英语8 Units 1-2
American culture is unique because it is formed and developed under certain conditions. The major factors contributing to the making of this new nation and the forming of a new culture are the hard environment, ethnic diversity(多样性；差异) and plural religion, which is quite different from other nations in the world. What is more, these elements are still influencing the American culture.
The early immigrants who were English Puritans settled down in northeast part of America from 1607 to 1892. Frontiers were pushed further west. The frontiersmen looked for a land of rich resources and a land of promise, opportunity and freedom. Actually they looked for a better life. So individualism(个人主义), self-reliance, and equality of opportunity have perhaps been the values most closely associated with the frontier heritage of America.
In history, people from different countries in the world rushed to America three times. They brought their own culture to America and later on, different cultures were mixed together. Thus the unique American culture was formed, a common cultural life with commonly shared values.
The fundamental American belief in individual freedom and the fight of individuals to practice their own religion is at the center of religious experience in the United States. The great diversity of ethnic backgrounds has produced religious pluralism(多元化)； almost all of the religions of the world are now practiced in the United States.
Nowadays, we can see the continual influence of the three elements in the current American society. American family is typically parents and their unmarried children. Middle-aged and elderly people generally do not live with their married children. The people in America have a very strong desire to start a new life in a new place. Quite a number of people change residences every year. The average American moves fourteen times in his lifetime.
21. We can learn from this article that ________.
A. the population of the United States includes a large variety of ethnic groups
B. the early immigrants brought about the unique American culture
C. people in the world once rushed to America because of its unique culture
D. the American family members don’t get along well with each other
22. What’s the author’s attitude towards American culture
A. He is critical of it. B. He admires it very much.
C. He just states the facts. D. He looks down upon it.
23. What might be the most suitable title of this article
A. The Immigrants in America B. Why American Culture is Unique
C. The Influence of American Culture D. Plural Religion and American Culture
To win an Oscar is an achievement at any age. To do so at 22, as Jennifer Lawrence has, is just amazing. Recently, the American star won Best Actress at this year’s Academy Awards for her role in the film The Silver Linings Playbook. According to Time magazine’s Richard Corliss, Lawrence is that rare young actress who“lends a mature intelligence to any ro1e”.
Though Lawrence has found great success through her big screen work, Lawrence wasn’t sure what she really liked doing before the age of l4. She thought she’d go to college and maybe find a career as a doctor or /a travel agent.
Lawrence’s two brothers were star athletes and one of them was a straight-A student. Unlike them, she suffered through school, never quite finding where she belonged. However, during a trip to New York, Lawrence suddenly realized that she wanted to be an actress. When she was enjoying the beautiful city, a model seeker asked if he could take her picture, and the next day he called her in for an audition(试镜).
“I read the script(剧本) and it was the first time I had that feeling like I understand this,” Lawrence said. “Within 20 minutes, in the cab ride from the hotel room, I decided I didn’t want to be a model. In fact, I wanted to be an actress.” Having appreciated this young lady’s performance, the agency was so impressed with her reading that they signed her on the spot. But she insisted on finishing high school so she could give her full attention to her acting career.
Lawrence burst onto the Hollywood scene last year with The Hunger Games, which established her as the highest-grossing(票房最高的) female action hero of all time. Rolling Stone called her “the most talented young actress in America”.
24. What can we know about Jennifer Lawrence from Paragraph 3
A. Her parents were really strict with her.
B. She seemed not to fit in with her school days well.
C. Her school performance made her today’s fame.
备战2020年高考高三一轮单元训练金卷 英语 第十八套 英语8 Units 1-2 A卷 Word版含答案.docx
备战2020年高考高三一轮单元训练金卷 英语 第十八套 英语8 Units 1-2 B卷 Word版含答案.docx