[ID:4-6445320] 南京市江宁区2019-2020高三第一学期期中英语试卷(无音频及原材料)
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第二部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分35分) 第一节 单项选择 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、 B、 C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. On checking in my friend was told that his baggage was overweight. The ______was 27kilos and he had 37 kilos. A. allowance B. reservation C. insurance D. commission 22. ---What do you think of your new boss, Lucy? ---Oh, he has earned our wide respect _______ he treats everyone fairly. A. so that B. even though C. in that D. as though 23. President Xi urged relief authorities to make efforts to _______ poverty on schedule. A. take off B. shake off C. lay off D. call off 24. We completed half of the project, and the loan not arranged ________, we had to delay the rest till the next month. A. in order B. in preparation C. in possession D. in place 25. Over 100,000 people from all walks of life went to Tian’anmen Square, happy _______ the grand National Day military parade. A. to be watching B. watching C. to watch D. to be watched 26. You can choose not to forgive. _______ you can also choose to let it go. A. Alternatively B. Absolutely C. Apparently D. Appropriately 27. ____ great works of literature, in whatever form, can encourage creativity. A. Exposing to B. Having exposed to C. Being exposed to D. Exposed to 28. People tend to be more aggressive when they’re young and more ________as they get older. A. compulsory B. conventional C. controversial D. conservative 29. The government _______to begin restoration of the temple in the coming year, which was damaged in the earthquake. A. expects B. is expected C. will be expected D. will expect 30. Don’t be so greedy. Only when he has ____to need things can a man be his own master. A. ceased B. resigned C. submitted D. teased 31. To achieve environmental sustainability, we initiate a project, _______ protecting birds will be attached importance to . A. that B. when C. which D. where 32. To our astonishment, pollution has already destroyed much of the earth. Only by changing ______ we live can we save our planet. A. where B. how C. what D. why 33. Just my luck! ________ my umbrella this morning, I wouldn’t be trapped here now. A. Should I take B. Were I to take C. Had I taken D. would I take 34. At the meeting place of the Yangze River and the Hanshui River_______, which has hosted 7th military World Games. A. Wuhan lies B. lies Wuhan C. is lying Wuhan D. does Wuhan lie 35.—Hi, Mike, have you heard that Tom will be sent to Yunan to set up a branch of the company. --It’s _______. No one wants to go there. A. a Herculean task B. Achilles’ heel C. Mickey Mouse course D. a good Samaritan 第二节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Jamie McCourt was the type of girl who played baseball in the street. “I always wanted to be the first 36 for a team,” she says. “I was always highly 37 and I never thought of myself as different from the boys.” A longstanding passion for baseball and confidence in her abilities has 38 for McCourt,who became the top female baseball executive when she and her husband bought the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2004. As president and vice chair league baseball team, McCourt,53, oversees all aspects of the 39 . One of her recent programs,called Dodgers WIN( Women’s Initiative and Network), offers clinics, seminars and other female-friendly events that McCourt hopes will 40 the role of women in baseball. “Any woman who’s in business has experienced various kinds of 41 , she says. “My personal feeling is that it’s best to focus on your 42 and do it well and let that define you rather than someone else’ s 43 .” Since relocating to Los Angeles from Boston three years ago, McCourt and her husband have kept 44 in the Jewish community, giving 45 to Jewish charities and recently receiving the Scopus Award from the American Friend of Hebrew University. “There’s definitely an awareness in my family of how 46 it is to have Judaism in our lives,” she says. “To me,Judaism is a(n) 47 of values for family life, and I also associate it with my love for learning.” Transforming the Dodgers into a family business is nothing 48 for McCourt. After 15 years with her own law practice, she 49 a decade as vice president and general counsel of The McCourt Company, her husband’s real estate development firm. “We have completely 50 skill sets,” she speaks of 51 successfully with her husband. “He’s the visionary and I’m the one actualizes the 52 .” An optimist by nature, McCourt 53 that five years from now, the Dodgers “will certainly have won the World Series. 54 , I have the most amazing life ,”she says. “I’m truly 55 the American dream.” 36.? A.?followed B.?honored C.?exchanged D.?picked 37.? A.?curious B.?competitive C.?cautious D.?flexible 38.? A.?paid?off B.?took?off C.?dropped?off D.?got?off 39.? A.?concept B.?problem C.?business D.?result 40. A.?praise? B.?protect C.?expand D.?evaluate 41.? A.?duties B.?prejudices C.?adventures? D.?accidents 42.? A.?conscience? B.value? C.job D.?achievement 43.? A.?topic B.?trap C.?agenda D.?opinion 44.? A.?scheduled? ? B.?crowded C.?involved D.?delighted 45.? A.?conventionally B.generously C.?accurately D.?creatively 46.? A.?important? B.?fashionable? C.?obvious D.?fortunate 47.? A.?reflection B.?application? C.?action D.?condition 48.? A.?small? B. usual C.?new D.?easy 49. A.promised B.?spent C.?reviewed D.?saved 50.? А.?regular ? B.?potential C.?social D.?different 51.? A.?surviving B.?negotiating C.?working D.?swimming 52.? A.?image? B.?vision C.?worth D.?effect 53.? A.?suspects? B.proves ? C.?believes D.?realizes 54.? A.?Instead B. Meanwhile C.Otherwise D.Regardless 55. A. explaining B. making C. recording D. living 第三部分:阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A From mineral water to water slides, things that are free in some countries often cost in others, sometimes much to the surprise of travellers venturing out of their homeland. Singapore A different kind of condiment is given away in abundance in this small nation. “We have unlimited, free access to chilli sauce in any fast food restaurant and any food court,” said native Joseph Lee. “We literally eat anything and everything with chilli sauce, from the iconic chicken rice to McDonald’s hamburgers.” Slovakia Tap water might be free in some countries, but true mineral water usually comes at a premium. Not so in Slovakia, where mineral springs are everywhere. “Every region has a number of mineral water sources that are open to the public and free to drink,” said Juraj Spisak, who currently lives in Brussels. “Mineral springs in Slovakia each have a particular taste. Some are more sulphuric, others are rich in manganese or iron.” While it's still possible to buy water in shops, it's common for residents to refill their own bottles at the local springs. Australia “Many public parks and national parks have free barbeque hot plates,” said Christopher Mardell from Adelaide. “You bring meat and whatever else you want to cook, push a button to start it up and away you go. After 20 minutes or so, they turn off automatically, so you push the button again.” All visitors have to do is keep it clean, and Mardell said most people follow this rule. In the Northern Territory, residents can enjoy a unique respite from the heat. “As the waters are croc infested, residents can cool down by using free water slides,” said Jane M, originally from England. Leanyer Recreation Park in Darwin is just one example, with three large water slides and a water playground and pool. 56. From the passage, readers are informed that ______. A. chilli sauce, free in most fast food restaurant, plays a vital role in Singaporean diets B. in Slovakia, residents often refill their own bottles at the local springs because mineral springs have a particular taste C. all visitors have access to free barbeque hot plates in Australia as far as they obey certain rule D. the three large water slides and a water playground and pool in Recreation Park in Darwin are all completely free 57. In which part of a newspaper would you most probably read the passage? A. Culture B. Travel C. Health D. Recreation B An Indian spacecraft’s first attempt to make a soft, controlled landing in the moon’s south polar region has ended in painful silence: Shortly before touchdown, the robotic lander — part of the Chandrayaan-2 mission — fell out of contact with mission control. The Indian Space Research Organization says that the spacecraft stopped communicating with Earth when it was within 1.3 miles of the lunar surface. “The Vikram descent was as planned, and normal performance was observed, up to an altitude of 2.1 kilometers,” said Kailasavadivoo Sivan, ISRO’s chairman, in a statement roughly half an hour after signal loss. “The data is being analyzed.” A successful landing would have made India just the fourth country to touch down anywhere on the lunar surface, and only the third nation to operate a robotic rover there. Nevertheless, the Chandrayaan-2 mission’s orbiter remains safely in lunar orbit, with a year-long scientific mission ahead of it. Like any voyage to a world beyond Earth, Vikram’s flight was a risky endeavor, requiring the lander to slow itself down to a near standstill, scan for surface obstacles(障碍物)by itself, and then take steps to avoid them during touchdown. The majority of attempts to land robots on the moon have ended in failure, either during launch or on the way to the surface. Following its launch on July 22, Chandrayaan-2 spent the last several weeks inching its way to the moon, ultimately entering lunar orbit on August 20. On September 2, Vikram separated from the mission’s orbiter, and the newly freed lander began a series of braking maneuvers(刹车操作)to lower its orbit and ready itself for landing. Had things proceeded without a fault, Vikram and Pragyaan — the small solar-powered rover it carried — would have set down on the moon at a latitude of about 70 degrees South, on a highland between Manzinus C and Simpelius N. This landing site was “somewhere new that we haven’t seen before, so that makes it another area for ground-truthing remote sensing data,” Clive Neal, a lunar geologist, said in an interview before the landing attempt, “It was going to certainly enhance our knowledge of what the moon is like in those areas, so it was going to be another very good place for science and exploration.” 58. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. India is making attempts to become the fourth country to operate a robotic rover on the moon. B. The highland between Manzinus C and Simpelius N is still mysterious to humans. C. Vikram’s flight was a risky endeavor because it demanded higher technique. D. So far, all areas of the moon haven’t been explored by humans. 59. Had all things proceeded without a fault, what were the correct order of Vikram’s landing on the moon? ①begin a series of braking maneuvers ②scan the surface obstacles ③separate from the mission’s orbiter ④lower its orbit ⑤set down on the moon ⑥take steps to avoid obstacles A. ③①②⑥④⑤ B. ③①④②⑥⑤ ?? C. ①③④②⑥⑤ D. ②⑥③①④⑤ 60. What’s Clive Neal’s attitude towards the landing? A. Doubtful. ? ? ? ? ?B. Positive. C. Neutral. ? ? ?? D. Negative. C From gathering food to finding a mate and communicating with other members of society, many of the most basic human activities are now being carried out in the virtual realm. It should come as little surprise, then, that the mass of brain regions involved in coping with these everyday tasks are becoming adapted to this ultra-modern mode of living. Yet with research into the impact of the internet on brain fun_ction still in its infancy, an international team of researchers has compiled a review of everything we have learned so far about how digital life is changing our minds. Though the findings are not intended to be taken as conclusive, evidence suggests that our online lifestyles are altering brain regions associated with attention, memory, and social skills. For example, one key study found that people who compulsively check their phones for messages and other notifications have reduced grey matter in certain areas of the prefrontal cortex that are associated with maintaining focus in the face of distractions. As a consequence, these individuals tended to perform worse on tasks designed to measure attention. The impact of search engines has also led to speculation that we may begin to rely too heavily on the internet as a source of information, to the detriment of our own internal memory capacity. In support of this hypothesis, the authors point to a study which found that people tend to exhibit poorer recall of information found online as opposed to in an encyclopedia. Brain scans showed that this effect was correlated with reduced activation of the brain’s ventral stream – a key memory retrieval system – when gathering information online. Such a finding raises the possibility that online learning may fail to sufficiently activate key brain regions required for long-term memory storage. Social media networks also appear to be transforming the ways in which our brains’ social centers work. For instance, one study found that the number of Facebook friends a person has determined the volume of grey matter in the right entorhinal cortex, which has previously been associated with the ability to associate names and faces. This effect is likely to be caused by the fact that social media encourages people to maintain large numbers of weak social connections, requiring an increased ability to put names to faces. Prior to the appearance of social media, people tended to have deeper relationships with a smaller network of people, and therefore required different adaptations within the brain’s social regions. Overall, the information is neither detailed nor conclusive enough to make a definitive statement regarding whether the internet is good or bad for our brains. What’s clear, however, is that the more time we spend online, the more we alter our cognitive fun_ction. 61. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. the less grey matter in certain areas of the prefrontal cortex one has, the more distracted his attention is B. those who always check their phones tend to perform badly on tasks C. relying on the search engines is likely to improve one’s own memory capacity D. the author suggests turning to encyclopedia when problems arise 62. Why do people tend to exhibit poorer recall of information found online? A. Because their own memory capacity is damaged. B. Because their brain’s ventral stream is not activated at all. C. Because their memory mechanism is not effectively activated, resulting in short-term memory storage. D. Because their key brain regions for long-term memory fail to fun_ction normally. 63. Which of the following statements may well agree with the results of the research? A. The volume of grey matter in the right entorninal cortex determines the number of Facebook friends one has. B. Social connections via social media are, to some extend, weak. C. The ability to put names to faces determines whether social connections are deep or not. D. Relationships with a small number of people don’t involve adaptations within social regions. 64. The author wrote the passage to ______. A. try to persuade readers out of using the Internet too much B. argue whether the Internet is good or bad for our brains C. inform readers the Internet is changing the structure and fun_ction of our brains D. discuss how to improve attention, memory and social skills in digital era D Our families camped together once a month, so when the Fourth of July fell on our scheduled weekend, we never gave it a thought not to proceed with our plans. The drive to Rehoboth Beach took six hours, counting four bathroom stops for three children and two women and two men who swore they would lay off the water. ? The campsite was five miles from the?shoreline and boardwalk. We couldn't wait to dig our toes into the warm sand. Our daughter was seven at the time and our friends' daughters were eight and three. We packed enough toys, beach towels, and tanning?lotion?to last three weekends. ? After pitching our tents and setting up camp, the seven of us piled into our cars and began the hunt for parking spaces closest to the water so that the men would not have to resort to camel-like behavior when hauling our supplies to the beach. ? We staked our claim on the remaining ten feet of sand and sent the children to the ocean's edge. Our striped towels and white flesh blended with the thousands of other sun worshipers. Music blared from cranked-up radios while Frisbees whizzed overhead. Fair-haired recruits in muscle shirts?hawked?their ice cream sandwiches and cold?soda?while I poured lukewarm Kool-Aid. ? From where I reclined, I had a clear view of the three girls splashing near the water. They chased the waves and tunneled into the wet sand, building castle after castle. It took extreme?persuasion?to convince them to withdraw from?the sea long enough to split soggy sandwiches with us. Periodically, the men would drop their books and leap into an incoming wave while capturing an unsuspecting child. I could only imagine the?giggles?above the beach?clatter. ? After hours of play - and sunburned feet - we motioned for the girls to join us. I packed the towels and lotion while my best friend packed the toys and food. We each had our responsibilities but neglected the most important one. My daughter and her?eldest?daughter arrived by our side. Their youngest girl didn't. ? We locked eyes. Our?previously?orderly world shrunk to the beach and the thousands of people strewn around us. Instinct?shocked?us into action. We screamed her name and pushed past bathers and tanners,?desperate?to find a missing child in a green bathing suit. Each second ticked by as though specifically designed to?torment?us. ? “Angela!” My head snapped as the perfect picture of a mother and daughter reuniting exploded in my vision. I wanted to fall to the ground and weep amid the mass of strangers who had been unsuspecting participants in a drama unfolding before them. ? Since that day, I've relived those five minutes of fear at Rehoboth Beach too many times. I relived them each time my daughter hid from me behind a store?shelf?or ventured out alone in the car after passing her driver's test. I relived them when she was late returning home from dates and when she married and moved to a city far from my reach. ? Years later, we relocated to Florida, where once a month we frequent the?beaches of Daytona. My husband and I rent beach chairs and an umbrella and stake our claim along with the other beach lovers hoping for a relaxing time in the sun. Invariably, I spy a child dropping his bucket to search for his own cluster of recognizable faces. My heart freezes until I witness the mother wrapping her arms around him again. Only then do I breathe and rejoin the masses. 65. Why did the families park the car closest to the water? A. Because they didn’t have a camel to haul the supplies. B. Because the kids were too young to walk long to the sea. C. Because it would be easier to get toys, towels and others. D. Because they were too anxious to embrace the sea. 66. It can be seen from Para.4 and Para.5 that _______. A. thousands of people attended a ceremony on the beach to worship the sun. B. the girls were sent to play with water at their own will. C. the girls were crazy about the sea, leaving enjoying sandwiches behind D. the men got tired of reading, leaping into water for relaxation. 67. The meaning of the underlined part in Para.7 is close to “______”. A. make us hurry B. make us suffer C. make us relieved D. make us scared 68. The underlined word “exploded” was used to show ______. A. the reuniting attracted a lot of attention B. the reuniting struck the author as a big surprise C. the reuniting gave the author an illusion D. the reuniting gave the author a shock 69. The author mentions “a child” in the last paragraph to show ______. A. she can’t breathe when her heart freezes B. she is so considerate that she hopes the child good C. she thinks of her daughter at the sight of the child D. she still lives in the shadow of the experience years ago 70. What’s the best title of the passage? A. A Thrilling Trip B. Five Minutes to Fear C. An Unforgettable Lesson D. Something to Gain 第四部分:任务型阅读 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 请认真阅读下面的短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填1个单词,请将答案写在答题卷上相应题号的横线上。 Computer security is a contradiction in terms. The arrival of the “ Internet of Things” will see computers baked into everything from road signs and MRI scanners to artificial body parts and insulin(胰岛素) pumps. There is little evidence that such equipment will be any more trustworthy than desktop computers. Hackers have already proved that they can take remote control of connected cars and pacemakers. However, this is not necessarily in despair. The risk from cheats,car accidents and the weather can never be avoided completely either. But societies have developed ways of managing such risk---- from government regulation to the use of legal liability(责任) and insurance to create more safer behaviors. Start with regulation. Governments’ first priority is to control from making the situation worse. Terrorist attacks often bring calls for codes to be weakened so that the security services can better monitor what individuals are up to. But it is impossible to weaken codes for terrorists alone. The same protection that guards messaging programs like WhatsApp also guards bank business and online identities. Computer security is best served by encoding that is strong for everyone. The next priority is setting basic product regulations. A lack of professional knowledge will always block the ability of computer users to protect themselves. So governments should promote “public health” for computing. They could insist that internet-connected contents be updated with fixes when faults are found. They could force users to change default(默认)usernames and passwords. Reporting laws, already in force in some American states, can require companies to report when they or their products are hacked,which encourages them to fix a problem instead of burying it. Most importantly, the software industry has for decades denied liability for the harm when its products go wrong. Such an approach has its benefits. Silicon Valley’s fruitful “ go fast and break things” style of innovation is possible only if firms relatively have freedom to put out new products while they still need perfecting. But this point will soon be illegal. As computers spread to products covered by established liability arrangements, such as cars or domestic goods, the industry’s deniers will increasingly be against existing laws. One reason computer security is so bad today is that few people were taking it seriously yesterday. When the internet was new, that was forgivable. Now that the consequences are known, and the risks posed by bugs and hacking are large and growing, there is no excuse for repeating the mistake. But changing attitudes and behavior will require economic tools, not just technical ones. Computer Security Existing (71)_________ ●With the development of the “Internet of things”, there comes much Internet-connected equipment, but no evidence proves it better (72)____________trusting . ●Hackers claim that they can control connected cars and pacemakers in the (73)____________ . (74)_________to manage the risk Government regulation Two (75)_________ ●preventing the situation getting worse by strengthening the (76)_________ of what individuals especially terrorists are doing as well as the protection of bank business and online identities. ●setting basic product regulations to promote “public health” for computing with companies (77) _____________ to update Internet-connected contents with fixes and report when they find something wrong. The use of legal liability and insurance ● Firms will not have too much freedom to put out new but (78) _________ products , or it will be illegal. ● Once their products go wrong and do harm, they shall (79)__________ for it by law. Conclusion In addition to technical tools, economic ones should also be adopted to change most people’s (80) ___________ attitudes and behavior, which partly account for the bad computer security today. 第五部分:书面表达 (满分25分) 请阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 The electric door guard has replaced the traditional "door lady" in the students’ dormitory at a school in Shanghai, China. In the future, more electric door guards will take the place of "door ladies." The electric door guard operates under an IC card system, with students using IC cards to enter. Each resident student is issued an IC card with his/her personal information stored on it. Information like the card-holding student's name, class, grade, and even time of entry will be stored on their IC card. The door has also been equipped with a "digital eye" to take video 24 hours a day 7 days a week. With the new "door guard" already on duty, the students have began to talk about the pros and cons of the latest renovation(创新) to their dorm in community forums(论坛). The school's authorities say the new system needs some time to improve and that students need time to get used to it. The school has said it will consider the problems brought along with the new door guard and attempt to solve them by other means. On the whole, the new system seems to be good for students living in the dorm building. 【写作内容】 用约30个词概括上述信息的主要内容; 用约120个单词阐述你对学生宿舍安装电动门卫的看法(赞成或反对),并用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。 【写作要求】 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句; 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 不必谢标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。 2019-2020学年第一学期高三期中考试 英语试卷 参考答案 听力: 1-5 ABCAC 6-10 BAACC 11-15 BCACA 16-20 BCBBA 单选: 21-25ACBDC 26-30 ACDBA 31-35 DBCBA 完形: 36-40 DBACC 41-45 BCDCB 46-50 AACBD 51-55 CBCBD 阅读: A. DB B.ABB C.ACBC D. CCBBDB 任务型阅读: 71. risk/danger/problem 72.worth 73.distance 74.How/Ways 75.priorities 76.monitoring 77.required 78.imperfect 79.answer 80.casual 作文: 支持看法: A school in Shanghai has replaced the former “door lady” with the electric door guard in the students’ dormitory , about which there comes a heated discussion and divided opinions among the students. I would be happy to have the electric door guard installed in our dormitory. For one thing, it is significantly convenient for the students to enter the dorm by just swiping their IC card, for the “door lady” may not be around all the time. For another, as a high-tech computerized equipment, the electric door guard is believed to help manage the dorm better. Since it has a variety of monitoring functions, the security of the dorm can be ensured, like preventing thieves or strange persons from entering the dorm. It can also keep a record of the students’ leaving and returning to the dorm. In short, the electric door guard has its own advantages. Why not use it? 反对看法: The electric door guard brought in by a school in Shanghai has been installed in the students’ dormitory in place of the traditional “door lady”, which has aroused a heated discussion among the students. I strongly oppose this school’s practice for the reasons as follows. Firstly, with the electric door guard installed, the students have to take their IC card everywhere. Once the card is lost, they will fall into trouble. Moreover, the system is not always reliable. What if it fails to recognize the card-holders? The most important is that the traditional "door lady" is more flexible and gives the students a sense of "home." Sometimes when a student has to stay out late, to study or for other business, the “door lady” will wait for him and let him in if he has told her beforehand. But now, such convenience seems impossible. In a word, I prefer the former "door lady" to the electric door guard. 14
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