[ID:4-6877234] 2020年中考(人教)英语大阅读组合练习题及答案
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2020年中考(人教)英语大阅读组合练习题及答案 一、阅读理解 A Language students often think they have memory problems.They worry because they can't remember words.In fact,the problem usually isn't with their memory.The problem is with how they study. To remember words better,you need to understand how memory works.There are two kinds of memory:short?term and long?term.When you see,hear,or read something,it goes first into short?term memory.But short?term memory lasts for only a few seconds.You will only remember something longer if it goes into long?term memory.Your long?term memory is like a big library with many,many books.And like a library,it is organized(有条理的).When you put away a book —or memory—you can just leave it anywhere.You have to choose a place where you can find it again. How can you do this with vocabulary?The answer is to work with the word in new ways.You can do this by writing new sentences that include it.Even better,you can invent a little story about the word,with people or places that you know.Another way is to make a picture in your mind with the word.For example,if the word is height,you can think of the tallest person you know and try to guess his or her height.All of these activities are good ways to think about words.They make the meaning of words stronger in your long?term memory.And they give a way to find a word when you need it. (  )1、In the writer's opinion,students can't remember words because ______. A.they are too worried B.they don't use a proper way C.they have memory problems D.they don't like to study (  )2、The underlined word “long?term” means “______”in Chinese. A.长的学期 B.长期的 C.长的术语 D.长的条款 (  )3、The long?term memory______. A.lasts for only a few seconds B.is like a big lake with lots of fish C.is like a big library with many,many books D.is bad for students' study (  )4、According to the passage,you can memorize vocabulary by______. A.reading as often as possible B.writing e?mails to the people you know C.taking many photos about them D.making pictures in your mind with the words (  )5、The passage mainly tells us about ______. A.how to improve ways to remember words B.language students' problems in study C.short?term and long?term memory D.how to make the meaning of words stronger B  “It’s over! Thank goodness!” School was over and I was tired. I sat at the front of the school bus. Janie, the driver, always tries to break the uncomfortable atmosphere (气氛) by talking. I try to listen politely, but usually I’m busy thinking about my day. On this day, however, her talk was worth listening to. “My father’s ill,” she said. I could see worry in her eyes. I had never seen her like this before. She always meets students with a smile. With a sudden feeling of interest, I asked, “What’s wrong with him?” With her eyes wet and her voice unusual, she answered, “Heart trouble.” Her eyes lowered as she continued, “I’ve already lost my mom, so I don’t think I can stand losing him.” I couldn’t answer. My heart ached for her. I sat on the seat thinking of the great pain my own mother was thrown into when her father died. I saw how hard it was, and still is, for her. I wouldn’t want anyone to go through that. Suddenly I realized Janie wasn’t only a bus driver, which was just her job. She had a whole world of family and cares too. I shouldn’t have been so selfish. I paid no attention to Janie because she was a bus driver. I had judged (判断) her by her job and considered her as an unimportant person. Understanding people is an art. 1.After she learned about Janie’s story, the writer thought of     .? A.her father’s death B.her mother’s pain C.the ache of her own heart D.the pain of Janie’s parents 2.The writer found herself selfish because she had     .? A.never thought of her mother’s pain B.thought of Janie as nothing but a driver C.thought of herself as an important person D.never listened to others while they were sad 3.In this passage the writer tries to tell us that     .? A.losing parents makes people sad and helpless B.understanding people around us takes time C.we should learn to understand people around us D.it’s not right to judge people around us by their clothes or jobs 二、任务型阅读 Sydney is in the east of Australia. It is a lively city. It’s famous for its Opera House and the Sydney Harbor Bridge. The weather is warm. The temperature is about 12 degrees in winter. And it is about 35 degrees in summer. It has beautiful beaches and many parks. In the west of Sydney, there is a big park called the Blue Mountains. You can see many visitors in the park from different countries. It’s quite a popular park. The only way to see this park is by going through a bush (荒野小路). Then you can find some nice gravel (砂砾) roads. The roads can take you to the Blue Mountains. Of course, you will need to travel with food and water. It will take you some days to see a small part of the mountains, because there are many roads to get to the Blue Mountains. Sydney has many beautiful beaches. Two of them are quite famous. They are Bondi and Manly. Bondi has a nice street with many shops and restaurants. Parking is not difficult in the place. Manly is a great beach. If you want to go there, you can take a boat. It's a cheap and great way to see the Sydney Harbor. It will take you about 30 minutes. If you are going to visit Sydney, I hope you will enjoy it. 1. What is Sydney famous for? 2. Where is the Blue Mountains? 3. Why do you spend some days getting to the Blue Mountains? 4. How can we get to Manly? 5. How long will it take you to get to the Sydney Harbor? 三、短文首字母填空 根据所给汉语或英语首字母写出短文中所缺英语单词的正确形式。 Last week, my friends and I talked about the rules in our school. Here are some of our ideas. At our school, we have to wear uniforms every (1)d______. The problem is that all my classmates think the uniforms are (2)丑的______.We think young people should (3)l______ smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. We don’t(4)同意________.We would feel more comfortable and that is (5)g______ for studying. If we can’t do that, we should be(6)允许__________to design our own uniforms. That would be a good way to keep both teachers and (7)学生___________ happy. Besides, vacations should be longer. At present they’re too(8)s______. Longer vacations would give us time to do things like volunteering. Last summer I had a(n) (9)机会_________ to volunteer at the local hospital,(10)b________ I couldn’t because I had to go back to school. 四、短文改错 (2019中考选练)通读短文,判断划线部分的正误,正确的在后面横线上划√,错误的在后面横线上写上正确答案。 Fashion is full with culture. The Tang costume 1.____ stand for Chinese history and fashion culture. It 2.____ was called Tang costume when China become known 3.____ to other countries during the Han and Tang dynasties. From then on, people called Chinese cloth “Tang costumes”. 4.____ Chinese fashion is not only difference from western fashion, 5.____ but also from that in other Asian countries such for Japan and Korea. 6.____ A beautiful silk knots and the other decorations on Tang style 7.____ clothes are popular all over the world now. Today people can design the Tang costume as either formal nor casual clothes. 8.____ It expresses both the wearer's personal style but China's rich 9.____ traditional culture. So we say the Tang costume are very attractive 10.____ and very different from western style suits. 五、书面表达 (2019预测)书面表达。 根据以下提示,请以“How to Keep Healthy”为题写一篇短文。从良好的生活习惯、适当的体育锻炼以及健康的饮食习惯等方面,为“如何保持健康”提出良好的建议。 要求:1.表达清楚,语句通顺,意思连贯; 2.不得使用真实的地名、校名和姓名等; 3.词数80左右。 部分参考词汇:熬夜stay up;垃圾食品junk food;均衡饮食keep a balanced diet;按时饮食have meals regularly 一、 A 1—5、B B C D A  B 1--3 BBC 二、 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。介绍了位于澳大利亚东部的美丽城市悉尼。文章首先向我们介绍了悉尼著名的大歌剧院和悉尼海港大桥,以及悉尼的气候、公园和海滩,同时还说明了参观这些公园和海滩的方式。 1. Opera House and the Sydney Harbor Bridge.【解析】题干意为:悉尼以什么而著名?根据文章第一段第三句“It's famous for its Opera House and the Sydney Harbor Bridge.”可知答案。 2. In the west of Sydney.【解析】题干意为:蓝山在哪里?根据文章第二段第一句“In the west of Sydney, there is a big park called the Blue Mountains.”可知答案。 3. Because there are many roads to get to the Blue Mountains.【解析】题干意为:为什么参观去蓝山要花费好多天时间?根据文章第二段最后一句“…to see a small part of the mountains, you need some days, because there are many roads to get to the Blue Mountains.”可知答案。 4. By boat./Take a boat.【解析】题干意为:我们如何到达Manly? 根据文章第三段第七句“If you want to go there, you can take a boat. ”可知答案。 5. About 30 minutes.【解析】题干意为:你去悉尼港要花费多长时间?由最后一段中“It’s a cheap and great way to see the Sydney Harbor. It will take you about 30 minutes.”可知答案。 三、 【主旨大意】这篇文章叙述了学生和老师对校服和假期方面不同的看法。 1、day 2、ugly/ bad/ terrible 3、 look 4、agree 5、good 6、 allowed 7、 students 8、. short 9、chance/ opportunity 10、but 四 Fashion is full with culture. The Tang costume 1.__of__ stand for Chinese history and fashion culture. It 2.__stands__ was called Tang costume when China become known 3.__became__ to other countries during the Han and Tang dynasties. From then on, people called Chinese cloth “Tang costumes”. 4.__clothes__ Chinese fashion is not only difference from western fashion, 5.__different__ but also from that in other Asian countries such for Japan and Korea. 6.__as__ A beautiful silk knots and the other decorations on Tang style 7.__The__ clothes are popular all over the world now. Today people can design the Tang costume as either formal nor casual clothes. 8.__or__ It expresses both the wearer's personal style but China's rich 9.__and__ traditional culture. So we say the Tang costume are very attractive 10.__is__ and very different from western style suits. 五、书面表达 _How__to__Keep__Healthy Nowadays,more__and__more__people__know__the__importance__of__keeping__healthy.Here__are__three__main__ways__to__keep__healthy. Firstly,it's__necessary__to__keep__a__balanced__diet.We__aren't__supposed__to__eat__too__much_ junk__food.It's__better__to__have__more__fruit__and__vegetables.What's__more,we__are__supposed__ to__have__meals__regularly.Secondly,we__shouldn't__stay__up__too__late.Finally,it's__important__to__take_ regular__exercise. In__a__word,we__should__develop__a__good__habit__to__keep__healthy.In__this__way,we__can__enjoy__a__happy__life.__
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