[ID:4-6189390] 高三英语常用句型操练背诵PDF
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高三英语常用句型操练背诵 1. be of + 抽象名词 = be + 抽象名词的形容词 抽象名词有:value, importance, use, interest, significance 等,在抽象名词的前面可以 加 little, some, any, no, great 等副词, 表示某事物的特性等抽象概念。例如: This invention is of great value to mankind. 这项发明对人类很有价值。 The decision is of great importance. 这个决定很重要。 练习:1). 这样一本书毫无用处。 2). 体育运动对我们很有益处。 2. be of + adj. + n. ( age, color, height, kind, price, size, shape, type, way, weight ) 表示某事物具有……的特征。例如: Coins may be of different shapes. 硬币有不同的形状。 =Coins may be different in shape. The two ladies are of the same age, but there seems to be ten years between them 这两位女士年龄相同,但她们之间好象有 20 岁的年龄差距。 练习:1). 我们俩同龄 2). 这样东西和那样东西的价格相同 3. too…to… = not…enough to… 太……而不能…… 例如: The child is too young to go to school. 这孩子太小, 不能上学。 = The child is not old enough to go to school. too…to 句式中, too 后面加上形容词 eager, easy, ready 等,意为 very; 或 too 之前有 only, all, but, quite 等词时, 无否定意义。 例如: He is too ready to talk. 他爱说话。 I am only too delighted to accept your kind invitation. 我非常高兴地接受你的邀请。 练习: 1). 我非常高兴能帮助你。 2). 这箱子太重,恐怕你搬不动。 3. Although / Though…, yet / still…. 虽然……但是…… 例如: Although they tried their best, yet they lost the game. 尽管他们尽了最大的努力,但还是输了比赛。 Although it was raining, the children were still playing football on the playground. 尽管天在下雨,孩子们还是在操场踢足球 though 引导让步状语从句,可以用倒装语序,相当于 as. 例如: Poor though / as I am, I am happy and healthy. 虽然我穷,可我健康快 乐 Young as he is, he is very clever. 尽管他年纪小,他却很聪明。 练习:1). 虽然他是个小孩,他懂得很多。 2). 虽然努力了,他考试还是未及格。 4. It makes no difference + wh-clause (to make some difference 有些影响) It doesn’t matter + wh-clause 做…并不重要,无关紧要,没什么不同 例如:It makes no difference to me what you do. 你做什么对我无关紧要。 =It doesn’t make any difference to me what you do. 练习:1) 明天是否下雨对于我来说无所谓啦。 2) 穿什么款式的衣服都行。 3) 早晨不大声读英语是对你是有影响的。 5. A + v. + times + the + n.+ of B. A 是 B 的……倍(长/宽/高)……。 此句型中常用的名词有:length(长度),width(宽度),height(高度)depth(深度), size(大小),age(年龄)等。此种句式可以转换,但要注意倍数及说法上的细微变化。 例如:This river is 4 times as long as that one.(这条河是那条河的四倍长) =This river is 4 times the length of that one. =This river is 3 times longer than that one. 练习: 1). 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。 2). 这个园子比那个大三倍。 6. The + 比较级(从句), the + 比较级(主句), 越……,越……;愈……就愈……。 例如:It’s believed that the harder you work, the better result you’ll get. 人们认为你越努力, 取得的结果就会更好。 The busier she is ,the happier she feels. 她越是忙,越是感到快乐。 练习: 1). 一个人实践得越多懂得就越多。 2). 你越表扬他,他工作越努力。 3).工作越努力,成绩就越大。 7. 祈使句 + and / or + 含有一般将来时的陈述句 例如:Take more exercise and you’ll feel healthy. 多锻炼身体,你就会身体健康。 = If you take more exercise, you’ll feel healthy. Start early, or you will miss the early bus. 早点出发,要不然你就赶不上早班车。 =If you don’t start early, you will miss the early bus. 练习:1). 鼓起勇气吧,你一定会战胜困难,取得进步的。 2). 别喝酒了,要不然迟早你会酿成车祸等的意外的。 8. have + 宾语 + 过去分词,表示使某人做某事;受到某种影响;蒙受、遭受。例如: You’d better have that bad tooth pulled out. 你最好把那颗坏牙拨掉。 He had his pocket picked. 他遭受到扒窃。 练习: 1). 我把意思说清楚了吗? 2). 我要把坏了的手表拿去修理。 9. have some trouble / difficulty (in) doing sth. 在……有困难 例如:Do you have any difficulty (in) translating this sentence into English? 你把这句子翻译成英语有困难吗? We had no difficulty in finding his house yesterday evening. 昨晚,我们毫不费劲地就找到了他的家。 练习: 1). 我和我的父母沟通起来没有什么困难。 2). 有困难,找警察。 10. How(ever) + adj. / adv + 主语 + 谓语 ! How + adj. + a / an + n. + 主语 + 谓语 ! How + 主语 + 谓语! What + a / an + adj. + n + 主语 + 谓语 ! What(ever) + adj. + u.n./ pl.n +主语 + 谓语 ! 例: 这个男孩真可爱! How lovely the boy is ! How lovely a boy he is ! What a lovely boy he is ! What fun it is to skate ! 实战演练: 1) 她唱得多好啊!我从来没有听过这么好的声音。 2) 时间过得真快啊! 3)无论你遇到的困难有多大,要坚持不懈。 4)独自在一个文化背景不同的国家生活学习对一个孩子来说该是多大的挑战啊! 5) 无论你取得多大的进步,需要谦虚。 11. It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到……干…… 例: It’s your turn to be on duty today. 今天轮到你值日了。 实战演练: 1)轮到谁做饭了? 2)轮到你回答问题时,不要犹豫。 12. It is said that… 据说…… It is reported that……据报道…… It is believed that……据相信…… It is thought that……据认为…… It is hoped that……大家希望…… It has been decided that……大家决定…… It is well known that……众所周知…… It is universally acknowledged that ------众所周知…… It is conceivable that ---- 可想而知 It occurred to sb. that _____某人忽然想到 It turns out that -------事实是,原来,结果是 该句型中 it 是形式主语,that 引导的是主语从句。 例:It turns out that the best way to proceed is the reverse. 结果表明,解决的最好方法是倒过来进行 It is conceivable that there will be a new economic crisis throughout the world, but we hope it won't happen. 人们相信一场新的经济危机可能再次席卷全球,但是我们希望它不要发生。 实战演练: 1)据报道,警察将很快对那两个失踪的孩子的情况进行调查。 2)可想而知,知识在我们一生中扮演着一个重要的角色 3)他从来没有想到他会在教学事业中获得如此巨大的成功。 4)据说中国打算发射宇宙飞船。 13. It is recommended that 有人建议(最好) It is proposed that ------有人提议 It is suggested that……有人建议 It is required that ------ 据要求 It is ordered that ----- 据命令 It is desired that ------ 希望------ 该句型中 it 是形式主语,that 引导的是主语从句,谓语用(should ) + 动词原形。 例:By comparison, it is proposed that listening to music is a more effective method to decrease pressure. 通过对比,有人提出听音乐是降低压力的一种更行之有效的方法。 实战演练: 1)根据命令,所有部队撤至三英哩以外。 2)根据要求,这些救援物资必须空运到那里。 14. It is + adj. + for sb. to do sth.句型中的形容词描述的是整个 for sb. to do sth. It is + adj. + of sb. to do sth = sb. is + adj. + to do sth. 句型中的形容词描述人 的性质特征,且与介词of后的名词有逻辑上的主系表关系。这类形容词有:kind, nice, good, right, wrong, stupid, silly, wise, clever, polite, bad, brave 等。 例:It’s right of you to do so. = You are right to do so. 你这样做是对的。 It is important for human beings to make proper us of natural resources. 人类合理利用自然资源是重要的。 It is helpful to put children in a situation where they can see themselves differently. 实战演练: 1) 当今,掌握英语对找工作是极其必要的。 2) 他同抢劫犯搏斗,真勇敢。 3) 他很明智主动承认错误。 4) 年轻人要成功, 培养良好的习惯是至关重要的。 15 . It’s time for sth.… 是……的时候了。 It’s time ( for sb. ) to do… 是做……的时候了。 It’s ( high / about ) time + that sb / sth did ------(从句中谓语动词用过去式) 是某人做 / 某事该做……的时候了。 It/This is the first (second, third…) time that + 主语 + have + done 这是某人第几 次做------(从句中谓语动词用现在完成时) It/That was the first (second, third…) time that + 主语 + had + done 那是某人第 几次做------(从句中谓语动词用过去完成时) 例:It’s time for class. 是上课的时候了。 It is time for us to take measures to prevent adolescents’ crimes. It is high time that we took measures to prevent adolescents’ crimes. 是我们采取措施预防青少年犯罪的时候了。 It is the third time that he has been in prison for robbery. 这是他第三次因抢劫 入狱了。 实战演练: 1)现在该是我们认真面对这个问题的时候了。 2)这是他第一次进行公开演讲。 3)那是他第二次指责汤姆玩忽职守。 4) 你该剪头发了。 16. It is (un)likely that + 主语 + 谓语… = sb / sth is (un)likely to do --- (不)可能…… It is (im)possible that --- (不)可能…… There is no (some)possibility that ---(不)可能…… Chances are that ---可能…… It’s just / not like sb.to do sth. 某人恰恰就是 \ 可不是……这个样子。 例: 因为懒惰他不太可能成功。 It is unlikely that he will succeed because of his laziness. =He is not likely to succeed ---. = it is impossible that he will succeed ---. =Chances are that he won’t succeed---. =There is no possibility that he will succeed---. 他就是那种上学迟到的人。 It’s just like him to be late for school. 实战演练: 1)除非你采取明确的步骤,否则你是不可能获得你想要的。 2)没有明确目标的计划多半是徒劳无功的。 3)他就是那种总是乐于助人的人。 4)当无知主宰我们时,决不可能有真正的和平。 17. It is + 被强调成份 + that / who… It is not until --- that --- 例: 重要的不是你读了多少而是你读了什么。 It is not how much you read but what you read that counts. 直到人们看见死鱼漂浮在河面上人们才意识到河流污染严重。 People didn’t realize the river had been seriously polluted until they saw dead fish floating on the river =It was not until people saw dead fish floating on the river that they realized the river had been seriously polluted . 实战演练: 1)我觉得孩子被娇惯了, 要受责备的是你丈夫。 2)第一座有钟面和时针的钟是在 600 年前造的 3) 直到有许多人投诉,政府才开始重视这个问题。 4)重要的是做这个工作的能力而不是你来自于什么地方或是干什么的。 5)直到将近一个月后,我才收到经理的回信。 18. It is + 时间 + since… 自从……以来多久。(it 后常用现在完成时,since 后常跟瞬 间性动词,如是延续性动词,译作“不做某事多久” 例: 我们多久没去看戏了。 How lone is it since we last went to the theatre? 他离开这里已经 10 年了。 It is ten years since he left here.(瞬间性) = It is ten years since he stayed here.(延续性) 实战演练: 1)从早晨以来一直在下雨。 2)自我回来后一直在忙。 3)自改革开放以来,深圳发生了翻天覆地的变化。 4) 他已经有十年没做老师了 19. It will ( won’t ) be + 时间段 + before 主语+谓语+……还要多少时间才…… It was (not) + 时间段 + before 主语+谓语+------ 过了多久才------ 例: 他要两天以后才回来。 It will be two days before he comes back. 过了一段时间我才了解到真相。 It was some time before I realized the truth. 实战演练: 1)等到再一次见面,将会是一段很长的时间。 2)这种状况或许要过很多年才会有所改善. 3)不久他就会崭露头角的。 4)过了五天他才出现。 20. sth cost sb. sth. (使)花费(金钱、时间、劳动等);值(多少钱);(使)付出 (代价)。其主语通常为事物。 Sb. pay ( sb. ) money to do sth. / for sth.某人付钱做---; Sb. spend…( in ) doing sth / on sth. 某人花…做…… It takes(sb.)sth to do sth.做…… 花费/需要------。 例: 他花了两小时做家庭作业。 His homework cost him two hours. He spent two hours on his homework. He spent two hours (in) finishing his homework. It took him two hours to finish his homework. 这一英雄行为使他付出了生命的代价。 The heroic deed cost him his life. 我会尽全力保证你的安全。 I will do whatever it takes to keep you safe. 实战演练: 1)她在一些无关紧要的事情上花了太多精力。 2)我不是花钱雇你整天闲坐着的。 3)成功是需要勤奋和决心的。 4)玩忽职守使他丢了工作。 5)他用了大半生的时间追究这个案件的真相。 21. It looks as if …好像…… It seems +( to sb. )+ (that) +主语 + 谓语…在某人看来)好像、似乎 It seems + as if (as though) 看样子似乎是… 主语 + 谓语+--- as if +主语 + 谓语 例: 科林斯运河的河道最引人注目,它看起来好像是有人拿一把刀在地上划了一道。 One highlight is the gash of the Corinthian canal. It looks as if someone took a knife and sliced through the land. 突然之间,好像大家都在谈论通货膨胀。 Suddenly it seems as if everyone is talking about inflation. 好像他在撒谎。 It seems that he is lying. = He seems to be lying. 她说得就好像完全知道我们的计划似的。 She talked as if she had known all about our plans. 他站起来好想要离开似的。 He stood up as if to leave. 实战演练: 1)好像我在什么时候得罪他了。 2)他似乎没有能力养活自己的能力,而且他也从来不认为自己有责任这么做。 3)看来我们有许多共同之处。 4)他张开嘴好像想要说什么似的。 5)他表现得若无其事。 22. It is worthwhile = To do / Doing sth. is worthwhile 干..是值得的 Sb / sth be worthy to be done / of + n. / of being done 值得… Sb. / Sth. be worth doing / n. 值得…… 例: 把真正高质量的插图包括进去是值得的。 It is worthwhile to include really high-quality illustrations. 这个日子值得记住。 The date is worthy of being remembered. The date is worthy to be remembered. 这本书非常值得一读。 The book is well worth reading. 这次旅行花费很多,但每一分钱都值得。 The trip was expensive but it was worth every penny. 实战演练: 1)为了钱相互争吵是不值得的。 2)这个工作需要花费很大力气,但是值得。 3)这个博物馆的确值得参观。 4)这件事值得努力。 23. think sb. / sth. to be…, 认为某人或某物……,也常以被动结构“sb. / sth. be thought to be…”出现。 to be 可以用 as 替代,也可以省略。比如: 我们认为姚明是当今中国最好的篮球运动员 We think Yao Ming(to be/ as)the best basketball player in China today. 她被认为是班上最棒的学生。She is thought (to be/ as) the best student in her class 类似的结构还有: consider sb (to be / as) … 认为某人/某物(是)…… be considered to be / as… 被认为/认作…… think of sb. / sth. as… …把……看作…… regard sb. / sth. as… …把……看作…… be regarded as… …被看作…… look upon sb as 把某人视作…… 比如: 我把你当作我最好的朋友。I consider you(to be / as)my best friend. This book is considered the best.我们认为这本书是最好的。 他(被认为)是诚实的。He is considered(to be / as)an honest man. 那军官总是把自己当作很普通的一名士兵。The officer always thinks of himself (as) a common soldier. 王医师被认为是城里最好的医生。Doctor Wang is regarded (as) the best one in the town. 我们把老师当作朋友,老师都对我们也很好。We all look upon teachers as friends, and they are kind to us too. 练习: 1)我认为这件衣服你穿大了点。 2)我们都认为他是个好人啊。 3)大家都认为张老师很会叫英语。 24. the number of… ……的数量(作主语时,谓语动词用单数)/a number of… 许多…… The number of visitors has increased year by year. 游客的数量逐年递增 As a result of Reform and Open Policy, the number of them has been increasing greatly each year.,由于改革开放的政策,游客数量连年都在大幅度增加。 A number of factories have been set up in this area. 此地已经建起了许多家工厂。 练习: 1)我们学校图书馆的图书数量连年增加。 2)许多学生都是本市的。 25. No matter + how /what / when/ where/ who/ whom/ which 等构成的短语用 来引导让步状语从句,等于 how /what / when/ where/ who/ whom/ whosever/ which+ever,但是后者可以用来引导名词性从句,而前者则不能。比如: No matter how / However difficult English may be, we should try our best to learn it. 不管英语有多么难,我们都应该尽最大的努力学习。 No matter what / Whatever you will say, I would stick to what I have seen.不管你说 什么,我只会相信我自己的眼睛的。 No matter who he is, he have to obey the rules.不管是谁,都要遵守规矩。 注意:下列句子中划线部分,no matter…和…ever 就不能互换: We’ll do whatever the Party calls upon us to do.党号召我们做什么,我们就做什么。 Whenever did I make such a mistake?我究竟何时犯过这样的错误的呢? Wherever did you see such a thing?你究竟在哪里看到过这样的东西? I wonder whoseever notebook this is.我不知道这个笔记本究竟是谁的。 We wrote a letter of thanks to whoever had helped us.凡是帮助过我们的人,我们都写 了感谢信。 练习: 1)不管你怎么说我也不信。 2)不管你什么时候来,我都在办公室等你。 3)不管在什么地方他都能严格要求自己。 4)不管谁家的狗都不能带到学校里来。 5)不管是谁,这样说都是错的。 26. compare (…) with… 把……和……进行比较; compare(…)to…把……比作…… Compared with the traditional cards, electronic cards are more interesting and lively. 与传统的卡片相比,电子卡更加有趣、生动。 We often compare children to flowers.我们常常把孩子比作花朵。 练习: 1)诗人常常把人的眼睛比作天上的星星。 2)眼睛和星星是不能比的,因为他们不是同一类的东西。 27. On/ Upon+doing=when 引导的时间状语从句。比如: Upon / On hearing the unexpected news(=When he heard the news), he was so surprised that he couldn’t say a word. 一听到这个出乎意料的消息,他惊讶到说不出 话来。 On arriving at the spot, we saw what they had done to the crops. 到达现场后,我们 看到了他们把庄稼糟蹋到什么个样子了。 练习: 1)我们到达的时候,他们家里人正在吃早饭。 2)看到这一幕情景时,大家都笑了。 28. as long as 或 so long as 是“只要……(就……)”意思,近似于 if 的意思,但是语 气比 if 更强,绝对不是同义词。比如: We will be successful as long as we insist on working hard.只要我们坚持努力工作,我 们就会成功的。 请比较: So long as I can find any time, I’ll help you with it.只要我能够抽出时间来,我一定帮 你做。 If I have time, I’ll help you with it.如果我有时间,我会帮你做的。 练习: 1)只要她愿意学,我会帮助他的。 2)如果你不懂,你必须得问老师或别的同学啊。 29. …的主要原因/ 理由是… The main reason why … is (that 引导的表语从句) 例︰青少年犯罪的主要原因是社会环境日一败坏。The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment has been becoming worse worse. 练习: 1)他们缺席的主要原因是他们没有接到通知。 2)Tom 没交作业的理由是他不会做,因为他上课没有认真听。 30. cannot but do…情不自禁地…… 每当我听到…我就忍不住感到兴奋。Every time I hear …, I cannot but feel excited. 每当我做…我就忍不住感到悲伤。Every time I do …, I cannot but feel sad. 每当我想到…我就忍不住感到紧张。Every time I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous. 每当我遭遇…我就忍不住感到害怕。Every time I meet with …, I cannot but feel frightened. 每当我看到… 我就忍不住感到惊讶。Every time I see …, I cannot but feel surprised. 例︰每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪,我就忍不住感到悲伤。Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad. 用 whenever 引导时间状语从句也可以,但是语气上要强得多。同学们在使用语言时要注 意“语言的自然、流畅”。请比较: Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad. 练习: 1)一听说被大学录取了,她情不自禁地笑了起来。 2)一见到那个凶巴巴的人,我就情不自禁地感到害怕。 3)一走出教室,我们就情不自禁地唱起歌来。 31. Nothing can… 没有……能够更……了。这是“否定结构表达最高级的意思”。比如: 例︰没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴。Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants. 短语 in the world 是加强语气 的。 Nothing in the world can delight me so much as seeing you.看见您是我最高兴的事情 啦。 Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than …在我认识的 人当中,没有谁能够比……更值得我尊敬的了。这是比较级表达最高级的意思。比如: Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher.在我认识的人里,没有谁比英文老师张老师更值得我尊敬。 练习: 1)没有什么能够比这道题更难的了。 2)我们和乡下的孩子在生活上有天壤之别啊。 32. 根据我个人经验…… According to my personal experience, …= Based on my personal experience, as far as my experience tells/ told me;as far as I can see,… 比如: 根据我个人经验/ 我的经验告诉我,微笑已带给我许多好处。According to my personal experience/ As far as my experience told me, smile has done me a lot of good. 练习: 1)根据他的经验,我们这样做成功的把握不大。 2)就我所知,你错了。
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