[ID:4-6302494] 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--非谓语动词精选专练及过关检测
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( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--非谓语动词精选过关检测 1.ZhouYang can't thank her parents ______much because without their help she _____have won the first place in the Winter Olympic Games. A.?very; shouldn't????????????????B.?that; might not????????????????C.?too; wouldn't????????????????D.?so; couldn't 2.— What do you think made Jack so upset? — _______ his mobile phone made him upset. A.?As he lost?????????????????????????B.?Losing?????????????????????????C.?Lost?????????????????????????D.?Because of losing 3.The shop assistant was dismissed as she was_______ of cheating customers. A.?accused?????????????????????????????B.?charged?????????????????????????????C.?scolded?????????????????????????????D.?cursed 4.The teacher told us to remain silent unless _______. A.?to be asked????????????????????????B.?asked????????????????????????C.?being asked????????????????????????D.?you asked 5.In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao, ______ the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. A.?marking?????????????????????B.?marked?????????????????????C.?having marked?????????????????????D.?being marked 6.They lived a hard life and were often made ________ for over ten hours a day. A.?work?????????????????????????????B.?to work?????????????????????????????C.?to working?????????????????????????????D.?worked 7.—How did you like Nick's performance last night? —To be honest, his singing didn't ??????????to me much. A.?occur?????????????????????????????????B.?belong?????????????????????????????????C.?refer?????????????????????????????????D.?appeal 8.Something extraordinarily happened in that hospital. A man, ________ clinically dead, suddenly came to life. A.?declaring???????????????????B.?being declared???????????????????C.?declared???????????????????D.?having declared 9.This machine is very easy ?????. Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. A.?? operating??????????????????B.?? to be operating??????????????????C.?? operated??????????????????D.?? to operate 10.He departed for Washington, with the pet dog ???????behind with his neighbor. A.?put?????????????????????????????????B.?dropped?????????????????????????????????C.?thrown?????????????????????????????????D.?left 11.(2014·天津)Give me a chance, ________ I'll give you a wonderful surprise. A.?if???????????????????????????????????????B.?or???????????????????????????????????????C.?and???????????????????????????????????????D.?while 12.________ by the horrible experience, he dare not to go out at night. A.?Thrilling??????????????????????????B.?Thrilled??????????????????????????C.?To thrill??????????????????????????D.?To be thrilled 13.(2013·辽宁)Laura was away in Paris for over a week. When she got home, there was a pile of mail _______ for her. A.?waited????????????????????????????B.?to wait????????????????????????????C.?waiting????????????????????????????D.?was waiting 14.Before selecting the curtain for your newly?decorated house, it's important to know what colors look great ________the wallpaper. A.?on?????????????????????????????????????B.?with?????????????????????????????????????C.?in?????????????????????????????????????D.?against 15.In Britain, packets of cigarettes come with a government health warning ??????them. A.?attach to?????????????????????B.?attaching to?????????????????????C.?attached to?????????????????????D.?to attach to 16.______in charge of two classes made Mrs. Li, head of Senior Grade 3, extremely tired. A.?Leaving????????????????????????????B.?Left????????????????????????????C.?Having left????????????????????????????D.?Being left 17.It was the boy, rather than his teachers, that ??????????for what the boy had done. A.?were to blame??????????B.?were to be blamed??????????C.?was to blame??????????D.?was to be blamed 18.A Cambodian boy has become famous on the Internet. When ________ about how he picked up so many languages, he said he learned them from other tourists. A.?asked?????????????????????????B.?asking?????????????????????????C.?being asked?????????????????????????D.?having asked 19.All things ___, her paper is of greater value than yours. A.?considering?????????????B.?are considered?????????????C.?considered?????????????D.?have been considered 20.With the loss of labor,the old farmers ________at home had to choose less labor?intensive crops. A.?having left??????????????????????????????B.?to leave??????????????????????????????C.?left??????????????????????????????D.?leaving 21.What she said just now made me _____. A.?amaze????????????????????????????B.?to amaze????????????????????????????C.?amazed????????????????????????????D.?amazing 22.When asked about their opinion about the schoolmaster ,many teachers would prefer to see him step aside __________ younger men. A.?in terms of??????????????????????B.?in need of??????????????????????C.?in favor of??????????????????????D.?in praise of 23.The fact that so many people still smoke ?????????that we need a nationwide campaign _________ the awareness of the dangers of smoking. A.?suggest ; raise???????????B.?suggests; raising???????????C.?suggest; raised???????????D.?suggests; to raise 24.Finding her car stolen, ______. A.?a policeman was asked to help???????????????????????B.?the area was searched thoroughly C.?it was looked for everyone??????????????????????????????D.?she hurried to a policeman for help 25.The terrible train crash in Wenzhou has shaken the country, not only causing the loss of lives, but also ________ people ________ confidence in the rail system. A.?made; losing??????????????????B.?make; lost??????????????????C.?making; lose??????????????????D.?making; to lose 26.Reading materials ?????for children entered schools to help them develop the habit of garbage sorting at a young age. A.?having intended??????????????B.?having been intended??????????????C.?intended??????????????D.?intending 27.Mr. Smith—our English teacher, is said ________ to England for holiday last week. A.?to return??????????????????B.?returning??????????????????C.?to have returned??????????????????D.?having returned 28.The Town Hall ______ in the 1800s was the most famous building at that time. A.to be completed B.having been completed C.completed D.being completed 29.Not far from the street, there was a garden, _____ owner seated in it reading a book every afternoon. A.?Whose???????????????????????????????????B.?its???????????????????????????????????C.?which???????????????????????????????????D.?that 30.After his graduation, this project was exhibited in art galleries all over China, _______ him famous nationwide. A.?making???????????????????????????B.?made???????????????????????????C.?to make???????????????????????????D.?having made 31.With his key ________,he couldn't enter his home,so he had to wait for his wife to come home. A.?missed?????????????????????????????????B.?missing?????????????????????????????????C.?losing?????????????????????????????????D.?left 32.—Is this the computer you ________ last week? —That's ________. A.?had it repaired; the one?????B.?repaired it; it?????C.?had repaired; it?????D.?had repaired; the one 33.The study,???? in the online edition of the journal Brain, showed that after one year of musical training, children performed better in a memory test than???? who did not take music classes. A.?published; those???????????????????????????????????????????????B.?publishing; these C.?to be published; ones??????????????????????????????????????D.?being published; the ones 34.Everything _________ smoothly, more jobs created for people allow them to be independent of others. A.?ran???????????????????????????????????B.?runs???????????????????????????????????C.?running???????????????????????????????????D.?to run 35.There is ______ is called Mr. Smith in our workshop. A.?no such man as?????????B.?no such a man as???????????C.?no such man?????????D.?no such a man that 36.Mr. Wang made up his mind to devote all he could _____ his oral English before going abroad. A.?improve????????????????????B.?to improve  ????????????????????C.?improving????????????????????D.?to improving 37.While the others were trying hard to come up with a possible solution to the tough problem, I ____a brilliant idea. A.?struck on?????????????????????B.?counted on?????????????????????C.?occurred to?????????????????????D.?appealed to 38.The steak in the restaurant was terrible. How I wish I???? rice! A.?would order?????????????????????????B.?ordered?????????????????????????C.?order?????????????????????????D.?had ordered 39.The boy ________ on the ground ________ to me that his hen _______ three eggs a day. A.?lies; lied; laid??????????????B.?lying; lied; laid??????????????C.?lay; lied; lain??????????????D.?lay; lying; has laid 40.When somewhat better ________ academically, he returned home to continue his research. A.?equipped??????????????????????B.?had equipped??????????????????????C.?provided??????????????????????D.?providing 41.The girl sat there quite silent and still with her eyes???? ?on the wall. A.?fixing????????????????????????????B.?fixed????????????????????????????C.?to be fixing????????????????????????????D.?to be fixed 42.Doubts about its safety _______, much importance is attached to the development and promotion of Chinese traditional medicine. A.?faded away????????????????????B.?fading away????????????????????C.?fade away????????????????????D.?to fade away 43.We all think he is????? , who is not enthusiastic about anything we do. A.?a black sheep????????????????B.?a dark horse????????????????C.?a green hand????????????????D.?a wet blanket 44.She used to ___ with her parents, but now she is used to ___ with her classmates at school. A.?live; living????????????????????????B.?live; live????????????????????????C.?living; living????????????????????????D.?living; live 45.Moving to Canada for higher education has been exciting. On the first day of term, there were crowds of people in the dormitory, all ??????????where they should go. A.?looked for?????????????B.?looking for?????????????C.?were looking for?????????????D.?had been looking for 46.After college, he was employed in a middle school and ???????there ever since. A.?would worked?????????????????????B.?had worked?????????????????????C.?worked?????????????????????D.?has worked 47.—What made her mother so angry? —______the exam. A.?because she didn't pass???????????????????????????????????B.?Her not pass C.?That she didn't pass?????????????????????????????????????????D.?Because her no passing 48.He had nothing to do but ______ at the bus-stop in the rain. A.?to wait?????????????????????????????B.?wait?????????????????????????????C.?waiting?????????????????????????????D.?should wait 49.I'm really tired _________Tom. He had me __________for two hours in the rain. A.?of; waiting??????????????????????B.?with; wait??????????????????????C.?of; waited??????????????????????D.?from; waiting 答案解析部分 1.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:周洋再怎么感谢父母也不为过,没有他们的帮助他就不会在冬奥会上获得第一名。第一空使用了can't…too much再…也不为过,第二空使用虚拟语气,without their help相当于if it hadn't been for their help,是和过去相反的虚拟语气,所以主句用would have done,选C。 【点评】考查副词辨析和虚拟语气中情态动词的辨析。 2.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:——什么使 Jack 这么难过?——他丢了手机。说明回答的内容是主语,完整的句子是 his mobile phone made him upset 此处动名词短语作主语,选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及动名词短语作主语。 3.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:店员因被指控欺骗顾客而被解雇。A. accused“控告,指责”; B. charged“使充电,指责” C. scolded“责骂,斥责” ;D. cursed“诅咒,咒骂”。be? accused?of固定短语,“因.......被指控,因.......被控诉”。故选A。 【点评】考查动词词义辨析,区分accuse;charge;scold和 curse的含义,以及固定短语be? accused?of。 ? 4.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词和省略。句意:老师告诉我们要处于沉默状态,除非被问。故选B。 5.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】mark这一动作在此处作状语,其逻辑主语是前面整个句子,它们之间为主谓关系,相当于"which marked";再者,mark这一动作显然不是发生在inspected之前的,所以不能用having marked.句意:2009年四月,胡主席视察了青岛的军舰,纪念中国人民解放军海军建军60周年 6.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他们生活很艰苦,经常被迫在一天内工作十个多小时。,在主动式,make do sth,在被动式be made to do sth,所以选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及不定式作主语补足语。 7.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:——你觉得尼克昨晚的表演怎么样?——老实说,他的歌声不太吸引我。A. occur“发生”;??? B. belong“属于”; C. refer “提到”;?? D. appeal ”呼吁”。occur to“想起”;belong to“属于”;refer to “提到” ; appeal to“对…有吸引力”。根据句意,故选D。 【点评】考查动词辨析,区分occur;belong;refer;appeal的含义以及相关的短语。 ? 8.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:那家医院发生了非常离奇的事情。一个临床上被宣告死了的男士,忽然苏醒过来。这里用过去分词declared,相当于非限制性定语从句who was declared clinically dead的省略,故选C。 【点评】考查过去分词作定语,答题时注意寻找分词的逻辑主语。 9.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:这个机器很容易操作。任何人在几分钟内能学会使用。在句型“主语+be+adj+to do”中,如果这个主语是动词do的逻辑宾语,故用主动表被动,所以选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及句型“主语+be+adj+to do”。 10.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:他去了华盛顿,把他的宠物狗留给了邻居。A. put“放”;B. dropped“下降,减少”;C. thrown“扔掉”;D. left“离开”。leave behind固定短语,“留下,遗留”,故选D。 【点评】考查动词辨析,以及固定短语leave behind。 11.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:给我一个机会,我会给你一个大大的惊喜。固定用法:祈使句,and+一般将来时的句子,相当于If you +祈使句, 一般将来时的句子;如果前后相反,则用or表示否则的话。本句可以说成:If you give me a chance, I'll give you a wonderful surprise. if如果;or 否则的话;and 和;while, 然而,当……的时候。故选C。 【点评】考查连词辨析,以及固定句型祈使句,and+一般将来时的句子。 12.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他被这可怕的经历吓坏了,晚上不敢出去。thrill与he在逻辑上构成动宾关系,过去分词表被动,此处作原因状语,故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作原因状语。 13.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词。在There be 句型中,名词mail 和 wait 是主动关系,所以用现在分词做定语,表示正在进行。句意:劳拉去巴黎待了一周多。当她回到家的时候,家里有一大摞邮件在等着她。选C。 【点评】此题考查非谓语动词的用法。答好此题需充分掌握非谓语动词。There be句型中,可以用现在分词做后置定语,也可以用过去分词做后置定语;1 There be+n+doing.? 2 There be+n+done;用doing 还是done 要根据非谓语和名词的关系判断。此句话中”名词mail 和 wait 是主动关系,所以用现在分词做定语“。此句话中 There is still? much food left.? "food"和”leave“之间为被动,故用过去分词做定语。 14.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:在为你新装修的房子选择窗帘前,弄清什么颜色在壁纸的衬托下看上去很漂亮是重要的。against“以……为背景,衬托”。故选D。 【点评】考查介词辨析,区分on;with;in;against的应用。 15.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:在英国,香烟盒带有政府健康警告。be attached to附属于,喜爱,爱慕。warning与attach之间存在动宾关系。这里用过去分词做后置定语。故答案选C。 【点评】考查分词作定语的用法。 16.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:作为高三(3)的班主任,李老师教两个班让他非常累。分析句子可知,根据语境可知,leave sb in charge of ….意为“让某人负责某事”。其中的leave为及物动词,后面必须有宾语。此句是指让Mrs. Li负责,也就是sb.be left in charge of …。因此要用被动语态。A和C是主动语态,不能选。本句中缺少主语,本句谓语是made,而B .left是过去分词不能作主语。D;Being left 则是动名词。所以选择being left,动名词可以作主语,故答案选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及动名词的被动式作主语。 ? 17.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:是这个男孩应该为他所做的受到责备而不是他的老师们。rather than his teachers可以看作插入成分,和the boy相对应的应用第三人称单数形式was to blame,is to be blamed是错误的表达。答案是C项。 【点评】考查blame的用法。 18.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:一个柬埔寨男孩在互联网上出名了。当被问及他是如何学会这么多语言时,他说他是从其他游客那里学来的。ask的逻辑主语是he,它们之间是被动关系,用过去分词作时间状语,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作时间状语。 19.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查独立主格。因为没有连词,此处不是主从复合句,应视为独立主格,things和consider的关系是被动关系,应选过去分词。句意:总的来说,她的论文比你的有价值。故选C。 20.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意为:随着劳动力的减少,留在家里的老龄农民只能选择种植那些不需要太多劳动力的庄稼。leave与farmers是逻辑上的动宾关系,故应用left作后置定语。故选C 【点评】考查非谓语动词。 21.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】 考查形容词。句意:刚才她说的话让我很吃惊,amazed用来修饰me,故选C项。 【点评】 考查形容词 22.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】当被问及对校长的看法时,许多老师更愿意看见他(校长)退位让贤给更年轻的人.?step aside本意是“走到一边”,还有引申义为“从权威地位退下”;而in favour/favor of除了最基本的“支持/赞成”之意外,也有“为...取代/对...有利”的意思,在此句中为“为/被...所取代”之意. 23.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】考查时态和动词不定式。分析句子结构可知,主语是the fact,其后的that引导的是同位语从句,因此主句的谓语动词应用第三人称单数形式,结合上下文时态可确定,此处用一般现在时,第一空填suggests;need +宾语+to do sth.需要某人做某事,第二空填to raise。故选D。 【点评】动词不定式作宾语补足语 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事;want sb. to do 想让某人做某事;invite sb. to do邀请某人做某事;? ask sb. to do 请求某人做某事;order sb. to do命令某人做某事; tell sb. to do告诉某人做某事;force sb. to do 强迫某人做某事;allow sb. to do允许某人做某事; forbid sb. to do 禁止某人做某事;persuade sb. to do 劝说某人做某事。 24.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:发现她的车被偷了,她匆忙到警察局求助。非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语就是句子主语。比较四个选项,finding her car stolen 的逻辑主语显然是 she,而不是a policeman, the area, it,故选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词作原因状语。 25.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:温州可怕的火车相撞事故已经动摇了国家,不仅造成了生命的损失,而且使人们失去了对铁路系统的信心。因为not only后接动词ing形式,故but also后也接动词ing形式。make sb do sth让某人做某事。故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词。 26.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:打算给学生的阅读材料进入到学校帮学生在很小的年纪养成垃圾分类的习惯。"intend for"意为"打算送给"。根据句意,非谓语动词动作"intend for"应在主句动作"entered"之前发生,主句动作使用的是一般过去时,所以非谓语动词应用过去分词形式,故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作定语。 27.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:Smith先生,我们的英语老师据说上周去英国度假了。It is said that...,“据说.......”,它可以转化成“主语+ is said to do sth.”结构。因此空白处应该使用动词不定式形式,另外return动作发生在say之前,所以这里用不定式的完成形式,故C项正确。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及句型“主语+ is said to do sth.” 28.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:19世纪建成的城市大厦是当时最著名的建筑。由句子中的过去时间状语in the 1800s可知,空格内应填过去分词completed表已完成的被动动作,故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作定语。 29.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:在街道附近有一个花园,它的主人在每天下午都会坐在花园里读书。此题关键是理解seated这个单词,它是过去分词,而不是作谓语的过去式。它不能在句中做谓语。所以后面句子不是一个非限制性定语从句,而是一个独立主格结构,要填代词its。故答案选B。 【点评】考查代词,以及独立主格结构。 30.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词。this project与make是主谓关系,应该用现在分词表伴随状况。making以现在分词的形式表示伴随状态,作前面整个句子的状语。故答案选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,分词作状语的用法。 31.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查形容词辨析。句意:因为找不到钥匙,他无法进入家中,只好等他妻子回家。with复合结构中,用missing或lost,表示“丢失”。 missing / lost者都可表"失去",但各有侧重点:lost是广义的"丢失",包含可找回和不能找回的意思;missing强调某物或某人暂时找不着了(含最终可能找到之意)。本句中只说钥匙暂时不见了,故答案选 B。 【点评】考查with+宾语+宾语补足语的结构。 32.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:——这个是你上个星期修的电脑?——是它。have sth done固定短语,“让某人做.....”,you had repaired是限制性定语从句,先行词是the computer,相当于短语中的sth.,因此had 是谓语动词,一般过去时,repaired是过去分词,作宾补。第二空选it,指代上文提到的电脑,故选C。 【点评】考查时态和代词,本题涉及一般过去时和固定短语have sth done。 33.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词和代词。句意: 这项研究结果在<大脑>杂志的网站上发表,研究发现,上过一年音乐课的儿童在一项记忆力测试中的表现比没有上过音乐课的儿童好。study 和出版时被动完成的关系因此第一个空填过去分词;第二个空后面有定语从句表示特指,用those或the ones。故选A。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握各种非谓语动词的用法以及四个选项中代词的含义和用法。 34.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:一切顺利进行,为人们创造更多的就业机会,使他们能够独立于他人。根据句意及分析句子结构可知,逗号前后没有连词且动词的逻辑主语不一致,所以前后不存在从属关系,而是独立主格结构,everything与run之间为逻辑主谓关系,所以使用现在分词表主动。故选C。 【点评】本题主要考查独立主格结构,难度较大。做题主要从分析句子结构入手,掌握everything与run之间为逻辑主谓关系。 35.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:在我们的车间里没有叫史密斯先生。an 放在such后,其他数词放在such前;后面的as是个定语从句,再解释一下no已经是个数词了,不能再用a 不然重复,故选A。 【点评】考查定语从句,掌握such的应用。 36.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:此他下定决心在出国之前尽自己最大的努力或是致力于提高他的口语能力。devote…to固定短语,“致力于......”,其中to 为介词,后面应接名词或者动名词。动词devote后接的宾语为all,all又为先行词,后又包含一个定语从句:he could (do),故选D。 【点评】考查固定短语和非谓语动词,掌握devote…to...。 37.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查动词短语辨析。句意:当其他人努力提出这个棘手问题的可能解决办法的时候,我突然想到一个完美的主意。A. struck on”突然想到“;B. counted on”指望;依靠“;C. occurred to”想到;想起”;D. appealed to“呼吁”。A项符合语境。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握选项中四个短语动词的含义和用法。 38.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:这家餐馆里的牛排糟透了,我多么希望我点的是米饭啊!考查虚拟语气。根据“The steak in the restaurant was terrible.”判断此处表示与过去事实相反的假设,所以应该用had+ 过去分词的形式,故答案为:D。 【点评】考查wish宾语从句中虚拟语气的用法。 39.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:躺在地上的男孩向我撒谎说他的母鸡每天下三个蛋”。lie-lay-lain躺下;lie-lied-lied说谎;lay-laid-laid孵蛋。lying为lie(说谎)的现在分词形式作伴随状语;had laid 是过去完成时,表示动作发生在lay on the ground之前。故选B。 【点评】考查时态和非谓语动词,熟练掌握lie的应用。 ? 40.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词。句意:当他在学术上被装备的好一些的时候,他回到祖国继续他的研究。他与装备之间是被动关系,故用过去分词equipped,provided提供,这在不合题意,所以选A。 41.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:这个小女孩坐在那非常安静眼睛还被集中在墙上。 短语:fix one's eyes on 眼睛集中在,题中的eyes与fix构成被动关系,所以使用过去分词的形式,故选B。 【点评】考查with的复合结构。 42.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:对它的安全的疑虑正在减少,大力发展和推广中医药。fade away固定短语,“逐渐消失”;这是一个独立主格结构,doubts和fade away在逻辑上构成主谓关系,现在分词表主动,故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及独立主格结构的应用。 43.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:我们都认为他是个令人扫兴的人,对我们做的任何事都不感兴趣。考查习惯用法。A. a black sheep害群之马;B. a dark horse黑马;C. a green hand新手;D. a wet blanket扫兴的人或物。结合句意可知答案为:D。 【点评】考查习语具体语境中的运用。 44.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:她过去与父母同住,但现在已习惯与同学在学校同住。used to do固定短语,“过去常常做.....”;be used to doing 固定短语,“习惯于做.....”故选A。 【点评】考查动词短语辨析,掌握used to do和be used to doing的用法。 45.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:到加拿大接受高等教育令人兴奋,开学第一天,宿舍挤满了人,大家都在找自己该去的地方。People与look for是逻辑上的主谓关系,表示主动,用现在分词作伴随状语,故答案B。 【点评】考查现在分词作伴随状语的用法。 46.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】考查现在完成时。句意:大学毕业后,他在一所中学工作,从那以后就一直在那里工作。根据句中的时间状语“ever since”(自从, 从那时到现在)可知,本句要用现在完成时,故答案选D。 【点评】考查现在完成时的用法。(ever)since强调动作从何时开始的时间状语。 47.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查主语从句和省略。句意:——是谁让他妈妈那么生气?——她没有通过考试。故用that引出主语从句,其后省略了谓语部分,补充完整应该是That she didn't pass the exam made her mother so angry. 是她考试不及格让她妈妈那么生气。选C。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握主语从句和省略的用法。 48.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他无事可做,只能在雨中的公共汽车站等着。have nothing to do but +动词原形,固定短语,“除了做.......无事可做”,用不带to的动词不定式,故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语have nothing to do but+ 动词原形。 49.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:我真得厌倦了Tom'他让我在雨中等了2个小时。be tired of,“厌烦;对…厌倦“;be tired with“因.....而疲倦“;have sb doing sth“让某人一直做某事“。根据句意可知答案为A。 【点评】考查介词和非谓语动词,以及固定短语be tired of;;be tired with;have sb doing sth。 ( 1 ) ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--非谓语动词精选专练1 1.Taking exercise is the key ______ your health. A.?to improve??????????????????B.?to improving??????????????????C.?in improving??????????????????D.?of improving 2.Being poor at English, I'm afraid I can't make myself ___. A.?understand?????????????????B.?to understand?????????????????C.?understanding?????????????????D.?understood 3.With a large amount of work ______, the chief manager couldn't spare time for a holiday. A.?remained to be done???????????????????????????????????????B.?remained being done C.?remaining to be done??????????????????????????????????????D.?remaining to do 4.________ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. A.?Faced?????????????????????????????????B.?Face?????????????????????????????????C.?Facing?????????????????????????????????D.?To face 5.John prefers_______ alone rather than_______ with his co-workers in his spare time. A.?to stay; gossip???????????B.?staying; gossip???????????C.?to stay; gossiping???????????D.?to stay; to gossip 6.That student admitted ??????in the math exam, ????that he would never do that again in the future. A.?to have cheated, promising?????????????????????????????B.?cheating, promised C.?to cheating, promised??????????????????????????????????????D.?having cheated, promising 7.This modern three?-star hotel ________ close to the city center is attractive. A.?Situated B.?situating ??C.?is situated ?D.?is situating 8.    the east coast of China, the city of Hangzhou is easy to be attacked by the storm from the Pacific Ocean. A.?Lying off???????????????????????B.?Situated on???????????????????????C.?Located off???????????????????????D.?Laying on 9.The heartbroken mother had no alternative but ________ her guilty son to the police. A.?report???????????????????????????B.?reporting???????????????????????????C.?reported???????????????????????????D.?to report 10.I regret _____ you that you fail to pass the exam, so you have to take a make-up examination. A.?telling??????????????????????????B.?having told??????????????????????????C.?to tell??????????????????????????D.?to have told 11.The top students ______ at the assembly today were awarded a pen and a notebook each. A.?to praise??????????????????????B.?praised??????????????????????C.?being praised??????????????????????D.?to be praised 12.A study of travelers ???????by the website Trip Advisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. A.?conducted????????????????B.?was conducted????????????????C.?to be conducted????????????????D.?conducting 13.A fireworks display was organized ???????the Queen's birthday. A.?to mark?????????????????????B.?marked?????????????????????C.?having marked?????????????????????D.?being marked 14.—How many students do you think will be present at the meeting? —I expect ______ 20 students at the meeting. A.?there being???????????????????????B.?there to be???????????????????????C.?there be???????????????????????D.?there been 15.We will keep you ________ what will happen here. A.?informing of??????????????????B.?to be informed??????????????????C.?informed of??????????????????D.?informing 16.(2015·北京)If ___for the job, you'll be informed soon. A.?to accept???????????????????????????B.?accept???????????????????????????C.?accepting???????????????????????????D.?accepted 17.Sir, do you have anything _________ this afternoon? If there is nothing to do, I wonder if I can ask for a leave. A.?typing   ???????????????????B.?typed    ???????????????????C.?to type   ???????????????????D.?to be typed 18.________ himself with routine tasks, he had no time to accompany his children. A.?Occupying?????????????????B.?Occupied?????????????????C.?Being occupied?????????????????D.?To be occupied 19.Not far from the street, there was a garden, _____ owner seated in it reading a book every afternoon. A.?Whose???????????????????????????????????B.?its???????????????????????????????????C.?which???????????????????????????????????D.?that 20.I remembered????????? the door before I left the office, but forgot to turn off the lights. A.?locking??????????????????????B.?to lock??????????????????????C.?having locked??????????????????????D.?to have locked 21.The boy??? himself in a new T-shirt wore a??? look on his face. A.?dressed; puzzled???????B.?dressing; puzzling???????C.?dressed; puzzling???????D.?dressing; puzzled 22.The neighbors reported???????? him???????? the house in a black coat. A.?seeing; leave?????????????????B.?seeing; left?????????????????C.?to see; leave?????????????????D.?to see; leaving 23.Terry and his team members were the first??? how the disease spreads from animals to humans. A.?shown??????????????????????????????B.?showing??????????????????????????????C.?to show??????????????????????????????D.?show 24.Many Chinese brands, ________ their reputations over centuries, are facing new challenges from the modern market. A.?having developed??????????????B.?being developed??????????????C.?developed??????????????D.?developing 25.Tom made a small cage _____ the little injured bird till it could fly. A.?keep????????????????????????????????B.?kept????????????????????????????????C.?keeping????????????????????????????????D.?to keep 26.A heavy sandstorm is going to envelop our city. It is unwise to have your car ??????. A.?wash??????????????????????????????B.?washed??????????????????????????????C.?washing??????????????????????????????D.?to wash 27.When heated, material of this kind ________ plastic in quality will soften. A.?resembled??????????????????????B.?resemble??????????????????????C.?to resemble??????????????????????D.?resembling 28.________ from the top of the mountain, the scenery was very beautiful. A.?Seeing???????????????????????????B.?Seen???????????????????????????C.?Having been seen???????????????????????????D.?I saw 29.Below ____ an article about advertisements ____ by a student for her English project. A.?are; writing?????????????????B.?be; to be written????????????????????C.?being; written?????????????????D.?is; written 30.(2015·江苏)Much time _____ sitting at a desk, office workers are generally troubled by health problems. A.?being spent????????????????????????B.?having spent????????????????????????C.?spent????????????????????????D.?spending 31.???? more coffee could???? people's life span, as coffee drinkers would have a lower risk of death, a new study shows. A.?Drinking; diverse??????????????????????????????????????????????B.?Drinking; extend C.?To drink; conservative??????????????????????????????????????D.?Being drink; adopt 32.I found these problems are easy ____________. A.?to be worked out???????B.?to work them out???????C.?to work out???????D.?to be worked them out 33.While China???? an anti-terrorist security network, the nation still needs to prepare its people???? the war on terror, therefore???? its powerful weapon. A.?knits, to fight, to gather???????????????????????????????????B.?is knitting, fighting, gathering C.?is knitting, to fight, gathering?????????????????????????D.?has knitted, to fight, gathering 34.— Why is the man so upset today? — His wallet, mobile phone, and ID card ??????, the police are investigating and will send him to a social assistance station. A.?stolen???????????????????????B.?having stolen???????????????????????C.?being stolen???????????????????????D.?are stolen 35.The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the ??????????. A.?20 dollars remained?????????????????????????????????????????B.?20 dollars to remain C.?remained 20 dollars?????????????????????????????????????????D.?remaining 20 dollars 36._____ as a salesgirl in a department store for 3 years, I decided to set up my own business. A.?Worked????????????????????????B.?Working????????????????????????C.?Having worked????????????????????????D.?To work 37.(2014·江西)________ nearly all our money, we couldn't afford to stay at a hotel. A.?Having spent??????????????????????B.?To spend??????????????????????C.?Spent??????????????????????D.?To have spent 38.The school faced a scandal and student demonstrations after school officials were caught misusing money _________ student aid earlier this year. A.?being meant for???????B.?intended for??????????C.?had intended for???????D.?having been meant for 39.I find the problems are easy _________. A.?to be worked out?????????????B.?working out?????????????C.?to work out?????????????D.?working them out 40.________ full preparations, we decided to put off the meeting till next week. A.?We did not make???????B.?Having not made???????C.?We had not made???????D.?Not having made 41.Urban Chinese travelled to 68 countries during the Spring Festival holiday, ________ an average of 6,000 yuan each. A.?spent??????????????????????????B.?spending??????????????????????????C.?to spend??????????????????????????D.?having spent 42.(2013·江苏)Lionel Messi, ______ the record for the most goals in a calendar year, is considered the most talented football player in Europe. A.?set????????????????????????????????B.?setting????????????????????????????????C.?to set????????????????????????????????D.?having set 43.Everything ____smoothly, more jobs created for people allow them to be independent of others. A.?ran??????????????????????????????????B.?runs??????????????????????????????????C.?running??????????????????????????????????D.?to run 44.—Did you ______ the concert yesterday evening? —Sorry, I didn't have enough time. I really regret ______ my homework earlier. A.?attend; not to finish?????????????????????????????????????????B.?attend; not having finished C.?join; not finishing?????????????????????????????????????????????D.?take part in; having not finished 45.The ________result of the mid?term exam made his parents ________. A.?disappointing;disappointing?????????????????????????B.?disappointed;disappointed C.?disappointing;disappointed??????????????????????????D.?disappointed;disappointing 46.___ of their bad habits, the boys ____from being dependent on their parents to____ for others. A.?Having rid, have switched, sacrificing?????????????B.?To rid , are switching, sacrifice C.?Rid, switched, sacrificing??????????????????????????????????D.?Having been rid, are switched ,sacrifice 47.????? ?Price decrease ???????farmers' income, the central government has decided to buy more crops to protect them. A.?Preventing; to affect????????????????????????????????????????B.?To prevent; affecting C.?Preventing; affected?????????????????????????????????????????D.?To prevent; being affected 48.______ in a friendly way, their fierce quarrel finally comes to an end. A.?Settled??????????????????????B.?Settling??????????????????????C.?Being settled??????????????????????D.?Having settled 49.—_________ makes your son feel blue today? —_________ to watch his favourite cartoon Paw Patrol. A.?What it is that; To be forbidden??????????????????????B.?What is that; Forbidden C.?What is it that; Being forbidden??????????????????????D.?That is what; Having forbidden 答案解析部分 1.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:锻炼是改善健康的关键。the key to….固定短语“.......的关键”,其中to是介词,后面要接名词或动名词作宾语。所以动名词improving your health做to的宾语。故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语the key to。 2.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:因为英语比较差,我担心我无法让自己被别人理解。understand和myself构成逻辑上的被动关系,故使用过去分词作宾语补足语。选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作宾语补足语。 3.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:大量工作仍要做,经理不能腾出时间度假。remain用法大概有以下几种:一、 用作联系动词,指某人或某事物仍保持某种状态,意为“仍然;依旧”,“留;呆;住;待”,后面可接名词、代词、形容词、介词短语、分词作表语。二、用作不及物动词,意思是“剩下;剩余;遗留”,此时不能用进行时态,也没有被动语态。三、指某事“尚待、有待于以后被处置”,后面常接不定式的被动形式,表示主语是不定式的承受者。四、remain作名词,表示剩余物。本题前半句为with的复合结构,宾语为work,应采用remain的第三种用法表示工作仍要被做,此时的remain不能用被动,故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,掌握remain的应用。 4.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:遭遇如此多的困难,我们没能按时完成任务。be faced with固定短语,“遭遇,面对”,此处做非谓语,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作原因状语,以及固定短语be faced with。 5.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:在业余时间,John宁愿一个人呆着,也不愿意和他的同事聊八卦。prefer to do…rather than do…,固定短语,“喜欢做……而不喜欢做……”,故选A. 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语prefer to do…rather than do…。 6.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:那个学生承认在数学考试中作弊,发誓以后再也不做这样的事情了。admit (to) doing sth固定短语,“承认做某事”;本题使用完成时admit having done承认做过某事;第二空的promise与the student构成主动关系,使用现在分词短语,故选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语admit (to) doing sth。 7.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】考查situated的用法。此处situated close to the city center相当于定语从句which/that is situated close to the city center,作定语修饰hotel。 8.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】考查分词做状语,Be located / situated in(on/off),表示位于,因为杭州是在中国东海岸上,所以用介词on。 9.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:这位伤心欲绝的母亲别无选择,只能向警方报告她有罪的儿子。have no alternative/choice but to do固定短语,“除了……别无选择”,故选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语have no alternative/choice but to do。 10.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:我遗憾的告诉你,你没有通过考试,所以你必须补考。regret to do sth固定短语,“遗憾要做某事”,后面常常接tell,say等词;regret doing sth“后悔做了某事”。结合句意选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语regret to do sth.和regret doing sth. 11.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】考查过去分词做后置定语。句意:奖励今天在会议上受到表扬的优秀学生每人一支钢笔和一个笔记本。根据句子结构可知空处用作定语,又praise与students之间是动宾关系,要用被动,所以选B。 12.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:网站Trip Advisor安排旅行者们进行的一次调查表明,阳朔是世界上十大最热门旅游地之一。A study of travelers与conduct之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词作定语,选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作定语的应用。 13.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:一场烟花展被组织来庆祝女王的生日。不定式作目的状语,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及不定式作目的状语。 14.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:——你认为会有多少学生出席这个会议?——我预计会有20个学生。expect to do固定短语“期待去做”,所以后面的there be 句型用不定式结构,故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语。expect to do。 15.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我们将把这里发生的事随时通知你。inform sb. of sth.固定短语,“告知某人某事”;固定结构:keep+宾语+宾语补足语。此处you和inform之间是一种被动关系,用过去分词作宾语补足语。故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作宾语补足语,以及固定短语inform sb. of sth. 16.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:如果录用你了,我们将很快通知你。本句条件状语从句中省略了主语you,与accept构成被动关系,用过去分词accepted。故选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词作状语的应用。 17.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】这里考查不定式做定语修饰不定代词anything的用法,因为type这个动作不是句子主语you去做,所以用不定式被动式,如果动作是句子主语做,就用have sth to do,如:I have some homework to do. 18.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:他忙于日常的工作,没有时间陪伴孩子们。occupy oneself with sth 固定短语,"忙于…;从事于"。he与occupy 之间为主动关系,现在分词表主动,此处作原因状语,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词作原因状语。 19.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:在街道附近有一个花园,它的主人在每天下午都会坐在花园里读书。此题关键是理解seated这个单词,它是过去分词,而不是作谓语的过去式。它不能在句中做谓语。所以后面句子不是一个非限制性定语从句,而是一个独立主格结构,要填代词its。故答案选B。 【点评】考查代词,以及独立主格结构。 20.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:我记得离开办公室前要锁门的,但是却忘记了要关灯。A、C、D三个选项都表示动作已经完成。只有B选项表示尚未做。remember doing=remember having dong=remember to have done“忘记已经做过的事,忘记做了某事”。故答案选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,掌握remember to do 与remember doing的区别。 21.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:那个穿着一件新T恤的男孩,脸上露出困惑的表情。 boy和dress在逻辑上构成主谓关系,现在分词表主动,此处作定语,故用dressing;修饰look“表情”,用puzzled“感到困惑的”,选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词和形容词,本题涉及现在分词作定语,区分puzzled和puzzling。 22.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:邻居们报告说看见他穿着一件黑色的大衣离开家了。report doing sth.,固定短语,“报告做了某事,报道某事”,see sb. doing…,固定短语,“看见某人在做某事(看见某人在做某事)”;see sb. do….“看见某人做了某事(表示看见的过程)”。因此第一空要填doing,B项第二个空要用主动不能用被动,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语。report doing sth.;,see sb. doing和see sb. do。 23.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词。the first/last to do sth.第一个或最后一个做某事的人,此处是动词不定式作后置定语,故选C。 24.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:许多中国品牌,享誉数百年,现在正面临着来自现代市场的新挑战。brands是逻辑主语,和develop是主谓关系,所以用现在分词,表示伴随状况;再根据"over centuries"可知,应该使用现在分词的完成式,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词的完成式作伴随状语。 25.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:Tom为了养这只受伤的小鸟做了一个漂亮的笼子,直到它会飞。此题根据句意和句型结构推知此处keep应该表示目的;在英语中,表示目的的动词应该使用动词不定式即to do sth。故选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及动词不定式表目的。 26.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:一场猛烈的沙尘暴将包围我们的城市。把你的车洗干净是不明智的。have sth done使某物成一种……的状态,your car和wash之间是被动关系,用过去分词做宾语补足语,故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及过去分词做宾语补足语的应用。 27.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:这种类似塑料的材料受热后会软化。分析句子可知,material of this kind与resemble在逻辑上是主动关系,所以用现在分词作后置定语。故选D、 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词作定语。 28.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:从山顶看,风景非常美丽。这里从句省略主语,说明主从句主语一致,从句主语the scenery和动词see是被动关系,故用过去分词作状语,故选B。 29.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:以下是一篇关于广告的文章,是一名学生为英语课题写的。本句是倒装句,句子主语是an article,根据主谓一致的原则可知答案选D。后面____ by a student for her English project.是定语修饰an article。 30.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:上班族们坐在办工座前太久,一般会受到健康问题的困扰。分析句子结构可知,分词的逻辑主语和后面主句的主语不一致,应用独立主格结构。分词主语和分词动作之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,且动作已完成,故用过去分词。故选C项。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及独立主格结构。 31.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词和动词辨析。句意:一项新研究显示,多喝咖啡能延长人的寿命,喝咖啡的人死亡率较低。第一个空做主语用动名词形式,第二个空是“延长”的意思。故选B。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握动词的各种非谓语动词的用法以及选项中四个词的含义和用法。 32.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我发现这些问题很容易解决。在“主语+be+形容词+不定式”句型中,有时主语是不定式结构的逻辑宾语,要用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义。当上述形容词在句中作宾语补足语,后接不定式时,不定式也用主动表被动。故选C 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及不定式主动表被动,以及固定句型“主语+be+形容词+不定式”。 33.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】考查动词时态和非谓语动词。句意;当中国正在联合反恐怖安全网络的时候,这个国家还需要使人民准备好反恐战争,因此要集聚它的强大武器。题干讲到的是现在正在从事的事情要用现在进行时。第二个空考查prepare somebody to do“使某人准备做某事”。第三个空格作状语,主语“国家”和动词“聚集”是主谓关系,用现在分词。故选C。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握动词的各种时态和各种非谓语动词的用法。 34.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:—为什么这个男人今天这么不高兴? —他的钱包、手机和身份证被盗,警方正在调查,并将把他送到社会救助站。分析答语结构,既不是并列句也不是从句,应该是非谓语形式,且句子主语the police和非谓语动词的主语不一致,所以是独立主格结构,非谓语动词的主语和speak之间是被动关系,此处是过去分词的独立主格结构。故答案选A。 【点评】考查过去分词的独立主格结构。 35.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:那位女士说她将用剩下的20美元,给她女儿买一个礼物。remaining和left都表示“剩下的”,形容词remaining剩下的,放在名词前面;left剩下的,放在所修饰的名词的后面。 故答案选D。 【点评】考查固定用法。leave 与remain 在with结构中的辨析。 36.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我在一家百货公司做了3年的销售小姐,我决定自己创业。-ing分词作伴随状语,根据与主句的时间前后关系,故用现在分词完成式having done。可知答案为C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词完成式的应用。 37.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:已经花完了几乎所有的钱,我们无法支付住宾馆的费用。动词不定式表将来和目的,根据句意可知,“花钱”的动作发生在过去,排除B、D;过去分词表完成和被动,we与spend是主谓关系,应该用现在分词,排除C;当两个动作有先后关系时,用现在分词的完成式,现在分词的完成式在本句相当于because we have spent nearly all our money,表原因,故选A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词的完成式的应用。 38.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词。今年早些时候,学校官员被发现滥用学生资助资金,这所学校面临着丑闻和学生示威。money与动词存在着被动关系,应用过去分词做定语。故答案选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词中的分词的用法。 39.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:我发现这些问题很容易解决。在“主语+be+形容词(easy/hard/difficult/comfortable---)+不定式”句型中,有时主语是不定式结构的逻辑宾语,要用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义。当上述形容词在句中作宾语补足语,后接不定式时,不定式也用主动表被动。故答案选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及不定式主动表被动。 40.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:没有做好完全准备,我们决定把会议推迟到下周。make与主语we在逻辑上是主谓关系,现在分词表主动,同时make这一动作发生于主句谓语动词decided 之前,所以用现在分词的完成式,选D。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词的完成式的应用。 41.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词。句意:春节假期期间,中国的城市人去了68个国家旅行,平均每人花费6000元。该句中的逻辑主语Urban Chinese与spend之间是主谓的关系,所以该空需用现在分词。故答案选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词。 42.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:Lionel Messi在一年里创了几个记录,被认为是欧洲最具潜力的足球运动员。创纪录已经是过去,现在被认为是欧洲最具潜力的足球运动员,所以分词动作发生在谓语动词之前,所以用完成时,选D。 【点评】考查现在分词的完成式。现在分词的完成式的结构:having done,所表示的动作发生在谓语动词之前。 43.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:一切顺利进行,为人们创造更多的就业机会,使他们能够独立于他人。根据句意及分析句子结构可知,逗号前后没有连词且动词的逻辑主语不一致,所以前后不存在从属关系,而是独立主格结构,everything与run之间为逻辑主谓关系,所以使用现在分词表主动。故选C。 【点评】考查独立主格结构。 44.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:——昨天晚上你参加音乐会了吗?——对不起,我没有足够的时间。我真的遗憾没有早点完成我的作业。attend“出席”;join“ 加入某个组织或团队成为其中的一员”;take part in“参加某项活动”;regret having done“后悔曾经做过某事”。非谓语动词发生在谓语动词前面,故答案选B。 【点评】考查动词辨析和非谓语动词,区分attend;join;take part in的含义,以及固定短语regret having done。 45.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查形容词辨析。disappointing“令人失望的”,一般修饰物;disappointed“感到失望的”,一般修饰人或人的表情。句意:期中考试的令人失望的结果使他的父母失望了。分析句意可知选C。 【点评】考查分词作表语和定语的用法。 46.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:通过摆脱坏习惯后,男孩们已经从依赖父母的人变成了可以为他人牺牲的人。the boys与rid是逻辑主谓关系,且“摆脱坏习惯”发生在主句动作之前,所以应使用现在分词完成式;根据句意可知,此处强调对现在的影响,应使用现在完成时;switch from…to... “从……转向……”中to是介词,后跟doing。关系A。 【点评】考查谓语和非谓语动词的应用。 47.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查非谓语动词和固定搭配。句意:为了阻止价格下降影响农民们的收入,中央政府已经决定购买更多的农作物来保护他们。第一空是动词不定式做目的状语;第二空是固定搭配:prevent sb. (from)doing sth.阻止某人做某事,故答案为B。 【点评】考查动词不定式作目的状语和固定结构中的动名词用法。 48.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:以一种友好的方式解决后,他们激烈的争吵终于结束了。原句:When their fierce is settled in a friendly way,表示时间状语。故答案选A。 【点评】考查过去分词作状语,注意过去分词作状语表示被动的和完成的动作。 49.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:—是什么让你儿子今天心情不好?—不让他看他最喜欢的卡通《狗狗巡逻队》。分析句子结构可知,第一空为强调句型的特殊疑问句,即:疑问词What+ it is+ that+其余部分;第二空为非谓语动词,作主语用动名词,且son与forbide之间是被动关系,所以用Being forbidden,故C项正确。 【点评】考查强调句型和非谓语动词。 ( 1 ) ( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--非谓语动词精选专练2 1.In no place?????? Shangri-la, as is often said, can one experience four seasons in one day. A.?more than???????????????????????B.?other than???????????????????????C.?rather than???????????????????????D.?less than 2.The matter ________ our study surely requires ________ carefully. A.?related to; dealing with???????????????????????????????????B.?relating to; dealt with C.?related to; being dealt with?????????????????????????????D.?relating to; having dealt with 3.___________ with any danger, you should keep ___________. A.?Facing; quiet???????????????????B.?Facing; still???????????????????C.?Faced; calm???????????????????D.?Faced; silent 4.When Tom got home he saw a message on the table, _______ he would be back soon. A.?read????????????????????????????????B.?reads????????????????????????????????C.?to read????????????????????????????????D.?reading 5.________ the program, they have to stay there for another two weeks. A.?Not completing????????????????????????????????????????????????B.?Not completed C.?Not having completed?????????????????????????????????????D.?Having not completed 6.More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced ______ people's concern over food safety. A.to have raised B.to raise C.raising D.having raised 7.He deserved ____to prison. A.?send????????????????????????????????B.?sending????????????????????????????????C.?be sent????????????????????????????????D.?sent 8.________ by the teacher, they didn't make such mistakes. A.?Having been warned?????????????B.?Having warned?????????????C.?Warning?????????????D.?Being warned 9.Visitors are not permitted ________ the park after dark, because of the lack of lighting. A.?entering?????????????????????????B.?entering in?????????????????????????C.?to enter in?????????????????????????D.?to enter 10.Now, I doubt if there's anybody here who is indifferent between the choices, indifferent _______the choice between these two lives. A.?in favor of??????????????????????B.?in honor of??????????????????????C.?in place of??????????????????????D.?in regard to 11.To those_______ in martial arts(武术), the period from 1972 to 1975 is often said_______ the Bruce Lee era. A.?involving; being????????????B.?to involve; to be????????????C.?involved; to be????????????D.?involve; being 12.The student?????? in the games on the MP4 didn't notice his teacher behind him. A.?absorbing???????????????????????B.?be absorbed???????????????????????C.?to absorb???????????????????????D.?absorbed 13.??? ?with his office work,he had no time to attend to his sick daughter. A.?Keeping occupying?????????B.?Kept occupied?????????C.?Keeping occupied?????????D.?Kept occupying 14.Many people believe that poverty is only a problem in rural areas. ________, it is also a problem in some urban areas. A.?As a result?????????????????B.?Furthermore?????????????????C.?In the end?????????????????D.?As a matter of fact 15.? ????in a red dress, she was easy to ??????in the big crowd at the airport. A.?Being dressed; pick out???????????????????????????????????B.?Dressed; pick out C.?Dressed; be picked out????????????????????????????????????D.?Having dressed; pick out 16.—Would you like me ______?the radio a bit? —No, it's all right. I'm used?______ with the radio ______. A.?to turn down; to work; on???????????????????????????????B.?turning down; to working; on C.?turning down; to working;?off?????????????????????????D.?to turn down; to working;?on 17.Much to our shock, none of the 100 people were able to________the gas blast, which brought great grief to their family. A.?admit?????????????????????????????????B.?survive?????????????????????????????????C.?prove?????????????????????????????????D.?relate 18.As had been expected, Smith wasn't appointed chairman of the committee, ______ not very popular with its members. A.?considered??????????????B.?considering??????????????C.?having considered??????????????D.?to be considered 19.With his son________ him,the old man felt unhappy. A.?to disappoint?????????B.?to be disappointed?????????C.?disappointing?????????D.?being disappointed 20.You can imagine my father shouting at me with his arms????? . A.?cross??????????????????????????????B.?crossing???????????????????????????????C.?to cross??????????????????????????????D.?crossed 21.The Smiths need a car garage _________ this one . A.?larger twice than??????????????????????????????????????????????B.?twice large than C.?twice larger than????????????D.?twice larger as 22.—There's no need to take any food, Mom, I'm so full. —Come on, baby. Take some just ??????. A.?in advance????????????????????????????B.?in view????????????????????????????C.?in case????????????????????????????D.?in time 23.The students expected there ____________ more reviewing classes before the final exam. A.?be?????????????????????????????????B.?being?????????????????????????????????C.?have been?????????????????????????????????D.?to be 24.The man ________ the fake news that 18 firefighters lost their lives in the explosion was arrested. A.?having circulating??????????????B.?to circulate??????????????C.?circulating??????????????D.?to have circulated 25.Even though we have made much progress in preventing pollution, yet much ________. A.?is remained to do?????????????????????????????????????????????B.?remains being done C.?remains to be done??????????????????????????????????????????D.?is remained to be done 26.________ from the Song Dynasty, the Confucian Temple of Nanjing has now developed into a famous scenic spot, ________ sightseeing, shopping and tasty foods. A.?Having dated; featured????????????????????????????????????B.?Dating; featuring C.?Dating; having featured??????????????????????????????????D.?Dated; featuring 27.________ in the grade basketball contest for three times recently, Steve looked exhausted. A.?To play???????????????????????B.?Played???????????????????????C.?To be playing???????????????????????D.?Having played 28.Lucy rushed to the school, only???? ?that it was Saturday. A.?finding???????????????????????????B.?found???????????????????????????C.?to find???????????????????????????D.?having found 29.On the table is a teapot _________ like a duck, which I bought yesterday. A.?shaping??????????????????????B.?being shaped??????????????????????C.?to be shaped??????????????????????D.?shaped 30.Much time _____ sitting at a desk, office workers are generally troubled by health problems. A.?being spent????????????????????????B.?having spent????????????????????????C.?spent????????????????????????D.?spending 31.The new marketing strategy ????????????at the young, though well organized, ended in failure. A.?targeting???????????????????B.?targeted???????????????????C.?having targeted???????????????????D.?to be targeted 32.—What was the party like? —Wonderful. It is years ____ I enjoyed myself so much. A.?after??????????????????????????????????B.?when??????????????????????????????????C.?before??????????????????????????????????D.?since 33.We require the thief _________ into prison. A.?refers to being put???????????????????????????????????????????B.?referred to be put C.?refer to being put?????????????????????????????????????????????D.?referred should be put 34.(2015.江苏)Much?time?_____?sitting?at?a?desk,?office?workers?are?generally?troubled?by?health?problems. A.?being?spent???????????????????????B.??having?spent????????????????????????C.?spent????????????????????????D.?spending 35.All flights ________ because of the terrible weather, Jane had to go there by train. A.?was cancelled??????B.?had been cancelled??????C.?having been cancelled??????D.?having cancelled 36.This problem is said _____ three times. A.?having discussed??????????????????????????????????????????????B.?to have been discussed C.?having been discussed?????????????????????????????????????D.?to have discussed 37.That is the only way we can imagine _____ the overuse of water in students' bathroom. A.?reducing???????????????????????????B.?to reduce???????????????????????????C.?reduced???????????????????????????D.?reduce 38.At first, the car was ahead but ________ halfway because there was something wrong with it. A.?dropped off?????????????????B.?dropped back?????????????????C.?dropped down?????????????????D.?dropped in 39.The professor suggested the problem ________ at once. A.?referred to be solved???????????????????????????????????????B.?referred to solving C.?referred to was solved?????????????????????????????????????D.?referred to must be solved 40.(2018?江苏)Around 13,500 new jobs were created during the period, _______ the expected number of 12,000 held by market analysts. A.?having exceeded???????????B.?to exceed???????????C.?exceeded???????????D.?exceeding 41.The teacher raised his voice so that he could make himself _______. A.?hear?????????????????????????????B.?to be heard?????????????????????????????C.?heard?????????????????????????????D.?hearing 42._______ her before, he didn't know she was his daughter. A.?Not having seen????????????????B.?Having not seen????????????????C.?Not seeing????????????????D.?Not to see 43.Many new stations were constructed between 1918 and 1938, _____ by an architect named Charles Holden. A.?the most famous of them were designed?????????B.?and the most famous of which were designed C.?the most famous of them designed???????????????D.?the most famous of which designed 44.—Long time no see. What have you been up to these days? —I've been working on a research report, which was ________ easy. Which of the following can't be put in the blank? A.?anything but??????????????????B.?little more than??????????????????C.?far from??????????????????D.?nowhere near 45.Regarding China-US differences on human rights issues, Hong said the two sides can enhance mutual understanding through dialogue ______ on equality and mutual respect. A.?based????????????????????????????????B.?to base????????????????????????????????C.?basing????????????????????????????????D.?base 46.Follow these tips, and your time ??????doing research on the Internet ??????much more worthwhile. A.?being spent; will be??????????B.?spent; will be??????????C.?spent; is??????????D.?having spent; has been 47.The film you referred to ________ us interested. A.?making??????????????????????????B.?having made??????????????????????????C.?has made??????????????????????????D.?make 48.—What made Alice so angry? —________ in the rain for an hour. A.?She was kept waiting???????????????????????????????????????B.?Being kept to wait C.?Because of waiting???????????????????????????????????????????D.?Being kept waiting 49.Mr. Smith was really annoyed that the watch he had repaired was nowhere??????? . A.?to see???????????????????????????????B.?seeing???????????????????????????????C.?to be seen???????????????????????????????D.?seen 50.He spent at least as much time reading as you ________ on line yesterday. A.?had to chat????????????????????B.?did chatting????????????????????C.?do chatting????????????????????D.?had chatted 答案解析部分 1.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:正如人们常说的,只有香格里拉在一天中才能经历四季。more than“超过, 不仅仅,多于”;other than“(用于否定句)除…之外,只有”;rather than…“而不…...,与其...…倒不如…...”; less than“不足,小于”。根据常识可知,香格里拉在一天有四季。故选B。 【点评】考查固定短语短语辨析,区分more than;other than;rather than和less than的含义。 2.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:和我们学习相关的事当然需要认真对待。The matter related to our study(和我们学习相关的事),这里是过去分词作后置定语;require doing=require to be done。故答案为A。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,分析句子成分,弄清句子结构,牢记固定搭配。 3.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:面对任何危险,你都要保持冷静。第一空be faced with固定短语,“面对”。此处过去分词作状语;第二空quiet 表示“安静的”、“寂静的”。指物时,表示没有喧闹或没有骚动,处于一种静止的状态或宁静的环境;指人时,表示不发出声音或不发表意见,也可指人的性格温和、文静、不易激动等;still 主要指完全无声或完全无动作,通常用于物理上的静止,不表示心理上的平静;calm 表示的“静”主要指天气、海洋等处于一种风平浪静的状态;若用于人,则指镇静或不慌张;silent 着重指沉默无语或没有声音,但不一定指没有动作或活动。故选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词和形容词辨析,区分quiet;still; calm和silent的应用,以及固定短语be faced with。 4.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查现在分词。句意:Tom回到家是时候看到桌上有一张纸条,写着他很快回来。此处reading 是伴随状语,故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握现在分词作伴随状语的用法。 5.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:由于没有完成课程,他们不得不在那里再呆两个星期。因为他们是先没有完成任务,然后不得不在这儿再待两个星期。表示从句的动作先于主句的动作,要用现在分词的完成式,否定式是:not having done。选C。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及现在分词的完成式作状语。 6.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:据政府官员称,将制作更多的电视节目来提高人们对食品安全的关注。此处用不定式作目的状语,表示“为了”,不定式表示的动作还未发生,所以用不定式的一般式而不是完成式(表示先于主句谓语动作),故选B。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,本题涉及不定式的一般式的应用。 ? 7.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他应该被送进监狱。固定搭配:deserve doing=deserve to be done“值得做”,此处是主动表被动。故B选项正确。 【点评】考查非谓语动词,以及固定短语deserve doing和deserve to be done。 8.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:老师警告过他们,他?
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