1 disability disab (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)led 2 ambition ambitious 3 benefit beneficial
4 absence absent absent-minded 5 access accessible 21世纪教育网版权所有
6. psychology psychological 7 congratulate congratulation
8 encourage encouraged encouraging encouragement
9 desire desirable 10 alarm alarming alarmed
11 embarrass embarrassing embarrassed 12 awful awfully 21教育网
13 elegant elegantly elegance 14 absurd absurdity
15 talent tal (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ented 16 satisfy satisfied satisfying/satisfactory satisfaction
17 obey disobey 18 envy envious
19 theory theoretical 20 receive, reception,receptionist21cnjy.com
21. accessible 22. exception 23. consistent 24. sunk 25. demanding
26. worth 27. routine 28. aboard 29. apologies 30. Limit
1~5 CBCDA 6~10 BCABD 11~15 CABDD 16~20 ACDAB
21~24 BCDC 25~28 CBDA 29~33 DECBG
1. without 2. reality 3. were studying 4. Inspired 5. what
6. be folded 7. giving 8. a 9. sponsors 10. further
1. 删去been 2. don’t---didn’t 3. a---the 4. on---off 5. us---me
7. say--saying 7. such---so 8. to--for 9. that--which 10. 加that make me
21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 精品试卷·第 2 页 （共 2 页）
一．词形转换M7 U1 & U2
4.缺席，不在某处（n.）____________ 缺席的（adj.）____________ 21世纪教育网版权所有
7. 祝贺；庆贺v. ________________ 祝贺；庆贺n. ________________
8. 鼓励; 激励vt. _____________ 受到鼓舞的adj. _____________ 21·cn·jy·com
鼓舞人心的adj._____________ 鼓励; 奖励n._________________
10.警报，惊恐,使警觉（vt.& n.）____________ 使人恐慌的（adj.）_____________
16. 使满足; 使满意v.___________ 感到满足的; 感到满意的adj. _________
令人满足的; 令人满意的adj.______________ 满意; 满足; 令人满意的事物n.________
17. 服从; 顺从v.________ 不服从; 不顺从v. ________
18. 嫉妒；羡慕vt.________ 嫉妒；羡慕adj. _________
19. 理论n. ________ 理论的adj. ____________
20. 接待vt.____________ 接待n. _____________
21. Museums and other p (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ublic places should be designed to be fully ______ (access) to the disabled.
22. The cost is go (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ing up for just about everything, and college tuition is no ___________ (except).
23. The problem is (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)that what you do is not ________(consist) with what you say.
24. The number of our school students has _______(sink) from 1000 to 800.【来源：21·世纪·教育·网】
25. Few people are qualifi (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ed for this _________(demand) job, for it requires much time, commitment and persistence.www-2-1-cnjy-com
26. As your instructor (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) proposed, you ought to spend your time on something _________(值得的)researching into.21*cnjy*com
27. The reason for trave (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)lling is that it takes you away from your daily _______(常规) for a while.
28. Never has Ma (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ry been ________ (登上)a plane. She is as curious as a little child.
29. Please accept our (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) __________(歉意) for any inconvenience we have caused.
30. There is a t (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)wenty minutes parking ________ (限制)here, so we should get back to the car quickly.【来源：21cnj*y.co*m】
“Have you ever (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) told your story before?” “No.” “ 1 ?” “No one ever asked.”
Dave Isay wanted (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)to change that. In 2003, he set up a recording booth in Grand Central Station and 2 the StoryCorps Project. Isay had learned, through his work as a documentary radio producer, that a microphone makes people ask questions of others that they 3 wouldn’t ask. Isay reflects in his book Ties That Bind: Stories of Love and Gratitude from the First Ten Years of StoryCorps: “We can 4 the most meaningful poetry in the words and stories of the ordinary people around us, 5 we just have the courage to ask meaningful questions and the patience to 6 closely to the answers.”21*cnjy*com
Asking meaningful que (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)stions requires 7 because asking is such a countercultural (反传统的) activity in our culture of telling, observes Edgar Schein in his recent book, Humble Inquiry: The Gentle Art of Asking Instead of Telling.
Our problem-sol (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ving culture 8 people who know things and tell others what they know. In this culture, having to ask is regarded as a(n) 9 of weakness or ignorance. Asking briefly gives the other person 10 in the conversation and makes you seem 11 .
Those with the most (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)12 tend to tell more often than ask, and those who ask are 13 viewed as naive or annoying or both. Case in point: Just last week, someone said her boss told her not to 14 so many questions during meetings. He insisted, “It makes it seem as if you don’t 15 what you’re doing.” Yet the primary 16 of asking, according to Schein, are that we generate better ideas and make fewer 17 in judgment.
Asking good questi (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ons also 18 , as Edgar Schein says, skill and art. He says a question 19 have “the skill and the art of drawing someone out, of asking questions to which you do not already know the answer, of building a relationship 20 curiosity and interest in the other person.”
1. A. Why B. What C. Why not D. What for
2. A. completed B. launched C. continued D. appreciated
3. A. actually B. probably C. normally D. naturally
4. A. ignore B. write C. read D. discover
5. A. if B. as C. until D. though
6. A. turn B. listen C. lead D. relate
7. A. practice B. preparation C. courage D. patience
8. A. values B. upsets C. comforts D. disappoints
9. A. point B. sign C. part D. example
10. A. chance B. choice C. guidance D. power
11. A. ruder B. stronger C. weaker D. wiser
12. A. authority B. curiosity C. insecurity D. imagination
13. A. never B. often C. seldom D. already
14. A. make B. answer C. notice D. ask
15. A. care B. like C. accept D. know
16. A. benefits B. features C. natures D. characteristics21cnjy.com
17. A. plans B. efforts C. errors D. promiseswww.21-cn-jy.com
18. A. pays for B. asks for C. sends for D. calls for21·世纪*教育网
19. A. should B. would C. could D. may
20. A. in spite of B. based on C. due to D. together with【出处：21教育名师】
第二节 阅读 （共8小题，每小题2分，满分16分）(2020届东莞中学高三模拟)
Today's buzz words, w (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)hich include global warming and zero emissions, are causing everyday people (not just celebrities) to look for ways to reduce their carbon footprint. Based on this trend, entire districts, known as eco-communities, are being designed with green initiatives in mind. Dockside Green in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada is one of these communities. If everything goes according to plan, Dockside Green will be a self-sufficient community. The plans describe a variety of environmental features, some of which have never been seen.
Builders of (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)Dockside Green have the environment in mind with every choice they make. They ensure proper ventilation (通风), and guarantee residents 100% fresh indoor air. Interior and exterior building materials, such as paints and wood, are natural and non-toxic (无毒的). Eco-conscious builders use bamboo wherever possible because it is durable and does not require pesticides to grow.
Energy efficiency (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)is one of the top priorities in eco-communities, such as Dockside Green. Not only do energy-efficient appliances and light fixtures reduce the environmental impact of heating and hot water, they also save residents and business owners money. Dockside Green claims that home owners will use 55% less energy than average residents in Canada. Studies show that people use approximately 20% less energy when they are billed for exactly what they use. In addition, water is treated at Dockside Green and reused on site for flushing toilets.
Planners of (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)eco-communities such as Dockside Green must take the future into account. Dockside Green plans on reusing 90% of its construction waste. They also plan to continue using local suppliers for all of their transport and maintenance needs. This is a great way to reduce emissions. Finally, plans are in the works for a high-tech heating system that will use renewable biomass instead of fossil fuels.
The first tw (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)o stages of development at Dockside Green have already been completed, and many other plans are in the works. Other smaller eco-villages can be found around the world. Residents of these communities aim to reduce their carbon footprint and be models for sustainable living.
21. The purpose of the article is to __________.
A. introduce eco-communities B. describe Dockside Green’s plans
C. advertise Dockside Green D. illustrate sustainable living
22. According to the (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) article, what percentage of energy saving will Dockside Green residents save?
A. 100%. B. 90%. C. 55%. D. 20%.
23. Bamboo is an env (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ironmentally friendly choice for builders because it __________.
A. provides good air circulation B. keeps pests out of houses
C. is toxic substances free D. can be used for a long time
24. What will Dockside Green try to do in the future?2·1·c·n·j·y
A. To find fos (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)sil fuel alternatives. B. To develop an interior transportation system.
C. To use mos (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)t of construction waste again. D. To cooperate with other eco-villages.
Does everyone want a c (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)hallenging job? In spite of all the attention focused by the media, academicians, and social scientists on human potential and the needs of individuals, there is no evidence to support that the vast majority of workers want challenging jobs. Some individuals prefer highly complex and challenging jobs; others develop in simple, routine work.
The individual-differe (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)nce variable (变量) that seems to gain the greatest support for explaining who prefers a challenging job and who doesn’t is the strength of an individual’s needs for personal growth and self-direction at work. Individuals with these higher-order growth needs are more responsive for challenging work. What percentage of ordinary workers actually desire higher-order need satisfactions and will respond positively to challenging jobs? No current data is available, but a study from the 1970s estimated the figure at about 15%. Even after adjusting for changing work attitudes and the growth in white-collar jobs, it seems unlikely that the number today exceeds 40%.
The strongest (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)voice advocating challenging jobs has not been workers—it’s been professors, social science researchers, and media people. Professors, researchers, and journalists undoubtedly made their career choices, to some degree, because they wanted jobs that gave them autonomy, recognition and challenge. That, of course, is their choice. But for them, to force their needs onto the workforce in general is presumptuous (冒失的).
Not every e (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)mployee is looking for a challenging job. Many workers meet their higher-order need off the job. There are 168 hours in every individual’s week. Work rarely consumes more than 30% of this time. That leaves considerable opportunities, even for individuals with strong growth needs, to find higher-order need satisfaction outside the workplace. So don’t feel you have a responsibility to create challenging jobs for all your employees. For many people, work is something that will never excite or challenge them. And they don’t expect to find their growth opportunities at work. Work is merely something they have to do to pay their bills. They can find challenges outside of work on the golf course, fishing, at their local pub, with their friends in social clubs, with their family, and the like.
25. What makes people choose challenging jobs?
A. Positive responses. B. Work attitudes.
C. Higher-order growth needs. D. Personal self-direction.
26. Who is the least likely to prefer a challenging job?
A. College professors. B. Construction workers.
C. Social researchers. D. Media journalists.
27. The passage is intended for _________.
A. job-hunters B. researchers C. graduates D. employers
28. Which is the best title for the passage?
A. Not Everyone Wants a Challenging Job
B. Complex Jobs Offer Growth Opportunities
C. Employers Should Create Challenging Jobs
D. Challenging Jobs Give a Sense of Recognition
Language teach (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ers often offer advice to language learners: "Read as much as you can in the new language." "Practice speaking the language every day." "Don't translate - try to think in the new language." But what do successful language learners do? 29. ________________
First of all, succes (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)sful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language. 30. _______________. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from their mistakes. 21教育名师原创作品
31. __________.Therefore, successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. 32.__________. When communication is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of very word.
Finally, succ (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)essful language learners are learners with a?purpose. 33. __________. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it.
A. They realize that learning a language involves great efforts.
B. They are not a (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)fraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again.
C. Successful language learners are active learners.
D. Language lea (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)rning research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways.
E. Instead of waitin (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)g for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves.
F. They always dre (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)am of studying overseas and learning about different cultures.
G. They want to learn t (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)he language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it.2-1-c-n-j-y
第四节 词组选择题 （共5小题，每题1分，共5分）
34. Believin (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)g that our diligent work will ________ can build up our confidence.
A take off B pay off C put off D make off
35. The secretary (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) is obedient. Every time she is given a task from her boss, she finds it hard to ______.
A turn off (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) B turn up C turn down D turn in
36. Some Chinese p (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)eople who have got rich prefer luxury brands to ___________ their achievements and wealth among the social peer group.
A. take up B take delight in C put forward D show off
37. The thief tried to open the locked door but_________.
A at a loss B without effect C at random D in vain【版权所有：21教育】
38. We were _________ the news that a teenager had sold his kidney to buy an iPad
A astonis (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)hed at B indifferent to C fed up with D content with
第五节 语法填空 (共10小题；每小题1,5分，满分15分） （20119-2020天一大联考）
Students can (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)have all of the right reading and writing materials, but 1 a comfortable place to study, it can be difficult to digest the information they are learning. This is a 2 (real)for many students in developing countries.
When HaYoung (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) Lee traveled to India，he noticed many children were crouched(蹲伏）down in the dirt when they 3 ( study). 4 (inspire) to give them a place where they could study comfortably, he developed the “Letter Desk”.
The Letter Desk i (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)s a lightweight desk made out of cardboard. It features two legs and a top, but
5 makes it (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) special is that it can 6 (fold) up into a briefcase so students can carry it with
them wherever they go.
Sending a messa (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)ge about the importance of learning to read and write, and 7 (give) kids on the streets the tools to do so, are especially important given that (鉴于）in 1994 UNICEF reported there are around 11 million children living on the streets in India— 8 number that is thought to be underestimated.
Recently (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?)HaYoung Lee has posted the Letter Desk on Behance in the hope that 9 (sponsor),partners or non-profits can work with him to 10 ( far) develop the desk，and help give students a comfortable spot to read and study.
Yesterday (?http:?/??/?www.21cnjy.com?) morning, I went to school by bus. However, I didn't realize I had been left my bus card at home until I got on the bus. With no money on me, 1 don’t know what to do. So I made an apology to a driver and was about to get on. Just then a young lady stopped us. She offered to buy a ticket for me，say she had also experienced such embarrassing a thing. Seeing her sweet smile, I felt very happy and was really grateful to what she did. It was her kindness, that I made up my mind to pass on to others made my day.
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