[ID:4-5991716] 高考英语-高频词汇分类解读-专题练习(七)(含答案与解析)
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高考英语专题练习 高频词汇分类解读(七) 1. (1)The cat_________ out in front of the fire. 猫在火炉前伸开四肢. (2)The hot weather__________ to October. 炎热的天气一直持续到十月份. (3)As children grow older they_________ their interests and become more confident. 随着年龄的增长, 孩子们的兴趣会变广泛, 人也会变得更自信. (4)The fire soon _________ to the nearby buildings. 火势不久就蔓延到邻近的建筑. 2. (1)Her achievements are ______ of the highest praise. 她的成就值得高度的赞扬. (2)Hangzhou is a beautiful place; it is ___________ going/to go there. 杭州是个美丽的地方, 值得一去. (3)The problem is __________ to be considered. 这个问题值得考虑. (4)The new bike is ______ 350 Yuan. 这辆新自行车值350元. (5)He is a teacher ______ of great respect. 他是位受尊敬的老师. (6)It is ___________ to ask him to join the club. 值得邀请他加入俱乐部. (7)The picture is ______ taking good care of. 这幅画值得好好保存. (8)The scheme is well ______ a try. 这个计划很值得一试. 3.即学即用 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A,B,C和D项中,选出最佳选项。 I am a writer. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language — the way it can evoke(唤起) an emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth. Language is the tool of my trade. And I use them all — all the English’s I grew up with. Born into a Chinese family that had recently arrived in California, I’ve been giving more thought to the kind of English my mother speaks. Like others, I have described it to people as “broken” English. But I feel embarrassed to say that. It has always bothered me that I can think of no way to describe it other than “broken”, as if it were damaged and needed to be fixed, as if it lacked a certain wholeness. I’ve heard other terms used, “limited English”, for example. But they seem just as bad, as if everything is limited, including people’s perceptions(认识) of the limited English speaker. I know this for a fact, because when I was growing up, my mother’s “limited” English limited my perception of her. I was ashamed of her English. I believed that her English reflected the quality of what she had to say. That is, because she expressed them imperfectly, her thoughts were imperfect. And I had plenty of evidence to support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. I started writing fiction in 1985. And for reasons I won’t get into today, I began to write stories using all the English’s I grew up with: the English she used with me, which for lack of a better term might be described as “broken”, and what I imagine to be her translation of her Chinese, her internal(内在的) language, and for that I sought to preserve the essence, but neither an English nor a Chinese structure. I wanted to catch what language ability tests can never show: her intention, her feelings, the rhythms of her speech and the nature of her thoughts. 1.By saying “Language is the tool of my trade”, the author means that ________. A.she uses English in foreign trade B.she is fascinated by languages C.she works as a translator D.she is a writer by profession 2.The author used to think of her mother’s English as ________. A.impolite B.amusing C.imperfect D.practical 3.Which of the following is TRUE according to Paragraph 3 ? ________ A.Americans do not understand broken English. B.The author’s mother was not respected sometimes. C.The author’s mother had positive influence on her. D.Broken English always reflects imperfect thoughts. 4.The author gradually realizes her mother’s English is ________. A.well structured B.in the old style C.easy to translate D.rich in meaning 5.What is the passage mainly about ? A.The changes of the author’s attitude to her mother’s English. B.The limitation of the author’s perception of her mother. C.The author’s misunderstanding of “limited” English. D.The author’s experiences of using broken English. Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Devoted to the cause of education all her life, she was r_______________ by all the people in her country. 2.His first song was __________ by the memory of his mother. 3.The old man came in, with two young men ______________ his body. 4.Swimming across the lake for the first time is a great a___________. 5.There’s a c_____________ between smoking and heart disease. 6.Jane devoted herself to social _________(福利) work. 7.They work in an art ___________(学院). 8.He is a __________(专家) in history. 9.Do you know about the ________________(组织)? 10.They started a ____________(运动) to stop people smoking. 11.They asked so many questions that I got c___________. 12.Metals e____________ when they are heated. 13.The people there are fighting to gain their f_______ from foreign control. 14.We are not doing a c__________ experiment but a physical one. 15.India e__________ tea and cotton to many different countries. 16.Now, people in the south grow a lot of rice that has a high __________(产量). 17.This kind of food contains all the ___________(营养) our body needs. 18.People in the area were ground down by _________(饥饿) and poverty. 19.They have sold up ten bottles of ___________(矿泉) water in the afternoon. 20.We should make a _______________(总结) of the results of the exam briefly. Ⅱ.语法填空(重点训练题型) 1.It is ________(meet) the customers’ needs that has made chain stores so popular in big cities in China. 2.Let’s learn to use the problem we are facing ________ a stepping-stone to future success. 3.It’s the first time that I ________(take) a train to Paris. 4.Chinese folk music gave life to Mr. Liu and made him lead ________ new life in his later years. 5.Gun control is a subject ________ which Americans have argued for a long time. 6.When I try to understand what ________ that prevents so many Americans from being as happy as one might expect, it seems to me that there are two causes. 7.________ delighted me most was that my son was admitted to Beijing University. 8.American artist Jeremy Telford made a room with balloons. He got the ________(inspire) from Bag End in Lord the Rings, which is a hole in the ground where a Hobbit lives in the film. 9.Everybody knows smoking is harmful to health, but still so many people smoke. So our country is planning to start a campaign ________ smoking. 10.They did not find it worthwhile ________(prepare) for the worst conditions they might meet. 11.Sweet memories crowded ________ as I looked at the pictures which were taken at the beach last summer. 12.On AIDS Day, the minister of Health Department demanded that the problems ________(refer) to be paid special attention to. 13.If you come ________ faults but you still want the bicycle, ask the shop assistant to reduce the prices. 14.After the supper, the experts went back to the meeting room to carry ________ their discussion. 15.They think the long tradition of looking down ________ workers is still affecting career choices. 16.I met one of my fomer teachers ________ chance on the train. 17.Suddenly, it hit me ________ he was trying to ask me to marry him. 18.Mary couldn’t wait ________(arrive) home as soon as possible. 19.I’m having some flowers ________(deliver) for her birthday. 20.I ________(intend) come to the party last night, but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do. 21.Fear is something you are born with. You can’t rid yourself ________ it completely but you can overcome certain fears under certain conditions. 22.I’d rather Mary ________(give) us some advice on how to learn English well tomorrow. 23.We take regular exercise to build ________ our body. 24.We put our books in the bookcase to keep them free ________ dust. 25.At your company there are a few machines similar to ________ described in this magazine. 26.In the past year, he ________(share) a flat with others and trying to save money to open his own business. 27.The company had about 20 notebook computers but only one-third ________(be) used regularly. Now we have 60 working all day long. 28.________ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous economy. 29.The information you give in the application is too general. You should focus ________ something special about yourself. 30.The committee asked for these suggestions to be put ________ on paper, so that they might study them further. 31.To avoid ________(affect), the student insists that he should be separated from his deskmate, who is naughty. 32.The discovery of new evidence led to the thief ________(catch). 33.The accident ________(cause) some damage to my car, but it was nothing serious. 34.The chairman thought ________ necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting. 35.His writing is so confusing that it is difficult to make out ________ it is he is trying to express. 36.Thanks ________ your generous donation, we can rebuild our laboratory. 37.You’re done well at school. I’m very satisfied ________ you. 38.I deeply regret ________(say) those rude words to you that day. I apologize to you for that. 39.I often wish I could comment ________ your letters but there is no time. 40.The American people elect a president ________ four years. Ⅲ.短语填空 (1)Once a decision is reached, it must be firmly __________ ______. 决定一旦形成,就必须坚决执行. (2)She suddenly ______ ______ an idea. 她突然有了个主意. (3)You mustn't ______ ______ ______ the disabled. 你决不能瞧不起残疾人. (4)He __________ ______ ___________ ______ at the meeting. 他在会上作了重要报告. (5)The lake ______________ pollution. 这湖没有污染. (6)I __________________ the result. 我对那个结果很满意. (7)You must ______ _________ ______ these old-fashioned ideas. 你必须摒弃这些陈旧观念. (8)_________ ______ Jim's warning, we avoided the accident. 多亏吉姆的提醒, 我们避免了一场事故. Ⅳ.句型填空 1.Only in this way ______ improve our English. 只有以这种方法, 我们才能提高英语水平. 2.It was _____ he took off his dark glasses_______ I realized he was a famous film star. 直到他摘下墨镜我才认出他是位著名的影星. 3.He graduated from _____ was called a key high school. 他毕业于一所所谓的重点高中. 4.I would rather ________ than talk myself. 我愿意听别人说, 自己不愿意说. Ⅴ.阅读理解 【云南省师范大学附属中学2017届高三上学期高考适应性考试月考(二),D】 Now that so much data is stored and circulated electronically, a library might seem to be a slightly outdated concept. However, a huge proportion of the world’s information and learning is still not available electronically, so libraries retain their importance for research and study. It is should also be remembered that libraries store books, inscriptions(铭文), and documents that are beautiful, and valuable not just for their contents, but also for their historic and artistic significance. British Library(United Kingdom, London) The British Library was created by Act of Parliament in 1972. Previously, the library had been part of the British Museum, where the famous circular reading room had accommodated researchers including Karl Marx, who worked on Das Kapital there, as well as Oscar Wilde and Mohandas Gandhi. The British Library is now housed in a new building in St Pancras, London, where its treasures include two Gutenberg Bibles, the Lindisfarne Gospels, and one of Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks. Library of Congress(United States, Washington, D.C) Founded in 1800 with the private collection of Thomas Jefferson, the Library of Congress is in fact the USA’s National Library, although only Congress members and employees can borrow books. It receives two copies of everything published in the United States. The Library of Congress was burned by the British Army in 1812, and severely damaged by fire again in 1851. The collection includes many rare books and drawings, and two Stradivarius violins. National Library of China(Beijing) Holding over 30 million books and documents, and visited by over five million people every year, this is the largest collection of Chinese writing in the world, and the largest library is Asia. It includes Chinese inscriptions on bone, stone, and tortoise shell which date back as far as the sixteenth century BC, and some of the oldest printed documents in existence as well as items in foreign languages and many rare books. 1.Despite the current electronic world, libraries are of importance because ________. A.they are historically and artistically significant B.they play an important role in preserving written accounts C.they have available places for readers to rest D.they are as convenient as electronic resources 2.Which of the following statements on British Library is TRUE? ________ A.The library has the most famous circular reading room in the world. B.Both Karl Marx and Oscar Wilde worked and lived in British Library. C.British Museum was once in charge of the British Library. D.All of Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks are kept there. 3.Library of Congress differs from other two libraries in the fact that ________. A.not all people are allowed to borrow books B.its collection includes many rare written works C.it was created by the British Army in 1812 D.Thomas Jefferson has nothing to do with its foundation 4.In National Library of China, you are able to ___________. A.find copies of everything published in the US B.read Chinese inscriptions on various materials before the 16th century BC C.borrow rare books and books written in different languages D.have access to treasures like Gutenberg Bibles and Lindisfarne Gospels Ⅵ.范文背诵(翻译汉语句子并背诵全文) As a famous saying goes, “A friend is a present which you give yourself.”(1)真正的朋友是和我们分享生活、思想和感受的人_________________________________________________. When we get into trouble, our friends always help us out. That’s why someone says “Friends are the sunshine of life”. In order to make friends, we should be honest and helpful.(2)这样我们就能给别人留下一个好印象, 这使别人和我们可能成为朋友____________________________________________________. At the same time, when our friends are in need, we should give them a helping hand as well. We all need friends. So let’s treasure our friends to enjoy life to the fullest. - 1 - / 6 高考英语专题练习(七) 高频词汇分类解读 答 案 1. 1.stretched 2.extended 3.expand 4.spread 2. 1.worthy 2.worthwhile 3.worthy 4.worth 5.worthy 6.worthwhile 7.worth 8.worth 二、阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A,B,C和D项中,选出最佳选项。 1~5.DCBDA Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Respected 2.Inspired 3.Supporting 4.achievement 5.connection 6.welfare 7.institute 8.specialist 9.organization 10.campaign 11.confused 12.expand 13.freedom 14.chemical 15.exports 16.output 17.nutrition 18.hunger 19.mineral 20.summary Ⅱ.语法填空(重点训练题型) 【答案】 1.meeting 2.as 3.have taken 4.a 5.about 6.it is 7.What 8.inspiration 9.Against 10.to prepare 11.in 12.Referred 13.across 14.on 15.on/upon 16.by 17.That 18.to arrive 19.delivered 20.had intended 21.Of 22.gave 23.Up 24.from/of 25.those 26.has been sharing 27.were 28.It 29.On 30.down 31.being affected 32.being caught 33.caused 34.it 35.what 36.to 37.with 38.saying/having said 39.on/upon 40. every Ⅲ.短语填空 1.carried out 2.came across 3.look down upon 4.delivered an important report 5.is free of 6.was satisfied with 7.rid yourself of 8.Thanks to Ⅳ.句型填空 1.can we 2.not until...that 3.What 4.listen to others Ⅴ.阅读理解 【云南省师范大学附属中学2017届高三上学期高考适应性考试月考(二),D】 1~4.BBAC Ⅵ.范文背诵(翻译汉语句子并背诵全文) (1)A true friend is someone with whom we can share our life, thoughts and feelings.(高级句型:介词前置的定语从句) (2)In this way we can make a favorable impression on others, which makes it possible for others to be friends with us.(which引导的非限制性定语从句) 高考英语专题练习(七) 高频词汇分类解读 解 析 1.略 2.略 二、阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A, B, C和D项中, 选出最佳选项. 1.【解析】句意理解题. 有画线, 定位已十分清楚, 信息点在第一段. 理解字面意义:Language is the tool of my trade(语言是我的职业工具);根据后一句不明显, 我们往前找, 找到第一句话I am a writer(我是一名作家), 隐含意义:我是职业作家, 所以语言是我的职业工具. 2.【解析】 3.【解析】细节理解题. 本题问“下面哪句话与第三段内容相符?”, 因题干中有Paragraph 3, 定位十分明显, 在第三段. 由本段最后一句pretended not to understand her可知, 排除A项;选项C无信息支持, 并与本段所述事实相反, 应排除;虽然文中有she expressed them imperfectly her thoughts were imperfect, 但前面有I believed(我原以为), 可以确定D项错;由people... did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her可知, 作者的母亲有时不被尊重, 选B项. 4.【解析】细节理解题. 题干问“作者渐渐意识到母亲的英语是什么样的”, 根据命题的顺序性原因, 答案信息应在第四段, 即最后一段. 由该段最后一句可知, 母亲的语言含有丰富的意义. ks5u 5.【解析】 能力提升——测一测 I.略 II.略 III.略 IV.略 V. 1.细节理解题. 根据第一段“so libraries retain their importance for research and study”以及“It should also be remembered that libraries store books, inscriptions(铭文), and documents…”可知, 图书馆在当今社会依然起到保存文献、提供研究的作用. 故选B. 2.细节判断题. 关于大英博物馆的描述中, 根据第二段第二行“where…researchers including…”此句中的“accommodate(提供食宿)”可知, B项正确. 由“where the famous circular reading room had accommodated researchers”可知, 原文未提及“in the world”故A项错;由“Previously, the library had been part of the British Museum”可知, C项中“in charge of”不符合题意, C项错误. 故选B. 3.细节理解题. 关于美国国会图书馆的描述“although only Congress members and employees can borrow books”可知, 只有国会议员和工作人员可以借阅该图书馆的书, 而其他图书馆并未提到对读者的要求, A项符合原文. B项是所有图书馆的特点;C项不是国会图书馆;D项与原文不符. 故选A. 4.细节理解题. 关于中国国家图书馆的描述中, 由“It includes Chinese inscriptions…”及“as well as items in foreign languages and many rare books”可知, 该馆收藏了中文和外文的图书, C项符合题意. A项是美国国会图书馆的特点;由“It includes Chinese inscriptions on bone, stone, and tortoise shell which date back as far as the sixteenth century BC”可知, 该馆收藏的中文文字记录可以追溯到16世纪, 读者可以看到16世纪以后的文献, 故B项的before the 16th century BC错误;D项提到的两本书收藏于大英图书馆. 故选C. VI. 范文背诵(翻译汉语句子并背诵全文) 略 - 1 - / 4
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