定语从句。句意:——你听说过华为公司吗?——当然,它是最令我们中国人自豪的公司之一。one of后面跟形容词最高级;定语从句中,先行词是物,且被最高级修饰时,关系代词只能用that。故选C。 4. (2019山东临沂) In the world, more than 30% of schools do not provide safe drinking water _________ about 570 million children. A. with B. for C. towards 4. B 考查介词的用法。句意:在世界上,超过30%的学校没有为大约5. 7亿儿童提供安全的饮用水。固定搭配provide sth. for sb. 意为“为某人提供某物”。故选B。 5. (2019江苏泰州) Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome to Beijing! And if you need any help, please call me _______ 010-55586390. A. at B. on C. with D. by 5. B 考查介词辨析。固定结构“call sb on+号码”表示“拨打……号码;打电话给某人”。故选B。 6. (2019 广东深圳) —I heard that your grandma lost her way in Dameisha yesterday. —Yes. Luckily, a kind stranger managed to lead her back home. A. take B. pull C. put 6. A 考查动词同义词转换。take意为“引领”,pull意为“拉”,put意为“放”。lead本身的意思是“引导;领导”,根据题意,一个善良的陌生人表示带她回家,等同于take。故选A。 7. (2019山东临沂) In the world, more than 30% of schools do not provide safe drinking water _________ about 570 million children. A. with B. for C. towards 7. B 考查介词的用法。句意:在世界上,超过30%的学校没有为大约5. 7亿儿童提供安全的饮用水。固定搭配provide sth. for sb. 意为“为某人提供某物”。故选B。 8. (2019四川眉山) noise pollution, and we can live in a quiet environment. A. Prevent B. Preventing C. Prevented D. To prevent 8. A考查祈使句用法。句意:阻止噪音污染,我们能生活在一个安静祥和的环境中。祈使句以动词原形开头。故选A。 9. (2019四川德阳) Mother asks me English every morning. A. read B. to read C. reading D. not read 9. B考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:妈妈要求我每天早上读英语。ask sb. to do sth. 意为“叫/要求某人做某事”。故选B。 10. (2019 广东深圳) —We will have a big basketball game next week, but we still need a player. —Why don’t you _______ Bryan to join the game? He is fantastic. A. invite B. teach C. warn 10. A 考查动词辨析。invite意为“邀请;teach 意为“教”;warn意为“警告”。Why don’t you…是提建议的句型。根据题干,前者说他们还需要一个队员,因此后者肯定是建议他去邀请 Bryan参加比赛。因此答案为A。 11. (2019广西桂林) Time is limited! You’d better _______ your time any more. A. not to waste B. waste C. not waste 11. C 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:时间有限制!你最好_____你的时间。had better后跟动词原形,可排除A项;由前句Time is limited!及本句中的any more可知,本句应是否定句。故选C。 12. (2019·辽宁营口) —What should I do, doctor? —_____ healthy, you should do more exercise. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep D. Kept 12. C句意:——我该怎么办,医生?——为了保持健康,你应该多做运动。考查动词不定式。根据_____ healthy, you should do more exercise. 可知这里用to引导的不定式短语作目的状语,在这里表示多做运动的目的是保持健康,故答案选C。 13. (2019新疆) Not only Jack but also I ________ crazy about the football match. A. am B.is C. are D.be 13. A 考查主谓一致。句意:不但Jack,而且我也热衷于足球比赛。not only...but also连接两个并列的主语时,谓语动词遵循就近原则,此句靠近谓语的主语是I,所以动词选用am。故选A。 14. (2019黑龙江大庆) —Would you like ______ a film with us tonight? —Sorry, I have to help my mother do housework. A. see B. to see C. seeing D. to seeing 14. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:——你愿意今晚和我一起看电影吗?——真抱歉,我得帮我妈妈做家务。would like to do sth.愿意/想做某事,是固定搭配。故选B。 15. (2019 贵州安顺) —Mr. Wang, please speak loudly in the hall to make yourself _______ while ________are there. —Fine, thanks for telling me about that. A. understood, others B. understand, other C. understand, others D. understanding, other 15. A 考查固定表达法。句意:“王先生,在大厅里当别人在那儿时,请大点声说话让你自己被听见”“好的。感谢你告诉我这种情况。”。make oneself done意为“是自己被……”;other代词,意为“其他的;别的”,作定语,修饰名词;others 代词,意为“别的;其他的”,other的复数形式。根据are可知应使用others。故选择A。 二、完形填空 (2019湖南衡阳) One day a boy ___16___ his home to find the Bird of Happiness. He ___17___ the bird to bring warmth, flowers and trees to his village. Before long, he met a monster(怪兽) with a black beard(胡子). The monster asked him ___18___ he was going. The boy told him. “I’ll tell you where it is,” the monster said, but you must kill someone for me. If you don’t, I’ll take away all your food and drink.” The boy ___19___ so the monster took all of them away. Before long, the boy was very ___20___ and thirsty. Then he met a monster with a white beard. “I’ll tell you where the Bird of Happiness is,” the monster said, “but you must blind someone ___21___ me. If you don't, I’ll blind you.” The boy refused, and the monster blinded him. At last, the boy reached the top of the mountain where the Bird of Happiness lived. He lay before the bird, near death. Then the bird touched his eyes and he could ___22___ again. The bird fed him, built up his strength and carried him home. ___23___ the bird landed in the boy’s ___24___, the countryside all around turned green. Flowers and other plants grew and everyone lived in peace. It was all ___25___ the brave boy brought the Bird of Happiness home to them. 16. A. got to B. left C. missed 17. A. wanted B. had C. made 18. A. what B. when C. where 19. A. agreed B. refused C. answered 20. A. hungry B. excited C. full 21. A. to B. for C. of 22. A. listen B. see C. speak 23. A. As soon as B. Though C. If 24. A. factory B. village C. school 25. A. when B. so C. because 【主旨大意】一个男孩离家去寻找幸福之鸟,他要小鸟把温暖、花草树木等带到他的村庄。虽他遇到了两个怪兽的刁难,但他没有屈服,最后梦想成真。 【答案】16-20 BACBA 21-25 BBABC 【解析】 16. B 由句中的“to find the Bird of Happiness”可判断,男孩离开家去寻找幸福之鸟。leave home“离开家”。故选B。 17. A 前文提到他想去寻找幸福之鸟,此句应表示“”他想让幸福之鸟带来温暖、鲜花、树木带到他的村庄。这里是want sth./sb to do sth.结构。故选A。 18. C 由下文的句子“I’ll tell you where it is,”可判断,怪兽问男孩去哪里。故选C。 19. B 由句子“If you don’t, I’ll take away all your food and drink.”和“so the monster took all of them away”可判断,男孩拒绝了怪兽的要求。refuse“拒绝”,符合句意。故选B。 20. A 由上文内容可知,怪兽把男孩所有的食物和饮料全都拿走。由此可知男孩这时又渴又饿。故选A。 21. B 由上下文可判断,这只怪兽要男孩让别人失明。再由上文的“but you must kill someone for me”可知,这里用介词for填写。 22. B 由句子“Then the bird touched his eyes”可推断,男孩又能“看见”。故选B。 23. A 由下文中的主句“the countryside all around turned green”可知,本句为时间状语从句,故用as soon as填写。 24. B 由上文的“... bring warmth, flowers and trees to his village”可知,小鸟到了男孩的村庄。故选B。 25. C 村里发生的变化都是因为这位勇敢的男孩所作所为带来的,由此可判断所填写词引导的句子表原因。故选C。 三、阅读理解 (2019四川南充) You may often hear some myths (传言) about animals. For example, one dog year equals about seven human years, chameleons (变色龙) change color to match their environment. . . Today, let’s talk about birds. It is said that if you touch a baby bird, the parents will completely abandon (抛弃) it. Do you really believe it? In fact, most birds have a very poor sense of smell, so in most cases are unable to even notice the smell of humans on baby birds. Not only that, but most types of birds aren’t so quick to abandon their young when they sense danger. Some types will even do their best to protect their young when they are in danger. Indeed, in very few known cases, parent birds sometimes abandoned their nests from something touching their young, just because they noticed it by sight, not smell. When this happens, the parent birds usually won’t care, other than to be a little more careful than normal. Sometimes, they may tem?porarily ( 暂时地) abandon the nest in order to better watch whatever disturbed their nest comes back. What’s more, in most cases, even if the nest is destroyed by wind or something to that effect, you could create a new one and put all the baby birds back in it, and when the parents came back, they wouldn’t care their baby birds were in a different nest, so long as you put the new nest near where the old one was so they can find it. 51. Which of the following is true? A. Birds have a very good sense of smell. B. A baby bird will die soon if it is touched by someone. C. Whatever disturbed the nest will never come back. D. Some birds will protect their babies when they are in danger. 52. What does the underlined word in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Their nest. B. Their baby. C. Some birds abandoning their nests. D. Something touching their young. 53. The parent birds __________ if we make a new nest for baby birds to take the place of the old one. A. will never come back B. will worry about their babies C. won’t mind D. will take their babies away 54. Which of the following shows the structure (结构)of the passage? (①=Paragraph 1(第一段),②=Paragraph 2…) A B C D 55. What is the best title of this passage? A. Bird Truth B. Baby Birds C. Bird Nests D. Bird Smell 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文中讲述大多数种类的鸟在感觉到危险的时候不会那么快就抛弃它们的幼鸟,当他们处于危险时,有些甚至会尽最大努力保护他们的孩子。。 【答案】51 -55 DDCBA 【解析】 51. D 细节理解题。根据第二段“Not only that, but most types of birds aren’t so quick to abandon their young when they sense danger. Some types will even do their best to protect their young when they are in danger. ”可知,有些鸟在危险时会保护它们的孩子。故选D。 51. D 词义猜测题。根据第三段“母鸟有时会因为某些东西触碰幼鸟而放弃巢穴,仅仅因为它们是通过视觉而不是嗅觉注意到某些东西触碰幼鸟”可知,it指的是“某些东西触碰幼鸟”。 53. C 细节理解题。根据“they wouldn’t care their baby birds were in a different nest”可知他们不在意他们的幼鸟在不同的窝。故选C。 54. B文章结构题。通读全文知,第一段对传说中幼鸟受到触碰后,其父母会完全抛弃它的这一现象提出疑问; 第二至四段分别从三个方面阐述了幼鸟受到触碰后的真相。故选B。 55. A 主旨大意题。通读全文知,文章阐述幼鸟受到触碰后的真相。故选A。 四、词汇 1. There are several (渔民) fishing over there. 1. fishermen 句意:在那边有几个渔民正在捕鱼。根据句中的are与several可知此处应用表示“渔民”的fisherman的复数形式,即fishermen。 2. It is a (完美的) place for some rare birds. 2. perfect 句意:对一些稀有的鸟类来说,它是一个完美的地方。表示“完美的,极好的”,应用perfect。 3. More and more people have realized the _______(重要性) of protecting wild animals. 3. importance 句意:越来越多的人们已经意识到保护野生动物的重要性。表示“……的重要性”,应用the importance of …。 4. Some farmers cut down forests in order to have more _____ (空间)for farmlands. 4. space根据中文提示(空间)可知,位于have动词后面用名词,空间space是不可数名词,故填原型space。 5. Most birds live in Zhalong all year round, ______(然而)some go there only for a short stay. 5. while根据中文提示(然而)可知,前后两句是转折关系,位于句中,可以用连词while,however。在看横线后面没有逗号,不能用however故填while。 6. We watch her _________(dance) to music every night in the hall. 6. dance 句意:我们每天晚上在礼堂里观看她随音乐跳舞。表示“观看某人经常干某事”,应用watch sb do sth。 7. The doctor advised my father ____(not smoke) any more. 7. not to smoke 句意:医生建议我父亲不要再吸烟了。表示“建议某人不要干某事”,应用advise sb not to do sth。 8. As a guide, I must care about all the ______(tour) safety (安全) during their trip. 8. tourists’ 句意:作为导游,我必须关注旅游途中的所有游客的安全。表示“所有游客的安全”,应用all the tourists’ safety。 9. (2019江苏无锡) _____ (realize) his lifelong dream, the young man went to Hollywood by himself, with only a few dollars in his pocket. 9. To realize本题考查动词不定式作目的状语,符合句意“为了实现他终生的梦想,这个年轻人孤身去了好莱坞,口袋里仅有几美元。”故答案是To realize。 10. (2019﹒江苏盐城) About 300 to 1,300 red-crowned cranes ____________ to Yancheng Nature Reserve every year to spend the winter. (fly) 10. fly句意:每年大约有300到1300只丹顶鹤飞到盐城自然保护区过冬。根据句中的every year可知该句是一般现在时,其次,根据句子的主语About 300 to 1,300 red-crowned cranes可知该句应用动词原形。 五、表格填空 Where do you go on a school trip every spring? In the UK, students go to many great places. They see swans and ducks in wetlands. They pick up shells (贝壳) at the seaside. In Japan, cherries (樱花) are blooming (盛开的) by the beginning of April. Kids have picnic lunches, sing karaoke (卡拉OK) and dance under the trees. They also go boating and hiking. They take baths in hot springs (温泉). In China, kids often take school trips in a park, a museum or to a mountain. These days, outward bound (野外扩展) trips are very popular. Kids can learn about survival skills (生存技巧) and teamwork during these trips. School trips can be great fun. But don’t get hurt when you travel outdoors. Here are some tips for you. Listen to your teacher. On the bus, always wear a seat belt (安全带) if the bus has them. Do not rush or push when you get on or off the bus. Stay in your seat while the bus is moving. If you are at the zoo, remember not to touch or go near animals. If you are careful enough, you will have fun. Students in different 1 go to different places In the UK, students go to wetlands or to the 2 and many places.[ In Japan, kids do activities under the trees, they also go 3 and hiking. They take baths in hot 4 . In China, kids take school trips in parks, 5 or to a mountain. The tips for not ___6___yourself Listen to your teacher. On the bus, always 7 a seat belt. Do not rush or push when 8 on or off the bus. Don’t leave your seat 9 the bus stops. If you are at the zoo, don’t 10 not to touch or go near animals. 1. _______ 2. _______ 3. _______ 4._______ 5. _______ 6. _______ 7. _______ 8. _______ 9._______ 10. _______ 1. countries 2. seaside 3. boating 4. springs 5. museums 6. hurting 7. wear 8. getting 9.until 10. forget 六、阅读表达 It was early s___81___. Two seeds(种子) l___82___ side by side in the soil(土壤). The first seed said, “I want to grow! I want to send my roots(根)deep into the soil. I want to grow t___83___the earth( 泥土) above me. I want to have green buds(芽). I want to tell everyone the spring c___84___. I want to see the sun. I want to taste the rain!” And so she g ___85___. The second seed said, “I am afraid. If I send my roots into the ground below, I don’t know w___86___ I will meet in the dark. If I push my way through the hard soil above me, I may hurt myself. If I let my buds out , a snail(蜗牛) may e___87___them. If I open my blossoms(花朵), a little child may p___88___ me from the ground. No, it is much better for me to wait u___89___ it is safe.” And so she waited. A hen (母鸡)was looking for food in the early spring ground. She found the waiting seed and ate her. If we are afraid of g___90___up, life will swallow(吞咽) us. 【答案】81. spring 82. lay 83. through 84. comes 85. grew 86. what 87. eat 88. pull 89. until 90. growing 【解析】这篇短文给我们讲述了两粒种子的故事,第一粒种子渴望长大,她真的长大了;而第二粒种子害怕长大,最后被母鸡吃掉了。故事告诉我们如果害怕长大,我们就会被生活吞没。 【81题详解】 句意:现在是初春。根据下文I want to tell everyone the spring c___4___.可知,现在是春天,故这里填spring,名词,春天。 【82题详解】 句意:两粒种子并排躺在土壤里。根据句意可知,这两粒种子是躺在土壤里,lie是动词,这篇短文使用了一般过去时,故这里变为过去式lay。 【83题详解】 句意:我想长大,穿过我上面的土壤。through介词,穿过,通过。根据下文If I push my way through the hard soil above me, I may hurt myself.可知,这里表达的是“种子穿过上面的土壤,长出地面”,故应填through。 【84题详解】 句意:我想告诉每个人春天来了。come来,到来,是一个动词。这句话是种子说的话,在直接引语中用一般现在时,spring是单数,故这里填三单形式comes。 【85题详解】 句意:于是她长大了。根据上文I want to grow!可知,这粒种子想要长大,于是她真的长大了。文章用了一般过去时,故这里填过去式grew。 【86题详解】 句意:如果我把根扎进地下,我不知道在黑暗中会遇见什么。根据句意可知,这里表示不知道会遇到什么,故用what,什么,是一个连词,引导宾语从句。 【87题详解】 句意:如果我把芽长出地面,蜗牛可能会吃了它。eat吃,是一个动词。空前may是情态动词,故这里填动词原形。 【88题详解】 句意:如果我开花,小孩子会把我从地面拉走。pull拉,拽,是一个动词。根据句意可知,这粒种子害怕自己如果开了花,小孩就会来拽它,空前may是情态动词,故这里填原形pull。 【89题详解】 句意:不,我最好还是等到安全的时候。根据文意可知,第二粒种子害怕长大,它想再等等,等到安全的时候,故这里填until,“直到…时候”,引导时间状语从句。 【90题详解】 句意:如果我们害怕长大,生活就会吞没我们。根据文意可知,短文中讲述的是两粒种子对成长的不同态度,故这里考查的是grow up,长大,句中使用了短语be afraid of…害怕…,后跟名词或者动名词形式,故应填growing。 七、首字母填空 Nogoba was a cavegirl. She lived in a cave(洞穴)with about 40 other people. Cavepeople lived in big groups to help each other. Their lives?were very d 1 . There were many wild animals near the caves — lions, t 2 , bears and elephants. The cavemen hunted. They k 3 the animals for food. The children’s jobs were dangerous, too. Nogoba and her friends went to the river every day to get w 4 . Sometimes, the river was very deep and sometimes there were dangerous a 5 near the river. For many m 6 of the year, Nogoba was cold. There was ice and snow everywhere. It was difficult to be w 7 . The children sometimes went to sleep by the f 8 . Sometimes they were too near the fire. Sometimes Nogoba and her friends went to find fruit and nuts to e 9 . Sometimes the fruit and nuts were poisonous(有毒的) and everyone became ill. There weren’t any cave doctors o 10 cave hospitals! 1. dangerous 2. tigers 3. killed 4. water 5. animals 6. months 7. warm 8. fire 9. eat 10. or 八、完成句子 1. (2018·四川宜宾) 为了实现中国梦,我们必须努力学习和工作。 ______ ______ to achieve our Chinese Dream, we must study hard and work hard. 1. In order 表示“为了”,应用in order to do sth或to do sth。故答案是In order。 2. (2018·四川宜宾) 你对即将到来的2018年世界杯感兴趣吗? Are you ______ _____ World Cup 2018 which is coming soon? 2. interested in 表示“对……感兴趣”,应用be interested in。故答案是interested in。 3. (2019江苏扬州) 没有什么能阻止我们实现梦想。 _____________________________________________________ 3. Nothing can prevent / stop / keep us from realizing our dreams. 4. (2019江苏扬州) 谢谢你为我们提供了这么多有趣的书籍。 _____________________________________________________ 4. Thank you for offering us so many interesting books. / Thank you for offering so many interesting books to us. / Thank you for providing us with so many interesting books. / Thank you for providing so many interesting books for us. 5. (2019·湖北随州) 李老师已经把这位钢琴家介绍给同学们了。 Miss Li has this to the students. 5. introduced; pianist 【解析】考查动词和名词。本题对“介绍”和“钢琴家”挖空,名词pianist意为“钢琴家”。固定用法:introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给某人认识”。根据空格前的助动词has确定这里要用introduce的过去分词形式introduced,构成现在完成时。 九、书面表达 请根据申请表内容完成100词左右的申请信 Name Zhao Yang Date of birth 2000年10月20日 Tele. number 0519—82833988 Email 83445133@qq.com School No.6 Middle School Grade 8 Favourite subjects 生物、英语 Interests and hobbies 收集各种动物图片、听音乐 Activities to protect wildlife 去年春天和朋友一起去扎龙自然保护区参加了保护鸟类的活动。 reasons 喜爱大自然,对植物动物感兴趣, 想要更多的了解鸟,人们砍伐树,鸟越来越少,想做些事情来保护鸟 Free time 每周六下午2点到5点 Dear Chairperson, I would like to join the Birdwatching Society. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Zhao Yang Dear Chairperson, I would like to join the Birdwatching Society. First, let me introduce myself. I am a Grade 8 at No.6 Middle School. My favorite subject is Biology and English. I am interested in collecting the pictures of different animals and listening to music. Last spring, I went to Zhalong Nature Reserve and took part in activities to protect birds with my friends, I enjoy the natural world, and I’m interested in learning different kinds of plants and animals. I want to know more about the birds. Some people want to cut down trees. As a result, the number of the birds is becoming smaller and smaller. I think it’s important for me to do something to protect them. I can take part in activities from 2p.m. to 5 p.m. every Saturday. I will be very happy if I can be a member of the Birdwatching Society. You can call me on 0519-82833988 or email me at 83445133@qq.com. Yours sincerely, Zhao Yang 21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 (共 2 页) HYPERLINK "http://21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) " 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com)
展开
  • 资料类型: 学案
  • 资料版本:牛津译林版
  • 适用地区:江苏省
  • 文件大小:3.61M
英语精优课

下载与使用帮助