[ID:4-4874849] [精]高考一轮复习学案 第13讲 并列复合句(解析版+原卷版)
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第 13 讲 并列复合句(原卷版) 2018年高考英语考试大纲对语言知识的考查中明确规定:要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),其中附录2语法项目表第18个条目就是并列复合句。通过对近几年全国课标卷的研究发现,语篇型填空和短文改错中体现了对并列连词和并列句的考查。其中在语篇型填空中对其考查形式都为无提示词型填空。这就要求教师在学生备考阶段做出科学有效的指导,抓住考点、难点、易错点,有的放矢,针对性精讲精练。 Not only had Niu Lang lost his parents, but (also) [1]he was often bullied by his elder brother. What he only had was an old and weak cattle, but[2] he took good care of it. Other men at his age had children already, while[3] Niu Lang didn’t get married yet. One day, the cattle said unexpectedly, “I’d like to help you, for[4]you have attended me so carefully. Follow me, and[5]you will get a wife!” So Niu Lang went to the bank while several beautiful fairies were bathing in the river. Then he did as the animal told him, hiding the youngest fairy’s clothes away and[6] telling her, “I am afraid that you will either lose your clothes or[7]marry me.” As a result, the youngest fairy Zhinv became his wife. Both Niu Lang and[8]Zhinv lived happily. However, the Goddess of Heaven was angry with her granddaughter marrying a human, so[9]she said to Zhinv, “Go back to heaven, otherwise[10]I will punish you!” Hearing this, Zhinv was not delighted but[11]worried. Niu Lang was about to run after them anxiously when[12]the Goddess of Heaven was making the Milky Way with her hair adornment (发簪) to stop him. Neither Zhinv nor[13]Niu Lang was happy, as they missed each other so much. Seeing this, the Goddess of Heaven let them cross the Milky Way to meet once a year with the help of magpies. 【深思熟虑】 1. not only…but also表示“不但……而且……”,用于连接两个性质相同的词、短语或句子。为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装。 2. but表示转折关系的并列连词,此处连接两个句子。 3. while表示对比,意为“而”。 4. for用作并列连词,表示“因为”。 5. and在“祈使句,and+主谓结构”中,祈使句表示一个条件,and后的句子表示结果。意为“那么”(暗示一种条件)。 6. and用于连接两个并列的现在分词短语。 7. either…or…连接两个相同成分的词、短语或句子,选择关系,表示“不是……就是……”“或者……或者……”。在本句中连接两个并列的谓语动词。 8. both…and…在句中连接两个并列的主语,表“两者都”。 9. so表示因果,连接两个并列分句,so意为“因此”,其后的分句表示结果。 10. or/otherwise 在“祈使句,or/otherwise+主谓”结构中,祈使句表条件,or/otherwise后的句子表相反的结果。 11. not…but…意思为“不是……而是……”。 12. when表示一件事情正在发生或就要发生,突然发生了另一件事,只能用when。固定搭配was/were about to do或was /were doing…when…(刚要做/正在做某事突然就……)。 13. neither…nor…连接两个并列成分,表“既不……也不……”。 从篇章来看,英语句子之间常用并列连词进行连接和过渡;从现象看,似乎千变万化,难以捉摸,但从实质看(注意蓝色字体),可以探究出其共同规律。 一、并列连词和并列句定义 并列连词连接并列关系的词、短语或分句。当并列连词连接两个或两个以上的并列分句,就构成了并列句。 二、并列连词 1.并列连词的分类 表示转折和对比关系 but,yet,however,while 表示因果关系 for,?so,?therefore 表示承接、选择、递进等关系 ?and,?or,?either…or,?neither…nor,?both…?and,?as?well?as, ? not?only…but also… 2.并列连词的用法 注意并列连词连接词、短语或分句。 如 His?parents?will?travel?today?or?tomorrow. 连接词 His?parents?will?travel?either?this?week?or?next?week. 连接短语 His?mother?will?travel?and?his?father?will?also?travel.连接分句 三、并列句 基本结构为:分句+并列连词+分句。 在并列句中,除了使用并列连词外,还可使用并列连词词组或连接副词来连接分句,有时甚至不用并列连词,只用逗号、分号、冒号等把分句隔开。 根据在句中所起的作用可以分为: 1. 表示联合关系 常用连词:and,neither…nor,not only…but also等. There?was?a?big?storm?after?midnight?and?the?rain?poured?down. (外研M3) Pip?is?not only?a?character,?he?also?tells?the?story?of?Great?Expectations. (译林U1) 2.表示选择关系 常用连词:or,?either…or等。例如: We?cook?dinner?together,?or?we?go?for?a?long?walk. (译林U2) …either one of his daughters replaces him?as?a?prisoner?in?the?castle,?or?he?will?die…… (北师大U18) 3.表示转折和对比关系 常用连词或连接副词:but, yet, however, while等 (1) while,but表示完全的转折,语气较强, while主要表示对比。 如: He is a good composer,but he has taught me nothing。(外研②M3) Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. (译林①D3) (2)however however在使用时必须与句子的其他成分用逗号分隔开。 如: We cannot feel air , however, it does exist. I'd like to help you to carry the heavy bag; my hands, however, are full of my baggage. Your composition is good; some words could be replaced, however. (3)yet既可以用作并列连词,也可以用作连接副词。 如: John plays basketball well,yet his favorite is badminton. (2009北京)(并列连词) It is surprising, and yet it has happened. (连接副词) 4.表示因果关系 常用连词或连接副词so,for, therefore等。 如: I didn' t get enough sleep so I didn' t feel very well this morning. (译林①U2) It has been separated from other continents for millions of years,so it has many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. (2017·东城期中) He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2008山东) 5.表示条件或结果 常用and,or等连词。在这类并列句中,and意为“(只要)…就”,or意为“否则”。 如: Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. (外研M2) Stand over there,and you'll be able to see the oil painting better。(2008全国改) You have to move out of the way,or the truck cannot get past you。(2012全国改) 6.表示递进关系 常用连接副词 besides, furthermore, moreover等。 如: Television is entertaining; besides/ furthermore/moreover; it is instructive. 一、并列连词的常用句式 1.祈使句+and/or/otherwise句式 ①Work hard and you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 努力学习,你就会成功。 ②Hurry up or we will be late. =If you don’t hurry up, we will be late. 快点儿,否则我们就迟到了。 ③A few more efforts and you will succeed. =If you make a few more efforts, you will succeed. 再努力些,你会成功的。 ①祈使句+and+陈述句=If ...,+主句。 ②祈使句+or+陈述句=If ... not ...,+主句。 如: Choose to be happy, and we can have a lot of good and happy days continually. (2017·新余市模拟) 2. when“就在这时,突然”,常用以下句式 ?sb.be about to do/ be going to do /be on the point of doing sth.when...某人正要做某事,突然…… ?sb.be doing sth.when....某人正在做某事,突然…… ?sb.had(just)done sth.when...某人刚做完某事,突然…… 如: The air hostess was about to serve lunch when a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man. (2017·遵义市模拟) I was wandering down the sidewalk when there went a loud crash. (2017·成都市模拟) 二、并列句和复合句的区别 1.并列句和定语从句的区别 并列句与定语从句的主要区别在于:并列句是由and, but等并列连词连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。 ①They live in a small house, in front of ________ stands an orange tree. ②They live in a small house, and in front of ________ stands an orange tree. 分析:两句的区别是连词and,句①逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示物,故填which;句②and连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句中的small house,故填it。 ③The old man has three sons, none of ________ is a doctor. ④The old man has three sons, but none of ________ is a doctor. 分析:两句的区别是连词but,句③逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示人,故填whom;句④but连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句的three sons,故填them。 2.并列句和状语从句的区别 并列句是连词连接两个“互不依存的主谓结构”,两者之间是并列关系;而在状语从句中前后两个句子一个是主句,一个是从句,从句是用来修饰主句的。 ①______ you take the medicine, you will be all right. ②Take this medicine, ________ you will be all right. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句①空格处引导条件状语从句表示“如果”,故填If;句②中两个并列分句是顺承关系,故填and。 ③________ money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness. ④Money is necessary for a happy life, ________ it can’t buy happiness. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句③空格所在句子是让步关系,故填Although/Though;句④前后是转折关系,故填but。 知识点一 承接还是转折的考查 例1.【2018· 全国1卷改错】At the end of the trip,I told my father that I planned to return every twp years,but he agreed. 【答案】but改为and 【解析】句意为:旅行结束时,“我”告诉我爸爸“我”计划每两年回去一次,他同意了。根据句意可知,该句最后一个逗号前后两句之间是顺承关系,应用并列连词and。故将but改为and 变式训练 1: They are warm, generous but ready to offer help. 【2017·潍坊实验中学模拟】 知识点二 转折还是对比的考查 例2.【2018·保定市质检】In hospitals,some patients need to be operated but some only need to give some medicine and have enough rest. 【答案】but 改为while 【解析】考查句子之间的关系。句意:在医院里,有些病人需要动手术而有一些只需要给与药物治疗和做好充分休息。两个句子为对比关系,故用while。 变式训练 2:【2017·西安市模拟语法填空】The winter in Beijing is very cold that of Kunming is warm. 知识点三 并列连词还是从属连词的考查 例4.【2017·河南六市联考改编改错】Sun Yao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school before the lift suddenly came to a stop. 【答案】before改为when 【解析】句意:周二晚上放学后,孙瑶正在回家上楼的路上,电梯突然停了下来。分析结构可知,此处为when引导的并列句“be doing+when+一般过去时”,故before改为when。     变式训练 3: (改错)There is no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery as another man,also intelligent,fails. 知识点四 习惯句式的考查 例3.【2018·广东化州月考改错】One Sunday morning,she was about to do her lessons while her father came up and advised her to take a break. 【答案】while改为when 【解析】句意:一个星期天的早晨,她正要去上课,她父亲过来劝她休息一下。此句为“be abou to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when.。 变式训练 4: 【2017·福建师大附中模拟】One day, some children were playing hide?and?seek while they heard a boy names Tate shouting: “Help!”。 变式训练 5 Help others whenever you can you will make the world a nice place to live in. 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. (2018全国卷3)  2. Her goal was delayed, _ she didn’t give it up completely. (2018郑州高三摸底) 3. ?First?of?all,??as?studentswe?should?manage?our?own?behaviors?but?help?people?around?you?form?good?habits. (2018广东中山二次统考改错) 4. As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-class activities. (2018莆田一中统考改错) 5. Besides,it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. (2018广东中山二统改错) 二、单句语法填空 1.(2017·长春市调研测试)We learn words not by ourselves, in sentences. 2.(2017·淮北市模拟)Avoid eating drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea or energy drinks. 3.(2017·曲师大模拟)Give them a Chinese lunar calendar and they will know what the wea 4.(2017·潍坊中学模拟) Then I was about to leave all of a sudden, I thought of something. 5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Well, I wish I could agree with you. I do think Samantha was the best. 1 第 13 讲 并列复合句(解析版) 2018年高考英语考试大纲对语言知识的考查中明确规定:要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),其中附录2语法项目表第18个条目就是并列复合句。通过对近几年全国课标卷的研究发现,语篇型填空和短文改错中体现了对并列连词和并列句的考查。其中在语篇型填空中对其考查形式都为无提示词型填空。这就要求教师在学生备考阶段做出科学有效的指导,抓住考点、难点、易错点,有的放矢,针对性精讲精练。 Not only had Niu Lang lost his parents, but (also) [1]he was often bullied by his elder brother. What he only had was an old and weak cattle, but[2] he took good care of it. Other men at his age had children already, while[3] Niu Lang didn’t get married yet. One day, the cattle said unexpectedly, “I’d like to help you, for[4]you have attended me so carefully. Follow me, and[5]you will get a wife!” So Niu Lang went to the bank while several beautiful fairies were bathing in the river. Then he did as the animal told him, hiding the youngest fairy’s clothes away and[6] telling her, “I am afraid that you will either lose your clothes or[7]marry me.” As a result, the youngest fairy Zhinv became his wife. Both Niu Lang and[8]Zhinv lived happily. However, the Goddess of Heaven was angry with her granddaughter marrying a human, so[9]she said to Zhinv, “Go back to heaven, otherwise[10]I will punish you!” Hearing this, Zhinv was not delighted but[11]worried. Niu Lang was about to run after them anxiously when[12]the Goddess of Heaven was making the Milky Way with her hair adornment (发簪) to stop him. Neither Zhinv nor[13]Niu Lang was happy, as they missed each other so much. Seeing this, the Goddess of Heaven let them cross the Milky Way to meet once a year with the help of magpies. 【深思熟虑】 1. not only…but also表示“不但……而且……”,用于连接两个性质相同的词、短语或句子。为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装。 2. but表示转折关系的并列连词,此处连接两个句子。 3. while表示对比,意为“而”。 4. for用作并列连词,表示“因为”。 5. and在“祈使句,and+主谓结构”中,祈使句表示一个条件,and后的句子表示结果。意为“那么”(暗示一种条件)。 6. and用于连接两个并列的现在分词短语。 7. either…or…连接两个相同成分的词、短语或句子,选择关系,表示“不是……就是……”“或者……或者……”。在本句中连接两个并列的谓语动词。 8. both…and…在句中连接两个并列的主语,表“两者都”。 9. so表示因果,连接两个并列分句,so意为“因此”,其后的分句表示结果。 10. or/otherwise 在“祈使句,or/otherwise+主谓”结构中,祈使句表条件,or/otherwise后的句子表相反的结果。 11. not…but…意思为“不是……而是……”。 12. when表示一件事情正在发生或就要发生,突然发生了另一件事,只能用when。固定搭配was/were about to do或was /were doing…when…(刚要做/正在做某事突然就……)。 13. neither…nor…连接两个并列成分,表“既不……也不……”。 从篇章来看,英语句子之间常用并列连词进行连接和过渡;从现象看,似乎千变万化,难以捉摸,但从实质看(注意蓝色字体),可以探究出其共同规律。 一、并列连词和并列句定义 并列连词连接并列关系的词、短语或分句。当并列连词连接两个或两个以上的并列分句,就构成了并列句。 二、并列连词 1.并列连词的分类 表示转折和对比关系 but,yet,however,while 表示因果关系 for,?so,?therefore 表示承接、选择、递进等关系 ?and,?or,?either…or,?neither…nor,?both…?and,?as?well?as, ? not?only…but also… 2.并列连词的用法 注意并列连词连接词、短语或分句。 如 His?parents?will?travel?today?or?tomorrow. 连接词 His?parents?will?travel?either?this?week?or?next?week. 连接短语 His?mother?will?travel?and?his?father?will?also?travel.连接分句 三、并列句 基本结构为:分句+并列连词+分句。 在并列句中,除了使用并列连词外,还可使用并列连词词组或连接副词来连接分句,有时甚至不用并列连词,只用逗号、分号、冒号等把分句隔开。 根据在句中所起的作用可以分为: 1. 表示联合关系 常用连词:and,neither…nor,not only…but also等. There?was?a?big?storm?after?midnight?and?the?rain?poured?down. (外研M3) Pip?is?not only?a?character,?he?also?tells?the?story?of?Great?Expectations. (译林U1) 2.表示选择关系 常用连词:or,?either…or等。例如: We?cook?dinner?together,?or?we?go?for?a?long?walk. (译林U2) …either one of his daughters replaces him?as?a?prisoner?in?the?castle,?or?he?will?die…… (北师大U18) 3.表示转折和对比关系 常用连词或连接副词:but, yet, however, while等 (1) while,but表示完全的转折,语气较强, while主要表示对比。 如: He is a good composer,but he has taught me nothing。(外研②M3) Some sports are usually done indoors, while others are done outdoors. (译林①D3) (2)however however在使用时必须与句子的其他成分用逗号分隔开。 如: We cannot feel air , however, it does exist. I'd like to help you to carry the heavy bag; my hands, however, are full of my baggage. Your composition is good; some words could be replaced, however. (3)yet既可以用作并列连词,也可以用作连接副词。 如: John plays basketball well,yet his favorite is badminton. (2009北京)(并列连词) It is surprising, and yet it has happened. (连接副词) 4.表示因果关系 常用连词或连接副词so,for, therefore等。 如: I didn' t get enough sleep so I didn' t feel very well this morning. (译林①U2) It has been separated from other continents for millions of years,so it has many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. (2017·东城期中) He found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail.(2008山东) 5.表示条件或结果 常用and,or等连词。在这类并列句中,and意为“(只要)…就”,or意为“否则”。 如: Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. (外研M2) Stand over there,and you'll be able to see the oil painting better。(2008全国改) You have to move out of the way,or the truck cannot get past you。(2012全国改) 6.表示递进关系 常用连接副词 besides, furthermore, moreover等。 如: Television is entertaining; besides/ furthermore/moreover; it is instructive. 一、并列连词的常用句式 1.祈使句+and/or/otherwise句式 ①Work hard and you will succeed. =If you work hard, you will succeed. 努力学习,你就会成功。 ②Hurry up or we will be late. =If you don’t hurry up, we will be late. 快点儿,否则我们就迟到了。 ③A few more efforts and you will succeed. =If you make a few more efforts, you will succeed. 再努力些,你会成功的。 ①祈使句+and+陈述句=If ...,+主句。 ②祈使句+or+陈述句=If ... not ...,+主句。 如: Choose to be happy, and we can have a lot of good and happy days continually. (2017·新余市模拟) 2. when“就在这时,突然”,常用以下句式 ?sb.be about to do/ be going to do /be on the point of doing sth.when...某人正要做某事,突然…… ?sb.be doing sth.when....某人正在做某事,突然…… ?sb.had(just)done sth.when...某人刚做完某事,突然…… 如: The air hostess was about to serve lunch when a small mouse stole out from the bag of a young man. (2017·遵义市模拟) I was wandering down the sidewalk when there went a loud crash. (2017·成都市模拟) 二、并列句和复合句的区别 1.并列句和定语从句的区别 并列句与定语从句的主要区别在于:并列句是由and, but等并列连词连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。 ①They live in a small house, in front of ________ stands an orange tree. ②They live in a small house, and in front of ________ stands an orange tree. 分析:两句的区别是连词and,句①逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示物,故填which;句②and连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句中的small house,故填it。 ③The old man has three sons, none of ________ is a doctor. ④The old man has three sons, but none of ________ is a doctor. 分析:两句的区别是连词but,句③逗号后为非限制性定语从句,空格处为引导词表示人,故填whom;句④but连接两个并列分句,空格处指代前面分句的three sons,故填them。 2.并列句和状语从句的区别 并列句是连词连接两个“互不依存的主谓结构”,两者之间是并列关系;而在状语从句中前后两个句子一个是主句,一个是从句,从句是用来修饰主句的。 ①______ you take the medicine, you will be all right. ②Take this medicine, ________ you will be all right. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句①空格处引导条件状语从句表示“如果”,故填If;句②中两个并列分句是顺承关系,故填and。 ③________ money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness. ④Money is necessary for a happy life, ________ it can’t buy happiness. 分析:两个题都应该填连词。句③空格所在句子是让步关系,故填Although/Though;句④前后是转折关系,故填but。 知识点一 承接还是转折的考查 例1.【2018· 全国1卷改错】At the end of the trip,I told my father that I planned to return every twp years,but he agreed. 【答案】but改为and 【解析】句意为:旅行结束时,“我”告诉我爸爸“我”计划每两年回去一次,他同意了。根据句意可知,该句最后一个逗号前后两句之间是顺承关系,应用并列连词and。故将but改为and 变式训练 1: They are warm, generous but ready to offer help. 【2017·潍坊实验中学模拟】 【答案】but→and 【解析】分析句子结构可知,warm, generous , ready为并列关系,此处应为and。 知识点二 转折还是对比的考查 例2.【2018·保定市质检】In hospitals,some patients need to be operated but some only need to give some medicine and have enough rest. 【答案】but 改为while 【解析】考查句子之间的关系。句意:在医院里,有些病人需要动手术而有一些只需要给与药物治疗和做好充分休息。两个句子为对比关系,故用while。 变式训练 2:【2017·西安市模拟语法填空】The winter in Beijing is very cold that of Kunming is warm. 【答案】while  【解析】句意:北京的冬天很冷而昆明的冬天很温暖。两个句子为对比关系,故用while. 知识点三 并列连词还是从属连词的考查 例4.【2017·河南六市联考改编改错】Sun Yao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school before the lift suddenly came to a stop. 【答案】before改为when 【解析】句意:周二晚上放学后,孙瑶正在回家上楼的路上,电梯突然停了下来。分析结构可知,此处为when引导的并列句“be doing+when+一般过去时”,故before改为when。     变式训练 3: (改错)There is no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery as another man,also intelligent,fails. 【答案】as改为while  【解析】句意:没有办法知道为什么一个人做出了重要的发现,而另一个同样聪明的人却失败了。根据句意为对比含义,故用while。 知识点四 习惯句式的考查 例3.【2018·广东化州月考改错】One Sunday morning,she was about to do her lessons while her father came up and advised her to take a break. 【答案】while改为when 【解析】句意:一个星期天的早晨,她正要去上课,她父亲过来劝她休息一下。此句为“be abou to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when.。 变式训练 4: 【2017·福建师大附中模拟】One day, some children were playing hide?and?seek while they heard a boy names Tate shouting: “Help!”。 【答案】while改为when 【解析】分析句子结构可知,为“be doing+when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when。 变式训练 5 Help others whenever you can you will make the world a nice place to live in. 【答案】and  【解析】该句为“祈使句+and/or一般将来时”结构,根据前半句时态可知用后面为顺其自然的结果,故用and。 一、高考模拟真题练 1. Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his and her paragraph aloud. (2018全国卷3)  【答案】 and 改成or 【解析】句意为:每个人都沉默着,等着看是谁将被点名去大声读他/她的文章。此处表示选择关系,应用or。故将and改为or第四处:第三句,take前加to。考查固定短语 2. Her goal was delayed, _ she didn’t give it up completely. (2018郑州高三摸底) 【答案】but 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:她的目标被耽搁了,但她没有完全放弃。转折关系,所以为but。 3. ?First?of?all,??as?studentswe?should?manage?our?own?behaviors?but?help?people?around?you?form?good?habits. (2018广东中山二次统考改错) 【答案】but改为and. 【解析】考查并列连词。句意:首先,作为学生,我们应该管理自己的行为,并且帮助周围的人形成良好的习惯。应为承接关系,故用and。 4. As a result, I suggest we are given less homework or more time for out-of-class activities. (2018莆田一中统考改错) 【答案】 or改为and. 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:因此,我建议我们少做作业,并且多做课外活动。 应为并列关系,故用and。 5. Besides,it’s common that the young or middle-aged sit on the bus when the elderly have to stand. (2018广东中山二统改错) 【答案】 when改为while. 【解析】考查并列连词。根据句意:此外,常见的是年轻或中年坐在公共汽车当老人不得不站。句子为对比关系,所以用while。 二、单句语法填空 1.(2017·长春市调研测试)We learn words not by ourselves, in sentences. 【答案】but 【解析】句意:我们学语言不是靠自己而是靠句子。“not…but…不是….而是…”故用but。 2.(2017·淮北市模拟)Avoid eating drinking things like chocolates, coffee, tea or energy drinks. 【答案】or/and 【解析】根据句意:避免吃或者喝巧克力、咖啡、茶或能量饮料。eating 与drinking并列或选择关系。 3.(2017·曲师大模拟)Give them a Chinese lunar calendar and they will know what the weather will be like days or even months later. 【答案】 or改为and. 【解析】根据句意:给他们一个中国农历,他们就会知道几天甚至几个月后天气会怎样。很明显此处为“祈使句+and/or一般将来时”句式考查,又为顺其自然的结果,故为and。 4.(2017·潍坊中学模拟) Then I was about to leave all of a sudden, I thought of something. 【答案】when. 【解析】分析句子结构可知,为“be about to do +when+一般过去时”的句式,故while改为when。 5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Well, I wish I could agree with you. I do think Samantha was the best. 【答案】But 【解析】句意:我希望我能同意你的观点。但是我的确认为萨曼莎是最棒的。两个句子为转折关系,用but合适。 4
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