[ID:4-5067256] [精]高考一轮复习学案 第36讲 应用文写作(解析版+原卷版)
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第36讲 应用文写作(原卷版) 近五年全国卷的书面表达,基本都是提纲形式的书信体。此类书面表达在涉外交流或需要使用英语的具体语境中,能够体现岀邀请、咨询、求助、道歉、宣传等交际功能,联系考生日常生活,反映中外文化特色。此类题目一般会给出特定的情境,要求考生据此写一封书信,来解决一件涉外交流的事件。题目要求中往往会提供二至三条具体的写作要点并给出一些注意事项,允许考生适当发挥。因此此类题目有一定的局限性,但也有相对的开放性。文章话题贴近考生生活,旨在解决具体问题,令考生有话可说,也有机会把话说好。这既考查了考生的基础写作能力,又拓展了考生的能力空间。特别需要指出的是,这两年高考书面表达变过去高考命题的”介绍与英语学习有关的英美文化习俗及风土人情"为"全方位、大纵深介绍中国优秀传统文化习俗”,这是高考命题的方向性变化,其目的显而易见:凸显中国元素,唤起中华民族的民族自信,让中国走向世界,让世界全方位地了解中国。这也与“民族情怀,国际视野,跨文化交流”的核心素养紧紧相连。 一、真题透析: ★【2018·全国I】假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗。请你回复邮件。内容包括: (1).到达时间; (2).合适的礼物; (3).餐桌礼仪 注意: 1.词数100 左右 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【审题指导】 这是一篇介绍中国传统风俗习惯的提纲式回复询问信。 注意写作时应用第一、第二人称,时态以一般现在时为主。 可分三部分来写: 第一段(点题):表明已收到对方来信+写信目的; 第二段(主体):重点回复对方来信当中涉及的到中国家庭做客要注意的几个问题,注意按照题干要点逐一解释,不要遗漏; 第三段(结尾):期待自己的解答能让对方满意。 【参考范文】 Dear?Terry, I’m?more?than?delighted?to?know?you?were?invited?to?a Chinese?dinner?party.?It's?really?a?good? opportunity that?can't?bemissed?to?experience?Chinese?culture.??Here?comes?some? relevant on?that?you?are?deeply?concerned?about. First?of?all,?you're?expected?to?arrive?on?time?because?it's polite?to?be?punctual?in?China.?In? addition,it’s a good idea to bring?a?small?gift,?such?as?a?bunch?of?flowers?or?a?box?of? chocolates if?they?have?young?children.?Most?importantly,?the?elderly?are usually?the?first?to taste?the?food?served?on?the?table?because?they are?well?respected?in?China.?Last?but?not? least,?enjoying?eve dish?means?you?really?appreciate?what?your?friend?has?done?and don't?forget?to?praise?your?friend?for?the?delicious?food?he?offers. ?I?hope?my?suggestions?will?be?of?benefit?to?you.?May?you?have a great?time. Yours Li?Hua 【文采拾贝】 文中高级词汇和地道表达层出不穷,长短句交错使用,从句和非谓语动词频现,语言丰富,表情达意到位,情感真切。 具体亮点如下 1脉络清晰的逻辑表达:?first?of?all,?in?addition,?most?importantly,?last?but?not?least。 2.可圈可点的从句:①①为定语从句;②中包含定语从句;③3为主语从句;⑥为宾语从句。 3.独具特色的特殊句式:②为倒装句;③中it为形式主语。 4.点石成金的非谓语:④为非谓语动词短语作后置定语;⑤为动名词短语作主语。 ★【2018·石家庄市高三教学质检】假如你是李华,获悉你校英语学习社团准备创办一份中学生英文校刊以促进大家的英语学习,请你用英语给社团负责人Sith先生写一封信,一来表达你得知此事的喜悦心情,二来提出你喜欢的栏目( column)并简要说明理由。 注意:1.词数100左右 2.信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数 【审题指导】 这是一篇介绍中国传统风俗习惯的提纲式回复询问信。 注意写作时应用第一、第二人称,时态以一般现在时为主。 可分三部分来写: 第一段(点题):表明已收到对方来信+写信目的; 第二段(主体):重点回复对方来信当中涉及的到中国家庭做客要注意的几个问题,注意按照题干要点逐一解释,不要遗漏; 第三段(结尾):期待自己的解答能让对方满意。 【参考范文】 Dear Mr. Smith, I am very excited to learn that our English learning club is going to start an English magazine. It is indeed a wonderful idea and I'm sure it will make a success.I think it should be best if the school magazine would have 3 columns, such as School News, Teachers' Advice and Students' Voice. From the School News Column we can learn bout what is going on in our school. In Teachers' Adviceour teachers can give us advice on how to learn English more efficiently. Students' Voice will offer us a space to freely express our thoughts and feelings about our lives and studies. I believe this magazine will surely benefit us, and I am looking forward to reading it. Yours sincerely Li Hua 【文采拾贝】 文中高级词汇并没有过多应用,但语言准确,过渡自然,表达到位,情感真切,符合应用文传情达意的初衷,也不失为一篇好文章。 二、审题定点,运筹帷幄 高考书面表达的审题谋篇是取得高分的第一步,不管是提纲信息类作文,图表类作文,还是(半)开放作文,都要做到定体,定人称,定时态,定要点及定结构。做好以上内容的整体布局和策划是一篇优秀习作的必经之路。 技能1 写作思路要顺畅 (1) 认真审题,分析提纲或者图画(图表)内容,明确文聱的写作主题,并确定文章的体裁、人称、时态、结构及要点等五大基本要素。 (2)根据提纲或图画(图表)内容,确定文章的段落层次。 (3)收集与主题相符,能支持主题的具体内容材料。 (4)理清段落与段落,层次与层次之间的过渡、衔接关系和方式。 (5)确定能体现主题、简单明了、发人深思的结尾方式。 技能2 篇章结构需谋划 (1) 注意篇章结构,合理布局。 开始部分一说出文中的要点、核心问题; 正文部分一围绕主题开展叙述或讨论; 结尾部分一对全文的总结和概括。 (2) 确定主题句 主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,然后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。 技能3写作要点巧表述 (1) 提纲要点化 根据信息的提示,列全需要写作的内容要点,确保无遗漏,这是考生能够拿到基本分的关键。 (2) 要点句式化 将要点扩展成精确的句子,这是体现写作水平的关键一环,同时也是最重要的“增分点”。坚决避免英语汉语化和句式的单一化,在保证正确的前提下,尽可能使用高级词汇、层次感比较丰富的复杂句式。 3) 连句成文 在“要点齐全、较高级词汇的使用以及句式丰富”都做好的前提下,加人引入话题的开篇句、承上启下的过渡句以及紧扣主题的结束句写作任务基本完成。 (3) 整理誉写 写作过程中,确保书写工整、态度认真,保证卷面的整洁,避免出现由于书写问题而造成的失分现象。 三、增加细节的高分技巧 微技能1列举具体的实例进行补充说明 1.(2018·全国1书面表达)此外,你最好带一些小礼物。 Besides,?you?'d?better?bring?some?little?gifts. →Besides,?you'd?better?bring?some?little?gifts,?such?as?a special?food?or?drink?from?your country. 2.(2018·广州综合检测二书面米选)我想大体上介绍一下中国的传统文化。I'd?like?to?talk?briefly?about?Chinese?traditional?culture. →I'?d?like?to?talk?briefly?about?Chinese?traditional culture,?especially?Chinese?painting. 3.我要花一些时间和父母在一起。 I'lI?spend?some?time?staying?with?my?parents. →I'll?spend?some?time?staying?with?my?parents,?chatting with?them?and?doing?some?housework.. 4.我想找一个像我一样喜欢旅行的笔友。 I'd?like?to?seek?a?pen?pal?who?is?interested?in?traveling just?like?me. →I'd?like?to?seek?a?pen?pal?who?is?interested?in?travelingjust?like?me.?If?possible,?we?can?travel? together?or?share traveling?experiences. 5.我是一个充满活力的健康男孩,我非常喜欢体育运动。 I?am?a?healthy?boy?full?of?energy?so?I?like?sports?very much. →I?am?a?healthy?boy?full?of?energy?so?I?like?sports?verymuch,?especially?outdoor?activities. ?Whenever?I?have?time I'll?go?hiking?or?mountain?climbing?with?my?classmates. 6.(2018·郑州第一次质量预测) 现在,我想与你分享春节的一些传统风俗习惯。 Now,?I'd?like?to?share?with?you?some?traditional?customsof?the?Spring?Festival. →Now,?I'd?like?to?share?with?you?some?traditiocustoms?of?the?Spring?Festival,?the?most?important festival in?China. 【题组过关1】根据括号内提示完成句子. 1. The?Internet?is?playing?a?more?and?more?important?part?in our?daily?life. (我们不仅能阅读国内外的新闻),?but?also get?information,?send?emails?and?attend?on-line?schools. 2.?Laura?is?a?standard?American?style. (她说一口完美的美式英语),?and?that’s why?I?am?crazy?about?her. 3.However,?it?seems?people?are?unaware?of?the?negative effects?of?mobile?phones?on ?communication. (比如,很多人越来越不重视面对面的交流)。 4.?However,every?coin?has?two?sides,?so?does?the?Internet. (比如,沉溺于网络也许会影响我们的学习和工作). 微技能2增添与所写信息相关的神态、动作、结果、心理描写以及背景渲染等内容。 1.(2018·日照检测书面表达)当我们爬山时所有人都捡些垃圾。 All?of?us?picked?up?the?rubbish?as?we?climbed?up. →All?of?us?picked?up?the?rubbish?as?we?climbed?up helping?to?beautify?the?scenery.(结果描写) 2.我有时去村西的小河游泳。 I?went?swimming?in?the?river?of?the?west?of?the?village now?and?then. →I?went?swimming?in?the?river?of?the?west?of?the?village?now and?then.?The?water?in?the?river?is ?very?clear.(背景渲染) →Weather?permitting,?I?went?swimming?in?the?river?of?the west?of?the?village?now?and?then.(相关背景) 3.旅行了一周后,他回到了家。 After?a?week's?trip,?he?returned?home. →After?a?week's?trip,?he?returned?home,?tired?but?very happy.(心理描写) 【题组过关2】根据括号内提示完成句子 1. (考虑到这项活动很有意义).we?intend?to?design?a?uniform?suited?to?our?own class. 2. I'II?try?my?best?to?make your uncle happy here. (我热切地期盼看他来我们城市参观)。 3.At?that?moment,?I?became?the?focus?of?the?whole?class and (充满了自豪和自信). 4.?Finally,?I?would?like?to?ask?a?few?questions?about?his personal?life, (这一定很有趣). 5.(2018·河北五个一名校联盟) (从你的信中得知你已被剑桥大学录取),I’m more than?glad?to?write?to?offer?my?warmest?congratulations. 微技能3增加相关信息的时间、地点等内容。 1.(2018·东北三省四市教研二模)作为一个传统,中国学生总是向老师表达感激之情。 Chinese?students?always?like?to?express?gratitude?to?their teachers?as?a?tradition. →With?Teacher's?Day?approaching,?Chinese?students always?like?to?express?gratitude?to?their? teachers?as?a tradition.(增加时间) 2. 我要和父母一起去超市购物。 I'm?going?to?do?some?shopping?with?my?parents?in?the supermarket. →I'm?going?to?do?some?shopping?with?my?parents?in?the supermarket?and?won't?be?back?until about?5:?00?in?the afternoon.(增加时间) 3.我已经带来了你让我归还的两本书。 I?have?taken?with?me?the?two?books?you?asked?me?to return. →I?have?taken?with?me?the?two?books?you?asked?me?to return?to?the?City?Library.(增加地点) 【题组过关3】根据括号内提示完成句子。 1. (几分钟过去了)?but?the whole?class?was?in?complete?silence. 2. The?Chinese?Silk?Road (起源于今天的西安, 最后到达的东海岸)?the?Mediterranean,is well-known?to?the?world. 3.?I?was?attracted?by?the?beauty?of?the?city (……就……)?I?arrived?here?at 6 o'?clock?in the?morning?by?plane. 4.(2018·东北三省四市二模书面表达)I’?d?like?to?invite you?to?attend?our?class?meeting?next? week (如果你有空). 微技能4 适当增加与所给信息相关的原因、条件、让步、手段、目的等内容。 1.(2018·昆明质检)不久我将成为成年人。 It?won't?be?long?before?I?become?an?adult. →It?won't?be?long?before?I?become?an?adult,?so?I?feel?very excited?as?well?as?a?bit?nervous. 2.(2018·兰州模拟)我们城市将在下个月15至30号举办丝绸之路国际艺术节(?Silk?Road International?Arts?Festival)。 The?Silk?Road?International?Arts?Festival?will?be?held?in our?city?from?15th?to?30th?next?month →Aimed?to?promote?international?cultural?exchange?andcooperation?among?countries?along ?the?Silk?Road,the Silk Road?International?Arts?Festival?will?be?held?in?our?city from15th to30 th? next?month.(分词作状语) 3. 假设你是李华,你的英国笔友?Henry最近来信询问你高考后的暑假安排。请根据下面要点写一封回信,说明你的计划,并简述理由。①休息;读书;②参加社会活动 I?need?a?good?rest.?I'Il?do?some?reading. →I?need?a?good?rest?because?I?do?feel?tired?after?the?hardwork?of?all?these?years.?Of?course,?I'll? do?some?reading?for fun,?and?for?knowledge?as?well.(因果关系) I'll?take?part?in?some?social?activities. →If?I?have?free?time,?I'lI?take?part?in?some?social activities.(条件状语) →?If?possible,I’ll take?part?in?some?social?activities.(条件状语) →If?possible,?I'lI?take?part?in?some?social?activities?so that/in?order?that?I?can?know?more ?about? the?society.?(目的状语) 4.Tacy来电话说和你在咖啡屋(?Bolton?Coffee)的见面取消。 →Tracy?called,?saying?that?she?couldn't?meet?you?at?Bolton Coffee. →Tracy?called,?saying?that?she?couldn't?meet?you?at?BoltonCoffee?as?she?has?something?important? to?do.(原因状语) 5.我也帮助邻里的孩子补习英语。 I?also?helped?children?in?the?neighborhood?with?their English?lessons. →I?also?helped?children?in?the?neighborhood?with?their English?lessons.?To?my?joy,?they?made? rapid progress?and their?parents?thought?highly?of?me.(增添结果) 【题组过关4】根据括号内提示完成句子 1.We?were?happy?and?returned?home (我们捡完所有的垃圾之后). 2.I?often?join?in?many?activities (来和其他同学交流开拓我的视野). 3. (众所周知),?Earth Hour?is?an?activity?which?aims?at?saving?energy. 4.(2018·新疆第一次适应性考试) (为了帮助人们了解更多的中国传统文化),?our?school?is?intended?to hold?a?series?of?activities. 微技能5 结尾适当发挥,写出个人感受、评价、希望、倡议等。 1.?Although?I?was?very?tired?this?summer?holiday,?I?felt?very happy?for?what?I?did.(个人感受) 2.?I?think?such?activities?are?necessary?and?meaningful.?(评价) 3.(2018·新疆第一次适应性测试)?We?hold?the?firm belief?that?the?visitors?will?know?more?about ?Chinese?traditional culture?and?at?the?same?time?enjoy?the?beauty?of?it.?(希望) 4.As?a?student,?it's?our?duty?to?protect?our?school?environment and?make?it?clean.(倡议) 【题组过关5】根据括号内提示完成句子 1. (作为一个专业的篮球运动员),?he?is?one?of?China'?s?best- known?athletes. 2.I?think?Beijing (非常值得再次参观). 3.?In?my?view, (不管互联网多么吸引人),?it?shouldn'?t?separate?us?from our loved?ones. 4. (通过这个实验我们得出一个结论):?the?temperature?doesn’t change?when?ice?is?melting?into?water. 5.Let's?develop?good?habits?of?saving?energy?in?our?daily life?and (尽力为我们的环境做出更多贡献). 应用文包含邀请信、建议信、口头通知、申请信、投诉信和道歉信等,考生应主要注意这些文体的篇章布局和首段、中段、尾段涉及到的重要句型,减少不必要的失分。从书面表达的评分标准中可以看出:恰当选用贴切、地道的高级词汇对提高书面表达的得分非常重要。写作时恰当使用一些大多数考生有可能想不到的词汇,恰当地求新求异或使用较为高级的短语习语等来代替普通词汇,可以提高文章的得分档次。为写作增添色彩。请考生牢记并熟练运用下面的句式: 一. 邀请信 【篇首句】介绍自己,简要说明活动,并邀请对方。 1. I’m Wang Ming from YuWen School,the president of the Student Union. 我是来自育文学校的王明,学生会主席。 2. An English speaking contest of our school will be held on August 6. 我们学校有一场英语演讲比赛将在8月6号举行。 3. There will be a party in my garden on Sunday. 周日,在我的花园里会举行一场聚会。 4. I’d like to invite you to judge it.我想邀请你做它的裁判。 5. I’m writing to invite you to...我写信是邀请你...... 6. I wonder if you can come to...我想知道你是否能来...... 7. We sincerely hope you can attend it.我们真诚希望你能够参加。 8. It’s my pleasure/a great honour for me to invite you to...我很荣幸的邀请你...... 9. It’s a pity that you have to go back to America soon. So a farewell party for you will be held in the Sun Club this Saturday evening. Could you come at 6:00 pm? 很遗憾你不久就要回美国了。所以,这周六,在阳光俱乐部我们会为你举行一个欢送会。下午六点你能来吗? 【篇中句】介绍活动具体内容,并说明受邀人参加理由。 1.It will begin at 2:00 pm and last two hours, during which time 15 well-prepared contestants will deliver their speeches.它将于下午两点钟开始,四点钟结束,在此期间将会有十五位准备充分的参赛者发表演讲。 2. We will start at 8:00 am and arrive there at 9:00.我们将会在上午八点出发,九点到达那里。 3. During the afternoon, we’ll...together.下午,我们会一起...... 4. Remember to take water and lunch with you.记得带上水和午餐。 5. By the way, you may take Bus No. 322 in front of your apartment and it will take you directly to the club.顺便说一下,你可以乘坐你家公寓前的322路公交车,它会直接把你带到俱乐部。 6. I know you are a native speaker of English and an English teacher, and I, on behalf of our school, sincerely invite you to be part of the contest.我知道你的母语是英语,还是一个英语老师。我,代表我们学校,真诚的邀请你来比赛现场。 7. Since you are so eager to improve your English, it will prove to be a great chance. 既然你如此渴望提高英语,这会是一个很好的机会。 8. I’m sure that you will enjoy yourself there.我保证你在那里会过得很愉快。 【篇尾句】期待对方接受邀请,并期待对方尽快回复。 1. Will you be available during that time? Please contact me at 1234567 at your earliest convenience.那期间你有空吗?请方便时尽快给我打电话1234567。 2. Would you please let me know as soon as possible if you can accept my invitation? 请尽快告诉我你能否接受我的邀请好吗? 3. We will feel much honored if you could come.如果你能来,我们会非常荣幸。 4. We are looking forward to your coming.我们期待着你的到来。 5. I am longing to see you soon.我期待着尽早见到你。 二. 建议信 【篇首句】说明写信目的。 1. I'm sorry to hear that you are having trouble fitting in your new school. Such problems are quite normal. Perhaps the following suggestions are helpful.很遗憾听说你在适应新学校方面有困难。这样的问题是很正常的。可能下面的建议会有一些帮助。 2. I have received your letter saying you plan to play a visit to China for ten days next month. Perhaps the following suggestions are helpful to you.我已经收到了你的来信。信上说你打算下个月来参观中国十天。可能下面的建议对你是有帮助的。 3. I'm writing to you to present what I think on the further improvement of our hotel so as to attract more clients(顾客).我给你写信是想说明一下我对于进一步改善我们旅馆的一些想法,以吸引更多顾客。 4. You have asked me for my advice with regard to how to learn Chinese , and I will try to make some suggestions here.你关于如何学习汉语询问我的建议,那么我就在这里给出一些建议。 5. I'm very glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to fit in the new school life. Here are a few suggestions.很高兴收到你的来信,信上询问我关于如何适应新的学校生活。下面是我的一些建议。 6. I'm very glad to have received your e-mail. Now I'm writing to give you some advice on how to learn English well in high school.很高兴收到你的电子邮件。现在,关于如何在高中学好英语,我写信给你一些建议。 【篇中句】介绍详情、提出具体建议。 1. I'd like to suggest that...我想要建议...... 2. In my opinion,...在我看来,...... 3. If I were you, I would...如果我是你,我会...... 4. You'd better do.../not do...你最好/最好不...... 5. It's necessary for you to read some books about these places before you come to see them with your own eyes. With more knowledge about these places, you will have a better understanding of Chinese history and culture.在你来亲眼看到这些地方之前,你 有必要读一些关于这些地方的书。有了关于这些地方更多的知识,你将会更好的理解中国的历史和文化。 6. First of all, you should listen to the teacher carefully and take notes in class so that you can go over your lessons as soon as you can after class.首先,你应该认真听老师讲课。上课做好笔记,以便下课后可以及时复习。 7. As is known to all,vocabulary is of great importance. You should spend half an hour in the morning reciting words and reading texts aloud.众所周知,词汇是非常重要的。你应该早上花半个小时的时间背单词和朗读课文。 8. What’s more, try to communicate with your classmates in English out of class. Only in this way can you improve your listening and spoken English quickly. 还有,试着在课外用英语和同学交流。只有这样,你才能够很快的提高英语听力和口语。 9. Last but not least, you should develop the habit of keeping a diary, which helps improve your written English and helps you go over/review the words and expressions that you have learnt. 最后但也是很重要的一点是,你应该养成记日记的习惯,这会帮助你提高英语写作,也会帮助你复习学过的单词和短语。 【篇尾句】提出希望采纳建议,并祝福。 1. I hope these suggestions will be of use to you. Remember: where there is a will, there is a way(有志者事竟成).我希望这些建议会对你有用。记住:有志者事竟成。 2. I hope these suggestions will be of use to you. Remember: The man who has made up his mind to win will never say “impossible”(一个决心要成功的人从来不说“不可能”).我希望这些建议会对你有用。记住:一个决心要成功的人从来不说“不可能”。 3. Best wishes!(给你)最美好的祝愿! 4. I hope that my suggestions are helpful for you anyway. I would be more than happy to see improvement.无论如何,我希望这些建议对你有所帮助。我会非常高兴看到情况改善。 5. I believe that you will take my suggestions into serious account. Whatever you decide to do, good luck with your studies/work!我相信你会认真考虑我的建议。无论你决定做什么,祝你学习/工作好运。 6. I sincerely hope my advice will be some help for you. If there is more I can do to help, please let me know.我真诚的希望我的建议对你有一些帮助。如果有更多我可以帮忙的,请告诉我。 7. I hope you can take good consideration of my advice. I would be ready to discuss about this matter with you to further details.我希望你可以好好考虑我的建议。我准备好和你进一步讨论这件事情。 8. I sincerely hope my advice will be some help for you. I'm eager to see you soon in Beijing. Wish you in advance a pleasant trip to Beijing.我真诚的希望我的建议对你有一些帮助。很希望早点在北京见到你。提前祝你来北京之行愉快。 三. 口头通知 【篇首句】引起注意。 1. Hello, everybody/everyone. 2. Ladies and gentlemen. 3. May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. 请注意,好吗?我要通知一件事情。 4. Attention, please! I have something important to tell you. 请注意!我有重要的事情要告诉你们。 (此步句型虽少,但都是精华哦!) 【篇中句】主要内容。 1. There will be a party/speech/contest held by the English Department in the hall of the library on Saturday evening.周六晚上,在图书馆大厅,英语系将会举行一场聚会/演讲/比赛。 2. In order to welcome our friends from the United States, the Student Union will organize a party in the school hall on Saturday evening, August 15.为了欢迎我们来自美国的朋友,学生会将会在8月15号星期六晚上组织一场聚会。 3. Our school has decided to hold an activity to climb Xiangshan Hill this Sunday.我们学校决定这周六组织去爬香山。 4. It will begin at 5 pm and last about two hours.它将在下午5点开始,持续大约2个小时。 5. The school will arrange several buses to take us there. 学校会安排几辆公交车带我们去那。 6. There will colourful activities then, such as singing, dancing, exchanging gifts with one another and so on.到时会有丰富多彩的活动,比如唱歌、跳舞、互换礼物等等。 7. All the teachers and students are required to attend it. Please take your notebooks and make notes. Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups. 所有的老师和学生都被要求参加。请带上笔记本做笔记。请认真聆听,之后我们会有分组讨论。 【篇尾句】要求/邀请参加+注意事项。 1. Those who are interested in the activity are welcom.欢迎对此活动感兴趣的人参加。 2. Those who want to take part in it please sign up at the Student Union.想要参加的人请在学生会报名。 3. Please come and join in it. Everyone is welcom to attend it. 请来参加。每个人都是受欢迎的。 4. Remember to take your hats and gloves.记得带上你的帽子和手套。 5. Remember that we are required hats and water.记得我们被要求带帽子和水。 6. Please come on time and don’t be late. 请准时到来,不要迟到。 7. You might as well take a camera in case you want to take some photos of the beautiful scenery. 你不妨带个相机以防你想要给美丽的风景拍照。 8. Please pass on this message to those who are not here today.请把这个消息告诉不在场的人。 9. I hope that you will have a nice time there.我希望你在那里过得愉快。 10. I am sure you will have a good time there/then.我保证你在那里/到时会过得愉快。 11. I believe you will have a wonderful time then.我相信到时你会过得非常愉快。 12. I think you will enjoy it very much. 我想你会非常喜欢它的。 13. There's sure to be a lot of fun. Everyone is welcome.一定会有很多乐趣。大家都是受欢迎的。 14. Good luck.祝好运。 15. That's all. Thank you. 我说完了。谢谢! 四. 申请信 【篇首句】介绍自己,简要说明信息来源,并提出申请。 1. I'm Li Hua, from Class One, Senior Two.我是李华,来自高二一班。 2. I have read in the newspaper that a secretary is wanted in your company.我在报纸上看到你们公司在招聘一名秘书。 3. I read the announcement of the Experience Life that you have posted on the Internet and I am interested in it.我在网上看到你们发布的体验生活的消息,我对此很感兴趣。 4. I am extremly pleased to see your advertisement for an English tutor(家庭教师/助教)in the newspaper.我很高兴在报纸上看到你们招聘家庭教师/助教的广告。 5. I am writing to apply for the summer camp in your school. 我写信是想申请加入你们学校的夏令营。 6. I am writing to tell you that I'm suitable for the job you are advertising. 我写信是想告诉你,我适合做你们在广告上刊登的这份工作。 7. I am writing to inquire about the possibility of the job. 我写信是询问(我得到)这份工作的可能性。 8. I am writing to join the program.我写信是想加入这个项目。 9. I would like to apply for it during the summer vacation.我想要暑假申请它。 【篇中句】突出自己特点,具体说明胜任理由。 1. I think I'm qualified for the position. 我认为对于这个职位我是有资格的。 2. In the first place, I have strong written and spoken communication skills. 首先,我有很好的写作和交流技巧。 3. What's more, I am well acquainted with the western culture.(be acquainted with 熟悉) 而且,我非常熟悉西方文化。 4. Last but not the least, I have good personality, and I am independent in life. 最后但也是很重要的一点是,我有很好的性格,并且在生活中很独立。 5. I think it's of great use to me. For one thing, I can gain some experience for my future job; for another, I can make more friends.我认为它对我是有好处的。一则,我能够为未来的工作获得经验;二则,我可以交到更多的朋友。 6. I am sure I can do my best in the job.我保证在工作中会尽最大努力。 7. That's why I am applying for the position.那就是我申请这个职位的原因。 8. I hope I can join you. 我希望我能够加入你们。 【篇尾句】请求给予机会,期望尽快回复。 1. I will be much grateful if you can give me the opportunity. 如果你能给我这个机会,我会非常感激。 2. I hope you can offer me the opportunity.我希望你能提供给我这个机会。 3. I hope I can be accepted as a member of your summer camp. 我希望我能够成为你们夏令营的一员。 4. If you need to know more about me, please contact me at 189...... 如果你需要了解我更多,请给我打电话189...... 5. I am looking forward to your early reply.期待你的早日恢复。 6. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.期待早日收到你的来信。 五. 投诉信 【篇首句】介绍自己,说明写作目的:投诉。 1. I’m Li Hua. I feel bad to trouble you but I’m afraid that I have to make a complaint about your restaurant.我是李华。很不想给你添麻烦。但是,恐怕我不得不对你们餐馆进行投诉。 2. I’m writing to you to complain about...我写信是投诉...... 3. I want to express my dissatisfaction about the woolen scarf I bought from your company. 我想要表达我对从你们公司买的羊毛围巾的不满。 【篇中句】说明投诉问题、后果,并提出合理建议。 1. In the first place, the food is too salty and the water isn't served in time. In addition, the music you broadcast is too noisy. Under these circumstances, I find it hard to sit here having dinner quietly.首先,食物太咸,水没有及时端上来。而且,你们播放的音乐太吵了。在这样的环境下,我很难安静的坐在这里吃饭。 2. While I was on holiday in Hong Kong about a week ago, I bought a green shirt for 300 HK dollars in your shop, but there seems to be something wrong with it. When it's washed, it fades in colour. Now I can't wear it.大概一周前我在香港度假的时候,我在你们店里花300港元买了一件绿色衬衫,但是看上去似乎有一些状况。当被洗的时候,它会掉色。现在,我不能穿了。 3. It arrived on time the day before yesterday. But when I checked it, I found a hole in the middle. I was astonished because the hole was obvious and I didn't think you should neglect this deficiency(缺陷).它是前天按时到的。但是当我检查时,我发现中间有个洞。我很震惊,因为这个洞和明显,我认为你们不应该忽略这个缺陷。 4. I have dialed your service number for several times but it was always busy. 我多次拨打你们的服务电话,但它总是占线。 5. Now this problem keeps worrying me.现在这个问题一直在困扰我。 6. To improve the situation, you can take the following measures. 为了改善状况,你们可以采取下面的措施。 7. Can you change a new one for me as soon as possible?你们可以尽快给我换件新的吗? 8. I insist you change a new one for me or give me a refund(退款). 我坚持你们给我换件新的或者给我退款。 9. How shall I send this scarf back to you?我怎么把这条围巾寄还给你? 【篇尾句】希望给予考虑,并期待对方尽快回复。 1. Thanks for your consideration.感谢你的考虑。 2. I hope you will give due attention to this matter.我希望你给予此事应有的重视。 3. I believe you will take my complaint seriously.我相信你会认真考虑我的投诉。 4. I’ll appreciate it if my demand is met. 如果我的要求被满足,我会非常感激。 5. I’m looking forward to your early reply.期待着你早日答复。 六. 道歉信 1. 道歉信结构 道歉信通常包括三部分内容: 1.表示歉意,道歉的原由; 2.出现差错的原因,提出弥补措施; 3.请求原谅。语言要诚挚,解释的理由要真实。好的道歉信不仅会取得对方的谅解,还会增进彼此的感情。 2. 道歉信模板 Dear ______, ①I am truly sorry that ______(道歉的原因). ②The reason is that ______(介绍原因). ③Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. ④Hope you can accept my appologies and understand my situation. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 3. 道歉信中开头段常用句式和套话 I am writing this letter to express my regret…我写这封信是想表达我的遗憾...... I am writing to apologize for…我写信是为......道歉。 I would like to give you my apology for…我想为......向你道歉。 I am very sorry to say that…我很抱歉...... I must apologize about (not) doing sth…对于做了/没做......,我必须道歉。 Please accept my sincere apology for…请接受我对于......的真诚道歉。 I am writing to say sorry for…我写信是想对......说抱歉。 I am terribly sorry, but…我很抱歉,但是...... 4. 道歉信中结尾段常用句式和套话 Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused.我对于所造成的任何不便再次道歉。 Please allow me to say sorry again.请允许我再一次说抱歉。 Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation. 希望你们能够接受我的道歉,理解我的处境。 I sincerely hope that you will be able to think in my position and accept my apologies. 我真诚的希望你能够站在我的位置想一想,并且接受我的道歉。 I want to let you know how regretful I am feeling now. 我想让你知道我现在感觉多么的遗憾。 I am sorry that I can’t… but trust that you will be able to understand. 很抱歉我不能......,但我相信,你会理解的。 类型一 考查用词的精准 英语中有些单词容易混淆。有的发音相似,意义却截然不同;有的拼写相近,意思却相去甚远;有的貌似是反义词,实为同义词。如:?invaluable与?valuable同义,?principle与principal意思不同。书面表达中注意用词的精准。 例1.请在下面书面表达句子中选出合适的用词。 My?new?house?is?very for?the?office?as?I?can?get?there?in?five?minutes. A.?comfortable B.?suitable C.?available D.?convenient 【答案】D 【解析】comfortable 舒适的suitable 合适的?available可使用的,空闲的;convenient方便的。句意:我的新房子对上班来说很方便,因为我五分钟就能到。convenient方便的,为最精准用词。 变式训练 1:请在下面书面表达句子中选出合适的用词。 ?Nobody?is?able?to?explain?the of?this?commonly?used?expression. A.?reason B.?cause C. origin D.?beginning 变式训练 2: The?bus?company?ignores?the about?the?overcrowding?of?buses. A.?claims B.?complaints C.?objections D.?requests 变式训练 3: The?accused that?he?had?robbed?the?bank.. A.?refused B.?rejected C.?denied D.?declined 变式训练 4: ?I?shall the?loss?of?my?wallet?in?the?newspaper,?with?a?reward?for?the?finder. A. advertise B.?publish C.?announce D.?inform 变式训练 5: ?The?manager?went?ahead?with?his?unpopular?scheme, to?sharp?criticism。 A.?opposed B.?indifferent C.?sensitive D.?unaware 类型二 考查词组搭配恰当 动词与介词或副词的搭配是英语学习的一个难点,也一直是高考考查的重点。如:由?break构成的动词短语有20多个,意义千差万别。正确地理解高频动词的词义用法,并且掌握其搭配,能够提升考生的语言功底。恰当的动词及动词短语的使用,能使作文的表达生动活泼,准确地道,作文水平自然也会得到提升。 例2.Mr?Wilson?said?that?he?did?not?want?to any?further?responsibilities. A.?put?on B. get on C.?take on D.?look on 【答案】C 【解析】put?on穿上;get on上车,上马;进展,使前进; take on 呈现;?look on观看,旁观;看待。句意:威尔逊先生说他不想承担任何进一步的责任。take on 呈现,为最恰当的词组搭配。 变式训练6:The?destruction?of?these?treasures?was?a?loss?for?mankind?which?money?could?not . A.stand up to B. make up for C.come up with ?D.?put?up?with 变式训练7:The?student?was?just?about?to the?question?when?suddenly?he?found?the answer. A.arrive at B.?submit?to C.?work?out D. give?up 变式训练8:Young?children?soon words?they?hear?from?their?parents. A.put up B.?pick?up C.?turn?up D.?use?up 变式训练9:?If?you?suspect?the?illness?might?be?serious,?you?should?not going to the doctor. A.?set?about B.?break?down C.?call?for D.?put?off 变式训练10:Obviously,?the?lazy?girl?would?never her?teacher's expectation. A.?live?up?to B.?face?up?to C.?come?up?to D. stand up to 类型三 考查句式的简洁 中文经常通过重复表示强调或表达情感,而英文则比较简练。比如中文的“应该向老年人学习,老年人也应该向年轻人学习”,英语则是:"?The?young?should from?the?old?and?vice?versa."一篇优秀作文一定是语言精练,表达准确的文章。 例3.请修改下面句子成简练准确地表达。 In?the?book?it?tells?about?a?spring?when no birds sings . 变式训练11: 请修改下面句子成简练准确地表达。 I?offered?the?tickets?of?the?concert?to?the?students?to?use?on?Saturday. 变式训练12: 请修改下面句子成简练准确地表达。 Speech?is?silver,?and?silence?is?gold。 类型四 考查句式的表意清晰 作文中经常出现表意模糊的情况。这种情况,或者是由于某个单词有多个义项,在语境中有多种理解;或者是由于语法概念或者修饰关系的混乱造成理解上的偏差;或者由于上下文的语意缺失造成逻辑的不连贯。相反,优秀的作文一定语意精准,逻辑清晰,读起来酣畅流离。 例4.请找出句子中均有模糊不清的情况:The?monkeys?amused?the?people?in?cages?at?the?zoo. 【答案提示】谁在笼子里?猴子还是人们? 变式训练13: 请找出句子中均有模糊不清的情况: 1.?A?shark?may?attack?a?man?that?is?hungry. 2.?People?should?not?sit?near?electrical?appliance?in?the?bathtub. 3.The?police?were?ordered?to?stop?drinking?in?the?park. 4.?Flying?planes?can?be?very?dangerous. 5.?Cathy?did?not?marry?Frank?because?he?was?rich. (2018·石家庄市一模)假定你是李华,你所在的校运动俱采部将面向外国朋友开设太极(?Tai?Chi)课,请写一封邮件,邀请你校的英国交换生?Ieter参加,要点如下: 1、 上课时间与地点 2、报名的截止日期 注意:1、词数100 2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 Dear?Peter, Yours Li?Hua (2018·桂林市、百色市、崇左市联考)假如你是李华,下个月8号是你的加拿大笔友?Smith的生日,你给他寄了200克中国绿茶作为礼物。请你给他写一封信,要点如下 1.向他表达生日祝福; 2.介绍中国的茶文化(4000多年历史、种类繁多、好处等); 3.希望他将来有机会来中国体验茶文化;请他介绍加拿大咖啡文化. 注意 1.词数100左右(开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数); 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear?Smith How?time?flies! Yours. Li?Hua (2018·合肥市第二次教学质量检测)假定你是李华,你的英国网友?Peter来信说他对中国家族文化很感兴趣,想进步了解。请你给他回信,内容包括 1.家族文化的重要性; 2.传统观念(光宗耀祖、尊祖敬宗等); 3.新时代价值(不少于两点); 4.好书推荐:?Customs?and?Traditions?of?China 注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 (2018.福建省莆田第六中学高三月考英语)假定你是你校学生会主席李华,上周你校组织一个文化交流团到英国某高中进行文化交流;现已回国,请你代表你校交流团给英国活动负责人David写一封信,内容包括: 1. 感谢对方的招待; 2. 此行的体验和收获; 3. 邀请对方暑假来中国体验中国文化。 注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear David, ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua 1 第36讲 应用文写作(解析版) 近五年全国卷的书面表达,基本都是提纲形式的书信体。此类书面表达在涉外交流或需要使用英语的具体语境中,能够体现岀邀请、咨询、求助、道歉、宣传等交际功能,联系考生日常生活,反映中外文化特色。此类题目一般会给出特定的情境,要求考生据此写一封书信,来解决一件涉外交流的事件。题目要求中往往会提供二至三条具体的写作要点并给出一些注意事项,允许考生适当发挥。因此此类题目有一定的局限性,但也有相对的开放性。文章话题贴近考生生活,旨在解决具体问题,令考生有话可说,也有机会把话说好。这既考查了考生的基础写作能力,又拓展了考生的能力空间。特别需要指出的是,这两年高考书面表达变过去高考命题的”介绍与英语学习有关的英美文化习俗及风土人情"为"全方位、大纵深介绍中国优秀传统文化习俗”,这是高考命题的方向性变化,其目的显而易见:凸显中国元素,唤起中华民族的民族自信,让中国走向世界,让世界全方位地了解中国。这也与“民族情怀,国际视野,跨文化交流”的核心素养紧紧相连。 一、真题透析: ★【2018·全国I】假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗。请你回复邮件。内容包括: (1).到达时间; (2).合适的礼物; (3).餐桌礼仪 注意: 1.词数100 左右 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【审题指导】 这是一篇介绍中国传统风俗习惯的提纲式回复询问信。 注意写作时应用第一、第二人称,时态以一般现在时为主。 可分三部分来写: 第一段(点题):表明已收到对方来信+写信目的; 第二段(主体):重点回复对方来信当中涉及的到中国家庭做客要注意的几个问题,注意按照题干要点逐一解释,不要遗漏; 第三段(结尾):期待自己的解答能让对方满意。 【参考范文】 Dear?Terry, I’m?more?than?delighted?to?know?you?were?invited?to?a Chinese?dinner?party.?It's?really?a?good? opportunity that?can't?bemissed?to?experience?Chinese?culture.??Here?comes?some? relevant on?that?you?are?deeply?concerned?about. First?of?all,?you're?expected?to?arrive?on?time?because?it's polite?to?be?punctual?in?China.?In? addition,it’s a good idea to bring?a?small?gift,?such?as?a?bunch?of?flowers?or?a?box?of? chocolates if?they?have?young?children.?Most?importantly,?the?elderly?are usually?the?first?to taste?the?food?served?on?the?table?because?they are?well?respected?in?China.?Last?but?not? least,?enjoying?eve dish?means?you?really?appreciate?what?your?friend?has?done?and don't?forget?to?praise?your?friend?for?the?delicious?food?he?offers. ?I?hope?my?suggestions?will?be?of?benefit?to?you.?May?you?have a great?time. Yours Li?Hua 【文采拾贝】 文中高级词汇和地道表达层出不穷,长短句交错使用,从句和非谓语动词频现,语言丰富,表情达意到位,情感真切。 具体亮点如下 1脉络清晰的逻辑表达:?first?of?all,?in?addition,?most?importantly,?last?but?not?least。 2.可圈可点的从句:①①为定语从句;②中包含定语从句;③3为主语从句;⑥为宾语从句。 3.独具特色的特殊句式:②为倒装句;③中it为形式主语。 4.点石成金的非谓语:④为非谓语动词短语作后置定语;⑤为动名词短语作主语。 ★【2018·石家庄市高三教学质检】假如你是李华,获悉你校英语学习社团准备创办一份中学生英文校刊以促进大家的英语学习,请你用英语给社团负责人Sith先生写一封信,一来表达你得知此事的喜悦心情,二来提出你喜欢的栏目( column)并简要说明理由。 注意:1.词数100左右 2.信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数 【审题指导】 这是一篇介绍中国传统风俗习惯的提纲式回复询问信。 注意写作时应用第一、第二人称,时态以一般现在时为主。 可分三部分来写: 第一段(点题):表明已收到对方来信+写信目的; 第二段(主体):重点回复对方来信当中涉及的到中国家庭做客要注意的几个问题,注意按照题干要点逐一解释,不要遗漏; 第三段(结尾):期待自己的解答能让对方满意。 【参考范文】 Dear Mr. Smith, I am very excited to learn that our English learning club is going to start an English magazine. It is indeed a wonderful idea and I'm sure it will make a success.I think it should be best if the school magazine would have 3 columns, such as School News, Teachers' Advice and Students' Voice. From the School News Column we can learn bout what is going on in our school. In Teachers' Adviceour teachers can give us advice on how to learn English more efficiently. Students' Voice will offer us a space to freely express our thoughts and feelings about our lives and studies. I believe this magazine will surely benefit us, and I am looking forward to reading it. Yours sincerely Li Hua 【文采拾贝】 文中高级词汇并没有过多应用,但语言准确,过渡自然,表达到位,情感真切,符合应用文传情达意的初衷,也不失为一篇好文章。 二、审题定点,运筹帷幄 高考书面表达的审题谋篇是取得高分的第一步,不管是提纲信息类作文,图表类作文,还是(半)开放作文,都要做到定体,定人称,定时态,定要点及定结构。做好以上内容的整体布局和策划是一篇优秀习作的必经之路。 技能1 写作思路要顺畅 (1) 认真审题,分析提纲或者图画(图表)内容,明确文聱的写作主题,并确定文章的体裁、人称、时态、结构及要点等五大基本要素。 (2)根据提纲或图画(图表)内容,确定文章的段落层次。 (3)收集与主题相符,能支持主题的具体内容材料。 (4)理清段落与段落,层次与层次之间的过渡、衔接关系和方式。 (5)确定能体现主题、简单明了、发人深思的结尾方式。 技能2 篇章结构需谋划 (1) 注意篇章结构,合理布局。 开始部分一说出文中的要点、核心问题; 正文部分一围绕主题开展叙述或讨论; 结尾部分一对全文的总结和概括。 (2) 确定主题句 主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,然后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。 技能3写作要点巧表述 (1) 提纲要点化 根据信息的提示,列全需要写作的内容要点,确保无遗漏,这是考生能够拿到基本分的关键。 (2) 要点句式化 将要点扩展成精确的句子,这是体现写作水平的关键一环,同时也是最重要的“增分点”。坚决避免英语汉语化和句式的单一化,在保证正确的前提下,尽可能使用高级词汇、层次感比较丰富的复杂句式。 3) 连句成文 在“要点齐全、较高级词汇的使用以及句式丰富”都做好的前提下,加人引入话题的开篇句、承上启下的过渡句以及紧扣主题的结束句写作任务基本完成。 (3) 整理誉写 写作过程中,确保书写工整、态度认真,保证卷面的整洁,避免出现由于书写问题而造成的失分现象。 三、增加细节的高分技巧 微技能1列举具体的实例进行补充说明 1.(2018·全国1书面表达)此外,你最好带一些小礼物。 Besides,?you?'d?better?bring?some?little?gifts. →Besides,?you'd?better?bring?some?little?gifts,?such?as?a special?food?or?drink?from?your country. 2.(2018·广州综合检测二书面米选)我想大体上介绍一下中国的传统文化。I'd?like?to?talk?briefly?about?Chinese?traditional?culture. →I'?d?like?to?talk?briefly?about?Chinese?traditional culture,?especially?Chinese?painting. 3.我要花一些时间和父母在一起。 I'lI?spend?some?time?staying?with?my?parents. →I'll?spend?some?time?staying?with?my?parents,?chatting with?them?and?doing?some?housework.. 4.我想找一个像我一样喜欢旅行的笔友。 I'd?like?to?seek?a?pen?pal?who?is?interested?in?traveling just?like?me. →I'd?like?to?seek?a?pen?pal?who?is?interested?in?travelingjust?like?me.?If?possible,?we?can?travel? together?or?share traveling?experiences. 5.我是一个充满活力的健康男孩,我非常喜欢体育运动。 I?am?a?healthy?boy?full?of?energy?so?I?like?sports?very much. →I?am?a?healthy?boy?full?of?energy?so?I?like?sports?verymuch,?especially?outdoor?activities. ?Whenever?I?have?time I'll?go?hiking?or?mountain?climbing?with?my?classmates. 6.(2018·郑州第一次质量预测) 现在,我想与你分享春节的一些传统风俗习惯。 Now,?I'd?like?to?share?with?you?some?traditional?customsof?the?Spring?Festival. →Now,?I'd?like?to?share?with?you?some?traditiocustoms?of?the?Spring?Festival,?the?most?important festival in?China. 【题组过关1】根据括号内提示完成句子. 1. The?Internet?is?playing?a?more?and?more?important?part?in our?daily?life. (我们不仅能阅读国内外的新闻),?but?also get?information,?send?emails?and?attend?on-line?schools. 2.?Laura?is?a?standard?American?style. (她说一口完美的美式英语),?and?that’s why?I?am?crazy?about?her. 3.However,?it?seems?people?are?unaware?of?the?negative effects?of?mobile?phones?on ?communication. (比如,很多人越来越不重视面对面的交流)。 4.?However,every?coin?has?two?sides,?so?does?the?Internet. (比如,沉溺于网络也许会影响我们的学习和工作). 【答案】1.We can not only read news from home and abroad. 2.She speaks perfect American English. 3. For example,many people begin to pay less attention to face-to-face communication. 4. For example, being lost in the Internet may affect our study and work. 微技能2增添与所写信息相关的神态、动作、结果、心理描写以及背景渲染等内容。 1.(2018·日照检测书面表达)当我们爬山时所有人都捡些垃圾。 All?of?us?picked?up?the?rubbish?as?we?climbed?up. →All?of?us?picked?up?the?rubbish?as?we?climbed?up helping?to?beautify?the?scenery.(结果描写) 2.我有时去村西的小河游泳。 I?went?swimming?in?the?river?of?the?west?of?the?village now?and?then. →I?went?swimming?in?the?river?of?the?west?of?the?village?now and?then.?The?water?in?the?river?is ?very?clear.(背景渲染) →Weather?permitting,?I?went?swimming?in?the?river?of?the west?of?the?village?now?and?then.(相关背景) 3.旅行了一周后,他回到了家。 After?a?week's?trip,?he?returned?home. →After?a?week's?trip,?he?returned?home,?tired?but?very happy.(心理描写) 【题组过关2】根据括号内提示完成句子 1. (考虑到这项活动很有意义).we?intend?to?design?a?uniform?suited?to?our?own class. 2. I'II?try?my?best?to?make your uncle happy here. (我热切地期盼看他来我们城市参观)。 3.At?that?moment,?I?became?the?focus?of?the?whole?class and (充满了自豪和自信). 4.?Finally,?I?would?like?to?ask?a?few?questions?about?his personal?life, (这一定很有趣). 5.(2018·河北五个一名校联盟) (从你的信中得知你已被剑桥大学录取),I’m more than?glad?to?write?to?offer?my?warmest?congratulations. 【答案】 1. Considering the activity is of grear value / is meaningful 2. I am engerly looking forward to his visit to our city 3. was full of great pride and confidence 4. which must be very interesting 5. Knowing you have been admitted to the University of Cambridge from your letter 微技能3增加相关信息的时间、地点等内容。 1.(2018·东北三省四市教研二模)作为一个传统,中国学生总是向老师表达感激之情。 Chinese?students?always?like?to?express?gratitude?to?their teachers?as?a?tradition. →With?Teacher's?Day?approaching,?Chinese?students always?like?to?express?gratitude?to?their? teachers?as?a tradition.(增加时间) 2. 我要和父母一起去超市购物。 I'm?going?to?do?some?shopping?with?my?parents?in?the supermarket. →I'm?going?to?do?some?shopping?with?my?parents?in?the supermarket?and?won't?be?back?until about?5:?00?in?the afternoon.(增加时间) 3.我已经带来了你让我归还的两本书。 I?have?taken?with?me?the?two?books?you?asked?me?to return. →I?have?taken?with?me?the?two?books?you?asked?me?to return?to?the?City?Library.(增加地点) 【题组过关3】根据括号内提示完成句子。 1. (几分钟过去了)?but?the whole?class?was?in?complete?silence. 2. The?Chinese?Silk?Road (起源于今天的西安, 最后到达的东海岸)?the?Mediterranean,is well-known?to?the?world. 3.?I?was?attracted?by?the?beauty?of?the?city (……就……)?I?arrived?here?at 6 o'?clock?in the?morning?by?plane. 4.(2018·东北三省四市二模书面表达)I’?d?like?to?invite you?to?attend?our?class?meeting?next? week (如果你有空). 【答案】 1.Several minutes passed 2. which starts from today 's Xi’ an and finally finishes at the east coast of 3. the moment/immediately/as soon as/ directly 4. if you are available 微技能4 适当增加与所给信息相关的原因、条件、让步、手段、目的等内容。 1.(2018·昆明质检)不久我将成为成年人。 It?won't?be?long?before?I?become?an?adult. →It?won't?be?long?before?I?become?an?adult,?so?I?feel?very excited?as?well?as?a?bit?nervous. 2.(2018·兰州模拟)我们城市将在下个月15至30号举办丝绸之路国际艺术节(?Silk?Road International?Arts?Festival)。 The?Silk?Road?International?Arts?Festival?will?be?held?in our?city?from?15th?to?30th?next?month →Aimed?to?promote?international?cultural?exchange?andcooperation?among?countries?along ?the?Silk?Road,the Silk Road?International?Arts?Festival?will?be?held?in?our?city from15th to30 th? next?month.(分词作状语) 3. 假设你是李华,你的英国笔友?Henry最近来信询问你高考后的暑假安排。请根据下面要点写一封回信,说明你的计划,并简述理由。①休息;读书;②参加社会活动 I?need?a?good?rest.?I'Il?do?some?reading. →I?need?a?good?rest?because?I?do?feel?tired?after?the?hardwork?of?all?these?years.?Of?course,?I'll? do?some?reading?for fun,?and?for?knowledge?as?well.(因果关系) I'll?take?part?in?some?social?activities. →If?I?have?free?time,?I'lI?take?part?in?some?social activities.(条件状语) →?If?possible,I’ll take?part?in?some?social?activities.(条件状语) →If?possible,?I'lI?take?part?in?some?social?activities?so that/in?order?that?I?can?know?more ?about? the?society.?(目的状语) 4.Tacy来电话说和你在咖啡屋(?Bolton?Coffee)的见面取消。 →Tracy?called,?saying?that?she?couldn't?meet?you?at?Bolton Coffee. →Tracy?called,?saying?that?she?couldn't?meet?you?at?BoltonCoffee?as?she?has?something?important? to?do.(原因状语) 5.我也帮助邻里的孩子补习英语。 I?also?helped?children?in?the?neighborhood?with?their English?lessons. →I?also?helped?children?in?the?neighborhood?with?their English?lessons.?To?my?joy,?they?made? rapid progress?and their?parents?thought?highly?of?me.(增添结果) 【题组过关4】根据括号内提示完成句子 1.We?were?happy?and?returned?home (我们捡完所有的垃圾之后). 2.I?often?join?in?many?activities (来和其他同学交流开拓我的视野). 3. (众所周知),?Earth Hour?is?an?activity?which?aims?at?saving?energy. 4.(2018·新疆第一次适应性考试) (为了帮助人们了解更多的中国传统文化),?our?school?is?intended?to hold?a?series?of?activities. 【答案】 1. after we had finished collecting all the rubbish 2. in order to communicate with other students and broaden my eye 3. As is known to all of us 4.To help people learn more about Chinese traditional culture 微技能5 结尾适当发挥,写出个人感受、评价、希望、倡议等。 1.?Although?I?was?very?tired?this?summer?holiday,?I?felt?very happy?for?what?I?did.(个人感受) 2.?I?think?such?activities?are?necessary?and?meaningful.?(评价) 3.(2018·新疆第一次适应性测试)?We?hold?the?firm belief?that?the?visitors?will?know?more?about ?Chinese?traditional culture?and?at?the?same?time?enjoy?the?beauty?of?it.?(希望) 4.As?a?student,?it's?our?duty?to?protect?our?school?environment and?make?it?clean.(倡议) 【题组过关5】根据括号内提示完成句子 1. (作为一个专业的篮球运动员),?he?is?one?of?China'?s?best- known?athletes. 2.I?think?Beijing (非常值得再次参观). 3.?In?my?view, (不管互联网多么吸引人),?it?shouldn'?t?separate?us?from our loved?ones. 4. (通过这个实验我们得出一个结论):?the?temperature?doesn’t change?when?ice?is?melting?into?water. 5.Let's?develop?good?habits?of?saving?energy?in?our?daily life?and (尽力为我们的环境做出更多贡献). 【答案】 1. As a professional basketball player 2. is well worth a second visit 3. no matter how attractive the Internet is 4. We drew a conclusion through the experiment 5. try to make more contributions to our environment 应用文包含邀请信、建议信、口头通知、申请信、投诉信和道歉信等,考生应主要注意这些文体的篇章布局和首段、中段、尾段涉及到的重要句型,减少不必要的失分。从书面表达的评分标准中可以看出:恰当选用贴切、地道的高级词汇对提高书面表达的得分非常重要。写作时恰当使用一些大多数考生有可能想不到的词汇,恰当地求新求异或使用较为高级的短语习语等来代替普通词汇,可以提高文章的得分档次。为写作增添色彩。请考生牢记并熟练运用下面的句式: 一. 邀请信 【篇首句】介绍自己,简要说明活动,并邀请对方。 1. I’m Wang Ming from YuWen School,the president of the Student Union. 我是来自育文学校的王明,学生会主席。 2. An English speaking contest of our school will be held on August 6. 我们学校有一场英语演讲比赛将在8月6号举行。 3. There will be a party in my garden on Sunday. 周日,在我的花园里会举行一场聚会。 4. I’d like to invite you to judge it.我想邀请你做它的裁判。 5. I’m writing to invite you to...我写信是邀请你...... 6. I wonder if you can come to...我想知道你是否能来...... 7. We sincerely hope you can attend it.我们真诚希望你能够参加。 8. It’s my pleasure/a great honour for me to invite you to...我很荣幸的邀请你...... 9. It’s a pity that you have to go back to America soon. So a farewell party for you will be held in the Sun Club this Saturday evening. Could you come at 6:00 pm? 很遗憾你不久就要回美国了。所以,这周六,在阳光俱乐部我们会为你举行一个欢送会。下午六点你能来吗? 【篇中句】介绍活动具体内容,并说明受邀人参加理由。 1.It will begin at 2:00 pm and last two hours, during which time 15 well-prepared contestants will deliver their speeches.它将于下午两点钟开始,四点钟结束,在此期间将会有十五位准备充分的参赛者发表演讲。 2. We will start at 8:00 am and arrive there at 9:00.我们将会在上午八点出发,九点到达那里。 3. During the afternoon, we’ll...together.下午,我们会一起...... 4. Remember to take water and lunch with you.记得带上水和午餐。 5. By the way, you may take Bus No. 322 in front of your apartment and it will take you directly to the club.顺便说一下,你可以乘坐你家公寓前的322路公交车,它会直接把你带到俱乐部。 6. I know you are a native speaker of English and an English teacher, and I, on behalf of our school, sincerely invite you to be part of the contest.我知道你的母语是英语,还是一个英语老师。我,代表我们学校,真诚的邀请你来比赛现场。 7. Since you are so eager to improve your English, it will prove to be a great chance. 既然你如此渴望提高英语,这会是一个很好的机会。 8. I’m sure that you will enjoy yourself there.我保证你在那里会过得很愉快。 【篇尾句】期待对方接受邀请,并期待对方尽快回复。 1. Will you be available during that time? Please contact me at 1234567 at your earliest convenience.那期间你有空吗?请方便时尽快给我打电话1234567。 2. Would you please let me know as soon as possible if you can accept my invitation? 请尽快告诉我你能否接受我的邀请好吗? 3. We will feel much honored if you could come.如果你能来,我们会非常荣幸。 4. We are looking forward to your coming.我们期待着你的到来。 5. I am longing to see you soon.我期待着尽早见到你。 二. 建议信 【篇首句】说明写信目的。 1. I'm sorry to hear that you are having trouble fitting in your new school. Such problems are quite normal. Perhaps the following suggestions are helpful.很遗憾听说你在适应新学校方面有困难。这样的问题是很正常的。可能下面的建议会有一些帮助。 2. I have received your letter saying you plan to play a visit to China for ten days next month. Perhaps the following suggestions are helpful to you.我已经收到了你的来信。信上说你打算下个月来参观中国十天。可能下面的建议对你是有帮助的。 3. I'm writing to you to present what I think on the further improvement of our hotel so as to attract more clients(顾客).我给你写信是想说明一下我对于进一步改善我们旅馆的一些想法,以吸引更多顾客。 4. You have asked me for my advice with regard to how to learn Chinese , and I will try to make some suggestions here.你关于如何学习汉语询问我的建议,那么我就在这里给出一些建议。 5. I'm very glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to fit in the new school life. Here are a few suggestions.很高兴收到你的来信,信上询问我关于如何适应新的学校生活。下面是我的一些建议。 6. I'm very glad to have received your e-mail. Now I'm writing to give you some advice on how to learn English well in high school.很高兴收到你的电子邮件。现在,关于如何在高中学好英语,我写信给你一些建议。 【篇中句】介绍详情、提出具体建议。 1. I'd like to suggest that...我想要建议...... 2. In my opinion,...在我看来,...... 3. If I were you, I would...如果我是你,我会...... 4. You'd better do.../not do...你最好/最好不...... 5. It's necessary for you to read some books about these places before you come to see them with your own eyes. With more knowledge about these places, you will have a better understanding of Chinese history and culture.在你来亲眼看到这些地方之前,你 有必要读一些关于这些地方的书。有了关于这些地方更多的知识,你将会更好的理解中国的历史和文化。 6. First of all, you should listen to the teacher carefully and take notes in class so that you can go over your lessons as soon as you can after class.首先,你应该认真听老师讲课。上课做好笔记,以便下课后可以及时复习。 7. As is known to all,vocabulary is of great importance. You should spend half an hour in the morning reciting words and reading texts aloud.众所周知,词汇是非常重要的。你应该早上花半个小时的时间背单词和朗读课文。 8. What’s more, try to communicate with your classmates in English out of class. Only in this way can you improve your listening and spoken English quickly. 还有,试着在课外用英语和同学交流。只有这样,你才能够很快的提高英语听力和口语。 9. Last but not least, you should develop the habit of keeping a diary, which helps improve your written English and helps you go over/review the words and expressions that you have learnt. 最后但也是很重要的一点是,你应该养成记日记的习惯,这会帮助你提高英语写作,也会帮助你复习学过的单词和短语。 【篇尾句】提出希望采纳建议,并祝福。 1. I hope these suggestions will be of use to you. Remember: where there is a will, there is a way(有志者事竟成).我希望这些建议会对你有用。记住:有志者事竟成。 2. I hope these suggestions will be of use to you. Remember: The man who has made up his mind to win will never say “impossible”(一个决心要成功的人从来不说“不可能”).我希望这些建议会对你有用。记住:一个决心要成功的人从来不说“不可能”。 3. Best wishes!(给你)最美好的祝愿! 4. I hope that my suggestions are helpful for you anyway. I would be more than happy to see improvement.无论如何,我希望这些建议对你有所帮助。我会非常高兴看到情况改善。 5. I believe that you will take my suggestions into serious account. Whatever you decide to do, good luck with your studies/work!我相信你会认真考虑我的建议。无论你决定做什么,祝你学习/工作好运。 6. I sincerely hope my advice will be some help for you. If there is more I can do to help, please let me know.我真诚的希望我的建议对你有一些帮助。如果有更多我可以帮忙的,请告诉我。 7. I hope you can take good consideration of my advice. I would be ready to discuss about this matter with you to further details.我希望你可以好好考虑我的建议。我准备好和你进一步讨论这件事情。 8. I sincerely hope my advice will be some help for you. I'm eager to see you soon in Beijing. Wish you in advance a pleasant trip to Beijing.我真诚的希望我的建议对你有一些帮助。很希望早点在北京见到你。提前祝你来北京之行愉快。 三. 口头通知 【篇首句】引起注意。 1. Hello, everybody/everyone. 2. Ladies and gentlemen. 3. May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. 请注意,好吗?我要通知一件事情。 4. Attention, please! I have something important to tell you. 请注意!我有重要的事情要告诉你们。 (此步句型虽少,但都是精华哦!) 【篇中句】主要内容。 1. There will be a party/speech/contest held by the English Department in the hall of the library on Saturday evening.周六晚上,在图书馆大厅,英语系将会举行一场聚会/演讲/比赛。 2. In order to welcome our friends from the United States, the Student Union will organize a party in the school hall on Saturday evening, August 15.为了欢迎我们来自美国的朋友,学生会将会在8月15号星期六晚上组织一场聚会。 3. Our school has decided to hold an activity to climb Xiangshan Hill this Sunday.我们学校决定这周六组织去爬香山。 4. It will begin at 5 pm and last about two hours.它将在下午5点开始,持续大约2个小时。 5. The school will arrange several buses to take us there. 学校会安排几辆公交车带我们去那。 6. There will colourful activities then, such as singing, dancing, exchanging gifts with one another and so on.到时会有丰富多彩的活动,比如唱歌、跳舞、互换礼物等等。 7. All the teachers and students are required to attend it. Please take your notebooks and make notes. Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups. 所有的老师和学生都被要求参加。请带上笔记本做笔记。请认真聆听,之后我们会有分组讨论。 【篇尾句】要求/邀请参加+注意事项。 1. Those who are interested in the activity are welcom.欢迎对此活动感兴趣的人参加。 2. Those who want to take part in it please sign up at the Student Union.想要参加的人请在学生会报名。 3. Please come and join in it. Everyone is welcom to attend it. 请来参加。每个人都是受欢迎的。 4. Remember to take your hats and gloves.记得带上你的帽子和手套。 5. Remember that we are required hats and water.记得我们被要求带帽子和水。 6. Please come on time and don’t be late. 请准时到来,不要迟到。 7. You might as well take a camera in case you want to take some photos of the beautiful scenery. 你不妨带个相机以防你想要给美丽的风景拍照。 8. Please pass on this message to those who are not here today.请把这个消息告诉不在场的人。 9. I hope that you will have a nice time there.我希望你在那里过得愉快。 10. I am sure you will have a good time there/then.我保证你在那里/到时会过得愉快。 11. I believe you will have a wonderful time then.我相信到时你会过得非常愉快。 12. I think you will enjoy it very much. 我想你会非常喜欢它的。 13. There's sure to be a lot of fun. Everyone is welcome.一定会有很多乐趣。大家都是受欢迎的。 14. Good luck.祝好运。 15. That's all. Thank you. 我说完了。谢谢! 四. 申请信 【篇首句】介绍自己,简要说明信息来源,并提出申请。 1. I'm Li Hua, from Class One, Senior Two.我是李华,来自高二一班。 2. I have read in the newspaper that a secretary is wanted in your company.我在报纸上看到你们公司在招聘一名秘书。 3. I read the announcement of the Experience Life that you have posted on the Internet and I am interested in it.我在网上看到你们发布的体验生活的消息,我对此很感兴趣。 4. I am extremly pleased to see your advertisement for an English tutor(家庭教师/助教)in the newspaper.我很高兴在报纸上看到你们招聘家庭教师/助教的广告。 5. I am writing to apply for the summer camp in your school. 我写信是想申请加入你们学校的夏令营。 6. I am writing to tell you that I'm suitable for the job you are advertising. 我写信是想告诉你,我适合做你们在广告上刊登的这份工作。 7. I am writing to inquire about the possibility of the job. 我写信是询问(我得到)这份工作的可能性。 8. I am writing to join the program.我写信是想加入这个项目。 9. I would like to apply for it during the summer vacation.我想要暑假申请它。 【篇中句】突出自己特点,具体说明胜任理由。 1. I think I'm qualified for the position. 我认为对于这个职位我是有资格的。 2. In the first place, I have strong written and spoken communication skills. 首先,我有很好的写作和交流技巧。 3. What's more, I am well acquainted with the western culture.(be acquainted with 熟悉) 而且,我非常熟悉西方文化。 4. Last but not the least, I have good personality, and I am independent in life. 最后但也是很重要的一点是,我有很好的性格,并且在生活中很独立。 5. I think it's of great use to me. For one thing, I can gain some experience for my future job; for another, I can make more friends.我认为它对我是有好处的。一则,我能够为未来的工作获得经验;二则,我可以交到更多的朋友。 6. I am sure I can do my best in the job.我保证在工作中会尽最大努力。 7. That's why I am applying for the position.那就是我申请这个职位的原因。 8. I hope I can join you. 我希望我能够加入你们。 【篇尾句】请求给予机会,期望尽快回复。 1. I will be much grateful if you can give me the opportunity. 如果你能给我这个机会,我会非常感激。 2. I hope you can offer me the opportunity.我希望你能提供给我这个机会。 3. I hope I can be accepted as a member of your summer camp. 我希望我能够成为你们夏令营的一员。 4. If you need to know more about me, please contact me at 189...... 如果你需要了解我更多,请给我打电话189...... 5. I am looking forward to your early reply.期待你的早日恢复。 6. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.期待早日收到你的来信。 五. 投诉信 【篇首句】介绍自己,说明写作目的:投诉。 1. I’m Li Hua. I feel bad to trouble you but I’m afraid that I have to make a complaint about your restaurant.我是李华。很不想给你添麻烦。但是,恐怕我不得不对你们餐馆进行投诉。 2. I’m writing to you to complain about...我写信是投诉...... 3. I want to express my dissatisfaction about the woolen scarf I bought from your company. 我想要表达我对从你们公司买的羊毛围巾的不满。 【篇中句】说明投诉问题、后果?
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