Meet some of the first American notable givers
Judah Touro (1775-1854)
It is impossible to list all the charities to which Touro donated (捐赠). He made his fortune (财产) as a businessman. He helped found and support a variety of organizations, including hospitals, churches, and poorhouses in New Orleans. He supported Jewish aid organizations and Hebrew schools. When he died, he donated $500,000 to charities across the country.
Isabella Graham (1742-1814)
Graham was a mother of five children. She knew how difficult it was to raise a family alone. Once her children were grown, Graham moved to New York City. There, she helped found the Society for the Relief of Poor Widows with Small Children. It was a charity with a lot to do. Its members helped fight waves of yellow fever that swept through the city. In 1806, Graham joined with Elizabeth “Eliza” Schuyler Hamilton to found the Orphan Asylum Society. The society provided homes and education for orphans (孤儿) in New York
George Peabody (1795-1869)
Peabody gave away about half of his$18-million while he was still alive. His money helped found the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University. He founded the Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale as well. He also helped found the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts. Perhaps his most generous cause was the creation of the Peabody Education Fund. He gave $2.1 million to the existing schools in the American South after the Civil War.
Elizabeth “Eliza” Schuyler Hamilton (1757-1854)
Hamilton joined the Society for the Relief of Poor Widows with Small Children in 1804. Along with Isabella Graham, Hamilton organized the Orphan Asylum Society. She collected goods and raised money. She also helped ensure the care and education of more than 700 children. The society continues its work today as Graham Windham.
21. Who made a wide range of donations?
A. Judah Touro. B. Isabella Graham.
C. George Peabody. D. Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton.
22. What kind of organization did Peabody support most?
A. Churches. B. Hospitals. C. Poorhouses. D. Schools.