This is one of the greatest masterpieces of Chinese landscape painting. When westerners first discovered Chinese paintings like this one, they could not see their value. To understand painting, you need to understand calligraphy. The character is not a picture of an object in the real world, but a symbol for an idea. As Chinese characters are symbols for ideas, so elements in a Chinese landscape, rocks, water, trees and mountains, became symbols of concepts. For the Chinese, pictures painted with a brush are symbols that carry both the surface meaning and additional hidden meanings. Chinese paintings are not just pretty pictures. They mean something.
W: Good afternoon, Dr. Brown. We are very honored to have you with us today.
M: Thanks for inviting me, Mary.
W: We know that you have been studying sleep and health for many years.
M: Yes, I started my research in 2010.
W: I know that good sleep makes me feel better, but I am not so sure about the specific health benefits of good sleep.