[ID:4-6189391] 2019高考英语词汇词类转换总汇
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2019年高考词汇变形总汇 A? abandon??v.抛弃,舍弃,放弃abandoned?adj.?被抛弃的,放纵的?abandonment??n.?抛弃? ability? n.?能力;才能disability n.无能,残疾 able ?adj.?能够;有能力的 unable ?adj.?不会的,不能的?enable vt. 使能够??~sb to do sth ?absence?n.?不在,缺席??? (presence n.出席) absent?a.?不在的,缺席的? (present adj.出席的) absolute??a.?完全,全部,绝对的?absolutely adv. 完全地,绝对地? accident??n.?事故,意外的事????accidental?a.?事故的,意外的?accidentally adv. accomplish??v.?完成??accomplishment?n.?完成,成就? accuracy??n.?准确,精确????accurate(ly)?a.?精确的? achieve??vt.?达到,取得????achievement??n.?成就,成绩,功绩? ?admit??vt.?承认,准许(入场/学,入会) be admitted to/into 被……录取admission??n.?准入,?接纳??? advertise?vt.?为……做广告?advertisement??n.?广告?? affect?vt.?影响effect n.影响?affection??n.?喜爱,钟爱???affective?a.情感的? agress?v.?攻击,侵犯?aggression??n.?侵略???aggressive?(ly)??a.?侵略的;咄咄逼人的???? agree? ?v.?同意;应允?agreement? ?n.?同意,一致;协定,协议??agreeable? a.使人愉快的,惬意的? ?agriculture??n.?农业,农学agricultural??a.?农业的?? act n.&v. 行动;表演 action n.行为actor n.男演员 actress n.女演员 active adj.活跃的,积极的 activity n.活动 be actively involved in doing积极参与 ambition??n.目标,野心,雄心,抱负?ambitious(ly)?a.?有野心的,雄心勃勃的? analyse/ze??v.?分析?analysis??n.?分析,分析结果? anger??n.?怒,愤怒??angry??a.?生气的,愤怒的?angrily adv. 生气地 ?announce??vt.?宣布,宣告?announce with certainty肯定地宣布?announcement??n.?通告,通知?? adapt v.适应~(oneself) to;改编be adapted from/for 改编自/成adaptation n.适应性;改编 anxiety??n.?担忧,焦虑??anxious??a.?忧虑的,焦急的?? apologize??vi.?道歉,谢罪???apologize to sb. for sth. 由于….向某人道歉 apology??n.?道歉;歉意 appreciate?v.?欣赏;?感激? I’ll appreciate it if… 如果……我会非常感激你 appreciation??n.?欣赏,鉴定,评估 ?appreciative?a.?欣赏的,感激的 approve???v.?赞成,同意,批准,通过approve of sb/sth. ?approval??n.赞成,同意,批准,通过?? ?arrive??vi.?到达;达到?? arrival??n.?到来,到达?on/upon one’s arrival一到达 associate??v.?联想,联系 be associated with... ?association??n.?协会,社团,联系? assume??v.?假定,假设??assumption??n.?假定,假设? astonish??vt.?使惊讶?astonishment?n.?惊讶?astonishing/ed?a.? attract??v.?吸引,引起?attraction??n.u?吸引, c. 吸引人的事物/景点attractive?(ly)a.?迷人的,有吸引力? automatic??a.?自动的,机械的?automatically?adv.?自动地、机械地? aware? ?a.?知道的,意识到的,发觉? be aware of 意识到unaware? a.?没发觉的??awareness?n.?意识 access n.接近accessible a.易接近的 A have access to B= B be accessible to A afford vt.负担得起(…的费用) afford to do sth.负担得起做某事affordable a.负担的起的? allow v.允许,允许…进入allow doing/ allow sb to do sth allowance n.津贴,零用钱 amaze vt.使惊奇,惊叹amazing a. 令人惊奇的 (-ly) amazed a. 感到惊奇的 amazement n.惊讶,惊愕 to one’s amazement 令某人惊奇的是 annoy vt.打扰,打搅,使烦恼annoyance n.恼怒,烦恼 annoyed/annoying adj. appear vi.出现;显得,好像 appearance n.出现;外表,外貌disappear v.消失 apply v.申请;使用 apply for 申请 apply... to...应用 sth apply to... 适用于 ? application n.申请(书),应用,努力?applicant n.申请人 appliance n.工具,器械 appoint vt. 任命;约定 appoint sb. to do sth. 任命某人做某事appointment n.约会 disappointment n.失望 to one’s disappointment 令某人失望的是 atom n.原子atomic adj.原子的 argue v.争论 argue with sb. about/over sth. 与某人争论某事argument n.争论 It is beyond argument that...不可争辩的是... arrange v.安排,布置 arrange for sb. to do sth. 安排某人做某事arrangement n.安排 B 1.base cn. 根据地vt. 基于;以……作根据basement n.地下室 basic adj.基本的 basically adv. 基本上;从根本上说 basis n.基础;根据 2.beauty n.美;美人beautiful adj.美丽的;漂亮的 3.behave? v.?守规矩,行为??behave oneself 表现好点 behaviour? ?n.?行为,举止?? 4.belief? n.?信条,信念v.+in disbelief??不可置信地 hold the firm belief that...坚信 believe?? v.?相信,认为?(un)believable? a.?(不)可相信的?(un)believably 5.benefit? n.?/?v.优势,益处,使…受益? benefit from 从……受益 beneficial?? a.?有利的,有帮助的,有用的 be beneficial to 对……有好处 6.bore vt.使厌烦bored adj. 感到厌烦的boring adj.乏味的,无聊的 boredom n.无聊 7. breath?n.?气息;呼吸 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 take a deep breath 深呼吸? breathe? ?vi.?呼吸?breathless? ?a.?气喘吁吁的,上气不接下气的???breathlessly 8 .build v.建筑;建造 (built, built) building n.c.建筑物,房屋 9. bury vt.埋葬 burial n.葬礼 C 1.care n.u.照料,保护 v. 介意,关心careful adj.小心的,仔细的 carefully adv. careless?a.?粗心的,漫不经心的??carelessness?n.粗心? 2.caution??n.?谨慎,小心,警告 with caution小心地 ?cautious?(ly)?? a.?小心的,谨慎的? 3.celebrate??v.?庆祝??celebration??n.?庆祝;庆祝会?? 4.change??n.?零钱;找头v.?改变,变化;更换;兑换??(un)?changeable?a.易变的,变化无常? 5.choice??n.?选择;抉择?? have no choice but to do.. 别无选择做某事choose?(chose,?chosen)? vt.?选择?? 6.cheer n.&v. 欢呼;喝彩 cheer up 振作起来cheerful adj.令人愉快的;兴高采烈的 7.classic??a.?一流的,典型的,有代表性的?classical??a.?传统的;古典的?? 8.classify??v.?分类,归类??classification?n.分类?classified?a.?机密的? 9.coincidence??n.?巧合,巧事 by~巧合的是??coincident a.?巧合的,同时发生的? 10.cloud n.云 vt.使难以理解;使…朦胧不清 cloudy adj.多云的 11.communicate?? v.?交际;传达(感情,信息等)?communication?n.交际,交往;通讯?? 12.compete??vi.?比赛,竞赛?competence??n.能力,胜任,管辖权competent adj.有能力的 competition??n.?比赛,竞赛?competitor??n.?竞赛者,比赛者??competitive adj. 竞争的;比赛的? 13.?(un)?confident??a.?自信的?confidential??a.?机密的,保密的??confidence?n.信心? 14.confirm??v.?证实,证明,确认??confirmation?n.证实,确认? 15.conserve?v.?保存,保藏?conservation??n?保存;保护,管理?conservative??a.?保守的,守旧的;? 16.consider? v.?考虑?considerate? ?a.?体贴的;考虑周到的?consideration? ?n.?考虑;关心? considerable ?a.?相当的,客观的?;相当多的considerably? adv.?相当地? 17.contribute? ?v.?贡献? contribute to 贡献于;导致contribution?n.?贡献??contributor ?n.?贡献者? 18.(in)?convenience??n.(不)?便利??(in)convenient??a.?便利的,方便的??If it is convenient for you... 19. create??vt.?创造;?造成?creation?n.?创造?creature??n.?生物,动物;?creative?创造性的,有创造力的? crime??n.?(法律上的)罪,犯罪?criminal??n.?罪犯?? curious(ly)a.?好奇的;奇异的?be curious about curiosity n.?好奇;好奇心 out of curiosity出于好奇 collect v.收集collection n.收集 collectivism n.集体主义 individualism n.个人主义 collective adj. 集体的;共同的 individual adj.个人的(-ly) comfort n.&v. 安慰;舒适discomfort n.不舒适,不安 (un)comfortable adj.舒适的,安逸的 commerce n.商业;商务 commercial adj.商业的n.商业广告 commit vt.犯(罪等);干(坏事等);承诺,使…承担义务commit oneself to doing sth 致力于 commitment n.承诺,保证;奉献 concentrate v.集中;聚集 concentrate on 集中注意力于concentration n.集中;专心 conclude vt.完成,结束;断定conclusion n.结束,结论 draw/make a conclusion 下结论 in conclusion 总之 confuse vt.使困惑;混乱confusion n.混乱confused adj.混乱的,困惑的confusing adj.令人困惑的 constant adj.经常地;不断地 constantly adv.连续不断地 consult vt.请教,咨询consultant n.顾问 courage n.勇气encourage v.鼓舞 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事courageous adj.勇敢的 discourage vt.使气馁discouragement n.气馁 ?D?? dead??a.?死的;无生命的?deadly adj.致命的die vi.死death??n.?u.死 c.死亡的事例??? ?decide??v.?决定;下决心? decide to do sth. 决定做某事decision??n.?决定;决心? ?depart?v.?离开,分离????departure??n.?离开,启程?? danger n.u. 危险;c.危险分子dangerous adj.危险的 depend?? vi.?依靠,依赖,指望;取决于? depend on 依赖,依靠= rely on (in)dependent? a.依靠的,依赖的?(in)dependence?n.?(独立)、依靠??un)dependable?a.?(不)可靠的? deep adj. 深的 (-ly adv.深深地) have a deeper insight into the profound Chinese culture 对博大精深的中国文化有更深的了解 depth?? n.?深,深度?deepen?v.?加深,深化??? describe vt. 描写;描述description n.描写 beyond description无法描述 determine?vt.?决定;决心 determine to do sth.(be determined to do sth.) 下定决心做某事 determination?n.?决心?? determined?a.下定决心的? devote??vt.?把…奉献,?把…专用(于) devote...to( doing)??奉献于;投身于devotion??n.?奉献,奉献精神??devoted adj.忠诚的;献身的 disappoint??vt.?使失望 ?disappointed?a.?感到失望;感到沮丧?? disappointment?n.?失望;沮丧? to one’s disappointment 令某人失望的是 differ vi.相异;有区别 differ from 与……不同 differ in 在…..方面不同 different adj.区别的;不同的 difference n.区别;不同 difficult adj.困难的 difficulty n.困难 have difficulty in doing sth discover vt.发现discovery n.发现? discourage??vt.?使气馁;打消(做…的念头)?encourage?v.鼓励?encouragement?n.?鼓励? discuss??vt.?讨论,议论?discussion??n.?讨论,辩论??be under discussion正在被讨论 distinction? n.差别,区别,优秀,卓越??distinguish??v.?区分,辨别,分清 distinguish...from... 区别;辨别?distinguished a.著名的;卓越的;受人尊敬的 (un)?distinguishable? adj.(不)?可分清的? distribute??v.?分发,分配??distribution?n.?分发,分配??? donate???v.?捐赠?donation?n.?捐赠??donor/donator捐赠者? direct adj. 直接的 v.指导;导演 adv.直接地 directly adv. 直接地,恰好地;坦率地 conj.一..就 direction n.方向;指导;用法说明 from every direction/from all directions 从四面八方 director n.c.负责人;董事;导演 E economy n.经济,节约 economic a.前置定语 经济(学)的 economical a.实惠的,节约的 employ vt.雇佣;使用employee n.雇员;被雇佣者employer n.雇主;雇佣者 engage v.(使)参与,吸引,雇用 engaged a.忙于,占用,已订婚的 engagement n.订婚,约定 energy n. 精力energetic adj.精力旺盛的energetically adv.精力充沛地 enjoy v.欣赏;享受 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢/享受做某事?enjoyable adj.愉快的;有趣的 enthusiasm n.热情enthusiastic adj.热情的 enthusiastically? embarrass v.尴尬,使窘迫embarrassment n.尴尬embarrassed adj.感到尴尬的embarrassing adj. emergency n.紧急情况或状态 emergent adj.紧急的 emerge vi.出现,浮现 extraordinary adj.离奇的;使人惊奇的;不平凡的ordinary?a.?普通的 enter v.进入;参加entrance n.入口 equal adj.平等的;vt.等于 equal to 与……平等;等于……equally adv.平等地equality n.平等 educate??vt.?教育,培养?educator??n.?教育家?education??n.?教育,培养??educative教育的,教育性的 equip v.配备;装备 be equipped with配备有 equipment n.装备,设备 examine v.检查,审查examination n.考试;检查 exhaust vt.使精疲力尽,耗尽 exhaustion n.疲惫,枯竭, exhausted a.精疲力尽的,耗尽的 exhausting a.使人精疲力尽是 expect vt.预料;期望expectation n.预料;期望 live up to one’s expectations不辜负某人的期望 expense n.花销;花费expensive adj.昂贵的 explain v.解释;说明 explanation n.解释;说明 explode vt.使爆炸explosion n.爆炸;爆发 expose vt.使暴露;揭露 expose…to 把……暴露于;使处于……影响下exposure n.暴露 explore v.探索exploration n.考察 express v.表达;表露; n.快车;快递 expression n.表达 ?F face n.脸;面孔 v.面对in the face of 面对,不顾 facial adj.面部的 fail? ?v.?失败;不及格;衰退?? fail to do sth. 失败做某事failure??n.u.?失败? c.失败的人/事 ?(un)fair??a.?公平的,合理的?fairly??ad.?公正地,正当地;相当(程度)地?fairness??n.?公平;公正?? faith?n.?信仰;信念??(un)?faithful?a.?忠实的,守信的?faithless?a.?背信弃义的,不忠实的? fantasy n.幻想(作品) fantastic a.极好的 favor n.恩惠,赞同in favor of赞同,支持 in one’s favor对某人有利vt.喜爱,支持 favorite a.最喜爱的cn.心爱的人/物 favorable a.有利的;赞同的;称赞的;讨人喜欢的 fast?a.?快的?fasten??vt.?扎牢;扣住?? finance n.财政,金融,资金 financial a. fluency? n.(外语)流利,流畅?with great fluency in English,... ?fluent(ly)?a.流利的??? forget v.忘记 forgetful a.健忘的,疏忽的 unforgettable a.难忘的 (un)?fortunate(ly)??a.?幸运的;?侥幸的?fortune??n.?财产;运气?? frequent(ly)?a.?经常的;频繁的??frequency?n.?频率,次数 ?G generous?a.?慷慨大方的??generosity?n.?慷慨,大方? genuine a. 真实的,真诚的 genuinely adv. 3 .globe n.地球仪;(the~)地球global adj.全球的,整体的 3.govern v.统治,管理government n.政府 4.gradual adj.逐渐的 gradually adv.逐渐地 5.graduate v.毕业 n.毕业生 graduate from 从……毕业graduation n.毕业,毕业典礼 6.greed n.贪心;贪婪greedy adj.贪婪的 7.guilty a.内疚的about/at,有罪的of guilt n.内疚 H 1.(un)happy??a.快乐的(un)happily??ad.?幸福地,快乐地?(un)happiness??n.?幸福,愉快??? 2.hard??ad.?努力地;使劲;猛烈地?a.硬的;困难的;艰难的?hardly??ad.?几乎不?hardship??n.?困难? 3.?harm??n.&v.?伤害;损伤 do harm to 对…..有伤害?harmful??a.有害的;致伤的? be harmful to 对…..有伤害harmless??a.?无害的;不致伤的? 4.harmony??n.??融洽,和睦harmonious?a.?和谐的,和睦的? 5.help??n.?&?vt.?帮助,帮忙helpful??a.?有帮助的,有益的helpless?无助的? 6. high a. 高的height n.高度,海拔 7.history n.历史 historical a.历史的,有根据的historically ad.在历史上;从历史角度 historian n.历史学家 8. hero n.英雄,男主角 heroine n.女英雄 heroic a.英雄的,英勇的 9. hesitate v.犹豫 hesitation n. without hesitation毫不犹豫 10. (dis)honest??a.?(不)诚实的,正直的?(dis)?honesty?n.?(不)诚实? 11.honor n.?荣誉,光荣?vt.?尊敬,给予荣誉 in honor of为了纪念= in memory of ?honorable?a.?可敬的,荣誉的? 12.hope n.&v. 希望hopeful??a.?有希望的;有前途的?hopeless?a.没有希望,不可救药的? 13.?hospitable??a.好客的,殷勤的??hospitality?n.?好客,盛情? 14.(in)humorous??a.?富于幽默的humour?(美humor)?n.幽默,幽默感 a sense of humor 幽默感 I 1.?identity??n.?身份,特征??identification??n.?鉴定,辨别??identify?v.识别,鉴别? 2.illegal(ly)??a.?非法的?legal(ly)?a.合法的? 3.ill adj.生病的?illness??n.?疾病?? 4.?image n.形象,影像imagine??vt.?想像,设想?imagination?n.?想象???imaginary?a.?想象的,虚构的?imaginative?a.?有想象力的? 5. immediate??a.?立即的,马上?immediately??ad.?立即??conj.一..就 6. impress??vt.?留下极深的印象?impression??n.?印象,感觉?impressive?a.?给人印象深刻? 7. industry??n.?工业,产业?industrial?a.工业的?? 8.instant a.立刻的,即食的n.瞬间,即刻 instantly adv.立即,马上 instance n.例子 9. instruct??vt.?通知;指示;教?instruction??n.?说明,须知;教导??instructive?a.?有益的,教育性的? 10.intelligence??n.智力,才智,智慧?intelligent?a.?聪明的 11.?invite??vt.?邀请,招待?invitation?n.?邀请,请帖? J ?judge??n.?裁判;审判员;法官vt.?判断,断定?judgment??n.?裁判?judgmental?a.审判的 ?(in)?justice?n.?正义;公正;司法?? L ?late??a.晚的ad.晚地,迟地?lately??ad.?最近,不久前later??a.?晚些的,迟些的latest??a.最新的;最晚的 Locate vt.找出...的位置,使坐落于... be located in/on... location n.地点,位置? long?a.?长的?length??n.?长,长度,段,节?? liberty?n.?自由?liberate?vt.?解放,使获自由??liberation??n.?解放? ?M 1.major??a.?较大的;主要的?majority??n.?大多数?? a majority of 大多数,大部分 2. marriage??n.?结婚,婚姻?married??a.?已婚的marry??v.(使)成婚,结婚?? 3.mean v.打算;意味着 adj.吝啬的;小气的meaning??n.?意思,含意??meaningful?a.有意义的? means??n.?方法,手段;财产? by all means 一定;尽一切办法 by no means 绝不 4. memory??n.?回忆,记忆memorial??n.?纪念馆??memorize??v.?记忆? 5.mercy??n.?怜悯merciful??a.?仁慈的;宽大的???at the mercy of...任凭...摆布 6.mouth??n.?嘴,口?mouthful??n.?满口,一口?? 7. music??n.?音乐,乐曲?musical??a.?音乐的,爱好音乐的?n.?音乐片?musician??n.?音乐家,乐师?? N 1.nation??n.?民族,国家?national??a.?国家的,全国性的,民族的?nationality??n.?国籍?? 2.natural??a.?自然的 ?nature??n.?自然,?性质,种类?? 3. necessary??a.?必需的,必要的?necessity?n.必要,需要 4.?negotiate??v.谈判,协商??negotiation?n.?谈判,协商??negotiator?n.?谈判代表? 5.nerve n.神经nervous??a.?紧张不安的nervousness?n.?神经过敏? O 1.object n.目标,物体 v.反对object to doing sth objection n.反对 objective a.客观的n.目标 2.observe v.观察,庆祝,遵守 observation n.观察 observatory n.天文台 observer n.观察者 3.occasion n. 场合;时机 on occasions有时 occasional a.偶尔的 occasionally adv.偶尔,间或 4.occupy??v.占用,占领;使忙碌,使从事be occupied in doing忙于?occupation?n.职业,占有? 5.offend v.得罪,冒犯 offence/se cn.违法行为un.冒犯 offensive a.令人讨厌的,无礼的 6.officer??n.?军官;公务员,官员;警察,警官?official??n.官员?,高级职员?a.官方,政府? 7.operate??v.?做手术~on,运转;实施,负责,?经营,管理?operation??n.?手术,操作?operator???n.接线员 8. option?n.?选择optional?a.?可选择的,选修的 9.oppose vt.反对oppose doing=be opposed to doing反对做某事 opposing前置定语 a.对立的,观点相反的???opposite a./prep./n.相反的,对面的 opposition un.相反,反对 5.organize(美organize)?vt.?组织?organiser?(organizer)?n.?组织者organization?n.?组织,机构?? P 1.pain??n.?疼痛,疼take pains to do sth努力做painful??a.?使痛的,使痛苦的??painless a.无痛的,不费力的 2.participate??v.?参加,参与participation?n.?参加?participant n.参与者 3.patience??n.?容忍;耐心?patient??a.?有耐心的n.病人 4.?percent??n.?百分之……?percentage??n.?百分率? 5.?perform??v.?表演,履行;行动?performance??n.?演出,表演? performer??n.?表演者,执行者?? 6.?permit??vt.许可,允许;执照?n.许可证permission??n.?允许,许可,同意? 7.?person??n.?人?personal??a.?个人的,私人的?personally??ad.?就自己而言??personnel 总n.全体人员 un.人事科 8.physical??a.?身体的;物理的?physician??n.(有行医执照的)医生? physicists n.物理学家 9. please?v.使人高兴,满意(un)?pleasant??a.?令人愉快的,舒适的???pleased?a.?高兴的?pleasure?n.?高兴,愉快? 10.?poem??n.?诗?poet??n.?诗人poetic?a.诗歌的? 11.poison??n.?毒药 v.毒害 ?poisonous??a.?有毒的,致命的 12.pollute?vt.?污染?pollution??n.?污染??pollutant?n.?污染物??polluted?a.?被污染的? 13.popular?a.?流行,大众,受欢迎的?popularity?n.?流行,欢迎? 14.possess??vt.?占有;拥有?possession??n.?所有,拥有;财产,所有物?possessive?a.?所有的,占有的 15. practice??n.?练习??practise(美practise)?v.练习,实践??practical(ly)a.?实际的,适用的? 16.prefer v.更喜欢 preference n.偏爱 for 17.press??vt.压,按?n.新闻界,出版社??pressure??n.?压迫,压力,压强?? 18.prevent??vt.?防止,?预防??prevention?n.?防止,预防?preventive?a.?预防的?? 19.produce?vt.?生产制造?product?n.?产品,制品??production??n.?生产;制造?productive?a.生产的,多产的? 20.profession?n.职业professor??n.?教授?professional(ly)a.?专业的,职业的?n.?专业人员? 21.promote??v.促进,推动,促销,晋升?promotion?n.?促进,推动,晋升? 22.?pronounce??vt.?发音?pronunciation??n.?发音?? 23.proper??a.?恰当的,合适的??properly??ad.?适当地?? 24.protect?vt.?保护??protection??n.?保护??protective?a.?保护的 ?protector?n.保护者? 25.prove??vt.?证明?proof?n.?证据 Q 1.(dis)?qualification?n.?资格,学历(dis)qualify?v.?有资?(un)?qualified? a.?合格的,?? R 1. radiation??n.?放射,放射物?radioactive??a.?放射性的?? 2.real(ly)a.?真实的,确实的??reality??n.?现实??realistic?a.?现实(主义)的? 3.reason??vi.评理,劝说n.理由,原因?(un)?reasonable??a.?合乎情理的?unreasonably? 4. refuse??vi.?拒绝,不愿refusal?n.?拒绝???? 5.regard??v.?把……看作regardless??a.?不顾,不加理会 6.?reject??v.?拒绝??rejection?n.?反对,拒绝? 7.relate?vi.?有关;?涉及??relation??n.?关系;?亲属??relative(ly)?n.?亲戚,关系词?a.相对? 8.relax?v.?(使)放松,轻松?relaxation?n.?放松,缓和? 9. rely?v.?依靠,依赖,信赖 rely on 依赖(un)reliable?a.?可信赖的,可依靠的? 10. relieve?v.?减轻,解除relief?n.?轻松,解脱,缓和,救济??sigh in relief松了口气 11.religion??n.?宗教?religious??a.?宗教的?? 12.repeat??vt.?重说,重做?repeatedly?重复地?repetition n.重复 13.represent??vt.?代表representative??n.代表,典型人物? 14.require??vt.?需求;要求?requirement??n.?需要;?要求;?必要的条件? 15.?resist?v.?抵抗;挡开?resistance?n.?抵抗,反抗resistible?a.?可抵抗的?? 16. respond??v.回答,回应,作出反应?(ir)responsibility??n.?责任,负责??(ir)responsible?a.?(不)负责的? 17.restrict?v.?限制?restriction?n.?限制,约束?restrictive(ly)a.?限制性的? 18.ripe?a.?成熟的,熟的?ripen??v.?成熟?? S 1.sad??a.?(使人)悲伤的 sadly adv.悲哀地,令人遗憾地,不幸地?sadness??n.?悲哀,忧伤?? 2.(un)safe??a.?安全的?n.?保险柜? safety??n.?安全,保险?? 3.salt??n.?盐?salty??a.?盐的,咸的,含盐的?? 4. satisfy?vt.?满足,使满意satisfaction??n.?满意?(un)?satisfied?a.(不)满意的be satisfied with 对…满意 5.scare vt.使恐惧 n. 惊恐,恐慌 scared a.感到恐慌的 be~ of scary a.使人惊慌的 5.secure?a.安心的,有把握的,牢靠的?security??n.?安全,平安? 6.?self?n.?自己,自我,自身?(un)?selfish(ly)??a.?自私的??(un)selfishness?n.?自私自利? 7.sense?n.?感觉,意识?sensitive(ly)a.?敏感的??sensible??a.?有感觉的,明智的? 8.separate??v.?使分开,分离a.?单独的,分开的? separate... from 把…与…分开 separately??ad.?单独地,各自地?separation??n.?分离,隔离?? 9.settle??vi.?安家,定居settlement??n.?新拓居地;(美)部落,村落settler??n.?移居者,开拓者?? 10.shame??n.?遗憾的事;羞愧?shameful?(ly)a.?丢脸的,不体面的??shameless(ly)?a.?不知羞耻的? 11.sharp??a.?锋利的,尖的?sharpen??v.?(使)变锐利,削尖? 12.?sign??n.?符号,标记 v.签名,示意 sign up for报名参加 signature n.签名 ?signal??n.?信号,暗号??v.发信号,示意 13.(in)?significance??n.?重要性,意义?? (in)significant?a.?重要的,有意义的? 14.simple??a.?简单的,简易的?simplify??v.?使简化,使简易??simply?ad.简单地,(加强语气)的确?? 15.skill??n.?技能,技巧??skilled??a.?熟练的;有技能的?skillful??a.?熟练,精湛的,灵巧的??skillfully??ad.? 16.social?a.?社会的;社交的?socialism??n.?社会主义?socialist??a.?社会主义的?society??n.?社会?? 17.special??a.?特别的,专门的?specialist??n.?(医学)专家;专业人员? specialty?n.?专业,特色?? 18.spirit??n.?精神 be in high/low spirits情绪高涨/低落?spiritual??a.?精神的;?心灵的?? 19.starvation??n.?饥饿;?饿死??starve??v.?饿死?? 20.strength??n.?力量,力气??strengthen??vt.?加强,增强?strong??a.?强(壮)的;坚固的;强烈的;坚强的?? 21.succeed??vi.?成功 succeed in doing sth.成功做某事?success??n.?成功??successful?(ly)?a.?成功的,有成就的??successive(ly) adj.逐次的,连续的,相继的 22.suggest??vt.?建议,提议?suggestion??n.?建议?? 23.suit?vt.?适合?n.一套(衣服)?suitable??a.?合适的,适宜的??be suitable for... 24.survival?n.?存活,幸存?survive??v.生存,存活,幸免于难??survivor?n.?幸存者? 25.sympathy?n.?同情?sympathetic?a.?有同情心的?sympathetically?adv.?同情地,怜悯地? 26.system?n.?体系;系统?systematic??a.系统的,有条理的 ?T 1.talent?n.?天才,天赋??talented?a.有天赋的,聪明的? 2.taste??n.?品尝,?尝味;味道?vt.?品尝,?尝味?tasteless??a.?无滋味的?tasty??a.?味道好的 3.terrify vt.使恐惧 terrifying a.骇人听闻的 terrified a.感到恐惧的 terror n.惊恐 terrorism cn.?恐怖主义 terrorist cn.恐怖分子 4.thank??vt.?感谢,致谢,道谢?n.?(复)感谢,谢意?thankful??a.?感谢的,感激的?? 5.thrill cn.激动,令人激动的事 v.使激动 thrilled/thrilling a.激动,兴奋的 thriller cn.惊险小说,电影 6.tire??vi.?使疲劳?tired??a.?疲劳的,累的?tiresome??a.?令人厌倦的? 7.tolerate?v.?容许,允许,忍受?(in)?tolerable?a.?可忍受的??tolerance?n.?忍受,?宽容,容忍? 8.tradition?n.?传统,风俗?traditional??a.?传统的,风俗的? 9.?translate??vt.?翻译?translation??n.?翻译;译文?translator??n.?翻译家,译者?? 10.trouble??vt.?使苦恼,使忧虑,使麻烦?n.问题,疾病,烦恼,麻烦?troublesome??a.令人烦恼,?讨厌?? U 1.unconditional??a.无条件,绝对的??condition?条件????? 2.urge?v.?敦促,催促,力劝urgent??a.?紧急的,紧迫的??urgency?n.?紧急,催促? 3.use n&vt.利用,使用,应用user n.用户 used??a.?用过的;旧的;二手的 useful??a.?有用的,有益的?useless(ness)??a.?无用的??be/get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 used to do sth.过去常常做某事 be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 be used for.. 被用来… V 1. value??n.?价值,益处valuable??a.?值钱的,贵重的????invaluable??无法估计的,宝贵的??valueless?不足道的? 2.variety??n.?种种,种类 a variety of 多种多样的?various??a.?各种各样的,不同的?,?vary??v.使变化,改变? 3. violate??v.?违反(法律、协议等),侵犯?violence??n.?暴力行为??violent(ly)??a.?暴力的,强烈的? W 1.warm?a.?温暖的warmth??n.?暖和,温暖?? 2.weak??a.?差的,弱的,淡的?weakness??n.?软弱?? 3.wealth??n.?财产,财富?wealthy??a.?富的? 4.weigh vt.称重,权衡?系vi.重量为 weight n.重量 overweight adj.超重的 The advantages overweigh the disadvantages.利大于弊。 5.will??n.?意志,?遗嘱(un)willing??a.?乐意的;?愿意的?(un)willingly??ad.?乐意地?(un)willingness??n.?意愿;? 6.worth??a.?有…的价值,值得…的?worthless??a.没有价值,没有用的? worthy?a.?值得的 be worthy of doing sth.值得做某事
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