When your pet has an emergency! first aid is not a substitute for veterinary（兽医的）treatment. However, before you are able to get your pet to a veterinarian（兽医）, knowing some basic first aid can help.
Approach the pet carefully to avoid getting bitten. Wear a mask for the animal and then check the wound. Clean the wound with large amounts of saline solution（盐溶液）. If it is not available, then regular water may be used. Wrap large open wounds to keep them clean.
Apply firm, direct pressure to the bleeding area until the bleeding stops. Hold the pressure for at least 10 minutes. Avoid bandages that cut off the circulation.
Check to see if the animal is choking on a foreign object. If the animal is not breathing, place it on a firm surface with its left side up. Check for a heartbeat. If you hear a heartbeat but not breathing, close the animal’s mouth and breathe directly into its nose—not the mouth—until the chest, expands. Repeat 12 to 15 times per minute.